The Need for Islamic Information Management in the Information Institutions In Malaysia: An Analysis of Problems

Mohd Nazir Ahmad Senior Lecturer Faculty of Information Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) naziruitm@yahoo.com Islamic Manuscripts Mohd Noor Mamat Senior Lecturer Centre for Islamic Thought and Understanding, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) mohdnoor@salam.uitm.edu.my Dr. (Mrs.) Shaista Parvin Muqueem Khan Siti Fatahiyah Mahamood Lecturer Centre for Islamic Thought & Understanding, INTEC Shah Alam: sitif006@salam.uitm.edu.my

Mashitah Sulaiman Islamic Manuscripts Lecturer Centre of General Studies, Islamic Science University of Malaysia: mashitah@usim.edu.my

World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________

wCOMLIS-2008

World Congress of Muslim Librarians & Information Scientist Theme Knowledge Empowerment and Information Resources Enrichment On 25th-27th November 2008 At Putra World Trade Centre (PWTC) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Sub Theme: Islamic Manuscripts By Dr. (Mrs.) SHAISTA PARVIN MUQUEEM KHAN

Asstt. Librarian Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University Library, Aurangabad – Maharashtra India.

Email: muqista@yahoo.co.in Phon: +91 0240-2393999 Mob: 989060207042

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and to ‘INSCRIPTIONS’ which are writings in cited on hard materials. A manuscript is any document that is written by hand. pictorial painted on deerskin or other material. and institutional records. written). such as stone. Librarian University Library INTRODUCTION According to universal Encyclopedia (Latin Manu.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ ISLAMIC MANUSCRIPTS Dr. historical manuscripts or personal papers. or Pottery. documents or books written by hand on a flexible material such as parchment or paper. Allen and Others). In the case of modern manuscripts. and modern manuscripts such as literacy manuscripts. metal. The use of the term manuscripts in the United States refers to handwritten materials including ancient inscriptions on clay tablets and stone. and for Mexican. it also refers to type written materials (Kent. as opposed to being printed or reproduced in some other way. ed. strips of bambaoo. or bark. According to the Encyclopedia of library and information science. 1996) The word manuscript is equally valid for oriental books written by hand on material such as Palm leaves. (Collingwood. usually in ink as opposed to printed matter. The term may 3 . (Mrs) Shaista Parvin Asstt. medieval and renaissance manuscript books or codices. by hand scriptus.

This led to the promotion of libraries and development of the art of papermaking. 4 .000 years. The advent of Islam witnessed an unprecedented growth in the quantity of knowledge and gave birth to a healthy tradition of reading. prepared in manuscript format. These manuscripts make up some of the most valuable collections of the world. It ultimately led to the rise in number of libraries. Handwritten manuscripts were the chief records of human history for about 5. animal skin and bones as medium for recording. Paper substituted tree bark. until the time when printing became general throughout the Western World. a print out from a PC. There are many valuable old manuscripts in such libraries as the Bibliotheqe National of Paris and the Vatican Library. leaves. Many are kept in glass display cases or are stored in underground vaults of the great museums and libraries of the world.Islamic Manuscripts. The materials and methods for recording and reproduction of manuscripts changed as per availability of techniques.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ also be used for information that is hand-recorded in other way than writing. In publishing and academic contexts. a ‘manuscript’ is the text submitted to the publisher or printer in Preparation for publication. writing and preservation of the thoughts contained in documents. usually as a type script Prepared on a typewriters or today. reproduction and preservation of knowledge which further accelerated the rate of generation of manuscripts and books.

the disciples of the Prophet maintained the text of Quran which was revealed to him in parts. classification and indexing of the intellectual work. codified and official copies sent to all centers of Muslim learning. They promoted libraries in every period and as a natural requirement to man these institutions. The purpose of the collection is to illustrate something of the history and development of Islamc calligraphy. copying. Quran is the holiest books of Muslims. into a major art form the beauty of which has been unsurpassed. For a short period after the revelation of the Holy Qur’an the Arabs continued to follow the old oral tradition. which grew rapidly from insignificant beginnings. It was only when a great number of the ‘Huffaz’ (trained people who had committed the Qur’an to memory) were killed in battle that it was realized that memory alone could never be accurate enough. 5 . It was from these copies that every future edition of the Holy Qur’an has been taken. From the very spread of Islam. Great care was taken to maintain the accuaracy of the book and to preserve it on the materials available at that time. The Bait-ul-Hikmah (House of Wisdom) 786-809 A. The Arabs were poets and storytellers of high ability who trained and improved their memories.D. It contains the language of God revealed to the Prophet through the angle Gabril. the city of Baghdad had about 300 libraries.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ During the regin of Caliph Haroon al-Rasheed. By 651 AD it had been recorded. and the Holy book would have to be written down. established at that time still reminds us the bright historical past of Muslims. Interest in the art of writing was not a feature of pre-Islamic society. the profession of librarianship emerged emphasizing on preservation.

