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Fiqh of Worship I

Professor Dr. Ibrahim Dremali

Textbook A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence By: Salih Al-Fawzan




And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind, but most of men know not.
Surat Saba [34:28]

Five Essential Matters in the Shariah

The goals of the Shariah seeks to protect and promote the following five values: Faith: To preserve the Deen Life: To preserve the Nafs Intellect: To preserve the Aql Lineage: To preserve family relations Property: To preserve the Wealth

Foundations for Muslims to Follow

Avoid asking about matters that will cause harm

O you who believe! Ask not about things which, if made plain to you, may cause you trouble. Surat al-Maidah 101

Avoid excessive questioning Avoid disputes between people Settle disputes by the Quran and Sunnah

The Prophet is our Role Model

Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much. Surat al-Ahzab [33:21]

The Prophet is our Role Model

On the authority of Muaawiyyah (radi Allahu anhu) who said, the Messenger of Allah (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said:

He who Allah wants good for, He gives him understanding of the Deen (religion)
[Bukhari and Muslim]

Chapter 1

Purification and Water

Salah is the fine line between Muslims and non-Muslims The key of Salah is At-Tahoor

Definition of Taharah
Linguisitic Definition
Cleanliness and purification from all matters and spiritual impurities

Legislative Definition
Removal of ritual impurity and impure objects

Types of Water
Pure Water
Rain, snow, sleet, ice, rivers, ocean Surat al-Furqan 48 and Surat al-Anfal 11

Altered Water
Pure water mixed with pure objects 2 opinions, stated by Ibn Taymiyyah

Impure Water
Water mixed with impure objects


Types of Taharah
Two kinds of Taharah
Manawiya: ritual purification
Purifying the soul from shirk

Hissiya: tangible purification

Additional points

Najasat (Impurities)
Types of Najasat
Dead souls
Except for fish, sea animals, and locusts Bones, nails, and horns of dead creatures

Blood Pork Vomit


Najasat (Impurities)
Types of Najasat
Urine Wadi (thick, white discharge after urination) Madhi (prosthetic fluid) Mani (sperm)? Wine and Liquor? Dogs


Chapter 2

Disbelievers Pots, Utensils & Clothes

All pots and utensils are halal to use, expect Pots made of gold and silver, or Gold/silver plated Skin of dead animals? Clothes Additional Points


Chapter 3

Things Ritual Impurity Prohibits

Deeds Prohibited for Minor Impurity Touching the Quran Salah Tawaf Deeds Prohibited for Major Impurity Reciting the Quran Staying at the Masjid


Chapter 4

Etiquette of Answering the Call of Nature

Islam is a complete way of life

Entering the bathroom While in the bathroom
Manners and etiquettes Istinja Istijmar

Exiting the bathroom


Chapter 5

Siwak and Acts of Fitrah

Istihdad: removing the hairs from the private area Circumcision Cutting the mustache short Clipping the nails Removing the hair under the arms