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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS

SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

D D D D D D D D D

description
The TL1451A incorporates on a single monolithic chip all the functions required in the construction of two pulse-width-modulation (PWM) control circuits. Designed primarily for power-supply control, the TL1451A contains an on-chip 2.5-V regulator, two error amplifiers, an adjustable oscillator, two dead-time comparators, undervoltage lockout circuitry, and dual common-emitter output transistor circuits. The uncommitted output transistors provide common-emitter output capability for each
1IN+ 1IN NC 1FEEDBACK IDTC
4 5 6 7 8

20 19 18 2IN+ 17 2IN 16 NC 15 2FEEDBACK 14 2DTC

10 11 12 13

1OUT

GND

V CC

controller. The internal amplifiers exhibit a common-mode voltage range from 1.04 V to 1.45 V. The dead-time control (DTC) comparator has no offset unless externally altered and can provide 0% to 100% dead time. The on-chip oscillator can be operated by terminating RT and CT. During low VCC conditions, the undervoltage lockout control circuit feature locks the outputs off until the internal circuitry is operational. The TL1451AC is characterized for operation from 20C to 85C. The TL1451AQ is characterized for operation from 40C to 125C. The TL1451AM is characterized for operation from 55C to 125C.

AVAILABLE OPTIONS PACKAGED DEVICES TA SMALL OUTLINE (D) TL1451ACD TL1451AQD SMALL OUTLINE (DB) TL1451ACDB PLASTIC DIP (N) TL1451ACN SMALL OUTLINE (NS) TL1451ACNS TSSOP (PW) TL1451ACPW CHIP CARRIER (FK) CERAMIC DIP (J) TL1451AMJ

20C to 85C 40C to 125C

55C to 125C TL1451AMFK The DB and PW packages are only available left-end taped and reeled (add LE suffix, i.e., TL1451ACPWLE).

Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of Texas Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date. Products conform to specifications per the terms of Texas Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not necessarily include testing of all parameters.

Copyright 1999, Texas Instruments Incorporated


On products compliant to MIL PRF 38535, all parameters are tested unless otherwise noted. On all other products, production processing does not necessarily include testing of all parameters.

2OUT

NC

SCP

REF

NC

CT

RT

Complete PWM Power Control Circuitry Completely Synchronized Operation Internal Undervoltage Lockout Protection Wide Supply Voltage Range Internal Short-Circuit Protection Oscillator Frequency . . . 500 kHz Max Variable Dead Time Provides Control Over Total Range Internal Regulator Provides a Stable 2.5-V Reference Supply Available in Q-Temp Automotive HighRel Automotive Applications Configuration Control / Print Support Qualification to Automotive Standards

D, DB, N, NS, PW, OR J PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)

CT RT ERROR 1IN+ AMPLIFIER 1 1IN 1FEEDBACK 1DTC 1OUT GND

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9

REF SCP 2IN+ ERROR 2IN AMPLIFIER 2 2FEEDBACK 2DTC 2OUT VCC

FK PACKAGE (TOP VIEW)

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

functional block diagram


11 VCC RT 9 2 CT 1

2 DTC

ERROR AMPLIFIER 2

IN+ IN

14 13 12 5

+ 1/2 Vref Oscillator PWM COMP

10

2 OUTPUT

2 FEEDBACK 1 FEEDBACK

SCP

15

12 k 170 k

Reference Voltage

16

REF

UVLO R S R

ERROR AMPLIFIER 1

IN+ IN

3 4

+ PWM COMP

1 OUTPUT

1 DTC

6 8 GND

COMPONENT COUNT Resistors Capacitors Transistors JFETs 65 8 105 18

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

absolute maximum ratings over operating free-air temperature range


Supply voltage, VCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 V Amplifier input voltage, VI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 V Collector output voltage, VO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 V Collector output current, IO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 mA Continuous power total dissipation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See Dissipation Rating Table Operating free-air temperature range, TA C suffix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20C to 85C Q suffix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40C to 125C M suffix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55C to 125C Storage temperature range, Tstg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65C to 150C Lead temperature 1,6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 10 seconds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260C
Stresses beyond those listed under absolute maximum ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under recommended operating conditions is not implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. DISSIPATION RATING TABLE PACKAGE D DB N NS PW FK J TA 25C POWER RATING 1088 mW 775 mW 1000 mW 500 mW 838 mW 1375 mW 1375 mW DERATING FACTOR ABOVE TA = 25C 8.7 mW/C 6.2 mW/C 8.0 mW/C 4.0 mW/C 6.7 mW/C 11.0 mW/C 11.0 mW/C TA = 70C POWER RATING 696 mW 496 mW 640 mW 320 mW 536 mW 880 mW 880 mW TA = 85C POWER RATING 566 mW 403 mW 520 mW 260 mW 436 mW 715 mW 715 mW TA = 125C POWER RATING 218 mW 168 mW 275 mW 275 mW

