The Need for Islamic Information Management in the Information Institutions In Malaysia: An Analysis of Problems

Mohd Nazir Ahmad Senior Lecturer Faculty of Information Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) naziruitm@yahoo.com Islamic Manuscripts Mohd Noor Mamat Senior Lecturer Centre for Islamic Thought and Understanding, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) mohdnoor@salam.uitm.edu.my Dr. (Mrs.) Shaista Parvin Muqueem Khan Siti Fatahiyah Mahamood Lecturer Centre for Islamic Thought & Understanding, INTEC Shah Alam: sitif006@salam.uitm.edu.my

Mashitah Sulaiman Islamic Manuscripts Lecturer Centre of General Studies, Islamic Science University of Malaysia: mashitah@usim.edu.my

World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________

wCOMLIS-2008

World Congress of Muslim Librarians & Information Scientist Theme Knowledge Empowerment and Information Resources Enrichment On 25th-27th November 2008 At Putra World Trade Centre (PWTC) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Sub Theme: Islamic Manuscripts By Dr. (Mrs.) SHAISTA PARVIN MUQUEEM KHAN

Asstt. Librarian Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University Library, Aurangabad – Maharashtra India.

Email: muqista@yahoo.co.in Phon: +91 0240-2393999 Mob: 989060207042

2

The term may 3 . usually in ink as opposed to printed matter. According to the Encyclopedia of library and information science. such as stone. ed. 1996) The word manuscript is equally valid for oriental books written by hand on material such as Palm leaves. strips of bambaoo. written). or bark. Librarian University Library INTRODUCTION According to universal Encyclopedia (Latin Manu. historical manuscripts or personal papers. pictorial painted on deerskin or other material. Allen and Others). (Collingwood. and to ‘INSCRIPTIONS’ which are writings in cited on hard materials. as opposed to being printed or reproduced in some other way. or Pottery. (Mrs) Shaista Parvin Asstt. it also refers to type written materials (Kent.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ ISLAMIC MANUSCRIPTS Dr. medieval and renaissance manuscript books or codices. and for Mexican. by hand scriptus. metal. and institutional records. The use of the term manuscripts in the United States refers to handwritten materials including ancient inscriptions on clay tablets and stone. A manuscript is any document that is written by hand. and modern manuscripts such as literacy manuscripts. documents or books written by hand on a flexible material such as parchment or paper. In the case of modern manuscripts.

animal skin and bones as medium for recording. writing and preservation of the thoughts contained in documents. 4 . It ultimately led to the rise in number of libraries.Islamic Manuscripts. In publishing and academic contexts. prepared in manuscript format. These manuscripts make up some of the most valuable collections of the world. Paper substituted tree bark. Handwritten manuscripts were the chief records of human history for about 5.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ also be used for information that is hand-recorded in other way than writing. reproduction and preservation of knowledge which further accelerated the rate of generation of manuscripts and books. The materials and methods for recording and reproduction of manuscripts changed as per availability of techniques. a ‘manuscript’ is the text submitted to the publisher or printer in Preparation for publication. usually as a type script Prepared on a typewriters or today. until the time when printing became general throughout the Western World. a print out from a PC. leaves. This led to the promotion of libraries and development of the art of papermaking. Many are kept in glass display cases or are stored in underground vaults of the great museums and libraries of the world.000 years. There are many valuable old manuscripts in such libraries as the Bibliotheqe National of Paris and the Vatican Library. The advent of Islam witnessed an unprecedented growth in the quantity of knowledge and gave birth to a healthy tradition of reading.

