The Need for Islamic Information Management in the Information Institutions In Malaysia: An Analysis of Problems

Mohd Nazir Ahmad Senior Lecturer Faculty of Information Management, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) naziruitm@yahoo.com Islamic Manuscripts Mohd Noor Mamat Senior Lecturer Centre for Islamic Thought and Understanding, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) mohdnoor@salam.uitm.edu.my Dr. (Mrs.) Shaista Parvin Muqueem Khan Siti Fatahiyah Mahamood Lecturer Centre for Islamic Thought & Understanding, INTEC Shah Alam: sitif006@salam.uitm.edu.my

Mashitah Sulaiman Islamic Manuscripts Lecturer Centre of General Studies, Islamic Science University of Malaysia: mashitah@usim.edu.my

World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________

wCOMLIS-2008

World Congress of Muslim Librarians & Information Scientist Theme Knowledge Empowerment and Information Resources Enrichment On 25th-27th November 2008 At Putra World Trade Centre (PWTC) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Sub Theme: Islamic Manuscripts By Dr. (Mrs.) SHAISTA PARVIN MUQUEEM KHAN

Asstt. Librarian Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University Library, Aurangabad – Maharashtra India.

Email: muqista@yahoo.co.in Phon: +91 0240-2393999 Mob: 989060207042

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usually in ink as opposed to printed matter.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ ISLAMIC MANUSCRIPTS Dr. as opposed to being printed or reproduced in some other way. by hand scriptus. and for Mexican. In the case of modern manuscripts. historical manuscripts or personal papers. (Collingwood. or Pottery. metal. and modern manuscripts such as literacy manuscripts. The term may 3 . or bark. and to ‘INSCRIPTIONS’ which are writings in cited on hard materials. The use of the term manuscripts in the United States refers to handwritten materials including ancient inscriptions on clay tablets and stone. it also refers to type written materials (Kent. such as stone. Librarian University Library INTRODUCTION According to universal Encyclopedia (Latin Manu. ed. A manuscript is any document that is written by hand. and institutional records. Allen and Others). documents or books written by hand on a flexible material such as parchment or paper. According to the Encyclopedia of library and information science. (Mrs) Shaista Parvin Asstt. strips of bambaoo. medieval and renaissance manuscript books or codices. 1996) The word manuscript is equally valid for oriental books written by hand on material such as Palm leaves. written). pictorial painted on deerskin or other material.

reproduction and preservation of knowledge which further accelerated the rate of generation of manuscripts and books. Paper substituted tree bark. until the time when printing became general throughout the Western World. animal skin and bones as medium for recording. It ultimately led to the rise in number of libraries.Islamic Manuscripts. In publishing and academic contexts. a print out from a PC. 4 . leaves. These manuscripts make up some of the most valuable collections of the world.000 years. Many are kept in glass display cases or are stored in underground vaults of the great museums and libraries of the world. usually as a type script Prepared on a typewriters or today. This led to the promotion of libraries and development of the art of papermaking. There are many valuable old manuscripts in such libraries as the Bibliotheqe National of Paris and the Vatican Library. prepared in manuscript format. The materials and methods for recording and reproduction of manuscripts changed as per availability of techniques.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ also be used for information that is hand-recorded in other way than writing. a ‘manuscript’ is the text submitted to the publisher or printer in Preparation for publication. Handwritten manuscripts were the chief records of human history for about 5. The advent of Islam witnessed an unprecedented growth in the quantity of knowledge and gave birth to a healthy tradition of reading. writing and preservation of the thoughts contained in documents.

The purpose of the collection is to illustrate something of the history and development of Islamc calligraphy. into a major art form the beauty of which has been unsurpassed. the disciples of the Prophet maintained the text of Quran which was revealed to him in parts. Great care was taken to maintain the accuaracy of the book and to preserve it on the materials available at that time. 5 . The Arabs were poets and storytellers of high ability who trained and improved their memories. the city of Baghdad had about 300 libraries. It was from these copies that every future edition of the Holy Qur’an has been taken.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ During the regin of Caliph Haroon al-Rasheed. classification and indexing of the intellectual work. copying. By 651 AD it had been recorded. The Bait-ul-Hikmah (House of Wisdom) 786-809 A. which grew rapidly from insignificant beginnings. From the very spread of Islam. and the Holy book would have to be written down. codified and official copies sent to all centers of Muslim learning. It was only when a great number of the ‘Huffaz’ (trained people who had committed the Qur’an to memory) were killed in battle that it was realized that memory alone could never be accurate enough. Quran is the holiest books of Muslims. established at that time still reminds us the bright historical past of Muslims. Interest in the art of writing was not a feature of pre-Islamic society.D. It contains the language of God revealed to the Prophet through the angle Gabril. the profession of librarianship emerged emphasizing on preservation. For a short period after the revelation of the Holy Qur’an the Arabs continued to follow the old oral tradition. They promoted libraries in every period and as a natural requirement to man these institutions.