688AD). while the straight style could be incised into wood. The Father of Arabic grammer is considered to be Abu’l Aswad Du’ali of Basra (d. There were a number of early Arabian scripts of two main types. Because neither style was particularly attractive they were not considered suitable for recording the Qur’an. In the following centuries scribes became highly trained and respected people. Islamic teachings state that the Holy Book was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) in Arabic and so the language has the status of divine speech. Those that did are known as Al Aqlam al Sittah of The Six Pens. The rounded script was written on materials like leather. and that included Sultans and Emperors. onto flat stones and camel bones. He is thought to have developed the four important styles known as Thuluth. These six styles have survived to this day and are 6 . At an early stage no vowel signs were used and so similar shaped consonant could not be easily differentiated.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ It was the necessity of recording the Qur’an precisely that played such a central role in beautifying the writing so that is might be worthy of divine revelations. An outstanding scribe mentioned in Arabic sources was Qutbah al Muharrir. Jalil. considering at an honour to learn to write under the guidance of and eminent scribe. with the well-educated person. Nisf and Tumar. He is thought to have invented the system of colored dots that indicate vowel signs. Two of his students continued his work and devised a method of using these dots to differentiate between consonants and similarly shaped letters. a round curved one and a long straight version. Many people experimented with different styles but most did not survive the test of time.

It is considered to be the first mosque in Yemen and among the oldest in Islamic world. Institutes and collections described below contain Qur’anic manuscripts from Ist century of hijra onwards. The Maktabat al-Awqaf. 7. Among the manuscripts in the collection is a copy of the Qur’an reputed to be in the handwriting of Al-Iman ‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib. Zayd Ibn Thabit and Salman al-Farsi.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ called Thuluth. The Great Mosque of San‘a established in 6th year of hijra when the Prophet entrusted one of his companions to build a mosque. in large unpointed Kufic script. Riq’a and Tawqi. Naskhi and Riq’a are taught in modern schools.000) of the Great Mosque is housed in three libraries in the mosque complex. including rare manuscripts of the Qur’an. The Great Mosque. Maktabat al-Jami ‘al-Kabir (Maktabat al-Awqaf). Muhaqqaq. 2005) Islamic Manuscripts contain an as yet almost untapped source of the rich Islamic heritage. The UNESCO had complied a CD containing some of the dated San‘a manuscripts as a part of “Memory of the World” programme. San‘a. each of 150 pages. Islamic manuscripts have been studied for quite a while and many are well known. The manuscript collection (ca. More 7 . one of them belonging to early 1st century. In this CD there are more than 40 Qur’anic manuscripts which are dated from 1st century of hijra (in both Hijazi and Kufic scripts). Yemen. in two parts. the main Mosque of San‘a. The museums. (Amjad Ali. It contains some of the rarest Islamic manuscripts in the world. Naskhi. Rayhani.