recommended operating conditions


MIN Supply voltage, VCC Amplifier input voltage, VI Collector output voltage, VO Collector output current, IO Current into feedback terminal Feedback resistor, RF Timing capacitor, CT Timing resistor, RT Oscillator frequency C suffix Operating free-air temperature, TA g , Q suffix M suffix 100 150 5.1 1 20 40 55 15000 100 500 85 125 125 C 3.6 1.05 MAX 50 1.45 50 20 45 UNIT V V V mA A k pF k kHz

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

electrical characteristics over recommended operating free-air temperature range, VCC = 6 V, f = 200 kHz (unless otherwise noted)
reference section
TL1451AC PARAMETER Output voltage (pin 16) Output oltage O tp t voltage change with temperat re ith temperature Input voltage regulation Output voltage regulation Short-circuit output current All typical values are at TA = 25C. TEST CONDITIONS IO = 1 mA TA = 20C to 25C TA = 25C to 85C VCC = 3.6 V to 40 V IO = 0.1 mA to 1 mA VO = 0 3 MIN 2.4 TYP 2.5 0.1% 0.2% 2 1 10 MAX 2.6 1% 1% 12.5 7.5 30 mV mV mA UNIT V

undervoltage lockout section


TL1451AC PARAMETER Upper threshold voltage (VCC) Lower threshold voltage (VCC) Hysteresis (VCC) Reset threshold voltage (VCC) All typical values are at TA = 25C. IO( f) = 0 1 mA O(ref) 0.1 mA, TA = 25C 80 1.5 TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP 2.72 2.6 120 1.9 MAX UNIT V V mV V

short-circuit protection control section


PARAMETER Input threshold voltage (SCP) Standby voltage (SCP) Latched input voltage (SCP) Input (source) current Comparator threshold voltage (FEEDBACK) All typical values are at TA = 25C. TEST CONDITIONS TA = 25C No pullup No pullup VI = 0.7 V, TA = 25C 10 TL1451AC MIN TYP MAX 0.65 140 0.7 185 60 15 1.18 0.75 230 120 20 UNIT V mV mV A V

oscillator section
PARAMETER Frequency Standard deviation of frequency Frequency change with voltage Frequency change with temperature All typical values are at TA = 25C. TEST CONDITIONS CT = 330 pF, CT = 330 pF, VCC = 3.6 V to 40 V TA = 20C to 25C TA = 25C to 85C RT = 10 k RT = 10 k MIN TL1451C TYP 200 10% 1% 0.4% 0.2% 2% 2% MAX UNIT kHz

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

dead-time control section


PARAMETER Input bias current (DTC) Latch mode (source) current (DTC) Latched input voltage (DTC) Input threshold voltage at f = 10 kHz (DTC) All typical values are at TA = 25C. TA = 25C IO = 40 A Zero duty cycle Maximum duty cycle 1.2 80 2.3 2.05 1.45 2.25 145 TEST CONDITIONS TL1451AC MIN TYP MAX 1 UNIT A A V V

error-amplifier section
PARAMETER Input offset voltage Input offset current Input bias current Common-mode in ut voltage range Common mode input Open-loop voltage amplification Unity-gain bandwidth Common-mode rejection ratio Positive output voltage swing Negative output voltage swing Output (sink) current (FEEDBACK) Output (source) current (FEEDBACK) All typical values are at TA = 25C. VID = 0.1 V, VID = 0.1 V, VO = 1.25 V VO = 1.25 V 0.5 45 1.6 70 60 Vref0.1 1 TEST CONDITIONS VO (FEEDBACK) = 1.25 V VO (FEEDBACK) = 1.25 V VO (FEEDBACK) = 1.25 V VCC = 3.6 V to 40 V RF = 200 k 1.05 to 1.45 70 80 1.5 80 160 MIN TL1451AC TYP MAX 6 100 500 UNIT mV nA nA V dB MHz dB V V mA A

