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CONSEJERA DE EDUCACIN

Direccin General de Participacin e Innovacin Educativa

Identificacin del material AICLE


TTULO NIVEL LINGSTICO SEGN MCER IDIOMA Human systems

A1.2

Ingls

REA / MATERIA

Conocimiento del Medio Natural, Social y Cultural

NCLEO TEMTICO

Aspectos bsicos sobre los diferentes aparatos del ser humano, los rganos que los componen y cmo funcionan.

GUIN TEMTICO

Secuencia didctica que describe los diferentes aparatos que conforman el ser humano, destacando el aparato digestivo, respiratorio, circulatorio, reproductor y digestivo, as como sus rganos y las funciones y procesos que desarrollan en el ser humano.

FORMATO

PDF

CORRESPONDENCIA CURRICULAR AUTORA TEMPORALIZACIN APROXIMADA

4 de Educacin Primaria

Miguel ngel Cabo Snchez.

7-8 sesiones

COMPETENCIAS BSICAS

- Aprender a aprender: los alumnos/as trabajan de forma autnoma en mltiples de las actividades a lo largo de la unidad. - Competencia lingstica: los alumnos/as interactan de forma oral y escrita en diversidad de actividades. Se integran todas las destrezas en las diferentes actividades. Tambin se presenta el proyecto de forma oral. - Competencia en el conocimiento e interaccin con el mundo fsico: los alumnos/as conocen y descubren su cuerpo y funcionamiento de este. - Competencia digital y tratamiento de la informacin: los alumnos/as hacen uso de las TIC para ampliar informacin en torno al ser humano y sus caractersticas. - Competencia cultural y artstica: los alumnos/as realizan un proyecto sobre un aparato humano usando diferentes materiales de reciclado u otros. Fomento de la creatividad. - Autonoma e iniciativa personal: los alumnos/as investigan y eligen el aparato que desean para llevar a cabo su proyecto. Todas las imgenes se encuentran bajo la licencia Creative Commons

OBSERVACIONES

Material AICLE. 4 de Primaria: Human

Systems

Tabla de programacin AICLE


1. Conocer las principales caractersticas y rganos de los diferentes aparatos del ser humano 2. Diferenciar los aparatos del cuerpo humano (digestivo, respiratorio, circulatorio, excretor y reproductor) y conocer cmo funcionan 3. Relacionar los aparatos del cuerpo humano con el desarrollo de las funciones vitales 4. Valorar la importancia de cuidar nuestro cuerpo y llevar una vida saludable

OBJETIVOS

CONTENIDOS DE CURSO / CICLO

- Los aparatos del cuerpo humano - El aparato digestivo: caractersticas, rganos y funciones - El aparato respiratorio: caractersticas, rganos y funciones - El aparato circulatorio: caractersticas, rganos y funciones - El aparato excretor: caractersticas, rganos y funciones - El aparato reproductor: caractersticas, rganos y funciones - Cuidado y mantenimiento de nuestros aparatos, para tener una buena salud

TEMA

El ser humano y los diferentes aparatos que lo conforman

MODELOS DISCURSIVOS

- Clasificar los aparatos del ser humano - Describir las funciones de los diferentes aparatos y su importancia - Diferenciar los rganos de los distintos aparatos - Enumerar acciones de vida saludable

TAREAS

- Localizacin de diferentes rganos en distintos diagramas de los aparatos del ser humano - Conceptualizacin a travs de la lectura y comprensin de oraciones - Escucha activa en la composicin de textos escritos - Clasificacin y discriminacin de los rganos en los diferentes aparatos - Escritura de textos a travs de imgenes

CONTENIDOS LINGSTICOS

FUNCIONES: - Comparar y clasificar atendiendo a diferentes caractersticas - Describir fases de un proceso - Definir funciones - Dar razones para convencer a alguien sobre la importancia de algo

ESTRUCTURAS: - Digestion is the process The most important are - Food enters.. The urine goes to the bladder - The food is divided It is composed of - Do exercise, brush your teeth