Quran is the holiest books of Muslims. which grew rapidly from insignificant beginnings. From the very spread of Islam. codified and official copies sent to all centers of Muslim learning. For a short period after the revelation of the Holy Qur’an the Arabs continued to follow the old oral tradition. It was from these copies that every future edition of the Holy Qur’an has been taken. the city of Baghdad had about 300 libraries. and the Holy book would have to be written down. Interest in the art of writing was not a feature of pre-Islamic society. into a major art form the beauty of which has been unsurpassed.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ During the regin of Caliph Haroon al-Rasheed. The Arabs were poets and storytellers of high ability who trained and improved their memories. 5 . Great care was taken to maintain the accuaracy of the book and to preserve it on the materials available at that time. classification and indexing of the intellectual work. It was only when a great number of the ‘Huffaz’ (trained people who had committed the Qur’an to memory) were killed in battle that it was realized that memory alone could never be accurate enough. The purpose of the collection is to illustrate something of the history and development of Islamc calligraphy. By 651 AD it had been recorded. the disciples of the Prophet maintained the text of Quran which was revealed to him in parts. copying. They promoted libraries in every period and as a natural requirement to man these institutions. established at that time still reminds us the bright historical past of Muslims. It contains the language of God revealed to the Prophet through the angle Gabril. The Bait-ul-Hikmah (House of Wisdom) 786-809 A.D. the profession of librarianship emerged emphasizing on preservation.

An outstanding scribe mentioned in Arabic sources was Qutbah al Muharrir. The rounded script was written on materials like leather. onto flat stones and camel bones. He is thought to have developed the four important styles known as Thuluth. There were a number of early Arabian scripts of two main types. He is thought to have invented the system of colored dots that indicate vowel signs. while the straight style could be incised into wood. Because neither style was particularly attractive they were not considered suitable for recording the Qur’an. Those that did are known as Al Aqlam al Sittah of The Six Pens. with the well-educated person. Many people experimented with different styles but most did not survive the test of time. considering at an honour to learn to write under the guidance of and eminent scribe. Islamic teachings state that the Holy Book was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) in Arabic and so the language has the status of divine speech. Nisf and Tumar. Two of his students continued his work and devised a method of using these dots to differentiate between consonants and similarly shaped letters. and that included Sultans and Emperors. a round curved one and a long straight version. 688AD). Jalil. The Father of Arabic grammer is considered to be Abu’l Aswad Du’ali of Basra (d. In the following centuries scribes became highly trained and respected people.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ It was the necessity of recording the Qur’an precisely that played such a central role in beautifying the writing so that is might be worthy of divine revelations. These six styles have survived to this day and are 6 . At an early stage no vowel signs were used and so similar shaped consonant could not be easily differentiated.

7. San‘a.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ called Thuluth. Institutes and collections described below contain Qur’anic manuscripts from Ist century of hijra onwards. Naskhi and Riq’a are taught in modern schools. In this CD there are more than 40 Qur’anic manuscripts which are dated from 1st century of hijra (in both Hijazi and Kufic scripts). Islamic manuscripts have been studied for quite a while and many are well known. Yemen. It contains some of the rarest Islamic manuscripts in the world. (Amjad Ali. The Great Mosque of San‘a established in 6th year of hijra when the Prophet entrusted one of his companions to build a mosque. Rayhani. including rare manuscripts of the Qur’an. one of them belonging to early 1st century. 2005) Islamic Manuscripts contain an as yet almost untapped source of the rich Islamic heritage. The Maktabat al-Awqaf. each of 150 pages. Maktabat al-Jami ‘al-Kabir (Maktabat al-Awqaf). The manuscript collection (ca. Zayd Ibn Thabit and Salman al-Farsi. Riq’a and Tawqi. in two parts. More 7 . Muhaqqaq. Naskhi. The Great Mosque. in large unpointed Kufic script.000) of the Great Mosque is housed in three libraries in the mosque complex. It is considered to be the first mosque in Yemen and among the oldest in Islamic world. The UNESCO had complied a CD containing some of the dated San‘a manuscripts as a part of “Memory of the World” programme. The museums. Among the manuscripts in the collection is a copy of the Qur’an reputed to be in the handwriting of Al-Iman ‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib. the main Mosque of San‘a.

