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CONSEJERA DE EDUCACIN

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TTULO NIVEL LINGSTICO SEGN MCER IDIOMA REA / MATERIA NCLEO TEMTICO The Universe A1.2 Ingls Conocimiento del Medio Natural, Social y Cultural El universo y la astronoma Esta unidad didctica trabajar el sistema solar, los planetas, la luna, otros cuerpos celestes, las fases lunares, los movimientos de rotacin y de traslacin y los eclipses. Documento PDF 3 de Educacin Primaria Alicia Ruiz Godoy De 6 a 8 sesiones Conocimiento e interaccin con el mundo fsico: conocer los astros del sistema solar y la ubicacin de la Tierra, de la Luna y del resto de los planetas. Comunicacin lingstica: ampliar y repasar el vocabulario relacionado con la astronoma. Ejercitar una lectura comprensiva de textos relacionados con el ncleo temtico. Social y ciudadana: reconocer la importancia del conocimiento cientfico del universo. Tratamiento de la informacin y competencia digital: Recoger y utilizar la informacin procedente de algunas pginas web para observar nuestro sistema solar y obtener ms informacin sobre el mismo. Aprender a aprender: organizar la informacin sobre el sistema solar en un mapa conceptual. Autonoma e iniciativa personal y competencia emocional: adquirir inters y gusto personal por la observacin de los astros y de los fenmenos astronmicos. Aadir nuevos elementos en la unidad a los ya ofrecidos por el profesorado en diferentes actividades.

Direccin General de Participacin e Innovacin Educativa

GUIN TEMTICO

FORMATO CORRESPONDENCIA CURRICULAR AUTORA TEMPORALIZACIN APROXIMADA

COMPETENCIAS BSICAS

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Tabla de programacin AICLE


- Desarrollar la curiosidad por conocer el Sistema Solar - Conocer los diferentes astros del cielo diurno y nocturno - Conocer la composicin del universo: galaxias, estrellas y constelaciones, planetas, satlites, asteroides y cometas - Conocer las caractersticas bsicas de los diferentes astros - Identificar los planetas del Sistema Solar - Describir los movimientos que la Tierra realiza - Identificar las diferentes fases de la luna - Saber cmo se produce un eclipse y diferenciar entre el solar y el lunar - Favorecer el desarrollo de tcnicas para memorizar, organizar y relacionar los contenidos de la unidad - El universo: galaxias, estrellas, planetas y satlites - El sistema solar: Sol, planetas, satlites y otros cuerpos celestes - La Tierra y sus movimientos - La luna y sus fases - Eclipse lunar y eclipse solar La Tierra, la luna, el sistema solar, planetas, satlites, estrellas, galaxia. - Enumerar los componentes del Universo - Explicar los movimientos que realiza la Tierra - Comparar las estrellas, los planetas y los satlites - Describir las fases de la luna - Formular comparaciones entre las fases de la luna - Definir los diferentes astros que podemos encontrar en el cielo - Comparar astros - Describir los planetas - Informar sobre las caractersticas de los planetas - Hacer dibujos de rbitas planetarias - Representacin grfica de los distintos eclipses que provocan los movimientos de la Tierra, el Sol y la Luna FUNCIONES: - Expresar caractersticas - Comparar caractersticas - Describir apariencia ESTRUCTURAS: - Can you spell...? - Have has - Rotate - rotates - When does spring star? - How long...? - In which phase....? - Closest furthest LXICO: - Vocabulario relacionado con el universo: rotation, orbit, planet, star, constellation, satellite, etc... - Las estaciones - Los nmeros ordinales

OBJETIVOS

CONTENIDOS DE CURSO / CICLO

TEMA

MODELOS DISCURSIVOS

TAREAS

CONTENIDOS LINGSTICOS

CRITERIOS DE EVALUACIN

- Conoce los distintos cuerpos celestes que forman parte del universo - Conoce las caractersticas de la Tierra e identifica sus movimientos - Nombra las fases de la luna - Define y conoce los diferentes astros que forman el Sistema Solar - Identifica en imgenes los planetas del Sistema Solar - Aprende a completar un mapa conceptual relativa al tema. Analiza e interpreta este mapa - Desarrolla una actitud positiva hacia el uso de la L2 - Es capaz de autoevaluarse de forma consecuente con el trabajo realizado

