ESCOLA SECUNDÁRIA C/ 3º CICLO DE VILA REAL DE S.

ANTÓNIO
Curso Profissional de Técnico de Gestão Informática
English Written Test
School Year 2008/09
11th form
5
Name: _______________________________ Class: ________ number: ________

January’ 09

Teacher’s signature: ________________________________ Mark: ________________________
I
10
Please read this text carefully:
CLIMATE CHANGE
Who are the heroes and villains?
15
PREDICTIONS FOR THE FUTURE
In recent years, scientists have connected increased flooding, higher levels of intense
rain and snowfall, and the planet’s rising sea level to global warming. Scientists predict
that if the Earth heats up by between 1º C and 3º C in the next 100 years, which is
20probable, then the sea level will rise between 15 cm and 120 cm in that time, or up to 20
cm by 2030. This means that major US cities such as New York, Boston, Miami and
Washington DC could soon find themselves submerging in water. By present day
calculations, any area 2 m above sea level will be at risk in a only 30 years time. In
Washington DC, many national landmarks are vulnerable, as are waterfront districts of
25New York City. Past floods in these cities have caused score of deaths and hundred of
millions of dollars worth of damage – but the effects of predicted floods will be many
times greater.
RISING SEAS, FLOODS AND DISEASE
Favourite vacation spots in the US and worldwide could be devastated by eroding
30beaches and decimated wildlife. Ocean city, Maryland, earns much of its income through
tourism. As it is developed right up to seafront, millions of dollars would be necessary to
haul in new sand to maintain about 60 m of beach. Islands in North Carolina and
Chesapeake Bay in Maryland contain rich and diverse ecosystems which would be
destroyed, and the Everglades National Park in Florida, one of North America’s most
35important wetlands, would certainly be affected by rising sea levels.
But the US is not the only target: global warming leaves no country untouched. The
Great Barrier Reef in Australia would be at risk of bleaching along its entire length,
thereby destroying many species. Sea levels around the British Isles would actually
recede due to ocean and atmospheric circulation patterns. In Russia and Canada, forests
40which trap CO2 and help guard against global warming will be at risk of forest fires and
pest attacks. Ten percent of mammals in China are already threatened with extinction, and
climate change could affect the lovable giant panda. Wetlands in Spain and Brazil could
lose their own endangered species. As tropical climates spread, mosquitoes will multiply
and spread malaria and yellow fever to new areas. Heat waves and droughts will dry up
45land and harm existing ecosystems, drastically affecting the quality of life we know
today.
Source: Current May-June 2002
50

S. Global warming is a problem that only affects the U. move back or away 10 b.A. eroding a. According to scientists global warming is responsible for major environmental problems. ecosystems c. 35 Canada and China. Use your own words. all the plants and animals in a particular area 15 B. Answer the following questions about the text. 20 pontos _____________________________________________________________ 2. 3 × 6 = 18 pontos 1. uncontrolled amount of water 4. 1. Answer the question on the title. Point out some consequences of global warming in countries like Australia. 12 pontos _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ .A. floods 5 2. Quote from the text to support your decision. gradually be destroyed 3. In your opinion. Join the words in column A to their corresponding meaning in column B: 4 × 2 = 8 pontos 1. 20 _____________________________________________________________ 2. “Who are the heroes and villains?” State your 30 reasons. 15 pontos _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 4. What will happen to some USA cities in the future? 10 pontos _____________________________________________________________ 3. recede d. Decide whether these statements are True or False. _____________________________________________________________ 3. The citizens of Washington DC shouldn’t worry about the city’s national landmarks. 25 _____________________________________________________________ C. what can be done to decrease global warming? Give at least 40 three reasons.

reduced __________________________________________ 2. Make the necessary changes without altering the 20 meaning. Heat waves and droughts will dry up land and harm existing ecosystems. In the last forty years rainforests ___________ (reduce) by half. this (line 6) _________________________________________ 2. Rewrite the following sentences. in the text.D. A few decades ago people ____________ (not / be) aware of most environmental problems. . Students ______________________________________________________ 4. 25 Factories ______________________________________________________ 3. Complete the sentences below with the correct verb tense. The documentary gave students a broad perspective of global warming. we (line 31) _________________________________________ E. 35 2. CO2 is released into atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned by factories. Past floods have caused scores of death in this city. Scores of death _________________________________________________ 2. one (line 19) _________________________________________ 4. its (line 15) _________________________________________ 3. What do these words refer to? 5 10 15 5 × 3 = 15 pontos 1. Find. Land _________________________________________________________ 30 B. 4 × 5 = 20 pontos 1. words that mean the opposite of: 4 × 3 = 12 pontos 1. strong __________________________________________ 4. similar __________________________________________ II A. their (line 28) _________________________________________ 5. 4 × 5 = 20 pontos 1. below __________________________________________ 3.

They ____________ already ___________ (arrive) from the Amazon forest. From all the environmental threats that you’ve studied in this unit. 4 × 2 = 08 pontos 3 × 6 = 18 pontos 20 + 10 +15 + 12 = 57 pontos 5 × 3 = 15 pontos E. Total do Grupo 4 × 3 = 12 pontos = 110 pontos Grupo II A. 10 B. B. refer the one which is the most dangerous for you and explain the reasons you’ve chosen it. B. Write an argumentative text expressing your opinion about the following issue. “Is development incompatible with the environment?” ________________________________________________________________ 15 ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 20 ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 25 ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Good Work Cotações Grupo I A. 1. 4 × 5 = 20 pontos Total do Grupo 5 × 4 = 20 pontos = 40 pontos Grupo III A. D. or 2.= 50 pontos . Where ________ you __________ ? (be) 4. 50pontos A. III 5Choose one of the topics and write 120 words on it.3. C.

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