output section
PARAMETER Collector off-state current Output saturation voltage Short-circuit output current All typical values are at TA = 25C. TEST CONDITIONS VO = 50 V IO = 10 mA VO = 6 V MIN TL1451AC TYP MAX 10 1.2 90 2 UNIT A V mA

pwm comparator section


PARAMETER Input threshold voltage at f = 10 kHz (FEEDBACK) All typical values are at TA = 25C. TEST CONDITIONS Zero duty cycle Maximum duty cycle 1.2 MIN TL1451AC TYP MAX 2.05 1.45 2.25 UNIT V

total device
PARAMETER Standby supply current Average supply current All typical values are at TA = 25C. TEST CONDITIONS Off-state RT = 10 k MIN TL1451AC TYP MAX 1.3 1.7 1.8 2.4 UNIT mA mA

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

electrical characteristics over recommended operating free-air temperature range, VCC = 6 V, f = 200 kHz (unless otherwise noted)
reference section
TL1451AQ, TL1451AM PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS TA = 25C TA = MIN and 125C TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN TA = 25C Out ut Output voltage regulation Short-circuit output current IO = 0.1 mA to 1 mA TA = 125C TA = MIN 3 MIN 2.40 2.35 TYP 2.50 2.46 0.63% 2.0 0.7 0.3 1.0 0.3 0.3 10 MAX 2.60 2.65 *4% 12.5 15 30 7.5 14 20 30 mA mV mV V UNIT

Output oltage O tp t voltage (pin 16) Output voltage change with temperature

IO = 1 mA

Input voltage regulation In ut

VCC = 3.6 V to 40 V

VO = 0 *These parameters are not production tested. All typical values are at TA = 25C unless otherwise indicated.

undervoltage lockout section


TL1451AQ, TL1451AM PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN TA = 25C Lower threshold voltage (VCC) TA = 125C TA = MIN TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN TA = 25C Reset threshold voltage (VCC) g ( All typical values are at TA = 25C unless otherwise indicated. TA = 125C TA = MIN 80 10 10 1.50 0.95 1.50 V MIN TYP 2.72 1.70 3.15 2.60 1.65 3.09 120 50 60 mV V V MAX UNIT

U er Upper threshold voltage (VCC)

Hysteresis (VCC)

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

short-circuit protection control section


PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN Standby voltage (SCP) TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN Equivalent timing resistance Comparator threshold voltage (FEEDBACK) All typical values are at TA = 25C unless otherwise indicated. TL1451AQ, TL1451AM MIN TYP MAX 650 400 800 140 700 478 880 185 60 70 60 170 1.18 750 550 950 230 120 120 120 k V mV mV mV UNIT

In ut Input threshold voltage (SCP)

Latched input voltage (SCP) in ut

oscillator section
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN RT = 10 k TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN Frequency change with temperature *These parameters are not production tested. All typical values are at TA = 25C unless otherwise indicated. TL1451AQ, TL1451AM MIN TYP MAX 200 195 193 2% 1% 1% 3% 1.37% *10% kHz UNIT

Frequency Standard deviation of frequency

CT = 330 pF, F RT = 10 k CT = 330 pF, VCC = 3.6 V to 40 V

Frequency change with voltage

dead-time control section


PARAMETER Input Inp t bias c rrent (DTC) current Latch mode (source) current (DTC) TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN Zero duty cycle Maximum duty cycle TEST CONDITIONS TA = 25C TA = MIN and 125C 80 2.30 2.22 2.28 *1.20 2.32 2.40 2.05 1.45 *2.25 V V 145 TL1451AQ, TL1451AM MIN TYP MAX 1 3 UNIT A A A

Latched in ut voltage (DTC) input

Input threshold voltage at f = 10 kHz (DTC) *These parameters are not production tested. All typical values are at TA = 25C unless otherwise indicated.