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THE UNIVERSE

Name: _____________________________________________

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1. CELESTIAL BODIES IN THE UNIVERSE


1. Listen and complete with these words:

celestial

sky

planets

stars

universe

When you look at the . at night you can see lots of bright objects. They are bodies. The .. consists of celestial bodies. We can distinguish two types of celestial bodies: - Celestial bodies that emit light and illuminate: - Celestial bodies that do not emit light, but do illuminate: , satellites, etc

2. Look at these pictures and talk to your partner. Look at the example.

2 Does number 1 emit light?

No, it doesnt Well done! Your turn!

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3. Now, write sentences about the pictures. Look at the example.

Number 1 is a celestial body that does not give off light but does illuminate. Number 2 is a celestial body that ................................... .......................................................................... .......................................................................... .......................................................................... .......................................................................... .......................................................................... .......................................................................... .......................................................................... ..........................................................................

4. Now, can you draw the sky?

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2. STARS
5. Complete the text with the following words. Then listen and check.

large

own

constellations

far away

galaxies

Stars are celestial bodies that emit their .. light. For this reason, they can illuminate other celestial bodies. Stars are very .. but they appear very small to us. Stars are very . from the Earth. Stars form groups called . Some groups of stars form figures. We call them . We can see some of these constellations at night.

REMEMBER

Far away

Large

Small

Universe

Near

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6. In pairs, look at the picture and make sentences. Use the words in the box. Look at the example. clouds sun tree flowers

The sun is far away from the house. .

7. Read the sentences. Circle the correct word. - Stars are celestial bodies that emit/dont emit their own light. - Stars are very large/small but they appear very small to us. - We can see constellations at night/day. - Stars form groups called Universe/constellations.

8. Lets investigate! Do you know the name and the shape of any constellation? Draw it.

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3. PLANETS
Planets are celestial bodies without their own light. Planets receive light from the stars. They reflect this light. Planets follow a path when they move around stars. This path is called an orbit. Planets are round and very large.

9. Say how a planet is different from a star. Discuss your answers in groups and share your conclusions with the rest of the class.

10. What is an orbit? Imagine a planet and draw its orbit.

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4. SATELLITES

Satellites are celestial bodies without their own light. Satellites receive light from the stars. They orbit around a planet. Each planet has a certain number of satellites.

11. Say how a planet is different from a satellite. Discuss your answers in groups and share your conclusions with the rest of the class.

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5. OTHER CELESTIAL BODIES

There are other celestial bodies that orbit around the Sun: - Comets: they are made of ice and rocks. - Asteroids: they are giant rocks. When they fall to Earth they are called meteorites.

12. Read these sentences and write True or False. a. Asteroids are made of ice and rocks. b. Planets orbit around satellites. c. Stars have their own light. d. Planets follow a path called celestial body. e. Stars orbit around planets.

13. Make sentences.

are made

comets

ice

rocks

of

and

giant

are

asteroids

rocks

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6. THE SOLAR SYSTEM


14. Listen and complete with the following words:

illuminates

orbit

heat

closest

Sun

The Solar System is the . and all the planets, comets and asteroids that . around it. THE SUN The Sun is the . star to Earth. The Sun is very important for us because it gives us light and .... The Sun all of the celestial bodies in the Solar System.

7. THE PLANETS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM


15. Listen, repeat and point.

Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn

Uranus

Neptune

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Eight planets orbit around the Sun: - Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are the closest planets to the Sun. - Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune are the furthest planets from the Sun. They are bigger than the other planets and have more satellites.

16. Can you guess the planet?

cuMerry: .......................... rausUn: ............................

tpiueJr: .......................... sVneu: .............................

