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P.N.

OAK

SOME MISSING CHAPTERS OF

WORLD HISTORY

Kit

OAK

President, Institute
for

Rewriting World History

HINDI SAH1TYA SADAN

New DeDu-5

CONTENTS
S.

No
I.

Chapter

pa 8 c

No

The Need to Revise Basic Archaeological And Historical Concepts


India's History

2,

Ha* been Written By Her Enemies

21

3.

The

Definition

And Scope

of History
the public

28
33

N Oak
No
10,

4.

How

Historians

Have Duped

Plot

Goodwill Society

5,

Rewriting History Why

And How To

39

Atmdh, hiritr4M007(INDIA)

6. 7.
8. 9.

Muslim Contribution

(?)

Indian Life

46
54 59

How

Archaeological Record Has Been Falsified

Cunningham's Cunning Archaeological Manipulation


Mediaeval Architecture
is

Hindu Not Muslim

67

10.

Invader Tamer lain says Old Delhi's Jama Masjid


is

a Hindu Temple
Delhi

74

II. 12.

The Pandavas, Not Shahjahan Founded Old


Delhi's

80

Red Fort

is

Hindu Lalkot

92
99

13, 14. 15,

Lovers

And

Architects

Abductions 106 Akbar's So-called Marriages Were Blatant

Words And Phrases Which Exude


Scholars

History

US
120

Price

16.

Research Methodology and Howlers of History


Criteria to Test the Existence of

Publishers

Hindi Sahitva Sadan 2 B D Chambers. I0/S4


Karol Bagh.
Tel-

17.

an Ancient
126 139

DB
{

Hindu Empire

Gupta
IB.
)

New

Delhi-5.

INDIA

Trace* of an Hindu World Empire

011-51545969. 9*11115461

19,

The Ancient Atlas Bore The Ancient World

All Sanskrit

Names

143

>ndiabookst>redifFmail
I

com

20.

Ayurved The Hindu Medical System Healed


150

dition

2003
Sanjeev Offset Printers. Shadara. Delhi
21.

PHntcft

The

Entire Pacific Region was

Hindu Territory

160

CviJ

32.

Ancient England

Wu A Hindu Country
il

173
ISO

23 24
25.

Ancient Hindu Towns Westminster Abbey


English

And Temple* in England also a Shiva Temple

192

PREFACE
This book
it,

a Dialect of Sanskrit

200 209
I*

25.
27.

Ancient Vedic Priesthoods of Europe

Ancient

Italy

was a Hindu Country and the


Priest

complacent
is

the world from intended to awaken and arouse realization that slumber about iti history to the

Pope a Hindu
28.
29.

213 23

there

much

to learn and unlearn


it

Arabia, Iran, Iraq

Were Once Hindu Countries

The Forehead Marks of the Hindus


Vedic Terminology
in

237

30. If,
32.

European Languages
Universal

244

Rama and Krishna Were


The Myth of Jesus Christ
Disgusting State of

Gods

255
263
268 273

presented and presumed a number of misconceptions, at throughout the world, harbours an inverted image of past happenlimes so gross as to present h* (bilking An instance of this is the current race and that the Aryans scholars that the Aryans are * home. Both these arc their it
History a*
il

currently

taught,

PWf

W em

invaoco mui C? to

made

perversions of history,

Arya

ts

no

hw

flf

33. 34.

World History
to

{ife.and Aryanismi.c.
primordial culture.

Hiatal*** Vedism
"bout a

world was the o>

...
)l .

Wrong History Leads

Horrors

Another major

fallacy i*

group of^Muslims called

Sons who ate being industriously examination of their lives most of a Lose and dispassionate On formed the ..he. end of the "m "oaldbc found to have royalty with he alien Mushm Islamic pincers which along (Indian) civtl.iat.on. closed .n on ihe native Hindu
,

misrepresented as ve.y saintly.

greatness of

though of .heir being .Hen ,n and Akbar. The very fae. bah. out suppressed by po.n in and deed is being metieulously ,ng .ha rf. g , .ndia, without rea they had settled down in in planting ...elf of alien daeoi.s succeed,
surrounding eontinues to terrorize the for eitJMnslup and raping women does It qualify
[, Is

propagated third blonder assiduously India like Shershah various Jien rulers id
.s

abou, .he faneil


Feroa-

territory pillaging
I

;** bom.

or d empire and th a, .he w Hindus l.e. the Aryans had a wor.d call most people m .he world then .poke Sanskrit. That is why Latin Sanskri.iwd language, like .hemselve. Aryans and speak

also

unknown

that ,n the

remote fo.go.ten

past the

and Pcrsiao.

cviii)

W
and others
like

Tc

call

European languages

Persian

and

Pathfp Jndo-Aryan it a terminological monstrosity. Because, ft according to blundering Western concepts Aryans spread all

every individual in succeeding progressively forgotten as generation tends to be ignorant of even the name af his great grand father. Another reason why history becomes faulty
alien

is

from outside India, European language* and Persian and Pasbtu should have been called Aryan languages and not In do- Aryan. Since those languages are oil of Sanskritic origin they must be termed not Indo-Aryan
over fhe world, including India,
but simply

domination as in India which had been subjected


rule for nearly a
distort

to

Anglo-

Islamic

millenium.

Alien rulers

deliberately

destroy and

as Indian or

Aryan or Sanskntic,

AJJ those

three

terms mean the same thing.

How ind why. It the chapters of the present book, A third explained in one of reason is that a subject people progressively impoverished and
driven out of their homes find
believe irretrivably
lost,
is
it

a suSject people's history.

physically impossible and psy-

From

this

it

is

cepts manifests itself

obvious that the illogicality of basic conat every vtep to .iJi minds capable of

chologically futile to maintain any record of the property they

fourth reason causing distortion or

thinking clearly

and systematically.

demolition of history

destructive invasions like the wide sweep

Another serious flaw an present historical concepts is about the origin of mediaeval historic buildings. All historic tombs, mosques, fons, towns, towers, bridges,
roads
are

with torch and sword of the barbaric Arabs, and wan like those All such have tended to a blue rate traces of of the Crusades.
ihe ancient

world

Vedic empire and the

role

of Sanskrit as a

of

pre-Muslim Hindu

canals, mansions and origin and yet each one

world language.

of them has been merrily ascribed to (his or thai alien sultan, Thjs has contaminated even the field of architecture by brainwashing architectural students into believing Hindu architecture

All
histories

these

have

tended

to

infect

Indian

and

world

with

many myths

eating into the vitals

of historical

term Indo-Aryan the term Indo^Sara.logical. There too the suffix Saracenic' must be dropped and historic build.ngs must be recognized as purely ThC raiscon B about the Muslim origin '\
ftme loo
ti

*JMceilB

truth,

and making history branch wide


published in

off the truth at a tangent.

Like the

This

book

first

173

under one of

my

pen

af m ^those bujldtngs

P^

names. Professor

Amamath,

has been out of print

for over a

decade now.
this book from people who had heard of mind for a from admiring readers, kept weighmg on ray

TtTX hU.^ C

RedFonisHtniuUr.ot,

from Muslim occupation of Hindu and mansions and continued misuse as tombs and T^' ha bee " fy P^vedin such renowned books V J Temple PaIacc/ ,Fa " ' Sikri i. a
1
.

arises

Persistent requests

,ly
*

** ra Rcd *
how
the

"P"

time.

">

a Hindu Building' and 'Delhi's


present volume

In the

-hap er showing
so-called

we have

donation from a motto is not merely t< considerate family from Madras whose am grateful I apprecinie praise but to promote projects they

Then

like

Godsend came

a helpful

Islamic capture and occupation.


All such serious

Jam* Mxs,id of Old Delhi was a Hindu temple before


blunders have got

invader Tamcrlain records

that the

to the generous

and thoughtful donors.


usually leads to

Anew
embedded
is

edition

some changes.

loth
to

in

history

the

because

ol

many e*u SCi

One such cause

natural

oblivion.
to

oc.avo *i of the book has been changed from ome new chapters have been added.

demi and

With the flow

of illimitable :,mc,

remote history lends

be

,n th ' r d-Pefi r,,er cdit,on * ( ,he 0n research paper I rend ul (he World by the hii hr*J replaced University of Southampton. SouthArchrolopc\ Catgrctv 1986}. to 7 anip.nn, i.|.biilI -September

The

ftr*

*W

"

wnmn

end 34 arc new addition,, Cbaplrt I reveals Cunningham** cunning archaeological matif. pulaiion which hii milled the whole world and created a dan of
Chapter.
I. 26, 30.

31,

32, 33

prtudn-eipert* in a non-e\icnt Islamic 32 ditciiiici

architecture.
hit*

how

the edifice of

Christendom

Chapter been rained on

THE NEED TO REVISE BASIC ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORIC CONCEPTS


The primary
object of this paper
to the frail

an imaginary figure called Jesus.


While
tliiv

book

deals only with

some missing chapters


titled

the scholastic

world

draw the attention of and foully framework of


ll

to

conmsicnf, continuous,

single-source account of world

history

historical concepts. current archaeological and

n presented in* 1315 page


Heritage

volume by mc

World

Vedic

That framework was


torian era scholars

laid out

mainly by i9th century Vicfey

which point* out with comprehensive, illustrated evidence how from ihe dawn of civilization upto the rise o Christianity all humanity practised Vedic culture and spAe

who assumed,

and large 4004 B.C.

as

San%km

Parting point of human cmlHauom tore: pioneer, of European *jj that the Greeks were the about of rustic cowherds or the Vedas were compositions from tome Aryans were a race who migrated
tJso

the chronological

B.C.; that the

unknown region
Plot

No

!0.

Goodwi
Institute for

P. N.

Oak

Aundh. Pune 41 KXf7| INDIA)

President

language* to Asia and Europe: that and the sounds of birds loped by cave-men trying to imitate Dora are sister language. beasts; that Greek, Latin and Sanskrit

*""

Rewriting World History

of some

unknown

ancestral language, etc. etc.

Telephones; 59667

&

57013

basic Apart from .uch un.varn.nKd For numcrou. blind .poll in current hi,.orl... and o, .he o,i 8 in of the Papacy in Bome Canterbury (U.K.) i. .brooded in

huneh **

'"'"'

A******

a. the <" a abruptly with Syrii.AyrI etc. de.er.bed and the Hun," c the.e arc o,y ,000 ycario.d arc we not '""" Is or muHi-million-ycar anllquuy IU clutching only at .ireich of earlier hiato.y and

mJ
end
1

"^"fJ^'J^luL. "
f

*~

Even
the.r

,hu, 4000-year hi.tory

to

been

I*
wrw

* -*
v

partly .u PP rced by

.. n d
last

need,.

MWlto * E "'"f " ^-T^Lta.ilc.1 u *^ they bad the P o


Since

their 1400 years or sa il 11 history cons.dcrcd authoritative sources for modern

during the

IM

I npf ar.d

"S N reglons rwrme /C"o camped


^^ J
And
vet today

Hitter or that of renwtei Russia written by a raboo bv the vie -s idercd

by Christianity and

h .

rirofE^VandofMuslirn

land, writ.cn by

European,

;aZH^^c.ivc.y
ue

must hever be taken at .heir fi.ee Western scholar s are deemed oracular
philology, philoso-

Ffe 4 jjoyle. a structures of lire are too complicated to have "the chemical a series of accidents as evolutionists believe, isen through their amazing measure of order must be the n-o material with Vedic history tells u exactly Income of intelligent design, universe it in fact the result or intelligent vitt t hat the
.

Cambridge University

scientist observes that

design,
Btolt ET

art. history, architecture, ffrthorilits nci rhe

and Physics

No

Supplements to History
biologists ana

of even the East. phy and even religion


Spanish Hhtoty

the speculations of For historians to tag on


Physicists
is

I
well imagine
fi,st

new-bom
is

Here one may

the plight

of Spanish

history
1st

rock in the
child

establish the as bitarreas trying to crawling life farms infant by eaamtning the which compound of the maternity home in

Jf**and
'

the

dnce

SP^

was

"

bulldozed by Christianity, then by

am

born.

and acain bv a resurgent Christianity


Chrlitiam and Muslims Babes of Ywter- Years
sfeS

Even otherwise Christians and Muslims arc babes or yesler yean With their origin well within the last 2000 years how can the history of humanity ibey be counted upon to recount
million* or yean earlier J

^ Sd
rw
th. po,< flood

podge of heterogenous guesmust not be a bodge History to son handed down from father Histor^ is an account latest. earliest generation to the line from the
not the world have

such an account

Have not

That

is

like

rclyinp

on a 4-year-old

sJSSSSl*- f-gf n a
?

lM "

Where then

lta

=">

child to reel out his dynastic history.

Monkeys Must

be Left

Out innocence and


fasci-

the course of history

from

earl.es, 8 eor,lor..

it

precisely bseiuse of ihnt infontiit


il

nation, as

were, that Western archaeologists


in

deem monkeys
fill

to
in

are the

Puran*

in

Sanskrit

wc
.

be ancestors of h'Jntins and rope


r

Dirwin to

the void

Puran

etc.

L.i, ,-

it

tinctitora! record.

who should
tor* vfere

be Charles Darwin's father fact, inform his son Charles as to who his ancesIt

should

Peopieln Europe too three-volume Georges DumezU'*


Epopee* in French.

an

evidenced

oy
et

J^J
eoiiecii

titled

Instead

we have

little

Charles tutoring his father

that hii ancestors

were beasts and vermin

An

ineidenta,

scientific

proof

>

of

***
,*

Beyond Darwin Western archaeologists clutch at the Bitf Bang theory of their phyicists to explain away the creation of
toe physical universe.

Hrahmnnda Puran.

for

and moving as of serpentine form

I-*""* w
modern

"P

^
a fact
is

Mvthes

reaped only very

recently by

physicists

But Darwin's theory is discounted by a number of Western scholars themselves And as for the Big Bang many physio' thcmselvei admii that they are none ioo sure lor instance

necessity

r that hiitortcal hutonca proper cognizance of archaeological in modem

#w

outline

a great

and help

*M*

mitiaia9

Grec. "he Vatica '1 Notrc Danie St. Paul', depicted in Etruscan paintings. t ne and characters and events
tje

Jews, Egypt.

'

legend etc. etc. for instance. origins ofChrisianity. the Jesus


Tfce

Km - MJTlk-Yer Stretch or
According
to the
figure.
tells

History
to
at

almost 2030 -mil lion

Purans human history stretches back Modern science too hn\ arrived years,

ignore the fact But history and archaeology must no longer Europe, Muslim West Asia and all other regions that Christian have a full-fledged Vetlic civilization of of ihe world did once the Puranas, Rarnsyan, Mahabharal, the Vedas. Upanishads, science (Ayurved), the four-fold Vedic music, the Vedic medical Gurukul pattern or education and Sanskrit social system, the

an identical

language.
us
I

Vedic history
fledged on-going

hat the world

concern

where

was created as a fun, every species was created

All those together the start

independently.

This should

induce

modern archaeologists

to

and Dwapar down


5086th year.
Sanskrit
J

form a common human heritage from eras viz. the Kruta. Treta of the creation through three this H the to the present Kali era of which

eliminate rhe bomo-erectus chapter


creation.

and study

man

as

a direct

First

God-gl*e Language
in Sanskrit

Our experience too supports that statement. One wanting


to start i poultry

farm has to procure the starting stock of

Sanskrit origin their language,

hens, roosters

and eggs.

Likewise Vedic record states that


this great,

when

teach the,r
divinity
it

was indeed the first God-givon very manner m which parents language taught to humanity in the synonyms of Sanskrit children to speak. All

The Vedas being

and the Vedas being of divine

own

started

complex life-farm that we


stock of

call

our globe

too emphasize that

it is

indeed a God-given language.

provided

the

initial

every species.

Among them were men,

women and children of all calibres. Vd are Cosmic Technological Compendium*


And
since

humans were designed


init-al

as rational

beings they

know-how of this comform of the Vedas in the very manner in iica customers opting Tor an automobile, radio, TV or frigidaire are provided a booklet explaining the working of that mechanism
technical
>le* universe, in the

were provided with the

start or the creation one may Since the Vedas came at the he mark is Maxmueller's dating of well see how wide off the on the justification of that conclusion Rigved to 1200 B.C. Any curiouser since the basis of lingual analysis is because the *nIt is ageless Vedas doesn't represent any age. retained at its guage of the Vedas has been

**>**

fractional insistence on

a strait-jacketed

handed down
Unified

generation in professional families

^Z
tt

Pf^**!^

generation.

FiW Theory of History

An

understanding of this basic fact leads

Z>Z technological compendium


v
d as

to several impor-

ly

that

Vedas are a concise, divine, fotir complex cosmos,

the

with the Vedic civilization All humanity starting off of history since poinu called the unified field theory assumed universe instead of the currently

mayrb w *eU

planned

^"

Hindis r , O^usoMndia
fry

T
;

be,OQg l0 '" h m d < hc **y .tone. Tf they are not currency revered in

sto mirn indeterminate^ monkcy-h like random development of from arbonal habitats. culously walking away as humans

Unseecssary Pottery CoIoot ClaaalfieatiMi

ES2i?\ tilam and other Christianity,

,h * t

sbc

" u cth ^ regions

have been swamped

religions.

distinction **< Likewise the present archaeological because potters have black and grey pottery it uncalled for

6
nerer i** Q

They

all

any e*clu*ivc colour handy. ud *V colour thai came

known

to be

grouped

in

c**^
Vedic history
is.

therefore, right
first

in

recording

thai

ihe

Stt^Ate

awl

Nodear Ag* Co-E*Ht

the first or id started with

Tew generations of

human*

the

n form cultural not have been today any primitive tribes frora true there should of Australia, Indians of America to the Mnories

that from lhe Yet another assumption moon-landing stage in a continuous, u n i, e*ve-man stage to the climb is unjustified. Had that assumption bee

humanity progressed

skills and knowledge by divinity in dowed with the highest " which elcphanli and tigers and dogs, bees and vcr y way in inborn expertise ol then own The starting wrds have each an named une of readymade skills is appropriately

!rt being IHUJ liSinstril as


'

Rod

Oo

the contrary

Vedic history

tells

us that in every age

initial KfUtt 1% e r^dymade) Yuga. That culture and Sanskrit language continued nsatl on of Vedic (e.rca 3S60 to the Mahabharat war .Urouch three eras down last among * Kauravas and the Pandavas were the

highly advanced communities coprimitive and scientifically There fo re the archaeological dating of some potsherds exist. interpreted to mean that all or stone implements should not be humans in that era were aborigine.
Progress or Regress ?

c ).

1 he

world Vedic sovereigns, long line of and biological nut the colossal nuclear

Vedic history records that humanity starting from a stage of godly excellence and expertise gradually deteriorated to the
current state of all-round corruption
ting generations

earnage of the breakdown of the worldMahabharat war caused a complete system and ushered educational and administrative education. of chaos and break in formal a long period ddfcreni .e,> Ma^es of people had to flee lo Parva of the KMhubJurai. described in the Mausal

"cial,

and pollution.

The

star-

All

Sanskrit Languages Broken Bits of

were

initiated in

every sphere of activity by

God men such


jo

Gandharvus in music, by Dhanwantari medicine uad by Vishwakarmu in engineering and technoas by the

logy

S
,i,mv

<Keu, regions earned wh ttal UicU Morton

DM

ol ,-coplc

tela, and
Heating

mm *m* *

'

*<* Bul

", orll

*!-

or

generate.

""""" " ^**>*


b

*g& **
Ul

Comranly modern archaeology assumes that monkeys elevated themselves to bumanhood and cavc-men coached themselves to kcieniific achievement. Docs our experience endorse
that conclusion
'.'

-.witeM** Tbii people wko ttoetad


of S-oskrit

Uk

<""

Is

it

not our endeavour

always to employ

btoUn forms
thread

Itat

Is

how

U. 6

endowed with Ihe highest academic qualifications for even kindergarten tuition ? Docs not that indicate a big knowscholar*
ledge gap between the teacher
justified in

out ol SMfkrit.

Tha.

is

che bas.c
ail

cplanat.on

r Ita
"
ul

>*

mnomg

through

language. o" '"'",


so.

,M8

"-' bt

and the taught

assuming that monkeys evolved into caw men mto scientists and philosophers all without any expert guidance 7 Had that been so children born iu affluent homes equipped with cars, radio, TV, telephone, :ienec magazines tie, should have become expert* in every Held on rwchiDn adulthood instead or having to struggle w ith
the three R'i

Arc we then cave-men and on their own

changing every 2U miles or

Con.rardy <hc current d to of b.rds and bca, .riling f.om .he imitation language* ma taiB modern languages lhai modern La(. anJ G' Indo-Eoropeao etc; that S.WWI. a, tattle. noknown p.rcot lgse are coD.ta.al descendants of some
all sheer speculation.

*. jU

*^j/."^

'

Formation or Regional Stales

9
Cinro.
,

The pot Mahabharat war dispersal of large masses people led to the formation of regional states known as g
Assyria. Babylonia. Mesopotamia, Egypt,

Alcxondrin. Mecca. London,

yr

tmsterdum and Vienna belong to


Christianity n

Rome, Ravenna, pre-Chnsiun Vedic culture.


Paris,

China

etc.

Breakway Vedie Call


the
first

Modern
point

texts pick

up the thread of history


sketched

at that

random
fl

The

earlier multi-mifLon*year

stretch of lost, unkno\*

Around
and other
to capture

century A.D. numerous Vedic groups such


etc.

human

history has already been

by

me

as those worshipping his, Osiris, Venus


cults

and the Essenese

above

to

named

earlier

were

all

vying with one another

dovetail into

modern

historical texts.

Chips of Vedie Society

power, pelf and popularity. Among them a breakaway, ambitious, rowdy Chrisn faction led by two hot-head* viz
regional bits Vet
Conse,

Like the Vedic empire splitting into


society too broke into diverse culls

pclcr and Paul, was one.

and communities.

Around 312 A.D.

that faction got a note of introduction to

quently their names arc


Assyria
is

all

Vedic Sanskrit.

Asur, Babylonia is Mahishipattaniya etc. while Stoics were Staviks (people given
to meditation) Esscncse

Thus Syria is Su r Bahubalaniya, Mesopotamia u


of

emperor CODSUUlliflC of Rome. Consuntinc Was persuaded to Sunday, the attend their weekly churcha lie, discourse! every
traditional pre-Christian public holiday.
the Tuat Sunday religious discourse used to be based on centuries Bhagavad Gceta of Lord Chrisna because in the early During the over 3000 of the Christian era there w^ no Bible war and the beginnyears that elapsed between the Mahabharat

were

devotees

Essan
lives

(i.e.

Lord
regu-

Shiva), Samaritans were Smartas (those whose

were

lated by the Smritish

Sadduccans were Sadhujans


Casscopeans

i.e.

monks.
the

Maleocians were Mlenchhas. Philistines were followers of


Vedic
sage
Piilasu,

were
i.e.

followers followers

of

sage

Kashyap, Christians were Chrisnians


etc.

of Chrisa

Gceta discourse available ing of the Christian era the Bhagavad progressively diluted, distorted, disjoinin the West assumed a
ted form,

etc
and Mosques are Vedic Temples
ancient
in

All Ancient Churches

Consequent!)

all

churches, mosques and mauso-

the ncoConstants became a regular visitor. And it was of his Roman legions convert Constantme who lent the services
the new, synthetic to force people in his realm to accept the French, SpaniChristian alias Christian cult. That is why using terror and torture ards, Portuguese etc. have a history of
in

London, St. Peter's in Rome, the Dome on the Rock and Al Aqsa in Jerusalem, the Kaba in Mecca, etc. etc. are all captured and converted erstwhile Vedic
leums such as St. Paul's
temples.

spreading Christianity.

The

Encyclopaedia

Britannica

inadvertantly

admits

as

The need of

that

group Tor an

identity

separate from the

much

in stating that

most ancient churches are astronomically


is

oriented.

Only under Vedic culture

day-to-day

human

life

regulated by astronomical considerations.


All

cash in on the alterdevout, orthodox Chrisn cult induced it to Jesus crucifixion story native name Christ. In course of time a virgin birth mushroomed with curious twists and turns from a
to a bizarre crucifixion and resurrection.

Prominent Cities too of Vedic Origin


Likewise

such as

Muslim and European Damascus. Baghdad, Samarkand, Bokhara, iitambul.


all

ancient cities in

la dl

Even with

military

might

it

took 700 long years for Europe

to be engulfed by a

rampant

Christianity.

10

^ chteoJofiitt and
hM
* D

Jiun.t)

lead to assume that aQd * <ldwJ t0 BU,ope Blmo&t * cddcd


historians

11

r^aihc^on.Bgorunicsoiosay.
When
I

Islam Anoihcr Breakway Vedic Cult

Sc-iu culture

Europe professed discovered that pre-Christian spoke broken form* of Sanskrit 1 wrote to
and

t ult

Nearly three centuries after Consiaaunc the Vedic Shaivnc in Arabia, also getting ambitious imposed its own breaklabel as Islam

USA

CiviJiution. Harvard University. Dtttftneal of French they had any detail* of the Vedic past 10 find out Hbcther

away

on lands
is

it

might.

The

terra Islam

the

subdued with similar military Vedic Sanskrit term ha la yam

ofFnw
The curious answer that
I

signifying a

Temple of God.
term

received

was

that

ihcy don't

Neighbouring Israel being another cognate Sanskrit


Iswaralaya,
is

nudN France
That then

It alt
ii ilie

as anything but a Christian country.

corroborative evidence.

tragedy of European

archaeological and

The

entire terminology

and

tradition of Islam

and ChrLstia-

historical studies

Europeans have

allowed their allegiance to


their

mythical Jcsu- to run

away with
to

academic acumen and


Christian
history

ihcy have allowed a 1000

1500

year

of

Europe shroud and eclipse its multi-million-year Vedic history, Europe Consequently all archaeological evidence discovered in been mislead ingly explained away as and elsewhere has
belonging lu this or
that

mty arc all of Vedic Sanskrit origin. For instance ihe Sana Pitri Amavasya day which Vedic civilization has set apart for individuals to pay homage to their dead ancestors is still observed by the Christians as All Souls Day and by Muslims as ld-uiFitr.

More
titled

details

volume

have been furnished - World Vedic Heritage

in

my

1315-page

nondescript

cult

whereas
uniform

it

should

ha>c been recognized as indicative of


Jic civilualion-

worldwide

Rome

Ibe City of

Rama
oi ancient Italy

No

Jesus

km Lived
Christiana

A
were,
in fact.
i.e.

Jargc

pan

from about the


civilization-

7tli

to the 1st

had the Etruscan civilization century B.C. That was a Vedic

Chrismans btlowei s of Lord Chrisn there never was any Jcsu*. The Vedic term iesus Chxtsa was mis-spelled and mal-pronounced in ancient Latin a* jesu* Christ because in ancient Latin i and j
Since vo-talled
e

such as Rome, Ravenna and Verona arc named after Vedic pcsonalities such as Rama, Rnvan and Varun, Ramayanic episodes are depicted in Eiru*can paintings
lis cities

interchangeable and so were "n"

India too

in

pronounced as
writer

and 't\ In several parts of Bengal and Karnataka the name Chrisn W Christ. Similarly the name of a Scandinavian
is

Ganesh used to be venerated ancient Italy. Even today Matties of Lord Shiva are raised road squares in Italy, Those Vedic icons are also on display
Vedic deities Shiva and

in

at in

Count BionsUcrna

also

written

as

Bjonstieroa

tuuV

European museums.
Vedic Priesthood*

catrag ibe inter changeability of

V and

'j*.

need for a rate identity for a Cniisn cult group. Consequently all Jesi's ichacology such as the locaiion of his grave anywhere
the
io far-away Kashmir, the search for bis original portrait, the location of his blith spot (Nazareth nr Bethlehem?)

TheJcim nory mushroomed through

Until

about ill A.D. the Papacy

in

Rome
is

used to

be

a an

Vedic priesthood. wbsolvcr from sin.

Papa alias Papaha


[t

in Sanskrit

signifies

Papa's seat the Vatican

the Sanskrit term

from Jerusalem

Valica, signifying an hermitage, in the Vatican was murdered by

seems that the Vedic priest Constant inc and the Christian

the Turin shroud etc has proved an exercise in futility.

Bishop of

Rom? was

supplanted in his place.

The

Shivlings

12
pontifT used to worship before being slain that the Vedic by in the Etruscan Mu Sc m emperor Constaniine arc on display
-J

13

the Vatican.

on

The Vedic record of the time when Coostantme pounced was hurriedly carried away, hidden, that Vedic Vaiica,

some of the proof* Its central alms Chrisn temple. Here are from the backside wall by a narrow perambualtar is separated The main altar enshrines not Jesus but the latory passage
In front of the altar, some diseight directional Vedic cross. mount tance away is a golden eagle on a tand. The eagle u the

bur jcd or burnt.

colossal archaeological

task awaits serious

icholars to search for that missing Vedic record of the Vatican,

of Lord Chrisnincantation

Overhead on the curved


Latin

rafter ledge

suppor-

ting the ceiling are

prayers

beginning with the Vedic

The modern Christian Vatican sits pretty on earlier Vedic temples and icons buried underneath when harried by Constaatme Incidentally the seemingly Christian term Constaniine
il

painted in bold block capitals. Along the and Other* taking watls inifde arc sketched in bold relief sages a holy dip In the river Ganga.

OM

jhc Vedic
kill

name Cons Daityan


Lord Chrisn,
is

the

Demon

king

who

tried his

Notre

Dame

worsi lo

known as a Bull because The Papa's directive dispatch rider of Shiva (whom Papa used to worship) is the
Nandj.

the
bull

Paris meaning France's biggest cathedral the Noire Dame in times the temple of Our Goddess, used to be in pre-Christian

Archaeological studies of the Vatican and of other ancicit


so-called Christian establishments

have been wide

off the

mark

missed details of the kind mentioned above about the Vedic Sanskrit basis of pre-Christian European
because they have
all

hie,

Archbishop also pre-Christian Vedic Priest


century Since the British Isles turned Christian in the sixth D the Archbishop of Canterbury there used to be a Vedic

alias P,r,.mcsWiVedic Mother Goddess Bhagavvati scrupulously retain* its Though rebuilt as a Christian shrine it the figure* of men, women Vedic associations. For instance from top to bottom, are and animals that decorate its exterior architecture. On the edifice are ah a feature of holy Vedic zodiacal signs and two hooks, sketched in bold relief the 12 book represent* the Veda* one open and the other shut. One the Vedic goddess. Important and the other the sacred chant of to pull out their sock* and people visiting the shrin* are made washed near he altar a, a shoes and have their feet reverently Vedic ritual. mark of benediction, which h a

the

priest.

He tucd

to be a

Sankaracharya

like the

Papa

in

Rome

Pagan and Heathen


usually Pre-Christian European life is and Pagan to preclinu colteclivcly dismissed as Heathen connote Both those words however detailed study.
serious
i.e. Hmd" a Vedic civil.zation. Heathen is Hiaihen nunui malpronuncmtion of the Vedic term Bhagwan

The term Canterbury is to Cankerpury i.e. a township of Lord Shiva. My letter present Archbishop, Dr. Robert Runcic. elicited the reply
hit rcliftoui

term a malpronuncialion of the Sanskrit


the

bundled up and

origin o he does not rule out the possibility of a pre-Christian


seal

and

St

Pant's
St.

Pauls cathedral

after the jircai fire of

Wren London rebuilt by Christopherretain* ttill **"* London over 300 years ago
in

term Bha B vail a remc de.ty. Its feminine is Bhagawati The pagavu Bhagvad Geeta came to be pronounced as temple. In last syllable iple. leading to the French word Pagodc i.e.

icveral pre-Chiiitian

tad it ions.

to be n St. Paul's used

fl j

14

The term or the same derivation and v,^ Baghdad, capital of Iraq is City of God ..rijynillv Bhaaavad Nagar the

God earner

l!e

dciiy

Inside

the

temple.

15

Sirabo and Herodotus have referred 10 temple* of Hercoic.


alia*

Is

Thousand* of volume* would have to be written and pubthe Western world which luhed to hr' n B tn '> ncw knowledge to of its primordial Vcdic heritage currently totally oblivious
entire

Heracles and Radhamanthu* at a number of place* |m hc ancient world All those names signify Lord Krishna Hercules alias Heracles is the Sanskrit. Vcdic term 'Heri-ctil-es i.e. the

An

World Vcdic Heritage University with research and


in a!'

teaching establishments

countries needs to he set up.

Radhamanthu* n the Lord (Krishna) of ihc elan or Heri Sanskrit term Radha manastha-et i.e. the Lord const a remembered by Radhs. All those are epithets of Lord Krishna The promontary near Cadiz in Spain, was known a* holy because it was dominated by gigantic temple* of Lord Krishna

Furope

Vcdic Royalty
the

The
past

h> significance of all such evidence has been totally missed importance in scholars hitherto, though it fl of incalculable

pre-Christian

of Europe,

is

all

Vedic,

ape's royal house*

had

all

Vedic traditions.

The Roman

Vcdic eivtU/iition presenting to us a composite picture of the world from the start of and culture that permeated the ancient
the creation to the

Caesar,

the

German

Kaiser and the Russian Ciar are all vari*

Mahabharat war.

in

its

pristine

glorv

and

aliens of the Sanskrit term

Eswar meaning the Great Lord.


ha* golden Hon* adorning
I

even after the war


Christianity

condition until in a progressively dilapidated


force to alienate people en
IB

and

Mam used

The
<

British coronation chair

it*

from Vedic

culture.

ur IcjS Rl

toCpinj with the

Vedic Sim has. in (L*

he Lion seat)

European Name* sre Vedic

tradition.
In the

.-.heir

underneath

the roval

seat

of thai chair

is

*acred orange-coloured stone.


royal

bodyguard

is al

of Great the Vcdic bright orange hue

The

tunic

Britain's

Statues with Joined

Palms
royalty

European not generally realized that means one who is the embodiVcdic origin. For instance Rita ilta Unifies one who ftkki ment of the truth. Margarita Sen Henderson etc. have the Vedic path of truth. Jacobson, .v Sue ru. asm Ugrascn and Bhadrasen. Socrates
It i,

name,

art 0l

ending

(One remembered

for meritorious deeds..

Aristotle
a,i
I

Afte
the

and Oltwr elite i.i Westminster Abbey, London may be seen by the score with their palm*
Statues or dead
joined in

homage

at death in the

Vcdic tradition.

God who shield, one from mishap famous Vedic sugel. James H is the name Garg (a Vedic God of Death. philological orchaeo This may be termed
aa, the

^f*
**

Krishna

Nomenclature Sanskrit Geographical

mosaic a large temple fio< c of Lord Krishna, hung for display, depicting him playing a gracing standing under a tree, with feel crossed and with cows Lor nearby. That raoia.c instead of being identified us that of
In the

museum

in

Corinth (Greece

is

Europe.* regions *uch.s

^*g* 5
tMM
u

townsmen

Charicolc.

Hehco.e

S
Sll(>krl
,

Kmhna,

b*f been indifferently and ignoramtcally This tragically illustrates


is

labelled as >

Nor.h.mp.on. SO.Jta-WW.^* "' *" ">'' $ seillcs, Vtnnlll". Cannei

Me

<

*%

mere 'Pastoral Scene.'

how We>iero
tracks.

origin.

archaeological scholarship

absolutely

on wrong

16
17

Coforul MnMfarfmn F*Mcnce


pre-sentcd
i

TRisorrd

This hat misled


i

all

historians, archaeologists
tourists

trchiieeu

above

is

only a random brief

ample survey

artists,

nrt-crilies,

journalist*,

he coltfttl multifarious archaeological! and historical evidence ihat ties graphically scattered and yet unnoticed.

throughout the world lo believe that


gated large regions to build

and muieologim Muslim invaders subju-

only mosques and mosques and

Thar reveals a curious drawback


training namely that while

of modern archaeological
pick
in

scholars have been trained to

up an ate with alacrity and dig

up some

insignificant

shards

tombs and tombs galore but no mansions for the living. Similarly archaeologists and hiuorians have falsely concluded that an Ahmcdabad was founded by an Ahmedshah and Firoiabad by a Firozshah. If that were so Allahabad should have been
founded by Allah himself.
contemporary English observers themselves tooV a very dim view of Cunningham's archaeological labours.

remote, desolate terrain they tend to be totally impervious and oblivious to the plethora of evidence that stares them in the

eye

in

croweded museums,

historic

buildings

and scholarly

Two

For instance pictures of ancients (from lands currently swamped by Christianity and Islam) wearing ash and sandaitomes.
paste
their

marks on their bodies, the holy Vedic thread slung across shoulder and others mentioned earlier.

James Fcrgusson observed "During ,the 14 year* he has contributed been employed in the survey, he (Cunningham) has
almost
literally

or nothing to our knowledge of archaeology

architectural geography"

Cunningham's Misleading \rchaeology

Coming

to later times the


in

scholastic

orld

needs to take

Eneliim daily Similarly an editorial note in the Pioneer, an India ofLucknow observed "the Archaeological Survey of

note of a serious flaw

reports are fceble. inane nnlaUb'Jt

u>c*ess

and the Govern-

mediaeval archaeology.

ment has reason


retired

to

be

ashamed of

the majoritv

Major General Alexander


engineer

Cunningham,

army

volumes,"
attributed to Islam throughbridges, minarets mosques, merrily property, the entire concept out the world being captured or groundless. A cenotaph mffcto Islamic architecture is has led scholar* to Koranic over-writing on the exterior calling for any nth attribute LfcttC edifices to Warn Islam. experts For instance solars considered evidence. arch.tectural t, architecture are unable to cite any MU*1$

wa* appointed in 1861 as the first archaeological urveyor under the then British administration in India, not

a* J All historic township*

eonttreclioM *uch as to*ers,

because he had any special


as early as
lo

knowhow

or knowledge but because

September 15. IH42 when he was a mere Lt. A.D.C the Governor General Lord Auckland, Cunningham had sug-

gested in a letter to Col. Sykes (a director of The British East InJii Company! a scheme for falsifying Indian archaeology

iUM

"undertaking of vast importance lo the Indian Govern*

ment

politically

and to the British public


of the Christian "

religiously
in

(so thai)

or even measurements.

ihe establishment ultimately succeed


In

religion

India

must

pursuance of that political objective Cunningham attributed a very lar&c number of Hindu townships and buildings to Muslim authorship

Muslim has also not been realiwtl that the name, Ol P*" islamic building* though mentioning scrawled b> SUCh as Ailauddin or Akbar. have been and khand instance AkbarS Gujarat idle
It

""** "
the

M*"*
*o*callcd

cbiscllcrs

For

victories

mentioned

in

Persian

inscriptions

on

19
18

Gateway in Faiehpur Sikri vverc etched long after his death by some Muslim idler. Likewise the claim by Ustad Ham id a Muslim mason in a Persian inscription on an erstwhile Shiva temple in Mandu (now masquerading as Hoshang Shah'v mausoleum) that he was instructed by the 5th generation Mogul
Btiland

While handing over a copy to one of the participants I informed hint, one of my most important discoveries was that all historic townships* forts, palaces, tombs, mosques, lakes, tanks canals, roads, bridges towers elc. ascribed to Muslim invaders
were captured property.
talked to happened to be from Sweden.

emperor Shahjahan
Taj Mahal
is

to study

that

building before

raising the

The person

Hr

a blatant concoction since the Tuj Mahal has been

face lightened up with special interest.

proved to be on ancient Shiva temple.


Scholars
all

He informed me
inadvertantly

that

the

administration

of

Matdive

over the world have also been

believing the entire palatial building

complex
is

to

be

tomb

when,

in fact,

only the tiny cenotaph inside

the tomb.

had invited him for conductThere when he dug inside a ing archaeological excavations. mosque (7) he found the remains of a temple. That was a puzzle was him. But as soon as he heard of my rinding his enigma
islands ofT the west coast of India,
to

These instances graphically illustrate the extent to which world scholarship has strayed from the truth in every branch of
historical
T,

resolved.

and archaeological studies,


look

therefore,

forward

to

receiving

correspondence

he now knew why he bad "Thai's it" be found the remains of a temple inside a mosque. temples and exclaimed "you are right, Muslims demolished

He

congratulated

me and

said

from individuals and organizations who, sensing the need for a fresh start and a closer second look at all archaeological and
historical concept*

raised
I

mosques

at the

same

spot."

and conclusions would


Institute

like

to

set

up

World Vedic Heritage Research


After
I

and University.
illustrated
I

him "you have had to correct him once again. I said to superstructure you fancy only half understood me. Even the Muslims did not ravse temple. lo be a mosque is a captured
any historic building."

read the above

research

paper,

with

slides there was hardly

any reaction

though

had questioned
historical
I

Thereupon the Swedish


interest

the validity of the


studies

entire

framework

of current

Moil participants

at

such Congresses arc usually people

mosque was noi had wondered all the time as to why that aligned to Mecca?**
World ArchaeologiThat illustrates how part.c.pants in the in history and archaeo< cal Congress and otter so-called experts if only they logy all over the world, have a lot to learn

He exclaimed

"that

added delegate's eyes flashed with put* then solves my other

nind jobs anJ big reputations.


tton 10 learn anything new. as an opportunity to

As such they have no


is

Their participation

inter-

parade

theii

epeat
Picnic.

wh

own knowledge
worst

they have learned

al their college or at

wake up and step out of the ivory tower of

their fixed ideas.

there

was a chance solitary reaction

neously and dUanDingly


I

which instanta-

canned

the validity of

my

thesis.

had earned

'

>0

; schalan

a few hindered h Paper to be distributed among the


f, ora

w Jlh mc

copies

of

my

participant About

COUoiriei . ttemiril

,L

^
20

NOTES
I.

by Gordon Rattray Taylor. Evolution Mystery, the Royal Institute. London, Hoyle's lecture at Sir Fred

TheCri

January, 1981
3.

2
INDIA'S

Omio

22,

Brahmanda Puran.

Ponnemperuoa. head or the Laboratory Statement of Dr. published by dait.es dated Evolution. USA,
of Chemical June 17, 1980.

HISTORY HAS BEEN WRITTEN BY HER ENEMIES


feeling
that

5.

the heading Information gives under

'Church*

In

Encylo-

For a long time there has been a widespread

pedia Britannica
6.

mythical nature of the Comprehensive evidence on the hundreds of books such as Jesus story is available in

taught in Indian schools and Indian hislory as it is being presented to the world at large is a colleges and as it is being has been substitute for India's real history which
counterfeit
distorted or suppressed. cither lost or destroyed or

Durant, 'Did Jtsus The Story of OviUiation by William College. London* and Exist' by G. A. Wells of Birkbeck
Christianity is Chrhn-nity

by

P.

N. Oak.

defined as a factual and chronologically Indian h.stoiy is an admixture or accurate account of the past. assumptions and blatant concoctions. half-truths, fanciful
If history

may be

Museum in the Photos of Shivlings from the Etruscan of World Vatican (Italy) reproduced on pages 963 and 964
Vtdic

nature of things because India This was inevitable in the

domination for had been under foreign

1.235 year*,

i.e.

from

H triage,

by P. N. Oak.

Muhammad-bin-Kasim*s invasion (712 A.D,)


History
is

to 1947.

Page 246, Vol. VII Journal of ihe

Royal Asiatic Society

always the

first

casualty of aggression. This

London, 1843, A.D,


9.

See pp 32-33 and 76-78 of


Ferguison, 1884 A.D.

Indian

Archaeology

by

Jame<

experience. be verified from contemporary China and Pakistan <<" borders are being violated by the very moment of Aksaichin to Assam. From to Kutch and

may Currently Indus

^<

JO

See Fionttr dated the 12th of July, 1895.

begms to preparation the enemy aggression or even as prior * of the victim d Lrt and destroy the history fabricating maps. Killing border pillars and that if even three we may now ask ourselves
ssion results in so

cW ***%'*
how
.

*" *

much damage

to hi.tory

""
T

1.235 * Indian hislory have suffered during obviously is that the total distortion By mathematical colossal.

history

highly historical teals are that the popular notion that current

must be and

^ **2^*WW <

defective

deficient

is

correct.

cfiiiw-jj;.

22

corollary of the

above conclusion
foreign

will

be tbai

thfl

21

reconstruction,

wi remaps *jeci lo . com.tr, soon after Independent Therefor*, rrTdamaie 10 must assume priority over even economy r.i.n his.ory became officials of a country, nurtured

rule the

greater

W M*W

^
I

KOttl
jitp.

falter hiatal*, tend 10


is

Their entire thinking

and take wrong decisions at every clouded and perverted. The diss*

0l|

foreign

whole people with pseudo-hisiory crow results of drugging a watchers in every walk of life. In may be sensed by sensitive people brainwashed w tn relations, for instance when
j

late Dr, Jeclany of Calcutta to write a History of Hindusthan more competently then a Sarkar or a Mijum Jar wriune under a deceptive Bharatiya Vidya Uhawan label with an Anilo-Mutlim tilt and tint

Muslim would trust an Arab

not talking here or Iilam or a Muslim but about a outiook of history la illustration I may iy
.

that

Muslim

like

the

History gels distorted under a long

spell

or

foreign

rule

they tend to ij c fc pseudc-history guide a free nation's destiny from Rabat to Riyadh because the very boots that kick them
tbey have been tutored to believe in
bution' which

colossal 'Muslim contrioffset.

because while the natives remain gagged and muted, alien ruler* heap concocted history on a subject people. The whole administrative and educational machinery is then geared to brainwash A look at our the subject people with that perverted history.
question papers whether in schools and colleges or competitive employment tests provides graphic proof. The question! relate

no amount of

insults

or let-downs can

Under
perverted.

aJfen rule history gets

At times history

is

not only distorted but even twisted to an extent that almost


to be

the very opposite of every the truth

trumpeted shibboleth turns out

almost exclusively to a Shershah. Ferotshah, Akbar, Aurangzeb, Chvc. Warren Hastings or Bentinck. That in a country inhabited question* by more* of Hindus for milk mums, almost all history

Take
Indian

the

quotion of a fancied
Is

'Muslim contribution"
rapine

to

should relate exclusively to aliens is a horror of horror*. Such a thing is never heard of. What hurts sull more is that four decades after indethis academic perversity persists even
pendence.

life

and culture.

rape and

torture prepetrated by illiterate

and terror and barbarians from Afghanistan to


'contribution' or
is it 'retri-

Abystini* over
bution
':

a millenium any

and paralyse* even the thai minds of our administrators is apparent from the feci Hindusthan and they shudder from officially naming the country

That

this mentality affects

India

would

gladly give

anything
'

lobe

rid of the

very lavt vestige of thai 'contribution


Lei us consider another question
jlrnoit as

national flag of adopting the traditional saffron standard as the millstone ot" All this shows how heavy t* the the country.
alien

which

is

often

presented

domination that hangs round the

neck

of our historical

an axiom that there can or should be u Muslim view of Indian history. There can never be and should never be B Muslim view of the history of Hindusthan To talk of a Muslins
*e* of Indian
history
is

oprimarily about Rana lndiun examiner* must a*k questions power and Praup and Snivaji, about the me of Marabatla
i

as

absurd

as

teaching

Kosygin**

Sikhs and the

many

rulers of Rajaslhan

History of the United States in America,

prescribing Hilled
tutoring

questions they can conscientiously ask

and Nepal. The onlj about Muslim mien

England

in

the

United
of

Kingdom and
Germany,
Will

German*

with

Stalin's

History

not

Wt

trusted with carrying out

healing plasltc surgery on a

Umb be ogling at
hirr
3

the lattcr's

anatomy only with a view

to

gobbling

they mulcted the about the atrocities each perpetrated, the *ay proselytoation. people and the i-rror and torture they used in whether Because this is what they actually did, one and all. Gujrat MUtMa ihcy were AdiMiahs or Kutb>hahs, Bahamanis. Bat far from that. or Matwa or Mogul ruler* of Delhi

sultan*

14

been

presented

" * mMy

P*U

25

K
lhe

nM W ^
d

rt *fteJ ch per*

history h

ta, rtK
,

.( Mul, '"'V h|ilor j


ortea

hondred

>"
1

^^ ^^^
*T

been sponsored by wll but MIUraL Tha( uiand yeaff should have been continued du ritlg UndersUjldable
uld have

Hinduithan and Hindudorn. Those chroniclers never styled themsclvea Indians, They alwayi stood up to be counted as
Arabs, Afghans. Turk* Persians or Abyssinian*. Moreover they invariably referred to the people of Hindusthan by such colourful terms as "thieves, robbers, dacoits, scoundrels, infidels, ilaves, reptiles, dog*, prostitutes and dancing girl*." Recently

^^

drwnw^ "
If>

h*

tr^et o* alter the other, H-nduslhan has Mus,un calaract and l\Zl Kf.o US iy m*"> b
iTuiBt

***

W"T feUn*nd
In ill fairness

tbc presentation or teaching of jn added their ow n vogue. As .liens they 'h.d been .n distorts. Thus having come under
its hiiio-

**

<J

lhc Incentive j thcy tact:cd

to

radi,

when Pakistan's Foreign Minister Bhutto stigmatised Indians at the United Nations as "dogs" he was only using a term that be found liberally littered in Muslim chronicles of Hindusthan.
In reality, therefore,

those chronicles must be regarded not

Bmi h

normal Hindusthan can regain Mi

historic

vision only

at "India"! History As Written By Its Own Hisionans" but as "India's History As Written By lis Dire Enemies." Incidentally the same must hold true of histories written wiih a British out-

surgery against both. by drastic

must be said that the British were far rapine never formed part of their more cmlid Rape and tampered with history only for slight fUtewraft. They may have
it

look though obviously being more civilized they arc not as bad or as false. But if we recall questions asked in our examinations

about the British period wc rind that they lalk only of reforms of a Bentinck or the victories of a Cornwalhs. They glibly
gloss over the atrocities of a

innate fanatic expediency but never out of bigotry and try honestly to search religious hatred. As researchers ihey did Muslim chronicles. A lor distortions and discrepancies in those chronicles fairly representative sampling of thousands of
political

Warren Hastings

or the

treachery

of a Clive.

Obviously, the damage done by


nues to fester because
it

Muslim chronicles
a thousand long

contiyear!,

was
still

inflicted for

Afghan s, Arabs, Iranians Kazaka, Uzbeks, Turks and Abyssinian* may be had in an eight-volume study of them
written by

by the

late Sir
tiie

H,M.

Elliot.

In the preface to
in

ves that

history of the

Muslims era

he rightly obserIndia "is an impudent


it

remains burdened with the Islamic The kind of writing on which the Muslim mind has graft. be been fed and the Hindu mind maimed and humiliated may Badayuoi illustrated from almost any mediaeval chronicle.

and because Hindusthan

nd interested fraud I"


But in spite of his great insight Sir
guilty

of a

serious

oversight.

This

H.M.Elliot has been was perhaps inevitable

page 383, English translation of Muntakhbut Tawarikh) : "fn the year WS A. H, Raja Todarmal and Raja Bhagwandas who had remained behind at Lahore hasteobserves (vol.
II,

ned to the abode of hell


lowest pit

rj.e.

died)

and

torment

and

in

the

because he had an alien's mind and heart.


eight-volume study
Historian*,'

He

has

titled

hi*

"India's History
is

This

a bad

slip,

As Written By Its Own because by no stretch of


AfiT,

became the feed of serpents and Allah scorch them both.**


Bridly
I

scorpions.

May

imagination can

writers

like

Shams-i-Shiraj

Badayuni*

shall

now

lUuli JUan, Fenihia, Abul Fnzal,

Begum and Taiuarlain be termed aliens io every way but they

Babur, Jahangir, Gulbadan Indians. They were not only

sions of Indian

only enumerate a few typical perverMuslim rulers without exception history.

harboured

deep hatred

wise have yet been represented as just, kind, and patrons of learning etc. This may be gauged from my book

though

all

sadists

26

s*>*

Akb * Grcat

" Musliro

,crs

id

TlriS*** ^idgcconstructions.
Y uiurped Hindu
like

mans.on,

; canal,

tomb or mosque. An
is

- build

2?
bolstered by cock and bull stories
like Sikandar Lodi finding of Moth and asking his wazir to build a a grain mosque w hicb name Masjid Moth. That therefore acquired the world historical scholarship should accept such arrant nonsense profound history is a measure of the damage that the brain of

This

being p rovtd

TbvoVm books

and damaged

"The Taj Mahal is . Hindu Pa]acC Hindu Building," and Fatehpur Sikri i* a Red Fort is i anything Muslims destroyed Far from building iffldoCily.*' Hindu buildings. Visitors to mediaeval historic

La

the world of history

has suffered.
its

India can

become a strong
prevari-

buildings should,
ninety that "the

remember one guiding principle construction is all Hindu and destruction all
therefore,

nation only

if it

can cleanse

history of

communal

cations of the last 1,235 years.

of so-called Sufi 'Mints' are dispassiowill all be found to pair with the ruling naiely examined they Islamic pincers lhrottliii0 Indian life and alien junta to farm the
Muslim,"
If thelites
culture.
1

Hindudom decides to assert its The term "Hindu communalism" was

This will be possible only if sovereignty in its own land


forged

during

alien

Sec what Badayauni writes


II,

about Satim Chisti {page

13, vol.

Badayuni*s chronicle)

"His
sons

Grace
all

the
his

Sheikh
private

Muslim rule and was further tempered under alien British rule. In Hindusthan there can be Muslim, Christian or any other communalism while Hinduism is nothing but nationalism.

The sooner
history,

this, is

undersJood and practised the belter


international

it

would

allowed the emperor (Akbar) to

have entree of
his

apartments and however


saying "our wives arc

and nephews kept becoming estranged from us' the Sheik

much

be for a proper national and

focus

on Indian

li

would answer "there


I

is

no dearth of

women

in Ihe

world,
it

Since

This leads us to a very simple


Indian nationals.
or
religion,
is

test to

determine

who an

have made you Amirs, seek other wives,

what docs
thai

matter

Whosoever, no matter of what

race, country

Mouserraic u contemporary Jesuit, says


"i tamed wila all the

the

Sheikh was

wickedness and

disgraceful

conduct of

vjuhammadensV

All this evidence

has been carefully suppres-

sed during a thousand years

of rampant Muslim communalism.


(e.g,

Assertions or golden

periods

Shahjahun's}

and noble

determined to preserve and defend Sanskrit language, the Vedic way of life and all its values and achieveanJ ments like Yoga, Ayurveda, worship of all living being* be Indian of trees, rivers and idols must be deemed to way of life must nationals. Those who aim at snuffing out this
be

regime* arc

Shahjahan's reign of just '*cr 29 years was full oi 48 campaigns. He also demolished all lindu temple*, murdered not build all his rivals, and he did -ven a smg i c buadmg. b 5 u ch a reign go i dcn 7 Township*
all

blatant concoctions.

deemed enemies.

eroiabad, Tughlakabad,
falsely

Ahmcdabad and Hyderabad


or
that

have
they

ascribed

to

this

sultan

though

Hindu township*.
*r

Ah*i<h hah u

ikc

Ascribing them to a Fcrowhah asscrtmg thai A1|ahabad was founde4 b y

2T ^br. m f^mmm**
"J
H
orywuhtake accounts,

Muslim communalism
thousand
evidence Oft,
all

going

berserk

over

I
In

years has

resulted

and

substituting

**
arc

^.iM Ino Hnims

COM

29
Since a country It made up of a number or individuals anil institutions* in history wilt naturally include the history of

all

3
""""toe definition
It it

and scope of history

nnd institutions. But obviously inch 1 history It will also be uninterestwill be unwieldy and impracticable. ing and not of mu oh use. The drab routine of millions ol ordinary persons from day to day wilt also be hard to compile of fit in inlo a comprehensive and coherent national account.
lu individual*

ni

a clear idea of ihc definition always advisable to have before launching on Us study. scope of any subject
If

one

either likely to

of a given subject one h not clear about !he scope part of it or at times go confine oneself only to a
limits.

The question then arises as to where do we apply the scissors ? How do we pick and choose ? The answer can be round if wc have a look at
This then involves a
lot

or trimming.

national histories that are

written and

studied

all

over

the

beyond

its

proper

In either

case one will not be doing

world.
If

fall justice

to the subject
let

wc read

historic*

of the

mediaeval

period

we

find

them

Accordingly

us

first

define

languages the word 'History'


'Historia'

whai is history ? In Western derives from the Greek word


Obviously this
to every
is is

dealing with kings and battles. If we read historic! of countries wc shall find like England and America from the 20th century

meaning

'inquiry*.
is

a very misleadinquisitive

ing root since inquiry

common
is

branch of knowledge.

In fact eversince

a child

born he

always very

them mainly writing about the doings or their national postments and popular cabinets. The Russian history or the the monoli1917 era would mostly talk or the proletariat and
This then gives us a clue that account r a country'* history has to be a concise and compact of power. History will past it has to confine itself to the seats power. At times, when atwavs deal with those who wielded
thic

parlia-

and is aniious to know many things about the world around him but he cannot be said to be thereby educating himself in history. Therefore no one can have a clear notion of what
history
1

Communist

Party,

is if

he were to be guided solely by the etymological


'history'-

meaning of the Western word


hi against
far
this the

Sanskrit

word

for

history ITlHAS 1>

power one or more courtiers wielded monarch to the powerful history shifted its focus from the monarchy ceased gradually io nobility. In England when the
instead or the king
the its focus in wield power. England** history shifted and the pop monarchy to the Parliament
sarr

more evocative, Nay, we may even say that the word Itibas* embodies a complete definition of what 'history' is. That word is composed or three syllables, 'such and such t "iti" means
happening or event}'.
'happened'.
in the past

proportion from
the

"the

larly elected cabinet

In Russia

when

the Ciars

lo>P
with
.he

"Ha*

means

'definitely*.

*Aas'

means
as'a

proletariat.

Russian
its

history

concerned

.self
all

All ihat can be said to

have definitely

happened

Communist Party and

leaders

who

wielded
to the

power

history.

As such

history

may be

defined

factual

and chronological account of past happenings'.


instiitJ-

Thus we may have a history or an individual or an


of a thing or

a concise, compact national histories have to be power accounts of seats or centres of or tan* or individual as d.rector

From

all

these

ins,ances

we come

co^u^

^"^j,,,^,

concentrated in an
the

country namely

its

life

story

from

ufiubi

np-to-feu.

*" ** ttoacr *nd

we may now

military a group of called a popularly elected ministry,

recall that

this is exactly

by the terra history.

kat.coi

JO
11

or a national assembly. inluetfiil civilian*, , n th. r 3inc power shifts from one to another hi. proportion in which t0rit| their focus. automaiicilly^htft

ituation.
I

J""* a * * a ase-play

we expect every

character to

powerful
their

people complaining that mediaeval talk only of kings and wars or of S0lne orfes,fot .nitance, of t he people i r cliques ai court alone and not

When

1.

therefore, find

ecl

romplaint

is

unjustified.

Even

if

they themselves try


often

their

lhc dialogue in accordance with hiv particutone hi* P rl rtf anyone narrating an incident lowers or raises rolc, or when with, a uj voice according to the event he may be dealing a cru:l deed in strong language, hstorian must write about Since and beautiful lan 3 uag*. and so o n about art in soft id language, n narrative and factual literature,

kutarv
in

is

hand

at rewriting the histories

of those times so as to they

reflect tbc

qualities. ,ve literary

Intvofihe people
woold
find

in

general as

profess they

themselves helplessly drawn to narrating only the This is unavoidable. courtiers. doings of the V ings and their National histories .ire nothing but accounts of the centres of

femC^^ofhelptes,

strong language
historian

In

Even as a judge denounces foul crime, kind words when hi* judgment or use, women, children orcu,
not modulate
fl

Xa

-ho do*
is

hi* langut**

to

sua

describe, the events he

not
,.-

true historian.

power and no matter what an individual historian's political leaning* nre iT he sets himself to write the history of any age he
has to confine himself to
national

Incidental

this lead.

to

reognue

that Mtfafj mttSl be


at

the

doings

of

those

who
It

wielded

classified as literature India, is to

The general tendency,

east In

Co*

power during the period concerned.

can never be
if

otherwise.

One need

not

therefore

feel

hurt

mediaval

^J
mpo'ary
particular

regard only poets, short-story

wte

histories deal

onlv with kings

and courtiers or wars generally,

history of Hitler's

revolve mainly

Germany or of Stalin's Russia will have to round the doings of those two dictators if simply

and novelists and This is narrowmg litterateurs. accounts which enter too such. Historical excavations or of any archaeological

**F^ ^^ *****
-cc

document may
This simple

became others did not matter very much or that others could have their way in shaping the national destiny. So national
i

!ood

genera, histories should

Hterature.

lories invariably revolve

around those

who shape

tjic

destiny
.

he nation, be

it

an individual, a junta or a legislature

branches of knowledge. earth is round or why reach together from a height would
that was literature though
later his

Jj*^^ **^mMtm* j^ ^ *^J?J^*Z^ *~*X "I** ^^25 *******


hul

not be

forma very

ol

>

why

<bc

U '*

wnce

in

a national history we cannot include what ever) tad Harry does every moment of his life we have to
to those

J*J*

nudfopi

me

basis for intricate scientific

the

accoum

who are

in

power.

