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# 4.

DATOS :
gs =
gh =

1.81
2.40

t/m3
t/m3

f 'c =

175

kg/cm2

fy =
f =

4200

kg/cm

## Peso especfico del material de relleno

Resistencia del hormign

29.4
0.60

f =
ss =

12.23
1.35

hc =

## ngulo de friccin interna ( limos secos y sueltos )

Coeficiente de rozamiento
2

t/m
m

## Capacidad portante bruta del suelo (arena limosa)

H/24 >= 20 cm

0.25

P
PA
AN
NT
TA
AL
LL
LA
A

5.40

h'=

5.40

H =

6.00

B/3

1.30
H/10 - H/12

0.60

TALN
TALN

DEDO
PUNTERA

0.50

h' =

0.60

1.70

B= (0,40 - 0,70) H

3.50
Empuje : E
Altura del relleno : h =

6.00

## Coeficiente de presin activa : Ka = ( 1 - sen f ) / ( 1 + sen f ) =

0.341

E = Ka * gs * h2 / 2

11.09

Momento al volcamiento : Mv
Subpresin:

Sp = gW * (H - franco) * B/2

y =h/3 =

2.00

Ma = E * y

Muv = 1,70 * Ma

9.63

22.19

t-m/m

t/m

37.72

t-m/m

Muv =
b =
Ru =

3772062.81 kg-cm
100
30

cm
kg/cm2

37.38

cm

4.49

kg/cm

## Espesor de las paredes t :

t = d + recubrimiento =

t =

47.38

cm

0.50

## Comprobacin al esfuerzo cortante : Vu:

h' =

5.40

E' =

8.99

Eu = 1,70 * E ' =
Peralte: d =

15.28
40

cm

Vu = Eu / ( 0,85 * b * d ) =
V adm = 0,53 ( f 'c )1/2 =

7.01

kg/cm2

Vu

<

4.49

<

7.01

EL ESPESOR t ES CORRECTO

Momento resistente : Mr
0.25

W4
5.40

h = 6.00

W5

W2

E
W3
1.30
y
0.60

DEDO

0.60

W1

Sp
0.50

1.70

3.50
SECCCIN

PESO

BRAZO-A

MOMENTO

t-m

W1

5.04

1.75

8.82

W2
W3
W4

3.24
1.62
1.28

1.43
1.63
1.72

4.62
2.65
2.20

W5

17.44

2.65

46.22

W=

28.62

Mr =

64.51

1.55

## FACTOR DE SEGURIDAD AL DESLIZAMIENTO

FSD = f * ( W ) / E
FSD

>=

1.50

1.55

>=

1.50

O.K.

## FACTOR DE SEGURIDAD AL VOLCANIENTO

FSV = Mr / Mv =
FSV
2.91

2.91
>=

2.00

>=

2.00

O.K.

POSICIN DE LA RESULTANTE
XA = ( Mr - Mv ) / W =
2*B/3
2.33

1.48
XA

>=
>=

1.48

m
>=
>=

B/3
1.17

O.K.

Excentricidad : e = B / 2 - XA =

0.27

<=

B/6

0.27

<=

0.58

## PRESIONES DEL SUELO

s1 = W / B * ( 1 + 6 * e / B )

11.99

t/m2

s2 = W / B * ( 1 - 6 * e / B )

4.37

t/m

s2 = 4.37
s1 =

11.99
28.62
1.48

s1 +

s2 =

8.18 t/m

s1 =
1.25

s1

<

11.99

ss
12.23

O.K.

9.59 t/m2

## 4.2. DISEO DE LA PANTALLA

Presiones en la base : p = Ka * gs * hi
p1 =

3.33

t/m2

p2 =

2.22

t/m2

p3 =

1.11

t/m

0.25

1.80

F3
p3

5.40

F2

1.80

p2

5.40

F1
1.80

p1

0.50

F1 =
F2 =

8.99
7.99

t
t

F3 =

2.00

## fuerzas cuyos brazos,corresponden a los centro de gravedad de los tringulos

de presiones, son : y = hi / 3
y1 =

1.80

y2 =

1.20

y3 =

0.60

M1 =

16.18

t-m/m

M2 =
M3 =

9.59
1.20

t-m/m
t-m/m

Seccin 1 :
Mu =
b*d =

1617549.29 Kg-cm
x
100
40

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d 2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

11.14

cm2
13.33

cm2

7.2

cm2

958547.72 Kg-cm
x
100
32

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
por lo tanto :

As1 =

11.14

cm2

Seccin 2 :
Mu =
b*d =

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d 2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

8.32

cm

10.56

cm2

5.7

cm2

119818.47 Kg-cm
x
100
23

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
por lo tanto :

