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Freeware for Slab calculation and design " SLABS V2 1998

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Calculation according to the Pieper Martens method. Design (reinforcement calculation) according to EC2.

4 way slabs

5 7 1 2 4 6 3 8 9 11 10 12

15

14

16

13

3 way slabs

24 20 17 18 22 19 21 23

32 25

31 30

26 27 28

29

Slab Types

1-72
43 42 45 47 48 LX always parallel to X axis LY always parallel to Y axis

36 37 33 35 38 34

44

Y

41 39 40 46

X

Cantilever Slabs 51

2 way slabs 58 53 60 55 54 57 56 59

68

67

61

66

69

72

52

50

49

62

65

70

71

63

64

LX always parallel to X axis LY always parallel to Y axis.

fixed end side 3 Slab side numbers and slab supports

Slab reinforcement S2 S1
Asx As2
Asy

free end AXES

1-72 slab type

As2

side 4

side 2

side 1 G3/Q3

simply supported end

S3

MSY Slab Loads cant. G/ Q cant Support description S2 S1
1-2 X

G4/Q4

G2/Q2

LY

MY

G/ Q

G1/Q1 h LX MSX MX LX/LY LX/LY Cantilever Slab types 49-52
1-3 Y

MSY Support reactions MSX and Slab Bending Moments

S3

Software prepared by Costas Santamas, Civil Engineer, Nicosia, Cyprus, santamas@spidernet.com.cy

2-3 Y

C20-S400) Characteristic strength of concrete Shear design strength Characteristic strength of steel Reinforcement cover Concrete specific weight Dead load factor Live load factor Total number of slabs Total number of supports (in both directions) Total number of Beams loaded by the slabs.LY) for 4-way and 2-way slabs of type 69-72.g. required h1<=h Special slenderness limit for slabs supporting sensitive to deflection walls.g. required h2<= h whole number m m m Slab number (e.. where: Lsl=min(LX.PLA) Comments Name of level..Freeware for the calculation and design of slabs: " SLABS V. h2=Lo2/150. S1. Lsl=L of side perpendicular to the supporting edgesfor the 2-way slabs of type 53-60.(not mandatory) h1 h2 m m . Lsl=L of side which is perpendicular to the fixed end for cantilevers and 2-way slabs of type 61-68.g..2 1998" Legend for symbols and notations Symbol General Data FILE LEVEL MATERIAL fck RD fyk EPIKA Gc g q NP NS ND Geometrical Data SLAB TYPE LX LY H Slenderness check Coefficient for the slab span for the slenderness check Lo m Slenderness length of slab Lo= *Lsl. S2. h1=Lo/30.. "First floor" Concrete and Steel grade ( e. Lsl=L of free side for the 3-way slabs. General slenderness limit. (See page with figures) Slab span parallel to " " Slab span parallel to " " Slab thickness MPa MPa MPa m KN/m 3 Units file name (filename.. e.S15) Slab type according to end support conditions Types 1-72.

SU15) Whole number Whole number " " or " " Slab number which is adjacent to "Slab 2" Slab number which is adjacent to "Slab 1" Direction Direction in which "Slab1" and "Slab2" are adjacent 11-12 X means that slab11 is adjacent to slab12 in the X direction. Slab a' = 5 + Side a' = 3. (Slabs of type 49-52). flooring walls other dead live cant.g.. S2.d' .w. KN/m2 KN/m2 KN/m KN/m KN/m KN/m 2 2 2 2 KN/m cant.d') Code 1-4 for the slab side that loads the beam.. B2.+ flooring+walls+other dead Total live load Q=live Slab self weight Permanent load from flooring Uniform equivalent load from walls supportred by the slab Other permanent loads (e. (For the slab side codes see page with figures) e.S15) Total dead load (permanent load) G= s.direction ( a strong beam or a wall) Beam Loads Beam s.g. The linear load is parallel to the fixed end support. Side a'.g. machinery etc) Live loads Linear load for cantilevers only. S1. 8-8 X is a valid data meaning that slab 8 has a fixed support perpendicular to the -X.. SU1.B15) self weigth of beam wall linear load supported directly on the beam Slab number that loads the beam...... Support Description Support Slab 1 Slab 2 m Support number (e.. B1. KN/m 2 Units Comments Slab number (e. water tanks...w. SU2. (e. wall Slab a'.. data can be ommited Beam number (e..d' KN/m KN/m Whole number Whole number Not mandatory.c'.. (Each beam can be loaded at most by 4 different slabs with indexes a'.d') ( Sides a'.w... parapet loads on balconies) Distance of cantilever's linear load from the fixed end support.d' corespond to slabs a'.g..g. b'.Legend for symbols and notations Symbol Slab loads Slab G Q s. 1-7 Y means that slab1 is adjacent to slab7 in the Y direction.g... Slab b'=12 + Side b'=1 means that the beam is loaded by the side 3 of slab5 and the side 1 of slab12...

