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1 ENGLISH READING COMPREHENSION GENERAL WORKSHOP ON READING STRATEGIES Skimming Read the following four passages very quickly

. Do not read every word carefully. Then answer the question under each passage. 1. So far all attempts to relate the bird's navigational ability to electric forces and magnetic activity have failed. Magnets and minute radio transmitters attached to the bird's body, do not interrupt or influence migration. Radar beams bombarding the bird invisibly have no known effect. Rotation of migrants in covered cages during transportation by car or plane does not confuse them on release. One look at the celestial clues, their sky compass and the really expert long-distance birds are away in the correct direction. It has not been proved that birds carry a magnetic compass . What is the main topic of the passage? A. The navigational ability of birds throughout the ages. B. How electric forces or magnets do not affect a bird's orientation. C. The bombardment of radar beams. D. The way birds look at the celestial clues. 2. One of the most widespread uses of survey research today is for rating radio and television programs. Commercial ratings of network radio programs were first undertaken by the C.E. Hooper Company in 1935. Then, the A.C Nielsen Company, founded in the early 1940s, invented its mechanical recording device, the audimeter, that was attached to radio receivers to monitor the station and the amount of time a set was tuned in to it. Nielsen bought the Hooper Company in 1950. By the mid-1970s Nielsen ~ offering an "instantaneous Nielsen" service by connecting some 1,200 sets to a central computer for overnight tabulation of audiences. What is the passage about? A. Survey research for radio and television ratings. B. The relation between the Hooper Company and the Nielson Company C. The uses of central computers. D. How radios are monitored by stations. 3. Scientists have established that influenza viruses taken from man can cause the disease in animals. In addition, man can catch the disease from animals. In fact, a great number of wild birds seem to carry the virus without showing any evidence of illness. Some scientists conclude that a large family of influenza viruses may have evolved in the bird kingdom -a group that has been on earth 100 million years and is able to carry the virus without contracting the disease. There is even convincing evidence to show that virus strains are transmitted from place to place and from continent to continent by migrating birds.

General Workshop on Reading Skills

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and then answer these questions: 1. insecurity or self. Who does "she" in line 1 refer to? General Workshop on Reading Skills 2 . 5 Neurosurgeon George Ojemann and psychologist Harry Whitaker tested bilingual surgical patients with electrical stimulation and found that their first and second languages share some cortical area but also have some separate 10 turf. (C) The bird kingdom has existed for 100 mil1ion years. stress. Psychologist Charles Furst. Scanning Look again at the passages that you skimmed. they leave an indelible memory trace.) and that the opposite is also true – memory can go from clear to positive to doubt and fuzziness. It appears that new connections are formed between neurons as new learning takes place. the cortical area devoted to it becomes less. (D) They act as transmitters. What is the effect of magnets on birds? (A) They interrupt the migration of birds." I. notes: "If the nerve impulses circle their selected pathways long enough. (C) In the 1970s. They speculate that as the new language becomes familiar. III. II. The second language occupies more cortex than the first. 2. etc. (D) The bird kingdom evolved after the earth was 100 millions years old. scan them. (B) They have no effect at all. Lothus reports that she has watched thousands of trial witnesses going from being unsure to positive through a variety of devices (positiveness of others. What tan you say about the bird kingdom from the passage? (A) The bird kingdom has had the influenza virus for 100 mil1ion years. 3. in The Brain. (B) In the 1940s. (C) They act as a compass. (C) How man can catch the influenza virus from animals. (D) In the 1930s. (D) How birds display the influenza virus.2 What is the passage about? (A) The history of birds. and old ones start to diminish. (B) The history of man and the influenza virus. Reference 1 Elizabeth F. When was the first commercia1 rating of radio programs? (A) In the 1950s. (B) The bird kingdom did not exist 100 mil1ion years ago.

" Used first as a toy. What can be inferred from the first paragraph? (A) Brewster loved beautiful images. this use has increased as the crafts movement in the U. General Workshop on Reading Skills 3 . 5. IV. What does "they" in line 8 refer to? (A) Loftus and other scientists. What does "their" in line 10 refer to? (A) Cortical area. so have the prices. David Brewster. (B) Nerve impulses. What does "their" in line 7 refer to? (A) Ojemann and Whitaker. I. (C) Neurons. (B) Charles Furst. (C) The cortical area. 7. has formed a new market for high-quality handmade objects. (C) Thousands of trial witnesses. He himself thought up the name for his invention. Recently. 2. (D) Memory traces. Inference In 1816 a Scottish natural philosopher. (B) The familiar language. (D) The second language. (B) Bilingual surgical patients. (A) Connections. As he was studying theories about polarized light he discovered how to reflect beautiful images in multiples. Forms of learning. (C) George Ojemann. It is possible now to pay thousands of dollars for some versions which have been created by well-known artists. 6. the Greek root of 'kaleidoscope" means "device to make beautiful images. (D) Furst and other psychologists. Some modern-day kaleidoscopes come with special sound effects. What does "ones" in line 6 refer to? (B) Memories. (B) Different patients. (D) Those with first and second languages. (D)Harry Whitaker. (D) 3.3 (A) Elizabeth Loftus. the kaleidoscope soon was used by pattern makers. (C) Ojemann and Whitaker.S. (D) Stimulation. (A) Cortical area. (C) Selected pathways. (B) Brewster searched for a long time for the kaleidoscope. invented the kaleidoscope. As the popularity of kaleidoscopes has grown. (C) Language. What does "the first" in line 9 refer to? (B) Separate turf. 4. What does "it" in line 8 refer to? (A) The first language.