a round curved one and a long straight version. Islamic teachings state that the Holy Book was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) in Arabic and so the language has the status of divine speech. The Father of Arabic grammer is considered to be Abu’l Aswad Du’ali of Basra (d. He is thought to have developed the four important styles known as Thuluth. while the straight style could be incised into wood. He is thought to have invented the system of colored dots that indicate vowel signs. The rounded script was written on materials like leather. An outstanding scribe mentioned in Arabic sources was Qutbah al Muharrir. Many people experimented with different styles but most did not survive the test of time. considering at an honour to learn to write under the guidance of and eminent scribe. Jalil. These six styles have survived to this day and are 6 . onto flat stones and camel bones. Because neither style was particularly attractive they were not considered suitable for recording the Qur’an. 688AD). Two of his students continued his work and devised a method of using these dots to differentiate between consonants and similarly shaped letters. In the following centuries scribes became highly trained and respected people.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ It was the necessity of recording the Qur’an precisely that played such a central role in beautifying the writing so that is might be worthy of divine revelations. with the well-educated person. and that included Sultans and Emperors. Those that did are known as Al Aqlam al Sittah of The Six Pens. Nisf and Tumar. At an early stage no vowel signs were used and so similar shaped consonant could not be easily differentiated. There were a number of early Arabian scripts of two main types.

each of 150 pages. The Maktabat al-Awqaf. (Amjad Ali. It is considered to be the first mosque in Yemen and among the oldest in Islamic world. Maktabat al-Jami ‘al-Kabir (Maktabat al-Awqaf). Yemen. The museums. The UNESCO had complied a CD containing some of the dated San‘a manuscripts as a part of “Memory of the World” programme. in two parts. The Great Mosque.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ called Thuluth. The Great Mosque of San‘a established in 6th year of hijra when the Prophet entrusted one of his companions to build a mosque. including rare manuscripts of the Qur’an. Rayhani. Muhaqqaq. Riq’a and Tawqi. Naskhi and Riq’a are taught in modern schools. Naskhi.000) of the Great Mosque is housed in three libraries in the mosque complex. The manuscript collection (ca. in large unpointed Kufic script. In this CD there are more than 40 Qur’anic manuscripts which are dated from 1st century of hijra (in both Hijazi and Kufic scripts). Islamic manuscripts have been studied for quite a while and many are well known. one of them belonging to early 1st century. Among the manuscripts in the collection is a copy of the Qur’an reputed to be in the handwriting of Al-Iman ‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib. 2005) Islamic Manuscripts contain an as yet almost untapped source of the rich Islamic heritage. Institutes and collections described below contain Qur’anic manuscripts from Ist century of hijra onwards. San‘a. More 7 . Zayd Ibn Thabit and Salman al-Farsi. 7. the main Mosque of San‘a. It contains some of the rarest Islamic manuscripts in the world.

The total number of manuscripts in this library is 50. Al-qFurqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. Dar al-Athar al-Islamiyyah: Kuwait. CD-ROM Presentation.than 45 manuscripts have been dated from the period 1st / 2nd century of hijra. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts covers the catalogue of manuscripts at the Great Mosque published in various boo • • • Memory Of The World: San‘a Manuscripts.755 out of which 47. Volume III. A few more examples of the 1st and 1st / 2nd century Qur’anic manuscripts from San‘a can be found in the book Masahif San‘a.P. This book is a catalogue of an exhibition at the Kuwait National Museum. World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya (Egyptian National Library).). Geoffrey Roper (ed. There is a high proportion of manuscripts copied in the early centuries of Islam. Jenkins. 2nd and 3rd centuries of hijra can be seen at this website. It contains priceless and rare manuscripts from the Islamic heritage. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. especially from the first four centuries of hijra. U. Dreibholz in both Arabic and English. Puin. as well as extremely rare illustrated manuscripts unmatched anywhere else in the world. 664-667. 1985. M. Cairo. 1992. R. Egypt. G. The manuscript collection in Dar al-Kutub is regarded as one of the largest and most important in the world.065 are in Arabic. A few examples of the manuscripts from 1st. Masahif San‘a. P. It 8 . UNESCO.150 in Turkish. 996 in Persian and 2. with articles by Hussa Sabah Salim al-Sabah.