17. Which planets are missing?

18. Talk with your partner. Listen to the examples.


It is far from the Sun. It is far from the Sun.

Is Saturn far from or close to the Sun? Well done! Your turn! Is Venus far from or close to the Sun? No, it isnt. Well done! Your turn!

It is close to the Sun.

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19. Complete the sentences with the words in the table. Then listen and check your answers.

first sixth

second seventh

third eighth

fourth

fifth

- Venus is the ......................................... planet from the Sun. - Mercury is the .................................... planet from the Sun. - Mars is the .......................................... planet from the Sun. - Earth is the ......................................... planet from the Sun. - Jupiter is the ..................................... planet from the Sun. - Uranus is the ...................................... planet from the Sun. - Neptune is the ................................... planet from the Sun. - Saturn is the ...................................... planet from the Sun.

20. Lets play a game. Listen to the example and play in small groups.

Can you spell Jupiter?

J-U-P-I-T-E-R JUPITER Can you spell Mars? M-A-R-S MARS

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8. THE EARTH
21. Listen and order the phrases.

Like all planets in the Solar System, the Earth orbits around the Sun. But, what does a planet need to have life on it? a. The presence of water. b. An atmosphere. c. Light and heat from the Sun. The Earths the planet where we live. Some of the characteristics of the Earth are: - Its round. - We can find a large quantity of water on it. This makes the Earth look blue.

You can find a large quantity of water on me. This makes me look blue. For this reason, people call me the Blue Planet.

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22. What do you know now about our planet? Put a tick.

1. The Earth is the planet where we live. is the planet where Martians live. is the planet where aliens live. 2. On Earth we can find small quantities of water. large quantities of water. no water at all. 3. The Earth orbits. around Mars. around the Sun. around the Moon. 4. The Earth. is square. is round. is triangular. 5. For the Earth to have life on it, there must be Water, an atmosphere and light and heat from the moon. Water, an atmosphere and light and heat from the Sun. People, an atmosphere and light and heat from the Sun. 6. We call the Earth The Green planet. The Blue planet. The Red planet.

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9. THE MOON
23. In pairs, order the following words and read the information about the moon. is a natural satellite around the Earth.

that orbits

The moon

reflects

The moon

of the Sun.

the light

and during night,

the Moon

better at night.

during the day

but we can see it

We can see

The Moon

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THE MOVEMENTS OF THE SUN, THE EARTH AND THE MOON.


10. THE MOVEMENTS OF THE EARTH
24. Listen and complete with the words in the box.

Sun - rotates - June - 21- Earth - 365 Spring - night - 24 hours - December

Like all planets in the Solar System, the . orbits around the Sun. The Earth takes . days (1 year) to orbit around the .. This movement causes the four seasons: .: it starts on March 21 and ends on June 21. Summer: it starts on 21 and ends on September 23. Autumn: it starts on September 23 and ends on 21. Winter: it starts on December .. and ends on March 21.

Spring SPRING

Summer SUMMER

Winter WINTER

Autumn AUTUMN

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THE FOUR

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DAY AND NIGHT


When the Earth on itself, the movement is called rotation. The Earth takes to rotate itself. This movement causes us to have day and

DAY AND THE FOUR NIGHT


25. Lets review the months of the year. Listen and complete the information in this table. SUMMER WINTER

SEASONS

AUTUMN

SPRING

26. Say the names of the Earths movements and what they cause.

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27. Match and label the picture - Day - Night -The part of the Earth that is dark. -The part of the Earth that the Sun lights up.

28. Talk to your partner. Listen to the example.

When does spring start? It starts on March 21. When does autumn end? It ends on December 21.

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11. THE MOVEMENT OF THE MOON


The moon orbits around the Earth. It takes 28 days to circle the Earth once time. The moon looks different as it goes around the Earth. These changes are called the phases of the Moon. These four phases are: a new moon, the first quarter, a full moon and the last quarter. - When the Moon is in the new moon phase you cannot see it in the sky. - In the first quarter the new moon begins to grow and it looks like a D. - The Moon continues to grow until it is a full moon. In this phase, we can see a complete round shape. - After this, it decreases in size. It is now in the last quarter phase. In this phase, the moon looks like a C 29. Can you write the names of each of the phases of the moon?