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

error-amplifier section
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN TA = 25C In ut Input offset current VO (FEEDBACK) = 1.25 V TA = 125C TA = MIN TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN Common mode input Common-mode in ut voltage range VCC = 3.6 V to 40 V TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN Unity-gain bandwidth Common-mode rejection ratio Positive output voltage swing Negative output voltage swing TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN TA = 25C Output ( (source) current ( ) (FEEDBACK) ) VID = 0.1 V, VO = 1.25 V , TA = 125C TA = MIN 0.5 0.4 0.3 45 25 15 1.6 1.8 1.7 70 50 70 A mA 60 2 1 1.05 to 1.45 70 70 64 80 80 80 1.5 80 MHz dB V V dB 160 100 142 TL1451AQ, TL1451AM MIN TYP MAX 6 10 12 100 100 200 500 500 700 V nA nA mV UNIT

In ut Input offset voltage

VO (FEEDBACK) = 1.25 V

Input bias current In ut

VO (FEEDBACK) = 1.25 V

O en loo Open-loop voltage am lification amplification

RF = 200 k

Out ut Output (sink) current (FEEDBACK)

VID = 0.1 V, VO = 1.25 V 0.1

All typical values are at TA = 25C unless otherwise indicated.

output section
PARAMETER Collector off-state current TEST CONDITIONS VO = 50 V TA = 25C TA = 125C TA = MIN VO = 6 V TL1451AQ, TL1451AM MIN TYP MAX 10 1.20 1.60 1.36 90 2.0 2.4 2.2 mA V UNIT A

Out ut Output saturation voltage Short-circuit output current All typical values are at TA = 25C unless otherwise indicated.

pwm comparator section


PARAMETER Input threshold voltage at f = 10 kHz (FEEDBACK) *These parameters are not production tested. All typical values are at TA = 25C unless otherwise indicated. TEST CONDITIONS Zero duty cycle Maximum duty cycle *1.20 TL1451AQ, TL1451AM MIN TYP MAX 2.05 1.45 *2.25 UNIT V

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

total device
PARAMETER Standby supply current Average supply current All typical values are at TA = 25C unless otherwise indicated. TEST CONDITIONS Off-state RT = 10 k TL1451AQ, TL1451AM MIN TYP MAX 1.3 1.7 1.8 2.4 UNIT mA mA

PARAMETER MEASUREMENT INFORMATION


S1 0.47 F Test Input CPE VCC = 5 V RL 4.7 k RL 4.7 k 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 OUT2 OUT1

TL1451A

CT 330 pF

RT 10 k Test Input

Figure 1. Test Circuit


Oscillator Triangle Waveform Error Amplifier Output Dead-Time Input Voltage Short-Circuit Protection Comparator Input Voltage PWM Comparator Output Voltage

2.0 V 1.6 V 1.4 V 1.25 V H L

Dead Time 100% Output Transistor Collector Waveform Protection Enable Terminal Waveform Short-Circuit Protection Comparator Output Power Supply Voltage
2.8 V TYP H L 0.6 V tpe 0V H L 3.6 V 0V

Protection Enable Time, tpe = (0.051 x 106 x Cpe) in seconds

Figure 2. TL1451A Timing Diagram

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
TRIANGLE OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY vs TIMING RESISTANCE
1M fosc f osc Triangle Oscillator Frequency Hz afosc f osc Oscillator Frequency Variation % VCC = 5 V TA = 25C CT = 150 pF 100 k 3 VCC = 3.6 V RT = 10 k CT = 330 pF fosc = 200 kHz

OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY VARIATION vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE

CT = 1500 pF 10 k

CT = 15000 pF 1k 1k

4k

10 k

40 k

100 k

400 k

1M

3 25

RT Timing Resistance

Figure 3
TRIANGLE WAVEFORM SWING VOLTAGE vs TIMING CAPACITANCE
2.6 Triangle Waveform Swing Voltage V 2.4 2.2 2 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.2 1 0.8 101 101 101 VCC = 5 V RT = 5.1 k TA = 25C Triangle Waveform Period s uS 102 VCC = 5 V RT = 5.1 k TA = 25C

101

100

102 103 104 CT Timing Capacitance pF

105

Figure 5

10

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75 0 25 50 TA Free-Air Temperature C 100

Figure 4
TRIANGLE WAVEFORM PERIOD vs TIMING CAPACITANCE

102 103 104 CT Timing Capacitance pF

105

Figure 6

TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
REFERENCE OUTPUT VOLTAGE VARIATION vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
avref VO(ref) Reference Output Voltage Variation mV avref VO(ref) Reference Output Voltage Variation mV 30 VCC = 3.6 V II(ref) = 1 mA 20 30 VCC = 40 V II(ref) = 1 mA 20

REFERENCE OUTPUT VOLTAGE VARIATION vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE

10

10

30 25

75 0 25 50 TA Free-Air Temperature C

100

Figure 7
REFERENCE OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE
3

VO(ref) Reference Output Voltage V Vref

TA = 25C 2.5 Dropout Voltage Variation V 1

1.5

0.5

0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 VCC Supply Voltage V 35 40 25 0 25 50 75 TA Free-Air Temperature C 100

Figure 9

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20

20

30 25

1.1 II(ref) = 1 mA

0.9

0.8

0.7

0.6


75 0 25 50 TA Free-Air Temperature C 100

10

10

Figure 8
DROPOUT VOLTAGE VARIATION vs FREE-TEMPERATURE

Figure 10

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
UNDERVOLTAGE LOCKOUT HYSTERESIS CHARACTERISTICS
6 TA = 85C VCE VCE Output Collector Voltage V 5 Undervoltage Lockout Threshold Voltage V TA = 25C TA = 20C

UNDERVOLTAGE LOCKOUT CHARACTERISTIC


3.5 3.25 3 Threshold Voltage VTL (Left Scale) 2.75 2.5 Hysteresis Voltage (Right Scale) 2.25 50 150 300 Undervoltage Lockout Hystersis Voltage mV

Threshold Voltage VTH (Left Scale)

250 200

3 5V 2
7,10 8

100

RL I = IO VDE

1.25

Short-Circuit Protection Latch Reset Supply Voltage (Right Scale)

2.5

1.20

1.15

Short-Circuit Protection Comparator Threshold Voltage (Left Scale)

1.5

1.10 25

50 75 0 25 TA Free-Air Temperature C

1 100

Figure 13

12

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RS Latch Reset Supply Voltage V

Comparator Threshold Voltage V

IO = 10 mA 0 0 1 2 3 4 5

25

25

50

75

100

VCC Supply Voltage V

TA Free-Air Temperature C

Figure 11

Figure 12

SHORT-CIRCUIT PROTECTION CHARACTERISTICS

1.30

TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
PROTECTION ENABLE TIME vs PROTECTION ENABLE CAPACITANCE
18

tpe Protection Enable Time s t pe

15

12

0 0 200 50 100 150 CPE Protection Enable Capacitance F SCP 15 Vref 16 170 k Short-circuit Protection Comparator ERROR AMP 1 ERROR AMP 2 Vref Vref 250

12 k CPE

S R Protection Latch

U.V.L.O.

+
1.25 V

Figure 14

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
ERROR AMP MAXIMUM OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING vs FREQUENCY
2.25 Error Amp Maximum Output Voltage Swing V Open-Loop Voltage Amplification dB 2 1.75 1.5 1.25 1 0.75 0.5 0.25 0 1k VCC = 5 V TA = 25C 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 100 VCC = 5 V TA = 25C

OPEN-LOOP VOLTAGE AMPLIFICATION vs FREQUENCY

10 k

100 k 1M f Frequency Hz

10 M

1k

10 k 100 k f Frequency Hz

1M 2M

Figure 15
GAIN (AMPLIFIER IN UNITY-GAIN CONFIGURATION) vs FREQUENCY
10 VCC = 5 V TA = 25C 5

Figure 16

0 G Gain dB

10

15

20 1k

10 k

100 k f Frequency Hz

1M

10 M

Figure 17

14

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
CLOSED-LOOP GAIN AND PHASE SHIFT vs FREQUENCY
70 VCC = 5 V Rref = 150 Cref = 470 pF TA = 25C CX: 47 pF 470 pF 4700 pF

60 Closed-Loop Gain dB 50 40 30

Phase Shift (Right Scale) 10 20 30 40 Phase Shift 15 Closed-Loop Gain (Left Scale) 0

20

50 60 70 80 90 1M

10 0 100

1k

10 k f Frequency Hz Vref + 39 k Cx Cref 39 k Rref

100 k

Test Circuit

Figure 18

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
CLOSED-LOOP GAIN AND PHASE SHIFT vs FREQUENCY
70 VCC = 5 V Rref = 15 Cref = 470 pF TA = 25C Phase Shift (Right Scale) Closed-Loop Gain (Left Scale) CX: 47 pF 470 pF 4700 pF