and some written by famous calligraphers. Iran. p. Moritz. Arabic Palaeography: A Collection Of Arabic Texts From The First Century Of The Hijra Till The Year 1000.000 manuscripts it possesses. Publications of the Khedivial Library. It has about 29. Mashhad.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ holds two of the earliest dated Qur’anic manuscripts dating from dating 102AH / 720 CE and 107 AH/ 725 CE. The Islamic Book: A Contribution to Its Art And History From The VII-XVIII Century. Grohmann. Cairo. 212-218. 11. 1992. Astan-I Quds-I Razavi Library. Persian and Turkish.000 manuscripts in Arabic. Arnold & A. respectively.Roper (ed. • T. It is also important in that it contains a large number of magnificent. W. old and illuminated Qur’anic manuscripts. Of the 29. The Pegasus Press. 1929.22.p. 16. other with marvelous illuminations from 3rd century hijra (9th century CE) onwards. 1905. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. A complete reference of catalogue of the manuscripts can be seen in: • G. This library has one of the oldest (established in 861 AH/1457 CE) collections of Islamic manuscripts in the Muslim world and the most important in Iran.000 are manuscripts of the Qur’an. Volume I. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts.). No. • B. 31-34 and Pl. See Pl. thus making it the largest Qur’anic manuscript collection in the world. The manuscripts are 9 . 1-12 for 102 AH/ 720 CE and 107 AH / 725 CE. p. including several old Kufic Qur’anic manuscripts written on deer skin.

Roper (ed. Volume I. pp. Manama. the transcription of which attributed to Al-Hasan b.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ catalogued in various publications as can be seen in the reference below. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. ‘Ali b. donated over centuries to Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock. The manuscript collection of the Islamic Museum consists entirely of masahif of the Qur’an. The pages in this manuscript are beautifully illuminated. the covers are also decorated on both sides. but are of the Mamluk period. 579-581. • G. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London. The complete reference of catalogue of the manuscripts in this museum can be see in: • G.). 481-486. 1993. Bahrain. Islamic Museum.).p. numbering 644. This museum was established in 1923 by the Islamic Legal Council in Palestine. Beit al-Qur’an. Al-Husayan b. This great collection include magnificent calligraphic works from as early as 10 . p. The Beit al-Qur’an collection of Qur’anic manuscripts is one of the most comprehensive of its type in the world. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. One of the most important manuscript in this collection is the Kufic copy of the second half of the Qur’an. Volume II. Abi Talib. Roper (ed. Jerusalem. Palestine. with each surah heading bearing its own distinct style of decoration. 1992.

It is a privately owned collection. They are written in various scripts and are dated from late 1st century of hijra onwards.the first century hijra (7th/8th CE) to the present day. The Nasser David Khalili Collection Of Islamic Art contains the largest and most comprehensive range of Qur’anic material in private hands. The Qur’anic manuscripts in this collection are described and illustrated in four lavish volumes. Other masterpieces include a Qur’an written in gold from twelfth-century 11 . Deroche. The Nasser David Khalili Collection Of Islamic Art. 1992. This book includes a Qur’an that retains its original illumination by the greatest calligrapher of the Middle Ages. Yaqut al-Musta’simi. The references are: • F. Oxford University Press. 192 pp. The Abbasid Tradition: Qur’ans Of The 8th To The 10th Centuries AD. It is managed by the Nour Foundation. The Nour Foundation in collaboration with Oxford University Press has published the collection. from China to Andalusian Spain. The Nasser D. The entire history of Qur’an production from the seventh to the twentieth century is covered. Oxford University Press. and includes items from centers as far apart as India and Spain. • D. The Nasser D. United Kingdom. London. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. from all regions of the Islamic world. 1992. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. James. The Master Scribes: Qur’ans of the 10th to 14th Centuries. 240 pp. I. II. Manuscripts World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ from 1st and 1st /2nd century of hijra are available at this website.