But

in any

to the intelligence of a

mm of
An
is

^"^^j, ^
average e

m^ ^^
*^

havC formed

literal^

=n dealing with the

the truth, are

doings of those in power history the whole truth and nothing but the truth
to .wear
,

History satisfies ih!s


interested in history

average

and

able to grasp R.

uked

court of law.

history

**

Wit

deZu,
The Unw..**
*

M"
C

will not

admit

fiCU

lo

** **rt*nrt

f suppressing, adult*interests or

HH

bti " V ** !!!

u, " 0,,

l
4ll

narratives
lhc

also Important pathos of a given


iv

definition shout the conception an Once we have such a clear < *** ani scape of hhtttj ' ** rtf ' [^ n general edu * apparent that historians, and ttllh of pol.Hcans. tolerate the interference tamper or

'

mm >^ nM m *~
,

^^

^^

tics

to

water down,

adulterate

?M.

32

I*** "^chron^icUceoum
t

H^W.
i,

therefore,

he

finally defincj as

flC!

^J^-..**"** must be noth.ng /,


jfnc

of a country's pas. tell, g n e/r who wielded notion,, poWcr

*-

Tim make*
tell

invader and a miscreant n nrncrcani .- .. andean."* in and call an invader mst.fy his deeds. religion he invokes lo pHer wftil
.
.

Zt on

a true

hHinmn

to have the

courage to

the

^
t ruth

*
p

4
HOW
HISTORIANS HAVE DUPED THE PUBLIC

fa no other branch of knowledge ha* the reading public such a long lime at in been cheated so consistently and for

Indian history.
tourist! Generations of students, government officials and have been supplied with concoction* in visiting historic spots responsible for passing on the name of history. Those mainly the public has been doting and these myths are those on whom have done it deliberately, some

reiving as 'historians*.

Some

cowardice because they lacked unknowingly and some through


public the nerve to declare to the cheated in the name of history.
that

they

were

all

beini

w5 * *- * **<i * 1 55-t'SiS muBU Qm was


assertions.

TOeforins.3nccthecasc.rihc Mil-foot So-called toawm Delhi, cailcd the Kutub Minar. ong n an equally vague about, t,
lay public ere

high

lower

in

*
ye.

*
he

both

Some
was
is

say

It

built
in

Muslin, slave ru.cr

mm
ofit.

who

ruled

^ Del .fro
.

by

l6
.

* A D

say

I,

Another view

by his that All.uddm


bui.t

Faroe fourth view i, that of it. Aniin built the tower or a part ,o,ntly nsight have more of .he above four rulers

V**"***^ * KM> ^ .^ ^ ^ ^
bu.U

Shah Tugh

eiUy

built the tower.

Ks.mrv will -o.histo^ The astound.ng f.c. i. ** or iw wn truthfully make u clean breast <"" pl-inly thai
the public into confidence
tell
it

honestly and
,

a bsolulcl>

*%

34

topic very lengthy.


all

This

is

not true.
in

have shown above

bow

the five views

can be packed

two or three short sentence*.

*, M*
KnuLdin
or

because none of those monar,t.ons ere folic and baseless In such b case that tower. have Ltd any claim to building historian owes it to the public to tell . honest and dutiful and add that there is not the slightest them of all the five views almost no so-called 'historian* has proof for an* of those. Yet
done
i

more of them

thai it was built by s.mply blandly assert Allauddin or Fero, Shah or by two Of Htm-* or so-called historians know that their
will

The

a might then be asked as to what is the paint in asking In several views before the public 1 historian to place all of that placing all of several answer to this I want to point out of tremendous imporviews all the time before the public is To illustrate this let us take a concrete instance. Supft

tance

posing a

man

has discontinued

his

academic education

after

third Let us also suppose that in his the third standard. on the Kutub Minar, If the standard book there was a lesson asserted that the tower was writer of that lesson has blandly life-long impthat student would carry a
built

discrepancies in The historians are obviously aware of the the professional seclusion of ihe Kuiub Minar story because in History Congress some of The annual ictsion of the All India
their colleague* read research papers dealing with the

by Kutubuddin author of the Kutub Minarression that Kutubuddin was the basis at all for that view. Hc wouldn't know that there was no disputes that view that man would Later if a researcher like me bothering quixotic aberration without even
dismiss
it

as

some

anomn-

hc m

the traditional assertions.


historians

evidence advanced in support. Supto read the arguments and in hardening national pression of evidence, therefore, results
attitudes.

When

1c

now

that
is

the origin or the

Kuiub Minar
of
the
five

m
||
i

dispute and that there


is
it

no

basis for

any

The second
assertions
is

great danger
it

from such bland and baseless


have been
left

versions
t

not their du'y to desist from any decisive verdict


all

that

plugs gaps that should

open

not also their duty to place


if

facts before the


their

public and
fr-r

for research.

hen,

They feel so
!

inclined, express

own

preference
vital facts

standard
those

all

any particular view


the public, the public,

from when they conceit <tuch important information from must not the to-called historians be publicly impeaBui

when they hide such

come across
five

third to the M.A. Thus, for instance, if from the Minar repeatedly students reading about the Kutub added that all of all the five views with a footnote

ched

'

ci diction

of duty and

cheat ins

When

the

public pay* the historians their >alancs f the price of their

books allowance and leave to attend History Congress sessions, and pram-, ibern other benefits such as examiner ships and membership of university
-.entiles

inquiring views arc mere conjectures, many many origin ot the minds would be persuaded to delve into the real together us Kutub Minar. Many would succeed in piecing But bland and facts. history or bringing to light several vital Kutub Mintr baseless assertions in all history books about the
into it* history origin prevent potential researchers from prying Kuiub They arc all given to understand that the origin of the beyond any doubt and, therefore,

would not br let down hidden from them


'

should not the public expect thai they ami vital information would not be

Minar has been established no research is necessary. This is a great academic which historians, must be made to answer.

lots

for

At

this

it

might be contended

that

staling
that

all

the

alter-

natives would be impracticable because

would make each

36

37

ZEmS iSt ,

mo^iiw. fomb*.

: . MMifti P* other
.11

*' '*

,1

the Kuiub What w* h" ve M,d aboul

Let us take n third


v.

instance,

This
a

it

about ihc budding


at

mediaeval
residential

historic

townships,
bridges,

mi

i i

naded

in history

as Akbar'*

tomb

Sikandra,

six

buildings

miles

'lie

north of Agra.
being

This

it

7 storeyed

Hindu palace

fort*

bribed to Muslim rulers.


to

Take ihc case of range anywhere between

.
4nd

yel it li blandly and basetcssly asserted sad as built as a tomb for Akbar. having been Historians have withthe public the fact that nowhere docs Akbar or held from
tiny of hi*

La.d

between 10 and 22 years, have ranged anywhere A,,,,^ anybody from Esa Hilendi

court historian* ever


his lifetime,

claim

that

Akbar
{a

built

nfi

rone
de

own tomb during


histories

and yet there


in

section

of

lleJendil

Aill

Bordeaux.

Geronimo Vcroneo or

which ascribes blandly, basclcssly and anomalously

bmerKMbbtafSH-WthtBhimielf.
character^
diot the

Such colossal uncertainly

the buitdrn'* to

Akbar himself
in

anticipation
in

of

hi death.

the Taj every detail connected with


burial.

M ttal

ntd*

Another
built
it

set

of historians believing

some

sly,

sketchy

and

nebulous assertions
after

the Jahangirnamu asserts that Jahangir

and dates of Mumtaz's death


yet at in the

Akbar's death.

There

is
I

a thtrd

set of
u

historians

case of the Kutub

Minar.

in the case of
i

licji

equally blandly and

baseless y

strike

compromise

practically gives all the facts adding the Taj Mahal too history baseless and conjectural. Every footnote that all are equally

India's own tourist and nUtory including the Government of and baseirchaeology department version* give only one bland

and says that Akbar built n pun of it tun! Jahangir completed it. There is absolutely no hails for air In fact reading between the lines there i, those three views
like politicians}

enough proof to conclude that Akbar licj buried (if at all he he was lias been buried there) in a Hindu palace in which
staying at the time of his death,

word about the Taj Mahal The result is so disastrous that everyone comes away with the notion that there is no uncertainty about the Muslim origin of the Only if they coull all get together and compare notes on Taj.
less

view and assert

it

to be the last

what each one or them has been told, or has read or heard they would soon realize that they have been victims or a great fraud.
It is
j

might lake some picciuUs year* and a ttciiiendoU* clioii lu di&lodgc all this stupendous falsuiiood that ha> been stuffed into Indian history und continues to be assiduously aud accoll

sanclly taught all over the world to generation* able students.

ol'

impressionfalie-

home collec*as money en i thins* on different pretexts. Only when he is arrested and all those defrauded get together do they realize how
something
like a

cheat got as from

home

to

Ehoj

hi

rum propagate

the

tame tutored

hoodi

to others.
is

Vsho
it is

responsible tor ibis tragic deception ol the world


historians

he has told different things to different people

defraud them Tkiu is exactly what is happening with regard to every mediaeval historic tomb and mosque and fort and township in India.
to

certainly the so-called


in

on whom
ol

the

public few

been doting and

whom

the public has been placing implict

People are being fooled with wild


widely differing from

stories
If

about their

origin all
vigilant

ihem wilfully, many unwittingly and some others out of *heer cowardice have helped
faith as their darling 'historians'.

Some

one

another.

people

arc

in the

perpetuation of these colossal falsehoods.


itself

It is

lime the

enough to
ship

collect all the versions


will

about every mediaeval town-

Indian public Oiserted


It

and

ciied a hall to this deception.

tad building the v and cheated.

resize

hjw

they

are

being fooled

is

time they

made

so-called

historians

answerable

for

iheit

lapse or deliberate distortion.

38

eicapcd the charge of complicity or negligence art oaly have have indirectly helped the came of history but ihey would even
by
inducing

U*

had taken the precaution of deiltt* oar errhaj historians and instead jusi P i a Mood and baseless assertions jBJ from the public in every case, ihcy could .licrn-tivt views before
If

5
RCWRiTING HISTORY-WHY AND HOW"?
Since history
is

fcocrationl

of

readers

to
that

undertake
it

deeper

research

world Let. therefore, the

know

is

being grossly

to all mediaeval historical buildduped and muled with regard therefore, it must demand all the facts ings and township! and,

the

first
is

casualty
the

of aggression the longer


destruction
of

and more thorough research into the real origin and authorship of each one of those buildings and townships.

the aggression the greater

distortion and

the history of the victimised country. history should be the first major country like India which has emerged free after (J ,235) task of a years of foreign domination. If it neglects this it docs so at its
its

As such

rewriting

own

own

and the consequences of such neglect are catastrophic because a nation's entire outlook on many vital matters depends on what kind of history has been taught to its citizens.
peril

Incidentally India's rulers

(the

Indian

National Congress
of
the

party) having been

completely

unmindful

need

for

rewriting India's history, they

have

accidentally

provided

with a graphic and

tragic illustration of

how

a country

which

docs not care to rewrite its history after a long spell of slavery continues to remain a psychological slave of Us erstwhile
rulers,

tor instance

,ui

India

free in
it stilt

aame drags

10 the

I.

controlled administration,

by the British to tuates the use of the English language and numerals
leveb,
it still

nomy introduced

continues the provincial autosharpen disunity, it perpeat


all

continues to be a

member

of the British

Common-

i% ju wealth being afraid to leave tbo British apron and emerge arc all angliunsheltered nation in world politics, to envoys Ctoed,
its

population continues to quaff tea


if

'I

olfee the

nrsi

shows signs of being overawed t an Englishman or anyone who looks like him (such as a opmg man, Russian, etc.), Hi Armed Forces Still tBJt* pride in
thing in the morning,
Still

Tommy

traditions,

it

continues 10

name

its

provinces

alter

40

41

^X
Ei

*ri

reflected in the
10

name Nagaiaod.
still

These are only a


brainwaves
of

Britannia

rules

the

Indian administrators been free of all such slaver> complexes they could have made spectacular progress all
mi

Had

^ough

British rule the lOO-year-lon*


in
1

over lad ia

fields

and made
strings

believed to have

ended

947-

has shown

respected and feared nation. India a strange disinclination to free hersetf of Angloa

India

Muslim
ut what
tf

and swim

at will

in the waters of international

more
to

surprising,

painful and very tragic

it

that

^continuing
llarery

bear the yoke

of

its

erstwhile

British

IndU*

ruler, have not

revoked even ibe earlier 800-year

and diplomacy. This timidity arises from a long period of serfdom and dependence a habit of looking to Britain, Arabia, Turkey and Iran for guidance and leadership
politics

old yoke of

Muslim domination.
illustrated

This

ii

enact a civil

by our administrator* feeling scared to code for the Muslims or encompass them in a civil
to
all

code

common
for

citizens,

submitting

10 their

fanatic

encouragement to and recognition of such alien delete refelanguages as Urdu, Arabic and Persian, agreeing to government-sponsored rences to Hindu gods from curricular or books, feeling coumeilcJ to employ Muslim ministers and

demands

Long slavery, paradoxically enough, makes the slave look upon the very chains that bind him, as his life support. A story a is told of a convict in ancient times who was contined to dingy cell for 15 years and was tethered with a chain to a pole A pot ot drinking water and some in the centre of the cell. food used to be kept in front of him at before a dog us a
matter of prison routine. After 15 years the dctenue wat set He gingerly stepped out of the prison gate. His eyes free. used only to dim light wilted at the bright sunshine outside.

officer*,

accepting Islamic holidays in a predominantly


in

Hindu

country, feeling obliged to participate


conventions, feeling compelled to

avowedly pan-Islamic
favour

The

carry

with Turkey.
to India, their

Iran and Arabia despite their innate

hostility

modern world, ice ling impelled to kowtow to Kashmir's Muslim majoMuslim rity feeling helpless in taking stern measures against
backwardness, fanatic sm and
insignificant role in the
,

on the nearby roads appeared to be a strange phenomenon. Not a soul seemed to know him or care for biro. It The dctenue, though all seemed a strange and unknown world. now set free, felt terrified. He took one long look at the outside
traffic

world, inhaled a deep breath and


cell,

made

a sudden dash for hi*

law-breakers, feeling impotent in

retaliating again>t Pakistan's

conit&ni bullying and feeling constrained to harbour

a sizeabl 3

preferred a sheltered, restrictive existence of a dog's impritclher in a cell to venturing in the strange wW world, sonment had sapped his sell-conudencc. This is what has

He

Muslim population though the very basic idea of partitioning India was to bring about a complete separation of Muslims from Hindus.

happened

to India.

This feeling of utter destitution, dejection,


all

desperation and loss of


prisoner forgcUiug hit
obliviousness of the
It is,

confidence was the result


past
history,
lost
life.

of

the

own

freedom

and

delights of an unfettered
to

name, India continues to retain its psychological slavery of both its erstwhile Uomiuators the Muslims and the British.
l

We

thus see how, though

rce

in

bet just of such slavery India continues to be militarily

keep the flame ot tmlors burning in the heart of every citisen of a country lest a misgui* ded majority unaware of its true history continue to hug (he The very chains that bind it. Thi is exactly India's malad>.
therefore, very necessary

weak and economically

destitute.

only remedy which can restore India's national health is teachRewriting India > ins every unadulterated historycitizen

42

Hum

6**

bccomei i

iu ,on * sIavery thcrefor . uUa0ii importance and urgency. task of U>


< dc * uoycd dur,0B
'

43

necessity for rewriting the history Having pointed ouMbe we may consider how has long been a slave ef . o.uon which dooft the re* i it ng i* to be
j

Congress rulers made a mockheroic attempt to write a history of India's freedom movement Orders went out to a network of organizations to collect inforla the 1950s
India's cranky

Votariei of an ideology
rewrite history of their
>

tike

the

Communists tend

own country even though


rC5[

free, of their

mation from the regions they served. This resulted information about Indian patriots who fought the

in

pile

of

aliens

with

nan-Communist P a E and of tbe


itruggle between a handful of

of lhe wofld as a coost a

haves and

hivenoti from

the

dawn of humaoii>out the truth, the


:s

multitude of Such ideological rcu n


a vast

ting can never bring

whole truth ami nothing

tWOfd and scimitar and pistols and guns. Against this background of a valiant struggle the Gandhian movement of fasts and protest marches that wriggled in India from 1915 o 1945 loomed Orders were, petty, pusillanimous, awkward and ridiculous.
therefore, promptly sent out
to
strike

bur the truth

which

what history

off

all

the

information

is

Another wy of rewriting history


perial" method.

may

be

termed the

'

im-

gathered earlier and limit the scope of their inquiry to only the pale and colourless Gandhian movement. This illustrates how

Thins adopted by

the rulers,

whether alien or

the current of history has the power to


with it

shock these who tinker

indigenous, to suit their


rated

own

convenience.
left

This

may

be

illust-

from

historical narratives

by Muslim and

European
to

wrueis

who

belonged to the alien ruling junta.

They tended
antl

represent their sultans or badshahs

and governors

gover-

nor*

general as one greater

than the other.

Even

their out-

The proper course for a nation is to write factual history in which a spade is called a spade, rape a rape, massacre a massac tc, plunder a plunder, and an alien an alienmust not be domiclc but images If he or she swears by breaking his or her mentality. objecting to propagating Urdu, Arabic and Persian or English; and dresses, music along highways, sporting outlandish names looking for ideo running down the Vedas. slaughtering cows,
In identifying

rages

such as massacres, plunder and rapes have been represenmagnanimity, wisdom, courage, justice and

ted as act* oj great

an

alien the criterion

deserted retribution by alien


f

Muslim

chronicles.

Hindu authois
The

a slavish mentality thuugti

unable to defend those acts at

virtuous have tended to ignore

them as of no conscqnencc.

mediaeval Muslim chronicles thus represent a preposterous


history-writing in

mode

logical politics or religious inspiration


alios.
I,

to other countries he

is

an

which the most atrocious deeds are repre-

sented as virtuous or at their worsT as but harmless administrative eiertuej

U is
i-.i,

Hi,,

whosoever considers often mislcadingly believed that >btf "* fills i*llj nwncounlrj liM tod!"

from
Eif

nltcn t even

Hindus to his he harbours a design to convert all teaches u s This is a lesson that history faith he is no Indian.
If

own

alien

misguided indigenous rulers tend to


llicir

on

Allegiance to a country's genius,

its

culture,

way of life,

languag.

national history to sun

wayward

ideas.

Sometimes
oJ

manhandle history omic initancc of such ignominious

their attempt to

mnUi

in their

own
face

providod by the ruling Indian National Congress's dastardly attempt to doctor history

hurory

retreat in the

mere residence and religion is a better test or citizenship than fulfilled in larg which even tyrants like Akbir and Aumngwb measure

44
45
understanding of this fact of history ba, An inadequate minds of imprcssioaabic chi^ t ! -planting III the at India has a compose the **.! L leading concept, life a composite flag like the tricolour a nd ,bat it must ha believe in breakup accommodate even those who tt must

J3
.

come

regarded as the norm it i* an fiber ration dictated by Having been long under foreign domination Indian* necessity' their rulers by using strong could not possibly antagonise
to be

,be beads

fellow-citizens. and Idoll of

Muslim rulers* atrocities or British language to denounce alien But this incongruity muv not contiadministrators' outrages.
Literature has no meaning unles* it nue after independence. may be verified modulates the ione to suit the occasion. Thi* novels or even by a mere from the language used in dramas, historian must likewiic messenger narrating an event. A true u*e matching language.

of history will help eradicate proper factual rewriting concepts. Therefore those who retain power all such illogical and funciful assumpuons of history i on cranky, misleading oppose factual jwwiiiing of Indian appease the minorities tend to

bifuuy-

context Another point to remember ui this


people (end to decry
that history
is

is

that inan>

attempts to

rewrite

history

by asserting

a matter of individual 'interpretation*

and

that,

or objectivity about it. Thi> view is wrong. Lei us take the instance of the uprising ol lfc53 The then British rulers and their supporters tended in India.
therefore, there

can be no

finality

lo

dub

that

happening as a mere mutiny


it

ivhilc those of the other

camp

preferred to glorify

as a war ol

independence.

A A

real

historian need not be perturbed


the label will

by cither of those views since


of
vision.
real

always depend on the angle

historian will only insist

on the chronological accuracy of

the

events leading to the conflict

and the
as a

battles

and

casualties.

Such factual accuracy

may

later
it

help historians to

amvc
a

at

a
tfl

concensus on whether to regard

mutiny or

war

independence by virtue of
fought, the total casualties

its

duration,

number of engagement*
is

suffered

and the icgion over which


not the

the struggle was waged,


essence of hiitory.
It

Uut expression of opinion


at best be a

may

mere

frill.

must match the event Authors of Indian historical narratives bave tended to us* soil, suave, drawing-room type goody goody language as comntoa medium of expression * to describe acts of juitfce,
historian uses

The language

thai a

o^tcy, patriotism, bravery, gallantry, massacre, rape and plunThough out of long usage ibis kind of even language has

47
India, ravaging
.-_.1^.

and demolition of its manstoni. deiecraiion of ^nnUrrllnd m into tombs *w.A mosques, and converting them intn Inmlw and mn.n.i*. jis temples raping its women, kidnapping Us boys and girli for site and massacring men by the hundreds any *\ *"conslaves abroad,
,.,i,l
I It (*

tribution" or

was

it

retribution 7
at

Why

did

Indian
1

women
it

commit jauhar almost

every Muslim invasion

Win

just

_- n^TiTi?m^M?) TO INDIAN
j
lri

LIFF.
life

for fun

'

ZZm****
politics the

Sl"

Pf . ie of.cn

talk

of a

"Muslim

iNt^M *

'^ian
is

unwelcome These invaders were all unwanted and whom the Hindus wanted to throw onl

guests

^ned

E ive

took small and humbled and m*ke the li.icner. or readers of elation and triumph on having The speaker a feme

out in an

many other cliches this [nmcdivai history or contemporary contribution" is often nock-phrase of a "Muslim discussion or in article and books
T ,ke

statement

often

[mpromotu

Can It be from ordinary civic lire Let US take an example iavadin? the peaceful life argued that a gang of <tacoii* contribute, something very predouf well-knit family or Village, urrng the male ftelr wealth, tor
to their civic life

by looting

all

^raping the women, abduct


all

^massacring
tried in a

and

or her opponents. loered a petal against hi*

court of law

,undr^ and pushed

M
the

girls

or

Is

! U awarded a c.ttl or
vill,

J*
*

Mm

Ar

On

the contrary

it

should be the other

way round namely,

if

called-ha* Muslim contribution-"* it can be so but to human ity a. brought shame and stigma not only to India instance of how whole This is yel another aspect and India's 1,235 Indian history lias been turned topsy-turvy during
anything,

behalf of the family and a scroll of honour on vlcrtml to the lift of .he making a unique "ennf ribuiinn**
it

Instance that the tfitfii should be clear from the ebfiv* who prtftd 'heir way Into Inrtmhj invaders from alien land,

how someyear long subjugation by alien powers. It illustrates very glorious | ignoble is hcing paraded a% something
In view of hi

never wa,ted ta derers and barbarian, were

Mia

in

everv

way nnd reduced


ace

,t

ft

land

imporiance and persistence


contribution

let

Us subject this
to
a

hovels, gaping ruins

dogmatic claim of a "Muslim


scrutiny.

[W

close

chronicler

wh,

mU
and
a

abject poverty.

the

***
it

has himself clearly said thai


the life of the

Mohammid Ghan p
to the winch

'*%

M *
o

J*^*^

Hindus and scattered

Thr claim of a "Muslim contribution" to Indian culture If uhviou*ly based on the invavion of and rule over India by a host of a c fasbt, Turks. Iranians, Afghans, Abyssinians.
Iraqis,

fervenr.y

prayed

for

deliverance

' *
oci idoatf

Karats and Uibek*. over a period of nearly -m Mnhamroad-bin-Kasim to Bahadur hah Zafur.
,

,235

years

therefore Indians looked


Shivuji as a

upon an

"n* * pmn

godiend end

badly needed ertnUi

What
UHtefate)

contribution could barbarian


intruder*

and

illiterate

tor almost

That

is

are concerned, so far as the invader*

GhOft, Tamcrlain. Bnbur. Nadir Shah and Ahmalhah Abdall have made Wat looting
'*

Mohammad

and invader i Gha/iu, Mohammad

like

Mohammad-bin-JUsim.

den

left

their

and inu progeny and henchmen

46

>:ht.o:.m

4S
, .,

49

(i

CJ1 *i

they

mUst

be

credited

with

Till the very end of


eign, his courtiers

Muslim

rule in India the

MoiUm

sover-

h it c him

unjustified

and the convert! to Islam far from .ndunmog them'elves took every care to scrupulously and jealously puird

And retain

their alien

identity

in

their dress,

manner t names,

A,
lM
,

.1

the Muslim sovereign and clwi from recorded history

religion, script t speech

and outlook.

Such

alienation ltrucfc toeh

uier, co'eric

of courtier*

^d

toldlary
to

never

c*n,.der|

hrm^lvci

Indians.

Thcv

continued

proudly

designate

deep roots that it continues even to this day, In this sense Islam in India ceasing to be a religion took the form of politics of an
Arab- Iranian-Turkish domination over
ation
India.

That

ihil

alien-

ami .hey remained sworn to India Psychologically wealth abroad, married .mpovcmh India. They remitted its India. In went for pilgrimage outs.de ,* their own land* and marauder* who were t. .error to India thcv railed 10 sainthood
,n
i ,

were

Imlia-bnrn or convert Muslim, Ahvaatnians and despise even were physically settled -Hindustanis." So, though they

continues undiluted

to

our

own day was

dramatically

plunder

by their asking for a separate homeland and cutting away two pieces of India in the name of Islam in 1947, This could well be called a "contribution" of Islam in India to Arabia
illustrated

Iran and Turkey but a disservice to India.

Indian people.

ee

whether

tttilina.

civic life to Let v take an illustration from honoured in India automatically ensures

Far from loving the people and culture of Hindustan the mediaeval Muslim junta continued to deeply halt the Hindus
This
is

vividly illustrated tn almost each one of the hundreds of

raiding a Supposing a gang or dacoits instead of citinhip and scurrying away with the loot ullaccfrom a dhiani to live in the village consider* it safe and convenient enough

bm

mediaeval Muslim chronicles by the fact that nowhere in them name. Hindus are arc the people of India called by a specific contemdesignated in mediaeval Muslim chronicles in most vile,

from closer quarters, iKclf nnd continue its nefarious activities a valuable and honourable addition ,)| ihai pane be considered population and will It be printed a welcome
-he

ptuous and abusive

terms

like

"scoundrels, thieves, robbers.


1

thugs, staves, prostitutes , dancing girls and infields.* most has been carefully hidden from the public by

This fact
historian!

vfUajp

who have
a

i-irfrcM

by ihc village

d vie
it

hodj.

Is such vile abuse nuns written curricuiar teat-hooks. of a victimized host country at the vast majority of the residents

" contribution*' to

its

culture ?

Thit thmild
settlement hut

make

clear

that the criterion

is

not physical

mediaeval Muslim sovereigns Zafar from Kuiuhuddm Aibak (1 206 \-D.) 10 Buhadurshuh
behaviour.

When

11158

A.D

of Indians,

continued to look upon the overwhelming majority mean wretches whose cows must be slaughtered
looted

which squeezed money Thirdly can the invidious jitya ta. the "accept Islam .out of the Hindus .is a price for escape from IsUo a contribution of or get killed by torture thrc.it be called compulsory o'her hand a It was on the to Indian culture ! parasitic alien Hindus to nurture a
contribution extracted from
crafi

moles destroyed and wealth

they

could

not

be consicrucial
i'

on Indian culture.

rud liiJj.in\ merely because they


I

settled in India.
J

The

foi

whit purpose

In this

connection

m^
be

bt noted that the


i

Shikt and Huns also came

they as invaders but


Is

Hindu. w. Fourthly during Muslim rule h ~ g.' m colour |k* no Mu.lim may jkciw

pMSH

completely merged with Indians that today there

no Shak
to

oi

Hun,

Comrastunjly mediaeval

Muslims

continued

him even ordinary courtesies while culture ? <*** ontribution to Indian called a Muslim co denying a Hindu the hand it was the ve!ry negation of culture in
,

,e,

receiving

Jr^ *^ *?* hb
** *

iltoaa

51

50
nrttifei

which

fin

ordinary

man

extends io another

button" to music. Such people often forget fi,i v ,h .k melodies they sing are all of immemorial fl nd H B du or,n ttnllq uity. Secondly the mp.rat,vely
,

twin*-

tomb or mosque in India during mediaeval tombs, mosques, forts, palaces, bridges Alf the mediaeval to this or that sultan or counter are and roads Wsefy ascribed put to Musiira use. warped Hindu constructions
hurfd even single

Ev^thi,

contribution to India by bu,ldin P mosque*, palaces, budges and canal,. mlniBcenl tombs, forts, Muslim, did not b 3 seie S> because the
te,

Tt

primes scried
.

-hat if nothing else

theMJl,

found among musicians is because their forc-fsthert patronized by the Muslim courts in India to pfcy or lSn , accompaniment of drunken court revelries.
Third!)
all

Urge number

of

MB

^
t

to |he ihe .o-

made

grand sculptural

assertion

Muslim musicians arc Hindu converts in a Muslim garb So even in music and dancing mediaeval Muslim touch degraded these sacred and highly developed tndian arts. Fourthly white masters of dance and music led saintly lives in ancient India, under mediaeval Muslim rule they were all consider jd degecallcd

nerate folk.

very vast number of Muslims on the other hand destroyed a as river ghats, canals, magnificent Hindu constructions such mansions and forts. The few which hridpes. palaces, temples, and mosques. Some survived were misused by them as tombs
others have been

People sometimes talk of Mogul gardens


implies that the other

This term

itself

reduced to

gaping and

tottennp

ruins

or

Muslim races who preceded them never knew anything of gardening. If on the other hand it Is eonten* ded that at! Muslim invaders starting from Mohammcd-bmKasim were fond of gardens then the term Mogul gardens is
obviously a misnomer.

rubble heaps

The proper term would be

'Islamic

Here again

we

see

from building buildings anything in India cither destroyed or usurped Hindu and tampered ox tinkered with them by disfiguring, desecrating and ravaging them, and claiming false authorship, Every visitor to mediaeval buildings and historic spots must remember one very important maxim that there "construction is all Hindu
unfile out or upside

how history has been down because Muslims

turned completely
far

Gardens* or 'Muslim Gardens' but not Mogul gardens. Here invaders came from desert it must be realised that all Muslim lands where even to gel a mug full of drinking water one
had to walk fat miles through parched, desert country. Could proved such people lay gardens 7 Secondly it has now been Shalimar in Kashmir that all historic sites from the Nishal and usurped Hindu constructo Gulbarga. Bijapur and Bihar are
buildings are of
or courtier, tions falsely ascribed to this or that sultan that the Hindu origin it automatically follows

while destruction
If
it is

is.

all

Muslim."*

in the field

of dance

and

music that Muslims

are

gardens

in front

garden* and or them are Hindu. Indian

nc

believed to have

made some

contribution to Indian culture thai

Mogul or Muslim gardens.


gardens to Muslims history down. A graphic proof or
Shahjahan's

too

ii

a baseless concept.

were very sacred religious


brothels an
ihing.
i

Hindu tradition dance and music arts. During Muslim rule they were
In court. So.
if

how even m ascribing cte.y up lie has been turned comp


So we
see

this

drinking bouts at

any

dance and music were denigrated and debased to such send ahyssmal depth* that today every householder is afraid to an hit daughters and sinters or even boys to learn dancing
music. People arc apt to point out
to

Mahal

is

over which when taken Raja Mansingh's mansion


set

official chronicle in

found on page 403, vol, lot T.j which he admits that ti


is

for

Mumtaj'* burial was

amidst

majestic lush garden.

targe

number

Muslims who are good musicians as proof of a Muslim "contri-

,.M

52
5J

. Hmef we

find thai

Kashmir hat become

much better off and far mo,e h. PPy united but fo, the mediaeval .trong and Mui i im eoBltlbtt|| That "contribution" if it can be ,o called, was thru,"

India would have been

^:

roiling Nepolcon's and Great Britain and Russia for

to enrich Sov.et invading Russia yearned freebooters are to be considered comriIf invaders and life victims, history mU S | condemn butors to the culture* or their leon and Hitler by
Hitler'*

To assert that tftttta fftft Ube con" ibu.ion to iniian. as absurd Hindu should be grateful is

invasion*

.* <*e re TOftr^ culture-for which


as asserting that

and implanted on an unwilling, remonniatin and B renting As &uch it was anwantcd and most unwelcome India. India could very well do without it and it might take years and years of bard labour to wipe off its detrimental effecla.

rXd

Napo*

invasion plans*

Not only

made

it* first

even in Arabia ttsetf-where Islam sobveriion-Tsfam and culture have proved to be


in India but

antonyms of each other.


the local people to hate

Wherever

Mam gatecrashed

it

forced

even Arabian history

and forget their ancient culture. Thus begins with the words that Arabia was a
Likewise

appearance of Islam. land lost in turmoil before the Algerians, Moroccans and Iranians, Turks. Afghans. Egyptians,
the millions of Indians

who were converted to Islam by ihe ashamed of their torch aid sword have been made to feel *o out of memory ancient civilizations as lo want to wipe them was all dark and history and assert that before Islam the world
Can a system which has
torture and terror lay

thrived

only on conversions through

any claim to the word 'culture


it

T
Mualim

Considering

all

this

is

unhistorical to talk of any

impact Not that there has been no There has been a tremendous Muslim impact but it certainly cannot be called a contribution. It has been an unmitigated
"contribution" to India,
disaster

and catastrophe.
high
morality

It

has resulted
discipline

in

* the destruction
utter

India's

impoverishment.

economic and That impact has wrecked Indian life

and

and
as

changed

it i

genius and character &o

much

to tear
it

it

from its Vedic and Sanskrit mooring* and push wa> towards Mecca and Medina.

id*Jft hB

55

7
HOW ARCHAEOLOGICAL RECORD HAS
BEEN FALSIFIED
The government! of the world, archaeological officiali students of history and the public at large seem lo be blissfully unaware that India's archaeological records have been falsified
in all respects.

occupation of i ho .e wtj. vvere not interested in dividing i| le rCal . MUi|im ing5 p ownership ol the buildings for fear that if i he y admitted Iir or divulged the Hindu origin of the building ihcy wo id | ose Af fight to be in possession or occupation.
-

The Muslim*

In possession or

A certain
from
earlier
It

fanatic Islamic chauvinism also prevented ihem crcdning those captured or usurped buildings to iheit

Hindu owners.

could also be that those Muslims on the spot were so uneducated and ignorant that they themselves did not know
that those buildings

bad any
is

earlier

pre-Mushm

history.

Another
by books, brought out by the Institute for Rewriting Indian History, proving that the Taj Mahal was not constructed by Shahjahan. it was not Akbar who commissioned Fatehpur Sikri and that the Red Fori in
This has heen amply illustrated

possibility

that repetitious

assertion

that

was somebody's tomb or mosque automatically led to the myth that it was originally built for that purpose. What in fact, they should have meant and what British archaeocertain building
logical officials should have

realized

was that those

buildings

Agra was not


t
*>

built

by

him
in

either.

Almost
been

every
falsely

mediaeval
attributed
centuries

historic buildings bridge or canal

has
it

were put to use as tombs and mosques after capture from the Hindus. Thus, for instance, what the victor sees as an Akbar'*
Safdarjang** or Humayun's tomb may
only
signify

alien

Muslims though

fact

was constructed

that those

curlier

by India's own Hindu rulers.

The basic cause of all this misrepresentation and falsiu* canon has been India** 1235-year-long slavery during which
alien rulers played

havoc with Indian archaeology.


rule
in

the personages arc buried there Or at all). But to imagine that burial spots huge palatial buildings were erected to mark their blunder. Those buildis a gross historical and archaeological conquerors lived existed much earlier. The alien Muslim

mgs

in those

captured

buildings and

were perhaps buried there.

Prior lo the founding of British

India

in

the

19tu

century there was no archaeology department as such, In the long alien Muslim rule that preceded British rule in India it was

one long story of grab and misappropnate Hindu buildings to be treated as mosques and tombs. So when the British came

doubtmassive, majestic buildings is ihos* of those graves inside ful. It could be that all or many meant all fake and are massive, captured Hindu buildings are even for Islam *iihot to retain possession of the buddings

Even

their bursal in those

appointing a wwichman.
.

power in India all historic buildings long converted into tombs and mo iques were under occupation and possession of
to

might cUe here . few ,>...


fnl.iflca.ion

<"'

now

** *'"'
<*"

logical

noodescript Muslims, When the British first set up an archacoogy department for India they unwittingly consulted those Muslims on the spot and recorded their bluffs. Such blurts
have since formed the nucleus of the presiigeous archaeology department of toe Govirwneut of India.

Covernmen, in Mi. men, y found mo,, of .he


P., i0
n'nd

*
Those

.cbieved.

So.

*
M,

"'^

MM*

p.,sion.
,ribtd

Mns.im.

' were ' memories of , heir mltcrd empire, !* Hurt<o "-while


.11

KSSS5KS " L ^ ZZ' " "


b-.l*M
lt

(1

budding,

34

S7

2*

Muslim

*"

C UrtierS flDd

fflkl

"

tUcy

t ulian

whose chief minister

truth. rtfIflj id

person
burial

who

fell

book "Akbar the Great Mughal" therc Vincent Smith En hi* that the site in Smdh province. n% n|h ny complain* with an archaeological board as Akbju Atnark.MforU marked the real spo'." birth place isoot

The

Gavran wu. Usually foul of the reigning mltan never ftot * fCiB Ui victim's body uiually got dismembered

Mohammad

ami

ih*

dogs and vultures. Mohammad Gawan eoutdn't have met * This was also obvious from the fact that better end until 1 Thou suddenly some l, grave had not been identified
.

fl

chauvini-

where Akbar was proclaimed king. We have But Muslim chronicles of a later date oo quarrel with that. something more. They item and archaeological records claim
well

young

of hi* ft*** archaeology department as the place where identified by the king. That spot may Akbar was formally proclaimed

Hindu rain* in Kalanaur in ihc Punjab v>tae K camping when the newi of the deat q Alhar*** 1^ orJ3 was emperor Humayun was conveyed to him, have been
Likewise some

stic Muslim archaeology official got busy, went to Bidar and marked one of the many nondescript roadside grave* in that city as that of Mohammad Gawan. Everiincc rcsear cheri feel sully

nilly

coerced into referring to that grave as Mohammad Gawani because it now bears a Guv eminent stamp and recognition Bui muai not blindly accept such archaeological bun. researcher*

mark

the

They must

question

and

reinvestigate
In

the

identity

rf

every

lltfi

historical site since

chauvinist*

unseemly

haste,

misusing

to assert that

Akbar was

construction existing at

crowned the spot, and

in

building
the
is

of

Moghul
there

that

rums seen

governmental power and position have done violence to uaih There could be two motives. A* government servants they may diligent bureau emu is ho Old have wanted to go on record

io me useful

ire the miss of those Mogul buildings

This

a gross falsehood

Muslim i they also derived the chauvinistic delight of perpetuating the memories ot
identification.

Sometimes

as

and misconception,

a vanished past
-v

Ho*

cttdlJ

AUil

massive building tlWM

mew tripling haw constructed any hup HU father too coutdn't have constructed
he had returned
exile

may now

recount another

remarkable instance

urn fold

that over u decade or

two ngo
il

on

archaeology

official

of

tile

ao> building rhcrc since


earlier after

to India only six mooib*

Mudhyn Pradesh
Ihc grave

region took

into his head that he must identify

1 5-year
il

forced by

another

Muslim

upstarl,

of Abul Fault, a

self-styled

euronieler and courtier of

Shershah.

Akbar was crowned king ui the designated *put in kalanaur it only means he was ut the Lime tumping in an corlicrliitidu mansion cither fully or partly ruinous from repeated d Muslim our archaeological record
So
invasion*.

the third generation

Mogul emperor Akbar.


lliai

History records
to 12 miles

Abul

i'nzal

urns

ambushed and atan


Galled

10

This correction in
is

from Narwar somewhere near a place


Starting
official

Serai

of that spot in Kalanaur

Uarar on August 12, 1602essential.

with such flimsy, uneeiiam

and hearsay data the


fictitious

went

A third

graphic instance

of
in

how

urehacologic
to

identification

has been
in

done

India

relates

Mohamnud
n wandefci
11

he saw a number of graves tillered

to the indicated region. over a wide area

There

bureaucraiK hunch he

Gawan't grave

Bidar.

Mohammad Gawnn was

and adventurer who drifted to India in the 14th century! Wet Asian Muslim countries. He rose for a short, uncertain duration to be the w*zir of a Baham mi sultan. His fall wo W**
equally precipitous.

one cluster of graves to Abul perhaps scores and assumed Ihul one must belong amb and a few attendant who may have fallen victim* I" Ui* u!c along with The next question was how to
chose

mm

Abul total,

Abnl Fatal'* erav* imouj; those four or

five

'

appealed vet)

He was murdered

at the

verV orders of the

*M

58
timpl*

and perhaps to pay for a pcrma*^ W students of history and archie*, watchman. Evcrsince unwary academic recognition t have fell compelled to accord ih
build a room around
it

of the register*. ded in archaeological


litr

graVtS WaS fcW iaQ ht% One of tfcM* to" r 0f five ^1* That a* enough and more for Ihc arena* Ttitmt > identified as the moat sacred It was promptly bu, J, augnst conriier of the great Akbar. It was so
tecot-

Some amount was

saacifcaai

8
CUNNINGHAM'S CUNNING ARCHAEQLOGICaT
MANIPULTION
While serving
in India as

logy

ai

,pot as the

site

of Abul FazaTs murder.


that

have known The archaeology official should embarking on an impossible task. Moreover ihe

hew*,

AJ>.C. to the Governor General


you ng

(183610

1840)

Lord Auckland,

uncertainly

about Abul FaiaJ's grave should have raised some other pen, In 1602 Akbar was at the height nent questions in his mind.

Cunningham conceived an

lieutenant Alexander ingenious scheme of misusing archaepolitical end*.

ological studies far long- term

At the time of his murder Abul Fazal was a great court favourite and was boasted as one of the nine "genu* of Akbar 's courL If this is true why did not Akbar himself
of his power.
lake care to identify

Later in pursuiincc of that


letter

plot

Cunningham addressed a

dated September 15, l42(When he was 28 years old) to Col. Sykes, a director of the British East India Company in

Abul Fazal 's grave


since

In faci

how

is it that
for

London.
In

Akbar

didn't care to construct a magnificent

palatial

tomb

those

days

the

British

were busy consolidating


there

their

Muslim rulers and courtiers have been tom-lomraed as builders of mosques and tombs galore? Such Utile questioning should be enough to make it clear to students of history thai Muslims never constructed lofty tomb* Tor the dead and that Abul Fazal was a mere hanger-on at court, for whom Akbar couldn't care less.
bis favourite courtier

uetvly-won empire in India.

Consequently
heart

was a keen,
Britisher

inborn, patriotic desire in the

of

every

then

serving in India to suggest to his superior

ways

in

which India
a

could be kept under

British

rule

to

serve

as

permanent

milch cow.

Young Cunningham, an army


either in history or archaeology.

engineer,

had

no

training

When Akbar

himself didn't care or

was unable to

identity

Yd

he bad a cunning, brainy


British

Abul Faial's grave how could any archaeology official 450 years later hope to identify Abul Fazal's grave from amongst
hundreds
in

idea of
interests.

misusing archaeology

to subserve
to

imperial

As an A.

DC he was close

Britain's top adminis-

a nondescript region, without any specific data

These instances should suffice to convince officials and ftudems of archaeology and history not to place loo much faith
in archaeological

Governor General and through the latter Cunningham had an approach to the director of the Britwh Fast India Company.
trator in India, the

identification
fictitious

or mediaeval

sites.

Various

Cunningham In his lengthy letter dated September 15, 1842


explounveiled his diabolic plan suggesting that archaeological hrportanee ration in India "would be an undertaking of
i

have ltd to

identification.

All archaeological

record needs to be carefully revised,

rechecked and rnvimped.

the

(British)

Indian

government
the)

poll if tally

and to the

British

public religiously (and that


*cligion in India,

establishment of ihc ChrisuAn

must ultimately succeed.'*

*M

61

Thtrlciter
ibc Royal

maybe

A %ia lie

seen on page 246, Vol. Society, London, 1843 A.D.

7,

j 0U|||a

Renders and

all

So the whole purptwc of archaeological exploration

make
i

it

* |fa"

t(>

others interested to historical truth may ct>PV out and caiefully analyie all archaeolo-

wu

neither the study nor preservation

of historical
tool

but to use archaeology as

an

imperial

to

and resentment between Buddlmb, Jams. othe Hindus and Muslims by falsely crediting all monuments as {Ax possible to alien Muslim invaders and label a few as Buddhi or Jain but not Hindu.
dimensions
I act Pcic\

moriu^ create mm

n i qd

historic sites. gical notices at


*

Usually vigors to Mitotic utei

They are generally content at hiving a V iuat ore in a hurry. impression or the place. And they also premrae loaf noticei
put up by experts couldn't he wrong:. But they are mistaken The nrchteolo?icil noices in Iniii irc.blitant concoction* of whose design was to use archaeology as nn alien imperialist instrument lo perpetuate British rule in India and to convert

Su
the

fiaiuijEicr

Brown, James Fcrgusson, Sir Kenneth Clark* Fletcher and Encyclopaedia firiuunicu orchestraicj

everybody

in Tndia to Christianity

same cunning tune of Cunningham,


Thai resulted
in
firmly

His superiors therefore promoted and abetted Cunningham's


sinister

plan in every way


after
his

establishing

and

which is being all over the world as profound academic truth and newspaper articles and telecasts for over a century.

colossal archaeological fraud

pcipeiuatins a sedulously taught


is

Soon

appointment

as
J.

archaeological surveyor

echoed

ia '

CunninEhim took two assistants From 1861 to 1865 they made a monuments throughout India.

D. Scalar and Carlisle. of important historical

list

Cunningham's suggestion was obviously highly appreciated. Because when he retired from the army as a Major General be was straightaway appointed the first archaeological
surveyor

as director from 1862 to 1865 and as Director GenciaJ from 1871 to 1S85.
in 1861,

of India

Tndia was suddenlv Thereafter the Archaeological Survey of Cunningham to prep we fibri closed for five long years to enable up correspond^ fobs nonces cited archaeoloiicil files and pu*
at historic sites.

The reader may notice a big six-year career gap between 1865 What was Cunningham doing during thai period? was cunningly hatching his
archaeological
history

Once

thai

oncaMiU *.
mysteriously

Ml i wis equally
AD.

chickens by

nesting a false imaginative

Muslim

of numerous

Evers.n allthose who h.vc arOmo.o-sy h.ve bee, vague lmput,o,.s about the origin of
cities

W> >M * "f *iWlMC***i- MMM


hi.lorrc

A.ch.=olo S icol reopened wan " ojr

MMJ
" '""

bu.Um-.

monuments and putting up contrived notices


rhoie archaeological
notices

at historic sites,

to be certified as

MAs or Ph.D' to history

:nmnj

composed by Cunningham'*

notorious for their vagueness. Without *ny historical authority they blandly assert that a parti*

brain are

Con.eqoen.ty persons who arc


as teachers, readers, professors or

******* m
at espcrts

taluee

P. building, tower or fort was probably built by I * or mfcta perhaps af0und iucn and sucn a period ,fChllectUT * yl betrtyi some Buddhist or
J

Muslim (i .,. Saracenic) .rehire universe* or in the news media are all
fraud and arc pseudo-espert.
thai fraud,

who

arc

Sw

J^S^SS **
of an

KM"**"*

:.,m

62

m
cared to verify even some basic They hive never great builder* where are their i 0Wl }i were such J Moreover what are t irch.rectural ftt ? heir Planniitf and Therefore the whole concept of f, ItBlic length?
architecture is I Sincerm-> currently converted to eiand buildings in lands
ufcini
its

stand

the

very

urn*

fraudulent

Cunningham

counterfeited.
is

premie

lK>l

measure* of

The
truths

result

that the whole world stand*

w
lies

duped
at

ih

absolutely baseless,

The

historic

continues

to

repeat Cunningham's blaiaat

|i

ucrooocl

Tslam are B ||

according to Vedic architecture. pre-MuiIim edifices built


Conrringham*5 bogus archaeological labours attracted the own fellow-Britisher, Jamei unwitting condemnation or his Fergusson (see pp. 32-33 and 76-78 of Indian Architecture,
by James Ferguwon. 1884 A.D.) who observed '"During the 14 Ban he ha* been employed in the survey he (Cunningham) haj
contributed

For
Speigel.

hlflattce

correspondents of BBC, London Time.,


weeklies
etc.,

ifci

New York

Times. Washington Post, Christian Science


posted
ni India,

Moniter Time
misrepresent

ftnd Lire

continue -o
;<a

the Taj

Mahal and

other historic building

of

Muslim

origin.

Even the

editors of those new* mcdii,

often twearfttg in the

almost

literally

nothing

to

our

name

knowledge

of

of rhc truth, fearless journalism and freedom of ctprcuion continue to ruthlessly suppress the irulh about those httlttric

archaeology and architectural geography."

of Lucknow (India) observed "the Archaeological Survey of India reports (brought out under Alexander Cunningham) are feeble, inane and all but useless and
Pioneer, an English daily

buildings being of pre-Muslim origin. I persona II: addressed named above to the editors of most of those organization*
Tetters

their letters for public a'ion in

column or

telecast*,

con

eitlnt

the government has reason to be

ashamed of a majority of

the

volumes."
That denunciation
r.lso

None of Muslim antecedents of those buildtictnow I did receive private those letters was ever published. luim' and "haw* lodgment of She letters cxpressina ^ome formal
the fancied

and

'istha

10" type of icac iin.


calculatively kept their

Ye', one and

all.

they

mali-

came from

a Britisher since
in

during
British

ciously

and

readership ignorant <*

my
of

Cunningham's

time

Enetish journalism

India was in

challenge to the traditional


historic buildings.

claim of the

Muslim

nrfeo

hand J
Obviously James Fergusson and
didn't

the British editor of Pioneer


to fake

To bar divert
Idlers

view. and ien.ific

findi.tg* i.

know

that

Cunningham was an imposter planted


all

archaeo.osy from reaching

N*

archaeology.

Therefore

the

publications he put out were

column

is

Ih: most

abom.nable

^^-7^ * tvm
fi
'

t
>-

Ww

bound
It

10 be sham. in retr ospect dial

vitlainy.

daily assiduously

was Cunningham also vhf actually planted false Muslim cenotaphs inside Hindu buildings, cried Koranic overwriting* on Hindu edifices nnd sponsored the fabrication of documents to be given to Muslim care-takers of stately historic Hindu buildings such as the Taj Mahal.

now appears

it

pncrlc- i. Far torn B dl diverse,. f. India for c.udin e tauJttton.1 n vrfBed and Mh< .he
Sh.hJ.1u..
in .heir

And

yc,

pMMMr >

**2f+ZEZ V ^'

MM*

^,1 TboT -**^**


newspaper

new*

dispatcher

repetition of traditional historical

Consequently rbe entire Archaeological Survey under indigenous adminisuaiton since August 15, 1947)

(even of India is merrily

As men and women prolessins east* other Western newsmen are

"jSii W WMhOOdS. ^^^ "*

M*
C

'""f .^"olort IW

65
64

Ic

*a
st

Shnhjahan wets an exception i* .Ms Aran l the height rumwfcenhe had 5000 other WMIWH
hi.

tbo at* ffly Romeo has ever of nwallfft no


8.

**
raised
thai

Throuhou the hm 0ry any wonder mansion ove T

w ho
fcad.

fi

^ ine

a renowned researcher from New Delhi so-called Jama Masjid in Ahmeda^ 5COVe red that the etc. are pre-Muslim buildings which j n Agta

f|,

Oak

MahaJ
] y s*.

dead

JuJiei

To

wr have been

asC ribcd to

Muslim authorship because

of

relieve

occupation.

of academic imbeciTit>

We

may quote

here a

specific

instance of

how

ihe

BBC.

books on the evincing research


It is

Mf 0ak

is

the author of a

series

of very fascinating and

topic.

reputation of being a rcliLoadnn which enjoy? an undeserved documentary film attributing the so* able- aews apeney Telecast a

callrdJamaMasjidin Anmcdabad to Sultan Ahmedshah even uch Mart Tully the BBC correspondent in India hud been forewarned thai the building was a captured Hindu leinplc.
Tullv cared ton hoot* for the historical truth.

that the BBC should be a party to highly regrettable Ahmedabad on the temple origin of the misleads the world Mr Tully had been forewarned.
after buildinp even

Soon

after

some London

Ncw De
in

three to four

to friends informed Mr. P.N. Oak trottma out year, ago) about BBC,

Hnttm-ier

i*

the test of a tetter addressed

this

connee-

mn

by an irate London doctor to the

BBC.
Dated November 10, 1986

traditional blunder^ Mr. u, nik wrote to Mark Tully informing

To
Mr. Michael
Controller

^MM
a captured temple-

version despite Mr.

og.
Tully

~*
mat
in

.hOUgh under

occupy M .

~*
mWa
ml

Grade
I

B.B.C

Shepherd's Bush

London

Dm
I

Mr

Grade.

no notice of the eontnlom. A. Ant Mr. Tully took -cccKin, . nutnoe, of Tully mUreP'esentauon Mc who had resented the BBC Oak to seek an appointment

1"LIn <hc

**.

^^
w
,

Mf.

don't

know whether UhoujJ addrc*>

this

letter
it

to

you

i!

concerns some othei

BBC

official please

forward

to him.
scries

**!

meeting Mr. Tully


building

Some
f

described the
three or four years

Ahmedabad

ago the

BBC had
in

telecast a

documentaries on historic*]
first

monument*

India

fcrhap*

of these depicted the so-called h*fl COupfat. India)


representative
.

a K.C. Bros informing him of Muslim claim in a court of law


All viewers

success^

^^
,

c^l *
t*

Jama Ma* jid

io

Ahmcdapcet
the

BBC

to

New

Delhi,

Mark Tully who


P
the

dill

not continue Io
ide

themes. harp on exploded

'"^^JJ^Sm*
inlslewDeUrttodoa

toward, new
1

aa does nobody research findinfi*

ZtoZ

J Zl ^

tnn

Whosc

'h

monument

aujtf cti that

the

BBC ^

{ra < 1,U

**
and

ol

h (B^al*

lewtctordocumcnlariesonthcTajMani.^^^
historical

th ,

tIU *

eounofU*

u*W*ifuU* challenged

building in India

to

lowl

IJK* antecedents and ignored features of

J"*"

tou

iW*^

famout researcher Mr, P.N, 0-Jt i* these days on ^ lertwe tourio U.K. Hit itddres* h c/o Dr. R Bnkhflhi. 49 Lbiv cuter Rd Sou. hall* London, telephone 01-5748746,
Tli
+

It

would be oice
it

if

you could contact

hira,

Ii

copy of a letter I Have fiddrested (o the Pope, revetli yet another fascinating topic for a B-B.C ferial.
Enclosed
a

9
MEDIAEVAL ARCHITECTURE NOT MUSLIM
Pressure propaganda conducted
IS

Furrow Fcldc Basildon, Essex SS16 ?S B


15

HINDU

Yours Sincerely
Dr.

United Kingdom

L,

Goya

rule followed by 200 year* of British

during 600 yean of Muslim rule has 10 thoroughly


has

brainwashed the

intelligentsia that

it

come

to regard

all

historic buildings in India as products and

specimens of Islamic
colossal

architecture.
that persistent,

This

is

a classic instance of the

damage

misleading assertions can do over protracted

period
E, B.

Hi veil,

the

great

British scholar

who was

principal

of schools or art at to the

Madras and Calcutta did a great service academic world by detecting the blunder which has

mis'ed the whole world of history, archaeology and architecture and visitors who visit historic Indian buildings

How
tecture Is
the
title

radically different Havell's view of

mediaeval archi-

be judged from the fact that Architecture lit of Havell's relevant book is "Indian

from

that of others

may

Mubammadtn Psychojogy. Structure and History from the First study of the Invasion to the Present Day" while Percy Brown's
oq& same monuments is titled "Islamic Architecture." Since have to Snd one of two contradictory statement! can be true we
out whether Percy

Brown

calling

mediaeval buildings

"*
"'

Muslim

is

right or Havcll viewing

them

as Hindu,

is

right

propose to prove thai Havcll

right-

his Havcll observes in the opening part of student who tries to thread his way through somewhat classification ing mazes of Indian art is often confused by the

Mr

book 'The

H^

and analysis of European writers.


*7

AH

misconceptions of these

6$

hm their root m
fee fm^M always

one fixed idea, the belief that true 8et

been wanlini
i"

,n

the
art

HmdU
has

mind
i

tvcrytfainj! really great

IwHw

been

^^ PfWed
'

M m
bu
i

thai
0r

tttithellfi leoifi of Arab, Persia* or Wcitern builder, the finer extraordinary synthetical power of the | to IW

iMa

^^

genius.

ml reduced by foreigner!
free from these prejudices. am Fergnsson was by no mean* architecture of the Muhnmmadan ptrSo|| his analysis of Indian of the present-day that between confirm* the genera belief and that i is a gulf fixed, ni Hindu and Saracenic Ideals there architecture in the reigns or Jahangir and zenith of Mogut throwing off the Hindu influence Shahjaban was only reached by styles of Indo Muhnmmadivn which affected the so-called 'mined'

'The

truth of this statement eon he dcmoutuiited not only

evidence which may not be trustworthy hui from documentary


evidence of the from incontrovertible
buildin-_ themsetoci

'Even the pointed arch only acquiicd from India the reliwhich eventually led the Saracenic builders u> gious significance feature hy which all Western writers adopt it Thus the very
architecture from the indigenous have distinguished Saracenic architecture of India was originally Indian, If this proposition opposed to all architectural authority in Europe ,n the prewnt
is

there is no trace Fergusson distinctly declare* that Shah jahnn... and suggest* Hinduism in the works of Jahangir and
art.

as the local,Samarkand, rebuilt by Timur (A,D. 1393-4) 'the style which the Moguls which would throw light on

day,

only because Western writer* through treating IndoMuhammaden architecture as a sub-division of the Saracenic
it is

introduced into India'

of India for t' "This persistent habit of looking outside lead to false conclusion* origins of Indian art must necessarily at Delhi arid The Taj, the Mott Masjid at Agra, the Jama Masjid
the splendid

Persia, have left out ol schools of Egypt. Spain, Arabia* and bearing upon the account the great mass of historical evidence
arts

or the West, which

is

uiTbrdcd

by the architectural monu-

ments of India

Muhnmmadan

buildings at Bijapur were only

made
archi-

When

the Arabs started on then

cartel

ot

conquest, the

possible by the not less splendid


tecture at

monuments of Hindu
Islam-.. One
will

Mudhcro. Dabhot. Khajuraho, Gwalior and

elsewhere,
find
soil

made

use of

Hindu genius

to

glorify

lourcc

in the traditional

Indian culture planted in Indian


its

Aryan philosophy, which reached


before the

highest artistic expression

Mogul dynasty was

established
tourist
fine,

tempi" anu of their iconoclastic real were the Buddhists ol Wotcrn monasteries of the hated idoiaten-Thaa* much f llic,r After smashing the Images and breaking Asia. aiwt he injunctions 01 sculptured ornamentation as offended afi empty niches-He quond.mi their law. the building* with site walls were oRen Buddhist shrmcs-remaming in Ihcir
Lint objects

uM

"The AtLglo-Indten And the

have

admire ibe former and to extol the

been taught aesthetic lastc of

to

converted into mosques

the

The hallowed aviations


Shippers
still

******* ****

VloguU, but the magnificent architectural

works of tbeprcced*
at

clung to these
it

derated

*M

Hindu period, when Indian sculpture and painting were then jenifh, but rarely attract their attention, though in massive
fttoilcur and sculpturesque
i

magi nation they surpass any of


is

,h(:
'

nectary lo explain them in J*"" the pranpal **6 nse. Hence the Mihrab-Lhc niche of J ua ' y Buddha-came 10 luJuate the direction of *
of Islam found
-

"JX,
o(

Mogul
ins;

buildlnys

Even the term Mogul architecture


there were but few

mto** ild

Me,
as

fot as a matter of fact

Mogul

builders

U was traced m symbol of the failh


i

the sand or

woven

in thw

ph.