LXICO: Digestive, circulatory, respiratory, excretory and reproductive system; organs: heart, stomach, intestine, vessels, arteries, do exercise, brush

CRITERIOS DE EVALUACIN

- Conoce las caractersticas de cada aparato y los rganos que lo componen - Distingue entre los diferentes aparatos del ser humano y sabe cmo funcionan - Relaciona los aparatos y las funciones vitales del ser humano - Conoce y valora las diferentes acciones a adoptar para llevar una vida saludable y cuidar de su cuerpo

Material AICLE. 4 de Primaria: Human

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Material AICLE. 4 de Primaria: Human

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1.- Have a look at these words and predict what it is the unit about. MAIN LANGUAGE digestive circulatory excretory reproduction respiratory digestion esophagus stomach small intestine large intestine anus faeces expel (verb) mix (verb) oxygen breathe carbon dioxide trachea bronchial tubes lungs inhalation expiration blood heart blood vessels arteries capillaries veins waste kidneys softer bladder urethra brush urine ovaries uterus vagina testes penis prostate breasts voice wide hips your teeth do exercise

What are you going to study? 2.- Find the words. You can use your dictionary or a computer.

1. SYSTEMS OF THE BODY The systems of the body enable us to perform vital functions. We use the systems of the body in order to process substances from our environment as either nutritional or waste products. Our bodies are nutritious if we eat healthy and have a balanced and complete diet. The five body systems are the: 1. Digestive System. 2. Circulatory System 3. Respiratory system. 4. Excretory System. 5. Reproduction System

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The body systems enable us to perform vital functions. There are five body systems: the Digestive System, Circulatory System, Respiratory System, Excretory System and Reproduction System. 1.1. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Human beings need energy to live. We eat food to get energy. When we eat, our body digests the food and produces energy. Digestion is the process by which food substances are changed into nutritional substances that our body needs.
Living things eat food in order to get energy. Our body digests the food.

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1.1.1 Organs of the Digestive System The digestive system is made up of six organs, they are the: 1. Mouth: food enters our body through our mouth. 2. Oesophagus: a long tube between our mouth and the stomach. 3. Stomach: it is like a bag and it secretes gastric juice, the stomach receives food from the oesophagus and mixes it with this gastric juice. 4. Intestine: a long tube. It is composed of two parts: - Small intestine: it is about seven metres long. The small intestine absorbs the nutritional substances. - Large intestine: it is about one metre and a half long. It takes the bad substances from our body. 5. Anus: it is at the end of the large intestine. Faeces are eliminated through the anus.

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1.1.2 Stages of digestion 1.Digestion begins in the mouth. Our teeth cut and chew the food. Our tongue mixes the food with saliva. 2.Then the food goes down the oesophagus and goes into the stomach. 3.In the stomach, the food is mixed with a liquid (gastric juice). 4.In the small intestine, the food is divided into nutritional substances that our body needs. 5.The parts of food that we do not need go into the large intestine. They are transformed into faeces and they are expelled through the anus. After eating, we must wait two hours before doing physical activities. Our digestion takes time!

When we eat we do the digestion process. It takes about 2 hours!

Digestion is the process by which food substances are changed into nutritional substances that our body needs. The most important organs are: mouth, oesophagus, stomach, intestine (small and large intestine) and anus. The digestion process has different stages from the mouth to the anus. It takes about 2 hours!

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ACTIVITIES 3.- Label the parts of the digestive system.

4.- Read and write. a) Food circulates through this from the mouth to the stomach. _____________ b) Our teeth are in this. _____________ c) In this part the food is mixed with a liquid called gastric juice. ____________ d) Faeces are expelled through this. _____________ e) The food is divided into nutritional substances that our body needs. ___________

1.2. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM All living things need oxygen to live, without oxygen we cannot survive more than few minutes. Thanks to our Respiratory System we get oxygen from the air. When we breathe, our body takes oxygen that we need to live and eliminates carbon dioxide that we dont need. The Respiratory System is the system that takes oxygen (essential for our lives) and eliminates carbon dioxide (we dont need it).

