Está en la página 1de 19

RC 40203 FOOD PROCESSING & PRESERVATION

FERMENTED TAPIOCA
DR. CONNIE FAY KOMILUS MR. SIM KHENG YUEN
GROUP MEMBER: NAME MATRIC NO.

AZMA MAZWANI BINTI AWANG


LYDIANIE WESLEY NOR HAZIRAH BINTI MOHD HASHIM NOOR HASLINDA BINTI HASSAN SHERLYN SHERUN LASAT

BR07110074
BR07110008 BR07110002 BR07110045 BR07110076

INTRODUCTION
TAPIOCA
tapioca or Manihot esculenta is the third largest source of carbohydrates in the world. a very cheap source of carbohydrate. low in saturated fat, sodium and cholesterol. cultivation - annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions.

INTRODUCTION
FERMENTATION
Fermentation are defined as animal or plant tissues subjected to the action of microorganisms and/enzymes to give desirable biochemical changes and significant modification of food quality (Campbell-Platt, 1994). Brook et al. (1969) and Gray and Abou-El-Seoud (1966) gave clear evidence of protein enrichment of cassava products through fermentation.

INTRODUCTION
DRIED YEAST
Dried yeast is consist of mould which (Rhizopus oryzae, Amylomyces rouxii or Mucor spp.) and yeasts (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomycopsis fibuliger, Endomycopsis burtonii)

Source: News Strait Times, 12 January 2005

THE PROCESS

Peel & clean

Cut into smaller pieces

Boil for 15 minutes

THE PROCESS

Take out the tapioca and drain excess water

Sprinkle dried yeast onto the tapioca

Keep the tapioca in a container and place under room temperature for two days

RESULT
Time Before fermentation
After fermentation Colour Attribute Aroma Mouth feel Texture

White

Coarse

Hard

Light yellow

Ferment odour

Fine

Soft

DISCUSSION
Fermented tapioca tastes sweet yet slightly alcoholic, with a pleasant, fragrant aroma. Fermented tapioca is soft and juicy, and there is also some liquid produced as a result of the fermentation.

DISCUSSION
Fermented tapioca is a very perishable product - the fermentation continues after the optimum rate of fermentation has been reached. For the best taste - consumed the fermented tapioca immediately.

DISCUSSION
Based on the result, we find that the best temperature to extend shelf life of fermented tapioca is in the cold temperature (refrigerator). Because low temperature can halt the microbial activity of the bacteria involved during the fermentation process stop the fermentation process

DISCUSSION
The amount of dried yeast can influence the rate of fermentation Even though big amount of dried yeast can increase the rate of fermentation but at the same time it can influence the aroma and the taste of the fermented tapioca All of this depend on the consumers preference

RECOMMENDATION AND SUGGESTION


The tapioca should not be over cooked or undercooked
if overcooked the fermented tapioca will become too soft; if below cooked the texture of the fermented tapioca are harder and becoming less palatable.

Add little amount of sugar to increase the sweetness of the


fermented tapioca

RECOMMENDATION AND SUGGESTION


There should be no moist or water in the container
before the sprinkle of dried yeast process to prevent

any unwanted microbial activity such as formation of


mould. Amount of dried yeast to be used must be right depends on the size and amount of the tapioca

RECOMMENDATION AND SUGGESTION


Store the fermented tapioca under cold condition to
prolong the shelf life

Keep the fermented tapioca in the banana leaves to


create a better aroma.

CONCLUSION
Fermented tapioca is best consumed after it has been fermented for 2 3 days. The best taste and aroma of the fermented tapioca can be obtained after the product is chilled. Therefore, because of its high nutritional value and easy to be made, it has high potential to be commercialized into the Malaysian market.

REFERENCES
Brook EJ, Stanton WR, Wallbridge A (1969). Fermentation method for protein enrichment of cassava. Biotechnol. Eng. 11: 1271-1284. Gray WD, Abou-El-Seoud MD (1966). Fungal protein for food and feeds.3. Manioc as a potential crude raw materials for tropical areas. Econ. Bot. 20: 251-255.

OTHER PRODUCTS

Agar-Agar Tapai Ubi

Kek Lapis Tapai Ubi

Cendol tapai ubi

Tapai ubi goreng

Tapai ubi & Aiskrim

Puding tapai ubi