final As2 mm2 The minimum required by the code.. req Asx}. 0.direction ) In the case that 1 slab is a cantilever then the software adds the symbol "*" at the end of the description( e. Ms2 Msfin. S2.2 then Msfin.direction Span reinforcement required by the calculation in the -Y. 1-2 means that S1 is adjacent to S2 parallel to the . Msy Bending Moment formulas for Mx.=max( Ms1.S15) Slab type The ratio of the slab's spans calculated as follows: For the 4-way slabs: e=Lmax/Lmin For the 3-way slabs: e=L of side perpendicular to free side/L of free side For 2-way slabs types 61-68: e=Lof side perpendicular to the fixed end/L of the other side For the 2-way types 69-72: e=Lmin/Lmax For the rest of the slab types e=0 (No need to be defined) Units Comments Fx.S15) Minimum required by the code span reinforcent in .. L2 the slab spans in the direction in which they are adjacent..direction Span reinforcement required by the calculation in the .. mm2 mm mm 2 2 Support bending moments and reinforcement Support The support description (e. Minimum required by the code span reinforcent in .g.g. Fy Fsx..... .. S1. S1.. Msy KNm KNm Coefficients for the span bending moments (Mx and My respectivelly). 12-13 *) Ms1... Span reinforcement Slab min Asx req.Asx final Asx min Asy req.respectivelly) Support initial bending moments (Parallel to directions . Ms2) where L1.direction final Asy= max {min Asy.. req Asy}. req AS2.Asy final Asy mm mm mm 2 2 2 Slab number (e. My.direction The final required span reinforcement in the -X.g.Ms2)} min As2.. KNm KNm The initial support bending moments The final support bending moment calculated as follows: If L1/L2 >5 or L1/L2 < 0.. S2. Coefficients for the support initial bending moments (Msx and Msy respectivelly) Final span bending moments (Parallel to directions .g. Msx. My Msx..direction The final required span reinforcement in the -Y..Legend for symbols and notations Symbol Slab Calculation Slab Type e Slab number (e.75* max(Ms1. Fsy Mx. the required by the calculation and the final support reinforcement.direction final Asx= max {min Asx..respectivelly) For the 4-way slabs: Mi=(( g* G)+ ( q* Q))*Lmin^2/fi For the 3-way and 2-way slabs of type 61-72: Mi=(( g* G)+ ( q* Q))*Lx*Ly/fi For the 2-way slabs of type 53-60: Mi=(( g* G)+ ( q* Q))*L^2/fi (L the supported span) For cantilevers: Mi=(( g* G)+ ( q* Q))*L^2/fi+ g* cant. If the above condition is not valid then Msfin=max{(Ms1+ Ms2)/2.* cant.

wall Gb1. Qb=Qb1+Qb2+Qb3+Qb4 s. c'..B15) Final unfactored permanent beam load ready to be introduced to a space frame software and factored accordingly.Q4 KN/m V1... d'.w. 2.) Slab shearing forces from dead and live loads at the sides with codes 1. b4 correspond to the loading slabs indexes a'.. Qb1.012 m. The indexes b1. b'..g.. The Shearing forces are calculated by the formulas: Vi= g*Gi+ q*Qi The slab shear strength at the .. B1.V4 KN VRDx. 3 4.. d'. S2. The indexes b1.w. Slab support reactions from live loads at the sides with codes 1.+wall+Gb1+Gb2+Gb3+Gb4 Qb KN/m Final unfactored live beam load ready to be introduced to a space frame software and factored accordingly..4 KN/m KN/m KN/m Beam's self weight wall linear load supported directly on the beam The slab reactions from permanent loads on the beam. 3 and 4..directions.S15) Slab support reactions from dead loads at the sides with codes 1.. 2.4 KN/m . b2. The reactions are calculated according to the code and are given with their unfactored value. The reactions are calculated according to the code and are given with their unfactored value. b4 correspond to the loading slabs indexes a'. b2. b3.. The slab reactions from live loads on the beam. b3.and . (they are not multiplied by the dead load factor g). c'.g. VRDy KN Final Beam laods Beam Gb KN/m Beam number (e. Bending reinforcement is ignored (conservative assumption on the safe side). 2. 3 and 4... (they are not multiplied by the live load factor q.Legend for symbols and notations Symbol Slab support reactions and shear check Slab G1..G4 KN/m Slab number (e. S1. Gb=s... Units Comments Q1. B2. b'. The effective slab thickness for the most loaded direction is calculated as d=h-EPIKA while for the less loaded direction the effective slab thickness is calculated as d'=d-0.