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AUTONOMOUS ROBOT

Robot is a system that contains sensors, control systems, manipulators, power supplies and software all working together to perform a task. Designing, building, programming and testing a robot is a combination of physics, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, structural engineering, mathematics and computing. In some cases biology, medicine, chemistry might also be involved. Line follower is a machine that can follow a path. The path can be visible like a black line on a white surface (or vice-versa) or it can be invisible like a magnetic field. Sensing a line and maneuvering the robot to stay on course, while constantly correcting wrong moves using feedback mechanism forms a simple yet effective closed loop system. As a programmer you get an opportunity to teach the robot how to follow the line thus giving it a human-like property of responding to stimuli. The robot while moving on the predefined path, checks for any fire occurrence and also the existence of any metal in the predefined area. The fire sensor and the metal detector will be interfaced with the microcontroller through transistors. The microcontroller continuously monitors the output of these sensors and if any of the sensors trigger, the microcontroller immediately alerts the buzzer. SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE TOOLS: Software Tools: 1. Keil compiler 2. Orcad. Hardware Tools: 1. Microcontroller AT89S52. 2. IR sensors. 3. Fire sensor and metal detector 4. DC motors and L293D for Robot.

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