As2 =

8.32

cm

Seccin 3 :
Mu =
b*d =

As =

1.37

0.0018*b*d =
As3 =

## ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
por lo tanto :

1/2

4.20

cm2

7.78

cm2

4.2

cm2

DISTRIBUCIN DE ACERO
Seccin 3 :
As3 =

cm2

4.20

f 1/2"
As3 ' =

5.06

cm2

As2 =

8.32

cm2

Seccin 2 :

3.26

f 1/2"
As2 ' =

5.07

cm2

As1 =

11.14

cm2

25

cm

cm2
12.5 cm

Seccin 1 :

## As1 ' = As1 - As3 ' - As2 '

1.01

1/2"

12.5 cm

Ast = 0,0020 * b * tm =

7.50

cm2
5.00

1/2"

25

1/2"

50

## DISEO DE LA LLAVE DE CORTE

Esfuerzo de aplastamiento : fa
Suponemos:

m =

cm
2.50

## Cara interior : As = 1 / 3 * Ast =

10.0

cm

cm2

cm

cm2

cm2

fa = 1,70 * F1 / ( 0,70 * b * m ) =

21.82

kg/cm2

104.13

fa

<

21.82

<

104.13

kg/cm2

## Longitud de la llave de corte : L

L >= 1,70 * F1 / ( 0,85 * b * 0,53 * f 'c1/2 ) =

L =

30

0.10

0.10

25.63

cm

cm

L=

0.10
0.30

## 4.3. DISEO DE PUNTERA

0.60
1.30

0.50

1.70

3.50

s4

s3

s1 = 11.99

s3 =

9.16

t/m2

s4 =

8.07

t/m2

s2=

4.37

Momento flector : Mf
Mf = Lpunte2 / 6 * ( 2 * s1 + s3 )
Mu = 1,70 * Mf =

13.57

7.98

t-m/m

t-m/m

## Momento resistente de la seccin : Mr

2

Ru =

30

kg/cm

b =
d =

100
53

cm
cm

Mr = 0,90 * Ru * b * d2

75.84

Mu

<

Mr

13.57

<

75.84

t-m/m

O.K.

## Verificacin del peralte por Corte

V = ( s1 + s3 ) / 2 * Ldedo * 1,70 =

23.36

Vu = V / ( 0,85 * b * d )

5.19

kg/cm2

7.01

kg/cm2

Vu

<

5.19

<

7.01

O.K.

Mu =
b*d =

1357191.83 Kg-cm
x
100
53

cm

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d 2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

6.90

cm2
2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

17.67

cm

As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

9.54

cm2

por lo tanto :

As =

9.54
1/2"

cm

cm

15

Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =

12.00

cm

8.00

1/2"

15

1/2"

30

cm
4.00

cm

cm2

cm

Ws + Wpp
0.60
1.70

s4 =

8.07

s2 =

4.37

su2 = 6.12
su4 = 11.30

s4 '=

5.08

s2 '= 10.26

## Peso propio del puntal : Wpp = t * gh * 1,40

Peso del suelo : Ws = W4 / Ltaln * 1,40
Ws + Wpp

=
=

2.02

t/m2

14.36

t/m2

t/m2

16.38

DISEO A FLEXIN
Momento flector : Mf
Mf = Ltaln2 / 6 * ( 2 * s2 ' + s4 ')

12.33

t-m/m

21.37

cm

Peralte mnimo : d
Mu =

1233382.41

Ru =
b =

30
100

kg-cm
kg/cm2
cm

>

53.00

>

21.37

## Peralte necesario por Corte

V = ( s2 ' + s4 ' ) / 2 * Ltaln * 1,7 =

13.04

21.89

cm

53.00

>
>

21.89

Mu =
b*d =

1233382.41 Kg-cm
x
100
53

cm2
2

As =

6.26

cm2

1/2

## ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

17.67

cm2

As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

9.61

cm

por lo tanto :

As =

9.61
1/2"

cm

cm

15

Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =

12.00

cm

8.00

1/2"

15

1/2"

30

cm

cm
4.00

cm

cm

## LONGITUD DE DESARROLLO DE LAS VARILLAS : Ld

rea de la varilla : Ab =

1.27

cm2

## Ld = 0,059 * Ab * fy * 1,40 / f 'c1/2 =

Dimetro de la varilla : db =
Ld mn = 0,0057 * db * fy * 1,40 =
Por tanto :

Ld =

0.47

33.31

cm

14

mm

46.92

cm

DATOS :
gs =
gh =

1.81
2.40

t/m3
t/m3

f 'c =

175

kg/cm2

fy =
f =

4200

kg/cm

## Peso especfico del material de relleno

Resistencia del hormign

29.4
0.60

f =
ss =

12.23
1.30

hc =

## ngulo de friccin interna ( limos secos y sueltos )

Coeficiente de rozamiento
2

t/m
m

## Capacidad portante bruta del suelo (arena limosa)

H/24 >= 20 cm

0.25

P
PA
AN
NT
TA
AL
LL
LA
A

4.55

h'=

4.55

H =

5.00

B/3

0.90
H/10 - H/12

0.45

TALN
TALN

DEDO
PUNTERA

0.40

h' =

0.45

1.45

B= (0,40 - 0,70) H

2.75
Empuje : E
Altura del relleno : h =

5.00

## Coeficiente de presin activa : Ka = ( 1 - sen f ) / ( 1 + sen f ) =

0.341

E = Ka * gs * h2 / 2

7.70

Momento al volcamiento : Mv
Subpresin:

Sp = gW * (H - franco) * B/2

y =h/3 =

1.67

Ma = E * y

Muv = 1,70 * Ma

6.19

12.84

t-m/m

t/m

21.83

t-m/m

Muv =
b =
Ru =

2182906.72 kg-cm
100
30

cm
kg/cm2

28.43

cm

4.25

kg/cm

## Espesor de las paredes t :

t = d + recubrimiento =

t =

38.43

cm

0.40

## Comprobacin al esfuerzo cortante : Vu:

h' =

4.55

E' =

6.38

Eu = 1,70 * E ' =
Peralte: d =

10.85
30

cm

Vu = Eu / ( 0,85 * b * d ) =
V adm = 0,53 ( f 'c )1/2 =

7.01

kg/cm2

Vu

<

4.25

<

7.01

EL ESPESOR t ES CORRECTO

Momento resistente : Mr

0.25

POSICIN DE LA RESULTANT

W4
4.55

h = 5.00

W5

W2

E
W3
0.90
y
0.45

DEDO

0.45

W1

Sp
0.40

1.45

2.75
SECCCIN

PESO

BRAZO-A

MOMENTO

t-m

W1

2.97

1.38

4.08

W2
W3
W4

2.73
0.82
0.65

1.03
1.20
1.25

2.80
0.98
0.81

W5

12.54

2.03

25.38

W=

19.70

Mr =

s1 =

34.06

## FACTOR DE SEGURIDAD AL DESLIZAMIENTO

FSD = f * ( W ) / E

1.53

FSD

>=

1.50

1.53

>=

1.50

O.K.

## FACTOR DE SEGURIDAD AL VOLCANIENTO

FSV = Mr / Mv =
FSV
2.65

Presiones en la base : p = Ka * g

2.65
>=

2.00

p1 =

>=

2.00

p2 =

O.K.

p3 =

POSICIN DE LA RESULTANTE
XA = ( Mr - Mv ) / W =
2*B/3
1.83

1.08
XA

>=
>=

1.08

m
>=
>=

B/3
0.92
1.55

O.K.

Excentricidad : e = B / 2 - XA =

0.30

<=

B/6

0.30

<=

0.46

m
4.55

1.50

1.50

## PRESIONES DEL SUELO

s1 = W / B * ( 1 + 6 * e / B )

11.82

t/m2

s2 = W / B * ( 1 - 6 * e / B )

2.51

t/m

s2 = 2.51
s1 =

11.82

F1 =
F2 =
19.70

F3 =

1.08

## fuerzas cuyos brazos,corresponde

s1 +

s2 =

7.16 t/m

s1 =

9.46 t/m2

de presiones, son : y = hi / 3

1.25
s1

<

11.82
O.K.

ss

y1 =

12.23

y2 =
y3 =

DE LA PANTALLA

## Momentos flectores en cada seccin : M = Fi * yi

Presiones en la base : p = Ka * gs * hi

M1 =
M2 =
M3 =

2.80

t/m

1.88

t/m2

0.96

t/m

Seccin 1 :

0.25

As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b

As =

F3
p3

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

F2

por lo tanto :

p2

4.55
Seccin 2 :

F1
p1

As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b
0.40

As =
As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

por lo tanto :
6.38
5.73

t
t

1.48

Seccin 3 :

## fuerzas cuyos brazos,corresponden a los centro de gravedad de los tringulos

de presiones, son : y = hi / 3
1.52

1.02

0.52

As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b
As =
As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
por lo tanto :

## ctores en cada seccin : M = Fi * yi

9.68

t-m/m

5.83
0.77

t-m/m
t-m/m

Mu =
b*d =

DISTRIBUCIN DE ACERO

967632.47 Kg-cm
x
100
30

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d 2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

8.91

cm2
10.00

cm2

5.4

cm2

582915.71 Kg-cm
x
100
25

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
As1 =

cm2

8.91

Mu =
b*d =

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d 2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

6.39

cm

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
As2 =

6.39

Mu =

76507.03

b*d =

100

cm

8.35

cm2

4.51

cm2

Kg-cm

20
2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d * f 'c))

1/2

cm2
]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d
DISEO DE LA LLAVE DE CORTE