India

Mogul

architecture does not bear

witness* a*

we

tMKMrne-

L'JM

71

70
sculptured .1.. im .* *nd the arch, ora j 11^ordinary Arab >ou find tne

ornament of
the

-Of
th e

the

thirteen

local

division,

of

niches, and

"*T

stilted arch,

ebitecture enunemted by Ferguson, Uioje of Gujarat (tfy) and even that of Jaunpur nsp he of its
i

lado-Muhamn,^

arch Uje foliated

etc

are so conspicuously

.-TK
d.

contempt

mm

which Arabian historians gave


connections

to

Juries
*"

oftheirnldelin

India^Boud Khana or Buddha


f

^L
f.r

uLK-uoneofU.em.ny

proof* of the early

Wthe

Buddbiit influence penetrated


of

much

borsc-sboe arch in the lotus-leaf arches of the 7th century A.D, and later, to at Ajanta can be easily accouncentury Buddhiit chapter-house craftsmen in Egypt, ted for by the presence of the Indian

evidence of the presence of Asoka's H^der. mrie b found and the resemblance of the s^caUed missionaries it Alexandria; mosques of the 8th Moorish palace, and

West than

borders

Am

and Europe.

Hindu in general concepuon and in detail ...The Jami Masjid and other mosque* of Ahmedabad are. a> Fergusson says Hindu or Jain in every detail.* i n two of lJjc most important (styles), namely the Mogul and aijapur Hy \ ci Fergusson and nil other writers have ignored the Hindu clement entirely and treated them both as foreign to India.. It u
'

mmc6 \m

Indian

art, not Arab, Persian or European, that we must study to find whence came the inspiration of the Taj Mahal and great monu-

ments of Bijapur.
ral

They are more Indian than and Wcst-minstcr Abbey arc English."

St. Paul**

Cathed-

The gtcal Islamic invader Tamer lain who plundered and burned Delhi confesses in his Memoirs that mediaeval Muslims
were so utterly devoid of any building
skill

that

"Buddhist art had spread


vious centuries, and India received the AJbtiuru the

all

over Western Asia in the preits

they were

Buddhist-Hindu art was at

zenith

when

forced to spare the lives of the Hindus


so that ihcy could be
just to

whom
to

they deeply hated,


Islamic

marched away
India.

distant

lands

hnt shock of Muhammadan invasions.


Arab htsionan expressed wonder
his

design and build buildings as grand and beautiful as the


buildings
in

astonishment

at
1
,

Hindu
that

Tamerlain observes
mechanics, who

that
"1

before

sod admiration
he
said,

(or the

works of Hindu builders.


at

'Our people

ordering a general massacre of Hindus taken prisoner


all

ordered

when

ihcy sec them,

them and

are unable

the artisans

and

clever

wc

musters ol

to dcicnfcc them,

much

less to

construct anything like them.*

"Abu! Faxul (wrote}

be picked oui lrom among them and set aside, and accordingly some thousands of craftsmen mere
their respective crafts, should

'It

pane* our conception of things;

Jew indeed in the whole world can

selected to await

my command.

All these

1 distributed

among
to

compare with them/

the princes
Officially

and amirs who were present, or who were engaged


dominions.
I

BUUae

Mahmud

of Ghazju could not refrain

from express-

m oihcr parts of my
in

bad determined

*I he. tdnuntiOD for Hindu builder*... When he returned to h^aj ht bt bt **<* 5.300 Hindu captives doubtless the t< number of them masons and craftsmen... Tim ur the fouade, ol lht

build a Masjid-i-Jami

Samarkand, the
rival in

seat of

my
I

empire,

which should be without a


that
ull

any country; so
Elliot

ordered

Um

m) builder* and stone masons should be act apart for


Vol.
Ill,

dyflasly

uwd ihem

fivc

ccmur

^ 1mct
r

own

special service," (page 447.

and Dowson

>

^^tsr, Tr T J I^ ^^"^ ^ ^rjT'


d what % c
to the old

^^ Turk

Irani, Jan ou

of Maiiuzai-i-Timuri).

Moas

J D Hlndu an, the reversion of

iL.

<T Arabian characteristics

BuddtoH

types

becomes more and

Muhmud Admissions of Tamerlain, AbuJ Fazal. Albirum and tihaini quoted above indicate the validity of Mr. Haveu"* auy P* niton that there it no such Ihiflg as Saracenic an to
<

V
much l n fndU Alewndna lUehdad. Mecca and

ofi*

world,

'

'

Eveft **
oil

rar

a*

Sw^kaiur
mediacy.,
styles,

73

accent

ind

uuvc.

He perhaps

suspccied

a.

mqu

according to the architectural budding* ere boih Hindu*. Uillf developed by the

much

tecb

md

Pero

ibe world over.

others of their following. Brown. Fergusson and al , therefore, absolutely mistaken in their foad are.

quoted him above talking about "documentary cvi<t encc may or may not be trustworthy." ] thiB 4 in been uncannily right. The claims

because

*'
hss.

made

Saracenic architecture. behef in a mythical or their imagination. .ecturc only a figment


Havell was thus very near

Saracenic aichi

chronicles by fanatic flatterers and stooges that limit* ., buildine , e *<, They must never be believed.

^^Z^
M

*"

C******

grasping the truth.

But he

0o

misled by Muslim remained misinformed and in holding lhat architecturally the concoction*. Havell is right Delhi and Agra, the so-called Taj Mahal, the Red Forts in arid the numerous Jami Masjids in Delhi and Ahmedabad. of Akbar. Humayun and fancied Islamic tombs like those
chauvinistic
Safdarjang are
all

Hindu

in

concept and design.

Havell would

been very hjppy. bad he been alive in our own day. to know thai the conclusion he arrived at from the architectural

hue

point of *iew

is

fully

vindicated

and corroborated by

historical

and documentary evidence too,

Ascftcciiuh proved in KUch celebrated research books as TheTjj Mahal is a Hindu Palace." Tatehpur Sikn is a Hindu
City**

and 'Agra ftcd For'

i>

Hindu Building"

all

mediaeval

historic building*

Kashmir io Cars: Comoria are one and all prcMuslim Hindu building;.. They were only capered and usurped and put to Islamic use. That is why
India from

though under use zs tombi and mosques for centuries all ino$e buddings look hke Hindu temples and mansions. Student* and
scholars

of history, aichaco logy and architect uic and


silts

visitors

io

Urtceic

must, therefore,

learn this ass

new
I

finding

and

suitably

amend then c-rher presumptions, tat books,

ump

and ions, shibboleths

l.caHavell\* fmD ^ ncctU&|l|hl corTCCl ion namely &* x dM buddings hich he believes dun"* to have been built 4ulun isknctc built before Muslim rule began. M**** umdets only captured those &** buildings and put them to

*M.

75

Tamerlain

alias

Taimurlang

is

one among

the

most notonoui

10
EVADER TAMERLAIN SAYS OLD DELHI'S JAMA MASJID JS A HINDU TEMPLE
gullible British historians Chiuvwislic Islamic chronicles and Jong stretch of time palmed off the ,c for an unconscionably

He perpetrated many horrid of India** Islamic invaders. mass, during his raids on various parti or India, acres mowing down many as a hundred thousand Hindus at l time. Some of these massacre orgies were enacted in the streets of Old Delhi

during Christmas. 1398 A.D. It i a in the con ext of that stay of hi* in Old Delhi thai Tamerlain refers to the so-called Jama Masjid. His noting* in his Memoircs titled Mall uzat-i
*

Tim uri"

imply that the so-called Jama Masjid was a Hindu temple is more Tamerlain was the direct ancestor of What Shahjahan who is falsely credited with having built lhc Jama Masjid of Old
clearly

canard

that

ihc

5th

generation
its

founded Old Delhi and built


All those thiee claims

Mogul emperor Shahjahan Red Fort and Jama Masjid.

made on behalf of Shahjahan have


at least

Tamerlain was near about the 10th paternal ancestor of Shahjahan in the direct line. How then can Shahjahan be the author of a building which one of his forefathers had seen ten
Delhi.

no

basis in history.

Old Delhi originates

from the time

generations earlier?

numerous refeofthc Paadava* since the Mahabharat contains The Red rences to its landmarks like the Nigambodh Ghat, And the so-called Jama Masjid Fori is an ancient Hindu fort.
if

We quote
Iain's
Ill,

hereunder

Sir

H.M,

Elliot's
1

translation of

Tamervol.

Memoirs

"Malfuzat-i-Timuri'

Elliot

and Dowson,

pages 442 to 449).

on ancient Hindu temple according

to

no

less

an

authority
years

"Sack of the City

ol Delhi'*

than invader Tamerlain himself

who swooped on Delhi 230

before Shahjahan ascended the tin one.

"On
itself

the 16th of the

month some
of Delhi.

incidents occurred which


protheir

The

led to the sack of the


triple-credit given
If

city

to

Shahjahan
credited

reveals the

fallil)

of ihe claim

Shahjahan mention

is

with the
the

founding

of

ceeded to apprehend the

When the soldiers Hind us... many of them drew

Old Delhi why should the Red Fort and

so-called

Jama

swords and offered


thus lighted and

their resistance.

The flames of strife were

Are not those two buildings a part of Old Delhi ? The very fact that Shahjahan is hrst credited nth founding a whole city and then separately credited with founding tu prominent buildings shows that all the three claims
hrid separate
?

M aij id

spread through the whole city from Jahan Panah and Siri to Old Delhi. The savage Turks fell to kilting ihcir and plundering. The Hindus set fire to their houses with own hands, burned their wives and rushed into the fight and
boldness ia (They) showed much alacrity and 15,000 lighting. On Thursday and all night of Friday nearly dcsuoyii Turks were engaged in slaying, plundering and

arc Iraudulcm.

They have no

were

killed.

basis in histoty.
basis in
in

When we
thai Ihcrc
is

say thai they have no

history

Ifc'C

mean
cOUf
t

not even a shred of

paper

Shahjahan'a

When morning
control,

broke on Friday,

all

my

army, no longer

tin

rctoiJ

or

with the trusses of the

so-called

Janw Mu-jtd

10

>ub-

-nUatc Lhc

i\am iha

On
>

the other hand \*c

Jama Masjid was built b> Shuhjalui,. have a Muslim invader's own testimony ol
the
that
the so-called Juuiu

yean pnor to Shahjahan aikhiu Hindu leinpK

Masjid

is

an

nothing but went off to the city and thought of day. Saturday Plundering and making prisoners. The following great that all passed in the same way, and the spoil was so man secured from 50 to 100 prisoners, men. women

killing.

IA


7ft

77

^Vl^^^^ * **
^ Old^ ***" ^
7* :;mo^,.
I

carrying with them a- nti -mi of Old Delhi, -. uc.s themselves. SrMen hkd in the preparing 10 defend P nd 08 inn woun wounded ,*d nrtvikw , L _ t iU(lu on btnincs* were rt _ business aB d pw*ii. lhat way h " d ** * h* Shah Malik and All Sultan of my rdere d Amir nI * proceed to clear the house by ibctol < of pe n and T.Kh,u>ta^P^> They accordingly attacked lcrs ana from infidels of God Ddbj [hcn p , ao .

jren On jfen ***** ,hB,

fe*-iHdiy Sunday, J 0alheWW*H .he

WW*^ ^ of

brought 10 > aemufidel Hindu* had assem* infldd


it

^s

M-Jil-^
! -

^^ w

Fcrotthnh Koila. It is. therefore, quile clear that Tamerlo-n referring to the very building which we refer to ihe B o 5 been Masjid of Old Delhi in our own day. tt Is also clear thai Jama

in 1398

AD- when
a

Tamerlain was

in

Jama Masjid was

Hindu temple

in

Old Delhi the to-called which Hindus had gathered

stand against for n last-ditch

";

Tamcrlain's plundering, burning and massacring Islamic hordes.

Jahan Panah

Old Delhi is so-called because it is the oldest Delhi. Like Purana Qila it dates at least from the Mahithe Old Fort alias bharnt era. This is proved by Tamerlain Hill calling it Old Delhi
even 230 years before Shahjahan. Tamerlain first ridinp to Fcroz proceeding to the so-called Jaraci Masjid pin shah Koila and then known to us paints Old Delhi and Jama Masjid as they arc
today in the 20lh century A,D.

place

From Sin to Old Delhi i, been plundered-. k hi n. Old Dtim, hd iD d d d b for iifICBU on. Old a considerable Hmdusthan naa i h ad come to similar strong fort, Delhi also hts i put to death some Inc. of infidels a^inst infidel.- -I had kos to the fort I marched three of the of the Jumna and .* one which stands upon the banks to examine the 1 went Sultan Firozshah. rfjfi*. erected by Masjid-i-Jarni where t said my

**>*
for

Had Shahjahan founded Old


called

Delhi

it

wouldn't have been

Old Delhi because when the British still had

it

would have been the newest Delhi


But

their Indian capital at Calcutta.

proceeded to
offered

the

prayers and

my

praises

and

thanksgivings

the

mercies of the Almighty/'


In Islamic terminology the tc*m
.'

Jumi Masjid" or "Masjid-

that indficU Janu" means "the chief temple.*" Tanierlain says He fuithci gathered in the Masjid-Wami to defend themselves.
building to be cleared of infidels and Hindus couldn't have gathered in the building unless idolatry. Tamerlain couldn't hope to clear the it was their temple.
says that be ordered the

times Immemorial Old Delhi has been bearing that name since original Delhi because every generation has known it as the edifice* in its winding That ancient city still has its old Hindu temple turned into the Jama by-lanes but like the main Hindu ancient Hindu icmp! of Masjid by Tamertain's depredations

Goddess Kali are now being this has happened all over
Masjids in several towns.

called Kali Masjidi. India.

Uttmrtjj
Kali

There are

In

medern terminology

^J
means
temples
o.

Mack What

been worshipping their idols in iL Tamerlain also offers us an important clue to the exact location of the Jama Masjid. He says that when Old
ouildmg of idolatry unless the Hindus had
Delhi had been cleared of

"black" when memory their ancient Hindu name and

invariably white- washed while those fancied mosques arc Why are mosqueijcatW explains this contradiction? obvious ihe>br il painted white ? The answer

of

being

Coddcis Kali Another proof of Tamerlain'* proving that nobody hag any documents the Jama Masjid in Old Delhi

Hindu resistance he marched


first

three

lot

i.e.

six miles

He

inspected

came to Fcrozshah Kotlu u and then proceeded to the Masjidi-i-Jami to


from Sin and

* *>r* ^j* SUM


that

otter hit

thanks-giving prayer* to praise

Allah that the building


Islam.
is

hod been

**

ed from the

Hindus

for

The

building

knowa

ai the

Jama Masjid of Old Delhi

hardly a

mile from

Even .rfUMtf* I* b.ildi.. N the Hurt, hvcmd flow, deign on top.

rglMEZ Mw*"*

COM

rd

H1
.1.1*

flower*.

A an

IHtJtr*tit*ii

Wli

dom

of the Pakistan
5tUfn P

!! in Chanakvaourt may rihc ftraiBhr Wndu hu a* "W ptaw* u.L


MBilFm pinnacles end
in

be observed,

The to-called J. mt
and war.

They should produce and publish the documents Ihn t Sh hjahan built it n d handed it over to

whicll

._

* crescent

arc Jamo MaijM gateways Agra and those of FatehFort, or the Red Fort in Of Hrlhi'f Red Thr Red Fort* in Delhi and Agra and the whole of jnrivsu* PurS|i.n been proved to be Hindu constructions. Fatehnur S.kri have reader in two books tilled "Fatehpur Sikti For this we refer the and "Agra Red Fort is a Hindu Building" , a Hindu C.tv"

identical in

All the with the gateway, pattern

ihe If they cannot then present trusted. ou- its tarch lead* to th* conclusion that the very Hindus caught and

1Mlon

convened

ancestral temple during Tamcrlain'i invasion temple's convert custodi;

inside their

are the

converts

.poniored by the Institute for

Rewriting Indian History.

angle, the so-called Jama Masjid Thus, looked al from any Hindu temple. Every clue rfOld Delhi proves to be an ancient
points to the fact that
it

must have been the towering temple of

ihe

Old Delhi of the Pnndavas


Recently

some minarets were reported to be showing signs of crumbling. The spacious arcaded verandahs-cum-galleries thai surround the central court of the building form the Dharma
jbala of the temple

domes in such buildings in India Islam represent the Indian trinity of Brahma-Vishnu-Mahcshhas no such trinity A genuine mosque should have only one
The
three
central niche and not three

There could be

incarch point* to

many such eonsideraions and the need for a thorough dc novo


building called the Jarau

proofs.

Our

investigation

WO the

origin of

tlic

Masjid of Old has from


of

Tlic pathetic

and blind
a

belief that the building


is

very inception btxn


hittory,
i

mosque

unjustified.

Students

scholars,

researchers,

archaeologists,

tourist

officials,

and guides must no longer believe in mere hearsay when


so-called

evidence point* to the conclusion that the


originated a*
the

Jama

There
i

i*

Si

mam temple of the ancient township of m pk and quick test to prove the claim
it

who maintain

that

it

mosque

built

by Shahjahan

mB gnil<ccnt and
pol<* of Delhi.

massive

jeni ple,,

of the Hindus who founded the g i 0liou ,

mansion,, forll aml

h(

eipsntivc metro-

//
THE PANOAVAS [WOT SHAHJAHAN1 FOUNDED OLD DELHI
Old Delhi was rounded by the lifth f encrnfion Mogul emperor Shnhjahan is unwarranted The existence of Old Delhi can he has no hasrs in history.
The popular
belief that the cily of
r

a colossal mistake to believe that seven or IS Delhi ii were founded at different times in difFe rent place* by different Just as the 20th century monarch* Delhi has

is

forming one b.g metropolis similarly the Delhi or the anelenl Hindus Wat a vast sprawling metropolis whose expanse compared With that of leading cities of our own times like London

many suburb,

New York

or Tokyo.

Tn

fact

ancient cilie* like Delhi had to

extend over mile* and

mainly agricultural.
landlords,
retinue, a

traced back
licr

to the era of The

Pandavns.

The

city

of Old

Delhi
all

miles because the economy then was All the elite possessed large farmsteads.
chiefs, courtiers,

Also those were times when feudal


fief-holder*

with

ihc ruins of massive buildings

found for miles

noblemen,

and Constituted the famed Indraprnsiha. the capital of the

Pjuuumai

Durmp
r"

a mi He

mum of

Islamic invasions and

lis

hundred

and army leaders all commanded | body guard and a contingent of troops. Therefore there used to be big manor houses (with big landed estates attached) which could accommodate large retinues or horses,
mules, chariots, guns and the
soldiery.

to or rule in Delhi the alien junta


to nbliteiaic

from the

made persistent and rclcmpublic mind the Hindu origin

elephants, palanquins, camels,

cifaltd

MiJimporant buildings and implant the belief that all Muslim creaiions. The British who succeeded a> the paramount power in India, out of sheer blissful onoramc rf the curlier Machiavellian attempts, perpetuated

WW

There were, furthermore, large


to

serais (called Dharnush-ila'

accommodate

large bodies of troops or other travellers going

from one part of the country to the other. The rums that we see around Delhi consist of all these. Far from having teen
erected by

'

result of

such a

200 -year long manhandling,

Muslim invaders or
it

rulers they

were
an

all

rclentle>l>

Indian history

The origin of the city of Old atrophic instance of that colossal distortion, is, II ne propose to discuss the plethora of scattered
is all

distorted.

stormed or destroyed by them.


history as
i*

This
is

11

instance of

how
but
it

taught at present

not

only

all distorted

thai

i,

vi.U available to

at k-asi

r-pheral

"

not only the city of Old Delhi but all rums currently known as Shri <mal -pronounced as rj.Hau, i; Vi^v-M.ndaL Qila. Sherg.rh, Din -'.-umwroumt hc called KvamMla lomb

""I mean

prove that the metropolis of old as Ihc Mal.abharat era Hi the metro

say Muslims who destroyed ancient Hindu mansions, castles, palaces and temples arc heme

turned topsy turvy.

That

is

to

hailed as great builders.


necessity of This realization should serve to underline the era buj In the Mahabharaia tracing history of Delhi.

Mu

the real

cities

were very often

signified

bj

the tufAa

"prastbV

a in

***** ***.*****
Together they
n

Tilapra.tl.n

KMta. lot
the

prasthu
IDelntt

*** (modern Tifpat), Paniprasiha tPanipal). and ladcaprasHi Vrikaprnstha Aera). (modern

"*****

ami

mmvm

all

constitute

83

^bXiint * " nd b beUCVCd ' il*oW< M,m * that Parana fcdM


* r*
0ldnt

Tbe

nil

alias

OM

Fort

i*

generally admitted

ttl

b< MlociWed
Qila
(i.e.
is

TUBhlnqahaJ to Qhiaiuddla TughUq. Ihe Ku ,, h K aubuddin. the Hsu, Khas area to Fero.shth

**"* "

COfl cedtd
i

the

gTMtaOM

distant

Ferozshah Kotla

Mma TurtS J"

h anjc

ogic Pur a ai

Delhi

what

also

"SflSi^ B me BMt "e Del!ti> call 0\i

ladfert Part

of the metropolis of

Humayu.. thc "a, 8 had earlier tried to foist the Shahjahan name Di C1(> of Old Delhi but that name didn't stick
limes tried to give H a ncw have apparently been duped by this naming
to his

Q||.arta Shershah

Ld 1 "
gfl

Zl"
.^""r ""
/ h

P^I
,

ncifef

^
!,

B . irith ra.d a
dotted wftfc

city to the

vicinity

and called

it

New

own

and

Ufa* name
game

XX, J
n

Hl

into belicvm,

miw

IMr an Old Delhi

building*) precisely of very ancient time they consolialready ciisted at the

dated their rule in Tnd.a


part of the rife

the early

nineteenth century,

That

each alien Muslim, even though he ruled for as small a period as five years, built grand cities and masnificcnt mansions thouch he was all the lime engaged in fighting fierce
that
his

feuds with

would not have


it

been called Old


the
city

Delhi bad

own

S^kiahan becatfeeorra Delhi known

raised

because

that case

would have

That townships

and bloody wars against India** Hindu ruters conquerors change names of captured buildings or
kin
is

a tradition

to

the British

before they built

common
Would
it

to

all

people.
in

Did not we

change the name of the Viceregal


Rashtrapati

that Old Delhi bears tbetrOT- It should he clear, therefore, to every generation as that Rimr beeaWe H has been known
lie oldest Delhi and,

House

New

Delhi to
for

Bhawan
first

not be then

foolish

any

future historian to assert tSv.

Hum

Delhl*i Rasatrapati Bha.

therefore,

it

is

at

least as

old as the

was

built

by the

president of independent

India in the 20th

Mahabharata era

century 7
raised

Old Delhi is untenable aho from other eonsidera'ions namely Shahjahan is supposed to hare raised a city called Shahjahanabad. If that were true. Old Delhi ho'ild not have been known to us as old Delhi but The claim
that Shahjahan at Shihiahanabad or

That the city of Old Delhi existed much before Shahjahan is also proved by a no'in? of the invader Tamerlain who swept

Ncw Delhi.

A name

given by Shahjahan

on a whirwind massacre spree in 1398 A.D- That was 230 years before Shahjahan came to the throne. Tamerlain mentions "Old Delhi" in his memoirs (pp. 442*449, vol, HI.
into Delhi
Elliot

to a newlv rounded city


i

would not have vanished into thin air

&

Dowson).

for fjothfop

and got substituted by the


leads

name Old

Delhi.

those

Efteaiji

who

Imagine the temerity or the ignorance of assert that Old Delhi was founded by Shahjahan
specific

to

another distortion

namely that

hta and his


laf

henchmen

tried to foist the

name Shahjahan-

when 230 years before him we find a Delhi by Shahjahans own ancestor.
India like

mention of Old
other

Similarly

i-u of Old Delhi but they obviously failed miserabty name Old Delhi had apparently taken such deep
to be

Ahmcdabad

nscribed

to

Ahmedshah, Allahabad

immemorial Hindu tradition that it refused footed crtn through 600 year* or Islamic effort

up-

ancient Akbar. Ferozabad md Hissar to FetOWtoa arc all h^c bo Hindu cities on which alien names and authorihip

foisted.

Tac^atB*

S **** *<*

Wli no| Chancc,hc ^ry Muslim monarch

hjBhao

fir$t

"*<"

Muslim the ancient Hindu


aljcn

lricd th

bcfofC .

Tbat

Another very important indication about the cremation |iwu or Old Delhi i> the locution of it* ancient Hindu P to kooWfl Nigampodh Gh.it By

Hindu

antiquity

Wli

*****

ascribed to

Allauddin Kblljl.

cremation ground

"""the township. ..at one eternity

H
,to

^^
rf the*

,?Iast>vc

din

i"* tbCTe

*"

represent wealth, prosperity and pc*. From that bad )OI oui a shift balancing a pair of icales to ugoify ihat th ain function of the administration it m ensure JyiUct fw This panel is further dotted by small representations of

ihe

I*

,he
ICiai't

Nifimbodb Ghat
cttremity of ihe Old Delh.

midday sun ahming

in all

its

brilliance,

because

mou

Hindu

,.
X

the southern

,.

like

bank ? ifI af,he

Ytm,iM nVf
That Ola iflOHRM-

royal dynasties clatmed descent from the Sua God. and the iw*j they held was likened to the midday splendour of the San

^!Sr^MI
[^Moed io the
::

k-'nee lb.

name R.jghaL
is

scorching the enemy and warming the citizenry. la the area is a bigger central representation of the brilliantly gilded above
royal sun-

epic Mehabbirata.

clear,

Misting since ihe lines mftbat Old Delhi haipeen

That sun shines on the whole panel from the canopy-like arch sheltering the panel. At the two sword-poum are two conch shells representing Lord Vishnu because the king is believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu the protector
and nounsher. Two other larger conch-shells may also be corners of the base of the panel .it the left and right
seen

^therefore,

possible that the

or^ra ii the hoary Paadava era. bank at the rear of the fort gets the

Yw

Rel Fortitself ha* *** m5 Pl* u b,c because


it*

name Rajghat

Whether

this

royal

insignia

belongs 10 the Panda. j uc

*rxm nhMtr Raja*

bo ased
aad

to

climb do**n to the river from

far the* daiJy baths

rituals.

Red Fort belong to Ac P*adx*a en it *eei*$ quite certain thai the lite of the Red Fart a ta ancxat Hindu royal seat even as wt call Somaalh Hindu teopk tb ou sh M wa* re-erecf ed as many a*
Whether or not the existing walls of the

King Artaogpal of the llth century A. 0. or to some oibei Hindu monarch may be investigated but it certainly t no* Islamic or of any later-day Hindu. It may be that this roj Hindu insignia is a very rare and ancient Hindu sign vhkh
though seen by millions for several
centuries ha* been laiel.

boukUiarta mistaken to be of Islamic origin. This insignia in Mitel building hunt for similar other ancient Hindu insignia could belong to and impel scholar* to ec whether it

.-

feature
it

which prove* the ancient Hindu


the royal

Pandavas.

of the

Red Fori

Hindu insignia which


ibe
it

That the Red

J-ori

apartment, are identical


ancient Sanskri.

u.

PU
has

graphically depicted inside

Khas Mahal
the

alia*

royal apartments described id

a apartment

AJ1 these days

haa been chauvtn

Harsha Charita" and

Bunabhaua's '"K.dambari

BJ o*

misrepresented as

embody ing

Mus-

proved with Doe drawings and comparand


rural

uW

may, therefore, once again go to the Re J


E

bnaadhawi a second, close, hard look aad note that it is not has pi* of swords laid hill to hilt curving upward slh

study of those two Sanskrit Vasudev Sbaran Agrawal. a


1

f^

the later a profctsor of Indology in

lt

ci ***> '07*1 might

Hi

*hieb is the foundation At the centre of the panel jost above the Hut*. Kaiaab (iMft pot) Th.s represent*
"ibe realm.

Our research finding that ell P" "'^; H ,adu a*.repic^u Kashmir lo Cape Coraorio are of ^ ^ *ha "' lion had doi been w.dely kao^n "
*
1

B***"

^ +Z**~2^ *.

"Jj^ UatM
^

^.idinfifi^

On

11

is

placed

a lotus bod

and, therefore,

tui" the msMi& he probably earned

^
87

m
.

tn
.,

ibil other-.i*
1

^urlii'nF

"

the Taj ioned coniniI&s

MahU

ln India

FortSflnd *ucb by the alien mediaeval Even then he could not


lne

Rctt

Ashokan pillars from some village* north of Delhi uprooted two got them transported to Delhi had one raised on an d having 'own" citadel and the other on the ridge. \ fanatic mediae*
his

5t^^^S3
-pug 10 ||oofit>e to
i

" dl- SMUr.tlilcr.iur,., He has devoted several


explaining this finding of
alt

vol

Muslim monarch would never

raise a

pillar with

heathen.

fdiagrams to number w^ e^,^ an d ^ mansi0 ns are pages *"* "


Our
* t,p *

'

"

over 'his* citadel. He would rather have it Hindu inscriptions But Ferozshah couldn't do that for fear that hauled down. Ashokan pillar if uprooted would leave a gaping hole in the
the

a finding tni

froro*Kholar^no p^htp, hivingnc"

T^lowas not only ^ ^


_

0|d Dc |hl's surprising support pandavBS thus finds uncommitted* our view but

of Hindu

findings

belonged to the
lo
forts

offduc

tcfcool

^^ aH mcdjacval bu|ldings

and would crush all the nether storey If too most storey Tbciefoie fercjsfcnh lughlaq had to make a ihvd. it fell *>th pillar towering over the citadel he chose do with a hated Hindu terrain dotted with similar ruins the bis residence in a of alien Islamic invaders preceding him*. Court

by an u" j^eB commissioned

Musjinl jun.a as tombs,

handiwork somehow explain away Ferozshah choosing stooges bad then to bearing an ancient Hindu pillar. Tho.e live in a castle
to

nod mowjucs.

JZl^ *2*
Even lay
viiitors

or

cmmi

einc

Sr

bu.fdmgs,

the Red Fori* o/tie buddings inside ^mng the rears.de of the rampart and notcurving roof*, Tbcii ribbed domes, the
roofe,

may

visually satisfy

themselves about the

planted the canard in history that Ferozshah stooges, therefore, horn fancy, had an Ashokan pillar hauled himself, out of sheer raised above his palace in Delhi. far away to be

pegs ticking, out from iho.c

octagonal

kiosks and the

What we conclude from the above is Ashoka's own known as Ferozshah Kotla

analysis

is

that the castle

palace because

will trrcsiscouM arches leading to the erstwhile river-front places of hnrujtolm mind the vision of nvcr ghats at
,

oLs his
invasions

pillar

on
its

tts terrace.

The.ruined

* *
"

utoo proof of

having been

subbed
Ghazm

Hindu pilgrimage

bristling with similar

Hindu buildings.
s

from Mohammad

(early

^ *

^
it

onwards.
Rajghat
euphemistically

A
iUiulrl

couple of lurtongs from


jt

prevent

an ancient Hindu called Kotla Ferozshah.

rife of the

Red For.

is

Became of thai grafted Islamic name tourist and archaeological literature has tended to represent thai ruined building as having
been
built

Delhi extsted fro. .h.

by Hie Muslim sultan


that

f erozshah Tughlaq.

erozshah

o, fouoded by Shahjahao onology currently accepted cbr B.C. and .he Pandavas
lived

M <** *** ^ ^^
further proof

tW M

Use

I7.h

himself bin never claimed

he built anything nor has he am record of having commissioned any building. His **i * frustrated idgn o two crushing defeats in Uengal and wotaSmdh. Only toogc called Shams*i-Shiraj Alif two

the foarth U
ra.se h.s

^ A rtota*

ftwttta
outside the

natural for

KM A**.he

cand

Old Delhi of
is

.he Pandavas.

icnermons jaungcr than Fcro^hab makes some vague buildinu '"lavouruf his grandfather's And in flit benefactor.

Ferozshah spent a part of uiiwuM,ndueiuulel porting the towering Ashokan pUI*i.tu cmomcler bus recorded a canard that Ferozs
tha,

ttoccwupihc

fact

hi*

ad.uo rth ^eient H.ndu . This too accords Yamuna of De!hi used to go to the and facing e. iii^nuiK ivi iuvii holy morning for their *wj bath ..--11% U.er.v.r.eam. in

Old Delhi

located on

^^
. citiaus

**

rf <ul)

Q>)huoal to

the

ming subtending

F* r dti? "" Mto 7 lcaieof^'" n

ho

to the proper Yamuna b atlk cauJJ not go canal of the Yamu w as or sickness

Ml0

course

its

provided
Ci
'

ta
Cm
i

d0,
"!s

J*"V
(

hc

Yamuna

Thjl anC j c nt through canal flowing

way through what Wq highway was then divxded


its

centre.

on

confronted right tofrom by a *trai &hi fight of ono itepi AUJ,, Hindu building. It if now whitewashed 15 an ancient but it iuli mcongruoujly known as Kali (meaning black) Masjid (mosque), of the Hindu lintel-pott type. It ha* two Its gateway if
pillars-cum-bastions flanking it

ilendcr

^Tdrwe Hindu flower plMU, eUbCf Gauri

*1

trees like the

Tu

j si

^
filled

Z7.P

|hefcfori * Muslim invaders, lilt. camu that ihah had commissioacd clogged. had been already budly

Shankar temple is one of The present raids the canal got gradually D U rte ncessant Muslim ghats destroyed by of temp.es and n w w up that
C thl.s

Muslims, at lean in India, art wont to whitewash Hindu buildings captured to be wed *> Why then docs the 'white' mosque bear the mosques
(black) "Kali"
?

The answer
ihe

is

hToU

very simple.

Kali

is

the

nine name

*W^

wrong

to

assume

of a

Feroz-

consorl of Lord Shiva who used to be worshipped by Kshatriyas i.e. the Hindu ruling clas*. Wi.
lhat Kali temple

Hindu goddess*

ha

was captured by invading Muslims


ihcrctorc,
still

it

came

to

me .he canal
Around

the axis of thai canal,

extending Irom

the

ancient

be designated a* the Kali mosque. If, the winding lanes of Old Dethi one can
ancient Hindu
edifices

one icov
ver\
T!ir

come across
rcccsse*.
ol

temple currently known as Fatehpittl Red Fort to the Shiva and by-lancs ensconced by a Mosque, was a network of lanes residents, like a pearl held massive lown-wall protecting the Thedt? of Old Delhi needs, therefore, BmOylMincBS^iell ancient Hindu to wnol' to he studied a* an excellent example

inside

its

Unsuspected
architecture

arc the few specimens

of

Hindu

the arc

Man;

bharaia era
designated as

though
as

currently unfortunately

they

k
who

mosques and tombs.


it

Incidentally even those

hang around
attendants.

faiths

are

mostly

cecendaals

of flmdu
or
oilier

converts attached to those seized temples as priests

pUnmng,
Alone cm)
KcJ Fort
since
ol the

hishway-cum-eunal or thai metropolis oF

Old Delhi win i hi Hindu king's pulucc-cuin-ciladel


alias

known

Let us

now come

oul of that alky aud proceed uuiuci


street with

as the

InlkoL

Milic other end way Hie

Shiva temple

down the narrow winding Turkman Gate. About a

our back turned on the

SmVa was the royal" dciiy of Indium ruling Class, namely the Kshairi>av Tbeyaieovct a mile apart. The ending "puri" is
proof ol

mile inside from the gate one where across a spacious roofless room of massive walls ruled 1> Ra/iya and her sisier lie buried, Sulian Raziya over three centuries before Shahjahan.
in

The Islamic term "Patch tigaiiic* a conquered Hindu locality, What i* current^ believed .^ be the Fa tch pari Moiquc i^, therel'urc, an ancient Hindu royal temple, 1hb concision is further reinforced by
ji>

anciem Sanskrit name.

A*

the sisters

hcbunci

a crowded
is it

street of

Old Delhi
believe

inside

mansion

not absurd to

a roofless anctci that Shuhjalun founded

Old Delhi.
the Sultan Rtttiya w* ruthlessly killed u Muslim rule tradition of royal internecine feudv

a small pedcital mil to be seen

in the

ccntic

ol the

mam

gatc-

ageokl
can:

Nasi

y of ihai weailcd mosque. The ol Lord Shiva, C d to be placed

idol of

Lord Ganeslu

sU "
lite

thai

uny paiidal

at

miranu

a*

the

Hindu custom.
ioside
the

established in Delhi only a


lies

buried in a massive

her lew decodes before mansion m a crowded


i

mow proceed
e< along the

narrow

direct
left.

'blind alky at thv

lu.kmaii about two o three furlong A few yards inside <MW "
so called

clear thai

Old Delhi with

it*

narrow

winding

o ihe inception of Islamic rule at the beginning city. tury and is, therefore, an ancient Hindu

OM

9|

comfit*
To^Ihe

refutes the

dies* that

Shahjanao founded Old De

hj

Ithccoiury A.D.
in

current a^irdiiucto a belief


lhe

our

own

clay* init.ated

by

.I
i

Cunningham

mere were

seven ct.es

of

Dclb|
.

Si.
th

in

Deltas

ihc so-called

enclose Ashoka's palace currently caUed wall used to contour of that wall can be traced from Fcrozshah Holla. The gateway standing at an oblique

*L we all Old

many other ancient Indian to* n grounded by seven wails. One wail endo*, to Kasbmere gate. The Delhi from Delhi gate
error.

Like

Ancient India had almost an unbroken chain of townihids and manor houses extending from north to lonih These m be traced even today. As wc proceed loath we come acroi so-called Tughlaqabad. Ballabhgarh, Chhairapur, Koit kalu Kumhcr, Govardhan, Gokul, pceg, Bharatpur, Mathura* Vrindavan, Kakrauli, Nagarchain, Sikandra,
Agra.

Kanwaha, Falchpur

KtrauU

Sikri in

an unbroken

continuity.

JLd

Ancient Delhi boasted of a long chain of magnificent rivet ghats from Nigambodh (for cremation*) to Rajghat (recalling
ancient Hindu royal splendour), Bui all these to wnshipt and river ghats and royal mansions and temples were reduced to

ma^'Kiioon!"

angle on

me highway

that passes in

front of Ashoka's palace.

The

third nail enclosed the

area currently

known

as the Indra-

rubble and ruins or were stamped out of existence during a miilenium of alien invasions and raids from Mohammad-bin-

Institute prastba fcstate housing the Indian

of Public Admin,-

The fourth wall office etc. stration, the Accountant General's Fort, Rums of passed close to the Furana Qila abas the Old
that wall with

Kasim to Bahadurshah Zafar. The notion that Delhi is of Muslim townships mutt, therefore, be abandoned.
it

a group
Instead

a massive
still

gateway

leading
its

to

the

National

Stadium may

be seen standing in all

ancient Hindu glory


fifth

must be realized that ancient Hindu Delhi extended at least from the Sooryakund to K ash me re Gate roughly about 16 This vast metropolis was broken up into isolated localimiles,
of gaping and desolate ruins because of incessant Islamic But even those ruins can still instruct the discerning in raids. their the glory, wealth and power of the ancient Hindus and
ties

bearing Hindu designs in white and red.


the ruins that

The

wall enclosed

The

sixth

we see around the so-called ftizamuddin tomb, wall enclosed the ruins known as Vijayrnandal, Hauz
currently

Khas and Bcgampun Mosque.


the areas

known

as

The seventh wall surrounded the Kutub Minar com pie*,

lown-planning and defcnce*sy stems.

The

belief that

Tughlaqabad and Sooryakund.

belongs to

the

Delhi only the Purana Qila (Old Fort) in a royal Pandava era is unfounded, Tbe Ku r

So

vasi

was Delhi ancient

sprawling metropolis abounding in peopled by a wealthy, prosperous,

Hindu India's magnificent mansions and temples and

princes, their house consisted of 100 Jtaurava and five Pandava All these cuulc elders, wives, princesses and a large entourage.

noiied

ihc world's

most

scientific

happy citizenrv who had and advanced social d

Qil" ! e not have been confined to the Puraw ancient ruins belong, the entire terrain of Delhi dotted with
*

to

political system.

to the

Mahubharata

era.

th.

T ZnlTl
l

anMon

P1,acw of a tao ^nd pillars often referred to in ft * riym * [imsei S- There were also other nown as Lai Mahal and Cuausath Khamba (the one
rf"'

^ncdt

m *> " b* ^ lon$ofw,lich^^be!ieved W MM^T"""*- ancient lomb!


ijl

to

near tbe

be

H-

JBn|

"

*lo

Hindu

palaces.

T
Cunningham's "ray view" approach hat no
place

12
DELHTS REO FORT
Those purchasing ticket*
IS

HINDU LALKOT
the

unless the "view" i n backed up C a1 research with strong ei and weighty argument Far from producing ence any such Cunningham prefaces his dogmatic conclusion with *n ,mponjcrablc number of "iPi and "but"s. On page 152 of hi. report he notes "if" the site or the Red Fort "may be fid" by the position of Anang Tal, as well as by that or the Iron Pilhr

m hi*

then

nocturnal S n ci Fort in Delhi seem to be Lurniere spectacle inside the Red blurfuUv unawaic that they arc being told only a part ol the
10 witness

ihe grand old fort which now surrounds the Kmb Kinar is very Lalkot that wav built by Anangpal" all probability the

This passage should be enough to convince the reader of the very hazy, slippery and absurd fabrications on which Indian

story an J are. therefore, not yetting their

money's worth.
the bland staicmcn

archaeology and history have been basically founded It. therefore, becomes necessary to investigate the origin of the Red

The

spectacle begins haphazardly with

Fort

in Delhi.

Lhat the fifth general ion


1

Mogul emperor

Shahjahati

built

ihe

Red Fort ia the 7th century A.D, This is a historical blunder The Red Fort has been in existence centuries before Shahjahan,
General Cunningham
conducting an
misrepresented

Let us note at the outset that the term Red Fori i ihe exact translation of the ictm Lalkot, The second point which

may be noted

is

that there

is

only one ancient building

In

Delhi

who was

first

assigned
of India,

the

task of

archaeological survey
thai
all

deliberately
in
1

which can be visually identified as Lalkot. That is description Fort. There is none other which meets that

the

Red

mediaeval
invaders.

buildings

India

were

built

by

Muslim

On

The public has also not been


>ingle

told that there


in

is

not

wei

page 134, Vol.

of his

report (published in 1871) A.D.)

shred

Of paper

available

ihe

court

record

he says "The

seven forts of

*nich remains

rtflJ

exist,

are,

"according
to

to

my

view

the

Then he
itements that Shi
>l*td by

proceeds
built
in

male random, dogmatic

lo the building Shahjahan's reign with the remotest allusion Shahjahan built the Tort there should the Red Fort by him. Had

by Allauddm
1321
etc.

m
to

1304 A. D. and

TttuhUqshah
icvea!

A wmplc
be

impromptu
The
in

HI

these

conclusion,

^
>

u ' B

^t:Ca big

faulty.

townships be founded

acquisition have been papers pertaining to the for bills and receipt^ survey, design drawings of the fort, expenditure shee.s and material ordered, day-to-day record, ? There Ii no such rolls of the labourer, employed
a bit

of

land,

*1

of

it-

The
the

inside

above

inscriptions r

or ,h. Red Fort but in none ol ihem


built

on nothing
_

Shahjahan having

anything
like the

"nnin^ham

t* buddinii i n ngMn to other

u Hmdusthan credit, by
alien
l

u,!

Can bc
I!*
'

specially when

How
they
|jkc
j

absurd, irrelevant scrawls


4

'Huitrited by.be history

orthe^^ ^'^
11

ahtn

A* picnickers spoil others building*. iv one which says "God is great God
I

^"'"C JT^ ^ ^ ^
|

there

any

clu

inscription^
irr

ire

aU

ones w.i

no.
qurtU

MQ

"

^^

dutiful a*
pafl
,,

Tughlaqs,

those painted mansions and

residence*

04

hatwo. f nmf say rhe high*sruled angels are desj r u" ." etc. etc The inscription gocs or looking ar them Qn ^ 111 61a .bfa bfa interminably. Do reil owners or builders tJisfigu
the high
fherr

95
aide

of

it

is

the sacred

HiaJu

letter

own Property

with rt*ch nonsensical writing ?


if

Will no(
record'

ar ch is a panel dotted with a number of waller of the sun- In tlie.r midst stands a pair of
shaft of the pair or scales emerges

QM)

Just
re

p,.^"
The

i tel

ell.

owncr*bi.tJder cieh,
the dite.

at

all,

relevant

inscription

and the purpose of a building, giving the name of tu owner J But Islamic inscriptions in India never do that. Tkindulge in incoherent, irrelevant, absurd rarnblings.

out of the Hindu lot., bud The loms bud itself stands on the sacred Hindu Kalash cdo'o" immediately betow the Kalash is a pair of sword blade,
to hilt curving

upwards

UEdUfi
the
left

like

bracken around

the

pair of icaki

We may
Private

here refer to a couplet scrawled


alias

in

the

Hall

Audience

Diwan-i-Khas.
it is

It

veritable paradise

on earth,

here,

it is

says "If there be here." It ends there

Four conches, so sacred to the Hindus, may be seen on panel. Two of these are at the sword tips and two in ihe and right comer of the panel base.
This
brines

abruptly without enlightening the


the

reader as to

mansion as a veritable paradise,


7

who

built

who appraises it, when and for

us to

what

may have been


The
all

a subtle fraud or

blind naivete* of historical


that

research.

pair of sword blades

how much
But
Tel

we have
as

referred to above have

along been misrepre-

sented

the

Muslim
artists,

crescent.
visitors,

We

would, therefore, ur
historians

us not leave

it

at that.
a

nothing positive

we may draw

Though the couplet reveals number of adverse inferences


shy of saying anything clear that the inscriber is
a

photographers,

ebservers.

and

archaeologists to go to the Fort and once again have a careful

from
a

it.

Firstly, since the inscriber is


it is

second took
crescent
is

at the panel to satisfy themselves that the io*called

about the origin of the building

pair

of swords with

their

hilts

unmit'akably
the

mere interloper and not the owner builder. Secondly, only

identifiable.

That knocks the bottom out of

Shanjahan

usurper praises a building sky-high. The real owner builder very modestly terms his own creation as a mere "cottage" or The usurper boasts about a building because he has fought to capture it. Applying another psychological we find that a husband would never publicise his wife's :hrm and beauty from housetops

legend of the fori because that fancied crescent had all these days been used as prima facie proor of the fort's Muslim
authorship,
exclusively

Contrarily

we have enumerated
in

above
the

the

mam
lo

Hindu symbols whieh abound

panel

exclusion of anything Islamic,


associated with the fort"* ancient Hindu terminology hectic efforts interior persists despite centuries of anne* Tasha Khana The Islamic terms like Tasbih Khana and

and road-squares but a kidnapper would loudly proclaim the beauty of a kidnapped woman if only for sheer justification of his dare-devil act. This

The

^ilio proves
builder.

that the Persian

inscriber

describing

the
its

ofPr,ve Audience as a paradise could not have been

Clal Hindu names that stick are Rang Mahal. Rang Mahal, Shravan Mahal, Bhadrapad
Chhatta from
corridor inside the Lahore Gate,
Burj> mts-pronounced as Mahal. Rupa Mahal, Hira

Thevi.itortotheRedFort

W^?T.!

M * lhd,he * r,lm ah liM


f

may

also

note

that

in

the
alias

^<^a*tt
iwm
et

C^^S MS
^
^

W,

C"

Khas Mahal

Mwammau
Mahal

Bur)).

^^

^^

Mot(

.^T
""" ,U "

^taught*

of ,he

V """""

in
,

This

Wmi r
above
,

large
e.ther

only

".!

he areh

Gn

name. and subsequent turbulent Muslim


in

They got destroyed

during w

regime*.

97

royal Hindu msigr, %r^ apartment which houses the with elephant head jles the rooms have doors the par H,i the Ifttftai built the Red Fort Boomed w,il, mah and human have ordered idolatrous elephant
to the

March

|4.

Wl

Since

Shahj^n came
that
if

not have reec.ved nc could

toihe

thr

e in

Red For.
earli r

in

the same year

ftnia* ambassador

ia

the fort had not been fo emieaet

t?d never
rot

Sim.br life-size elephants also stand Vfcilors are not -Delhi Gate of the Tort Delhi Gate but they may use n ..flowed to enter the fart by the elephants. These elephant an cait and miv then notice the Lord Curzon alter he by the British Viceroy

door

Sharan Agrawal an -ai chwoleiy official also a well known mdologist has drawn chart, afI d m hiiboo* Charita-Ek Sanskrmik Adhyayan" and -Harsha
.

Mr Vasudeva

hat

live*

tvere erected

3M
5 pieces

and

Hindu elephant statue* hammered down into According to Bernier buried inside the fori.
|

elaborate descriptions proving that the royal apartments inside the Red Fort are identical with those desenbed in ancient Sanskrit literature as belonging to Hindu kings.

outside the Haih.pol tkosc Hrndu elephants had been elected Music House ^h* the elephant gate of the Nagarklwna alms
-h

A
page
1

Government or

India

"Delhi Fort
court by l

Guide

to

the

publication (1932 A. D. Muled Buildings and Gardens notes on


first

that Shahjahan entered the fori for the

time to hold

no* houses

British

army

relics.

The
e

archtrec-u.-c of the fort

all

Hindu.

Its

domes arc

all

-.apped

The
\jodh

fort

is

an irregular octagon
cupolas and

like the ancient

Hindt,
.-

Itt

bastions and

kiosks

Had Sbahjahan been the builder of the fort he would have made a state entry by one of the city gates and would not have entered the fort stealthily by a minor back door
back
(riverside) door.

all

octagon

il

Only Hindu* have special names for all the supernatural guards for those
.

we now mention a number of other is carved proofs without elaboration. The Hindu sun emblem
For the sake of
fort

brevity

ciehr direct
the rear
r

all

over the

from the outermost

gate to

the innermost

of die Red Fort, connected with


<n

.1

bridge,

i* j

idee head ab
s

the

Yamuna
the

river-

That portion
urt existed

Hindu Even the so-called Pearl Mosque has the walls in the upper portion. sun depicted on its innei marble

apartment-

tilled 5a limgnrh.

Since Salitn

u> the father

On

ahan

his

name

is

clear proof that

Red

?f Shahjahan** father's lime.

The

n
\

inside the fori

(The Pearl Mosque

is

attributed

depicted on of the entrance marble arch are They represent Naoedy. frui.v eilfcers.de a cluster of five These eamap offering to God) alias Prasad (the holy Hindu _Hiod Molt Masjid .s an earlier ind.cate that the so-called borne out b> the u MmiMandir (temple). This is further

the inside

Shahjahan

son Aurangzch

The very
no
a-

fact that

Shuhjah.n
inside the

that in the centre of


stolen.

lis

inner court

is

fountain

wi*

**o
lhe

fanatu

Mutism himself* bad


he fort

mosque

Chandm Chowk,
the

the

mam hh*>
to

lint lie pease

an occupant and

not

Lahore Gate of the Red Fort

entirely

a
BdJe?an
lit
ir ,

Had Shahjahan bmit


oxford ^
H painting in

fort

he ould
Ari

'^ bll has c


s.

'"^/^
*J^ ^ >p^
P

depicting
Diwftfri

n
-ft.

the
in

Penun ambassador
1628

main highway with Iranians, Turks, *.- .ir near Afghans who constituted his
courtiers 7 All arches in or Bfcoul

relation*

the

That pa.ntmg has been Pife 32 of .he lllutiratcd Weckls of India dated

Delhi

AD,

lowering gateways, depici

* \^ HmUu

'

DU '"^

^all

niches

it their

98

AoHftri

The

rivrr

b*o^
fc

.! the rear

U'
ot

*** PlTfo
Bad bank

centarie*

r the for * " klloWl1 U |ionS of Hindu Raju before Shahjahan, Had

only *0F
river fart the

f1' d .
e

called have been


sl

Badshubghat and
are
all

t0

thc fort

non-

Rajf^ 7 T J J" Red .emple and the Gnun-Shankar "' thefC bad shahjahan buih Muslim""* wih* oiv becn

13
LOVERS AND ARCHITECTS "
Browsing through the back numbers of a Bombay nugiiifK "Marg' devoted, I believe, to art and culture my irg" attention *i, arrested by the amorous and intriguing title r ao 1Ttic Ue title was "Shahjahan the Lover and Architect.

WH*.
"*
U*
f0rt
"

They wooldn

government car* to

W ^nXiie
.ha- <

.v such proofs

if

only the public and

Red Fort :d Fori Government-sponsored


History of the
th *>.,
bu.lt

^T*!U

official,
him by

n. 4

'

UlM , w
i<

* Fft

- Delta.was

by Shahjah.r,

In a

way

there

was nothing

special about the


less

title

beciuse
vein
for

bu,h ceuturie. before

Hmdu

royalty.

many others have

written

more or
ruler,

in

the same

approximately three centuries implying

that

Shahjahan,

and

perhaps almost every Muslim


only a great patron of

at least in

India was not

and sex but was himself an accomplished architect who could by a few deft strokes of his
art, letters

pencil in no time and with the greatest ease produce detailed

blueprints for

wonder

buildings off his drawing board


off his skill

like

master architect showing

and shaming a bunch of

novices or first-termers at a school of superior architecture.

This
title

is

not

all.

It is

further implied, as

is

evidenced by in*
every mediabuilding

quoted above, that Shahjahan (and of course

eval

Muslim overlord for that matter) could produce curvacious plans even while making love to one or more
potentates
also

and

cuddle-some inmates of his teeming harem.


eval Islamic

That those mediaqaiiffed

simultaneously

strong
ol

spirituous liquors

poppy and took liberal helpings of stupefying drugs is borne out by history.
were

"1

That those augu.t Islamic majesties decipher I fe * " rates or at best had been taught to writer, onjm Koran, is another point which these 'jay' into ac nd architecture have never cared to laki

*******
ry

100
lot

Obv,oI.v
,hct

OMi

<-
.

_
4S

fn

**'
'

uv as playme two simuit^ pIayi glwo sjmu|tan

0VC r> and architects


WIId
,.

hay, dev ,
of

should not a* well promote the bu,j nei4 mortals practising as professional

*****'

ircMeciit
-

'

,WMf
.

00

,.,,-..

****{

'ft"'

m,Ms

.ecemplnncd

"':;lVoT " t JL Lchiiect. arc


I

guesses bee use thc ; them c historical claim made ,. mnor , rv an thentic b Maslim ruler .ha, e was ,J
,

The implication or calling Shahjahan 'Lover , I. that of .11 branches of Earning,

"Sva.

Therefore the only

for

,h esc

and over . dr ug g ed. laacivigu,

degenerate and facie that sc*ual aberrations no. matter but actually help architectural experts building plans of highly ornate, massive and like the Tlj Mahal requires no

Nfci ^2*
y

4oal

professional tools because history docs noi hav lnS had


sion or that to

***Zt^*2** m
* ny
.,

mere mniour or hearsay*


serious, profeshas b--en contributed to That such writing high status world patroor to books enjoying

any tuition in architecture, [n fa,., u be on very famliar terms with' onc^

-Mdjfc, P-aa.^,; V;i p

~ %*
BL
s. .,

" *"*

sional

marines

Mr

at historians

formidable professional reputations by writers sporting never cared to venfv the basis or architects, who

discussed, graphically illustrates of the important topics they mediaeval art, architecture, the tragedy of the study oflndian
history and culture.
lant

This
in

is

also

an indication of the nonchawith


in

and careless way

which such subjects are dealt


institutes

equivalent to keeping terms in a school of architecture and so by cither method one can qualify as an arch,, vender whether those teaching or learning architecture would , umit f such a lecherous alternative to attending architectural LUlikmn is conveyed by the description "Shahjahan the Lover And Architect" which has either been vividly spclL'd out or almost invariably assumed in all writing on or about ths Taj Mahal.
|

".T^

..

schools and colleges

and

of higher learning not only


history
and

Even

an

it is

the description of Shahjahan

as

lover

and

in India but all over the

world wherever Indian

architect has

Intfology are studied

and taught.
school

no basis in history. What is implied m calling him "lover" is that Shahjahan was faithful as a husband lu Muintaz and did not have sexual relation* with other women.
Hut history
is

wonder whether any


if

of

architecture

with

its

replete with references to the contrary.

Mogul

'studied"

not

tutored

trail

of Shahjahan's

reputation
its

for

amour and architecture


tudejtu
ai

will

hereafter confer the

on

qualifying

the

annual convocation

gracious

degree

of
I

harems have been known to consist of at least live thousand women. Besides, Shahjahan is known to have had illicit relations with wives of his own kin like brother-in-law Shaista Khan
and wives of courtiers
suspect even with his
of
like

".Lover and Architect" in the right

Khaliullah Khan,

and

as

some

royal Shahjahan tradition

own

eldest daughter Jahanar l

Glunp***
titled

no school of architecture
the degree
it

"I

the art

Z2Z7

"
*

prepared to introduce this confers on its alumni i wonder whether would themselves care or dare to prois
'

some of his amorous pursuits may be had in lac book "The Taj Mahal is a Temple Palace" by this author
The same book
a single

explains that

Shahjahan did uoi


to

build <vco

T m

"

Dick

&

Harry-Lovers end
and
priictl-

Sl

building of the

numerous asenbed

H prtnj! ff to rfiwce ShJ

b0l,rdl

k' ^ "W*
%

ouu lc

thctr residences

other hand Shahjahan**

own

court chronicle namel)


that uot

appcnded

architectural skill seems


is

shahnanm records

that

Shahjahan had ordered

c*en<

taw

nc

reason

why

"

102 bc
left

103

standing in hit realm

Accord*

.,H,n^^l^;; lirf
T
.

B U,edtitnd

ol

ah

ad , lonC

70 lemples were

Thai fend, u* to another side nf ik*

as jt , c|rw

commandeered from

Muslim princess. sultans 1Bd having built numerous mosqu cs


If those

*
fl

*"*""*

Medeval
-

ln

Jw* ****** sb,bnim rf tt*B*a' \


described
t,

who

prefer* if*
lc

all

|Ved

f r om

Shahjahan has to be us he historical accoun


but

hu.lt fabulous

tomb*

for th

oo ** e described

Lovcf and
Destroyer and

Desccrator*

Fanatic." " and as "Rebel and 8Ufer U . TortUftr and accounts of his reign ample basis in . epithets find The above hhyc rcbe]kd during the lifetime l Shihjahan u n became d $ also known l0 have been

tad

Wonn"

d hS"" ** ^" ,ous By Day And Frivolous By ' " g NiX'^r; and Belies- Many * enchanting m^wL cZll * ** by the imaglmtiva to pair

be called "Lovers a d mdividuals believed also to have h u ?i, Lovers B nd Samt," or "Lovcrveum

Archil

^ T^
"^
c

are lM > "edited w,th " t0 tQmh% ga,0re

**** *
** mc
,,Re,

lhwe

with the

Lidu

*J
pam
of

^^T>
VhX

^J
To

td,mt

uader

tortus death.

.othecrttiioiiofchcTajMaJiil
from nunv
other points of v,e.

infatuauon for Mumta* to have led bebeve Sbabithaa's absurd fa also illogical and
Firitly
II

architectural curricula Md umpiring to quuhfy as architect, wou !d do well I0 ask

Those

prescribing

pcopIc

mans

craving for

<tud tlK
to

H
If

VV

these iwo

ihewAUal'comr*nyora*oman.>
dtabliag emotion.

debilitating,

incapacity

Never dock amour instil any special |B| wd known to be born out of coerg) in man. Tbe only two things This atn'ft'oman love ire . boy or a girl never a building.
t,

elementary psychology
ill

Similarly to

believe thai

Shabjahan
but built

the densest dullard on Every other branch of study could be made a, romanlie as ^haejahan is fancied to have made the study (or *W onfa practice) ?) of architecture.
rth.

each other there j* no reason why academic be considered at, onerous drudgery by

M
mCa

**

t0 -ch.tectur.1 arC found to be complemeni^v


itudfei

(,CVOl, "

should

tlioaued

nu

love

on the dead body of

Munuaz

ootfa.n; for bcr *hi)e the

wa*

alive

a
if

another absurdity.

One

*ho *ould not pimpec


Itnetoui on her corpse.

woman

while she lived


the

would not wax

Moreover

Mahal tuppoitd to justify the


tect" lor bhafajiban
ions to other

budding of the Taj description "Lover and Archi-

remain* to be seen whether a woman aspiring lo be an architect will also considerably enhance her academic prospecu by amorously teaming up with one or more men. And since
ft

fchahjahan had five thousand known


his

consorts and
will
\

in

addlti

would wc not have to tag similar descripMuitus monarch! who are supposed to have built

many amorous

side^adventurci,

it

rake some --mplicated

****> Aurangabad,Akbar*s so-called tomb Safdar llngv So. calkd lQmb mafly DcU|

^
*

experimentation to find out whether I 5,000 is tbe right ratio for any architectural hopeful whether man or woman* or he or she could do with anything more or less In any ease the
muihemniici^jiN/autjsiiaian* working oui the
right

s ^rr?,^
Wbe*
raiichl

io,i-ftqrLpi
'"

H-raa tit

AMwUBaMtuci

^ **

55 F"
U,d

J?