This book is a catalogue of an exhibition at the Kuwait National Museum. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. especially from the first four centuries of hijra. The manuscript collection in Dar al-Kutub is regarded as one of the largest and most important in the world. Masahif San‘a. A few more examples of the 1st and 1st / 2nd century Qur’anic manuscripts from San‘a can be found in the book Masahif San‘a. Jenkins. A few examples of the manuscripts from 1st. Geoffrey Roper (ed. as well as extremely rare illustrated manuscripts unmatched anywhere else in the world.755 out of which 47. The total number of manuscripts in this library is 50.). Volume III. 2nd and 3rd centuries of hijra can be seen at this website. It 8 . It contains priceless and rare manuscripts from the Islamic heritage. Dar al-Athar al-Islamiyyah: Kuwait. 996 in Persian and 2. There is a high proportion of manuscripts copied in the early centuries of Islam. with articles by Hussa Sabah Salim al-Sabah. Cairo. 1992. 664-667. P. R. U.than 45 manuscripts have been dated from the period 1st / 2nd century of hijra. Al-qFurqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London.P. G. World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya (Egyptian National Library).150 in Turkish. CD-ROM Presentation. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts covers the catalogue of manuscripts at the Great Mosque published in various boo • • • Memory Of The World: San‘a Manuscripts.065 are in Arabic. 1985. Egypt. Dreibholz in both Arabic and English. M. UNESCO. Puin.

Persian and Turkish. respectively. Of the 29. Arabic Palaeography: A Collection Of Arabic Texts From The First Century Of The Hijra Till The Year 1000. A complete reference of catalogue of the manuscripts can be seen in: • G. Arnold & A. Publications of the Khedivial Library. 11. 1929. p. 1-12 for 102 AH/ 720 CE and 107 AH / 725 CE. old and illuminated Qur’anic manuscripts.22.Roper (ed. It has about 29. Mashhad. Grohmann. 16. • T. 1992.000 manuscripts in Arabic. other with marvelous illuminations from 3rd century hijra (9th century CE) onwards.000 are manuscripts of the Qur’an. Volume I. No.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ holds two of the earliest dated Qur’anic manuscripts dating from dating 102AH / 720 CE and 107 AH/ 725 CE. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. It is also important in that it contains a large number of magnificent. The manuscripts are 9 . 31-34 and Pl.p. W. See Pl. Moritz. Astan-I Quds-I Razavi Library. Cairo.). including several old Kufic Qur’anic manuscripts written on deer skin. Iran. 1905. and some written by famous calligraphers. The Islamic Book: A Contribution to Its Art And History From The VII-XVIII Century. • B. thus making it the largest Qur’anic manuscript collection in the world. The Pegasus Press.000 manuscripts it possesses. p. 212-218. This library has one of the oldest (established in 861 AH/1457 CE) collections of Islamic manuscripts in the Muslim world and the most important in Iran.

‘Ali b. Abi Talib. numbering 644. 481-486. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. The complete reference of catalogue of the manuscripts in this museum can be see in: • G.). World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. Volume I. pp. p. 1992. The pages in this manuscript are beautifully illuminated.). 1993. The manuscript collection of the Islamic Museum consists entirely of masahif of the Qur’an. 579-581. • G. the covers are also decorated on both sides. the transcription of which attributed to Al-Hasan b. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. This museum was established in 1923 by the Islamic Legal Council in Palestine. Beit al-Qur’an. Palestine. with each surah heading bearing its own distinct style of decoration. One of the most important manuscript in this collection is the Kufic copy of the second half of the Qur’an. Roper (ed. This great collection include magnificent calligraphic works from as early as 10 . Manama. Roper (ed. but are of the Mamluk period. Volume II. Jerusalem. donated over centuries to Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ catalogued in various publications as can be seen in the reference below. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. The Beit al-Qur’an collection of Qur’anic manuscripts is one of the most comprehensive of its type in the world.p. Al-Husayan b. Bahrain. Islamic Museum.

Oxford University Press. It is managed by the Nour Foundation. Other masterpieces include a Qur’an written in gold from twelfth-century 11 . Manuscripts World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ from 1st and 1st /2nd century of hijra are available at this website. The references are: • F. The Qur’anic manuscripts in this collection are described and illustrated in four lavish volumes. The Nour Foundation in collaboration with Oxford University Press has published the collection. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. They are written in various scripts and are dated from late 1st century of hijra onwards. The Nasser D. and includes items from centers as far apart as India and Spain. 1992. The Master Scribes: Qur’ans of the 10th to 14th Centuries. The Nasser D. The Abbasid Tradition: Qur’ans Of The 8th To The 10th Centuries AD. The Nasser David Khalili Collection Of Islamic Art contains the largest and most comprehensive range of Qur’anic material in private hands.the first century hijra (7th/8th CE) to the present day. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. The Nasser David Khalili Collection Of Islamic Art. It is a privately owned collection. Yaqut al-Musta’simi. The entire history of Qur’an production from the seventh to the twentieth century is covered. United Kingdom. Oxford University Press. Deroche. II. from all regions of the Islamic world. This book includes a Qur’an that retains its original illumination by the greatest calligrapher of the Middle Ages. 240 pp. • D. 1992. I. James. 192 pp. London. from China to Andalusian Spain.