60 Closed-Loop Gain dB 50 40 30

0 10 20 30 40 Phase Shift

20

50 60 70 80 90 1M

10 0 100

1k

10 k f Frequency Hz Vref + 39 k Cx Cref 39 k Rref

100 k

Test Circuit

Figure 19

16

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
CLOSED-LOOP GAIN AND PHASE SHIFT vs FREQUENCY
70 VCC = 5 V Rref = 15 Cref = 470 pF TA = 25C CX: 47 pF 470 pF 4700 pF

60 Closed-Loop Gain dB 50 40 30

10 20 30 40

20

50 60 70 80 90 1M

10 0 100

1k

10 k f Frequency Hz Vref + 39 k Cx Cref 39 k Rref

100 k

Test Circuit

Figure 20

Phase Shift 17

Closed-Loop Gain (Left Scale)

Phase Shift (Right Scale)

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
CLOSED-LOOP GAIN AND PHASE SHIFT vs FREQUENCY
70 VCC = 5 V Cref = 470 pF TA = 25C

60 Closed-Loop Gain dB 50

0 40 30 Closed-Loop Gain (Left Scale) Phase Shift (Right Scale) 10 20 30 40 20 50 60 10 0 100 70 80 1k 10 k f Frequency Hz Vref + 39 k Cref 39 k 100 k 90 1M Phase Shift

Test Circuit

Figure 21

18

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TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
OUTPUT SINK CURRENT vs COLLECTOR OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE
120 110 100 Output Sink Current mA 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 15 5 10 Collector Output Saturation Voltage V 20 VCC = 3.6 V TA = 20C TA = 25C TA = 85C

Figure 22
MAXIMUM OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
VO(ref) 0.01 VOM Maximum Output Voltage Swing V 1 VOM Maximum Output Voltage Swing V Vref 33 k + 33 k RL 100 k Vvom 1 VCC = 3.6 V RL = 100 k VOM+1 = 1.25 V VOM 1 = 1.15 V (Right Scale) VOM 1 = 1.35 V (Left Scale) TEST CIRCUIT 25 0 25 50 75 TA Free-Air Temperature C 100

VO(ref) 0.02 Maximum Output Voltage Swing (Right Scale)

0.9

VO(ref) 0.03

0.8

VO(ref) 0.04 Maximum Output Voltage Swing (Right Scale)

0.7

VO(ref) 0.05

0.6

VO(ref) 0.06

0.5

VO(ref) 0.07

Figure 23

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SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
OUTPUT TRANSISTOR ON DUTY CYCLE vs DEAD-TIME INPUT VOLTAGE
0 Output Transistor On Duty Cycle % 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 I CC (Standby) Standby Current mA ICC VCC = 3.6 V RT = 10k CT = 330 pF 2 1.75 1.5 1.25 1 0.75 0.5 0.25 0 0 10 20 30 VCC Supply Voltage V 40 TA = 25C

STANDBY CURRENT vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE

Dead-Time Input Voltage V

Figure 24
STANDBY CURRENT vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
Maximum Continuous Power Dissipation mW Average Supply Current VCC = 6 V, RT = 10 k, CT = 330 pF

2 I CC ICC Supply Current mA 1.75 1.5 1.25 1 0.75 0.5 0.25 0 25

Stand-By Current, VCC = 40 V, No Load

Stand-By Current, VCC = 3.6 V, No Load

0 25 50 75 TA Free-Air Temperature C

100

Figure 26

20

www.ti.com

Figure 25
MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS POWER DISSIPATION vs FREE-AIR TEMPERATURE
1200 1100 16-Pin N Plastic Dip 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 25 0 75 25 50 TA Free-Air Temperature 100 Thermal Resistance 250C/W 16-Pin NS Plastic SO Thermal Resistance 125C/W

Figure 27

TL1451A DUAL PULSE WIDTH MODULATION CONTROL CIRCUITS


SLVS024E FEBRUARY 1983 REVISED NOVEMBER 1999

APPLICATION INFORMATION
VCC 220 k 470 150 L1

0.47 F

50 k 33 k R1 R2

33 k

330 pF R3 Step-Up C2 Output

33 k C1 500 pF

33 k

R4

Vref

16 15 14 13 12 11 10 TL1451A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8 470 470 220 1 F

C5

R5 500 pF

L2 R6

33 k 33 k

470

Step-Down C4 Output

R7

NOTE A: Values for R1 through R7, C1 through C4, and L1 and L2 depend upon individual application.