Cmpcr0Jr

Hamida Banu a chud Humayun's harem is.


efCtCd
h 'ry

permutation
ihe

combination

will

have a hectic time ant


possible
ideal

perhaps

lime of

thC

fabU, US

'heir livet fq trying out all the

permuutionvcombiiuof the

Now

thai

* 01

....

Uvc '

then

describe

would make one an

"Lover Architect."

*od Architect

Snahjaban standard or even one

belter

10S

ffiflMtotl

*
u

architect*
*

and

perltupi

rtd "'*

rurally

M( , c , lleJ
,

"Lovers" with any *uch team of


figure out

mere

following and be damned." If anybody thinki pornogr.phv at drink and drug addiction harms one's studies
or character'

fvm g

10

the

right

health or

professional standing

qajntii

training Ihut would turn aod architectural

Indian histories and be wiser.

him fead the tradition .1 One can dine and wine and pine
let

tfeal

Acfhitects." l*r, *** ***

^.^^
coptidertd.

have to

***",

^^ ^

Whether the aspirants would shahjahnn to qualify U|

straight ; 8Qvbody

down

to

pauper

sans bound and yet in spite of it or because of it earn renown So let u> all *ay "Hail thee Shahjahan Lover and Archil-. who has left us a shining example to emulate in comb mini dreary academic studies with dizzy romance."

archLtL,

also have to T^e ques.,on would have institutions would

be
to

considered

whether
co-edu-

be accessary
aid
roll ?

mtra-di*cipl.ne dOBai to provide for look for the students *ould have to

,nu>u r or

whether the
to their

romantic

their institutional udis wholly or partly outside

The

historic

mum of Shahjuhan
new
possibilities
il

as

"Lover And Architect"

thus opens up great

for

academic rethinking

*nd curricula* reform. And though


was as accomplished a "Lover and
reading between the hues ol current
they have
all

has not been as explicitly

or at often stated that every Muslim sulian or

nawab
as

in

India

Architect"

Shahjahan,

historical texts

we

find that

been

lustily

described

as

keeping

large

harems,
and
the
at

ukiuf
dozen

liberal

and frequent helpings

of stupefying

drugs

head) liquor* and merrily building

tombs and mosque s by


ruling

Thus

all

prince* of all

Muslim dynasties

least is India turn out

to be superb

"Lovers and Architects."


tradition
if

Armed

iih this unfailing Islamic

any academic
lurn us
all

reformer hastening 10 fashion ou r


ioio.sa>. 'Lovers
"Loveift

curriculum*

to

And

Architects," "Lovers

And

Teachers,"

And Doctor i." "Lovers And Lawyers,," "Lovers And "Lover* and Mechanics." and "Lovers And Electriis accosted with any mg(a objections by any puritan ihe tl reformist may well turn round and tell the puritan
'

wni re-karn the


|

Prep.,l by

MuUim

mediaeval Indian history a* lnd Bfili&h |cholw| m0llcv


texts of

107

were incarcerated, at Sambhar and aoo* m t thr 'eicd loriuroua death. It was to redeem "thci mp rilled Uve the chastity of Bharmnl's daughter * had" IO ? *crfid at Akbar** harem door.
'

14
SbXrTsmalleo
marriages were BLATANT ABDUCTIONS
Mogul
ruler
in

Dr. A. L.

AKBAR THE
(

Shrivnuvu observe* on p Ees GREAT that "The Kachw?h


in a

Al ,,

'

h"

,on

and hence

hetpless

Akbar. the third-generation undeservedly 1605) bu too often been


as a great

India

(I5

with Akbar " Th as soon as the helpless Rajpn, why the three pr.nces were released I, i, .,

cession of and an alliance

^*"t

*"[*"*

"" """'

book

represented and prescn-

Strive.
region, had

man and

a noble

ruler.
1

,ha, ,he people of fled in Akbirt wake

A
he
i

thorough review
roll il

character and

MMm*
out,

mid reassess men ol even aspect 01 hi> He fat from the angel that
ifl

regarded as a .igcr on ,hc prowl and no, a groon, on a issio n of ,ovc. was

^L^TZl^ 1 ,TZ
wh.ch pros
,
,

tou^^n *
,

^'T "'tendered
*
'

warlord
,

Here we propose to deal with and rule namely hi* marital only one aspect 01 Akbar*> life adventure* which have hitherto been rhapsodical!) described a*
nought to be

who had com. rampag.ng


l,ves

BMfcSSg; "
abduc, a RaJpllt pr ,

*? ""

made

exchange lor the

vice ol
It

Mogul

of three of her brothers caught ,n,h

cruelty.

lyric*]
in

symphonic* in inter-comraunal harmony and lofty essays

rare statesmanship.

Uc

propose lodeal

in tills

chapter

with a lew

repre&eut-

be noted thai Sambhar was ne.ther the eap.ui of Akbar nor of the Jaipur ruler. There was no earthly reason why the so-called royal wedding should have been "celebrated"
at that oui-of-ihe
? The reason clearly was that the princess' chasity was surrendered as ransom for

may

way Godforsaken

B instances

At least

two of those were the result of foul

place

premeditated murders.
a husband to grab hit

Another was a case of hounding away The rest were abductions brought wife,
subjugation

the Jives of the three captured Rajput princes,

about

after
It*

miliiaiy

through

leiroi

and horror

which miscarried, i-or iniliAce had nut the brave Gundwana queen Durgawati courted death on the battle he Id he would have ended up ru A kbit's hat em, and chroniclers like A but Fail would have given it a *cuuini{ wash in incir Panugcria Akburana.
audition there were attempt*

method*

Another noteworthy fact is that Akbar left the very nest day for hatenpur Sikri with the surrendered girl cupoemisucally called the bride. That is to say there were no nianiage festivities. During Akbnr's time royal wedding festiv.ues used
to last for for

months. How was it thou that Akbar Fatchpur Sikri within 24 hours of his getting
thai the

left

Sambhar
by

the girl I This


lo

Proves
Albat'i much vaunted marital connection with the Jaipur itog family * as brought about tftftl bmirmul the ruler was

so-called

wedding

festivities

alluded

sycophant Muslim chroniclers


called

weddmg

presents were

arc concoctions and that the sonothing but addiuonal ran.

wig fcubmiison by Shot ruddiu, 1 eomaUHHJtf


1 1

Paid to release
l

Uiiee horror

and

terror raidi

he three

*mum**m

,ao ,il

Akbar stranglehold on the Jaipur realm *nd demoniac princes. The Muslim festivities were in

ededfll

captuting
.

Kh aailt .R MJ SlB|h and Jagaanalh

celebration of the capture of a Hindu princess.

They

iii^ii-

109
10*
relations wen? prcswmf Bhariaal's n0 the sons and other H ,.j 0ry tdls us thai

thai

Bchram Khan
all

Xnoihcr clue

<

hflt

.tripped of

,^.lcd ill*** Jt reduced of Bhaim" *,< u* t| bew

Akbaf

*" " Ranl ,am


*

be tt f H-y'-old

ihe highest royal ., of the crown * hi* power, ihcn of his life and or h,, .r

Akbaf* anholy
wire
ii

Uub

'

tbe> considered

the entire

Khan's

legally

wedded

infatuation for

graph.c prom" or Aktaar's


lanctity.

Hal
ItTZ

and scant regard for otnerV marital


Incidentally this
li

^ ^^^ ***^
s

.1*, ine RJP raped by a eo haw ihcm

TC'T^ou, alien junta, WW


fAkbar's so-called marriage with Begum, A** had an

ne BrtmKh <*> *''

at Akbar'* royal door in those listed by Vincent Smith towards addition to the end of his book.

murder which must be

yet an oihcr foul, premeditated, wanton


laid squarely

tholl gh

Behrnm Khan was


chaperoned

Concocted accounts of Akbar's w-calted


all

nobility,

being

JESTED Jtofh*

over the world, have tended to uteri that Akbar taught stopped the cruel custom or Saii by which Hindu women immolated

way back from MftHkol the agamst him when one day on the

y &

of Humayun s sister Sa1,ma ^roTchailen.es, The daughter of Afcow Bcaum *asa near cousin L',u,t rt n AKoar Dr. A. L. Shrivastu\a Athuf ui. ' On pace 41 ol his book on suspected* conspiracy 1557 Bchram Khan
.

themselves on the pyre of their dead husbands. The claim that Akbar moved by a sense of pity ruled that the Sati custom be

stopped is part of the pile of chauvinistic Islamic concoction* that passes a* Indian mediaeval history. Mori serrate i coniem*
porary Jesuit has clearly noted that Akbar was such a
to
sadist

*bt B a

rb

..*

as

look upon the sombre

rite as

lot

of fun.

few

instances

nml

elephants

impeded
La

Suice then Bcnrani


pau-cr.

Behrnm Khans ten.. Khan was systematically hounded out oi


into

ailing

which are adduced to prove the claim of Akb*r abolishing the custom of Satl, arc the ones in which Akbar Intervened to drag
the helpless

open combat, eatlcd, chased to Anhtlwad party of Afghan Piiio, shadowed ^nd murdered through a hireling*. Immediately nil *ido* was made to join Akbar's
ovcribrowa
harem.

Hindu royal widows


classic instance
is

to his

own harem.
crown
Akbar'i
arrived

One such

that or Vir Bhadra the

prince of the Hindu kingdom of Panna


court with his comely wife, as a

who resided H hostage. When news

may be noted thai Akbat s ctephunis stampeding into Bchram Khan * tent was .in unmistakable >ign of bis royal ire
It

procJe< of the death of his father Ramchandra. Vir Bhadra Garbled Islamic accounts to hii capital to ascend the throne.

having been a roused; which synchronised With Saliinu Uegum' tavrtage *rth Bchram Khan, Vincent Smith in bi* book

Rcwa he fell down Ronj say that as Virbhadra nearcd his capital to go San but His wife than prepared the palanquin and died
was prevented by Akbar

on pages 30-3 "From Minkot ihc army reached Lahore halting on the way at " Julluadur where Bchram Khan married Sulinu Begum,
observes
In hii edition

BAR TH GREAT MOGIiUL

One can

actual very well figure out the

gtrbled and truncated

of the

Aint-Akbar

DUatoubc grandees (pages irncd iid nu Begum and soon alter estrangement Started e Akbar ami him. The evidence coupbd with the iuci
i

Ulochmann note* 521-348) iliai Bchram Khan


t

in hi>

lacunae and absurdities.

a height of just two to three fee, which a palanquin in transit borne


bearers were

*****"% Muslim *~ u* Bhadra * (bccaOK . ^


o versions because *as no
nc
-

Vir

iM *

no novices

at

palanquin-bcarm*

^m^

Ill

B
theil

is

o"vto 5

Therefore,

thai

TT.tsome
*' pi

louely

spol

between his

Bhadra w a , own and Akba r


-

Vir

When one

reconstructs the above


in

<X

AifooV.rBh dm

wm

killed

hi.

m
h

version one find* that Jaimul wa, deputed" on a mission A. soon

Yet another itoflv doae

w death

royal husband was stance where a Hindu wife to Akbur's harem w drag his

S.ti'ind

and sudden drain of prince Ja.mul. Lfcfd m rhe mysterious prevent Jaimul s wife committing in person lo AttftVi riding oul Vry u *P'cfom meircera!ing *" hcr re,altom are *"

awny from his near and dear ones a coj, h done to death defenceless. lpr u>n and The obviously h rd ly mattered when a man, ; dog and killed wherever and whenever an onm, Akbar was obviously being kept fully
.

^ ^^S' " *^^


T* ll^Ct JR
LI"
inforL/^Zru^^'
ni|

"

garbed

d ^ *** "*

amW,
left

When

after

hn

circumstances. fcofai.
S*tl

JaimUl

h said
died.

to have

On

the

way be

been sent on a mission to His wife prepared to commit

objected to his widow a abduction by Akbar the Utter get them all out or the way by putting them in prison

dcalh

^
Sail

The poor

And

jus? in

ihe nick of lime

Akbar reached the exact

sorrowing and defenceless at the brink of pyre was dragged away to Akbar' s harem
It

*icj<m

the raging

funeral

spot

riding all ine errant

frura

way from distant Fatchpur Sikri, like a knight of a curtain stage-managed the behind
trust

may be

noted that

in

Akbar'* time Ihe


in

cunora was

widely prevalent.
stated to arise

His intervention
the
beautiful
in

He did not

any detachment of his


to

army
in

sush cases, fraudulently


rite,

or

police

from the

desire to slop the cruel

was

in fact

nor could be entrUji the task


hid
to

any

officer

under him.

And

he

intended to abduct

widows
this

himself.

Else

why

pm

all

of ihc poor widow's

relatives

dungeons of

should Akbar be interested


he ride
all

one?

And why

should

torture.

The episode abruptly ends there without mentioning

alone ?

what happened to the hero of the stage-managed

show namely
who
Natu-

the right time ?


left

And how could he arrive at Ihe right not at And how had Jaimul died soon after he had
in those limes

Akbar and the bereaved widow.


lid

After

all

the relations

the capital

and

accompanied the widow to Ihc cremation ground

had been

imprisoned
lly

whom

could Akbar send the poor

widow

to ?

very "reluctantly' poor

Akbar had
to

lo give

her shelter and


finale

was not as common as it is today ? disease has been attributed. Moreover Akbar instead of ordering an rnqucit intoJaimurs death, seemed more interested in chasing hit
sorrowing widow to the funeral pyre and segregating her front the protective, security ring of her relatives. So ibis other

when coronary And in fact no

thrombosis

protection in his

Ihe story
Vr

own harem -seems

be the inevitable

Tl^
a;iSS

at...i

rr ****
Here
C

tSlT tb B,aktt |'

"lf

'"^Piifide

**wy
Ied '

murder and abduction mutt also be

credited to Akbar"* shady

comment on ^appointed chronicler


remembered
flatt erer"

discerning

bow
treats

marital deals.

it

also be

been branded a, a

that

Abul
all

Fa?l
to
hisio-

The
end
in

"shameless
prince
J * han

ttme !L M
preciuc-n.'

Wn

by almost

have fourth and perhaps umpteenth abduction did not awsy murder because the husband eooll) walked

distant

Deccan

regions

leaving

Akbar

10 hold

hi*

r!

on

"*

dfttc

of thc iricidcnt

event

no staicd

Peking

in

clearness

and

Badayuni that a murderous January 12. 1 565 as a "result of great

ofVu-cent Smith's h The ui pages 80-81 of Dr. A. L. Shrivastava's book. on attack was made
is

described on page 47

re sen went

and f

n
112

" ^2lAfJ
*< of fctWk itfempi account *r Albar attempt

H3
certain

invading the honour of

Wwi

lo

Askaran of Dungarptir were forced


his tutelage.

Sheikh obeyed and retired


to be Akbar'*
habit to

wB KUir

wn not murdered too. vc rdTv those who.ew.ve,

.^

*" ^ J2S
m

he covered, on
seer,

some

pretext and
fi

to wait on Akb and e * then described ai having 'mitricd' ,h ft Oungarpur princess, Once again the name of the p 00f dauphte, supposed to be Ihe heroine of the wedding, 1, m u,i . i. n ,, mining became her name hardly mattered. Her

Akbar

is

chastity **,

then have .hem knocked and latmuJ. he case of Bchrarn Khan

offaswehavc

happen,

mere
is

chattel to be bartered

earlier

cunuchv and panders That means there could be re be correct." accent -deprived cfthe.r legally wedded hundreds of other* who were wtmtofill Akbar* harem
e .foot

WW cms

Dr Shnvastava add*

lhal "negotiations

for simitar

connec

made graphically clear how Lon Karan and Birbar were used poor Dun par pur child to be dumped

away when

tnrrendci terms This the learned author describes


at daroaas to brin Ihe
in

in the

Badayim.-*

through

Akbar's camp, Here again no bridal party comes to Akbar's court nor does Akbar C njoy the status of a son-in*law at the bride's home. Instead the girl is cruelly wrested from the filial embrace of her sorrowing parcnis ruefully ruminating over their despicable Tate in

says that Akbnr On psse 127 or his book Dr. Shnvastava who was the brother of the married the daugh'tr ofKaho details of thts If one enters into the Hik mei ruler. Kalyanmul house threatened with encode one w.11 notice that the Bifcancr ihc virginity of its i.'esirucrion was forced to surrender uchtcr to \khar heJptt
I

having to surrender their beloved daughter to stop the detractive fury of Akbar's army.

About Akbar's phenomenal


cler

lechery his

own

court-chroni-

Abul Fazl notes in Am that "His Majesty has made a

15

(Blochmann's Ain-e-Akban)
enclosure in which there

laree

rj

were more than 5,000 women each with a separate apartment," Remembering thai Fa*l was a court flatterer one can easily
realize

What
PP3'

kind

of transactions these

were,

which have been


marriages,
is

why throughout

the length and breadth of Hindusihan

pncflliilicjilly

and

nostalgically

referred to as

para* later in
aimer's

the

same book.

Dr. Shrivastava

no building or even a site or Akbar's times enclosing women, even a cattle pound with accommodation for 5.000
there
is

rUwal Har Rai gave his daughter in marriage Raja Bhagwantda* was sent to bring the princess to What sort of a "marriage" is this where no comes
lo ihe proom's

That separate apartments for each of them. have beea herded and that the helpless 5.000 women must hovclvliteraliy packed like sardines in unhygeme and insanitary

much

prove

less

rij

house nor does the groom go


i%

"enclosures" ns Abul Fail


Later in the same
Aitl

tells us.

house hui
equipped
i

Bhagwantdas
ihe
tasio

sent

like a

municipal
wives of nobles or other
to be presented

uli

iirj\

of an army detachment as runaway cow. Dhagwantdas goes and


girl

"Whenever Abl Fazl says


of chaste
(sic)

women

A**""

"'. unnamed
rd

and dumps her

in

Ak bar's royal

permitted to -those eligible are

almon connotes a cattle pound for roundedP Wpie*ri, enwlw \khar-the stud reigned supreme.
r

Some women

whole month..
Since
It

to of rank obtain permission "

reaiai

^
up0 o

begum "

* lender.
*t
h CX.

ai

forced ihc

rulcri or
,

0n
wal

,,

|(

Banwada and DungarSlinvusiiiva s


,

prof
,

b(jok

Pialap,

,u| Cf

Banswadu and

Rfwal

ineonct.vable thai and women in general would be ilch,n rha the above passage wUj '^ Jns
is
"

*"*** M

^"^

all

114

the safe in their Benram Khan could not be could well be Sheikh Abdul Wasi Pljjhi of ItffM people !*

Wen * potential fMer tor hi* Mt w.vcof * potentates !!!il ^' wivc-t Md the wives nobler ind courtiers'

rt

*ve n

hkc

marital

virtue,

imagined.
edited by Blochmann Abu pape 276 of Aini-Akbari ha* established n wine shop Faz, leHs the reader "Hi* Majesty the realm who collected at near the palace.. -The prostitutes of

On

15
WORDS
ARIO

the shop could scarcely be counted,

so large was their number.

PHRASES WHICH EXUDE HISTORY


all

courtiers, if The dancing eirls used to be taken home by the *n> well known courtiers wanted to have a virgin they should In the same way boys first have His Majesty's permission. proitiiuted themselves, and drunkenness and ignorance soon
led

In the illimitable expanse of time

apparent trace*

of

to bloodshed

Hi*

Majesty himself called

some of

bygone empires are often lost in oblivion. Like itudem* fiUiat in the missing words in broken leniences m language examinaby certain clues an important clue ii provided tion
by certain

the

words and phrases which, pregnant

principal prostitutes and asked


their virginity.**

them who had deprived Ihem of

with history, conti-

nue to float

mE
in a nutshell is that in spite

the corridors of time to posterity evea after other tangible traces of the empires they echo art loot

down

So the whole evidence

of Akbar

forever.

having had a harem of over 3.000

women
girls

he used to

maintain
Phrases tike "The sun never
set

swarms of

prostitutes

boys and

and he used to molest


people.

on the

British

empire" or

wivei of nobles and even of the


In fact the

common

Din-e-Jfahi

"England was of the worldwide sway of


unqucs-

the mistress

of the

seas'* will

continue to ipeak
all

the British

for ages after

records

implication of everybody

lionragfy surrendering his life, religion,

and memories of

their

empire are

lost,

so long at those terms

honour and property to

Akbar
f

Rat an Sin* h further endorses that lechery. In addition Akbar's | invasions of the marital privacy of the common people '"* T CXtimg hU ' bands ro hc, P himself with iheir wlv further i underline
treaty

mU

points to nothing but Unmitigated lechery. surrender of iheir women by

continue to linger in the English language.

Those two

little

The compulAkbar's
with

defeated

phrases will be enough proof of a vanished

British

empire even

rulers to

evidenced

by the

Ranthambhorc

though

all

other records arc

lost,

In the

Marathi language also one may


It is

cite

a phrase watch

iZlZ

exudes history.
Bai.rao

very
to

common
be. ..Do

to exclaim in Marathi

Akbar's venery.

do you think yourself

you deem

yourself lobe

If

one with no knowledge of


Ihai

history concludes f

virtue*

j:zz":;::t Akbardcdimaginary^ may ;r


so
that

thnt

brief

expression

Bajirao must

ha
nght
all

and valu

marital

Maharashtriyan potentate he would be absolutely even after did in fa suzerain rower. So


records are
jUftfti will
l,v,.

that

little

phraw

lin|*ri* ">
*

(he

umc continue *P ik *"" Bajirao, historian nbou iniibed empire of


It*

t!G
111
actually
''

.^^^'i ;^ions
inn*

WW*

wh,cn Sttc| empire which existence of vanished retrace (h s a ,urntcd with history

gives " 5C rise B 'v

"

lo to

Many SU ch iravdl.ta neve, random v|u. mo,a homeland. Tbose few who do kick ,he mc
.

sbert

p. llCBC 0r

efrflhatloM

over 'be wafted


current CU

lllc-

day contain no mention f B there are ft . u.nHu empire. **"' ""*" Hind an Vien. "'' such an empire ,Ieiin of whic h testify to

m our

loP ain*takinply leftffl all Indian sciences and sru On icnirn means or authority to collect alt their th-y |acl the country and teach them all the knowledge that they could
pick

JJ"
up

fa

7a"

India-

One country imbibe*


subject to the other's rule.

the learning of another only

,f ,t lt

Take the case of

Indians leraing

Ld

Enphibraen to

m o"J*" Iran

cider the

rr^^"'^ d SjyT
^because
adopted the
themselves
in the a number of nationalities Hindu way ih the Arya way

**

call

**

communities from word "Arya". M* across Europe and TurkJ , nd Afghans j$ because they wctc all (

English.

"J

"

h ,c

tfee

Arya or Hindu way of

Indians took to English learning only when the British came Indians who lived in pockets of tcrritoriei to rule in India. ruled by the 1 rench and the Portuguese had to study those
foreign

connotes*

curricula.

Thus one
if

country's
tl

learning rrmeaiint

another becomes possible only

ruled

over the other.

This

remote past had


of
life

they

call

proves that the Arabs got all their learning from India became the Arab people once formed part of the Hindu empire, Tu
those

As a race they couldn't have been so whole of Europe and most of Asia, prolific as to people the during the spread of the But Ihey could all profess Hinduism with their Hindu empire even as Christianity and Islam spread

Aryans

who would want

to

know when wa
that

that

we would

say

it

wns from the lime of the Vedas almost

tu the lime

of Prophet

Mohammad,
traces of then

Encyclopaedias record

Arabs

in tbeir twwl>all

cultivated islamic fury soon wiped

out root and branch

respective empires.

community
that
it

calls

Our conclusion therefore is that whichever itself "Arya" to this day unwittingly admits
i.e.

prc-Moliammad

life,

Islam and Christianity

in their

own way have


slur

remarkably
past

once followed Hinduism


In short they were
all

the Vedik

or the

Hindu way

succeeded

in

making new converts

over their

aad

of life

Hindus.
It
is

We now
from India
assertion hat

take another expression,

often

repeated in

ancestors. Thus If one speak very apologetically about tbeir ancestors or an were to ask a Eurorean about his pre-Christian

history thai the

Arabs picked up

all

their

knowledge or learning
little

Unfortunately the

full

implication of this

been

lost

on

the world.

pre-Mohammad picdtca. Arab, Turk or Iranian about bis ibat their shoulders and say all that they do is to shrug consequence, thej ei ancestors were just people of no
heathens and

va gel with no h, story


or scoundrels.

to talk of implying

What

is

vaguely

mumed
fq

from that expression

is

that

some

they were

all idiot*

my.

sporadic Arab visitors

from time to time


lAdiia knowledge

who happened to strav into India random visits may have assimilated
*

History docs not admit of such

iU an absurd presumption.

md

by some magic spread

it

among

the Arabs.

knows

up fro* one country .ad spewed over

Knowledge cannot be mugged another by such stray

had w disestablished Chn>t or a very rcmoie past much before a jwl * Such brushing aw ay. blushing or denial*
that people have

^ *"^JTg 1"^^

I.OJh

;ij

its

When we dn

w
1

it

history,

obliterated by

Christianity and

, Bd

MBm.

find

"

reeoDirructinf

we

eodphreini * words
Hindu empire

wor i dwidc Hindu empire. I n piece by piece we come of (hm , tmpkt k V0 | UraC > about that lost

Turkey that the Hindu empire spread Ml WeiW " w * Afrta and across Rij lan s lbcris euT ope. ,, *> H "">u empire over the ces of til*

**

ira

*
ith

dealt win be

subsequent chapten

b nd ZL. JJ

abtrte

r
that

J^tZ"vi**
.

Ary^" which mean, S pre ad Zw-"nife^uhout,he -rid. Incidentally this

nth*r expression

which exude*

history

is

the Vedic

The command which has to be inherited. throughout the world can only emanate to spread "Aryanfam" the world is and who had the from people who know how big throughout the world. Such means to spread their way of life army, a band of admeans include a well-trained, disciplined
not a rice
ministrators,
artists

rlvel

something which *at Ary.-ta'' was

cot. Id

be spread.

religious

preachers,

educators,

scientists

and

and an enligh'cned, enviable civilization.


"in

Another very significant phrase ingrained


ii

Hindu

literature

"Wnudhahr* Kutumbakam" which means that the whole um terse (earthly life) is one family. This is what the ancient Hindu* ac:aj||y practised Wherever they went and they

spread

all

over the eirth they welded

the people

in

brotherhood owing allegiance to a

common

culture

common and common


to

nouns of behaviour which did not


a

demand any subservience


the

Mohammad,
service bui

Christ or

Buddha.

That was
light,

Arya

(enligh-

tened) *> of life which

disseminated
in

knowledge, culture

and

demanded nothing
h.s.ories

return.

The ancient

(PuranaiJ of the Hindus also contain


practice of exploratory conquest
rituals.

able references in the

a>ooya Ml

Aihwainedh

Mighty
'"Hindu,

Hindu
their

M*

It

Mttft*! captioned

ho.se,

"*"***

backed with

,and!;tnd
r

Sanaian" wty

***
Since

ihe

Aryan,

r ^he._ tl ^

* >n three iidei the only llIhrccildc|lhc0nIy


Hind us than
(India!

hPnClCOttld b ? ^ W*. through Baluchi fcwrn,

Hlhewlhit ihe north-

Afghanistan,

Iran

V
121

palace* and

mansion, one may con necnon

in

India
if

thci[

fe.

(|w (oun

be credited to Ain.tslmh and or Firoiabad

^ ^^
h(Jndredl

of

^
1

16
RESEARCH

bcc.we

bear their n. (hen the fovmd.J Allahabad would have lo be credited to Allah himself

ta dues

lo

tome Firmd

METHODOLOGY AND
HISTORY

HOl^sTiF

fourth howler

i>

the

MM

that the in* adinB

SCHOLARS

hated everything Hindu, built all their tombs, mansions and palaces exclusively in the Hindu

Mmtm% %ho
forli

mosques
style

newspapers regale us with choice howler s answers of candidates appearing at U.P.S.C frc*
Off in J on

A
culled

fifth

howler

is

that

Muslim

invaders

and

ruler*

and

and college examinations.


But

school

their turn

uch

candidates
in

mo may

derive

Co

tombs after tombs for dead predecessors, and mosque* r, a cr mosques far the rabble but hardly anv pnlncei nod manm** themselves or their children. Thus utmost every dead fa1 cweeper, nobleman, queen or lulun connecicd with ihc Mutli
I

built

from the though that they are


binaries thai arc

distinguished

company

being taught to

ihem and are the

court in India bj lOtrte magic, got

a mansion to house

h dead

body but no mansion

to live in

while alive and Kicking.

ofi long

handfowfr

line

of scholar* with

critic reputation*,

abound

formidable academic or bureau

sixth howler

is

that every ruler

who

used lo

thirst fox

in

equally

amusing howlers.
research

Nctfcct or

* :r
* o*n
Another

*>me artnthl principles of historical

blood of his father and brothers, got so overwhelmed with filial love after vv resting lite throne as lo work himself to bankruptcy
in raising palatial

mt

*****

W **" W-.
buih lhc,r
H>vxn

tombs

for his hated

and murdered kinsmen


though Sbahjahjii
of the
)

imbed

seventh howler could

be

thai

own

Badshahnania (Biblioiheca truhca


of Bengal publication, sol.
1,

series

Asiatic
tliat

Society

page 40 *

.idmiu

lUc

VlLh hjV,,lfi
life-uott

an earlier Hindu palace our histories contain frow lent but lusty and nostalgic accounts cl Slulij.ih.in raiuiti

Mahal

is

tomb< mlbia

mausoleum over an open

plol ui Ijml

howler
All h

'

.u

Ataeuibau f

innumerable
Firo

Indian

cities

like

**Pt

Silri

ana

^ad.
* Utc <l

Fyzabad.
>

Aura
been

Delhi,
*>

Vn c^hlh limslcr is lhat a whole host el iheonin built up utound an imaginary race of Aryan* illicit ' nn existed, ilau ihere been am Aryan race the ArjJ Sam
i

ij

Tu *,

Arabt,
*n

UBpUr arc
ln,
*

Afek
*

nave

built

have been a rank communal


to those with
is

organization

relusmc
Vl

BdmJ)

fact

" I cry

Abyftinil *.

*emciv ei .

Kazaks. Uzbeks, Monfitf oth *r community except the Indian*

non-Aryan

ancestry.

OonllWiMw

not rw an all-cucompassing organization .fljiicfc dtW disnnclions oi caste, creed, rate or nationality-

ia,Cf

L^f^vftitjngk
,hat

lhc * e

al,cns

w hose
to*,

mediaeval

of

All

such error, are the

resuli of a COJnpleU

ntfte*

d *

,e

of architecture
cities, fox**-

melbodolog) ^ery basic rules of historical research

Crc

"^-builderi
120

vvho built

122

r*1
..pcirrr^^
hH

research of hi*ical

i>

dcicctfe*

123

^^^KT^^gunihie
rrflcm

one
"

Prof.

W.ll.

W.lah
lie

i.

N*

-! "
PCpi

IN

whei1 *
It,

M "*ta

rcJUJ

a !j,ictnenl

'^J one r

.her of

-oriiin-l

wmH*,

doei
his

nlt j 1lldc to

d he knows of complete

niM ,tomKilly

^ nUZU
e

decye wht|herw not

l0
in ;

-no.ee. -dency

the Taj

Mahal
Collrapwood who compares .
historian's

Current Indian hUtocidS ,re based on acant tupctt for . legal marthallmg and sifting of ,dcncc. Thus even iho nalf , dozen name* are being merrily bMd|f(| persons ballttwl to be architects of the Tj Mahal. U, p, Ilud of c0 nstruciion vanes in different version* from 10 to 22 year* ilK cost is lackadaisically speculated to be anywhere between Ri 40 lakhs and R< 9 crores and 17 lakhs, and the Tarikh-i'Taj Mahal be a forgery by Kcene (in hit document is stated "Handbook

for Visitors to

Agra

iind its

Neighbourhood*" to name
smell a rat became
their

only a

After quotinf

^dure w,.h that

of, dctecuve.

P.of.

Thi
"f

tonan

acdy

prttt

He

h firmed belief*." nceeoary. to doubt even and p^in, .. Hi case of the Taj Mahal
bu.ld.ngi

*^< ** We
do not see

Walsh adds

the

few of the loopholes

in the

Shahjahan legend, protagonists of


historical

.no,-

and

unships

even

though
is

~M
Mu.hm
enjoined

the traditional view fall to face lucks a legal *nO>c\

A
is

third aid necessary for historical research


ii

is

logic.

Logic

ihe.r

justly called the science of sciences been use

deals with fault*


for

authorship ha* been questioned.

less

rersoning which

is

basic
field.

requirement

arriving 4t

correct conclusions in any

Lei us take a practical


the deceased

cuwpk

The other

essential for historical

research

a legal approach.
If
ia

a corpse bears

note that

hat committed

A morale
I

taking

down

o confession by

a suspect

suicide

statement would be confettion, but if he chose to make one. his Muslim chronicles arc hut not in h.i favour,
utcd -gainst him

y li

is to forewarn the suspect that he

not bound

to

mike i
is

and so nobody should be blamed, but if a stab wound detected in its back the logical conclusion would be that the
is

death

the result of

murder and

the note

is

planted forgery.
with
in

Such logical discrimination


concrete

in refuting

the written word

such interested
the

>l.i

teat nis ami must,


they

if

at all,

be Used agatust

circumstantial

evidence has been


in

sadly lacking
historic*,
is

paruenn who>e favour

make chauvinstic claims but

arriving at

many

a conclusion

Indian and world

never in their favour.

A
address to the Historical Association.
the principle of legal

fourth

requirement

of historical research

original

Lord Sankcy

in his

thinking.
in

sporting a degree In India unfortunately every person

London
Out

in 1939 underlined

kttasinf the resemblance between the


of the lawyer

approach by work of the historian and

history

or

employed
institution

in

teaching history or tcrv.nf


history

department or

dealing w.h

H lotfW

Or G.J. Kernel

in

hi*

book ''History,
fftslidious

its

purpose and

Method" *:ui
rules of evidence
fices

The law by Us
deliberately

adherence to ibe

'hiMorian both by the lay public and by himself as an Walsh observes "historians olten lack th* iMltfn JJ them* find in adequate reconstruction. .and , ohe(cnt them t I lit recite isolated facts without being able to

exercises

seir control,

and

sacri-

Picture.

The

process of imaginative
is

**

atain and Again us chances of reaching a conclusion.

Law

hfaftrM
to

thinking, Collingwood

report! a

*"""

HllldJCJ

"

iib hi*

'justifiably

more dueling and more

critical in its

handling of

that the "historian's criterion

lonrtt

eudeace ihun the historian who

lives in a

world of

relativity."

the study

IBM of the evidence, and

him i elf,"

124
*>

125

htrfnrlcAl

research

i>

that the researcher

A
Walsh
often

the above dimensions

in Jfirg e extent

W*""'-in
tM ,,

"'",

k^o
>*
>

.hou.d

b,

wmctMu

or

rebel.

Ot.

fell

historian."

SSKTt^Sl^S ~v
?

liiul

^dcddovvntoh.rn.
ntuii

in cbeckm, up facu or concept tlifW and techniealhas benjust the In India the tendency
to

>- **
Prof.
traditional
is

Walsh
or

wmdv

meticulously toe

the

hac, and

at least is one which cinnoi This ... even more true sustained with regard to .hov* be to historians ,n lndir. bee* u orc called here cven commufl chauvinistic considerations, further inhibit aT1 d their research These are the reasons why current freedom historical toft are full of blunder* and howler*.
'

made

have been sadly iMfct* l0 , ,,_ hmoncal lewarcr, That ii whv compelled to observe that "claim , icleatffte tia!
Indian

iw

for

modern

historians

every

Kcmpt

to question traditional

dogma*

branded as rule

iicres*.

historical C search is tha? The sth dimension necessary for Such genius manifests itself by making the researof penius. burn If, a* F.C.S. Schiller says, cher's blood boil and heart
I

"doubt
Indian

sets in

when an

alleged

truth

fails
ts

to satisfy

us".
if

In a

history

unfortunately

nobody

perturbed even

hundred doubts ifB raised against current concepts.

The seventh equircment


i

ol

genuine research

is

what O.N.

Cl.uk
detail*

calls

"a readiness to perpetually revise and correct the

of accepted conclusions."

Psychological
research.
velt

freedom

is

another

essential for

worthwhile
unless

The

laic

American Piesidenl Franklin Delano RooseUnfortunately teachers, profeswith


history in India

once observed that one can never (discover the truth


leels free to

one
sors

search for it

and government servants connected


is,

experience a feeling of being gagged


cratic bars.
piete
It

and caged behind bureaube a


in

therefore, but

natural that there should

lack,

of any

worthwhile research

Indian history
piles

though there
tiotis

it id

fact so

much

to discover

because ol ihe

and discrepancies ihat thousand yean of alien rule in India

have nccumuiaud over u

OM

127

17
TmTERIA TO TEST THE EXISTENCE OF AW ANIENT HINDU EMPIRE
There
it

prove the existence of . - tft . , provided hy customs, mythology. empire nann on e country bemgla evidence over * UfW Tho* for instance wherever the Christian power* like the firm %he Freneh. the Portuguese, the Dutch, the Germans . n4 1, Italians ruled there their customs like Sunday prayers arul observance of Christmas, their names, their idols
is

The

third

criterion

io

h^^T*

Christ and Mary, their mythology, their sacred (Weslcrn-typc, names came to Bible, and their

like those
Iftc

book*
be

the

pir-g'esi,

taowfedf* of method iifo proceed from the

of collecting and collaring an important method sensed events That irnkiMMW or only vaguely

adopted.

Similary

when

the Arabs

struek across

the t*orld
tISt

known

to the

unknown.

It

with torch and sword ihey succeeded io terrorizing tories from Africa to Indonesia into accepting Islam.

kmthe
I

Ngt*

to use in establishing the criteria ihis ine:hn,l c art going which history has tost proving the existence of empire* of

descendants or those terrorized convent having forgotten gruesome experiences of their ancestors continue ta dote

met.
Lei us take the

example of the British


from

progressively fading out


ruled i very large

empire which started 1947 A.D. Because the British


language.
English,

Islam proving the proverbial ignorance to be bits? Any vonimnity which claims to have been a world-power must, there;

part
in th:

of the world their

prove that its customs, mythology, names and pods had bet accepted over a large part of the world

came
Thai

Li?

bespoken
to say any

wide region from America to Australia.

it

power which claims to have had a


its

world

The

fourth criterion of a

worldwide empire
rules

i*

oi

weight*
iiie

empire must prove that


the world.

language held sway

in

a large part of

and measures.
world
its

When

one country

mer
to be

large parts of

weights

and measures come


in the
territories

adopted
British

in

rh

The second
even

criterion

is

about religion or

way of

life.

Wher-

territories.

Thus

where the

ruled

ever the British ruled their religion


i

their ve-j

namely not only Christian. iy .hide of Christianity i. c. protestantism and orEnghnd cameo hive a large following. This

held political
the pound,

power even through pro*'",


ton.

H* **" " U
and
.he >i]

and

the bushel,

the

foot

IKfl

rurher emphasized by showing that in India the territory " ,ed bv *c Portuguese and .'ondichcrry und tmall ,.hlivhments were governed by the Trench for

adopted.

*"

The

fifth criterion

!!?
elite

SinCeb0 htbe P-rtuguese and


'

^"Zt"^l md iJJ!
,

*****
"'

rrM

the French
in
ihciI

Europeans ruled .he world a* the Nc Year Doy, January


I

Thus when Ifu -r t.m^ of measures online , Hh Ul i. vivtirtn calendar DcFinwi

***" iMj*

'J*

wlf

llull c

.,**

measures oftimc

lik=

seconds and mmu.es

"^guages too were patronised by the

'lltab.irnu ^nt-Muu.l dom"


popular

? *,,,*" ^

l<ffll

**

ICSPCClive

'""tones.
life

It

The

forgotten sixth criterion of a

cmP* *
J
1

re r

C mry ho,d *

administrative-

Eton-cum*wav of

become*

Where... fc.wpw ..educational control was "" particular system of education

126

12*
1

19

. .tirir teachers r adopted fW

doming,
fll

their

language becam t
|ys(cnlf

{hcjr

me|hod

mention or a" ,vo forgoueo


h the j r

3S
J,onv
claim

"^Eas^S*" m*
Vrrirorics,
to

^ ^ bMriM
iicrion

determining the existence of a fe' and topographical t* fcoprarh.cal par. of the *0tld tend, to
countries,

methods world empire

Hindu empiTC mttortaa, ancient Hindu empire Hi* h it. pped out or memory But its detail* may stftl be iaH?atd by the discussed by us above. The trace* of ihe ancient

ancient

worldwide

The

Hindu

go' obliterated

I,

own

M
far*

mVInc

its

pJw* fa

the

WM

from

history

with

new

w&y

erapirci

woeeedlai

tencta-tuiai

older forget the

ones
the ancient Hindu world empire vandalism. Like the writing oa sand

ICM,

rivers,

"

ta

*
m

mountain,.

The second reason why

rd$au Kshatriyas had a worldWhen we claim list ein has lost trace of It, we prove that id* wnplre .houch hkuiy V ca '" enumerated and clue help Of all the

forgotten is nas been wiped out by surging being progressively

wave* or the lea

m*

.be

dared Shove,

method*
onr

oily doing *o we ore following For instance or education and learning.


Tn

accepted

successor regimes obliterate traces of old regime*. Records ancient world Hindu empire were obliterated tnd traces of an domination which first swept Europe and bv waves of Christian world- The traces of the Hindu then the other regions of the
were wiped empire which escaped the Christian onslaughts, namely that of the barbaric \rahs out bv another great sweep all its their wake in the name of Islam.

geometry

nam
j

bv defining

It

point and line

and then proceed*


historical facts

from
too

theorem te Ifceofeei.

In proving
1

forgotten

destroying

we

si

mi
i

- m

jly

inconsequential clue*,

Just as a geo me-

trical fine

made up of small, flimsy Jot* similarly a ponderous !hetis can b? built up by joining together tiny see-

The

third reason

why

history

gets

wiped out
or
natural,

is

calamities

man-made and cataclysms, whether


invasions, termites,

tike

famine

rninrly

in

mi

clues

m'o a strong

siring of irrefutable

poverty, volcanic

eruptions,

earthquakes

evidence

and massacres.

M the

The mere
r>

fact.

Mm
weld

** ' h

<>

,mki

u **et

i'

may be aided

as to

why

at

all
if

history

of an ancient Hindu

.mpir.

* "** 2 "? -*
-

rincs of an f-ndent

Hindu world empire

there did

vir
to-,

,drUmbk
*'

There are several explanations. One explain The illimitable expanse of time past event* eel ojliiemcJ from public memory and record. This rifled by the reader from hi* own experience. If you io late even me mere name of your great egsndintner

proved, h * such an empire can be down ahove. When philosophy


sueh abstract .he cx.s.cnce of even concrete death, there i, no reason why
use of to rc-picce past events

WPj'*

*% m ^ MM* ^
rfc,
clue,
of

^
""
'

*" * kimi
jou
"

the

name

of

would

lam
i.

practically

nothing
to to be

The

task of proving

the

^ icicm-ft

an
_

*" "-penence
^children

Knot
also

difficult

becomes more

ol difficult because

are

likely

'empire* concept.

VIM

why our

histories

conmin no

People rcoJ to EWJI of the tyranny of one peoplt Of the s those who ire vaguely aw.uc

^^^ ^
ancient

*s8*
tbe
lCCflrt
I

^T^A* *

Con

uculiy

****"

in
130

The way successor regime*


the memories of thai em P i re [o fccniial , tend tfiucbcmP'* _ allowed to remain unnoticed and ft fofgouen or c
,

tend

force

* ro -

nnl

oppressed world ran, h: iHuuraled w.ih


books.

reference

^w^
tan
advent
S|

be biJ bdter
unrecorded.

tc*t

Tn > ie
.

hook*
century

htvc

tended to
that

din

into

the

rita

"t

*" |CldC
I

in the tin choInt(ic

"
-

t
.

first

instance.

An

histo-

Ihe

2oih

intelligentsia

before

the

nu*r
t

no.

be swayed
fact*

by

politics,

A.
k

duIy

o discover

which

are u n -

Christianity man was at Ihe aboriginal stage lftd lHll Western explorers, geographers and setentiiti

of

W|i |he

who

W rnr^r
^\lTn
Mi,n

Secondly the altitude of Hindu world eoenisancc of an The Hindu empire, un.ike i,n,,.nce.
fu ,| y fcnown.

covered that the earth was round, thai Hi equatorial ,mh measures about 25,000 miles that their pioneen for
the
fl

Artt dis-

rhm

and

M.hm empires was

not

tyrannical

It

was

unknown American continents and time located the who developed medicine, geometry etc their scholars

nt

that
etc

it

vt

ij

snarl

from olher empires,


explorers
certainly

Hindu conquerors and by armies even as one arms oneself with i accompanied regions. But that was ins d irk or unknown i hcn u
:

spread

all

over

These bogus claims can be pricked in no time by pointine out that Indian astronomy which is of untraceable antiquity, because it is seen to exist no matter how far back in time we go,

had

been

accurately

predicting

eclipses

and

other

cosmic

aom

ike

Wlatern migrants cU>nittfi

the forested

wastes
at

phenomena
In

Could the ancient Hindu

acquire such proficiency


thai Ihe earth

rfnw

American continents and exploring

the

frozen

wastes

cosmic mathematics without knowing

and other

df
xad

Thev

tfete

actuated
political

bv motives of

advancing

the

equatorial girth of the earth w planets were spherical, that the 25.U0O miles etc. fn fact their knowledge about cosmology

fffVftifJee

freedom, social emancipation

about

esrarifk exploration

qKead

of the ancient

Hindus

fi.

c.

Aryans) from Hindu-

fadtaVom
nil-

the rest or ihr

world was for even more

altfuiilit

oh ice lives.

They

were

the

first

not

nnly io achieve
political
all

material

progress but

weJal and

system

which defined the


in

of

humans

fanrf

fact

b which the higher a person climbed in me .usiere w lnt jfc hc |cd Thus lho&c
,

of everv

our own space-ship was more perfect than even the wiitSI of their very scientific termigeneration. This is apparent from for Iiraitet *hch it the nology vuch as Guru i. e. 'great' or "big* thit Mar. *K*}*' for Mars signifying largest in the solar syslem ancieai Hindu knew the broke away from the earth, etc. If the in earth doe< ll wmd i girth and .he expanse of the Wih century the Americas iniha .hat until Columbus discovered ah> emphasizes ihe need r no one knew about them ? This * logic and ^im the cupac.y to follow <ome historical
:

**

corollaries

from known

facts.

WN of
'

social

evolution

were enjoined
property

Hindu, Like astronomy the ancient

^vablc

'I

or immovable

developed fMtf lime* immcmona A calted Ayut lecture, music, medical sy*icm (because phicaldoeirmes and trigonometry

\^

ir

m * JjJ^JJ

^J _
[

their

ibi**

ifA

mai}

;* **~ -JESS* *
1

,cvci

** **

ii

had " than difficult to deduce that they

'

132 133

*
,

* r"

-nJ
1

^.dor^' *
i!(

,l

;rd

.^* in

bc hurmin br*,n m ** be wr-dependent. If < * ,,,n rertlkir.Hor^lciit u can never 4riJf J(rTc cd * ** of thoic cell, iy only *
,

^t

edncaitmi and became human

other

nothing Hindu* th c whole 01 to be tsWed of but humanity W C lhiU


i*

{ot

munl

docm.t

fli

imiiihrnily *s c ht flbor.8^
,

lH"

,cVel

whilc

thw *
in

Moreover
B(|

all

sciences and

am
one

'^

of the empire.

criteria

which help us

iometh lcl . to he MJ , *<* now p prove ihe etnt en of th

^rw-nr"*^^*
proses *' ipto facti endeavour. of human

projrew f cl oting

rtMic progress

in other brunches,

point by poini. how e4ch of . elucidated by us atove prove the criteria sc ven eUtoee f. gotten world empire of the ancient Hindus.
for

We

shall briefly explain,

toaent

ni

^ :r *
.

Ancrthh

Utile d. ? r e
j

..

to our main point of ,onlc. ui return , on | C |

"l

Z^v

The

tlwidc

sweep

of

the

WJticK the ancient Hindus spoke *asSnikrit apparent 110m the Veda* which ate in Sanskrit and which as is generally acknowledged 10 be the ancient have been mon literature in existence. If, therefore, other languages human

The language

and Muslim* forcing Hindus only enforced people tc- accept a Chrial *r Mohammad. on their children and principlei which parents impose
be understood

M J Tritoihf p

spread over .he world at obe ashamed of They poping for <o P h,st,ca<ed direction Urn when human.ty This is the first thtng .0 the aboricinal level
f
il

bear some affinity to Sanskrit ihcy arc obviously derivati> of All the so-called Sanskrit, and not collaterals. lode-Aryan are noihing but derivatives of Sanskrit becaose the languages

Secondly, unlike Christians

Sanskrit-speaking Hindus had spread Sanskrit over the ancient world and had conducted education through the medium of Sanskrit. Tim has been illustrated by showing above bow eveo
to

our

own oay

ancient Sanskrit acaocmic nomenclature sumvci

roles

ike earlv to

ri*e

and early to bed, telling the truth,

bard

work,
Crater-

ilfruum. constancy in marriage, affection for the

human

by relet uu 10 the world 'trigonometry.' In iaci explaining the existence ol an ancient litndu empue is very important aeade*
ulone adequamtcatly because the existence ol sucn an empire explains why Greek, Latin, Italian, German, French. SpaaUh,

Hnltt udmhis'ratinn was thus Biy Any eontptetelt free ifdwrma. chauvinism and exploration. chainiement me r ed out was only correctional like that of the
and resoect for
all
life

tely

English, Hussian

ana

otlici

Lmopcan

languages, Persian, Pushtu


ol the

mother of her children for love and with a desire to reform


fraphie proor or thi*
t

A
with

Turkish ana most ol

the

languages

tar East uul carry a

ihai

wherever Indian rulers,

admlnist-

substantial coiuent of Sanskrit.

and educa'or* went they settled


people

down and merged

Incidentally, the icrrn 'Undo- Aryan"


'Indian'
the

is

a misnomer because

The Hindus never treated the local? as secondi/eai or as objects of contempt unlike the record of Tjfi,. Peniuns and other Muslim communities which
fdia

and Aryan

axe synonyms.

The *AryV Dliarma


is

way

oi life oi the Hu.au*.

Hence what
,s

Ar>aa
oi
11

and forced their

own dogmas during

Therefore the term '-Judo-Aryan"


It

duplication

n|ie

millcnium

of fcorror and terror.


After

Ar>an should be clear then how the term In* languages 19 sizes the Indian origin of all European
those ol the Middle and Far East.

"*^
^

having

thus
1

academic necessity nf important historical clues 10 advance


the
of the

underlined

now)ed,e ab
racr

ui forgotten hletoiy

*****

"<>

and having explained world empire of the ancient

criterion had mentioned the second ff , JU n< Ufa* WAS *P** Indian religion i.e. the Indian *ay HlB j u |fld rf *o The world". major

We

J*^*

-i

part of the oncieni

135
n ,*ciifJ laoi

everywhere

in

ihe

ancient

Wor

d tbc

Mud *
JTflm*

e ine ancieot r,d 01 ,hC IU,C,e01 W ** find a " Euro* * l f e P art Turk* and many other peoples still proudly *a* Jrimans, them also retain Aryan themselves Aryans. Some of

nd most part* of the world prevalent I '.<, .as aJso Ary*" * S lbC lCrm Wb,Ch 5 '* n,ftCS "ed bl ( H' nd,,s Indian way of life. Since Aryanism barf
*tf

MheF " ke wnip


-

t-sitothe American continents i n ih e *h c * un flnd coW and lhe cobrtt


in

'

Ln *^
in d

etc.) are .| ** ancient limes Hindu deliiei in worshipping ! ndu (the God of Death), v.m B U he Goa Moksha

Czechoslovaks, Yugoslav

Handashwa

alias

Hordes

tf*. the sun) and

Yan ^* ^
other,.

min y

(yaboli like the

Swasuk among the Germans and the SbaktiStar of

ibalra

alia* the six*pointed

Solomon among
is

the Jews,

mentioned South sect of


"Illustrated

the local people Mill worship the Hindu In Siberia God " signifying the giver of longevity, when anybody u uteo That this is au anc,ent Hindu custom, ii j seriously ill10 in Urna Sitaram's article about the Hindu

Indian Ayyars.

The

article

Brahmin appeared m ihe


dated
picture
for

Weekly of India" (published from Bombay)

The third criterion we have specified


customs, names and God>.

thai of

mythology

could be shown to have Jt has already been adopted from India by the ancient world. been stated bou the Hindu God Shiva used lo be worshipped
II

January 23, 1972.


reads

On

page 8 of the
It is

issue,

caption
to

these

"AYUSHYAHOMAM.
(i.e. offer

customary

paremi on

perform a havan

oblations to a sacred

fire)

the

birthday of their children.


over one's lifespan
death) arc
in their

Ayu-devata or tbc

deity

presiding

all

the world over,


i

in be
\

be

what are now believed headquarters of Christianity and Islam namely at the
ti

was worshipped

in

and Mrityunjaya (Siva the vanqubbet of invoked," The Japanese also worship Hindu deities
In fact the term 'Shinto"
is

The Pope's anccsim *at Hindu priest*. Their Vatican is the Sanskrit word Vaiica meaning a bower i.e. u syhan hermitage. The Vatican
uiitdn
Italy

and in Mecca respectively.

Shinto shrines.

itself

corrupt formof Sindhu or


Indus region
to
i.e.

Hindu standing

tor the religion of tbc

emblems buncd in their walls and Many >ucb ancient Hindu Shita emblems have been Ian JujuphiHnJy Some o'f those found in the Vatican are siiH
b*\<
hi
tin-

punmo

nun>

Mm a

Hinduism.

That the region from Afghanistan

Korea followed Hinduism is of course still recorded in world But even the ancient Maya and luea civilization* of histories.
the

Americas were Hindu,


is

Vatican**
flautist

shjra legend
>idl
i

of the

museum The Hindu who charmed men and beasts i*


Etruscan
Italian iiadiimn.

over the world

Even Buddhism that a successor Hindu cull which

has spread
ipso
facto
in

pan or Scandinavian and


name, cndinc

presupposes the existence of the earlier orthodox


the very

Hmduum

The Scundina-

Sen'

Bo*

m in 'Amundsen
Ugrasnn,
English

same regions.

The Hindu

title

"Kcsan" (meaning
to

and 'Suienscn* are

'"Lion") for kings

endjji|< as ,

Bhadmcn and
In

may

be seen to have been applied even


to

The Ln^lish word


to

"farf*Hrj

German monarch* as "Kaiser" and


Ulso

Romans
Romans).

as

'Caesar''

the

dictionary
fhai
is

originate

miwfiif* fortified place'


Ourfi'
It,

pronounced

"Kaiser"

by

the

The

Hindu
all

**'***
E

obviously the
to
the

tUer
"

derivation
,

imWOrd
u,"
P o

Pu '

h l0 Ft0nOUnCC PUfat
"

unl.no,,,

honorific "Sri" the world as

may

also be seen

lo be widely prevalent

o*er

<o*n or

locality.

The

k
lo r
f

BoCb
iheiuwij.

rr th " countries there

V* Wm ^
,s

" *"* * 'Singapore' and


great similarity

< " ***


in

"Sir" alias Sriman in England and as "Signer in &0*">rn Europe. The Hindu honorific for u woman is Shrimau* which is still * applied in Europe as "Signorita.'* In fe ln English word Sriman 'man' is the partirf lhe Sanskrit word

end

baaing Miner.

U6
137

TIK

^*
-

had mentioned lo retrace the 0lrf> cn "' on we ihai of the wide prevalence of
ire
r

d*** Wt*
,!!* and

people from poets to clothiers j. a -Mei ,,|l va *!fi ltr , commonly used in Hindu medici^ ,hcHind " W f <> othct things. The i,r represent quantity nnd and the division of a hne dF<*"* in flni0C i2 inches f(Wrt .ifa erm Eof] lrans a tton of the Sanskrit word
f
r

^
(

***_

^e

worldwide adoptian of the

m eaWlt

|hc earth

That

all

and men and women who mhabucd scenees and arts and rc.ig.ous
f

IMIU *"

he

H,ndu * h

"

mu

bec

^^

those

trie*

Sllttiltnte^l

'*?

lbo%e

mM
ve d.

"Trigonometry'
It

meaning the study


also be

of

ircments. ulc .lSl

may

Ihtee-dime^

^*

lW yunani
experts

system

noted that what ltu Afabi ol medicine is nothing but , hc

also of verse, "


C

is

The

fifth

criterion i* the measure of

^"Mhbe'folloii

Obviously Us name'Unanr' sigmhes that Hindu from India must have been proceeding .0
caiJ

Hmdu A m e d le i
.hrough

Arab*

,,nie

V ,h! *olit second tune from me *P

IESSSS---"-- ncaUfctMwkkk
.,..

to the days, Ai , lhis cou jd

-e.suremem* , months and year as ha,


not have been possible

This corroborates our observation w hal that the popular nouon ol ihc Arabs having spread Indian above '* not quite true. learning in |-ur'Pe

Greece today.

thai

Ihe exigence o. , helps us re-piee educational conliol. Il liai been


or

oi

Ihescscmli criterion, iiunnuncil h> an ancient lorgoucu oinptrc. is thai

us, lo test ihc existence


ol

geographical as
trie

topographical names prevalent

over Ihc world in

language

and I ash ion ol the ruling

com iuu nils


replclc wills Sanskrit.

ni.Lmonlva^med.batthe
, D Uihe latter educated
aiodibcat.on.
ihc

Indians

educated^
need*

Arab,
slight

The ancient
chisibau,
I

alios

n
it

The terms ending


in

Europe.

This belief

with ihc sulltx "MIWiV

in properly spelled as "stanj as

na]u>

Since Arabia happened lo be

transit area on

Atgrjanistliaii,

tvuruisiuan,

Kahnsiuun,

^Chinese)

roue

ol Indian

to educators and administrators proceeding


tiiat

uikisitian.

Gnu culls man, UuurucniMhan, Arvasman icorrupicd


Kd/uKstlian,

Lurope and the America*

ha* been wrongly assumed In fact it was was the Arabs, who educated the % eatern world. who suuuliaaeously imparted education to ihc resi
it

u
iu

Arabia),

LbckLnnn
ianiKfil
.

etc,

are

all

iauskrjt.

Similarly Bf tthmnaoslt

iJfttr ciaj,

Java, Sumatra, Malay, Singarout


ir*

ihc Indians

.he ancient

world

in all

continent* like Asia,

Europe and

the
the
little

Moreover >mec the ancient Hindu* regarded wade of humanity as a common brotherhood it mattered
Americas.

ending m pronounced as l rraw adyj are also Sanskrit. Worts The terms ail Sansarit. land' as in Lngland', Deutseblaud' arc Asur* commun.lKi Syrians and Assyrians sigmiy the Sur" and

pore, Iraq, Iran ilrom

we

as

Iraaati

mal-

netber the educator, proceeding to teach in Jburope

or the or

mentioned

in ihc

Indian epics.
lost

They
touch

all

spoke

Sanskrit

for

Americas were actual!)


other tjuniry.

resident* of India or

Arabia

any
all

several centuries until they

sviih

India.