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1.2.1. Organs of the Respiratory System The Respiratory System is composed of: nose, nostrils, trachea, bronchial tube and lungs (right and left). Air enters our body through our nose and mouth. It goes through the nostrils. It goes down through the trachea and bronchial tubes and into the lungs. Finally, oxygen goes into our blood.

1.2.2. Breathing There are two movements that go along with breathing: 1. Inhalation: our lungs fill with air, we take oxygen from the atmosphere. 2. Exhaling: air leaves our lungs, giving off carbon dioxide.

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The Respiratory System is the system that takes oxygen (necessary in our lives) and eliminates carbon dioxide (we do not need it). The Respiratory System organs are: nostrils, mouth, trachea, bronchial tubes and lungs. There are two movements when we breathe: inspiration and expiration. 5.- Label the parts of the Respiratory System.

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How does our Respiratory System work? Explain the process. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 6.- Read and match. It is the gas that we breathe There are two in our body The process through which our lungs fill with air When air leaves our lungs A gas that we eliminate from our body 7.- Write. Listen and check. Air enters our body through our and mouth. It through the nostrils. It goes down through the and after goes to the and into the . Finally, oxygen goes to our. When we breathe, we can differentiate two : inhalation, our lungs with air, we take oxygen from the atmosphere and , air leaves our lungs, giving off carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide Expiration Oxygen Lungs Inhalation

8.- Look and write.

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1.3.CIRCULATORY SYSTEM Blood is a very important red liquid in our body, it is red and carries oxygen and nutrients to different parts of our body. Blood goes around our body, this is called circulation. The Circulatory System is responsible for blood circulation.

The main organ of this system is our heart, the Heart is an involuntary muscle. It pumps blood around our body and it is between our two lungs. Blood circulate around our body inside what are called blood vessels. There are three types of blood vessels: arteries, veins and capillaries. Arteries: they take the blood from our heart to the rest of our body. Veins: take the blood from our body back to the heart. Capillaries: connect the veins and arteries.

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heart

arteries (red)

veins (blue)

Blood carries oxygen and nutrients to different parts of our body. The Circulatory System is responsible for blood circulation. The Circulatory System organs are: heart and blood vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries). ACTIVITIES 9.- Complete this outline.

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10.- Answer these questions. a) What does blood carry? __________________________________ . b) What is circulation? ____________________________________ _____________________________________________________ . c) What is the main organ in the Circulatory System?______________ . d) What is the function of the heart? __________________________ _____________________________________________________ . e) Where is our heart? ____________________________________ . f) What bones protect our heart? ____________________________ . g) What are the three types of blood vessels?___________________ . h) What is the function of our arteries? ________________________ _____________________________________________________ . 11.- Find the circulatory organs.

1.4. EXCRETORY SYSTEM Excretion is the process through which we clean our blood and eliminate waste from our body. The organs are the kidneys, the bladder, and the urethra. The kidneys clean our blood and make the urine. The urine now goes to the bladder, where it is stored and is later expelled from the urethra.

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1.5. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM All living things can reproduce. Reproduction is the process through which living things produce other living things with similar characteristics. The Reproductive System is a set of organs which allow us to reproduce. Men and women have different reproductive organs. The female reproductive system is made up of: ovaries, uterus, and vagina. The male reproductive system is made up of: penis, testes, and prostate.

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1.5.1. Differences between men and women Other differences between sexes: WOMEN Women also have breasts, a softer voice, less hair, and wider hips than men. MEN Men have a stronger voice, more hair, and a wider chest than women.
Members of a family have similar characteristics

Excretion is the process through which we clean our blood and eliminate waste from our body. The organs of our Excretory System are: the kidneys, bladder and urethra. Reproduction is the process through which living things produce other living things with similar characteristics. The female reproductive system is composed of these organs: ovaries, uterus, and vagina. The male reproductive system is composed of these organs: penis, testes, and prostate.

ACTIVITIES 12.- Label, write and colour.

