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GRUPO

Diccionario para Ingenieros


J.C. GUEARA
BIiCHTEL L. A. R.
1';"'_ PSQS
J I
ESPAOL-INGLS
E
INGLS-ESPAOL
Louis A. Robb
Miembro de
LA SOCIEDAD AMERICANADE INGENIEROS CIVILES
SEGUNDA EDICiN
MXICO, 1997
COMPAA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. DE C.V.
MXICO
~ 1
Ttulo original:
ENGINEER'S DICTIONARY
SPANISH-ENGLISH AND ENGLISH-SPANISH
Edicin autorizada por:
John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Copyright by John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
_,-"'.' 0,-,
Espaol-Ingls e Ingls-Espaol
Diechos resefyad()s respecto a la edicin en espaol:
1956,COMPAA EDITORIAL CONTINENTAL, S.A. de C.V.
Renacimiento 180, Colonia San Juan Tlihuaca,
Delegacin Azcapotzalco, Cdigo Postal 02400, Mxico, D.F.
Diseo de portada:
Selene Corona Vallejo
Miembro de la Cmara Nacional de la Industria Editorial
Registro nm. 43
ISBN 968-26-1118-0 (Segunda edicin, cambio de portada)
ISBN 968-26-0894-5 (Primera edicin)
Queda prohibida la reproduccin o transmisin total o parcial del contf
de la presente obra en cualesquiera formas, sean electrnicas o mecr
sin el consentimiento previo y por escrito del editor.
Impreso en Mxico
Printed in Mexico
Primera edicin: 1956
Cuadragsima quinta reimpresin: 19-96
Segunda edicin: 1997
Esta obra se termin de imprimir en junio de 1997
en los talleres de Litogrfica INGRAMEX, S.A. de CN.
Centeno No. 162 Local 1, Col. Granjas Esmeralda
C.P. 09810, Mxico, D.F.
PREFACIO
Cuando los originales del Engineers' Dictionary quedaron listos en 1943, la
segunda guerra mundial estaba en su apogeo y esto llev6 a la casa editora y al
autor a convenir de que el libro no deba exceder de unas cuatrocientas cincuenta
pginas. Algn material debi6 ser retirado y aunque el libro resultante trataba
detenidamente de ingeniera civil, no pudo contener muchos trminos usados en
otras ramas de la ingeniera.
Poco tiempo despus de su publicaci6n yo me retir del trabajo activo de
ingeniera y desde entonces he tenido amplias oportunidades para dedicarme a la
compilaci6n de un diccionario ms extenso. El material que debi6 ser retirado
se ha agregado ahora y se ha estudiado una gran cantidad de material nuevo.
He onsultado con muchos amigos de la Amrica Latina y en cada viaje he trado
conmigo publicaciones tcnicas de diversas clases como fuente de trminos
espaoles. Constantemente he escudriado las revistas de ingeniera y los
libros nuevos publicados en ambos idiomas.
El campo de acci6n sigue siendo la ingeniera y las referencias frecuentes a la
qumica, la geologa o la metalurgia no significan que estas materias estn total-
mente abarcadas en este libro. Cada una de ellas necesitara un volumen aparte.
Los trminos incluidos de estas u otras materias son aquellos regularmente
requeridos en un trabajo o estudio Igual criterio se ha seguido en
la selecci6n de algunos pocos trminos de finanzas, seguros y transportes.
Al ampliar la obra mis principales prop6sitos han sido los siguientes:
Abarcar la ingeniera elctrica y mecnica en manera mucho ms amplia.
La radio que no se mencion6 para nada en la primera edici6n ha recibido cuida-
doso estudio. Se han incluido trminos importantes de la televisin.
Poner al da todos los ramos de la ingeniera civil. Se ha dado especialatenci6n
a la mecnica de los suelos, a la fotogrametra y al proyecto y construcci6n de ..
aeropuertos.
Incluir los trminos ms importantes correspondientes a minera, arqyitectura
naval, explotacin forestal, industria azucarera y campos petrolferos.
Una nueva adici6n es la indicaci6n de gnero de los substantivos en espaol.
El objeto de un diccionario tcnico es proporcionar informaci6n que no se
encuentra en otra parte. Se supone que el diccionario de Webster incluye todas
y cada una de las palabras del idioma ingls, an las ms tcnicas, pero no abarca
las frases que figuran en glosa.!,ios oficiales de las sociedades de ingeniera.
Muchas de las palabras de este libro se encuentran tambin en los mejores
diccionarios generales ingls-espaol. Buttress se encuentra en cualquiera de
ellos, igualmente que thread, pero no buttress thread. Aguja y tambin infernal
se encuentran, pero no aguja infernal. La mayora de mis esfuerzos se han
vii
vi
PREFACIO
PREFACIO ix
concentrado en el registro de significados o equivalentes de locuciones que no
pueden expresarse con una sola palabra.
La nomenclatura de piezas de maquinaria requiere un constante uso de buen
criterio. Cada fabricante tiene su propia lista de piezas para cada mquina
y algunas mquinas constan de tantas que llegan al millar. Las partes principales
de una mquina deben enumerarse y con ellas, fuera de los trmInos como
cojinete, leva, tornillo, resorte, rodillo y vlvula, deben identificarse con un
nombre la gran mayora de las piezas componentes.
A pesar de algunos consejos adversos recibidos, yo creo todava que las
definiciones estn fuera de lugar en un diccionario tcnico bilinge. El interesado
que busca en un libro como ste el trmino slip-ring motor quiere encontrar el
equivalente aceptado en espaol y no una descripcin del motor. Las de-
finiciones aumentaran mucho el volumen del libro. La prctica seguida ha
sido la de definir un trmino solamente al carecer de un equivalente satisfactorio
y en algunos casos para evitar ambigedades.
Es obvio que existen en este libro muchas palabras, tanto en espaol como
en ingls, que tienen otros significados adems de los anotados. Se han omitido
los significados no tcnicos, as como aquellos que pertenecen a la botnica,
zoologa y otras ciencias de inters muy relativo para el ingeniero.
Algunos de los trminos de la obra original han sido criticados llamndolos
"mal espaol". Un crtico me ha dicho que la incorporacin de tales trminos
a un diccionario tiende a perpetuarlos y a perjudicar el idioma. Mi punto 'de
vista es que la exactitud de los trminos tcnicos en cualquier idioma es esta-
blecida por los tcnicos que los crean y los usan, y la tarea del compilador del
diccionario es la de registrar su uso. En esta obra se trata de dar a los tcnicos
de habla inglesa de la Amrica del Narte la terminologa de ingeniera usada en
los pases de habla espaola de Amrica y viceversa. Trminos tomados de
publicaciones oficiales, de especificaciones de ingenieros y de libros de texto se
consideran expresiones usadas y "aceptadas". Para muchos mile::; de trminos
en ingls no hay equivalente en "buen espaol" si se sigue el criterio de la Real
Academia. Esta es la razn de la diferencia entre unos 125,000 trminos en
el diccionario de la Academia y de unos 500,000 en el de Webster.
Los equivalentes en espaol de marcas de fbrica o de comercio en ingls
presentan un problema. La simple aseveracin de que estos nombres no pueden
traducirse no soluciona el problema, porque muchas traducciones son de uso
corriente en los pases de habla espaola. Muchos de estos trminos ya se han
incorporado a otros diccionarios en espaolo en espaol-ingls. Hay propietarios
de marcas de fbrica o comercio quienes han creado expresamente equivalentes
en espaol para usarlos en s?- propaganda. Yo he seguido la prctica de incluir
todo trmino de esta clase que he encontrado en buen uso tcnico. Debe notarse
que muchos trminos en-ingls de esta clase se han hecho tan conocidos que con
la sancin de Webster regularmente se escriben sin mayscula.' Para la mayora
de estos trminos hay equivalentes en espaol igualmente bien establecidos.
Muchos amigos que me proporcionaron consejos en la preparacin de la
obra original me han ayudado de nuevo. Estoy particularmente agradecido. al
seor George C. Bunker con quien he pasado muchas horas en Caracas. Adems
de concederme amplio tiempo, me present a ingenieros venezolanos de qllienes
obtuve material de gran valor. Para muchos trminos de iQgeniera sanitaria.
tanto en ingls como en espaol, tengo que agradecer al seor Edmund B.
Besselievre de la Dorr Company y al seor Toms R. Yglesias de la ciudad de
Mxico. El seor Juan de Dios Tejada de la Habana me facilit su consejo
experto en muchas cosas. El vocabulario de exploracin geofsica tanto en
ingls como en espaol me fu suministrado por ingenieros de la Socony Vacuum
Oil Company.
L.A.R.
Nueva York
Septiembre, 1949
PREFACE
Under the war conditions of 1943, when the original Engineers' Dictionary
was in preparation, publisher and author agreed that the book ought to be kept
down to about 450 pages. Some material had to be laid aside, and although the
resulting book dealt thoroughly with civil engineering, itcould not go very far
with the terms of other fields.
Shortly after publication of the original book I retired from active work and
have since found ample time to devote to the compilation of a much more com-
prehensive dictionary. The items formerly laid aside have been worked in and
a maJls of new material has been studied. I have consulted many friends in
Latln America and from each trip have brought back technical publications of
manykinds to be worked over for my Spanish terms. I have constantly combed
the engineering periodicals and the newest books in both languages.
My field is still engineering. Frequent references to chemistry, geology, or
metallurgy do not mean that these subjects are covered. Each of them would
need a volume of its own. Terms of these and other sciences here included are
those which are regularly n,eeded in connection with engineering work. The
same criterion has governed the selection of a very few of the terms of finance,
insurance, and transportation.
In enlarging the book my principal objectives have been three:
1. To cover electrical and mechanical engineering much more thoroughly.
Radio, of which the first edition had nothing, has been given thorough study.
Important terms of television have been included.
2. To bring aH branches of civil engineering up to date. Special attention
has been given to photogrammetry, soil mechanics, and airport construction.
3. To include the important terms peculiar to mining, shipbuilding, logging,
sugar milling, and oil-field operations.
A new feature is the notation of gender with all Spanish nouns.
The purpose of a technical dictionary is to furnish information not found
elsewhere. Webster's is supposed to include every word in the English language
no matter how technical, but it does not cover the phrases that are listed in
official glossaries of the engineering societies. Many of the words in this book
will be found also in the best English-Spanish general dictionaries. Broad is
found anywhere and so is irrigation, but not broad irrigation. Buttres8 is found
and so is thread, but they cannot be combined into an equivalent for buttres8
thread. Most of my effort has gone into pinning down the phrases.
The listing of machine parts calls for the constant use of judgment. Every
manufacturer has bis own list of parts for each machine, and some machines
have parts running into the thousands. The principal members of a machine
xi
xii PREFACE
must be listed, and with these, plus terms like bearing, cam, bolt, spring, roller,
and valve, equivalents of the vast majority of part names may be written easily.
In spite of sorne advice to the contrary 1 still believe that definitions are out
of place in a two-Ianguage technical dictionary. The user who turns to slip-
ring motor in a book such as this wants the accepted Spanish equivalents o that
term and is not looking for a description of a slip-ring motor. Definitions would
add gretly to the book's bulk. My practice has been to define a term only in
default of a satisfactory equivalent 01' occasionally to avoid ambiguity.
Obviously there are many words here, both Spanish and English, that have
meanings other than those given. Nontechnical meanings have usually been
ignored, as have those which belong to botany, zoology, 01' other sciences thll.t.
do not concern the engineer.
Some of the terms in the original book have been criticized as "bad Spanish."
One critic tells me that the listing of such terms in any dictionary tends to
perpetuate them and does an injury to the language. My own view is that
the correctness of technical terms in any language is established by the technical
men who create them and use them, and the job of the dictionary maker is to
record this usage. This book aims to give the North American technical man
the accepted engineering terminology of Spanish America, and vice versa.
Terms taken from official publications, from engineers' specifications, and from
textbooks are "accepted" terms. For many thousands of English technical
terms there are no "good Spanish
1
' equivalents, if the Royal Academy is to be
the criterion. This is the principal reason for the difference between some
125,000 entries in the Academy dictionary and 500,000 inWebster's.
Spanish equivalents of English trade names are a problem. The simple
statement that proprietary names cannot be translated does not cover the situa-
tion because they are regularly being translated in Spanish-speaking countries.
Mimy such terms have already appeared in other dictionaries, both straight
Spanish and English-Spanish. There are owners of English trade names who
have deliberately created Spanish equivalents for use in their advertising.
My rule has been to include every term of this kind that 1 have found in good
technical use. It is to be noted also that there are a great many trade names in
English that have become so well known that, with Webster's approval, they
are regularly written without the capitalletter. For most of the terms in this
class there are Spanish equivalents equally well established.
.Many friends who advised with me in the preparation of the original book
have again been helpful. 1 am particularly grateful to Mr. George C. Bunker
with whom 1 have spent many hours in Caracas, Besides giving freely of his
own time he introduced me to Venezuelan engineers from whom 1 obtained
material o great value. For terms of sanitary engineering, both in English and
in Spanish, 1 have to thank Mr. Edmund B. Besselievre of the Dorr Co. and
Mr. Toms R. Yglesias of Mexico City. Seor Juan de Dios Tejada of Havana
gave me his expert advice on many questions. The vocabulary of geophysical
exploration, both English and Spanish, was furnishedby engineers of the Socony
Vacuum Oil Co.
L.A.R.
New York
19l!)
ABREVIATURAS
A Argentina Ec Ecuador Par Paraguay
AC Amrica Central Es Espaa Pe Per
B Bolivia EU Estados Unidos PR Puerto Rico
C Cuba F Filipinas RD Repblica Dominicana
Col Colombia M Mxico U Uruguay
Ch Chile Pan Panam. V Venezuela
a adjetivo ds dique seco loco locomotora
aa acondicionamiento ec equipo de construc- lu lubricacin
del aire cin m masculino
adv ed edificio mad madera
'. ag agregados ef explotacin forestal mam mampostera
ais aislamiento elc elctrico maq maquinaria
al alcantarillado em elaboracin de mat matemtica
an arquitectura naval maderas mec mecnico
ap aeropuerto en engranaje med medida
arq arquitectura es escalera met metalurgia
as aserradero est estructural mg motor de gasolina
asc ascensor exc excavacin mh mquina-herramienta
auto automvil
f femenino min minera
az ingenio de azcar fc ferrocarril miner mineraloga, cristalo-
bm bomba fin finanzas grafa
ca camino fma fotogrametra mo
cab cable for ingeniera forestal mot motor elctrico
cal caldera ft ferretera mr marea
carp carpintera fund fundicin mrl meteorologa
cb caballete geof geofsico ms mecnica de suelos
cf calefaccin geog geografa mtl material
cn construccin naval geol geologa, petrografa mv mquina de vapor
co camin gr gra mz mezcladora
com c.omercial her herrera nut nutico
conc concreto herr herramienta nav navegacin
cons construccin hid hil:lrulica of oficina
cont contabilidad il ingeniera de ilumi- op obras portuarias
ct cemento nacin 01' orugas
c cbico inst instrumento ot obras de tierra
cuch cucharn irr irrigacin pa purificacin de agua
cv cableva is ingeniera sanitaria pav pavimentacin
eh chapera kilo kilogramo(s) pb plomera
dac disposicin del agua lab laboratorio pet petrleo
de cloacas lad enladrillado pi pilotaje
di Diesel leg legal pint pintura
dim dimetro lev levantamiento pi pala
dib dibujo lib libra(s) pr preposicin
xiii
xiv
ABREVIATURAS
puente
8
substantivo
tub tubera
pte
tn tnel
pulg pulgada(s)
seg seguro
qum qumica
si sierra
turb turbina
sol soldadura tv televisin
l' ro
sondeo de exploracin
verbo
radio
sx
v
ra
v vlvula
remache
tc tractor
re
telfono, telgrafo
ventilacin
ref refuerzos
tel
ve
rfg refrigeracin
to techo
vi vidrio
rfr refractarios
top topografa vol voladura
roc
rociador automtico
tI' transportacin
rs rosca
ts tablestacado
ABBREVIATIONS
A Argentina DR Dominican Republic Ph Philippines
B Bolivia Ec Ecuador PR Puerto Rico
C Cuba M Mexico Sp Spain
CA Central America Pan Panama U Uruguay
eh Chile Par Paraguay US United States
Col Colombia Pe Peru V Venezuela
a adjective eng engine mech mechanical
ac air conditioning exc excavation met metallurgy
act accounting F Fahrenheit mi mile
adv adverb fdy foundry min mining
ag , ggregates fin financial miner mineralogy, crystal.
ap airport fo forms lography
al' architecture for forestry mot motor
auto automobile gal gallon(s) mrl meteorology
bdg bridge ge gsoline engine mt machine tools
bl blasting geog geography mtl material
bldg building geol geology,petrography mx mixer
bo boiler geop geophysicaI n noun
bs blacksmithing gi girder na na,val archItecture
bu bucket gl glass naut nautical
bw brickwork ht heating (building) nav navigation
cab cable hw hardware of office
carp carpentry hyd hydraulics p piping
ce construction equip- il illuminating engi- pav paving
ment neering pb plumbing
chem chemistry in. inch(es) pet petroleum
ci castiron inl insulation pi piling
cm centimeter(s) ins insurance pmy photogrammetry
com commercial inst instrument pr preposition
conc concrete irr irrigation pt pinting
cons construction kilo kilogram(s) pu pump
el' crawler lab laboratory pw portworks
et cement lb pound(s) qt quart(s)
cu cubic lbr \ lumber l' river
cy cableway leg legal ra radio
<id drydock 19 logging rd road
de derrick loco locomotive re rivet
di Diesel lu lubrication reinf reinforcing steel
diam diameter m meter(s) rf roof
dwg drafting machy machinery rfg refrigeration
ea earthwork mas masonry rfr refractories
elec electrical math mathematics 1'1' railroad
~ ! e v elevator meas measure sa sawmill
xv
xvi
ABBREVIATIONS
sb shipbuilding su sugarmill tu truss
sd sewage disposal surv surveying tun tunnel
se steam engine sw sewerage turb turbine
sec second(s) t tool tv ! television
sen sanitary engineering tb test boring v I verb
sh shovel tc tractor va valve
sk automatic sprinkler tel tffiephone, telegraph ve ventilation
sm sol mechanics th thread w welding
sml sheet metal ti tide wp water purification
sp sheet piling tk truck wr wirerope
sq square tl trestle ww woodworking
st stair top topography
str structural tr transportation
ESPAOL - INGLS
ababn
ababn m, an Argentine lumber (senhard).
abac m, Manila hemp.
baco m, (ar) abacus; (min) washtrough, buddle;
(conc bldg)(M) drop panel; (A) graph,
chart, nomograph.
abajadero m, downgrade.
abajador m (min) (Es)(M), tool boy, tool carrier.
abajar, to lower, let down; to fall, descend.
abajo adv, down, below, under.
abalanzar, to balance.
abalizar, to buoy; to place beacons; abalizarse
(nut), to take bearings.
abamperio m (elc), abampere.
abancalar, to terrace, bench.
abanderado m (lev), fiagman.
-- delantero, head fiagman.
--trasero, back fiagman.
abanderar, to register a vesseI.
abanico m, fan; anythingfan-shaped; small der-
rick or crane; (rr) (e) (PR) switch target.
- aluvial (r), alluvial fan.
- de deyeccin (geol), debris cone.
-- eductor, exhaust fan.
abaniqueo m (auto), shimmy.
abarbetar, (naut) to lash, stop; (cab) to serve,
seize.
abarcn m (Es), clamp, cramp, anchor; iron ringo
abarloar (nut), to berth, dock, bring alongside.
abarquillamiento m (est), crippling.
abarquillar, to warp, curl; abarquillarse, to
buckle, warp.
abarrancar, to form gullies; abarrancarse, to
run aground.
.lbarrotar, (cons) to place a waler or strongback;
(naut) to batten; to stow (cargo).
abarrotes m, dunnage.
abastar, to furnish, supply.
abastecedor m, supplier.
abastecer, to furnish, supply.
abastecimiento m, supply, furnishing.
-- de agua, water supply.
- de combustible, fueling.
abastecimientos, abastos m, supplies.
abasto de agua, water supply.
abatanador m (M), wooden maulo
abatible, descending; collapsible.
abatidero m (Es), drain, gully, gutter.
abatimiento m, lowering; (str) disassembling;
(bldg) demolition; (conc) slump; (naut)
leeway; (machy) disassembly, teardown;
batter, rake; (pu)(M) drawdown.
abatir, to lower; to knock down, disassemble; to
demolish, raze; (naut) to make leeway; to
batter, rake, slope.
abculombio m (elc), abcoulomb.
abecedario (m) de estarcir, stencil for lettering.
abecedario para marcar, marking stamp.
abedul m (mad), birch.
abelita j, abelite (explosive).
aberracin j, aberration.
-- cromtica lateral (fma) , lateral chromatic
aberration.
- cromtica longitudinal (fma) , longitudinal
chromatic aberration.
-- de coma (fma), coma.
-- de esfericidad, spherical aberration.
3 aboquillado
-- de refrangibilidad, chromatic aberration.
abertura j, an opening, aperture; open country
betwen mountains; cove, small bayo
- de chispa (elc), spark gap.
-- de dosificacin (di), metering passage.
-- de la raz (sol), root opening.
--libre, clear span, net opening.
aberturas de aligeramiento (en) ,lightening holes.
abete m (mad), fu, deaI.
abetinote m, rosin.
abeto m, fu, spruce, hemlock.
-- balsmico, balsam fu.
--blanco, white fir, white spruce.
--Douglas, Douglas fu, Oregon pine, red fu,
yellow fir.
-.- negro, black spruce; black hemlock.
--rojo, red fir, Douglas fu, Oregon pine, red
spruce.
abetunar, to {)oat or impregnate with pitch.
abey m, jacaranda (and other tropical hard-
woods).
abfaradio m (elc), abfarad.
abhenrio m (elc), abhenry.
abierto, open. '
abigarrado, (miner) variegated, mottled (soil).
abisagrar, to hinge.
abisal (geol), abyssal.
abiselar, to bevel, chamfer.
abismal m, shingle nail, clasp nail; a (geol) abys-
sal, abysmal.
-- de tejar, slating nail.
abismo m (geol), abyss.
abitaque m, a timber; joist.
abitar, to make fast on a bitt.
abitn m (nut),bitt.
abladera j, howel, cooper's adz.
ablandador m (met) (agua), softener.
ablandar, to soften; to temper (mortar); ablan-
darse, to soften, become soft.
ablandecer, to soften.
abmho (elc), abmho.
abocardado, countersunk; bellmouthed.
abocardador (m) de tubos (cal), tube expander.
abocardar, to splay; to countersink; to counter-
bore.
abocardo m, countersink, countersinking drill.
-- de cabeza chata, fiathead countersink.
-- de fondo plano, (t) counterbore.
-- tipo caracol, snail-head countersink.
-- tipo rosa, rosehead countersink.
abocinado, bellmouthed.
abocinador m, fiarer, fiaring tool.
- de tubos (cal), tube expander.
abocinar, to fiare, form with a bellmouth.
abohmio m (elc), abohm.
abolladura j, dento
abollar, to dento
abombar, to crown, arch, camber; abombarse,
to buckle; to warp, bulge; (rd) to mush-
room.
abonado, abonada 8, subscriber, customer, con-
sumer (electric current); (rr) commuter.
abonar, to fertilize; (act) to.credit.
abonar m (com), note.
abono m, fertilizer; (rr) commutation.
aboquilladQ, bellmouthed.
aboquillar
4
acarreo acarreo 5 aceit
aboquillar, to splay.
abordaje m, abordo m, fouling of two vessels,
collision.
abordar (nut), to make a port; to berth at a
dock; to foul (another vessel).
abovedado m, crown of a road.
abovedadora I,road shaper, subgrader.
abovedar, toareh, vault, erown.
aboyar, to buoy. .
abra 1, (top) gap, pass; (geog) eove; (mm)
fissure; (Col) window sash; (surv) clearmg
for line of sight.
abrasin 1, abrasion, (hyd) seour.
abrasivo m a, abrasive.
-- de acero, erushed stee!.
abrazadera 1, clamp, clip; clevis; eleat; keeper
(loek); (reinf)(Pe) eolumn hoop.
_ antideslizante, (rr) antiereeper: (elee)' grade
clamp.
- contrafuga (pet), leak clamp.
_ de anclaje, rail clamp (erane); (elee) strain
clamp.
- de ballesta (auto), spring shaekle.
- del cabezal (torno), headstoek clamp.
- de carril (fe), rail braee: rail clip.
-- de compresin, pineheoek.
- de contacto (sol), eontact jaw.
- de la coraza (ele), armor ehlmp.
-- de la excntrica (mv), eeeentrie strap.
- de guardaearril (fe), guardrail braee.
- de hincar (pet), drive clamp.
- de masa (ele), ground clamp.
- de porcelana (ele), poreelain eleat.
-- de reparacin, repair clamp.
-- de servicio (tub), serviee clamp.
- de silla (tub), saddle clamp. l
- de taladrar, (p) drilling erow; (str) old mano
- para cable, cable clip.
- para cao, pipe clamp; (A) hose bando
--pllra manguera, hose band 01' clamp.
-- para retenida, guy clamp or clip.
-- para viga 1, beam clamp.
- terminal (ele), dead-end clamp.
- universal (mo), Universal clamp (trade-
mark).
abrazadera-aislador, cleat insulator.
abrazar, to clamp, clip.
abrebrechas m (ee), trailbuilder, Gradebuilder,
Bullgrader.
abrehoyo m (pet), reamer, hole opener.
abretrochas m (ec), trailbuilder.
abretubos m, (pet) pipe swage; (bo)(M) tube
expander.
-- de rodillos, roller swage.
abrevar, to water (horses); to wet down a wall
before stuceoing; (pu) to prime.
abreveredas m (ee), trailbuilder.
abridor (m) de llantas (auto) (M), tire spreader.
abridural (min)(M), enlargement of a gallery.
abrigo m, proteetion, eover; windbreak; harbor;
(min) width of a vein of .ore.
abrir, to open, unloek, unfasten.
abrojos m (nut), reef, hidden roeks.
abromado, honeyeombed by the worm-
eaten.
abromarse, to beeome worm-eaten.
abronzado m (min)(M), name applied to severa!
different ores of eopper.
absaroquita I (geol), absarokite.
abscisa I (mat), abseissa.
absoluto, absolute (all senses).
absorbechoque m, shock absorber.
absorbedero m (Es), leaehing cesspool; sewer
catch basin.
absorbedor m, absorbedora 1, absorber.
absorbedor de choque, shock absorber.
absorbencia 1, absorption; absorbeney; absorp-
tivity.
-- especfica, specific absorptive indexo
absorbente m, absorbent; a absorbent, absorp-
tive.
absorber, to absorb; (chem) to oeclude.
absorbible, absorbable.
absoreimetro m, absorptiometer.
absorcin I (hid) (elc) (qulm), absorption.
-- atmosfrica (ra), atmospheric absorption.
- del suelo (ra), ground absorption.
absorsor m (A), absorber.
abuinche m (Col), kind of machete.
abulonar (A), to bolt.
abultar, to bulk, swell.
abvoltio m (elc), abvolt.
acabado m, finish (surface); finishing coat.
- a frota mecnica (conc), machine finish.
- brillante, glossy finish.
- en fro, cold-finished.
-ligado (eonc), bonded finish.
- mate, flat or dull finish.
- satinado o semimate (ft), satin finish.
acabadora 1, finishing machine: finishing tool.
- de frota (ca), float finisher.
- de subrasante (ca), subgrade planer.
acabadora-pisonadora (ca), tamping finisher.
acabar, to finish (all senses).
acafe1ar (Es)(Col), to plaster; to wall up a door
01' window.
acaj m (C)(PR)(RD) (M), name applied to var-
ious trees yielding construetion lumber.
acalabrotado, cable-Iaid (rope), hawser-Iaid;
(elec cab) rope-Iaid.
acamado, on the flat; horizontal.
acampanado, bellmouthed, bell-shaped.
acampana!:, tO fiare, splay.
acampar, to camp; to build a campo
cana m 1, a West lndian cqnstruction timber.
acanalado, corrugated, fiuted, grooved, troughed.
acanalador m, channeling machine; groover; rab-
bet planeo
acanaladora 1, channeling machine, quarrying
machine; (t) crease.
acanaladura 1, groove, channel; (ar) flute; (elec)
raceway,
acanalar, to groove, channel, corrugate, flute; to
canalize.
acantilado m, cliff; a steep.
acantita 1, acanthite (silver ore).
acaparar (com), tO monopolize, corner, control.
acarreadizo, portable; shifting (sand).
acarreador m (tr), earrier.
acarrear, tO haul, transport, cart, carry, convey.
acarreo m, hauling, cartage, transportation, haul.
- extra (ot), overhaul.
"- fluvial, silt, alluvium; river transportation;
river drift.
- fluvioglacial (geol), fluvioglaeial drift.
-- hidrulico, sluicing, hydraulieking.
-libre (ot), free haul.
acarreos, material earried by a stream, bed load;
(geol) drift; (min) float ore.
- del escurrimiento (hid), silt runoff.
-- de glaciar, glacial drift.
acarreto m (M) (PR), cartage, hauling.
acartelado, braeketed, eantilever, corbeled.
acartelamiento m, knee braee; corbel, oversailing.
acastillaje m (cn), freeboard; upper works.
accela.dor m (is), Aeeelator (trademark).
accelofiltro m (dac), Aeeelofilter (trademarl:).
accesibilidad 1, aecessibility.
accesible, accessible.
acceso m, an approach; aocess.
-- dirigido desde tierra (ap), ground-controlbl
approach.
accesorio m, fitting, attaehment, appurtcnancc;
a accessory.
-- cargador (ec) , loader attachment.
-- de acceso (elc), access fitting.
- do'barrenar (em), boring attachment.
-- de cruce inferlor (eI6c), crossunder fitting.
- de dos vas (tub)(C), Y branch.
-- de escoplear (em), mortising attaehment.
-- para fresar (torno), milling attachment.
-- solar (trnsito), solar attachment.
accesorios, fittings, accessories.
- abocinados (tub), fiare fittings.
- de brida (tub), fianged fittings.
-- de bronce (v) , brass trimmings.
-- de cadena, chain attachments.
-- de caldera, boiler fittings.
-- de caera, pipe fittings.
-- de circulacin (tub) , circulatiBg..boiler fit-
tings.
-- de compresin (tub), compressionfittings.
- de conducto (elc), conduit fittings.
- de curva abierta (tub), long-sweep fittings.
-- de gra, derrick fittings 01' irons.
-- de insercin (conc), inserts.
-- de norma (auto), standard equipment.
- de orejas (tub), drop fittings,
- de pie (tub), buse fittings.
- de reborde (tub), beuded 01' banded fittings.
- de seccin completa (tub), full-flow fittings.
- de tornillo (tub) , screwed 01' threaded fittings.
-- de torno, lathe attachments.
-- de tractor, tractor equipment.
-- de tubera, pipe fittings.
- de unin (tub),union fittings.
-- de va (fe), track accessories.
-- de voladura, blasting accessories.
- drenables (tub), drainage fittings.
- embridados (tub), fianged fittings.
- para rbol de boca de pozo (pet), Christmas-
tree fittings.
-- para cable, cable attachments 01' fittings or
accessories.
- partidos (eI60), split fittings.
- pendientes (tub), drop fittings.
- soldables (tub), welding fittings; solder-joint
fittings,
- tipo de perilla, ball-pattern fJ.andrail fittint'B.
accidllltado, (top) hilIy, broken; (Sp)(A)(Ch)
injured in an aecident.
accidental (mat) (fsica),
accidente m, accidento
accidentes geolgicos, geologie structural pro.
jections.
accidentes topogrficos o del terreno, hills and
valleys.
accin 1, action.
-- de anillo (ms), ring action.
-- disparadora (ra), trigger action.
--rpida, de, quick-acting.
-- simple, de, single-acting.
acciones, shares of stock.
-- ordinarias, common stock.
-- preferidas o privilegiadas, preferred stock.
accionado, driven, actuated,
-- a vapor, steam-driven.
-- elctricamente, motor-driven.
- por correa, belt-driven.
--por engranajes, gear-driven.
accionamiento m, operation, drive.
- a mano, hand operation.
-- por banda, belt drive.
-- por cadena, chain drive.
-- por tornillo sin fin, worm drive.
accionar, to drive, actuate, operate.
accionista mi, stockholder.
acebo m (mad) , holly.
acebollada (mad), showing shakes.
acebolladura f (mad), shake.
aceitado m, oiling, lubricatiml.
aceitador m, oiler (man); oil cup, lubricator.
-- a presin, force-feed lubricator.
-- cuentagotas, sight-fced lubricator.
- de lnea (perforadora), air-line oiler.
aceitaje m, oiling, lubrication.
aceitar, to oil, lubricate.
aceite m, oil.
-- aislante, insulating oil.
-- antracnico, anthracene (,iI.
-- bruto, crude oil; oil in bulk.
-- cocido (pint), boiled 01' drying oil.
- combustible, fucl 01' furnace oiI.
-- crudo, raw oil; crude oil.
-- de alquitrn, tal' oil.
-- de alumbrado, illuminati,g oil, kerosene.
-- de azufre, oil of vitriol, slilphuric acid.
-- de ballena, train 01' whak oil.
-- de calefaccin, furnace oi!.
-- de carbn, kerosene, coal oil.
-- de crter (auto), crunkcase oil.
-- de castor (Iu), castor oil.
-- de colza, rape 01' colza oil.
-- de creosota, creosote oil, dead oil.
- de engrase, lubricating
- de esperma de ballena, sperm oil.
- de esquisto, shale 01' schist oil.
- de grasa de cerdo (A), lard oil.
- de horno, furnace 01' fuel oil.
-- de lmpara (1\'1), kerosene.
-- de linaza o de lino, liaseed oil.
-- de linaza blanqueado, bleached oil.
- de maz, corn oil.
-- de manteca, lard oil.
aceite
6 acero acero
7
acope
- de nabina, rapeoil.
- de palo, tung or China wood oil.
- de perilla, perilla oil. .
- de pescado, train or fish or menhaden oil.
-- de ricino, castor or rincinus oil.
- de taladrar, drilling oil.
_.- de trementina, oil of turpentine.
-- de vitriolo, oil of vitriol, sulphuric acid.
-- esencial, essential or volatile oil.
- fluidificante (ca), flux oil.
- graso, fatty oil.
- imprimador (ca), priming oil.
- isolante (Ec), insulating oil.
-lampante (Es), light oil; kerosene.
--lubricante de motor, motor oil.
- mate (pint), flatting oil.
-_. mineral, mineral oil, petroleum.
-- mineral de foca, mineral seal oil.
--mineral de manteca, minerallard oil.
-- muerto, dead or creosote oil.
--para mquinas, machine or engine oil.
- para temple (met), quenching oil.
- quemado (auto) (C), crankcase oil.
- secante (pint), boiled or drying oil.
- soluble, soluble or cutting oil.
--voltil, volatile or essential oil.
--vulcanizado, factice, vulcanized oil.
aceitera j, oiler, oilcan; oil cupo
--a presi6n, squirt can.
-- con gota visible, sight-feed oil cupo
-- c6nica, pyramid oiler.
- de lnea, air-line oiler (drill).
-- de mecha, wick oiler.
-- de resorte, oil gun.
--ferrocarrilera, railroad oiler.
aceitera j, oil house.
aceitero m, oiler (man); a Cuban hardwood.
aceitifero (M), oil-bearing.
aceitillo m (PR), a hardwood.
aceit6n m, (Iu) olive oil.
aceitosidad f, lubricity.
aceitoso, oily.
aceleraci6n j, acceleration.
-- casual (fma), random acceleration.
-- de entrada (hid), entrance acceleration.
-- de gravedad, acceleration of gravity.
- negativa, deceleration, negative acceleration,
retardation.
acelerador m, (auto) (chem) (mas) (sk) (pmy) ac-
celerator; (met) energizer.
-- de fraguado, accelerator of cement setting.
- de mano (auto), hand throttle.
- de pedal (auto), foot accelerator.
- de reacci6n (quim), catalyst, accelerator.
- de taladrado, drill speeder.
acelerante m (qu!m), accelerante.
acelerar, to accelerate.
aceler6grafo m, accelerograph (earthquake).
atelerograma m, accelerogram;
aceler6metro m, accelerometer.
--integrador, integratingaccelerometer.
- registrador, recording accelerometer.
acendrar, to refine.
acntrico" acentric.
acentuaci6n j (ra), accentuation.
acentuador m (ra), accentuator.
aceaJ (Es), water wheel; water-power millo
acepilladora J, planer, surfacer.
-- cerrada, closed planer.
-- de banco, bench planer.
-- de engranaje recto, spur-geared planer.
-- de engranajes c6nicos, bevel-gear planer.
-- de herramienta m6vil, traveling-head planer.
-- de lado abierto, openside planer.
-- de tornillo sin fin, worm-geared planer.
--limadora, shaping planer.
--para curvas, radius planer.
--vertical, wa11 or vertical planer.
acepilladura J, planing.
acepilladuras, wood shavings, cuttings, turnings.
acepillar, to plane, dress, face, mill; to brush.
aceptaci6nJ (com), acceptance.
--libre, clean or general acceptance.
aceptador m, aceptante (com), acceptor.
aceptar, to accept.
aceptar m (quim)(ra), acceptor.
acequia j, irrigation ditch, canal; (Pe) brook.
-- derivada, branch canal.
-- evacuadora, return ditch.
-- madre o maestra o troncal, main canal.
acequiador m, irrigation workman, ditch digger.
acequiaje m, irrigation dues.
acequiar, to ditch.
acequiero m (irr) , canal tender, ditch-mainte-
nance mano
cer m, maple.
aceraJ, sidewalk, footwaIk; (Sp) face of a wall.
-- de transporte, moving sidewalk.
aceraci6n (1) superficial (met), chilling.
acerar, (met) to chill, harden; (mas) to face with
stone; (Col) to stucco; to laya sidewaIk.
acera j, steel millo
acero m, steel.
-- al carbono, carbon steel.
- al cobre, copper-bearing steel.
-- al hogar abierto, open-hearth stee!.
-- al manganeso, manganese steel.
--al nquel; nickel steel.
-- Bessemer, Bessemer steel.
-- cementado, casehardened or blister steel.
-- cobaltocromo, cobalt-chrome steel.
-- colado, cast stee!.
-- colado de crisol, crucible cast steel.
-- cromado, chromium steel.
-- cromonquel, chrome-nickel stee!.
-- cromovanadio, chrome-vanadium stee!.
-- de aleaci6n pobre, low-alloysteel.
-- de aleaci6n rica, high-alloy steel.
- de alta velocidad, high-speed steel.
-- de alto carbono, high-carbon steel.
-- de arado superior, improved plow stee!.
-- de construcci6n, structural steel.
-- de crisol, crucible steel.
- de fcil tallado, free-cutting steel.
-- de herramientas, tool stee!.
-- de horno elctrico, electric steel.
- de liga, alloyflteel.
- de Ungote o de tochos, billet or new-billet
stee!.
- <Le nitruraci6n, nitrided steel.
-- de textura orientada, grain-oriented steel
- desplegado, expanded steel (pole).
- dulce, mild or soft or low-carbon steel, (sb)
flange stee!.
-- empavonado, blue stee!.
-- encerrado, rimmed stee!.
-- encobrado, copper-bearing stee!.
- fundido, cast steel.
--harveyizado, Harveyized steel.
--inmanchable o inoxidable, stainless or rust-
less stee!.
- intermedio, medium stee!.
--mangansico, manganese steel.
--mediano, medium or medium-carbon steel.
--moldeado, cast stee!.
- muerto, killed stee!.
--para nitruraci6n, nitriding steel, nitralloy.
--perfilado, structural shapes, rolled steel seo-
tions.
- rpido, high-speed steel.
-- relaminado, rerolled stee!.
-- semimuerto, semikilled steel.
-- Siemens-Martin, open-hearth stee!.
-- suave, soft or mild or low-carbon stee!.
- tapado, capped stee!.
- ultI:arrpido, high-speed stee!.
acerocromo m, chromium stee!.
aceronquel m, nickel steel.
acerrojar, to bolt (door); (str) (C) to bolt.
acetaldehido m (lab), acetaldehyde.
acetato m, acetate.
- butllico, butyl acetate. .
-- cprico, cupric or copper acetate.
- de alfa-naftilamina, alpha-naphthylamine
acetate.
-- de uranio o de uranilo, uranyl acetate.
actico, acetic.
acetilnico, acetylenic.
acetileno m, acetylene.
acetiluro de cobre, copper or cuprous acetylide.
acetina j, acetin.
acetol m, acetol, acetyl carbino!.
acetona 1, acetone, dimethyl ketone.
aciberar, to grind, pulverize.
acclico (elc), acyclic.
aciculita j, needle ore, aikinite.
aciche m, paver's hammer.
acidez j, acidity.
acidificar, to acidify, (pet) to acidize.
acidmetro m, acidimeter.
cido m a, acid.
--actico glacial, glacial acetic acid.
--b6rico, boric or boracic or orthoboric acid.
-- carb6lico, carbolic acid, pheno!.
-- carb6nico, carbonic acid.
-- clorhdrico o hidrocl6rico, hydrochloric or
muriatic acid.
-- de aC\lmulador, battery acid.
--fnico, carbolic acid, pheno!.
--hidri6dico, hydriodic acid, hydrogen iodide.
-lodoso (pet) , sludge acid.
--nitrohidroc16rico o nitromuritico, nitrohy-
drochloric acid, aqua regia.
-- sulfrico, sulphuric acid, oil of vitrio!.
-- tnico, tannic acid, tannin.
cidos grasos, fatty acids.
acidular, to acidulate, (pet) to acidize.
acimut m, azimuth.
-- asumido, assumed azimuth.
-- de atrs, back azimuth.
-- de cuadrcula, grid azimuth.
-- de frente, forward azimuth.
- terrestre (fma), ground azimuth.
--verdadero, true azimuth.
acimutal, azimuthal.
acitara 1, partition wall; curtainwalL
aclarador m, clarifier.
aclarar, to clarify.
aclstico, aclasto, aclastic (optics).
acle m (F), a construction lumber.
aclimatar, to acclimatize.
aclnico, aclinic.
acmitaj (miner), acmite (pyroxene).
aco m (V), a construction lumber.
acodadera j, stonecutter's chisel.
acodado m, a bend; a bent to an angle.
- abierto (tub), eighth bend.
-recto (tub), quarter bend.
acodalamiento m, shoring, trench bracing.
acodalar, to shore, brace; acodalarse, to jamo
acodamiento m, bend, elbow; shoring, trencb
bracing.
acodar,to bend; to shore, brace; to square up
(surv) to offset.
acodillado, bent to an angle; (str) crimped.
acodilladora I (cn), joggling machine.
acodillar, to bend to an angle; acodillarse, to
jackknife.
acojinar, to cushion.
acolchado, n. riprap, apron, hearth; a (cab)
strand-Iaid.
acolchar, to cushion; to lay (rape).
acolchonar, to cushion.
acolladar m, calker; calking too!.
acollar, to calk with oakum;
acombar, to warp, buckle.
acometer, (p)(sw) (min) to branch.
acometidaj, (p)(sw) house connection; branch.
-- de cable, electric service connection.
acometimiento m, house connection.
acomodado almano, hand-placed (rack fill).
acomodamiento m (cab) (M), layo
acomodar, to place, arrange, fit in.
acomodo m, (V) assembly, framing.
acompaado m (Col), conduit, pipe trench.
acompaar, (Ch) to fill holes in a wall, to chink
aconcharse, to run aground; (Ch) to deposit
sedimento
acondicionador m (aa)(dac) (pa)(pet), condi.
tioner.
-- de agua, water softener or conditioner.
-- de cienos (dac), sludge conditioner.
-- de lodo (pet),mud conditioner.
- de radiaci6n o de tubos (aa) , surface-type
conditioner.
-- de rocio (aa), spray-type conditioner.
- enterizo o unitario (aa), unit conditioner.
acondicionamiento m, conditioning.
acondicionar, to condition; to repair, overhau!.
acopaci6n I (mad), cupping.
acopado, hollowed out, cupped, cup-shaped.
aclpar, to cup, hollow out; (min) to batter (sid'il
timbors).
acope m (min) , )Jatter of sido timbers.
adala J, dale, spout, trough.
- Ele bomba, pump dale.
adamantino (miner), adamantine.
adamelita J (geol), adamelite, pIagioclase-granite
adaptador m, (mech) (ra) adapter; (p) transition
piece, fitting.
-- de antena (ra), antenna adapter or elimina-
toro
-- de onda (ra), wave adapter.
- de vlvula (ra), valve adapter.
-- para tubera (pet) , casing adapter.
adaptar, to fit.
adaraja J, bondstone; (conc) bonding key; tooth-
ing.
adelantador (m) de fases (elc), phase advancer.
adelantar, to advance (all senses).
adelante, ahead; forward.
adelanto m, progress; advance payment; (se)
(geop) lead.
adelgazador m (pint), thinner. \
adelgazar, to make thin; to taper, skive; to
soften (water); to thin (paint); to cut
back (asphalt).
adema J (min), shore, prop.
ademado m, timbering, bracing, shoring; (M)
well casing.
-- de cajn, cribwork.
ademador m, timberman, shorer.
ademadora J, ax used in mine timbering.
ademar, to shore,. timber.
ademe m (min), strut, shore.
-- de prestado, temporary timbering.
adentar, to tooth.
adentelladura J, toothing.
adentellar, 'to tooth; (eonc) te> form bonding
keys.
adentro adv, inside.
aderezadora J, (mech) dresser; buzz planer.
aderezar, to fit out, rig, equip; to dress, rectify
aderezo m, dressing (belt, etc.).
adeudar (cont), to d",bit.
adherencia J, adhesion, bond.
adherente, adhesive.
adherirse, to adhere, cohere.
adhesin J, adhesion, bond; (w) freezing.
adhesivo, adhesive.
adiabtico, adiabatic.
adiactnco, adiaetinic.
adiatrmico, adiathermic.
adicin J, addition.
adicionante m (conc) (M), admixture.
adicional m (conc)(A), admixture.
adinola J (geoI), ..dinole.
adintelar (Col), to place a
aditamento m, a fitting, attachment, accessory
(auto) equipment; (eone)(Col) inserto
-- de muela (torno), grinding attachment.
- de taladrar (em), boring attachment.
- para fresar (torno), milling attachment.
aditamentos
-- de cadena, chain attaehments.
- de tractor, tractor equipment.
- de tubera (Col), pipe fittings.
aditivo m, additive; (eIec) additlOn agent; a
additive.
, - de fuel dope.
acopiar
acopiar, to store, stock.
acopio m, storage, (hyd) pondage.
- de sobrecarga (hid), surcharge storage.
- en las riberas (hid), bank storage.
-- muerto, dead storage.
-- para uso (hid), conservation storage.
acoplado m, (A) trailer; (U) tow of barges.
-- directamente, direct-connected.
acoplador m, a coupling, coupler.
- ajustable (ra), loose coupler.
- de unin (tub), union coupling
acopladura J, coupling, joint, connection.
acoplamiento m, coupling, splice, joint, connec-
tion; (A) clutch; (carp) accouplement.
- a bayoneta, bayonet coupling.
- al ras, flush joint.
- cadena (ra) (A), link coupling.
-- capacitivo (ra) , capacitive or electrostatic
coupling.
- cerrado (ra), close coupling.
-- cnico, cone coupling.
- corriente (tub), standard coupling.
-- crtico (ra), criticalor optimum coupling.
- de ajuste, flexible coupling.
- de bobina de reactancia (ra), choke coupling.
- de bridas (maq), flange coupling.
- de casquillos de caucho, rubber-bushing
coupling.
-- de compresin, compression coupling.
-- de dilatacin, expansion joint.
- de disco flexible, flexible-disk coupling.
- de doble cono, double-cone coupling.
- de engranajes fijos, fixed-gear coupling.
-- de garras, clutch or jaw or claw coupling.
- de insercin (tub), inserted joint.
-- de manguito, sleeve coupling.
-- de pestaa, flange coupling.
- de planchitasempaquetadas,cushioned-plate
coupling.
- de reaccin(ra), choke coupling.
- de resistencia (ra), resistance coupling.
- de rosca (tub), screw(ld or threaded joint.
- de rosca escalonada (tub) , step-thread joint.
-- de Sellers, cone or Sellers coupling.
- dbil (ra), weak or loose coupling.
- dentado, clutch or jaw coupling.
-- electromagntico, magnetic clutch.
- en cascada (elc), cascade connection.
- entrevlvula (ra), intervalve coupling.
- eslabn (ra)(A), link coupling.
- .,strecho (elc), close or tight coupling.
- exible a. correa, belt-type or flexible-band
coupling.
- fllll.Ti.bl.. de ajuste doble, doubler-slider cou-
pling.
-flo]o (ra)(Es), weak or loose coupling.
-flido (auto)(A), fluid drive.
- hidrulico, fluid drive.
- impulsor, impulse coupling.
- intervalvular (ra), intervalve coupling.
- ptimo (ra), optimum o' critical coupling.
- por impedancia (ra), impedance coupling.
- por resistencia-capacidad (ra) , resistance-
capacitance coupling.
--recalcado interior (tub), internal upset joint.
-- resistivo (ra) , or resistance coupling.
8 acuamotol
- semirrs (tub), semiflush joint.
-- sin rosca, threadless coupling.
-- universal, universal joint.
acoplar, to eouple, join, connect, hook up.
acople m (A), acoplo m (C), a coupling.
acorazado a, armored; enclosed; (elec) ironclad.
acorchado, lined with cork.
acordamiento m. pieza de, transition piece.
acordar, to make level or fluah; (ra) to tune.
acordelar, to layout with a chaIk lineo
acordonado, cord (tire).
acordonar (ca) (Ch) (U), to windrow.
acortar, to shorten; acortarse, to contract, shrink,
shorten.
acorvar, to bend.
acostarse, to get out of plumb.
acostillado, ribbed.
acotacin J, elevation or dimension marked on a
plan; boundary mark or monument; (C)
elevation.
acotamiento m, boundary monuments;
dimensioning; (M) shoulder of a road.
acotar, to mark elevations, dimension; (surv) to
mark out, set monuments.
acotillo m, sledge, striking hammer.
acre m, acre.
acrecencia J, acrecimiento m (geol) (for) , accre-
tion.
acreedor m, creditor.
acrepi m, allre-foot.
acrepulgada J, acre-inch.
acribar, to screen, sift.
acribillar, to perforate, riddle.
acrisolar, to assay; to refine.
acromtico, achromatic.
acrmetro m, oleometer, acrometer.
acta J, memorandum of action signed by parties
thereto.
actas, minutes of a meeting.
actnico, actinic.
actinio m (quim), actinium.
actinismo m, actinismo
actinodielctrico, actinodielectric.
actinoelectricidad J, actinoelectricity.
actinofnico, actinophonic.
actinografa J, actinography.
actingrafo m, actinograph.
actinograma m, actinogram.
actinolita, actinota J (miner), actinolite (ampbi
bole).
actinologa J, actinology.
actinometra J, actinometry.
actinomtrico, actinometric.
actinmetro m, actinometer.
actinomicetales (is), Actinomycetales.
activable (is), activable.
activador m (quim), activator, promoter.
activar, to activate.
activo m, assets; a (ch"m) active.
- circulante, working capital, liquid assets.
- invisible, good will.
actuador m, actuator.
actuante m (Es), actuator.
actuar, to actuate, drive, operate.
acuagel m (pet), aquagel.
acuamotor m (Es), hydraulic ramo
acuarela
acuarela J, water color, wash drawing,
acutico, aquatic.
acuatizaje m (ap), landing on the water.
acueducto m, aqueduct, conduit, flume; water
system, waterworks.
cueo, aqueous.
cueoglacial (geol), aqueoglacia1.
cueogneo (geol), aqueoigneous.
acuerdar, to layout with a chalk lineo
acuerdo m, agreement; resolution, deeree,
acuerdo, pieza de (tub), fitting; transition piece.
acuicierre m, acuiclusa J, aquiclutle (geohydrol-
ogy).
acufero, water-bearing.
acuifuga J, ac:uifuge (geohydrology).
acumulacin J, aceumulation; (geol) accretions.
acumulador m, (meeh) aceumulator; (elec) stor-
aga battery 01' cel!'; (ac) cumulator.
-- cido de plomo, lead acid 01' lead-lead acid
cell.
- compen3ador, floating battery.
-- de alta gravedad, high-gravity battery.
-- de baja gravedad, low-gravity battery.
-- de hierro-nquel, nickel-iron or Edisoll stor-
age.battery.
-- de plomo-cinc, lead-zinc cell.
-- de vapor, steam accumulator.
-- empastado (elc), pasted battery'.
- flotante, floating battery.
- hidrulico, hydraulie accumulator.
-- hidroneumtico, hydropneumatie aecumu-
lator.
- Plant, Plant battery.
acumuladorista m (M), battery-maintenance
mano
acumulativo, cumulative.
acuador (m) de balasto (fc), ballast tamper.
acuamiento m (geol), thinning out of a vein.
acuar, to wedge, ehock, key; to jam; to tamp
(tias); acuarse, to jamo
acuoso, aqueous.
acuosoluble, soluble iu water.
acuotubular (cal), watertube.
acstica J, acoustics.
acstico, acoustic.
acutngulo, acute-angled.
achaflanar, to bavel, chamfer, splay.
acharolar, to japan; to varnish.
achatador m (her), flatter.
achatar, to flatten.
achicador m, bailer.
- de lodo (pet), mud soeket.
- de stanos, cellar drainer.
achicadura J, unwatering, bailing, drainage,
draining.
acrJcar, to unwater, bail out, drain.
achiflonado (min)(Ch), sloping.
aehiguar (A)(Ch), to bulge, buckle.
achique m, unwatering, bailing, draining.
aeholole m (irr)(M), excess water that runs off.
achololear (irr)(1\I), to run off (excass water).
achololera J (irr)(M), ditch to collect excess
water.
achurada J (dib) (M), hatching.
aehurar (dib) (M), to hatch.
ad val6rem, ad valorem.
9
aditivo
aditivo 10 aeroplano aeropoligonaci6n
11
agente
- en polvo (conc), powdered adroixture.
adjudicar, to award, let (contract).
adjudicatario m, successful bidder.
administracin. f, administration, management;
roanager's office; headquarters.
-- delegada, agency forro of contract, cost plus.
-- judicial, receivership.
administrador m, manager.
-- auxiliar, assistant manager.
-- de obras, construction manager.
--interino, acting manager.
-- judicial, receiver.
admisin f, (eng) admission, intake.
- total (turb), full admission.
admitancia f (elc), admittanee.
- de entrada (ra), input adroittanee.
-- electr<lica (ra), electrode admittanee.
adobar, to apply dressiog (belt, etc.).
adobe m, adobe, mud construction; unburned
briek; kiod of loess; (bl) mudcap.
adoberaf, mold for adobe briek; adobe brickyard.
adobera f, adobe brickyard.
adobo m, belt dressing; cable compound.
adobn m, (Ch) one pour of adobe wall; (V)
large brick.
adoqun m, stone paving block.
- de asfalto, asphalt block.
- de madera, wood paviog block.
adoquinado m, block paving.
-- grantico, granite-block paving.
adoquinador m, pavero
adoquinar, to pave with blocks.
adosar, to abut against, baek up too
adovelado (arco), built of voussoirs.
adrales m, sideboards or racks of a truck.
-- sobresalientes, f1areboards.
adrizar (nut), to trim, right.
adsorbedor m (aa), ads()rber.
.adsorbente, adsorbent.
adsorber, to adsorb.
adsorcin, adsorption.
aduana f, customhouse.
aduanar, to enter io the custorohouse; to pay
duty; to put in bond.
aduanero m, customs official.
aduja f, coil (rope).
adujadas 1, eoils.
adujar, to eoil.
adulzar, to soften (metals or water).
adveccin f, advection.
advectivo, advective.
adyacente (mat), adjaeent, contiguous.
aeracin 1, aeration.
-- de dos etapas, two-stage aeration.
-- graduada (dac), tapered aeration.
-- por vertedero, weir aeration.
aerar, to aerate.
aereador m, aerator.
--a difusin, diffusion aerator.
--o a roco, spray aenator.
- a salpicadura, splllSh aerator.
- de aspiracin mecnica, foreed-draft aeratot.
- de batea de coque, coke-tray aerator.
-- de boquilla, nozzleaerator.
-- de cascadas o de escalones, cascade or step
aerator.
-- de cono mltiple, multicone aerator.
- de corriente descendente, downdraft aera.-
toro
- de escobilla, brush aerator.
- de paletas, paddle aerator.
- de placas deflectoras, baffle-plate aerator.
aerear, to aerate.
areo, aerial.
aerfero, containing air.
aerificar, to aerify.
aeriforme, aeriform.
aeroacetilnica, air-acetylene (welding).
aeroacondicionamiento m (A), air conditioning.
aeroaltemador m (U), alternator driven by a
windmill.
aerobacter (is), aerobacter.
aerobase 1, air base, aviation base.
aerbico, aerobie.
aerobio m, aerobe.
aerobiosis I (is), aerobiosis.
aerocartgrafo m (fma) , aeroeartograph; aerial
photographic surveyor.
aerocreto, aeroconcreto m (Col), (eonc) Aero-
erete (trademark).
aerocroquis m (fma), mosaie.
aerodinmica 1, aerodynamie.s.
aerodinamicista, aerodynamieist.
aerodinmico, stream1ioed; aerodynamie.
aerdromo m, airport.
aeroelctrica, planta (M), wind-driven generat-
ing planto
aeroembolismo m (A), the bends, eaisson disease.
aeroexpreso m (tr), air express.
aeroeyector m (hid) (Es), air Iift.
aerofaro m, airway beaeon.
aerofiltracin 1, aerofiltration.
aerofiltro m, aerofilter.
aerfono m, aerophone.
aerfora I (min), aerophore.
aerofotografa 1, aerial photography, aeropho-
tography\
aerofotogrfico, aerophotographie.
aerofotograma m, aerial photogram.
aerofotogrametra 1, aerial photogrammetry,
aerosurveyiog.
aerofotogramtrico, aerophotogrammetrie.
aerofo'otopografa 1, topography by aerial pho-
tography.
aerogasolina 1, aviation gasoline.
aergeno a, aerogenie.
aergenos m (is), aerogenes.
aerografa 1, aerography.
aerogrfico, aerographie.
aergrafo m (ra), aerograph.
aerograma m, aerogram; (pmy) aerial mosaie.
aerohidrodinmico, aerohydrodynamie.
aerolita 1, aerolite (aluminuro alloy).
aeromagntico, aeroroagnetie.
aeromecnica 1, aeromechanies.
aeromecnico, aeroroeehanieal.
aerometra f, aerometry.
aermetro m, aerometer.
aeromotor m, aeromotor; (Sp)(U) wiudmill.
aeronafta 1, aviation gasoline.
aeronivelacin I (A), aerialleveling.
aeroplano m, airplane.
aeropoligonacin I (fma), aerial traversiog.
aeroproyeccin f (fma), aeroprojeetion.
aeroproyector m (iroa), aeroprojeetor.
aeropuerto m, airport.
-- aduanero, airport of entry.
-- de control, control airport.
-- de en.lace, feeder airp9rt.
-- de todo tiempo, all-weather airport.
--martimo, seaplane base, marine airport.
aeropulverizador m, eompressed-air atomizer.
aerosimplex (ima), aerosimplex.
aerosol m (aa), aerosol.
aerosttica 1, aerostaties.
aerosttico, aerostatie.
aerotcnico, aeroteehnieal.
aerotopgrafo m (froa), aerotopograph.
aerotransporte m, air transporto
f, aerial triangulation, aerotri.
angulatlOn.
aerova 1, airway.
-- de cable, aerial tramway.
afallamiento m (geol) (M),faulting.
afanita f (geol), aphanite.
afantico, aphanitie.
afeitanar,to cut off rivetheads.
aferrar, to biod with iron elarops; to grapple; to
anchor, moor; aferrarse (maq), to seize,
freeze. .
afianzador m, fastener.
afianzar, to tie, make fast; to bond (employee).
afiladera f, sharpener, whetstone.
afilado, (t) sharp.
-- a mquina (herr), maehine-dressed.
afilador (m) de barrenas, drill sharpener.
afiladora (f) de brocas, bit grioder.
afilar, to sharpen, whet, griod.
afiln m, sharpeniog stone.
afinacin j, affination; finishing; refining.
afinado m, finish (surfaee).
afinadora 1, (rd) finisher; surfaeer.
afinar, to finish; to refine; to regulate, adjust.
afinidadj (quiro) , affinity.
-- electrnica, eleetron affinity.
afino m, refiniog; (met) fining.
afirmadero m (Ch), strut, shore.
afirmado m, road surfaeing, pavement; (V) road-
bed.
afirmar, to make fast; (ea) to eoropaet; (rd) to
pave.
aflojar, to loosen, slaek; aflojarse, to get loose,
work loose, loosen up, start.
afloramiento m, outerop; (eone) (A) bleeding.
aflorar, to erop out, outerop; to emerge (ground
water).
afluencia j (bid), runoff, inflow.
afluente m a, tributary.
afluir, to flow in.
aflujo m, inflow, runoff; afflux.
afolador m, ealkiog iron, eaIkiog ehisel; eaIker.
afolar (cal), to ealk.
afondar, afondarse (nut), to siok.
aforador m, stream gage; gager; appraiser.
-- de aduana, eustoros appraiser.
-- de alambre y pesa, wire-weight gage.
-- de cadena, chain gage.
- de cinta, tape gage.
- de flotador, float gage.
- de gancho, hook gage.
-- de resalto, standing-wave f1ume.
--registrador, reeording gage.
aforar, to measure; (r) to gage; to appraise.
aforo m, (r) gaging, measurement; appraisal;
classifieation (freight).
-- americano (A), American wire gage.
-- con disolucin salina (hid) , salt-dilution
method of gaging.
- de Birmingham (A), Birmingham wire gaco.
-.- por flotadores (hid), float gaging.
--por inercia-presin (hid) , inertia-pressure
method of gaging.
- por molinete (hid), ourrent-meter gaging.
- por velocidad de sal (hid) , salt-velocity
method of gagiog.
- qumico (hid) , ohemieal gaging, salt-dilution
method.
aforrar, to lioe, sheathe; (fo) to lag; (eab) to
serve.
aforro m, lining, sheathing, lagging; (oab) serv-
ing.
aftita j, aphtit (alloy).
aftitalita f (miner), aphthitalite, glaserite arca-
nite. .'
agar m (lab), agar.
- de bilis, bile agar.
-- nutritivo, nutrient agar.
agar-agar, agar-agar.
agargantado (Es), grooved.
agarrabolsas I (fe), mailbag eateher, mail erane.
agarradera j, handle, grip, haft; clamp.
- D, D handIe (shovel); spade handIe (olee
switch).
- de cinta. (lev), tape grip.
- de pistola, pistol grip.
- de puerta, door pull.
-- de serrucho, saw pad.
-- de ventana, sash Iift.
agarradero m, clamp; handle, grip; (naut) an-
ohoring ground.
- de cable, cable olip.
-- de puerta, doorknob; door pull.
agarrador m, handIe, grip; (re) passer; (lg) dog-
ger.
- de riel (herr fe), gripper.
- de tensin (lev), tension handle (for tapo).
- de tubo (pet), tubing oateher.
agarradoraf (ef), skidding grabo
agarradurmientes m (fe) (M), tie tongs.
agarrar, to grip, grapple; agarrarse (maq) , to
seize, freeze, drag (brake).
agarratubos m (pet), tubing eateher.
agarre m, (re) (meeh) grip.
agarrotar (ef), to ehoke.
agencia (f) de colocaciones, employment agenoy,
labor exehange.
agente m, agent.
-- cataltico, catalytie agent.
-- comprador, purchasing agent.
-- de aduana (C), eustomhouse broker.
- de carga (fe), freight agent.
- de equipajes (fe), baggage agent.
- de va (fe) (A), roadroaster, supervisor.
- expedidor, forwarding agent.
--meterico, atmospheric agency.
- qumico, chemical agent.
--reductor (qum), reducer, reducing agent.
agitador m, agitator, mixer.
-- de chorro, jet agitator.
agitar, to agitate, stir.
aglomeracin 1, agglomeration. .
aglomerado m, (geol) agglomerate; coal bnquet.
aglomerante m, binder, matrix.
-- para machos (fund), core binder.
aglomerar, to agglomerat.. .
aglutinador m, binder, matenal..
aglutinante m, cementing matenal; (elec) bm?er.
aglutinar, to agglutinate; to cement, bmd;
aglutinarse, to cake.
agoja I (min), drain.
agojo m, a Philippine lumber.
agolparse (M), to jamo
agnico, agonic.
agotador m, exhauster: ".
agotamiento m, deplebon; exhaustlOn; lramage,
running down.
-- de metales, fatigue of metals.
agotar, to drain, unwater, evacuate; to exhaust,
run down.
agradacin I (geol), aggradation.
agramilar, to mark with a marking gage, to mark
out.
agrandahoyos m (pet), reamer, hole enlarger.
agregado m, (conc) (rd) (geol) aggregate, road
meta!.
- coloidal (pet), admixture.
-- en polvo (cone), powdered admixture.
-- escalonado o graduado, graded aggregll:te.
- grueso, coarse aggregate.
-- premezelado (conc), premixed aggregate.
--tal como sale, run-of-bank aggregate.
agregados (mee) (A), attachments, aceessories.
agremiado m, union man; a unionized.
agremiar, to unionize.
agrietamiento m, (geol) jointing; (Ibr) checking.
agrietarse, to crack, (lbr) tocheek.
agrilltltar, to fasten with a shackle.
agrimensor m, surveyor, land surveyor.
-- de minas, mine surveyor.
agrimensura 1, land surveying.
agrio, brittle; harsh; sour.
-'al fro (met), cold-short.
agrnomo m, agricultural engineer, agronomist.
agrumador m (pa), fioc former:
agrupacin 1, grouping, banking; (ra) gangmg.
agrupar, to group, bank.
agua 1, water.
- basta o bruta, raw 01' untreated water.
- blanda, soft water.
- eapUar (ms)(irr), eapillary water.
-'- connata (geol), eonnate 01' fossil water.
- corriente, running 01' fiowing water; water-
distribution system.
- cruda raw 01' unfiltercd water; hard water.
- de albaal, sewage.
- d alimentacin (cal), feed water.
- de cal, limewater.
- de cantera, quarry water.
- de cohesin (ms), eohesive water.
- de cola, gluewater.
aguce m (hen), sharpening.
agudeza j, sharpness.
agudizar, to sharpen.
agudo, sharp, aeute; sharp (curve).
agera j, irrigation diteh.
aguiero m (Es), round shoring timber.
aguiln m, (de) boom, jib, mast arm; (rf)
beveled tile at hip or valley; (rf) diagonal
horizontal tic.