Figure 28. High-Speed Dual Switching Regulator

www.ti.com

21

PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com

9-Feb-2012

PACKAGING INFORMATION
Orderable Device 5962-9958401Q2A 5962-9958401QEA TL1451ACD TL1451ACDBLE TL1451ACDBR TL1451ACDBRG4 TL1451ACDG4 TL1451ACDR TL1451ACDRG4 TL1451ACN TL1451ACNE4 TL1451ACNSR TL1451ACNSRG4 TL1451ACPW TL1451ACPWG4 TL1451ACPWLE TL1451ACPWR TL1451ACPWRG4 TL1451AMFKB TL1451AMJB TL1451AQD Status
(1)

Package Type Package Drawing LCCC CDIP SOIC SSOP SSOP SSOP SOIC SOIC SOIC PDIP PDIP SO SO TSSOP TSSOP TSSOP TSSOP TSSOP LCCC CDIP SOIC FK J D DB DB DB D D D N N NS NS PW PW PW PW PW FK J D

Pins 20 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 20 16 16

Package Qty

Eco Plan TBD TBD

(2)

Lead/ Ball Finish Call TI Call TI

MSL Peak Temp Call TI Call TI

(3)

Samples (Requires Login)

OBSOLETE OBSOLETE ACTIVE NRND ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE OBSOLETE ACTIVE ACTIVE OBSOLETE OBSOLETE ACTIVE

40

Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) TBD Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Pb-Free (RoHS) Pb-Free (RoHS) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) TBD Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) TBD TBD

CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM Call TI Call TI

2000 2000 40 2500 2500 25 25 2000 2000 90 90

CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU N / A for Pkg Type CU NIPDAU N / A for Pkg Type CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM Call TI Call TI

2000 2000

CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM Call TI Call TI Call TI Call TI

40 Addendum-Page 1

TBD

CU NIPDAU Level-1-220C-UNLIM

PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com

9-Feb-2012

Orderable Device TL1451AQDG4 TL1451AQDR TL1451AQDRG4 TL1451CDBR TL1451CDBRG4 TL1451CN TL1451CNE4 TL1451CNS TL1451CNSG4 TL1451CNSR TL1451CNSRG4 TL1451INSR TL1451INSRG4

Status

(1)

Package Type Package Drawing SOIC SOIC SOIC SSOP SSOP PDIP PDIP SO SO SO SO SO SO D D D DB DB N N NS NS NS NS NS NS

Pins 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

Package Qty 40 2500 2500 2000 2000 25 25 50 50 2000 2000 2000 2000

Eco Plan

(2)

Lead/ Ball Finish

MSL Peak Temp

(3)

Samples (Requires Login)

ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE ACTIVE

Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) TBD Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Pb-Free (RoHS) Pb-Free (RoHS) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br)

CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-220C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU N / A for Pkg Type CU NIPDAU N / A for Pkg Type CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM CU NIPDAU Level-1-260C-UNLIM

(1)

The marketing status values are defined as follows: ACTIVE: Product device recommended for new designs. LIFEBUY: TI has announced that the device will be discontinued, and a lifetime-buy period is in effect. NRND: Not recommended for new designs. Device is in production to support existing customers, but TI does not recommend using this part in a new design. PREVIEW: Device has been announced but is not in production. Samples may or may not be available. OBSOLETE: TI has discontinued the production of the device.
(2)

Eco Plan - The planned eco-friendly classification: Pb-Free (RoHS), Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt), or Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br) - please check http://www.ti.com/productcontent for the latest availability information and additional product content details. TBD: The Pb-Free/Green conversion plan has not been defined. Pb-Free (RoHS): TI's terms "Lead-Free" or "Pb-Free" mean semiconductor products that are compatible with the current RoHS requirements for all 6 substances, including the requirement that lead not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous materials. Where designed to be soldered at high temperatures, TI Pb-Free products are suitable for use in specified lead-free processes.

Addendum-Page 2

PACKAGE OPTION ADDENDUM

www.ti.com

9-Feb-2012

Pb-Free (RoHS Exempt): This component has a RoHS exemption for either 1) lead-based flip-chip solder bumps used between the die and package, or 2) lead-based die adhesive used between the die and leadframe. The component is otherwise considered Pb-Free (RoHS compatible) as defined above. Green (RoHS & no Sb/Br): TI defines "Green" to mean Pb-Free (RoHS compatible), and free of Bromine (Br) and Antimony (Sb) based flame retardants (Br or Sb do not exceed 0.1% by weight in homogeneous material)
(3)

MSL, Peak Temp. -- The Moisture Sensitivity Level rating according to the JEDEC industry standard classifications, and peak solder temperature.