The highway system is a network for locomotion across relatively large distances. (B) Brewster liked to think up names for all his inventions. (D) The range of kaleidoscopes has increased over the years. (B) Some kaleidoscopes today are extremely expensive. 5. V. Putting it in other Words (Restating) Read the sentence and then say which one of the four answers (A). economy today (B) The market for kaleidoscopes worldwide has sharply increased (C) Without kaleidoscopes.4 (C) Brewster's discovery of the kaleidoscope was accidental. (D) Thousands of pattern makers soon came to use kaleidoscopes. What can be inferred from the second paragraph? (A) The kaleidoscope became instantly popular. (C). (C) No original versions of kaleidoscopes can be bought today (D) The most popular kaleidoscopes are the most expensive. What can also be inferred from the second paragraph? (A) The crafts movement is a significant part of the U . (B) Brewster was extremely knowledgeable of ancient Greek. 6. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? (A) The creation of modem kaleidoscopes is a popular hobby. (C) The roots of the kaleidoscope were discovered by the ancient Greeks (D) Brewster had been studying natural philosophy for a long time. (B) Well-known artists pay high prices for original kaleidoscopes (C) The prices of kaleidoscopes have gone up in proportion to the increase in their popularity. (B). 3.S. What also can be inferred from the first paragraph? (A) Brewster was fascinated by the reflex. or (D) restates it. What can also be inferred from the last paragraph? (A) Well-known artists use kaleidoscopes in their work. but they are more expensive now thanks to inflation. (D) Kaleidoscopes have become more and more popular. 4. General Workshop on Reading Skills 4 . 2. 1. (B) The kaleidoscope was from the beginning used by industry (C) Children were among the first to have kaleidoscopes. high-quality handmade objects could not be made today.

(B) Rising from poverty to being the head of the Aztec empire took Cortes 36 years. (C) The origins of golf are disputed by historians. (C) Tepees were sold in different sizes. Historians cannot agree where the game of golf originated. a network of large distances can be covered. (D) The game of golf has a number of origins. (B) It is hard to get historians to agree. (D) There were many sizes of tepee. (D) Thanks to the highway system. (C) 50% of the world's population have walked to school. General Workshop on Reading Skills 5 . some extremely large. (B) One can move over comparatively large distances thanks to the whole highway network. (B) Only 50% of those who attend school walk there. The American Plains Indian was on the move long before the white man ever set foot on the continent. (C) Cortes. was 36 when he conquered the Aztec empire. (A) The American Plains Indian moved over the continent faster than the white man. 2. (B) The American Plains Indian was the f1fSt to move over the continent. some very large. (A) The Aztec empire was 36 years old when the poor Cortes conquered it. 3. (D) The American Plains Indian moved over the continent some time before the white man moved over it. 4. according to historians. after the white man. (C) The network for the transportation of goods called the highway system facilitates travel over relatively large distances. (D) Only 50% of the world's population have walked to school. Half the people in our world never set foot in school. some could be very large. Tepees came in many sizes. Cortes rose from poverty to conquer the Aztec empire at age 36. (A) 50% of the world's population have never gone to school.5 (A) The highway system is a system for moving slowly over large distances. 5. (B) The sizes of tepees varied -from very small to very large. One example of this is t discussion on where golf originated. 6. (A) There were many sizes of large tepees. (C) The American Plains Indian was moving over the continent well before the white man arrived. (D) The 36 year old Cortes forgot his poor background when he conquered the Aztec empire. who had had experience of poverty. (A) Where did the game of golf start? Historians do not know.

(D) Yogis in the past used to prescribe the ancient technique of changing your mental and physiological states by breathing through both nostrils simultaneously.ethic morals. 9. change your mental and physiological states. (A) Mark Twain didn’t like typewriters because he liked to work hard. (D) Mark Twain thought is was immoral to own a typewriter.6 7. (B) If you alternate your breathing between the two nostrils. if you a1ternate your mental or physiological states by breathing between the two nostrils. (C) Mark Twain had definite ideas about working hard and he thought owning a typewriter contradicted them. (A) Cross-country railroads were opened throughout the era of the cowboy. (D) The cowboy age and the opening of the cross-country railroads coincided. you can. Ancient yogic techniques for changing mental or physiological states prescribed alternating one's breathing between the two nostrils. General Workshop on Reading Skills 6 . Mark Twain thought owning a typewriter somehow undermined his work. yogi technique. (C) To alternate your breathing between the two nostrils is one prescribed way of changing your mental and physiological states. it is an ancient . as ancient yogis still do. (B) As cross-country railroads opened so the importance of the cowboy declined. The era of the cowboy closed with the opening of the cross-country railroad. (A) According to ancient yogi techniques. (B) Mark Twain wanted to work hard even though he didn't own a typewriter. 8. you will be doing as many doctors prescribe. (C) The era of the cowboy ended the opening of the cross-country railroads.