065 are in Arabic. especially from the first four centuries of hijra. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts covers the catalogue of manuscripts at the Great Mosque published in various boo • • • Memory Of The World: San‘a Manuscripts. There is a high proportion of manuscripts copied in the early centuries of Islam. with articles by Hussa Sabah Salim al-Sabah. as well as extremely rare illustrated manuscripts unmatched anywhere else in the world.150 in Turkish. M. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. Egypt. Puin. Geoffrey Roper (ed. 1985. It 8 . 2nd and 3rd centuries of hijra can be seen at this website. Jenkins. UNESCO. Volume III. R. Masahif San‘a.).P. This book is a catalogue of an exhibition at the Kuwait National Museum. The manuscript collection in Dar al-Kutub is regarded as one of the largest and most important in the world. Dar al-Athar al-Islamiyyah: Kuwait. 1992. 996 in Persian and 2. U. 664-667. CD-ROM Presentation.than 45 manuscripts have been dated from the period 1st / 2nd century of hijra. A few examples of the manuscripts from 1st. World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya (Egyptian National Library). G. It contains priceless and rare manuscripts from the Islamic heritage. A few more examples of the 1st and 1st / 2nd century Qur’anic manuscripts from San‘a can be found in the book Masahif San‘a. Al-qFurqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. The total number of manuscripts in this library is 50.755 out of which 47. P. Cairo. Dreibholz in both Arabic and English.

Roper (ed. Iran. No.000 manuscripts in Arabic. and some written by famous calligraphers. See Pl. Moritz.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ holds two of the earliest dated Qur’anic manuscripts dating from dating 102AH / 720 CE and 107 AH/ 725 CE. W. Persian and Turkish.22. It is also important in that it contains a large number of magnificent. Publications of the Khedivial Library. The Pegasus Press. 1905. • T. Mashhad. A complete reference of catalogue of the manuscripts can be seen in: • G. 16.000 are manuscripts of the Qur’an. old and illuminated Qur’anic manuscripts.000 manuscripts it possesses. 31-34 and Pl. 11. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. This library has one of the oldest (established in 861 AH/1457 CE) collections of Islamic manuscripts in the Muslim world and the most important in Iran. Arnold & A. Astan-I Quds-I Razavi Library. The manuscripts are 9 . other with marvelous illuminations from 3rd century hijra (9th century CE) onwards. respectively. • B.). Of the 29. The Islamic Book: A Contribution to Its Art And History From The VII-XVIII Century. including several old Kufic Qur’anic manuscripts written on deer skin. p. 1929. 212-218. 1-12 for 102 AH/ 720 CE and 107 AH / 725 CE. Volume I. thus making it the largest Qur’anic manuscript collection in the world. It has about 29. Arabic Palaeography: A Collection Of Arabic Texts From The First Century Of The Hijra Till The Year 1000. Cairo. p. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. 1992. Grohmann.p.

The manuscript collection of the Islamic Museum consists entirely of masahif of the Qur’an. the transcription of which attributed to Al-Hasan b. The Beit al-Qur’an collection of Qur’anic manuscripts is one of the most comprehensive of its type in the world. Manama. The complete reference of catalogue of the manuscripts in this museum can be see in: • G. Roper (ed. Bahrain. This museum was established in 1923 by the Islamic Legal Council in Palestine. the covers are also decorated on both sides. One of the most important manuscript in this collection is the Kufic copy of the second half of the Qur’an. Islamic Museum. pp. Beit al-Qur’an. with each surah heading bearing its own distinct style of decoration. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. Jerusalem. Palestine. p. donated over centuries to Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock. Volume II. • G. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. Abi Talib. 1993. ‘Ali b. This great collection include magnificent calligraphic works from as early as 10 .World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ catalogued in various publications as can be seen in the reference below. 1992. but are of the Mamluk period. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. Al-Husayan b. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. 579-581.).). Volume I. numbering 644. Roper (ed. The pages in this manuscript are beautifully illuminated.p. 481-486.

• D. from China to Andalusian Spain. 1992. Manuscripts World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ from 1st and 1st /2nd century of hijra are available at this website. The Nasser David Khalili Collection Of Islamic Art. Oxford University Press.the first century hijra (7th/8th CE) to the present day. Oxford University Press. 1992. United Kingdom. from all regions of the Islamic world. The Nasser D. II. It is managed by the Nour Foundation. The Nasser D. London. The Qur’anic manuscripts in this collection are described and illustrated in four lavish volumes. The Abbasid Tradition: Qur’ans Of The 8th To The 10th Centuries AD. 192 pp. James. The Nour Foundation in collaboration with Oxford University Press has published the collection. The entire history of Qur’an production from the seventh to the twentieth century is covered. The Master Scribes: Qur’ans of the 10th to 14th Centuries. Deroche. Yaqut al-Musta’simi. and includes items from centers as far apart as India and Spain. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. They are written in various scripts and are dated from late 1st century of hijra onwards. I. This book includes a Qur’an that retains its original illumination by the greatest calligrapher of the Middle Ages. It is a privately owned collection. Other masterpieces include a Qur’an written in gold from twelfth-century 11 . The references are: • F. 240 pp. The Nasser David Khalili Collection Of Islamic Art contains the largest and most comprehensive range of Qur’anic material in private hands. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol.

Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. Stanley. III. Oxford University Press. 248 pp. India and the Far East. A. Egypt. and a manuscript that is possibly the earliest Qur’an to survive from India. 1992. 1999. • N. V. The Nasser D. Holds examples of Islamic Calligraphy that span six centuries and demonstrate the continuity of this central art form into the modern era. Constantionple. Safwat. IV. Bibliotheque Nationale. France. Iran. Oxford University Press. • M. This book includes fifteenth century Qur’ans in Iran. 256 pp. Covers the period 1700-1900 and items from Islamic Africa. The holdings – nearly 300 in total – include exceptional items that feature the work of many of the most famous master calligraphers. James. 12 . the only twelfth-century Qur’an from Valencia. The Art of the Pen Calligraphy of the 14th to 20th Centuries. Bayani. The Nasser D. Syria. The Decorated Word: Qur’ans of the 17th to 19th Centuries. Ottoman Turkey. including Seyh Hamdullah and Hafiz Osman. and India as well as sixteenth century Qur’ans in Iran and India. Paris. • D.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Iraq. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. The Nasser D. Afer Timur: Qur’ans of the 15th and 16th Centuries. Contadini & T. F. 334 pp. 1999. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. Oxford University Press.

pp. the Bibliotheque Nationale has assembled collections of Islamic manuscripts formed over the centuries and regularly augmented by purchases and gifts. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. These are kept in the Department des Manuscrits. Deroche.). The Oriental Institute Museum holds a decent collection of Qur’anic manuscripts dated from second half of the first century of hijra (classified as 1st/2nd) onwards. United States of America. 1992. The Oriental Institute Museum. University of Chichago. Volume I. 12. Catalogue des Manuscripts Arabes (Les Manuscripts Du Coran). Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. Kufic and Maghribi scripts suggesting their origin from wide geographical locations in the Islamic world. 1. Bibliotheque Nationale: Paris. The relevant reference to look for is the following: 13 . Especially noteworthy are some Quranic manuscripts of the first centuries after hijra. • G.000). • F. 1983. Roper (ed.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Successor to the old Bibliotheque Royale. Chicago. 212-218. 2. Photographs of some undated Quranic manuscripts written in Hijazi script at Bibliotheque Nationale can be seen in ref. For catalogues of collection at Bibliotheque Nationale. please see ref. these collections rank among the most important in Europe and cover nearly all subjects (total ca. Division des Manuscripts Orientaux. The manuscripts are written in Makkan. Volume I.

University of Chicago Press. Hodges Figgis & Co Ltd. J. The Rise Of The North Arabic Script And Its Kur’anic Development. The Koran Illuminated: A Handlist Of The Korans In The Chester Beatty Library. 1980. The Chester Beatty Library. through to those produced in the early years of the twentieth century. Dublin. 14 . James. 1967. dated to the ninth and tenth centuries CE. 1939. The real gem of the collection and indeed one of the most treasured objects of the entire Library – is the splendid Qur’an copied by the famed calligrapher Ibn al-Bawwab in Baghddad in the year 1001. The Library houses examples of the earliest Islamic manuscripts. Persian and Turkish manuscripts including many superb copies of the Qur’an. Arberry. Ireland.: Dublin. World of Islam Festival Trust: London. Qur’ans And Bindings From The Chester Beatty Library: A Facsimile Exhibition. The Islamic Collection in The Chester Beatty Library contains almost four thousand Arabic. Abbott. With A Full Description Of The Kur’an Manuscripts In The Oriental Institute. The published manuscripts are in the following books: • A. The Islamic Collection is one of the finest in existence and is internationally renowned for the overall high quality and scope of its material. • D.• World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ N.