1.01

cm

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
As3 =

3.62

cm2

6.70

cm2

3.62

cm2

DISTRIBUCIN DE ACERO

fa = 1,70 * F1 / ( 0,70 * b * m

Seccin 3 :
As3 =

cm2

3.62

f 1/2"
As3 ' =

3.80

cm2

As2 =

6.39

cm2

Seccin 2 :

2.59

f 1/2"
As2 ' =

3.80

cm2

As1 =

8.91

cm2

30

cm

cm2
30

cm

Seccin 1 :

## As1 ' = As1 - As3 ' - As2 '

1.31

1/2"

15

Ast = 0,0020 * b * tm =

6.50

cm2
4.33

1/2"

15

3/8"

30

## DISEO DE LA LLAVE DE CORTE

Esfuerzo de aplastamiento : fa
Suponemos:

m =

cm
2.17

## Cara interior : As = 1 / 3 * Ast =

5.0

cm

cm2

cm

cm2

cm

cm2

fa = 1,70 * F1 / ( 0,70 * b * m ) =

30.99

## fa adm = 0,85 * 0,70 * f 'c

kg/cm2

104.13

fa

<

30.99

<

104.13

Momento flector : Mf
kg/cm2

Mf = Lpunte2 / 6 * ( 2 * s1 +
Mu = 1,70 * Mf =

Ru =

## L >= 1,70 * F1 / ( 0,85 * b * 0,53 * f 'c1/2 ) =

L =

25

0.10

0.05

18.20

b =
d =

cm

Mr = 0,90 * Ru * b * d2

cm

L=

0.10

## Verificacin del peralte por Corte

V = ( s1 + s3 ) / 2 * Ldedo * 1

0.25

Vu = V / ( 0,85 * b * d )

## 4.3. DISEO DE PUNTERA

V adm = 0,53 ( f 'c )1/2 =

0.45

0.90

0.40

1.45

Mu =

2.75

b*d =

As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu

s4

s3

s1 = 11.82

s2=

2.51
As =
As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

s3 =

8.77

t/m

s4 =

7.42

t/m2

As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

Momento flector : Mf

por lo tanto :

Mf = Lpunte2 / 6 * ( 2 * s1 + s3 )

Mu = 1,70 * Mf =

6.00

3.53

t-m/m

t-m/m

## Momento resistente de la seccin : Mr

2

30

kg/cm

100
38

cm
cm

Mr = 0,90 * Ru * b * d2

Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =
Cara superior : As = 2 / 3* Ast =

38.99

Mu

<

Mr

6.00

<

38.99

t-m/m

O.K.

## Verificacin del peralte por Corte

V = ( s1 + s3 ) / 2 * Ldedo * 1,70 =

15.76

Vu = V / ( 0,85 * b * d )

4.88

kg/cm2

7.01

kg/cm2

Vu

<

4.88

<

7.01

O.K.

s4 =
600211.70 Kg-cm
x
100
38

cm

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d 2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

4.25

7.42

su4 = 10.39

cm2
Diagrama de presiones netas ltimas :
2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

12.67

cm

As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

6.84

cm2

s4 '=

3.23

As =

6.84
1/2"

cm

cm

20

## Peso del suelo : Ws = W4 / Ltaln

Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =

Ws + Wpp
9.00

cm

6.00

## Cara superior : As = 2 / 3* Ast =

1/2"

20

1/2"

35

cm

Momento flector : Mf

cm
3.00

## Cara inferior : As = 1 / 3 * Ast =

cm2

Peralte mnimo : d

cm

Mu =
Ru =
b =
d = [ Muv / ( 0,90 * Ru * b ) ]1/2 =

Ws + Wpp
0.45

1.45

s2 =

2.51

su2 = 3.51
Mu =
b*d =

## Diagrama de presiones netas ltimas :

As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9

s2 '= 10.11
As =

## Peso propio del puntal : Wpp = t * gh * 1,40

1.51

t/m2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

## Peso del suelo : Ws = W4 / Ltaln * 1,40

Ws + Wpp

12.10

t/m

por lo tanto :

t/m2

13.62

DISEO A FLEXIN

Momento flector : Mf

Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =

8.22

t-m/m

## Cara superior : As = 2 / 3* Ast =

Peralte mnimo : d
821509.86
30
100

kg-cm
kg/cm2

cm

17.44

cm

>

38.00

>

17.44

## LONGITUD DE DESARROLLO DE LAS VARI

rea de la varilla : Ab =
Ld = 0,059 * Ab * fy * 1,40 / f 'c1/2 =

## Peralte necesario por Corte

Dimetro de la varilla : db =

## V = ( s2 ' + s4 ' ) / 2 * Ltaln * 1,7 =

9.67

Ld mn = 0,0057 * db * fy * 1,40 =

16.22

cm

Por tanto :