Important Information and Disclaimer:The information provided on this page represents TI's knowledge and belief as of the date that it is provided. TI bases its knowledge and belief on information provided by third parties, and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of such information. Efforts are underway to better integrate information from third parties. TI has taken and continues to take reasonable steps to provide representative and accurate information but may not have conducted destructive testing or chemical analysis on incoming materials and chemicals. TI and TI suppliers consider certain information to be proprietary, and thus CAS numbers and other limited information may not be available for release. In no event shall TI's liability arising out of such information exceed the total purchase price of the TI part(s) at issue in this document sold by TI to Customer on an annual basis. OTHER QUALIFIED VERSIONS OF TL1451A, TL1451AM :

Catalog: TL1451A Automotive: TL1451A-Q1, TL1451A-Q1 Enhanced Product: TL1451A-EP, TL1451A-EP Military: TL1451AM
NOTE: Qualified Version Definitions:

Catalog - TI's standard catalog product Automotive - Q100 devices qualified for high-reliability automotive applications targeting zero defects Enhanced Product - Supports Defense, Aerospace and Medical Applications Military - QML certified for Military and Defense Applications

Addendum-Page 3

PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION


www.ti.com 8-Feb-2012

TAPE AND REEL INFORMATION

*All dimensions are nominal

Device

Package Package Pins Type Drawing SSOP SOIC SOIC SO TSSOP SOIC SSOP SO SO DB D D NS PW D DB NS NS 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

SPQ

Reel Reel A0 Diameter Width (mm) (mm) W1 (mm) 330.0 330.0 330.0 330.0 330.0 330.0 330.0 330.0 330.0 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4 12.4 16.4 16.4 16.4 16.4 8.2 6.5 6.5 8.2 6.9 6.5 8.2 8.2 8.2

B0 (mm) 6.6 10.3 10.3 10.5 5.6 10.3 6.6 10.5 10.5

K0 (mm) 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.5 1.6 2.1 2.5 2.5 2.5

P1 (mm) 12.0 8.0 8.0 12.0 8.0 8.0 12.0 12.0 12.0

W Pin1 (mm) Quadrant 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 12.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1

TL1451ACDBR TL1451ACDR TL1451ACDR TL1451ACNSR TL1451ACPWR TL1451AQDR TL1451CDBR TL1451CNSR TL1451INSR

2000 2500 2500 2000 2000 2500 2000 2000 2000

Pack Materials-Page 1

PACKAGE MATERIALS INFORMATION


www.ti.com 8-Feb-2012

*All dimensions are nominal

Device TL1451ACDBR TL1451ACDR TL1451ACDR TL1451ACNSR TL1451ACPWR TL1451AQDR TL1451CDBR TL1451CNSR TL1451INSR

Package Type SSOP SOIC SOIC SO TSSOP SOIC SSOP SO SO

Package Drawing DB D D NS PW D DB NS NS

Pins 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16

SPQ 2000 2500 2500 2000 2000 2500 2000 2000 2000

Length (mm) 346.0 346.0 333.2 346.0 346.0 346.0 346.0 346.0 346.0

Width (mm) 346.0 346.0 345.9 346.0 346.0 346.0 346.0 346.0 346.0

Height (mm) 33.0 33.0 28.6 33.0 29.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0

Pack Materials-Page 2

MECHANICAL DATA
MSSO002E JANUARY 1995 REVISED DECEMBER 2001

DB (R-PDSO-G**)
28 PINS SHOWN 0,65 28 0,38 0,22 15 0,15 M

PLASTIC SMALL-OUTLINE

0,25 0,09 5,60 5,00 8,20 7,40

Gage Plane 1 A 14 0 8 0,25 0,95 0,55

Seating Plane 2,00 MAX 0,05 MIN 0,10

PINS ** DIM A MAX

14

16

20

24

28

30

38

6,50

6,50

7,50

8,50

10,50

10,50

12,90

A MIN

5,90

5,90

6,90

7,90

9,90

9,90

12,30 4040065 /E 12/01

NOTES: A. B. C. D.

All linear dimensions are in millimeters. This drawing is subject to change without notice. Body dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusion not to exceed 0,15. Falls within JEDEC MO-150

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