1293 A. Petersburg. Russian Academy of Sciences.e. The relevant publication is: • E. 1955. Margaret’s Donnybrook: Dublin. THESA Company. Vols.D.• World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ A.org) Tareq Rajab Museum. St. St. It has 81 large parchment folios in Hijazi (i. Emery Walker (Ireland) Ltd. The Chester Beatty Library: A Handlist Of The Arabic Manuscripts. 15 . Rezvan.. St. (www.). This institute houses one of the oldest Qur’anic manuscripts dated to the last half of the 8th century CE and has been published in the Issue 4: One Of The Most Important Qur’anic MSS In The World. Russia. The Institute Of Oriental Studies.. 1-8. J. Petersburg (Russia).islamicmanuscript. Makkan or Madinan) script contain about 40% of the text of the Qur’an (ful texts of 22 surahs and fragments of another 22). The manuscript reflects changes in the orthography and “lay-out” of the sacred text. Issue 4: One Of The Most Important Qur’anic MSS In The World. Arberry. Kuwait The Tareq Rajab Museum in Kuwait has a large and important collection of Al Qur’an and manuscripts from all periods and countries (including NW Chine) around the Islamic world. The Institute Of Oriental Studies has recently started a project that deals with compiling the manuscripts in the electronic format. A. The museum possesses some fine examples of the writings of renowned calligraphers such as Yaqut Al Musta’simi (d.

buildings and rooms of the Palace and are classified by the name of the location where they were found. The collection of Qurans. which have been gathered from the various pavilions. gilded by master gilders. The 1600 or more Qurans found in the first volume of the Arabic catalogue are preserved in the Palace Library as rare books. A complete catalogue was compiled and published by F. was turned into a museum in 1924. two ascribed to Hasan and Hussein 16 . Maghrib (North Africa) and the lands dominated by the Seljuks and Ottomans. Almost all have been prepared by famous calligraphers. Persian and Turkish.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Although little of his work has survived. nine accredited to Caliph Ali (RA). the manuscripts. These Qurans and Commentaries. Karatay in 1960. the home of the Ottoman sultans and the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire for four hundred years. the Islamic manuscripts preserved in this new library have been sorted out into categories of Arabic. India. Among these are seven believed to be inscribed by Caliph Osman (RA). the richest to be found anywhere in the world. were gathered together to form the New Library.E. The first of the Arabic catalogues contains Qurans and works of Quranic commentary. Iran. his influence was of outstanding importance to the development of calligraphy. Istanbul The present Topkap Palace. Topkapi Palace Library. Today. number more than two thousand. found in many pavilions and rooms. comprises texts of the Quran inscribed during the 7th – 19th centuries in Arabia. and bound by the most capable bookbinders of the times.

illuminated surah headings. whose name is derived from Kufa. twenty one Chagatay translations and one Uygur translations. Islamic Manuscripts from Mali African and Middle Eastern Division.74. Also in the Palace collection are Qurans prepared in North African cities such as Ceuta and Marrakech between the 12th and 16th centures. Library of congress. The script used in Baghdad and North Africa was more dynamic and of slighter dimension. there are those of the 9th-11th centuries inscribed on thick dark paper with sepia ink using delicate kufic lines. The first Qurans were written on parchment in the 7th – 8th centuries in a monumental type of script called kufic.H. an early Islamic center. besides the one believed to have been recited by khaliph Osman (RA) at the moment of his death (A.3 M.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ (RA) as well as many translations. are the Qurans written in vertical form (M. The kufic script of Iran differed from the kufic of the regions of Baghdad and North Africa. There are twenty one Turkish translations. most characterized with its horizontal and vertical lines. In addition to those written on parchment. These are written on parchment on thick dark paper in Maghribi kufic with gilded fontispiece. showed regional peculiarities in the 9th century.32). marginal rosettes and sajdah marks. is a style of Arabic script closest to pictorial design. Kufic script. for example). The first Qurans written in kufic script. thirty-nine Farsi translations. surah titles. 17 . This script.