Holds examples of Islamic Calligraphy that span six centuries and demonstrate the continuity of this central art form into the modern era. James. The Nasser D. 12 . France. • N. Oxford University Press. and a manuscript that is possibly the earliest Qur’an to survive from India. V. Bibliotheque Nationale. The Decorated Word: Qur’ans of the 17th to 19th Centuries. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. Safwat. Oxford University Press. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. The Nasser D. Covers the period 1700-1900 and items from Islamic Africa. 1999. Contadini & T. • D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art Vol. the only twelfth-century Qur’an from Valencia. Paris. III. This book includes fifteenth century Qur’ans in Iran. 334 pp. 1992. including Seyh Hamdullah and Hafiz Osman. • M. 256 pp. The holdings – nearly 300 in total – include exceptional items that feature the work of many of the most famous master calligraphers. Stanley. IV. India and the Far East. The Nasser D. Constantionple.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Iraq. Ottoman Turkey. and India as well as sixteenth century Qur’ans in Iran and India. Iran. F. 1999. A. Oxford University Press. Afer Timur: Qur’ans of the 15th and 16th Centuries. Egypt. Bayani. 248 pp. The Art of the Pen Calligraphy of the 14th to 20th Centuries. Syria.

Catalogue des Manuscripts Arabes (Les Manuscripts Du Coran). 1983. Deroche.000). University of Chichago. Kufic and Maghribi scripts suggesting their origin from wide geographical locations in the Islamic world. Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation: London.). these collections rank among the most important in Europe and cover nearly all subjects (total ca. 212-218. 1992. The relevant reference to look for is the following: 13 .World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Successor to the old Bibliotheque Royale. Chicago. Volume I. 1. Division des Manuscripts Orientaux. pp. World Survey Of Islamic Manuscripts. Especially noteworthy are some Quranic manuscripts of the first centuries after hijra. Photographs of some undated Quranic manuscripts written in Hijazi script at Bibliotheque Nationale can be seen in ref. For catalogues of collection at Bibliotheque Nationale. 12. These are kept in the Department des Manuscrits. please see ref. Bibliotheque Nationale: Paris. the Bibliotheque Nationale has assembled collections of Islamic manuscripts formed over the centuries and regularly augmented by purchases and gifts. United States of America. Volume I. 2. • F. The manuscripts are written in Makkan. The Oriental Institute Museum holds a decent collection of Qur’anic manuscripts dated from second half of the first century of hijra (classified as 1st/2nd) onwards. • G. The Oriental Institute Museum. Roper (ed.

• World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ N. dated to the ninth and tenth centuries CE. Persian and Turkish manuscripts including many superb copies of the Qur’an.: Dublin. through to those produced in the early years of the twentieth century. The Rise Of The North Arabic Script And Its Kur’anic Development. University of Chicago Press. Abbott. The published manuscripts are in the following books: • A. James. The real gem of the collection and indeed one of the most treasured objects of the entire Library – is the splendid Qur’an copied by the famed calligrapher Ibn al-Bawwab in Baghddad in the year 1001. World of Islam Festival Trust: London. • D. With A Full Description Of The Kur’an Manuscripts In The Oriental Institute. Arberry. The Koran Illuminated: A Handlist Of The Korans In The Chester Beatty Library. The Chester Beatty Library. Qur’ans And Bindings From The Chester Beatty Library: A Facsimile Exhibition. 1967. 14 . J. 1980. 1939. The Library houses examples of the earliest Islamic manuscripts. Ireland. Dublin. Hodges Figgis & Co Ltd. The Islamic Collection in The Chester Beatty Library contains almost four thousand Arabic. The Islamic Collection is one of the finest in existence and is internationally renowned for the overall high quality and scope of its material.