38.00

>
>

16.22

821509.86 Kg-cm
x
100
38

cm2
2

5.85

cm2

1/2

## ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

12.67

cm2

As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

6.89

cm

As =

6.89
1/2"

cm

cm

20

Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =

9.00

cm

6.00

1/2"

20

1/2"

35

cm

cm
3.00

cm

cm

## LONGITUD DE DESARROLLO DE LAS VARILLAS : Ld

rea de la varilla : Ab =

1.27

cm2

## Ld = 0,059 * Ab * fy * 1,40 / f 'c1/2 =

Dimetro de la varilla : db =

Ld mn = 0,0057 * db * fy * 1,40 =
Ld =

0.47

33.31

cm

14

mm

46.92

cm

DATOS :
gs =
gh =

1.81
2.40

t/m3
t/m3

f 'c =

175

kg/cm2

4200

fy =
f =

## Peso especfico del material de relleno

Resistencia del hormign

kg/cm

29.4
0.60

f =
ss =

12.23
1.00

hc =

## ngulo de friccin interna ( limos secos y sueltos )

Coeficiente de rozamiento
t/m2

## Capacidad portante bruta del suelo (arena limosa)

H/24 >= 20 cm

0.20

P
PA
AN
NT
TA
AL
LL
LA
A

3.60

h'=

3.60
H =

4.00

B/3

0.50
H/10 - H/12

0.40

TALN
TALN

DEDO
PUNTERA

0.30

h' =

0.40

1.30

B= (0,40 - 0,70) H

2.10
Empuje : E
Altura del relleno : h =

4.00

## Coeficiente de presin activa : Ka = ( 1 - sen f ) / ( 1 + sen f ) =

0.341

E = Ka * gs * h2 / 2

4.93

Momento al volcamiento : Mv
Subpresin:

Sp = gW * (H - franco) * B/2

y =h/3 =

1.33

Ma = E * y

Muv = 1,70 * Ma

3.68

6.57

t-m/m

t/m

11.18

t-m/m

Muv =
b =
Ru =

1117648.24 kg-cm
100
35

cm
kg/cm2

18.84

cm

3.99

kg/cm2

## Espesor de las paredes t :

t = d + recubrimiento =

t =

28.84

cm

0.30

## Comprobacin al esfuerzo cortante : Vu:

h' =

3.60

E' =

3.99

Eu = 1,70 * E ' =
Peralte: d =

6.79
20

cm

Vu = Eu / ( 0,85 * b * d ) =
V adm = 0,53 ( f 'c )1/2 =

7.01

kg/cm2

Vu

<

3.99

<

7.01

EL ESPESOR t ES CORRECTO

Momento resistente : Mr
0.20

W4

3.60
h = 4.00

W5

W2

E
W3

0.50
y
0.40

DEDO

0.40

W1

A
Sp

0.30

1.30

2.10
SECCCIN

PESO

BRAZO-A

MOMENTO

t-m

W1

2.02

1.05

2.12

W2
W3
W4

1.73
0.43
0.34

0.60
0.73
0.77

1.04
0.32
0.26

W5

8.89

1.45

12.89

W=

13.41

Mr =

16.63

1.63

## FACTOR DE SEGURIDAD AL DESLIZAMIENTO

FSD = f * ( W ) / E
FSD

>=

1.50

1.63

>=

1.50

O.K.

## FACTOR DE SEGURIDAD AL VOLCANIENTO

FSV = Mr / Mv =

2.53

FSV

>=

2.00

2.53

>=

2.00

O.K.

POSICIN DE LA RESULTANTE
XA = ( Mr - Mv ) / W =
2*B/3
1.40

0.75
XA

>=
>=

0.75

m
>=
>=

B/3
0.70

O.K.

Excentricidad : e = B / 2 - XA =

0.30

<=

B/6

0.30

<=

0.35

## PRESIONES DEL SUELO

s1 = W / B * ( 1 + 6 * e / B )

11.87

t/m2

s2 = W / B * ( 1 - 6 * e / B )

0.90

t/m2

A
s2 = 0.90
s1 =

11.87
13.41
0.75

s1 +

2
6.39 t/m

s2 =

s1 =

1.25
s1

<

11.87

ss
12.23

O.K.