-- acodado, gooseneek boom.
-- activo, live boom.
-- de gra, erane boom; derriek boom.
-- de pala, shovel boom.
- para carga pesada (en), heavy-lift or jumbo
boom.
- para pala de cable de arrastre, dragline
boom.
aguja 1, needle; (rr) switch point; (hyd) needle
beam; (earp) brad, finishing nail; (inst)
hand, needle; (eons) shore, spreader; (min)
small braneh vein; (surv) marking pin,
arrow; (fo) spreader.
-- area, aerial frog (trolley wire).
-- de agrimensor, surveyor's marking pin,
arrow.
-- de brjula, eompass needle.
-- de cadeneo (lev), marking pin, arrow.
- de cambio o de carril o de chucho (fe)
switch point or blade.
- de carril cortado (fe) (Es), stub switch.
- de Gillmore (lab), Gillmore needle.
- de inclinacin, dipping needle.
-- de manmetro, ha.d of a pressure gage.
-- de marcar, seriber.
-- de marear, mariner's eompass.
-- de medicin, (surv) tally pin, arrow; (ge)
metering pino
- de pared (ed), needle.
- de plasticidad (ms), plastieity n"edle.
-- de polvorero, blasting needle.
-- de velero, sail needle.
- de Vicat (lab), Vicat needle.
-'- descarriladora (fe), derall switch.
-- dosificadora, metering pin (earburetor).
--imanada, magnetie needle.
--indicadora, (eng) bouneing pino
--infernal, plug and feathers, wedge and shims.
--para marcar, eenter puneh.
--trazadora (planmetro), traeing point.
agujas, (min) (Sp) poling boards.
- de arrastre (fe), trailing-pom.t switch.
-- de encuentro o en contrapunta (fe), faeing.
point switch.
-' de resorte (fe), spring switch.
- enclavadas (fe), interloeked switch.
- verticales (hid), needle beams.
agujal m (Col), hole in a wallleft by form bolt or
spreader.
agujereador m, drill.
- de banco, beneh drill.
-- de columna, post dril!.
agujereadora j, puneh; drill, boring maehine.
agujerear, to bore, drill, perforate; agujerearse,
to form a pipe (earth dam) ; to form holes.
agujero m, hole.
- aceitero (A), oilhole.
agente 12 aguas
- de complemento (cal), make-up water..
-- de consolidacin (ms), water of eompaetlOn.
-- de constitucin (qum) , water of eonstitution.
-- de elaboracin, proeess water, (eone) mixing
water.
- de enjuague (M), (wp) wash water.
- de expulsin (geol) (A), water of compaOOion.
- de fondo (pet) , bottom water.
- de formacin (geol) (A), eonnate water.
-- de gravedad (irr) (ms) , gravitational 01'
gravity 01' free water.
- de hidratacin (qum), water of hydration.
-- de imbibicin (irr), water of absorption 01'
of imbibition.
- de lavado (filtro), wash water.
- de noria (M), well water.
-- de pie, spring water.
-- de reemplazo o de rellenar (cal), make-up
water.
- de salida, tail water (powerhouse).
-- de tormenta, storm water.
-- delgada, soft water.
-- dulce, fresh water; (su) sweet water.
-- estancada, standing 01' stagnant water.
--fretica, ground 01' suspended water.
- fretica a gravedad (in), gravity ground
water.
--fretica afluente, infiuent ground water.
--fretica efluente, effiuent ground water.
--fuerte, aqua fortis, nitrie acid.
-- gorda o gruesa, hard 01' braekish water.
-libre (ms) (irr) , free water.
--llovediza o llovida o pluvial, rain water.
--muerta, still 01' stagnant water; slaek water.
--pelicular (ms), pellicular water.
--pluvial de albaal, storm sewage.
-- potable, 'drinking 01' potable water; domestie
water supply.
--regia, aqua regia, nitrohydroehloric aeid.
- singentica (geol) (A), connate water.
- solidificada (ms), solidified water.
-- sublvea, water in the bed of a stream.
--- subterrnea adherida, attached ground
water.
-- subterrnea aislada, perehed ground water.
-- subterrnea endicada (A), perchad ground
water.
- subterrnea fijada (A), attached ground
water.
- subyacente (pet), bottom or edge water.
-.- superior (pet), top water.
-- surgidora o surtidora, artesian water.
-vadosa (geol) (A), vadose watcr.
--viva, running or fiowing water.
aguas
-- abajo, downstream.
-- altas, high water.
-- aprovechables, water resources.
-- arriba, upstream.
-- bajas, low water.
- blancas (Es) (A) (Pe), storm-water dramage.
- broncas (M), fiood waters.
-- caseras (Es)(Pe), domestic sewage.
-- cloacales combinadas, eombined sewage.
- de infiltracin, ground 01' infiltra-
tion water.
aguas
- cloacales industriales, industrial 01' trade
wastes.
-- eloacales pluviales, storm sewage.
-- cloacales sanitarias, sanitary or house or
domestic sewage.
-- cloacales separadas, separate sewage.
-- corrientes (A), municipal water supply.
- de cabecera (PR), (1') headwaters.
- de fregadero (al), sink water.
- de retroceso (PR), tail water (powerhouse).
-- estiales, low water.
-- exeludas (Pe), SeWllge.
-- fccales, sewage, sanitary sewage.
- ._. industriales, industrial wastes 01' sewage.
--inmundas, sewage.
--juveniles (geol), juvenile waters.
-- metericas, rain or st.orm water; meteorie
waters.
-- mnimas, low water.
-- negras, sewage, domestie 01' house sewage.
-- pluviales, rainfall.
--rejuvenecidas (geol), rejuvenated water.
residuales domiciliarias, house or domestie
sewage.
-- residales industriales, industrial wastes.
-- servidas, sewage.
-- servidas caseras, house sewage.
-- someras (A), surfaee water.
-- suspendidas, suspended water.
-- telricas (A), grolmd 01' well water.
- vertientes (bid), runoff.
aguabresa I (Es), soil pipe.
aguacero m, heavy shower, downpour, cloud-
burst.
. --presumido (hid), design storm, assumed rain-
fal!.
aguachinar (Es), to saturate (soil).
aguada 1, water station; flood; (Pt) kalsomine;
(CA) watering trough.
aguadero m, water statjon.
aguador m, waterboy, water carrier.
aguaducho m, eonduit; fiood.
aguaje m, tideraee; tidal wave; hydraulic bore;
(C) (Ec) heavy shower; (M) well; (M)
watering trough; (M) eistern.
agualotal m (AC), bog, swamp. '
egullllita I (Pe), shallow water.
agualluvia 1, rain water.
aguamanil m, washbasin.
aguanieve 1, sleet.
aguantador m (re), dolly; bueker-up.
aguantar, to resist, Support; (re) to buek up.
aguantatubos m (pet), pipe hook.
aguante m (mee), enduranee, strength.
-- al calor, heat enduralee.
aguan m, hydraulie engineer.
aguar, to water, dilute; aguarse, to be drowned
out.
aguarrs m, turpentine.
-- mineral, turpentine substitute.
aguatal m (Ee), pool; swamp.
aguatero m (A), water eart; water earrier.
aguatocha 1, pump.
aguatorre j. water tower.
aguay, agua m. an Argentine han:l:wood.
aguazal m, swarnp, bog, mursh.
13
agujero
agujero
14
ajustador ajustador
15
alambre
- ciego, blind holeo
-- de acceso, handhole, manhole.
- de culebra (vol), snake holeo
-- de engrase, oilhole.
__ de hombre, manhole (boiler, tank, etc; not
used for street manholes).
-- de inyecci6n, grout holeo
-- de lubricaci6n, oilhole.
-- de mano, handhole.
- de muestreo (is), sampling hatch.
- de nudo, knothole.
-- de paso, manhole (tank, etc.).
- de perno, bolthole.
-- de prueba, test holeo
_'- de remache, rivet hole.
-- de sonda, drill hole, boring.
-- maaual, handhole.
- oblongo, (str) slotted holeo
- para espiga (ais), pinhole.
- para pasador (est), pinhole.
- para poste, posthole.
-- pasante, through holeo
- piloto, pilot holeo
- por roscar, tapping holeo
- sin salida (A), blind holeo . .
agujeros de aliviamiento lightenmg holes.
agujeros de gua (mh), guIde holes.
agujetero m (mo) (V), through bolt to hold a
bulkhead.
agujista m (fc), switchman.
aguJ6n (dib), pricke;. . .
agujuela j, brad, fimshmg nail.
agusanado, worm-eaten.
aguzadera j, whetstone.
aguzador m, drill sharpener.
-- de lpices, pencil sharpener.
aguzadora (f) de pernos, bolt pointer.
aguzar, to sharpen, whet, pomt; (pet) to dress
(bit).
aherrumbrarse, to rusto
ahilar, to line up, align.
ahitar (lev), to set monuments.
ahocinarse (1'), to cut a gorge.
ahogadizo, nonfioating, heavier than
ahogado, submerged, drowned; lackmg arr for
eombustion; (M) embedded.
ahogador m (auto)(M), choke.
ahogar, to submerge, drown, fiood (carburetor);
(M) to embed; ahogarse, to be submerged;
(eng) to stall.
ahondar, to deepen, dig, sink (shaft).
ahonde m deepening, sinking.
m, running bowline; hitch.
ahorcarse, to jamo
ahorquillado, forked.
ahuecado, hollowed out.
ahuecador (m) metlico (ed), metal fioor pan.
ahuecamiento m, cavity, void, holl?w.
ahulado m, (CA) waterproof fabrlc; a rubber-
eovered.
ahusado m, taper, (fdy) draft.
- al revs (herr) , back taper, longitudinal
relief.
- de entrada (herr), entering taper.
- la.rno, Jamo taper.
- Morse, Morse taper.
ahusamiento m, taper.
ahusar, to taper, skive; to batter..
ailsita j (geol), ailsyte (microgranIte).
aire m, air.. .
-- a presi6n (M), compressed arr.
-- arrastrado, entrained airo
-- comprimido, fompressed airo
-- detonante, firedamp.
--libre, al, outdoors.
--libre por minuto, free air por minute (com-
pressor).
airear, to aerate; to ventilate.
aislaci6n j, insulation; (A) waterproofing.
- de humedad, dampproofing.
-- de relleno, fill insulation.
-- de sonido, soundproofing.
--refiectora, refiective insulation.
-- trmica, heat insulation.
aislado de papel, paper-insulated.
aislador m, insulator.
-- a bot6n clavado, nail knob.
-- abrazador, cleat insulator.
-- corriente, standard-duty insulator.
-- de amarre, strain insulator.
-- de anclaje, terminal strain
- de bot6n partido, split-knob
-- de cadena, string 01' suspenslOn msulator.
-- de campana, bell 01' pettieoat insulator.
-- de caperuza, hood insulator.
-- de carrete, spool insulator. .
-- de derivaci6n mltiple, take-off msulator.
-- de espiga, pin insulator. .
-- de fabricaci6n hmeda, wet-process msula-
toro . 1
-- de horquilla y macho, elevis-and-tap msu a- .
toro . . ul t
-- de ojillo y horquilla, eye-and-c1eVls ms a 01'.
-- de perilla, knob insulator.
-- de semianclaje, semistrain insulator.
-- de tres campanas, triple-petticoat insulator.
-- distanciador o de pie, standoff insulator.
- mural, wall insulator tube. ..
-- para horquilla, 01' clevlS msulator.
-- para viento, guy-stram msulator.
--prensado en seco, dry-process insulator.
-- seccionador, section insulator.
--tensor, turnbuckle or strain insulat6r.
-- tipo de niebla, fog-type insulator. .
--tubular, leading-in insulator, wall msulator
tube.
aislamiento m, insulation; isolation; (A) water-
proofing.. ..
aislante m insulatmg materlal, msulant.
-- de eambric insulation.
-- de ebonita hard-rubber insulation.
-- de pergamino, parchment insulation.
aislar, to insulate, isolate.
ajarafe m, tableland; fiat roof.
ajornalar, to employ by the day.
ajustable, adjustable. .
ajustado, tight, close; fitted; adJusted.. .
ajustador m, machinist, fitter, m.echamc;. adJust-
ing tool; (mech) (carp) adJuster; (ms) ad-
juster.
-- a cero (elc), zero adjuster.
-- de banderola,.transom operator.
1
I

. : E
!
- de batiente (carp), stop-bead adjuster.
- de claraboya, skylight operator; transom
operator.
- de tuercas, nut runner 01' tightener 01' setter.
-- de ventana batiente, casement adjuster.
ajustadora j, any adj usting device.
ajustaje m, fitting, adjusting; (A) machining.
ajustar, to fit, adjust, make true; (surv) to bal-
ance; ajustarse a, to fit into; ajustarse
sobre, to fit overo
ajuste m, adjustment, fitting, setting; (machy) a
fit; (C) piecework, small contracto
- a golpe ligero, tapping fit.
-- a inglete, miter joint.
-- a martillo, driving fit.
-- a prueba de vapor, steam fit.
-- ahusado, taper fit.
- apretado, tight 01' close fit.
-- clavado, drive fit.
-- con holgura, loose fit.
-- corredizo, sliding fit.
- de fase (tv), phasing.
-- de llave, wrench fit.
-- de presi6n, press fit.
-- de'rtaci6n libre, running fit.
-- del trazado, balancing the survey.
-- empotrado en caliente, shrink fit.
-- escogido, selective fit.
-- estrecho, press fit, shrink fit.
--forzado, tight or force 01' press 01' drive fit.
--forzado mediano, medium force fit.
- holgado, loose 01' free fit.
-libre, easy 01' light fit.
--por contracci6n, shrink fit.
--preciso, fine fit.
-- sin holgura, snug 01' wringing 01' tunking 01'
push 01' working fit.
ajustes, (p) (machy) fittings.
ajustero m (Col), small contractor; pieceworker.
ajust6n m (Ec), tight fit.
al costado (nut), alongside.
ala j, wing (dan< 01' bldg); leg (angle); fiange
(1 beam); blade (propeller); leaf of a hinge;
lea of a folding door.
- del coraz6n (fc), wingrail (frog)
- de mosca (Es), brad; tack.
alabandina, alabanditaj (mineral de manganeso),
alabandite,. manganblende.
labe m, (turb) bucket; (turb) gate, vane; (mx)
blade.
- director o del distribuidor (turb), wicket
gate, guide vane.
- regulable, adjustable blade.
alabearse, to warp.
alabeo m, warping, wind; (rd)(V) crown.
alacena j, locker, closet.
alacrn m, swivel; (Col) clamp.
aladrar, to plow.
aladrero m (min) (Es), timberman.
aladro m, plow.
alagadizo, liable to be inundated.
alagado m, inundated land.
alagar, to inundate, swamp, fiood; alagarse
(nut)(B), to leak.
alagunar (Ch), to inundate, fiood.
alambicar, to distill.
alambique m, a still.
-- acorazado o de casco, shell still.
- de tubos, pipe 01' tube still.
-- de vaco, vacuum still.
- desintegrador (pet), cracking still.
- despojador (pet), stripping still.
- destufador (pet) (M), sweetcning still.
- desulfurador (pet), sweetening still.
-- discontinuo, batch still.
--para redestilaci6n (pet), rerun still.
alambiquero m, (pet) stillman; (C) distillery.
alambor m, bevel cut, splay.
alambrado m, wiring; wire mesh; wire fence.
-- de bot6n y tubo, knob and tube wiring.
-- de fest6n, festoon wiring.
-- descubierto, exposed 01' open wiring.
-- encerrado, concealed wiring.
alambrador m (A), wire-fence erector.
alambraje m, wiring; wire fencing.
alambrar, to wire.
alambre m, wire.
- a prueba de intemperie (elc), weatherprtlct
wire.
-- agrio o brillante o claro, bright wire.
--baado de cobre, coppered wire.
-- cargado, live wire.
-- cinta, fiat wire.
-- cobrizado, copper-clad wire.
- de aporte (sol), filler wire.
-- de atar (ref), tie wire.
- de campanilla (elc), bell wire.
-- de contacto, trolley 01' contact wire.
-- de cuadro indicador (elc), annunciator wire.
- de disparo (vol), leading wire.
-- de edificaci6n (ele), building wire.
- de entrada (elc), lead-in wire.
-- de espinas, barbed wire.
-- de guardia (elc), guard 01' ground wire.
-- de masa (elc), ground wire.
-- de pas, barbed wire.
- de puente (vol), bridgewire (in the exploder)
-- de relleno, (wr) filler wire.
-- de soldadura, wire solder; welding wire.
-- desnudo, bare wire.
-- dulce, soft 01' anncaled wire.
-- enterizo (elc), solid wire.
- espigado (AC), barbed wire.
-- espinoso (Es), barbed wire.
-- estirado en fro, cold-drawn wire.
-- estirado medio duro, medium-hard-drawn
wire.
- forrado de algod6n, cotton-coveredwire.
--forrado de asbesto, asbestos-insulated wire.
--forrado de caucho, rubber-covered wire.
- forrado de .plomo, lead-sheathed wire.
--forrado de vidrio, glass-eovered wire.
--fundente, welding wire.
--fundente de lat6n, brazing wire.
--fusible, fuse wire, a wire fuse.
- mejor de lo mejor (ele) , best best (BB)
wire.
-- nudo, bare wire.
--para artefactos (elc), fixture wire; appliance
wire.
- pescador (elc), fish wire.
- piloto (ele), pilot wire.
alambre
16
alcayata.
alcayata 17 alicates
--por reestirar, redrawing wire.
- soldador, welding wire; wire solder.
- tejido, wire. fabrie or netting.
- trefilado, snanded wire.
__ trenzado, braided or stranded wire.
alambrecarril m (A), aerial tramway.
alambrera J, wire netting.
alambrn m (rn.et)(M), wire rod.
lamo, poplar.
alamud m, door bolt.
alanita J (miner), allanite.
alar m, eaves; (Col) sidewalk.
alargadera J, lengthening bar for eompass;
lengthening bar for drill; (ehem) adapter.
alargamiento m, elongation, expansiono
-- al fallar, ultimte elongation.
alargar, to lengthen, extend, elongate; alargarse,
, to expand, lengthen, streteh.
alarife m, masan; builder.
alarma J, alarmo
- de falta de agua (cal), low-water alarmo
-- de incendio, tire alarm.
lliasquita J (geol), alaskite (granite).
alastrh", to ballast.
albaal m, drain; (C) sewage.
- sewer.
- de rebose, reiicl-or overflow sewer.
-- derivado, braneh or lateral sewer.
- domstico o de servicio, house sewer, serviee
eonnection.
- madre, main sewer.
-- pluvial, storm sewer.
-- sanitario, sanitary sewer.
albaalero m, sewer builder; sewer c1eaner.
albaear, to do mason work.
albail m, mason, brieklayer.
- de cemento, eement mason.
albailera J, masonry.
- ciclpea, eyelopean concrete.
- de piedra bruta, rubble masonry.
-- de piedra labrada, ashlar masonry.
- en hileras, ashlar masonry. .
-- en seco, dry masonry.
albarda J, paeksaddle.
albardilla J, eoping, eapstone; small paeksaddle;
(C) riding saddle.
- de cumbre (ed), saddle stone.
albardillado, erowned; troughed.
albardn m, (bldg)(Ca) eoping; (hyd)(A) check
dam; dike; ridge; (M) saddle.
albarrada J, mud wall; dry stone wall.
albarradn m, dike, small earth dam.
albayaldar, to coat with white lead.
albayalde m, white lead.
-- anaranjado, orange lead, mineral orange.
- de plomo, white lead.
- rojo, red lead.
albedn m, gutter, drain.
albedo m (fma), Slbedo.
albelln m, .sewer.
alberca J, poOl; pond; basin, tank.
albercnm, reservoir.
albergue m, bunkhouse, barraeks, dormitory.
alberquero m, tank tender, reservoir custodian.
albinaJ, salt pool or marsh; (miner) apophyllite.
albita J (miner), albite (feldspar).
albitana J (en), apron, stemson; propeller post.
albolita J (mam), albolite.
albolln m, drain, sewer.
albortante m (M), lighting post.
albufera J, tidallagoon.
albuhera J, pond, reservoir.
albmina J, albumino
albuminoide m, albuminoid.
albuminoideo a, albuminoid.
albumosaJ (is), albumose.
albura J, sapwood.
-- de primavera, springwood.
-- de verano, summerwood.
alburno m, alburnum, sapwood.
alcachofaJ (bm), strainer, footvalve and strainer.
alcalescencia J, alealeseenee.
alcalescente, alealeseent.
lcali m, alkali.
akalimetra J, alkalimetry.
alcalmetro m, alkalimeter.
alcalinidad J, alkalinity.
alcalinizar, to render alkaline.
alcalino, alkaline.
alcalinotrreo a, alkaline-earth.
alcalizador m (az), liming tank.
alcalizar, to alkalize, render alkaline; (su) to lime.
alcance m, reaeh; range; drift (taekle); (rr) rear-
end eollision; (eom) balance; (rd) overtak-
ing; (ra) eoverage; (ae) blow, throw.
-- de cavadura (pi), digging reaeh.
- de descarga (pi), dumping reaeh.
- de planeo (ap), gliding range or distanee.
-- de la vista (ca), sight or visibility distanee.
alcanca J (M), bin, hopper; (min) chute, mili
hole; (eone) tremie.
alcantarilla J, eulvert; sewer, drain; eonduit;
(elee) (Sp) cable duct; (M) basin, cistern.
-- anidable, nestable metal eulvert.
-- arqueada, areh culvert.
-- de alivio, relief sewer.
-- de cajn, box eulvert.
- de chapas mltiples, multiple-plat corru-
gated eulyerto
-- de descarga, outfall sewer.
- de platabanda (V), box eulvert.
-- de pozo, drop-inlet eulvert.
--interceptadora, intereepting sewer.
-- maestra, trunk sewer.
- para ganado (fe), eattle pass.
-- pluvial, storm-water sewer.
-- sanitaria, sanitary sewer.
--visitable (Es), sewer big enough for aman to
entero
alcantarillado m, sewerage.
-- separativo, separate system of sewerage.
-- unitario, combined system.
alcantarillaje m, sewlge.
alcantarillar, to sewer, drain; to build culverts.
alcanzar, to reach; to overtake.
alcaparrosa J, copperaS.
alcarria J, plateau.
alcatifa J, layer of cinders or other filling under
floor or roof tiles. .
alcayata J, spike; (C) staple; (surv) spad.
-- de cao, pipe hook,leader hook; gutter spike.
-- de rosca (fe), screw spike.
- de va, traek spike.
alczar m (an), poop deek, quarter-deek.
alce m, raising.
alcohol m, alcohol; (min) galena.
-- amlico, amyl alcohol.
-- desnaturalizado, denatured alcohol, methyl-
ated spirit.
-- etlico, ethyl or grain alcohol.
- metlico, methyl or wood alcohol.
--proplieo, propyl alcohol.
alcor m, hill.
alcornoque m, eork tree.
alcorozado m (ed)(M), space between beams on
a wall; fillilg between beams.
alcotanaJ, piek, mattoek; stoneeutter's bammer.
- de dos hachas,. asphalt mattoek.
alcribs m, tuyere.
alcuba J, dome, eupola; vault.
alcubilla J, eovered reservoir; basin, pondo
alcumita J, Aleumite (alloy) (trademark)
alcuza J, oilean.
aldaba J, lateh, cateh, retainer.
-- de candado, hasp.
-- de contraventana, shutter bar.
- de picaporte, lateh hasp.
-- de resorte, spring lateh.
- de seguridad, safety lateh.
- dormida, deadlateh.
aldaba J, erossbar on a double door; horizontal
timber against a wall; plate or sill of a
partition.
aldabilla J (ft), hook, lateh.
aldohexosa J (az), aldohexose.
aleat::inJ, alloy.
-- a base de aluminio, aluminum-base alloy.
- cuaternaria, quaternary alloy.
-- de imprenta, type metal.
-- de nquel al plomo, leaded niekel alloy.
-- de punto bajo de fusin, low-melting alloy.
-- delta, delta,metal.
-- no ferrosa, nonferrous alloy
aleaje m (U), alloy
alear, to alloy.
alecrn m, an Argentine lumber. very hard and
heavy.
alefriz m (earp), rabbet.
alegrador m, reamer, broaeh.
alegrar, to ream, broach.
alejamiento m, reeeding, separation.
alejamientos y desviaciones (Iev) (M), latitudes
and departures.
alema J, duty of in;igation water.
alemontita J (miner), allemontite, arsenieal anti-
mony.
alerce m, lareh, tamaraek, haekmataek.
alero m, eaves; (bldg)(dam) wing; (bdg) wing
wall.
alern m, aileron; damper.
alesador m (A), operator of a drill (shop)
alesadora J, drill.
alesaje m, bore (eylinder).
alesna J, awl.
alesnado, sharp-pointed.
aleta J, (mech) lug; fin, gitl; leaf (hinge); (mx)
blade; (turb) vane; (na) q1.\arter.
- amortiguadora, damping vaneo
- de hlice, propeller blade.
- de semforo (fe), semaphore blade.
-- desviadora (turb), redireeting blade.
-- directriz o distribuidora (turb), wieket gate,
guide vaneo
aletas de enfriamiento, eooling fins.
alevante m (min) (M), overhand stope.
aleviador m (hid), alleviator.
alfa-naftol m, alpha-naphtho!.
alfagra J (Es), ehannel, gorge.
alfaja J, door or window frame; batten; t.imber
10 by 14 cm; (Col) roofing board.
alfametilnaftaleno, alfametilnaftalina, alpha-
methyl naphthalene.
alfaque m, shoal, bar.
alfarda J, (earp) light wooden beam, seantling;
rafter; irrigationdues.
alfardar, to join in an irrigation development.
alfardn m (C), girder, heavy beam.
alfarera J (V), briek masonry; tilework.
alfarjar, to wainseot.
alfarje m, wainseot; paneling.
alfarja,same as alfaja.
alfizar m; splay of door or window.
alfiler m (M), peg, pino
-- de Pars (Es), wire nai!.
alfilerillo m, finishing nail, brad.
-- cortado, cut fi,nishing nail.
-- de alambre, wire finishing nail.
alfombrado m (mam)(V), base eourse, mato
alga J, alga.
algas, algae.
algt::eo, algal.
algaida J, sand dune.
algarrobo m, earob wood.
lgebra J,. algebra.
algebraico, algebraie.
algecida m, algaeeide.
algodn m, eotton.
-- colodin, eollodioneotton.
-- de calafateo, ealking eotton.
-- explosivo, guneotton.
- mineral (A), slag woo!.
--plvora, guneotton, nitroeotton; eotton pow-
der.
--plvora nitrado (vol), tonite.
- trenzado (ele), eotton braid.
algoso, full of algae.
alguaza J, hinge.
alicatado m (C), wall of briek laid on edge.
alicates m, pliers; tongs; pineers.
-- aislados, insulated or eleetrieian's pliers.
-- de ngulo, diagonal pliers.
-- de articulacin movible, slip-join.t pliers.
- de ayustar (eab), splieing tongs.
-- de combinacin, combination pliers.
-- de corte lateral, side-eutting pliers.
- de crisol (lab) , crueible tongs.
-- de expansin, stip-joint ptiers.
-- de garganta, open-throat pliers.
-- de gl\sista, gas ptiers.
-- de guardalnea, lineman's pliers.
-- de punta plana, flat-nose ptiers.
-- de punta redonda, roundnose pliers.
-- narigudos, long-nose pliers.
-- puneh. plieTs.
alidada 18 almaiDa
almanque
19
altoparlante
alidada 1, alidade.
- de anteojo, telescope alidade.
- de anteojo fijo, fixed"tube alidade.
-- de explorador, exploration 01' expedition ali"
dade.
- de ge610go, geological alidade.
-- de mirilla, peep-sight alidade.
- de pnulas,. open-sightalidade.
-- de top6grafo, engineering alidade.
- para plancheta, plane-table alidade.
aligaci6n/, tie; bond; allOY.
aligerar, to lighten.
alijador m, lighterman.
alijadora 1, lighter; sander.
alijar, to lighten; to sandpaper.
alije m, unloading, lightening oC a ship.
alijo m, unloading; (C) locomotive tender.
alimentaci6n 1, feed (all senses), feeding.
a sinfin, worm Ceed.
- al vaco o por aspiraci6n, vacuum feed.
-- con gasto constante (pa) , constant-rate feed.
- de retroceso (ra), feedback.
- directa (pa), dry feed, direct Ceed (chlorin\3).
- en seco (pa), dry feed.
-- forzada, force feed.
- mecnica, power feed; mechanical stoking.
- visible (lu), sight feed.
alimentado a petr61eo (cal), oil-fired, oil-burning.
alimentado por gas, gas-fired.
alimentador m, feeder; feed wire; stoker.
- basculante, jog feeder.
-- con descarga por detrs, rear-cleaningstoker.
-- de bandeja, tray feeder.
-- de carb6n, stoker.
-- de correa, belt feeder.
-- de criba corrediza, traveling-grizzly feeder.
-- de descarga lateral, side-cleaning stoker.
- de disco rotatorio, rotary-clisk feeder.
-- de dosificaci6n (pa), proportioning feeder.
-- de enlace (elc), tie feeder.
-- de hogar, mechanical stoker.
-- de parrilla corrediza, traveling-grate stoker.
-- de pelcula (fma), film-metering device.
- de la red (elc), network feeder.
-- de vaciado superior, overfeed stoker.
-- oscilante, reciprocating feeder.
--pesador, weighingor weigh feeder.
- sin fin, screw feeder.
alimentar, to charge; to feed.
alimento m (mec), feed, feeding.
alindar, to mark boundaries.
alinderar (AC); to mark boundaries.
alineaci6n 1, alignment.
- y rasante, line and grade, line and leve!.
alineador m, aligning too!.
alinear, to line, ,Jine up, align.
alisador m,finishing tool; smoothing iron (as-
phalt); smoothing blade (road machine);
(Cdy) sleeker, smoother; (A) reamer.
alisadora 1, surfacing machine; dresser.
- de caminos, road scraper.
alisaduras 1, shavings, turnings.
alisar, to plane, face, smooth up, surface,
alisatubos m (pet), casing scraper.
alisios m, trade winds.
alistador (m) de tiempo, timekeeper.
alistonar, to lath; to cleat.
alita I (ct), alite,
aliviadero m, spillway, wasteway; sluiceway;
weep hole.
- de agua sobrante (al), storm overflow.
- de crecidas, (1') floodway; (sw) storm over-
flow.
- de cresta libre, open spil!way (no gates).
-- de fondo, sluiceway, undersluice.
-- de lluvia (Es), inlet to a storm sewer.
-- de pozo, shaft spillway.
-- de seguridad, emergency spil!way.
-- de superficie, wasteway, spillway.
--lateral, side-channel spil!way.
-- superior (irr), overchute.
--vertical de arena (ot), sand drain.
aliviador m, spil!way; relief valve.
alivianar (PR) (A), to lighten.
alivio m, easing, relief.
-- de esfuerzos, stress relief.
-- de expansi6n, expansion relier.
-- de vaco, vacuum relief.
aljaba (f) de electrodos (sol), electrode carrier.
aljarafe m, flat roof.
aljez m, gypsum, plaster of Paris.
aljezar m, gypsum quarry.
aljibe m, pool, tank, cistern; tank barge.
aljofifa 1, mop.
aljofifar, to mop.
aljor m, gypsum.
aljorozado m (V), scratch coat of lime and mudo
aljorozar, to plaster; to smooth up.
alma 1, core (dam); (str) web, stem (T); (cab)
center, core; (lbr) heart; dril! core; scaffold
poleo
- calada o de celosa (est), latticeweb.
- combada (ts), arched web.
-- de andamio, scaffold pole.
-- de camo, (wr) hemp center.
-- de ensayo, test 01' sample coreo
-- de riel, web of a rail.
- fibrosa, (wr) fiber C(ire.
-llena (est), solid web, plate web.
almacn m, warehouse, storehouse, storeroom;
store; magazine (camera).
-- afianzado, bonded warehouse.
-- de agua, cistern, tank.
-- de p6lvora, magazine.
almacenador m, warehouseman.
almacenaje m, storage, warehousing;warehouse
charges.
almacenamiento m, storage.
- de desbordamiento (hid), valleysiorage.
-- de sobrecarga (hid) , surcharge storage.
-- en las riberas (hid), bank storage.
-- momentneo (hid), instantaneous storage.
-- muerto, dead storage.
-- para uso (hid), conservation storage.
almacenar, to store, stock.
almacenero, almacenista m, storekeeper, ware-
houseman.
almdana, almdena, almdina/, stone hammer,
spalling hammer.
almada 1, raft.
almagra 1, almagre m, red ocher,ruddle.
almaina 1, stone hammer.
almanque m (Col), putlog.
almarbatar, to frame (timber).
almrtaga 1, litharge.
almatriche m, irrigation ditch.
almenado, dentated.
almenara 1, (irr) rcturn ditch; (Col) surge tank.
almendrilla 1, fine coal; fine gravel; (geol) con-
glomerate of fine stones; small file.
almendr6n m (Es), conglomerate of large stones.
almid6n m, starch.
-- yodado (is), starch-iodine.
almilla I (carp), tenon.
almirez m (lab) , mortal'.
-- y mano, mortal' and pestle.
almoceda I (Es), water rights; irrigation rate.
almohada 1, cushion.
-- del escobn (cn) , hawse bolster.
almohadilla 1, pad,' cushion..
-- de apisonar, tamping pad.
- de tope, buffer block.
- filtradora (V), filter block.
almohadillas de freno, brake blocks.
almohadillas de fricci6n, (eng) friction blocks.
almoha.dHlado m (sol), padding.
almohadillar, to cushion.
almohad6n m, lowest voussoir in a semicircular
arch.
-- de agua, water cushion.
al mohatre m, sal ammoniac.
almojaya 1, putlog; outlooker.
al6geno (geol), allogenic, derivative.
alojamiento m (mec), seat, bearing, socket.
alosar, to lay tiles.
aloxito m, aloxite (abrasive).
alpax m, alpax (alloy)
alpende m, tool house.
alquilar, to rcnt; to alkylize.
alquiler m, rent, renta!.
alquilizar, to alkylize.
alquitarar, to distil!.
alquitrn m, tal', pitch.
__ cortado, cutback tal'.
-- de carb6n, coal tal'.
-- de gas, gas tal', gashouse coal taro
-- de gas de aceite, oil-gas tal'.
-- de gas ;le agua, water-gas tal'.
-- de hornos de coque, coke-oven tal'.
__ de hulla, coal tal', coal-tar pitch; gas tal';
coke-oven tal'.
- de hulla diludo, coal-tar cutback.
de lea, Stockholm tal'.
-- de madera, pine tal'.
-- de petr6leo, oil tal'; petroleum pitch.
-- de turba, peat tal'.
-- mineral, asphalt.
-- rebajado, cutback tal'.
--, vegetal, coal 01' wood tal'.
alquitranado m, tarpaulin; application oC tal',
tarring.
alquitranadora 1, tar-spraying machine.
alquitranaje m, tarring.
alquitranar, to treat with pitch; to coat with tal'.
alquitranoso, tarry.
alta I (min), hanging wall.
--ley, de, high-grade (ore).
- multiplicacin, de, high-geared.
- nitidez (tv), high definition.
_ polarizaci6n, de, high-test (sugar).
_ resistencia a corta edad (ct) , high earIy
strength.
-tarea (C), high duty.
- volatilidad, de, high-test (gasoline).
altas (cn), upper works.
-- aguas, high water.
altar m (horno), bridge wall, fire bridge.
-- de agua, water bridge.
-- de humero, flue bridge.
altavoz m, loudspeaker.
alteraci6n I (geo!), alteration.
alternaci6n, alternation.
alternado, alternating.
alternador m (elc), alternator.
-- de imanes permanentes, magneto alternator.
-- de inducido giratorio, revolving-armature
alternator.
__ de inductor e inducido fijos; inductor alter-
nator.
-- de inductor giratorio, revolving-field alter-
nator.
alternador-transmisor (ra), alternator transmit-
ter.
alternador-volante, flywheel alternator.
alternancia I (elc) (A), alternation, alternance.
alternar las juntas, to break01' stagger joints.
alternativo, (elec) alternating; (eng) reciprocating.
alterno, alternating; alternate.
alternogenerador m (Es), alternating-current
generator.
alternomotor m (Es)(A), alternating-current
motor.
altibajos m, broken 01' uneven ground.
altgrafo m, altigraph.
altillano m (Col), plateau.
altillo m small hill; penthouse, bulkhead; (A)
addition on top of a one-story build-
ing; (A) (Col) garret.
altimetra 1, altimetry, running levels, topo-
graphical survey.
altmetro m, altimeter.
-- de agrimensor, surveying altimeter.
-- registrador, recording altimeter, altigraph.
altiplanicie 1, plateau, tableland.
altiplanimtrico, topographical.
altiplano m, plateau.
altitud 1, altitude, elevation.
alto m, height; hill, elevation; (geol) h6.I1ging
wall; (bldg) lioor, story, upper floor; (1'1')
(auto) a stop; a high.
- calor, de, high-heat
- carbono, de, high-carbon (steel).
-- explosivo, high explosive.
--horno, blast furnace.
- rendimiento, high duty.
altos'm (A), first floor aboye the ground.
altoparlante m, loudspeaker.
-- a condensador, capacitor loudspeaker.
-- de conductor m6vil, moving-conductor loud-
speaker.
__ dinmico, moving-coil 01' dyn.amic loud-
speaker.
__ electromagntico, magnetic-armature loud-
speaker.
altoparlante 20 amarra
amarra 21 ampermetro
-- electrosttico, condenser or electrostatic
loudspeaker.
altozano m, small hill.
altura j, elevation, altitude, height; (hyd) head;
(str) depth; (r) stage,
- cintica (hid), dynamic head.
-- de aspiracin (illd) , suction head; suction
lift.
- de carga (hid), head.
- de descarga o de impulsin (bm), discharge
head.
-- de despejo o de franqueo, cIearance height.
- del instrumento o del ojo (lev) , height of
instrumento
-- de paso, headroom.
- de presin (hid), pressure head.
-- de succin (bm), suction he.d.
- de tiro (aa), draft head.
- dinmica (hid), velocity head.
- efectiva, (str) effective depth; workingdepth
(gear).
- esttica (hid), static head.
- hidrulica (al), hydraulic grade.
--libre, vertical clearance, clear height,
room; freeboard.
- manomtrica total (bm), total head.
-- metacntrica (an), metacentric height.
--piezomtrica (hid), piezometric heOO.
-.- til (est), effective depth.
alud m, avalanche, snowslide.
alumbrado m, lighting; a lighted; treatedwith
alum.
- a tubo de gas, gas-tube lighting.
-- de caveto, cove lighting.
-- de contorno, outline lighting.
-- de festn, festoon lighting.
--reflejado, indirect lighting.
-- semiindirecto, semi-indirect lighting.
alumbrar, . to light, illuminate; to treat with
alum; to emerge (ground water).
alumbre m" alum.
- crmico, chrome alum.
-- de amonio, ammonia alurri.
- para filtros (V), filter alum.
--potsico, potash alum, potassium aluminum
sulphate.
alumbrera j, alunite quarry.
almbrico, containing alum.
almina j, alumina, aluminum oxide.
aluminato m, aluminate.
-- diclcico (ct), dicalcium aluminate.
-- sdico (pa), sodium aluminate.
--triclcico (ct), tricalcium aluminate.
alumnico, aluminic.
aluminum,
ous.
aluminio m, aluminum, aluminium.
aluminita j (miner), .aluminite (aluminum sul-
phate).
aluminizar, to aluminize.
aluminofrrico, alJ.minoferric.
aluintnosilicato m, aluminosilicate.
aluminoso, aluminous.
aluminotermia j (met) , aluminothermy, alu-
:tinothermics.
aluminotrmico, aluminothermic.
alundo m (rfr), alundum.
alunita j (miner), alunite, alum rock.
aluvial, aluvional, alluvial.
aluvin m, alluvial deposit, alluvium; flood of
silt; (A) flood, inundation.
aluvionamiento m (A), silting up.
aluvionario (A), alluvial.
lveo m, bed of a river, channel.
alveolado (M), honeycombed.
alza j, rise, lift; shim; (hyd) flashboard, leaf of
a bear-trap gate; (hyd)(Sp) stop log; (Sp)
fulcrum.
- de tablero basculante (hid) , automatic
flashboard, shutter weir, hinged-Ieaf gateo
- de la vlvula, valve lift.
alzacarros m, car-lifting device.
alzacoche m, automobile lift.
alzadaj, (dwg) elevation; face .of a building.
-- extrema,end elJ'lvation.
alzado m, (ar) elevation; (Sp) superstructure.
-- de costado, side elevation.
-- delantero, front elevation.
-- en corte, sectional elevation.
--trasero, rear elevation.
alzador m, any lifting device.
alzadura j, hoisting, raising.
alzaguaraj (Es), spring (water).
alzaprima j,' crowbar, lever, pinch bar.
- de traviesa (fc), nipper.
alzaprimar, to pry, move with a lever.
alzar, to hoist, raise, lift.
alzatubos m, pipe jack,
alzavlvula m (auto), tappet.
alzaventana m (auto), window opener.
allanador m (her), a flatter.
allanar, to grade, level: to flatten; (met) to plan-
ish.
allane m (M), leveling, grading.
allegador m (Es), fire hook, poker.
amacizar, to compress; to make solido
amacrtico, amacratic (lens).
amachambrado (PR) (Es), tongued and grooved.
amachetar, to chop with a machete.
amadrinar, to couple, join.
amaestrar, (mas) to set grounds; (hw) to master-
key.
amainador.m (min), man who handles bucket at
top of shaft.
amainar, to lower, slack off; (min) to land the
bucket of ore.
amaine m, lowering,slacking off.
amalgamaj (met) (miner) , amalgamo
amalgamador m (met), amalgamator.
amalgamar, to amalgamate.
amantillar (gr), to top, peak, luff.
amantillo (gr), topping lift, topping or p",aking line.
amanzanar (A)(U), to lay outJand in blocks.
amaos m, tools, eguipment, outfit.
amaraje m, landing on the water (seaplane).
amarar, to land on .the water.
amarillo m a, yellow.
--benzo (is), benzo yellow.
-- de cinc, zinc yellow (pigment).
-- de montaa (miner), yellow earth or ocher.
amarra j, 'tie, lashing; mooring; (Ch)(M) cable
clip.
- de aleta (nut), quarter fasto
- de bote (nut), painter.
- de popa (nut), stern fasto
- de proa (nut), bow or head fasto
-- de puerto, mooring.
-- de travs (nut), breast fast, breast lineo
amarras para correa, belt hooks or cIamps.
amarraderaj (Col), mooring line; sling.
amarradero m, mooring post; mooring berth.
amarraje m, wharfage; (cab) serving.
amarrar, to tie, lash, splice, belay, make fast; to
moor; (cab) to serve, seize.
amarrazones j (nut), ground tackle.
amarre m, tie, splice, lashing; anchorage, moor-
ing; (conc)(M)(Pe) bond.
-- a pata de ganso, bridle mooring.
amartillar, to hammer.
amasada j (M), batch of mortar.
amasadero m, pugmill, clay millo
amasar, to mix (mortar); to puddle (fill); to pug,
tempero
amasillar, to putty.
amatol m, amatol (explosive).
amberitl).j, amberite (exploSive).
mbito m, ambit, contour.
ambulante, traveling (derrick), walking (drag-
line).
ameba j, amoeba.
amelga j (irr), ridge, dike.
amelgar, to set boundary monuments; to furrow.
amellar, to notch.
amerar (Es), to seep, percolate.
amiantista m, asbestos worker.
amianto m, asbestos, amiaIlthlls.
amiba j, amoeba.
amibiano, ambico, amoebic.
amibicida m a, amoebicide.
amicrn m (qum), amicl'On.
amida j, amido m, (chem) amide.
amigdaloid-e a (geol), amygdaloid.
amilasa j (is), amylase.
amilo m (quim),amyl.
aminocido m (is), amino acid.
p-aminodimetilanilina (pa), p-aminodimethy1-
aniline.
amo m, owner; employer; superintedent, fore-
man.
amohosarse (A) (Ch) , to rusto
amojonar, to set monuments.
amojosearse (A) (Ec) , torust.
amoladera j, grindstone, grinder.
amolado m, grinding.
-- de avance longitudinal; end-feed grinding.
-- de avance. normal, in-feed grinding.
-- de avance pasante, through-feed grinding.
amoladora j, grind",r.
-- de armazn oscilante, swing-frame grinder.
-- de asientos de vlvulas, valve grinder.
-- de banco, bench grinder.
-- de brocas, bit grinder.
- de espigas, shank grinder (drill).
-- de pie, floor-stand grind",r.
-- de puntas, center-type grinder.
-- hmeda, wet grinder.
-- sin puntas, ecnterless grinder.
amolar, to grind, sharpen.
amoldar, to mold, shape.
amollar (cab), to slack, ease off.
amoniacal, ammoniaeal.
amoniacin j, ammoniation.
amoniaco m, ammonia.
- albuminoideo (is), albuminoid arnmonia.
amoniador m (pa), ammoniator.
-- de alimentacin directa, direct-feed ammo-
niator.
amnico a, ammonium, ammonic.
amonio m, ammonium.
amonizacin j, ammonization, ammonification.
amontonador m, amontonadora j, stacker, pilero
amontonador de carbn, coaltrimmer.
amontonar, to pile, pile up.
- el fuego, to bank the fire.
-- en camellones (ca), to windrow.
amordazar, toclamp.
amorfo, amorphous.
amortiguacin j, deadening; absorbing; (mech)
(elec) damping.
-- crtica (elc), critical damping.
-- de las crecidas (r), flood control.
-- peridica (elc), periodic damping, under-
damping.
amortiguador m, (mech) shock absorber, damper,
dashpot; (carp) door check; (hyd) stilling
pool; (auto) muffier; (elec) damper; (auto)
snubber; (chem) buffer.
-- de chispas,. spark arrester.
-- de choque, shock absorber; bumper.
- de energa, energy absorber; (hyd) stilling
pool, tumble bayo
- de escape, (eng) exhaust head,' exhaust
silencer.
- de los faroles (auto), headlight dimmer.
-- de golpes de agua,water-hammer suppressor.
- de luz, (auto) dimmer.
-- de oleaje (illd),. surge suppressor; surge
snubber.
-- de ruido, silencer,muffier.
-- de sacudidas (auto), harmonic balancero
-- del sonido, sound absorber.
-- de torsin, torsion damper.
amortiguamiento (m) de sonido, soundproofing.
amortiguar, to cusillon, deaden, lessen; to damp;
to absorb (shocks); (chem) to buffer.
amortizacin j, amortization.
amortizar, to amortize; to redeem; to refundo
amovible, removable, demountable.
amparar, to protect; (leg) to hold harmIess;
(min) to satisfy conditions for working a
cIaim.
ampelita j, ampelite (coal).
amper m (Es), ampere.
amper-espira j (Es), ampere-turn.
amperaje m, amperage.
- de carga, charging rate (battery).
-- efectivo, virtual amperes.
ampermetro m, ammeter, amperemeter.
-- calrico (Es), hot-wire ammeter.
-- de abrazadera, Clamp ammeter.
-- de alcance mltiple, multirange ammeter.
-- de bolsillo, pocket ammeter.
-- de expansin o de hilo caliente, eXPaIlsionor
hot-wire or thermal ammeter.
ampermetro 22 anchico ancho 23
ngulo
-- dinamomtrico, dynamometer ammeter.
--indicador, indicating ammeter.
- para tablero, switchboard-type ammeter.
-- registrador, recording ammeter.
- trmico, thermal ammeter, thermoammeter.
-- termocupla thermocouple ammeter.
amperio m, ampere.
-- internacional, international ampere.
amperio-hora f, ampere-hour.
amperio-pie m, ampere-foot.
amperio-vuelta f, ampere-turn.
amperios-vueltas transversales, cross ampere-
turns.
amperivuelta f, 'ampere-turn.
amper6metro m, ammeter, amperemeter.
- trmico, thermal 01' hot-wire ammeter.
ampliaci6nf (fma), enlargement.
-- angular (fma), angular magnification.
-- del plazo, extension of time (contract).
ampliadora f, enlarging outfit (photo).
ampliar, to enlarge, amplify, extend.
amplidina f (ra), amplidyne.
amplificaci6n f, (elec) amplification, gain; (op-
tics) m.agniJication, amplification.
- de potencia, power amplification.
- de tensi6n, voltage amplification.
-- dinmica (geof), dynamic magnifieation.
-- multigradual o en, cascada, cascade amplifi-
cation.
- transportadora (ra) , carrier amplifieation.
amplificador m, magnifier; booster; amplifier.
- a vlvula, vaeuum-tube amplifier.
- clase A(AB, B, BC, C) (ra) , class-A(AB, B,
BO, O) amplifier.
-- de audiofrecuencia (ra) , audiofrequeney 01'
audio amplifier.
-- de desviaci6n (tv), def1ection amplifier.
-- de energa (ra), power amplifier.
-- de enfrenamiento, brake booster.
- de exploraci6n (tv), scanner amplifier.
- de faja (ra), band-pass amplifier.
- de oratoria (ra) (A), speeeh amplifier.
- de poder (A), power amplifier.
-- de realimentaci6n inversa (ra), degenerative
01' inverse-feedbaek amplifier.
-'- de sonido; loudspeaker.
- equilibrado (ra), push-pu11 amplifier.
- previo (Es) (A), preamplifier.
-- realimentado, feedback amplifier.
--reflejo (ra), reflex amplifier.
--' separador (ra), buffer amplifier.
amp'lific!lr (ele), toam.plify.
amplitud f (mat) (ele) (ra), amnlitude.
-- de la marea, tidal amplitude; range of the
tide.
ampollaf, blister, bulbi ampoule; (A) lamp bulbo
- de congelaci6n (ca), frost boil.
-- de vlvula (ra) , envelope.
ampollarse, to blister.
ampolleta f, ineandeseent lam.p; bulb, ampoule.
ampolloso (min), porous,containing cavities.
amura f (an), bow, fore part ofship.
- bulbosa, clubfoot,bulb bo"'.
amurada f (an), inside faee of the she11 plating.
amurallar, to wa11; to build into a "'all.
amurar (A), to emood in a wall.
anabergita f (miner), 8.!IDaoorgite, nickel bloom.
anab6lico (is), anabolic.
anacarado (miner), pearly (luster).
anaclinal (geol), anaclinal.
anaer6bico (is), anaerobie.
anaerobio m, anaerobe.
anaerobiosis f, anaerobiosis.
anaerognico (lab), anaerogenie.
anaglfico (fma), anaglyphie.
anghfo (fma), anaglyph.
anaglifoscopio m (fma), anaglyphoseope.
analtico (ptica), anallatie.
analatismo m (lev), ana11atism.
analcima, analcita f (miner), analeime, analeite.
analcitita f (geol), analeitite, analeimite.
anlisis m f, analysis.
-- de cedazo o de tamices, sereen 01' sieve anal-
ysis.
-- de comprobaci6n, check analysis.
- de hornada (met), ladle analysis.
-- electroltico, eleetroanalysis.
--inmediato, proximate analysis.
-- ponderal, gravirnetrie analysis.
analista m f, analyst.
analtico, analytieal.
analizador m, analyst; (meeh) analyzer; (ra)
analyzer; (tv) scanner.
-- de arm6nieos (ra), harmonic analyzer.
-- de distorsi6n (ra), distortion analyzer.
-- de ondas (ra), wave analyzer.
-- de ruidos (ra) , noise analyzer.
-- de tambor (tv), drum scanner.
analizar, to analyze; (tv) to sean.
analoga (j) de la placa, slab analogy.
anlogo m, analogue.
anaquel m, shelf.
anaranjado de metilo (lab), methyl orange.
ancaramita f (geol), ankaramite.
ancaratrita f (geol), ankaratrite.
ancla f, (naut) (meeh) anchor.
-- de asta giratoria, swivel anchor.
-- de campana, mushroom anchor.
-- de espiar, kedge anchor.
-- de hlice, serew anchor (for guy).
- de pared (ed), wall anchor.
-- de seta, mushroom anchor.
-- de tierra, guy 01' earth anchor.
-- de tornillo, serew anchor.
-- de va (fe), antiereeper.
-- sin cepo, stoekless anchor.
ancladero m, anehorage, anehoring ground.
anclaje m, anehorage; anehoring; anehorage
eharges.
anclar, to anchor.
anclote m,anehor.
anelotillo m, sma11 anchor, kedge.
anco m (min) (Pe), a silver ore.
ane6n m, bay, eove; (I'R) smalllighter.
anconadaf, large el1>ve, bay.
anconaje m (PR), lighterage;
ncora f, anchor.
ancoraje m, anchorage.
ancorar, to anchor,
ancorera.!, anchor shop.
ancorero m, anchor maker.
anchico m, an Argentine hardwood.
ancho m, width, breadth; a wide.
-- de faja (ra), band width.
- de via (fe), gage.
- tipo (fe)(M), standard gage.
anchura f, width, breadth.
anchur6n m (min), chamber, stall, room.
andada J, trail, path.
andadera J, trayeler, traveling derriek, traveling
seaffold.
andadero m, footwalk,
andador m, footwalk; (A) motor scooter.
ancialucita f (miner), andalusite.
.mdamiada f, seaffolding.
-- de carenaje (ds), gridiron.
andamiador m, seaffold builder, stagebuilder.
andamiaje m, seaffolding, staging. '
a"dalniar, to scaffold.
andamio m, seaffold; (bdg) (Ec) falsework.
-- acartelado, braek:et seaffold.
- ambulante o corredizo, traveler, traveling
seaffold.
-- colgante, hanging scaffold.
- de bscula (001), seaffold on outlookers ticd
baek to wall aboye.
-- de'cballctes, horse seaffold.
-- de parales, pole seaffold.
-- suspendido, swinging 01' hanging scaffold.
-- tubular, pipe scaffold.
-- voladizo o volado, flying 01' cantilever 01' ut-
riggcr scaffold.
andana f, row, file, line, tier.
andarache m (min)(Es), scaffold.
andarivel m, aCl,inl tramway, eableway, ropeway;
cable guardrail; single whip; cable ferry;
cable railway; (O) ferryboat.
andn m, (rr) platform; sidewalk on a bridge;
walkway; towpath; (top)(Pe)(B) terraee;
(ap) loading apron.
- de cabeza (fe), end platform.
-- de entreva (fe), island platform.
-- de llegada (fe), arTival platform.
- de salida (fe), departure platform.
~ de trasbordo, transfer platform.
ndito m, sie!cwalk; piazza.
andullo m (nut), fene!er, mato
anegable, subjeet to inune!ation.
anegaci6n f, inundation.
anegadizo, liable to be overtJowed; nonfloating.
anegar, to submerge, flooe!, inune!ate; (pu) to
drown; anegarce, to be flooded; to sink; to
beeome waterlogged.
aneletrieo, anelcetrie.
anemogrfico, anelllographie.
anem6grafo m, anelllograph, reeording wind
gage.
anemograma m, anemogram.
anemometra f, anelllOll1etry, wind gaging.
anemomtrico, anOlnon1ctl'ic.
anem6metro m, nnelllollleter, wind gage.
-- indicador, indil'ating anelllometer.
-- registrador, reeording anemometer.
anemometrgrafo ?n, anemometrograph, reeord-
ing wind gage.
anemoscopio ?n (Illrl), nnemoseope.
anerbico (is), anaerobie.
llnerobiosis f, anaerobiosis.
aneroide ma, aneroid.
-- altimtrico, altitude aneroide barometer.
-- de top6grafo, surveying aneroid.
aneroid6grafo m, aneroidograph.
anetadura f (nut), puddening.
anexo m (M),addition to a building, ell, wing.
anfibio m a (ap), amphibian.
anfbol m (miner), hornblende, amphibole.
anfiblico, amphibolie.
anfibolfero, eontaining amphibole.
anfibolita f (geol), amphibolite.
anfibolosquisto m (geol), hornblende sehist.
anf6tero (q1m), amphoteric.
angaletar (A), to miter.
angalete m (earp) (A), miterbox;
angarillas J, handbarrow.
angarillear (Oh), to move material in handbar-
rows.
angla f, (geog) cape.
anglesita f, anglesite, nativelead sulphate.
angostar, to narrow,eontraet.
angosto, narrow, close.
angostura f, gap, pass, narrows, gorge; throat.
-- de la marea, tideraee.
angra f, eov':!, small bay.
angstrom m (fsica), angstrom.
anguenaf (min) (Es), a silverore.
anguilas J, launehing ways.
angular m, (Sp) (O)(Pe) steel angle, angle iron;
any rolled steel shape;a angular, sharp(sand).
-- canal, ehannel iron.
- ele (O), steel angle, angle irOD.
--T, T bar, T iron;.
-Z, Z bar.
ngulo m, angle.
-- ascendente (lev), angle of elevation.
-- atiesador (est), stiffeningangle.
-- comprendido, ineluded angle.
-- con bord6n o con nervio (est), bulb angle.
- de arista redonda ( e ~ t ) , round-baek angle.
-- de asiento (est), shelf orseat angle, ereetion
seat.
-- de ataque, angle ofattaek; (mt) working
angle.
- de aterrizaje (ap), landing angle.
- de atraso (ele), angle of lag.
-- de avance, (se) angle of lead, angular ad-
vanee; (elec) angle of lead 01' of lag.
- del bisel (sol), groove angle, bevel angle.
-- de contingencia (fe), angle of interseetion.
-- del chafln (sol), groove 01' bevel angle.
- de deflexi6n (fe) (M) (AO) (Ee) , defleetion
angle.
- de deriva (fma), angle of erab.
- de desfasamiento (ele), phase angle.
- de despojo (mh) , clearanee angle.
- de desviaci6n, defleetion angle; angle of de-
viation; (eab) f1eet angle.
-- de entrada (mh), entering angle.
- de espacio libre labial, lip-relief angle (twisl
drill) .
-- de esviaje, angle of skew; (eab) fleet angle.
- de filo (mh), tool angle, angle of keenness.
-- de fricci6n, angle of frietion 01' of repose.
-- de frotamiento interno, aI;lgle of interna!
frietion.
ngulo
24 nodo nodo 25 anticongelador
- de la hlice (herr) (rs) , helixangle.
_ de la herramienta (mh), tool angle, angle of
keenness;
- de incidencia, angleof incidence.
- de inclinacin lateral (mh), side-rake angle.
- de juego (mh) (A), relief angle.
- de llegada (ra), angle o arriva!.
- de planeo (ap), angle o glide, obstrQ.ction
ratio.
-- de la ranura (sol), bevel or groove angle.
- de rayo (ra), beam angle.
- de rebajo o de relieve (mh), relief angle.
__ de reposo, angle o repose or o riction.
_ de resbalamiento (A), angle o repose.
_ de resistencia al corte (ms), angle o shear-
ing resistance.
-- de retraso (elc) , angle of lag, phase angle.
- de rincn vivo (est), square-root angle.
-- de rozamiento, angle o riction.
- de rumbo (geof), angle o strike.
- de salida, (ra) angle o departure; (geop)
angle o emergence.
- de separacin (mh), front clearance.
-- de sesgo, angle o skew.
- de varenga (cn), reverse frame.
- de vista (ma), angle of view or of coverage.
- descendente (lev), angle o depression.
- desigual (est), angle with unequallegs.
-- entrante, re-entrant angle.
--horario, hour angle.
- igual (est), angle with equallegs.
--incluso, included angle.
-labial (A), lip angle (twist drill).
- lateral de cada (mh), side rako.
- paralctico, angular parallax, parallactic
anglo.
- perifrico (c) (V), dofloction angle.
- recto, right angle.
-- subtenso (lev), subtenso angle.
- sujetador (est), clip angle.
_ superior de inclinacin (mh) , back-rako
angle.
--tangencial (c), deflection angle.
--trancanil (cn), stringer angle.
- trasero de cada (mh) , back rake.
--vertical (lev), vertical angle, angle of eleva-
tion, altitudo or site angle.
ngulos
-- adyacentes, adjacent angles.
- alternos, alternate angles.
-- de ensamblaje (est), connection angles.
-- en cruz (est), starred angles.
- espalda con espalda, angles back to back.
angulosidad J, angularity.
anguloso, angular; sharp (sand) .
anhdrico, anhydrous.
anhdrido m, anhydride.
anhidrita J (miner), anhydrite;
anhidro, anhydrous.
anidable, nestable.
anidado, nested.
aniego m, aniegue m (M), inundation, fiooding.
anilina J, aniline.
anilla J, ringo
anillar, to ormrings or hoops.
anillo m, ring, hoop, collar, rimo
- abrazadera (mh), clamp ringo
- aceitador (lu) , oi1 ringo
- anual (mad), growth ringo
-- colector (elc), slip or collector ringo
-- conector (carp), ring connector.
- de albura (mad), sap ringo
-- del asiento (v), seat ringo
- de bolas tipo empuje (cojinete), thrust ball
race.
-- de cierre, lock ring (tire).
-- de cierre hidrulico (bm), lantern ringo
-- de crecimiento (mad), growth ringo
-- de mbolo, piston or packing ringo
-- de empaque, washer, packing or iunk ring;
(str) filling ringo
-- de empuje, thrust collar.
- de engrase (Iu), oil ringo
-- de estancamiento (Iu), seal ringo
-- de estopas o de guarnicin, (eng) iunk or
packing ringo
- de frotamiento (mot), slip ringo
- de la garganta (turb), throat ringo
-- de goteo (lu), drip ringo
-- de grasa (lu), grease ringo
- de guarapo (az), juice ringo
-- de horqnilla, clevis ringo
-- de levas, cam ringo
-- de lubricacin, oil ringo
-- de prensaestopas, (eng) iunk ringo
-- de remate (est), cap ringo
-- de resorte, snap ring (piston).
- de respaldo (sol), backing ringo
- de retenidas, (de) guy ringo
-- de retculo (inst), cross-hair ringo
-- de rodadura, bearing race, raceway.
-- de rodete,turbine case.
- de salida (turb), discharge ringo
- de traviesas (turb) (U), speed ringo
-- desgastable, wearing ringo
- distribuidor (turb), speed or stay ringo
- fiador, retainer (ball bearing).
- fraccionado (mad) , false ringo
-- guardapolvo, dust ringo
--limpiador de aceite (lu), wiperring.
--llenador (est) , filling ringo
-- micromtrico, micrometer collar.
-- portabolas, cage o a ball bearing, ball race.
- portante (tUrb), case ringo
-- portapaletas (turb), guide-vane ringo
- regulador (turb), gato orshifting ringo
--restregador (mbolo), scraper or wiper ringo
- rozante (mot), slip ringo .
- salpicador (ra), splash ringo
-, seguidor (hid), fol1ower ring (gate).
-- sincronizador (auto), synchronizing ringo
- sujetador (mh), shell chuck.
nima J, (cab) center, core; web (drill); (mech)
boro.
anin m, anion.
anisomtrico, anisometric.
anisotrpico, anistropo, anisotropic.
andico (elc), anodic, anodal.
anodizar, to anodize.
nodo m (elc), anode.
-- acelerador (ra) (tv) , accelerating anode.
-- partido, split anode.
- retenedor, holding anodo.
anofeles, anopheles (mosquito).
anofelino, anopheline.
anolito m (elc), anolyte.
anomala J, anomaly (all senses).
anortitaJ (miner), anorthite (eldspar).
anortosita J (geol), anorthosite.
anotador m, recorder, note keeper.
anotar, to take notes.
anotrn (ra), aIiotron.
antagonista, antagnico (mec), reactive, antag-
onistic.
antebaha J (M), entrance to a bayo
antecmara J, (hyd) forebay; lobby, anteroom;
(di) antechamber.
- de compresin (M), air lock.
antecedentes m, preliminary data.
antecrisol m, forehearth.
antedrsenaJ, entrance to a dock; first o a series
of basins.
antedique m, "lntranco to a dry dock.
anteesclusa J, entrance to a lock.
anteespolnm, works to protect a mole or jetty.
anteestudio m, preliminary study.
anteforido m, step protecting the floor o a lock.
anteforna11a J, front part o firebox.
antegrada J (cn), lower end o bunching ways.
antehogar m, front part o firebox.
antena J (ra), antenna.
-- Adcock, Adcock antenna.
-- aperidica, deadbeat 01' aperiodic antenna.
--artificial, artificial 01' dummy antenna.
--Beverage, wave or Beverage antenna.
--binomia, binomial array.
-- cargada, loaded antenna.
-'- compensadora, balancing amia!.
-- de abanico, fan antenna.
-- de argolla, lodp antenna.
-- de capacitancia, condenser or capacitor an-
tenna.
-- de capas, tier array.
--de cuadro, radio loop, loop antenna.
-- de cuarto de onda, quarter-wave ante""",.
- de doblete, doublet antenna.
- de fajas mltiples, multiband antenr..a.
-- de haz (Es), beam antenna.
-- de inversin, antenna reflector.
-- de jaula, cage antenna.
-- de lazo, loop or coil antenna.
-- de media onda, half-wave antenna.
-- de molinete, turnstile antenna.
-- de onda, wave or Beverage antenna.
-- de plena onda, full-wave antenna.
-- de reflexin, antenna reflector.
-- de techo plano, flat-top antenna.
-- de toda onda, all-wave antenna.
-- de vientre (Es), loop antenna.
- dipolo, dipole anterina, (Sp) doublet an-
tenna.
-- direccional, antenna array, beam or direc-
tional antenna.
-- direccional transmisora, directive antenna.
-- emisora, transmitting antenna.
-- en V, folded-wire or V antenna.
-- espina de pescado, fishbone antenna.
--falsa, artificial antenna.
-- fantasma, phantom or dummy antenna;
-- ficticia (A), dummy antenna.
-- giratoria, rotary-beam antenna.
--indicadora de direccin (ap) , direction finder.
--larga, long-wire or harmonic antenna.
-- mltiple, multiple-tuned antenna.
--paraguas o sombrilla, umbrella antenna.
-- rmbica, diamond antenna.
-- sintonizada, tunedantenna.
antenas entongadas, stacked array.
anteojo m, telescope (transit or level).
--. astronmico o de imagen invertida o de
ocular simple, astronomical telescope (in-
verted image).
- buscador (fma), telescopic finder.
-- de ereccin o de imagen recta, erecting or
terrestrial telescope.
-- de foco exterior, external-focusing telescope.
-- de inversin (Es), erecting telescope.
- de puntera (ma), sighting te1escope.
--meridiano, meridian instrumento
-- solar (lev), solar telescope.
anteojos de camino, goggles.
antepagar, to prepay.
antepas m, foreland.
antepecho m, railinll; parapet; panelor apron.or
filler wall; spandrel; (min) bench.
antepozo m (A)(Es), pump pit forsemiartesian
well.
antepresa J (Es), UJ}stream cofferdam.
antepresupuesto m,preliminary estimate.
anteproyecto m, preliminary designo
antepuerto m, outer harbor, anchorage outside
an artificial port.