chiefly bound paper codices containing more than 20. While the world of Islamic learning is the chief emphasis. Firestone Memorial Library. (memory.loc. The Manuscripts are chiefly in Arabic but also include Persian. and other languages of the Islamic world. history and biography. and housed at the Harvey S. Islamic law (fiqh).html. especially of the Prophet and other 18 . there are also illuminated Qur’ans. Among the most famous examples of Persian painting are the 16th-century Peck Shahnamah and Muin Musavvir’ 1673 portrait of the Safavidera painter Riza ‘Abbasi. and other examples of Islamic book arts. Mali. Subject coverage is broad and comprehensive. including theology based both on Quran and tradition (hadith).gov/intldl/mali html/malihome. Among the greatest treasures of the Princeton University Library are some 9.bk) Princeton University Library: Princeton has the largest collection of Islamic manuscripts in North America and one of the finest such collections in the Western world. Princeton’s rich holdings constitute the premier collection of Islamic manuscripts in the Western Hemisphere and are among the finest in the world. both in Timbuktu. Ottoman Turkish.000 texts. The collection is located in the Manuscripts Division of the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections.500 Islamic manuscripts.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Islamic manuscripts from Mali features 32 manuscripts from the Mamma Hairdra commemorative Library and the Library of Check Zyni Baye of Boujbeha. Persian illustrated manuscripts and miniatures.

and Rudolf Mach and Eric L. made possible by generous support from the David A. and modern personal papers relating to the Near East. Rudolf Mach (1977). Moghadam and Yahya Armajani (1939). 19 . • • Catalogue of Arabic manuscripts (Yolanda section) in the Garrett Collection. the library’s Curator of Manuscripts. For published description of manuscripts one can refer “Descriptive catalogue of the Garrett collection of Arabic manuscripts in the Princeton University Library. The Princeton Library has long been committed to making these collections available to researchers worldwide. language and literature. science. Thousands of additional manuscripts.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ religious leaders. Hitti (1938). including most of the Persian and Ottoman Turkish holdings. In order to improve access to these rich collections and share them worldwide through digital technology. are described briefly in an online checklist. the library has recently embarked on a four-year project under the overall direction of Don C. principally those compiled by Philip K. Ormsby (1987). Mohammed E. Skemer. The Manuscripts Division also holds Arabic papyri and documents. magic and the occult. with access provided by published catalogs. calligraphy collections. Hand list of Arabic manuscripts (New series) in the Princeton University Library. book arts and illustration. and other aspects of the intellectual and spiritual life of the Islamic world and its diverse peoples.

Tiflis.• World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Prelimary check list of uncatalogued Islamic manuscripts in the Department of Rare Book and special collection Princeton University Library. Nuttall. Quran (texts. theology (Kalam). Yahuda. Suleiman. The subjects covered by these manuscripts include: The Islamic sciences. astronomy and astrology. Arabic. Heyworth-Dunne.princeton. Stephen Spaulding. history. The Islamic Manuscripts Collection is classified as the Abdul Hamid. commentaries on commentaries. belles letters. Frank Schulte Collection). namely. geography. and other works of criticism). McGregor.edu) University of Michigan Library: Islamic Manuscripts Collection The Collection has approximately 1. Horace Miner. Nearly one-third (about 312) of the manuscripts have been fully catalogued and are accessible in MIRLYN and OCLC (WorldCat) (link from UM only). (www. commentaries (Tafsir). the international bibliographic utility. 20 . Persian and Turkish. and several other smaller collection (192 manuscripts in the Walter Koelz. Philology. The Islamic Manuscripts Collection and its catalogue are maintained in the Special Collection Library of the Hatcher Graduate Library. poetry. mathematics. Islamic traditions (Hadith). philosophy.300 manuscripts in Near Eastern languages. biography (Sirah). and Jurisprudence (Fiqh).

org) King Faisal Center For Research And Islamic Studies.000 handwritten texts. authenticating.200 years old. The King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies has undertaken the challenging mission of locating. In addition to nearly 23.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Slovakia-Basagic’s Collection of Islamic Manuscripts in the University Library of Bratislava Basagic’s collection contains unique manuscripts and essential works of medieval Islamic scholarly literature and belles letters. and prints from two centuries. or copying.islamicmanuscripts. acquiring. the 21 . spanning the interval from 12th to 19th century. Tima Tima is an Islamic manuscripts association is an international effort to protect Islamic manuscripts at Cambridge. and indexing all known Islamic manuscripts worldwide. The 284 manuscript volumes and 365 printed volumes portray the more than a thousand yearlong development of Islamic civilization from its commencement to the beginning of 20th century. (www. some of which are more than 1. The collection covers the fields of Islamic Studies and Islamic Civilization. starting from 1729. Riyadh The Main Library provides accommodation for more than on million books.

