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Los pronombres relativos del ingls introducen una proposicin adjetiva. Pueden ser demostrativos o compuestos.

Entre ellos: that, who, those who, whom, that of. Aqu encontrars ejemplos traducidos al espaol.

who (ju) - quien, quienes, que -se usa slo para personasthat (dat) - que -se usa para cosas y personaswhich (juch) - que, el/la cual, los/las cuales, lo que -se usa para cosaswhom (jum) - a quien, a quienes, al que whose (jus) - cuyo/a, cuyos/as, de quien, de quienes what (ut) - lo que

who (ju) - quien, quienes, que -se usa slo para personas

The girl who was dancing at the party is my sister. La chica que estaba bailando en la fiesta es mi hermana. Do you know the person who sold me the car? Conoces a la persona que me vendi el coche? The soldiers who fought in that battle were very young. Los soldados que pelearon en esa batalla eran muy jvenes. He was a scientist who made great discoveries. El fue un cientfico que hizo grandes descubrimientos. that (dat) - que -se usa para cosas y personas-

It was an earthquake that caused great destruction. Fue un terremoto que caus gran destruccin. The animals that live here are adapted to extreme conditions. Los animales que viven aqu estn adaptados a condiciones extremas. I want to buy a house that belonged to my ancestors. Quiero comprar una casa que perteneci a mis ancestros. Who took the money that was in my wallet? Quin tom el dinero que estaba en mi billetera? which (juch) - que, el/la cual, los/las cuales, lo que -se usa para cosas-

The jewels which she bought are from India. Las joyas que ella compr son de India.

The waiter brought the knives, none of which were clean. El camarero trajo los cuchillos, ninguno de los cuales estaba limpio. The company in which she works will open a new branch here. La compaa en la cual ella trabaja abrir una nueva sucursal aqu. She moved to another city, which made me sad. Ella se mud a otra ciudad, lo que me puso triste. whom (jum) - a quien, a quienes, al que

That is the girl whom I sent the flowers. sa es la chica a quien le envi las flores. She was a woman whom I loved very much. Ella era una mujer a quien yo amaba mucho. The man with whom she was living was my uncle. El hombre con quien ella estaba viviendo era mi to. Those children, many of whom were abandoned by their families. Esos nios, muchos de los cuales fueron abandonados por sus familias. whose (jus) - cuyo-a, cuyos-as, de quien, de quienes

He is a man whose honesty is above all suspicion. El es un hombre cuya honestidad est por encima de toda sospecha. A country whose citizens know their rights and duties. Un pas cuyos ciudadanos conocen sus derechos y obligaciones. He married a woman whose father is a millionaire. El se cas con una mujer cuyo padre es un millonario. They took a house whose owner had abandoned years before. Ellos tomaron una casa cuyo dueo haba abandonado aos atrs. what (ut) - lo que

I couldn't understand what she tried to say. No pude entender lo que ella trataba de decir. I know what I want, but I don't know how to get it. S lo que quiero, pero no s cmo conseguirlo. They didn't know what I was looking for. Ellos no saban lo que yo estaba buscando. What you need now is to take a good rest. Lo que necesitas ahora es tomar un buen descanso.

OMISION DEL RELATIVO Se omite el pronombre relativo: 1. 2. Cuando el relativo hace de complemento: the book (that) I bought, el libro que compr. Si est regido por preposicin, sta puede colocarse al final y omitirse o no el relativo: the place (that) we went to, el lugar al que fuimos. Con that, la preposicin se ubica siempre al final: I bought the book that you told me about, compr el libro del cual me hablaste.

3.

EJEMPLOS CON PRONOMBRES RELATIVOS I don't know who was here. No s quien estuvo aqu. Jorge Essen, the well-known pianist whom everybody admires, will play here soon. Jorge Essen, el conocido pianista a quien todos admiran, actuar aqu pronto. I personally know that author whose books give so much pleasure. (Conozco personalmente a ese autor cuyos libros me brindan tanto placer. The lessons which she liked better were those which she learned from others. Las lecciones que ms le gustaban eran aquellas que (las que) aprenda de otros. That was the subject which I was talking about. Ese era el tema sobre el cual yo estaba hablando. I could not understand what they wanted to know. No pude entender lo que ellos queran saber. This is exactly what I wanted to find out. Exactamente esto es lo que quera descubrir. My brother was the man that (who) was here a moment ago. Mi hermano fue el hombre que (quien) estuvo aqu hace unos momentos. The independence that Argentina obtained in 1810 was not recognized until

1816. La independencia que Argentina obtuvo en 1810 no fue reconocida hasta 1816. Un pronombre relativo o relative pronoun relaciona un grupo de palabras con un sustantivo o pronombre precedente. Las palabras, that, which, who, whom, y whose, suelen serpronombres relativos o relative pronouns. Ejemplo de Pronombres Relativos en Ingls | Ejemplo de Relative Pronouns

The story that I am talking about is famous. Do you know anyone from this part of the state whosebook has been published? The book, which I read, was very good. I met the writer who wrote that book Josh is the boy whose friend built my house.