-- fluvial, protective works aboye a river port.
antesolera J (hid), upstream hearth.
antestudio m, preliminary study.
antetecho m (Oh), overhang of a roo, eaves.
antetrn m, forecarriage.
anteumbral m (hid), upstream sill.
antiablandecedor, nonsotening.
anticido, acid-resisting.
antiaferrador, antiagarrador (maq), nonseizing.
antialabeo, nonwarping.
antialcalino, antalkaline.
antianofelino, antianopheline (mosquito).
antiaraador, nonscoring.
antiarcos (elc), nonarcing.
antibiosis J (is), antibiosis.
anticapacitivo (elc), anticapacitive.
anticatalizador m (qum), anticatalyst.
antictodo m (ra), anticathode, anode.
anticlstico (mat), anticlastic.
anticlinal m (geol), anticline; a anticlinal.
-- compuesto o mltiple, anticlinorium.
--interrumpido, arrested anticline.
--recostado, recumbent anticlino.
--tumbado, overturned anticline.
anticlinorio m (geol), anticlinorium.
anticloro m (qum) , antichlor.
anticoagulante, anticoagulant.
anticohesor m (ra), anticoherer.
anticombustible m, any fire-extinguishing chemi-
cal.
anticondensacin, anticondensation.
anticongelador m, deicer, anti-icer.
anticongelante 26 aparato aparato
27
aportacin
anticongelante,. antreeze.
anticontracci6n,nonshrink.
anticorrosivo, rust-resisting, anticorrosive, non-
corrosive.
anticorto-circuito (elc), antishort.
anticbirrido, antisqueak;
antiderrapante CM), nonskid.
antideslizante (m) para correas, belt dressing.
antideslumbrante (vi), antiglare.
antidesvanecedor (ra) , antifading.
antidetonancia J (mg), antiknock value.
antidetonante m, antiknock, antidetonant, fuel
dope; a antiknock.
antiebullicivo (ca1), antipriming.
antiecon6mico, unprofitable.
antiendurecedor, nonhardening.
antiengrane (A), antiseize.
antiespuma (ca1), antifoam, nonfoaming.
antiesttico (ra), antistatic.
antifase J (elc), antiphase, opposite phase.
antifiuctuacin (elc), antihunting.
antifriccin, antifriction.
antignico (lab), antigenic.
antgeno m (lab), antigen.
antigiratorio (cab), nonspinning.
antigolpeteo .(mg), antiknock.
antihalo (fma), antihalation.
antiherrumbroso, rust-resisting.
antihigroscpico (A), nonhygroscopic, moisture-
proof.
antiinductivo (elc), anti-induction.
antilarvario, larvae-destroying.
antilogaritmo m, antilogarithm.
antimagntico (A), nonmagnetic.
antimalrico (C), antimalarial.
antimicrofnico (ra), antimicrophonic.
antimoniado, containing antimony, antimoni-
ureted.
antimonial, antimonial.
lIntimoniato m, antimonate.
antimnico a, antimony, antimonic.
antimonfero, containing antimony.
antimonio m, antimony.
- arsenical (miner), allemontite, arsenical an-
timony.
--blanco (miner), valentinite, white antimony.
-- gris (miner), stibnite, gray antimony.
-- pirofrico, explosive antimony.
-- rojo, red antimony; kermes mineral.
antimonioso, antimonious.
antimonita J (miner), antimonite, stibnite.
antimonito m (quim), antimonite.
antimoniuro m, antimonide.
antincrustantem, boiler or antiscale compound;
a preventing scaleformation; (pt)anti-
fouling.
antinodo m (ra), antinode.
-- de la corriente, current antinode or loop.
antinormal, antinormal.
antioxidante, antirust, rust-resisting, antioxidant.
antipaldico, antimalaria.
antiparalela J (mat), antiparallel.
antiparalelo a, antiparallel.
antiparsito (elc), antiparasitic.
antiparras J, goggles.
antipatinador m,.antiskid device.
antiprico (C), fire-resisting.
antirrajadura, antisplitting.
antirrecbinante, antisqueak.
antirresbalidizo, nonslip, nonskid.
antirresonancia J (ra), antiresonance.
antirresonante, (A) soundproof.
antisalpicadura, nonsplash (funnel).
antisptico, antiseptic; (pt) antouling.
antisifonaje, antisiphon.
antisimtrico, antisymmetrical. .
antissmico, earthquake-proof, antiseismic.
antisonoro, soundproof.
antisuero m (lab), antiserum.
antitrmico, nonconducting of heat.
antivaho (A), antiglre (glass).
antizumbido (elc), antihum.
antlerita J, antlerite, native eopper sulphate.
antorcha J, welding torch; plumber's torcho
-- a soplete, blowtorch.
-- cortadora, cutting torcho
-- de arco elctrico (sol), arc torcho
-- de guitarra o de pared, banjo orwall torcho
--para camino, highway or road torch, fusee.
-- soldadora, welding torcho
antraceno m, anthracene.
antracfero (geol), anthraciferous.
antracita J, anthracite or hard coal.
antractico, anthracitic.
antracitoso, anthracitous, eontaining anthracite.
anulador (m) de energa, stilling pool, any device
for dissipating the energy of falling water.
anular a, annular.
anunciador m (elc), annunciator.
anunciar, to advertise.
anuncio m, announcement; advertisement.
aojada J (Col), skylight.
apaciguador (m) de arco (sol), arc pacifier.
apagabrasas m (loco), live-coal extinguisher.
apagacbispas m, spark extinguisher or arrester.
apagada al aire, air-slaked (lime).
apagador m, quencher, extinguisher; slaker;
(elec) (M) light switch.
-- a espuma, foam fire extinguisher.
-- de arco (elc), arc quencher.
-- de cal, lime slaker.
--visible (M), surface switch;
apagafuego, apagaincendios, apagallamas m, fire
extinguisher.
apagar, to extinguish, quench; to slake (lime);
(elec) to switch off.
apainelado, elliptical (arch); (Colj paneled.
apalancar, to pry, movewith a lever.
apaleadora J (C), power shovel.
apalear, to shove!.
apamate m, a Venezuelan lumber.
apancle, apantle m (M), irrigation ditch; fiume.
apantallar (ra), to sbield, screen.
apantanar, to fiood, inundate.
aparadura J (cn) , garbel, plate of the garboard
strake.
aparar, to dress with an adz, to dub.
aparatista (Es), instrument maker.
aparato m, apparatus, device, fixture.
-- de distribucin (elc), switchgear.
-- de mando, control mechanism.
-- de seguridad, safety device.
- de timoneo (cn), steering gear.
-- dibujador, drafting machine.
- restituidor (fma), restitution machine.
- rotulador (dib), lettering machine.
-- tensor, take-up tackle, tightening device.
aparatos sanitarios, plumbing fixtures.
aparedar, to wall up.
aparejador m, rigger one who lays out the work;
(lg) fitter, marker.
aparejar, to rig; to layout; (pt) to prime, size,
fill; (mas) to bond; (lbr) to rough-dress.
aparejo m, block and fall; chain block; tackle,
rigging; purchase; (pt) priming, sizing,
filler; (mas) bond; (mas) laying out; pack-
saddle.
-- a cadena, chain block.
-- atesador o de compensacin, take-uptackle.
-- cruzado (lad) , eross or Duteh bond.
-- cudruple, four-part tackle.
-- de dibujo, drafting machine.
-- de lantia, single whip.
-- de maniobras (pet), draw works.
-- de. molinete, eapstan pulley bloeks (for line-
men).
- de perforacin (pet), drilling rig.
-- de retenida (en), vang purch::tse, guy taekle.
- de sogas biseladas (l::td) , elipped or secret
bond.
- de vlvula (mv) (M), valve gear.
-- diferencial, differential hoist, chain block.
- espigado (lad), herringbonc bond.
- fiamenco u holands (lad), Flemish bond.
- ingls (lad), English bond.
- ingls y cruzado (lad) , block-andl-cross or
cross-and-English bond.
-- quntuplo, five-part lineo
--tensor, take-up 01' tension taekle.
apartadero m, (rr) siding; (rr) turnout; (rd) wide
place for passing; (canal) wide spot where
boats may tie up.
-- de paso, passing siding, turnout.
--muerto, dead-end siding.
-- particular, private siding.
apartaderos solapados (fe), lap sidings.
apartado m, (min) oro separation; (M) smelting;
post-offiee box.
apartador m, ore pieker; smelter.
apartamiento (m) meridiano, meridian distance.
apartar, to sort, separate, classify; (1'1') to side-
track.
apartarrayos m, lightning arrester.
apatita J (miner), apatite.
-- fiuor, fiuorapatite.
apeadero m (fe), small station.
apeador m, land survcyor.
apeadura, surveying.
apear, to fell (trees); to ehoek (wheel); to survey;
to shore, timber, brace; (Col)to support;
(M) to underpin.
apelotonar, to form into balls.
apelmazar, to eompress.
apeo m, a survey; timbering, shoring;cutting
treos; (M) undorpinning.
aperador m, wheelwright; foroman; (min) store-
keeper.
aperar, to repair wagons.
aperiodicidad J, aperiodicity.
aperidico (elc), aperiodie.
apernar, to bolt; to pino
aperos m, tools, equipment, outfit.
apertura J, act f opening.
apestaar (Es), to f1ange.
apilador m (ef), decker.
apiladora J, stacker, portable elevator.
apilar, to pile, stack.
apilonar (C) (PR) (M), to pile, pile up, stack.
apiaduraJ (ef), ajam;
apiamiento (m) del espectro (eIc), spectrum
crowding.
apiar, apiarse, to jam; clog; stick, stalI.
apique m, mine shaft.
apir m, laborer in a mine.
apisonado m (V), roadbed, subgrade.
apisonador m, rammer; tamper.
- de relleno, baekfill tamper.
-- de vapor, steam roller.
apisonadora J, tamper; roller.
--.- de neumticos, rubber"tire roller.
-- de patitas. de carnero, sheepsfoot or tamping
roller.
- niveladora (ca), tamping and Ieveling ma-
chine.
apisonar, to tamp, compact, ramo
apitn m, .a Philippine lumber.
apizarrado; containing slate.
apizarrar, to do slatework.
aplanadera J, straightedge; mason's f1oat; road
drago
aplanador m, roller; grader; (bs) f1atter; (mas)
f1oat.
aplanadora J, roller; grader; mason's f1oat;
dresser.
-- a vapor, steam roller.
-- automotriz, motor roller.
-- con pies de cabra o de pezua, sheepsfoot or
tamping roller.
-- mecnica (ec), power f1oat.
--pata de cabra, sheepsfoot roller.
aplanar, to level, grade; to smoothup; (mas) to
f1oat.
aplantillar, to work to a template.
aplastamiento m, collapsing; crushing; (Pi)
brooming; (conc) (Pe) (U) (A) slump. '
aplastar, to f1atten; to crush, (Pi) broom;
aplastarse. to collapse.
aplayar (1'), to overflow.
aplicador m (ca) (lab) , applicator.
aplicar,to place logainst, apply too
aplita J (geol), aplite.
aplobasalto m (geol), aplobasalt.
aplogranito m, aplogranite.
aplomar, to plumb; tocoat with lead; aplomarse,
to collapse.
aplomo m, verticality; plumb line; a plumb,
vertical.
apocromtico, apochromatic (lens).
apomecmetro m (lev), apomecometer.
apopado (nut), down by the stern.
aporiolita J (geol), aporhyolite.
aporreador m (Ch) , sledge, maul, striking hammer.
aportacin J, (hyd) inflow, runoff; (w) weld
metal used in one opcration.
aportadero m, anchorage in a port.
aportar (nut), to arrivein port.
aporte m (hid), runoff, inflow.
aporticado (est)(A), rigidly framed (columns and
connecting beam .01' truss).
aportillar,. to make an openingin; aportillarse, to
collapse.
apostadero m, naval station.
-- de hidroaviones, seaplane base, air harbor.
apotema J .(mat), apothem.
apoyadero m, strut, shore, support.
apoyado libremente (viga), simply supported.
apoyaherramienta m, tool resto
apoyapi m (auto),footrest.
apoyar, to support; apoyarse en, to abut against,
rest on.
apoyo m, support, bearing, cradle.
-- colgante, shaft hanger.
- de dilatacin, expansion bearing.
-- de oscilacin (est), rocker bearing.
-- de pasador, pin bearing.
-- de rodillos (pte), roller 01' expansion bearing.
apozarse (Col) (PR) , to back up (water), to form
pools.
apreciacin J, appraisal, valuation; estimate;
(inst) smallest reading.
appreciador m, appraiser.
apreciar, to value, appraise; to estimate.
aprecio m, appraisal,valuation.
aprendiz, apprentice.
aprendizaje m, apprenticeship.
apresar (Es), to dam.
aprestado m, dressing.
aprestador m (pint), primer.
aprestar, to make ready; (pt) to prime, size.
apresto m, outfit, equipment; (pt) priming.
- a soplete (pint), flame priming.
- para correas, belt dressing.
apretado, tight, close; compacto
apretador m, tightener.
-- de corredera, zipper.
- de tuercas (Ch), nut runner 01' setter.
apretar, to tighten, to set (brake); (sh) to crowd;
to crimp (blasting cap).
apretatubo m, hosecock, pinchcock.
apretn m (min), pressure.
apretura J, tightness; (top) gorge, narrows.
aprietacable m (A), cable clip.
aprietacadena m, chain tightener.
aprietatuercas m, nut runner 01' setter.
aprieto m, (min) pressure; (machy) seizing.
aproche (Col), aproches (M) m, approach.
apropiacinJ (C), appropriation.
aprovechamiento m, development, utilization,
exploitation; reclamation.
_.- forestal, logging, lumbering.
-- hidroelctrico, hydroelectric development.
aprovisionamiento (m) de agua, water supply.
aprovisionar, to furnish, supply.
aproximacin J, approximation; approach.
aproximado a, approximate.
apuntador m, timekeeper; note keeper, recorder.
apuntadora J (mh), pointing tool.
apuntalamiento .. m, shoring, timbering, trench
bracing; falsework.
apuntalar, to shore, brace, prop.
- adintelado, flat arch.
-- apainelado, elliptical arch.
--articulado, hinged arch.
-.- birrotulado, two-hinged arch.
- capialzado, arch behind a lintel.
- carbnico (elc) (A), carbon arco
-- carpanel, three-centered 01' elliptical arch.
-- crucero, rib at intersection of groined arches.
- cubierto (sol), shielded arco
-- de aligeramiento, relieving arch.
-- de ngulo constante, constant-angle arch
(dam).
- de asa de canasta (M), three-centered arch.
-- de centro pleno, semicircular 01' full-centered
arch.
-- de cuatro centros, four-centered arch.
-- de declinacin (inst), declination arc.
-- de descarga, relieving arch.
-- de dos articulaciones, two-hinged arch.
-- de encuentro, groined arch.
-- de enjuto abierto, open-spandrel arch.
- de filete, fillet arch.
- de .la hlice (cn) , propeller arch, bridge
pICce, tuck plateo
-- de llama (elc), flaming arc.
-- de medio punto, semicircular 01' full-centered
arch.
-- de radio constante, constant-radius arch
(dam).
- de sardinel,rowlock(brick) arch.
-- de segmento, segmental arch.
-- de sierra, hacksaw frame.
-- de tres articulaciones o de triple charnela o
de triple rtula, th.ree-hinged arch.
-- de tres centros, three-centered arch.
- descubierto .(sol) , unshielded.arc.
-- en esviaje, skew arch.
-- escarzano o rebajado, segmenta! arch.
- forestal (tc), logging arch.
--inverso (ra), arc-back, backfue.
- mltiple, multiple arch (dam).
-- nervado, ribbed arch.
- para troncos (tc), logging arch.
--parlante (ra), speaking arc.
- protegido (sol), shielded aro.
--rampante, rampant arch.
-. rectilneo, flat arch.
--reticulado, framed arch.
- rotulado, hinged arch.
-- sesgado, skew arch.
-- sonoro (elc), singing arco
-- taquimtrico (inst), stadia are.
--tricntrico o zarpanel, three-centered arch
- trirrotulado, th.ree-h.inged arch.
--vuelto, inverted arch.
arcn m, bin, bunker; caisson.
-- carbonero, coalbin.
arcosaJ (geol), arkose (sandstone).
archivador m, filing cabinet.
archivar, to file (documents).
archivero m (M), filing cabinet.
archivos m, (of) files.
arder, to burn.
rea J, arca; (meas) are.
- alimentadora o colectora (hid) , drainage 01'
catchment area, watershed.
rea
29
rbol
- de cabezal, head shaft.
- de camas (A), camshat.
- de cola (ef), tail tree.
-- de conexiones (pet), Christmas tree.
-- de contramarcha, countershaft.
-- de desembrague, clutch-shifter 01' clutch-
throwout shaft.
- del diferencial (auto), live axle.
-- de direccin (auto), steering shaft.
--. de distribucin, camshaft.
-- de excntricas (C), camshaft.
-- de impulsin, driving shaft.
-- de levas, camshaft.
- de mando (auto) propeller shaft.
-- de reenvo (Es), countershaft, secondary
shaft.
-- de sierra, saw mandrel.
-- de torsin, torque shaft.
-- de transmisin, driving shaft, (auto) propel-
ler shaft.
-- gigantesco, big tree, sequoia; redwood.
-- gra (ef), spar tree, head spar 01' tree.
-- motor, driving shaft 01' axle; crankshaft.
- partido, split shaft.
--propulsor, driving shaft, (auto) propeller
shaft.
arbolar, to plant trees; to set a masto
arbolln m, sewer,drain.
arborizacin J, arborestacin J (M), forestation.
arbotante m, semiarch supporting a vault strut
of a flying buttress; outlooker, h ~ i s t i n g
beam.
arcaJ, box.
-- de agua, eisterll.
--de herramientas, toolbox.
arcada j, arcade, series of arches.
arcaduz m, conduit; elevator bucket.
arce m, maple.
-- sacarino o de azcar, sugar maple.
arcn m (Es), curb around a shaft 01' well; river-
bank.
arcilla j, elay
- batida, puddled clay.
-- cocida, burnt clay.
-- de batn, fuller's earth.
- de cohesin o de liga (ms), bond clay.
- de filtro, filter clay.
- de ladrillero, brick clay.
- de pedernal, flint clay.
- de pudelaje (M), clay puddle.
-- descoloradora, bleaching clay.
- endurecida (V), clay stone.
-- esquistosa, shale.
--ferruginosa, iron clay, clay ironstone.
-laminar (V), shale.
--refractaria, fue clay.
--refractaria apedernalada, flint clay.
arcillar m, deposit of clay; v to spread clay to
mix with clay. '
arcillita J (V), clay stone.
arcilloarenoso (geol), argilloarenaceous.
arcillocalcreo (geol), argillocalcareous.
arcilloso, clayey, argillaceous.
arco m, arch; arc; (elec) arco
--a regla, flat arch.
-.- acarreador de trozas (M), logging arch.
rbol
apuntar, to take notes; to sketch; to point; (inst)
to sight.
apunte m, rough sketch; memorandum, note.
apuntillado m (min), wedging, shimming.
apurar, to purify; to finish; to hurry.
aquastato m, Aquastat (trademark).
aquebradizar, to embrittle.
aquerita J (geol), akerite.
arabanaJ (az), araban.
arabinosa J (az), arabinose.
arado m, plow.
-- de caminos, road plow.
-- de nieve, snowplow.
-- desarraigador, rooting 01' rooter plow; grub
hook.
- descargador (fc), train plow, ballast plow.
- mltiple, gang plow.
-- quitanieve, snowplow.
araguaney, araguato m, Venezuelan lumber
trees.
aralejo m, a West Indian hardwood.
arancel m, tariff.
--. aduanero, schedule of customs duties.
-- consular, list of consular fees.
arandela J, washer, gasket; burro
-- abierta, slip washer, C 01' slotted washer.
--acopada, cup washer.
-- achaflanada o ahusada, bevel washer.
-- cortada, cut washer.
-- de aceite, oil retainer.
-- de cabo, grommet.
-- de cimacio o de gola, ogee 01' cast-iron
washer.
-- de cojn, cushion washer.
-- de empaque o de guarnicin, packing washer.
-- de empuje, thrust washer.
- de grifo, bibb washer.
- de placa, plate washer.
-- elstica o de resorte, spring washer.
-- espaciadora o separadora, spacing washer,
separator.
--fiador o de seguridad, lock washer.
--fijadora, check 01' lock washer.
--lubricadora, oiling washer.
--nervada, ribbed cast-iron washer.
- partida, split washer.
- taza (A), cup washer.
araaJ (mec),spider, yoke, crowfoot.
araar, to score, scratch.
arar, to plow.
araucaria J, a South American pine.
araz m, a South American hardwood.
arbitracin J, arbitration.
arbitrador, rbitro m, arbitrator.
arbitraje m, arbitration; arbitrage.
arbitrar, to arbitrate.
rbol m, tree; mast; (machy) shaft, axle; man-
drel; (bldg) center post of a spiral stairway.
-- acodado, crankshaft.
- balanceador (mg}.(A), rocker-arm shaft.
-- cardn, cardan shaft.
- cigeal, crankshaft.
-- compensador, compensating axle.
-- de anclaje (ef), spar tree, head spar.
-- del balancn, balance arbor.
- de boca de pozo (pet), Christmas tree.
28 aportadero
arrancador
- de compresin (mbolo), compression ringo
-- de mbolo, piston 01' packing ringo
-- de freno, brake ringo
-- de guarnicin, packing ringo
- de neumtico (auto), rimo
-- de pistn, piston ringo
-- de resorte, snap ring (piston).
- de ventilacin (auto), ventilated piston ringo
-- dentado, ring gear.
- desmontable (auto), demountable rimo
-- empaquetador, packing ringo
--portabolas o de rodillos, ball race (bearing),
roller cage.
--rasca-aceite (auto)(A), scraper ringo
-- rascador, scraper ringo
-- regulador de aceite (auto), oil-co!1trolring.
arpeo m, cant hook; grapnel.
arpeos de pie, climbing irons, climbers.
arpillera J, burlap, bagging.
arpn m (pet), spear.
-- de circulacin y desprendimiento, releasing
and circulating spear.
-- de disparo, trip spear.
-- desalojador, releasing spear.
--pescacable, rape spear.
- pescatubos, casing spear.
--pescavlvulas, valve spear.
arponado, pronged,ragged (bolt).
arqueador m, ship surveyor.
arquear, to arch; to survey a ship; arquearse
(an), to hog.
arqueo m, arching; measurement of a vessel:
tonnage of a vessel; (com) audit appraisal
of assets.
-- bruto, gross tonnage.
- de registro, registered tonnage, tons register.
-- neto, net tonnage.
arquera J, series of arches, arcade.
arquitecto m, architect.
-- naval, naval architect.
- paisajista, landscape architect.
arquitectnico, architectural.
arquitectura J, architecture.
-- civil, architecture.
- hidrulica, hydraulic engineering.
-- militar, military engineering.
-- naval, naval architecture.
arquitectural (M) (Es), architectura1.
arquitrabe m, architrave; (C) beam; (Col) lintel.
arrabio m, pig iron; an ingot.
arramblarse, to be covered with sand by a fiood.
arrancaalcayatas m (fe), spike puller.
arrancaclavos m, claw bar, nail puller.
arrancada j, starting.
arrancador m, puller; grubber, ripper; (auto)
self-starter; (elec) starting compensator;
(pet) fishing too!.
-- a botn, push-button starter.
-- automtico, self-starter.
-- Bendix, Bendix drive.
- de estator (elc) (A), lield starter or control-
ler.
- de postes de cerco, fence-post puller.
-- de races, grubber.
-- de rotor (A), armature starter.
-- de yerbajos, weed eradicator.
31 armadura
_.- cruzada (conc), two-way reinforcement.
- de arco y cuerda, bowstring truss.
-.- de cubierta, roof truss.
-.- de dos pndolas, queen-post truss.
-- de enrejado, lattice truss.
-- de lnula, cresccnt truss.
-- de malla (conc), mat reinforcement; mesh
reinforcement.
- de pasadores, pin-connected truss.
- de pendoln, king-post truss.
- de rigidez, stiffening truss.
de segueta (C), hacksaw frame.
- de surgencia (pet) (V), Christmas tree.
-- de tablero inferior, through truss.
--de tablero superior, deck truss.
-- de tijera, scissors truss.
-- de viga, trussing of a beam.
-- en abanico, fan truss.
-- en arco, arch !luss.
-- en espiral (conc), spiralreinforcement.
-- en K, K truss.
-- enana (V), pony truss.
-- Howe, Howe truss.
-- Pep.nsylvania, Pennsylvania 01' Petit truss.
-- Petit, Petit truss.
-- Pratt, Pratt truss.
-.- rebajada, pony truss.
--rechoncha (V), pony truss.
-- selectiva, selective assembly.
-- superior (A), through truss.
-- tejida (conc), mesh reinforcement.
--triangular, triangular 01' W'arren truss, War-
ren girder.
--volada, cantilever truss.
-- Warren, Warren girder 01' truss, triangular
truss.
-- Warren de doble intersecci6n, double tri-
angular truss.
-- Whipple, Whipple truss, double-intersection
Pratt truss.
armadura J, assembling shop.
armaje m, erection, assembly; (A) framework.
armar, to assemble, erect, frame; to reinforce; to
truss.
armario m, cabinet.
-- de cortacircuito (elc), cutout box.
- de dibujos, plan file.
-- de herramientas, tool cabinet.
armaz6n J, framework, skeleton, framc, chassis;
fioor system of a bridge; (V) concrete rein-
forcement.
--A, A frame.
-- contraladeo (est), sway frame.
-- de orugas, (el') track frame, crawler frame.
-- de sustentaci6n, cribwork, cribo
- del tim6n (en), rudder frame.
- para serrucho (A), hacksaw framc.
--para troncos (te), logging areh.
armella J, eyebolt; staplc.
-- de resalto, shouldcr cyebolt.
arm6nico m a (mat)(elc), harmonic.
aro m,hoop, ring; (auto) tire rimo
_.- del aguil6n (gr), boom bando
- de barril, barrel hoop.
- de base plana (auto), fiat-base rimo
-- de caja (auto), ho11ow rimo
armadura
argamasn m, lump of mortar.
rgana J (Es), derrick, crane.
arganeo m, anchor ringo
argnteo, argental; silver-plated.
argntico, argentic. .'
argentfero, containing silver, argentiferous, sil-
ver-bearing.
argentino, argental, silvery.
argentita J, argentite (silver ore).
argentoso, argentous.
argilolita J, clay stone.
argilla J, clay. .
argirita, argirosa J (miner) , argyrIte, argyrose,
argentite. . .
argiritrosa J (miner) , argyrythrose, pyrargyrIte.
argo m (quim), argon.
argolla J, ring; staple; shackle.
arge m, windlass, capstan.
aridezJ, aridity. 'd
rido m, (conc) (rd) aggregate, road metal; a arI .
_ fino, fine aggregate, sand.
__ graduado, graded aggregate.
__ grueso, coarseaggregate. .
ariegita J (geol), ariegite (pyroxemte).
arietazo m (hid) , water hammer.
ariete m, ram; water hammer.
-- a vapor, steam ramo
__ hidrulico, hydraulic ram; water hammer.
arigue m (ed)(F), post, stud.
arista J, edge; salent angle; curb.
__ cortante, cutting edge. .
_ cortante del fuste (hen),
__ cortante de la punta (herr), pomt-cuttmg
edge. . f . ed
__ de encuentro, groin, intersectlOn o grom
arches. d' 'd
_ hidrogrfica (V), watershed lVl e.
__ matada, beveled edge.
_._ metlica de defensa, curb bar; corner bead.
__ viv,a, sharp edge; draft edge.
aristero m (to) (A), hipo .
aristn m, line of intersection of gromed arches;
reinfarced corner.
aritm,;tica J, arithmetic.
aritmtico, arithmetical.
aritmmetro m, calculating machine.
armada J, erection, assembly; nayY.
armada J, raft. . f d
armado, built-up, framed, assembled; rem orce ;
trussed.
__ con pasadores, pin-connect;d.
armador m, erector, framer; ShlI:'0wner..
__ de buques, shipfitter, shipbmlder; shipowner.
_ de puentes, bridgeman, steel erector.
armadura J erection, assembly; bent, frame-
work;' truss; armature (magnet), keeper:
mounting; (conc) reinforcement; (V) con-
crete forms; (elec) (C) armature.
-- A, A frame.
__ articulada, pin-connected truss.
__ atiesadora, stiffening truss.
__ Baltimore, Baltimore truss.
-- Burr, Burr truss. .
__ comprimida (conc), compresslon reinforce-
mento
_ contraquebranto (cn), hog frame.
30
_ de calentamiento (ap), warming-up area.
_ de captacin o drenaje (bid), catchment
area, watershed. .
_ de escurrimiento (bid)(Col), dramage area,
watershed. .
__ de inundacin, fiooded area; fiood plam.
__ de retencin (in), check.
__ de sobrerrecorrido (ap), runover area.
__ de soporte (est) , bear!"g area.
__ de sustentacin, bearmg area.
_._._ de viraje (ap), turn-around.
__ exploradora (tv), scanning
__ vertiente (hid) , watershed, dramage area.
reas extremas (ot), end areas.
arena J, sand.
__ acarreadiza, blow sand.
__ corrediza, quicksand.
__ cuarzosa, quartz sand.
__ chancada, crusher
__ de aristas vivas, sharp sand.
__ de cantera o de mina, pit sand.
__ de conchas, she11 sand.
__ de duna, blow 01' dune sand.
_ de escape (pet), thief sand.
__ de fundicin, molding 01' foundry sand.
__ de granos angulosos, shar:l> sand.
__ de mar o de playa, beach sand.
__ de revocar, plastering sand.
__ de silice, silica sand.
__ flida o movediza, quicksand.
__ fluvial, river sand.
__ gasfera, gas sand.
__ gorda o gruesa, coarse sand.
_ molida, rolled 01' manufactured sand.
__ normal, standard sand. ,
_ oriental (A), sand from Uruguay.
_'_ petrolfera, oil sand. .
_ productiva (pet), pay 01' producmg sand.
__ recia, coarse sand.
__ refractaria, fue 01' refractory sand.
-rodada, buckshotsand.
_ verde (fund), green sand.
arenceo sandy arenaceous.
arenador' m, sander;sandbox; (loco) sand dome;
(A) sandblast outfit.
arenadoraJ (ca), sand spreader,
arenal m, deposit of sand, sand plt 01' bar, (M)
sand dune.
arenar, to sand.
arenera J (M), sandblast
areneo m, sanding, sandblastmg. .
arenero m, sandbox; sand trap, settling basm;
grit chamber;(loco)sand dome..
arenilla J, fine sand, sand; grIto
arenillas (min) (M), tailmgs.
arenisca J, sandstone.
-- arcsica, arkose.
--verde, greensand.
arenisco, arenoso, sandy.
areometra J, (chem) areometry.
areomtrico, areometrIC.. .
aremetro, hydrometer, areometer, (su) spmdle.
aretillo m a Cuban hardwood.
argalleraf (Es), grooving saw, croze.
argamasa J, (mas) mortal'.
argamasar, to lay in mortar, to cemento
6rea
33 arrancador 32 artefactos artesa
asfalto
por inercia, inertia starter.
arraneaengranajes m, gear puller.
arraneaesearpias m (fe), spike bar.
arraneapernos m, spike puller.
arraneapilotes m, pile puller or extractor.
arrancar, to start; to pull, draw; to root out; to
spring (areh); (min) to mine, digo
arranearraces m (ee), rooter, ripper.
arraneasondas m, drill extractor.
arrancatablas m (ts), plank puller.
arrancatocn m, stump puller.
arrancatubos m, pipe puller, tube extractor.
arranque m, (maehy) starting; beginning, intake
(canal); spring line (areh); (rr) load; (rr)
turnout; (min) breaking ground; (min)
mining, digging.
-- domieiliario,serviee eonneetion to a main.
- en fro, (eng) eold starting.
- prctico o real (fe), praetieallead.
- terico (fe), theoretieallead.
arrasador m (Ch), leveling or finishing maehine.
arrasar, to level; (bldg) to wreek, demolish, raze.
arrastradero m (ef), skidding or snaking trail.
arrastradora (1) de troncos (ef), log hauler.
arrastrar, to haul, move, pull, draw,drag; (hyd)
. to seour, wash out; (r) to carry in suspen-
sion; (hyd) (ehem) to entrain; (lg) to skid,
snake, twiteh, yard.
arrastratubos m, pipe puller.
arrastre m, haulage, hauling, earrying, dragging;
washout; drag mill; slope ofan adit; (ra)
pulling; (ra) traeking.
-- capilar, eapillary entrainment.
- de agua (cal), prirning.
-- de mbolo (auto), piston drago
- de fondo (r), bed load.
arrastres, suspended matter in a stream, silt.
arrecife m, ridge of roek, ledge, reef; eauseway.
--barrera o de barra, barrier reef.
-- costero, fringing reef.
arreglador (m) de averas (seg), average adjuster
or surveyor.
arremolinado m (r), eddy.
arremolinarse, to eddy, swirl, form whirlpools.
arrendador m, lessor.
arrendamiento m, lease.
arrendar, to rent, lease.
arr.endatario m, lessee, leaseholder.
arrestachispas m, spark eateher.
arrestallarnas m, flame arrester.
arriada J, flood.
arriar, to lower; to slaek off; (eab) to pay out;
arriarse, to be flooded.
arriba adv, aboye, overhead, upstairs.
-- de la corriente, upstream.
arricete m, roef of roeks.
arrimadero m, berth at a dock; ferry slip.
arrimadillo m, wainseot, dado.
arrimaje m, lighterage;(Ph) loading platform.
arrimar, to place against; (naut) to.doek, berth.
arrimo m, eurtain wall; party wall.
arriostramiento m (est), braeing.
-- contracimbreo o contraladeo, sway braeing.
-- contraviento, wind braeing.
- de portal (pte), portal braeing.
-- secundario o de contratensin (pte) , coun-
terbracing.
arriostrar, to braee, stay.
arroba J, weight of 25 lb; measure varying from
3}3 to 4X galo
arrojar (exc), to east, dump; to waste.
arrolladizo, rolling.
arrollado en derivacin (ele), shunt-wound.
arrollado en serie (ele), series-wound.
arrolladura J (mad),. shake.
arrollamiento m (ele), winding.
--anular, ring winding.
-- compensador, eompensating winding.
-- de arranque, starting winding.
-- de cuerdas, ehord or short-piteh or frac-
tional-piteh winding.
-- de lazo, lap winding.
-- de marcha, running winding.
-- de tambor, drum winding.
- diametral, full-piteh winding.
--inducido, armature winding.
- inductor, field winding.
-- ondulado, wave or undulatory winding.
- regulador, regulating winding.
arrollar, to roll, wind, reel.
arromar, to blunt, dull.
arroyada J, ehannel of a small stream, gully,
brook.
arroyado, gullied.
arroyo, brook, stream, ereek; small valley, gully,
draw; gutter.
-- consecuente (geol), eonsequent stream.
-- obsecuente (geol), obsequent stream.
--resecuente (geol), resequent stream.
-- subsecuente (geol), subsequent stream.
arroyuelo m, small brook or valley.
arrufaduraJ (an), sheer.
arrufo m (an) , sheer; sagging.
arruga J, eorrugation, wrinkle.
arrugas de doblez (tub), bending creases.
arrugado, eorrugated, fluted.
arrugamiento m (geol), small fold.
arrumaJ (en), a hold, cargo eompartment.
arrumaje m, stowage, stowing.
arrumar, to stow.
arrumbamiento m, (surv) (nav) bearing; (geol)
strike.
arrumbe, arrumbre m (Ch), rusto
arrumbrarse (Ch), to rusto
arsenal m, shipyard, doekyard; navy yard
arsenal.
arseniato m, arsenate, arseniate.
arsenical, arsenieal.
arsnico m a, arsenie.
--blanco, white arsenie, arsenio trioxide.
--piritoso (miner), arsenieal pyrites, arsenopy-
rite.
--rojo, red arsenic, realgar.
arsenioso, arsenious.
arsenito m, arsenite.
arseniuro m, arsenide.
arsenopirita (mineral de arsnico), arsenopyrite.
arsenieal pyrites.
artefacto m, deviee, applianee, future.
artefactos de alumbrado, lighting futures.
artefactos sanitarios,plumbing futures.
artesaJ, trough, tray,launder, mortar tub; (Col)
river basin.
-- de almacenamiento (Col), storage basin or
reservoir.
- de amortiguacin (hid) (Col), stilling pool.
-- de criba, sereen pan.
-- de despumacin o de espumas (dac), skim-
ming or seum trough.
- de lavado (pa), wash trough.
-- de rebose (az), save-all, eatehall.
- de salpicadura (lu), splash trough.
- de va (fe), traek pan.
- de volteo (mz), dumping chute.
-- oscilante (min), eradle.
artesano m, artesan, skilled workman, meehanie.
-- de banco, beneh worker, benehman.
artesianismo m (Pe), eondition of artesian water.
artesiano, artesiano
artesn m, tub, mortar box; panel;(min) wash-
trough.
artesonado m, paneling, wainseoting.
articulacin J, joint, hinge, artieulation, knee
joint.
-- cardn, cardan joint.
-- de cruceta (A), universal joint.
-- esfrica o de rtula, ball-and-soeket joint.
-- giratoria, swivel joint.
-- universal, universal joint.
articulado, j ointed, artieulated.
-- con pasadores, pin-eonneeted.
articular, to hinge, artieulate, joint.
artfice m, artisan, skillod workman; maker.
artificial, artificial.
artificio m, deviee, applianee.
artillero m (min) (Es), blaster, powderman.
artisela J, rayon.
as (m) de gua, bowline knot.
asa J, handle, haft, bail; (M) thimble.
- de cubo, bail (bueket).
asbestiforme (miner), asbestiform.
asbestina J (pint), Asbestine (trademarl:).
asbestino, made of asbestos, asbestine.
asbesto m, asbestos.
- acolchonado, (inl) asbestos blanket.
-- de corcho, mountain eork.
-- en cartn, asbestos board.
asbesto-eambray barnizado (ais) , asbestos-var-
nished eambrie.
ascensin recta, right aseension.
ascenso m, ::-ise; promotion.
--muerto (an), dead rise.
ascensor m, elevator.
-- de acera, sidewalk elevator.
-- de carga,freight elevator.
-- de tambor, drum-type elovator.
-- de traccin, traetion-type elevator.
-- hi<1rulico, plunger elevator.
-- sin engranaje, gearless elevator.
ascensorista m J, elovator operator.
ascua J, anything ineandeseent or red-hoto
asegurado m, the assured.
asegurador m, anchor; insurer.
aseguradores contra incendios, fue underwriters,
asegurar, to fasten; to insuro.
asentable (hid), settleable.
asentado m Cauto) (A). running in.
asentado de canto (mam), faee-bedded.
asentador m, .;tonemason; ehisol; (pet) settler.
-- de chavetas, key-seating ehisel.
-- de vlvulas, valve grinder.
asentamiento m, settloment; (eone) (A) (C) slump.
-- con vibracin (eone), vibratory slump.
-- normal (eone), standard slump.
asentar, (str) to set, seat; (aet) to enter; (mas)
to bed;(t) to hone; (maehy)(A) to run in;
asentarse, to settle.
aseo (m) urbano, street eleaning.
aserradero m, sawmill.
-- a sierra sin fin, band mill.
-- mltiple, gang mill.
--para chapa, veneer mill.
-- para durmientes, tie mill.
--.-. transpo,rtable,portable sawrnill.
aserradizo, fit to be sawed into lumbar.
aserrado por cuartos, quartersawed, edge-grain.
aserrado (m) (simple, tangent-sawing, plain-saw-
ing, bastard-sawing.
aserrador m, sawyer, sawmill worker; (Ee) saw-
mill.
aserradora J, power saw.
-- de banda, band saw, band milI.
-- de banda para repasar, band
-- de cantero, stone saw.
-- en caliente, hot saw.
-- en fro, eold saw.
aserradura J, sawing; a saw cut.
aserraduras, sawdust.
aserrar, to saw.
-- a coritrllhilo, to saw aeross the grain.
-- al hilo o a lo largo, to ripsaw.
-- metales, to haeksaw.
aserrn m, sawdust.
aserro m (C) (M), sawrnill.
aserruchar, to saw.
asesor m, consultant; (ins) adjustor.
-- de averas, average or insuranee adjuster.
-legal, counsel.
-- tcnico, teehnieal adviser.
asfaltador m, asphalt pavero
asfaltaje m, asphalting.
asfaltar, to asphalt.
asfalteno (M), asphaltene.
asfltico, asphaltio.
asfaltfero, eontaining asphalt.
asfaltina J, asphaltene.
asfaltita J (pet), asphaltite.
asfalto m, asphlt.
- adelgazado (M), asphalt eutbaek.
- artificial, artificial or oil asphalt.
-- cortado, asphalt eutbaek.
-- de alta penetracin (ca), high-penetration
asphalt.
-- de cura rpida, rapid-euring asphalt.
- de curado lento, slow-euring asphalt.
-- de petrleo, petroleum asphalt.
-- de roca, roek asphalt.
- diludo, eutbaek asphalt.
- fluxado (ca) (M), flux asphalt.
- insuflado, blown asphalt.
--lacustre, lake asphalt.
- mineral, roek asphalt.
- natural, native asphalt.
35
asfalto
- plstico, asphalt putty.
- rebajado (ca), flux aspha!t, asphalt cutback.
- rebajado de curacin mediana, medium-cur-
ing cutback.
- refinado al aire, air-blown asphalt.
- refinado al vapor, steam-blown asphalt.
- rellenado,filled aspha!t, asphalt enamel.
asidero m,handle;
asiento m, (str) beaing, seat; (conc) slump; set-
tlement (foundation) ; (hyd) settlement,
settling; site; (act) entry; (A) saddle of a
lathe.
- del aguiln (gr), boom-seat casti:r1g.
- de los aguilones (cn), boom or mast table;
- de cola (auto), rumble seat.
- de deslizamiento (maq), sliding bearing.
-- de expansin (pte), roller or expansion bear-
ing.
- de montaje (est), erectionseat.
-- de puente, bridge seat.
- de recambio (v) > renewable seat.
- de zaga (auto), rumble seat.
-longitudinal (cn), trim.
-- mineral, mining region.
--postizo (v), renewable seat, va!veinsert.
asignacin J, salary; appropriation.
asimetra J, asymmetry.
asimtrico, asymmetrical, unsymmetrica1.
asincrnico, asncrono (elc), asynchronous.
asincronismo m, asynchronism.
asintonizar (ra), to detune.
asntota J (mat), asymptote.
asinttico, asymptotic.
asismicidad J, aseismicity.
assmico, aseismic.
asistente, assistant, helper.
asnado m, mine timber.
asnas J, rafters.
asnilla J, strut, shore; (bldg) (Sp) needle.
asnillo m, carpenter's horse; shore.
asociacin J, association, company, union.
- de fabricantes, manufacturers' association.
-- obrera, labor union.
-- patronal, employers' association.
- profesional obrera (Ch), trade-union.
asomo m (geol), outcrop,inlier.
asotonar, to dig a cellar.
aspa Ji vane, wing, flight; (mx) blade; (min) in-
tersection of two veins.
aspas, X bracing.
aspereza J, roughness; (conc) harshness.
spero, rough;(conc)harsh.
aspern m, grindstone; flagstone, stone slab;
sandstone.
-- de diamante, diamondwhee1.
asperonar (M), to grind (tools).
asperosidad J (M) ,roughness.
aspersor m, sprinkler.
aspillera J, opening in a wall.
aspiracin J, suction, draft;
-- de polvo, dust exhausto
- mecnica, forced draft.
- normal, natural draft.
aspirador m, suction pipe; draft tube; exhauster;
aspirator.
-- de aserrn, sawdust collector.
34 ataluda1
-- de polvo, vacuum cleaner, dust exhauster.
aspirar, to suck, draw in.
asqustico (geol), aschistic.
astaJ, pole; (t) handle, shank; (mas) header.
- de canto (lad), bull header.
-- de suspensores (cv), carrier horno
-, muro de, wa1l1 brick thick.
- y media, muro de, wall 172 bricks thick.
astaticidad J, astaticism.
asttico (elc), astatic.
astatizar, to astatize.
astial m (Es), side wall of asewer; (min) side wall
of a gallery.
astil m, shank, handle; beam of a scale.
astilla J, chip, splinter; spall.
-- de cantera, quarry spall.
- de laminacin (met), spill, lapo
-- muerta (an), dead rise.
astillar, to splinter, (pi) broom; astillarse, to
spall; to splinter, (pi) broom.
astillero m, shipyard, dockyard, naval station;
rack for pipe or bars.
- de torre (pet), finger board.
astilloso, splintery, easily chipped; (met) spilly.
astrgalo m (arq), astraga1.
astronmico, astronomic, astronomica1.
asurcar, to furrow.
atabe m (pb)(Es), cleanout opening; vento
atabladera J, drag, Toad planer.
atablar, to screed, smooth off.
atacadera J (vol), bulling bar, tamping stick.
- de bloque, tamping block.
- de barro (min)(tn), bull, clay iron, claying
bar.
atacador m, tamping stick or bar.
atacamita J, atacamite (copper ore).
atacar (vol), to tamp, ram, stem.
atado m, a bundle.
atador (m) de troncos (ef), load binder, stretcher
jack.
atadora (f) de listones, lath binder.
atadura J, tie, fastening.
atagua J, (hyd) cofferdam; (mech) guides.
- celular, cellular (sheet-pile) cofferdam.
-- de cajn, open caisson.
-- de cofre, crib cofferdam.
-- de encofrado y relleno, puddle-wall coffer-
dam.
- de tablestacado simple, single-wall sheet-pile
cofferdam.
-- encajonada, box cofferdam, open caisson.
- metlica (M), cofferdam of steel sheet piling.
ataguiar, to cofferdam.
atajadero m (hid) , small gate; (irr) division gate;
diversion dam.
atajadizo m, baffle wall.
atajador m (mec), arrester.
-- de golpe de ariete, water-harnmer suppres-
sor.
atajar, to obstruct; to dike.
atajo m, dike; (A) cofferdam; (M) cutoff wall;
trail, path; barrier.
atalajar, to haul; to couple; to harness, hitch up.
atalaje m, harness; coupling; hitching up.
ataludadora J (ca), backsloper, sloper blade.
ataludar, ataluzar, .toslope; to batter.
atanor
atanor m, draintile.
atapialar (Ec), to build mud walls.
ataque m, tamping of powder; (Pe) breaking
ground.
ataques (min), deads, rubbish.
atar, to tie, bind, lash.
atarazana J, shipyard.
atarjea J, drainpipe, small culvert; (M) small
sewer; (Pe) reservoir.
-- domstica, house connection to a sewer.
atarquinamiento m, silting up, covering with
mudo
atarquinarse, to silt up.
atarrajar, to thread, tapo
atarugar, to plug; to wedge.
atascadero m, mudhole, bogo
atascado (cab), foul.
atascamiento (m) de hielo,ice jamo
atascar, to stop pp, obstruct; (bl) (A) to tamp
powder; atascarse, to stick, jam; to bog
down; (eng) to stall.
atasco m, jamming, sticking.
atauja J (AC), conduit, drain.
ateje m, a hardwood of the 'West Indies.
atejo m (Col), bundle.
atemperador m (aa), attemperator.
atemperar (aa), to temper; to condition.
atenuacin J (elc), attenuation.
atenuador m (elc), attenuator, pad; (ra)(A)
fader.
atrmico, athermic.
aterrajado cnico, taper thread.
aterrajar, to thread, tap; (fdy) 'to strickle.
aterraje m (ap) (A), landing.
aterrar, to fill with earth; to demolish; aterrarse,
to silt up.
aterrizaje m (ap), landing.
-- a ciegas, blind or instrument landing.
-- a favor del viento, down-wind landing.
-- aplastado, pancake landing.
-- con velocidad crtica, stall. landing.
-- de precisin, spot or precision landing; ac-
curacy landing.
-- en tres puntos, three-point landing.
- planeado, glide landing.
aterronarse, to become lumpy, to cake.
atesador m, stiffener; take-up tackIe.
-- de correa, belt tightener.
atesar, to tighten; to stifTen.
atibar, (min) to pack, fill up; (Col) toload, stow.
atices m (min) (Col), lagging, spilling.
atierre m, filling with earth; silting up; (min)
slide of waste material.
atierres (min), deads.
atiesacadena m, chain tightener.
atiesador m, stiffener; take-up tackle.
- de apoyo, (gi) bearing stiffener.
- de mamparo (cn), bulkhead stiffener.
-- extremo, (gi) end stiffener.
atiesar, ti> tighten; to stiffen.
atirantar, to guy, stay; to truss.
atizador m, poker, slice or clinker or slash bar
fue hook; stoker.
atizar, to trim a fue.
atizonar, to bond with headers; to embed in a
wall.
augita
atmmetro m, atmometer.
atmsfera J, atmosphere.
- tipo, standard atmosphere.
atmosfrica J (ra) (M), static, atmospherics.
atmosfrico, atmospheric.
atoaje m, towing, towage; a tow.
atoar, to tow.
atolladero m, bog; (machy) pocket, d e a ~ end.
atollar, atollarse, to stick, clog, jamo
atmico, atomic.
atomizador m, atomizer.
-- de pintura, pamtsprayer.
atomizar, to atomize.
tomo m, atom.
tomo-gramo, gram-atom.
atorarse, to jam, stick.
atornillador m, screwdriver.
, -- de empuje, automatic or spiral screwdriver.
'atornilladora (f) de tUercas, ,. nut runner or
tightener.
atornillar, to screw; (C) to bolt
atoro m, obstruction, jamo
atracadero m, wharf, landing place, berth; ferry
slip.
--paralelo, marginal wharf.
atracar (nut), to berth, dock, bring a!ongside.
atrapador m, trap; (ra) catcher.
-- de agua, steam trap.
-- de mandbulas, alligator gnib.
- de ondas (ra)(A), wave trap.
-- de polvo, dust collector.
atrapadora (f) de arena (pet), sand trap.
atrapancleos m (pet), core catcher.
atrapar, to trap.
atraparripio m (pe), junk catcher.
atraque m, landing place, wharf; mooring.
atrasarse, (elec) to lag; (rr)to be late.
atraso m (elc) ,lag.
-- de imanacin, magnetic lag.
-- histertico, hysteresis lag.
atravesado m, (mas)(M) header, bondstone; a
crosswise.
atravesao m, header, cap, crosspiece; (bdg)
floor j)eam; (C) crosstie.
atravesar, to cross, pass through; to place cross-
wise; (tv) to traverse.
atravieso m (top)(Ch), gap, pass.
atrecho m (PR), trail, path.
atril m (lab), rack.
atronadura J (mad), check.
audibilidad J (ra), audibility.
audible, audible.
audfono m, headphone, earphone.
audio a (ra), audio.
audioamplificador m (ra), audio or audiofre-
quency amplifier.
audiofrecuencia J (ra), audiofrequency.
audimetro m, audiometer.
audin (ra), audion.
audiooscilador m (ra), audio or audiofrequency
oscillator.
audioseal J (ra), audio signa!.
auditor m (M), auditor.
auditora J (M), auditing.
augita J (miner), augite, pyroxene.
augita 36 autopropulsor autoprotector
37
zoe
avenar, to drain.
avenida 1, flood; avenue.
aventador m, blower, fan.
-- de arena, sandblast outfit.
avera 1, damage, breakd'own; a damaged artiele,
a seeond; (ins) average.
__ gruesa, general or gross average.
__ particular o simple, eommon or particular
average.
averiar, to damage.
aviar, to equip, fit out; to finanee, advanee
money too
avin m, airplane.
__ marino, seaplane, hydroplane, flying boato
-- terrestre, landplane.
avos m, tools, equipment,outfit.
avisador m, indicator; warning sign; alarm; (ra)
(Sp) monitor.
- de bajo nivel (cal), alarm gage.
-- de incendio, fire alarmo
aviso m, advertisement; notiee; adviee.
-,- de embarque, shipping notic,e.
avivador m (Es), rabbeting plane molding plane.
axial, axil, axial.
xico (Es), axial.
axinita I (miner), axinite.
axonomtrico (dib), axonometrie.
ayacahuite m, a Mexiean pine.
ayudante, helper, assistant.
ayu m, an Argentine wood (semihard).
ayunque m (M), anvil.
ayustadera 1, marlinospike.
ayustador m, splieer.
ayustadora 1, cable-splieing rig.
ayustar (Cab), to spliee.
ayuste m, spliee.
-- corto, short or tuek splice.
-- de cuatro inserciones, four-tuck splice.
-- de maderero, logging splico.
-- de ojal, eye or loop or thimble spliee.
--largo, long or endless splice.
azada 1, spade; hoe; (C) adz.
--para cunetas, drain spade.
-- para hoyos, post spade.
--para zanjas, diteh spade.
azadn m, (t) ,hoo, grub hoe, spud; (ce) treneh
hoe, baekdigger.
-- de pala, scuffie or weeding hoe.
-- mecnico (ee), treneh hoo, baekdigger.
--para arcilla, pneumatie elay spade.
azadonar, azadonear, to spade.
azafrn m (en), rudder frame.
azanca I (min) (Es), subterranean spring.
azarbe m, irrigation diteh (return).
azarbeta 1, subsidiary irrigation diteh.
azarcn m, red Iead.
azimut m, azimuth.
-- asumido, assumed azimuth.
- de cuadrcula (fma), grid azimuth.
--terrestre (fma), ground azinIuth.
--verdadero, true azimuth.
azimutal, azimutha1. .
azoato m, nitrate.
azocalar (Ch), to build (a wall) with heavy base
or water tableo
zoe m, nitrogen.
augita-prfido (geol), augitophyre, augite-por-
phyry. .
aullido m (ra), howl.
- de borde, fringe howl.
aumentador m, aumentadora 1, booster; in-
ereaser; augmenter; magnifier.
-- de presin, pressure booster.
-- de velocidad, speed ,inereaser.
-"de salto (hid), fall increaser.
aureola I (geol), eontaet zone, aureole.
auricular m (tel), earpieee; a aural.
-- de mano (ra), hand reeeiver.
auriculares (ra), hedphone;
aurfero, gold-bearing.
austemplado m (met), austempering.
austenita I (met), austenite.
austentico, austenitie.
austral, southern, austral.
ausJi m (PR), a eonstruetion lumber.
ausuba}, ausubo m (PR) (RD), a hardwood.
autignico (geo!), authigenie.
autoabridor, self-opening.
autoactuador, self-aeting.
autoaeracin 1, self-aeration.
autoafilador, self-sharpening.
autoaguzador, self-sharpening.
autoajustador, self-adjusting.
autoalargador, self-lengthening.
autoalimentador, g. .....
autoalineamiento m, self-ah me'llt.
autoamolador, self-sharpening, self-grinding.
autoarraneador m, self-starter.
autobajador, se1f-lowering.
autobasculante, self-tipping, self-dumping.
autobias (ra), self-bias. .
autobomba 1, motor fue engine.
autobote m, motorboat, powerboat.
autobJis m, motorbus.
- de trole, trolley eoaeh or bus.
autocalafateador, self-calking.
autocalibrador, self-ealibrating.
autocamfon m, motor truek, autotruek.
autocapacidad I (ele), self-eapaeitanee.
autocarenaje m, self-doeking.
autocargador, self-loading.
autocarril m, ,automobile on a railroad traek;
(rr) (Ee)' motorear.
autocartgrafo m, (fma), autoeartograph.
autocataltico (pet), autoeatalytie.
autocebadura 1, self-priming.
autoeentrador, self-eentering.
autocerrador, selfloeking.
autoclstieo (geol), autoelastie.
autoclave 1, autoclave;retort.,
autocoagulacin 1, self-eoaleseenee.
autocohesor m (ra) , autoeoherer.
autocolimacin I (fma), auteollimation.

autocoriduccinl (ele), autoeonduetion.
autocontrolado, self-exeited (oseillator).
autoeonvertidor m (ele), autoonverter.
autctono (geol), autoehthonous.
autodepuracin I (r), self-purilieation.
autodesplazable, self-moving.
autodina I (ra), autodyne.
autodinmico, autodyname.
autodinar (ra), to autodyne.
autodino a (ra), autodyne.
autoelevador, self-raising.
autoencendido m, self-ignition.
autoendurecedor, self-hardening.
autoeIlgrasador, self-Iubrieating.
autoetirasillante (ed), self-furring.
autoequilibrador (ele), self-balaneing.
autoestable, independently stliLble, self"Support-
ing.
autoestibante (nut), se1f-stowing.
autoestrada I (A) (M) (Es), automobile road.
autoexcitacin I (ele), self-exeitation.
autoferro m (U), aut9mobile on a railroad traek.
autofiltrador, self-filtering (lens).
autofocador,autofoeusing,self-foeusing.
autofundente, self-fluxing.
autogenerador, self-generative.
autogentico, autogensico, (geol) autogenetie.
autogenizador m (sol), autogenizer.
autgeno (sol), autogenous.
autogiro m (ap), autogiro, autogyro.
autgrafo m (inst), autograph.
autoheterodino (ra), autoheterodyne.
autoignicin 1, self-ignition; spontaneous eom
bustion.
autoigualador, self-equalizing.
autoimpedancia I (ele), self-impedance.
autoimpulsor m (auto) (Es), self-starter.
autoindicador, self-indieating.
autoinduccin I (ele), self-induetion.
autoinductancia I (ele), self-induetanee, eoefli-
eient of self-induetion.
autoinductivo, self-induetive.
autoinductor m (ele), self-induetor.
autoinflamacin 1, self-ignition; spontaneous
eombustion.
autolavador, self-serubbing, self-washing.
autoligador, self-bonding.
autolimpiador, self-eleaning.
autolubricacin 1, self-oiling.
autolubricador a, se1f-oiling.
automtico, automatie.
automezclador m (eone), truek or transit mixer.
automotor m, (rr) motorear; (A) motor vehiele;
a self-moving, automotive.
automvil m, automobile.
- de plaza (A), taxieab.
-- de va, automobile on a railroad traek.
automovilario a, automotive, automobile.
automultiplicador, self-energizing (brake).
autonafta 1, motor spirit.
autonivelador m (ca), motor grader.
automnibus m, motorbus.
autooscilacin I (ra), self-oseillation.
autooscilador m (ra), self-oseillator.
autooxidacinl (qum), autooxidation.
autopatrol m (ca) (A) (V), motor patrol.
autopatrullera I (ca) ,motor ,patrol.
autopista I (A), automobile road.
autopolarizacin I (ra) (A), self-bias.
autoportante (A), self-supporting.
autopositivo (fma), Autopositive (trademark).
autopotencial m (geof), self-potential.
autoprensor m, elamshell bueket.
autopropulsor, self-moving, automotive.
autoprotector, sel-proteeting,
autopurificacin 1, se1f-purifieation.
autorrecocido m, self-annealing.
autorrectificador (ra), self-reetifying.
autorreductor, self-redueing.
autorregadora 1, street-sprinkling truek.
autorregistrador, sel-reeording.
autorregulador, self-regulating.
autorroscante, self-tapping (serew).
autorrotativo, sel-rotating.
autosellador, self-sealing.
autosifonaje m, self-siphoning.
autosostenido, sel-supported.
autotanque m (Es), tank truek.
autotcnica 1, automotive engineering.
autotcnieo m, automotive engineer.
autotrabador, se1f-loeking.
autotransformador m (ele), autotransformer,
balaneing eoil.
autotransporte m, motor transporto
autotr6fico (dae), autotrophie.
autoveheulo m (A), motor vehicle.
autoventilador, self-ventilating.
autova 1, automobile highway; m (A), gasoline-
drivn handear,
autovoleante, self-tipping, sel-dumping.
autozorra I (A), handear with power,
auxiliar, n helper, assistant, auxiliary: a aux-
iliary.
auxiliares m (tub), speeials, fittings.
avalancha 1, avalanche; (A) flood.
avaliz m (A), 'beaeon.
avalorar, to appraise.
avaluador m, appraiser.
avaluar, to appraise; to evaluate.
avalJio m, appraisal, valuation.
avance m, (meeh) feed, advanee; (tun) heading;
(rr) lead, frog distanee; (se) lead, lap;
(elee) lead, piteh.
- a mano (mee), hand feed.
- angular (ele), angular piteh.
_ con frente entero (tn), full-faee tunneling.
-- de la admisin (mv), admssion lead.
_ del encendido (mg), advaneing the ignition.
__ del escape (mv), exhaust or inside lead.
- de fase (elc), phase lead or displaeement.
- de trabajo (fe), praetieallead.
-- por friccin (mh), friction feed.
-- por gravedad, gravity feed.
- prctico (fc), practieallead.
- terico (fc), theoretieallead.
- y banco (tn), heading and be;J.Ch. .
avantrn m, front truek of any pleee of rolling
stock, foreearriage.
avanzada(f) de onda (ele), wave front.
avanzador m, feeder.
avanzar, to advanee; (meeh) to feed; (tun) to
drive.
-la chispa (auto), to advanee the spark.
avejigar, to blister.
avellanado y cincelado (re), eountersu1lk and
ehipped.
avellanador m, eountersinking bit.
avellanar, to eountersink.
avellano m (A), a softwood.
avenamiento m, drainage, draining, subdrainage.
39 azogar 38 balance balance banco
azogar, to slake (lime).
azogue m, quicksilver, mercury; (M) silver ore.
azoguera j, amalgamation works.
azoico, (geol) azoic; (chem) nitric.
azoladora j (fc), adzing machine.
azolar, to adz; to dub.
azolvarse, to siltup; to become obstructed.
azolve m, silt.
azolvos m, silt; obstructions.
azotea j, roof, flat roof, (bldg) terrace.
aztico, nitric.
azcar m j, sugar.
-- amarilla, brown sugar.
--aprovechable, available sugar.
-- blanco, white or refinedsugar.
--concreto, concrete sugar.
-- crudo, raw sugar.
-- de alta polarizacin, high-test sugar.
-- de caa, cane sugar.
-- de centrfuga, centrifugal sugar.
--invertido, invert sugar.
--mascabada o morena o terciada, brown sugar.
--reductor, reducing or invert sugar.
-- refino, refined or white sugar.
- turbinado (C), centrifugal sugar.
azucarero m, sugar-mill worker, sugarhouse fore-
man; sugar technologist.
azuchar, to shoe piles.
azuche m, pile shoe.
azud j, diversion dam, weir.
-- de encofrado, crib dam.
--para peces, fish weir.
azuela j, adz.
-- curva, spout adz.
- de cotillo completo, full-head adz.
-- de espiga o de ribera, spur-head or ship car-
penter's adz. .
- de medio cotillo, half-head adz.
--ferrocarrilera, railroad adz.
azufre m, sulphur.
azufroso, sulphurous.
azul m a, blue.
- de bromoclorofenol (lab) , bromochlorophe-
nolblue.
- de bromofenol (lab), bromophenol blue.
-- de bromotimol (dac), bromothymol blue.
- de metileno (dac), methylene blue.
- de Prusia (dib), Prussian blue.
- de timol (dac), thyrnol blue.
azulado por recoccin, blue-annealed.
azulejar, to set glazed wall tiles.
azulejera j, glazed tilingo
azulejero m, tilemaker; tile setter (wall).
azulejo m, glazed tile; (A) wall tile.
--antisonoro, acoustical tile.
azumagarse, (Ch) to rust; (lbr)(Ec) to decay.
azuritaj, azurite, blue copper ore, blue malachite.
azutero m, custodian of a diversiondam or irri-
gationintake.
babazas j, slime (water mains).
babetaj (to)(A), flashing.
babor m (nut), port, larboard.
bacilar, bacillary.
bacilo m, bacillus.
-- coli, colon bacillus, Baclu8 eolio
bacteriano, bacterial.
bacterias j, bacteria.
-- autotrficas, autotrophic bacteria.
-- coliformes, coliform bacteria.
--nitrificantes, nitrifying bacteria.
bactericida j, bactericide.
bacterifago m (is), bacteriophage.
bacteriologa j, bacteriology.
bacterilogo m, bacteriologist.
bacteriosttico, bacteriostatic.
bculo m (M), transit rod, range pole.
bachadora j (M), road-patching machine.
bache m, rut; mudhole; pothole; (C) sump.
bacheado (m) en fro (ca), cold patch.
bachear, to patch a road.
bacheo m (ca), patching, filling ruts.
badn m, gutter; gully; (A) paved ford.
badilejo m, bricklayer's trowe1.
bagacilla m (az), trash, fine-cut bagasse.
bagazo m, bagasse; (min) mud from drill hole.
bahareque m, wall of cane plastered with mud
and chopped straw.
baha j, bay, harbor.
bahorrinaj (dac) (M), sludge.
bailar (auto) (A), to shimmy.
bailoteo m (auto), shimmy.
baja J, fall, drop; discharge (employee).
-- definicin (tv), low definition.
--frecuencia, low frequency.
-ley,low grade (ore).
bajadaj, descent, slope, downgrade; downspout;
(p) riser; (min) ladderway.
-- de antena (ra), leadin, down-Iead.
-- de inmundicias (pb), waste stack; soil stack.
-pluvial (ed), leader, downspout.
bajamar j, low tide (sometimes used to mean
ebb).
-- ms baja, lowest low tide.
-- media, mean low tide.
--media ms baja, mean lower low water.
bajante m, low water; leader, downspout; (p)
stack; standpipe.
-- de aguas de lluvia, leader, downspout.
-- de aguas negras, soil stack.
-- de aguas servidas, waste stack.
-- de ventilacin, vent stack.
bajar, to lower; to descend; to drop, fallo
bajareque, see bahareque.
bajial m, low ground subject to overflowing.
bajo m, sand bar, shoal; lowland.
bajo m, sand bar, shoal; (min) (M) footwall,
floor; a low; adv below; pr under.
- calor de endurecimiento (ct) , low heat o
hardening.
-- octanaje, de, low-octane (rating).
bajos m, ground floor.
bajomando m .(auto) , underdrive.
bajura j (PR), lowland.
bakelita j, bakelite.
bala j, ball; bale.
balance m, balance; (act) balance sheet.
-- calrico, heat balance.
-- de comprobacin (cont), trial balance.
- del oxgeno (dac), oxygen balance.
-- de la sacarosa (az), sucrose balance.
- de saldos (cont), trial balance.
balanceador (m) armnico (auto), harmonic bal-
ancer.
balancear, (mech) (elec) (act) to balance; balan-
cearse, to rack, 1'011, wobble.
balanceo m, balancing; oscillation, rocking,
swinging; (naut) rolling.
balancn m, working beam, balancebeam; bas-
cule; handle; rockcr arm; beam of ascale;
whiffietree; spreader; pump jack; (A)
swinging scaffold; (A) eccentric-arbor
press.
-- compensador, equalizing beam.
-- de bomba, pump brake.
-- del freno, brake beam.
- de tiempo (mg) (A), timing lever.