CM

This was lurther immaterial

becau&e they

Kamsar. West Asia called Nishapur, Jaiidishapur,

NwUM
all

*d

practised

Hinduism

and shared
religion!

cocci, ihe

am
vim

and

same knowledge in procedure. Under Hindu


the
barriers.

the
rule

Samarkand and

localities, say, in

with England ending

as in 'Shrewsbury'

'Anbury* and
all

Watcrbury' are

there were no national or

political

ot need

and passports to travel

human being from one pa" to


broad-minded view
of between regions

Thus

vvc see

how

the criteria

the for .est.ng

anoihci because the ancient Hindus in their world hated to make any distinctions

an ancient Hindu empire unerringly


inch an empire though
History texts published
it

point to

ha* faded out rewrite hereafter must

JT"^

^ ^

5uun
-

mmDl


is I.

worldwide Hindu , m LhVhclpofdu^d^usscd by us above and Similttf d.cm*red. People must also give up the lend that m.v be wtoiplicMybdievcthiipfan event finds no mention a
chamert

*&* P****"

nt

hirtorie*
his

it

knowledge

Man must not have happened. never perfect or complete. ii


and has to
given

not being omni$ci etll


|

^
^

rends to disappear

Knowledge a 5t) be rediscovered That i$ why is


taught lo ihink and

18
TRACES OF AN HINDU WORLD EMPIRE
In the illimitable expanse of time many facts are irretrivably forgotten. One such is that of a worldwide lost and empire of Hindus. Our history books of the 20th century the ancient make no mention of an ancient, worldwide Hindu empire

school examinations
lute missing

candidates are

substj.

words

in

broken sentences.
taught
in

One must

m
nf

forget that discipline so thoughtfully

lum*.
i

tl is

school curricu. an important discipline to prepare the adult to


missing
history.

milarK provide the

links

in

different

branches

knowledge including

partly

out of ignorance and partly out of cussedness. People all ihc to overlook world over have been so thoroughly brainwashed

recurring signs and proofs of the world empire of the ancient Hindus and today if anybody claims that an ancient
ull

Hindu empire did


knave.

exist

he

is

looked upon either

as a fool or a

Luckily, however,
red all the

wc do

have traces of evidence

left scatte-

World over, which if pieced together painstakingly, will leave no doubt iq anybody's mind about the existence of a worldwide empire of the ancient Hindus, There are two main reasons why old
and
lost
;

history gets
is

forgctten
hiitory

one

is

that as every

new

generation

born the

of the older ones gets progressively fo. gotten.

Ask any iadm-

dual

how much

he knows about the

life

of his father he will know

know
less.

just a little.

About

his

grandfather

m
>
i

And about

his great grandfather

knew he may not even


the

the

name.

This shows, how, as time advances,


is

earlier

progressively pushed into nMt*l be** natural process of forget fulness. This is but limited :ordcd fuel* is men's capacity to remember or store rec<

oWiwob

generations

The other important reason why


ouen
is

history gets

human

animosities and
139

rivalries,

m*

'^"^

140 141

and torch and ort armed * ii h sword

hammer and

sickle

burning or destroying FtiematicaU) hammering down, ib In Thin i rac0t Irtyi the traces of older civilizations diwie other empire got obliterated through ofthe ancient Hindu world
tyiremitic

|0

fa

arttociton of

it*

empire
to

wh.ch ind term*


ent clues.

M*tlam

of lilBt lon & afler lhe cnd of an CTn P* alio prov,de tifBtoO impota nd

Some piihy iei Hllc float down the eorridors


6.

onslaughts or otber

faiths

like

Christianity

Ultra

was mainly Href the Christian Hindu empire, fn Asia it w 4 , tfcho obliterated all vestiges of the miinjy the Islamic onslaught which want onls destroyed Hmdu
In

Europe and the Americas

it

e
f

an

,oand. before we make ancient Hindu empire.

us

now

test

whether the

laid down by u* rtove use of them to prove the exltteoca

criteria

history and appropriated Hindu buildings as

own mosques

over just a little

two decades ago, within

the span

ronr

and

lombs.
But fortunately there are ways and
the story
jogJ>

wc know own memory,


Since the

that the British had a worldwide empire

means of
is.

reconstructing

evidence has been icemoften brougnt systematically destroyed even as muitfet


ll

of past events even after

country was England and iheir and they wielded worldwide authority, English language En*lWl geographical terms such as Iceland, Somatiland, Buchanaland, White Sea came into vogue B,tsuto1and Indian Ocean,

name of

their

own

home

to

trie

assassin

even after

tie

has taken gi eat pains to


In
thi&

t
in

obliterate evidence

ana plant niisleuiim^ clues.

we

are

were Christians Christianity spreid Since the English people English customs, stories, 3. region* where they ruled.
to be

helped by an immutable law ol this umxciic ibat cute


talcs

sin

event
deli-

pUcc

is

traces persist despite tbe

how

oj

unic uuu

mythology and symbols came heyday of and pot spread during the
titles,

copied or adopted

British rule over a large

berate attempts at destruction.

part of the world.

The

English language came to be spoken

from the Americas to


Let ut
firs'

lay

down some

criteria

by which histories of
V\c

furgotten empires can be leccnsuut.co.


crucrijL
|.

hy down

six

such

Geographical

names.
it

claim*

it

had a worluwiue empire

Whichever community sboula be able to prove


tor seas, rivers,

Zealand because the English ruled and 5. Their weights and measure* ov .r that wide area, in world commerce aad currency were quoted and adopted world power because the English were the dominant
industry
in

New

lhat the ancient alias bore us

own nomenclature

and the foot and the inch, the stone minute guinea, the seconds and pound, the farthing and the
the recent past.

The

mountains ana regions.

The religion ol a community which rules jdc world must be shown to have spread over large tract! in all pans of \ht world. 3. Ij a community has uelo world1.

and January

as the

New

Year Day came

to be

copud

those were the adop.ed the world over because

wide sway u culture, namely iu mythology and customs will linger for ages even after its rule or administration ends.
nK

Some empire-builders, the British. 6. never sets on the British empire'wil,


about the

onetime worldwide sway

language ol
in ibe
it*

on*

a worldwide empire speech of the people in different paiu ol the world

those

who havt had

and administrative authority ends. 5. Jf a JTOftl has ruled (fat world us weights and measures onumie to be adopted over large parts of the world long after
political

alter

thousand continue to linger in history say five century most of the traces of the 1<Kh and 20th gro* from history or rill have been obliterated

^^JZ ^
ol the

phrases such

"""f** i*

aniw

years n

hcn

UnfC

^ gQl

ably tenuous.

142
take *ri0ihcr tilrt

from

***"

term

Nagaland.'

That
India

it

the

name
free

L ***^*^^Ua* me
The
BHudi
hc
;

linglisli chose ihm English .jm India Indie j y independent Mminefofant* np.ry nun,. which has nna a hoary Hindu, of India , name by the name for choice of that English "JE? cho

Br ,,|in ru

^^fSTS5-W who
n
is

ttfl er

emerged
first

Nehru the

Prime

19
^TANciiprTATLAS BORE
is I,
all

ALL SANSKRIT NAMES

rule

a measure of

that slavery

make*

into

rn;,: l;

ss i

Thousand -

r^SJ hlr
i^wodM
'uled at .east over
that

/ ^

tS

to

bc .

**-*
lh

*
(

or an...h
in

w .

too easily assumed ,

*M

.11

that

il

worth Unowin.

assurap ,ion

ihc
flrfi

,,,im

dja

rom
d

b,e

*"i7C:; .!Uch

scope

in

history

lo

#. m
mention

1.

Ml

<

memory of

a part of India

0ne
for

any discermng h.itonan to that the Brit.sh must have oncudewah unerring accuracv
be enough
part

",Cient
f

of India

If

somehow

fuiure

IS" Z!SS t

make no J ^^TI^creo historical ,e* -he,, *- ex.st.d and ye, empire >M of the

m nrtanl void

in ancieni

history pertains is an

M
,c

which that region of India was htoarta finds out the year in concludes ihut British rule maj named Nagaland and therefrom least until thai year he would hive emended over thai region at not be mell error of time but he would il the ami commit a
wrong millcniums ago the error of Tn computing the hhtOfJ of several while the salvaging a small margin of time would be negligible worldwide British empire of a completely forgot ton fact of a
would be invaluable
for
in concluding that the British

Ut

WHO*
q es

us at the outse! nU .-

r r

d
ri

ivns

to

did

rule over that region^

recorded history.

So we
milk mums
aiicicnt

see

how

single

words and terms lingering


In

in
in

history

aficr

an event can prove \cry valuable


reconstructing

recons-

Asproduc" ol abroad laugh aw.y 6 prone to (aBf|liM M11 are usually fc no ^ run wii tcta* imaginative chauvinism tho1l>E il mere, in tenuous and ^ Vil) Such supposedly finds co when one s assume .mportance nomen Hindus. *he UW ancient topographical of *" language Sanskrit was the ro0 umam.. named oce world they spread all over the

by "J n

"; ^;; **-*"*

nc and

ri 0-*
,

<*"

mw

tructing forgotten hisiory

the story ol

an

and different regions

in Sanskrit.

Hindu empire we shall millemiims. ie,m* which have come down floating to us across of a which ere of immense help <n piecing together the story Those terms and very ancient worldwide Hindu empire. about phrases are pregnant with meaning and speak volumes
thut

show

ihcrc are

*ome such

had That the ancieni Hindu, i* wfil spread nil over the world

the

po

^ .^ ^
(*)

an ancient Hindu world empire and carefully analysed

if

they are properly understood

I* Krunwanto Vishwam Aryan. Aa' We might underline <>< ^'J,, bee world has . race. The contemporary The word A.y
that -Arya'

J**^. *

,,,

inl5 ,ed

W-

|tuvl

was a

race.

143

CTftlmg

144

145

Vfcdfcpiyefllfc

WM
wc are
rhni

bescd
all

on the univcrs l
mia$
!

humane
and to x b <lc

iMorferipIellial

descended from d.vmiiv


hQ0lir ttim
-

m*f*roiu irnct ofrhndiusm

"
**

divim( -v

and 'Indianapolis', though compartmodern, derive from the admiration the world riveIy retained great Indian empire the memories of which

The term*

'Indiana'

for a

must be moulded wiih th ar For thai ^c ancient Hindus devised a code of Lift; ji n nduct whicli cnjo.nv 3 Itfc of mental and physical purity and LvmformTij to a code of Junes and community service.
ihnl

ur

lives

centuries after that empire had vanished. , c veral

lingered Tor

The term
very tiny

'Indian

Ocean too

it

of great ligniucance

in re-

constructing lost

i,

.,

of

lift

1.

nMinocetf b<

the

*oro\

and forgotton history, India is i comparatively country that 'hangs* on the IndianOceanas viewed

\i>V Qn<|

in

Thorttvcr]

of

ihe

v,r-iU\
.tnd

poptifci;k>n

cull.

The African continent is a vastly bigger territoa world map The Arabian peninsula is another big chunk of land rial mass. Ocean. Why then should that ocean he abutting on tre Indian named
the

fmportrni
,,:

Wmdtt
"KtJi-it

id

(act,

graphic proof that succeeded in implementing

after

India ?

Obviously because

io

the ancient past

into

ij%rmam AryunV (make (he

whole

Indian navy reigned supreme over thai ocean (and of course many others). There was no other power which could challenge
India's naval

might from the Americas

to Australia,

In shun,

taytomu

names the ou n fashion Thus because the Ac Infra country uaj Sindhu Stlinn they started
-

t.iMMk-s a world empire


jr%

India was then the mistress of the seas. It was that unchallenged sway which resulted in identifying that ocean with India

tic. in

whose ships plied across

it.

11
'

CW""0

Raluc-.vthan,

Turkasihan

The term 'Mediterranean* is also a ccnt of times when Sanskrit-speaking


Hindu warriors) controlled
ail

Sanskrit

name reminu-

Indian

Ksrumyai
sea.

tthe

Tl,

c,t

,],.

M,c, ,f.c.

bore names given by

the ports around that

Indian,

m^ once bad, nor^idc emprrc


*
-v

**

ntm

even though men-

ft* I,,,

iJ;^;;;;:,

j" **
i
1111
ll

iterated From

current

hterfc*

may The Sanskrit origin of the term 'Mediterranean' changed Sanskrit 'Dharatala* gets explained this wav
:

be

"u

J^^^-^^Wfc^ *
te^!^r
'

^ "mCTthcatfca
f
luUia

*****.
even to our

w,
own

'terrestrial' in English.
Is

corrupted tu *Medi'
is

root

!ndianvlcd
powerful
ndia
.

waj

i
.|

Madhvn'. Madhya-Dharatar
mass.

in

'Malaya Similarly the Sanskrit word languages. So the Europe

European

and 'MeaT b ijt the Sanskrit root 'Dhara' Sanskrit-speaking Indians had thetatfl the centre of

*tnd lan
1

ur
Pl
'

**k|
...

the

crmi

a|ul

Kr.,K

w,,Uvcri

':">d or

people had

of the ***** exactly the meaning San skn terranean.' Thai sea won't bear a and < hc regions Sanskrit-speaking Hindus governed all t Tin. condemn * all the it.

U. a

sea io

*"nm
'

Sttjl

That

Is

uflles5

at

" l| '"-.,Unl y name


r

MedUt from the Sanskrit origin of the term


names origin of the

pom

surrounding

^ ^^

|of|Ci rf

ih, ab-

he verified by tracing the those regions.

146

The 'Red Sea"


the incienr Hindu?. IS 'Lohit

is

*o

named because
find a

it
it

We

was so formed bv
in the

147

mention of
emissaries;
I

Ramayan
out
jn
-.h

Sagar* when Rama's

The
nt

Straits of

Sunda

fanned

dire t.tram to locate

the

abducted See a Toll it" means *Red\ s term 'Red Sen" is a mere translation of on ancient Sanskrit

the time of the

worldwide search

also find a mention in ihe tm


for Secta.
'

1M

The term Sumcr ians


mentioned rajn* often
,8

derives from 'Sumem* so j aen

name.

in

Hindu

moon.
'Allii'

scripture*.

The word

mechanical Translation of the name 'Ksheer Sagar* used by the ancient Hindus, it happens in history that the names used by empire-builders often
Likewise the
is

name "White

Sea*

a|so I

local

dialectical

translation

or the Sanskrit

term

Sumeru'

The

lerm

England
is

originates
in

from

the

Sanskrit

wr*rd

survive In translations in local dialects,

Sea* are such terms.

They

testify

*Whiie Sea' and 'Red to the existence of the world-

AncJa'Sthan as

explained

a subsequent chapter

wide sway of the ancient Hindus.

community which

rule* the world


in the style

often
its

tends to

name

The term Scandinavia is a corrupt form of the SaasKnt word Scandanabhi" signifying a land of warriors. The Vikings of Scandinavia (a region in Europe) were known for their
warlike qualities.

different

conquered regions

of

own

country. Thus

when England became the dominant Political power in the world names like Basutoland and Buchanalnnd became popular. Likewise when the Hindu* ruled the world, because their own region was named Sindhusrhan (since corrupted to
for instance

Germans

call their

land Deutschland.

That name derive*

from 'Daitya SthanV *Oaityas' were an ancient Hindu, Saaskriispesking community. As per Hindu mythology they were

Hindus than) rhev named the various regions under their sway ai Afnhanisihan. Baluchisthan. Turagasthan (modern Turkey). rorhan (modern Arabia). Gharuchisthan. Ghabulisthan
Kurdisthan, Kazaksthau and Uzheksthan

known
'Dili'.

as Daitya* since they were born of a

woman known

ai

The term 'Dutch*


Daitya*.

is

also

corrupt

form

of

the
ibe

word
towa

This

may be

illustrated

by the

name of

The names Tran* and 'Traq 1 too arc of Hindu. Sanskril They derive from ihc Sanskrit root as in *Trawaii' flrrawadu i n lhc Sanskrit dictionary the term 'Iran' is i as 'salty and barren ground'. This is exactly what

That town 'Bhairaich* in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, the derived its name from the temple of Rrihad-Aditya"

0*

Great

Sun).

The term

Rrihad-Aditya'

got

corrupted

to

Thcword'Rann'fofKutcMis
Sanskrit root.
|n

also derived

the Likewise the term Daitya was Bhairaich in popular usage. origin of the current term 'Dutch".

from the

Asia Minor there were cities bearing names such as Jandi>hapur and Vidisha (Edisa). The and Assyria are pronounced in Greek as 'Suria'
-

The Caspian Sea


and
bis

also derives

its

name

Troro the wet!

known
*

saae Cashvap. the ancestor of the Daitya community.

Cas

incient
in

t
in

the two Sanskrit-speaking Hindu communities 'Sura* and 'Asura' often mentioned Hindu scripture*

They

derive

from

descendants the Dailyas mythology.

figure

prominently ia

waa

The
*DanuV.
'Vachnn'
a* a

river

Danube
Sanskrit

derives

its

name Trom
gets
in

the Saort'ii

um

two Afr.can countries Mali and Somali derive their om tw leaden pf lhc Demon" community mentioned

That term
in

-IW
becomes

J^ f* aodlft 'Bachan ^
in

"

the

Ramayana

Popular usage.

Since the word *Danuv

synonym

for the 'Daitya"

community

Hindu

jcripttttea.

148
149
the river flowing
x.

thwtyfc ft? hd of the Dnityas alia* as Danub alia* Danube. Daoubi) came to be known

D aiUlVi

w jch may
pc5l
is

be seen to be a Sanskrit root as i* *n intA *'ived Buddha Prnsiha,

.
.

Q Budi-

Litewjie The 'Nile' of Egypt is a name given by Sanskrit the worldwide Hindu rmpire. t explorers in the day* of

Sanskrit the

word

'Nil'

means

'blue.'

Later, over the centuries,

quote innumerable inch pl ace scattered all over the world. sim Sanskrit, form of Buddha V.har) in corrupt

We may

._
ft

..

>*T JnL
'

(i

UAeksun
Ip

when the Sanskrit meaning of that term was forgotten people inadvertantly added the English adjective 'blue* and began to
call the river 'Blue Nile* not

lbe

(akeofLordRatn) in Turkey, Nishapur tNaV a Vihar) in Iraq, Mecca (from Makha


Arabia. Nagarhar
in

mea

realizing that the original Sanskrit

in fi ,e)

Afghanistan, . d
in

^^ ^
R atmna
,

J ** *
J
proV

name

'Nil" itself

signified a 'blue' stream.

Ramasthan the abode of Rama)


the existence of a vast

Hindu empire

Around August-September 1970. the Press Trust of India ncnri agency reported that the port of Brunei has been named
"Sen Bhagwan'

these in the ancient past.

Jordan,

All

m memory

of the lace
This
is

(Muslim)
over

ruler's

title

In Russia names like 'Stalingrad' and 'Leningrad' arc the iiimc as Nandigram" and 'SewagranV in India. The
iU ffix 'grao* is a

meaning 'Royal Adviser.*


being misunderstood

yet another
all

instance of
the

how

ancient Hindu, Sanskrit terms scattered

encampment
That proves

world are
day.

Russian the ancient Sanskrit word for since people there have to live in camps in tbe

conupt form of

The term *Shri Bhagwan' in Sanskrit connotes 'Lord Almighty*. As such that was the title of he Hindu monarch of the Brunei.
i

and misinterpreted

in

our

own

inhospitable local climate in the

how

Siberia too

absence of permanent houses. was colonised by the ancient

Sanskrit-speaking Hindus.

Later
ted

when

the Arabs invaded those regions

and cruelly conver-

detailed study of the ancient atlas thus provide* strong

everybody from prince to pauper to islam the monarch though convened to Tslam continued to sport his sacred Hindu Over the years those Sanskrit terms have been misinterpreted at illustrated above. Ail the same the term <Scri BhagwatT surviving through the vicissitudes of centuries and >rg.ei of forcible conversions testifies to the deep roots
that

proof of an ancient Hindu empire. This staggering geographical and topogiaphic-U evidence cannot just be brushed away on the

ground thai current historical


an ancient worldwide Hindu

text

books contain no mention of


If

empire,

for

some reason
will

the

records of that empire have got destroyed they

have to be

reconstructed from
I

all

such evidence of which the geographical*

Hindu tradition had struck

all

over the ancient world.

C^choilovafcia,

Those regions of Europe which are inhabited by the Slavs. iu|oslavia and Czechoslovakia, had an ancient Hindu, tradition as i, apparent from the fact that the ancient Wtvs worshipped Hindu deities Me India, Varun, Yama and ** Sun H.ndashwa). That is why Prague, the capital of
i,

cum-iopographica names illustrated above arejutt one faceL There are many other aspects of that evidence which we shall
review in separate chapters.

Uie stub of .he Sanskrit

name

Pruguejyotisrr

Sanskrit

fS5!2&? EUrP name


for
its

**

"*>
The

Latvia, also

still

sport, a
"Riga"

capital.

capital

of Latvia

is

lit

A.

fii administrators, philosopher* the world'!


their

Mj(Sni

^
20
ir3

carried
r ved,

ramfcibk

medical
world.

rcmolcst P

am of tht

sye m

kft

ancient medical system, Th0 l the d flU 0V6r lhC W rld may

pr*
jl
ifi

the Ayurved,

w, t

l|ud]ed

bc Proved from

nZ

AVORVfD-THE HINDU NIEDICA1 SYSTEM HEAIED THE ANCIENT WORLD


hiaory of Eurone before n, "" MotanuMd because on cornl, be Christians an ,be Muslims respectivelLT,? '""'"' * r be, t ,e ,he cmllI3U o a of their forbear*
and of Arabia before

Very

little is

known of

the

acknowledged thai the Arabs teamed iheit arts from the ancient Hindus That among those fences and Arab* were also imparted medical education by the jtudies i he from the almost complete locality ol the is apparent
widely
Hindus

J""

system of medicine with ihc Hindu Ayurved. Arabic (Unani)


Arabs are known to possess and follow, standard Ayurvedic works. The laiions of
diagnosis
is
stilt,

mc teal

trioiol

and tbev win ,! b rulh U r ," "* '* brash rfmail

Mohammad

Ask any Westerner aboui the life a.k any Muslim about ,be history

in

Euro,
,)r

h.r,,

Arab
mainly

method n
from

"

*""'

also

entirely

Hindu,

namely

Ute

of bs a " 6,s before

patient's auise.

* """"o"
and

<* ">

The Arabs
they learnt
it

call their

medical system 'Yunanf

signifying, that

Ite

of o

JSE3 SAT""*
,

*" **

iift

Greece.
that

from Greece since 'Yunan is their word lor Since 'Yunani' and Ayurvcd arc idcnlical Jt is appaicm

^ MMdM* o .taTl. b>


Md
*.,>

" M0 " i,R5 of ,he


'

*<"* fa
lu

Ayurved reached Arabia through Greece. This proves ihai Obviously inn lead* to ancteni Greece also practised Ayurvcd. meoicaj men bad the conclusion that Indian administrates and
spread to
It

bcfU ret h ,* la

longer r

ur Wt : ,,';:'''

0,"!

"'
,he

"*

* *-*.
U

" Wed

Greece too.

has been recorded in memories abodt Prophet used to mad that whenever his wife Ayesna used to be ill he -noiao thou in Indian doctors. This could only happen it
education and administration
ol

Moham

was being lolloweo

in

lAW

those

umes.

We

**.

.bo. iB ::,

'He world,
science, and

'""Artw,,',,,,
it

":':;;:
,

.. '.tV'l

"**

hiuiiaiof,hc Vea,c "'"J*" 'Krunwunio

Brinsh rule.

When

experience say this trom oui aoPin,sa India came under British
e

ol India

"

"r

Al* ri

*"y the India Ayurvedic medical system tost P* rose in pu Practising allopathy the Western system

*^tbOfe

^^

nil

am.

WUI P'. archttceiur* and


ISO

all other

U " J, The cine ol i aflia look pr.oe in culling is ""on, Certificates issued by allopaths were iep
fro* Ministration, to the exclusion of ccriifieatc*

U.

_^
Ay

^ .^

152
Idoiotaralorfc we rc consulted

Therefore
in

the fact

thai

In<|i ftri

153
n%

Arabia of Prophet Mohammad' contemporary administration being ihe is proof of Indian* are likely to angrily repudiate this conclusion people r
the

^^ mt

also evince great respect T.ie Siberians


i

for

Ganga

water.

All

suggest two points for consideration, distinction between man ancient Indians made no and man'^ To them the whole one COttfltiy and another.

we would

like to

p^
?*

strong evidence of ancient Indian educators administrators and medicine men having stayed, worked and taught in Siberia immemorial. Considering the present slate of knowledge in times sounds fantastic but in view of the rare evidence that we all this
Ins is

world

common human home. Therefore, when we say that Indi tan ihought and methods prevailed over ancient Arabia all that w mean is that philosophy, educational methods, administrative
systems, social patterns,

through other publications of outs, .ill are producing here and these missing chapters of history will have to be carefully
researched, studied and rcpicccd.

medicine etc. as developed and spread by Indian sages and seers were in vogue in Arabia of those times. There is nothing in this which should hurt anybody's
Contrarily
it

The very word


to that region

Siberia

is

of Sanskrit origin.

It

was given

by Indian cvptorcrs and


'Shibir'

geographers
evict

who

first

ego.

should foster the


the

feeling of unity

among
does

chatted the earth. still call their land


Sanskrit word.

Though, spelled as Siberia the local people


llm*
retaining

the

original

fl ||

humanitysocial

Secondly

adoption
in

of Indian
ancient

In Sanskrit the

word
in

"Shibir"

signifies
is

'encamp-

administrative,

and educational patterns

Arabia

ment' or temporary habitation.


no
1

Since Siberia

an inhospita

signify political

or imperial domination

of India over Arabia

region people usually live there


If,

temporary tenements.

but

common

citizenship

between India and the rest of the

ancient

therefore,

the

ancient

Hindu medical system

can

world including Arabia,

Havmg noted

the traces of the

prevalence of the Indian


let

medical system in Greece

and

A rub hi

us

now

scrutinize other

Arabia be seen to be prevalent in such diverse regions as Greece. to all return and Siberia it is apparent that Ayurved had spread an important of the world. Thi* is historic logic, which forms
part of historical methodology especially
ing into remote, barely known ot entire lot is like judging the quality of the

regions of the ancient world.

when one unknown pan? itf

il

hi*tor>

Take

Siberia, the \J*t

Asian portion of Russia, Being a

vasl

from a Tew random

and comparatively desolate region with


Siberia*! ancient

an inhospitable

climate,

samples taken from a consignment,

Indian

heritage

has remained

comparatively

Avery

aigiiihcuntprool

ol

Ayuru-d-ihc Hindu ijitcm


i>

ol

well preserved.

Il *i

perhaps not

known

that Siberia

still

only Ayurved.
illustrated with

Siberians

still

preserve

ancient

retains and follows Ayurvedic te*w

humanity. medicine having been ihc earliest kmwi. to terminology till in the tact that Western, allopathic from Ayurved in of being overwhelmingly derived
i

l>und

betrays

drawings of Indian herbs.

uch

ancient Indian text

on Ashiangthe

A photo copy of<W* UK Ayurved, found in Sib"


Academy
of
J

Consider the Engl>li-ord 'cough'. tor common in Ayurved One ol ihc

At !***<*>>
It

m **

|M*j

ha* been brought


tone.

by

nil j "
i

international

Ayurved

is

that disease

is

manifestation
c

of

the

j*2 Hauz kW," N7^*DelhH 6. Representative* at Academy u ho loured Siberia around 1968 A.D. **' a" ornmoa household Ayurvedic remedies such as Hingashiafc

'

between vata
patients body
in

p.Ua-kaf
"I

.bile
be

and

p**
"
**

Hut

Mine Ayurvedic .erm


It

Ui
<hai

***'
*
*

Engli.h as 'cough'
ftigntfe*

may
in

HO* powders * rc prepared

and

commonly used

by Si*'**

Ayurved

phlegm,

object BugH>b '>&

,I|W

COM

54

I5S

a ,frcr*ni

meaning

..

^cr.baWe
.dmn.cJ

u * c l * " bviousl > ** but The dffitewc* '" alion between English je5 of disvoa Ayurvcd. Since it is univer-

Take ihc 1 ugl.sh word "gland: Thi> Hia The Sanskrit word is uronthi,' Sanskrit Origin.
cJHitgevlo'd* in English.
,,,,,,,, utd*.

Wknt

ending

This

;^:;":"t:^/i--^
'f

^U,

tha* pb,

h sIighl |y

In Sanskrit that

changed

in

ill

conaootao the

maybe cn from the word word 'stand' h "sthan\ Similarly


be
.

title 'Anglu-slhan* may ,hc ancient Sanskrit change J inn' "Angle-land*, and then England

wen

to

have

Ayurvedic term *t*P<

Hydro-ccpholus the disease eauiing watery


ibe brain,
is

saturation

Hr.dya is One of the uetoiail Thus when a Sansktihst wants teardic- (meaning heart-felt). to anyone, he says bis -bearHelt congratulations"
derivative*

tfSttm*
^
fl

EuoHuiiga patient's heart-beat i> generally known that DoMth>, yet t b not
Sw*rii. Hindu
of
the

important Ayurvedic term 'Hridaya* for T.kc another very '


very

the Sanskrit term Ardra-Kapalas

common
,s

in
is

the

word heart

Two
'Asthi'

diseases

named

'osteo-matacia* and "ostco-pcrosis* in


Sanskrit derivative*.
to "ovteo* in
In

origin.

This

how we

allopathic terminology arc


'getting contaminated,

Sanskrit

word

means "hones* (changed

English)

means

diseased or bad*.

and mala' From inn ii


i

obvious that thoie two diseases have been studied liom ancient

la

vc;

Heardic

abbmandan/

From

this

it

will
is

be realised that 'hcar10 say Sanskrit

Ayurvedic treat ES6S*

die* in Sanskrit
i

means heart-fch* that


English as 'heart'*

heard'

pranouccd

Take the word "malignant' often used la describing a That word 'malignaur h the lumnur i*r cancerous wound*
Sanskrit word 'malm' that
is

soiled,

bad, infected
in

etc.

Another Lughsh word


liiui ttoiu
is

connected with pathology

is*

hie cups',

tne Sauskrit 'Hikka'.

>amc Sanskrit term


is

is

widely u*cd in English as

'malevolent

maladministration ..maladroit ..malpractice

.mal-adjustmcnt

The branch of medical science,

known

as

gerontology

ranlady

'

obviously entirely ol Ayurvedic origin

because "gcra' in Sanskrit


being.

tigmuei old-age' and 'onto' signifies the 'end' ol a living

Gerontology being actually the itudy of


old and die
it in

how

living beings get

apparent that this study which

believe to be of

Western origin
It

is

of

modern people hoary Indian, Hindu Ayurand


studied in the

word >*' head experiencing a **pin\ That word .* spdw Sansknt, Ayurvedic origin. The Sanvkiit San>Wu,r,*uv The English word spindle" is of tin- same
heart or

patient often complains to

tm

medical coHiiilniM *

to

vedic antiquity

couldn't have been taught

Luropcan term *Muicm.ty*


trie"

is

Sanskrit

'"**** ***
|Wa
(M*

West unless Indian educators and administrators had spread out <rvw the whole of Europe to govern and teach the buropeans. Here nc would once again like to point out thai this does not

compound

ords of three Sanskrit


Sinistra' i.e.

us

UW

U.e, bones)

and
is

science

lancied derivation
I

nom

P^a *m*W
compound

mcau
all

thai Ind

mm

looked

down upon Europeans as

subject

he word -dentistry

a Sanskrit

^j? ta*
Sh*
ll

^"^^
,****
|lgfiian

people.

Indians regarded the


at belonging to a

whole world as one region and


fraternity.

humans

common

Indians, are

in,c * and origin, of diagnosis and

perhaps, the only people in the world who are psychologically attuned to and prcpaied for a one-world and one-humansl*ll,

allopath) above. ,s bound to repeal that expend dttnsx. commercial, horribly


the ancient venerable,

h >
.

on

Iratcrnitj concept

connate, MM W

c, eifclt

[56

157
in
e dies

developed i* a t,jv or medicine


,

IJtdT^ ***
^^T.cnUcred
their service

times immemorial by a ad ptac tiled 4ll over and widely spread r wc,farc p, sdf,css H

for all

common

ailment* and

injuries,

Beiidei,

Aya T -

fC

mission of love Thclrt WUS a

and

T T
and

-dic

scrv.ee for

it is

w c ,|

!LfOtlS
I!

developed wonder caret Cot almost ail practice bad also diseases like dropsy, glandular tuberculosis, chrome

^rUua.nc, C nH,ndn medical

pract.tioners

ancillary

pressure* piles oebiosis, blood

and

diabetes,
in

HXdv
Amrved
tmdu

enjoins

and administered tue.r rameore* Because, it was abhorrent cost. free of charge or from anybody* physical dstr 5 . to make money must be absolutely frec . that all medical help
that
all

Ayurvedic Tbe principal of an


that

college

h'l very

dressed like a ruiiic a local resident He had volunteered effective remedy for bone-TB.
free

co told knew or a umpk


Poena
to

practice also enjoined

educational instruction

any charge. Hven 10 our ow n people administering Ayurvedic da* it is not rare 10 come across compensation. With remedies and refusing any payment or
free of n>ut also be absolutely

of charge. The hospital patients of that disease UC tH bone-TB used to regularly |r no i hnowinc any remedy for il to him, He used patients suffering from that disease fer all forest, fetch some root, rub at night to a nearby
l
I

proceed

rhm, a a a mauer ot

strict

professional

principle not to accep-

*oytiunc in recompense for medical service rendered.

Such

selfless service to

the

distressed,

and educational
in

inst-

ncuoatothe needy had been made possible


Hinduism loitering

ancient limes by

and apply the paste to the affected portion. stone wittl water was to be cured in no Ume. But the tragedy The patents used wouldn't disclose what the root was. The hospital thai the man know the secret once Stealthily followed h,m doctors wanting to bolted. that he was being shadow, the man sensing But *e*n, Thereafter he was never
n

among

us

intelligentsia

a
to

nigh
all

icnse

of

oetacomeot, austerity ana unavoidable flutj


(he

beings.

At

same ume. businessmen and

wage-earners were trained to

help with munificent contributions for the


social workc:

upkeep ol

all sellless,

The protruding ,bml. developing glandular-TB. suddenly secretions ft*. ugly. The foul-smei.ing ed he handsome face burden for her and a life a torment hose gland, used to make

know of a superannuated

lady, apparently

off***

health.

Apart from such immaculate standards of professional piety MrcmcJ.L pharmaceutical and clinical standards too were of a
I

be incurable. flounced the diiease to

high order
hing

Ayurvedic experts lived


hamlets,

w,th

m unostentatious

minimum of

They almost invariably did


herb-collection in
villages.

the professional chores

themselves from

The * U tailor restding ta an unassuming rustic Hoping aga nst hope Maharashtra region of India. the * hun He asked her whether sh.at * nt P The P that the remedy caused.
pain

*M

^ J * - ^
P* ^Z J^^
spread -

administering medicines in

*V of
ihc^^r''

towns and

The

all

herb, for administering to patients, by grinding

The treatment
to squat

she was ,0 harried by the disease that The tailor used to started.

hm M>lh
l

of

*"

d0nC by

lbe

*W

worn-out rug under a tree

in

the open.

practitioners

on

The

then d*b tailor would

thick radish paste.


in

As

size

forcing the blood


face.

*wm(o

>'.

lyWema,icaU

ike oidTn

>

percolated

to all

patient's

Th.s

and pus m w treatment con n


her face

the

paste dried

^^j^ibc ,awl ^ ^ Nfore

^
,

hm
-

within a very short time

wa
a trc

T ^*Jlknew

quick and inexpensive

The disease hud vanished without

^ ^^

fcwlll>

dl(J

Da i

159

I5B
ihe trcaimenl eh.rcc anv.hing for All
I

he ld Wat "I

pray l0

ver>

That the ancient Hindu, not only wVcnlfd and efficient and inexpensive medical V y,tcm

devekl _..
%

Women
wferiftl

in

many

families used lo treat free

from

^mmon

ailment* With

like

charge children measles and rickets,


Ol

ovcr the ancient world h also proof thai they h.d t|| creating a common human brotherhood which did in any regional, racial or political distincttons.
of

but rtl0

*Z,
Cttci(

^
,,i

tf

Thar
pool

inwcpeittfoc treatment

household

remedies usually
their
theft

crowd ol parcott. from


ed a

fliflfcrilifi

children
near,

far

and

accompanied by every moraine to

premise*

Women's deliveries used to be invariably conducted m the home itielf under the expert guidance of the elderlv women of So common was the knowledge about the u^e Ihe Joint fei
wurvedic drop*, and so easy
every elderly
their

acquisition that
skill

nlmnvt
nil
:i

man
in

or

woman

acquired the

lo

treai

common
.

ailments

course of lime-

People stocked at

home

collection of

Avuncdic dujes which came handy to


like

treat ordi-

complaints

cough, cold, headache, insomnia, stomach-

pa m. nausea and constipation.

were to cheap thai


quantities

Usually the Auirvedie drug* none cared to charge anj money for small
free ol cost
ui*t for the

The remedies could he had

a^kine from any house

Hindu medical science* Ayur ved a aau languishing through public ncplecl It was an ideal
It

a great pity that ancient

medical system very * a} 'uprcme te^t svlticll no others


and
all

we

\yUrvedfc
fulfil

remedies stand one

All medicine must be food

food should be medicine.

Only Ayurvedic drug*


eas}
utid

fulul

nam dictum,

Besides,

comparative!)

pain

treatment, miracle cures

co> nvailahilitj

Uu &

aimiuuui un utqpty, home itMem oi the patknii


'

of drug*, reJiflno procenins f th'c nu*h


non-tsufchj
-

ol'

(I

an>

cambewume. clumsy,
of

dtaptioslfc
will'

iphcnului.

neilifiibli-

o.|

(he

um

L!

IIIt |

tin-

Lacdux

lisict

n.o,cdriiL>v

aresi'iueol

**"

fotur*

ol

curved

WM

161

The

fort

ofth ei^^ naval, military and w important mistress of the sea, commercial the and
India

* built by the ancient Hindu* , t the tftlJ of Simhapur to command these.b oard
bate
in
tl

,.

7" ^

wa*

unchallenged di 0CCa ns

At

W ***

hei
f

ship*
thc

Aimn

rom

21
THF FMIRK PACIFIC REGION WAS HJMM" tfrritory
...ill

of South Arctic to the

Amenca

to the Western coast of


Raffle*

M ,co and
is

Aniarcuc.

Memoirs

may consult wh ich scholars


world empire.

From one of ibe books

^2 ^ Z

"TJ

t0 have a glimpse of Indian (io riott|

hell

curious relic of India's maritime sweep, namely metal from the prow* of ancient Indian ocean liner* suspended

milted

b) ihc
in

people "'

tfic

world

fiuvh

;l)i
is

unities

ii'iui>ni

and Sansknt proMdc


uii Ul

bearing a Tamil inscription, was hauled up and warships Australian aborigine. fishing net by an
Malaysia and Singapore are connected by
a

in a

*icp

into

almost

uiv

p.oi
ul

hi

the

and one
Cllll

i*

inatmMip
i

un

invent

Minilu

highway runthe

prtmeatini

me

region

ning across a bridge spanning a


British

channel.

Malaysia under
partly

was partly British

territory

and

comprised
India,

of

Uf
unJ
.'I

iw takf

M.ihiwn
t

Almost
.11

fWO decade* apo

it

wa-

small principalities ruled over

by Maharajahs

as in

As

*nj>
Madras

M*tj>a.

l-"c hj
Mil

pti

vMihi-tri
it

up

lie*,

the pieturestjue

Singapore

region

ubuui 3,000 mites cast of

was thc gruesome fate of several countriei in the world Malaya sword loo was the victim of terror raids by Arabs. By torch and
they laid the country

was e and

terrorized the
all

populace

into

professing Islam.

In that holocaust

Malaysians,

who

went

Matata
irarc

ani<

Singapore arc

both Sanskrit words

Sanslrii

u npleW M*ih|hc word Malaya. Sandalwood wolofrowwdilon Mount Malay*, lu-n aov SanUcrii
>

all

Hindus, were, from prince to pauper, convened

to Islam.
nostalgic

But Islam

is

only skin deep.

Let us hope

that

of

sandalwood

plantation*

ancient

,co " lm xninwchjhuiuJ


>i

bra* which mean* EkntUbfit) lead* to frivolous

study memories of their glorious Hindu past and a dilujeut would true accounts of thc havoc wrought by Arab invndcri

The pmcrb sy*


Malays
ih.it

thai

.inda1tsood

day inspire Malaysians to reclaim and

ic-adopi

then

ao

the tribal

housewife

Hindu

faith.

a ordinal)

Rm

Q04J

jfcJUJ;

HuM

boil, Sarukfi!

words.

still Thc language and culture of Malayans is Ktwln Hindu Take the name of thc.r capital

***
J* *

Vm*
^
,,
,,

vuflh 'Pur"

is

to a Sanskrit termination used

WMQ
.1

M-..

UM
tt

7
"""
,

M'IJ
l

bt,,e

Hindu kiny
"<
bttcrlptU.it to

The original Sanskrit name was Cholanampwam * c bo1aa. Another town Serambanis'Shree Ram J
of Lord Rama. Su ngei Pattani.
mci ning

^^^
patun

MJ A city In mountainous noiib name wa* Us ancient Sanskrit


city*.

*<'"<

m
INI

Sinv4pi,i v

mountain

Another u

u Pel a lis* J>

'

COM

162

161

afvhsf4,fog,c

from SphatiW to n ,mr Incidentally this l^rrf Shiva. The central shrine of that a | due.
a

N****

U.

He Great Cry.tal Embi^ provides one an important

W*S

apparently a very late development for di receptions held by the so-called nkBfl of Jo
the words 'Maharajah
of Johore'

township mut|
too

have been
narhle

hu$e Shirt

In fndin the

emblem made of famous Taj Mahal

crystal or erystal-white
in

iXo see , along the


party. for the

fringe of the long, thick tablc-sp rcidl

2^*^ ^
*
Dill

J* **~m

A era

wu

TeJ_

tt the Taj

shrine housing a Shiva emblem, Ju 9t Mahalava thr resplendent into an Islamic grave it may Mahal was transformed
the

Ro
Sanskrit

palaces in Malaysia are

still

name

(*WPT)

*Aasthan\

their inc ieat Princes royal are fcnftwo%a

known

by

main mosque of Pefaling Jaya in Malaysia now *i| S of a crystal Shiva emblem. preth over the ancient Hindu shrine Fanatic Islamic invaders were notorious for using holy Hindu

H thai

putra* and pincesses as 'Putri. Tn Sanskrit these terms n>lft daughter' respectively, or anybody, even a commoner. 'son* and

hnae$

moVqueJ and tombs through sheer cussedness,


deity

Lord Shiva was the principal object of A lew decades w,irhip ihrouphout ancient Hindu Malaysia. bacl an ancient Hindu Shiva temple was excavated in Sungai

The Hindu

The Sanskrit term Mahadev] (great goddejs) is still honorific by royat Malay women. Thus even if name of a princess happens to be Fatima she will be
Mahadevi Fatima.'
This indicates
Malaysian
the
life

used
the

an

islamic

titled 'Patrl,

overpowering
is

influence

that Sanskrit still wields.

thus suiTuted
for

wife

Lord Shiva and His consort Bhavanl alias


principal deities of India's

Durga were
Kshatriyas,

Sanskrit.

This provides excellent material

Indian

scholars

warrior

race .ic

erever they went they carried

This

is

and consecrated Lord Shiva, the reason w hy Lord Shiva is found all over the world

and diplomas to cultivve close cultural con'acts with SUtayua and conduct archaeological and historical investigation and
excavation in collaboration with Malaysian scholars and
officials.

tootj

important

cities

but

also in the very centra]

shrines

They should for instance locate


adopt the original Sanskrit

the great

crystal Shiva

emblem
should

hrisrianity
Italian*

and Islam,

An

ancient Shiva Linga

worshipped

where residents of Petaling Jaya worshipped, and

they

when they were Hindus is still preserved in the EfruicaoMuMum of the Pope in the Vatican. The Hindu Shiva
worshipped by
the

ancient

Arabs

before

they

were

id

into accepting Islam, is still

for

their

annual

worshipped by Muslims ancient Hindu pilgrimage, in

of the capital Kuala Lumpur done and yet eavoyi This illustrates a huge backlog of work to be of their duty- uut and historians seem to be bliss fullv unaware special cell to i*Pi| External Affairs Ministry must open a waiuni *" upon its envoys the importance of such work world. attention in almost every part of the

name

N
nikru

convince students Malayan culture that their place names are of Hindu.

instances quoted

above should

One of the daughters of


(fcnrraTft) Vidyadhnri.
he

o the Sultan of Jo
is

orif iq

That

a pure
In

flBU
*"8P"

^^
wM

one (very) learned'.


of the

locality

fouXn ne^ r.''""lkfU ICrip,U e """!*. Sodni ' Wcrc **** in stone, framed * and pat Q ^ t J.T tated pole at the n spot. Mw m4 A>a n **"> 'he rulers of Malay
'
,

Singap after her for before the British conquest the domain Maharajah of Jchorc.

^ ^

of

it

lri

Malay language
* curse".

is still

replete with

kfi San" ,
_

*dmXV ^
P,J,t,CI

word [V Pronunciation of the Sanskrit ScriiaU


Screja
is

^ ^^
'Seripb'
th *

du J'y yled themselves as sultans.

lotus aJ

in Sanskrit.

This

164
Sanskrit' Shree'

US
as 'seri'

it
'

**

pronounced

Suchi
,n

pwre and clear (Sanskrit

rta)

^^
, child
at

u|tiif>

"^rcfore me8ni charm. rt y and majesty of a city. Malay -fc^. he P nde and '!<". jey> of ,rShrce-Mufcha* to UK !**
kf

****

Malay

^/^".n,
be re*m

a,

and of ^faction peace, re*

M^

'mah^suchf ,1 God. Suaroi is tSw ami ) iord term to designate m i.e. voice, and suarga (iwarga) is also prtmo^ced ti (swaia) sorga. Aa in India Smga in Malay thurga or signifies
Hence
as in Sanskrit

'saacha* *d v ery pUre .


ii

rmtchiL

u
iod
,

^^
a

lion

jj

also used as a titular suffix to individual names lu S*ak,,i derivative Singasana (Sim has ana) signifies the Lion-sea*
j.

Bi

Tunkn Mukuta' meaning 'prince crown". Toka The Malay word for and Mukuta the crown.
the

the king. lb rone of

Truth (satya)

is

pronounced

as teCr/a*

and

[anjttte

same a*

in Sanskrit

namely "bhasha' spelled

jetiawan ('satyawaa" in Sanskrit) signihes constancy fidelity, faith Marga-sciua (Mrigaaaiwal is the Sanskrit and loyalty. ord

Must.'
f*iti|lit.

The Mday word *sen]Y


'

Sanskrit

'sandhya* for

pronounced 'sandhikal" is Dl Sanskrit derivative sandhya" too Sanskrit by the Malays as senjikir. Tn Hindi
it

which Malays use for animals generally. Sctu u Sanskrit sarwa' **\V) and is used as a prelu as in letusakaluu uarwa1 meaning sakalya) or semsemesta sakalian (i.e. sarwa-unmta-sakalya).

transformed into *Sanj (ajfrf)*.


Seri

Among Hindu mythological names used in Malaysia arc Rama (Shree Rama), and Arjuna pronounced as Rityuaa.
Visnu,

Sendha*

(^5)

<he Santkrit for rock salt

In Malay that

Apsaras, Siwa,

Mantri

ti.e,

minister-counsellor).

Raja,

aim dcootet saltpetre, 'Sena* signifies an army Sanskrit. The Santkri' word 'sbloka* meaning stanza the Malaya
or infantry as in
use as 'telota' to
'shtlcshi' for

ma haraja
at ion

retain their original Sanskrit meanings and

pronunci'

mean only
is

derisive or satirical poetry.

Sanskrit
It

punishment

pronounced by Malays as seksa.

word Sahodira* f of the same womb) meaning a brother or sister is pronounced in Malay as 'sautiara*. The Sanskrit word 'roma' meaning the downy hair on the body, is still used in Malay.
also implies suffering

and hardships.

The

Sanskrit

Kahu the mytnoiogical scrpcm suil figures in Malay Rahu is the head noue of the moon. Id Indian parlance. mythology Rahu is supposed to cause the eclipse by swallowing' the sajae ancient the sun or moon. Malays talk about a still with
Hindu mythological awe,
Malays
refer 10 a respected elder. u
letter, as Puji-r-ujian
lift,

whom
the

they

may

addressing a
'Rupa' retains
Likewise
its

very

revered).

original

form to

signify

appearance

or

Sanskrit
in

11 is

Param Pujaneeya.

Fuja

anorau. signifies prayer or


ttf tautology
st.ll

tenia,

Rupawan means handsome or beautiful. The nskriiord Varna (colour) is retained in Malay as *rona
p

Malay as

in Sanskrit.

Their religious

many Sanskrit words.

The Sanskrit word 'pan eh a warn*


coloured)

'

i.e.

five-coloured (or

multi-

U pronounced

as 'ancharona' in Malay.
f

<jp,v
earth)
is
i
I

,,c.

r... i,

Hi kd -Pwif

t*

**
'*

*'*"

Pcrtewi and as a goddess

Bven Malaysian villagers use the Sanskrit word (Rishi) i.|n.fy . tt|e or lccr fQf whom fhey hftvc

rc*i'

WtOT

Devi

Pr.thvO a, in Sanskrit.

Pcriuima

,p linU jfu. BuifuU

m^

fr

^^

moon and

signihes the

month

^"^.j,,..,
its

pican.ai

nation, invciiigatton,
chief, ^urpasiing or

test,

inquiry,
retains
< jpj o^rtgii^^
.ini

mean*f.

supreme
(Chief

And Pradhan Mantri

Nlinivltr *5

'

b
*

lDllwn
1

M-U>

a, i'crduna

&""*' Mmnm. Pwdne

Pundit

OJ"^

166
167

r^to
Smskn)^ifi^

* W ''X, mm
i

arflM |

Mkrfti (")

ll

pronounced as Pclcni

character.

'Budi-Pekrii (Buddhi-prakri.l | B

or enlightened) good Person of (mtelligenl . P minalion sjgnifviug lhc head


use

of a prince

lkc Th itt*. consequently P*^a or Sri-pado signify the holy feet Adhipat. (supreme bd) Pnduka (meaning title along with It is used a a
J

*T^2 SS

word,

* * Sarawak while the rest of the tetti kl ngdom role and u. now a part of the dep enderv( ond er Dutch Indonesia had been termed Borneo. ^ent of But ft. which Indonesians designate Indian name by that lewtanTh
of
,

ne pa

under the

British white

R ijt

WM

^ *

Kalimanthan,

Kali

is

popular

Indian

rcspccled ihc sandals of a highly

person).

worshipped by Indian
to

,odd eil aev

rulers.

L" "y

Hindu, Sanskrit
alone
It

civilization

was not confined

Malaya

permeated all the

surrounding countries like Borneo,

The term Indonesia is Usually misunderstood and It is not commonly realized that it prcted. does
'Asia' at all.

nminterconnote
the

not

the Philippine*. Korea, China and Japan.


If the dense forests

"Ncsia' signifies a group of Islands.

As such
i

term 'Indonesia' of nearby Borneo are thoroughly explorthe ten to twelve

means Indian
thousand

islands.

That

is

say most of

ed they

will

rccal many historic relics of the

sway
(in

that

the

ancient Hindus held iherc.

The

sultan of Brunei

Borneo)

bore the

title

of Seri

Bhagwan meaning Shrce Bhagwan (Lord


alienation
as
'the
is

which arc currently Indonesia') formed part of ancient India's world empire. All those islands were collectively termed 'Dwipaatara' in ancient
Indian administrative

Pacific islands (and not merely those included in the political entity called

Almighty).

Recently because of the sultanate's long


thai

terminology.

In Sanskrit

'Owipanian'

from Sanskrit
foytl adviser".

term

being wrongly
in

interpreted

also signifies 'the other islands' but as applied to the vast Pacific
territories

Sometime
Seri

1970 A.D. the principal port


i.e.

of

of ancient India,

the

term

'Dwipantara'

signified

Brunei was

named

Bhagwan

Shrce
This

rukr's ancient Hindu, Sanskrit


historians the need J0 lracc tDe

title.

Bhagwan from the should impress upon

islands
is

lying between the American and Asian

eontincnii.
io

This
desigis

apparent from the synonym which the Javanese use

Hmdu ances[fy of tJjc sult3D and Imd cut when and how he was converted to islam.
>

nate this vast territory.

They

call

it

Bhumyaatara" which
It

Sanskrit

term meaning a 'separate

territory/

could also be
1
.

Sarawak, a part of Borneo happened to lose a Britisher Yet the wbnc English
ruler 01
tht RiJ
r

termed 'Nusantara* in Javanese because 'Nusa'


its

signifies 'islands

suzerainty

^d?

Th "

nanie

^^

Sarawak too was


Sanskrit.
Jt

itseli ,s

Ancient Indians who explored the whole earth in times immemorial had a three-fold mctto expressed la the terms 'Charaiveii'Uet us move on and on), "Krunvinio Viswam

Aryam* (Let us make

all

people

dutiful, civilized, well-behaved,

-'^iTpu -cptir ;;;

r
,

god-fearing, educated etc, etc.) and Wasudaaivi-Kutumbaiam

T"

sa
n

Sinle

,and
-

iom

** ***,
ma
te
tt

to

line-

whole world

Is

one

entity,

one family).
the enterprising

*.. and

Imbued with
BllCUistlc ancienl

this triple

motto when

nad

Indians

moved

across the

and

'e Pac.rk

^^SKlSuT"me * * *
"

,iBt,ly Borneo

ng
* in ,c

b4>

Imp

Ocean charting the lands encounlered. they |* administrative and educational outposts
names to the different island south from India. Modern Jvt
territories

eitw^
J

^vided

quc

pro

into

two parts

derives Kl

168

^
Java at

169

Hindu. Sanskrit

name 'Yawadip'
This

signifying
,l

citiinry. lorvice to the

of

li, n
,

Thad charted

the

^ld. u| C|| and mapping - charting ana m-j^m* [he world. map, set amidst olhe, entire island on a
they couldn'l

he

^uU-ne

ten****

have noticed

thai

it

Wfll

barley corn. jfcjpcd like a

The Ashwamedha Yajnya performance Hindu aunernimy. The (treat Hindu empire WA symbolic of entire Pacific territory, was known as lhc which included the The people of those region* were Hindu* S.tilctidi" empire. century when the barbaric Arab* terrorized them until the L5ih becoming Muslims. all into
Describing the Hindu culture of the regions the late hi Rjighuvira, a great indologisl wrote thai the Indonesians "particularly in Sumatra., Java and Bali cunlinued to be good Hind"
following the cults of Siva, Vinnu.TnM, Buddha and Itodhiiatvat *uperb The islands arc strewn with temples, Their iiraiidvur ll

have discovered and charted That Indians must Yawtdwip hundred! of thousands of year*
1

mode
a g0
\

India * earliest spparenl from the fact that


mcfllioni

epic,

the

Rumayaiw

Yawadnipa.
Ceylon
is

form of the original Sanskrit name Sunbala. Thai same island was culled by the ancient Thu mdilndiici also as Aoradwip i.e. mango-shaped island.
Trie term

a corrupt

Nothing
nuts.

estc* tfmi Sanskrit territorial

names often denoted the shape of


administrators, educators
territories

India can rival, terraced Bomhudur, standing in the paddy, hmanm and C*fi* heart ol Java on a hill (unrounded by The temple is unique. Every terrace marks a spiritual mage
In

tne land.
etc,

Ancient Indian explorers,


to

nho weal

far -flung

were

described ai

There arc live kilometres or (luce mile* of IfluTpMftf master unfismen from There artists must hove been trained by
upward.
India.
the stone* Faces arc Indian, dtcsses are Indian and cutting off rui own flei from Jatakas. The scene of Kinrj Shibi, order to offer an equal and weighing it against the pigeon in depicted with I se,m..vei,c amount ol flesh to the hawk, t*

umvatrtka.

Toe Malayan peninsula derives its name from the Sanskrit owl Malaya. |u other name was Vanga from its abundance
in *un'

because in

Sanskrit

Vaoga'

means

'tin*.

The

other

wind,

,s

rare even

in

India,

Scenes o.

the

Indian

.nc^an
of

olaads -Sumatra' and 'Bali' are alto Sanskrit names.

marine, are most valuable for


o,

reconducting a
tableau**
for ever

<"*
to

the* Wands including the Philippines Indian script*


>

l.u,,n adventures.

Its

niches and

^
by
i.

ladia prevailed
*

till

the

9lh

century

A.D

One

such

discovered

Kotei territory in the south-eastern

continue bygone waltsmanship, shall future admiration ol and to inspire the

generations

nthance. modern Borncojon four octagonal * "> San * k ' a 4lh century Indian script,

"Not very

far

from

the complex l-.ambnnan, the


India nor to any

other

neighbour

*tt*&&JF&^ like

of winch
or

disun

pe.rormedby

the

Hindu King

are the llf^ycl*. ol Lord K.sn.

Mulavar-

^Xl
*-**

1** ay *""***>
*

to the

*
'*'

Rahman,.

Jnd-

Ibc
the

Hindu Government

had

aer
t<f

Hamayana. .lie boy superb aims of the Divine scene of Kumbbakarna being

V **
"*
din,cl '
vij Ul b, e

Pacit.c territories a

nourishing

*Uffcoll

P"*l* clm ^P^sariei, ad


f(GC

of the screeches ot elephants, a portrayal

^^"J^ ^^ ^
<^\J
'

known aa k

del

M*n waU
i

pfe*

#(mJ

ml**-

d<f ** '

'AUTambananthc

central t,.ad

devoted ..* miiulc* of.cmP


srna

tnd

corjlfnu nity

by Tr.muiti was originally surrounded

^^

foyr

m
171

170 Mdrdifli ro*


,

Tha ravages of erne,

not le than the ravage

world
Iri c

All thai

c. me ip.|.,ihh.l disappearance ol the fourth row h c total block* Ol rectangular stone..."

bbit Arabs have been nspoth


.

Its tpread round the world in ancieni times ti pmof altruistic spirii of the ancient Hindui pioneering and I

phenomenon, unique

in

world history, also bears tcitinumy

shrxnes

is Jell

Hindus

L, to lose in ground to
ceotwy. By

alien barbarian invaders


|S,,,

the

13^
of

end

0* lhe

ecDlury most inJiabilailts l rro r ,.

spiritual but also to the great material adv 00 jy io the jchieved by the ancient Indians in every walk f life telecommunications to manufacturing technology.

m
fan
upon

io accept Islam alter many edbyUic Aiabswerelorced massacred, women raped and homes looted. digfe men Wen

Our External

Affairs Ministry must, therefore, impress

The
I

last Ball,

Hindu princes

in

the region

withdrew
this

io

Indian envoy* that they must not live by drink and dance alone One of their primary duties must be Io scour the countries iboty
are accredited to

Bali.

i,L-kl)

ilvtdat

remained msufatcd irom islam and io outside India. tbf only Hindu tcrrUory

and mirk

sites

oflndian archaeological
get lhe
filet

ttticrett,

day has

undertake archaeological exploration and preserved and relics found there properly

and

ih<

classified

by ttBtitt

Old Javanese *ongs mostly concern episodes from the Indian


epic*
alio

Ramayana and Mahabharai.


and Krishna,

Shadow-plays

in

woven round Indian mythological and epic tales,


Arjun and
oi

Java are such as of


The

governments. They must also help with the help of the host revive their Hindu, Sanskrit tlttfe found In the host countries to customs, names and titles so as to bring about a
their

language,

Rama

Brum
ol"

and
the

(Jhatotkach.

Indonesian flag

oemg
live

two colours

bears the Sanskrit

name

the basis of cultural integration of the world oo cultural heritage, world's common Hindu, Sanskrit

the

ancient

'Dwivinm',

The

cardinal points

Indonesian

consti-

luiioa arc also designated

word Fancbashtla. Us airssayi is called '(jaruda' lhe Sanskrit name lor an eagle svoilii is the mount ol the Hindu god V ishnu. The old Javanese
by tuc Sanskik
alphabet derives Irom the Pallava script ot
nesians sull folio* lhe

South India.
it

Indo-

Hindu year and

call

bakh-Samvat.

Ancient Indonesian texts on

Hindu sacred chants, worship, astronomy, astrology, magic, lovclore, genealogy

ethology are believed to range over one thousand titles, lacicoi Indian, Hindu kings under whom all such learning

Dharmmoi Tungadeva, Shii Lokcsvara Dharmxnav^sh* AiHanga. Ananiavikiamot-iungadeva.

4d throughout ibe Pacihc region bore

names and

titles

lvuu****n*

m S^'Z** *?** 1.^1 Tl Tl> T "*"+ ***. * ** A-Srr^i iTr MM ^ ** tW Hindus ^ ^ (M


nifc, ihc only religion
if

modern terminology, prevalent throughout


lo

the

niht

uptu
'

a -d

la

on

fl,1d

tfl

...

"P 10 MflJtico to lb*


qJ [he

or

Aryamsm

173

li ihe

bled for Ind ia but to bc adnvniitered lundered *r the local people local people by
special Yet another
a*

for the benefit

22
ANCIENT ENGLAND
In the illimitable

that

it

of the ancient Hindu world empire constituted an enlightened and pro&miive pvef.
trait

WAS A HINDU COUNTRY

'

them a philosophy of wihreml linf...* At Hindus did not force on the world any Motherhood, The Mohammad or Christ. They alio did not burn down other.'
nee-

The Hindu* look

with

expanse of time remote history tends to progressively obliterated even as every individual know* rei ha/dly anything even about his near ancestors except for one
or two generations

nitons-

In fact

Id the building

when the Hindu* vnrend all over the ar* was hardly known and it wai the
huge,
palatial

anciem
Hindu.