Se puede usar where para hacer referencia a lugares. Ejemplo: The house was very big. We lived there. The house where we lived was very big. La casa donde vivamos era muy grande. Qu son los relative pronouns? Son palabras que utilizamos en ingls como nexo de unin en una oracin con el fin de identificar o proporcionar ms informacin sobre una persona o cosa previamente mencionada. Estas palabras son: who/whom, which y that.

En espaol utilizamos el pronombre que o "quien", el/al cual,la cual...para realizar esta misma funcin.

Por ejemplo si digo: El hombre que viste ayer,que me sirve para identificar a un hombre determinado Cul?"el que t viste ayer".

En ingls existe un punto sobre el que debemos prestar atencin al hablar: Debemos distinguir si estamos hablando de una persona o de un objeto. Por qu?

Porque el pronombre relativo es distinto segn sea una persona o cosa/animal. Veamos para qu sirve cada uno de ellos (fjate como todas estas palabras llevan una h intercalada):

Who [hu] /whom es para personas. Which [gich] es para cosas That [dat] es para personas o cosas pero con ciertos matices que veremos ms adelante.

Mira estos ejemplos:

Ejemplos:

The girl who is sitting next to you. [de gerl hu Is sIttIng next tu iu] La chica que est sentada al lado tuyo. Nota: No puedo decir: the girl which

A man whom I don't know. [ei man hum ai don't nou]. Un hombre al cual no conozco.Nota: No puedo decir: I manwhich.

The book which you just read. [de buk gich iu chast red] El libro que acabas de leer. Nota: No puedo decir: The book who....

A company which is going to merge. [a kampani gich Is going tu merch]. Una empresa que va a a fusionarse.Nota: No puedo decir: A company who... Qu funciones hacen los relatives pronouns who/whom, which, that?

Dos funciones que ya hemos mencionado, pero que repetiremos para que las memorices.

1) Identifican a una persona o cosa. Este tipo de oraciones se llaman identifying relative clauses Ejemplo 1: He is the person whom I spoke about. [hi Isde persohum aispoukabaut] l es la persona de la que habl. Ejemplo 2: The bag which you gave me.[de bagichiugaivmi] La bolsa que me diste.

The men whose troursers were dirty didn't notice that. He said to me that my parents were on holidays. These are the Christmas gifts that I am looking for. The lady whom cat was ill lives next door. This is the place where I was born. She came to visit me when I was in bed. The friend who I want to visit next year lives in Canada. That's the photo from the first dog I had when I was a child. He will live at the same place where I stayed during last summer. This is my girlfriend who saw you at the hospital. Ahora, a traducir un poco: Qu es lo que quiere comer? Dnde es que aparcaste el automovil? Ella no vino debido al hecho de que est durmiendo. Ella me aconseja que compre la casa. Es una buen idea que te vayas. La cama que me regalaron es de madera. Respuestas: What do you want to eat? Where did you park the car? She didn't come due to the fact that she is sleeping. She advises me (that) I buy the house It is a good idea (that) you leave. The bed (that) I was given is made of wood. 1 I told you about the woman who lives next door. 2 Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? 3 He couldnt read which surprised me.

4Do you know the boy whose mother is a nurse? 5 I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference. 6 I dont like the table that stands in the kitchen. 7 The mouse that the elephant loved was very beautiful. 8 "How can you govern a country which has 246 varieties of cheese?" 9 On the plus side, death is one of the few things that can be done just as easily lying down 10 An atheist is a man who has no invisible means of support listo alien y suerte con tu tarea1 I told you about the woman who lives next door. 2 Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof? 3 He couldnt read which surprised me. 4Do you know the boy whose mother is a nurse? 5 I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference. 6 I dont like the table that stands in the kitchen. 7 The mouse that the elephant loved was very beautiful. 8 "How can you govern a country which has 246 varieties of cheese?" 9 On the plus side, death is one of the few things that can be done just as easily lying down 10 An atheist is a man who has no invisible means of support listo alien y suerte con tu tarea

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