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Kevin Martinez Mrs.

Ellis/AP Government

AP Government Package

Objective 1: Describe how demographic factors shape who we are politically. 1) What were the three great waves of immigration to the United States? 1. 2. 3. 2) What is meant by the term "minority majority"?

3) What was the goal of the Simpson-Mazzoli Act?

4) How have the following demographic changes affected political changes?

Immigration

Regional Shifts

Kevin Martinez Mrs. Ellis/AP Government Objective 2: Identify the processes through which people learn about politics.

1) Explain the significance of each of the following as sources for political learning: Family

Mass media

Schools

2) Name two ways in which aging affects political behavior.

Objective 3: Define public opinion, identify how it is measured, and explain its role in shaping Public policy, and discuss the nature of political information in America. 1) What is the key to the accuracy of opinion polls?

2) Explain the technique of random-digit dialing.

3) List three criticisms of public opinion polling.

4) What is the "paradox of mass politics," according to Russell Neuman?

5) What is the largest impact of declining trust in government since the 1960s?

Kevin Martinez Mrs. Ellis/AP Government Objective 4: Understand the concept of political ideology in the context of American politics and government. 1) Fill in the following table concerning political ideology. Ideology Liberals General Beliefs Typical Demographic Characteristics

Conservatives

2) Explain how the role of religion influences political ideology in the United States.

Objective 5: Explain the ways in which people participate in politics and in the Policymaking process, and discuss the implications of unequal political participation. 1) List five activities of conventional political participation, placing a star next to the most common activity.

2) Define civil disobedience and give an example.

3) How does minority group status affect political participation?

Kevin Martinez Mrs. Ellis/AP Government Objective 6: Understand the relationship between the scope of government, democracy, public opinion and political action.

1) What is the public's general attitude about the scope of government?

2) Comment on how Americans' lack of political knowledge and low participation rate affects democracy.

Key Terms: Public opinion: The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics and policy issues. Demography: The science of population changes. Census: A valuable tool for understanding demographic changes. The Constitution requires that the government conduct and "actual enumeration" of the population every ten years. Melting pot: The mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed the American nation. The United States, with its history of immigration, has often been called this. Minority majority: The emergence of a non-Caucasian majority, as compared with a White, generally Anglo-Saxon majority. It is predicted that by about 2060, Hispanic Americans, African Americans, and Asian Americans together will outnumber White Americans. Political culture: An overall set of values widely shared within a society. Reapportionment: The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representatives every ten years on the basis of the results of the census. Political socialization: According to Richard Dawson, "the process through which an individual acquires his [or her] particular political orientations- his [or her] knowledge, feelings, and evaluations regarding his [or her] political world." Sample: A relatively small proportion of people who are chosen in a survey so as to be representative of the whole. Random sampling: The key technique employed by sophisticated survey researchers, which operates on the principle that everyone should have an equal probability of being selected for the sample.

Kevin Martinez Mrs. Ellis/AP Government Sampling error: The level of confidence in the findings of a public opinion poll. The more people interviewed, the more confident one can be of the results. Random-digit dialing: A technique used by pollsters to place telephone calls randomly to both listed and unlisted members when conducting a survey. Exit poll: Public opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predict electoral winners with speed and precision. Political ideology: A coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, and public purpose. It helps give meaning to political events, personalities, and policies. Gender gap: A term that refers to the regular pattern by which women are more likely to support Democratic candidates. Women tend to be significantly less conservative than men and are more likely to support spending on social services and to oppose higher levels of military spending. Political participation: All the activities used by citizens to influence the selection of political leaders or the policies they pursue. The most common but not the only means of this is voting. Other means include protest and civil disobedience. Protest: A form of political participation designed to achieve policy change through dramatic and unconventional tactics. Civil disobedience: A form of political participation that reflects a conscious decision to break a law believed to be immoral and to suffer the consequences.

Compare and Contrast Practice demography and census

melting pot and minority majority

public opinion and political ideology

sample, random sampling, and sampling error

random-digit dialing and exit poll

protest and civil disobedience

Kevin Martinez Mrs. Ellis/AP Government Name that term:

1. This is the mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples.

2. This is an overall set of values widely shared within a society.

3. This occurs when the 435 seats in the House of Representatives are reallocated to the states based on

population changes.

4. The process through which an individual acquires his or her particular political orientations.

5. The distribution of the population's beliefs about politics and policy issues.

6. This technique is the key to the accuracy of public opinion polls.

7. This is the most criticized type of poll.

8. In American politics, this is usually characterized by the liberal-conservative dimension.

9. Ideological differences between men and women have led to this.

10. Voting, running for office, and even violent protest are examples of this.