*ho

built for the first time

mansion*,

fort*

and

above him.

the world has lost trace

no wonder,, therefore, jf of an Hindu empire of the remote


It

is

*mples.

Those buildings were

built

according to Ihe Hindu

put.

Because of unsavoury memories

of

the

recent

colonial

empire of the British and of other Christian and Islamic nations the thesis that England was once a colony of India is likely to induce feelings of animosity on the pari of the British and a feeling of guilt or apology among Indians. Indian educators and administrators sped and spread to the different parts of the globe at a time when the world was popu*
iated b> isolated primrtive

according to the system of architecture i.e. Shflpn Shastra trained in India. It is the Hindus who developed by Art Hindus commuIranians and Mongols and the other ,hr Arabs Turks. explains the i.mitanty raise big buildings. This ta how to Asia. buildings in India and West Sweet, the hittofic

SL

Thai the Hindus had no


throughout the
civilization

ulterior motive

is

proved by -he

world
culture,

for

Sanskrit

and the anc.ent

Hmdu

and

dark for guidance.

It

communities who were groping in the was something like European migrants

BtNish

going to the wild American continent or the an uncivilised England,

Romans

landing in

todn * were once ruled by tesenimeni anybody.


isle,

^^
cbuH
too

aloof or treating he local people as second class citizens merged with the people he regtom where thev * enL Tnii may bc venfied by fl Jook un. the .naochme* uaies and Indonesia. Ail those were ues of India. ,he> professed Hindu,* and sported Indian urns *ad yet among their populations one cannot tell who of India* and who of

The other redeeming feature of the Indian the world was tnat the Indians far from keeping

governance of

England
Sthan.
'

form of Sanskrit 'S.h.n' ha.


is

com*,

* S'"' t,,ne, *
,

,md

'

.d Tie Enfl'ih

Lcsttbissnundfar-fcubca^"^the foreign policy issue, is med, . the Sanskn. ra y be noted (tan . These ,n.t*nces in English a. -gland".

MIi00

k o
En

***,, *****

wll

bd^oouj decent.

d " ,in ** h * feature of the anc cn. Indian empire

word stand

i.

.he Sanskrit

im

Angla-Sihan for

i*. " **"*


word

^^

^ ^^
.

Ea|W ri

^
^

Terruonc, conquered or occupied

were

not

annexed

to

be

174

rf.dKPi^Anito'reidcri may note


he,r

that

175
lhe

ancient

Sanskrit

name

"**

iL .me of the English I!2lriJccfihE^

peopFe people

is

Z^Z**"*^
llSunifft
' ord

10 (S

" RSr

further ma ,ndi Cfl

**M
*h
its

'

Siamese towns such as Rajbury. Cholbury, Fetchburv No* h fr well known that Siam w as . p, rl l>rthe |Mfcl|( Hin4u empire and that Siamese language is corrupt Sanskrit
should

leave

make

This

it

clear that the ending

'bury

ImSicttlnj

a locality

'Aiigli-Sthan

Pronunci ai|an
Fforn

or township found anywhere in thc world prove* ihut the name was given by ancient Sanskrit-speaking Hindus when ihey
ruled

dh
"^Jd
Germans

vrfergomg

change over the centuries.


that thc

be

ipi***

name Dcutschland
country
well
is

^
,s

over those regions.


^

It

is

not surprising that

parts of England
after
all

that
j

should

biill

bear Sanskrit terminations even

the thc

historical

u*

their to designate

Daitya-Sthan
that

traces or India's
(C

ijBdortfceD^as
jft-weattoaed

Witi*
in thc
its

known
their

Daitya

community
derives

ancient Hi adu scriptures.

^
The

sway over faraway England have been seemingly To prove that we are on solid ground thoroughly wiped out so far a* thr* proof is concerned we msy cite names such as
1

Pntn com'nnmtv
iridoiDiii
It is

name from

mother
its

the Indian
deity*.

Nagaland. Connauphi Place and King's end of British rule


in India.

Circle even after lhe

from Dili that English gets

word

Therefore wherever the term 'land'

occurs

it

should be immedi*

We now
to think

cite

another proof.
in the

Let us take the


at

British rule of

itdf identified as the Sanskrit

word

"sthan*.

Changing the date

calendar
it is

midnight

When we come
to

of

this practice

so palpably absurd for anyone

That India
recent
history.

was a colony of Britain for

nearly 150 years


British

ii

interrupt his

deep slumber

at the stroke of 12

at nigh i and stag-

When
only a

India

came under
for
in the

domination
past

ger nut of bed just 10 change lhe date.

Who

would ever do

it

feaiory turned

full circle

immemorial
empire.

England

m once

a colony of India's far-flung

The story of India i vanished and


ucted by the

forgotten empire can


students
at

night and day ou: all his life! Moreover at the dead of whin everybody is fast asleep and ii is pitch dark all around pan how does one divine whether it is half past eleven or half

day

in

be

same method by which

one

examiObli*
in

ne missing
token
chain ofxluei.

changing their date This curious prac'icc of the British derives from England having nt the unearthly hour of midnight
?

words

in

a broken

sentence.

*ory can be rewritten by divining missing links

been a colony of India.

Let us explain.
to

**2S

IC hdiri
!I

sunrise Indians reckon the day from according rises in India roughly at 5.30 * DCiCnt

sunmc.
ihe

The tun

w
13

mr

tmpir wcrc partly deliberate,y

Since there

is

a five

and one half hour


meridian lime
it

difference

betwc

th

lot partly unwittingly

wiped out by two

successive
lhe

Indian and Greenwich


the world

clock

n*

'd conquests
P^,tt,

**

** their

namely of the Christians and lubdued allies.

in

Hie ancient

past

the tfgnal

used

**

AWmi|

^t'w*
tftd

Up the namci of

some

* nA ,ocalitics in En *
,

India to ihc rest of lhe

orld -hat India;

'*>

* ^2Z ^mSST'

common in England as f Thu iuffi * */

in
*

Shrewsbury,

!hc

Siin

rl

at sunrise On hearing that, bad* and had to hurriedly .o.ter nut of their

^^tf .W
-

Th* Jagannathpury* ** be p r0vcd by citing the names o\

Mu * b *P"ry and

ft*,
empire.

the* .Idnlghl in

History having turned

^^XTJ^WS
'"
cirC

^^^

"J^o

I>

177

iX^uU on return to
^*noftheda>
Thai colonics do

TZ^Z T^h- ^
* /,

^ *illv

niltv

of nj

practice of changing adopted the Western h a curious Hi own writ Tto


to

written as

X' and
'

in Sanskrit the

word 'Mas" meam

India r7 The lime which

set

for

the

world

term -X-Mas'

on

distortion. India in refracted


its

We

hope a

fe

not only a curious combination of ft, and the Sansknt word Ma* for'month' bwhh.|
is

rnomir th,

Ron

4nisw

ancient pract.ee of observing sunrise as

week of

J^*
EmmJ

and the date.

observed towards the end of December month' ^ith a week is a blunder of the English language
festivities

because English has


parent country

lost its Sanskritic base.

rtJL

m feet observe the time of the

of the vast occupied

from contemporary expenence.Dunng BOO also be proved dominating the administrations World war II Japanese officials their watches to Tokyo Pacific regions used to set
All timings

"DecemberSanskrit and in fact does mean 'the 10th, itself is month* because the Sanskrit *Dece' i.e. Dasha Stands for 10. A further proof of this is

This

may be further proved by the fact that the word

the

Hme

were quoted with reference


in

to

Tokyo time so long

term 'Decimal' which


the
I

is

the mathematical dot that the Indians devised fi*

as the Japanese" held sway


administrators

those regions. Likewise

when

Indian

Oth place. There

in too 'Deri'

means ten. Written

in

Roman

it

will

be

uovemed England all watches there were set to the watches is used to indicate whatIndian sunrise time. Here the word vogue. That Indians used ever ihe time measuring device was then in
1

*X\ The

suffix 'ember* in
1

Dece-ember

signifies the zodiac in Sanskrit


traditions assigned

Since there are

2 signs of the zodiac ancient Sanskrit

one month

for

each of these signs beginning with March. Accordingly


I

apparent 10 maintain split-second timings is

from their meticulous

December became the


Le,

Oth month as connoted by

its

name Dece-ember'
"

Dasha-Ambar. This should make


it

agronomical expertise.
clear to those familiar with the Yet another proof of India having once ruled England
thai until
is

the fact
is

1752

AD. the English New

Year began on March 25. That


begins. In
1

English tradition that they are committing a blunder in equating X-Mas December. So the Sanskni i.e. the 10th month with the ending week of

the exact time of the year

when the Indian New Year

752 by
I

terms 'X-Mas' and

December" both
in

indicating the

Oth month of the

an
the

act

of Parliament England arbitrarily changed over to January

as

Hindu year

still

used

English and in English

iradition,

prove that

Sew Year Day. As March 25 marks the beginning of the Indian Vtknm Saimai it is plausible that England was pan of Vikramaditya's Indian empire Vikramadii) a lives in Indian legends. He is remembered ts a great monarch Rulers are considered great only when they control
big empires So. apart from the qualities
justice attributed io

ancient England

was a colon) of India


celebration
i.e.

Even the 1 Oth month


Christian festival
is in fact

X*Mas

misbelieved to be

a hoary Hindu

Kmh>i

M
JW*
ch
n
'

of dedication to truth and


to

commemorating

the day

on which

the Hindu incarnation


in

Uri

him Vikramaditya seems

have extended

his

enlightened administration to distant

pans of the world including

England

c*r.

Thai England regarded March as the first month of the m*j be funhef proved by the term 'X-Mas.* This term
las. in fact

" *ZZZ* 1 (*M Sermon on **% ddi^d famous * * g m Arjun ftttrt ** Sansknt ^"^ ^ known u-yan' - *-- -Mp*
(mis-spelt as Krist
his

Chris, since
ike

En^h

**>

his

chaw*.

his warrior-devo.ee

in

That gives us the


I.

hrtsnan" over the centuries as C

mean* the 10th month because

in

Roman

10

is

sermon Krishna delivered his memorable

179

Mahnbharata
eh*

war.

Kri*hn^y an *

therefore,

mean*

'Krishna**

fe'swed*
so-called

in

Sanskr.r
:

u er '"PPM*

Sanskrit

fi.

e r admitted

by

all

Christians

mouse ii Sanskrit 'mooshik' Sanskrit 'manav arc Sanskrit 'yuyam, wayam.' But we ttave
|

lht

uJZn
w,r ^1
"cniblec em^u

a pre-Christ tradirevival which ha.


sei

t,

Tradition when after world a* a hallowed spread over the . . ...1-.* ~m>A miT members of the Kuru clan

famous Commemoration of that

*e dlt *u That it yet another proof of in detail later. Samkri^neakiJ Hindu kings and officials having once adminUi*i JL-. administered Affairs England.
that to be

you'

in

tf

thr , p ,c

perpetuated

the
krit

The English title 'Sir' is itself the corrupt form or the SomSo. when the British sovereign confers the Sri'. title
elite

'Sir-

. u nedd*ie

M.
L
festival
.

SSSA-MM

which
is

Another historical fact admitted b V Chnst ,s not known. The the birth date of

on the chosen

the British monarch unwillingly follows in tradition laid down by Hindu Icings who ruled hoary over Conferring the title 'Sir' alias 'Srj' automatically England.
involves a monetary grant also, as
'Sri' in

.ptompia .n1iiiuf e. m festivities have any Christian basis,

December 25 is only m.ke-bc lie*. the Chr.itSo neither December 25 nor


But both have .Hindu the day on which Lord Krishna

Sanskrit does

fact

mean

"wealth*.

The

English call themselves Arya but they icem

to

he oblivi-

Kiishnavan basis namely that


delivered his

famous sermon

is

commemorated

in

the

December
song
it

2S
is

Since thai sermon the

GEETA

is

literally in

ous of the connotation of that term they have been unwillingly Their In India too the Hindus call themselves Arya using.

commemorated by so-called

Christian (Krishnayan)

choral

own way of

life

the Hindus call Arya Dharma and they have an


Aryans'
they

organization called 'Arya' Samaj". In calling themselves


the English are
unwittingly and uncannily
right.

tinging

What

of Christians being Kiishnyans he. ancient European Hindus of ihc Krishna cult lo be dealt with in some detail later but we would like to point out here that the

We

shall leave this topic

followed ihe should understand by that term is that they once Sanatao Arya Dharma alias Vedic way of life alias the Hindu.

way of

chant of 'Hare Krishna* that ring through the streets of England


these days
is

equivalent to saying thai once Hindus. past for milleniums Englishmen were all
life.

That

is

in the distant

only history turning another full circle.


frill

The French
English
a

use the ancient Sanskrit

name

for anything

The French term 'Anglais* pronounced as 'Anglay* is corrupt form of ihe ancient Sanskrit word 'Angula*. England known to ancient Indian rulers as Angla-Desh i.e. English.

land
the

i.e.

England.

Words

like

Anglican, anglicised

come from

same ancient Sanskrit word 'Angula'. This is yet onother proof of England having once formed part of an Indian empire.

We ma> A

likewise point

out that the


if

King's

English

that

gluhmenand women speak


few .nuances are
:

all
is

English

'cow'

Hindu King's Sanskrit 'sweat* Sanskrit *Gow'


;

iei

setting consisted of two circles (the outer or tertiary sandstone, the inner of blucstone) ,nd f uprights (the outer of sarsen. the innw

none

uter circle

and the cu* r horseshoe

AND TnCIENT HINDU TOWNS TEMPLES IN ENGLAND


In the present

cedent
fl j|lb
i

"ih<
***,
Ui

traces

and foolhardly to .Lory ,t might sound Hindu country and that 1, ancient England was a names and some Hindu of towns with Sanskrit
fantastic
is

it*

and hazy of very haphazard

knowledge

Additjonal stones include the lintels. 'Attar stone" the axis southwest of the centre; the 'Slaughter mow' inside the entrance of the earthwork; two Station stents jus, w.thm rne bank on the northwest and southeast. and the Heel t'Hdc ') stone, standing on the Avenue outside the entrance Crcmaied remains form a cemetery of about 30 burials. The Heel stone 35-lon block of sarscnloft. (4.9 m) high, stands

ZUJ
hL

iLTZ^' T 2l ,T

outside

the"

entrance of the earthwork, but not on

its

axis

of symmetry
probably

West of

it,

astride

this

axis,

four

ar ge

ponboles

hut there

plenty of evidence of

many kinds

to support

represent a former timber gate way ...The entrance of the earthwork (in Stonehcnge 11} was joined to the river Avon (about two miles, 3.2 km to the east) by the Avenue, a processional way

the above conclusion.

marked by parallel banks and


earliest setting of
(he sunrise at trie

ditches.. .The

entrance

of the

Encyclopaedia Britannica ni take an extract from the encycloIn Vol. 21. on pages 275-277 the II our starting point. an ancient site paedia (1 969 edition) records information about
in

hluestones was aligned approximately

upon
(of the

summer

solstice.. .(.the! visible surfaces

30

ft.

high) stones have been

laboriously

dressed smooth.. The


'16tb

England, called the Sionchenge.

The encyclopaedia notes


standing stones surroun*
,

structures

may be

assigned to the earlier half of the

"Stonehcnge a circular
Wiltshire, England,

setting of large

ding an earthwork about eight miles (13

km) north of
neolithic

Salisbury,
to

was

built during

late

Early

a radiocarbon estimate giving a probable range of 2.000 to l 400 B.C.It is generally and probably rightly assumed that Stonehcnge was constructed
century B.C., broadly confirmed by
t

Bronie age

I80Q-I4Q0 B.C.),
the

Among
were

the earliest references... is

a legend that
Ireland

atones

magically

transported

from
of the

served as a place of worship...but the nature of the religion it axis must remain conjectural. The solstitiad alignment of the

Thii legend perhaps enshrines a folk

memory

of symmetry of the sarsen structure (Stonehcnge

Ilia)

has long

bringing from Pembrokeshire of the 'bluestones'

which form
of stonestrucis

been recognized. .4n 1963 the existence of

additional alignment.

pan
the
J

of the

monument*
.The

The supposed connection

on

significant

nsmgs and

settings

hcnge with the Druids


7th century

has held the public imagination since

suggested independently by C. A.

moon of the sun and Newbam in England and


undout, Thc*c suggests HHU * that Stonehcnge

monument
in

consists of a

number of
outside

G.S. Hawkins in the United S.utev


tcdly reinforce the popular belief

tural element*

mostly circular

plan.

On

the

circular diich.

broken by an entrance gap on the northeast, with


it.

for sky worship, but should

be

cohered
c.rcle of

1*

-----^^

bank is a ring of 56 known ifi er their discoverer as the Aubrey holes. Between and the ikracs in the centre arc two further rings of pi". now Invisible on the surface, known as the Z and V holes. The
Inside the

bank immediately within

iroomioHf most Christian churches are likewise


Hawkins also suggested
that the

AjW

predating have been used as a counting device for

180

COM

is:

m
ext

t>
lff

DCfl .ftJii

points that

emerge from the above

r*Si^
,

die

avenu * iih L, leads to Avon river about two miles away *** w,th hieh,y po,ish cd surram ihai the temple was connected Slighter stone, that
be is old

2'0

C "

thal

Ihc

Hindus alone arc known to connect tttnpUi by road with the Stonchcngc temple with Avon. The jjvers as a* processional Indicates the Hindu custom of taking divine idols in route also immersion in rivers. The river name 'Avon* ma$ procession for the corrupt form of the Sanskrit term "Arun" meanBS well be This inference teems plausible early morning sun, ing the red that the Druids gather even now at the Stonchengc from the fact
the break of dawn to invoke the sun. temple at solstices at

The tradition of polishing

surfaces of stones

is

very com-

*h

thereby * processional ceremonial gateway OT n *w

route,

that

at

the

temple

practised in Ait crrmuuon was that ucemJ with sky worship,

(surmised to be of timber), those days, that the temple Wa ,


its

mon

in

India too.

Scores of such temples have massive square

pillars

dances

reflect holy with large disc-shaped, polished surfaces to Halebid and performed at temples. These may be seen at

entrance was aligned

to

India. othcrhistoric places in South

(June 22) that the tgmijc at the iununer solstice


rit teople mgjest that
it

markings around
the

a$ an observatory for studying

The Slaughter Stone

in

reminiscent of the Indian warrior

timings of. be rising

and setting of the


that

sun
the

and
56

moon
Aubrey

(and

goats or buffaloes. tradition of slaughtering

probably of the planets as well),


ire also astronomically

most Christian churches


boles

oriented,

that

could have been

used

as

counting

device

for

predicting

tifoihcui

rump

of the moon, and

eclipses

of tbc

moon

and

mil and

that there is

6ft.

high

stone

standing just outside

lac temple entrance in the

avenue.

Since the Encyclopaedia


the religion practised in

Britanmca confesses that the nature


is

Ounce,

.be as was the case with

Sundew *
m*

those ancient times in England


the

not
the

bown let

yj tugcest that
tr.

research

findings
fit

regarding

scop as noted

the

encyclopaedia

in four square with

out of .lone and nomcrous structures made as at the Stowheoi*

Jt^ ^
in

^wa alone. Before dilating m hm dcal wilh *ai the


J^'be

oo other

evidence, therefore,

nomical observations suU be agronomical markings may

*"
..

^.^ained
^

encyclopaedia itself has stated,

* Ute l* UlNi iM New Del.


What
is

b*
l0

remote age ofi.soo to 1,400


C

* Sh l T
,U

B.C. surmised

for

the
the

Hindu more, .be ancient

i0n by lhc c

^'P^ia,

Hinduism was

Delhi, called the

Kutub Miaa ( .

belong*

^iheZd

8 ' 0Clk,,0W " 10

H.ftd Bll

".*? * lttn,d > thc

*< *o
***.*

m*T ^^ofr^Vlfr^

lheworld As a fflaUcr Mahabharat and the Ramay 1CnplurCi Vedas reach bock in lh '*e antiquity. So, considering Ht CIV| l'Wtioa Hinduism alone seems to

"^

observatory in era as the Sionehenge Reiki high Hindu tower in New invade. Miu around it wh.ch the Muslim '" l ously the Stonehcnge loo had

**'

""J*^ M _
'

same
ft.

lwl(W leeipks

Mje j

-"

Ob y lte

encyclopaedia.

IIS

muicaldy the day-to-day V " ' U ,0 0bSC " e C " Uln M v by P" ' "'"*"'* . undergo purificatory ,.. oT tlie liUcs d * *" """'"mU. and WH Moon day.. fas. on the m Sucb me,icul00s ***' n
(*
'

" MM tWoM " 2r*oveo o.weal

bdo

<* *"""
npl"l

'"

"*

history

of tb *t

"mote
">d

lunar

calendar

*8e *> oieuculous

two more names may be traced to the ancient calendar. These art Macain which h Mirga Sanskrit* Hindu and Mago which is Mash in Hindu, Sanskrit terminoIn Latin

shcersha even today. logy current

From

this

it

should be quite clear


that the world

to all

lha&e interested in
in

2.

" W d ouS* <" - ''" lbe


l

^m " iw*;iZ w
a'

"

"*
au

ancient history

over and especially

ancient

bod

p""""-'

n cn " on in

; .neicntmott Vedas.

HW *""
A
v y

imp*""" ""
1
,

wko

,, nf

*-J ^T^iiiglH by.beGMTprac.tceofregad.ng

New D. "

Slonebengs in

m aacKBl Hindu Prided


England
. .be
i

observa-

Britain it was the Hindu calendar with Europe and in Great which was in vogue. This also incidentally Saosru'* names was a day-to-day exchange of astronomical nrove* that there between the Kutub Minar alias Varah Mihka observatory

Siia
,

,o hou,
clock and

Delhi and the Stonehenge observatory in England. them temple* of 'sky worship' and of the sun Both had around

Mew

U*-.-*-?"'*" anew "I of a new o^


marking

H" begmmng

from

to

***
js

and the moon, markings-

and masonry constructions with astronomical

, PP n und sleep
p ,ump
for

very ,a.in,

How at .hat hour. .ha. too**.fctj

" r^lish men M *-1 J J


nudn.gh.
coinc.de*

disturbed in

ca.eadar
folind in
,

according to immemorial practice, Indies central meridian, The famous Shiva Delhi, Uija.n and Lanka. oassed through had ,U Shvva none called the Mabanklcshwar

counlry

all

ta

'htne

at Uiiain.

ac / t d so accurately placed

as

u meridian to be bisected by that conWCrile<J

astt^sscs Lp** res


u
s',d. ,2 hour,

Eoa-d's

.Ob ta.

rising sun.

.unjtse time

iappiOMma.ely> 5.30 a.m.


lnd.a's

Da, (which according als pudenda, approx.ma.es ,o March 2 > was Hour The English word Ne w Yea. Day un.il 1752 A.D. 'Horn u a corrupt form of tbc Sanskrit word

UUwi.e

New

year

jto

*
a,,

*ffj( ..
bear San*

months of the English calendar November. Decent krit name* such aiScptembct, October, Ocl-emW These are explained in Sanskrit as 'Sepic-mber-

least four

still

E.ruscnn on dtsplay in (to Tha. k was also in Rome. a 5 -Ais'l...'E.ah'ad-Esar

^.H p. ^"* >^$ h**.*^ Ea*


,

^
""
scn

.he

as d 'huu-u

pnedia

Bmannica under

.he

'' ca,JS

in support ot

my con.em.on
I

.ha.

El, s | in d

Nev-cmbei Dec ember' meaning respectively Hth. 9t h a andluihpamof.nntoiiiac. They rank as 7th, according to Hi .fjth month* respectively only when March
tradition

the 7th, Bin.

Shiva shipped .he H.ndu god

"P
.

LgUnd's,em P lcs.
Mecca' w.lHcn by

<-oK Irom
>e

b-A

trfj*-g

becomes the
in fact

Soffoh, and

month. that of all Europe, calendar

Cm

that This again confirms


is

book the aullior observes


,Ug h..orlc.. ones, one

based on

tauwc

M
we

'

llw Wa ck ol lo"

-
>"

.plljrimag.

'

)14rflW

n o. ai'e

*-M-J IM1
'

nmflu calendar.

2S
fflZ
vogue
is

^r^chiomany mm* ** "


en" *>
This

memorial and the kin* of ret op * '" u *ho over the stone in Weslminsicr Abbey, , rc tnll crowned ' woven to prove prool Ihtf the Westminster Abbey is

mm

187

Hindus.

of

ancientShiva temple.
with

And
and

associated

royal

inaugurals
in the

since Lord funerals lhe


into

the h.gh p,*c.,cc of burying

and mighty

Abbey came

generally misunderstood Aryi ft ft0 net but i* Hindu way of life. Had the icrm Aryi signified , race n lhe wouldn't have included people as widely different from une another in colour, facials and stature as Iranians, Europeans and Indians. They are known as Aryans because they were all Hindus. In India Arya Samaj, Arya Dharma, Sanatan
is

As

Dharma
This

nod the Vedic


should make
lo

way of

life

are

all

synonyms

for Hinduism.

ancient

we may recall the encyclopaedic observation, "most Christian churches are astronomically quoted above, that " We have already proved above that according to oriented to be in vogue in our practice, which continues
In this

context

when Englishmen and others claim be Aryans they carry with them the memory of having been
it

phain that

Hindus,

Hindu
all

own age

Christian

oriented. Ancient templet have to be astronomically churches being astronomically oriented without
it

ipparent justification for

in

Christian

theology,

is

proor

Another little detail also fits in four square with the above findings namely that as in India the Dravids form a part of the bigger Hindu community alias Aryan community. In England too the Druids alias Dravids form part of the English Aryans, that is to say, of the ancient Hinduism in England;

enough

that they

were Hindu temples.


It is

temples That the Indian Vedas used to be recited in those the word before they were overrun by Christianity, is proved by
psalm" pronounced 'sanV.

these

same Druids
Mantra

alias

Dravids
the

ancient

Hindu

tradition of chanting

who still continue the hymn to the Sun God


its

That word derives from Veda. Psalms are still recited in churches but the Sanskrit Vedic "Sam" while retaining its original name has been supplanted by Christian hymns,

the 'Sam*

(called the Gayatri


at the ancient

in Sanskrit) in

English translation

Hindu Stonehenge temple,

at the

break of

dawn

of B on June 22 (the summer solstice) while the rest unaware blissfully Aryans i.e. Hindus now turned Christians are

the En li*h

of their Hindu past.


that
in

further indication

is

Biblical

tradition

David

is

mentioned as the author of


apparent that David

many psalms.
still

refers to

From this it i* Dravid priests who composed


survive in modern
fact like all

that the Another very strong indication If Sanskrit word tion "shire" is a corrupt form of the in India townships is to say as we have

English termina-

*""

m*'*^
r

and sang Vedic hymns.


Britain as

These Dravids Druids and like Dravids in

Hindus

in

Shiva

temples

known

as

India ibey suJJ invoke the sun god to "energize"


gence.

their intelli-

Their chant

is

almost an exact translation

of the Hindu

,i

kie Ghrushneshwar. Mahabaleshwar and B by sues mil k " ancient Shiva temple in England Hamp^ t Lancashire, Pembroke*.*

^to1^ G^ ^
**
'

Gayairi suntra the holy invocation to the sun, in Sanskrit which

ancient terminations like

and Wiltshire.
bury Likewise the termination

touted la every orthodox Hindu household.

The
all

traditional

assertion that

all

Englishmen and, in

fact,

Euiopeaju and many other world communities besides ore Aryans u essentially a remembrance of their having be* a

Salisbury' Waterbury, Canterbury pury reminiscent of the lime* (whiwh was country. In India and in Siaro

** "*>
ai

> m Eaaliib
in

township* as

in

Saujkril lcrm

1|1 Hindu

country* , Hittd u

W)
lis

llhive . esll
,,

*nrtP known * ^
.

^
j

'Sudamapury' Kri&haapu ry cho bUry nnd Rajpury


i

Fr

this

it

l*
,

VrU

apparent that Britain' it the corrupt form crm 'BritoH ithttt* and the mtdt 'MtUf

Chc-H"**

Tb c

fa^cd

F.*i
'

J'

'Salisbury*

is

Sanskrit,

being

"\

BMM*f
fillly

Townih P

of

the Mountain
is

God
in a

on0

cu
u,

un
from
It,

S^bur^i

term Sha.I ee form of the Sanskrit 11 -temp area and a Hindc

M
ud

^ ^ru"^J 7^ uci^H-V ^ ^^ <*^*' ^^


region

Salisbury H i ca iinfl thai

located

T
riVCr
.

-Britannic

^ 1Grcft|
,

nalSanskr.
icrming

t* tlr^Sncnncc

T"i^Sc.l
ow
'

WUtthfc
is

*"'
ihe

am*** *" "i*


1
'

< or of the term 'Britain' rnendni in mlvtflkemy wp ta the id.eeti


This bns aha happened
atldcnl

ro||tWto|

u^ OT \p

*blch

'

there of

iWn

ending

""';

bviou,y c as Hi du ShivB !em p| ^ ^ ar>


l||a(

lnd,caie4

apparent
corrllpi

^ M Thc menn ^^ftWfi Egypt N


tn

"Great Britain'.
to

H ,ndu%

had named

the

hut over the eetttnr^

Hindu San^rii

tradition forgone,, the

%*-**

|f is

billy

ft

exactly .igniting.

<

J ^J]

"J

Petaling Jaya

is

Spbat.k Linga Jayan

i.e.

the Great
If

Oystal

Lord Shiva*.

)sJ

Jnga Inow turned mosque). Petaling Jaya* anctcntmosl .v*tion 4 are undertaken around to be a Shiva temple. moique u U bound to prove the mosque
'England* itconsider the origin of the word note that the self. To trace its Sanskrit origin let us first spelled in English as Saaiktii word Granthi" continues to be
1

archaeology

e an skrlt name 1

m may now

spike Sanskrit.

^ f^TM
t

P"'^".

gland'.

Similarly the

word
{I c.

stand'
'place').

as

in

'lamp-aland
indicates
into

is

tbc
the
in

Sanaktuword
Englikb.

sihan

This

thai

Sanskrit termination 'nth'

or "than'

has changed
atlas

'and*

let us

now gu back to the ancient


their

which the
years for nearly 3.000

ancient Hindu* designated


{i.e.

own

'ladarttad')

and

other
t

land as 'Sindhu-sthau Afghanistan, countries as

Bnlon
ti

mMl

3,

one

Hatuchiiian,

modern Turkey), and Aiva-sthaii Engl^b modem Arabia Llkewlio ihcy had designated the Tbnl liVetai 'An glim ha n' a name still used m Sanskrit.
Turaga*ban
'Angla' noi

vowel consonents and one the ollur vowel and then

cni

DMl

'Lnglku*
ri'

was the original Sanskrit name of lb*


vc,licd

Eogliibpc

iiay

be

from the

term:,

"Angles* and
i

- evidence * Another piece *<r to t were Hindus , found


r

hl" KI m il!Bl

^'
*h.cn ich

, ril0ill detivc from


ufffi

rved.

TnV

'Anglo Saaoaa' and Aoguii' uved by the I'rcmtb. Tberefi "Angla biban* became 'Anglulurid' which in modern parlaii^ bai changed to 'England'.

hiccups

wb.ch

II

icca

m
mlV hive
becsi re.Luccd

m
.9

35E2*'
JL^.Im'ie,
Lfe
Ihttv
Sanslfir
different

SL*(fc'

Et

*ardra-capa1

ortw-poroitt

from

Wco^-lac^m
thai
in

'asthi'

i;^
SatwVrti
si11 jfi C5

'spoiled* or "bad'

term with the

The lent! cough" thc same prononnciatton but a


Sansknt
it

destitution and B nnran CC due la natural calamities. If British history can be Invasion* or tract J back Wilh an * Jc 8 fce of coherence that bom 5Q0 yea 10 onlV because Christianity succeeded in almost cbttteroitna the orei

tn

"

is

mining namely

even as Islamic fanaticism made Christian historyof England wipe out their pre-Muslim history. But the clue* the Arabs help us to trace back the history of Enpland nrovided above may
even the Roman mvuiion. Such an several centuries before dcavour will also throw new light on the ancient history of
of Europe and of India. ther countries scholars will address themselves
It \\

'rhelgm.'

Sanskrit

had their other tett bonks alto In Thar ancient Britons the term 'tri-gono-metry' which ii Sanskrit indicated by guna matrV i.e. 'three-dimensional measurement*.
"(ri

hoped
this

thai inter**line

to

ne*

of

'Navigability'
All

Sanskrit is apparent from Thai the ancient Britons spoke Sanskrit *soonuh* word! like 'tan* and 'sonnv' which derive from compound *navi gaman bal iti.' 11 a puie Sanskrit

research.

words terminating

in

WlilV

as in 'perceivability,
'bal-iti'

ahilty,

palatability, advisability' are Sanskrit

meaning 'having
ir

the

power

to'

or 'capacity for'.

Sanskrit 'hanta. hantirau


'hunt,

hantarah'

may be compared with

hunter, hunting"

English. Similarly "widow,

widower' derive from Sanskrit 'widhwr.

widhur.'

Terminations of English
derivation!

place

names
:

have

all

Sanskrit

Some

specific

examples arc

Borough -Pura.
"Bury" as
in

Salisbury=Puri.

Ham
Ton

as in
as in

Birmingham. Sandringham is Dham. Hampton, Washinpton=Sthan.

Shire at in Lancashire-Eshwar.

The term Saxon


Stjnuh
1

is

corrupted from the Sanskrit term Saka-

the son or progeny of the

(Hindu) Saka clan.

thu.

amounts

to

cnt belief Briiain

enibc Romans hnded

overwhelming evidence that contrary to has a hoary history. The statement that
in

Britain

Britons

were

uncivilized
that

T^l[T iWuii

\'

lM]l<>aly
,n

Particular point

******** **
h.story

namely

ancient,

prosperous

Britain

24
WESTMINSTER ABBEY IS ALSO A SHIVA TEMPLE
Westminster
church,

Abbey

is

London

\s

generally

known
buried

as

budding where English monarch* arc crowned and


of distinction
are
is

a* a place were Englishmen

but
is

its

fourth and
Hfe *!minTer

nUHd

grounding role
iv alit

which

unknown

that
it

\hbey

a very ancient Shiva temple

since

continues to house an

sneiea' sacred

Hindu stone emblem since

12%

AD
is

What

of further and even greater significance

is

that a
Britain'*

tacted Hindu

none continue*

10

be in

a wa> Great

royal deiJv almost exactly as


ruler \ deity in

Lord Shiva has been the Hindu India since lime immemorial.
stone

description of that ancient

consecrated

in

West-

nf Sc onc Have been

nfnsjfif

Abbey
Hrith

is

found on page

118, Vol, 1950-62

of Keeping's

Contemporary Archives, Weekly Diary

of

Important

World
in

England and removal II Until it*


never
the

^ *-STi **^**~
""*",,*,
(during tr*

?Jfi*
a"*1

*>. the Scan. had


it

Inde, Continually Kepi Up-to-date (established 19311. Kcesine's Publications Lid. (London).

Urfi

the

Abbey

wl r

on two
"The Coronation Stone, frequently referred to as the tone of Scone* or the 'Stone of Destiny' is a roughly rectmiguredisb grey sandstone weighting about 450 lbs.

the "*" Lord Protector, when

Chapel) while the occasions for .he


;

Core a

'on

Ota

'"''"""
>',

rW

..

^
,

ta

Miet
West-

in

. whe U ,.

measunng2vi/2in. by 16 1/2
v

minster Hall and dWtagtW Cathedra!. f, t safc, to Giouccstc,


y

in.,

and

I J

in.

th.ck.

It

had for

(near Perth) until it was ctptured , J29 by Edward i. who invaded Scotland, overdrew the^oti*hK (John r Ba.Uo)>, brought the Stone to London,

been u.ed as . Coronation Stone of .he K.ngs of Scotho were crowned *t Scone

and pUccd

It

in

Westminster Abbey,
192

where

,he

Coronation

About Destiny ll,e Scone nd the Stone of has an While the Stone at Scone J' "*">" back some MO ye.s it. as that many ancient Icjcnds such

bcrni stone Mlrtr.1l, the saercd

pi)bUc,, i0

-'

K d hlsW l"" u (ht w h,

.,**-

1*4

195

head hen be ** w 'he Villon at Bethel which from Palestine passed succcs&i. fCkoriif TT. X-XIXIwrf and on the migration of r^ ip Etypfc, Spun. Ireland,
60 which ItcoN retted
bis reJ)

country to Scotland. incirni *S*** fio the latter that the stone dered probable by certain historians
the coronation
rfrc

Scotland and ultimately to London over mVb nl of special s.pificance since the Arab-IaraaM region also surround to have been a centre of Shiva Palestine is known worship m
lrd and,
I

fa^

^.

It is

consi-

times-

That

is

why intheKaba in Mecca the Muslins

pre-histork
for the

congregate

of

all

Scottish tings

back to
the Picts

was used at Kenneth McAlpfne,


arid

and continue to pay homage to the anmial pilgrimage prchlamic Hindu Linga consecrated there. The Dome on the Rock Shiva
in

Jerusalem

Is

Triih chieftain

who conquered

established a

airy at

Scone (the Pictish capital) circa 850 A.D,

Opinions

vary as to whether the Stone was used for the enthronement of rhe Pictish kingi or whether it was brought from Ireland (where
Tradition associates

temple since (he Rock itself is the deity there. It is the a shiva done of such Shiva temples in Palestine which has travelled to London one and Scotland in a journey that has spanned via Egypt. Ireland
several milleniums.

u with the coronation

ceremonies

of

the
concept

ancient friib tings at the Hill of Tata)

by the Scots."
clear
that

The term "Stone of Destiny' is also a since it is Lord Shiva who is associated

very ancient Hindu


not only with
It is

human

From

the

above description

it

is

the

so-called

destiny but with the ultimate

end of the whole universe

He who

Stone of Scone which has an authenticated history of 900 years *i of immemorial antiquity and that it has all along

releases the elemental fury of fire or water to engulf the universe

been

from time to time according to Hindu


In the extract quoted

belief:

associated

whh

royaj coronations.

It is,

therefore,

obviously a

above H may be

noticed that the Stone of

prr-Mnilim and a pre-Christian


in of the stone

object of worship.

The des-

Scone

is

said to have been carried by the Scots when they migrated to


is illogical

namely
il

Mes

to

identity

colour, weight and dimensions as a sacred Hindu temple stone. In


its

Scotland That
'Ireland?'.

because how could Scots 'mi grate from


is

But the answer


is

found in the Sanskrit term 'Kshatriya'


out from

Lord Shiva has been the tradition il


I

deity

of the kings.

of which "Scots'

an English corruption. Kshatriya fanned

Hindu kinfs used to worship and pray to Lord Shiva oronat.otu and an important occasions all
their lives.

inn battle cry

The

^v

'Har Har MahadeV and 'Sat nused by .he king, and their armies while fighting
the

*JJ

Eklingaj,- or

prehistoric times as is recorded in India to different parts of the world in Wherever they went they the Indian Puranas i.e. ancient histories. represented by a sacred stone- it carried with them their deity Lord Shiva and now preserved in Westminister Abbey
is

also refers to

one such stone which

is

same Lord Shiva represented by

Christian kings of England

still

custom follow the ancient Indian

coronations^ hrehjey of associating Lord Shiva with their e


inherited

from the Scots

alias Kshatriyas
their

who

migrated

(mm Ireland

rtJ^r^*^* Un ^
tuu "*
temnfct
all

now on **'**

he Pope"*

Arya land and made Scotland

home.
a
corrupt
a
title
,
\

The
over Europe.
the Sanskrit

.Z7JS5***
<1W^;.;
W
,"

Lo """-
Abbcy

Wc m , s

et

Abbey.
,o

changed word gramh.indicates Similarly the word 'tomp-swri

Tta

,
i

word Scotland is itself Ksnatra^mon mh* needs term Kshatra-Sthan. This


'

form of

of 'than ending "an*' instances indicate that the Sanskrit

J*^,^- The* W^| " thM


into 'gland

p^u,^
. -

'lamp-sthi

.^

hi*

p T""'"

Sieved

bv.

Scotlandb>n' Wci-nt
Thai the Seats

rr , n <fnrmed

Into

**

" Hnflilh.

That

is

how

'K^^
Hindu.
'Stone

197

subsconsciously

main

their

old

was carried back and enshrined again , M iu ori place under the Coronation Chair seat -, Wnmi ef Afc "^ an absence or 109 days, after
th ence
It

attachment f Kihatnva .ttUhnMial apparent from ihe agitata of Scone" is Dcijin> alias 'Si one lime to lime for the return of the stone demand they make from Scottish nationalist* not having succeeded ra ScotUncT* custody appeals, three young high-strung Scot students
frantic

to their

ancient

In

February 1952. the matter was again

raised In Use

Several members from Scotland of Commons. insisted thai the stone must remain in Scotland because the Scott had a very deep sentimental attachment and reverence for it, But the

Home

teacher forced their and i woman domestic science

way
hours

into

Prune Minister, Winston Churchill announced on behalf of the Government that the Government too attached great importance
lo retaining the stone in Westminster Abbey because ibe surac had been in the Abbey for 650 years and bad "an historic
significance for all the

morning Westminster Abbey stealthily in the early away the stone, Christmas Day rn 1950 and spirited
drapine n
in the Scottish flag

of

reverently

They drove with the stone to faraway Scotland and consecrated it in Arbroath Abbey. The
four daredevil* were Ian
sity

Hamilton 25*year*old Glasgow Univer-

Coromno^eaUh," In the meantime Dr. John McCormick, Chairman ot the Stouiih Covenant Movement issued a warning that unless the Stone

countries of the

la student, Gavin

engineering students at

Vernon (24), Alan Stuart (20) both Glasgow University and Miss Katrinn
teacher in Ross Shire.

was returned to Scotland

it

might be removed again by

force.

On May

9,

1951 Lord

Brabazon
peers,

of

Tata, supported by a

Mathesoo. (22) domestic science

number of Scottish and English


of

urged in the House r

Leading members of the Church


rhe

And Nation Committee


brought

Church of Scotland when informed that their ancient, sacred


had been once again

Stone of Destiny
thrilled.

home, were
has
been

They

issued a statement

that "the stone

Lords that the stone be returned lo Scotland, He described in history, ceremonial the Stone of Scone as "so wrapped up emphasusJ and prophecy that was unique tn the world" and and latar the that since the 5th century the kings of Argyll
kings oi Scotland, had been crowned upon n Edward I in 1926, i umoved to tn gland by
until
it

<*a

of peculiar historic and sentimental value, both as associated with the coronation
of Scottish kings and as a symbol of Scottish independence and

for long cherished as a Scottish possession

nationhood".

left That Lord Bruba/on of Tara should have mentioned above about the stone was natural since as

two*

few

The
al
tf

theft or the stone first

discovered by a

night watchman,

has been associated

with

the

coronation

ceremoa.es of inc

on Christmas Day (1950) triggered off a frantic search. A statement was also issued on behalf of the Government that
e_m-

ancient Irish kings at the Hilt of Tara.

the King

was

SurpriMUgly
Sanskrit, royal

greatly dii tressed

at the

removal of the stone by

unknown persons, The group which had removed the stone made it known that they meant do insult or embarrassment W the monarch but they wanted that the stone should remain in
Scotland and only carried to Westminster Abbey temporarily for coronations lo the meantime Scotland Yard men succeeded in tract of the Stone to Arbroath Abbey in Scotland. From

the Hill IK actually have a Tara-Garh' meaning (aJu* *&** Hindu monarch* who ruled from Ajmtr abo of Tara touting
'

enough even this Hindu significance.

**J*
In

Imha

al

^JLT^ AJ

actually
i

crowned on

the

11.11

AjIBW,

The

Sanskrit

word 'Tara

MM*

"

* iud *'" actually the Saustiril of the hngliih

198

\m
Fven
the

eight-pointed

cross

in

the

Union

ri*f* fcwi *e

ancient Hindu, Kshatriya tradition signifying


in all

the eight-directions. In India sway a || the monarch hold* divinity have been octagonal. royalty or building connected with

^
for

ahas^raGarh in Ire.and. Hill of Tara HiMheiefore.ipp^^ on the Engird. Scot and. Ireland and cities throughout finc ient Euro* h*d temples, and that the Westminster numerous Shiva Abbey in a Shiva temple in addition to its other roles.
Is itself

ZZ

Even
ioda>

its

Hindu

octagonal. These can be seen even cupolas and kiosks hove been tradition also names eight supernatural beings as guards

those eight directions.


special

Hindus are the only people

who have

divined

names

for

each of those directions.

British Coronation Chair has lions at its f0ur feet This tradition still surviving in modem Britain. In Hindu tradition Is Hindu is called "The Lion Seat" Moreover the lions at the few of the throne Chair are of the Hindu design, Coronation

The

the

One

additional indication of

Hindu

rituals in Europe
is

having been supplanted by Christian ceremonies

found

in the

word

Amen" meaning "peace' terminating all religious observances. This is ancient Hindu practice because according to immemorial
Hindu custom
ill religious recitals in

Sanskrit end with the thrice


is

pronounced word 'Shami,.Shanti....Shaflti' of which 'Amen'


Islamic

the

and Christian synonym

All this
in feet the

ii

emphatic proof that Ireland, Scotland, England and


if this

whole of Europe used to practise Hinduism, and dial

important detail has laded out of historical

*oid that exists

world history

memory it only shows up a big despite our much vaunted scholarship.

ew

important cue to rewrite that part of world h istory Europe used to profess Hinduism is provided

An

when

an-

by the Stone of Scone

Sione of Destiny. Tne British people as a


l

whole and

speciallv

m T n!^ **I ** ^r ^ a^a^iT


..on

evince such a deep sentimental attachment for that e* has been their royal deity from the time when Indian te term Scots is English corruption of that Sanskrit

Shm

Ver a Wi,d Eur l*- established a Hindu crowned their kings over a Shiva Ling, now
b UndCf

""a"-* to" Chair inside Westminster


of Scone
in

* * eo^^ orber ,n the city *d

2T

qUOtCd ab VC ' indiCatC that

* Shi va L "** 0Scd Scotland and still carUer

'SAIW5,

201

English pronunciation branching olTii ,,., , fter " lo uehwiib iu wi.rc.-SM.krfc hat |ot iu ,!!?"!? alt confu, ed . ee d sometimes at "k" or

Thus

'centre* the proper pronunciation

25
Ingush
l*

ln the

word 'committee
because
in

should nave been ,he proper pronunciation


alphabet

^ T T?
l

'" l

JZ*'

lamiti'

is

a dialect of Sanskrit
that English
is

the

English

Ao.Vb.
a

is

Committee when pronounced as

pronounced

'samiti"

ately spotted out

Almost , 0laj languages, most of the Indian of Sanskrit rcsulicH in compilers of the Engti gft .-norancc of this fad hai *rong. They have e.ther railed ,o dictionary thcmsclvc* going "here nectary or have origin or their words jive the Sanskrit explanations. provided wrong etymological

vety seldom

realized

as

much a

dialect

to be a Sanskrit word, This indicate* how English has slipped up on its pronunciation while retaining the original phonetic Sanskrit spelling or words like
"committee'.

be immedc

Taking the two words


hod. therefore, that they
sacniti*.

"central"

should

Take ihe word


that
it

"upper*.

From
is

its

spelling

it

should be
thai

clear

ued in identical with the Sanskrit term 'kentral' or rather kendriya samiti'. Its English usage has been confused mi]
English,
is

We find

and 'commitiec* together we be pronounced as kentral


committee'

that

the term

'central

its

original pronunciation

'oopcr

\W\X) and
that

no*

confounded because of two


saddled on a single letter

sounds

V and

*k'

having

been

it

used and

pronounud
Moicotcr

in

Hindi ana Sun&kiil.

And

yet
is

V,
she
*ia'.

English dictionary doesn't


Sanskrit word,

tcJl
il

he

icaocr

'upper'

only

Uie iDgl-sh-speaking

peopt

The English pronouns you. we and SjUjicri. pronouns "yuyam, way a in' and
word 'madira' for wine
is still

arc

truncated

The

Sanskrit

stuck to the phonetic pronunciation


difficulty

'oopcr' Uicy would have no

in

vague

in English

and other

m making

themiclvts

undci stood

by

Hindi

ant]

European languages

as 'madeira'.

The word
*.
t

*psalm* (pronoun-

Sanskrit-speaking pcuplc.

ced "sam*> for verse meant to be iun


seen from the term 'Sam Veda".

is

Sanskrit as

may be

"Mouse*

if

phonetically

pronounced would be "Moos',


ilia a

it i*

not then difficult 10 realixetnal


Sanskrit 'moosnak'.

truncated

L'orffl

ol

the

The words 'known* and unknown' when nounced will be seen to be the Sanskrit words
Truth' and "untruth" are not explained
origin.

phonetically pro'jnan*

and

'ajnan.'

'Sfceat' in English

il

"swed'
it

tn

Sanskrit.

"Name

is

'nam

to

be or Sanskrit

(Tm) m
in

Sanskrit.

In tngliih
1

** also used 10 combination

'pseudonym, antonym'.

lit

English
Jiaiici

fore full) Sanskrit since in the

word "synonym" is therelanguage we would convey


(fltr

an instance of the great etymological drawback from the ft of the Englise dictionary. Remove the letter words and one gets 'ruth' and "an ruth" which arc Sanskrit. Tha

Thai

is

ibciamc meaning by saying 'sum nam'


are

proves that the


Sanskrit words.

letter

tfmy
In

is

an Engli&b

interloper

(fl

th

tnglish

phoncucolly pionuunted
b,

would be "ectHra"
,i

pronounced as iWn| the k" sound of

often

(a*

V V

m
word

'cut,

cuugh. col
"centra"

The words
origin as

hunt, hunter* and

"huming'

we

ol
l.|fl'J

v-c I.nd that


it

* ID

may

word Miami. be seen from the Sanskrit

*kcn<ir a -.

The

equivalent Sanskrit

'kendrtf.

200

w
202

209

(meaning

kllkr miici

> '

-|tfM>'

cwnrtl)

(Two killm) and ha***,,

^H^ral

killers).

Bli 5 h 'sugar*, old French ^chre. Greek sakkharon' derive from Sanskrit 'Sharkara/ The word jaggery |, /. mal-pronu nciaiion of sharkara
,

prefix The English

^a'

as in 'parathyphoid'
<<**)

!Lw

i5

"para the Sanskrit

meaning another

p^

Arabic "tutiyV stem from pepper; Latin 'piper/ Greek peperV originate from Sanskrit 'ptppali/- English orange' is

English 'tuny'. French


iJrO), English

'title/

Sansknr Tuttha

Another English pfix


d.sen^age"
is

'dis'

in 'disparate, disentangle,

as in 'dushchar, duslar' the Sanskrit "dus"

&w,

Arabic, and narang in Sanskrit. 'Lilak" in French, Spanish. Persian, is nilak* in Sanskrit. Ginger is gingibcr in Latin, deriving fromshrtnga^er'
in

naranj' in

Pen

meaning

"all

round' as

penmetre or

p) peripheral

Sansknt Candy
in Sanskrit.

is

'candi* in French, *qand' in Arabic, from

khawf

piTO)

Sanskrit

pari' as in
is

'r*ri~bhrama' and 'parwnatra", The English

word

perimeue
>*

trigonometry-

dimensional measurerrrnt.'

actual! y Sanskrit 'parimatra.' Similarly 'iri-guna-matra'i.e. 'three Sanskrit (firpi mi) This indicates that the ancient world studied

Beryk

is

"berullos

in

Greek from 'waidoorya'


'atari' in Arabic
'aniline" derives

in Sanskrit
*nili"

Anil* in English and Spanish,


in Sanskrit for indigo.

is

from the word

The word

from the same root

help of Sanskrit texts. us mathematics in Sanskrit with the

This explains the ancient Hindu


in

name

"Nile Krishna" to the river "Mile

Egypt.

Over the centuries Egyptians cut off from their Sanskrit, Hindu
which

The word 'metre"


is

for

measure

if

phonetically pronounced

heritage forgot that 'Nile" stood tor 'blue" in Sanskrit, and they added
the adjective 'blue calling their river "Blue Nile absurdity.
is

same as the Sanskrit word matra is an all pervading measure used


the

mai-ra'. In Sanskrit.

Hindu

tradition

a philogicai

in imisic.medicine. mathematics
is

etc.

Even
as

in

English prosody the measure

known

as "metre*
line are

as in Sanskrit prosody. Moreover, even the divisions

of a poetic

'Aggressor*,
far-ward'
territory
is.

is

a Sanskrit

word

since 'agra* (3rc) means


into another's

known

foot'

which

is

an exact translation of the Sanskrit prosodic

and

'sar (*F) i$ "to move*.

One who moves

terms charan" and pad'

Even the word 'prosody'

is

from the Sanskrit

therefore.,

an aggressor.
nasika' has been corrupted to *no*e" la

word iinrrn) "prasad'-a quality essential in all verse,


ability to

namely

the

The Sanskrit word


English,

please the listener's

mind by

its

grace.

and led
English

to

words

like 'nasal/

The blend of drinks called 'punch' in English is a Sanskrit word signifying a combination of five as in other Sanskrit terms like 'punch-gavya* (the five products of the cow), the
puneh-amrita* (the five-fold nectar), punch-ratna" (the five jewels) and the village 'punch' (council of five)

'terrestrial* derives

from Sanskrit

dharatal' i.tPFWV This

indicate* that Sanskrit "dhttra"

meaning

the Earth' becomes "terra"


for 'middle'
is,

latin Likewise the Sanskrit

word 'madhya"

rjecornesmeai

Latin and English.

The term Mediterranean'

therefore.

Sanskn

signifying

Soup'

b)

Sanskrit

word as

is

explained in Sir Monier

J middle explain the Sanskrit origin of words like mediator, meditation,

an ocean situated between

w o big land masses

hams' dictionary Cooks in the Jagannaih temple in Puri are as'topakar"

know"
Terms
like dentistry

from Sansknt danta

sham' *****

206

207 arc Sanskrit

ne w or<b
.

matricide' suicide, patricide,


p-tri-chhid

Saffiknl

-chhld

(**).

(top*), matri-chhid (-rp^,,


S j ncc

cxpli.n*

WJf*

g^micide, insecticide, pesttcide " kc

&
like

tt

a very m.nor d.fference

in

Sanskrit

ending for comparative and

pronourci^.

called the -tar-tun. bhava*

(*

ttMSunm

3 Sanskrit (ft* ft *) >

mcan cumng'

kilIing
-

supe,,^. m

n Sansk, t

cnd 'ng,

how Western languages oieminaiing/ That shows


from Sanskrit rood

still

coin words

mahattar, lagtiutar" etc. for greater, bigger and lesser "respeciivek Trie corresponding superlative terms are adhiktum,
the English words 'optimum, maximum
Sanskrit 'Bhratri-niti

^^ ^ 2
mahatturrt laghut^

*Q_uo vadis....quo warranto* The Latin word 'quo' as in

The English *ord

fraternity* is

gacchhasi (*rraft) "where do you go*. from Sanskrit as *quo (fowl) i.e. false in Sanskrit. Myth' in English is 'mitthya*
English
Peter' derives

from

pilar' (for*) in Sanskrit.


is

Likewise

Nocturnal, diurnal derive from Sanskrit naktam' {=n=*u foe divas' for day. The English words regime, reign, night and sovereign,
suzerain are Sanskrit rajyam, rajan, swarajan
(

David

is

Dravid* and

Abraham

a mal-pronunciation of the
is

nm,

htr, =-nprc

Sanskrit

word Brahma, Brahms, an English surname

indicative of

The English word


gacheha*( TP'- T rt5).

*go* is from the Sanskrit


is

Gama-

the indent Sanskrit


i

moorings of the Jamily like the surname 'Brahme'

Cow'

in

English

*gow'

in Sanskrit, Vestry is the

fin

in India.

room where room


is

vastra' (clothes) are kepi in a church. In Sanskrit too such a


vesture' is
vastra*. Saint

Panorama, cinerama are the same as 'manorama" in


Sanskrit The termination
enchants or entrances the

called vestry. Likewise the term

rama" (t)

In Sanskrit indicates

pleases or

(Sanskrit 'saint'), preacher (Sanskrit "pracharak") and "adore


(Sanskrit 'adar'), "Door* (for Sanskrit 'duar'), "man* for 'nunat

mind
<

Tht word "mar*


Sanskrit

=tf) as in

'mar somebody's chances'

is

peter, mater, daughter, pita, mata, duhita. son, sonny from Sanskrit 'sunuh'.

meaning

'kill*

or "hurt, harm*, Bond, bondage,

bandage are

deity

from
The

devata,
prefi*

theos

from

Sanskrit

"devas*
is

are

all

from Sanskrit "bandh, bandhan" (Ta, ftR).


Accept
is

Sanskrit.

pro" as in pro offer, pro create

the

same as

(aftro) a-kshipta (that

which

is

not thrown
is

away
from

Sanskrit 'pravakia iswfl, prabhat

TO prabhakariHi*.
In the English

Succim

is

frfireT) sankshipta. Trie

English 'cough*

Since
dictionary
it

all
is

such explanations are lacking

Sanskrit "kaf

.^,. Though Sanskrit


is slightly different, ii is
i.e,

'kaf* signifies

phelgm while

obvious

that

English

philolo^

cough
antes from kaf

not difficult to see that cough

phelgm The

slight difference in

the English and


centuries of

being the source etymologists are largely unaware of Sonskril aim and1.1 language of English either directly or through 1
as illustrated above.

annotations of the same word are due to the epentiw of English from 115 Sanskrit
source.

many

Tim

ignorance has resulted


in

.n

CM*

errors the Engiish dictionary committing grave

explatmrw

The Stmkrii word antar h pronounced


national,
intermittim.

in

Englis as "inter" a*

origin or their words.

As an

instance

we may pemi

imcwsiiy

interpret, interpolate, intermediate,

imcrdepenocm

explanations appended to the words The in the average English dictionary


explained as
*a

'wWd*

Path ha*

identical

meaning

woman who

has

lost

^ !!
and
her husband

in

both English and

-SS-W-^ r*ilabour-*'
sort-cr,
tttffii

"or. iron etymological


er

In

English

lefiture-er*

means a

oi the

S**~^ *"; U
^r^rLer
b
I

had been a word 'widower* would have meant word wdow" the woU| <* have * uch ij *omn a WW BOtl ^ m-rrled woman's husband, whikit
..

26
ANCIENT VEDIC PRIESTHOODS OF EUROPE
Currently there are two important priesthood* in Europe One is the Pope in dome. The which are often heard of
other
is

jrw of

because .hey don't widow' and 'widower arcthe corrupt lhr **rds widtm.V and widhur' (RW^I fim) .he Sanskrit ord*
con.nut.ed this

pros* error

Eft?"?'*
the Archbishop of Canterbury
in

Eigland.

A mnn
repeal
rnflti)

dlHfefll

*udy of the

English derivatives

would
their

more mistake
i

This

should also

impiess on

:oaprten of be English dictionaries to captain

many of

Both the present Pope (alias Papa) John Paul U and Dr. Robert Runcie. the Archbishop of Canterbury are blissfully

waiii

in

terms of iheir Sanskrit origin as

boa:
!

nd 'unrui*
-.jh

but

all

thctr dictionaries

and 'untruth* We may go a step further and say thai European languages would do well to .horoughly examined by Suti&kntisU.
'truth'

unaware that theirs are basicillv ancient Vcdie priesthoodi because of the Christian which were forced to turn Chrivian around 312 AD. and onslaught The attack on the Papacy came
that

on the Archbishopry of Canterbury

In

the sixth century

to imj

Euiopcan dictionaries ill

U* helpofSoiuUit.
iskti

have to be rewritten chauvinistic and political consi-

A-D.
Canierbury is the Sanskrit term Here township of Lord Sankar alias Shiva.
analysis of
letters

Sankarpury
the

i.

e.

toe

ihem *h> from such a task Indians, would have

philological
first

pan of the rewriting of then maimed

as 'San sm n, Ifcjj 'Can* should be pronounced At r arc pronounced ** ?*. Centre* the first three let'crs *ker* because it should be the syllable

how we

arrive

at that conclusion

The

ihiee

**

to

For into 'K night* ,n into 'nautical' and 'Nayak' as Sankai 'Cantcr' should be pronounced Atusbury. Scvcnbury bury' as in Shrewsbury.
in English.

instance the

^*^ ^^2
tl

^jj^
o.

a 'townsbtp Sanskrit suffix *pury' meaning


priest at Naturally therefore the Sankar. priest worshipping Lord Shiv U-

Sankorpury

^
Vedic

Having come to
I

that

UT wrote to the present incumbent

,u ' ton

^
o

RimC lc ..*!.
rc-Christls*

memory whether any such legend or


Canierbury past attaches to hi* seat in

Pr


210
Paintings of
211

Ramayanie episodes

houses dug up

are found in Biru

in Italy,
its

fact

the

Th.rw.ffiood enough

.l of ^ Vedic

I*-**** Sankarachary;..