- tiracable (pet), spudder armo
balancines de la brjula (cn), gimbals.
balancinero m (A), operator of an eccentric-
arbor press.
balandra j, small sailing vessel; (A) scow.
balanza j, scale, balance; (min) blind shaft.
-- analtica (lab), analytical balance.
-- de hfunedad (ms), moisture scale.
-- de induccin (elc), induction balance.
-- de plataforma, platform scale.
-- de precisin, analytical balance.
---de resorte o de tensin, spring balance.
-- de torsin, torsion balance.
balanza-balde m, weighing bucket.
balanza-tolva j, weigh hopper.
balao m, a Philippine lumber.
balastaje m, ballasting.
balastar, to ballast.
balastera j, ballast pito
balasto m, ballast; road metal; (U) conglomerate
used for road building.
balastrar (M), to ballast.
balata j, balata ('lIso used for various gum-yield-
ing trees and sometimes used to mean
rubber); (V) a hardwood; (M) brake lin-
ing.
balate m, terrace; border of a trench.
balaustrada j, balustrade.
balastre m, baluster; (Ec) bricklayer's trowel.
balcn m, balcony; (M)(Pe) sidehill cut; (Ch)
car platform; (pet) derrick platform.
balconcillo m (pet), monkey board, derrick plat-
formo
balconera j, balcony construction; balcony
material.
balconero m (M), erector of iron balconies.
baldada j, bucketful.
balde m, bucket, pail.
-- arrastrador (A), drag scraper.
--basculante, dump or contractor's bucket.
- cargador (mz)(A), skip loader.
-- de arrastre, dragline bucket; drag scraper.
- de ascensor (B), elevator bucket.
-- de extraccin, mine bucket.
-- de hormign (A), concrete bucket.
-- de maniobra (ec), rehandling bucket.
_ ..... de pozo (exc), shaft bucket.
-- de transportadora (A), conveyor bucket.
- excavador (A), digging bucket.
- grampa (A), clamshell or grab bucket.
- volcador o de volteo, dump or contractor's
bucket.
baldeadora j, fiusher.
baldear, to bail out; to wash, flush.
baldeo m, bailing; washing, f1ushing.
baldo m, uncultivated land; public land.
baldosa j, floor tile, paving tile.
- de techar (A), roof tile.
- de vidriado mate, matt-glazed or dull-glazed
tile.
-- gres, clay fioor tile.
baldosado m, tile paving.
baldosar, to lay f100r tiles.
baldosn m, fioor tile.
- de ladrillo (Col), a brick 20 x 20 x 4 cm.
balero m (M), ball bearing.
- de rodillos, roller bearing.
balicen) m (l\w)(M), rodman.
balinero m, ball race; ball bearing.
balines m, small balls (bearing) ;shot.
balita j (F), measure o about 0.69 acre.
baliza j, buoy; survcy polc;markcr,beacon.
- a farola (A), light bcacon.
- de acercamiento (ap), approach beacon.
-- delimitadora (ap) , boundary markE'r,
--fija, beacon, range marker.
--luminosa, gas buoy; light bcacon.
balizador m, buoy tender.
balizaje m, buoying; of beacons; bcaconage.
balizar, to buoy; to mark with beacons.
baln m, (lab) balloon; balloon tire.
balsa j, pool, pond; raft; balsa, corkwood; (A)
ferryboat; (V) flatboat; (min) hanging
scaffold uscd in shaft timbering.
-- de clasificacin (ef), sorting jack.
-- salvavidas, life raft.
balsada j, raft load, boatload.
j, ferry.
balsaje m, rafting; ferrying.
blsamo m (Es) (V), (lbr) balsam.
-- del Canad, Canada balsam.
balsear, to raft; to ferry.
balseo m, rafting; (Ch) ferry.
balserQ m, ferryman.
balsn m (M), backwater, pool.
ballesta j, laminated spring.
-- de arco o de media pinza, semielliptical
spring.
-- de cayado, three-quarter elliptical spring.
-- doble, el1iptical spring.
bambolear, to sway, wobble, (auto) shimmy.
bamboleo m, sway, swinging, wobbling, (auto)
shimmy.
bamb m, bamboo.
banca j, bench; banking; brokerage.
bancada j, bench; (machy) bedframe, solepiece,
bed (lathe); (Illachy) (A) bearing; (min)
stope.
bancal m, bcrm, bench, terrace; sandbank.
bancarrota j, bankruptcy.
bancaza j, bedplate; heavy bench.
-- del torno, lathe bed.
banco m, (fin) bank; (geol) stratllm; (carp)
bench; (cons)(M) bent;(r) sand bar; leve!
ground.
banco
- aserrador, saw table.
- barrera, barrier beaeh.
- de arena, sandbank, sand bar.
- de balasto (fe), balIast pito
- del camino (Ee), roadbed.
- de coral, cora! reeI.
- de cota fija (lev), bench mark.
- de desperdicio (ot)(M), spoil bank.
-- de .doblar (ref), bending table, fabrieating
bench.
- de emisi6n, bank of issue.
- de estirar, drawbeneh.
- de grava, gravel bank.
- de hielo, ice floe.
- de interruptores (elc) (PR) , switchyard.
- de liquidaci6n, clearinghouse.
- de nivel (lev), beneh mark.
- de pruebas, test stand, testing bench.
- de sierra, saw table.
- de soldar, welding slab or table.
- de taller o de trabajo, workbench.
- hipotecario, mortgage bank.
banda J, belt, band; (CA) window sash; iron
tire; (M) belt eourse; side of a ship; (er)
track.
- cruzada, crossed belt.
- de cadena (M), chain belt.
- de cuero, leather belt.
- del embrague, c1utch bando
- de esteras o de oruga, crawler belt.
- de freno, brakeband.
- de guardia (ra), guard bando
-- de hule, rubber belt.
- de ro, riverbank.
- de rodamiento, tread band (tire); (er) traek.
- de sintonizacin (ra), tuning bando
- de transmisi6n, driving or transmission belt.
- de transmisin libre (ra) , pass 01' filter-
transmission bando
- del ventilador (auto), fan belt.
- eslabonada (M), endless belt.
-lateral inferior (ra), lower side bando
-lateral superior (ra), upper side bando
- maciza (Es), solid tire.
- portadora (ele), carrier bando
- transportadora, belt eonveyor.
--V, V belt.
bandaje m, tire (rubber or iron); rimo
- del inducido (ele), armature bando
- macizo, solid tire.
bandarria, see mandarria.
bandeador m (C), tap wreneh.
bandear, to sway, weave, oseillate; (Ch) to per-
forate.
bandeja J, tray.
- cogegotas, drip pan.
- de bur1ujeo (pet) bubble tray.
- de res)1dacin (pet), sweating pan.
bandeo m, sway, weaving.
bandera J, (rr) (surv) flag.
banderero m (M), flagman.
bandern m, signa! flag.
banderola J, (rr) switch target; (bldg)(A)tran-
som; (surv) flag.
- a balancn (A), pivoted transom.
40 barco
banquear, to level; to bench; (Col)(V) to exea-
vate; (pmy) to bank (airplane).
banqueo m, leveling, grading, benehing;a beneh;
(pmy) banking; (Col) (V) exeavation.
- de prstamo (ot)(V), borrow pito
banquetaJ, berm; sidewalk; hauneh, shoulder of
a road; banquette.
banquilla (1) de aserrar (M), sawbuek.
banquillo m (to), crieket, cant, saddle.
banquina J, berm, shoulder; (A) walI footing.
banquisaJ (A), paek ice.
banquito m (A), rail clip.
baadera J, bathtub.
baado m (A) (U), marsh, wet land.
- de asfalto, asphalt-dipped, asphalt-coated.
- de cinc, zinc-coated.
- en caliente, hot-dipped.
- en estao, tin-dipped.
baar (pint), to dip.
baera j, bathtub.
bao m, bath; bathtub; bathroom; coating
(paint, etc.).
- congelador, freezing bath.
- de aceite, oil bath.
- de ducha o de lluvia o de regadera, shower
bath.
- de inversi6n (fma), reversing bath.
- endurecedor (fma), hardening bath.
- fijador (fma), fixing bath.
-- Mara (lab), water bath, double bpiler.
- para tubos, pipedip.
bao m (an), beam, eross timber, deek bearo.
- de bodega, hold beam.
- de horquilla, fork beam.
- del peto de popa, transom beam.
- maestro, midship or main beam.
- sesgado, eant beam.
baos de los raceles, panting beams.
baquelita j, bakelite.
baquelizar, to bakelize.
baquetaj (vol) (Es), tamping stiek.
bara J, bar (unit of pressure).
baranda J, barandado m, barandaje m, barandal
m, railing, handrail, balustrade, banister.
barandillaJ, railing; sideboard of a wagon; (PR)
stake of a flat truek.
- de resguardo, highway guardrail.
barba (1) de taladro, burr (steel), fin.
barbacana J, narrow opening in a wall; weep
hole; (hyd) (A) gate opening. .
barbeta J, lashing; (eab) seizing, serving; (naut)
gasket, stop.
barbetar (eab), to serve, seize.
barbilla J (earp), beveled end of a timber for
framing; tenon.
barbotaje m, barboteo m (lu), splash.
barca J, boat, barge.
- carbonera, coa! barge.
- chata, flatboat, seow.
- de gra, derr:ick barge.
- tanque,tankbarge.
barcada J, bargeload, boatload.
barcaza j, lighter, barge, flatboat.
- alijadora, lighter.
- perforadora, drilling barge.
barco m, vessel, boat, barge.
barco
- costero o de cabotaje, eoasting vesse!.
- de carga, cargo boat, freighter.
- de transbordo, ferryboat.
- petrolero, oil tanker.
barco-puertaJ, eaiason of a graving dock, eaisson
gate.
baricntrico, baryeentrie.
baricentro m, baryeenter.
bario m (quim), barium.
barita J, baryta.
baritel m, windlass.
baritina J (miner), barite, barytes, barytine.
barjuleta J, tool bago
barlovento m, windward.
barniz m, varnish.
- aislador, eleetrie 01' insulating varnish.
- al aceite o al leo, oil varnish.
- craso o graso, oil varnish.
- de alcohol, spirit varnish.
- de alt, aceite, long-oil varnish.
- de aparejo o de apresto, sizing.
- de bajo aceite, short-oil varnish.
- de inmersin, dipjing varnish.
- de intemperie, spar varnish.
- de laca, shellae.
- de rociar, spraying varnish.
- exterior o marino, spar 01' exterior varnish.
- japons, japan drier; japan varnish.
- mate, fiat varnish.
- para secado al horno, baking varnish.
- secante, drier.
barnizador m, varnisher.
barnizar, to varnish.
barodinmica J, barodynamies.
barodinmico, barodynalnie.
bargrafo m, barograph, reeording baroJrleter.
barograma m, barogram.
baromtrico, barometrie.
bar6metro m, barometer.
- altimtrico, altitude barometer.
- aneroide, aneroid barometer.
- de mercurio, mercurial barometer.
- registrador, recording barOIneter.
barometrgrafo m, barometrograph, barograph.
baroscopio m, baroseope.
barotermgrafo m, barothermograph.
barotermmetro m, barothermograph.
barquear, to transport by boat, to ferry.
barquero m, boatman, ferryman, lighterman.
barqun m, belIows.
barraJ: bar, rod; sand bar.
- alimentadora, feed rod.
- angular (fe), angle bar, spliee bar.
- arrugada (ref), eorrugated bar.
- atiesadora (est), sag rod.
- cabecero (ref), header bar.
- colectora (ele), bus bar.
- colectora de compensacin, equalizer bus.
- colectora de control, control bus.
- colectora para fallas, fault bus.
- colisa (mh)(A), swivel bar.
- comercial, merehant bar.
- corrugada (ref), corrugated bar.
-- cuadrada giratoria (pet), grief stem, kelIy.
- cuadrada torcida (ref), square twisted bar.
41 barra
- cuello-de-ganso (herr) , gooseneck bar, wreek
ing bar.
- de alinear (fe), lining bar.
- de arco (met), areh bar.
- de argolla (est), eyebar, loop rod.
- de arge, eapstan bar.
- de asiento (compuerta), seat bar.
- de atalaje, drawbar.
- de brida (fe), spliee bar, angle bar, fishplate.
- de celosa (est), lattiee bar; web member.
- de coneyjn, (eng) eonnecting rod, pitman;
(elee) eonnection bar.
- de contratensin. (pte/, counterbraee, eoun-
terdiagona!.
- de corredera, (se) valve stem.
- de corto circuito (ele), shorting bar.
-l de cremallera,.rack bar.
- de cua (met), wedge bar.
- de chucho (fe), bridle 01' switch 01' head rod,
- de distribucin (ele)(C) , bus bar.
- de emergencia (ft), panie bar.
- de ewparrillado (cal), grate bar.
- de empedrador, pavingbar.
- de enclavamiento (fe), detcetor bar.
- de enganche, drawbar.
- de enrejado (est), lattiee bar.
- de entibar (re), dollybar.
- de estancamiento (compuerta), seal bar.
- de guarnicin, curb bar; corner bead.
- del inducido (ele), armature bar.
- de mina (min), hand drill.
- de ojo (est), eyebar.
- de orejas (ref), lug bar.
- de parachoques (auto), buffer bar.
- de parrilla (cal), grate bar; clinkerbar.
- de percusin (pet), sinker bar.
- de recalcar, swage bar (saw).
- de remolque, towing bar.
- de ro, shoal, bar..
- de rosca, threaded rod.
- de suspensin, hanger.
- de taras (bscula), tare bar.
- del tejido (V), (tu) web member.
- de tiro o de traccin, drawbar.
- de torsin (auto), torque armo
- de trabazn o d.e unin (ref) , bond bat"
dowel.
- de ua, claw bar, nail puller.
- de ventana, muntin, window bar.
- deformada (ref), deformed bar.
- desviadora (fe), defiecting bar.
- en U (met), U bar.
- 1 (met), 1 bar.
- imanada, bar magneto
- indicadora (fe), detector bar.
-lisa (ref), plain 01' smooth bar.
- mnibus (elc) , bus bar.
- para encintado, eurb bar.
- patrn, test bar.
- perforadora (pet), sinker bar.
- plana acanalada, channel fiat.
- plana bruida, ground flato
- plana con cantos dE fleje, band-edge flat
- punta-de-cua, wedg,,-point crowbar.
- punta-de-espoln, pineh-point crowbar.
- p u ~ z n (vol), puneh bar,
barra 42 barrenos
T
I
barrer 43 bastida!
---.-- .....
-radial (auto),radius rod.
- rociadora (ca), spray bar.
- sacaclavos, stripping bar, nail puller; wreek-
ing or elaw bar.
- subtensa (lev) , subtense bar.
-- T, T bar, T iron.
--taladradora, boring bar.
-- tirante, tie rod.
- torneada (m.et), turned bar.
- tractora (fe)(mh), drawbar.
--.- trancanil (en), stringer bar.
- trazadora (planmetro), traeing armo
- tumbadora (fe), tumbling rod.
-V, V bar.
-Z, Zbar.
barras
- de armadura, reinforeing bars.
-- de barreno, drill steel.
- de deslizamiento, guides (gate).
- de enlace (est) (C). laeingbars.
- de yunque (az), anvil bars.
-- espaciadoras (ref), spaeing bars.
- portavstago (pet), earrier bars.
--repartidoras (reO, distributing bars, spaeing
bars.
barraca J, barraek, bunkhouse; warehouse, shed.
- de hierro (Ch), hardware atore.
- de maderas (Ch), lumber shed, lumberyard.
barracn m, barraeks.
barraganete m (en), bulwark stay.
barraje m, dike, barrage, diversion dam.
barrales m (Ch), sideboards of a wagon.
barramina J (Ee). drill.
barranca J, eliff, bluff; gorge, ravine; (A) river
bank; (A)(U) downgrade.
- abajo (A), downgrade, downhill.
- de falla, fault scarp.
- de falla con erosin, fault-line searp.
barranco m, preeipiee, eliff; gorge.
barrancn, m, gorge, eanyon.
barrancoso (top), broken, rough.
barranquilla J (M), gully.
barraquero m (A), warehouseman.
barreal m, clay pito
barredera J (ot) (Ee), drag seraper.
barredor m, sweeper (man).
-- de locomotora, pilot, eoweateher.
barredora J (maq), sweeper.
- de goma, squeegee.
-- de tractor (ca), tractor 8Weeper.
- elctrica (M), vaeuum eleaner.
- patrulladora (ca), patrol sweeper.
-- remolcada, drawn road broom.
barrena J, drill, auger, gimlet,drill bit; erowbar.
- adamantina .(M),adamantine drill.
- batidora, ehurn dril!.
- cola de pescado, fishtail bit,
-- cortancleo, eore bit.
- de arrastre (pet), drag bit.
- de cable, cable or well or ehurndrill.
- de canaleta recta, pod augeror bit.
- de canteador, stoleeutter's or plug drill.
- de caracol, twist dtill, auger bit.
- de cateo, earth borer.
- de cesto (pet), basket bit.
-- de cincel, ehisel bit,
- de columna, eolumn drill.
- de corchos (lab), eork borer.
-- de cruz, star bit or drill.
- de cuatro alas (pet), four-wing bit.
--. de diamantes, diamond drill.
- de discos (pet), disk bit.
-- de filo en cruz, star drill.
- de friccin (pet), drag bit.
-- de gua, eenter bit.
-- de gusano, worm auger.
-- de limpieza (sx), cleanout auger.
-- de mano, hand drill, jumper.
-- de ojo, ring auger.
-- de pecho, breast auger.
- de perforacin desviada (pet) , direetional
bit.
- de rodillos (pet), roller bit.
-- de tierra, earth auger, posthole digger, well
or soil auger.
-- espiral, twist drill, auger bit.
- iniciadora (pet), spudding bit.
-- para berbiqu, braee bit.
- para cabillas, dowel bit.
-- para hoyo de poste, posthole auger.
-- para macho, tap drill.
-- para mortajas, slotting auger.
-- para pozos, well dril!.
- picadora (sx), ehopping bit.
- piloto, pilot drill or bit.
-- principiadora (pet), spudding bit.
--rompepavimento, pavement breaker, bull-
point.
-- sacancleos o saeatestigos, eore drill.
-- salomnica, twist drill; serew auger.
- tubular, eore drill; ealyx drill.
barrenas, drill steel.
barrenador m, drill runner; auger, drill.
barrenadora J; dril!.
-- de arcilla, pneumatic elay spade.
barrenar, to drill; to blast; barrenarse (tn) (M),
to hole through, eonneet up.
barrendera J (maq), sweeper..
barrendero m, sweeper (man).
barrenero m, drill runner.
barrenillo ?n, boring inseet.
-- de caa, eane borer.
-- de muelles, wharf borer.
barrenista m, drill runner.
barrenita (j) de mano, gimlet.
barreno m, drill; drill hole, borehole; (Col) drilled
well.
- cebado (vol) (M), missed holeo
- de alivio (min), block holeo
-- de enlechado, grout holeo
- de voladura, blasting holeo
- fallido (vol) (M), missed holeo
barrenos
- de alivio (tn), relief holes.
- de corte (tn) (M), cut holes.
-- de cuele o de franqueo (min), cut holes.
- de destrozo (min) (tn) , breakers, breaking-
down holes.
- de ensanche (min)(tn), holes for enlarging
shots.
-- del permetro (tn), rim holes.
--limitadores (vol), line holes.
barrer, to sweep; (di) to seavenge.
barrera J, fenee, barrier, barrieade; (rr) erossing
gate; elay pit; (hyd) diversion dam.
- colectora (ef), bag or saek boom.
- corrediza (fe), sliding gateo
-- cortafuego, fuebreak, fue stop.
- de bscula (fe), hinged and eounterweighted
erossing gateo
- de cable (ca), cable guardrail.
- de cinta (ca), traffie tape.
-- de clasificacin (ef), sorting boom.
- de detrito (hid)(A), drift barrier.
- de guardia (ca), guardrail.
- de gua (ef) , sheer or fender or glaneing
boom.
- flotante, log boom.
-- guardacamino, traille or road guard, high-
way guardrai!.
-- guardacruce (fe), erossing gateo
-- interceptadora (ef), eateh or trap boom.
--para basuras (r), drift barrier.
-- parahielos (r), ice sere.en.
barrero m, elay mixer.; e'lay pit; mudhole.
barreta J, yrowba; bullpoint; small bar; (min)
morro
-- con espoln, pineh bar.
- de pinchar (A), pineh bar.
-- de punta, bullpoint.
- de punta recalcada (vol), bulge-point driv-
ing iron.
- de soldadura (V), welding rod.
-- de ua, elaw bar.
-- desquiciadora (Ee), bar for loosening roek.
--pata-de-eabra, elaw bar.
-- rompedora, bit of a paving breaker, bull-
point.
barretas, (M) drill steel.
barretear, to bar, work with a bar.
barretero m, miner, drill runner in a mine; man
who works with a bar.
barretn m, heayy erowbar; (Col) miner's pick.
barridaJ (ciudad), distriet, ward, quarter.
barrial m, elay pit; mudhole.
barrica J, eask, barrel.
barricada J, barricade.
barrida J, sweeping; (di) scavenging.
barrido m (tv)(ra), sweep.
barriga J, bulge, belly.
barril m, barrel; mesure of about 20 galo
-- de frotacin, tumbling barrel.
barrilada J, eapaeity of a barrel.
barrilete m, clamp; pawl, dog; keg.
-- de leva, eam clamp.
barrillaJ (min) (B), doneentrates; metallic eopper
mixed in ore.
barrio m (ciudad), distriet, ward, quarter; sub-
urb.
barro m, mud, elay, silt; sludge; earthenware;
adobe; (pet) slush.
- amasado, elay puddle.
- cloacal (dae), sludge.
-- cocido, terra eotta, burnt clay.
- de barreno, drill sludge.
- digerido (dae), digested sludge.
-- esmaltado, glazed clay or terra cotta.
- refractario CC), fue clay.
barros a,ctivados (dae), aetivated sludge.
barroso, muddy, elayey, silty.
barrote m, heavy bar; grate bar; rung; (A) door
bolt; (rr) (C) angle bar; (sb) hateh bar
hateh batten.
barrotn m, batten of a hateh; hateh bar; (rr)
earline; (sb) earling.
barya J (fsica), barye.
basa J, base, pedestal.
basada j (en), launehing eradle.
basal (V), basa!.
basaltie.
bll.saltiforme, basaltiform.
basalto m (geol), basalto
-- analctico, analcite basalto
--prismtico, eolumnar basalto
-L. vtreo, basaltglass, vitrobasalt, hyalobasalt.
basaltoide, basaltoid, basaltiform.
basamento m, base; pedestal; (A) footing,
dation.
bscula J, seale (for weighing); (rr) (Ee) erossing
gateo
-- de balancn, beam seale.
-- de plataforma, platform seale.
-- de pozo, pit seale.
-- de va, traek seale.
- enclavable, dormant seale.
bscula-puente m, weighbridge.
bsculii-tolva J (ag) (A), weighing bateher.
bscula-vagones m, cal' dumper.
bascuiador m, dumper; roeker; (min) tippleman;
any tipping deviee.
- de caja (eo) , body roeker.
-- de carros, cal' dumper.
bascular, to tip, tilt.
base J, basis; base (0.11 senses); rail flange.
-- compound (mh) , eompound resto
-- de aviacin, air or aviation base.
-- de comparacin (Iev), eomparator base.
-- de comprobacin (lev), check base.
-- de cuchilla (motoeaminera), blade base.
-- de hidroaviones,air harbor, seaplane base.
- de riel (fe), base of rail.
- de rodado (A), wheel base.
-- de ruedas, wheel base.
- de la soldadura, root of weld.
- de tope (pet), landing base.
-- naval, naval base.
- negra (ca), blaek base.
-- sanitaria (ed), sanitary base.
bases del concurso, bidding eonditions.
bases de licitacin, biddillg eonditiolls, informa-
tion for bidders.
basicidad J, basieity.
bsico (qum) (geol) (met), basic.
basitas (geol) (A), basie roeks.
bastarda, bastard (file).
bastidor m, frame, bedframe; ehassis; (Col) win-
dow sash.
- auxiliar (auto), subframe.
-- de carril (te), erawler or traek frame.
-- de puerta, door buek, doorframe.
-- de rodaje, truek frame.
- de rodillos (met) , stand of rolls.
-- de sierra para metales, haeksaw frame.
- de ventana, window frame.
bastidor
44
bidimensional
bidireccional 45 bituminoso
- inferior, underframe.
basto, rough, unfiJlished: coarse.
bastn m, (1'1') staff (block system); (su) proof
stick, sampler.
bastrn m, (t) spokeshave.
basural m (Ch), garbage dump.
basuras J, trash, rubbish, dirt, refuse; garbage;
river drift.
basurero m, garbage dump.
batalla J, wheel base, distance between axIes.
batayola J (cn), handrail.
bate m (fc), tamping pick.
batea f trough, launder: tray, mortal' tub: (V)
p ~ v e d ditch: (V) paved ford; (min) batea;
(auto) oil pan: (A) paved gutter crossing a
road.
-.- de coque, coke tray (aerator).
- de pilada (conc), batch box.
bateador m (fc), tamping bar, tamper.
bateadora J, power tamper.
-.unitaria, unit tamper.
batear, to tamp (ties).
bateo m, tamping.
batera J, battery (a11 senses).
- A (ra), A 01' filament battery.
- andica (ra), anode 01' plate battery.
- B (ra), plate 01' B battery.
- e (ra), grid 01' C battery.
_ compensadora. (elc), floating battery; buf-
fer battery.
- de acumuladores, storage battery.
- de calderas, battery of boilers.
- de camiones (M), fleet of trucks.
- de filamentos (ra), A 01' filament battery.
- de inmersin (elc), plunge battery.
- de mazos, stamp millo
- de pantalla (ra), screen battery.
- de pega (min), blasting battery.
- de pisones, stamp millo
- de placa (ra), B 01' plate 01' anode battery.
- de .polarizacin negativa (ra) , bias ce11.
- de rejilla (ra), grid 01' Cbattery.
- elevadora (elc), booster battery.
batey m, ground occupied by a sugar mill and ap-
purtenances: (PR) area in front of a coun-
try house.
batidera J, beater, maul: (Sp) mortal' hoe.
batido m, (ra) beat: a hammered, wrought.
- en fro, cold-hammered.
batidor m, beater, agitator; (A) mixer; (min)
doUy: (met) shingler.
batiduras J (met) , millar hammer scale.
batiente m, jamb: gate sill: lock sill; (dam)
apron, hearth, . (dd) apron; (carp) stop
bead.
- de esclusa, miteror lock sill.
batir, to beat, hammer, pound, tamp; to stir.
batista barnizada (ais), varnished cambric.
batmetro m, bathometer.
baud (tel), baud.
bauxita J, bauXite(aluminum ore).
bayoneta J,. (mech) bayonet: (auto) bayonet
gage (oillevel).
bedano m, mortising chisel.
Beggiotoa (is), Beggiotoa.
begohmio m (elc), begohm.
bejuco m, rattan.
bel (elc), bel.
belio m (elc) (A), bel.
benceno m, benzene.
bencidina J, benzidine.
bencina J, gasoline: benzine.
beneficiable (min) .. workable.
beneficiador m, operator of a mine 01' smeltel';
processor: cultivator.
beneficiar, to smelt, refine; to work a mine; to
beneficiate (ore): to process.
beneficio m, smelting, ore reduction, beneficia-
tion: working of a mine: profit.
- de explotacin, operating profit.
- de madera, lumbering.
- de minerales, smelting.
bentonita /, bentonite.
bentontico, bentonitic.
bentos (is), benthos.
benzol m, benzol, benzena.
berbique, berbiqu m, carpenter's brace; (U)
crankshaft.
- acodado, angular bitstock.
- de engranaje, angle brace.
- de herrero o de pecho, breast 01' fiddle drill.
- de matraca, ratchet braceo
- de ribera, ship carpenter's braceo
- para rincones, corner braceo
- y barrenas, brace and bits.
berilio m (qum), beryllium.
berlinga/, pole, round timber, spar.
berma/ (ot), berm, (rd) shoulder.
berroquea / a, granite.
besar, a, block and block, chockablock, two-
blocks.
betanaftol m (qum), beta-naphthol.
betatrn m (ra), betatron, rheotron.
betonera J (Ch), concrete mixer.
betumen m, bitumen.
betuminadora/ (ca) (Es), bituminous distributor.
betn m, bitumen, piteh, (C) stucco.
- judaico o de Judea, asphalt.
betunar, to coat with pitch: (C) to stuceo.
bias (ra), bias.
- e o de rejilla, grid bias, C bias.
biasar (ra) (A), to bias.
biaxil, biaxial. ~ /
bixico (Es) (A) (V), biaxial.
bibern m (Iab), nipple.'
bibir m (mad), greenheart.
bicable, a double-cable.
bicarbonato m, bicarbonate.
bicilndrico, (eng) double-cylinder.
biclororo m, bichloride.
- de estao, tin 01' stannous chloride.
- de mercurio, mercuric chloride, corrosive
sublimate.
bicncavo, biconcave, double-concave, concavo-
ooncave.
bicnico, bieonical.
biconvexo, biconvex, double-convex.
bicromato m (qum), bichromate.
bicrn m (med), bicron.
bichero m, boat hook.
bid, bidet m (pb) , bidet.
bjdimensional, two-dimensional.
bidireccional (elc), bidirectional.
bidn m, steel drum: (C) drom of a hoist: a tin,
large can.
biela /, (eng) connecting rod, pitman.
- motriz, connecting 01' main driving roo.
- paralela o de acoplamiento (loco), coupling
01' side rod.
bienes m, property.
- inmuebles o races o sedientes, real estate.
- muebles, personal property.
- semovientes, cattle.
bienhechura / (C), improvements (real estate).
bifsico (elc), two-phase.
bifilar (elc), two-wire, bifilar.
bifluoruro m (qum), bifluoride.
bifurcacin/, junction of streams; eroteh; (p) Y
branch: (1'1') (C) (Sp) junction.
- de ramal paralelo (tub), upright Y branch.
- doble (tub), double Y branch.
- en U (tub), U branch.
bifurcador m (aa), bifurcator.
bifurcarse, to fork, branch.
bigorneta /, small anvil; tinsmith's stake.
- de acanalar (ch), creasing stake.
- de arita viva (eh), hatehet stake.
- de costura (ch), seaming 01' grooving stake.
- de pico, beakhorn stake.
bigornia /, anvil.
bigote de gato (ra) (A), cat whisker.
bigotera /, (dwg) bow compass, bow dividers:
slag tap (blast furnaee).
bigrilla (ra)(A), double-grid.
bihilar (elc), two-wire.
bijguara /, a Cuban hardwood.
bilabarqun m (Ee), carpcnter's horse.
bilateral (elc)(mec), bilateral.
bilis / (Iab), bile.
-lactoca, lactose bile.
bimbalete m (M), strut: ridgepole: pump jaek.
bimetal m, bimetal.
bimetlico, bimctallic.
bimrfico (ra), bi:norph.
bimotor, two-motor, bimotor.
binario (qum)(mat), binary.
binaural, binural.
bi::locular a, binocular.
bi::lodo m (ra) (mat) , binode.
binomio (mat), binomial.
bioactivacin / (dac), bio-activation.
bioaeracin / (dac), bio-aeration.
biofiltracin / (is), biofiltration.
biofiltro, biofilter.
biofioculacin / (is), biofiocculation.
biogentico (is), biogenetic.
bilisis /, biolysis.
bioltico (dac), biolitic.
biolgico, biological.
bioprecipitacin /, bioprecipitation.
bioqumica /, biochemistry.
bioqumico, biochemical.
biorreduccin/ (dac), bioreduction.
biosa / (az), biose, disaccharide.
biotita / (miner), biotite, black mica.
biotrn m (ra), biotron.
bixido m (qum), dioXide.
- carbr..ico, curbon dioxide.
- de estao, tin dioXide, stannic oXide.
bipi m, bipod.
bipolar, pipolar, two-pole.
biposte, bipost (lamp).
biprima (mat), double prime (x").
biriqum(Ec)(AC), carpenter's braceo
birlo m (M), stud bolt.
birrectngulo, birectangular.
birrefringencia / (fma) , birefringence.
birrefringente, birefringent.
birrotulado, two-hinged.
bisagra /, hinge, butt hinge.
- a municin, ba11-bearing hinge.
- acodada, .offset hinge.
- con levante, rising hinge, skew hinge.
- de bolitas, ball-tip door butt.
- de friccin, friction hinge.
- de muelle, spring hinge.
- de paleta o de ramal, strap 01' joint hinge.
-.de pasador. fijo, fast-pin butt.
- de pasador suelto, loose-pin butt.
- de resorte, spring hinge.
- de superficie, flap 01' surface 01' fu11-surfacCl
hinge.
- de tiro ancho, wide-throw hinge.
- de tope, butthinge.
- desmontable, loose-pin butt.
- en T, T hinge.
- inerte, dead hinge.
- medio superficial, half-surface 01' half-mor-
tise hinge.
bisecar, to bisect.
biseccin /, bisection.
bisectriz /, bisector.
bisel m, a bevel, charnfer; (lbr) wane.
- al hilo (mad), bevelrip.
- a inglete, bevel miter.
- de trozar (mad), bevel cutoff.
biselado, beveled: (lbr) waney.
biseladora /, charnfering'tool.
biselar, to bevel, chamfer, skive.
bisilicato m (qum), bisilicate.
bismutina / (miner), bismuthine, bismuthinite,
bismuth glance. '
bismutinita /, bismuthinite, native bismuth sul-
phide.
bismuto m (qum), bismuth.
- blenda (miner), bismuth blende, eulytite.
bisulfato (m) de sodio, sodium bisulphate.
bisulfito m, bisulphite.
bisulfuro m, disulphide,bisulphide.
bita / (nut), cleat, bitt.
- de' amarre, mooring bitt. .
- de remolque, towing bitt: towing post.
bitcora / (cn), binnacle.
bitaduraj.,. turn of a ropearound a bitt.
bite m (A), bead (on a board).
bitn m, bitt: double-head chock.
- de fondeo, riding bitt.
- de remolcar, towing bitt.
bitoque m, (M) faucet, cock: (CA) sewer.
bitultico, bitulithic.
bitumstico, bitumastic.
bitumen m (U) (M), bitumen.
bituminfero, containing bitumen.
bituntinoso, bituminous.
bituvia 46 boca
boca
47
bomba
bituvia / (ca), Bituvia (trademark).
bivalencia /, bivalehce.
bivalente (qum), bivalent.
biviario two-lane (highway).
m (Col), a salmon briek. .
blanco m, gear blank;blank form: a
-- de antimonio, antimony whlte (plgment),
antimony trioxide. ..
- de barita (pigmento), baryta white, banum
sulphate. ..
- de bismuto (pigmento), blsmuth whlte.
-- de cinc (pigmento), zinc white.
-- de China Chinese or zinc white.
- de ll:spafla, whiting, Spanish white.
- de plomo, white lead.
- .de yeso, whiting.
blando, soft.
blandura /, softness.
blanquear, to bleach. .
blanquillo m, an Argentme (semihard).
blastogranitico (geol), blastogramtlC.
blastoporfirtico (geol), blastoporphyritic.
bleck o bleque (A), a term applied to all tar and
asphalt products.
blenda / (miner), blende, sphalerite.
-- cadmfera, greenockite, eadmium blende.
- crnea (M), hornblende.
-- de zinc, zinc blende.
- roja, ruby blende (sphalerite). .
blindado, armored, ironcIad; (elee) shlelded'.
blindaje m, armor; (elec) shielding; (Sp) tunnel
lining.
-- antimagntico, magnetie screen or shield.
-- cerrado (elc), interlocking armor.
- del radiador (te), radiator guardo
blondn m (Es), cableway.
bloque m, block.
- amortiguador, eushion block.
- calibrador, gage block.
- comparador (Iab), block eomparator.
-- de barrenar, boring block.
-- de batir (ch), dolly block.
-' de casas (PR), eity block, block of houses.
-- de cilindrbs, cylinder block.
_.- de clavar, nailing block, wood briCk.
- de doblar (ref), bending block.
- de emasillar (ed), furring block.
- de estampar (her), swage block.
- de fallas (geol), fault block.
- de fusibles (ele), fuse block.
- de golpeo (pb),driving block, turnpin, tam-
pion.
-- de motor, engin block;
- de patas (fe), heel block, heel raiser.
- de recalcar (si), swage block.
- deulleno (ed), filler block.
-- desabollador (ch), dolly block.
- para triscar' (si), setting block.
- partido de emasillar, split furring tile.
- portaherramienta (mh),t1ilOl block.
- refractario deconstruccin, struetural tile.
- seccional '(fe), block
bloquear, t6 block (sil senses); (M) toehock;
(lnin) (B) to block out.
bloqueo m (fe) (ra), bloeking.
- absoluto o definitivo (fe),absolute blocking.
- condicional o facUltativo (fe), permissive
bloeking.
- manual (fe), manual bloeking.
bloqueraJ (Es), concrete-block maehine.
bobina /, (elec) coi!; (elec)bobbin.
-- apagachispas, blowout coi1.
-- captadora (ra), pickup eoil.
-- con ncleo de hierro pUlverizado, dust-eore
eoil.
-- con temblador, vibrator coil.
- de acoplalniento (ra), eoupling eoil.
- del campo, field coil.
-- de carga, loading coi!.
- de cesto (ra), basket eoil.
-- de compensacin, eompensating eoil.
-- de chispas, spark coi!.
- de choque (A) (Col), choke or impedance coi!.
-- de desenganche, release coi!.
-- de devanado universal (A), honeycomb coi!.
-- de disparo, tripping coi!.
-- de encendido o de ignicin, spark or ignition
coi!.
- de enfoque (ra), foeusing coi!.
-- de ensayo, exploring eoi1.
-- de extincin, blowout coi!.
-- de inductancia, 'inductanee coil, reactor, in-
ductor.
-- de mxima, overload release coil.
-- de ncleo de hierro, iron-core eoil.
-- de. oposicin, bucking coi!. .
-- de panal, lattice-wound or honeyeomb cm!.
-- de prueba, exploring coil. .
-- de reaccin, ehoking or reactance or lmped-
anee or retardation coi!, reactor, kicking
coi!.
-- de reactancia, reactanee eoil, inductor.
-- de regeneracin, feedback or tiekler coi!.
-- de retencin, retaining or holding eoi1.
-- de la voz (ra), voice coi!.
-- defiectora o desviadora (ra), defiecting coi1.
-- en derivacin, shunt eoil, (inst) potential
coi!.
-- excitadora, exciting eoil.
-- exploradora, exploring or seareh coi!, ex-
plorer.
-- inductora, induetion coi!.
- nido de abeja (ra), honeyeomb eoil.
-- sintonizadora (ra), tuning coi!.
- trmica (tel), heat eoi1.
-- tipo canasto (ra), basket-weave coi!.
--vibratoria, vibrator or trembler eoi1.
bobinado m, bobinaje m (ele), winding.
bobinadora /,winding maehine.
bobinar, to wind.
bobo m (PR)(V), a lumber used in building.
boca /, mouth, entranee: nozzle: (tun) portal;
(hyd) intake; (top) gap, pass, saddle; (t)
peen, nose.
-- de agua, hydrant.
-- de aspiracin, air inlet.
- de cada (al), drop inlet.
-- de calle, inlet to a storm sewer.
- de (en), eoaling hateh.
-- de carga, fire door of a boiler.
- de cepillo, a (mam) (V), finished with a
wooden fioat.
- de corazn (fe), toe of a frog.
-- de corneta, bellmouth.
-- de desage, drain inlet.
-- de descarga, outlet, diseharge opening.
-- de entrada, intake, inlet; portal; manhole.
- de incendio, fue hydrant, fueplug.
-- de inspeccin, manhole.
-- de limpieza, e1eanout hole; sluiceway.
-- de manmetro, gage hateh.
- de pez, fishmouth (spliee).
- de pozo (pet), wellhead.
-- de puerto, entranee to a harbor.
-- de registro, manhole, manhead.
-- de ro, mouth of a river.
- de salida, outlet.
- de tormenta (A) (U) (Pe), inlet to a storm-
water sewer.
-- de visita, manhole.
-- escotilla, hatehway.
- tipo de hongo (aa), mushroom outlet.
bocacalle J, stI'eet interseetion.
bocacaz m, opening in a fiume or dam.
bocal m, mouth, entranee; (top) gap: strait, nar-
rows (harbor): (min) pit head.
bocallave J, keyhole; keyhole plate; (A) soeket
wreneh.
bocamejora J (min), auxiliary shaft.
bocalnina /, entranee t a mine.
bocana / (Col), mouth of a river.
bocarte m, erusher, stamp mili; drag mili.
bocartear, to erush.
bocarteo m, erushing.
bocateja J, first tile in a eourse; hollow under a
roof tile; (V) eaves.
bocatoma / (hid), intake.
bocazo m (vol), blowout, pop shot.
bocel m, molding plane; eonvex molding.
boceladora j, molding plane.
bocelar, to form moldings.
bocelete m, small molding planeo
boceln m, large moldingplane; (rf) (Col) ridge
rollo
")ocina 1, bushing; bell end of a pipe; (auto) (ra)
horn; (O) hubeap; bellmouth; (sb) Ftern
tube; (hyd) (A) morning-glory (spillway).
-- de bruma, foghorn.
-- exponencial (ele), exponential horno
bocina-vertedero (hid), morning-glory spillway.
bocoy m, large hogshead: (C) measure of
about 175 ga1.
bochorno m, sulwy weather; (min) (M) after-
damp; ehokedamp, blaekdamp.
bodega J, warehouse, storehouse; (naut) hold;
eellar: (Ch) boxear.
-- de herralnientas, tool house.
-- de tramo (fe), seetion tool house.
bodegaje m, storage charges, warehousing.
-- en hmedo, wet storage (battery).
- en seco, dry storage (battery).
bodeguero m, storekeeper.
bogie m (fe), truek.
-- de arrastre, trailing truek.
-- giratorio o de un solo eje, pony truek.
- piloto, pilot truek.
bogue m (Es), Boghead eoa1.
boicot, boicoteo m, boyeott.
boj m, boxwood.
boje m, a hardwood of Cuba andP>'erto Rieo.
bola/, bal1.
- rompedora, skull eraeker, wreeking ball, ball
breaker.
- y cuenca, ball and soeket.
bolas,del regulador (mv), governor balls.
bolardo m, bollard, mooring
boleo m, boulder;deposit of boulders; (sb) eam.
ber, roundup.
boletera / (fe), tieket offiee.
boletero m (fe), ticket agent.
boleto m,. ticket.
boln m, ball; shot.
bolina /, sounding line; (naut) bowIne.
bolo m, (lbr) (C) bole; (Ph) maehete.
Bolmetro m (ele), bolometer.
boln m, eobble, boulder:;rubble stone.
bolsa J, bag, saek; poeket; stoek exehange;
poeket of rieh ore.
-- de aire, air poeket, (eng) air loek.
- de atacadura (vol), tamping bago
-- de compensaciones (C), cIearinghouse.
-- de contraccin (met) , pipe, eontraetion cavit;y.
- de corteza (mad), bark poeket.
- de resina (mad), piteh poeket.
- de valores, stoekexehange.
- de vlvula, valve bago
- de vapor (mg}(pet), vapor loek.
bolsada /, poeket, eavity; poeket of rieh ore.
bolsn m, (geol) bolson; (min) poeket of rieh ore.
bolsonero (min)(B), in rieh poekets.
bomba!. pump; fue engine; bomb; (V) mudhole.
-- a mano, hand pump.
-- a nafta, gasoline-driven pump.
-- al vaco, vacuum pump.
-- a vapor, steam pump.
- alimentadora, feed or boiler-feed pump.
-- alternativa, reeiproeating pump.
-- aspirante, suction pump.
-- barrera, dredging or mud pump.
-- calorimtrica, bomb calorimeter.
-- centrfuga difusora, diffuser-type centrifuga!
pump.
-- centrfuga voluta, volute-type eentrifugal
pump.
-- colgante (exe), sinking pump.
-- contadora, metering pump (gasoline).
-- contra incendios, fue pump; fue engine.
-- chupadora, suetion pump.
-- de accin simple, single-aeting pump. I
-- de aceleracin (auto), aeeelerator pUlllp.
-- de aletas, vane-type rotary pump.
-- de aletas deslizantes, sliding-vane pump.
-- de aspiracin doble, double-suetion pump.
-- de aspiracin simple, single-suetion pump.
-- de balancn, beam pump.
-- de barrido (di), seavenge pump.
- de carena, bilge pump.
-- de carrera regulable, variable-displaeement
pump.
-- de cigea, erank-aetion pump.
-- de cigea y volante, erank-and-flywhcc,
pump.
-- de cilindro corredizo (pet), traveling-eylin.
der pump.
bomba 48 boquilla
boquilla 49
botella
- de concreto, Pumpcrete' (trademark).
- de chorro, jet orwater-jet pump.
- de desplazamiento positivo, positive dis-
placement pump.
- de difragma, diaphragm pump.
- de doble efecto, double-acting pump.
- de doble paso. o de dos escalones o dI! dos
etapas o dedos grados, two-stage pump.
-- de dosaje, measuring pump.
- de dragado, dredging pump.
-- de efecto nico, single-acting pump.
- de mbolo, piston pump.
- dEl mbolo buzo o de mbolo macizo, plunger
pump.
- de engranaje de oreja triple, three-Iobe ro-
tarypump.
- de estribo, stirrup pump.
- de fango, mud pump.
de gasto variable, variable-discharge pump.
-- de hlice, propeller or screw pump.
- de impulso, impulse pump.
-- de impulsor abierto, open-impeller pump.
-- de impulsor cerrado, closed-impeller pump.
- de impulsorlls opuestos, opposed-impeller
pump.
- de inflar (A)(U), tirepump.
- de inmersin,submersible or dQep-well tur-
bine pump.
de lbulos; lobar-type rotary pump.
-- de lodo, mud jack; sludge pump; dredging or
mud pump; (pet) slush pump.
- de morj;ero (M), plunger pump.
- de ocho grados, eight-stage pump.
-- de oxgeno, oxygen bombo
-- de paletas deslizantes, sliding-vane rotary
pump.
- de 'paletas oscilantes, swinging-vane rotary
pump. )
- de paso mltiple, multiple-stage pump.
-- de paso recto,'straightway pump.
- de pique (auto) (A), accelerator pump.
-- de pistn, piston pump.
-- de potencia, power. pump (reciprocating
pump driven by external power).
-- de presin (pet), pressure bombo
-- de resorte, spring-actuated pump.
-- de, rodete doble, double-runner pump.
- de rosario, chain pump.
--; de salvataje, salvage or wrecking pump.
-'- de sentina, bilge pump; sump pump.
-,-- de simple efecto, single-aeting pump.
-- de succin al, extremo, end-suction centrifu-
I gal pump.
--. de succin lateral, side-suction centrifugal
pump.
-- de sumidero, sump pump.
- de trasiego, transfer pump.
- de turbina, turbine pump.
- de vaivn (A), reciprocating pump.
- desarenadora, sand pump.
- doble, duplex pump.
- giratoria, rotary pump.
- impelente, force orpressure pump; impeller
pump.
- impulsora de diafragma, diaphragm. force
pump.
- inatascable, elogless pump.
--insertada (pet), insert pump, casing pump.
--inyectora de combustible, fuel-injection
pump.
- manual, hand pump.
--medidora, measuring pump; (auto) metering
or dispenser pump.
- multigradual, multistage pump.
--para pozos profundos, deep-well pump.
-- quntupla, quintuplex pump.
--rarificadora (ra), vacuum pump.
--recproca (Pe), reciprocating pump.
-recogedora (pet), pickup pump.
-- reforzadora, booster pump.
--rotativa, rotary pump.
--rotativa de engranaje interior, internal-gear
pump.
-- sumergible, submersible or deep-well turbine
pump.
-- surtidora de gasolina, service-station or gas-
oline-dispensing pump.
- suspendida (exc), sinking pump.
--triple, triplex pump.
bombas gemelas, duplex pump.
bombaje m, pumping.
bombardeo electrnico, electron bombardment.
bombeable, pumpable.
bombeado m, pumping; arching, crowning; a
arched, crowned; dished.
bombeador m, pumpman, pumper.
bombear, to pump; to crown; to camber; bom-
bearse, to bulge, spring.
bombeo m, pumping; crowning; bulging; camber.
bombero m, pumpman; fireman.
bombilla J, incandescent lamp; bulbo
bombillo m, small pump; (p) trap; (C) lantern
globe; (C) incandescent lamp; (C) radio
tube.
bombn m, pump used in sugar mills.
bonanza J, large deposit of rich ore.
bonderita J, Bonderite (rustproofing) (trade-
mark).
bonderizar, to bonderize (rustproof).
bonete m (v), bonnet.
bongo m, scow, flatboat.
bonguero, boatman, bargeman, lighterman.
bonificacin J, bonus; (irr) (M) reclamation.
bonificar (eont), to credit.
bonista (C), bondholder.
bono m, (fin) bond.
-- a corto plazo, shortcterm bond.
-- colateral, collateral-trust bond.
--. de primera hipoteca, first-mortgage bond.
-- hipotecario, mortgage bond.
boquera J, head gate; sluice gate; outlet; (8p)
cesspool.
boquerel m, nozzle.
boquern m, largeopening; (top) gap, pass.
boquete m, gap, pass; opeIlng in a wall; (elec) (A)
air gap.
boquilla J, small opening; chuck, collet; socket;
bushing; nipple; nozzle; (tel)(hyd) mouth-
piece; (w) tip; (top) gap, pass; (mas) chink.
- ahusada (mh), spring collet, draw-in collet.
-- aisladora, insulating bushing.
-- aspiradora. aspirating nozzle.
- de agua, needle nozzle.
-- de anillo a escuadra, square-ring nozzle.
- de anillo agudo, undercut-ring nozzle.
- de Borda (hid), Borda's mouthpiecc.
- de borne (elc), terminal bushing.
- de brida, fianged nozzle.
- de calorfero, radiator bushing.
-- de collar, ring chuck.
- del electrodo (sol), electrode tipo
-- de engrase, oilhole.
de flujo, fiow nozzle.
-- de forro, liner bushing.
-- de gua, jig bushing.
-- de inundacin (aa), fiooding nozzle.
-- de manguera, hose nozzle.
-- de pulverizadora, spray 01' airbrush nozzle.
- de quijadas convergentes (mh) , collet 01'
draw-in 01' push-out chuck.
- de reborde hembra (tub) , outside head
bushing.
- de reborde macho, inside hcad bushing.
-- de sujeci6n (hen), chuck.
-- de tuerca fiadora lock-nut bushing.
-- entrante (hid), Borda':; or re-elltrant mouth-
picca..
-- fibrosa (olo), fiber bushing.
-- inyectora de combustible, fuel-injcction
nozzle.
-lanzaarena, sandblast nozzle.
-- mezcladora, mixing nozzlc.
-- muestreadora (vapor), :;ampling nozzle.
-- para macho, tap chuck.
-- para soldar (tub), solclering bushing.
-- rociadora, spray nozzle.
-- sin cabeza, headless bushing.
-- sin reborde (tub), face bushing.
boratera J (A) (E) (Ch), bora.-,
borato m (qum), borate.
b6rax m, borax.
borbollar, borbotar, to gush, boil up.
borbo1l6n m, spring; boiling up.
borboteo m, gushing, bubbling, boiling up.
borbot6n m, boil in sand, a spring.
borda J (cn), bulwark; gunwalc;
borde m, edge; dikc, levce.
-- de ataque, upstream or leading or entering
edge.
-- de desviaci6n (in), bordor check.
-- de encauzamiento, lcvee.
-- de entrada, leading edge.
-- de obturacin, masking edge.
-- de retacadura, calking edge.
-- de salida, downstream 01' trailing or leaving
edge.
- de solapa (cn), sight edge.
- de la soldadura, toe of wele.
-laminado, rolled edge (steel plate).
-- recortado, sheared edge (stec! plate).
bordeadora J, tube expander, beading tool, (bo)
fiue roller; (irr) ridger.
-- de discos (in), disk ridger.
bordear, to fiange; to edge.
bordillo m, eurb, shoulder.
-- de labio (ca), lip eurb.
bordo m, dike; edge; side of a shi];).
- de contenci6n. levee, ,tlike.
- de encauzamiento, levee.
- libre (hid) (en). freeboard.
- provisional (M), eofferdam.
bord6n m, fiange of a wheel; bulb on an angk
or T.
boreal, northern.
brico (qum), borie, boraeie.
borna (eI6c), see borne.
borne m, (elcc) terminal, binding post; a hard-
wood.
-- de contacto, contaet terminal.
-- de masa (auto), ground terminal.
borneadero m (nut), berth; turning basin.
bornear, (naut) to swing, turn; bornearse, te
warp.
bornita f, bornitc, purple copper ore.
boro m (qum), boron.
borol6n m, Eorolon (abrasive) (trademark).
borra f (min), barren roek.
- de algodn, cotton waste; cotton linters.
corrador ?n, rough draft; eraser.
- de tinta, ink eraser.
borradura f. erasure.
borrar, to erase
borrascaf, ah llnproductivc 01' worked-out mine.
borrico ?n, (carp) sawhorse; donkey.
borric6n m, scaffold horse, !arge sawhorse.
borriquete ?n, sawhor,c, cnrpcntcr's horse.
boruro m (qum), boride.
bosque ?n, foresto
bosquejar, to sketch.
bosquejo 7n, sketch.
bota (f) de ascensor (E), elevator boot.
botas de goma, rubber boots.
botada J, launehing.
botadero rn (ot), dump, bank.
botador m, (carp) llail set; (re) backing-<mt
punch; (8b) 3etbolt; tappet.
- de vlvula, valve tappet.
botafango rn, nluclguard.
botaganado ?n, cowcatcher, loeomotive piloto
botaguas m (ed), water table; flashing; rain shed;
hood ovcr a door; leader boot; weathering.
botalodo m (PR), lllUdguard.
botal6n m, derriek boom; (V) stake.
-- de pala, shovcl boom.
-- para cable de arrastre, dragline boom.
botalonear (V), to stakc out.
botar, to dump; (exc) to waste; to launch; (re)
to back out.
- al agua, to launch.
botarel m, buttress, countmfort.
botavaca 7n (PIl), (loco) pilot, cowcatcher.
botavara J, boom, gaff; boat ho.ok; wagon poleo
botazo m (cn), fender, rubbing strip.
bote m, boat; container; (1\1) bucket, skip; (sh)
(M) dipper.
- de draga (M), dragline bucket.
-- de lata, tin container.
- de paso, ferryboat.
- de valva de almeja (M), clamshell bueket.
- salvavidas, lifeboat.
- volador, flying boato
bote-sif6n, siphon can.
botella J, bottle.
- aspiradora (lab), as))irator bottb.
botella
- cuentagotas (!ab), dropping bottle.
- de lavar (lab) , wash bottle.
- de presin (lab), pressure bottle.
-- de sondeo, sounding bottle.
-- para filtrar, filter flask.
botero m, boatman.
boterola 1, dolly; rivet set or snap.
botiqun m, medicine chest.
- de emergencia, first-aid-kit.
- de urgencia, first-aid kit; first-aid station.
boto, blunt.
botn m, button; doorknob; crankpin; (chem)
bead; (lbr) knot; (M) snap team of mules
or.bulls; (mech) (C) boss.
- del alumbrado (auto), light button.
- de arranque, (auto) starter pedal; (elec)
starting button.
-- de avance transversal (mh), cross-feed knob.
- de bocina (auto), horn button.
.- de la calefaccin (auto), heater button.
- del cebador (auto), choke button.
- de contacto, push button; contact button.
- de embrague (mh), clutch knob.
- del estrangulador de aire (auto), choke but-
ton.
- de manubrio, (eng) crankpin.
- de pestillo o de puerta, doorknob.
- de presin, push button.
- de la puesta en marcha (auto)(A), starter
button or peda!.
- de sintonizacin (ra), tuning knob.
- de tope (cv), button stop.
-- de trfico (ca), traffic-marking button.
- partido (elc), split knob (insulator).
--pulsador, push button.
- reflector (ca), refiecting button.
- y tubo (clc), knob and tube (work).
botones de herramentero, toolmakers' buttons.
botonera 1, panel of push buttons.
bournonita 1, bournonite, wheel ore.
bveda 1, vault; arch; (geoI) dome, cupola; (A)
crown of a road. .
-- corrida, barrel arch or vault.
-- de aligeramiento, relieving arch.
- de aristas,.groined arch, cross vault.
- de. centro pleno, semicircular arch.
-- de crucera, groin vault.
-- de descarga, relieving arch.
- del fogn (cal), fire arch.
-- del hogar, fire arch.
-- de medio can, barrel arch; semicircular
arch.
- de medio punto, semicircular arch.
- de panderete (Es), timbrel or Guastavinoarch.
-- de segmellto, segmental arch.
-- en can,barrel arch or vault.
- escarzana, segmental arch.
- esfrica, dome.
-- rebajada, fiat arch.
- tabicada (Col), arch of brick laid on the flato
bovedilla 1, arch between steel floor beams;
c10sed body of a truck; (sb) poop, stern
overhang, counter, fantai!.
bovedn m (Pe), chamber in a mine.
boya 1, buoy; float.
-- cilndrica, can buoy.
50 brazos
-- cnica, nun buoy.
-- de amarre o de anclaje, mooring buoy.
-- de asta, spar buoy.
-- de campana, bell buoy.
-- de cuarentena, quarantine buoy.
-- de doble cono, nun buoy.
-- de espa, warping buoy.
-- de gongo, gong buoy.
-- de medio canalizo, mid-channel buoy.
-- de palo o de prtiga, spar buoy.
- de pito o de silbato o de sirena, whistling
buoy.
-- de tambor, can buoy.
--luminosa, gas buoy, light buoy.
-- sonora, bell buoy.
boya-farol, gas or lighted buoy.
boya-tonel, can buoy.
boyante, buoyant.
boyar, to buoy; to float.
bracero m, laborer, workman.
braga 1, sling; spreader for hoisting.
bramante (m) aislador, insulating twine.
brarnil m, chalk Hile; a line marked with chalk.
branca I (Col), pier, pilaster.
brancal m, frame of a wgon; (PR) wagon shaft.
brandal m, backstay, tieback.
branque m (en), stem.
brasero m, brazier, fire pot, salamander.
-- de gasolina, plumber's torcho
braunita 1, braunite (ore of manganese).
brazal (nut), fathom.
brazada I (Col) (V), fathom.
-- de piedra (M), a cubic measure used in sell-
ing building stone.
brazaje m, depth of water.
brazal m, irrigation ditch.
brazo m, arm; leg of an angle; branch of a tree;
branch of a stream; mast armo
--, a, by hand.
-- de l!drizamiento (an), righting lever or armo
- de ataque (pl)(M), dipper stick.
-- del cigeal, (eng) crank armo
-- de comps, leg of a compass.
- del cucharn (pI), dipper stick.
-- de direccin (auto), steering armo
-- del mbolo, piston rod.
-- de gobierno (auto), control armo
-'de gra, (crane) boom, jib; (de) stiffieg.
-- del mun de direccin (auto), steering-
knuckle armo
-- de palanca, lever arm, leverage.
-- de pared, wall bracket.
-- de romana, beam ofa scale.
-- de ruptura (auto), breaker armo
-- montador (tn), erector armo
-- oscilante, rocker arm; (pet) swing armo
-- para lmpara, lamp bracket.
-- para retenida (poste), guy armo
-- polar, pole arm (planimeter).
--rastrillador (is), raking armo
- rgido, (de) stiffieg.
-- trazador, tracer arm (planimeter).
--volado (pte), cantilever armo
brazos, labor (men).
- de cucharn a horcajadas (pI), straddle-type
dipper sticks.

. ~
j.
,
j
I
1
brazola
brazola 1, coaming; curb.
-- de escotilla, hatch coaming.
- de registro, manhole coaming.
brea 1, pitch, tar, brea, petroleum asphalt.
- de alquitrn (M), coal-tar pitch.
-- de carbn o de hulla, coal taro
- de hulla residual, coal-tar pitch.
- de primera destilacin, straight-run pitch.
-- de tierra, earth pitch.
-- mineral, asphalt, mineral pitch; maltha,
mineral taro
brear, to coat with pitch.
breccia I (geol), breccia.
brecha 1, a breach, opening, crevasse; (geol)
breccia.
- de dislocacin (A), crush or friction or fault
brecca.
-- de fallas o de friccin o de trituracin, fault
or crush or friction breccia.
-- de talud, talus breccia.
brechacin I (geal), brecciation.
brechiforme, brecciated.
brechero m (ec) (M), trailbuilder.
brecho,ide (B), brecciated.
brechoso, brecciated.
breque m, brake; (Pe) baggage caro
brequero m (Col), brakeman.
brete m (fc)(A), cattle pass, cattle rampo
briaga 1, sling; (Col) hoisting rope.
brida 1, (p) flange; clamp; splice plate; bridle
(cable); bridle (harness); (rr) splice bar;
(mt) dogo
- angular (fc), angle bar.
- ciega (tub) , blind flange; blank flange.
-- corrediza (tub), slip-on flange.
-- curva (tub), saddle or tank or boiler flange.
-- de acoplamiento, companion flange; coupling
flange.
- de arrastre (mh), clamp dogo
- de collar (tub), neck or collar flange.
- de copa (tub), hat flange.
- de deslizamiento (V), slip-on flange.
- de enchufe (tub), socket flange.
- de junta montada (tub) , Van Stone or
lapped-joint flange.
- de obturacin (tub), blind flange.
- de orificio (tub), orifice fiange.
-- de piso (pb), waste nut, floor flange.
- grapa (A), lathe dogo
-lisa (tub)(M), blank flange.
--loca, loose flange.
- para artefacto (pb), fixture flange.
--para martillar (tub), peening flange.
- para plato (torno), chuck plateo
- postiza (C), loose flange.
--reductora, reducing flange.
--roscada, screwed fiange.
- soldada, welded flange.
- tapadera (tub), blind flange.
-tapn (tub), barrel flange.
bridas gemelas o de unin, flange union, com-
panion flanges.
bridar, to flange.
brigada 1, party, squad, gang; (tk) fleet.
-- de campo, field forces or party.
-- de dibujantes, squad of draftsmen.
51 broca
- de tractores, fleet of tractors.
- del trnsito (lev), transit party.
-- sanitaria, sanitary squad.
- topogrfica (A), survey party.
brillante, bright (wire); glossy (finish).
brillantez I (il), brilliance, luminosity, subjective
brightness.
brillo m, (miner) luster; (il) brightness; gloss;
(ra) glow.
-- anacarado, peady luster.
-- ceroso, waxy luster.
-- craso, greasy luster.
- de betn, pitchy luster.
-- grasiento o mantecoso, greasy luster.
-- grasoso (B), greasy luster.
- mate, dull luster.
-- nacarado, pearly luster.
-- resinoso, resinous luster.
-- sedoso, silky luster.
-- subjetivo (iI), subjective brightness, l u m i ~
nosity, brilliance.
-- terroso, earthy luster.
--vtreo, vitreous luster.
brinco (m) hidrulico, hydraulic jump.
briqueta 1, briquet.
briquetar, briquetear, to briquet.
briqueteadora 1, briqueting press; briquet moldo
brisa 1, breeze, light wind.
-- elctrica, electric wind.
--ligera, light or gentle wind.
-- moderada, moderate or fresh wind.
brisera I (C) (PR) , windshield.
brisero (Col), windshield.
brisote m, strong wind.
brstol m (dib) , Bristol board.
brizna 1, splinter, chip.
broca 1, drill, drill bit; (A) driftpin.
-- buriladora, router bit.
-- centradora, center bit or drilI.
- de acanalado doble, double-flute drilI.
-- de acanalado recto, straight-flute drili.
-- de acanalado simple, single-flute drili.
- de acanaladura triple, three-fluted drili.
-- de alambre, wire drill.
- de alegrar, reamer.
-- dc avellanar, countersinking bit.
-- de barrena, drill bit.
-- de canal de aceite, oil-tube drilI.
-- de canaleta recta, pod bit.
-- de cuchara, pod drill, spoon or pod bit
-- de diamantes, diamond bit.
- de doble corte, dual-cut drilI.
-- de espiga ahusada, taper-shank dril!.
-- de espiga recta, straight-shank drili.
-- de manguito, shell drili.
- de paso corto, high-spiral or high-helix
drill.
-- de trinquete, ratchet drili.
- desmontable, detachable bit.
-- destorllilladora, screwdriver bit.
- espiral o helicoidal, twist drili.
-- estrellada, star bit.
- pasadora (est), driftpin.
- piloto, pilot bit.
- postiza o recambiable, detachable bit.
- salomnica, twist drili.
brocal 52 bulbo
bulbo 53 caballn
brocal m, rim; mouth o ashat; curb around a
shaft; (M) sidewalk curb; (min) collar;
(exc) pit boards, well curb.
brocantita I (miner), brochantite (copper sul-
phate).
brocha 1, brush.
-- de alambre, wire brush.
-- de blanquear, whitewash brush.
-- para pintura, paintbrush.
--para ventanas, sash tool, fitch.
brochada 1, brush stroke; brush coat.
brochal m, header beam.
brochar, to brush.
broche m, hasp.
broches para correa (C) (A), belt hooks 01' lacing.
brochn, whitewash"brush.
broma 1, teredo, shipworm.
bromado, worm-eaten.
bromato m (qum), bromate.
bromhidrato m, hydrobromide, hydrobromate.
bromhdrico, hydrobromic.
brmico, bromic.
bromito m (qum), bromite.
bromo m (qum), bromine.
bromofenol m (is), bromophenol.
bromuro m, bromide.
- metlico, methyl bromide.
bronce m, bronze; brass; (min) iron pyrites.
-- al estao, tin bronze.
-- al estao-plomo, leaded tin bronze.
-- amarillo, brass.
-- anticido, acid bronze.
-- cromado, chromium bronze.
- de alto plomo, high-Iead bronze.
-- de aluminio, aluminum bronze.
-- de campanas, bcll metal, hard bronze.
-- de can, gun metal.
-- de carbn (min), coal brass 01' blende.
-- de nquel-estao, nickel-tin bronze.
-- duro, hard bronze, hard 01' bell metal.
-'- fosforado, phosphor bronze.
-- hidrulico, hydraulic bronze.
-- mangansico, manganese bronze.
-, sillcado, silicon bronze.
-- Tobin, Tobin bronze.
bronces (fc), cal' brasscs.
bronceado, brass-platcd, bronzed.
broncera 1, bronze work, brasswork; bronze 01'
brass shop.
-- de obra, structural bronze work.
broncero m, broncista m, brassworker, bronze-
smith.
brookita 1, brookite (titanium ore).
broqueles m (tn) (Es), poling boards.
broquero m (mh) (M), bit dresser.
brotadero m, spring (water).
brotar, to crop out; to emerge (ground water).
brotazn m, an outcrop.
brote m (C), outcrop:
- de filtracin, seepage outcrop.
broza 1, brushwood; (Ch) mine waste; (Pe)(B)
pOOl' ore.
brucita 1, brucite, native magnesium hydroxide.
brjula 1, compass, magnetic needle.