. The Institute Of Oriental Studies. 1-8. The Institute Of Oriental Studies has recently started a project that deals with compiling the manuscripts in the electronic format. St. Margaret’s Donnybrook: Dublin.islamicmanuscript. St. Makkan or Madinan) script contain about 40% of the text of the Qur’an (ful texts of 22 surahs and fragments of another 22). 1955.D. THESA Company. J.e. (www. It has 81 large parchment folios in Hijazi (i.• World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ A. Vols. Russia. The Chester Beatty Library: A Handlist Of The Arabic Manuscripts. Petersburg (Russia).org) Tareq Rajab Museum. This institute houses one of the oldest Qur’anic manuscripts dated to the last half of the 8th century CE and has been published in the Issue 4: One Of The Most Important Qur’anic MSS In The World. Petersburg. 1293 A. Emery Walker (Ireland) Ltd. The manuscript reflects changes in the orthography and “lay-out” of the sacred text. Kuwait The Tareq Rajab Museum in Kuwait has a large and important collection of Al Qur’an and manuscripts from all periods and countries (including NW Chine) around the Islamic world. The museum possesses some fine examples of the writings of renowned calligraphers such as Yaqut Al Musta’simi (d. Arberry. A. The relevant publication is: • E. Issue 4: One Of The Most Important Qur’anic MSS In The World. 15 . Rezvan. Russian Academy of Sciences.. St.).

and bound by the most capable bookbinders of the times. comprises texts of the Quran inscribed during the 7th – 19th centuries in Arabia. his influence was of outstanding importance to the development of calligraphy. The first of the Arabic catalogues contains Qurans and works of Quranic commentary. the manuscripts. nine accredited to Caliph Ali (RA). Today. found in many pavilions and rooms. The collection of Qurans. A complete catalogue was compiled and published by F. Almost all have been prepared by famous calligraphers. Topkapi Palace Library. Among these are seven believed to be inscribed by Caliph Osman (RA). Iran. Istanbul The present Topkap Palace. These Qurans and Commentaries. The 1600 or more Qurans found in the first volume of the Arabic catalogue are preserved in the Palace Library as rare books. Maghrib (North Africa) and the lands dominated by the Seljuks and Ottomans. Persian and Turkish. the Islamic manuscripts preserved in this new library have been sorted out into categories of Arabic. buildings and rooms of the Palace and are classified by the name of the location where they were found. Karatay in 1960. two ascribed to Hasan and Hussein 16 . the richest to be found anywhere in the world. the home of the Ottoman sultans and the administrative center of the Ottoman Empire for four hundred years.E. which have been gathered from the various pavilions. were gathered together to form the New Library.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Although little of his work has survived. gilded by master gilders. was turned into a museum in 1924. number more than two thousand. India.

illuminated surah headings. for example). most characterized with its horizontal and vertical lines. The script used in Baghdad and North Africa was more dynamic and of slighter dimension. The kufic script of Iran differed from the kufic of the regions of Baghdad and North Africa. Library of congress. an early Islamic center. There are twenty one Turkish translations. marginal rosettes and sajdah marks. are the Qurans written in vertical form (M. The first Qurans were written on parchment in the 7th – 8th centuries in a monumental type of script called kufic.32). The first Qurans written in kufic script. twenty one Chagatay translations and one Uygur translations.74. Kufic script. This script. surah titles. Also in the Palace collection are Qurans prepared in North African cities such as Ceuta and Marrakech between the 12th and 16th centures.H. besides the one believed to have been recited by khaliph Osman (RA) at the moment of his death (A.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ (RA) as well as many translations. whose name is derived from Kufa. thirty-nine Farsi translations. 17 .3 M. showed regional peculiarities in the 9th century. These are written on parchment on thick dark paper in Maghribi kufic with gilded fontispiece. In addition to those written on parchment. there are those of the 9th-11th centuries inscribed on thick dark paper with sepia ink using delicate kufic lines. is a style of Arabic script closest to pictorial design. Islamic Manuscripts from Mali African and Middle Eastern Division.