*** fb*t
Cant

The
Canterbury did
' the 6,b
S|1

city

of Ravenna gets

uama from Ran,*

* great adver-

iarv Ravan.

f From

Ury

ar p Ury 5^century

Verona

is

named

after the

Vedic deity Varun.


i.e.

AD

in thr vedfe dttWWiffleB"

Canterbury was forced lo turn

Divinity

is

the Sanskrit term *deva-niti'

the

way of

life

Christ iii*.
Similarly the Papacy In

of devas meaning gods.


also

Rome was

chafya *t

The

letter

addressed in this

Shankaraconnection by Dr. R

a Vcdic

Your uncompromising views on

abortion and on divorce are


society.

of Vedic vintage and not of the permissive Christian

after he listened to Goyil of Basildon, England to the Pope in Basildon is reproduced hereunder ray lecture on the topic

To.
Hit Holiness, Papa

John Paul

It

The
Italy

Vatican,

Rome
Dated November
10,

According to Mr P.N, Oak's finding* the last Vcdic Papa was stain by a neo- Christian convert emperor Const amine around 312 A.D. and the Bishop of Rome a priest of the Ihea tiny, newly formed Christian group was installed in lta.it hoary prestigious, venerable Vedic scat, as the first Christian Papa.
I trust that

1986

Your Holiness and your

flock will feel immensely

Your Hoi new.


i

antecedent*. proud of these newly discoveied holy Vedic

According to tome recent important discoveries

made

bj

Mr

N Oak, founder-President of
IN

the Institute

for Rewriting

request Your Holiness to order a thorough Papacy, research into the Vedic antecedents of the

May,

t therefore,

Indian Hijory
India the

128, Greater
is

Kailash I,

New Delhi 110048.

Papacy

a pre-Christian Vedic priesthood.

these days in The eminent researcher Mr. P.N. Oak is stupendous ds London to deliver a series or lectures on his

'Papa-ha* in Sanskrit signifies an absolver from sin.


Vaiicaa
is

coverics.

the Sanskrit lertn Valtca


i.e.

The UlS-p.g. velum.


meaning 'an hermitage'
written
the p re-Christian

So yours *, Veda Vatica

a Vcdic hermitage.

OM WORLD VEDIC HERITAGE ? ttU g * by Mr. P.N. <M dtawt. and communities
in

,l

Vedic past of

all

regions

i<

The SHtfne Chapel in which every new Pope name from Shiv Sthan meaning a Shiva

is

elected gcis

temple.

ShMiogftBimi image* or Lord Shiva which your preOMiitun predecessors u d l0 WOrihip havc (cd beefl
to the Etruscan

Muwum

rested hope Your Holiness will be deeply mte primordial VM* yourself and the world with the mankind
I

in

ac^ng
v

Your. Slacerely

R.LGoyal
IS

in the

Vatican.

Furrow Felde

r ,ne Vedie B afkr?hrvIdL f 'ocafDation


i

C,0 Wbichllie

*"

located

is

named

Basildon, Essex SSJ6 5 H.B.

Rama.

United Kingdom

:i2
that h . v* discovered
'

two important

Christian

*",
priMfecffdi

rf <

Em**

^
1

Vedic S*^.ntchary .cat, we r*a cb 0ne js that all Islamic and Chrli*

C5ST. ST**)*** *
1

B*?hdd,

Damsscus,

Mecca

etc

etc.

were

rf S.nk a T-char>YK
U
:

we draw is that a network import** conclusion Tl,eiei ' T^p phenomenon alone. n0t an f nd ;, n
SankBracharya Ietft

memory

^ ^^ S 5. * ** ~
to

27
ANCI6MT ITALY WAS A HINDU COUNTRY AND THE POPE A HINDU PRIEST
proverbially short, old history h forgotten in the illimitable flow of time. progressively History it

was

deliberately wiped out


ihe

^
all

cm

by

;72 Christian
way

hi5tory

Human memory

being

and

Mfcd.ni i-vaden.

It Es

job of the researcher to reconstruct

further obliterated

by natural calamities

like volcanic eruptions

ach

obliterated history.

In India itself all those


thai the first

tutored

in

the British

believe

But a third factor which plays more havoc a nd earthquakes. with history is suppressive and destructive human tendencies
All these have

Sankarachary lived in the 8th century


a special chapter of

A,D. But as
Blunders

combined

discimed

in

my book

titled

- Some

books of history

all

from current text traces of an ancient Hindu world empire,


to
obliterate

$fbdia& Biuoriaal Research the period of the 1st Sankarachary


has to be antedated by 1300 years.

The

two natural agencies being common to all earthly civilizations it is the third, namely the human agency, which * c
first

From
lustory

thai

it

is

aaparcni that a
It is

303-ycar-strctch of history
therefore,
if

shall take special note of. Id the pre-Christian era the Vedic
alias the
alias

tctnaias totally

unknown.

no wonder,

the

Hindu civilualioo
the

or all other Sbaokaracharya seats

throughout the world

Aryan way of

life

had spread throughout

world

*lso ant obliterated during those

1300 years.

people whose because of the energetic enterprise of the Indian Vishwam motto, enshrined in the Rigvcda, was *Kriavanlo

Aryam
spread

i.e.

make

the whole world Arya.

Wis*

that motto tncj

rifibteo over the world preaching the ideals of bratfaeibo conduct, renunciation and sacrifice, one human and a common earthly heritage. Armies led by Indian

all

**

called the Kshatriyas, extended their ***J to

all

p*fU
admims:

earth and

wake Indian educators and and pw.n spread knowledge and established enlightened
in

their

wa welfare administrations in a hnmanrty wbicb


aboriginal standard.
fir* by the That Hindu civiliiation was swamped ip^ kith and later by the barbaric Artbs who

torture

and terror wiih torch and iword. systematic which arc mainly responsible fot

^^ ^
11

A nspi

215
2)4
it Eimeaoi in their own turn are descendant* of the earn*, Etruscans **" wiy f lifC lhC able to Etruscan* derive that name from the Hud a taec \ rv
,

v r e

decendants of those

earlier

known

if

co i*1

**
,JIP
1|

or

fWn

,hc C
t

**2 "
k
to
r

fiflp

*">* b00

D " r,tc
the

suc

11 SLtf
Mr*.

W *******

epiece *"* story

of

worldwide
history will

^ of
nar*i**

that

f'^'
'

Such 1, Hmdu eWtaltaL

^^
for

me CU

from coUll try to country


clues

and

"*

^a^C^
Ut
K
,. therefore.

*" * 'TlTmodes of worship, literature, mythology, "d-***** remains of Afferent areas.


of take up the study

i^

the history,

language,

Etruscan

have compiled some evidence which goes to prove ihepre-Chrisuan era the Italian people, whether of or pre -Etruscan era were Hindus ihai fa to say

We

ifcai

Use

they

what
of

wenow

call

la ipc

prc-Christun era . large


the people

pan

Italy

was known
the 7th

L"Lh. "

found under those two heads Lrautio. .bout the Etruscan* Bmanruca and obviously in other encyclois

thc second century

who nonrisned there from about as Etruscans. B.C. ere known

Aryan or Vedic modes of worship and spoke practised the language with a preponderant element of Samara. Sanskrit or a one can trace Italian history it is nothing hot As far back as Hinduism. Hinduism and
Vedic way of life and of Sanskrit The preponderance of the gauged from the Tact that even after professing luly may he two milleniums Italians still practise Cbnatianity for almost

Some

the Encyclopaedia

paedias

Hindu

rituals

under

Christian

label

and

speak

highly

big
av

thai

civilization is still a But scholars idmrt that the Etruscan very Imlc a known about it. Ovei whelming opinion panlfi. they seem ihc Eiruicani were people from the East and

Sanskritiied language.

to appear in Italy suddenly as though

from nowhere.

The popular notion that the Etruscans were a


traft

temporary

They are being Paused and festivals are of Hindu origin. when they were Hindus and arc Iiatwna from times immemorial Italians and Catholics continued in our own day though
b?

Almost

all

so-called Christian-Catholic

rituals,

observant

>e.ng

from some

other

country

suddenly

and

mysteriously

everywhere

now

profess to be Christians. All Souls

immigrating into Italy around


leaving Italy

the 7th

century B.C. and then


is

Uok at the
term
itself is

Day obsvance
the

bag ana baggage around the second century

not

an exact translation of

well founded.

The Etruscan

civili2iion

evolved

from

within

v.nee called

luly and

lost its idenmy when ibe Italian people (then known as Euuscaaij were gradually fotced to prolcss Christianity. The mistaken nouon that the ttruscans moorings

had no

earlier

Moon) day. Abraham the first prophet and Christians is none other than the
creator.

'Sarva-Pitxi-Amavasya" In and signifies ancestors' souls

* JX S"^*. *- Sana
Sanskrit

***^> ****. of ur ^ Hind- Brahma


the the

ui Italy
Italy

aiuo fiom almost

total

ignorance about the


era.

history of

and

E^ope

in the

pre-Cbnuun

The mistaken notion


around the
about
for

ftm somehow

ihatuuscaxu

vanned

into thin air

*iury B.C. arises from ruscans were overwhelmed

ignorance

the

way

the

ana made to give up their tiadwo,

The term Chrttmns is Cmhnn-mni ..e Mnha the Hindu incarnation at the time of the i DCC word 'mas' in Sanskrit means 'month".
delivered the

fl

>

ol

Wdic

or

Aryan We

chMge

Christianity,

sermon famous 'Bhagvadgecta'

to

^ ^ /&& ^^
f

Ct

There has thu lbecanodiKOttUfiuily

^ ^.^

devotee that

month

is

Cri*bni*mas.

216
217

0r,

*" i T! "" mB word *Cri


t

JH
,

Iber
'

The Sanskrit

suffi* 'mas'

"Unifies that the

fc

bear* "

original Sanskrit connotation signj .

month dedicated because he delivered hi ramoui Chrin. 4ermon lQ mouth, tntndtatbe Hindus observe
thai
,hat

b.U "

'Chrisna-mas'

i.e.

the

to

Lord ""

fyiflf

w* 0,e mWI,n *
comparing a synonym namely the
Christians are

aermon as Gtett Jayanti and

- h ... ^ proved by

the anniversary that fall* ar01ind Deccmbcr

wrong

in believing

th.t the tern,

^.STi-*

of December

became
at the

the

symbol

the
infer

is

the the

numef ] MO*

So

the

term *X-mas

oho

signifies

Christ* so-called sermon on the mount it no other than Chrisna's sermon delivered to Arjuq wliile Chrisna wai mounchariot. So Chrisna's sermon was actually ted on a a icrmon the mount. That sermon though delivered to Arjun has on

since

"S

month.

Let us

now look
term

word 'Deccmbef

itself.

Th.t too

a Sanskrit

ioftheiodiac)mon.h.' (P a r the 12 months of the year lo Hindu tradition aligned


ancient

Tcce-ember' mcamng From this, one can


the zodiac.

10th
that

been accepted and venerated as a sermon providing rndispeniable spiritual guidance to all humans embroiled in mundane
misery and longing for salvation. That is exactly what U said about the so-called sermon on the mount, propagated in the name of Christ. From this it is apparent that it is really the

heaven the 12 parts of the


This
ber,
is

fully

Octc-em be

borne out by the four Sanskrit i terms SeptemNov-ember and Dece ember standing respecti-

Chrisna legend and Christian world.

worship that

is

being perpetuated in the

November and vely for September, October, constitute the 7th. 8th, a to say by their Sanskrit meaning they
9tb and 10th

December,

That

The
respects

ctoss that

the Christians
Christian
its

wear

is

really

the

Hindu
other
*crti-

Swaslik with

little

distortion, as in

several

months of the year.

By current confounded
10th,

namely that

hooks have been clipped and

the

Christian computation they arc ibe 9lb,

Nth, and

12th

cle bar of the cross

has been elongated.


"peace*

dislocation months of the year. What caused this incongruous That is to say what made months to the Gieionan calendar 1 11th called the 7th. hth. Via and 10ih to be placed 9th and 10th.

The Christian practice of saying 'Amen* signifying derives from the Sanskrit. Hindu tradition Ql ending all 1 chants with the words 'Shatuih' Le. 'peace .
Having seen how Christmas
Chrisna u
is

sacred

and 12th

This

displacement

is

explained

by the fact

that
signifies

Christians

who used io observe a new year beginning in March, ai laid down by hoary Hindu practice, suddenly switched on to January 1 as the New Year Day. Though modern Christianity effected a major departure id ihis pellicular Hindu practice
which

the

month dedicated

to

wu

part of their

common world
constructing a

heritage, luckily the four

was not difficult to understand that Michaelmas The ending 'mas' originally the month named after Michael. that was denoted clearly indicates that it was a whole month in currea and not a mere day-naraely 29lh September as it i*
Christian

surviving Sanskrit terms of the

months

from

September to
detail of

Decern bet help us in

foi gotten

the

Day Christian term Michaelmas l 3 contradiction in terms equating a moiUh (BfftSfl


practice.

The

Hindu calendar

as

prevailed throughout the ancient world.

The Christian terms

'Christmas.., Michaelmas"
.

arc rem,

Tim enables us to see and 'Chroma/ all


ie*m

clearly
tignify

how
the

the

terms 'December,'

cenl of the

Shravanmas Hindu terms 'Adhik-mas.


from thcHinou

loth

month

i.e.

"mas'.

TbnsunaV

has a further added significance namely

drift Day, November I. cut u coincide calendar has been advanced by a month to

The

All Saints

211

*.! gjodu I>cP**

Mb*
*

*** c>l " d


rn.de the
forfi

ChaCurdasbl *htn dUpatchcd the demon Nir*ki Uf

N " ka

219
Vatican

"tad"

religious

lwt

mflth|e

l^odd\od w ibeo^r aKC Christian Vt*


I

UrfV

"*!.
Hindu

for all

Ufa.

U
i

Siva-Lmga

representing

ai in

tradition the day

Vttucan'i Etruscan

which the Hindu Pope

Ood Siva that ,t preserved n lh Museum, That Siv^L.nga it lmon| Aow


l

(i.e. priest)

u*ed to worship.

^served

* * *'*

fciSt

'

a ftk Pope ^Snifying 'protectrng' hi. children ihe 1ccl Like the father P| rooi -P (prOlcct0 f) of the congregation, The

tw

'father'

^ denves from r

, fc

c *

From

this
is

we

assert

that

if

systematic

chatolog,cal

.
ii

undertaken in the precincts of the Vatican excavation one discover not only many other Siva emblems but jure to

also

Hindu pantheon. For this it will be necessary other icons of the into the Vatican*! massive walls, it* underground cellars to took
and
its

a,

lltf

Sanskrit root from which his liulc apparent from the His seat, the Vatican a Hindu priest.

entire

grounds,

It

is

quite apparent

that

since

the

wat

Christian faith

swamped

the

ancient hindu faith in

Rome

and

the rest of Italy

the teeming

Hindu

idols in those

holy Hindu

bower as in Ashrarn-Vatica' or to, word used of Hindu monks and pnesU were Udyan Vatica', The retreats bowers i.e. Vatica because they were peaceful
to signify -

Vatican precincts were either walled up or buried or broken and thrown away or otherwise destroyed.

We

have

photograph of that holy Hindu Siva Unga,

dis-

always called

sylvan retreats.

Even the

V ending

is

Sanskrit as in 'Kesavan*

or *Raghavan\

played in the Vatican's Etruscan Museum, for anyone lo see so anyone*! mind that it is the traditional as to leave no doubt in

Hindu Siva emblem.

The Encyclopaedia

Britannic* also

tells

Italians) worshipped meteoric us that the Etruscans (i.e. ancient Obviously this is a correct stonei mounted on carved plinths. which the photograph of the piece

description of the Siva

Lmga

displayed in the Vatican fully bears out*


notes volume the encyclopaedia addicted to rehg.ou. According to Livy Etruscans were more sonproPlaces, trees and practices than any other nation... awKoiu. and a number of .acted bably all had individual spirits,

On

pace 790 of

its

VIII

stones standing

on carved

found. plinths has been

The above passage


namely their

coatatns

three

the enable us to identify the faith of prad.ee of religiosity, their


trees

^ =^^%.
cb^
ua,

of il* and stones, and their worship and aH Hinduism prescribes almost daylong s Hindus alio worship religious observances.

Siva

^J*^^ ^^
nM ^ fflbo ucol
ffletp)M and

funnei proof that the Pop^ was a

Hindu

priest

and

tii

Hanuman or Siva, trees such as the banyan, Oanga, and pecpal, and rivers such as the
end Kavcri,

^^

Kril&ns


220
221
Earlier
lh . t

on

* " **
arcSa n,Vri.
feartfit hu
in all

t hc

,hc P*F 784 of Eimacan* used the


f* r

me

d *' ics
ia

volume the encyclopaedia word 'ais' for deity or god a or god * in ,h c ,UfaI Thesc
j

words and are

; Indu. use in , ? not only , from Sanskrit native languages derived

common

word 'vestry fa t j^ clothes. The Si0|kr5 meant for ftormg 'vestra foom Blolh who attends to the vettry is vestry- maQ '\JT XM * man
very

'

^7'^
the

Sanskrit term "vastra-manav.*

*aia

alpon'

encyclopaedia mentions such The other word* that the Sanskrit'arpan ;* an for mother for offcumj ,s the

is

The word 'psalm pronounced


chants or verse saC red songs,
is

'iam' meanj
ihe Sanskrit word
is
f

or from two goddesses 'Dur.qd Cher from <Maia\ in Sanskrit gods and to the to the deities i.e. the 'Adit*' who gave birth

Sam-Veda.' The Hindu Sam-Veda This word surviving in singing


logy
is

Q fact dcvoiC,
rcli g
i

Christian

W?? ^J "
i

0Ul lCTmjq

demons

alias Daiiyai.
is

Tula' for wife

is

Sanskrit 'pnya\ 'thura'


.nefis' for

for brother

the Sanskrit 'Bhratara/

and

grandson

'natu' in Indian languages

of the highest Hindu It is something its very name. priest in Italy as is apparent from The Pope wielded the akin to tie Sbankaracharya in India. of censure was power of Hindu priests of old whose single word fact die Pope enough to depose kings and totter empires. In

The Vatican

is

the

traditional

seat

proof that the ancient Europeans when Hindus u d Q ^citc the Sam-Veda. This is further confirmed by the uik 'Psalms* given to a book of the Old Testament. This indicates Hindu Vcdas were gradually superceded that the ancient u books of Europe by the Christian Bible after the spread sacred But even then, just as the so-called Christian! of Christianity.
retained the

Hindu

festivals, the tradition of singing the Vedas

was the Hindu Shankiiracbarya


All Uic Catholic the year ate ancient

in

Europe-

was so firmly implanted in Europe from times immemorial that the memory of the Sam-Veda itself came to be enshrined in the Bible with the words psalm, psalms, psalmody and psalmist.

rituals that ihe


festivals.
all

Hindu

Pope observes throughout Even the procedure adopted


the

of

The word psalmist applies to David as the many psalms according to the English
is

traditional author dictionary.


for the

The
Hindu

such as sprinkling water in


surroundings
is

directions for purification ot


practice*

dictionary

partly right in that

'David stands
psalms.

ancient

Hindu

'Dravid (brahmins)

who composed many


called

One such
Pope,

washing of the feet of a child by the in the Western tradition ol keeping the feet dressed all
ritual is the

The European community Hindu Dravids, The dictionary


religious
Irish

Druid* are the ancient


la
tbr

ancient describes them a* an

ihe tune in socks and shoes


in

such a

ritual

was unthinkable while


involve
the

Hindu practice

several

religious

observances

wishing of the feet of one by another.


of. l*\,

For instance when a boy


sylvan
retreat alia*

uSe >ears of age undergoes the thread-ceremony 10 begin

his studies id ihe solitude of his preceptor's

Vaiica

all kith

and kin and friends wash

Sip thai water as sacred.

and symbolically Hindu families united in a wedding


his feci

legends the Dnud and Welsh sagas, and later Christian and philosophers, appear as conjurers and not as priests j are Ihe mm the Druids of Europe is a clear indication that rfal groups They are ' ' " Dravids of India. They are not racial ho erc d m d religious group of priest, and philosophers roup

order in ancient Gaul.

Britain and Ireland-

~~

mW.

also have mutual feet-washing ceremonies. la church cv the

d perform mirac les through their chants ioc if wrong ally it should be noted here that it
Aryans and Dravids
arc ancient
religious

^
_

**g

room

kcpt.ii called

'vestry

which hol> clothes of the clergy from ihe Sanskrit word veslra' mcanin

groups, ns rival racial

^
jn

^
w

Hindu

communities

both

"* a*J**

worship Jore and Vedic

practice

^^

HllMi B

222

At i hd|t Kshstriyas ruled the when tn diin Europe w* come across the terms Aryans ., cotnmuml.es 10 ta of each other Druids art not exclusive ^Ofwdi. They are the Arya way of Dh-rma that ll Iiffe the Brornsini lie Aryt ifioup profeoing that the Europeans are Arym, work says world when Hence* ben the .oM *.! b thlt the ft religious group in that Ary ft Dravid* formed a Tar DwiJ* ah** the same Arya Dharrru*. practising in and

wwM.

223
tbat

fTL
llinil%

when in the ancient past Indian Kshatriyat ruled the world was sung and painted even in other the Rarnayana parti of Utf
world wherever people from India carried
fafth.

and

spread

ihcir

^opW bwbM ft^,


(and
father

bchevmg
the

Further research along these lines Is likely m reV el constderably more information hidden or forgotten. AH this indicates that the ancient Italians were Hindus, their mythology was

Hindu Brahma, the creator. * no other than the pronunciation of the Hindu Brahma. Abraham the dUioned of Sanskrit origin from 'pitrufa Tat very *ord patriarch is highly Sanskritized hatlsn and Latin languages are
Hebrews

Abraham,

first

of the

patriarchs

of the

Hindu, they worshipped the Hindu pantheon priest, the Pope administered Hindu rites.

and

their

head

fuber

became ancient
means "where
Saaikrii
raja.

Italians

spoke Sansrkrit.

Instance* of (his arc


l

Signer. Signonta are


7

from Sanikrit Shreeman, Shreemati.


in
is

Quo
in
is

both

Sanskrit
one's

and Latin.
nest as
in

Synod

is

Sansad
Ilex

Sun Nido

own

Sanskrit,

Ancient Italians not only recited the

Vcdas and worshipped

tbeSivi Lin,

ihey

also

sung

the

Raraayana

and
T

painted
in

Ramayamc

episodes

on their plaques and vases,

have

my

astcction reproductions of those ancient

Etruscan paintings of

unayamc episodes
Bharat

in

which Rama, Seeta and


behind the
teen

Lakshman walk
the his

ough The forest one


is

other aj described in
to

proceeding

meet

brother

ibhlJhM

entreating

Ravan to release the


fertility

sorrowing

lya sharing the holy

potion with her

two

inland

Stnniira; princes

Lava and Kusha driving

m*

8WV
I B

con,i e

blows

over

the

U^L^f B,ly,e,Me
indoneiU.nd
d,lc
the

^
lule

iH. reveal

many more

iS^J*

,lwsd " have influenced only

wyriheu U4Ci _

^.

de

India

but

the

pi,ql,n

mentioned above indicates

225

224

s*

UfiSS&ii

227

IK

:-m

229

-"

-'?

Tf

y*<

X
ML

230
Picture Captions

from page 223 onwards axe R The forlorn? pictmrts aitti .


painted in pre-Christian borne* and rantc cptfodef found other They prove that Rome and Ravenna chfe. building* in Italy. after the two great Ram a yanj Italy are named respectively
c

in

and Ravan, and that the Etruscan civilization of figure* century B.C. wa* of Vedic origin. Italy from the 7th to the 1st

Rama

28
TSbAIA,
IB AN,

tRAQ

WERE ONCE HlNuTcrjijH^-only been badly distorted daring has also been grievously nwhutd
cultural,
religious
>Uli

Modern Europeans
but that ii a myth.

are believed to be open-minded scholar*


[ndian history has not
1,200 years

Their Christian preferences and prejudices evidence of the Vedic past blind* them even to such graphic

Page 223The
the forest.

trio

Rama-See ta-Lakshman proceeding


contact brother

io

Many

of alien rule, it important chapters of India's

military conquests are completely missing.

Page 224

Bharat proceeding to
squatting

Rama.
(in

The references
histories)

to 'Digvijayas*

Page

225Sect*

dejected

while Vibhishan

are too

true and must


is

Indian Puranai landau no longer he ignored as piom


in

irmouri ready to proceed to Rama's camp makes a last request to brother King Ravan to release Sceta from detention*
Page 22f> (Top) The three wives of King Daihraih in the
act of sharing the fertility potion,

myths because

some evidence

now

available that Arabia, Iraq


professed

and Iran along with the

whole of West Asia once

Hinduism and echoed to the chant of the Vedas.


Bardic tribute to the
fottr

Vedas by an Atab poet Labi-Wn


Prophet

(Bottom) Kush and Lava, sons of Rama, leading away


the captured sacrificial horse sent

e-Akbtab-bin-e-Turfa as

early as 2300 years before


is

round by Rama,

Mohammad

i.e.

circa 1800 B.C.

found on page 257 of Sacralverse.

Sugreev squabbling over Page 227 Monkey chiefs Vali the possession of Ruma, wife of Sugreev.
Page

&

Okulan anthology of ancient Arabic short note on the poet has been writ
Yajnyashala (Bre

That verse with

large
in

on a column
backyard

of

the

worship

pavilion)

the

of

228(Top) Lakshraan

threatening Sugreev for delaying

Lakshmiaarayan Temple
in

(alias

Road Birla Temple) on Read***

promised miliLiry help to Rama.

New

Delhi, for anyone to see,


transcribed
in

(Bottom) Army engineers Na|, Neel sounding the depth of the ocean to build a bridge to Lanka.
Page

The Arabic poem


under
:

the

Roman

script

is

as

229 fjop) Rama"*


Ravan,

troops chasing the

golden deer

Aya Muwarekal Araj yushaiya noba

minar HIND-

decoy

tent fay

Wa

aradakallaha rnanyoni

jail

jjkaratnn/l/
fcra
j

(Bottom)J atayu taking lotbe sky to intercept Ravan's


aerial

akba-atun^ Wahalatjjali yatun ainana sahabl

abduction of Seeta

HINDATUN/2/ Wnhajayhi yonajjclur-rasui minar


Yakuluonallaba ya nhalal
Fattabe-u jikaraiiil

^^m^^Sn^^ VEDA
hukkum m*ta >

MJ

232

Wahowa Alamus

SAM

wal

YAJUR

mottabay-w yoba SS hcriyonaj t, Fi^pflma -y akh.yo n/ ATHAR nasayhin ka-a-k hu Wailln *.* nain buma RIG

Minallnbay lanaj* ela


"

233

wahowa mashn-c-rntun/S/ We uusi ala-udnn of'hc most Pr^J and valued poems Thi, wa* one
blink
Arabia.

Me-dini meaning land, corrupt form of The twjn Macea-Madinu therefore mean "The land of itLQt true to ihis description worship". And Wc find
sacrifice having been Vadic animal
In

^""
c

*'

vogue

Unas losidc'thc

Such poems, inscribed in letters of goIdi Kaba shrine housing 360 Hindu deities.
celebrated

^
Pre
j

ln

reference to [hcm compilation of the Prophet"* anecdote earliest tbc ^6 by Isbaq. compile

Prophet

Mohammad's

times.

Arab' 7
m cmn ,

r "

J?*

free

English rendering of Labi's


of 'he Vedas
is

poem

ti

qg fl|
Prophet

ibc praises

as follows

Mohammed

belonged to a Kuru

Oh
1.

the divine land of


art

Bharat (bow) very blessed art Thou

hereditary priests at tbc

Haba

Because Thou

the chosen of
;

God

blessed with divine


like

Encyclopaedia were images of Lat, Manat, Uzza, Saturn ami Moon.


images.

a u y who WCrc shrine which hnuicd 300 Hindu Islamia mentions that among

ihcm

That the

knowledge enough

that

knowledge which

four

light-

houses shone with such brilliance,


2.

word Lai is a Hindu sacred name may be judged from the fact lhai the author of an ancient Hindu astronomical treatise is
Lat-Dev. Navagraha Puja i.e. nine-planet worship stilt in vogue in India includes Saturn and the Moon. The reference to Saturn

Through the (utterances

of

Indian sages

in four-fold
uahesi

abundance
tatingly.

God

enjoins on

all

burnans to follow

and the
planet

Moon among

the 360 images in


in the

Kaba shows
Kaba,

that nine-

worship was also practised

3.

The path

the

Veda* with His divine precept

lay down,

Bursting with (divine)

knowledge of

SAM AND YAJUR


the Vedas guides
to

Encyclopaedia Islamia and


popular, uninformed

Britannica curiously confess


is

ignorance of the origin of the term Kdbu though Kaba


in

claimed

bestowed on creation.
4.

belief to
its

be an Islamic

shrine.

Had

it

Hence brothers respect and follow


salvation.
fraternity.

been an original Islamic shrine

Two others the RIG

AND ATHAR
darkness
till

teach us

But

Kaba

derives from

root should have been known. Sanskrit word and Arabia having

derivation been cut off from Sanskrit learning for centuries the

of the
5.

word Kaba remains unknown

to

those

who

look for

it

Sheltering under their lustre dispels


Incidentally Labi's assertion

eternity*

elsewhere.
initiated
frater*

that the

Arabs were
claim
to

by a study of the Vedas


nity proves that

in the

Indian doctrine of
pioneering

human

In Sanskrit

'Oarbha Grab a 'signifies


installed.

sanctuary the innermost

the Islamic

preaching

where an idol
in

is

Abbreviated and

sUW *"
similarly

brotherhood

is

incorrect.

Prakrit la8" D pronunciation this word appears in Indian

s'Gabha'.
In addition to the ancient Arabs following the
an
life

In

Arabia the abridged word

Vedic

iradi*

*Kaba\

we Rod other evidence of

their

following the Hindu way

of

The word Mecca li derived from the Sanskrit word 'Makba* ***** >Jaa' U. (tcre4 Madlll a is the Iacrificia| firc
,

fo

was one of the idols worshipped in Sanskrit Allah means a 'mother* or 'goddess,
Allah
Alladistotra
(i.e.

the

Kat* *J*P * msu-

Allopanishad and

chant in P

234

235

-* <***
.d
.

0tbCf

'^V -!-* in*


1- m
that

words derive fr0lT) Both or those %u leao In Stntkril th term 'Irm.* ,> water
"'"''am

Utn W
?
'

et

'

The

Iranian

monarchy

an ancient Himi

H Kshatriya, to tht SlI1| l(1 present ruling bouse of the Pehlaveei


origin like

^^ "T^** *,
tot *
v

region

by Sanskrit-speaking

i ndi

Indian

Kshatriya clan.
,n the

The name fc W
In

Rflmayana

story of Vi.bwamitra

,. '
Ihe c

,t*

'"
f
!

tht

om

*
lbe

Tvn

^
-"

florid*

Barmak {*^ m,c4 b> rccenb ** *" fom of thSkrit word Paramak. That

VtiHitbihn*!

cow byrorce.
and the

w aminR

'"7

her

di, rt

* iny ';*

moons for succour

con*

the Hindu religious-cum-cukuraj e of the head of Balkh it a corrupt form of the Sanskrit name Balkh

r^et id ihe

and the Puransi AqocoI loJian scripture*, epics Indian Ksbatriyas. That Vilhika country rated by came
to

ou t of her body was h Their cmblem-the he Mahabharata. Hon and me mi a ho Indian inasmuch aa the tame emblem ii found l6 enured miide the so-called tomb or Tamerlam in Samarkand and referred to by ita Saiukrit name SQOR-SALUL-~

Kihatriya dan .hat the Pehlavce. That name

first

L!U! ft

bm
ii

Ytlbika later

be
is

known

as

Balkh

in

mediaeval

SHARDUL. The name


that the

S0ORYAtradition
is

it

so alien to modern Islamic


tell

bdtorv

In that Balk h region

a village

which

is

still

known
a

Russian guides

who

ihe visitors that the drawing


its

Nat Bahar

That name

derives

from Nav Vihara

i.e,

new

known as Soor-Sadul

confess their ignorance of


is

meaning

(aftnol

cum relciouj) centre, of that centre who was Uo*n


by Islamic armies

Indian head It was the learned Due to repeated as Paramak.

But to an Indian the meaning

clear.

attacks

he wai

compelled

to

become
by sending
Iraq.

The royal emblem of a


fore Iranian

lion

holding a sword

in

its
it

right

Mothn
nosed
his

Bui cen after becoming a


Iraki

Muslim convert he maincenturies

with India for several

seen nearer

paw is Indian and Vedic in origin since home on the Ceylonese royal standard

it

also

i to India for education

and inviting Indian

administrators

tad dotioti to

man

the entire administrative


ii

machinery of

History also records that during the early Islamic invasions


ihe Iranian royal family
ting to India for safety.

Ne

of information

found

in the

preface by the

German

Dr- Edward D. Sachau to his

book "AJbinini'i India." That


is

actually

came away
for

to

and the people were thinking of evacuaThe peopleknown at the Parseet India. The royal family could nou
of
all

A pan

or Iraq

is

called

Kurd.sthan,

a Sanskrit

Their plumping
regard
religious
fire

India

countries
to

shows

that

they

Kiudi language and customs still bear unmistakable trax and rtamp of their Sanskrit and Indian origin,

themselves

as

belonging

the

fold chanters of Vedic hymns, and Hindu gods and observers of Hindu
All this evidence

Indian cultural and wonhippers of the


ritnalt.

tan^^? ^f
f

eteffipk

heatedly demolished by
p

**iai

**^Z V*i'?
I 7

clear

proof that the Paurank


Indian

*
ov

tmc * d

*>

ack td

todigvijayas-i.e
are

worldwide conquests by
real history.

f*wes K*wuy

no myths but

chap Unfortunately those


been musing

Indian conquests in
*! btlie,enaito

West Asia have


forgotten.

*"

bullt

and

ov " a S aijl

consequently

completely

TheyougM

place in current historical te<B-

236

to'^'^T*^
rftbeSmtkntwffi^

important clue

provided by ihc recurrence dclin.cc West Asian region*.


Is

Ba Uc hisih*n.
|

Pakhtoonisiha,,,

U0%
,

(modern Arabia) .ad ";f S^ ArvuibiTurkey mwic^ obscrved hav<) &.. to *'*" ^er 0*u.

T IUto,ht
k

rhLvhri-Z^uhsthan. Kwdlitta.TWkhttoa,

S ^2^^- *
juog the ud ge mder In order to
.
,

, fU oarn es.

^^

hem

tbnt
river

^
and

of

29
THE FOREHEAD MARKS OF THE
The
colour

Similarly

Sanskrit naffiC of

**

rcBion

evidence of Indian sireasth of thii contemporary instance. fc

ancient

or

custom among orthodox Hindus, ash designs on their forehead* is

to display
t

inirigumg

strangers.

England,

rQot

^
clue*

This practice has probably no parallel Though the designs, varying from a small,
arcs or alphabetical patterns,

in

any other people

may

thick circle tc Unti, appear odd to unaccustomed


significance.

If

when ), 5000 years hence


could

other historical

eyes they

have a very deep meaning and

become

induct

the tern land

and prevalence of or are feu. the recurrence historian tc justifiably enable a future

process of interpreting these marks many wrong and misleading theories have been propounded. The meaning and
In the

ruled a large part of the world. conclude that the English race recurrence of the word 'Sloan Similarly the prevalence and Sanskrit people ruled ovei should lead to the conclusion that
those regions.

importance of the forehead marks have been tost now probably even on the persons who wear them, and they would be hard
put to give the rationale of their practice to the unwiliatcd.

the

Forehead marks are worn both by men and women among Hindus but with different reasons and importance.
While the designs

on men's foreheads may

vary greatly

in

shapes and patterns a small scarlet circular dot, about the sue of a pencil butt, in the centre of the forehead, is worn by an

overwhelming number of Hindu women.

Though
forehead
tenderly

about Hindu male can now afford to be la* r4lbCf mark, women, by and large, still cling ** "

hii

the

and devotedly.
living.

a *< That red vermilion dot on


is

behead denotes
husband
kind

that she

either a virgin or

if

marrtfd
is

ba*
l

To Hindu women
Even
her
the

marital bliss

the

of happiness.

idea or casual
is

talk

**

husband's death

before

own

unbearable

to

"

^cause of

this

mind notion, rooted in her


237

from unmctnon*

23*

239
{

-*? ^
P

and mindful of ^ The absence of the mark forehead. J : TJiZ\c< widowhood and a consequential sicn of
.hat the ii *>

fervently regardful

-Hi*

*dal

only a fanatic minority. The two mirk, ded to denote nny hard and f jntc tectari^ll? ne*er lacility and equanimitv One n% *,onld with wear n... t change to the U" mark the 1 and 00 e day next
limited to

"

c-nwlih one tfiti*hl

lost.

Sue

-omen

prefer

ro

display

vertical

or

^ZZ
But

At times a Mnflta powd dash is BuTthese ate exceptions the centre of the scalp. at the parting m added to the hairdo happy state of vermilion is indicative of the

their vermilion line on > cross design

forehead instead of the dot. with or without dots at each

horlamui Very rarely


angle

God aib.t manifestations arc but representation* different of T'a** moods of divinity, jus, as one for ms and individual? ll son, employer and father, brother, employee cfeator protector judge, reorder, punishcr and The apparent proliferation of Hindu deities
taboo.
,

In

fac <

Hinduism

recognises-

da?*?? 6l,M

^ ^
1

?*.

may be

to

non-Hindus but

to a

Hindu

miilead

they are

all

all

eases the

wedlock or pre-wedlock.
of the vermilion mark on women is This special significance Hindu society. emphasized over and over again in
virgin or a

titionsof* single divinity. This may taking a look al the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Mabcsb. The
three faces are identical.

but differeni msnif be best illustrated' by

endorsed and

That

h to say a custom exists that when a woman .with husband living) goes visiting

married
relatives,

one entity Any therefore, between Shaivaites and animosity, Vaisruavjteski growth confined to microscopic groups in out- of. the latter day

They

together form

friends or

way

places.
to the

All deities co-exist


individual's

in the

Hindu pantheon and

take a pinch of vermilion before she leaves, the hostess must the red dot already promiand turmeric powder and apply it on This is a must and any nent on the visiting woman's forehead. heart-wrench the custom causes a bilateral
failure to

is left

choice to pray or not

to pray to any

deity

he likes, whether a female goddess or a male God proper

or any of the planets or Lord Rama's herculian aide the Mighty

observe
ill

Hanuman or

all

of them together.
regarded
as

Tn Hindu temples they not

protending
in all

Turmeric and

vermilion arc twin

powders used

only co-exist but arc

supplement*

Forrnini

and

Indian religious ceremonies.

representing a divine whole. Each icon represents the whote of

Unlike that of the

women

the

mark on

the forehead of the

divinity.

Hindu male has no marital


with hii having

significance.

It

has nothing to do
all

or not having a spouse.

But

the

same

if

There Paramardi

is

historical

proof

for this.

An
the

inscription of Kta*

Dev

of 1155 A.D..

now

in

Lucknow Museum
I

serves another important purpose.

refers to the
in his

King having

installed

an image of

ord

Vishnu

The forehead mark on men


saffron or ashes but rarely

paste* is cither of sandalwood of turmeric or vermilion though thesa

own palace and


idea of

tempK simultaneously built a crystal-white

of

Lord Shiva in or near Agra.

are not entirely rnled out.

The whole
to

Hindu men wearing te


certificate,

Marks shaped
aie a part of the
devotees.
straight

like the letter 'U* in the

centre of the forehead


his

endorse and display a

stump or 1

*^!J* JJJ

make up

or

Lord Vishnu, and arc worn by


like

Those worn horizontally


associated

Unci connote followers of Shiva.

three ellipses or j"i But the bitterness or

ment of the obligations of personal hygiene all fo li to say, the mark loudly proclaimed to
he had taken the early

for the

morning

purificatory

bath.

hostility that is

between the two

as antagonistic sects

had taken physical yogic exercise and. by to g* ^lly qualified physically and psychologically

ihajiow

^ ^ .^ ^
_7

bi

241

240

iS^S**
i

duties-that he was At lo move about fcnnf round or bis fellow beings and go about his

Similar seclusion a natural end. w, ha ve had child-birth also for all the near relation

%,
fics

diurnal rouiine.

mark The patten, of the


Inference or
tradition.

tf

no
ffho

wfflciw*

which are highly infec.ius-used to be conu c by orthodox Hindu*, not iu hospitals)

?*" J
iftl

.J*

The
deceased's family ** their heads and faces clean cquired to shave Those f body to the cremation ground were not allowed
a

Thc male members of

the

At times a

to fall !rrreocc or precedent hc on the forehead* of

had no particular back upon copied the marks he

man

J"
to

dead

TZ
is

deities he vited.

of their lhe threshold their clothes.

Hindu was a stickler for physical and That the orihodo* in detached dedication to duty. mental hvgiene and a believer For instance the orthodox m ay be judged from other practices, Lhread over his ear during ablutions.
Hindu
sling* his holy

washed hygiene of the ancient Hindus are social


in

homes until they took a bath outside 4SMj Such meticulous notions ol cri0W p wd
|

unparalleled anywhere

the world.

That

warning both to the person a signal hoisted to serve as a him that he is in an unclean himself and others dealing with only after a good state He would haul down the slung thread the late Dr Rajendra Prasad, wash. Free India's first President bed. had instinctively an orthodox Hindu, while on his death the holy thread turned and asked a bedside friend to help sling he was over the ear. That showed that as an orthodox Hindu
conscious of his body Hearing death.
disease and a

Hindu kitchen males associated with cooking In an orthodox shaven even over their heads. ere Invariably clean

Cooking meals or taking meals was


bath.

not permitted befota

Since death results from


the ear served

Entry into the kitchen or the dining room was only with consisting of a coloured silken dhoti 'lopktt' for a holy attire sarce and blouse-for women. males and entire silken attire of hygienic 'quaramMnt in So strict were thc regulations and dining that even if a child anything connected with cooking
1

dead body decays the holy thread on


all

to enter a caveat to

quarantine imposed
for social hygiene,

concerned, and amounted to a voluntary by each one on himself as a precaution

woman either did not touch aim needed some urgent help the ordinal could resume her cooking or if she touched him she ne Hi of holy another bath and donning a
only after
(hygienic) attire.

any home the deceased's relations have to observe & self-imposed and a sociallyenforced period of untouch ability varying from 24 hours to 10
Similarly whenever there
is

a death

in

That ,he Hindu, cnrri.d


.he very

ineir
5

ides of

from .he mouth-band* worn


in

* ** dd by Mft-Mi
ot

^^l
*>M
>"J*
(Hind-)

"*

days depending on

the proximity of

their relationship

to

the
the

our

own

day.
ctl1 rt f thai * a part oi
,

deceased, because of
relation the clover

the

presumption

that

the

nearer

must he or she have been in nursing the deceased wrw must have been suffering from some fell diseasePhysical intimacy in nulling the
t

strictly

That the forehead mark was

-<observed in Hindu domestic

* *

"* *"*

hyi,eBC
fc

deceased must

inevitably

lead

illustrated

possibility

of biological infection.

And, therefore, Hindu


if

mad*

it

obligatory on bereaved people to observe volunf

by mentioning two wore the not had a bath and prayer ever never f patient didn't take a bath he
day,

cnaraetem
I

^^ ^^
ttb0 bud
_

kfaf |bc

elusion for a

cw days

until

the InfecJion,

any, would

243

242

On gala eceaston* when marriage or other mass feasts in rt. ^" wooden boards having rows of k a r. with diners *?
accompanied by a helper goci pistes bctete them, the host mark on each guest't round stamping the saffron and sandal e he has taken a to indicate that ihe guest is clean
i

K ,on^******* '" w * rcrtft ai* U3l J'* fight and suffer for the

to the Va.shya stage.

Those * ho , ere
^ntlnisitaitaB

S^'lU. -e

country

those

who hav^,,
an<i

J ? ?***
T

Zl^*!

fotebeiJ

hath and

weirs the prescribed hygienic

attire

The

helper

containing the saffron and sandal tuvally carries a stiver pot or someone representing him paste disp]v*d in water. The host
chain. He dips the silver chain carries a delicate double silver liquid lines (horizontal or vertical) on in the pot and stamps the from diner to diner. Meals the guest's forehead proceeding ritual, among others, begin only after this purity certification
ends.

**** a llfc "Nation, n^.posse^ * ready to maintaining a mental tquilibrmn, property, unieTua of any circumstances and rendering only r r trying M|Y|ct joost caching, administration and soeiaUeuare. medical help, Oca successive class by pat n ihe rise to each g necessary uld The higher the person rose the gr e cr tests.
social

of * usiem

dedication,

tn d deed.

renunciation, self-immolation and pumy of mien This is just the opposite of modern values sod

Here

it

may be

reiterated that

the horizontal or vertical

higher the education the higher and more norms where the He becomes a virtual remuneration becomes. orohibitive bis
parasite.

earing of the mark did not constitute any irrevocable or sometimes improperl> believed, is -Inimical sectarianism as Thii is further illustrated by the name 'Harihar' meaning both
Lord Vishnu and Shiva combinedIndia,

The Hindus on

the other hand expected


the

greater

altruism,

immolation and dedication from

more

enlightened

This

name

is

common

in

to their social elevation. It was. therefore, that s in proportion for the verse opinion from a preceptor was enough

mete

Like sects

castes were also

freely

convertible.

This
in the

mightiest ruler

u abdicate without murmur o

or question.
purity

Such

may

best be

proved by citing

Lord Krishna's own ruling

Bbagvat Geeu.
"(Humanity)

He

says

ancient

acme of mental (and physical) Hindu way of life had meticulously


good of
the
state

that ihe

ind Hbonouttv
salvation of the

evolved for the


1 classify

and the

four categories

As per
It

their

doings and propensities.'


is

may

be noted that there

no reference

in

the

above

stanxa to any hereditary acquisition of caste


Sects and eaites got

frozen only

when

India

had

to

pass

through a horrid 1000-year -Jong period of Muslim invasions

and

atrocities.

Before that they

were interchangeable.

Sects

could be freely changed according to one's


caste that

own

liking.

As

for

was a social categorization based on strict qualifying tests, Afl those whose character and habits were unknown began from the lowest i.e, the Sboodra stage. Those who were amenable to physical and mental purity but could not lift themselves up from the humdrum of the ordinary householder's life

245

Evid -nce
tinier

alia

rn that the writer S.Y. Nara "Veda Vyasa, the author and

com *V ,k

" tll

%
or

*W
"**
,.

so
"VHHC TERMINOLOGY
Early in the
1

a Mat* N
.

puranas pur

rnoM

rcv efC ntia|v k reverentially ka^n

(h e f the
wllli

IN

EUROPEAN LANGUAGES
travellers began

Voltaire

world unt.l the time of Aristotle, who pronunciation as Blas...Even a corrupted and some other researchers... referred

l:? l0t
to

%** *
m
v ya Ji
cultures
wflj

f.

6ih century

when European

mentioning his

name

as Bias.

arriving in India in

of

lift

numbers they noticed there a way and thought which was unfamiliar and which they termed
sizeable

On thorough
literatures
c

investigation into the histories, ancient

it oriental.

onw

to

and languages of know that

different parts of the world you

The fount* of thai culture were the Vedas. Upanishads* the Puranas, Ramayan and Mababharat.
But actually Europe and

other continents and regions too

world, Vedic culture and Sinskci; different Shastras, Puranas, Ramayana, implying Ma&abharat etc. were prevalent before the advent and expansion Bhagavata
(1)
of

Everywhere

in

the

Buddhism from the 6th


(2) out

to

1st

century

bad

identical civilization until

3800 B.C.

BC
10 art available
ul
I

of

131

branches of the Vedas, only


...

Mahabharata War. The colossal biological and nuclear devastation of that war caused a complete breakdown of the Vedic social, educational and admiQutraiive system. Thereafter Europe, West Asia, Africa and other regions and islands sported broken bits of that crstwhBe universal, uniform Vedic culture. Those breakaway cults were known as Essensc, Samaritans, Stoics, Saducceans,
At
about that time came the Makncians, Cbrisnians and followers of
lais,

India

and Nepal

the remaining

1121

spread

over the

world are found in ancient literatures of different lands.


(3)

The Vedas and

18 Puranas alone formed the hue

of

ancient literatures of the world.

Only translations and adaptations have remained in West and the for East., leaving only stray references to
(4)
original

the the

Ossiris etc. etc.

works and their authors.


are foui

Later came Christianity and Islam which through terror

and torture weaned away large masses of people even from those broken cult* of their ancestral Vedic Culture. So what is currently dining. wished as Oriental culture waa in fact full*
universal culture until about Christian and Muslim dogma,
i

"Pythogoras, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle


that arc

name

generally

known

to

most educated people

of the modern
ik

3800 B.C. The imposition compelled Europeans and

Muslims 10 completely forget

their

Vedic past.

wisdom^ Profoundly influenced by the Vedtc and Upaotshadic Nadu Brahmins were present in Persia and Asia Minor <-"
u *d to visit these regions
di "ito)

was the actual source of their researches of Gaibe and Urwickshow that Greek
world. .what

knowledge
iboufh

Hatcunder are quoted tome extracts from an article which one a geaer al y e . of the evidence that still exists of the Pte-ChnttUa Vedic p. of various regions.
244

and could drink at the "taom becoming disciples of those learned Brahmutr
Ensobius Brahmins used

fount of
.

ahout to visit Athens

246
to father of

247
bi 8* temple of Siva... museums through an image houses s several figurenes of Siva and G countries have the Imprint of Ramayana and Pcf u bears

thought and much of Western

ffUH.ni

3onC$

*** "*

thtl

the

Mei " u "


r

1Bd learnt
volwrc
-<*>'*

rt* 1

Grccks wcnt to tbc bankl Hopkins stales that knOW]cdgc


.

of

Mahabha ri u
i

****** ***

ftapublic

h^vr,

vdeit while

^- ^ T ^
,lfU " 0f
,

thit India

teen

Pyth^

Pythogorcan p ,,ce or l0 point 0Ul lhc 5lmi ar i ty ,nt William loo" * as "^ * and Skhy thought.
birlh
' ,

**

'

"

,., rfwhlt Fhto said in in, * Hindu |dM , Schrodcr

Miles Poindextcr says that the hymns of n ., rulers of of the simple Vedic prayers remind of a caste system of the Inca rulers ancestors. The wa, n Jd'aad?*" crv to that of Arya Brahmins. simiiiar

"Syrian author
Krishna

Zenob
in

says

'the

was present

America

worship of Hindu God

in the

2nd and 3rd

centuries

s^^^
the
Rita'.

^Dh^^teofDharma.
create energy nude

While the Greeks emphasize ofDhBin. the Romans through the


Ratio

^=

before Christ.

Temples dedicated

to

Krishna and

containing

large images existed near the lake 'Van*. In the 4th century A.D. there were in America about 5000 followers of Bfaagavata

religion

whose

deity

was Krishna/
Henry Maine
the Old
sacrifice

Rflum. Ratio naturals. Greet* derived their conception of

"According
Ireland are

to Sir

Braham law*

of

Aryan.

The Aswamedha

of Vedic culture

worship. The Greeki and Romans believed in ancestor Greeks and Similarly the worship of the fire was known to the
Re-tnaoi

survived

till

the 12th century in Ireland.

"Clear proof that the Arabs closely followed the Vedas can be found in the fact that the very first verse recited by every

"Mackenzie wy* that the religion of Great Britain before Christianity wu Buddhism. ..this evidently shows that the religion
of the BmoQi...piior to

Muslim
vedic
self
is

Buddhism was nothing (but) Vedic.

verbatim translation of the Yajore* mantra \Agnc Nay a Supatha Rayc Asraaan... Koran It the corrupted form of the Sanskrit word Karana meaning
in

his prayers is a

"Pnniep
eeaturtti

sayi. the Buddhists of the


rites

West

accepting Chtisti-

anuyr..ji once introduced the

and observances which for

had already been

Muslim mythology (says) that there were four boxes of knowledge and Allah took some sentences out of them and put them in the mouth of the prophet
itself

Veda

in India,

"Dean log* commenting on


** Plotiniu,
thejr

"Recently
the

sun temple was found near

the

Baku

oil

teachings

of

Christian

fields

Cliimem, Gregory. Augu&une and


of the Brahmins
the

and on the walls of the temple the sacred Gayalri mantra

are ihc ancient religion

Onem*, gZu

Cl0lh " *>*** uL l *and New Phonic Umkkmm

,h

from

Jewish.

Devanagri script The Siberians still retain and follow only Ayurveda, They preserve still the several Ayurvedic
lh illustrated

* written in

ZS^SEZ ~-d

allegories

many

with drawings of herbs. Lithuania


cult.

still

observe*

ritC8

and customs of the ancient Vedic


siriiilujiiv

manners prevailed

*
ultl

sinking

natal

of ihe

between the cenird story at IB* firt Pent* Touch (Pinch Dovit ' *

24S and .odOZMhuvnwid Samuel


the Aryan* deeply Influenced by
itiaf

Jjimc

hol.n

10

believe

rhnt

Mababharn, hfi8 theSemites of Zudcn Were

of the

249
inform the people of the world
unity.

ol India.

of th*i, u nhC,r ba " c

*W*til

^k
"
*"
buil1

Receding
,hai

Hmdus

Chinese language Rev. Joseph Ed kins say* prepared the model of the Chinese first letters
the

Wrong
happen,
in

leads to wrong India, for instance, where

history

^^^
the

36

A.D. arranged them under head* of during 3rd to 6th century instructed the Chinese people consonant* as in Sanskrit and
regard to the scienti-

right pronunciation with ,n fee manner of fic basis of the sound.

Taj Mahal and other stupendous WltorfobSi by Muslims leads the people to wrongly belie contribution to India. Such mistaken
beliefs
,

1>

llcTe

non n

*"*
*
fc" n0t '

MwMim

the universal

historical truth

that an

" eaM

invader

of

r!

"Korea was a centre of Sanskrit studies and abounded m Hindu temples of which the Siva temple is an example. According to King Taro
Japan's oldest

comes to destroy.
even to the extent
land India by

Muslim invasions ruined of making convert Hindus

f" '*"***

***

Ind

Naga Saura, Japan's oldest Shinto scholar religion was Brahmankoy, i.e. Brabminism
ancient

imagining themselves

hateL"^

Muslim invaders.

to he ihe *! **' pi0 ea <*

T^

T9 her

"

"Malaysia**

name

was

Vanga ..because of

its

abundance of

tin,

known

in Sanskrit as Vanga.

Similarly European Christians have been wrong the Vedic culture in India as merely Oriental,

(n

dubbin,

The

""Regarding the culture of the Philippines


the

Salleby says that

head gods of the Hindu Triad and the earliest


in the

Vedic god*
hill

or that culture in pre-Christian times hii been obliterated from public memory by Christian and Muslim vandaliitn and
hostility.

un^a

had the foremost place


of Lusson and
corstitution
it

minds and devoiion of

tribes
its

Mindanao.,,

when

the

Philppmes drafted
in the
first,

placed

the statue of

Manu

assembly

ball

with the inscription at the base as 'the


the wiiesi law giver of

the greatest

and

important proof of the erstwhile Universality of thai culture is the Vedic terminology which has got imbedded in European languages and possibly in all
other language* too.

An

mankind,'
Islands,

"On

the culture of Polynesian

Craghil

Murdy

says

that the old Polynesian

culture trails

have been derived from

Brahminkal

civilisation.

lexicographers of all European languages (and of course of others too) have completely missed the Vedic roots or terminology. This shows how ignorance of true history affects philology too. Therefore we would like to impress upon

And

yet

Mr

"The aborigine people of Australia followed Sanskrit and culture The Bunylp the fabulous animal
is

a 'l dictionary

a corruption
'back

makers to re* draft and re-compile their dictionaries on the basis of our finding that humanity was heir to Vedic culture and Sanskrit language from the beginning of time upto
about 3800

w^.V \We*. 5J"


! Vc,ab K

PUn

af,CPu

*'*ong meaning
is

BC

in

an unbroken universal

tradition.

Boomerang

from Sanskrit Vyoma-

ov

Ancles such

a*

the

UNESCO

to

One very graphic proof of the universalis of Vedic culture ancient times was the worship of Lord Shiva in all reglMi Consequently a number of words in all languages arc derived ' s hiva also known as Shanfcar. Sadosh.v. Bhde SMoibho
,

230
,:,

251

XV

hv

should

be

worship^ " Jtou( lh< pw. God ? Thc anuver K round jn tbe
i

hrklllfl

ttwl
'*,.,. 9 > ,

which wft describing the start of ne

came to be called SankarUaU ahai Concordat i bom Concordium Concordium. This is borne out by itte thVc^" treaty of Uittites and Mittaim in the the

b fo

Mk * ldmto

creation

thus

The name Canterbury


lownship
built

is

a corruption
(

of

around a Sankar

SanW
'*
'

a |j as shiv) temple

RMtfR
ni

Mbl|M
F^er

.fd.rk snllne.sa divmc egg made

*appr.ncea*mc

mainstay <* "

SS^T 1
J;! t
Srace
the ancient *ortd

*ftht divine egg which

ihe

depositary of all creation,

f" ^ V
1

The Greek deity Bacchus was Lord Shiv aata Sankar Tryambakesh The last syllable of that name
pinea
10 be

.1

as Bacchus.

Its priest,

priestess or votary

mm

came

Bacchante

fctu^a* known

Tryambakesh ha, been universally -ship . prevalent through God. Tryambakesh signifies Utc Lord having

armies organizing a victory parade used 10 place Shivling or image of Lord Shiv on a chariot and march
It

Roman

behind

shouting the

name "Tryambak Tryambak"


is

(i.e.

ihe one with

in the middle of the forehead. is thiceevci. The third eye arise from anctent Shiva worEuropean legends of Cyclops

three eyes) that

the origin of the

modern word

'triumph'.

Temples of Tryambakesh (Lord

Shiv) used to

mark

the

Shh

represents the divine egg in


1

which
all

all

creation

is

boundary of a town, district, region or country. Consequently a temple of Tryambakesh signified the end or the limit. The

enclosed, Iffhll

remote* or

is

withdrawn

creation crumbles,

Therefore Shiv alio became a symbol of death regarded as a War Consequently Shiva

ancient armies made war Shiv figured Tryambakesh, tbouted "Tiyarobak.


Jai

in

and destruction. God. Whenever They their war cry.

modern word Terminus Tryambakesh.

is

corruption of the

Sanskrit

term

The word icon too


Lord Shiv
is

is

Sanskrit.

Han,

yet another
idoli

name or
icons

Har

Har Ma hade v,
and
in

spelled as icon.

This shows that


all

i.e.

...

of Lord Shiv were worshipped

over pre-Christian Europe,


at

Ekattnga

Ji ki

or Sat Shri

Akaal"

etc.

Therefore at the end


victory

of the conflict Shiva was invoked both


processions.

in treaties

A
In

priest

is

known

in
is

Sanskrit

Bhat

alias

bhoi

The

European word abbot


w we get the words concordat and

Thai
Since the letter
(1* in "Civil'!

concordium.

Vedic lore
is

Diti

is

obviously the Sanskrit word Bhat. Mother Goddess. The European


a

"C

is

pronounced

in
f

English
las in

and lomc'ime* at "K

sometimes as *S* "cut") those words


'Sankardat*

word "Deity*

a variation of the

name

Diti.

Divinity is a

compound

Sanskrit word

Dcva-nity'

should be spelled as
alias

Sonkardat and Soncordium.


a

'Saukar-datta'

is

JWd Sfuv
aieaas'ioGod
l

meaning given by 'Sankar likewise Soncordium alias Sankardevam


Samkrit term

way oflife of the Gods. Christian tradition has been confc eecie* the title 'Doctor or Divinity' on those who undertake
cal studies.

There the word Divinity

is

the

Sanskrit

Shiv

Deva-Nity.
,

Piitia to the conflict u C d >u assemble in a Shiv temple fee en* of beatiTnta to u t u * treaty and swear to abide by N the of Sankar li , Lord Shiv. Hence the agreement

The European word 'prayer'


*ord prayerthana.

is

a broken

bit of ihcSansV*,.

mm

OM

252

253
,he

it,,

H ****** ws ?'* 53l7 ** .^changeable. For

T
the

krH word

'

purohil ' instance the wo rd

placed by
Jrtieta is

the

first (silent) letter

the

Word

^"nJrc

.r*M

*s

hemisphere.