-- de agrimensor, surveyor's compass, circum-
ferefitor.
-- de artesa, trough compass.
-- de azimut, azimuth 01' amplitude compass.
-- de bolsillo, pocket compass.
-- de declinacin, dcclination compass.
-- de gelogo, geologist's compass.
-- de inclinacin, dipping compass, dip needle.
-- de induccin, induction 01' earth-inductor
compass.
-- de minero, mine dial, mining compass.
-- de nonio, vernier compass.
-- de reflexin, prismatic compass.
-- de selvicultura, forester's compass.
-- de senos, sine galvanometer.
-- de tangentes, tangent galvanometer.
-- de topgrafo (M), surveyor's compass.
-- giroscpica, gyrocompass, directional gyro.
-- goniomtrica, radio compass.
-- martima, mariner's compass.
-- minera, mining compass.
-- repetidora, repeater compass.
-- suspendida (min), hanging compass.
bruidor m, burnisher.
bruir, to burnish, polish.
brusca I (cn), camber, roundup.
brusco, sharp (curve 01' grade).
bruto, gross; crude.
bruza 1, coarse brush.
bucear, to dive.
buceo m, diving, submarine work.
buchardal (mam), bushharnmer; crandall.
buchardar, to bushhammer.
bufarse, to swell, heave.
buhardilla 1, garret; (A) skylight.
buja I (tub) (maq) (M), bushing.
bujarda I (mam), bushhammer.
buje m, bushing, sleeve.
- al ras (tub), :flush bushing.
-- de ballesta (auto), spring bushing.
- de contratuerca (elc), lock-nut bushing.
- de reborde (tub), shoulder bushing.
-- de reduccin (tub), bushing.
- de tubo-conducto (elc), conduit bushing.
-- maestro, master bushing.
--para manguera, hose 1:ushing.
- para soldar (tub) , soldering 01' welding bush-
ing.
- partido, split bushing.
buja 1, spark plug; candle; candle power.
- caliente, hot spark plug.
-- de encendido o de inflamacin, spark plug.
- decimal (il), decimal candle.
-- elctrica, electric 01' J ablochkoff candle.
-- esfrica (il), spherical candle power.
--fra, cold spark plug.
- Refner (i!), Hefner candle.
-- hemisfrica (i!), hemispherical candle power.
--hora, candle-hour.
--internacional, international 01' British stand-
ard candle.
--luminosa o lumnica, candle power.
--mtrica, meter-candle.
--normal o patrn, standard candle.
-plomada (tn), plumb candle.
buja-pie, footcandle.
bulrcama I (cn), rider.
bulbo m, (A) bulb (Iamp); (ra) (M) tube.
- al vaco (M), vacuum tube.
- de amplificacin (ra)(M), amplifier.
- de fuerza (ra) (M), power tube.
-- de presin (ms), bulb of pressure.
-- electrnico (M), electron tub,e.
-- fotoelctrico (A), phototube, photoe!eetric
tube.
-- indicador de sintona (ra) (M), tuning indi-
cator tube.
- mezclador (ra) (M), mixer tube.
buln m, bolt, (A) machine bolt.
-- comn, machine bolt.
- de ajuste (est), fitting-up bolt.
-- de anclaje, anchor bolt.
-- de arado, plow bolt.
-- de cabeza de hongo y cuello cuadrado, car-
riage bolt.
-- de cabeza perdida, countersunk bolt; flat-
head stove bolt.
-- de cabeza ranurada, stove bolt.
-- de carrocera (A), caniagc bolt.
- de eclisa (fc), traek bolt.
- del mbolo, (eng) piston pino
-- de fijacin (A), stud bolt, setserew; chmp
bolt.
-- de grillete, shaokle bolt.
- de montaje (est), ereetion bolt.
- de ojo, eyebolt.
- de pistn, (eng) piston pino
- de va (fc), track bolt.
- nervado (est), rib bolt.
-- ordinario, machine bolt.
-- para cangilones, elevator bolt.
-- para peldaos, step bolt.
-- torneado, turned bolt.
- zurdo, bolt with Icft-hand thread.
bulonado m, bolting, fitting up.
bulonar, to bolt.
bullir, to boil.
buque m, boat, vessel; (CA) doorframc.
-- carguero, cargo boat, freighter.
-- cisterna, tankcr.
-- costanero o de cabotaje, coasting vessel.
--fanal o faro, lightship.
-- frigorfico, refrigerator ship.
-- petrolero, oi! tanker.
burbuja 1, blister; bubble.
burda 1, backstay, tieback.
burel m, mar!inespike, fid.
bureta I (!ab), buret.
buril m, small chisel, graver.
burilada 1, ehisel cut.
buriladora/, graver; router.
burilar, to chisel, earve.
burlete m, weather strip; (p) j oint runner, gasket.
burnetizar (mad)(M), to burnettize.
burro m, sawhorse; trestle bent; (min) windlass;
donkey; (sb) vang; (PR) stepladder; (C)
cheek plate.
buscacloaca m, sewer-pipe locator.
buscador m, (inst) finder; (ra)(A) eat whisker.
- de fajas (tma), strip finder.
- de visin directa (fma) , direct-vision view
finder.
buscafallas m (elc), fault localizer, faultfinder.
buscahuella m (auto), spotlight.
buscapolos m (ele), pole finder.
buscatubo m, pipe finder.
busco m (hid),gate 01' loek 01' miter sill: toe wall.
butano m, butane.
buterola J, dolly, rivet seto
buzamiento m, (geol) dip; (min) pitch.
-- arriba, updip.
buzar (geol), to dip.
buzarda I (cn), breasthook.
buzo m, diver; plunger.
buzn m, bin, bunker; letter box; (B) chute; (Pe)
manhole.
- de compensacin (ag), surge hopper.
- de inspeccin (al)(Pe), manhole.
-- de metralla, serap bin.
-- para carbn, coal bunker, coalbin.
buzones cargadores (conc), mixer bins.
buzonera 1, (M) drain. '
cabalgadura, pack animal.
cabalgar, to lap overo
caballaje m (e), horsepower.
caballera J, a land measure about 33U acres in
Cuba, 106 acres in Mexieo, 194 acres in
Puerto 1 ~ i 0 0 , about 111 acres in Central
America; saddle horse.
caballeriza J, stable.
caballero m (ot), spoil bank.
caballete m, trestle bent, A frame; horsehead;
(M) gantry; (A) truss; sawhol'se; ridge of
a roof, ridgepole, ridge 1'011; (va) yoke;
(mech) saddle: (ca) ridge, small dike; (rd)
windrow.
-- A, A frame.
- de los aguiltmes (cn), boom eruteh.
- de andamio, scaffold horse.
- de aserrar, sawhorse.
- de cableva, cableway tower.
-- de extraccin (min), headframe.
-- de maniobra, (1'1') switch stand; floor stand
(gate).
- de mltiples tramos, multiple-story bent.
- de pilotes, pile bent.
-- en R, H frame.
-- en marco, framed bent.
-- oscnante, rocker bent.
- portapoleas (pet), crown block.
caballo m, horse: horsepower: sawhorse: wood
roof truss.
-- de carga, pack horse.
-- de fuerza o de vapor, horsepower.
-- de fuerza al freno, brake horsepower.
-- de montar, saddle horse.
-- de tiro, draft horse.
-- elctrico, electrie horscpower.
-- mtrico, metric horsepower.
caballo-hora, horsepower-hour.
caballos
-- al eje, shaft horsepower.
- de establecimiento (Es), installed horse-
power.
-- de rgimen (mot) , horsepower rating.
caballn m, dike, levee.
-- desviador (ca), water bar.
cabecear 54 cable cable 55 cabo
cabecear, to rock; to pitch (ship); (M) to cap;
(lbr)(M) to end-match.
cabeceo m, (naut) pitching; (M) stone revet-
mento
cabecera j, headwalI; intake; capital city.
cabecerasj (Col), headwaters.
cabecero m, header beam; cap, lintel; head
block; (mas) header, bondstone; yoke of a
window frame.
- de caballete, cap of a trestle bent.
- de esclusa, lock head.
-- de pilotes, pile cap.
- de pozo (al), manhole head.
- de puerta, doorhead, lintel.
cabecilla j (eI6c) (U), binding post, terminal; m
(F), foreman.
cabellera.f (fma), coma.
cabestrillo m (carp), strap, diagonal tie.
cabeza j, head (rivet, bolt, nail) ; head of water;
head of horses; (gi) flange; addendum
(gear).
- avellanada (re), countersunk head.
-- caliente (met) , sinkhead, hot top, feed-
head.
-- cilndrica ranurada, fillister head (screw).
--, de, on end.
-- de la biela, (eng) big end.
-- de bot6n alto (re), aeorn head, high button-
head.
- de cementaci6n (pet), eementing head.
-- de circulaci6n (pet), eirculating head.
-- de mbolo, pistonhead.
- de empaque (pet) , stuffing box.
- de esclusa (hid), lock head.
-- de la fbrica (re), manufaetured head.
- del filtro (az), filterhead.
- de golpear (pet), driving head.
- de hervidores (cal) (A), header.
- de hincado (pet), drivehead, driving eap.
-- de hongo, mushroom head (coluron): button-
head (rivet 01' bolt).
-- de mina, entrance to a mine.
- de negro (M), niggerhead, boulder.
- de perforaci6n (pet), drilling head.
- del pilote, butt of apile.
- de pozo (pet), welIhead; casing head.
- de remache, rivethead.
- de seta (re), buttonhead.
- de sonda (pet), drilling head.
- del tim6n(cn), rudderhead.
- de tornillo, screwhead.
- de tubera (pet), tubing head.
- de vlvula (A), valve bonnet.
- embutida (re), eountersunk head.
- encajadora (pet) (M), drivehead.
- fijadora (tornillo) (A), fillister head.
- fuera de la cuerda (en), ehordal addendum.
- fungiforme, mushroom head (coluron).
-- inferior, (gi) bottom flange.
- martillada (re), driven head.
- para llave, wrench head (bolt).
-- perdida (re), countersunk head.
-- superior, (gi) top flange.
-- trasera (perforadora), back head.
- (Para otros tipos de cabeza vase remache y
perno.)
cabezada j, bridle, halter: (C) headwaters; (top)
highest part of a region; (min) header
beam; (naut) pitching.
cabezal m, cap, header, lintel: bridle; header
brick; (mt) headstock.
- alzador (gato), lifting head.
- de balancn (pet), beamhead.
- de caj6n (cal), box header.
-- de cerco (cal), ring headcr.
-- de conducto de servicio (elc), service head.
- de conexi6n mltiple (tub), branch T.
- de control (pet), control head.
-- de choque (fc) , bumper, bumping post 01'
block.
- de entrada (az), inlet head.
-- de entubamiento (pet), casing head.
-- de nivelaci6n (inst), leveling head.
-- de pozo, welIhead, (pet) casing head.
-- de pozo con prensaestopa (pet), bradenhead.
- de seguridad (pet), safety head.
- de sujeci6n (mh), workhead.
- de taladrar (mh), boring 01' drilling head.
- de torno (mh), lathe head, headstock.
-- de tubera de revestimiento (pet) , casing
head.
- de tubo de producci6n (pet), tubing head.
- de tubos, (p) branch T; (bo) tube header;
(C) tube sheet.
-- divisor (mh), dividing 01' index head.
- fijo (mh), headstock.
- giratorio (mh), toolhead.
-- mezclador (sol), mixing head.
- m6vil (mh), tailstock, poppethead.
- obturador (pet), packing head.
- para barrenar (mh), drilling head.
- para tubera de perforaci6n (pet) , drilling
head.
--portacuchillas (as), adz 01' cutter block, cut-
ter cylinder.
- portatronco (as), head block.
-- transferente (as), transfer block.
cabezales (az), mill eheeks, housing.
cabezo m, submerged rock, reef.
cabez6n m, boulder, niggerhead; (Col) eddy,
whirlpool.
cabezorro m, bolt with large head.
cabezote m, rubble 01' one-man stone, (cone)
plum.
cabida j, contents; capacity, space.
cabilla J, steel bar, dowel, driftbolt, treenail;
(naut) belaying pin; pintle; (conc) rein-
forcing bar.
- de repartici6n (ref) (M), distributing bar.
-- de tensi6n (ca), tension dowel.
- estriada (ref)(V), deformed bar.
-U, Ubolt.
cabill6n m, ladder rungo
cabina J, elevator ear; (tk)(sh) cab; cabin of an
airplane.
cabio m, joist; trimmer beam; lintel; rafter.
caba m, lintel; rail of a door.
cable m, cable, rope, line; (eloe) cablo.
-- acorazado (ole), armored eable.
- agitador (pet), jork lineo
- alimentador (elc), feed cablo.
--antigiratorio, nonspinning wire rope.
-- armado, armored eable; muItiple-conduetor
cable.
- arrollado con encaje, (wr) locked-coil ctl.ble.
-- atesador, tightening 01' take-up lineo
--blindado, armored cable.
- carril (cv), track cable.
- cerrado (Es), locked-coil cable.
-- cinta, flat wire ropo.
-- concntrico (olc), concentrie-Iay cablo.
-- corredor, running rope.
-- de abac, Manila rope.
- de aceite (elc), oil-filIed cablo.
-- de acercamiento (cv), inhaul cable.
-- de acero, wire rope 01' cable.
- de achique (pot), swabbing line.
-- de alambre, wiro rope.
- de alambres ajustados, (wr) locked-wire
cablo.
-- de alambres pareados (elc), paired 01' non-
quadded cable.
- de alejamiento, (cy) outhauI cable; (Ig)
haulback.
-- de algod6n, eotton rope.
- de almas mltiples, multiple-core cable.
-- de alzar, hoisting line.
-- de aproximaci6n (cv), inhaul cable.
-- de arrastre, dragline, hauIing cable.
- de arrollado liso, (wr) smooth-coil cable.
-- de avance (PI), crowd lineo
- de botones (cv), button lino.
- de cadena, chain eablo.
-- de camo, Manila 01' hemp rope.
-- de carga, load 01' carrying cablo.
-- de cierre (cuch), c!osing 01' digging line.
-- de cola, tag lineo
-- de compensaci6n, take-up lino.
- de conductor mltiple (e16c), muItiple-con-
ductor cable.
-- de conductores de sector (elc), soctor cablo.
- de conductores encerrados (elc), shieldod-
eonduetor cable.
-- de conductores gemelos (o16c), twin wire.
-- de conductores separados (o16c), split-con-
duetor eable.
-- de cordones planos, flattened-strand wire
rope.
-- de corrida, running ropo.
- de la cuchara (pet), bailing line.
- de descarga (cuch), dumping 01' trip line.
-- de elevaci6n, hoisting 01' falI 01' load line.
- de empuje (pI), crowd line.
-- de espira cerrada, (wr) , locked-coil cable.
-- de extracci6n, cable on a mine hoist.
- de gas (eI6c), gas-filIed cable.
- de giro (gr), sluing line.
-- de henequn, sisal rope.
-- de izar, falI 01' hoisting 01' load lineo
-- de labor, running rope.
- de ladeo (tn) (nut) , bulIline.
- de levante (M), hoisting lineo
-- de mando, operating cable.
- de nudos (cv), button line.
- de recorrido (cv) (A), hauling 01' endless line.
-- de refrenamiento, snubbing lineo
-- de remolque, hawsor, towing line, towline;
(type of wire rope) hawser, mooring lineo
- de retenci6n, guy cable; (bu) holding lineo
- de retroceso, (sh) backhaul ropo; (lg) haul-
back, receding line.
- de las tenazas (pet), tong lineo
-- de torcido concntrico (elc) , concontric-Iay
cable.
- de tracci6n, (wr) hauIage cable; (cy) hauling
01' endless line; (ce) dragline.
-- de traslaci6n, (cy) hauling 01' endless line;
(lg) straw 01' grass lineo
- de va (cv), track 01' main cable.
- de volteo (cuch), dumping lineo
-, de un solo, (bu) single-line.
- gra (Es), cableway.
-- guardacarretera, highway guard cable.
-- Manila, Manila rope.
-- mensajero, carrying 01' messenger 01' load
cable. .
-- metlico de alma fibrosa, fiber-core wire rope.
-- muerto, standing ropo; (pot) dead lineo
--para encarrilamiento (fc), wrecking rope.
-- para intemperie (elc), weathorproof cablo.
-- para maniobras (fc), switching rope.
-- para vientos, guy cable.
--portador, (cy) main 01' load cable; suspension
cable.
-- preformado, proformed wire rope.
- protegido (eI6c), shieldod cable.
-- rastrero, hauling cable.
-rosario (cv)(A), button lineo
-- soltador (cuch), tripping lineo
-- suspendedor (pte), suspender cable.
-- sustentador, carrying 01' load cable.
-- telefrico, aerial tramway.
--tractor o sin fin (cv), hauIing 01' endloss lineo
--transbordador, cabloway.
- trenzado (eI6c), strandod 01' braided cable.
- vaciador (cuch), dumping lineo
cableado m (cab), layo
-- corriente, regular layo
-- cruzado, (cab) regular lay; pldin lay (rope).
--paralelo, lang layo
cablear (cab), to twist, to layo
cablecarril m, cableway; aerial tramway.
-- corredizo, travoling cabloway.
.-- giratorio, radial cableway.
cablero m (M), rigger.
cablerriel m (cv), track cable.
cableva m, cableway; aorial tramway.
- de arrastre (ef), cableway skidder.
- de cable templado, Tautline cableway
(trademark).
-- flojo, slackline cableway.
--radial, radial cableway.
--trasladable, traveling cableway.
cabo m, rope, strand; foreman; handle; cape; end
- ciego (A), cap nut.
-- de cuadrilla, straw boss, assistant foreman.
- de hacha, ax handle.
-- de labor, running rope.
- de mecha (A), shank of a dril!.
-- de pico, pick handle.
-- de pistola, pistol grip.
-- de retenida, guy cable; guy strand.
- guardacamino (ca), guardrail strand.
- Manila, Manila rape.
cabo
56
cada
cada 57 caja
- mensajero, suspension or messenger strand.
- muerto, standing rope, guy cable.
- para vientos, guy strand.
cabotaje m, pilotage; coastwise shipping, cabo-
tage.
cabrestante m, winch, crab, capstan; A rame,
breast 01' house derrick.
_ corredizo (hid), traveling gate hoist.
-- de cadena, chain block.
__ manual, hand-power winch.
__ para remolcar, towing winch.
cabrestantero m (pet), winch-head man, cathead
mano
cabria J, winch, capstan, windlass, crab; crane,
derrick; A rame, gallows rame, house
derrick; (lg) j ammer; oil derrick.
_ chinesca, differential windlass.
-- de aguil6n, jib crane.
- de manivela, crank windlass.
__ de martinete, pile-driver leads.
- de pies rgidos, stiffieg derrick.
- de tres patas, shear legs, tripod derrick.
- de vientos, guy derrick.
- izadora de compuerta (hid), gate hoist.
--remolcadora (tc), towing winch.
-- transportadora de troncos, logging arch.
cabriada J (A), truss; pile-driver leads.
cabrial m, rater.
cabrilla J, sawhorse, sawbuck; trestle horse.
cabrio m, joist; raUer.
cabrin m, chock.
cabs m (c) (M),
cabuya J, sisal 01' hemp rape.
cabuy m, an Argentine hardwood.
cabuyera J, rigging, outfit o ropes 01' cables;
ship chandlcry.
cabuyero m, ship chandler.
cacaraa J, pitting (rust).
cacaraado, pitted.
cacera J, channel, canal, irrigation ditch.
cacerola J (lab), casserole.
cachacera J (az), mud tank, blowup.
cachar (mad), to split; to rip.
cachaza J (az), scum, roth, oam, mud.
cacheta J (t), ward o a lock.
cachete m, splice plate, scab, fishplate; jaw 01'
cheek plateo
cachimbaJ, (A) shallowwell, spring; (M) miner's
lampo (Pe) house connection to a sewer.
cachimbo m, (V) nozzle; (V) inlet.
cachizo (mad), fit to be sawed.
cachorro, cacharrero m (vol) (A) (Ch) , very light
blaS't.
cachucho m (Ch), bucket; coi! pan in nitrate
planto
cachuela J (Pe), rapids o a river.
cadahalso m, shed.
cadalso m, scaffold, staging.
cadenaJ, chain; log boom; (cons) tie, brace, rein-
orcement, buttress.
- afianzada, stud-link chain.
- antiderrapante (M), tire chain.
-- antideslizante, tire chain.
-- articulada, block chain; pitch 01' pintle chain.
- comprobada, proo coil chain.
-- con juntas de pasador, pin-connected chain.
-- de adujadas, coi! chain.
-- de agrimensor, surveyor's chain (66 feet).
-- de aisladores (elc), chain insulator, insula-
tor string.
- de ajuste, toggle chain, (lg) bunk chain.
-- de amarrar, mooringchain.
-- de cable o de contretes, cable 01' stud-link
chain.
-- de distribucin (auto), timing chain.
-- de dragado, dredge chain.
- de empuje (pI), crowding chain.
-- de engranaje, pitch chain.
-- de escalera, ladder chain.
-- de eslabn con travesao, stud-link chain.
-- de eslab6n torcido, twist-link chain.
-- de eslabones cortos, close-link chain.
-- de eslabones planos, flat-link chain.
-- de fondeo, mooring chain.
- de Gall, Gall's chain.
-- de Gunter, Gunter's 01' surveyor's chain.
-- de herramientas (pet), string o tools.
-- de mando, transmission 01' driving chain.
-- de medir, surveyor's 01' Gunter's chain; engi-
neer' s chain.
-- de montaas, mountain range.
-- de oruga, crawler belt.
- de paso corto, short-pitch chain (flat link).
-- de paso largo, long-pitch chain.
-- de produccin, assembly 01' production lineo
-- de rocas, reef, ridge of rock.
-- de rodillos, roller chain.
- de seales (cn), telegraph chain.
-- de transmisin, chain belt, driving chain.
-- de troncos, log boom.
-- enroscadora (pet), spinning chain.
--lubricadora, oiling chain.
-- motora, driving chain.
--para hojas de ventana, sash chain.
--para ingenieros (lev), engineer's chain (100
eet).
-- para neumtico, tire chain.
--rotatoria, roller chain.
-- silenciosa, silent chain.
-- sin soldar, weldless chain.
-- sorda, silent chain.
-- transportadora, chain conveyor.
cadenas de cola (e!), tag chains.
cadenadaJ (lev), length of one chain.
cadenear (lev), to chain.
cadenea m, chaining.
cadenero m, chainman.
-- delantero, head chainmau.
--trasero, real' chainman.
-- zaguero (A), real' chainman.
cadenetasJ (Ch) , bridging between joists.
cadenilla (f) de tiro (elc), pull chain.
cadmiado, cadmium-plated.
cadmio m, cadmium.
caedizo m, lean-too a unstable, ready to fallo de-
ciduous (tree).
caer, caerse, to fall, drop; tQ..fail.
cagafierro m, slag, scoria.
caico m (C), ree, shoal.
cada J, all, drop; (hyd) head; (geol) clip; (str)
ailure; (min) slip, fall of rock; (bldg) roof
leader.
- bruta (hid), gross head.
-- de agua, waterall.
- de friccin, (hyd) riction drop.
-- de tensin de la reactancia (e1c) , reactance
drop, quadrature component.
- efectiva (hid), effective head.
- esttica (hid), static head.
-IR (elc), IR drop.
-- pluvial, rainfall.
-- por impedancia (elc), mpedance drop.
- til (hid), useful head.
cados (min), fallen material.
caimn m, Stillson "Tench; (M) ore chute; (pct)
tongs.
caipn m (RD), a timber tree.
cairel m (cn), rail.
I:aja J, box, case; cal' body, truck body; (carp)
mOl'tise, recess; (elec) cabinet; (machy)
housing, casing; (elec) outlet box, junction
box; (rd) section excavatcd for pavement;
(min) thickness of a vein; (com) cash; safe,
cashbox; cashier's office; fundo (Ch) river
bed.
- basculante, dump body.
-- chic, petty cash.
-- de abonado (elc)(agua), service box.
-- de acceso, inspection box; (c1ec) pull box.
-- de la aguja (inst), compass box.
-- de ahorros, savings bank.
-- de alimentaci6n (az), feed well.
-- del alma (sx), core box.
-- de amortizacin, sinking fundo
-- de arranque (elc), starting box.
- de ascensor, elevator shaft.
- de avance (mh), feedbox.
-- de banjo (auto), banjo housing.
-- de bscula, scale box (weighing).
- de bobinas (auto), coil box.
-- de bolas (cojinete), ball cage, retainer.
-- de bomba, pump casing.
-- de borne (elc), terminal housing.
-- de cadenas (cn), chain locl,cr.
-- de cambio, (auto) gear case, gearbox; (mt)
speed box.
-- de cambios rpidos (torno), quick-chanc;e
gearbox.
-- de caracol (turb), scroll case.
- de carretilla, wheelbarrow tray.
-- de carro, car body; wagon body.
-- de caudales, safe.
- de cepillo (herr), plane stock.
- de cerradura (ft), lock case.
-- de cigeal (auto), crankcase.
-- de contacto (elc), receptac1e, socket.
-- de contador, meter bOlC, (elec) meter trough.
-- de c('ntrapeso (ventana), weight box.
-- de cortacircuito (elc), cutout box.
- de la chapaleta (v), clack box.
-- de chumacera, journal box, pillow block;
axle box.
-- de dcadas (elc), decade box.
- de derivaci6n, (clec) junction or tap box;
service box; (sd) diverting bOlC.
-- de der.rame (az), overflow box.
- del diferencial (auto), differential case 01'
housing.
- de distribucin, (se) valve chcst; (elec) dis-
tribution 01' junction box.
-- del eje, journal box, axle box.
-- del embrague (auto), clutch case.
- de empacadura (M), stuffing box.
-- de empalme (elc), junction 01' splice 01'
joint box.
- de empaque (M), packing case.
- de empaquetadura, stuffing box.
-- de enchufe (clc), receptacle, outlet.
-- de engranajes, gear case, gearbox; (auto)
transmission.
-- de engrase (fc), journal box, axle box.
-- de entrega (irr), delivery box.
-- de escalera, stair well.
-. de esclusa, sluice box.
-- de estopas, stuffing box.
-- de extracci6n, mine cage.
- de fuego (cal), firebox.
-- de gasto visible, sight-flow box.
-- de grasa, grease case.
-- de. herramientas, toolbox, tool chest.
-- de humo, smokebox, breeching.
-- de incendio, hydrant.
-- de ingletes (carp), miter box.
-- de jubilaciones, pension fundo
- de lavado (al), flush tank.
-- de menores, petty cash.
-- de muestras (sx), core box.
- de orificio (hid), orifice box.
- de paso (elc), pull box.
-- de pilada (maro), batch 01' mortal' box.
-- de puente trasero (auto),
- de la puerta (M), door buck.
-- de registro, manhole (strect).
- de resistencias (eI6c), resistanco box.
-- de retiros, retirement fundo
-- de rodillos (cojinete), roller race.
- de salida (eI6c), outlet 01' conduit box.
- de salida doble, double 01' two-gang outlet
box.
-- de salida simple, single 01' one-gang outlet
box.
-- de salida triple, triple 01' three-gang outlet
box.
- de sebo (U), grease oup.
-- de seccionamiento (elc), sectionalizing box.
-- de seguridad, safe; safe-deposit box.
-- de servicio, (elec) service box; (in) delivery
box.
- de sulfitacin Caz), sulphur box.
-- de transferencia (co), transfer case.
-- de transmisin (auto), gear 01' transmission
case.
-- de unin, junction box.
-- de vagn, car body.
-- de vlvula, valve chest; valve box.
-- de vlvula al cordn, curb box.
-- de vapor (mv), steam chest.
-- de velocidades, (auto) gear 01' transmissioD
case; (mt) speed box.
-- de ventilaci6n, air or ventilation shaft.
-- de visita, manhole, inspection box.
- del volante (auto), flywheel housng.
- de volteo, dump body.
,-derivadora (irr), delivery box.
58
caja
_ distribuidora (ca), spreacIer box, cradle.
__ esparcidora (ca), spreader box.
_ espiral (turb), scroll case.
_ estancadora (maq), gland.
-- fuerte, safe.
_ grasera (fc)(Ch), journal box.
-- partida, split casing.
_ pequea (Ec), petty cash.
- playa (co) (A), f1at body. . .
_ portacuchilla acabadora (mh), fimshing box
toor.
_ portacuchilla desbastadora (mh) , roughing
box toor.
__ repartidora (irr) (M), division box.
__ volcable o volquete, dump body.
_ y espiga, (carp) mortise and tenon; (P) (M)
bel! and spigot.
caja-dique m, cofferdam.
cajear, to .mortise, recess.
cajera j, groove, channel, recess, key seat.
__ colectora (lu), collecting groove.
__o de chaveta (maq), keyway, key seat.
_ del eje, journal box, pil!ow block.
-- de lubricacin, oil groove.
cajero m, cashier; box maker.
cajn m, packing case; caisson; bin; skip, scale-
pan; cal' body; locker; (Ch)(V) gorge, .can-
yon; (Col) concrete forms; (elec) cabmet;
(Ec) box culvert.
-- cargador, loading skip.
__ de aire comprimido, pneumatic caisson.
__ de carro, wagon body; cal' body.
-- de embalaje, packing case.
-- de madera (exc), scale box.
- de volteo, dump body.
-- esqueleto, crate.
__ neumtico o sumergible, pneumatic caisson.
cajones de agregados, aggregate bins. .
cajonero m, (exc) man who handles SklpS 01'
scalepans, (min) bottomer, onsetter.
cajuela j, groove,
calj, lime.
__ area (Es), quicklime; high-calcium lime.
- apagada, slaked Jime.
__ blanca, high-calcium lime.
__ custica, caustic lime, quicklime.
._- grasa, rich 01' high-calcium lime.
- gruesa (A), quicklime.
__ hidratada, hydrated 01' slaked lime, mason's
hydrate.
--libre, free lime.
__ muerta, slaked 01' hydrated lime.
-- pobre, lean 01' magnesium lime.
--tal como sale, run-of-kiln lime.
--viva, quicklime, caustic lime.
-- y canto, stone masonry.
cala j, cove, smal! bay; hold of a vessel; (naut)
draft test core, test boring; test pito
__ de test boring, boring coreo
calabozo m (C), kind of machete.
calabrote m, hawser.
calado m, (naut) draft, depth; stencil, open-
work; (elec) (A) angular displacement.
- de popa, draft aft.
- de proa, draft forward.
- en plena carga, load draft.
caldear
- en rosca (A), light draft.
-- mximo, extreme draft.
-- medio, mean draft.
- sin carga, light draft.
calador m, calking iron; dril! for taking samples.
__ para rboles (for) , increment 01' accretion
borer.
caladura j, boring.
calafate m, calking chisel 01' iron.
calafateador m, calker (man); calking too!.
-- agudo, butt 01' sharp iron.
-- angosto, spike iron.
-- de cubierta, dumb 01' deck iron.
-- de estopa, yarning iron.
calafatear, to calk; (mas)(Col) to point.
calafateo m, calking.
calaje m, (elec) angulardisplacement; (t) setting
(angle).
calamansanay m, a Philippine lumber.
calamina j (miner) (met), calamine.
calaminas(Ch) (B), galvanized corrugated sheets.
calandriaj, (chem) calandria; (machy) calender.
calaa j (Es), guard railing, parapet, bulk-
head.
calar, n limestone quarry; v to perforate; to
wedge; to treat with lime; to make core
borings; to sink (caisson); (naut) to draw;
a calcareous.
calavera j (auto) (M), taillight.
calaverita j, calaverite (gold ore).
calcaj, a copy.
__ heliogrfica, sun print, blueprint.
calcado m, tracing.
calcador m, tracer.
calcantitaj, chalcanthite, native copper sulphate.
calcar, to trace, copy.
calcreo, calcareous.
calce m, wedge, liner, shim; underpinning; iron
tire.
clcico a (qum), calcic, calcium.
calcina j, (Sp) concrete.
calcinador m, calciner; (min) roaster.
calcinar, to calcine, burn, roast (ore).
calcio m, calcium.
-- clorurado, calcium chloride.
calcitaj (miner), calcite, calcspar.
calco m, a tracing; (V) original drawing on trans-
parent papel'.
-- a lpiz, pencil tracing.
_ heliogrfico (A), blueprint.
.--litogrfico, lithotracing.
calcocita, calcosina j, chalcocite (copper ore).
calcopirita j, chalcopyrite, yellow coppcr ore,
yel!ow pyrites.
calculador m, calculating machine; estimator,
computer.
__ circular, circular slide rule.
-- de red (elc), network calculator.
calcular, to compute, calculate; (str) (C) to
designo
calculista, computer, estimator; (str) (C) de-
signer.
clculo m, computation; calculus.
calda j, heating; a heat (steel).
caldeador m, heater.
caldear, to heat; to weld.
caldn
caldn m, an Argentine wood used for paving
blocks,
caldeo m, heating; welding.
a marti1lo, hamm.er welding.
a rodillo, rol! welding.
- de herrero, blacksmith welding.
-- por induccin, induction heating.
caldera j, boiler; tal' kettle; (min) winze; (min)
sump.
--a combustin de aceite, oil-med boiler.
-- acuotubular, watertube boiler.
-- acuotubular rpida, express boiler.
-- de calefaccin, heating boiler.
-- de calor de desecho o de calor residual,
waste-heat boiler.
- de colector mltiple, multidrum boiler.
-- de cuatro pasos, four-pass boiler.
-- de hogar contenido, integral-furnace boiler.
-- de hogar exterior, external-mebox boiler.
-- de paso nico, once-through-type boiler.
-- de retorno de llama, return-tubular boiler.
-- de tiro descendente, downdraft boiler.
-- de tornallama, return-tubular boiler.
- de .tres colectores, three-drum boiler.
- de tubo directo, through-tube boiler.
- de tubos al aire, exposed-tube boiler.
- de tubos de agua o de tubos hervidores,
watertube boiler.
- de tubos de humo o de tubos de llama, me-
tube boiler.
-- de tubos sumergidos, submerged-tube boiler.
-- de vaco, vaeuum boiler.
-- elctrica, electric steam generator, electric
boiler.
-- enteriza con hogar, integral-furnace boiler.
-- escocesa, Seotch boiler.
- humotubular (M), fire-tube boiler.
- gneotubular, boiler.
--instantnea o rpida, flash boiler.
--locomvil, portable boiler on wheels.
-- multitubular escocesa, Seotch marine boiler.
-- semifija, semiportable boiler.
--tipo locomotora, locomotive-type boiler.
- tubular de retorno, return-tubular boiler.
--tubular sin retorno, through-tube boiler.
- vaporizadora de mercurio, mercury boiler.
calderada j, water capaeity of a boiler.
calderera j, boilermaking; boiler shop.
calderero, calderista m, boilermaker.
calderilla j (min), blind shaft.
caldero m, boiler; caldron; (met) lacIle.
- de brea, tal' kettle.
- de colada, ladle.
caldo m (lab), broth.
- de formiato ricinolado, formate ricinoleate
broth.
-- de lactosa y bilis yerde brillante, bril!iant
green bile laetose broth.
--laetosado violeta cristal, crystal violet lae-
tose broth.
calefaccin j, heat, heating.
- a panel radiante, racIiant-panel heating.
-- a tubera simple (ed), one-pipe heating sys-
temo
-- a vaco, vacuum hE'ating system.
-- a vapor, stcam heating.
59 calibrador
-- a vapor de muy baja presin, vapor heating.
-- de punto, spot heating.
-- por aire aspirado, draw-through hot-blast
heating.
- por aire soplado, blow-through hot-blast
heating.
--por vapor de escape, exhaust-steam heating.
calefaccionar, to heat.
calefaccionista m, heating contractor.
calefactor m, heater.
de panel, panelradiator.
calefn (m) elctrico (A), electric hcater.
calentada j, a hcat (steel).
calentado al blanco, white-hot.
calentado al rojo, red-hoto
calentador m, heater.
-- a presin, pressure feed-water heater.
--a roco, spray-type feed-water heater.
-- a soplo de aire, air-blast heater.
-- a vaco, vacuum 01' primary feed-water
heater.
-- a vapor de escape, exhaust-steam feed-water
heater.
-- a vapor vivo, live-steam feed-water heater.
-- atemperador (aa), tempering heater.
-- de agua de alimentacin, feed-water heater.
- de cambiava (fc), switch heater.
-- de contraflujo, counterflowfeed-water heater.
-- de chorro de aire (aa), blast heater.
-- de dinamita, dynamite thawer.
- de escape directo (cal), through 01' thorough-
fare heater.
-- de espacio, space heater.
-- de pasomltiple,multiflowfeed-watcrheater.
-- de serpentn, coil-type heater.
-- de superficie (asfalto), surface heater.
-- desaereador, deaerating feed-water heater.
--inducido, induced 01' draw feed-water heater.
--unitario, unit 01' space heater.
calentamiento (m) suplementario (sol), concur-
rent heating.
calentar, to heat; calentarse, to heat up, run hoto
calera j, limekiln; limestone quarry.
calera j, limekiln.
calero m, operator of a limekiln; a calcareous.
calesa j (min) (M), bucket.
calesn m, cart, wagon; concrete buggy.
caleta j, cove, small bay, inlet; (PR) short street.
caletero m, coasting vessel; (V) stevedore.
calezaj (Ch), ore bucket.
calibita j (mineral de hierro), chalybite, siderite.
calibracin j, calibration.
calibrador m, gage, calipers; sizer; (1'1') clearancl
template; (rr)(V) track gage.
-- a cursor, slide caliper.
-- con arco, wing calipers.
-- convertible, inside and outside calipers.
-- de ahusamiento, taper gage.
-- de alambre, wire gage.
-- de rboles, tree compass.
-- de cinta, feeler ribbon.
-- de corteza, bark-measuring instrumento
-- de cubo, socket gage.
-- de engranajes, gear-tooth caliper.
- de espigas, shank gage (dril!).
- de mechas, dril! gage.
calibrador
60
calle
callejn 61 cambio
-- de muescas, groove gage.
-- de roscas, screw-pitch gage.
-- macho, male gage.
__ para dientes, gear-tooth caliper.
__ para espesor, outside calipers; slip gage.
--para interior, inside calipers.
--para planchas, sheet gage.
calibraje m, gaging, calibration. .
calibrar to gage; to caliper; to cahbrate.
calibre gage, bore, caliber; (inst) gage, jig;
calipers; (rr) (M) gage.
-- a colisa, slide caliper.
-- a vernier, vernier caliper.
__ americano, American or Browne and Sharpe
wire gage.
__ corredizo, sliding calipers, caliper rule.
-- de altura, surface gage.
-- de anillo, ring gage.
__ de articulacin ajustable, lock-joint calipers.
__ de articulacin fija, firm-joint calipers.
__ de Birmingham, Birmingham wire gage.
-- de centro, center gage.
_ de circunferencia, circumference gage.
__ de comparacin, master or reference gage.
__ de comprobacin, check or setting gage.
-- de copa, socket gage.
-- de dientes limpiadores (si), raker gage.
__ de espesor, outside calipers; thickness gage.
-- de estirar, drawplate.
-- de juego mximo, not-go gage.
-- de juego mnimo, go gage.
-- de lmites, limit gage.
-- de macho, plug gage.
-- de nonio, vernier calipers.
- de profundidad, depth gage.
-- de ranuras, groove gage.
-- de resorte, spring calipers.
-- de superficie, surface gage.
- de taller o de trabajo, working gage.
- de tolerancia, limit gage.
- de traspaso, transfer calipers.
_ de triscado (si), tooth-set gage.
_. determinado o especfico, definite gage.
- escalonado, step gage.
__ exterior, snap gage; outside caliper.
--hembra, receiving gage.
__ hermafrodita, hermaphrodite calipers.
__indicador, indicator calipers; indicating gage.
--interior, male gage.
__ maestro o patrn, master or standard gage.
__ micromtrico, micrometer calipers.
--normal, standard gag.
_ para guardarriel (fe), guardrail gage.
--para troncos, log calipers.
- Stubs, Stubs wire gage.
-- trazador, marking caliper.
calicanto m, stone masonry.
calicata J (A), test pito
caliche m, caliche (stiff whitish clayey soil); (B)
(Ch) soil that produces sodium nitrate.
calichera J (Ch) (Pe), nitrate deposit; residue of
the caliche after production of the salitre.
calidra (M), a special kind of hydrated lime.
calientarremaches m, rivet'heater.
caliente" hot, warm.
calisuar m (A), reamer.
-- de estras, fluted reamer.
calita , calite (alloy).
caliza , limestone.
-- cavernosa, cavern limestone.
__ magnesiana, magnesian limestone, dolomite.
calizo, calcareous, containing lime.
calmar (met), to kill, deadmelt.
calor m, heat.
-- aprovechable, useful heat.
-- concomitante (sol), concurrent heating.
-- de desecho, waste heat.
- de fraguado (conc), heat of setting.
-- de hidratacin, heat of hydration.
- de humedecimiento (ms), heat of wetting.
-- de remojo (aa), heat of wetting.
-- de rozamiento, frictional heat.
-- de sublimacin (aa), heat of sublimation.
-- especfico, specific heat.
--latente de fusin, latent heat of fusiono
__ moderado de endurecimiento (ct), moderate
heat of hardenng.
- sensible (aa), sensible heat.
calora , calorie.
-- grande, large or great calorie, kilogram-
calorie.
--pequea, smaH calorie, gram-calorie.
calora-gramo, gram-calorie, small calorie.
calora-kilogramo, kilogram-calorie, great calorie.
calrico, caloric.
calorfero m, radiator, heater; a giving heat.
-- de aire, hot-air furnace.
-- de tubera, pipe-coil radiator.
-- de vapor, steam radiator; heating boiler.
__ directo-indirecto, direct-indirect radiator.
-- mural, wall radiator.
__ seccionado de fundicin, sectional cast-iron
radiator.
--tapado, concealed radiator.
calorfico, calorific.
calorfugo, nonconducting of heat, heat-resisting.
calorimetra J, calorimetry.
calorimtrico, calorimetric.
calormetro m, calorimeter.
__ de estrangulacin, throttling calorimeter.
__ de separacin, separating calorimeter.
calorita J (aleacin), calorite.
calorizar (met), to calorize.
calota (tn) (A), top heading.
caloventilador m (M), heating fan.
caluma (top) (Pe), gap, pass, gorge.
calza J, wedge, chock, shim, liner; (str) shoe;
(C) brake block; (t) tipo
calzada J, paved roadway, causeway; (A) im-
proved road; (Ph) wagon road.
calzador m (vol) (A), tamping stick.
calzar, to wedge, chock, scotch, shim; to key;
(rr) to tamp ties; (t) to tipo
calzo m, wedge, chock; shim; foot block; frictiou
block; (machy) shoe.
_ de detencin (c), scotch block.
- de puerta (ft), binder.
calzos de estiba (C), dunnage.
calzn m (tub), Y, bifurcation.
callapo m, (min)(Ch) strut; (B) handbarrow.
calle J, street.
__ urbanizada (Es), street paved and curbed.
callejn m, lane, aHey; (top) pass.
- del eje (en), shaft tunnel, shaft aHey.
callejuela , small street; (M) traffic lane.
cama J, bed, bedplate; stratum; cog; cam; body
of a flat truck or caro
--de mortero, bed of mortar.
-- de roca, bedrock, ledge rock.
camada J, stratum, layer.
camagn m, a Philippine lumber.
cmara , chamber, room; camera; (auto) inner
tube; (min) stall, room, chamber.
-- aerofotogramtrica, camera for aeria! pho-
tography, aerocamera.
-- ampliadora, enlarging camera.
-- anublada (1ab), fog room; cloud chamber.
- captadora (hid) (Pe), intake chamber.
-- cartogrfica, mapping camera.
-- cernidora (is) (Pe), screen chamber.
-- compensadora (com), clearinghouse.
-- cudruple (fma) , four-couple or four-lens
camera.
-- de aire, air chamber.
-- de aire comprimido, pneumat.ic caisson.
-- de ,ngulo ancho (fma), wide-allgle camera.
-- de aspiracin, (eng) suction chamber:
- de bajada (ve), downtake chamber.
- de bifurcacin (al), junction chamber.
- de calma (hd), stilling wol! or box.
-- de carga (hid), surge tank or chamber; fore-
bayo
- de cascajo (dac), grit chamber.
-- de comercio, chamber oI commerce.
- de compensacin. (hyd) surge tank or cham-
ber; (com) cIearinghouse.
-- de la compuerta (ds), caisson chamber.
-- de confluencia (al), junction chamber.
-- de copiar, COpying camera.
-- de decantacin, settling basin.
-- de descompresin (tn) , decomprossion
chamber.
-- de digestin (dac) , digestion compartmont,
sludge-digestion chambor.
-- de dosificacin (dac), dosing chambor.
- de empalme (elc), splicing chamber.
-de equilibrio (hid), surge tank.
-- de esclusa, lock chambor.
-- de horizonte (fma), horizon camera.
- de limpia (al) (U), automatic flush tank.
,-de mar..do, control room.
-- de mquinas, engine room.
-- do;) oleaje (hid), surge chamber.
-- de pelcula continua (fma), continuous-strip
camera.
- de pleno (ve), plenuID chamber.
- de presin (hd), forebay.
-- de (auto) (U), mixing chamber.
-- de reduccin, reduction camera.
-- de reparticin (irr), division box.
- de retencin (dac) (Pe), detention chamber.
-- de roco (aa), spray chamber.
- de salida (hd), afterbay.
- de subida (ve), uptake chamber.
-- de trabajo, working chamber.
- de tranquilizacin (hid), stilling chamber.
-- de turbina, wheel pito
- de turbulencia (di), turbulence chamber.
- de vapor (mv), steam chest.
-- de vertedero (hd), weir chamber.
-- de visita, manhole, inspection chamber.
-- desripiadora (dac), grit chambcr.
-- desviadora, diversion chamber.
-- doble (fma), two-couple 01' two-lens camera.
-- espiral (turb), scrol! case.
-- estereofotogramtrica, stereocamera.
-- fotogrfica, camera.
-- granangular, wide-angle camera.
- hmeda (lab), fogroom.
-limpia (al) (U), flush tank.
-- mltiple (fma), multiple-Iens camera.
-- nnupla (fma), nine-lens camera.
-- proyectora, projection camera.
-- quntupla (fma),five-Iens camera.
--rectificadora (fma), rectifying camera.
--registradora (fma), recording camera.
-- separadora (hid), screen chamber.
-- sptica (dac), sept.ic tank.
-- simple (fma), single-lens camera.
--o televisora, tolevision camera.
-- tomavistas (fma), view camera.
- triple (fma), three-Iens camera.
camarn m, elevator cal'; shaft cage.
camarn m (Ch), wheels and a:de used to handle
logs.
camarote (en), stateroom.
cambar m (A), a softwood.
Gambiacorrea m, belt shifter.
cambiador m, changer; switchman; (elec) switch;
(rr) (Ch) (M) switch; belt shfter.
- de calor (M), heat exchanger.
-- de frecuencia (ra), frequency changcr.
- de polos (elc), pole changer.
-- de toma (elc), tap changer.
-- de torre (fe), towerman.
-- de velocidad, speed-changer, variable-speed
transn1ission.
cambiar, to change, exchange; to switch.
-- engranajes (auto), to shift gears.
-- marcha (maq), to reverse; to change speed.
cambiava m (fe), turnout; switch; (C)(M)(PR)
switchman; (M) turntable.
-- de aguja, point switch.
-- de desvo doble, Y switch.
-- de resorte, spring switch.
-- de tope, stub switch.
-- de traspaso doble, diamond switch, double
crossover.
-- en Y, Y switch.
-- saltacarril, jumper switch.
--tndem, tandem switch.
-- tumbadora, ground throw, ground-lever
switch.
cambio m, change; (rr) switch; (auto) shift;
(com) exchange.
- areo, overhead frog (trolley).
-- corredizo (fe), slip switch.
-- corrido (fe), flying switch.
- de aguja (fe), point or split or tongue switch
-- de arrastre (fe), trailing-point switch.
- de banda (ra) (A), band switch or selector.
- de bases (qum)(Pe), base exchange.
- de cruzamiento (fe) (A), slip switch.
- de descarrilar (fe), derail switch.
cambio 62 campana campanilla
63
canaln
-- de marcha, (eng) reversing.
-- de rasante, break in grade.
- de resorte (fe), spring switch.
- de taln (fe), trailing-point switch.
- de tope (fe), stub switch.
-,- de trazo (fc), ehange of line, relo?ation.
- de tres tiros (fe), three-throw sWItch.
- de velocidad (auto), gearshift.
-- de via (fe), switch; turnout. .
- de via triple (fe), three-throw SWItch.
- digital (auto), gearshift on the steeringwheel.
- enfrentado (fe), faeing-point switch.
-- extranjero o exterior (fin), foreign exehange.
- ingls (fe) (A), slip switch.
-- qumico, ehemieal ehange.
--volumtrico (ms), volume ehange.
cambista m, switehman; money ehanger.
cmbium m (mad), eambium.
c.amboat m, an Argentine lumber (semihard).
cambray m, eambrie.
-- barnizado (ais), varnished cambrie.
- impregnado, empire cloth, eambrie insula-
tion.
camelia J (met), camelia.
camelln m, sawhorse; (top) ridge; winlrow,
(irr) border.
- distribuidor (hid), spreader ridge.
camilla J, streteher;haridbarrow.
caminamiento (lev) (Es), traversing.
caminante, foot passenger.
caminero m, road workman; (rr)(A) traek la-
borer; a pertaining to roads.
caminillo m (C), runway, footwalk.
camino m, road.
-- afirmado, paved roadway, lmproved road.
-- carretero, wagon road.
-- carrozable (Ee), wagon road.
-- de acceso, aeeess road.
-- de acceso controlado, eontroUed-aeeess road,
through highway, parkway.
-- de acceso ilimitado, loeal-service road, serv-
ice drive.
--' de acceso limitado, through or limted-aceess
highway, freeway, parkway, thruway.
- de arrastre (ef), skid road.
-- de fomento, feeder road.
- de recua (V), trail.
-- de remolque, towpath.
-- de simple vertiente, hanging road.
-- de sirga, towpath.
-- de tierra, dirt or unimproved road.
-- de troncos, eorduroy road.
-- de un agua, hanging road.
-- en balcn, benehed road.
-- mejorado, improved road.
- natural, unimproved or dirt road.
-- real o troncal, highway, main road.
--vecinal, local or subsidiary road.
camin m, truek.
-- a horcadas, straddle truek.
-- agitador (eone), truek mixer; truek agitator.
-- andamio, (elee rr) tower truek.
- automvil, motor truek.
-- basurero, garbage truek.
-- batidor (eone), truek agitator; truek mixer.
- cisterna (A), tank truek.
- cuba, tank truek.
- chato, f1at truek.
- de adrales, flat truek with raeks.
-- de auxilio, wreeking ear.
- de barandas (A), flat truek with raeks.
- de caballete, straddle truek.
-- de cama plana, flat truek,
- de disparo (geof), shooting truek.
-- de escalera, (elee rr) tower truek.
-- de estacas, stake-body truek.
-- de expreso, expressor pickup truek.
-- de extensin, reaeh truek.
-- de gra, truek erane.
- de maroma (M), dump truek.
-- de medio carril, half-traek.
- de pilada o de revoltura (eone), batch truek.
- de plataforma, flat truek.
-- de registro (geof), reeording truek.
-- de reparto, express or pickup or delivery
truek.
- de taladro (geof), drill truek.
-- de teleros o de varales, flat truek with stakes.
-- de volteo, dump truek.
-- elevador o levantador, lift truek.
-- esparcidor (ca), distributor truek.
- materialista (M), truek for hauling eonere
materials.
-- mezclador (eone), truek mixer.
- multicelular (eone) (A), multiple-bateh truek.
-- plano, flat or platform truek.
- playo (A), flat truek.
-- regador, sprinkler truek.
-- remolcador, tow truck.
--tanque, tank truek.
-- tractor, truek tractor.
--volquete, dump truek.
camionada J, truekload.
camionaje m, trueking, truekage.
camionero m, truekman, truek driver; truek
owner, hauling eontraetor.
camioneta J, light truek.
camisa J, jacket, lagging; sleeve, bushing; drill
ehuek.
-- de agua, water jacket.
-- de caldera, boiler lagging.
- de nudo (M), eoupling sleeve.
- del pistn (auto) (A), piston skirt.
- de polvo (ag), dust jacket.
-- de vapor, steam jacket.
- hmeda (auto), wet-type eylinder liner.
- seca (auto), dry-type eylinder linero
camn m, feUoe, felly.
campamento m, eamp.
campana J, bell; anything bell-shaped; (P) hub,
bell; (elee) pettieoat (insulator).
-- de aire, air ehamber, air reeeiver.
-- de bucear o de buzo, diving bello
- de freno (A), brake drum.
- de goteo (ele), drip pettieoat.
- de lodo, mud soeket (drilling).
- de nieblas, fog bello
- de pesca (pet), soeket.
- de soldar (tub), welding bell.
- de vidrio (lab), bell glass or jaro
-- neumtica (M), pneumatie eaisson.
- y espiga (tub), bell and spigot.
campanilla (f) elctrica, eleetrie bello
campafla J, level eountry; field (work).
campista m, miner who works on shares, tributer.
campo m, field (all senses) ; mining eamp.
-- de aterrizaje, landing field, airfield, airpark.
-- de aviacin o de decolaje, airpark, airfield.
- de fuerzas (ele), field of force.
- de imagen (fma) , image field.
- de la lente (fma), field of view.
- de radiacin (ra), radiation field.
- fijo (ele), stationary or eonstant field.
- gasfero, gas field.
-- giratorio (ele), rotating or revolving field.
-- petrolero o petrolfero, oil field.
- productor (pet), produeing field.
-- raso, open or flat eountry.
--visual, field of view or of visiono
can m, eorbel, bracket, bolster; eolumn cap;
shoulder; pawl, dogo
ea:lal m, canal, ehannel, gullet;' chute, flume,
raee; (min) ground sluiee; (ra) ehanncl;
(elee) raeeway, wireway.
- alimentador, feeder canal, headraee.
-- asociado (ra) , assoeiated ehannel.
- auxiliar (ele), auxiliary gutter.
-- cribador, sereen chute.
- de acceso (hid), head canal, approaeh ehan-
nel.
-- de aduccin, headraee, head canal.
- de agotamiento, drainage canal.
-- de alcantarillado, drainage or sewer canal.
- de barras colectoras (ele), busway.
-- de carga (Es), headraee, open penstoek,
pentrough.
-- de combinacin (ele) , eombination raeeway.
- de conduccin, aqueduet canal.
-- de corriente portadora (ele), earrier ehan-
nel.
-- de derivacin, diversion ehannel.
-- de descarga, spillway ehannel, wasteway;
tailraee.
- de desfogue (M), tailraee.
-- de escurrimiento (ms), f10w ehannel.
-- de flotacin, log sluiee.
- de fondo abierto (ele), open-bottom raee-
way.
-- de fuga, tailraee; spillway ehannel.
- de lodo (pet), mud diteh.
-- de llegada, headraee; channel of approaeh.
-- de mareas, tideway.
- de piso metlico celular (elc), eellular-
metal-floor raeeway.
-- de radiodifusin, broadeasting ehannel.
-- de riego, irrigation canal.
-- de traida, headraee.
-- derivado, braneh canal.
-- descubierto, open ehannel.
-- desviador, diversion ehannel.
-- dosificador (is), dosing flume.
- eri balcn (M), beneh flume.
-- evacuador, spillway ehannel, wasteway; (irr)
return diteh.
- madre (irr) (Pe), main canal.
-- maestro, main canal.
-- maritimo, ship canal.
- medidor, measuring f1ume.
- medidor de Parshall, Parshall flume.
-- metlico superficial (ele), surfaee metal
raeeway.
-- para alambres (ele), raeeway, eonduit.
-- para barras conductoras (I'le), buswy.
--para lanchones, barge canal.
--troncal (irr), main canal.
-- vertedor, trough spillway, chute spillway;
spillway ehannel.
canal J, eonduit, pipe, duet; ehannel iron; roof
gutter; groove, slot.
-- de aluminio (est), aluminum ehannel.
- de bajada (ed), leader, downspout.
-- de barra (est) , bar-mill ehannel.
- de cables, cable dueto
- de cruzamiento (fe), frog ehannel.
- de desage (Pe), sewer pipe.
- de enrasillado (ed), f\1rring ehannel.
- de humo (M), flue.
- de lluvia (to), gutter.
-- de pestaa, flangeway.
-- de ventilacin, ventilation dueto
-- para construccin de carros, ear-building
ehannel.
--para construcciones navales, shipbuilding
ehannel.
- U (M), ehannel iron.
canalado, eorrugated, fluted, grooved.
canalador m, ehanneler; rabbeting planeo
canaladura J, eorrugation, fluting.
canalera J (Es), roof gutter.
canaleria J, system of duets or ditehes.
canalero m (irr), custodian of a canal; (M) irdga-
tion subseriber.
canaleta J, chute; groove, eorrugation; roof gut-
ter, eaves trough; (A) street gutter; (cone)
spout.
-- de aforos venturi, Venturiflume.
-- de carga, loading chute.
-- de descarga, dumping chute.
-- de reparticin (irr), head flume.
- de toma en marcha (fe), traek pan.
-- plegadiza, jaekknife chute.
canalistas m (Ch), irrigation subseribers.
canalizacin J, eanalization; flume; piping; sys-
tem of duets; (elee) wiring; (elee) layout
'of eonduits; (ra) ehanneling.
-- de circunvalacin simple (ele), single run-
. around wiring.
-- de desages, sewer system.
- de red doble (ele), double-grid wiring.
-- de red simple (ele), single-grid wiring.
- descubierta (ele), exposed work.
-- elctrica, eleetrie wiring; system of eonduits
for eleetrie wiring.
-- maestra, mains.
-- oculta (ele), eoneealed work.
canalizar, to canalize; to ehannelize.
canalizo m, flume, ehannel; fairway, gut.
-- de control, control flume.
-- de evacuacin, sluieeway; (irr) return diteh.
-- medidor, measuring flume.
canaln m, flume; gutter, eaves trough; (elee)
gutter; waste pipe; (M) chute.
- armado o ensamblado (to) , box or
gutter. .
canaln 64 caera caera
65
capacidad
-- de garganta, throat fiume.
- de media ladera, bench fiume.
- de Parshall, Parshall fiume.
- medidor, control 01' measuring fiume.
- suspendido (to), hanging gutter.
canasta J, basket; (hyd) strainer.
canastilla J, (M) bucket; (M) cal' of aerial tram-
way.
canastillo (hid), trashrack.
canasto m, basket; (A) small mortal' bucket.
cancagua J (Ch), a stiff sandy soil.
cncamo m, eyebolt; bolt.
- arponado (M), ragged bolt.
- de I;uello, shoulder eyebolt.
- de ojo, eyebolt.
- de remache, rivet ringbolt.
cancel m, screen; (CA) partition.
cancha J, yard; level tract of land; airpark; wide
stretch of a river; (U) path, road.
- de almacenaje, store yard.
-- de aterrizaje, landing field, airfield, airpark.
-- de equipo (cons), equipment yard.
- de secamiento (dac) (Ch), sludge-drying bed.
canchal m, deposit of boulders, (M) moraine.
canchamina J, yard around a mine shaft.
canchaminero m (Ch), laborar in a mine yard.
canchero, yard foreman.
candado m, padlock; latch.
- de aldaba, hasp lock.
-- de combinacin, combination padlock.
candela J, fiare, torcho
candelero m, support, cradle; stanchion.
candeln m (RD), a hardwood.
candencia J, incandescence.
candente, incandescent, red-hoto
candil (m) de minero, miner's lampo
candileja J, (il) footlight; (1'1') fusee.
canecillo m, corbel, bracket.
canel m (Es), cannel coal.
caney m, small bay; (C) bend of a river.
canga J (A)(B), a soil containing iron.
cangagua J (Col), a soil used for making adobe
brick.
cangahua J (Ec), hardpan.
cangalla J, mine refuse, tailings.
cangiln m, bucket; (Col) (V) rut; (Ec) mudhole;
(PR) small waterfall.
- basculante, tip bucket.
- de arrastre, dragline bucket.
- de elevador, elevator bucket.
- volquete, dump 01' contractor's bucket.
cangrejo m (mec) , any grappling device, (pet)
casing spear.
canguiln m (Ch), bucket.
canilla J, faucet, spigot, bibb, cock; reel, spool.
-- para manga, hose bibb.
-- surtidora, faucet.
canoaJ, fiume, trough; launch, canoe; (CA) roof
gutter.
canon m, list; rate; tax; royalty.
-- de arrendamiento, rental rateo
-- de riego, irrigation rate.
cantal m, stony ground; spall.
cantalita J (geol), cantalite.
canteador m, canteadoraJ, (t) edger; edging saw;
pitchin: tool.
-- cncavo, in-curve edger.
-- convexo, out-curve edger.
-- de acera, curb tool.
-- de peldaos, step edger.
-- en bisel, bevel edger.
- mltiple (as), gang edger.
cantear, to lay on edge; to cut stone; to pitch
(stone); to edge.
cantera J, quarry.
-- de arena, sand pito
-- de grava, gravel pit 01' bank.
- de lastre, ballast pito
-- de prstamo (ot), borrow pito
cantera J, stonecutting; quarrying; cut stone,
ashlar masonry; stonecutting yard.
cantero m, stonecutter, quarryman; (A) raised
area held by curbs.
cantidad J, quantity.
-- negativa, minus quantity.
cantil m, cliff.
cantilever m, cantilever.
cantimplora J, weep holeo
cantina J, commissary store, canteen; saloon.
cantizal m, stony ground.
canto m, edge; thickness of a board; ashlar stone;
pebble, boulder.
--, de, on edge.
-- de corte, cutting edge.
-laminado, rolled edge (steel plate).
- recortado, sheared edge (stecl plate).
--rodado, boulder, cobble, pebble.
-- sin labrar, rough ashlar.
--vivo, square edge.
cantonera J, curb angle 01' bar, corner bead, any
piece reinforcing a corner 01' edge; (Sp)
angle iron.
cantorral m, gravelly 01' stony ground.
caa J,shank, handle; shaft; (naut) tiller; cane,
reed; stem, stalk; rod.
-- brava, bamboo.
-- del ancla, shank o an anchor.
-- de azcar, sugar cane.
-- de barrena, drill shank.
-- de Bengala o de Indias, rattan.
-- de columna, shaft of a column.
-- de mina, mine gallery.
- del timn, tiller.
- de volar, blasting holeo
-- dulce o melar, sugar cane.
caada J, ravine, gorge, gulch; (C)(PR) brook;
(A) inlet, estuary.
caadn, canyon, gorge.
caahuate m, lignum vitae.
caamazo m, burlap; canvas.
caamelar m, sugar plantation.
caamiel J, sugar cane.
camo m, hemp, jute; (CA) hemp cord; (Ec)
burlap.
-- de calafatear, calking yarn.
-- de empaquetar, hemp packing.
_.- de las Indias, jute.
'-'- de Manila, Manila hemp, abaca.
-- embreado, tarred marline.
- trenzado, braided hemp.
caera J, piping, pipe, conduit; pipework.
--bridada, fianged pipe.
- conductora (pet), line pipe.
-- corriente, standard pipe.
-- de acueducto, water mains.
-- de aduccin, supply line, aqueduct.
-- de arcilla vitrificada, sewer pipe, glazed tile
pipe.
-- de barra enclavada, Lock-bar pipe (trada-
mark).
-- de carga, penstock, force main.
-- de conduccin (Iiid), aqueduct, supply line.
-- de duelas de madera, wood-stave pipe.
-- de entubacin (pet), casing pipe.
-- de fundicin, cast-iron pipe.
-- de fundicin liviana, soil pipe, lightweight
cast-iron pipe.
-- de hierro centrifugado, centrifugal cast-iron
pipe.
-- de hierro forjado legtimo, genuine ,\,;Tought-
iron pipe.
-- de macho y campana, bell-and-spigot pipe.
-- derivada, branch pipe line.
-- extrapesada, extra-heavy pipe.
--forzada o de presin, pressure condut, pen-
stock.
-- maestra o matriz, mains.
-- remachada en espiral, spiral-riveted pipe.
-- roscada, screwed pipe.
-- sin costura, seamless tubing.
-- surtidora, aqueduct, supply pipe.
-- universal, Universal cast-iron pipe.
caero m, callista m, pipeman, plumber, pipe
fitter, steam fitter.
caito (m) pasador, pipe sleeve.
cao m, pipe, conduit; gutter; roof leader; small
(pw) channel; (A) hose; (C) sump,
floor drain, street inlet to a sewer.
- arenero (loco), sand pipe.
-- aspirante (bm) , suction pipe, (A) suction
hose.
- de absorcin (A), perLorated well pipe.
-- de acotamiento, service connection.
-- de alimentacin, fecd. 01' inlet pipe.
-- de bajada (ed), downspout, leader.
-- de bridas, flanged pipe.
-- de chimenea, stack.
-- de desborde, overflow pipe.
-- de drenaje, drainpipe, draintile.
-- de expulsin (bm)(A), discharge pipe.
-- de impulsin (bm), discharge pipe.
-- de perforacin, drill pipe; drive pipe.
-- de servicio (A)(C), service conneetion.
-- de subida, riscr.
-- de tornillo, screwed 01' threaded pipe.
- expelente, (eng) exhaust pipe; (pu) dis-
charge pipe.
-- pluvial (ed), leader, downspout.
can m, pipe, tube; gorge, cunyon; barrel oL an
arch; barrel oL a gun.; Ll1rrcl of a hydrant;
(Col) tree tl'Unk; (min) drift, gallery.
-- de ascensor, elevator shaft.
-- de caldera, boiler tube.
-- de cemento, cement gun.
-- de columna, shaft of a column.
-- de chimenea, chimney flue.
-- de escalera, stair well.
- de escobn (en), hawsepipe.
-- de expansin (en), expansion trunk.
-- de llave, shank of a key.
-- de ventilaci6n, air shaft.
-- electrnico (ra), electron gun.
--lanzacemento, cement gun.
- para tubos (ed), pipe shaft.
- perforador (pet), perforating gun.
cauela J (vol) (M), fuse.
caobaJ, mahogany.
-- falsa, bastard 01' false mahogany.
caobilla J (C)(PR), an inferior variety o ml'hog-
any.
caobo m, mahogany tree.
caoln m, kaolin, China clay
caolnico, kaolinic.
caolinita J (miner), kaolinite, kaolin.
capa J, layer; stratum; ply; (pt) coat; (mas)
course; coat o plaster; (min) seam, vein'
(C) slicker, oilskin coat.