• M. 1999. and a manuscript that is possibly the earliest Qur’an to survive from India. 1999. Egypt. Oxford University Press. 12 . Oxford University Press. Holds examples of Islamic Calligraphy that span six centuries and demonstrate the continuity of this central art form into the modern era. Syria. IV.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Iraq. Contadini & T. The holdings – nearly 300 in total – include exceptional items that feature the work of many of the most famous master calligraphers. Bibliotheque Nationale. The Decorated Word: Qur’ans of the 17th to 19th Centuries. Afer Timur: Qur’ans of the 15th and 16th Centuries. France. 1992. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. Paris. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. Iran. The Nasser D. India and the Far East. The Nasser D. Ottoman Turkey. Constantionple. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. F. Stanley. 248 pp. The Nasser D. • N. Covers the period 1700-1900 and items from Islamic Africa. 256 pp. This book includes fifteenth century Qur’ans in Iran. A. 334 pp. Oxford University Press. III. Safwat. including Seyh Hamdullah and Hafiz Osman. James. the only twelfth-century Qur’an from Valencia. The Art of the Pen Calligraphy of the 14th to 20th Centuries. • D. and India as well as sixteenth century Qur’ans in Iran and India. Bayani. V.

Photographs of some undated Quranic manuscripts written in Hijazi script at Bibliotheque Nationale can be seen in ref. The relevant reference to look for is the following: 13 . • F.000). The manuscripts are written in Makkan. 1983. Kufic and Maghribi scripts suggesting their origin from wide geographical locations in the Islamic world. Bibliotheque Nationale: Paris. Volume I. please see ref. Chicago. The Oriental Institute Museum. University of Chichago. These are kept in the Department des Manuscrits. pp. 1. Volume I. The Oriental Institute Museum holds a decent collection of Qur’anic manuscripts dated from second half of the first century of hijra (classified as 1st/2nd) onwards. 2. • G. Roper (ed. Division des Manuscripts Orientaux. 12. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. Deroche. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. United States of America.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Successor to the old Bibliotheque Royale. Especially noteworthy are some Quranic manuscripts of the first centuries after hijra. Catalogue des Manuscripts Arabes (Les Manuscripts Du Coran). the Bibliotheque Nationale has assembled collections of Islamic manuscripts formed over the centuries and regularly augmented by purchases and gifts. these collections rank among the most important in Europe and cover nearly all subjects (total ca. 1992.). For catalogues of collection at Bibliotheque Nationale. 212-218.

Abbott.• World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ N. The Koran Illuminated: A Handlist Of The Korans In The Chester Beatty Library. Qur’ans And Bindings From The Chester Beatty Library: A Facsimile Exhibition. University of Chicago Press. The published manuscripts are in the following books: • A. The Islamic Collection is one of the finest in existence and is internationally renowned for the overall high quality and scope of its material. • D. Persian and Turkish manuscripts including many superb copies of the Qur’an. J. dated to the ninth and tenth centuries CE. Arberry. 1980.: Dublin. 1967. The real gem of the collection and indeed one of the most treasured objects of the entire Library – is the splendid Qur’an copied by the famed calligrapher Ibn al-Bawwab in Baghddad in the year 1001. Ireland. The Chester Beatty Library. 1939. With A Full Description Of The Kur’an Manuscripts In The Oriental Institute. 14 . The Library houses examples of the earliest Islamic manuscripts. The Rise Of The North Arabic Script And Its Kur’anic Development. through to those produced in the early years of the twentieth century. James. Dublin. World of Islam Festival Trust: London. Hodges Figgis & Co Ltd. The Islamic Collection in The Chester Beatty Library contains almost four thousand Arabic.