000 texts. and other languages of the Islamic world. Princeton’s rich holdings constitute the premier collection of Islamic manuscripts in the Western Hemisphere and are among the finest in the world. and other examples of Islamic book arts. history and biography. Subject coverage is broad and comprehensive. including theology based both on Quran and tradition (hadith).html. there are also illuminated Qur’ans. and housed at the Harvey S. Mali. Ottoman Turkish. Firestone Memorial Library. both in Timbuktu.loc. While the world of Islamic learning is the chief emphasis.500 Islamic manuscripts. Among the greatest treasures of the Princeton University Library are some 9. (memory.bk) Princeton University Library: Princeton has the largest collection of Islamic manuscripts in North America and one of the finest such collections in the Western world.gov/intldl/mali html/malihome. Islamic law (fiqh). chiefly bound paper codices containing more than 20. The Manuscripts are chiefly in Arabic but also include Persian. The collection is located in the Manuscripts Division of the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Islamic manuscripts from Mali features 32 manuscripts from the Mamma Hairdra commemorative Library and the Library of Check Zyni Baye of Boujbeha. Persian illustrated manuscripts and miniatures. Among the most famous examples of Persian painting are the 16th-century Peck Shahnamah and Muin Musavvir’ 1673 portrait of the Safavidera painter Riza ‘Abbasi. especially of the Prophet and other 18 .

Rudolf Mach (1977). are described briefly in an online checklist. Hitti (1938). and other aspects of the intellectual and spiritual life of the Islamic world and its diverse peoples. • • Catalogue of Arabic manuscripts (Yolanda section) in the Garrett Collection. science. with access provided by published catalogs. book arts and illustration. The Princeton Library has long been committed to making these collections available to researchers worldwide. Hand list of Arabic manuscripts (New series) in the Princeton University Library. made possible by generous support from the David A. Mohammed E. and modern personal papers relating to the Near East. Moghadam and Yahya Armajani (1939). 19 . For published description of manuscripts one can refer “Descriptive catalogue of the Garrett collection of Arabic manuscripts in the Princeton University Library. the library has recently embarked on a four-year project under the overall direction of Don C. principally those compiled by Philip K. Ormsby (1987). language and literature. and Rudolf Mach and Eric L. the library’s Curator of Manuscripts. In order to improve access to these rich collections and share them worldwide through digital technology. Thousands of additional manuscripts. The Manuscripts Division also holds Arabic papyri and documents. calligraphy collections. including most of the Persian and Ottoman Turkish holdings. magic and the occult. Skemer.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ religious leaders.

Arabic. Heyworth-Dunne. McGregor. Nearly one-third (about 312) of the manuscripts have been fully catalogued and are accessible in MIRLYN and OCLC (WorldCat) (link from UM only).princeton. philosophy. Nuttall. Tiflis. Islamic traditions (Hadith). poetry. (www. belles letters. The Islamic Manuscripts Collection and its catalogue are maintained in the Special Collection Library of the Hatcher Graduate Library. and Jurisprudence (Fiqh). Persian and Turkish.• World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Prelimary check list of uncatalogued Islamic manuscripts in the Department of Rare Book and special collection Princeton University Library. Quran (texts. Frank Schulte Collection).300 manuscripts in Near Eastern languages. The subjects covered by these manuscripts include: The Islamic sciences. theology (Kalam). and several other smaller collection (192 manuscripts in the Walter Koelz. Stephen Spaulding. geography.edu) University of Michigan Library: Islamic Manuscripts Collection The Collection has approximately 1. namely. history. Yahuda. commentaries on commentaries. the international bibliographic utility. commentaries (Tafsir). biography (Sirah). Philology. and other works of criticism). mathematics. astronomy and astrology. Horace Miner. The Islamic Manuscripts Collection is classified as the Abdul Hamid. Suleiman. 20 .

The 284 manuscript volumes and 365 printed volumes portray the more than a thousand yearlong development of Islamic civilization from its commencement to the beginning of 20th century. authenticating.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Slovakia-Basagic’s Collection of Islamic Manuscripts in the University Library of Bratislava Basagic’s collection contains unique manuscripts and essential works of medieval Islamic scholarly literature and belles letters. In addition to nearly 23. Riyadh The Main Library provides accommodation for more than on million books.200 years old. the 21 . and prints from two centuries. some of which are more than 1. Tima Tima is an Islamic manuscripts association is an international effort to protect Islamic manuscripts at Cambridge. The King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies has undertaken the challenging mission of locating.islamicmanuscripts. starting from 1729.000 handwritten texts. The collection covers the fields of Islamic Studies and Islamic Civilization.org) King Faisal Center For Research And Islamic Studies. spanning the interval from 12th to 19th century. (www. and indexing all known Islamic manuscripts worldwide. acquiring. or copying.