-- acufera, water-bearing stratum, aquifer.
- aisladora de humedad (A), waterproofing
course.
- Appleton (ra), Appleton 01' F layer.
- azotada (U), scratch coat (plaster).
-- barrera (ra), barrier 01' blocking layer.
-- blanca (yesera), finishing 01' white 01' putty
01' skin 01' skim coat.
- caf (M), brown coat (plaster).
- de acabado, finishing coat; (plaster) white
01' putty coat.
- de baldeo (ca), flush sea!.
-- de base (ca), base course.
- de conglomerante (ca)(Ch), binder course.
-- de cubierta (ca), cover stone 01' coat.
-- de defensa o de desgaste, wearing coat 01'
surface.
- de desgrose (A), scratch coat o plaster.
-- de emparejamiento o de enrase (ca), level-
ing course.
-- de Heaviside (ra) , Heaviside layer, iono-
sphere.
-- de imprimacin (pint), priming coat.
-- de ladrillos, course of brick.
-- de ligazn, binder course.
-- d mortero, bed of mortal'.
- de pega (ca) (V), tack coat.
-- de refiexin (geof) , reflecting layer 01' horizon.
-- de rodamiento (ca), wearing surace.
-- de sellado (ca), seal 01' carpet coat.
- de velocidad (geof), speed 01' veloeity bed.
- F (ra), F 01' Appleton layer.
--fretica, ground water, water table, aquier.
-- gasfera (pet), gas eap.
- pegajosa (ea) (M), taek eoat.
--rayada, scrateh eoat (plaster).
-- sellante (CI1), seal coat.
-- superficial (ca), surface course.
cap m (Plt) , a hardwood.
capacidad J, capaeity; (elec) eapacitance.
- al ras (ec), struck capacity.
- asignada, ruted capacity.
- colmada (ec), heaped capacity.
- corporal (ra) , body el1paeitance.
- de asiento bearing capacity.
-- de conduccin, (hyd) flow capacity; (elee)
current-carrying capacity.
capacidad 66 caracterstica
caracterstica 67 cardnico
- de ganancia, earning power.
- de modulacin (elc), modulation capability.
-- de soporte del terreno, bearing power of soil.
- directa (ra), straight-line capacitance.
-- dispersa (ra), stray capacitance.
- distribuda (ra), distributed capacitance.
-- electrosttica, permittance, electrostatic ca-
pacity.
-- encubridora (pint) , hiding power, covering
capacity.
-- entre electrodos (ra), interelectrode capac-
itance.
- grilla-placa (ra), grid-plate capacitance.
-- inductiva especfica (elc), permittivity, spe-
cific inductive capacity, dielectric constant.
-- interruptora (elc), interrupting capacity.
- parsita (ra), stray capacitance.
-- portante, carrying capacity, bearing power.
- rebosada (V), heaped capacity.
- trmica, heat or thermal capacity.
capacmetro m (A), capacitance meter.
capacitador m (elc), capacitor, condenser.
-- compensador (ra), buffer capacitor.
-- de acoplamiento, coupling capacitor.
-- de bloqueo, blocking capacitor.
capacitancia j (elc) (mec), capacitance.
- acstica (ra), acoustic compliance or capac-
itance.
- de entrada (ra), input capacitance.
-- de salida (ra), output capacitance.
--interelectrdica (ra) , interelectrode capac-
itance.
- lineal, straight-line capacitance.
-- propia, self-capacitance.
- rejilla-ctado, grid-cathode capacitance.
-- rejilla-placa, grid-plate capacitance.
--vagabunda, stray capacitance.
capacitivo (elc), capacitive.
capacitmetro m, (ra) (A) capacitance meter, (M)
condenser meter.
capacitor m (elc), capacitor, condenser.
-- de dcadas (ra), decade condenser or capac-
itor.
-- de placas ajustables, variable or adjustable
capacitor.
- de placas paralelas, parallel-plate capacitor.
--filtrador (ra), smoothing capacitor.
--regulable, variable capacitor.
capacho m, bucket; (sh) dipper; brick hod.
-- con descarga por debajo, bottom-dump
bucket.
- de elevador, elevator bucket.
- de extraccin, mine bucket.
-- de pala, shovel dipper.
- de tiro, dipper of a pullshovel or trench hoe.
- de torre (conc), tower bucket.
- pesador, weighing bucket.
- tipo cscara de naranja (Ch), orange-peel
bucket.
caparrosa j, eopperas.
capataz m, foreman.
- de brigada, squad boss.
- de carpinteros, foreman carpenter.
- del desencofrado (mo) , stripping foreman.
- del patio, yard foreman.
- del tramo (fc), section foreman.
- de turno, shift boss.
-- de la va, track foreman.
-- general, general foreman, walking boss.
caperuzaj, pipe cap; hood.
capialzado m, f1ashing over door or window.
capilar, capillary.
capilaridad j, capillarity.
capilla j, bonnet, hood, cowl.
- de vlvula (mg) (Es), valve chamber.
capillo m (met), cupe!.
- de prensaestopas (pet), packing gland.
capital m, capital (money).
- activo, working capital; (Ch) capital assets.
-- de explotacin, working capital.
-- en giro, working capital.
- fsico (Ch), capital assets.
--integrado o realizado, paid-up capital.
- pasivo (Ch), capitalliabilities.
-- social, capital stock.
capital j, capital (city).
capitalista, 8 a, capitalist.
capitalizar, to capitalize.
capitn m, captain; foreman.
-- de patio, yard foreman.
-- del puerto, harbor master, captain of the
port.
capitana (j) del puerto, office of the harbor
master.
capitel m, capital, column head, (conc) column
cap.
cap m (auto), hood.
caporal m (V), foreman.
capotaj, hood; auto top; cowling (airplane).
capote m, hood; (Col) topsoil.
cpsulaj, capsule, bottle cap; cartridge shell; lid,
cover; (lab) dish.
- de carbn (tel), carbon button or capsule.
-- de evaporacin (lab), evaporating dish.
-- detonante, exploder, blasting cap.
-- detonante <'e tiempo, delay blasting cap.
-- fulminante, blasting cap, exploder.
captacinj, (hyd) catchment, impounding; diver-
sion; (r)(A) capture; (ra) pickup.
captador (m) de polvo, dust collector.
captar (hid), to impound, collect; to divert.
captura j (r), capture.
capuchina j (Col), door or window latch.
capuchn m, (auto) valve cap; (pi) driving cap;
chimney cap.
capul m (Pe), kind of timber used in mines.
cara j, face; cheek.
-- anterior (dib), near side.
- brillante (cuero), f1esh side.
- dI campana, bell face (hammer).
-- de la flor o de pelo (cuero), hair or grain
side.
-- de la raz (sol), shoulder, root face.
-- de rueda, tread of a wheel.
- posterior (dib), far side.
caracol m, spiral; (turb) scroll case; (A) worm
gear.
caracterstica j (mec) (elc) (mat), characteristic.
-- andica (ra), plate characteristic.
-- de desprendimiento (ra) , emission character-
istic.
- de grilla (ra), grid characteristic.
-- de traspaso (ra), transfer characteristic.
caramero m (V), drift carried by a f1ood.
carato (m) de cemento (V), cement grout.
cartula j (M), dial of an instrumento
carbodinamita j (vol), carbodynamite.
carbohidrato m (is), carbohydrate.
carbohidrgeno m, carbohydrogen.
carblico, carbolic.
carbolneo m, carbolineum (wood preservative).
carbolita j (abrasivo), Carbolite (trademark).
carboln m (abrasivo), Carbolon (trademark).
carbn m, coal; charcoal; carbono
-- activado (pa), activated carbono
-- aglomerante o aglutinante, caking coa!.
-- animal, bone charcoal, bone black.
--antracitoso, anthracite.
--bituminoso, bituminous coal.
-- brillante, glance coa!.
-- conglomerante, caking coa!.
-- de ampelita o de buja, cannel coa!.
- de astilla, splint coa!.
- de forja o de fragua, blacksmith coa!.
- de gas (V), gas carbono
-- de huesos, animal charcoal, bone black.
-- de lea o de madera, charcoa!.
-- de llama corta, smokeless or hard coa!.
- de llama larga, soft coa!.
-- de piedra, coal.
-- de retorta, gas carbono
- entrozado (M), broken coal.
-- graso, bituminous or soft or gas coal.
--lustroso, pitch coa!.
-- mate, cannel coa!.
-- mineral, coa!.
-- no aglutinante, noncaking or free-burning coal.
--para calderas, steam coal.
--pezoso, pitch coaL
--seco, dry or nonvolatile coal.
--semigraso, semibituminous coa!.
--tal como sale, run-of-mine coa!.
- vegetal, charcoa!.
carbonacin f (pa) (Pe), carbonation.
carbonado m, carbon or black diamond.
carbonatacin j, carbonation.
carbonatador m, carbonator.
carbonatar, to carbonate.
carbonato m, carbonate.
-- cido de sodio, acid sodium carbonate, bi-
carbonate of soda.
--amnico, ammonium carbonate.
-- de calcio, calcium carbonate, carbonate of
lime.
-- magnsico, magnesium carbonate, (miner)
magnesite.
-- sdico anhidro, soda ash, anhydrous sodium
carbonate.
carboncillo m, fine coal, slack.
carbonear, to char, carbonize; to load coa!.
carbonera j, coalbin; coal mine; (bl)(A) coyote
holeo
carbonera j, coalyard.
carbonero m, coal miner; coaldealer; coal han-
dler; a pertaining to coal.
carbnico, carbonic.
carbonfero, coal-bearing, carboniferous; coal-
carrying.
carbonlla j, fine coal, pulverized coal; cinder.
carbonita j (miner)(vol), carbonite.
carbonizador m, carbonizer.
carbonizar, to carbonize; to charo
carbono m, (chem) carbono
- de temple (met), temper carbono
carbonmetro m, carbonometer.
carbonoso, carbonaceous.
carborundo m, carborundum (abrasive).
carburacin j, carburetion, carburizing.
-- doble, dual carburetion.
- por agente slido (met), pack carburizing.
--por pulverizacin, spray carburetion.
carburador m, carburetor.
-- a succin ascendente, updraft carburetor.
- de barboteo (Es), surface carburetor.
-- de corriente descendente, downdraft car-
buretor.
-- de chorro, spray carburetor.
-- de evaporacin, surface carburetor.
- de flotador, f1oat-feed or constant-level car-
buretor.
-- de inyector, jet or injection carburetor.
-- de pico compuesto, compound carburetor.
-- de pulverizador, spray carburetor.
- de surtidor (Es), spray carburetor.
- de tiro descendente, downdraft carburetor.
carburante m, carburetant.
carburar, to carburize, carburet.
carburizador m, carburizer.
carburizar, to carburize, caseharden; to carburet.
carburo m, carbide.
-- cementado, cemented carbide.
-- de hierro, iron carbide, cementite.
-- de silicio, sillcon carbide, carborundum.
carburmetro m, carburometer.
crcamo m, sump; wheel pit; (min) drain; (min)
flume.
-- de succin, suction pito
carcasa j, casing; framework.
- de motor (elc), motor frame.
- espiral (turb), scroll case.
crcava j, gully, ditch, gutter.
carcavn m (top), gorge.
carcu'm (M), carcass (tire).
crcel j, clamp, cramp; vise; (hyd) gate groove;
timber frame in a shaft; notch, (min) hitch;
(il) carce!.
-- de banco, bench vise.
-- para sierra, saw clamp.
-- para taladradora, drill or jig vise.
crcel-hora (il), carcel-hour.
carcomaj, wood borer, timber worm; dust made
by the borer.
- blanca (mad), white roto
- roja (mad), red roto
carcomerse, to become worm-eaten; te decav; lo
be undermined.
carcomida j, decay; corrosion; (conc) honey-
combo
carcomido m, (Pe) wormhole; a worm-eaten,
(lbr) wormy; corroded; decayed; honey-
combed.
carda (j) para limas, file card or brush.
cardn, Cardan (joint).
cardnico, Cardanic.
cardenillo m, verdigris.
cardiar (V), to reamo
cardinal (mat), cardinal.
carear, to face, smooth up; to mili.
carenaf, ship repair, careening; ship's bottom.
carenaje m, ship repair; careenage.
carenar, to careen; to repair a ship, to dock for
repairs.
carenero m, dockyard, shipyard; graving dock.
carenote m (en), bilge keel, rolling chock.
careta f, mask, face shield.
-- antigs, gas mask.
-- de soldador, welding mask, face shield.
carga f, load, loading; freight, cargo, lading;
(hyd) head; (conc) charge, batch; (elec)
charge, load; (met) heat, charge; (ra) load-
ing.
- a granel, buIk cargo.
- absoluta (hid), absolute head.
- accidental, live load.
- admisible, allowable load.
- alar (ap) (A), wing loading.
- bruta (an) , dead-weight tonnage.
- conectada (elc), connected load.
- de altura (hid) , elevation head.
- de arranque en fro (cf), pickup load, warm-
ing-up allowance.
- de aspiracin (bm), suction head.
- de atraque (vol) (A), stemming, tamping.
- de barreno, blasting charge.
- de buque, car,;o.
- de calefaccin (aa), heat load.
- de camin, truckload.
- de, carro, wagonload; carload.
- de cucharn, bucketful; (sh) dipperful.
- de descarga (bm), discharge head.
- de energa (hid), energy,head.
- de enfriamiento (aa), cooling load.
-- de ensayo, test load.
- de entrada (hid), entrance head.
- de faja (ms), strip load.
- de flexin (est), beam loading.
- de fractura, breaking load.
- de friccin (hid), friction head.
- de funcionamiento (hid), operating' head.
- de hormigonera, batch of concrete.
- de llegada (hid), head of approach, velocity
head.
-- de ocupacin (aa), occupancy load.
-- de presin (hid), pressure head.
-- de prueba, test load, trialload.
- de punta, (str) column loading; (elec)(A)
peak load.
- de rotura, breaking or rupture load.
- de rueda, wheelload.
-- de seguridad, safe load.
-' de servicio o de trabajo, working load.
- de succin (bm), suction head.
- de utensilios (aa), appliance load.
- de vaco (hid), vacuum head.
- de velocidad (hid) , velocity or dynamic
head.
- dinmica, moving load; dynamic heOO.
- efectiva, (hyd) effective or net hea,d; (tr)
pay load.
- espacial (ra), space charge.
carretero
- del distribuidor (rnv), valve traveI.
-- del mbolo, piston stroke or travel.
-- de encendido, (eng) ignition or working
stroke.
- de erogacin (brn) (A), delivery stroke.
-- de escape, (eng) exhaust stroke.
-- de la excntrica, throw of the eccentric.
-- de expulsin, exhaust stroke, (di) scaveng-
ing stroke.
- de filtracin (pa) (U), filter runo
-- de fondo, groundsill.
-- de fuerza, power stroke.
-- de ladrillos, course of brick.
- de la leva, lift of the carn.
-- de la marea, range of the tide.
-- del martinete, drop of apile hammer.
- de pared (carp), wall plate.
-- de retroceso, back stroke.
-- de soga (lad), stretcher course.
- de techo, ceiling joist.
-- de tizones (Iad), header course.
-- de trabajo, working stroke (piston).
-- descendente, down stroke.
-- motriz, (eng) worldllg 01' power stroke.
-- portacabio (to), binding rafter.
carrero m, teamster, truckman; operator of a
handear.
carreta f, cart, wagon.
-- de remolque, trailer.
--volquete, dumpeart.
carretada f, cartload, wagonload.
carretaje m, cartage, drayage.
carretal m (Es), rough ashlar stone.
carrete m, reel, coil; spool; (elec) coil.
-- de autoinduccin (elc), se1f-induetion eoil.
-- de encendido (auto), ignition coi!.
-- de induccin (eJc), induetion coil.
- de pelcula (fma), film spool.
-- de resistencia (elc), resistullce coil.
-- en derivacin (elc), shunt coil, (inst) poten-
tial coil.
-- excitador (elc), exciting coil.
-- extintor de chispas (elc), blowout. eDil.
-- inducido (elc), armature coi!.
-- inlj.uctor, induction coil.
- terminal (ais), dead-end spool.
carreteable (ca), lit for hauling.
carretear, to cart, haul; (ap) to taxi.
carretel m, reel, spool; winch head, (pet) cathead.
carreteo m (ap), taxiing.
carretera f, highway, road.
-- biviaria, two-Iane highway.
-- cuadriviaria, four-lane highway.
-- de acceso, aceess road.
-- de accesos limitados, limited-accesB hign-
way, freeway.
-- de cuatro vas, four-lane highway.
-- de dos trochas, two-lane highway.
-- de trochas mltiples, multilane highway.
-- de va libre, express highway.
-- expresa, through 01' express highway, free-
way.
-- matriz o troncal, main 01' through highway.
carretera-parque (E), parkway.
carretera J, wagon shop; whcclwright work.
carretero m, truckm:lll, team"ter; wheelwright.
69 carg6metro
cargmetro m, Loadometer (trademark).
cargueo m (Ch) , loading.
carguero m, carrier; beast of burden; loader,
charger; (A) cargo boato
carguo m, cargo, load.
cariado, disintegrated, rotten.
caries (f) seca, dry rot.
carleta f, (t) file.
carlinga f (cn), mast step.
carnalita f, earnallite (ore of magnesium and
potassium).
carneta f (AC), notebook, field book.
carpa f, tent; (Ch) tarpaulin.
carpanel, see arco carpanel.
carpero m (Iev) (Ee) , man who looks after tents.
carpeta f, coating; pavement; (U) (M) slab.
-- asfltica, sheet asphalt.
-- bituminosa (ca), skin coat of bituminous
material.
-- de desgaste, wearing surface.
-- de fundacin, foundation slab or mato
carpintear, to do carpenter work.
carpintera f, carpentry; carpentcr shop.
-.-.a vapor (A), shop carpentry.
-- de armar (V), structural carpcntry.
-- de blanco, trim, millwork.
-- de encofrado, form carpentry; form carpen-
ter shop.
-- de modelos, patternmaking.
-- de obra, structural carpentry.
-- de taller, shop carpcntry, millwork.
-- mecnica, millwork; mill, carpenter shop.
-- metlica, light ironwork in a building, espe-
cially doors and windows.
--naval, ship carpentry.
carpintero m, carpenter.
-- ademador, timberman.
-- armador, erecting carpenter, framer.
- de banco, shop carpenter.
-- de buque o de navo o de ribera, slpwright,
ship carpenter.
-- de carreta o de prieto, wheclwright.
--encofrador o de moldaje, form earpenter.
-- maestro, foreman or master earpenter.
-- modelador, patternmaker.
carraca f, ratchet brace, ratchet.
-- estiradora de alambres, fence ratchet.
carradaf (Es), earIoad; wagonload.
carrasca f, carrasco m, pin oak, swamp willte
oale; woodland.
carrascal m, woodland; (Col) gravel bod.
carrera f, strongback, waler, stringer, ranger;
(Col) girder; (carp) wall plate, sill; purlin;
girt; highway; (Col) avcnue; (rnaehy)
stroke, throw, travel; (mas) course; (dock)
stringpieee, backing log.
-- al aterrizar (ap), landing runo
-- ascendente, upstroke (piston).
-- de admisin, (eng) admission 01' intalee
stroke.
-- de aspiracin, (eng) suction stroke.
-- de barrido (di), seavenging stroke.
-- de compresin, (eng) eompression stroke.
-- de la compuerta (hid), gate travel.
- de defensa (muelle), fender.
- de descarga (brn), delivery stroke.
cargo
-- especffica, unit load.
- esttica, (hyd) static head; (str) static or
dead load.
-- explosiva, blasting charge.
--fraccionada (est), partialloading.
- fundamental (elc), base load.
- hidrulica, head.
--inductiva (elc), inductive or lagging load.
--lmite, safe or allowable load.
-muerta (est), dead load.
--neta (an), cargo dead-weight tonnage.
- pagada, pay load.
- permanente (est), dead load.
- plena, fullload.
- por lotes, less-than-carIoad freight.
--por vagones, carIoad freight.
--presumida o prevista o supuesta, assumed
loading, design load.
-propia (est), dead load.
--remanente, residual charge, electric residue.
--rodante, moving or rolling load.
- tipo (est), standard loading.
- transversal (est), beam loading.
- til, pay or usefulload; live load.
--viva, live load.
cargada f, a load.
cargadero m, loading platform; freight station;
charging opening.
cargado sobre vagn, loaded on cars, FOB (free
on board).
cargador m, loader; mucking machine; mucker
(man); (bo) stoker; (elec) charger; shipper,
freighter.
- a parrilla articulada (cal), chain-grate or
link-grate stoker.
- autoalimentador, force-feed loader.
--de acumuladores o de bateras, battery
charger.
-- de alimentacin superior (cal), overfeed
stoker.
-- de cadena sin fin (cal), chain-grate stoker.
-- de cangilones o de cubos, bucket loader,
portable elevator.
- de carbn (cal), stoker.
-- de hogar, mechanical stoker.
- de hormigonera (mz), skip loader.
-- de mandil, apron loader.
- de parrilla corrediza (cal), traveling-grate
stoker.
- de retorta lateral (cal), side-retort moker.
-- de retorta nica (cal), single-retort stoker.
- de retortas mltiples (cal), multiple-retort
stoker.
-- de tractor (ec) , tractor shovel; tractor loader.
-- distribuidor o esparcidor, spreader stoker.
--por debajo, underfeed stoker.
-- porttil, wagon loader, portable conveyor.
- sacudidor (mz), shaking skip'loader.
cargadora f, any loading or stoking apparatus.
- de troncos (ef), logger.
-- de tnel, tunnel shovel, mucking machine.
cargamento m, load, cargo, loading.
cargar, to load; to charge; to stoke; (act) to
debit, charge.
cargo m, cargo, freight; oflice, position; (act)
charge.
68 cardenillo
7I carretilla
carretilla J, wheelbarrow; smail cal'; hand truek;
tramway bueket; eableway earriage; (1'1')
truek; trolley; (A)(U) small wagon; (lg)
bummer, skidder, dolly, drag eart.
- a horcada, straddle truek.
- alzadora, lift truek.
-- concretera, concrete barrow.
-- corrediza, I-beam trolley; eablewayearriage.
- de atrs (loco), trailing truek.
-- de cuerpo de acero, steel-tray wheelbarrow.
-- de equipaje, baggagetruek.
-- de mano, hand 01' warehouse truek.
- de riel (fe), pony cal'.
- de suspensi6n, eableway earriage.
- de va (fe), traek barrow.
- elctrica (vol), eleetrie squib.
-- elevadora, lift truek.
-- pesadora, weigh larry.
- portante (fe), pony truek.
-- portatubos (pet), casing' wagon.
-- tubular, tubular-frame wheelbarrow.
carretillada J, wheelbarrow load.
oarretillero m, wheelbarrow man; (min) trammer.
carreto m (Col) (V), a hardwood.
carret6n m, wagon, eart, truek; (PR) reel; (M)
concrete buggy.
-- corredizo, eableway earriage.
-- cuba, tank wagon.
-- de carriles o de orugas, traek 01' erawler
wagon.
- de remolque, trailer.
-- de volteo, dumpeart, dump wagon.
--herramental, tool wagon.
-- regador, sprinkling wagon.
-- semiearril, half-traek.
- tanque, tank wagon.
carretonada J, wagonload, truekload, earUoad.
carretonaje m, eartage, trueking, hauling.
carretonero m, truek 01' eart driver, teamster.
earricuba m, sprinkling eart, tank wagon.
carril m, rail; traek, traffie lane; treadway; nar-
row road; (V) ruto
- a garganta, grooved 01' streetear rail.
-- americano, T rail.
-- conductor, third rall, eontaet 01' conductor
rallo
- contraaguja, stock rall.
-- de aguja, switch 01' point rail.
-,'- de alambre, aeria! tramway.
-- de alivio (fe), easer rail.
- de arranque (fe), lead rail.
- de bscula, weigh rail.
-- de cambio, switch rail.
-- de canal, grooved 01' streetear rallo
-- de cremallera, rack ral.
-- de desecho, serap rail.
-- de hongo o de patn, T ral, standard railroad
rail.
,-de muelle, spring rall (frog).
- de puerta corrediza, traek for sliding door.
-- de ranura, grooved 01' streetear rall.
-- de toma, third 01' conductor rallo
-- dentado, rack ral:
-- doble T, girder rail.
-- gua, guardrail.
-- maestro, stock 01' running rail.
70 carro
- partido (tranva), slot rall.
-- nico, monoral.
- Vignola, T ral, standard railroad rall.
carriles de oruga, erawler tread.
carriles para recolocaci6n, relayers.
carriladaJ, fiangeway; treadway.
carrilano m (Ch) , worker on a railroad, traek-
mano
carrileo m (V), seraping a road to fill ruts.
carrileraJ, traek; rut; (rr)(C) siding; (Col) grat-
ing; (te) traek.
-- de carena, traek of a marine ralway.
-- de gra, erane runway.
-- de oruga, erawler tread.
-- de transbordador, runway of a transfer table.
-- deeauville, narrow-gage traek.
--industrial, industrial ralway.
earrilero m (Ch), railroad worker.
carrillo m, small eart; tackle block; I-beam trol-
ley; (Sp) sheave, pulley.
-- de contacto (feele), eontaet plow.
carriola J (Col), purlin.
carrito m, small cal'; concrete buggy; eableway
earriage; sliding-door hanger; traveler,
trolley; (lg) bummer, dolly, skidder; (ea)
(V) seraper.
-- cargador (ef), loading earriage.
-- corredizo, eableway earriage; lathe earriage;
traveler, trolley; (lg) skidding earriage.
-- de cigea, small cal' moved by hand power.
-- de mano, handear.
'-- para ruedas, wheel dolly.
-- portador (mh), lathe earriage.
carro m, ear; wagon, truek, eart; automoble.
-- aguatero, watering eart.
-- andamio (fe ele), tower cal'.
-- automotor (fe), motorcal'.
-- barrenador, drill earriage; wagon drill.
-- baseulador, dump cal'.
--o basurero, garbage cal'; trash cal'.
- bodega (Ch), boxear.
- caja (M), boxear.
- calichero (Ch) , nitrate cal'.
-- carbonero, eoal cal'.
-- cargador, eharging earriage.
-- cerrado, boxear.
-- correo, mal cal',
-- cuba, tank cal'; tank wagon.
-- de aparejo o de auxilio, wreeking 01' derriek
cal'.
-- de aserradero, sawmill earriage.
-- de caj6n, boxear; (C) gondola cal'.
-- de carga, freight cal'.
-- de costado bajable, drop-side cal'.
-- de despejo, elearanee cal'.
-- de dos vertientes, gable-bottom cal'.
- de embudo (C), hopper-bottom cal'.
-- de equipajes, baggage cal'.
- de escalera (A), tower cal' (elee 1'1').
-- de expreso, express cal'.
-- de extracci6n, mine cal'.
-- de gra, wreeking 01' derriek cal'; erane truek.
- de hacienda (A), eattle cal'.
-- de herramientas, tool cal'; tool wagon.
-- de mangueras, hose eart.
-- de mano, handear, push cal'.
carro
-- de perforadoras, drill earriage, jumbo.
- de plancha (C), fiatear.
-- de plataforma, fiatear.
-- de remolque, traler.
-- de riego, sprinkling eart.
-- de socorro, wreeking cal'.
-- de taladros, drill earriage.
-- de tolva, hopper-bottom cal'.
-- de torno, lathe earriage.
-- de torre (fe el6e), tower cal'.
-- de trampas, drop-bottom cal'.
-- de traslaci6n, transfer cal' 01' earriage.
-- de volteo, dump cal'.
-- de vuelco, dump cal'; tip eart.
-- decauville, narrow-gage dump cal'.
-- dormitorio (M), sleeping cal'.
- elevador, lift truek.
-- entero, por, in earload lots.
-- estafeta, mail cal'.
-- ganadero, eattle cal', stoekear.
-- gndola, gondola cal'.
- herramental, tool cal'.
- inferior, underearriage.
-lastrero (Ch), ballast cal'.
-- motor (fe), motorear.
-- nevera, refrigerator cal'.
--pagador, pay cal'.
-- para trozos, sawmill earriage.
- petrolero (Ch), tank cal'.
-- pipa, water eart.
--plano, fiatear.
--portaherramienta (mh) , tool earriage, tool-
slide.
-- portasierras (as), saw earriage.
--raso, fiatear.
--reja, eattle cal'.
- salitrero (Ch), nitrate ear.
- saln, ehair cal'.
-- separador, idler cal'.
-- tanque, tank cal'; water cart.
-- tralla (ce), wagon scraper.
- transversal (mh), eross carriage.
- tranva o urbano, streetcar.
--voleador, dump cal'; dump wagon.
carro-montacargas, Iift truck.
carro-soporte, lathe saddle.
carros completos, por, in carload lots.
carrocera J, automobile body (not usually ap-
plied to trucks); (M) truck body.
-- de turismo, touring-car body.
- de volteo (M), dump body.
-- transformable, convertible body.
carrocero m (Es), wheelwright.
carrosage m (auto), inclination of the front>
wheels.
carroza J (en), companjon, companjon head.
carruaje m, any kind o vehiele.
carruchaJ (AC) , reel; sheave, pulley.
carta J, chart, map; letter, doeument.
-- caminera (Ch), road map.
-- certificada, registered letter.
-- colorimtrica (lab), color ehart.
-- constitucional, ineorporation papers, eharter....
-- de ciuladana, naturalization papers.
-- de crdito simple, clean letter of credit.
-- de fletamento, charter party.
carupa
- de pago, reeejpt.
- de porte, freight bill; bill of lading; (A) way.
bill.
- de privilegio, franchise, eoneession.
- de venta, bill of sale.
-- dinamomtrica, dynamometer cardo
- diurna (tel), day letter.
-- geogrfica, map.
-- geogrfica area, aerocartograph.
- hidrogrfica, chart.
-- magntica, magnetic chart.
- marina (A), chart.
- nocturna (tel), night letter.
- planialtimtrica (A), contour map.
cartab6n m, square; rul; gage; (dwg) triangle;
(str) gusset plate; peak of a roof; (A) splay.
-- con transportador, protraetor triangle.
-- corredizo, slide caliper.
-- de inglete, OOvel square.
- de profundidad, depth gage.
- de rotulacin (dib), lettering angle.
- dilatable (Es), OOvel protractor; protraetor
triangle.
- para madera (A), board rule.
cartabonear (A), to work with a square.
cartn m (V), a hardwood.
cartela J, bracket, corOOl, console, boIster; knee
brace, gusset.
- aguantadora (en), toe bracket.
- atiesadora (en), tilting braeket; stiffen4ll'
bracket; tangency bracket.
- de tangencia (en), tangeney braeket.
crter m, housing, casing, cover.
- del diferencial (auto), differential case.
- de engranajes (auto), gearbox.
-- del motor (auto), crankcase.
cartera J, (Col) notebook, field book.
cartografa J, cartography.
-- area, aerial photographic surveying, air-
plane mapping.
cartografiar, to survey, make mapa.
cartogrfico, cartographie.
cartgrafo m, cartographer.
cart6metro m, chartometer.
cartn' m, cardboard, millboard, heavy papel';
(M) gusset plate, bracket.
-- alquitranado, tal' papel'.
- comprimido o de Fuller, pressboard, Ful1er
board.
- de asbesto, asbestos board.
-- de bagazo, eelotex.
- de fibra, fiberboard.
-- de paja, strawboard.
- de yeso, plasterboard, wallboard.
-- embetunado, tal' papel'.
- fieltro (U), roofing papel' 01' felt.
-- piedra, papier-mach.
- tabla (C), wallboard.
eartoteca J (V), map file.
cartucho m, cartridge.
-- de dinamita, dynamite eartridge.
- de fusible (elc), fuse eartrid&e.
-- filtrante, filter eartridge.
- fusible (ele), cartridge fuse.
cartulina J, Bristol board.
carupal m, a Veneauelan lumOOr.
casa 72 castillete
castillete 73
cebo
casa 1, hous\l; firmo
-- central, main or home office.
-- constructora, construction company.
~ de azotea, penthouse.
-- de bombas, pump house.
-- de calderas, boilerhouse.
- de cambio, money-exchange office.
-- de cartas (cn), chart house.
_- de comando, control house.
~ del comando (cn), bridge house.
- de comercio, business concern.
- de las compuertas (hid), gatehol.lse.
~ de departamentos, apartment house.
~ de distribucin (elc), switch house.
~ de fuerza, powerhouse.
-- de liquidacin, c1earinghouse.
-- de mquinas, enginehouse; powerhouse.
-- de los molinos (az), mili house.
- de los tachos (az), boiling house.
--de tramo (fc), section house.
- matriz, main office.
- redonda (fc)(M), roundhouse.
cascada 1, waterfali, cascade.
cascadas (C), rapids.
cascajal, cascajar m, gravel pit or bed.
cascajero m, gravel bed; worked-out mine.
cascajo m, gravel; quarry waste; (rr) baliast;
(sd) grit; (A) rubble aggregate, cobbles.
cascajoso, graveliy.
cscara 1, casing, sheli; bark.
-- de naranja, (bu) orange peel.
cascarn m, sheli, casing; (ar) vault; (A) deposit
of scale.
casco m, aheli, casing; cask; (naut) hull; (V)
central part of a city.
-- de buzo, diver's helmet.
-- de caldera, sheli of a boiler.
-- de cojinete, bearing sheli.
-.del radiador (auto), radiator sheli.
- de soldador, welding helmet, head sbield.
cascote m, debris, rubbish; rubble; (A) brickbat;
(exc) muck.
cascotear (Col), to level up with rubbish.
caseoso (ms)(M), compressible, easily deformed.
caseta 1, smali building; cabin; (tk) (sh) cabo
- de balanza, scale house, weighhouse.
- de cabezal (min), head house.
- de control (elc), switchhouse.
- de guardaagujas (fc), switchman's shanty.
- del guardacrucero (fc), crossing watchman's
shanty.
-- de mando, control house.
-- de mando de compuertas (bid), gatehouse.
- herramental, tool house.
--telefuica, telephone booth.
casetn m (ds) (M), caisson gateo
casilla 1, smali building, shed; privy; post-office
box; (loco) cab; (elec) cubicle; cabioet;
(Ec) water c1oset; (Sp) column in a note-
book.
- de aceites, oil house.
- del cambiador (fc), switchman's shanty.
- de compuertas (hid), gatehouse.
- de correo, post-office box.
- de herramientas, tool house.
- del maquinista (loco), cabo
casillero m, rack (for pipe, etc.); (C) bin.
casimba 1, weli; spring.
casiterita 1, cassiterite (tin ore).
caso (m) fortuito, force majeure, contingency,
act of God.
casquete m, cap; sheli; helmet.
- de burbujeo (pet), bubble cap.
- del cabezal (torno), headstock cap.
- de espiga (ca), dowel-bar cap.
-- de hincar (pi), drive cap.
- de soldador, welding helmet.
-- de tubo, pipe cap.
-- de unin (v), union bonnet.
-- de la vlvula, valve bonnet.
-- guardahumo, smoke helmet.
- sellador (v), seal cap.
casquijo m, gravel, gravel bar.
casquillo m, ferrule; gland; sleeve, bushing;
socket; pipe cap; base of an incandescent
lamp; horseshoe; (min) blasting cap, ex-
ploder.
- abierto (cab), open socket.
- acuado (cab), wedge socket.
-- cerrado (cab), closed socket.
-- conectador (el,:,), hickey.
-- del alma (sx)~ core barrel.
- de bayoneta, bayonet-socket base (lamp).
-- de boca cuadrada, square-drive socket.
- de calafateo (tub), calking ferrule.
-- de doce estras, twelve-point socket.
-- de empaque, packing foliower.
- de gua (mh), guide bushing.
-- de motn, coak.
-- de ocho estras, eight-point socket.
-- de prensaestopa, gland.
- de puente (cab), bridge socket.
-- de rosca, screw base (lamp).
- de soldar (tub), soldering bushing, sweating
tbimble.
- de tubo-conducto (eIc), conduit bushing.
-- deslizante, slip bushing.
-- destornillador, screwdriver socket.
- escalonado (cab), stepped socket.
-- escariador, reaming sheli (drilI).
- estriado, (t) socket.
-- flotante, floating bushing.
- para cabilla (ca), dowel socket.
- partido, split bushing.
- por soldar (tub), weIding neck; stub end.
-- reductor, pipe bushing.
-- universal, universal socket.
casquillos (fe), car brasses.
castaeteo m (herr), chatter.
castao m, chestnut wood.
castauela 1, lewis; Iewis boIt; stone bolt, split
bolt; (naut) c1eat.
-- de cantera, lewis.
castillejo m, scaffolding, trestIework; pedestal;
bed frame.
castillete m, scaffoId; trestle bent; A frame;
horse; pile-driver leads; gallows frame; oil
derrick; (min) headframe.
-- armado, framed bent.
-- de cableva, eableway tower.
- de pilotes, pile bent.
- de transmisin,transmission tower.
-- provisorio (pte), falsework.
castillo m, (min) headframe; (sb) foreeastle.
- de popa (en), poop deek.
-" de proa (en), forecastle.
castina 1, flux.
casucha 1, shanty; (sh) eab.
cata j, test pit; testing, test boring, expIoration.
cataclstico (geol), catac1astic.
catadora j, earth auger, any tool for exploring
the ground.
catalejo m, telescope.
catalina I (Es) (C), sprocket, gear whee!.
catlisis j (qum), eatalysis.
cataltico, catalytie.
catalizador m, eatalyst, eatalytic agent.
- de lecho fijo (pet), fixed-bed catalyst.
-- usado, spent catalyst.
catalizar, to catalize.
catlogo m, catalogue.
catalpa I (mad), eatalpa.
catar, to explore the ground, dig test pits; to
sample.
catarata j, waterfali, eataract; (se) cataraet.
catarina I (M), sprocket.
catarocasI (geol) (A), cataeIastie roeks.
catastral, cadastral.
catastro m, inventory of real estate in a district;
eensus, eadastre.
cateador m, prospector; sampIer, trier.
catear, to make borings, explore the ground,
prospect; to sample.
catenaria j, catenary.
-- hidrosttica, hydrostatic catenary, elastica.
cateo m, prospecting, exploration; sampling.
cateto m, leg of a right triangle.
catetmetro m (lab), eathetometer.
catetrn m (ra), cathetron.
catigu m, an Argentine wood (semihard).
catin m (ele), cation, kation.
catinico, cationic.
catdico, cathodie.
ctodo m (elc), cathode.
-- a calefaccin directa, directIy heated eathode.
-- de calentamiento indirecto, indirectly heated
or equipotential cathode.
-.- de charco (de mercurio), pool-type cathode.
--virtual (ra), virtual eathode.
catodgrafo m, cathodograph, radiograph.
catolito m (cIe) , catholyte.
catptrico, catoptric (light).
catraca I (A), ratchet.
cauce m, channel, river bed.
-- de alivio, floodway.
-- de derivacin, diversion channc!.
-- de escape, tailrace.
-- de evacuacin, spillway ehannc!.
-- de llegada, headracc.
--libre, open channel.
caucin j, security, guaranty.
-- de licitador, bid security.
caucionar, to bond (employee).
caucho m, rubber; (V) automobile tire.
-- endurecido, hard rubber.
--regenerado, rec1aimed rubber.
-- silvestre, native or wild rubber.
cauchotado (A), rubbcrized, waterproofed.
cauchotar, to treatwith rubOOr.
caudal m, volume of flow.
- afluente, runoff, inflow.
- crtico, critical flow.
-- de avenida, flood flow.
-- de estiaje, low-water flow.
-- graduado o regularizado, regulated flow.
--instantneo, momentary flow.
-- medio, mean flow.
-- slido, material in suspension in a stream.
-- subcrtico, streaming flow.
-- supercrtico, shooting or supercritieal flow.
caudaloso, of great volume, running full, in flood
causticador. m, causticizer.
causticar, to causticize.
custico, caustie (ali senses).
cantil m (AC), soldering iron.
cautn m, soldering iron.
cava j, pit, excavation.
cavadizo, easily excavated.
cavador m, cxcavator.
- de agujeros de postes, (t) posthole digger.
-- de zanjas, trench machine, ditcher.
cavadora j, excavator.
-- cargadora, elevating grader.
-- de arcilla, pneumatic clay spade.
-- de capachos, bucket exeavator.
-- de desages, drainage ditcher.
cavadura j, excavation, digging.
cavar, to excavate, digo
cavazanjas, mquina, trench machine.
cavazn j (Es), excavation.
cavn m, a Chilean hardwood.
caverna j, cavern, holiow.
cavernoso, fuli of cavities, porous, containing
voids.
caveto m, quarter-round concave molding.
cavidad j, cavity.
cavitacin 1, cavitation.
cayo m, small island, cay, key; shoal.
caz m, flume, canal, race.
-- de descarga, tailrace.
-- de trada, headrace.
--vertedor, spillway channe!.
cazaclavos m, nail pulier, c1aw bar.
cazadera j, (min) bitch.
cazangueo m (M), c1earing land.
cazarremaches m, rivet set or snap.
cazo m, ladle, bucket, dipper.
-- de cola, gluepot.
- de colada, pouring or charging IadIe.
- de fundidor, casting ladle.
--para asfalto, asphalt dipper.
cazoleta j, bucket of a turbine; pan; doliy; (Sp)
water-c1oset bowl.
-- del diferencial (auto), housing of the differ-
ential.
cazonete m, toggle.
cebadero m, opcning for charging a furnace.
cebador m, (auto) priming eup; choke; (pu)
primer.
cebadura j, priming.
cebar, (bl) to prime; (pu) to p ~ i m e ; (bo) to feed,
charge; cebarse (vol)(M), to misfire.
cebo m, (bl) primer, fuse; (rd) binder; (bo)
charge.
- de gelatina (vol), gelatin primer.
-- elctrico, exploder.
- fulminante, blasting cap, exploder.
- retardado, delay blasting cap.
cebolla J (bm), strainer for footvalve.
cedazo m, screen, sieve, strainer, riddle.
-- corredizo, traveling screen.
-- de arrastre, drag screen.
-- de banda, band screen.
-- de disco, disk screen.
-- giratorio, revolving screen.
- para peces (hid), fish screen.
- sacudidor, shaking screen.
-- vibrante, vibrating screen.
ceder, to yield, give way, fail; to assign.
cedro m, cedar.
cdula J, certificate, official document; schedule;
(fin) (A) bond.
- de cambio, bill of exchange.
-- de investigacin (tr), tracer.
- hipotecaria (A), mortgage bond.
cegar, to wall up; to plug, stop up.
cegesimal a, centimeter-gram-second.
ceiba J, ceibo m, tropical tree that yields kapok.
ceja J, flange; (M) tire bead; (C) trail, path.
celador m, watchman; maintenance mano
celaje m (Es), skylight; transom.
celda J, cell; bin.
- de batera (A), battery cell.
- de energa, (eng) energy cell.
- fotoelctrica, photoelectric cell.
celita J, (ct) (conc admixture) cellite.
celoidina J (fma), celloidin.
celosa J, (str) latticing, lacing; window blind,
. lattice.
-- de ventilacin, louver.
clula J, cell; cubiele.
- fotoelctrica (A), photoelectric cell, photo-
cell.
- fotoemisora, phototube.
- talofido (ra), thalofide cell.
celular, cellular.
celuloide m, celluloid.
celulosa J, cellulose.
celulsico, cellulosic.
celuloso a, cellular.
cementacin J (mam) (met) , cementation.
cementador m (pet), cementer, cementing outfit.
cementadora J, (Sp) cement gun; (pet)(Ec)
cementing equipment.
cementar, to cement; to carburize, caseharden.
cementero a, pertaining to cemento
cementista m, ceme1').t worker, cement mason.
cementita J(met), cementite.
cemento m, cemento
-- a gr8<nel, bulk or lose cemento
- artificial (Es), Portland cemento
-- armado, reinforced concrete.
- asfltico, asphalt cemento
- de alta resistencia a .corto plazo (M), high-
early-strength cemento
- de alta resistencia inicial,high-early-strength
cemento
- de alta velocidad (M), high-eaJy-strength
cemento
- de alto calor, high-heat cemento
cebo 74 central
- de alto horno, slag cemento
- de bajo calor, low-heat cemento
- de calor moderado de fraguado, moderate-
heat-of-hardening cemento
-- de empizarrar, slater's cemento
-- de escoria, slag cemento
-_. de fraguado lento, slow-setting cemento
- de fraguado rpido, quick-setting or high-
early-strength cemento
-- de goma, rubber cemento
-- de slice, silica cemento
-- modificado, modified cemento
-- natural, natural cemento
-- para empaquetadura, gasket cemento
-- para pisos de vidrio, vault-light cemento
-- plstico para techos, roofing cemento
-- Portland, Portland cemento
-- puzolnico, pozzolanic cemento
-- reforzado (Col), reinforced concrete.
-- refractario, high-temperature or refractory
cemento
--resistente a los sulfatos, sulphate-resisting
cemento
-- romano (Es), natural cemento
-- sin arena, neat cemento
-- suelto, bulk or loose cemento
cementoso, cementitious.
cenagal m, swamp.
cenagoso, swampy.
cenicero m, ashpan, ashpit.
cenit m, zenith.
cenital, zenithal.
ceniza J, ash.
-- de soda, soda ash, anhydrous sodium car-
bonate.
cenizal m, ashpit, ash dump.
cenizas, ashes, cinders.
-- de plomo, litharge, lead ash.
--volcnicas, volcanic ash.
centelleo m (ra), flicker.
centesimal, centesimal.
centsimo m a, hundredth.
centirea J, centiare, centare.
centibara J, centibar.
centgrado, centigrade.
centigramo m, centigram.
centilitro m, centiliter.
centimetrado (A), dividedintocentimeters(tape).
centmetro m, centimeter.
centinormal, centinormal.
centipoise, centipoise.
centner m, centner.
-- mtrico, metric or double centner.
centrador m, centralizcr, centering device.
- de embrague (auto), elutch piloto
- fijo (mh), steady rest.
centradora J, (mt) spotting tool.
centraje m, centering.
-- propio, de, self-centering.
central J, plant, station; powerhouse; sugar milI
telephone exehange; a central.
-- auxiliar, stand-by power planto
-- azucarera, sugar millo
- de bombeo (Col), pumping station.
-- de energa o de fuerza, power plant, power-
house.
central
- de escorrenta (PR), river-run power planto
-- de hormign (A), concrete-mixing planto
-- de transformacin, transformer station, sub-
station.
- elctrica a vapor, steam-electric powerhouse.
-- electrgena o generadora, generating or
central station, electric powerhouse.
-- elevadora, pumping plant; hoisting installa-
tion.
-- hidrulica, water-power planto
-- medio encerrada (ele), semioutdoor station.
--telefnica, telephone exchange.
-- trmica, steam power planto
-- termoelctrica, steam-electric power planto
central m (C), sugar milI.
centrar, to center.
cntrico, central, centric.
centrffuga, centrugadoraJ, centruuge, centru-
ugal.
centrugar, to centruuge.
centrffugo a, centrifugal.
centrpeto, centripetal. .
centro m, center.
-- a centro, center t center.
-- de la .::rga o de distribucin (elc) , load cen-
ter, center of distribution.
-- de deformacin (fma), center of distortion.
-- de estacin (fma), camera station.
- de figura (mat), center of figure.
- de flotabilidad (an), center of buoyancy.
-- de flotacin (an), center of flotation.
-- de giro, center of gyration.
-- de gravedad, center of gravity.
-- de inercia o de masa, center of inertia or of
mass.
-- de momentos, center of moments.
- de perspectiva (fma), perspective center.
-- de presin, center of pressure.
-- de rotacin, center of gyration.
-- de simetra, center of symmetry.
-- de la vista (fma), center of visiono
- demogrfico, center of population.
- fotogrfico (fma), photographic or plate cen-
ter.
-- geomtrico, center of figure.
-- momentneo, instantaneous center.
- muerto, dead center (twist drill).
- substituto (fma), substitute center.
centroidal, centroidal.
centroide m, centroid.
centropunzn m (C), center puncho
ceolita J (miner)(pa), zeolite.
cepa J, butt end; stump; (Ch) trestle bent; (M)
footing, cutoff wall.
cepillado por cuatro caras (mad) , dressed four
sides.
cepillado por un canto (mad), dressed one edge.
cepilladora J, planer, plane; jointer.
-- de banco oscilante, reciprocating-table
planer.
-- desbastadora, jack planeo
cepilladuras J, shavings.
cepillar, to plane, face, dress; to brush.
cepillo m, plane; brush.
-- acabador, smooth planeo
-- acanalador, fluting planeo
75 cerca
- biselador, chamfer planeo
- bocel, plane for making half-round moldings.
- cncavo, hollovv planeo
-- convexo, round planeo
-- de achaflanar, bevel planeo
-- de alambre o de acero, wire brush.
- de albail (V), float.
-- de alisar, smooth planeo
- de angaletar (A), miter planeo
-- de astrgalos, beading planeo
-- de banco, bench planeo
-- de cantear, edge planeo
- de contrafibra, block planeo
-- de costado, side planeo
-- de encabezar escalones, nosing planeo
-- de ensamblar, dovetail planeo
-- de gramil, rabbet plane with fence.
-- de hierro doble, double-iron planeo
-- de juntas, jointing planeo
-- de madera (V), mason's float.
-- de mediacaa, half-round or reed planeo
-- de molduras, molding plane; beadingplane.
-- de ranurar, grooving or rabbet or plow or
dado planeo
-- de refrentar, cross-grain planeo
- dentado, toothing planeo
-- desbastador, jack planeo
--limador, shaping planer.
-- machihembrador, matching planeo
-- mecnico, planer, jointer.
-- mecnico de banco, bench planer or jointer.
-- metlico, wire brush.
--raspador, scraper planeo
--rebajador, rabbet or plowor sash planeo
--redondo, compass planeo
--universal, combination planeo
cepillo-juntera, jointing planeo
cepillo-rasqueta, scraper planeo
cepo m, waler, ranger, ribbon, stringpiece, strong-
back; cap of a bent; stock of an anvil;
stock of an anchor; shell of a tackle block;
clamp, vise.
cequin m (Ch) (V), irrigation canal.
ceraJ, wax.
- amarilla (pet), yellow wax.
-- de parafina, paraffin wax.
--para correas, belt wax.
cermica de construccin, hollow tile, structural
terra .cotta.
cermico, ceramic.
cerargirita J, cerargyrite, horn silver, native sil-
ver chloride.
cerca J, fence.
-- alambrada, wire fence.
--.alemana (C), worm or snake fence.
-- de estacas, paling fence.
- de lienzos (C) (PR) , fence built inpanels be-
tween posts.
-- de nacer, fence of wire onposts that have
taken root.
- de pie (C) (PR), paling. fence.
-- de piedra, stone wall.
- defensa de cable (ca), cable guardrail.
-- en zigzag, worm fence.
-- paranieve, snow fence.
--viva, hedge.
cercado 76 cicuta
ciego
77 cinchar
cercado m, fence, fencing.
- eslabonado, chain-link fencing.
cercar, to fence.
cerco m, fence; hoop; frame; (auto) rim; iron tire.
-- de alambre, wire fence.
- de barril, barrel hoop.
- de puerta, doorframe.
-- de rueda, tire.
-- de ventana, window frame.
cerco-gua (hid), gate frame.
cercha/, rib of an arch center; (Pan)(p) truss;
(Col) template; screed; (M) stalr string;
(dwg) spline; (,r) clearance gage.
cerchmetro m (fc)(A), clearance gage.
cerchn m, arch centering.
cerda I (inst), hair of the reticle.
creo a, wax, waxy.
ceresita 1, Ceresit. (trademark) (waterproofing).
cerezo m, cherry wood.
cerillo m, a Cuban lumber.
cernedor m, screen, sieve.
cerner, to screen, sift.
cernido .(m) hmedo, wet screening.
cemidor m, screen, sieve; (Col) buddle; sifter.
cerniduras 1, screenings.
cernir, to screen; (Col) to buddle.
cero m, zero.
ceroso, waxy.
cerrable (elc), sealable.
cerradero m, keeper or strike of a lock; padlock
eye; staple; any locking device.
-- angular, angle strike.
cerrado, closed; sharp (curve).
cerrador m, window shutter; locker; any closing
or locking device.
cerradura I (ft), lock.
- a tambor (A), cylinder lock.
- de aplicar (A), rim lock.
-- de arrimar, rim lock.
- de caja, rim lock; safe lock.
-- de cilindro, cylinder lock.
-- de cilindro paracntrico,paracentric lock.
- de combinacin, combination lock.
- de dos cilindros, duplex lock.
- de dos vueltas, double-throw lock.
- de embutir, mortise lock.
- de molinillo (Es), cylinder lock.
-- de muelle o de resorte, spring or snap lock.
- dormida, dead lock.
- rebajada, rabbeted lock.
--recercada (M), rim lock.
cerraja I (Es), lock.
cerrajear, to do locksmith work.
cerrajera 1, locksmithing; locksmith's shop;
builder's hardware; light ironwork; iron-
works.
cerrajero m, locksmith; architectural ironworker.
cerramiento m, closure; bulkhead; fence; parti-
tion; curtain wall; (min) dam, dike.
cerrar, to close; to fasten, lock; to enclose; to
obstruct, block; to seal.
-- con llave', to lock.
- el trazado, to close the survey.
cerrillada 1, range of low hills.
cerril1ar, to mill, knurl.
cerro m, hill.
cerrojo m, door bolt, bolt of a lock, latch; (C)
machine bolt.
- jJcodado, neck bolt.
- cilndrico -de aplicar, barrel bolt.
-- de aplicar, surface bolt.
-- de caja, case bolt.
- de caja tubular, barrel bolt.
-- de embutir, mortise bolt, flush bolt.
-- de pie o de piso, foot or floor or bottom bolt.
- de resorte, latch, spring bolt.
- dormido, dead bolt.
certeneja I (Ch) , hole scoured in the bed of a
stream.
certificado m, certificate.
-- de acciones, stock certificate.
-- de ensayo, test certificate.
-- de incorporacin, corporation charter, incor-
poration papers.
-- de nacimiento, birth certificate.
cerusa 1, white lead, ceruse, cerussite.
cerusita 1, cerussite (lead ore).
cesante a, unemployed;. discharged.
cesantear, to discharge (men).
cesantes 8, unemployed, discharged workers.
cesanta 1, unemployment, discharge.
cesio m (qulm), cesium.
csped m, sod, grass, turf.
cespol m, cespul m, (pb) floor drain, cesspool
(sd) (M) cesspool; (pb) trap.
cesta 1, basket; bucket; strainer.
-- de aspiracin (bm), strainer for foot valve.
- pescarripio (pet), junk basket.
cesto m, basket.
- te la centrfuga (az), centrifugal basket.
- de pesca (pet), junk basket.
cestn m, gabion, bundle of brushwood filled
with stone used in bank protection or
stream diversion.
cestonada 1, revetment of gabions.
cetano m (pet), cetane.
cianita I (miner), cyanite, kyanite, disthene.
cianizar, to cyanize.
cianofceas (is), Cyanophyceae.
ciangeno m (qulm), cyanogen.
cianuracinl (met), cyaniding.
cianrico, cyanuric.
cianuro m, cyanide.
cciclo, cyclic.
ciclo m (elc)(mec)(qulm), cycle.
-- cerrado o completo, closed or complete
cyele.
-- compuesto, (eng) mixed cycle.
-- de cuatro tiempos (mg), four-stroke cycle.
-- de enfriamiento invertido (aa) , reverse-re-
frigeration cycle, heat-pumping.
- de filtracin (pa), filter cycle.
-- de imanacin, magnetic cycle.
cicloidal, cycloidal.
cicloide 1, cycloid.
cicloinversor m (e16c), cycloinverter.
ciclmetro m, cyclometer.
cicln m, cyclone.
ciclnico, cyelonic.
ciclpeo (mam), cyclopean.
cicltomo (mat), cyclotomic.
cicuta I (mad), hemlock.
ciego, blind (flange, nut, window, etc.); blank
(flange, etc).
cielo m, ceiling; topo
-- abierto, a, on the surface, in open cut.
-- del hogar (cal), crown sheet.
-- descubierto, a, on the surface.
--raso, flat or flush ceiling, plastered ceiling.
-- raso acstico, accoustical ceiling.
cinaga 1, swamp, marsh.
ciencia 1, science.
cienegal m (PR), swamp.
cienmilsimo m, one hundred-thousandth.
cienmilmetro m, one hundredth of a millimeter.
cienmillonsimo m, one hundred-millionth.
cieno m, mud; sludge.
- activado (dac), activated sludge.
- de acumulador (e16c), battery mudo
- digerido (dac), digested sludge.
- elutriado (dac), elutriated sludge.
- hmico (dac), humus sludge.
cientfico, scientific.
ciento, cien m a, hundred.
cierracompuerta m (hid), gate-closing device.
cierrapuerta m, door check.
cierre m"closure, sealing, l o c k i n ~ .
-- a tornillo, screw lock.
- del cojinete (maq), bearing sed.
- de lnea (pet), line blindo
- del trazado (lev), closure.
- de vapor (mg) (M), vapor lock.
- definitivo (presa), final closure.
- hidrulico, water seal.
- relmpago, zipper.
cierro m, inclosure; fence.
cifra (f) global, lump sum (contract).
cigea 1, crank; sweep; winch, wincllass, cap-
stan; (C) handcar, automobile on a rail-
road track.
cigeal m, crankshaft.
- de compensacin, balanced crankshaft.
-- de cuatro codos, four-throw crankshaft.
- de dos codos, two-throw crankshaft.
-- de siete cojinetes, seven-bearing crankshaft.
-- eqUilibrado, balanced crankshaft.
-- simple o de un codo, single-throw crank-
shaft.
--voladizo, overhanging crankshaft.
cilanco m, slack or stagnant water, backwater.
ciliado a (is), ciliate.
cilindrada/, piston displacement, cylinder capac-
ity.
cilindradora 1, road roller.
cilindraje m, rolling, compacting.
cilindrar, to roll, compacto
cilindreo m, rolling.
cilndrico, cylindrical.
cilindro m, cylinder; roller, roll.
-- apisonador, tamping roller; paving roller.
-- compresor, road or paving roller.
-- de bomba, pump cylinder; working barrel.
-- de caldera, shell of a boiler.
-- de caminos, road roller.
-- de culata en T, T-head engine cylinder.
-- de curvar, bending rollo
-- de frenaje, brake cylinder.
-- de laminar, roll in a steel millo
- de prueba, test cylinder.
- graduado (lab), graduate cylinder.
- maestro (auto), master cylinder (brake).
- primitivo (en), pitch cylinder.
-- sacancleos, core barrel (drill).
- triturador, crushing rollo
cilindros
-- de conformar, forming ralls.
-- de enderezar, straightening rolls, (sb) man-
gle rolls.
-- de expansin (pte), expansion rollera.
-- de forjar, forging rolls.
-- terminadores (met), finishing rolls.
cilindroide m, cylindroid.
cilonita 1, Zylonite (trademark).
9.ma 1, crest, summit, peak, topo
cimacio m, ogee; (M) spillway bucket.
-vertedor, rollway (dam).
cimborrio m, dome; (min) roof, ceiling.
cimbra 1, arch centering.
cimbrar, to center (arch); cinIbrarse, to sway,
vibrate.
cimbreo m, sway, vibration.
cimbrn m (A), vibration.
cimbronazo m (V), earthquake.
cimentacin 1, foundation, footing.
-- de cajn, pneumatic-caisson foundation.
-- de emparrillado, grillage foundation.
- de zampeado, mat foundation.
- escalonada, stepped footing.
-- sobre pilotes, pile foundation.
cimentar, to laya foundation, to found.
cimento m (geol), cementing material.
cimiento m, foundation, footing; foundation
material; cemento
- de retallo, stepped footing.
-- ensanchado, spread footing.
- romano (Pe), hydraulic lime.
cimmetro m (ra), cymometer.
cimoscopio m (e16c), cymoscope.
cinabarital (Es), cinnabar.
cinabrio m, cinnabar (mercuryore).
cinc m, zinc.
- no gastable (e16c), wasteless zinc.
cincado, galvanized, zinc-plated, zinc-coated.
-- a fuego, hot-galvanized.
cincar, to galvanize, zincify.
cincel m, chisel, cutter, graver.
-- arrancador, floor or box chisel.
-- de filo en cruz (cantero), cross chisel.
- de fundidor, flogging chisel.
-- de pico redondo, roundnose chisel.
-- de uas (Es), stonecutter's chisel.
-- dentado (cantero), tooth chisel, bumper.
-- debastador, drove chisel, boaster, drove,
boasting chisel.
- hendedor, splitting chisel.
cincelador m, chipping hammer; chipping chisel;
stonecutter.
cincelar, to chisel, carve; to chip.
cincfero, containing zinc, zinciferous.
cincita 1, zincite, red zinc ore, red oxide of zinc
cinco sextos, five sixths.
cincha 1, girth, belt.
- de seguridad, safety belt.
cinchar, to cinch; to hoop, bando
cincho 78 crculo crculo 79 clavo
cincho m (M), belt, hoop, band, iron tire; (min)
frame for shaft timbering.
- de plomo, lead shield (for screw).
-- para herramientas, tool belt.
cinemtica J, kinematics.
cinemtico, kinematic.
cintica J, kinetics.
cintico, kinetic.
cinglador m, blacksmith's hammer; (met) shin-
gler; (met) squeezer.
-- de quijadas, alligator 01' crocodile squeezer.
-- rotativo o de leva, rotary 01' cam squeezer.
cinglar, to shingle (iron).
cinguera J (A), sheet-metal work, sheet-metal
shop.
cinguero m (A), sheet-metal worker, tinsmith.
cinta J, belt; tape; strip; (carp) batten, waler,
ribbon; (str) girt; sliver (rope).
- aisladora (elc), insulating 01' friction or
binding tape.
-- barnizada (elc), varnished tape.
-- conectora (carp), ribbon conneetor.
-- de acero, steel tape.
-- de agrimensor, measuring tape.
-- de bolsillo, poeket tape (measuring).
-- de cordones, corded tape (measuring).
- de dimetros (e), diameter tape.
- del embrague, eluteh bando
- de empalme (ele), friction or insulating
tape.
-- de encajonar, box strapping.
-- de freno, brake band; brake lining.
- de friccin, friction band; (elec) friction or
binding tape.
- de gnero (med), eloth tape.
-- de hierro, strap 01' band iron.
- de lienzo, linen tape.
-- de limpieza (al), eleaning tape.
-- de medir, tape line, measuring tape.
- de resorte, spring-winding tape (measuring).
-- de selvicultor, circumference or forester's
tape.
- de tela (lev), cloth tape.
-- de tela reforzada (lev), metallic tape.
- de transporte, belt conveyor.
-- de urdimbre metlica (C), metallic tape.
-- de vidrio (elc), glass tape.
- fusible (elc), fuse link.
- metlica (lev), metallic tape; (A) (Sp) steel
tape.
- metlica articulada (Es), chain belt.
- mtrica, measuring tape.
- pescadora (elc), fish wire, snake, pull wire,
fish tape.
- vitrificada (clc), glass tape.
cintada J (Iev) , tape length, tape measurement.
cinteada J (geal), band, strcak.
cintero m, (Sp) hoisting line; (surv) tapeman.
- delantero, head tapeman.
--trasero, real' tapeman.
cintillo m (PR), sidewalk curb.
cintra J, arch centering.
cintrar, to centor (arch).
cintrel m, template for an arch.
cintura J, :throat of a chimney; belt.
cinturn m, belt.
-- de guardalnea, lineman's belt.
- de seguridad, safety belt.
-- para herramientas, tool belt.
cipo m (Es), boundary monument; milepost.
ciprs m, cypress.
circn m (miner) (rfr), zircon.
circonia J (rfr), zirconia.
circnico, zirconic.
circonio m (qum), zirconium.
circuito m (elc), circuito
-- aceptor (ra), acceptor circuito
-- amortiguador, damping circuito
-- andico (ra), anode 01' plate circuito
-- atenuador de las altas (ra) , bass-boosting
circuito
-- ctodo-tierra (ra), cathode follower.
-- combinado, compound circuito
-- compuesto (tel), composited circuito
-- de absorcin (ra), absorption 01' tank circuito
-- de acoplamiento por resistencia, resistance-
coupled circuito
-- de admisin (ra)(A), acceptor circuito
-- de aproximacin (fc), approach circuito
-- de descarga (tv), discharge circuito
-- de disparo (ra), trigger circuito
-- de entrada, input circuito
-- de lnea (fc), line circuito
-- de media onda (ra), half-wave circuito
- de placa (ra), plate 01' anode circuito
-- de plena onda (ra), full-wave circuito
-- de prueba, test circuito
-- de rejilla (ra), grid circuito
-- de salida, output circuito
-- de sangra (ra), bleeder circuito
-- de va (fc), track circuito
-- de va libre (fc), elearing circuito
-- de vuelta, return circuito
-- derivado, branch circuito
-- desviador (tv), defiection circuito
-- en puente, bridge circuit; jumper circuito
-- equilibrado, balanced circuito
--fantasma, phantom circuito
--inducido, secondary circuito
--inductor, primary circuito
-- oscilador (ra), oscillatory circuito
-- oscilante barredero (ra), sweep circuito
--receptor (ra), receiving circuito
-- rechazador o repulsor (ra), rejector circuito
-- reflejo (ra), refiex circuito
-- restaurador (tv), restorer circuito
- tanque (ra) (A), tank circuito
-'- trampa (ra), trap circuito
circulacin J, circulation.
-- a gravedad (cO, gravity circulation.
-- forzada, forced circulation.
circulador m, circulator.
circular, v to circulate; a circular.
crculo m, cirele.
-- anual (mad), annualring.
-- azim.utal, azimuth cirele.
'-- cenital (trnsito), vertical circJe.
-- de ahuecamiento (en), dedendum cirele.
-- de aterrizaje (ap), circJe marker.
-- de cabeza (en), addendum circlc.
-- de esfuerzos, circle of stress.
-- de Mohr, Mohr's cirele.
- de pie (ms), 'oe cirele.
- de punto medio (ms), mid-point cirele.
- de talud (ms), slope cirele.
--primitivo (en), pitch 01' rolling cirele.
-- taquimtrico (inst), stadia circle.
circumpolar, circumpolar.
circunferencia J, circumference.
- de ahuecamiento o de raz (en), dedendum
01' root cirele.
- de base (en), base cirele.
-- de rotura, cirele of rupture.
-- de tensin (A), circle of stress.
-- primitiva (en), pitch cirele.
circunferencial, circumferentia!.
circunscribir (mat), to circumscribe.
cisco m, coal dust, culm, slack; (V) cinders.
-- de coque, coke breeze.
cisterna J, tank, cistern.
citacin (j) a licitadores, call for bids, invitation
to bidders.
citara J, brick wall 1 brick thick; (Col) partition
wall.
citarilla J, thin partition wall; (M) thin partition
block.
citarn m,'(C) wall2 bricks thick; (Col) header.
citrato (m) frrico amnico (lab), ferric ammo-
nium citrate.
ciudad J, city.
ciudadela J (cn) (A), bridge deck.
cizalla J, a shear.