9.49

## 4.2. DISEO DE LA PANTALLA

Presiones en la base : p = Ka * gs * hi
p1 =

2.22

t/m2

p2 =

1.48

t/m2

p3 =

0.74

t/m2

0.20

1.20

F3
p3

3.60

F2

1.20

p2

3.60
F1

1.20

p1

0.30

F1 =
F2 =

3.99
3.55

t
t

F3 =

0.89

## fuerzas cuyos brazos,corresponden a los centro de gravedad de los tringulos

t/m2

de presiones, son : y = hi / 3
y1 =

1.20

y2 =

0.80

y3 =

0.40

M1 =

4.79

t-m/m

M2 =
M3 =

2.84
0.36

t-m/m
t-m/m

Seccin 1 :
Mu =
b*d =

479273.86 Kg-cm
x
100
20

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

6.65

cm2
6.67

cm2

3.6

cm2

284014.14 Kg-cm
x
100
17

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
por lo tanto :

As1 =

cm2

6.65

Seccin 2 :
Mu =
b*d =

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

4.70

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

5.56

cm2

cm2

13

cm2

0.0018*b*d =
por lo tanto :

As2 =

4.70

Mu =

35501.77

b*d =

100

cm

Seccin 3 :
Kg-cm
x

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

0.71

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
por lo tanto :

As3 =

2.40

cm2

4.44

cm2

2.4

cm2

DISTRIBUCIN DE ACERO
Seccin 3 :
As3 =

cm2

2.40

f 3/8"

As3 ' =

2.85

cm2

As2 =

4.70

cm2

30

cm

Seccin 2 :

1.85
ff 3/8"

As2 ' =

2.85

cm2

As1 =

6.65

cm2

cm2
30

cm

Seccin 1 :

## As1 ' = As1 - As3 ' - As2 '

f

0.95

3/8"

15

Ast = 0,0020 * b * tm =

5.00

cm2
3.33

f

3/8"

20

3/8"

30

## DISEO DE LA LLAVE DE CORTE

Esfuerzo de aplastamiento : fa
Suponemos:

m =

cm

1.67

## Cara interior : As = 1 / 3 * Ast =

5.0

cm

cm2

cm

cm2

cm

cm2

2.7
X

8
4.7

1.58625

fa = 1,70 * F1 / ( 0,70 * b * m ) =

19.40

kg/cm2

104.13

fa

<

19.40

<

104.13

kg/cm2

## Longitud de la llave de corte : L

L >= 1,70 * F1 / ( 0,85 * b * 0,53 * f 'c1/2 ) =

15

L =

11.39

cm

cm

m
0.06

0.03
L=

0.06
0.15

## 4.3. DISEO DE PUNTERA

0.40
0.50

0.30

1.30

2.10

s4

s3

s1 = 11.87

s3 =

9.26

t/m2

s4 =

7.69

t/m2

s2=

0.90

Momento flector : Mf
Mf = Lpunte2 / 6 * ( 2 * s1 + s3 )
Mu = 1,70 * Mf =

1.75

1.03

t-m/m

t-m/m

## Momento resistente de la seccin : Mr

Ru =

35

kg/cm2

b =
d =

100
33

cm
cm

Mr = 0,90 * Ru * b * d2

Mu
1.75

34.30
<

Mr

<

34.30

t-m/m

O.K.

## Verificacin del peralte por Corte

V = ( s1 + s3 ) / 2 * Ldedo * 1,70 =

8.98

Vu = V / ( 0,85 * b * d )

3.20

kg/cm2

7.01

kg/cm2

Vu

<

3.20

<

7.01

O.K.

s4 =

Mu =
b*d =

174523.71 Kg-cm
x
100
33

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

1.41

su4 =

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

11.00

cm2

As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

5.94

cm2

s4

por lo tanto :

As =
f

5.94
1/2"

cm2
20

cm

Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =

8.00

cm2
5.33

f

1/2"

25

3/8"

cm

2.67

@

30

cm2

cm2

cm

Ws + Wpp

0.40
1.30

s4 =

7.69

s2 =

0.90

su2 = 1.27
su4 = 10.77

s4 '=

0.15

s2 '= 9.65

## Peso propio del puntal : Wpp = t * gh * 1,40

Peso del suelo : Ws = W4 / Ltaln * 1,40
Ws + Wpp

=
=

1.34

t/m2

9.58

t/m2

t/m2

10.92

DISEO A FLEXIN
Momento flector : Mf
Mf = Ltaln2 / 6 * ( 2 * s2 ' + s4 ')

5.48

t-m/m

13.19

cm

Peralte mnimo : d
Mu =

548152.34

Ru =
b =

35
100

kg-cm
kg/cm2
cm

>

33.00

>

13.19

## Peralte necesario por Corte

V = ( s2 ' + s4 ' ) / 2 * Ltaln * 1,7 =

6.37

10.70

cm

33.00

>
>

10.70

Mu =
b*d =

548152.34 Kg-cm
x
100
33

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

4.48

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

11.00

cm2

As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

5.99

cm2

por lo tanto :

As =
f

5.99
1/2"

cm2
20

cm

0.125
Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =

8.00

cm2
5.33

f

1/2"

25

3/8"

cm

2.67

@

30

cm2

cm2

cm

## LONGITUD DE DESARROLLO DE LAS VARILLAS : Ld

rea de la varilla : Ab =

1.27

cm2

## Ld = 0,059 * Ab * fy * 1,40 / f 'c1/2 =

Dimetro de la varilla : db =
Ld mn = 0,0057 * db * fy * 1,40 =
Por tanto :

