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Shenzhen Port

Shenzhen was the first special economic zone (SEZ) created in China
Made by- Aditya Saxena- R.No- 09 Dishank Singh- R.No- 46 BA LLB V SEM, COLS

The

terminals of Yantian, Shekou & Chiwan around Shenzhen Economic Zone have strategic location, which emerge as Chinas most efficient and cost-effective transportation hub; Near by both Asian regions (like Hong Kong, Singapore, etc) and mainland of Southern China, so that to act a significant role for International Trade to China (e.g. information exchange; import/export; taxation, etc);

Special

Economy Zone (SEZ) set by China government and the increasing spending power of the consumers both creates mature and open trade environment to the logistics industry in Shenzhen; city enjoys convenient transport routes with good air, rail and road links to most major China cities. Trade Zone also established at Shenzhen

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Port Location and Traffic Network


Shenzhen Port is located in the two wings of Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, which is on the east shore of the Pearl River Delta estuary in Guangdong Province and west of Daya Bay in South Sea. It is divided into eastern and western port areas including nine integrated container terminals. They are Yantian, Shekou, Chiwan, Mawan, Dongjiaotou, Fuyong, Xiadong, Shayuchong and Neihe, facing the Kowloon Peninsula, Hong Kong across a sheltered bay.

Infrastructure is well developed around the port. There are railways, for example: the Beijing - Guangzhou Railway and Beijing - Kowloon Railway, which are key national arteries. Several highways, including the Guangshen, Huishen, Shenshan expressways, join the port with the road transportation network of the Pearl River Delta and Southeast China. At the same time, waterways in the sea lead to ports along China's coast and around the world. With the addition of the Bao An International Airport in the west of Shenzhen, transportation in Shenzhen has matured into a modern network with access by road, sea, rail and air. In conclusion, these advantages of transport and geography have placed Shenzhen in an excellent position for development and growth

Port of Shenzhen consist of facilities in the following areas: Da Chan Bay, Shekou, Chiwan,Mawan, Yantian, Dongjiaotou , Fuyong,Xiadong, Shayuchong and Neihe. It has 140 berths altogether. The breakdown of the berth's activities are 51 berths for vessels with 10,000 metric tons deadweight (DWT) and above. 90 operational berths, in which 43 are of 10,000 DWT or above, 18 container berths, 9 consignee berths, among which 3 are of 10,000 DWT or above, 18 passenger ferry berths, and 23 non production berths.

DEVELOPMENT Shenzhen started constructing the port step by step while developing the special economic zone. Its port industry has played an important role in facilitating the development of various trades and improving the investment environment to attract foreign firms and extend foreign trade exchanges. With the continuous development of China's economy and the deepening tide of reform, Shenzhen Port has become an influential container port in Southern China.

Shenzhen Port Office will accelerate its integration with Hong Kong with the construction of another six ports. The ports will link Shenzhen and Hong Kong by land, sea and rail. The six ports to be constructed are: Liantang Port Longhua Railway Port Fujian Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Passengers Port Dachan Gulf Harbor Port Nan'ao Tourism Port Shenzhen Airport-Hong Kong Airport Undersea Tunnel Port Shenzhen will renew and expand Wenjindu Port in the wake of the work to renovate Huanggang Port. Work at Wenjindu Port will be launched by the end of 2008, with its planned capacity for customs clearance set at 3,000 vehicles and 30,000 passengers a day as compared to the present 1,100 vehicles and 9,000 passengers.

LONG TERM PLAN

Shenzhen's long-term plan is to set up 20 ports linking it with Hong Kong. With existing ports being expanded and new ports in service, the population flow will become seamless between Shenzhen and Hong Kong in the near future.

Terminal Operators and Berth Development Shenzhen has invested about US$20 billion in port terminal construction over the past two decades. At present, there are three major container terminal operators. They are Yantian International Container Terminals (YICT), Shekou Container Terminals (SCT) and Chiwan Container Terminals (CCT). At the end of 2001, Shenzhen Port had a total of 128 five-hundredton-plus berths. Of these, there are 79 commercial berths, 39 hundred-thousand-ton-plus commercial berths and 10 container berths. Its container throughput capacity is 3.2 million TEU. In the east, Yantian has 5 container berths, operated by YICT. In the west are 2 container berths in Shekou, operated by SCT and 3 container berths in Chiwan, operated by CCT

Port Ranking and Throughput


With the stable development of Shenzhen Port, its container throughput has increased tremendously. Over the past decade, the throughput has accumulated up to 16.46 million TEU. Moreover, the average growth rate in the last five years amounts to 44.6%. Since 1995, Shenzhen Port has maintained the title of second largest container port in China. In 2001, the throughput even broke 5 million TEU, making Shenzhen Port one of the top ten container ports in the world. According to statistics gathered by the Shenzhen Port Authority, Shenzhen Port achieved the annual throughput of 5.076 million TEU in 2001, increasing 27.1% over last year. Detailed throughput of the three container terminals is 2.752 million TEU in YICT, up 28.2%, 0.754 million TEU in SCT, up 4.5% and 0.644 million TEU in CCT, up 43%.

Shipping Services and Shipping Lines


Currently, 34 well-known shipping lines, both international and domestic, call at Shenzhen Port. They have opened up 76 international linehaul services including 39 American, 15 European, 14 Asian, 3 Mediterranean, 2 Australian, 3 Middle East and 1 South African routes, and 1 Hong Kong shuttle service. On average, 350 international container vessels berth at Shenzhen Port per month. Moreover, Shenzhen Port has opened up 11 feeder services to Hong Kong and 19 domestic trade services. Each week,some the world's largest container vessels arrive at or depart from Shenzhen Port. Thanks to smooth turnaround and qualified terminal service, Shenzhen Port has set several records in container operation.

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