THESA Company.• World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ A. Russian Academy of Sciences. Petersburg (Russia). This institute houses one of the oldest Qur’anic manuscripts dated to the last half of the 8th century CE and has been published in the Issue 4: One Of The Most Important Qur’anic MSS In The World. Petersburg.e. 1-8. Russia.. 15 . St. The Institute Of Oriental Studies has recently started a project that deals with compiling the manuscripts in the electronic format.D. Kuwait The Tareq Rajab Museum in Kuwait has a large and important collection of Al Qur’an and manuscripts from all periods and countries (including NW Chine) around the Islamic world. Rezvan. The museum possesses some fine examples of the writings of renowned calligraphers such as Yaqut Al Musta’simi (d. The relevant publication is: • E. St. Makkan or Madinan) script contain about 40% of the text of the Qur’an (ful texts of 22 surahs and fragments of another 22). Arberry. (www. 1955. J.). Issue 4: One Of The Most Important Qur’anic MSS In The World. Margaret’s Donnybrook: Dublin. The Institute Of Oriental Studies. The Chester Beatty Library: A Handlist Of The Arabic Manuscripts. The manuscript reflects changes in the orthography and “lay-out” of the sacred text. St.org) Tareq Rajab Museum.islamicmanuscript. Emery Walker (Ireland) Ltd.. Vols. It has 81 large parchment folios in Hijazi (i. A. 1293 A.

the home of the Ottoman sultans and the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire for four hundred years. buildings and rooms of the Palace and are classified by the name of the location where they were found. A complete catalogue was compiled and published by F. Karatay in 1960. which have been gathered from the various pavilions. the Islamic manuscripts preserved in this new library have been sorted out into categories of Arabic.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Although little of his work has survived. number more than two thousand. the richest to be found anywhere in the world. comprises texts of the Quran inscribed during the 7th – 19th centuries in Arabia. two ascribed to Hasan and Hussein 16 . the manuscripts. found in many pavilions and rooms. The collection of Qurans. Maghrib (North Africa) and the lands dominated by the Seljuks and Ottomans. Among these are seven believed to be inscribed by Caliph Osman (RA). The first of the Arabic catalogues contains Qurans and works of Quranic commentary. nine accredited to Caliph Ali (RA). and bound by the most capable bookbinders of the times. Persian and Turkish. These Qurans and Commentaries. his influence was of outstanding importance to the development of calligraphy. Topkapi Palace Library. Today. Almost all have been prepared by famous calligraphers. Istanbul The present Topkap Palace. Iran. were gathered together to form the New Library. India. gilded by master gilders.E. was turned into a museum in 1924. The 1600 or more Qurans found in the first volume of the Arabic catalogue are preserved in the Palace Library as rare books.

whose name is derived from Kufa.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ (RA) as well as many translations. The first Qurans were written on parchment in the 7th – 8th centuries in a monumental type of script called kufic. Library of congress. illuminated surah headings. marginal rosettes and sajdah marks. The first Qurans written in kufic script. The script used in Baghdad and North Africa was more dynamic and of slighter dimension. showed regional peculiarities in the 9th century.3 M. The kufic script of Iran differed from the kufic of the regions of Baghdad and North Africa. Also in the Palace collection are Qurans prepared in North African cities such as Ceuta and Marrakech between the 12th and 16th centures. are the Qurans written in vertical form (M. is a style of Arabic script closest to pictorial design. an early Islamic center. This script. most characterized with its horizontal and vertical lines. besides the one believed to have been recited by khaliph Osman (RA) at the moment of his death (A. for example). twenty one Chagatay translations and one Uygur translations. Kufic script. In addition to those written on parchment. There are twenty one Turkish translations. 17 .H. surah titles. Islamic Manuscripts from Mali African and Middle Eastern Division. thirty-nine Farsi translations. there are those of the 9th-11th centuries inscribed on thick dark paper with sepia ink using delicate kufic lines.74.32). These are written on parchment on thick dark paper in Maghribi kufic with gilded fontispiece.