-- de dentar (si), gummer shear.
-- de escuadrar, squaring shear.
-- de guillotina, guillotine 01' gate shear.
-- de palanca, lever 01' alligator shear.
-- hendedora, splitting shears.
-- mltiple, gang shear.
-- para chapa, sheet-metal shear.
- para metralla, scrap shcar.
- para planchas, plate shear.
cizallador m, shearer (man).
cizallamiento m, shearing stress; shearing.
cizallar, to shear.
cizalleo m, shearing; shearing stress.
dara J (A), spacing, span.
claraboya J, skylight; transom; elearstory.
- de bveda, vault light.
-- sin masilla, puttyless skylight.
claridad J, (il) brightness; (tv) (Sp) brilliance.
clarificador m, clarifier.
- de batea (pa), tray elarifier.
- de batea mltiple (pa) , multiple-trayclarifier.
-- intermitente, intermittent elarifier.
clarificar, to elarify.
clarifloculador m (is) , Clarifiocculator (trade-
mark).
clarigestor m (is), Clarigester (trademark).
clarin m, crayon.
claro m, clear space; clear span, bay, opening; a
bright (wire); elear (glass); light (color).
-- de compuerta, gate opening.
-- de puente, span of a bridge.
-- de puerta, doorway. .
- de ventana, window opening.
clasificador m (is) (min) (ag) , classifier; Bcreen.
-- cnico, cone classifier.
-- de arrastre, drag cla8Sifier.
-- de cedazo, screen classifier.
- de paletas o de rastrillo, rake classifier.
-- de rastro de vaivn, reciprocating-rake elas
sifier.
-- de rebose, overflow classifier.
-- de taza, bowl classifier.
-- en espiral (arena), spiral classifier.
--hidrulico, hydraulic elassifier, jig.
clasificar, to elassify, grade; to screen; to rateo
clstico (geol), elastic.
clavador m, (surv) (Ec) stake driver.
- de cabillas, (t) driftbolt driver.
-- de pernos, bolt driver; spike driver.
-- de postes de cerco, fence-post driver.
clavaestacadas m, sheeting hammer.
cJavar, to nail, spike; to drive piles; (sh) to crowd.
- a firme (Pi) (C), to drive to refusa!.
- hasta el rebote (pi),.to drive to refusa!.
clavazn J, stock of nails.
clave J, key, keystone; (conc) bonding key;
quoin; (V) lintel; (dwg) legend.
-- de trabazn (conc), bonding key.
clavellino m, a South American lumber.
clavera J, nail holeo
clavete m, small nail, tack.
clavetear, to tack, nai!.
clavija J, pin, peg, dowel, driftbolt; cotter; pin-
tle; (elec) plug; (elec) stud.
- a cuchilla (elc), knife plug.
-- de la cigea, (eng) crankpin.
-- de conexin (elc), terminal stud; attach-
ment plug.
- de contacto (elc), plug.
-- de correccin (inst), adjusting pino
-- de desconexin (elc), disconnecting plug.
-- de divisin (mh), index pino
-.- de dos patas, cotter pino
-- de escala, ladder rungo
-- de expansin (M), expansion bolt.
- de infinidad (elc), infinity plug.
- de piso (elc), fioor plug.
-- de trepar, polestep.
--hendida, cotter pin, split pin, spring cotter.
-- sincronizadora (elc), synchronizing plug.
- tndem (elc), tandem-blade plug.
clavito m, brad, small nail, tack.
-- cortado, cut finishing nai!.
-- de cabeza cnica, fiooring brad.
-- de Pars, wire brad.
--para contramarcos, casing nai!.
clavo m, nail, spike; (min) chimney; (min)(M)
rich body of ore.
- agrio, bright nail; (C) cut nai!.
-- arponado de techar, barbed roofing nai!.
-- comn de alambre, common wire nail.
-- corriente, common nail.
-- cortado, cut nail.
- cuadrado (C), cut nail.
-- de alambre, wire nai!.
- de barquilla, boat spike.
-- de cabeza acopada, cupped-head nai!.
- de cabeza embutida o perdida, countersunk
nai!.
-- de cabeza excntrica, offset-head nai!.
-- de chilla, lathing nai!.
- de doble cabeza, double-headed nai!.
e1avo 80 cloroamonaco clorocresol 81
codo
-- de embarcaciones, boat spike.
-- de filo de cincel, chisel-point nail.
de fundicin, foundry nail.
de listonaje, lath nail.
de muelle, dock spike.
de punta de aguja, needle-point nal1.
de punta diamante, diamond-point nail.
de punta excntrica, side-point nail.
-- de punta roma, blunt-point nail.
-- de ripiar, shingle nail.
-- de rosca, screw nail, drive screw.
-- de techar, roofing nail.
-- de tinglar, c10ut nail.
-- de va, track spike.
-- de 1 pulg, twopenny nail.
- de 1% pulg, threepenny nail.
- de 1V2 pulg, fourpenny nail.
- de 1% pulg, fivepenny nail.
-- de 2 pulg, sixpenny nail.
-- de 2
1
4 pulg, sevenpenny nail.
- de 2V2 pulg, eightpenny nail.
- de 2% pulg, ninepenny nail.
- de 3 pulg, tenpenny nail.
- de 3V4 pulg, twelvepenny nail.
- de 3% pulg, sixteenpenny nail.
- de 4 pulg, twentypenny nail.
- de 4%,pulg, thirtypenny nail.
- de 5 pulg, fortypenny nail.
- de 5% pulg, fiftypenny nail.
-- de 6 pulg, sixtypenny nail.
- de 8 pulg, eightypenny spike.
- espaol (C), cut nail.
--fechado, dating nail.
- francs, wire nail; (C) finishing nail.
- harponado, barbed nail.
-ingls (C), cut nail.
-lancero (M), toenail.
--marcador (min), spud, spad.
--para bisagra, hinge nail.
--para hormign, concrete nail.
- para lanchn, barge spike.
-- para remachar, c1inch nail.
- rielero, track spike.
clavo-pija, fetter-drive lag screw.
clavo-tornillo, drive screw.
clica I (ft) (A), keeper of a lock.
clima m, c1imate.
clima artificial (M), air conditioning.
climtico, c1imatic.
climatologa 1, c1imatology.
clingrafo m, c1inograph.
clinometra 1, clinometry.
clinmetro m, c1inometer, slope level, angle
meter.
clnquer m (M), clinker.
clismetro m (M), slope gage.
clistron m (ra), klystron,
clitmetro m, clinometer.
clivaje m (geo!), cleavage, stratification.
- de disyuncin, fracture c1eavage.
- de flujo, f10w c1eavage.
cloaca 1, sewer:
- colectora, intercepting sewer.
- de alivio o de rebose, relief or overflowscwer.
- de descarga, outfall sewer.
-- del edificio, drain.
-- de empotramiento (V), house eonnection to
a sewer.
-- de presin, depressed sewer.
-- derivada, branch sewer; lateral sewer.
-- domiciliaria, house sewer.
-- emisaria, outfall sewer.
-- escalonada, f1ight sewer.
--interceptadora, intercepting sewer.
-- maestra o mxima o troncal, trunk or main
sewer.
-- ovoide, egg-shaped sewer.
-- pluvial, storm sewer.
-- secundaria, submain sewer.
-- tubular, pipe sewer.
- unitaria (C) (A), combined sewer.
cloacal, pertaining to sewerage.
cloaquista m (A), man who lays sewer pipe.
cloche m (V), c1utch.
.:loque m, grapnel, grappling iron.
cloracin 1, ehlorination.
-- al punto de saturacin (is) , break-point
chlorination.
-- con residuo combinado aprovechable (pa) ,
combined residual chlorination.
-- con residuo libre aprovechable (pa), free
residual chlorination.
-- simple (pa), plain chlorination.
clorador m, chlorinator.
-- al vaco, vacuum chlorinator.
-- de alimentacin directa, direct-feed chlo-
rinator.
-- de mano, manual chlorinator.
-- de vaco visibl,e, visible-vacuum chlorinator.
cloramida I (qum), chloramide.
cloramina I (pa), chloramine, ammonia chlorine.
cloraminacin 1, chloramination. .
cloramoniar, to treat with chloramine.
clorar, to chlorinate.
clorato m (qum) , chlorate.
clorhidrato m, hydrochlorate.
clorhdrico, hydrochloric.
clrico, chloric.
clorificar, to chlorinate.
clormetro m, chlorimeter.
clorinacin 1, chlorination.
clorinador m, chlorinator.
clorinar, to chlorinate.
clorinmetro m, chlorometer.
clorita I (miner), chlorite.
clortico, chloritic.
cloritizacin 1, chloritization.
clorito m (qum), chlorite.
clorizacin 1, chlorination.
clorizador m, chlorinator.
clorizar, to chlorinate.
cloro m, chlorine.
-- amoniacal, proceso (pa), chlorine-ammonia
process.
-- combinado disponible, combined available
ehlorine residual.
--libre disponible, free available chlorine re-
sidual.
-- residual o restante (pa), chlorine residual.
cloroalimentador m (pa), Chlorofeeder (trade-
mark).
cloroamonaco m (is), chloramine.
clorocresol m (is), chloroc."sol.
clorofenol m (is), chloropheilOl.
clorofceas (is) , Chlorophyceae.
clorofila 1, chlorophy11.
clorometra 1, chlorometry.
clormetro m, chlorometer.
cloroplatinato m, chloroplatinate.
-- de amonio (lab), ammonium chloroplatinate.
-- potsico (is), potassium chloroplatinate.
cloroso, chlorous.
clorurar (qum) (met), to chloridize.
cloruro m, chloride.
-- urico, gold chloride.
-- de amonio, ammonium chloride, sal ammo-
niac.
-- de cal, ehloride of lime, bleaching powder.
-- de hidrgeno, hydrogen chloride, hydrochlo-
ric acid.
-- sdico, sodium ehloride, common salto
coagulacin 1, coagulation.
-- de flujo ascendente (is), upflow coagulation.
coagulador m, coagulator.
coagulante m, coagulant; a eoagulant, floceulent.
coagular, to eoagulate; to elump; coagularse, to
eoaglate, form f1oe; to clot, c1ump.
cogulo m, f1oc, coagulum, clot.
coaltar m (Es), tar, pitch.
coaltarizar, to coat with pitch.
coaltitud 1, coaltitude, zenith distance.
coasegurador m, coinsurer.
coaxial, coaxil, coaxial.
cobaltfero, containing cobalto
cobaltina, cobaltita I (miner), cobaltite, cobal-
tine.
cobalto m, cobalto
-- arsenical (miner), smaltite.
-- gris, smaltite, gray cobalto
cobaltoso, cobaItous.
cobertizo m, shed; penthouse; (Col) lean-to; (ap)
hangar.
-- de trasbordo, transfer shed.
- de trenes, train shed.
-- para carros, carbarn, car shed.
--para nieve, snowshed.
cobertura 1, cover, covering.
cobijadura I (geol) (A) , overthrust; alluvial de-
posit.
cobola 1, a Costa Rican pine.
cobre m, copper.
-- abigarrado, bornite, purple copper ore.
-- amarillo (miner), copper pyrites, chalcopy-
rite.
-- ampolloso, blister copper.
-- ailado, covellite, indigo copper; azurite,
blue copper ore.
-- azul, azurite, blue copper ore, blue malachite.
-- de acarreo (geol), drift copper.
- del ctodo (met), cathode copper.
-- de cementacin, cement copper.
-- gris, tetrahedrite, gray copper ore.
-- negro, blister or black copper.
--piritoso, copper pyrites, chalcopyrite.
--rojo, red copper ore, cuprite.
-- tenaz, tough-pitch copper.
--verde (miner), malachite, green malachite.
--vtreo, vitreous copper, torbernite.
cobreado, copper-plated.
cobrera 1, copper work; copper shop.
cobrero m, coppersmith.
cobrizado, copper-plated.
cobrizo, containing copper; copper-colored.
coca 1, kink.
coccin 1, baking, roasting, burning (brick).
coceo m (M), thrust.
cocer, to bake; to boil.
cociente m, quotient.
-- diferencial, differential coefficient or quOo
tiento
coco m (is), coccus.
cocobolo m, cocobolo (hardwood).
cocodrilo m (mec), grab; squeezer.
cochal (B)(Ec), lake, pondo
coche m, (rr) car, coach; c10sed automobile.
- automotor (fc), motorcar.
-- comedor, dining caro
-- de estacin (auto), station wagon.
-- de observacin, observation caro
-- de pasajeros (Ch), passenger caro
-- de remolque, trail caro
-- de tranva, streetcar, trolley caro
-- de turismo (auto), touring caro
-- dormitorio, sleeping caro
-- motor, (rr) motorcar.
-- saln, chair caro
cochecito lateral, sidecar (motorcycle).
cochera 1, carbarn; garage.
cochern m, enginehouse, roundhouse.
cochinilla I (mad), wood louse.
cochino m (met), pig.
cochitril m, cribo
cochura 1, baking, roasting.
codal m, strut, spreader, spur, trench brace;
frame of a saw; try square.
- del eje (cn), shaft strut.
codaste m (cn), sternpost; stern frame.
--popel, rudderpost, sternpost.
--proel, sternpost, propeller post, body post.
codeclinacin 1, codec1ination, polar distance.
codera I (nut), breast fasto
cdigo m, codeo
- de edificacin, building code.
-- de seales, signal code.
Cdigo Elctrico Nacional, National Electri')
Codeo
cdigo Morse (tel), Morse code.
codillo m, knee, elbow, bend.
cadmero m (pet), codirner.
codo m, (cons) knee; (machy) crank; (P) elbow,
bend.
-- abierto, long elbow.
-- angular, miter elbow.
-- cerrado, short elbow.
-- compensador, expansion bend.
-- con base o con soporte, base elbow.
-- con derivacin o con salida lateral, side-out-
let elbow.
-- con lomo o de copa, bossed elbow.
-- de campanas, bell-and-spigot quarter bend.
-- de curva alargada o de radio largo, long-
radius elbow.
- de doble ramal, double-branch elbow.
- de enchufes, elbow (for welding),
codo 82 coeficiente
coeficiente
83
cola
- de inglete, miter elbow.
-- de orejas, drop elbow.
- de palanca (maq), crank.
- de pendiente o de rosca inclinada, pitch
elbow.
-- de reducci6n, reducing elbow.
-- de retorno unido, return bend-close type.
-- de servicio, service or street elbow.
-- de tangente larga, long-tangent elbow.
-- de toma particular, service elbow.
-- de tres salidas, three-way elbow.
-- de uni6n, union elbow.
- de l/S, eighth bend.
- de tA, quarter bend.
- de 5%, sixty-fourth bend.
- de 11
1
4, thirty-second bend.
- de 22%, sixteenth bend.
-- de 45, eighth bend, 45 elbow.
-- de 60, sixth bend.
- de 72, fifth bend.
- de 180, return or half bend.
-- doble, offset; return bend; three-way
elbow.
-- en escuadra, right-angle bend.
-- en octavo, eighth bend.
-- en U, return bend.
_.- falso (as), flse knee.
-- macho y hembra, service or street elbow.
- obtuso (A), eighth bend.
--para baranda, railing elbow.
- para inodoro (pb), closet bend.
-- recto con desplazamiento, single-offset quar-
ter bend.
--reductor, taper or reducing elbow.
-- suave, long-radius elbow.
coeficiente m, coefficient.
-- completo de traspaso de calor (aa), over-all
coefficient of heat transfer.
- de absorci6n (ptica), absorption factor, co-
efficient of absorption.
-- de acidez (geol), acidity coefficient, oxygen
ratio.
-- de acoplamiento (elc), coupling coefficient.
-- de afluencia (hid), runoff coefficient.
-- de amortiguaci6n, coefficient of damping
(vibration).
-- de amortiguaci6n viscosa (ms), coefficient of
viscous damping.
-- de amplificaci6n (ra), amplification factor or
constant.
- de aprovechamiento (elc), load factor.
-- de aspereza (hid), coefficient of roughness.
-- de autoinducci6n (elc), coefficient of self-
induction, self-inductance.
-- de cada de tensi6n (elc), drop factor.
-- de cambio de volumen (ms), coefficient of
volume change.
- de cargamento (tr), load factor.
- de caudal (hid), coefficient of discharge.
-- de compactaci6n (ms), coefficient of consoli-
dation.
-- de conductividad trmica, coefficient of ther-
mal conductivitY.
- de consolidaci6n, (ea) coefficient of shrink-
age, shrinkage factor; (sm) coefficient of
consolidation.
- de deformaci6n (ms), deormation coeffi-
ciento
- de derrame (bid), runoff coefficient.
- de descargue (hid), coefficient of discharge.
- de deslizamiento, sliding factor (dam).
-- de desviaci6n (ra), defiection factor.
- de diagrama, (eng) diagram factor.
-- de dilataci6n, coefficient of expansiono
- de dispersi6n (elc), leakage factor.
- de elasticidad, modulus of elasticity.
-- de entrada (ve), coefficient of entry.
- de escamas (pa), coefficient of scale hard-
ness.
-- de escorrenta (bid), runoff coefficient.
-- de escuadreo (an), block coefficient, coeffi-
cient of fineness of displacement.
- de escurrimiento superficial (bid), surace
runoff coefficient.
-- de explotaci6n (fc), operating ratio.
-- de extinci6n (qum), extinction coefficient,
specific absorption indexo
-- de filtraci6n (ms), coefficient of percolation.
- del filtro (fma), filter factor.
-- de finura, coefficient of fineness.
- de flecha (est), defiection coeflicient.
-- de fricci6n o de frotamiento, friction factor,
coefficient of friction.
-- de fricci6n de deslizamiento, coefficient o
sliding friction.
- de gasto (hid), coefficient of discharge.
-- de hinchamiento (ms), coefficient of swelling.
- de inflaci6n (ms) (A), coefficient of swelling.
- de luminosidad (il), luminosity factor.
-- de modulaci6n (elc), modulation factor or
indexo
- de mortalidad, death rateo
-- de operaci6n (fc), operating ratio.
- de pandeo (est), buckling coeflicient.
- de permeabilidad, (hyd) percolation coeffi-
cient; (sm) coefficient of permeability.
-- de Poisson, Poisson's ratio.
-- de precipitaci6n, rainfall coefficient.
-- de producci6n, load factor (compressor).
- de productividad (pet), productivity indexo
-- de propulsi6n Can), propulsive coefficient.
-- de reactancia (elc), reactive factor.
-- de l;ectificaci6n (ra), rectification factor.
-- de recuperaci6n o de rechazo (Pi), coefficient
of restitution.
-- de recuperaci6n elstica (ms), coefficient o
elastic recovery.
-- de reflexi6n, (ra) refiection coefficient; (il)
refiection factor.
-- de relajamiento (met), relaxation factor.
-- de remoldeo (ms), remolding indexo
-- de rendimiento (aa) , coefficient of perform-
ance.
-- de resistencia, coefficient of strength.
- de restituci6n (ros) (fma), coefficient o resti-
tution.
-- de retardo, (byd) coefficient of retardation;
(wp) drag coefficient.
-- de retraso (hid), coefficient of retardation.
-- de riego, duty of irrigation water.
-- de rozamiento, coefficient of friction.
- de rugosidad (bid), roughness coefficient.
_ de seguridad, factor of safety.
_ de sequedad (irr), wilting coefficient.
_ de superficie (ag) , surface coefficient, sur-
face-area factor.
- de trabajo, factor of safety.
_ de transmisi6n, (ht) coefficient of transmis-
sion; (il) trantintitiion factor.
_ de traspaso superficial de calor (aa) , film
coefficicnt of heat tran8fer.
_ dielctrico, dielectric constant.
__ espumante, foaming coefficient (water).
__ resistivo (e16c) (A), coefficient of resistance.
__ uniforme (ms) (C), uniformity coefficient.
coeficientes del Almirantazgo (an) , Admimlty
constants.
coercitividad j (elc), coercivity, coercive force.
cofa j (en), top, crow's-nest.
cofactor?n (mat), cofactor.
cofsico, cophnsal.
cofre?n, box; crib; bin; (A) concrete form; (auto)
(M) hood.
cogedero m, handIe., grip; bail.
__ indicador de tensi6n (1cv) , tension handle,
sp;'ing balance.
cogegotas ?n, drip pan.
coger, to grasp; to collect; to c10se up, obstruct;
(mas) (Col) (V) to point.
cogollo m, small end of a pole or pile.
coherencia j (mat), coherenee.
coherente m, binder; a cohesive, coherent.
cohesin j, cohesion, bond.
__ aparente (ms) , apparent cohesion.
-- verdadera (ms), true cohesion.
cohesivo, cohesive.
cohesor m (m), coherer.
cohete m (min) , blasting fuse; blast hole; (M)
dynamite cartridge.
cohetear (min) (M), to blast.
coig m, a South American softwood.
coihue m, a Chilean hnrdwood.
coincidencia j, coincidence.
coincidente, eoincident.
coincidir, to coincidc; to match (rivet holes).
cojear, (eng) to knock.
cojn m, cushion, pad; pillow block.
__ del embrague, c1utch cushion.
-- de vaco (conc), vacuum mato
__ roscado para soldar (tub), welding pad.
cojinete m, bearing, pillow block, journal box;
bushing; (th) die.
__ a municiones, ball bearing.
-- a rulemn, roller bcaring.
__ acabador (rs), sizer die.
__ autoalineador, self-aJigning bearing.
__ autolubricador, oilless 01' self-Iubricating
bearing.
__ axial, axial or thrust bcaring.
-- cerrado, solid bearing.
-- c6nico, cone Q()al'ing.
- de agujas, neeclle bearing.
__ de alineamiento, alignment bcaring.
__ de anmo esfrico, spherical-race bearing.
_ de asiento (A), step beariug.
-- de b{tllcada, base or muin bearing.
__ de bolas axial, thrust-type billl bearing.
- de bolas con adaptador, adapter-type ball
bearing.
__ de bolas con anillo de resorte, snap-ring-
type ball bearing.
-- de bolas de contacto angular, angular-con-
tact ball bearing.
_ de bolas de empuje, thrust-type ball bear-
ing.
-- de bolas de empuje doble, two-direction
thrust ball bearing.
_ de bolas de protecci6n doble, double-
shielded ball bearing.
-- de bolas de protecci6n simple, single-shielded
ball bearing.
- de bolas doble, double-row ball bearing.
-- de bolas radial, radial ball bearing.
-- de bolillas, ball bearing.
-- de casco recambiable, replaceable-shell
bearing.
- de cola, tail bearing.
-- de collares, collar bearing.
-- de descanso, pillow block.
_ de doble efecto, two-<1irection (roller) bear-
ing.
-- de efecto simple, single-direction (roller)
bearing.
-- de empuje, thrust or axial bearing.
__ de engrase automtico, self-lubricating bear-
ing.
- de fila nica, single-row (ball) bearing.
- de filas mltiples, multirow (ball) bearing.
-- de gua, pilot or guide bearing.
-- de manguito, sleeve bearing.
-- de piedra (inst), jewel bearing.
-- de resorte (mh), spring die.
-- de rodillos ahusados, tapered roller bearing.
-- de rodillos esfricos, spherical roller bearing.
-- de rodillos rectos, straight roller bearing.
-- de rolletes, roller bearing.
- de rolletes c6nicos, tapered roller bearing.
-- de roscar, die for threading, screw plate.
-- de suspensin, suspension bearing.
-- de terraja, die for threading.
- de tope (U), thrust bearing.
-- enterizo, unit or solid pillow block.
-- exterior, outboard bearing.
-- flotante, floating bearing.
- partido, split pillow block.
--piloto, pilot bearing.
-- radial, radial or annular bearing.
--radioaxial, radial-thrust bearing.
-- recalentado, hot bearing.
cok m, coke.
-- de petr6leo, petroleum eoke.
-- de retorta, gas coke.
-- para altos hornos, blast-fumaee coke.
cola j, glue; tail; (t) tang, fang, shank; stub,
stump.
-- aislante, insu1ating glue.
-- animal o de huesos, animal glue.
- de agua fra o de casena, cold-water 01
casein glue. casein cemento
-- de barrena, shank of a drill.
- de carpintero, joiner's glue.
-- de golondrina (carp) (mec) , swallowtaiL
dovetail.
cola
84
colocadora
colocar 85 combustIeo
-- de martillo, peen of a hammer.
-- de milano o de pato, dovetai!.
- de pescado, isinglass; fish glue; fishtail (bit).
- de rata, rattail (file); driftpin.
-- marine, marine glue.
--para madera laminada, plywood glue.
colas (min), tailings, chats.
colada 1, (met) melt; (conc) pour; (conc) lift;
(conc) batch.
- de prueba, trial batch.
coladera 1, strainer; (M) (PR) leaching cesspool;
(M) sewer, drain.
coladera-punta, well point.
coladero m (min), winze, ore chute.
colado en el lugar (conc), poured in place.
colador m, strainer.
-- a presin, pressure strainer.
-- de cao pluvial (to), leader strainer.
-- de cesta, basket-type strainer.
-- de coque, coke strainer.
-- de lodo (pet), mud screen, shale shaker.
- para hojas (hid), leaf screen.
colagn m (M), conduit, canal.
colanilla 1, door bolt.
colapez 1, isinglass; fish glue.
colapsible (M), collapsible.
colapso m (M), failure, collapse.
colar, to pour; to strain; to cast; (tun)(M) to
drive, bore; to sink (shaft): colarse, to
seep, percolate; to sift.
-- en basto, to rough-cast.
colatitud 1, colatitude.
colato de sodio (Iab), sodium chalate.
colctar m (abrasivo), colcothar, rauge.
colcha I (ais), quilt, blanket.
colchado m (cab), lay.
- a la derecha, right lay.
-- a la izquierda, left layo
-- corriente o cruzado, regular or plain layo
--lang o paralelo, lang or cable layo
colchar, to lay rope.
colchn m, cushion, mattress; (elec cab) bedding.
- amortiguador (hid) (Col), stilling pool.
-- de agua, water cushion, stilling pool.
- de barro (hid), clay blanket.
- de cieno (dac), sludge blanket.
- filtrador (pa), filter blanket.
- hidrulico (M), stilling pool.
colear, to yaw, buck; (auto) to shimmy.
colectivo m (tI') (A), small public bus.
colector m, collector; catch basin, trap; intercept-
ing sewer; (irr) n;turn ditch; (elec) com-
mutator; (elec) collector; (min) collector;
(p) (Pan) manifold.
-- cloacal, main sewer.
-- de aceite, oil trap; drip pan; (auto) oil"pan.
-- de aguas blancas (A), storm-water sewer.
-- de aire, air trap.
- de aire comprimido, air receiver (compres-
sor).
- de alivio (M), relief sewer.
-' de arco (fc elc), bow trolley.
- de avenidas (Es), storm sewer.
- de barro, mud trap, catch basin.
-- de cascajo, grit collector.
-- de condensado, condensate or steam trap.
-- de corriente (elc), current collector.
-- de desage, (Pb) main soil pipe, house drain
(Pe) sewer.
-- de escamas (pet), scale trap.
-- de espumas (dac), scum collector.
-- de fango, mud trap.
-- de grasa, grease trap.
-- de humedad, moisture separator or trap.
-- de lodos, sludge collector.
- de prtiga (fc elc), pole trolley.
-- de polvo, dust collector.
- de sedimentos (cal), mud drum.
-- de tormentas (Es), storm sewer
- de tubos, manifold header.
-- de vapor (loco), steam drum.
--pantgrafo, pantograph trolley
-- pluvial, storm-water sewer.
-- sanitario, sanitary sewer.
--visitable (Es), sewer large enough for a man
to entero
colector-cabezal, header of a boiler.
clera (m) asitico, Asiatic cholera.
calero m, gluepot; (min)(M)(Pe) labor foreman.
coleta 1, burlap.
colgadero m, hanger.
colgadizo m, shed,lean-to; a hanging, suspended.
colgador m, hanger.
-- autoalineador, self-aligning hanger.
- de artefacto (elc), fixture hanger.
- de cable, (cy) fall-line carrier; (elec) cable
hanger.
- de canaln (to), gutter hanger.
-- de mensajero (elc), messenger hanger
- del revestidor (pet), liner hanger.
-- de tubo, pipe hanger.
-- de vigueta, joist hanger.
c o l g a ~ t ~ m, hanger, pendant; a suspended, hang-
mg.
-- de servicio (elc), service drop.
-- giratorio, swivel hanger.
colgar, to hang.
coli-aergenes (is), coli-aerogenes.
colibacilo m (is), colon bacillus, Bacillu8 eolio
coliforme, coliform (bacteria).
colillas I (min), tailings.
colimacin 1, collimation.
colimador m, collimator.
colimetra I (pa) (U), coliform density.
colina 1, hil!.
colineacin I (mat), collineation.
colineal, collinear.
colisa 1, slide; (eng) link.
- de Stephenson (mv), Stephenson link.
colisin 1, collision.
colmado, heaped up.
colmatacin 1, colmataje m, filling; earth fill;
(A) silting up.
colocabilidad I (conc) (M), placeability.
colocado en fro (ca), cold-Iaid.
colocador m, setter, placer, positioner; (sa) seto
works.
- de ladrillos (C), bricklayer.
-- de vagones, cal' spotter.
- de va (maq), track layer.
colocadora 1, setter, placer.
-- neumtica, pneumatic concrete placer.
colocar, to place, locate, set; to invest.
colodin m, collodion.
colofonia j, resino
cologaritmo m, cologarithm.
coloidal, colloida!.
coloide m, colloid.
coloniaj, (PR) sugar plantation; (A) farm; (Iab)
colony.
color m, color.
. color de recocido, tcmper color.
amarille>, yellow.
amarillo claro, light yellow.
amarillo de paja, straw color.
amarillo oscuro, dark yellow.
amarillo plido, faint yellow.
azul, blue.
azul brillante, bright blue.
azul oscuro, dark blue.
azul puro, full blue.
blanco, white.
castao amarillento, brown ycllow.
castao purpreo, purple brown.
castao rojizo moteado, spotted red brown.
cereza claro, light cherry.
negro' rojizo, black red.
pajizo oscuro, dark straw.
pajizo plido, pale straw.
prpura, purple.
rojo cereza mediano, medium cherry red.
rojo cereza oscuro, darle cherry red.
rojo cereza puro, full cherry red.
rojo de sangre oscuro, dark blood red.
salmn, salmon.
salmn claro, light salmon.
color patrn, standard color.
colorante m, coloring matter.
colorimetra 1, colorimetry.
calorimtrico, colorimetric.
colormetro m, colorimeter.
colpa 1, copperas; (min) (Pe) a silvcr ore.
columna j, column.
-- cerrada, boxcolumn.
-- combinada, combination column.
-- compuesta, (str) built-up column; (conc)
composite column.
-- de agua (fc), water column.
-- de asiento esfrico, round-end column.
-- de barras Z, Z-bar column.
- de burbujeo (pet), bubble column.
-- de caja, box column.
-- de celosa, latticed column.
-- de direccin (auto), steering column.
- de equilibrio (hid), surge tank.
-- de extremo fijo, fixed-end column.
-- de fraccionamiento, fractionating tower.
-- de fundicin, cast-iron column.
- de plancha y ngulos, plate-and-angle col-
umn.
-- de planchas atiesadoras, battened column.
-- escalonada (est), stepped column.
-- fnix, Phoenix column.
-- H, H column.
- Lally, Lally column.
-- positiva (eI6c), positive column.
- reguladora (hid), surge tank, standpipe.
-- tubular, steel-pipe column.
-- zunchada (conc), hooped column.
columnar (geol)(mincr), columnar.
columnata 1, row of columns, colonnade.
columpio m, bascule, any device with a swinging
motion.
coluvial (geol), colluvial.
collado m, hil1; saddle, gap, pass.
collar m (mec), collar, collet.
- de bolas, ball race (bearing).
-- de cementar (pet), cementing collar
- de circulacin (pet), mud collar.
-- del excntrico (mv), eccentric strap.
-- de hincar (pi), drive sleeve.
-- de mstil (en), mast collar.
- de perforacin (pet), drill collar.
- de terraja (mh) (A), threading die.
-- de tope, stop collar.
- de vaciado (tub) (V), joint runner.
-- micromtrico, micrometer collar.
-- para rueda (fc), whcel seat.
- poratescobillas (eI6c), brush ringo
collarn m, collar.
-- de empuje, thrust collar.
-- del prensaestopas, gland.
collera I (fc)(A), a length of track between two
pairs of opposite joints.
coma j (fma), coma.
comaln m (eI6c) (C), come-along clamp.
comando m, contro!.
-- a distancia, remote contro!.
- digital, finger-tip control.
comarca j, region, territory.
comba 1, warp, wind, bulge; camber; (rd) crown;
(Pe) maul, sledge; (auto)(A) caster; (ra)
(Sp) antinode, loop.
- de canto (mad), crook.
- de plano (mad), bow.
combada de oxgeno disuelto (is), oxygen sag.
combaduraj, warping, bulging; camber; sag.
combar, to camber; to bend; (Ch) to strike with
a maul; combarse, to sag, warp, bulge;
(na) to hog.
combersal (to)(A), valley.
combs m, waist of a ship.
combinacin I (mat) (qum), combination.
combinado qumicamente, chemically combined.
combinador m (eI6c), controller.
-- de gobierno, master controller.
-- magntico, full-magnetic controller.
combinarse (qum), to combine.
combo m, maul, sledge.
comburente m a, combustible.
combustibilidad 1, combustibility.
combustible m, fuel; a combustible.
- de seguridad, safety fuel.
-- tipo, reference fue!.
combustin 1, combustion.
-- a presin invariable, constant-pressure com-
bustion.
-- a volumen constante, constant-voIume com-
bustion.
-- espontnea, spontaneous combustion.
- fraccionada, fractional combustion.
--fumvora, smokeless combustion.
- retardada, afterburning.
combustleo m, fuel oil.
combust61eo 86 compreso
compres6metro 87 compuesto
compres- \ -- de calefaccin, furnace oil.
-- Diesel, Diesel oil.
-- para buques, bunker oil.
comejn m, termite.
comerciable, marketable; merchantable (grade).
comisara j, commissary.
comisariato m (Ec), commissary.
comisario (m) de averas (seg), average surveyor.
comisin j, committee, commission; (surv) (C)
party, corps; (com) cornmission.
-- de estudios (C), survey party.
compacidad j (ot) (V) (PR) , compaction, com-
pactness.
compactacin j, compacting, consolidating.
compacto, compact, dense.
compaa j, company, corporation.
-- annima, ptock ompany, corporation.
-- aseguradora, insurance company.
- colectiva, partnership.
-- fiadora, bonding company.
- por acciones (C), stock company.
comparador m, comparator; comparer.
-- de banco, bench comparator.
-- de bloque, block comparator.
- de color, color comparator.
-- de pie, pedestal comparator.
compargrafo m (fma), comparagraph.
compartidor m (A), official charged with the dis-
tribution of irrigation water.
compartimiento m, compartment, (1'1') stateroom.
- de calderas (cn) (A), boiler room.
- de mando (co), driving compartment.
- de mquinas (cn) (A), engine room.
comparto m (irr)(A), division box.
comps m, compass, dividers, calipers.
-- con arco, wing compass 01' dividers; quadrant
compass.
- de agrimensor, surveyor's compass.
-- de biseccin, bisecting dividers.
- de calibres (Es), calipers.
- de corredera (Es), slide caliper.
- de cuadrante (Es), wing compass 01' dividers.
- de divisin, dividers.
- de divisin a resorte, hairspring 01' spring
dividers.
- de espesor, calipers, outside calipers.
-- de espirales, volute compass.
- de exterior, outside calipers.
- de gruesos, calipers, outside calipers.
- de mar, mariner's compass.
- de marcar, scribing compass.
-- de muelle, bow pencil 01' pen 01' dividers.
- de precisin, hair compass, hairspring di-
viders.
- de proporcin, proportional dividers.
- de punta fija o de punta seca, dividers.
- de reduccin, proportional dividers.
- de regla (B), beam compass.
- de trazar, draftsman's compass.
-- de tres piernas, triangular compass.
-- de vara, beam compass, trammel.
-- deslizante, beam compass.
- divisor, dividers.
- giratorio, rotating 01' drop spring 01' rivet
compass.
-- hermafrodita, hermaphrodite caliper.
--interior, inside calipers.
-- micromtrico, micrometer calipers.
-- para huecos, inside calipers.
-- portalpiz, pencil compass.
-- universal, universal compasses.
compensacin j, compensation; balancing; take-
up.
-- de bajos (ra), bass compensation.
-- de la brjula, compass compensation.
-- de la pendiente (fc) , grade compensation
(for curvature).
-- de tierra (ra) (Es), counterpoise.
- de tierras (ot), balancing cuts and filis.
-- por accidentes de trabajo, workmen's com-
pensation.
compensador m, compensator (aU senses); equal-
izer, adj uster.
-- armnico (auto), harmonic balancero
-- de arranque (elc), starting compensator.
-- de freno, brake adjuster.
-- de impedancia (elc), impedance compen-
sator.
- de prdida de tensin (elc), line-drop com-
pensator.
- de ruedas (auto) (A), wheel balancero
-- elevador (elc), balancer-booster.
compensar, to compensate (aU senses); to bal-
ance, equalize.
competencia j, competence, fitness, capacity;
competitive bidding, competition; (1') com-
petence.
competente (geol), competent.
complejo m a, complexo
- fundamental (geol), basal complexo
complementario (mat), complementary.
complemento m (mat), complemento
complexo a, complexo
componente m j, component (al! senses); (chem)
constituent.
- desvatada (elc), wattless component.
-- electromagntica (ra), magnetic component.
-- en fase (elc), inphase component.
--harmnica (elc), harmonic component.
--negativa de secuencia (elc), negative se-
quence component.
--nula de secuencia (elc), zero sequence com-
ponent.
--positiva de secuencia (elc), positive se-
quence component.
--vatada (elc), active 01' inphase component.
componer, to repair, overhaul.
composicin j (qum) (mat), composition.
composturas j, repairs.
compound a (mv) (elc), compound.
-- cruzado, cross-compound.
-- en tndem, tandem-compound.
compoundaje m, compounding.
comprador m, buyer.
compregnado, compregnated (plywood).
compresibilidad j, compressibility.
compresible, compressible.
compresmetro m (A), compression gage.
compresin j, compression.
-- de dos etapas, two-stage compression.
compresivo, compressive.
compreso, compressed.
compresmetro m, compression gage,
someter.
compresor m, compressor.
- de ngulo, angle compressor.
- de anillo (herr), piston-ring compressor.
- de chorro (aa), jet compressor.
- de un grado, single-stage compressor.
- de volumen (ra), volume compressor.
- en lnea recta, straight-line compressor.
- multigradual, mu1tistage compressor.
compresores gemelos, duplex compressor.
compresora j, compressor.
- a correa, belt-dl'iven compressor.
- a motor, motor-driven compressor.
-- axial, axial-flow compressor.
- centrfuga de aletas radiales, radial-blade
centrifugal comprcssor.
- de aletas corredizas, sliding-vane rotary'
eompressor.
- de cinco grados, five-stage compressor.
- elevadora, booster compressor.
- mvil, portable compressor.
-- neumtica (M), air compressor.
--rociadora, spraying compressor.
--rotativa, rotary compressor.
compresorista m, operator of a compressor.
comprimible, compressible.
comprimir, to compress, compacto
comprobacin (j) del trnsito (Ec), tracing (a
shipment).
comprobador m, checker; tester.
-- de contadores, mcter testero
m, voucher.
- de venta, bill of sale.
comprobar, to check, verify; to proveo
compuerta j, (hyd) gato; (bldg) haH door; (tk)
gate; (V) bulkhead in a concrete formo
- abatible (co), down-folding gateo
- acuada (vi), wedge gate.
- aforadora, motcrgate.
-- basculante, tilting gato.
--Broome, Bl'oome 01' catorpillar gate.
- cilndrica, rolling 01' rollor gato; ring gate.
-- de abanico (M), Tainter 01' radial gato.
-- de abatimiento, bear-trap gato; drum gato.
- de aguja, noodle valve.
- de aletas ajustables (aa) , multiplo-Iouvcr
damper.
- de alzas, bcar-trap gate, roof wcir.
- de anillo, ring gateo
-- de anillo corredor (Col), ring-follower gateo
- de anillo estancador, ring-scal gate.
-- de anillo seguidor, ring-follower gate.
-- de arco (min), arc 01' radial gatc.
- de arco inferior (min), undcrswung are gate.
- de arco superior (min), ovcrhung arc gate.
- de .arranque, head gate.
-- de basuras, skimming gateo
-- de bifurcacin (irr) , bifurcation gatc.
-- de buzn (ag), bin gateo
- de cabecera, hoad gateo
-- de cierre anubr, ring-soal gato.
-- de cizalla, shoar gato.
- de cola (co), tail gate.
-- de cua, wcdgo gate (valve).
- de chapaleta o de charnela, fiap gate.
-- de desage o de evacuacin, sluice 01' waste
gateo
-- de deslizamiento, sliding gate.
- de doble cua, double-disk gate (valve).
-- de esclusa, sluice gate; lock gate, fioodgate.
-- de guillotina, shear gate; sliding gateo
- de limpia, sluice gate (dam).
-- de marea, tide gate, fioodgate.
-- de orugas, caterpillar 01' Broome gateo
-- de paso, shutoff gate.
- de perforacin (pet), drill gateo
- de postigo (turb), wicket gateo
- de purga, sluice gateo
-- de retencin, backwater gateo
-- de rodamiento, roller gate.
- de rodillos, fixed-wheel gate, truck-type
gate; Stoney gate; coaster gate.
-- de ruedas fijas, fixed-wheel gateo
-- de sector, sector gate; drum gateo
-- de sector rodante, rolling sector gate.
-- de segmento, segmental 01' Tainter gateo
-- de servicio (i1'1'), delivery gate.
-- de tablero engoznado, hinged-leaf gate,
shutter weir.
-- de tambor, drum gateo
- de tiro, damper (fiue).
- de tolva (ag), hin gateo
-- de toma, intake 01' head gateo
-- de urgencia, emergency gate.
- de vagn (Es), truck-type 01' fixed-wheel
gate.
-- defiectora (aa), defiecting damper.
-- derivadora (i1'1'), delivery gate, turnout, divi-
sion gate.
-- desarenadora, sand 01' sluice gateo
-- descargadora, sluice 01' waste gateo
- deslizable (A), coaster gateo
- desripiadora (Ch), sluice gateo
-- desviadora, diversion gateo
-- elevadora o levadiza, rising gateo
- estranguladora (aa), throttling damper.
-- flotante (ds), caisson.
-- medidora (irr), metergate.
-- partidora (i1'1'), bifurcation 01' division gate.
-- piloto, filler gateo
-- radial, radial 01' Tainter gate; (min) arc gate.
-- radial inferior (min), underswung arc gateo
-- radial superior (min), overhung arc gateo
--rodante, roller gate; rolling sector gate.
-- trasera (co), tail gateo
-- trasera cargadora, tail-gate loader.
- tubular (Es), gate valve.
compuertas
-- de demasas, spi1lway gates.
-- de derrame, spillway 01' crest gates.
-- del-umbral, crest gates.
compuesto m, a compound; a compound, (str)
built up.
-- aditivo (qum), addition compound 01'
producto
- aislador, insulating compound.
-- d cortar (mil), cutting compound.
-- de c)1racin (conc), curing compound.
-- de enfriamiento, cooling compound; (mt)
cutting compound.
- de pulir, lapping 01' compound.
compuesto 88 condensador condensador 89 conductor
-- de retacar, calking compound.
- de sellar (elc), sealing compound.
-- de soldar, soldering paste; brazing com-
pound.
- de tarrajar, thread dope.
-- desincrustante, boiler compound.
--impermeabilizador, waterproofing com-
pound.
- inflamable (vol), flash compound.
- para banda, belt dressing.
-- para cable, cable compound or dressing.
--para enchufes (tub), joint compound.
-- para engranajes, gear compound.
--para roscas, thread paste.
- para terminador de cable (elc), pothead
compound.
-- qumico, chemical compound.
- sellador de juntas (ca), joint-sealing com-
pound.
computador m (inst)(M), computer.
computar, to compute, calculate.
computista m, computer.
cmputo m, computation.
comunicacin!, communication.
concadenamiento m, linkage.
concavidad!, concavity.
cncavo m, cncava!, cavity, hollow.
cncavo a, concave, dished.
cncavo-convexo, concave-convex.
concentracin!, concentration.
- en seco (min), dry concentration.
- hidrogeninica (pa), hydrogen-ion concen-
tration.
- por venteo (min), dry blowing.
concentrado m, a concentrate; a concentrated.
concentrador m, concentrator.
concentrar, to concentrate.
concentricidad!, concentricity.
concntrico, concentric.
concesin!, concession, grant; (mech) allowance.
-- social, corporate franchise or charter.
concesionar (M), to grant a concession.
concesionario m, holder of a concession, licensee,
grantee.
conconete m (M), small irrigation ditch.
concordancia (j) de fases (elc), phase coinci-
dence.
concrecin! (geol), concretion.
concrecional, concretionary.
concrecionar, to sinter.
concretar, to concrete.
concretera! (C), concrete mixer.
concreto m, (cons) concrete; (su) concrete, con-
crete sugar.
- a soplete (AC) , gunite.
-- acorazado, armored concrete.
-- agrio, harsh concrete.
-- aguado, sloppy concrete.
- armado, reinforced concrete.
-- ciclpeo, cyclopean concrete.
-- de cenizas, cinder concrete.
-- de clavar, nailing concrete, Nailcrete (trada-
mark).
-- de escorias, slag concrete; (C) cinder con-
crete.
-- en masa, mass concrete.
-- fresco, green concrete.
-- graso, rich concrete.
-- grueso, harsh concrete.
--magro o pobre, lean concrete.
-- premezc1ado, ready-mixed or plant-mixed
concrete.
--premoldeado, precast concrete.
-- reforzado, reinforced concrete.
-- simple, plain concrete.
-- tieso, stiff concrete.
-- trabajable, workable concrete.
concurrente (mat) (seg), concurrent.
concursante, bidder.
concurso m, meeting, assembly.
- de acreedores, creditors' meeting.
- de competencia (A), competitive bidding.
concusin!, concussion.
"concha !, shell, casing; boiler scale; (V) mill
scale; (V) scale of rust; (ce)(M) scalepan,
skip.
- de almeja, (bu) clamshell.
conchabador m (A), labor contractor.
conchabero m (Col), taskworker, pieceworker.
conchfero, containing shells.
conchudo, shelly, shaly.
condensable, condensable.
condensacin!, condensation.
condensado m, condensate.
condensador m (mec) (elc) (fma) , condenser,
(elec) capacitor.
-- a vaco, vacuum condenser.
-- acorazado, shell-and-tube condenser.
-- atmosfrico (aa) (rfg) , atmospheric con-
denser.
-- cermico (elc), ceramic capacitor.
-- compensador (ra), balancing condenser.
-- de acoplamiento (ra) , coupling capacitor or
condenser.
-- de aire (elc), air condenser.
-- de bajas prdidas (ra), low-loss condenser.
- de bloqueo (elc), stopping or blocking con-
denser.
-- de casco, shell-and-tube condenser.
-- de contraflujo (aa), counterflow condenser.
-- de corrientes opuestas, countercurrent con-
denser.
-- de corrientes paralelas, parallel-flow con-
denser.
-- de chorro, jet condenser.
-- de chorro mltiple, multijet condenser.
-- de dcadas (ra), decade condenser or capaci-
toro
-- de derivacin (ra), by-pass condenser.
-- de doble flujo, double-flow or two-pass con-
denser.
-- de electrolito pastoso, dry electrolitic capac-
itor.
- de filtro (ra), filter capacitor.
-- de inundacin, flooded condenser.
-- de inyeccin, jet condenser.
- de pasaje (A), by-pass condenser.
-- de paso (elc), by-pass condenser.
-- de paso mltiple, multiflow condenser.
- de placa (elc), plate condenser.
-- de reflujo, reflux condenser.
-- de rejilla (ra), grid condenser.
- de roco, shower condenser.
- de superficie, surface condenser.
-- de un paso, single-flow condenser.
-- de vapor acuoso, vapor condenser.
-- fraccionador, fractionating condenser.
-- mltiple (ra), gang condenser.
-- neutralizador (ra), neutralizing capacitor.
- patrn, standard capacitor.
- radial, radial-fiow condenser.
- regulable (elc), variable or adjustable con-
denser.
--rotatorio (elc), rotary or synchronous con-
denser.
-- sintonizador (ra), tuning condenser.
-- sumergido (aa) (rfg) , submergcd condenser.
--variable (ra), trimmer or variable condenser.
condensar, to condense.
condensita! (elc), Condensite (trademark).
conduccin!, conduction; transportation, cart-
age; (auto) driving.
-- de calor, thermal conduction.
- delantera (auto) (M), front drive.
-- electroltica (qum), electrolytic conduction.
- final (auto) (M) ,final drive.
-- rasante (PR), gravity conduit.
conducir, to carry, conduct, convey; (auto) to
drive.
conductancia!, conductance.
-- andica (ra), plate conductance.
-- de dispersin (el('c), leakage conductance,
leakance.
-- de entrada (ra), input conductance.
-- de grilla (ra), grid conductance.
-- electrdica (ra) , electrode or grid or plate
conductance.
-- especfica (is), specific conductance.
-- molar (qum), molar conductance, molecular
conductivity.
-- unitaria de conveccin (aa) , unit convection
conductance, film coefficient for convec-
tion.
conductibilidad!, conductivity.
-- calorfica, thermal conducttvity.
conductividad!, conductivity.
--magntica, magnetic conductivity, perme-
ability.
-- molecular, molecular conductivity, molar
conductance.
-- trmica, thermal conductivity.
conductivo (elc), conductive.
conducto m, conduit, flume, aqueduct; duct;
fiue; chute; (elec) conduit.
- celular (elc), conduit (street).
- de abastecimiento (hid), supply line, aque-
duct.
-- de aceite, oil duct or groove; oil pipe.
-- de aduccin, supply line, aqueduct, supply
pipe; supply duct.
-- de alambres, wireway, raceway, electric con-
duit.
-- de arcilla vitrificada, clay conduit.
- de banqueta (hid), bench fiume.
-- de barro vitrificado, vitrified-tile conduit.
- de basuras (hid), trash chute.
- de caja (hid), box flume.
- de calibracin (hid) , rating flume.
- de captacin (Pe), intake pipe.
-- de cuatro pasos (elc), four-way cable
duct.
-- de desage, sewer, drain.
-- de desembanque (presa), silt sluice.
-- de desfogue (hid), sluiceway, wasteway.
- de entrada (ds), filling culvert.
-- de espuma (az), foam canal.
-- de evacuacin, outlet pipe; sluiceway.
- de fibra (elc), fiber conduit, fiber-duct race-
way.
-- de humo, flue.
- de impulsin (hid), force main.
-- de irrigacin, irrigation canal.
-- de servicio (elc), service conduit.
- de tormenta (Es) (A), storm-water sewer.
- de troncos (ef), log slide, dry slide, slip, log
chute.
- de vaciamiento (ds), emptying culvert.
-- de ventilacin, ventilation duct.
-- de va nica (elc), single-duct conduit.
- eductor (aa), exhaust duct.
-- elctrico, electric conduit, raceway.
- fibroso flexible (elc), 100m, flexible tubing.
--forzado (hid), pressure conduit, penstock.
- metlico flexible (elc), flexible metallic con-
duit, flexible raceway.
-- metlico superficial (elc), surface metal
raceway, metal molding, wireway.
- mltiple (elc), multiple-duct conduit.
--para barras colectoras (elc), busway.
- para hielo (hid), ice chute.
- para zcalo (elc), baseboard raceway.
-- pluvial, storm-water sewer; roof leader.
- por gravitacin (hid), gravity conduit.
- portacable (elc), cable duct.
- simple (elc), single-duct conduit.
-- sin fondo (elc), open-bottom raceway.
- superficial de alambres (elc), wireway, sur-
face raceway, molding.
-- superficial de madera (elc), surface wooden
raceway, wood molding.
-- surtidor, supply pipe.
conductomtrico (qum), conductometric.
conductmetro m, conductometer.
conductor m, (elec) conductor; (rr) conductor
(auto) driver, chauffeur; (Sp) motorman
operator of a machine; conveyor, carrier
(w) lead; a (elec) conductive.
-- a tierra, ground wire, grounding' conductor.
-- a tierra de la red, system grounding conduc-
tor.
- compuesto (elc), composite conductor.
-- de alimentacin, feed wire, feeder.
-- de arrastre, drag conveyor.
-- de artesas, pan conveyor.
- de bagacillo (az), trash conveyor.
-- de bagazo (az), bagasse carrier.
-- de bateas, pan conveyor.
-- de caa (az), cane carrier.
-- de cinta en espiral, ribbon conveyor.
- de contacto (elc), contact conductor.
- de correa, belt conveyor.
-- de cubetas, bucket conveyor or elevator.
- de cubiletes (C), bucket conveyor.
- de entrada (elc), lead-in wire.
conductor 90 conmutador conmutador 91 construccin
- de entrada de servicio (e16c), service en-
trance conductor.
-- de estera (C), apron eonveyor.
-- de gusano, serew eonveyor.
- de husillo (C), spiral eonveyor.
-- de locomotora, engine driver, loeomotive
engineer.
- de obras (A) (Ch) , eonstruetion manager;
resident engineer.
-- de paletas, flight eonveyor.
- de rastrillo (C), drag eonveyor.
- de retorno, (elee) return conductor; (ce) re-
turn eonveyor.
- de segmento (e16e), segmental conductor.
-- de tablillas, slat or flight eonveyor.
-- de toma (e16e), eolleetor conductor.
- de tornillo (C), serew eonveyor.
-- espiral, serew or spiral eonveyor.
conductores de compensacin (e16e), compensa.
tory leads.
conductores de derivacin (ele), shunt leads.
condulete m (e16e)(V), Condulet (trademark).
conectador m, eonneetor; (elee) outlet.
-- de elementos, cen eonneetor.
-- de manguera, hose eonneetor.
- elctrico de carriles (fe), rail bond.
conectar (mee) (e16e), to eonneet.
conector m, eonneetor (all senses).
--a presin (e16c), pressure or solderless con.
neetor.
- a tierra (e16e), grounding eonneetor.
-- angular (earp), elbow eonneetor.
-- cerrador (e16e), loeking eonnector.
-- corrugado (earp), eorrugated joint fastener.
- de anillo dentado (earp), toothed ring eon-
neetor.
- de anillo partido (earp), split-ring eoIineetor.
-- de bridas, flanged eonneetion.
-- de caja (ele), box eonneetor.
-- de cordn (ele), eord eonneetor.
- de derivacin (e16e), tap eonneetor.
-- de entrada (tub) , serviee or house eonneetion.
-- de perno partido, split-bolt connector.
-- de rosca, threaded eonneetion.
-- de torones (eab), strand conneetor.
-- ele (earp), elbow eonneetor.
-- en cruz, eross eonneetor.
- sin soldadura (e16e), pressure or solderless
eonneetor.
conexin f, eonneetion, joint.
-- de campo o de montaje (est) , field eonneetion.
-- de estrella (e16e), star or Y or wye eonnee.
tion.
-- de rosca, threaded eonneetion.
- domiciliaria (tub)(e16e), house serviee.
-- empernada, bolted eonneetion.
-- en cascada (e16e), easeade eonneetion.
- en delta (ele), delta eonneetion.
- en serie paralelo (e16e), series-parallel or
multiple-series eonneetion.
- en T (ele), branch or T joint, T or Seott
eonneetion.
- en tringulo (ele), delta eonneetion.
-- en V (ele), V or open-delta eonneetion.
-- estrella-estrella (e16e), star-star eonneetion.
-- J,lara tubera, pipe eoupling; pipe fitting.
- particular (tub) (e16e), house eonneetion,
- perfecta a tierra (e16e), dead earth or ground.
- por enchufe, (elee) plug eonneetion; (p) bell-
and-spigot joint.
- tringulo-estrella (e16e), delta-star eonneo-
tion.
- tringulo-tringulo (ele), delta-delta. con-
neetion.
configuracin f (qum) (top) (mat), eonfiguration.
confitillo m (M), pea gravel or stone.
conflacin f, smelting, ore reduetion.
confluencia f, eonfluenee, jtIDetion of streams;
(rr) junetion.
confiuente m a, tributary, eonfluent.
confocal, eonfoeal.
conformador m, grader, road shaper; drtpin;
(mt) shaper; eontour maehine; forming
maehine.
-- de bastidor inclinable, leaning-frame grader.
-- de motor, motor grader.
-- de ruedas inclinables, leaning-wheel grader.
conformadora 1, grader; shaper; former.
-- de arrastre, pull grader.
-- de caminos, road seraper or grader, sub-
grader.
-- elevadora, elevating grader.
conformante (mat), conformal.
conformar, to shape.
conforme m, approval; a (math) eonformal.
Ilongelar, congelarse, to freeze.
conglomerdico (geol) (A), eomglomeratie.
conglomerado m (geol), eonglomerate; a con.
glomeratie.
-- de boleos, boulder eonglomerate.
-- de chinos, eobble eonglomerate.
-- de fallas, fault eonglomerate.
- de granito (A), granolithie (floor)
- de peas (V), eobble eonglomerate.
- de peones (V), boulder eonglomerate.
-- de trituracin, erush eonglomerate.
--fundamental, basal eonglomerate.
conglomerante m, binding material.
conglomertico, eonglomeratie.
conglutinador m, eoaleseer.
conglutinarse, to eoalesee, eoagu1ate, cake.
congosto m, eanyon, gorge; pass.
congruente (mat), eongruent.
conicidad 1, taper; eonieity.
cnico, eonieal.
cnicohelicoidal, eonieo-helieoidal, spiral bevel.
confera I (mad), eonifer.
confero, eoniferous.
coniforme, eone-shaped.
conjugado, eonjugate.
conjuntador-disruptor m (auto), make and break.
conjunto m (mee), assembly.
-- de fusible, fuse unit.
- de la impulsin final, final-drive assembly.
- de varias salidas (e16e), multioutlet assem-
bly.
- motriz (auto) (A), power planto
conmutador m (ele), transfer or ehange-over
switch; eommutator.
-- al vaco (ra), vaeuum switch.
-- antena-tierra (ra), lightning switch.
- de bandas (ra) (M), band selector or switch.
- de cilindro, drum switch.
-- de cuatro terminales, four-way switch.
-- de cuchillas, knife switch.
-- de derivaciones, tap switch.
-- de dos direcciones, two-way switch.
- de escobillas, brush switch.
-- de gobierno, master switch.
-- de polos, reversing switch.
-- de tres direcciones, three-way switch.
- de vuelta (mot), direetion switch.
-- giratorio, dial switch.
--inversor, reversing switch.
--para rayos (ra), antenna or lightning switch.
--reductor (auto), dimmer switch.
4:onmutar, to eummutate; to throw over (elee
switch).
4:onmutatriz I (e16e), eonverter.
cono m, eone.
-- aluvial, alluvial eone, eone delta.
- basculable (ap), tipover eone.
-- de depresin de bombeo, eone of pumping
depression.
-- de deyeccin (geol), debris eone.
- de espigas (tub) (V), redueer with spigot
end's.
-- de pulverizacin, spray eone.
-- de revenimiento (eone) (M), slump eone.
-- de silencio (ap), eone of silenee.
- de viento (ap), wind soek.
- dispersor (hid), diffusing eone.
-- entre cono (geol), eone-in-eone.
--hidrulico, hydraueone.
- Imhoff (dae), Imhoff eone.
- primitivo (en), piteh eone.
--recto, right eone.
- roscado (mo) (A), eone nut.
-- sacabarrena (pet), horn soeket.
conocimiento m, bill of lading; voueher.
- corrido o directo, through bill of lading.
-- de almacn o de depsito, warehouse reeeipt.
- de embarque, bill of lading.
-limpio, clean bill of lading.
-- martimo, oeean bill of lading.
-- negociable, order bill of lading.
- no traspasable, straight bill of lading.
- tachado, foul bill of lading.
--terrestre, inland bill of lading.
- uniforme (fe), (US) unorm bill of lading.
conoidal, conoidal.
conoide m, eonoid.
conquilfero (Es), eontaining shells.
consecuente (mat) (geol), eonsequent.
consejo m, eommission, board, eouneil.
-- de administracin, board of direetors.
-- de aseguradores, board of underwriters.
- de sanidad, board of health.
-- directivo, board of direetors.
conservacin 1, maintenanee; eonservation, eon-
servaney.
-- de la va (fe), traek maintenanee, mainte-
nance of way.
-- del lecho (fe), roadway maintenanee.
-- de material mvil (fe), maintenanee of equip-
mento
-- de va y obras (fe), maintenanee of way and
struetures.
conservador m (e16e), conservator, expansion
tank.
conservadora f (maq), maintainer.
-- caminera, road maintainer.
- de cuchillas mltiples, multiple-blade main-
tainer.
conservar, to maintain.
-la derecha (ca), to keep to the right.
consignacin 1, eonsignment, shipment; appro-
priation.
-- , en, on eonsignment.
consignador m, eonsignor.
consignar, to eonsign.
consignatario m, eonsignee.
consistencia 1, eonsisteney.
consistente, eonsistent (material).
consistmetro m, eonsisteney meter, consistom-
eter.
consola 1, braeket, eonsole.'
-- colgante, shaft or drop hanger.
-- de andamiaje, seaffold braeket, builder's
jaek.
-- para poste, post hanger.
consolidar, to eompaet, eonsolidate; consoli-
darse, to s9ttle, beeome eompaet.
consolidmetro m, eonsolidometer.
consonancia I (e16e), eonsonanee, resonanee.
consonante (e16e), eonsonant, resonant.
constantn, constantana, constantano m 1, eon-
stantan (alloy).
constante I a, eonstant.
-- de amortiguacin (ele), damping eonstant.
-- de elasticidad, spring eonstant (vibration).
-- del elemento (az), eell eonstant.
-- de fase (ra), phase or wave-length eonstant.
-- de gravitacin, gravitational eonstant.
-- de refraccin, eonstant of refraetion, speeifie
refraetive 'power.
- de rejilla (ptica), grating eonstant.
- del retculo (lev), stadia-interval factor.
-- de sintona (ra), tuning eonstant.
- de tiempo (e16e), time eonstant.
--taquimtrica (lev), stadia eonstant.
constantes de calibracin (fma), ealibration eon-
stants.
constitucin f (geol) (qum), eonstitution.
constitutivo, eonstitutive.
constituyente m (qum), eonstituent.
constriccin 1, eonstrietion.
construcl;in 1, eonstruetion; strueture.
- a tope, end eonstruetion (hollow tile).
- de combustin lenta (ed) , slow-burning or
mill eonstruetion, heavy timber eonstrue-
tion.
- de puentes, bridge building.
- esqueltica (ed) , skeleton eonstruetion
(walls earried on frame).
--incombustible, fireproof eonstruetion.
- naval, shipbuilding.
-- por etapas, stage eonstruetion.
-- resistente al fuego, fire-resistive eonstruc-
tion.
-- reticulada, framed strueture.
-- Seale (eab), Seale eonstruetion.
- vial, road building.
-- Warrington (eab), Warrington eonstruetion.
contrabalancear, to eounterbalanee.
contrabalancn m, balance bobo
contrabalanza j, eounterbalanee.
contrabisagra j, leaf of a hinge.
- de jamba, jamb lea.
-- de puerta, door lea.
contrabordo m (M), eurb.
contraboterolaj (re), dolly, holder-on.
contrabveda j, inverted vault or areh.
contrabranque m (en), apron, stemson.
contrabrazo m (auto), drag link.
contrabrazola j (en), headledge.
l:ontrabrida j, eounterflange; follower (Dresser
eoupling).
contracabeza j, lip forming f1angeway of a
grooved rail.
contracalibre m, mating gage.
contraeanal m, braneh canal.
contracan m (min) (M), drift in the footwall.
contracarril m (fe), guardrail.
- de resalte (fe), easer rail.
contraccin j, eontraetion.
- completa (hid), full eontraetion.
-- eliminada (hid), suppressed eontraetion.
-lateral (hid), end eontraetion.
--por desecacin (eone), drying shrinkage.
-- superficial (hid), surfaee eontraetion.
contraeercos m, door and window trim.
contracielo m (min) (M), raise, upraise.
-- de acceso, manway raise.
-- escalonado, stope raise.
--piloto, pilot raise.
--ramal, braneh or eutout raise.
--ventilador, ventilation raise.
contracimiento m, wall or paving to proteet a
foundation.
contraclave j, voussoir next to the keystone.
contraclavijaj, gib, key, fox wedge.
contracodaste m (en), propeller post, sternpost.
contracodo m (tub), S bend.
contraconducto (min), eounterehute.
contracorazn m (fe), wing of a frog.
contracorricnte j, eountercurrent, eddy, reverse
current; a contracorriente, upstream.
contracuadernaj (cn), reverse frame.
contracuchilla j, fixed blade of a shear.
contracuneta j, intercepting ditch at top of a
slope, counterdrain, berm diteh.
contracua j, gibo
contracurva j, reverse curve.
contrachapada, madera (M), plyWood.
contrachaveta j, gibo
contrachoque m, bumper, buffer.
contradegello m (her), bottom fullero
contradepsito m (Es), reservoir below a dam.
contraderivacinj (elc), baek shunt.
contradiagonales j, (tu) counterbracing.
contradique m, supporting dike, spur dike, coun-
terdike; (A) cofferdam.
contradurmiente m (cn), clamp.
contraeje m, eountershaft, jaekshaft; tail shaft.
-- de velocidades (auto), transmission counter-
shaft.
contraelectromotriz, counter eleetromotive.
contraembalse m (A), equalizing reservoir.
contraempuje m, couDterthrust.
:onstructor
constructor m. constructor.
--de ascensores, elevator constructor.
-- de buques, shipbuilder.
- de carros, earbuilder.
- de rasantes (ee), Gradebuilder.
- de veredas (ee), trailbuilder.
- naval, shipbuilder; naval architeet.
-vial, road builder (man).
constructora (j) de caminos (ee), Roadbuilder.
construdo en el lugar, built-in-plaee.
construir, to eonstruet, build, ereet.
consultor m, eonsultant; a consulting (engineer).
consumidor m, consumero
consumo m, consumption; (elee) current drain.
--unitario, speeifie eonsumption.
contabilidad j, aeeounting.
contabilista, contable, aeeountant.
contactador m (ele), eontaetor.
contacto m, eontact (all senses).
- corredizo (ele), sliding eontaet.
-- de inversin (ele), reverse contaet.
-- de resorte (ele), spring eontaet.
-- de rosca (ele), screwed eontact.
- de tope (ele), butt eontaet.
--perfecto a tierra (ele), dead earth or ground.
- por humedad (ele), weather eontaet.