In some. Tafsir-i-Quran (Persian.).D. Islamic Section comprises of manuscripts in Arabic. Of the many Islamic Manuscripts there are some. and covers most of the Indian language and scripts and eve several Asian ones. It is varied and rich.000 microfilms and hundreds of photocopies. Saha’ if-i-Shara’ if or Duraral Mansur 22 . Pushto. Of these only a few may be mentioned: Tahdhib Sharh As-Sab’ at Mullaqat (early 12th c. Tuhfat al-Ahbar fi usul at Hadith wa’l Akhbar (15th c. Kharidat al-Qasr (12th c. which are extremely rare and unique.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ manuscript archives have more than 18.). important also for calligraphy). the calligraphy is most excellent while a few others bear miniature paintings of high quality and style. Kitab al-I’lan (18th c.).). etc. Tipu Sultan’s Library and Fort William College Library. Kolkata The Asiatic Society is a premier oriental institution of the Asian continent. AlJam Baynas as-Sahihin abridged version with autograph. some of them being autographed. Turkish. Persian. Some of the manuscripts belonged to the Mughal Imperial Library. Some are extremely rare and some are rich and varied in textual contents. Arabic).. They cover every branch of Islamic history and learning. and Urdu. Qalaid alIquian wa Mahasin al-Ayan (12th c. (13th c.). A-Madkhul (13th c. numbering more than seven thousand. It was founded in 1784. ranging in date from the first quarter of the 12th Century A. 13th c.). The Asiatic Society holds rare and invariable collection. Asiatic Society.

It also contained 23 . an autographed copy). Among them is the seventh century AD Quran written on parchment in early Kufic script attributed to Hazrat Ali. Rampur The Rampur Raza Library is a very rich in the resources on Indo-Islamic studies and arts. The special feature of the collection is that it is rich in deluxe Codexes of the Holy Quran representing Muslim Calligraphy at its highest from the 8th to 18th century A. Salarjung Museum And Library.742 manuscripts. Another copy of ninth century Quran written on parchment is attributed to Iman Abul Hasan Musa. Asian and Far Eastern countries of the world. Hyderabad The Salarjung Museum of Hyderabad is the repository of the artistic achievements of diverse European. Another specimen of the holy Quran written in the eighth century AD is attributed to Imam Jafar Sadiq. 941 AD. The collection of Arabic manuscripts here is considered as the oldest with rare specimens of Islamic calligraphy and bookbinding. 19th c.(Persian. copied the Quran in the early Naskh style. who served three caliphs of Baghdad as prime minister and died on July 20. Salarjung Museum Library contains 7. The celebrated scholar and calligrapher Ibn Muqla.) World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Rampur Raza Library.D. The Raza Library has preserved some rare collection like the seventh century AD Quran written on parchment in early Kufic script attributed to Hazrat Ali. and Adab-i-Alamgiri (18th c..

World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ genuine manuscripts and autograph copies of royal and historical personages and famous calligraphers like Yaqut-i-Must’ asimi. The manuscripts literature of the Islamic world is a vast area of study. which are regarded as ARCHIVES. of a literary or musical composition in hand written or typescript form. which help in recreating the past and deciphering the history of mankind. Islamic manuscripts have been studied for quite a while and many are well known. 24 . Information professions distinguish between manuscripts. There are many sites on Internet. but more particularly the original version before it has been printed. CONCLUSION Manuscripts literacy a document of any kind that is written by hand. Manuscripts represent the selected fragment of time. which ambition is to provide information everyone who is interested in the Islamic manuscripts. which typically form part of a library collection and official documents or records.

Regency publishing. (www.islamicmanuscripts.: Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science.org) 25 .S. Vol. eds. New Delhi. Collingwood.262 3.18. Amjad Ali. Sidney. S. p.princeton. (www. (www. (2005): Oriental Manuscirpts Worldwide. 17. ed (1996): Twenty first century universal encyclopedia. Kent. Vol. New York. 2. Allen and Others. Publicatoins.118 4.islamicmanuscript.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. p.org) 5. Marcel Dekker.edu) 6.

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