Mali. Firestone Memorial Library. Princeton’s rich holdings constitute the premier collection of Islamic manuscripts in the Western Hemisphere and are among the finest in the world. Islamic law (fiqh). there are also illuminated Qur’ans. especially of the Prophet and other 18 .000 texts. Ottoman Turkish. and housed at the Harvey S. (memory. chiefly bound paper codices containing more than 20.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Islamic manuscripts from Mali features 32 manuscripts from the Mamma Hairdra commemorative Library and the Library of Check Zyni Baye of Boujbeha. While the world of Islamic learning is the chief emphasis. Persian illustrated manuscripts and miniatures. and other examples of Islamic book arts.gov/intldl/mali html/malihome. The Manuscripts are chiefly in Arabic but also include Persian. history and biography. The collection is located in the Manuscripts Division of the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections.bk) Princeton University Library: Princeton has the largest collection of Islamic manuscripts in North America and one of the finest such collections in the Western world. and other languages of the Islamic world. Subject coverage is broad and comprehensive. both in Timbuktu.loc.500 Islamic manuscripts. Among the most famous examples of Persian painting are the 16th-century Peck Shahnamah and Muin Musavvir’ 1673 portrait of the Safavidera painter Riza ‘Abbasi.html. Among the greatest treasures of the Princeton University Library are some 9. including theology based both on Quran and tradition (hadith).

and other aspects of the intellectual and spiritual life of the Islamic world and its diverse peoples. with access provided by published catalogs. language and literature. Moghadam and Yahya Armajani (1939). In order to improve access to these rich collections and share them worldwide through digital technology. Hitti (1938). Mohammed E. book arts and illustration. science. 19 . principally those compiled by Philip K. Rudolf Mach (1977). Ormsby (1987). Hand list of Arabic manuscripts (New series) in the Princeton University Library. calligraphy collections. made possible by generous support from the David A. are described briefly in an online checklist. Thousands of additional manuscripts. and modern personal papers relating to the Near East. and Rudolf Mach and Eric L. • • Catalogue of Arabic manuscripts (Yolanda section) in the Garrett Collection.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ religious leaders. The Princeton Library has long been committed to making these collections available to researchers worldwide. the library has recently embarked on a four-year project under the overall direction of Don C. the library’s Curator of Manuscripts. Skemer. including most of the Persian and Ottoman Turkish holdings. magic and the occult. For published description of manuscripts one can refer “Descriptive catalogue of the Garrett collection of Arabic manuscripts in the Princeton University Library. The Manuscripts Division also holds Arabic papyri and documents.

Persian and Turkish. philosophy. Heyworth-Dunne. astronomy and astrology. The subjects covered by these manuscripts include: The Islamic sciences. Suleiman. Arabic. Frank Schulte Collection). namely. geography. and other works of criticism).princeton. Philology. Stephen Spaulding. Horace Miner. Tiflis. the international bibliographic utility. biography (Sirah). Nuttall. belles letters. and Jurisprudence (Fiqh).edu) University of Michigan Library: Islamic Manuscripts Collection The Collection has approximately 1. Nearly one-third (about 312) of the manuscripts have been fully catalogued and are accessible in MIRLYN and OCLC (WorldCat) (link from UM only). McGregor. theology (Kalam). mathematics. and several other smaller collection (192 manuscripts in the Walter Koelz. poetry. The Islamic Manuscripts Collection is classified as the Abdul Hamid. The Islamic Manuscripts Collection and its catalogue are maintained in the Special Collection Library of the Hatcher Graduate Library. Quran (texts.300 manuscripts in Near Eastern languages. Islamic traditions (Hadith). commentaries (Tafsir).• World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Prelimary check list of uncatalogued Islamic manuscripts in the Department of Rare Book and special collection Princeton University Library. 20 . (www. history. commentaries on commentaries. Yahuda.

acquiring. or copying. The collection covers the fields of Islamic Studies and Islamic Civilization.000 handwritten texts.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Slovakia-Basagic’s Collection of Islamic Manuscripts in the University Library of Bratislava Basagic’s collection contains unique manuscripts and essential works of medieval Islamic scholarly literature and belles letters. some of which are more than 1.200 years old. and prints from two centuries. (www.org) King Faisal Center For Research And Islamic Studies. and indexing all known Islamic manuscripts worldwide. Riyadh The Main Library provides accommodation for more than on million books. Tima Tima is an Islamic manuscripts association is an international effort to protect Islamic manuscripts at Cambridge. the 21 . authenticating. spanning the interval from 12th to 19th century. The 284 manuscript volumes and 365 printed volumes portray the more than a thousand yearlong development of Islamic civilization from its commencement to the beginning of 20th century.islamicmanuscripts. The King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies has undertaken the challenging mission of locating. starting from 1729. In addition to nearly 23.