30. Answer the questions.

What is the satellite that revolves around the Earth? . How long does the moon take to orbit the Earth? . When is the moon in the new moon phase? . When does the moon look like a D? . When does the moon look like a C? .

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What is an Eclipse? 31. Can you complete the text? Talk with your partner and complete the text.

..the moon passes through the shadow of the Earth. the moon goes in front of the Sun and blocks most of the Suns light from the Earth. the moon and the Earth form a line with the Sun.

Sometimes during their orbits, When this happens, an eclipse occurs. There are two kinds of eclipses: lunar and solar. A Solar Eclipse occurs when .. ... During a total eclipse all that you can see from the Earth is a ring of light around the moon which is the part of the Sun that the moon did not cover. A lunar eclipse is when .. ..A lunar eclipse can last up to an hour and a half. During a lunar eclipse the moon may turn a reddish color.

32. Now listen and check your answers.

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33. Cut out the Sun, the moon and the Earth and paste them in the correct order to form a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse.

SOLAR ECLIPSE


LUNAR ECLIPSE

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34. Lets make a quiz game. Think of questions to ask your classmates. Write the answers in the table. You can use questions like these: What is the name of the closest planet to the Sun? What is the name of the second planet from the Sun? When does an eclipse occur? When does winter start? When does autumn finish? What are the planets furthest from the Sun? What is a planet?

Your Friends Name

Question

Answer

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Self assessment. Tick your progress in this unit.

I can recognise some celestial bodies and their important features. I can read texts about the Solar System and understand the important information I can repeat some words, expressions and sentences from this unit. I can talk to my classmates about the Universe and the Solar System.

I can write sentences and descriptions about some celestial bodies in the Universe.

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12 WORD MAP

Complete the word map with the following words: other celestial bodies, comets, the Sun, 8 planets, Neptune, Mercury, Venus, Uranus, Earth, Saturn, Mars, Jupiter.

THE SOLAR SYSTEM

is made up of

A STAR called which are

SATELLITES like
THE MOON

like
ASTEROID

Complete the sentences using the word map. The eight planets of the Solar System are .., ., , .. ,., , ., .. The star in our Solar System is called the . The Solar System is made up of a .., eight .., satellites like the . and other celestial bodies like . and .

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Glossary
Appear: parece Around: alrededor Asteroids: asteroids Atmosphere: atmsfera Autumn: otoo Box: caja Bright: brillar Celestial Body: Cuerpo celeste Certain: cierto Change: cambiar Closest: el ms cercano Clouds. nubes Comet: cometa Consist: consiste Constellation: constelacin Day: da Distinguish: distinguir Emit: emitir End: terminar Far away: lejos Flowers: flores Follow: seguir Full moon: luna llena Furthest: ms lejano Galaxy: galaxia Heat: calentar Ice: hielo Illuminate: iluminar Large: enorme Last quarter: cuarto menguante Life: vida Look: parece Made of: hecho de Martians: marcianos Miss: perder Need: necesitar New moon: luna nueva Near: cerca Night: noche Orbit: orbitar Own: propio Path: camino Phase: fase Planet: planeta Presence: presencia Quantity: cantidad Receive: recibir Reflect: reflejar Rotate: rotar Rotation: rotacin Round: circular Satellite: satellite Sky: Cielo Small: pequeo Spell: deletrear Spring: primavera Square: cuadrado Star: estrella Start: comenzar Summer: verano Sun: Sol Take: tomar Tree: rbol Universe: Universo Water: agua Winter: invierno Without: sin Ordinal numbers: 1-first 3-third 5-fifth 7-seventh 2-second 4-fourth 6-sixth 8-eighth

Months of the year: January: enero February: febrero March: marzo April: abril May: mayo June: junio July: julio August: agosto September: septiembre October: octubre November: noviembre December: diciembre

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