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13.- Find reproductive organs. Djacdajlnfjkdnjkpenisaskfpjfipqpmdndhavaginamajdgcbf fgwtdfsvuterusmnshakiafaobladderkddkdnbdhewtwrada jotestesnbcvxdaswqghdlggnfjprostatemfnhydwretsgbcv fhnjmskshnbgterwdafgshgbdgcfvxmljoplgjovariesnfhds hsfsbcgftsysmjdndkidneymnfhyrthenbdhjzthdjlrpoyjfn

____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ 14.- Listen and tick the correct answer. What is it? a) Kidneys b) Excretion c) Men d) Bladder e) Penis f) Urine Ovaries Reproduction Women Teste Vagina Uterus

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ACTIVITIES 15.- Complete.

16.- Classify these organs.

oesophagus, penis, veins, stomach anus, kidneys, uterus, testes, trachea, prostate, capillaries, heart, mouth, bladder, arteries, nostrils, intestine, bronchial tubes, lungs, ovaries, vagina

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17.- Listen and number the digestive process. The parts of food that we do not need go into the large intestine. The food goes down the oesophagus and goes to the stomach. Digestion begins in the mouth. Our teeth cut and chew the food. They are transformed into faeces and they are expelled through the anus. In the stomach, the food is mixed with a liquid (gastric juice). In the small intestine, the food is divided into nutritional substances that our body needs. Our tongue mixes the food with saliva. 18.- Solve this crossword puzzle.

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19.- Order the sentences. How do you digest a pear?

The parts of the pear that my body does not need go to large intestine. Then the food goes into the small intestine. The pear, mixed with saliva, goes down the oesophagus. I chew the pear in my mouth. At last, the faeces are expelled through the anus. In my stomach, the pear is mixed with gastric juice. 20.- Match. 1. Faeces are expelled. 2. A long tube composed of two parts. 3. It takes about two hours. 4. A gas that we need to live. 5. They take the blood from our heart to the rest of our body. 6. They clean our blood and make the urine. 7. Where the urine is stored. 8. An organ of the male reproductive system. 21.- Find the digestive organs. SVGHJKMLPOMNBH MYBVFCDXZSAREW ASAIJNBVCDREM P LARGEINTESTIN E LFDTREWXSABVNH IYTGHEJVCDAQE R NVCXZSGGHLPOI N TMBFMOUTHCXDSW EAQDFPGBOPGTT F SCXBGHDGKLIUO N TFYTDAWFVADGMM IVCNMGYTEDGTA K NIPGEUTGDGHQC W EWIBFSIMBVFDH R a) digestion b) arteries c) oxygen d) kidneys e) penis f) anus g) bladder h) intestine

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22.- How can you take care of your systems? Look at the pictures and write.

______________________________________

______________________________________

______________________________________

______________________________________

______________________________________

23.- Read and tick the correct answer.

a) The process by which food substances are changed into nutritional substances is circulation digestion b) The movements of breathing are inhalation and exhaling exhaling and excretion c) Digestion begins in the heart mouth d) Kidneys are organs of the Reproduction System Excretory System e) The main organ in the Circulatory System is our arteries heart

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24.- Play BINGO!! Stick 3, listen to the teacher and complete the chart.

25.- Think of an organ, dont tell anyone what it is. Take turns and ask questions with a partner. Try to guess his/her organ. Look at the example. - Is it in the circulatory system? - No it isnt. - Is it in the digestive system? - Yes, it is. - Is it a long tube? -No, it isnt - Does it receive food and secret gastric juice? - Yes, it does. - Is the stomach? - Yes, it is!
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26.- Sing this song. Human systems


(Clementine song tune)

There are five systems, There are five systems, There are five systems, in the human being, reproduction, circulatory, respiratory excretory and digestive.

27.- Make a project.

1. Choose a body system and draw it on poster board. 2. Use different recycling materials to make the organs. 3. Label and write its parts. 4. Decorate it. 5. Tell your classmates about it. 28.- What can you do? Cross X.

Hello!! My friends!! Read and tick.

SELF-ASSESSMENT Read and write a cross


I can recognize words and expressions related to the different systems in the Human Being I can read information about our five systems and understand the most important information I can speak about the different systems and how to take care of them I can talk to my classmates about the different systems I can write and make projects about our systems

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