Pushto.). It was founded in 1784. Islamic Section comprises of manuscripts in Arabic. Turkish.). Tuhfat al-Ahbar fi usul at Hadith wa’l Akhbar (15th c.).). Tipu Sultan’s Library and Fort William College Library. Of these only a few may be mentioned: Tahdhib Sharh As-Sab’ at Mullaqat (early 12th c. Kitab al-I’lan (18th c.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ manuscript archives have more than 18. and covers most of the Indian language and scripts and eve several Asian ones. some of them being autographed. and Urdu. Tafsir-i-Quran (Persian. the calligraphy is most excellent while a few others bear miniature paintings of high quality and style. Qalaid alIquian wa Mahasin al-Ayan (12th c. Of the many Islamic Manuscripts there are some. A-Madkhul (13th c. They cover every branch of Islamic history and learning. Persian.). Arabic).. ranging in date from the first quarter of the 12th Century A. etc. Saha’ if-i-Shara’ if or Duraral Mansur 22 . which are extremely rare and unique. numbering more than seven thousand. It is varied and rich. Some are extremely rare and some are rich and varied in textual contents. (13th c. 13th c. In some. The Asiatic Society holds rare and invariable collection. Kolkata The Asiatic Society is a premier oriental institution of the Asian continent. AlJam Baynas as-Sahihin abridged version with autograph. Kharidat al-Qasr (12th c. Asiatic Society.000 microfilms and hundreds of photocopies.D. Some of the manuscripts belonged to the Mughal Imperial Library. important also for calligraphy).).

Rampur The Rampur Raza Library is a very rich in the resources on Indo-Islamic studies and arts. copied the Quran in the early Naskh style. Among them is the seventh century AD Quran written on parchment in early Kufic script attributed to Hazrat Ali. Asian and Far Eastern countries of the world. Another copy of ninth century Quran written on parchment is attributed to Iman Abul Hasan Musa. The collection of Arabic manuscripts here is considered as the oldest with rare specimens of Islamic calligraphy and bookbinding. an autographed copy). The celebrated scholar and calligrapher Ibn Muqla. The Raza Library has preserved some rare collection like the seventh century AD Quran written on parchment in early Kufic script attributed to Hazrat Ali. Another specimen of the holy Quran written in the eighth century AD is attributed to Imam Jafar Sadiq.D.) World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Rampur Raza Library.. who served three caliphs of Baghdad as prime minister and died on July 20. Salarjung Museum Library contains 7.742 manuscripts. 19th c. Hyderabad The Salarjung Museum of Hyderabad is the repository of the artistic achievements of diverse European. The special feature of the collection is that it is rich in deluxe Codexes of the Holy Quran representing Muslim Calligraphy at its highest from the 8th to 18th century A.(Persian. 941 AD. and Adab-i-Alamgiri (18th c. Salarjung Museum And Library. It also contained 23 .

24 . There are many sites on Internet. which help in recreating the past and deciphering the history of mankind. The manuscripts literature of the Islamic world is a vast area of study. Manuscripts represent the selected fragment of time. Information professions distinguish between manuscripts. CONCLUSION Manuscripts literacy a document of any kind that is written by hand. which ambition is to provide information everyone who is interested in the Islamic manuscripts. which typically form part of a library collection and official documents or records. Islamic manuscripts have been studied for quite a while and many are well known. of a literary or musical composition in hand written or typescript form. but more particularly the original version before it has been printed.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ genuine manuscripts and autograph copies of royal and historical personages and famous calligraphers like Yaqut-i-Must’ asimi. which are regarded as ARCHIVES.

edu) 6. Amjad Ali. Vol.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ BIBLIOGRAPHY 1.S.islamicmanuscripts. (www. p.262 3. New Delhi. Collingwood. (www. Sidney.org) 5. Allen and Others. ed (1996): Twenty first century universal encyclopedia. Regency publishing.princeton. 2.islamicmanuscript.: Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science.org) 25 . (2005): Oriental Manuscirpts Worldwide.118 4. New York. 17. (www. S. Vol.18. Marcel Dekker. eds. Publicatoins. p. Kent.

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