Therefore

identical with the original Sanskrit


is

San skril

w Qrd

m
.

Ni .

B1,h *

rftewtfC the Sanskrit


in

word Brahrnachari

is

being pronounconsonants

jMMfOM^***! ;'^V M*
lh

The name Const an tine

the Sanskrit

CC-mpC-Unrf

If.,-

fa.,

Europe

as

bachelor retaining

mam

Ian

who conspired

to

kill

Krishna.

of ft.

h di./m
Vatican

thai order.

i*

ihe Sanskiit

word Valica signifying an hermitage.


Italy are

The term Daitya has led 10 the term Thus alia* tu with 'tooth' indicating ihe initial 'd' beia Menf is synonymous pronounced as V. ,ometimes
Chapters of the Sanskrit Ramayana are known Kand. Correspondingly chapters of epic poem*
at

Rami and Ravenna


Ravan
respectively

in

named

after

Rama

and

(Cand

alias)

hi Engliih

\ienna

was

known

as

Vindoban

alias

Vrindavan

the

township of Lord Krishna.

Paradise Lost) atc known as 'Canto' (such as Milton's There the and 'd' sounds get interchanged. again we see how

Incidentally that

word 'Canto*
is

alias

'Cand' proves

that
in

RamaIndia.

Towns in England all bear Sanskrit names. For instance Charlcote. Heatheote and Kmgscote have their parallels in
India't

yana was equally

revered and popuiai in Europe as


that

A more

direct

proof

legends of Richard the

Linn-hearl

Akkalkot. Bagalkot, Siddhakot, Amarkot, Lohakot.

surviving in
that
J

European

literature are

actually Ramayanic events

In

Vedic parlance music

ward which has led to the singing The Sanskrit word laJit has led to the English adjective 'lilting'
(atotie).

known ..* Sangeet, It English words sing song and


is

mixed up with Crusadic accounts.


is

believe these are

enough

pointers, tn addition 10 what has


the reader

been said in other chapters


that

of this book, lo convince


the Sanskrit

The cranium
to terms
letter

it

known

from the beginning of creation upio Christianity and Islam Vedic culture and
permeated the world.

imposition

of

language

men

as (hydro J

V was originally
'heart'
is j,

That has eephalut and encephalitis. There


in

Sanskrit as Kapaal.

led

the

pronounced as "k\
the Sanskrit
,,

A world Vedic Heritage


unite a divided

warring

University needs to be founded humanity by enlightening " about

to
its

The term
Sanikoi

word
|g

hrut\

Mouth

in

primordial, universal divine Vedic cultural inheritance-

Mukh.

Nose

Naas.

Name

.,.

S TitUim a < of^tory ,he

fJ^

.etters

K
&*A*krit 'Na

fotab * Pustak. Imhe upheavals sU droppcd 0llt The YC[RBJn


"
.

*^

etc. at

Even so-called scholars of philosophy, history, archaeology conducted would derive great new knowledge from courses
because most of them arc totalis the Vedic. Sanskrit heritage of the world from
ignorant
start

that university

^L iL JT" ^
rn
J

*""+
f
ttt "

EfVg,,8h 8S

book * ,ia * buk. This fadi>** '* -. between Bag'

the

humanity.

For instance scholars

who compile

dictionaries of

"^

Uc *l'
i.

'naukika'

**1*

m Sanskrit.

Likewise

language! arc generally unaware


of
all

Sana of the Vedic.

EDgl-h.

If the last letter

V*

languages and culture.

COM

< vnmpk * u ** atom **"

152*90*"
,tnfU

^
**

*aWv
'

no

Euro ^i Vedic culture and Si^krit angu In European language dictionary s cv ,


,n
| .
j

ib0W

WOrU

'*"*

lfiinJ

u ,hic

The*aie will Latin, s*ihil. Hebrew.

be the ensc

more or | Clt Greek. Arnmaic

fUC h

v>ihct

dictionaries.

5/
-r^VIA
It is

TmC

Th^fore

h rtiouM P*

most " rpcnl concc

^f scholar,
who

AND KRISHNA WERE UNIVERSAL GODS


believed these day* that

, up

World VedicKer, flg e Universe.

commonly

Rama

and Krithna.
respective^.

figure in the epics

Ramayan and Mahabharat

India and Hindus alone. That is not true- Before arc deities of of people were forced lo turn Christian and large masses Muslims the whole of humanity prayed to Rama and Krishna.

Consequently the Sanskrit epic* Ramayan and Mahabh;uat the forefathers of all those who were adored read and recited by
are

Christians

and Muslims.

This can be gathered from

evidence that
In

still ties

scattered around the world even lodaj

Sanskrit the
It

root *Rnma"
in

signifies

engrossment

alia*

enchantment.

figures

that very

sense

English

too

words

like

"roaming*, 'panorama* and "cinerama*.

The city of Rome (pronounced as 'Roma' in Italy) is named The Sanskrit letter "A' changes lo 0' in European after Rama, spelled pronunciation. As for instance 'Nasa* of Sanskrit it
as
i.e.

'Nose

in

English.
is

Likewise
spelled
as

the

Sanskrit

term

Paphi

absolver from sin

Pope,

Consequently

Rama

was spelled as

Roman
An

empire and Therefore the terms Roman or Rama people signify respective!) the empire

Rome.

people of

Rama.
is

additional proof

remains firmly rooted in 753 B.C. Which is very


of the ancient

world
then

is

unique smce so very exact about


alone

founding of R* that the date of the at the memory of Italians perhaps no otbe.
its

found iiuj

Why and how


rounding!

Rome
is

remembers

the exact

That

Ramanava.m because the date ot


in 75 } B.C.

Kama** birthday celebration)

wa* April

21

255

m
the great
hif

251
thai the

ground f^ broken by a yoke pulled by a cow founding the city of Rome was * acre<i Vedic cUt,0ff". Shfvaji and a bullock. Ht also similar ceremony when during had participated in a
further proof
if

had

in

the

tradition

by

the Weil Bank of the Jordan The capita or Arabs at RamaUah i.e. Rama the God local

r , Vct lT

3
BWQed

a take known as R amsaT Turkey baa also which

ft

childhood he assumed charge


hi* jag if (fief
),

in

Punny

city as

the

trtu| Rr

ord

signifying a

Rama

Lake.

**

head of

Yet another proof

is

thai

another Italian

city,

Ravenna
Since

j*

Ra ma nimcd other Rome and Ravenna arc and Ravan were enemies of each cituated diametrically opposite to each other, one nrj the western
coast and the other on the eastern coasl of Italy.

after Ravaj,, ihe great adversary

of Rama,

dhya pronunciation

One Muslim month is dedicated to meditate on divinity of is clear from Its name Ramadan alias Ranuan. R ma R B ma as Sanskrit means meditating on Rama. Even the n in
other

dhy an as
-

may

a corruption of the word Ramabe seen from the Chinese and Japanese pronounis

Ramayan

phyan-Buddhism

as Zen-Buddhism.

famous meeting bet* ween Rama and his younger brother Bharal, The Sanskrit word 'Milano* signifies meeting. The meeting of two brothers in the forest after the banishment of Rama from his palace forms a

The

city

of Milan o gets

its

name from

the

Ancient Egyptian Pharoah sovereigns were named Rataeiit Ramesis U etc. because Rama had been univarsally regarded
an ideal ruler

a*

The term Ramrajya

is

synonymous with an
the

very important episode

which h invariably highlighted

in &tage

ideal

administration.

Rama-isus means Rama


signifies

God

performance! of

the

Ramayan.
that

The term Ram-baan


Milano
is

the arrow of

Rama

never

From
R'tmleela

this

we conclude

the

site
in

of ancient

missing

its

target.

(drama or ballet) performances in Italy Rama-Hharar episode thrilled the audience most

which the
Rulers of
Pakistan) also

Siam and Chitral (on style themselves as Rama.

the northern border of

Thii should not be interpreted to mean however that Rama wa* horn in Italy or that he lived in Italy, According to the Vcdic almanac Ramayan it a history of Trcta era about
Lft.
i

Egypt (currently spelled as


Ajapati signifying

Egypt}

is

the

Sanskrit term

million years ancient.

The

political

geography of those times


as
the 'Lord of

Rama

'as

the clan of the illustrious scion of

Hi

quite different.

Moreover

COJlttquemly
10vcrc 'f*
"
,n|

Rama i% known Rama became

Aja since Aja

was the grand

father of

Rama.
o

the

conqueror-

Ayodhy.

globe bui perhaps of two other planets WWieign of the world his capital may have been y
Ind., but

Mohammed
such as

while meditating on

Rama

in the

moat

r.r.n

PNdt

down thea S e S people around


their children,

the world

Ramazan conceived of the Koran.

names Muslim, also be.r

in

naming

their

J"* h< ,|n

f0rU h mei nd ' *


;

**

sovengns. their towns

Behram on

the pattern of the Hindu


tailcoat

name Abnin

Cmntd aer P ,an

to
after

P'aces after

Rama.

As European envoy* wear a


diplomatic attire
ideal

(and 1*p
the envoy

h*)uj**^

had occasions to

because

Hanuman

h ThMi,h&wR ^u

named

Rama

monarch wore

a lailcoat.

258
adulterated editions of Ram*y Bl| Trooc-lfd; dittoed, In Europe they B literature of oil people. kno^ nifta in the Lttl Richard thc Lion hearld f Chritti lB mostly

Kg

atJ
yet

kpa*

L names
;vef vef

writers

founded those

sometime* deliberately sometimes inadvertantly and legend* with the accounts of Richard the
participated in the Crusades,
countries

C o*

hM

of the characters'hr Bg d 'ffrent none in Europe Ramayanic episode cleverly H realised that It is a Ran

cacnau*

king

of England who

Christian writers. a bv European thus played a very sinister role, like 1,^ Christia" lt y has A very extensive and thorou^ Vcdic roots, concealing its
effort is called for to

Whv would
praises of the

English

Germany King Richards when their own


like

France and

sing

ne

'Larch r
f

bring to light the whole panorama

princei
to have

Vcdic past. Europe's pre-Christian

also fought fa the Crusades ?

European histories seem

ignored such points.

Belgium has a township known as Rama's temple. The have locations known as Ramston and Ramsgaie, British Islea
is In Ireland

The very
French

fact that

German legends

too speak of a Lion heart

a mansion

known
and

as Sir

Ramsfort.

Personal names
kin

literature too sings the


literature

Leon) and English


the Lion-hearted
the

Lionheart (Coeur Dc too recalls the exploits of Richard


glory of a
they all
alias

Mcdonald such as Ramsey Indian name Ramsahay. io the


4

Winston Ramsay are a

indicates

that

remember and
thc

revere

memory

of

Ramachandra
In

Rama

pre-Christian
is

universal legendary hen.,

German

literature

Rama

remem-

The English word Ramrod* derives from stumps as rods by Rama's troopers to break open II ees used
of

of huge
thc gatei

bered ai Lowcn-hnrz,

Lanka

Such

one

Is

Rama
this
it

the hero of the Sanskrit epic


i.e.

Ramayan,
is

Even

in

India the

name Ramnsimha
is

Rama

the Lion

very

This brief survey should give the readers glimpse of the left an impress that the million-year ancient Ramayan has

common.
Richard
is

From

apparent that the European name


full

human

culture.

a corruption of

Rama's

name Ramachandra.

Let us

now

The Bibliothcquc Nationale


in Paris

(thc National Library) of France

The Vcdic incarnation


time to time.
rivalries

turn to the other Sanskrit epic, the Mababharat Lord Krishna figures in that epic from

has numerous

editions

of the

legend of Richard the


of

Lion-heart in French, Latin,


other languages.

German. English and a number

The Mahabharat treats mainly of the internecine led to a of the Kuru clan around 3813 B.C. That
Kurus were world sovereign
in

The older the edition the greater will be its content of the Ramayanic story. In later editions the story of the Ramayann became progressively diluted, distorted and
book, World Vcdic Heritage, cues extract* from some of those European versions to prove that they arc nothing but the story of the Ramayan.
adulterated

world war because the


of biological
tion

The

use

and nuclear missiles resulted

enormous

destruc-

SmsI and a total breakdown of the Vcdic administration,


and Vcdic social system.

My

education

As

a result the

Vcdic

pantheon was
Sloies,

broken into

different

culls calling

themselves
Chriiniai

**

European literatures based on different Ramayanic episodes. For instance a 3th century German poet Konrad of Wurzburg has composed P m tiled Tournei of Nanthdt which obviously recounts the eonttit
1

Besides there are other works in

Samaritans. Essensc. Malcncians. Saducceans. An alternative mal-pronunciation of Cnrisniani

Christiana*

So
lctl

all

those

who

call

followers of
1>y

Lord Cbrisn. It hothead, such as Peter and Paul who,

themselves Christian that was a faction of


at

**

KiUj first conduct

"
250
,

he

Mahabharat war ended,


the

It

comes

embodied m the Bhagnwad <fiscdfvei on Chrtin-niry ai Gceta consumed by a blinding graduall* bre*e away from " &eins passion fo,- wealth, power and leadership, to establish a aepa r
tJ

dMo :;rrcJP o D
iS

Vedic month Margasheeh


It

n Decern*

T\

his

P*
is

-omb.

fro Dp and called


Consequently

it

Ch ml unity
the

Member
wj, contemporary pronunciation Chriin. Even the imaginary
a carbon

marked

therefore that by .he traditional


,s

hero

Jesus Christ they

invented

nothing but an alternative regional

of the

Vedic incarnation
of Jesus Christ
birth.
is

tesus

wi I* the midnight celebration on ,-.. nfl itnfl culminating in December'Vf" me universal sense of relief at the end of e fflSfk dr M,M1 The midnight hour w ii.habliarai war. v..

Mtr M . e /r l ^ Chrisnam./ ,e *" v

^_

Z^t
"

* *

birth story

almost

copy of

the story

culmination of the festivities


th c

ofChmoa's

stroke of midnight.

So

chosen to because Lord Chrisn was bo there U nothing


Christian
j

Chrl5mas celebrations.

,he

Vpto about 312 A. D. Christian groups comprised only a handful of persons in Rome, Corinth and Jerusalem. When
around 312

member down the

enrolled as a of the Christian group Christianity was ruthlessly forced


throats

A.D emperor
of
all

Constantine of

Rome

Europeans with

Roman

batons.

So

name ofCbnsmas so-called Christians continue to observe a Vedic Their term for Vedic is Pagan which festival is corrupUo'n of the word Bhagawan of Vedic terminology

Orthodox Christian scholars ruefully a <j m


*i
*

jt

#>!

hat n _. ,B| 'oe


'

signifying

God

European countries who deem themselves to be politically free seem to be blissfully unaware of their total slavery to the
Chriijian

The
earlier

city

of Jerusalem
is

is

named

after
is

Lord Krishna

Its

spelling

dogma

Yeruisalayam.

as

countries

from Afghanistan to Algeria

That
is

a corruption of the

though

Sanskrit
fying

word Ycduislayam.

have been psychologically chained to the Islamic dogma by the force of Arab arms.
politically free
If took

Yedu-ish

a Sanskrit term signiin

Lord Cbrisna as the chief of the Yedu clan. Alayam Sanskrit means abode. Therefore Yeduisalayam alias

nearly

700 years to force all


centuries.

Europeans

to turn

3triituni.

During those seven

The name

of the

Vedic incarnation

(Krishna) Cnriana was subtly camouflaged

ai Christ and Chrisn idols

were substituted by

images of an

imaginary Christ

Yeruisalayam alias Jeruisalayam alias Jerusalem signifies the city of the Lord of the Yedu clan i.e. the city of Chrisn. Therefore Judaism is nothing but Yeduism and in contemporary politics Jerusalem rightfully belongs to the Jews and not to Arab Muslim* who as
iconoclasts are intolerant

of Chrisn worship.

made the name Chrisn will be feted to survive itillin Europe despite 1500 years of hostile Christian Vandalism,
is

V*

if careful

research

The name
*ar -alaya
toe
i.e.

ferae]

is

a truncated

form of the Sanskrit word


Simila.iy Islam born in

the

Abode of God.
is

ighbounng Arabia

FoMnstancethc

biggest
,

hotel

u Knnapolsky Hote
"

lhai f ,vei u* the clue


Poland.
all

Amsterdam (Holland) ii KrMapohky mcam KrisbDa of that Krishna has been a common
in

Abode of God.
USlims

the Sanskrit word Is-alayam also meaning

common among

Naturally

therefore

it

should have been

Europeans.
Cbril

cal1 thcif tely mosque prec.ncts as 'Harem' which Uac ^ f rm f thC Sansknt Ierm Hariyam i.e. the precincts of Hari'T Kr lshna Their Srling of 'Salaam Walekum'
'

hi^tT' Me*
.11

Cbrisna-month celebration European, have been celebrating from about 3813 B C


i

"

mumhiFed * 1
* n

meanin.

m1l <Mled

the

form of the Sanakrit-lsatayam Balakam name of) ihe child (deity) in the temple. Thai

262
t mei V hen Nlonf o <* Kn,h "
f

he

Mb* id
d

IB

HlV8 an icon of

2*3
Mod**
If ,,*

<

lbe

3t **

<^ wAi0 VJ'l*n


iwkiU-ncl.Wc

Afabg greeted nt AJ At"* Th * Krishna since Aqshayya ok of lord

J,

Md

s - caUcd

*"'bute of Lord

Krishna.
as

The

originated

Kanh

sarjssaMt-^
n*
!

32
THE MYTH OF JlSUS CHRIST
European scholars enjoy a big reputation for outlook because of the big strides they have made medicine and physics
But that should not blind us to the faci tb at
su ch as history, culture

jJ^Soi
all

world scholar, .0 look under ibould Induce brief lurvr) discover the names jhroudi te Chr.H.in^dI.Uniic * f Ramuyan and Mahabh *<

world die pre-Christian

M m h8, I^t'
m olhcf

and

religion

subjected to the strictest scrutiny.

their conclusion, must

Z
bo*

In an

earlier

chapter

we have

already

discussed

Alexander Cunningham was appointed the first archaeological chief under the British Indian administration
specificially

monstrous myth of Islamic architecture and transfer all Hindu architectural credit to a nil Muslim account. The result is tbat the world has been burdened with a formidable pile of literature singing the paeans of a non-existent Islamic
create the

to

Saracenic architecture, Muslimi have only scribbled Koranic lettering on pre-lslamic buildings. The geometrical patterns decorating those buildings are all pre-Muslim. After all
alias

Islam

not even 1400 years old. And Islam took 600 to 700 year to acqujre wealth and power enough to erect any buildinp, AH
is

pectacufar
scribed to

historic buildings

from India

to

Arabia and Spain,


property.

Muslims are pre- Muslim captured

Yet Western scholars blissfully unaware or unmindful of "nningham's fraud continue to wax eloquent over so-called
"Jamie architecture. ment of
Architecture
* Partisan

For instance Harvard university'! architecture has a to-called Programme of


(whatever that

departIslamic

may mean)
it is

munificently funded

Aga Khan,

Truly

said

money makes

the

mart

10 ,D<i the ' goes the

mare of Harvard holding


263

hollow, mi*-

264

265

^ min

f,

on subjects

hU

Akbtu

**

the

founder of

William Durant'i 10-volume work tilled The Sio gives a good summary of how more atlon and nave- come forward to question scholar* silently
eJdsteoceof

m^ZlT
0r n
I,

ibmlirty

department which mindAn from Aligarh were some Muslim professors tally cmrlMwl profcSsor5 Th *y r,dc by th S * MusIini fof
histor> Australian university

Jesus.

r^uT * V
<

An d
lessly

yet

**>
ihc

'

seems to believe

William Durant himself paradoxically and m. nri


in the Jesus story.
is

penuided

ignor-amit

Australians to sanction

tidy sum.

were then The Australian professors


professors to Fatehpur Sikn.

nose-led by those Alignrh

brought out a ascribing the founding of Fatehpur nondescript book vaguely Sikfi to Akbnr

And

together they

H Leu,*, -u * 11 wno books on Jesus gives important clues which detract Jesus story and yet somehow he believes from the m a Jeius For instance Lewis tells us as a historical person.
Sinclair
, .

Another such author


i

an American

; bis several

that the

Any genuine
because
it

scholar

would

be ashamed

of that

book
while

statue of a holy child used to be set up and worshipped even before Christ and that X'mas also used to be celebrated before
Christ.

only repeated
the

the vague traditional

partisan Muslim
to

bluffs ascribing

origin of Fatehpur

Sikri

Akbar

Thus European Christian


split,

intelligentsia

seems

deliberately avoiding to take

cognizance of the evidence maris

to develop a

shalled in

my book

titled

Fatehpur Sikri

Hindu City published


Bhatia.
in

schizophrenic personality when touching upon Jesus and Consciously Western scholars arc unable the Christian dogma.
to

about ten years earlier under


All readers must

my pen name Hansraj


be very

endorse or defend the mythical


that

life

of Jesus and the Christian


to

therefore

cautious
Christians

accepting

dogma

goes with
it.

it.

Therefore they prefer


be taken

remain

what Muslims
Christianity

write

about Islam or

write

about

unconscious" about

They

take Christianity to be a fashiontoo seriously or proved

Because with Islam and Christianity having been

able theological label not to

too deeply.

It is

imposed with terror and torture Muslim and Christian souls are
chained to their respective dogmas.

there that one comes across the hypocrisy of

the average Christian mind.

Therefore the voice of Christian and

Muslim

dissidents

is

ian

The colossal vested interests that shelter under the Christdogma from the Papacy in Rome to the Christian scminarici
in

drowned by hordes of fundamentalists.

working
in

remote parts of the world entrapping

aborigines in

So u

is

not generally

known

that

Europe hundreds of

the Christian flock

would

all

be reduced

to

rubble and the big


ii

books have been written during the


the existence of Jesus Christ

last

200 years questioning

Bible sales will grind to a halt. Therefore the Christ myth being solicitously propped up by the average Westerner

The BBC London

also tele vised

two

debates

in

1986

AD

But any dispassionate observer can delect that the entire


Jesus story
is

on whether Jetu* Christ

u an

a concoction from beginning to end.

imaginary prophet.

Take

for instance the to

computation of B.C. and AJ>.


first

Jesus

More and more European and American Christians *&


coming forward
to

supposed
**

have been born on the


Jcsus's

day of

AD.

But

admit that there

never lived any person

"

well

known

birthday

is

celebrated

all

over the

called Jesus Chriit.

WOr|d on 'he 25th of

December.

That means

lo say Jesus

sdtlwr** ^January.

**

BXtS\

week* A.D. depending

26?
0|,

count oe begin, the

And how does


trlJy

the blood of such a person, soiThM

mathematical proof that no Jesui was ever bor n h Oft noi the computation of really AtDp BecwK hid he been from h,s actual b.rthday. *oId have begun

redeem

all

the tins of generation, to

""'*

come

bom

The innocent non-thinking

multitudes

who

are

Christians admit that Jesus W|1 Look *i Mother That mean* that even stroke of midniglit. fail oi bJfO it Uw blnh dm* a unknown.
proof.

dnmb sheep to the Christian altar every Sunday may bc or dumb belief in Christian their ignorance dogma but wh, should other enlightened scholars distinguishing

led

various fields of learning also

themselves

pay

lip service to Christianity

The i bird proof


CijrUtiim admit

if

that he

was not born on December


in

Can't they realize


25.

that all

so-called early

this.

The

traditional description says that Jesus

*u bom
ooi that

when sheep were grazing


it is

the fields.

on December 25

so cold in

Scholars point Bethlehem, Nazareth

He
it

that

oo sheep graze during thai season

and

certainly not

Peter and Paul and Januarys WCfe -u mercUe , y done lo by the administration because they were terrorists death who were inciting the people to revolt in the name of a baseless new trumped up faith ?

jnrs such as

midnight

Luckily for
is

persons like Peter and Paul

Roman Emperor

The fourth proof


uokaoftu
It
is

that even

the

year of Jesus's birth

it

ween 68 B.C.

was born anywhere to 4 B C and nowhere near I A.D.


that Jesus

speculated

bet-

Constantine too joined their ranks around 312 A.D. to become the Prince of terrorists. He quickly decreed some bogus spots as places where the mythical Jesus was bom, crucified and
buried.

even the day of Jesus's birth is unhjown namclj Aether be was born on a Monday or Tuesday
fifth
it

The

proof

thai

That started Christiani ry on the high road on the whole of Europe with imperial might.

to

be imposed

any other day of the week,


!,
tale

bmh

piae

is

abo
i,

fc

nom Some say

Thus sincere students of history should be able to Jesus is a non-person and Christianity a non-religion.
it is

see

how

Nazareth,

atsert that

Some conscientious

i.

Bethlehem,

individuals have renounced Christianity

on ruminating over the details mentioned above. They have thereby set a shining example of how history can be of practical
live ?

u.ed to flock to
llie reiiao

him where did Jesus

value in shaping one's

life

instead

of being regarded as an

**

orio, n ,j

.j,

M -i,

Two

Weate
to their
thar'

"wfcnmd
fabricated

from

J*?!

*" f c**1 "'6 oi }cm Efnwl *"""* Elizabeth * ,b Ck tMl Chri5t a wal
'

empty pedantic subject.

WSaaGod
SfDcl*.

*' nder

And Uwii coming

*** Great orihat

of the

carchc like WilUam Durant and ,^ "^toclingtoChmUanity.

I^JL*"^ *a

jQ^

hr

aity

"^rioua

medley.

Aad
,

yet wi'h

<>

**y

Professional

world

how

is it

that they

allowed

archaeology .round
these

all

JLion"nin^ ^
royalty 7

lbe Pyrtm,di r ,he Taj *n 1 l be torn * ueh raised over the corpse, having been of i he detd

"

eenturie. huge

33
DISGUSTING STATE OF
We
wish to alert
all

have Huge mansions

been

allowed

by

these io called

WORLD HISTORY
arc
interested in

pass muster as Humayun's tomb, archaeologists to Stldirjan. Tamerlain's mausoleum etc. What archaeological examitomb, did they carry out to proclaim that these
nation
edifices

stupendous

those

who

knowing

were raised to honour some dead potentates

ihc truth about human history from the day of the creation to our own that the history thai is being taught all over the world. h full f unexplained gaps. For instance take some of the

olden countries such as Egypt or China. They begin their history onlj three 10 four thousand years ago blanking out
millions of years of earlier history

Did these so-called archaeologists take care to check up guns lived when alive ? if a Pharoah or a where those big Sultan or a Badshah had no place to live in while alive how
does his corpse get a mansion ? And if the successors who are supposed to have built those stupendous mausoleums had no mansions of their own where from did they collect the resources
to raise

from the dawn of humanity. whatever


a

Besides that abyssmal hiatus


taught, say of the

history

is

being

stupendous edifices for the dead

Greeks,

Persians. Jews,
is all

Aryans, Etruscans,
Archaeologists have also been assuming that there must
have been an ice-age,

Romans, Christians or Muslims


jigshaw
puzzle with

medley of chauvinistic
all

accounts pulling in different directions. They

form

a confused
Christi-

a pleistocene age, stone age, iron age,


must have

many missing

links.

Even within

copper age

etc.

All these suppositions are as fanciful as thoie

anity itself besides the unbistoricity of Jesus

even the beginnings

of evolutionists

who

basclessly assume that


to

all

life

or the Archibishopry in Canterbury Such questions seem to have been (U.K.) are a big enigma. deliberately slurred over and swept under the carpet of oblivion*
of the Papacy in

Rome

evolved from the

protoplasm

human

beings with one orga-

nism changing into another,

Archaeologists can be on

somewhat

surer ground only

if

Tha Archaeological
Then we have
assume that
decisive.
their

Humbug
archaeologists
historical

and when they apply

carbon 14,
there the

some modern scientific tests such as thermolu tumescence and dond chronology. Even

the professional

who seem

to

verdict

in

all

matters must be

margin of error reveals a big gap but those tests at least give one the upper and lower time limit to date an happening. But most archaeologists have been pontificating on
different

Because according to their way of thinking the earth


in

matters merely on the basis of their

preferences and

mutt reveal

neat layers, like the slices of a loaf of bread, the

prejudices.

record of every civilization one after the other.

We

wonder

whether they expect mother earth to retain in her apron fold* after the impress or all past happenings day after day, year by year, decade by decade, generation bv generation or century
century 7

Those
lr tfn

who have
tot

^irged with
a

muit be with European archneolog) even detsuppressing and misinterpreting and deities of of evidence of pre-Christian Vdic
dealt

168

XAT.COM-

270

271

gufppc,

Africa,

Arab lands

etc.

because of

iheir

obsessl^

therefore L * us the chauvinistic pride in

warn

all

scholars

that

they muit cease to

deciaivity of their

own

special

about Chritianity

^ch of learning.
in

doubt its uses if it is honestly ttlQ Archaeology ha* o But the preponderant importance identically Applied. in pronouncing judgment on the past claimed Tor archaeology For instance a person may not have unjustified.
absolutely

crime-detection
archaeological,

so in history every
architectural,
** ra SI

bit

of evidence

circumstantial, docu'

* hC

^
"

relic 10? archaeological grand father mean that he had no great

of his great
?

grand lather.

Will

the right conclusion. No single branch one to arrive at Cna hie archaeology can claim decisive infallibility. cbitecture or has been shown in this volume that historians,
*f ct
it

rarv or

an V other *""*

wc,comc

Tnc * *N

together

Therefore professional

archaeologists

must

realize that

haeologists

in deciphering the past. In archaeology has only a limited role many cases archaeology does not figure at all in understanding

have

all

and scholars or history of art and architecture grievously blundered and misled the whole world.

the past.

Even where

tion. But the

may make only a tiny contribupreponderant, overriding and decisive role claimed
it

does

it

foT

it

bv chauvinists can never be conceded.

India's

Fergusson declares fP 68, Vol. II, For instance James Eastern Architecture), when discussing History of Indian and "Be this as it may, for our present historic buildings
purpose the one
fact

that

is

certain

is

that

none of them are


and
it

Blundering Architects end Art Critics


Like archaeologists scholars of art

now Jain temples.


therefore

All are

Muhammedan mosques
class
at

will

be more logical as well as more convenient to group


of buildings,

and

architecture too

them under the former (Muslim)


not for this, the has been

Were

it

some times claim a decisive role in pronouncing judgment on They need to be told very firmly and plainly historic edifices, that they too have proved thoroughly incompetent.
All Lhose

Arhai-din-ka-Jhopra

Ajmer

might be and

described as a Jain temple... so might a great part


at

of the

mosque

the Qutub near Delhi."


logic.
Firstly
it

scholars

of history of architecture

and town-

Readers

may note Fergussons's absurd


architecture
in

may
bj

planning have blundered in describing big historic buildings as Muilim mosques and mausoleums and ascribing townships such
as Bokhara, Samarcand

be noted that these British authors purposely


classifying all historic

drove a wedge

and Damascus

to

Muslim
any

authorshiparchitectural
Implicit

but hardly ever

Hindu.

Tbey never cared to inquire whether Islam has and town-planning texts, or measurements 1 faith in Aleiander Cunningham they mistook to be Muslim and consequently described
design* and patterns as Islamic.
reflect thai

Putting

M they may
AH such
* R d not as

a every stage to divide

That was and incite dissensions

India as Buddhist or Jain their devilish imperiul policy


in every

way

so

perpetuate their rule.


architecture must be classified as

Hindu buildings Hindu contours


bothered
to

Hindu

or

Vcdic

They

also never

Buddhist or Jain.

and all its history i* AH a sickening tale of unending rape, plunder and massacre. the vaunted erudition of Arabs and Persians was entirely P**" Muslim
Islam
it

not even 1400 years old

Bcc * Use
ffl4

"^

Oct
^

whatever the central deity they have identical SUCh a * lotus perambulatory passage, Pedestals,
to bathe the
idols

"ffron

JJgonal srmpei arrangements

with milk or

w *ler

etc. etc.

272
features ire

Allihe

common

EWB

amongst Hindus

he

antral fdol etc. Saraiwali or Lakshmi


Likewise
vira the

Krishna or Ramii. Gancsh or $j v ( my be that cf

HN
it

if

the central
is

idol

is

of

Buddha or ofMihithose

mode or worship
*

identical,
nil

34
-^{ifmTOM LEADS TO
nai

Therefore

our considered view that

who

echo

HORROHS

author* on an and architecture of even the view* of European For instance they seem to be mistaken. the West are unerly
totally

unaware
There

that

even

Greek
this

and

Roman

and

nic

of Vcdic, architecture are all branches


teenrre.
is

Hindu, Indian
is

archi-

nothing in

world which

not Vcdic or

thinking arc likely to dismiss. aivca to deep Th0SC would hardlv make any rtes subject which lnit0ry whichever way it is taught or is even ^10 an individual
totally

Hmdu

because that was the primordial faith of


logic that since lain

all

mankind.
Hindu, Vcdic)
classified
as

eliminated.

James Ferguson'*
Islamic

(i.e.

temples are being used as mosques


architecture
is

they

may be

a list or skeleton of usuallv regard history as Such people and genealogies of kings. chronologies of battles

most

silly

and

deserves the strongest


dual

That

condemnation.

Muslims have no architecture of their own. Wherever they went they captured other people's shrines and called them their own.
It is

also an

unwitting admission that

history.

indivishallow view or history. Every sect, Bui that ts not list or skeleton. or nation has such a to go a cemetery take an example. If one were
is

a very

From alike. some skeletons they will all look the deceased was a them one would be unable to tell whether
a nddi 8

Let us

ou.

good for Christianity. A rampant Chniiianiiy forced people to become Christians and then con-

trader, labourer, duality of his life

industrialist

or professor because the

indivi-

The same

thing holds

has been
is

lost.

verted their templet into churches.

Contrariry

it

history

which accounts

for a

person's total

mental personality
outlook will
for

one's and his or her outlook on life. Thus such as depend entirely on his history i.e. on facts

? born in the USA or Zimbawbe Whether he has been brought up as a ChrisUan or Muslim'

instance,

whether he

is

Whether he has been

educated in the

AH
to

depends on one's own life which one has spent one's life and on
this

or Russia ? etc. history i.e. the environment one the history that

USA

hl*

consciously or unconsciously

imbibed.

If

one has learned

*tong facu one

may

play havoc with the world.


'

* &,ch k

m. M

TCCcnt lrae c

and

horrific

n* tttnce

is

lhc vuffcfm *

Hil1 *r inflicted tier teoeral

and on the world understanding because of the mislead!* isleading European

on the Jews

in particular

'M^reutionofthctermArya. Aryi
273

275
*re

274
Ufci Ttmt

WfeftwnWI

Hitler

was taught thai

European*

s
rlr

Aryans *r * race of people who Jews. tuperter to othen ,uch as ihe


That
i*

were intellectually

*"%? L ^^ As M J ^^ ^ m****.. ^<Co- M0 ; r recla^ned non-Aryan, * rendered * * even remembered


if i >* U * fl
r

.Vidi *^
^

when :l en

the in*

^nlernatioual nicrnatioaal nn g

'" ,-. context cortte*

^ n '^

wh are they not>Aryans Aryan.-""


pointca pointed
as

left

otrt

of
,

out earlier - qf (becaUlc of


as nona.

mistaken view since the terms Arya and connotation. All those living Driviil alia* Druid have no racial Therefore until the Maha* acwtfdin* to Vedic tenets were Aryans. hharata war the whole civilized world was an Aryan community which lived according to Vcdic norms whether they were
a totally Africa n*. Asians or

?***South India a not even ^.r'arc no. "Jin! ar H *****


itler

n Ary*

BB

i.nialo
D.vid,a-. S

e ptbe

d^f"^
ir British and
'

<* h

"

B uropcans.
To
fact their

SrSKSST-*-ecnro

and Valley ccavauon , ndus DS drivm8 of

Western acholars conjured up .uch

The
Kriihna.

Jd*'*
il

too were Aryans.

leader

Lord
PT,V

(through bis

Bhagwad Gceta)

a leading exponent

of Aryan cultureAryans than Hitler, Jews still stuck to their ancient Krishna faith birth
Similarly in

So the Jews were as good or even better Because while Hitler was a Christian by

wa, by the wily British uofthatenmical tutoring that enm of Thc result Dravidiail States only in
that

duasirous

out

^W

couJd sway

India the misinterpretation of the

term Arya
rift.

was misused by the British rulers to create a north-south

fflZTrbcir duty
to
.has

^iterate

masses that as Dravids

tt

keep the Aryan

There were many flaws


habit of shallow thinking
all distent.

in

the British

teaching and yet Ihe

Aryanism was represented

They were told who by Brahmins and all those


wolf away.

and taking things lying

down

precluded

hid any

When Aryans
and Mongolians

are mentioned

outside India

in the

inter-

majority North Indian languwhipping age. That empty ilogan holding up Aryanism as a boy was enough to ensure the party leaders a comfortable
sympathy for Hindi, the
majority to lord
it

national context they

are distinguished

mainly from

Negroes

over as state administrators.

Hitler added a new dimension to the fancied and looked down upon the Jews too as arch enemies of the exclusive European brand of Aryans as conceived by him.

controversy

The emptiness of that slogan may be guaged pUue from the fact that though Andhra Pradesh,
Kerau too Bre technically
10
'

on the political Karnataka and


political

Dravidian States no

party

sc ,iat

would ever dream of using anti-Aryanism as a

The whole European group of scholars harbouring quaint notions about the term Arya would be thoroughly confused if pressed hard 10 pin-point where exactly "coloured* people such
s Indians
fit

Inhering device.

Because that won't work.

in as

Aryans.

' Af ^ Ca1 ' h W thc "Ihfon only araong (he non . Brahmiil

Ml

y^

Baa has somehow McUon Qf TaraiJianf


sl

Another tub question pertaining to the same issue w< utd be that if all Indians art Aryans bow can the Dravidi of South India b left out I Dravidi too are Aryans

lfr

Cal

'hmot[hoa

rdOCIrinaire

ious plane Tamilian!

^^.StiSr1

Tbat

to

0f *"

^
b

"* W0 WP

* Vedic

(Aryan) deities

-jHLiiri

277
ITfi

requirement* of
j*

life

such a. adherence lo truth, limpli*

^ ^i rtlid * ^ ift&to oitionil


BMdt
conduct

ml "

Tbat

ju* **

''

should be because
-.

jurtfee,

honesty, purity and dutifulness.

afld io|i and

* ,

fevcrcnt reverent nttiiudc


'* i0

c,lce But that P**

shlirp

Coward, toward.
contr *

to

be clarified
,

to

everybody

wrongly dubbed that culture at BrahmiWestern scholars Bnilimins were not a graft. Those in the Vedic social nlSfl wb " chcd thc highcr * Un of idcat induct were
hl

itiai

'nTlTvtattc culture
f

creed or religion DO* a sectarian

*e

Brahmins. t fl owledged as

r flrchy

&

cniuresjust.ee. peace

and happi-

ST

*^5T
I

^hct

a^ipture ur
i

doe* not demand allegiance to Bau* Aryaniim upon with complete Iheotoijr. It look*
a itaunch

llors.

itself. Ve dic system appointed lecturers* professors and Vice Chance^college are Because of current control of the educational system by

to that atatna inside student, distinguishing thcmsclvei ju.1 a\

They evolved

eVervbody /rom .rifle., service ^demands food duUfnl conduct and


,imit * eop,e ,0

thcut to a Mark

professors
]y

wc don't brand
Sanatan

that system as professorial. Similarly

because Brahmins were in

the top

rungs one cannot

stig-

peaceful, moral nfi rcfuUted contented,

7Z*t
ajrybody

lheir
life.

WMIi and

,ettd

Vedic system as Brahminism. Western scholars have generated a lot of misunderstanding around the world by dubbing Sanatan Dharma alias Vedic
matise the

Dhnrma

alias

wtoeribme
at
. ton.

to that

ideal

and willing to lead a


spouse, neighbour,

culture as
In

Brahminism.

That term must be severely ruled

out.

dan-bmrad

life

daughter, parent,
industrialist,

I crtin, office*,

labourer,

teacher or craftsman

religion creed isaaAry.no matter what hi* race, nationality particular sect or oritattn In fact am Arya belongs to no He regard* hiraselflobc a part of the entire world religion
of Irviaf being.

system as Brahminism a false notion is created of a vertical division in which Brahmin Urn rode over Kshatriyas, thc latter sat over Vaisyas and thc Vaisyas being
terming that
perched over thc Sudras.
Srtudras

Hinduism
ii

ii

only a

modern

synonym of

That creates thc being crushed by the upper three.


it

false vision

of the

Arramnri which
BritM*

nothing but

humanism.

Instead

icbokn who engineered the logic of the Aryan


seemed to
deliberately

them as

must be uodei stood that Vedic culture envisages the four equally spaced and equally sized wheels of the
In

coaa} of the Drividi


igsonuu oftbff
liratlar

ignore or be

Vedic social chariot.


equal importance

Vedic thinking they arc

all

thus of

Dr.vid community in Europe, Just as the


in

and

status.
if

Druid* of Europe are


the

no way different from

or are

not
in

This

may

be clear

rat or Europeans
ftora other Indians,

wc take a

Drmvldt of India

too are

closer look at thc Ksbatriya.


palaces,

no" Brahmins.

an way
In

The Kshatriyas
*

differ eat

lived in

had big rcb>

m,
formed the orthodox of Vedic alias Aryan
is

they controlled ihe state

treasury and

maintained a large
a hermit

botb caiei the Druids alia. Druvids "bo ensured the observance

Cornparcd lo

"w
i

hcm

the

Brahmin was

and a

Druids

andDravid.

**"*

only a

regional

in (ttttimciaiion.

mihr
,,

came to delivering judgment one adverse comment from th brOI,Bh,the K, B hurtU " e d0Wn from,m h,fc,h Jnd
th

Uy known a. Aryan

in

international parlance

">> rafale to | n fedj. .. Sanatan

Dh.rm

cun
**llh

Tf
i|

hC
'

S " ch was thc tytotod n,i n hl f th Brahmin who W ' Sclom in the w "rW and yet shunned all Its

de

baaed on the most

fundamental and

HI

al

flhc Brahmin * hc,d in ( he highest reverence was because of hit supreme in telle dual power*

279
178
best nn

,ied iceam****

b,

JJ'
-

wprrme

When even .serine* and ttaplMty. Brahmin ii waa in f (hfl rcnoune g

Th**
ioierprC IS
ifli

J** jlin

The

ignorant and at worst a mischievous Brahmins represent the head or face

*^t5"*

-d

M
'

ceo
tt$

should

M
by

^cause

Ycl in nocia!
-II

* latUJ

constituent*

of

not o could

^^
am
ed ic
,

lhc>

were

eqJ.

They were

ail

equally needed

their respective being, to perform

dude,.

MM^ilJ

between thou
invasions

four

fomented

Vatfhya*

^ ut was enj ne<j to strive to rise to the TbeKshatriya* were likened to the arms of " hmins Bffl warriors and administrators. The e t |j ey ^efc hmo bec p rl lne s tomach because their duty was to keep sy ^ boUzed
j

cv j c

^^

JHteilcctual

work.

There loo even a sudra

Tiir,-nd*

Mudim
ijitem

wrecked the four-fold smooth

,odety

we

^^

nourished.

The sudras represented


tji

the

MsM

preying epon the

la icaveogini
there i*

Huge *ps * f Mwaim marauders peasanirj forced them with terror and torture work Thus while under the Vedic social
c\ cr

becaus lhcy formed


also

mainstay of the social

H$

" Th^

fomed
body.
that feet

thC

VehU,e r

m0t>ik

der
I

cSgc

of the social

miens

oc mention

of an>

scavenging class Muslim

rebutting to fact in

mischievous

misinterpretation

train awnpelled poor peasants made prisoners to carry headloadt of night inilout of their

would point out


In

how the

aw

cleaner and more important.

cam pi.

Modern Conuounift propaganda inciting one class against another hai tended to tnitigatc the Sudra class to complain of
ccatnria of

admirers

person is often invited by his Vedic parlance a revered with the dust of his feet. Had to honour their home

auprumionb)

the

Brahmins, That
history

is

a baseless

mouth been more important bis admirers bless their home by spitting" in it. would have requested him to
the 'great* person's

coasptatat trains from

mkinterpreling

as explained

abort

The

Sudiat were no doubt ornery

relegated

to

position

of

mischievous elements tend to mutual animosity. misuse and misinterpret history to promote social history can be used to promote better Instead true
It

may

thus

be seen

how

weal and economic


iatmiae of Muiluni

But [bat was because of the

relations.

Because those

who

constituted the artisan

das* doing manual work were

reduced to a menial status of

For instance in the above symbolism


out that

pandering to the whims of the merciless


lere

Muslim marauder.

Brahmins arc not

at all

needs to be pointed conceded a high status by being


it

rabbk leaden use various gimmicks to arouse the

likened to the

mouth of Brahma because

the

mouth

gives

out

of the Sod.*.

,,,
lo

tbe

olbcf

lhfce c|a8scs
picture
in

For

nothing but fiithv spittle.

ite>

p.*

the

tmdiiiooal

which the

by the feet which


aperture.

Contrarily the Sudras arc represented don't exude any dtrt because they have 00

suppeted to symbolize ,he

mouth of Brahma.
It

may also be

stressed

thai the feet are of


is

supreme impor-

toe^iralun..^,^^
KptPvte

Shudf

" rc !*

to

the

tance.
{

For instance when a person


In*

called to a meeting what

weded
c

tDUovn

v*,L

1.

brain and

>

* 0,
M S

the

yw

Sadui

f
fol

^htlu <litioiia|
*
*l
'

'Junking.

caricature and
j*

being tingled

uui

lr be morc graphic than


*

****

4lia the feet of

L? ***

U * tu>
lystcm
?

" lh *

<

oi

But eveu so the a * tbc meeting unless the person's feet cany him there. I wcil-meaning sudras the leader could explain to the
pus,tl0lT

mouth which will express bis head and mouih alone won't be able
his

,0ci *l

PQQJCranl Sud

lhul

Ve dic

symboliaiu

assigns to

the

^
281
case in the
f
tt

Aantber

wk*""
J*' r

S omc orthodo*

"^ ^

assess; ^
T^t
intolerance

people lend

Pamela Hurst about young American teen-ager heiress of an American wflS f handsome slim

adecudcag
btimessty
cc a pupped her

- **

^ ^^

^J?3ySi
bytteI Et aa^*^

.haul **
(

"W^* *
lfOCe

* ,l0U,d

for should arrange .oomrt

gaog of young burglara and robbers kidparticipate, pistol in hand and a ^ eJr criminal sorties. She happened

^
^

to

fe rroariMRt
ftutte

or a

*u

tut n w bB i .

hm m
Hmdu

^^photographed "> e such ra,d oa Later the police C TV cameras.


j

* bank b *
arrested

hiddeo

that

gang

Inl^cuted
d
air'

its

members.
adopted
But

At
a

Ihti

trial

the teenager kiddefiant


attitude

at

first

hostile after
lot

and
her

JZ7^* Z
sT

* "Pre"" imiilir uahappiness Chmtiamty 10 I -hctag-ftb. Penon back


socio-political workers. certainly

about 4 person But the

lowTds bcr parents.


persuasion
her parentsfor

ialer

of persistence and
reverence
for

she

relented

and

regained

into 1he

Muslims and Christians segregated from Hinduism nervous shock and generations are in a similar state of

A> ntta

of Hindu

Those turned
Hindu, 5m
if

Oriaiiioo.

Mortal *ould
bouse

return

to

wiMloralovraf
Iron
bii

feasiLttilation.

Imagine a boy kidnapped


a

and arrogance. To bring them around Hindu home would need great persistently to join their parental txhuberant love, repeated apologies, and profuse assurance of
psychological abhorrancc
solicitous rehabilitation.

and forced

to join

gang of highway

special
task.

Hindu

corps needs to be

robbers.

yean he tends lo regard rellaw-robbera as bis If under such cotnptnujni and bcgim to ba>c bit kith and kin. riicnminace hit blood relations are keen on bringing the boy
After

irained for this great

worldwide
a

Because
in

it

i&

not

question

of

Muslims and Christians

India alone

back borne their

request) must be persistent

and have a ring of


treatment

descendents

earnestness and love inuring the renegade of solicits


est

members of a

Muslims and Christians alt over the world are of Hindu parents. Their forefathers were alii universal Vedic brotherhood all speaking Sanskrit,

return

home

If

showered with loving assurances apologies

aad

reqwm

the boy it

bound to return.

The same

is

the case

with Muslims and Christians.

Even

in their

convert status they

Wrenching them away to different warring camps to fight against one another as Muslim Vs. Christians or Arabs Vs. Jews has
been a
great social

Hindu customsauch as hiding a miniature Geeu m their Koran* calling 1 Brahmin to bless their weddrng. depicting Giaeili on the marriage invitations etc. Such are
cling to their

deipeuMty

tragedy.

language or scripture or

common Vedic
volume
1"
titled

People have been divided by religion. They have forgotten their


in

heritage

expounded

sigm of
,
'

ibeir nil

aostelglcally

clutching at their symbolic


to return .0

WORLD VEDIC HERITAGE.

our

1315 pace illustrated

Kl
1(

UI

1J

Bad*

"a

w * wi t

|ft

* ^ng.
i

IhcHindu
(

htreaftu

take *

eHoa and pub(ic

and

would also be more *. appropriate for enlightened and Muslim i~j CrSt0 themselves with the bin orvof r fraUd eni P ,o y ed ia imposing Christianity < Mam oTh I*"? defcfl l*M multitudes and rcdedicate centre, it

fact

^-iJiistian

"W""
.

|j

lh

!!'
1

Al Aqia in'lerto

**

Lo don to Sansk n*man broiherho"d

'

R mC thC Domc on tne Rock * nd NO re DamC iD Paris ttnd St Pauri fa "'^ * nd V * dic P reochin S of a common
'"
'
' "

COM

BIBLIOGRAPHY
lia
I-

Briiannica.

Pilarjmagc to
3.

Mecca by Lady Evelyn Cobbold.


Archives,

Keesing's

Contemporary

Weekly

Diary

of

With Index Continually Kept important World Events Keesing's Publications rjp-To-Date (established in 1931),
Ltd.,

London.
says

4.
5.

Akbar was Great by P. N. Oak. Muntakhabut Tawarikb by Badayunh

Who

6, 7,

Tarikh-i-Ferozshahi by Shams-i-Shiraj Afif. India's History As Written by Its Own Historians, by Sir
H.

8,
9.

and Prof. Dowson. Badshahnama by Mulla Abdul Hamid Lahori.

M.

Elliot

Ain^i-Akbari by

Abul Fazal.

10,

Jahangirnama.

11.
12.

Akbar the Great Mughal by Vincent Smith. Indian Architecture Its Psychology, Structure and History From the First Muhammaden Invasion to the Present Day,
by E, B. HavelL

13.

Harsha

14.

Charita Ek Sanskritik Adhyayan (in Hindi) by Vasudev Sharan AgarwaL The Illustrated Weekly of India. Times of India House,
Fort,

Bombay.

15. 16.

Delhi Fort

Guide

to the Buildings

Marg

magazine published
is

And Gardens. from Bombay by Mulk

Raj

17. IS.
19.

Anand, The Taj Mahal

*hpur
*'

Sikri

Red Fort

Temple Palace, by P. N. Oak. is a Hindu City by P. N. Oak is a Hindu Building by P. N, Oak


a
: :

NAME INDEX
Abhiram 257; *uj.iWal 112.114.
F* Z a,
|

36
.

58

70 71
Aga'

Abraham

222;

Abu!

>

110, 113, 114; Adil

Shah Moham85, 97;

,?n' Aditi 220;

Khan

264;

Agarwal V.S.

Ahmad

ra

f.'
264;

I!'

Ait 237

Ahmad Shah Abdali AhlD ad Shah 26, 64, 83. 121; Akberl7, 23.26,37, 54,56-58. 72,102, 106-113.
Al Biruni 47, 70, 71; Alexander 266;

34, 82, 92; Amundsen 134, Anangpal 85. 93; Allaudin 17, 30, 33, 165, 170, 177, 217; Ashok (Asoka) 70, 15, 245; Arjuna
Aristotle

120

Alan Stuart 196;

86 87, 90; Auckland, Austin de

Lord

16, 59;

Augustine 246; Aurangzeb 23;

Bordeaux 36; Ayesba 151;

Ayu

135;

Babur 24, 46; Bacchus 251; Badayuni 24-26,112;


ahah Zafar 46, 48,
234;

Bahadur-

91;

Bajirao 115; Bakhshi, Dr. R. 66;


257;

Barmak
112,
15,

BeglarJ.D. 61;

Behram

Behram Khan
13,

108, 109,

U4;Bentinck r Sir William 23; BerJvhiencr


134;

246; Bhadrasen
25;

Bhagawati 13;

Bhagawan (BhagwanJ

Bhagwacdas

Raja 25;
108;

Bhagwantdas 112; Bharat 222, 230, 256; Bharmal 106, Bhatia Hansraj, 264; Bhavani 162; Bhutto Z. A. 25;
113;

Blrbar

Bjonstierna,

Count
1

10;

Brabazon, Lord 197; Bradley 123;


Percy 60, 67, 72;

Blochmann 108, 113, 114; Brahma 78, 222, 239; Brown,


272.

Buddha

18, 169.

Caesar
27
2(7*

m Vr!:
247

14. Carllcyle 61

2,7t242,
V (JCSU&) 9
>

Chrisn (Krishna) 8*10, 12-15, 134, 247 ' 252 253 255 ^-262,
> -

Z^\
n,

l *
'

U7
268;

**
173

Z r ^VS'rT' 2n
Ctaincat

264 "266

lI8

'

i50

'

>

i77 -' 7

SiTKennetb

'6.17,59.63 63

-^C2J^r? "? C^wfndne^ Cromwc ^; Cunningham.

ChurchUI Winston

Clark G. N. 124; dive


11.

12,21.,

71

*>. 92. 93.

Alexander

270; Curzon. Lord 96;

Czar U.

2^

287
286
*

Maheth 78, 239: Maine,

Sit

ja^."-*. *
Bflrm.Ro
j4
Hi;

*<*;

WH

220,

2;..

*
DlllBe

K-D

J*f>h
Eft-ndi

24;

Edward IM.

197. Elliot, Sir H.

M,

SK W* ?iSS
7
=

McA,Phie

Ttb
ST

3*. ** 8

2SS3* 'tU^ad
;
87;

feggmfr*!
Fleeter.
Bntinttt

17,60,62. 61, 72, 271, 272; Fcruhta


34,

Mohammad Ghon
'

Moh'Lad T^ Mohamad ^^6


M,
5

-r

MeCormic. John .97; 51. Mob rTmed Bin Kas.m 21.46.


94

Ghaini 46. 47

TO.

24,

^^

prophet .17, U8 15^ Monserrate 26

fevatakffirozitiihltt* 26, 30,


60.

73,

80.

86,

87,

l2| !

^^2^ otn':
*

52,

1. 233

*? !I

mi

52;

46; Nal 230; T02; Nndir Shah Narayana Moorthy 245.

M
Ned
9, 259,

Oaa

18,272;

Garbc 245;

Can

IS;

Gamd

170;

Otvq
170;

ftreoa 1W; Grorff

15;

Geroalmo Veroneo 36; Ghatotksch

Gfritwddra Tnybtiq 13; Gopjuil 12; Goyal, Dr.


Jll:

Grade Michael 64; Gregory 246;

R L Gulbadan Begum
J

66. 210,

Oak PJ*.
Pa

65.

66,210.211
84-88.

-.Osiris 9.

24
219,

a . 78 80

9l;Paramardi Dev 239; Pmc*b-

Hamuli
Ill;

flaire

Be|iim IH2. Hamilton. Ian

96;

Hnnuman

r?9

J.257.Hirrj

30, 100; Havcll

li

67, 71-73;

Hawkioi G.
Sir

67*Ptfrifl,

Miles 247; Peter Pehla-c 235 Poiadcter. Flinders rtou >v.

R.

Hntdmoa 15; Hculei(Heficlci IS; Herodotus %,A MS,aJ4,2W; KoihioiShihlT, 120; Hoylc.
Huaqrua
Illmuh
,
l0|
55, S6, 72. 83, 90, 102, }3. 34.

IS; Hitler

2^5. Pulasti 8; Pylhogoras Priasep 246.

Fred

RBd bal5;

Whital*
2 6 257; 258

fta mcsl60

.ai^RaBhuv^

108. 269:

Humbolt

246.

hu
:

9.

^
^
'

><M

? . 01 W^,, J'
2;

J ' COh ' 00


*'

'*

Ja
fta
'

Mmnh
,02 >

24
'

'*.: Jaha

ra

S"a RlanTv
211

":

Wmul

{ja.m.13

230

252,

Ra.aahandra 109. 1 10. 258; Rana Pratap 23 47 Ravao 1 245; R.**i. 257; Rai Hi. 256;Rawal AskaranllJ; Rawal Har
272;

R 3W al Prauip
*

H2;RiyW: ****
Rita 25; Roosevelt, F.

2, -

>". William 246, 247

Rlchnrd 258;

D. 124;

^Zl ^/SllJte
Ruma
222.

Runcw.

Dr. Robert 12. 209

;
,

**iy2. Kai tt *.

tmm^lj^r SpffNpf ltn,h


,ta 130,

Kiwiagcr Ernes. Cbrisw) Kriina; ICuiobuddm Aibak 33-35, 48, 83,

t0

"

Sulian Sudashiv 249: Safdarjaog 55. 72, 90, 102, 269; Salima Begum I Ob; Salim Chisti 26; Samuel 248: Sankey, Lord 122 Saras

m\m\
230259;

Sarkar Yadunath 23;

Scliiller F.

C. S, 124; Steta 222,


166;

Scmor, Elizabeth 266; Seri

Bhagwan UK.

Shahjahan
95-105,

26, 36, SI, 54. 64. 68, 74, 75, 77. 79. 80, 82, 83. 90, 92- 93.

^
,IL

^SJl.Laaalmai, Dfc Uwh. 8iQ


.

^ ^"^
222 lin
1
,.

2J

Lb Dr.

mjShaistn Khan
22;
*3: Shiva 8.

ioi; Sharos-i-Shira/ Afif 24. 86;

Shankar 249;

265.2C6;LJvy 2|9; Lonkarar.

Sb imk nra chary a 12, 212, 220;


12,17, 88.
89.
18g .

Sharfuddm
134, 135.

106; Shersliah 23, 56, 162. 163, 165. 169, 185-

m.

194,195,

198,199,209. 210,219,239. 242, 248-252,

Shit in

!J.-*7:

Shr.vasfAva
108,

L.

10?, 108. fll.

H2; Sikandar
15, 245;

todlU! Smirh Vincent


SwJol2J<:SrnIin
222,

110,
15;

Ml; Socrates
Sugreev 272,

s 00r

22. 30;
16, 59.

Strabo

230;

Su mitra
VllHC

Syte, Cot

Twierliia 24. 46.

68,70,71,74*77.

79, X3.

269' Tara

169-

Tun

Nagar Saur* 248- TodarmaJ,


250. 252; Tully.
135.

Raja; 25;

Tom

Oh Sol Author ttamShutan tashishtti


H'l
1

Com

30,

jog*
134J

Tryibfce*b

UroSiliram

Urwick 245;

Mark 64,65; Ugrascn 15. Vali 222, 2*0; Varah Mihir


9;

Vina
163: 16*.

21

1;

Vuhiihtha 235; Venus

Vibhishan
109.
1

i5 230; Vjdyadhari

Fihkin LkssqnsOx The


Author

Vki\s

Vikranaditya 176; Vir


21?.,

239 t 242:

Vishnu 78, 85, Vishwakarma 6; Vishwamitra 235.


10;

Bhadur

^5
22*

Ham Sinn an

lashishht

Walifa

W.H. 122125; Warren


12.

Hasting* 23, 25 Wolf

Wren Christopher
Yirnru 15

Im>i

In

Tin

S11

uwro

Ov

G\m>iii

&

Nmihi

Author (htrnlhtti
Zcnob247. Zosfauva 248.

Ci

111 'R\i

Si

vii

In Bii\k\i

Wksiu

Author (turn

Ihifi

Hi mm

m
r.7> Sttvurkar

Author

t"N

mk
^M

. I i

Im|

>
itfc

"

teU

hill

B^J
Bufl
'
!

iikillwi

Mik

tii
j

II

LI

.1

a<hf

*MMI
-""

--'^" ,e

HWta*

UMfgM .me bW
''""

r
'

WWW
**!!z5

..^HNtiia.

pnp

fetal

-.ini

i'.

rwrt

***

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