Ld =

0.40

33.31

cm

12

mm

40.22

cm

DATOS :
gs =
gh =

1.81
2.40

t/m3
t/m3

f 'c =

175

kg/cm2

4200

fy =
f =

## Peso especfico del material de relleno

Resistencia del hormign

kg/cm

29.4
0.60

f =
ss =

12.23
1.00

hc =

## ngulo de friccin interna ( limos secos y sueltos )

Coeficiente de rozamiento
t/m2

## Capacidad portante bruta del suelo (arena limosa)

H/24 >= 20 cm

0.25

P
PA
AN
NT
TA
AL
LL
LA
A

2.25

h'=

2.25
H =

2.50

B/3

0.35
H/10 - H/12

0.25

TALN
TALN

DEDO
PUNTERA

0.25

h' =

0.25

0.65

B= (0,40 - 0,70) H

1.25
Empuje : E
Altura del relleno : h =

2.50

## Coeficiente de presin activa : Ka = ( 1 - sen f ) / ( 1 + sen f ) =

0.341

E = Ka * gs * h2 / 2

1.93

Momento al volcamiento : Mv
Subpresin:

Sp = gW * (H - franco) * B/2

y =h/3 =

0.83

Ma = E * y

Muv = 1,70 * Ma

1.25

1.61

t-m/m

t/m

2.73

t-m/m

Muv =
b =
Ru =

272863.34 kg-cm
100
20

cm
kg/cm2

12.31

cm

2.08

kg/cm2

## Espesor de las paredes t :

t = d + recubrimiento =

t =

22.31

cm

0.25

## Comprobacin al esfuerzo cortante : Vu:

h' =

2.25

E' =

1.56

Eu = 1,70 * E ' =
Peralte: d =

2.65
15

cm

Vu = Eu / ( 0,85 * b * d ) =
V adm = 0,53 ( f 'c )1/2 =

7.01

kg/cm2

Vu

<

2.08

<

7.01

EL ESPESOR t ES CORRECTO

Momento resistente : Mr
0.25

W4

2.25
h = 2.50

W5

W2

E
W3

0.35
y
0.25

DEDO

0.25

W1

A
Sp

0.25

0.65

1.25
SECCCIN

PESO

BRAZO-A

MOMENTO

t-m

W1

0.75

0.63

0.47

W2
W3
W4

1.35
0.00
0.00

0.48
0.60
0.60

0.64
0.00
0.00

W5

2.78

0.93

2.57

W=

4.88

Mr =

3.68

1.52

## FACTOR DE SEGURIDAD AL DESLIZAMIENTO

FSD = f * ( W ) / E
FSD

>=

1.50

1.52

>=

1.50

O.K.

## FACTOR DE SEGURIDAD AL VOLCANIENTO

FSV = Mr / Mv =

2.29

FSV

>=

2.00

2.29

>=

2.00

O.K.

POSICIN DE LA RESULTANTE
XA = ( Mr - Mv ) / W =
2*B/3
0.83

0.43

XA

>=
>=

>=
>=

0.43

B/3
0.42

O.K.

Excentricidad : e = B / 2 - XA =

0.20

<=

B/6

0.20

<=

0.21

## PRESIONES DEL SUELO

s1 = W / B * ( 1 + 6 * e / B )

7.64

t/m2

s2 = W / B * ( 1 - 6 * e / B )

0.16

t/m2

A
s2 = 0.16
s1 =

7.64
4.88
0.43

s1 +

2
3.90 t/m

s2 =

s1 =

1.25
s1

<

7.64

ss
12.23

O.K.

6.11

## 4.2. DISEO DE LA PANTALLA

Presiones en la base : p = Ka * gs * hi
p1 =

1.39

t/m2

p2 =

0.92

t/m2

p3 =

0.46

t/m2

0.25

0.75

F3
p3

2.25

F2

0.75

p2

2.25
F1

0.75

p1

0.25

F1 =
F2 =

1.56
1.39

t
t

F3 =

0.35

## fuerzas cuyos brazos,corresponden a los centro de gravedad de los tringulos

t/m2

de presiones, son : y = hi / 3
y1 =

0.75

y2 =

0.50

y3 =

0.25

M1 =

1.17

t-m/m

M2 =
M3 =

0.69
0.09

t-m/m
t-m/m

Seccin 1 :
Mu =
b*d =

117010.22 Kg-cm
x
100
15

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

2.11

cm2

cm2
0.0018b*d =
2.7
As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
por lo tanto :

As1 =

5.00

Mu =

69339.39

5.00

cm2

2.7

cm2

cm2

Seccin 2 :
b*d =

100

Kg-cm
x

15

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

1.24

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
por lo tanto :