Tuhfat al-Ahbar fi usul at Hadith wa’l Akhbar (15th c. Turkish. Tafsir-i-Quran (Persian. etc. Some are extremely rare and some are rich and varied in textual contents. Of these only a few may be mentioned: Tahdhib Sharh As-Sab’ at Mullaqat (early 12th c. Asiatic Society. Kharidat al-Qasr (12th c. Persian.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ manuscript archives have more than 18.. Islamic Section comprises of manuscripts in Arabic. which are extremely rare and unique. Kitab al-I’lan (18th c. It was founded in 1784.). Qalaid alIquian wa Mahasin al-Ayan (12th c.000 microfilms and hundreds of photocopies. AlJam Baynas as-Sahihin abridged version with autograph.). Of the many Islamic Manuscripts there are some. some of them being autographed. important also for calligraphy). Kolkata The Asiatic Society is a premier oriental institution of the Asian continent. and covers most of the Indian language and scripts and eve several Asian ones.).D. the calligraphy is most excellent while a few others bear miniature paintings of high quality and style.). Tipu Sultan’s Library and Fort William College Library. A-Madkhul (13th c. Pushto. Some of the manuscripts belonged to the Mughal Imperial Library. Saha’ if-i-Shara’ if or Duraral Mansur 22 .). Arabic). 13th c. It is varied and rich.). and Urdu. numbering more than seven thousand. The Asiatic Society holds rare and invariable collection. ranging in date from the first quarter of the 12th Century A. They cover every branch of Islamic history and learning. In some. (13th c.

and Adab-i-Alamgiri (18th c.D. Salarjung Museum Library contains 7. who served three caliphs of Baghdad as prime minister and died on July 20. Salarjung Museum And Library. an autographed copy). The collection of Arabic manuscripts here is considered as the oldest with rare specimens of Islamic calligraphy and bookbinding. Another copy of ninth century Quran written on parchment is attributed to Iman Abul Hasan Musa. The Raza Library has preserved some rare collection like the seventh century AD Quran written on parchment in early Kufic script attributed to Hazrat Ali. Hyderabad The Salarjung Museum of Hyderabad is the repository of the artistic achievements of diverse European.. Among them is the seventh century AD Quran written on parchment in early Kufic script attributed to Hazrat Ali.) World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ Rampur Raza Library.(Persian. The special feature of the collection is that it is rich in deluxe Codexes of the Holy Quran representing Muslim Calligraphy at its highest from the 8th to 18th century A.742 manuscripts. Rampur The Rampur Raza Library is a very rich in the resources on Indo-Islamic studies and arts. Another specimen of the holy Quran written in the eighth century AD is attributed to Imam Jafar Sadiq. copied the Quran in the early Naskh style. The celebrated scholar and calligrapher Ibn Muqla. 941 AD. It also contained 23 . 19th c. Asian and Far Eastern countries of the world.

The manuscripts literature of the Islamic world is a vast area of study. Manuscripts represent the selected fragment of time. but more particularly the original version before it has been printed. CONCLUSION Manuscripts literacy a document of any kind that is written by hand. which ambition is to provide information everyone who is interested in the Islamic manuscripts. of a literary or musical composition in hand written or typescript form. Islamic manuscripts have been studied for quite a while and many are well known. which help in recreating the past and deciphering the history of mankind.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ genuine manuscripts and autograph copies of royal and historical personages and famous calligraphers like Yaqut-i-Must’ asimi. Information professions distinguish between manuscripts. There are many sites on Internet. which typically form part of a library collection and official documents or records. which are regarded as ARCHIVES. 24 .

p. Publicatoins.org) 25 .islamicmanuscripts. Allen and Others. Marcel Dekker.World Congress of Muslim Librarian & Information Scientists 25th -27th November 2008 Putra World Trade Center ______________________ BIBLIOGRAPHY 1.princeton.262 3. Kent. 17.edu) 6. Vol. (2005): Oriental Manuscirpts Worldwide.org) 5. (www. ed (1996): Twenty first century universal encyclopedia. New Delhi. (www. New York.islamicmanuscript. Collingwood. 2. S. eds. Regency publishing. Sidney.: Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science. Amjad Ali. Vol. (www.118 4.S.18. p.