As2 =

5.00

Mu =

8667.42

b*d =

100

5.00

cm2

2.7

cm2

cm

Seccin 3 :
Kg-cm
x

15

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

0.15

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =
0.0018*b*d =
por lo tanto :

As3 =

5.00

cm2

5.00

cm2

2.7

cm2

DISTRIBUCIN DE ACERO
Seccin 3 :
As3 =

cm2

2.70

f 3/8"

As3 ' =

3.56

cm2

As2 =

2.70

cm2

20

cm

Seccin 2 :

-0.86
f 3/8"

As2 ' =

0.00

cm2

As1 =

2.70

cm2

cm2
20

cm

Seccin 1 :

## As1 ' = As1 - As3 ' - As2 '

f

-0.86

3/8"

20

Ast = 0,0020 * b * tm =

5.00

cm2
3.33

f

3/8"

20

3/8"

50

## DISEO DE LA LLAVE DE CORTE

Esfuerzo de aplastamiento : fa
Suponemos:

m =

cm

1.67

## Cara interior : As = 1 / 3 * Ast =

3.0

cm

cm2

cm

cm2

cm

cm2

2.7
X

8
4.7

1.58625

fa = 1,70 * F1 / ( 0,70 * b * m ) =

12.63

kg/cm2

104.13

fa

<

12.63

<

104.13

kg/cm2

## Longitud de la llave de corte : L

L >= 1,70 * F1 / ( 0,85 * b * 0,53 * f 'c1/2 ) =

10

L =

4.45

cm

cm

m
4.00

2.00

4.00

L = 10.00

## 4.3. DISEO DE PUNTERA

0.25
0.35

0.25

0.65

1.25

s4

s3

s1 = 7.64

s3 =

5.55

t/m2

s4 =

4.05

t/m2

s2=

0.16

Momento flector : Mf
Mf = Lpunte2 / 6 * ( 2 * s1 + s3 )
Mu = 1,70 * Mf =

0.54

0.32

t-m/m

t-m/m

## Momento resistente de la seccin : Mr

Ru =

20

kg/cm2

b =
d =

100
18

cm
cm

Mr = 0,90 * Ru * b * d2

5.83

Mu
0.54

<

Mr

<

5.83

t-m/m

O.K.

## Verificacin del peralte por Corte

V = ( s1 + s3 ) / 2 * Ldedo * 1,70 =

3.92

Vu = V / ( 0,85 * b * d )

2.57

kg/cm2

7.01

kg/cm2

Vu

<

2.57

<

7.01

O.K.

s4 =

Mu =

53620.84

b*d =

100

Kg-cm
x

18

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

0.79

su4 =

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

6.00

cm2

As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

3.24

cm2

s4

por lo tanto :

As =
f

3.24
3/8"

cm2
20

cm

Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =

5.00

cm2
3.33

f

3/8"

20

3/8"

cm

1.67

@

35

cm2

cm2

cm

Ws + Wpp

0.25
0.65

s4 =

4.05

s2 =

0.16

su2 = 0.23
su4 =

5.67

s4 '=

1.15

s2 '= 6.60

## Peso propio del puntal : Wpp = t * gh * 1,40

Peso del suelo : Ws = W4 / Ltaln * 1,40
Ws + Wpp

=
=

0.84

t/m2

5.99

t/m2

t/m2

6.83

DISEO A FLEXIN
Momento flector : Mf
Mf = Ltaln2 / 6 * ( 2 * s2 ' + s4 ')

1.01

t-m/m

7.49

cm

Peralte mnimo : d
Mu =

101012.07

Ru =
b =

20
100

kg-cm
kg/cm2
cm

>

18.00

>

7.49

## Peralte necesario por Corte

V = ( s2 ' + s4 ' ) / 2 * Ltaln * 1,7 =

2.52

4.23

cm

18.00

>
>

4.23

Mu =
b*d =

101012.07 Kg-cm
x
100
18

cm2

## As = r b d = {[ 1 - (1 - 2,36 * Mu/(0,9 * b * d2 * f 'c))1/2 ]/1,18 * f 'c/fy }*b*d

As =

1.50

cm2

As min = ( 14 / fy ) * b * d =

6.00

cm2

As min = ( 0.0018 ) * b * d =

3.27

cm2

por lo tanto :

As =
f

3.27
3/8"

cm2
20

cm

0.125
Ast = 0,0020 * b * t =

5.00

cm2
3.33

f

3/8"

20

3/8"

cm

1.67

@

35

cm2

cm2

cm

## LONGITUD DE DESARROLLO DE LAS VARILLAS : Ld

rea de la varilla : Ab =

0.71

cm2

## Ld = 0,059 * Ab * fy * 1,40 / f 'c1/2 =

Dimetro de la varilla : db =
Ld mn = 0,0057 * db * fy * 1,40 =
Por tanto :

Ld =

0.34

18.62

cm

10

mm

33.52

cm