- rodante, rolling eontaet.
- rozante (ele), sliding eontact.
contactos del distribuidor (mg) , distributer points.
contactos del ruptor (mg), breaker points.
contactor m, contactor.
-- de enfriamiento superficial (aa), surfaee-
cooled contaetor.
-- de leva, eam eontactor.
-- de reposicin (ele), reset contaetor.
contador m, aeeountant; meter; eounter.
-- a cantidad, quantity meter.
- a carga diferencial (hid), head meter.
-- compuesto (agua), eompound meter.
-- de altura, altimeter.
-- de amperios-horas, ampere-hour meter.
-- de rea variable (hid), variable-area meter.
-- de caldera, boiler (steam) meter.
-- de constriccin (hid) , eonstriction meter.
-- de consumo, service meter.
- de corriente, (hyd) eurrent meter; (elee)
ampere-hour meter.
-- de costos, eost aeeountant.
- de choque (hid), impaet meter.
-- de demanda mxima, demand meter.
-- de desplazamiento (agua), displaeement-type
meter.
-- de disco rotatorio, rotary-disk meter.
-- de mbolo, piston-type water meter.
- de enchufe (ele), soeket-type or detaehable
meter.
-- de energa desvatada (ele), reactive kva
meter.
-- de estacionamiento (auto), parking meter.
-- de expansin de la arena (pa), sand-expan-
sion reeorder.
-- de exposiciones (fma), exposure eounter.
-- de factor de potencia (ele), power-faetor
meter.
- de factor de reactancia (ele),reaetive-faetor
meter.
92 contraatagua
-- de fiujo o de gasto, fiowmeter.
-- de frecuencia, frequeney meter, (ra) fre-
queney indieator.
-- de hlice, propeller meter.
-- de kilometraje, speedometer.
-- de motor (elc), motor meter.
-- de orificio con placa delgada, thin-plate ori.
fiee meter.
-- de paletas, vane meter (water).
-- de prueba, testing meter.
-- de radiacin (ra), radiation eounter.
-- de reloj, dock meter.
-- de revolturas (eone), batch meter.
- de tantos (M), batch meter.
- de tarifas mltiples o de tipo mltiple (elc),
multirate meter.
-- de tiempo, timing deviee.
-- de turbina, turbine-type meter.
-- de vatio-horas, watt-hour meter.
-- de voltamperios reactivos, varmeter.
-- de volumen (hid) , volume or quantity meter.
-- de vueltas, revolution counter, speed indica-
toro
--indicador, indieating meter.
--indicador de sintonizacin (ra) , tuning
meter.
--integrador a intervalos, intermittent inte-
grating meter.
--maestro, master meter.
--positivo (hid) , positive or displaeement
meter.
-- pblico o titulado, eertified publie aeeountant.
--rgistrador de demanda, reeording demand
meter.
-removible (ele), detaehable or soeket-tYP<l
meter.
--tipo ilativo (hid), inferential meter.
--vertedor (hid), weir meter.
contadura j, aeeounting; aeeounting ofliee.
contaminacin j, eontamination.
contaminador m, eontaminant.
contaminar, to eontaminate, pollute.
contn m, eurb
contenido m, contento
contera j, ferrule; pile shoe.
contingencias j, eontingeneies.
continuante m (mat), eontinuant.
continuidad j, eontinuity.
continuo m (mat), eontinuum; a continuous.
contorneador m (mh), router.
contornear, to saw around, cut a prome; to rout;
to trace a eontour; to seribe; to streamline.
contorno m, outline, eontour.
- baado (hid), wetted perimeter.
-- de deslizamiento (ms), shear pattern.
-- de inundacin (hid), f10wage lineo
contra, against, counter, opposite too
contra-amperios-vueltas j, baeK ampere-turns.
contraaguja m (fe), guardrail at a switch.
contraalabeo m (sol), prespringing, initial distor-
tion.
contraalcanca j (min), eounterehute.
contraantena j (ra), eounterpoise.
contrarbol m, eountershaft.
contraatagua j, seeondary cofferdam; buttress
to strengthen a eofferdam.
contrabalancear 93 contrapeldao
contraensayo m, check analysis.
contraerse, to eontract, shrink.
contraescaln m (es), riser.
-- atiesador, false riser.
contraescarpa j (hid) , hearth, apron. countcrc
scarp.
contraestampaj (est), dolly, bucker.
contraestay m (nut), preventer.
contraexplosin j (auto), backfire.
contrafianza j, indemnity bond.
contrafibra j, cross grain.
contrafilo m (herr), baek edge.
contrafiln m (min), counterlode, countervein.
contrafiechaj, camber.
contraflujo m, reverse current. countereurrent,
counterflow, eddy.
contrafondo m (A), front.
contrafoso m, counterdrain.
contrafrente m (A), back.
contrafriccin, antifriction.
contrafuego, fireproof, fire-resisting.
contrafuerte m, counterfort, buttress; (top) spur;
(M) abutment.
-- de gravedad, massive buttress (Ambursen
dam).
contragalera j (min), countergangway.
contragolpe m, return stroke (piston); kiekbaek.
contragrada j (es), riser.
contragradiente j, reverse grade.
contragua j, stiffener for elevator guides; (hyd)
steellining in gate guides; eounterguide.
contrahierro m (cepillo), top iron, frog.
contrahilo m (mad), end grain; cross grain.
contrahuella j (es), riser.
contraincendios, fireproof, fire-resisting; for fire
fighting.
contraladeo m (est), sway braee.
contralecho m (M), lower bed of an ashlar stone.
contralecho, a (mam) (Es), laid with natural bed
vertical.
contralistonado m (ed), counterlathing.
contralor m, controller, auditor; (elec) (A) con-
troller.
contralora j, auditing; auditor's oflice.
contramaestre m, foreman; master mechanic;
(naut) boatswain.
contr"amanivela j, drag link.
contramarcar, to matchmark.
contramarcos m, door or window trim.
contramarcha j, (eng) reverse, reversing.
contramarchar, (eng) to run in reverse.
contramarea j, tidal countereurrent.
contramartillo m (re), dolly, bueker.
contramatriz j. top die.
contramecha j, counterbore.
--piloto, counterbore piloto
contramina j, adit; drift conneeting two mines.
contramotor m, opposing motor; haulback motor.
contramuro m (A) (Col). wall built against
another.
contraonda j (ra) (A), back wave.
contrapar m, eaves board; rafter.
contrapaso m (Pe), stair riser.
contrapeado m (Es), plywood.
contrapeldao m (es), riser.
-- de rigidez, false riser.
contrapendiente 94 control
controlador 95 cord6n
contrapendiente J, reverse grade, aeelivity: (Es)
(A) downgrade following an upgrade.
contraperno (V), stop serew.
contrapesador (m) de ruedas (auto), wheel bal-
aneer.
contrapesar, to eounterweight.
contrapeso m, eounterweight: eounterpoise, (ra)
balaneing eapaeity.
-- de las tenazas (pet), tong eounterbalanee.
-- de ventana, sash weight.
contrapilastra J, astragal, molding eovering a
door joint.
eontrapiso m, subfloor; (A)(rd) subgrade.
contraplacE. J, anchor plate.
contraplacado m, plywood.
- metlico (A), plymeta!.
~ superprensado, superpressed or high-density
plywood.
contraplancha J, (str) spliee plate; (w) baeking
strip.
-- de escurrimiento (to), eounterflashing.
contrapolea J (Es), tail pulley.
contrapozo m (min), raise, upraise.
contrapresa J, (Sp) downstream eofferdam; (A)
stilling-pool weir.
contrapresi6n J, back pressure.
contraproducente, unprofitable.
contraprueba J, check test.
contrapuerta J, lining inside of firebox door:
storm door.
contrapunta J (mh), baek eenter; tailstoek, pop-
pethead.
-- con cono, eone eenter.
- con palanca de mano (mh), hand-Iever tail-
stock.
contrapunz6n m, eounterpuneh.
contraquebranto m (en), hog frame, longitudinal
trussing.
contraquilla J (en), keelson; false kee!.
contrarrampa J (Es) (A), upgrade following a
downgrade.
contrarrasante m (C), adverse grade.
contrarreguera J. subsidiary irrigation diteh;
diteh eonneeting ends of parallel irrigation
ditehes.
contrarremachador m (re), holder-on, dolly.
contrarremachar, to elinch: (re) to buek up.
contrarrestar, to resist (stress): to eounteraet.
contrarriel m (fe), guardrai!.
contrarrobl6n m .. burr, riveting wa.sher.
contrarroblonador m (re), holder-on, bueker.
dolly.
contrarrodaJ (en), stemson, apron.
contrarrotaci6n J, eounterrotation.
contrasalmer m, areh stone next to the skewbaek.
contraseguro m, reinsuranee.
contrastar, to assay: to compare with a standard
(weights and measures).
contraste m, an assay: eomparison with a stand-
ard: (tv) eontrast.
contrata J, a eontraet.
contratajamar m (pte), downstream nosing.
contrataladrar, to eounterbore.
contrataladro m, eounterbore.
contratalud m, eounterslope, (rd) foreslope.
contratante 8, eontraeting party.
contratapa J, auxiliary top or eover.
contratar, to eontraet (a job).
contratensi6n J (ele) (A), eounter eleetromotive
force.
contraterrapln m (A), any strueture to hold a fil1.
contratiro m, baek draft: (min)(M) auxiliary
shaft.
contratista m, eontraetor.
-- acarreador, hauling eontraetor.
-- calefaccionista, heating eontraetor.
-- camionero, hauling or trueking eontraetor.
-- de la comisara, eommissary eontraetor.
-- de edificaci6n, building eontraetor.
-- electricista, eleetrieal eontraetor, electragist.
-- general, general eontraetor.
-- sanitario (ed), plumbing eontraetor.
contrato m, eontraet.
-- a costo ms honorario, eost-plus or foo
eontraet.
-- a destajo, taskwork contraet: (Ec) uriit-
priee eontraet of limited extent, duration,
and number of men employed.
-- a precio determinado, fixed-priee eontraet.
-- a precio global o a suma alzada, lump-sum
eontraet.
-- a precios unitarios, unit-priee eontraet.
-- de enganche, eontraet for furnishing work-
meno
-- de fletamiento, eharter party.
-- de trabajo, employment eontraet.
--por medida, unit-priee eontraet.
contratope m, rear stop, baek bumper.
contratorcimiento m (sol), eounterdistortion.
contratuerca J, loek or set or jam nut: nut loek;
(U) loek washer.
contravapor m, baek-pressure steam.
contravstago m, piston tail rod.
contravena, contraveta ! (min) , eounterIode,
eountervein.
contraventamientos m (U), wind bracing: guys.
contraventana J, window shutter; storm sash.
contraventanas a prueba de incendio, fire shut-
terso
contraventar, to braee: to guy.
contraventeo m, wind braeing; set of guys.
-- de portal, portal braeing.
contraviaje m (Col), skew, bevel.
contravidriera J, window blind: storm sash.
contravidrio m, glazing molding.
contraviento m. a guy: wind braeing.
contravoltaje ni (A), eounter eleetromotive force.
contrete m, stay bolt: (Ee) shore, strut.
control m, eontro!.
- a cable (te), cable control.
- a cristal (ra), erystal control.
-- a distancia, remote control.
--al tacto, finger-tip eontro!.
- automtico de volumen (CAV) (ra) , auto-
matie volume or automatie gain control.
- de avenidas (r), flood control.
- de las bajas (ra), bass eontro!.
- de brillo (tv), brightness control.
- de contraste (tv), eontrast control.
- por tensi6n regulable (eI6e), adjustable-
voltage control.
-- remoto, remote control.
controlador m, controladora J, eontroller (all
senses).
- de gasto (pa), rate eontroller.
-- de velocidad, speed eontroller.
controlar, to control; to check, verify.
controler m (ele), eontroller.
convecci6n J, eonveetion.
convectivo, eonveetive.
convector m (ele)(cf), eonveetor.
convenio m, agreement, eontraet.
convergencia J, (surv) (math) eonvergenee, eon-
vergeney: (auto) toe-in.
convergente, eonverging.
conversi6n J (mat) (ele), eonversion.
conversor m, conversora!, eonverter (all senses).
convertible, convertible.
convertidor m (ele)(met), eonverter.
-- Bessemer, Bessemer eonverter.
-- de arco (ele), are eonverter.
-- de fases (ele), phase eonverter.
-- de frecuencia (eI6e), frequeney ehanger or
eonverter
-- de onda (ra), wave eonverter.
-- de refuerzo, booster eonverter.
-- de torsi6n, torque eonverter.
-- en cascada (ele), easeade eonverter.
-- pentarrejilla (ra), pentagrid eonverter.
-- rotativo (ele), rotary or synehronous eon-
verter.
convertir (qufm) (ele) (met) , to eonvert.
convexidad J, eonvexity.
convexo, eonvex.
convoy m, (A) (M) (Sp) railroad train.
coordenadas J, eoordinates.
-- cartesianas, Cartesian eoordinates.
-- en el espacio, spaee eoordinates.
-- esfricas, spherieal eoordinates.
-- pbnas polares, plane polar eoordinates.
-- terrestres (fma), ground eoordinates.
coordinat6grafo m, eoordinatograph.
coordinat6metro m (fma), eoordinatometer.
copa J, eup: anything eup-shaped.
-- de inflamaci6n (di), ignition eup.
-- enfocadora (ra), foeusing eup.
copador m (herr), fuller: ereaser.
- inferior (her), bottom fuller.
- superior (her), top fullero
copal m, copa!.
copete m, erest.
copia!, eopy.
-- al carb6n, earbon eopy.
-- al ferroprusiato, blueprint.
-- azul, blueprint.
-- de contacto (fma), eontaet print.
-- heliogrfica, blueprint, sun print.
-- negrosina, vandyke print.
copiloto m (fma) , eopilot.
copilla J, small eup.
-- de aceite, oil eup.
-- de cebar, priming eup.
-- de engrase, grease or oil eup, lubrieator.
-- de grasa, grease eup.
copla! (Ch), a eoupling.
coplano m, (pmy) eoplane: a eoplanar.
- bsico (fma), basal eoplane.
copie m, a eoupling.
copln m (C), a eoupling.
coque m, eoke.
- de alquitrn, piteh eoke.
- de alto horno, blast-furnaee eoke.
-- de fundici6n, foundry eoke.
-- de gas o de retorta, gas eoke.
-- de petr61eo, petroleum eoke.
coquificar, coquizar, to eoke.
coquimbita ! (miner) , eoquimbite, white eop-
peras.
coral m, coral.
corlico a (V), coral.
coralfero, coralgeno a, coral.
coralina J, eorallin: a eora!.
coraza!, armor, proteetive eovering.
- reticulada (ele), basket-weave armor.
- trabada (ele), interIoeking armor.
coraz6n m, eore: heartwood: (rr) frog, (A) frog
point.
- con carril de muelle engoznado (fe), hinged-
spring-rail frog.
-- con insertados de acero endurecido (fe),
anvil-faeed frog.
- con pata de liebre m6vil (fe), spring-rail frog.
- de arcilla (hid), puddle eore.
-- de cable, (wr) eenter strand, eore.
- de plancha (fe), plate frog.
- de prueba (sx), drill eore.
- de punta m6vil (fe), movable-point frog.
- de riel fijo (fe), fixed-rail frog.
- de rieles ensamblados (fe), built-up frog.
- medio (fe), eroteh frog.
- rojo (mad), red heart.
corazonar (sx), to eore.
corbata!, (sb) (A) collar; (auto) (M) eanvas pro-
tector of inner tube.
corehado m (eab), lay.
-- cruzado, regular layo
-- directo, lang lay.
corcheta! (Es), rabbet in a doorframe.
corchete m, eramp: eateh,lateh; belt clamp.
corcho m, eork.
cordaje m, eordage, rope.
cordel m, rope, eord: belt eourse: a measure of
length (20.35 m): a measure of area (414
eentiares): formerIy in Cuba a measuring
tape.
_.- de marcar, ehalk lineo
cordelera J, rigging; rigging yard; ropewalk;
eordage.
cordelero m, ropemaker: (surv)(C) tapeman,
ehainman.
cordera J, storehouse for rigging.
cordillera J, mountain range.
-- divisoria, divide.
cordita J, eordite (explosive).
cord6n m, eord, strand of rope: belt laeing: side-
walk eurb; (str) ehord, flange; (mas) eourse.
belt eourse; (p) spigotend: (earp)(w) bead,
(A) (C) mountain ehain: (A) (Ch) windrow.
-- comprimido (viga), eomprcssion flange.
-- de alambre, wire strand.
-- de alambre con eje fibroso, fiber-eenter wire
strand.
-- de andariveles, (wr) tramway strand.
-- de cerros, range of hills.
cord6n
96
corrido corriente 97 cortador
- de lmpara (elc), lamp cord.
- de oropel (elc), tinsel cord.
__ de servicio recio (elc), hard-service cord.
-- de suspensin (elc), drop cord.
- de traslapo (sol), overlap bead.
-- de vereda, cqrbstone, sidewalk curb.
- guardapretil (pte), barrier curb.
_ inferior, (tu) lower chord, (gi) bottom fiange.
--para correa, belt lacing.
-- para tranvas, (wr) tramway strand.
- plano, (wr) fiattened strand.
--reflector (ca), refiecting curb.
_ sobrepasable (ca), surmountable curb.
_ superior, (tu) upper chord, (gi) top fiange.
coribronce m (M) (B), chalcopyrite (copper ore).
corindn m (miner), corundum, corindon.
cornamusa I (cn), cleat, bitt.
-- de gua, chock.
-- de remolcar, towing bitts.
-- escotera, chock, snatch cleat.
wrneana I (geol), hornfels.
cometa (f) de niebla, foghorn.
cornija 1, cornice.
cornijal m, corner post.
cornijn m, street corner of a building.
cornisa 1, cornice; (pet) (V) crown block.
cornisa, en (ca) (V), built up on a sidehill.
cornisn m, street corner of a building; (M) cop-
ing.
corolario m, corollary.
coronal, annular space; ring gear; (elec) corona;
crest (dam); (auto) rim; tubular drill bit;
crown of a road; (pet) (V) crown block.
- cortante (pet), boring head.
-- de arco, crown of an arch.
-- de diamantes, diamond bit.
-- de rodillos (cojinete), roller race. '
-- dentaja, sprocket, gear; crown wheel; ring
gear; calyx.
-fija (turb), speed ringo
--para municiones, shot-drill bit.
coronacin 1, crest.
coronadora I (Iab), capping machine.
coronamiento m, crest, coping, topo
coronar, to top out; to cap.
corporacin 1, corporation.
corral m, corral, yard for stock.
-- de almacenamiento, store yard.
-- de maderas, lumberyard.
corraln m, yard, store yard.
corrasin I (geol), corrasion.
correa 1, belt, strap; purlin, girt.
- alisadora (ca), finishing belt.
- articulada, link or chain belt.
-- cncava, trough belt.
-- conductora, belt conveyor.
-- corrugada, cog belt.
-- cruzada, crossed belt.
- de cadena, chain belt.
--de siete capas, seven-ply belt.
- de trallas, whipcord belt.
- dentada, cog belt.
-- en aspa, crossed belt.
-- en cua, V belt.
- en V-mltiple, multiple-V belt.
-.- seleccionadora, sorting belt.
- sin fin, endless belt.
--transmisora, driving or transmission belt.
--transportadora, belt conveyor.
- trapezoidal, V belt.
correaje m, belting.
- articulado de cuero, leather link belting.
-- compuesto, composition belting.
-- de alambre tejido, woven-wire belting.
- de cuero crudo, rawhide belting.
- de suela, leather belting.
correccin 1, correction; (inst) adjustment.
-- de estacin (lev), station adjustment.
- de los lados (Iev), side adjustment.
- del polgono (Iev), figure adjustment.
--por flecha (lev), correction for 'Bag.
--prismoidal (ot), prismoidal correction.
corredera 1, track, slide; (V) screed; slide valve;
skid; (surv) target; (inst) cursor, slide;
(mas) screed board; door hanger; (naut)
log line; (mt) ram; (r)(A) rapids.
--a municiones, ball-bearing hanger (door).
-- de cableva, cableway carriage.
- de calibre, slide of a caliper rule.
- de cuadrante oscilante (mv), slide block.
- de gua (ef), fender skid, sheer slcid,
glancer.
-- de mira, target of a level rod.
-- de parrilla, gridiron valve.
- de regla, slide of a slide rule.
- de Stephenson (mv), Stephenson link.
--reguladora del cortavapor (mv) , cutoff or
expansion valve.
correderas, guides; skids.
- de compuerta (hid), gate guides.
-- de la cruceta (mv), crosshead guides.
corredero, corredizo a, sliding, traveling.
corredor m, passage, corridor; broker.
-- de aduana, customhouse broker.
-- de cambios, foreign-exchange broker.
-- de lnea (pet), line walker, pipe-line inspec-
tor.
-- de maquinaria (cons), equipment broker or
dealer.
- de va (fc), trackwalker.
--martimo, ship broker.
corredura 1, flow; overflow.
corregible (inst), adjustable.
corregir, to correct; (inst) to adjust.
correlacin I (geol) (mat) , correlation.
correntada 1, corrental m, swift flow of a river.
correntilneo (M), streamlined.
correntmetro m, current meter.
correntn m (PR), strong current.
correntoso, fiowing strongly, torrentia1.
corren m, heavy strap or belt, (M) clevis.
correoso, tough.
correr, to run; to flow; to travel, slide; correrse
(pint), to sag.
--niveles, to run levels.
--una lnea (lev), to run a lineo
correspondencia I (fma), correspondence.
corretaje m, brokerage.
corrida 1, run, travel; (mas)(Ch) course; (min)
(Ch) outcrop; (min)(M) strike of a vein;
(min) (B) drift; (surv) a run (of levels).
corrido, continuous; lineal, running.
corriente 1, current, fiow; stream, river; electric
current; (C) slope of a roof; a regular, com-
mon, standard, plain.
-- abajo, downstream.
-- alterna (c.a.), alternating current (a.c.).
-- alterna simple, single.phase current.
-- alternada, alternating current.
-- andica (ra), anode or plate current.
-- arriba, upstream.
- avanzada (elc), leading current.
- baja (r), low water.
-- catdica (ra), cathode current.
-- con rotor fijo (mot), blocked-rotor current.
-- con rotor libre (mot), free-rotor current.
-- conductiva (elc), conduction current.
-- continua (elc), continuous or nonpulsating
direct cutrent.
~ cruzada, crosscurrent.
- de adelanto (elc), leading current.
- de atraso (e16c), lagging current.
-- de cierre (elc), sealing current.
-- de desplazamiento (elc) , dispJa.cement or
dielectric current.
-- de disparo (elc), drop-out current.
- de esape o de fuga o de falla (elc), leakage
or fault current.
-- de funcionamiento (elc), pickup current.
- de grilla (ra) (A), grid current.
-- del haz (ra), beam current.
-- de ionizacin _(ra), gas or ionization cur-
rento
-- de la marea, tidal current, tide.
-- de placa (ra), anode or plate current.
-- de rayos andicos (ra), anode-ray or positive-
ray current.
- de rejilla (ra), grid current.
- de remolino (A), eddy current.
- desvatada (elc), wattless or idle current.
-- desviada (elc), stray current.
- directa (c.d.), direct current (d.c.).
-- directa con fluctuaciones (elc), ripple Cur-
rento
-- efectiva (elc), effective or root-mean-squara
current.
-- en tringulo (elc), delta current.
-- en vaco (elc), no-load or idle or reactiva
current.
-- espacial (ra), space current.
-- especfica (elc), current density.
-- fretica (r), subsurface flow, water-tabla
stream.
--inductiva (elc), induced current.
--invariable o permanente (elc), constant
current.
-- momentnea (elc), transient current; in-
stantaneous current.
-- momentnea mxima (elc), rated short-
time current.
-- oscilatoria (elc), oscillating current.
-- parsita (elc), eddy or parasitic or Foucault
current.
-- portadora (elc), carrier current.
-- pulsativa (elc), pulsating current.
-- reactiva (elc), idle or reactive current.
--retrasada (elc), lagging current.
-- sangradora (ra) , bleeder current.
- sinusoidal (elOO), sinusoidal or simple har-
monic current.
-- sublvea (r), underflow.
-- subsiguiente (elc), follow current.
-- subterrnea aislada (r), subsurface perched
stream.
-- trmica, thermocurrent.
--terminadora (elc), finishing rate or current.
--vaga o vagabunda (elc), stray current.
--vatada (elc), active or watt current.
--vectorial (elc), vector or complex sinusoidal
current.
corrientes dispersas (elc), leakage current.
corrientes terrestres (geof), earth currents.
corrimiento m, sliding; landslide; run; (elec)
creepage; (geol) (A) thrust.
- de fase (ra)(A), phase shift.
corroer, to corrode.
corromper, (M) to pollute, contaminate.
corromperse, to rot, decompose.
corrosible, corrodible.
corrosin 1, corrosion.
-- con esfuerzo, stress corrosion.
corrosividad 1, corrosivity.
corrosivo, corrosive.
corroyente, corrosive; abrasive.
corrugacin 1, corrugation; ruto
corrugado, corrugated.
corta 1, cutting; (Ig) felling.
cortaalambre m, wire cutters, nippers.
cortaarandelas m, washer cutter.
cortabarras m, bar cutter.
cortabilidad I (met), cuttability.
cortabulones, cortacabillas m, boltcutter.
cortacable m, wire-rope cutter.
cortacadena m, chain cutter.
cortacao m, pipe cutter.
cortacircuito m (elc), circuit breaker, switch,
cutout; cutoff.
-- de disparo instantneo, instantaneous-trip
circuit. brcaker.
-- de fusible, fuse cutout.
-- de fusible de cada, drop-out fuse cutout.
-- de fusible de expulsin, expulsion cutout.
-- de' fusible restablecedor, reclosing fuse cut-
out.
-- de tiempo, time-delay circuit breaker.
--para sobretensiones, overvoltage cutout.
-- trmico, thermal cutout.
cortac1avos m, nail clippers.
cortacorrea m, belt cutter.
cortacorriente (elc), current breaker.
cortacristal m, glass cutter.
cortachapa m, sheet-metal cuttm-.
cortada I (exc), cut, through cut.
cortadera 1, blacksmith chisel.
-- en caliente, hot chisel.
cortado a medida, cut to length.
cortado a troquel, die-cut.
cortador m, cutter, clipper; (sa) slasher.
- a diamante (mh), diamond cutter.
-- de agujeros ciegos (e16c), knockout c u t ~ r .
-- de banco, bench cutter.
- de brechas (ec), Gradebuilder, trailbuilder.
- de cable, wire-rope cutter.
- de carbn (min), coal cutter.
cortador 98 costalera
costanera
99
criolita
- de carriles (fc). track chise!;
- de hoja metlica, sheet-metal cutter.
-- de ,malezas, brush or weed cutter.
-- de races (ec). root cutter.
- de ramas (ef). knotter. limber. knot bumper.
busher. swamper.
-- en caliente, hot cutter.
--, en fro, cold cutter.
- mltiple, gang cutter.
cortadora f, cutter, cbisel.
--, de engranajes, gear cutter.
-- de ranuras, slot or keyway cutter.
cortaduraf, cutting, shearing; shearing stress.
-- con arco metlico, metal-arc cutting.
- de penetracin, punching shear (stress).
- doble, double shear (stress).
--horizontal, horizontal shearing stress.
-- oxiacetilnica, oxyacetylene cutting.
-- por llama, f1ame-cutting.
- simple, single shear (stress).
cortaduras, cuttings.
cortaespoleta m, fuse cutter.
cortafierro m, cold chisel.
corta.fi!.etes, mquina, thread-cutting machine.
cortafro m, cold chisel or cutter.
-- con punta rmbica, chise!;
-- de herrer.o, cold cutter.
- quitarrebabas, burr cbisel.
-- ranurador, cape chisel.
cortafuego m. lire wa11 or stop; (elec) fue cutoff.
cortahierro m. cold chisel or cutter.
-- de ranurar, cape chisel.
--para canaletas, lantern chise!;
cortahoyo lateral (pet). side raspo side hole cutter.
corta1adrillos m, front chisel. bricklayer's cbisel.
cortamatas m, brush or bush hook.
cortamecha m (vol). fuse cutter.
cortametal, sierra, hacksaw.
cortamuestras m. sample cutter.
cortante, cutting. sharp.
cortancleos m. core bit or ,drill.
cortapemo m, boltcutter.
cortar, to cut.
- al hilo (carp). to rip.
cortarraces m. (t) root cutter.
cortarremaches, rivet buster or cutter.
cortarriel m (fc), track chisel.
cortarroscas f, threading machine.
cortatraviesa m (fc), tie cutter.
cortatubo m, pipe cutter; tube
- de caldera, boiler-tube cutter.
- de pozo (pet), casing cutter.
- de tres cuchillas, three-wheel pipe cutter.
cortavapor m (mv), cutoff.
cortavidrios m. glass cutter.
cortaviento m, windbreak. windshield.
cortavolandera m, washer cutter.
corte m a cut; a section; cutting edge; shearing
stress.
- a faldeo simple (A). see corte a ladera entera.
- al hilo en bisel (mad), bevel rip.
- a ladera entera, cut on a hillside 'for full
width of roadbed.
- a media galera (A), sidehill cut with over-
hanging roof.
- a media ladera, sidehiU cut.
- cerrado, (Ec) cut more than 2 m deep.
-- con arco de carbn, carbon-arc cutting.
-- con arco metlico, metallic-arc cutting.
- de acabado (mh). finishing cut.
- de cua (tn) (min), wedge cut. V cut.
- de desbaste, roughing cut.
- de empotramiento, fixed-end shear (stress).
- de pluma (carp) (A), bevel cut.
-- de prstamo, borrow pito
- de prueba (mh). trial cut.
- en balcn (M). sidehill cut.
- en bisel, bevel cut.
- en cajn (exc) (A)(M) , through cut.
- en trinchera (A), through cut.
-- especifico, specific shear (stress).
- esquilante (mh)(A), shearing cut.
-longitudinal (dib). longitudinal section.
- pasante (exc). through cut.
- petimetral (A). perimeter shear.
- piramidal (tn)(min). pyramid cut.
- tpico (dib), typical section.
--transversal, cross section.
- X (cristal ralo X cut, Curie cut.
- y (cristal ra), Y cut.
-- y relleno, cut and fill.
cortezaf. bark; crust; rind (sugar cane).
cortina f. curtain; (hyd) core wall. (A) cutofl'
wa11; (M) dam. nonoverflow dam.
- de acero articulada, rolling steel shutter.
-- de agua, water curtain.
- de arcos mltiples (M), multiple-arch dam.
- de cabeza (M), roundhead-buttress or dia--
mond-head-buttress dam.
- de enrocamiento (M). rock-fill dam.
-- de inyecciones, grout curtain.
- de machones (M). buttress dam.
- enrollable, rolling shutter.
- impermeable, (hyd) core wa11.
-- metlica de enrollar, rolling steel shutter.
- vertedora (M), spillway dam.
cortina-puerta, rolling steel door.
corto, short.
- circuito (elc). short circuito
-- circuito cabal, dead short circuito
-,- circuito directo, dead short circuito
cortocircuitadora f, short-circuiting device.
cortocircuitar (A). to short-circuit.
corunditaf (rfr), Corundite (trademark).
corundo m. corundum, native alumina.
corvadura J, curvature.
corvo, bent. curved.
cosecante m. cosecant.
coseno m. cosine.
--verso, coversed sine. versed cosine.
coser, to make a seam; to lace (belt).
cosinusoide f (Es), cosine curve.
cosmtico m. belt dressing.
coso m. wood borer, timber worm.
costa f. coast. shore.
-- de barlovento, weather shore.
-- de sotavento, leo shore.
-- martima, seacoast.
costado m. side.
- vapor, free alongside (FAS).
costal m. bag, sack.
costalera f (M), burlap.
costanera f. slope; (lbr) sIab; (carp) scab. f1itch,
fishplate.
costaneras (ed). siding.
costanero a. pertaining to the coast; sIoping.
coste m. see costo.
costear, to pay the cost o.
costeo m. financing. paying foro
m (mad). slaj); f1itch; a (C) coastwise.
costilla f .. (str) poling board; (bldg)
furrmg strIP; laggmg strip (arch); (Col)
rafter.
costillaje m. furring; ribbing; frame of a ship'
(tun) lagging.
costo m, costo
-- efectivo, actual costo
-- en plaza. market price.
-- ms honorario fijo, cost plus fixed fee.
-- ms porcentaje, plus percentage.
-- ms sobrecoste, <M). cost plus fee.
-- menos depreciacin, cost less depreciation.
-- neto, prime costo net costo
-- Primitivo, original costo
-, seguro y flete (CSF), cost, insurance and
frcight (CIF). '
-- unitario, unit costo
costra J, scale; crust; (met) scab.
-- de caldera, boiler scale.
-- de forjadura (met). forge or hammer scale.
-- de fundicin, skin of a casting.
-- de herrumbre, rust scale.
- de laminado (met), mili or ro11 scale.
costroso, scaly.
costuraf. seam, joint.
-- con solapa, lap seam.
- de pelo (met), hair seam.
-- de soldadura, welded seam.
--por recubrimiento, lap seam.
cotaf (top). elevation.
-- de altura o de nivel, elevation.
-- de comparacin, datum.
-- de referencia, datum planeo datum.
- de retenida (hid), storage level.
cotacin J, elevation.
cotana J. mortise.
cotangente J, cotangent.
cote m. haH hitch.
cotillo m, polI (ax or hammer); striking face.
cotizacin f (com). quotation.
cotizar, to quote.
coto m, boundary monumento
cotunita f, cotunnite. native lead chloride.
covacha J. a void, smalI cave.
covelina, covelitaf (miner), covellite, indigo cop-
pero
coyunda J (C) (AC), rope.
cez J, big end of a pole or pile; (min) (M) hitch.
craquear (pet) (A), to crack.
craqueo m (pet)(A), cracking.
crter m (elc)(geol) (sol) (pet) (vol), crater.
crece f (Ch), f1ood.
crecer, to increase; (r) to rise.
crecida J, f1ood.
creciente f (r), f1ood. rise.
-- de la marea, f100d tide.
crdito m, (act) credit.
-- confirmado, confirmed credit.
--irrevocable, irrevocable credit.
crditos pasivos, liabilities.
crema de almina (lab), alumina cream.
cremallera f, rack, rack rail, cograil.
-- de girar (gr), swinging rack.
-- en segmento, segment rack.
- reguladora (di), control rack.
-- y pin rack and pinion.
cremona J, large door bolt.
crentrix (is), crenothrix.
creosota f, creosote.
creosotado a presin, pressure-creosoted.
creosotar, to crcosote.
crepitacin J, crepit,ation, crackling; (ra) (A) mo-
torboating.
cresa J, maggot.
eresol m (qum), cresol.
cresolftalena J (lab), cresol phthalein.
cresta J, crest.
-- de la corriente andica (ra). peak plate cur-
rento
-- de gas (pet), gas cap.
-- divisoria (top). divide.
- normal (hid), standard crest.
--vertiente o vertedora (hid). spiIIway crest.
cresteraJ (top) , ridge, watershed line.
crestn m, outcrop; (top) crest.
creta f, chalk.
cretceo, chalky, cretaceous.
cretcico (geol), Cretaceous.
creyn (m) de marcar, marking or lumber crayon
criadero m (min), seam, vein. deposito
-- de mosquitos, mosquito-breeding area.
-- de petrleo, oil pool.
criba J, screen, strainer. grizzly. riddle; eribbel.
-- corrediza, traveling
-- de ala, wing screen.
-- de aspiracin (bm), strainer for foot valve.
-- de barrotes, bar screen.
-- de cesta, basket screen.
-- de correa, band screen.
-- de jaula, cage screen.
- del lodo (pet), shale shaker, mud screen.
-- de persiana (pozo), shutter screen.
-- de'tambor, drum screen.
-- dI( vaivn, shaking screen.
-- giratoria, revolving screen.
-- graduadora, gradation screen.
- hidrliulica (min), jig.
--lavadora, scrubbing or washing screen.
-- para basuras (hid), trash screen.
cribado m, screening.
-- con lavado, wet screening.
-- en seco, dry screening.
cribador m, sifter, screen tender.
cribadora f, screen.
cribar, to screen.
cribn m, grizzly.
cric m, jack, erick; ratchet.
-- de cremallera, ratchet jack.
-- de palanca, lever jack.
-- de tornillo, screw jack. jackscrew.
- hidrliulico, hydraulie jack.
criofilico (is), cryophilic.
crigeno, cryogenic.
criolitaf. cryolite (aluminum ore).
100
- armado (min), truss seto
-- calculador (ele), ealeulating board.
-- con mando de frente (ele), live-front switeh-
board.
- corredizo (ele), draw-out-type switehboard.
- de carretillas (ele), truek-type switehboard.
-- de conmutadores (ele), switehboard, panel
board.
-- de contador (ele), meter panel.
-- de distribucin, switchboard.
- de enchufes (tel), plug switchboard.
-- de entibacin (min) (tn) , drift frame, square
seto
- de estacin (fe) (A), widened right of way to
inelude a station with its sidings, etc.
- de frente muerto (ele), dead..front switeh-
board.
- de fusibles (ele), fuseboard.
- de gobierno, control board.
-- de instrumentos, instrument board.
-- de propuesta, bidding schedule.
-- de puerta, doorfrallle.
- de pupitre (ele), desk switehbJard.
-- de seales, signal board.
-- estadimtrico (Iev), stadia table.
-- indicador, annuneiator.
-- provisional (min), false seto
-rgido (est)(U), rigidfrallle.
cudruple m, (pet) fourble; a quadruple.
cudruplex (ele), quadruplex.
cudruplo m a, quadruple.
cuajada J, a Costa Riean lumber.
cuajar m (C), a wood used for eonstruetion.
cuajarse, to eoagulate, elot; to cake.
cuatitativo, quali tlJ.tive.
cuantiar, to appraise.
cuantitativo, quantitative.
cuantmetro m, quantollleter.
cuarcfero, quartziferous.
cuarcita J, quartzite, quartz roek.
cuarctico, quartzitie.
cuarta J, quart; quarter; lineal measnre of U
vara.
-- caa, quarter round.
cuartedura J, crack, split.
cuartear, to split; to divide into bloeks; to quar-
ter; cuartearse, to crack, split, (Ibr) to
check.
cuartel m, barraeks; eity distriet; (sb) hateh
eover.
cuarteo m, crack, fissure; splitting, dividing into
parts, quartering; (min)(M) pieeework.
cuartern m, panel; (M) measure of 25 litcrs,
(Ch) diagonal braee in a partition.
cuarteta J (C), a measure of area, about 2 acres.
cuartillo m, a liquid and dry measure having
various values; in Argentina about 1 US
qt; in Mexico about 1% qt dry and about
;yz qt liquid; in Spain about 1 qt dry or
liquid; in Costa Rica 4.6 liters.
cuarto m, quarter; room; a quarter.
-- bocel, quarter-round lllolding.
-- de calderas, boiler room, fireroom, (sb)
stokehold.
-- de ca<l, quarter round.
- de galn, quart.
criptocristalino
criptocristalino (geol), cryptocrystalline.
criptol m (ele), kryptol.
criptn m (qum), krypton. b k
crique m, (A) ratehet; pawl; jaek; (CA) roo.
criseno m (pet), ehrysene.
criscola J (miner), ehrysoeolla. f f
crisol m, erueible, melting pot; hearth o a ur-
nace. .
crisolada J, eharge of a erue.lble.
crisotilo m (miner), ehrysotlle (asbestos) ..
cristal m, glass; flint glass; a pane of glass, erys-
tal.
-- armado, wire glass.
- cilindrado, plate glass.
- de corte AT (ra), AT-cut erystal.
- de reloj (lab), wateh glass.
-- de roca, f1int glass; roek erystal.
- de seguridad, nonshattering 01' safety glass.
-- deslustrado o esmerilado, ground glass.
-- estriado, ribbed glass.
--irrompible (M), safety 01' nonshattering
glass. . .
cristalinidad J, erystallinlty.
cristalino, erystalline.
cristalizador m, erystallizer. .
- al vaco (az), vaeuum erystallizer.
cristalizar, to erystallize. .
cristaloblstico (geol) (miner), erystalloblastlC.
cristalografa J,
cristalogrfico, erystaHographlC.
cristoln m, erystolon (abrasive).
criterio m, eriterion.
crtico, eritieal.
crocidolita J, eroeidolite, blue asbestos.
crocota J, eroeoite, red lead ore.
croche m (V), eluteh.
cromado, ehromium-plated.
cromatar, to ehromate.
cromtica J, ehromaties.
cromtico, ehromatie.
cromato rn, ehromate.
-- de bario barium ehromate 01' chrome.
-- de plom, lead ehromate, (miner) eroeoite.
cromel m, ehromel (alloy).
crmico, eontaining ehromium, ehromie.
cromitaJ, ehromite ore).
eromito m (qum), ehromlte.
cromo m, ehromium, ehrome.
cromforo m (ele) (quim), ehromophore..
cromognico, cromgeno (is), ehromogeme.
crommetro m, ehromometer.
cromonquel, ehrome-niekel (steel).
cronfero m (ele), ehronopher.
cronografa J, ehronography.
cronogrfico, ehronographie.
crongrafo m, ehronograph.
cronometra J, ehronometry.
cronomtrico, ehronometrie.
cronmetro m, ehronometer.
cronoscopio m (ele), ehronoseope.
croquis m, sketch. .
cruce m, erossing; (1'1') erossmg f:og; (p) eross.
a nivelo de va, grade erossmg.
- caminero, highway 01' grade erossing.
- en arco (tub), erossover.
- en trbol (ca), c1over-Ieaf interseetion.
cruzamiento
--inferior, undergrade erossing.
-- superior, overhead erossing.
cruces de rigidez (M), bridging (wood f1oor).
crucero m, batten, erosspieee; erossarm;
(P) eross; (1'1') frog; erossmg road
crossing; cleavage (stone).; (mm)
heading, erosscut; eross tImber; (=er)
cleavage.
-- a nivel, grade erossing.
--bsico (miner), basal c1eavage.
-- cbico (miner), eubie eleavage.
-- de carril continuo (fe),
-- de combinacin (fe), a set of slIp sWltehes
and movable-point erossings. .
- de puntas movibles (fe), movable-pomt
crossing. .
-- en hoja de trbol (ca), c1over-Ieaf mtersee-
tion.
- embridado (tub), f1anged eross.
- para soldar (tub), welding eross.
reductor (tub), redueing eross.
-- roscado (tub), screwed eross.
cruceros laterales (est), lateral
cruceta J, erossarm; erosshead; erossplece.
-- abierta o de alas (mv), wing-type erosshead.
-- atravesada (elc), buck arm, reverse armo
-- cerrada (mv), box-type crosshead.
-- de cabeza (mv), erosshead. .
-- de cuatro espigas (ele), four-pm crossarm.
-- de poste (ele), crossarm.
- del timn (en), erosshead.
crucetas, X braeing; bridging (wood f1oor).
cruciforme, erueiform.
crudeza J, hardness of water.
crudo, erude; raw (untreated); hard (water).
crujaJ, corridor, passage; .(bldg) (M) bayo
crujido m, ereaking, .
cruz J, (p) eross; (min) erossmg of two vems.
- con salida lateral (tub), side-outlet eross.
- de campanas (tub), aH-bell cross.
-- de curva abierta (tub), long-sweep cross.
- de limpieza (tub), blowoff eross:
- de San Andrs (Es) (V), X braemg.
- de seis pasos (tub), double eross.
- embridada (tub), f1anged eross.
-- , en, at right angles:
-- filar (inst), eross halrs.. .
--intercaladora (tub), euttmg-m cross.
-- para escalera (tub), stair-railing eross.
- para lavabo (pb), eross. . .
--para soldar (tub), weldmg eross; solder-Jomt
eross.
-- para tabiques (tub), p:;xtition eross.
--reductora (tub), reduemg eross.
--reticular (inst), eross hairs.
--roscada (tub), serewed eross.
-- sanitaria (tub), sanitaryeross.
cruzada J (min), erosseut.
cruzadilla J (AC), grade erossing.
cruzamiento m, crossing; (rr) er?ssing frog, frog.
- areo, aerial frog (trolley wrre).
- con cambiava (fe), slip switch.
- de carril engoznado (fe), swing-rail frog.
- de plancha (fe), plate erossing, plate frog.
- enlazado (fe) (C), slip switch.
- ensamblado (fe), built-up frog.
cruzamiento
-- remachado (fe), riveted plate erossing.
cruzar, to eross; to place erosswise.
cuacuaversal (geol), quaquaversal.
cuaderna J, frame (espeeially of a ship).
-- invertida (en)(A), reverse frame.
-- maestra, midship frame.
cuadernas (en)
-- de escuadra, square frames.
-- de los receles, panting frames.
-- inclinadas, inelined frames.
-- sesgadas, eant frames.
cuadernal m, taekle block; (M) block and taekle.
cuaderno m, notebook, field book.
- de hojas sueltas, loose-Ieaf notebook.
'-- de nivelacin, level book.
cuadra J, stable, box stall; city block, square; a
measure of length-150 varas in Chile and
Argentina, 100 varas in Uruguay, Para-
guay, and Ecuador.
-- de popa(an), quarter.
-- de proa (an), forward quarter.
cuadradillo m, grilIage.
cuadrado m, square; (math) square; a square.
cuadral m, knee 01' diagonal 01' angle braee.
cuadrangular, quadrangular.
cuadrngulo m, quadrangle; a quadrangular.
cuadrantal, quadrantal.
cuadrante m, quadrant; dial of an instrumento
-- azimutal, azimuth dial.
-- oscilante (mv), Stephenson link.
cuadrar, (math) (earp) to square.
cuadrtico, quadratie.
cuadratura J, squaring; measuring areas; (math)
(elee) quadrature.
-- de espacio (ele), spaee quadrature.
- de tiempo (ele), time quadrature.
c:ladrcula J, grilIage; anything in eheekerboard
pattern.
-- de azimut (fma) , azimuth grid.
-- de perspectiva (fma), perspeetive grid.
-- de tanteo (fma), trial grid.
- de trazar (fma), plotting grid.
cuadriculado m, eheekerwork; a in squares.
cuadricular, v to gratieulate, mark off iL. squares;
a in squares.
cuadrifilar (A), four-wire.
cuadriltero m a, quadrilateral.
cuadrilongo, rectangular.
cuadrilla J, gang, party, squad.
-- aserradora (ef), saw erew.
-- caminera, road gang.
-- de arrastre (ef), skidding erew.
-- de colocacin (eone), plaeing gang.
-- de dibujantes, squad of draftsmen.
-- de perforacin (pet), drilling erew.
-- de reparaciones, repair gang.
-- de salvamento, wreeking gang.
-- de sanitacin, sanitary squad.
-- de tramo (fe), seetion gang.
- de tumba (ef), felling erew.
-- de urgencia (fe), wreeking erew.
cuadriviaria a (ca), four-Iane.
cuadro m, square; timber frame; table of figures,
tabulation; (elee) switehboard; (tv) frame;
(min) (B) shaft; (min) case, frame, seto
- anunciador, indieator board.
101
cuarto
-- de mando, control room
-- de mquinas, engine room.
-- de los tachos (az), pan room.
-- de vuelta, quarter turno
- hmedo (1ab), fog room.
-- oscuro (fma), darkroom.
cuartn m, girder, large beam, timber; (C) parcel
of land; (min) boulder; (M) fiagstone.
cuarzo m, quartz.
--bastardo, bastard or bull quartz.
-- citrino, citrine quartz. .
cuarzo-monzonita, quartz-monzorute.
cuarzoso, quartzose.
cuaternario m (mat), quaternion; a (math)(geol)
quaternary. .
cuaternio m (mat), quaterruon.
cuaterno (mat), quaternary.
cuatrifilar a, four-wire.
cuatro m a, four.
-- capas, de, four-ply.
- codos, de, four-throw (crankshaft).
-- etapas, de, four-stage. .
--inserciones, de, four-tuck (splice).
--pasos, de, four-way
- pisos, de, four-story (buildmg).
-- tiempos, de, four-cyc1e (engine).
--vas, de, four-Iane (highway).
cuatropear (M), to break joints.
cuba/, tank, vat, tub; cask; tank car; bucket of
a turbine; conveyor bucket; stack of a
blast furnace.
- del flotador, fioat chamber (carburetor).
cubaje m, volume, cubical contents.
cubertura/, cover; (auto) cowl.
cubeta /, bucket, pail; ba:sin; leader head; v:ater:
closet bowl; (A) spIllway bucket; keg, tub,
cuvette; (geol) (V) basin.
-- autoprensora, clamshe11 bucket.
- del carburador (mg), fioat chamber.
-- de elevador, elevator bucket.
-- del termmetro, bulb of a thermometer.
-- sacalodo, sand pump.
--volcadora, dump or contractor's bucket.
cubeta-draga, dragline bucket.
cubetada /, bucketful.
cubicacin/, cubical contents, cubage; computa-
tion ofvolumes.
cubicaje m, cubica! contents, volume, cubage,
displacement. .
cubicar, to cube: to compute volumes; (mm) to
block out.
cbico, cubic, cubical.
cubculo m (elc), cubicle.
cubierta /, cover, covering, lid; roof, roof cover-
ing; (sb) deck: (str) cover plate; (mech)
casing, hood; (A)(U) tire shoe; (exc)(M)
overburden; face slab (dam).
- de aire libre (cn), weather deck.
-- a copete o a cuatro aguas, hip roo.
-- a dos aguas, peak roo.
- biolgica (is), biological film.
- corrida (en), fiush deck.
- de abrigo (cn), shelter deck.
- del al,czar. (cn) , quarter deck.
- de arqueo (cn), tonnage deck.
- de bordo libre (cn), freeboard deck.
- para ingletes, miter knife.
- para maSilla, putty knife.
-- para yeseros, wa11 scraper.
-- quitahielo, sleet cutter.
- separadora (top) (U), divide.
-- zanjeadora, ditcher.
cuchillas de caa (az), cane knives.
cuchillo m, knife, blade; scraper; (Col) raiter;
(top) ridge.
-- a dos Dlanos, drawknife.
-- de vidriero, putty knife.
--para rayos, spokeshave.
-- perimetral, cutting edge (caisson).
cuchillo-serrucho, saw knife.
cuchilln m (Ch), broadax.
cuele m (min), driving (drift), penetration; sink-
ing (shaft); (1\'1) blasting holeo
cuelga /, (Col) (Ch) slope, grade (especialIy river
or canal).
cuelgaballesta m (1oco)"(auto), spring hanger.
cuelgacable m (elc), cable hanger.
cuelgamuelle m (auto) (A), spring hanger.
cuelgatubo m, pipe hanger.
cuello m, collar, neck, throat; (machy) journal;
gland (stuffing box); (Col) collar beam:
(pet) pipe coupling.
-- de cisne o de ganso, gooseneck.
-- de empuje, thrust collar.
- tcrico (sol), theoretical throat.
-- Venturi, Venturi throat.
- verdadero (sol), actual throat.
cuenca /, basin, drainage area, watershed; val-
ley; (geol) trough, graben.
- alimentadora (hid) (A), watershed, catch-
ment area.
-- carbonfera, coal basin.
-- cerrada (geol), closed basin.
-- colectora o de captacin; drainage or catcn-
ment area, watershcd.
-- de drenaje (A), drainage area.
-- de fallas (geol), graben, fault trough.
-- de retencin, detention basin.
-- de sedimentacin (geol), sedimentary basin.
-- fluvial, river basin.
-- hidrogrfica o tributaria, watershed, drain-
age area.
--hullera, coal basin.
- imbrfera (A) (U), drainage area, water-
shed.
-- petrolfera, oil pool.
-- pluviomtrica (Col), catchment area, water-
shed.
-- recolectora (A), drainage arca, watershed.
cuenco m, pool, basin.
-- amortiguador (hid), stillbg pool.
-- de esclusa, lock chamber.
cuenta (1) de gastos, cxpense account.
cuentas a cobrar, accounts reccivable.
cuentas por pagar, acC'ounts payable.
cuentaemboladas m, piston-stroke counter.
cuentagotas m dropping tube.
-- de engrase, sig:lt-feC'd lubricator.
cuentakilmetros m, speedometer (kilometers).
cuentamillas m, spcedometer (miles).
cuentapasos m, pcdometer, odometer, passom-
eter.
cuarto 102 cuchara
- de la bovedilla (cn), poop deck.
- de castillo (cn), forecastle deck.
- del cilindro (mv) , cylinder lagging.
- del diferencial (auto) (U), differential hous-
ing.
-- de escotilla (cn), hatch cover.
- de filn (min), hanging wa11.
- de las lanchas (cn), boat deck.
-- de lona, tarpaulin, canvas cover.
- de los mamparos (cn), bulkhead deck.
- de motor (auto), hood.
- de paseo (cn), promenade deck.
- de popa (cn), after deck.
- del puente (cn), bridge deck.
- del sollado (cn), or1op, orlop deck.
-- de tubera, pipe insulation.
-- de un agua, lean-to roo.
- flotante, fioating roof (tank).
-- guardanieve, snowshed.
- rasa (cn), fiush deck.
cubierto m, cover, roof, shed.
cubilete m (1ab), beaker.
cubilote m (met), cupola.. .
cubo m, pail, bucket, SkIP: cub.e: cubIcal con-
tents; hub; socket; boss; bnck (math)
cube; (Ch) volume of excavatlOn or con-
crete. .
- de aguiln, boom bucket (paver).
- de almeja, clamshe11 bucket.
-- de andarivel, tramway bucket.
-- de arrastre, dragline bucket.
-- de bayoneta, bayonet socket. .
-- de desmontes, volume of excavabon.
-- de extraccin, mine bucket.
- de garras (pet), spider.
- de la hlice (cn), prope11er boss.
-- de incendio, fire bucket.
- del inducido (elc), armature hubo
- de pala, shovel dipper.
-- de rosario, elevator bucket.
- de tralla (ec), bowl of a scraper.
--voleador o de volteo, tip or dump bucket.
cubreasiento m (auto) (M), seat cover.
cubrecadena m, chain guardo
cubrecostura m (cn), seam strap.
cubrechasis m (ra), chassis cover.
cubrejunta m, splice plate, butt
scab; astragal; (sb) edge strIp, seam stnp,
seam strap; (p) joint runner. .
--longitudinal (cn), seam edge stnp.
cubreneumtico m (auto), tIre cover.
cubreplaca m (est), cover plate.
cubrerrueda m, mudguard.
cubretablero m (auto), cowl.
cubrir, to cover.
cuchara /, spoon; bucket; dipper, scoop,
(mx) (A) skip loader; (A) (C) mason S
trowel; posthole shovel; (pet) bailer:
molder's spoon; (turb) bucket.
--agarradera, grab bucket, clamshelI.
-- automtica, clamshe11.
- cogedora (Es), grab bucket, clamshe11.
- de albail, trowel.
-- de arrastre (Es), drag scraper.
-- de biela (auto), connecting-rod dipper.
- de colar, ladle.
cuchara
- de cuatro gajos (M), orange-peel bucket.
- de cuerno (lab), horn spoon.
- de desnatar, skimming ladle.
-- de fundicin, casting ladle.
- de polvorero (vol), blasting spoon.
- de vaciar (fund), pouring ladle.
- desabolladora (ch), spoon.
--limpiapozos (pet), cleanout bailer, swab.
-- muestreadora (sx), sample spoon.
--para horadar, tunneling scoop.
--para hoyos, telegraph or post spoon.
- taladradora (mh), she11 bit.
- vertedora (pet), dump bailer.
cuchara-draga (Ec), dragline bucket.
cucharada /, bucketful, (sh) dipperful.
cuchareo m (pet), bailing.
cucharn m (A), pointing troweI.
cucharn m, bucket, dipper, scoop, skip; scraper.
-- aplanador (pI), skimming dipper.
- bivalvo (M), clamshe11 bucket.
-- cargador (mz), skip loader, charging skip.
- cogedor, scraper bucket, scraper.
-- de almeja excavador, digging clamshell.
-- de a)meja para remanejo, rehandling clam-
she11.
-- de arrastre, dragline bucket; drag scraper.
- de botaln, boom bucket (paver).
- de colada, ladle.
- de conchas de almeja (M), clamshell bucket.
-- de descarga por debajo, bottom-dump or
drop-bottom bucket.
-- de draga, dredge dipper; dragline bucket.
-- de extraccin, ore or mine bucket.
- de gajos de naranja (M), orange-peel bucket.
- de garfios (M), grab bucket.
-- de garras o de mordazas, clamshe11 bucket.
-- de granada, orange-peel bucket.
-- de maniobra, rehandling bucket.
-- de pala, shovel dipper.
-- de quijadas, clamshell or grab bucket.
-- de tralla (ec), bowl of a scraper.
-- de tres gajos, three-blade orange-peeI bucket.
- de un cable (ec), single-line bucket.
- de valvas de almeja (M), clamshe11 bucket.
-- desencapador (pI), skimmer scoop.
-- excavador, digging bucket.
--para cajn, caissan bucket.
-- para muestreo, sampling scoop.
--para remanipuleo, rehandling bucket.
- prensor (M), grab bucket.
-- recogedor, scraper bucket.
--tipo casco de naranja, orange-peeI bucket.
--volcador, dump bucket.
cuchilla/, blade, knife, cutting tool; wall Scraper;
moldboard; (Pan) road scraper; (top)(Col)
(U) ridge.
-- de acepillar, pIaner knife.
-- de arado, colter.
-- de cepillo, plane iron.
- de contacto (elc), blade of a switch.
-- de dos mangos, drawknife.
- de interruptor (elc), switch blade.
- de moldurar, molding knife.
- de rajar (si), slitter knife.
-- empujadora o niveladora (ec), bulldozer,
Bullgrader, Roadbuilder; moldboard.
103
cuentapasos
104
cc.acarrandal, chacarrandn, chacarranday, Ven-
ezuelan lumber.
chafirro m (AC), machete, knife.
chafln m, bevel, chamfer; (M) knee braceo (rfl
cricket, canto '
-- abierto (cn), open bevel.
- cerrado (cn), closed bevel.
chaflanador m, beveling tool.
chaflanar, to chamfer, bevel.
chalana 1, scow, lighter, flatboat.
- cisterna, tank barge.
-- de compuerta, dump scow, hopper barg...
- de paso (V), ferryboat.
chalcocita 1, chalcocite (copper ore).
chalcocita
- de transicin, (rr) transition or easement
curve.
-- de velocidades en una vertical (hid), verti-
cal-velocity curve.
- de 45 (tub), eighth bend.
- de 90 (tub), quarter bend.
- de 180 (tub), haH bend.
-- clstica, elastica, elastic curve.
- en U (tub), U bend.
- en U ancha (tub), return bend-open type.
- en U con desplazamiento (tub), single-offset
U bend.
- en U con doble desplazamiento (tub), dou-
ble-offsct U bend.
-- en U estrecha (tub), return bend-close type.
-- en U para soldar (tub), welding return.
-- entrpica, entropy diagram.
-- o forzada o fuerte, sharp curve.
- hipsomtriya (A), contour lineo
-- inversa, reverse curve.
-- (dib), French or irregular curve.
--lsobata, depth co=ltour.
--isocora, isochor.
--loxodrmica, rhumb E:c.c, loxodromic curve
-- senoidal, sine curve. .
-- suave, easy curve.
- tipo hoz (pct), sic!ole bend.
-- vertical cncava (ca), sag vertical.
-- vertical de cumbre (ca), summit vertical.
curvas
- del arquitecto naval (dib), ship curveo.
-- freticas, ground-watcr contours.
-- p;ra va (dib), railroad curves.
curv:>arras m, bar bcnder.
curvaci0n 1, curvature.
curvadora f, bendcr.
curvar, to bend, curve.
curvarricles m, rail hender.
m, pipe bender.
curvatura/, curvature; bending
-- escabr, scalar or specific eurvature.
-- por arrugas (tub), wrinkle bending.
-- por plic"ues (tub), crease bending.
curvgrafo m (C), French or irreb'Ular curve.
curvilneo, curvilinear.
curvmetro m, curvometer.
curvo, curved.
cspide 1, crest, apex, peak, vertex; cusp.
cuy m (C), a hardwood.
105 cuproso
cuproso, copper-bearing, cuprous.
cpulal, dome, cupola; (geol)(B)(V) dome.
-- de arena (loco), sand dome.
-- de caldera o de vapor (loco), steam dome.
cura I (conc), curing.
cur m, a Central American hardwood.
curacin 1, (conc) curing; (Ibr) seasoning; (mct)
aging.
-- hmeda (lab), fog curing.
curado m, curing.
-- al agua (conc), water curing.
-- con saturacin (Iab), fog curing.
-- en masa, mass curing.
curar, (conc) to cure; (lbr) to season.
. curiche m (B), lake, pool.
currentilneo, streamlined.
curso m, stroke, throw, course, travel; (sb)
strake.
-- del mbolo, piston travel.
-- fluvial o de agua, watercourse, strearn.
cursor m, (machy) slide; indicator (slide rule).
- del objetivo (inst), objectiye slide.
- en ngulo (mh), angular slide.
-- portahernimienta (mh), toolslide.
-,-'transversal (mh), cross slide.
curtido al cromo, chrorne-tanned.
curtido al roble, oak-tanned.
curtidura, curtiembre 1, tannery.
curupaina, curupay m, a South American hard-
wood.
curva 1, curve, bend.
-- abierta, (rr) easy curve; (P) long sweep.
-- adiabtica, adiabatic curve or line, adiar-
batic.
-- aguda o brusca, sharp curve.
-- cerrada, (rr) sharp curve; (p) short sweep.
-- compensadora con doble desplazamiento
(tub), double-olIset expansion U bend.
- compensadora en U (tub) , expansion U bend.
- compuesta, compound curve.
-- de acuerdo, (rr) transition curve; (handrail)
ramp, easement.
-- de altura-gasto (r), stage-discharge curve.
-- de cabidas (hid), capacity curve.
-- de deformacin-esfuerzo, deformation or
stress-strain curve.
-- de dilatacin (tub), expansion bend.
-- de enlace, (rr) transition curve; junction
curve; (handrail) ramp, easing.
- de gastos (hid), flow curve.
-- histresis (eI6c), hysteresis loop.
-- de nivel, contour lineo
-- de oxgeno colgante (is), oxygen sag.
-- de paso (tub), crossover.
- de paso con salida atrs (tub), back-outlet
crossover.
-- de persistencia (hid) (A), duration curve.
- de pie (tub), base elbow.
- de recorrido-tiempo (vibracin), travel-time
curve.
-- de remanso (hid), backwater curve.
-- de retorno abierto (tub), return bend-open
type.
-- de retorno cerrado (tub) , return bend-close
type.
-- de ribera, flow line (reservoir).
cuprosilicio
culata 1, butt; haunch; (ge) cylinder head; yoke,
(Col) rear wall; (C)(PR) side wall.
- abovedada (mg), domed head.
- antiturbulente (mg), nonturbulent head.
-- de tubos, pipe header.
- de turbulencia (mg), high-turbulent head.
- en F (mg), F head.
- en L (mg), L head.
-enT (mg), T head.
culatazo m, kick, recoil.
culateo m, backIash, recoil, kick.
culatn m, shank.
culombimetro m, coulomb meter, coulometer.
culombio m (elc), coulomb.
culote m, base, butt, bottom.
cultivadora I (ec), cultivator.
cumarona I (pint) (ais) , cumar, coumarone resino
cumbre 1, crest, summit, ridge, peak, topo
cumbrera 1, ridge; cap; ridgepole; ridge cap,
ridge roll; crown o an arch.
- para poste (elc), ridge iron.
cumulante m (mat), cumulant.
cumulativo, cumulative.
cuna I (mec), cradle.
- de botadura (cn), launching cradle, sliding
ways.
cuneta 1, ditch, gutter; (na) waterway.
-- de escape (ca), rundown, escape gutter.
-- de guardia, intercepting ditch, counterdrain,
(rd) berm ditch.
cuneteadora I (maq) (A), ditcher.
cua 1, wedge, chock; key, gib; rog o aplane;
paving stone; gad; (pet) slip.
- aislante (elc), insulating wedge.
-- con agujas, plug and feathers.
-- de cantero, stone wedge.
- del colector (elc), co=utator bar.
- de grada (cn), a slice.
- de talla transversal (pet), crosscut slip.
- de trozador (ef), bucking wedge.
- de tumbar (e), alling wedge.
- enteriza (v), solid wedge.
- para hender, splitting wedge.
- para tubera (pet), casing slip.
- partida (v), split wedge.
- sacamecha (mh), drift or center key.
cuas gemelas (M), gib and cotter.
cuar, to wedge.
cuero m, (C) keyWay, key seat; (pet) roan who
places wedges.
cuete m, keg.
cuota (j) de agua, water rate.
culota de fiete, freight rate.
cupla 1, a coupling; (A) torque.
-- antagnica (A), countertorque.
-- de reduccin, reducing coupling.
- momento (A), torque.
cupo m, tax rate; quota.
cupn m, coupon; (U) short rail.
cprico, cupric.
cuprfero, copper-bearing.
cuprita 1, red copper, cuprite, ruby copper ore.
cupromanganeso m, cup'romanganese (allOY).
cupronquel m (aleacin), nickel bronze, cupro-
nickel.
cuprosilicio m, cuprosilicon (alloy).
cuentarrevoluciones m, speedometer, tachom-
eter, revolution counter.
cuentavueltas m, tachometer, counter.
cuerda 1, cord, line, rope; chord; cord of wood;
(gi) flange; (PR) land measure of about
1 acre; (M) screw thread; (Ec) beam,
joist; (sb) ledge.
__ de algodn, cotton rope.
__ de alinear o de marcar, chaIk lineo
- de camo, Manila rope.
-- de correa, belt lacing,
_ de plomada, plumb lineo
- de seal, signal cord.
_ inferior, (tu) lower chord, (gi) bottom flange.
_ izquierda (M), left-hand thread.
-larga (fc), long chord.
- mecha (vol), fuse.
__ para ventanas, sash cord.
_ superior, (tu) upper chord, (gi) top flange.
cuerillo m, a Costa Rican lumber.
cuerno m, horno
_ de amarre (elc), outrigger.
_ de arco (elc), arcing horno
__ de colgadores (cv), horn of a cableway car-
riage.
__ de yunque, horn of an anvil.
cuero m, leather.
__ cromado, chrome-tanned leather.
-- crudo o verde, rawhide.
-- de cochino, pigskin.
_ de monta.a, mountain leather (asbestos).
-- de suela, sole leather.
-- de vaca, cowhide.
cuerpo m, body; corps, party.
- central (cn), middle body.
__ compuesto (qum), chemical compound.
-- de agrimensores, survey party.
-- de arco, arch ringo
__ de bomba, pump barrel; pump casing.
__ de cabrestante, barrel of a capstan.
- de caldera, boilershell.
-- de carretilla, wheelbarrow "rayo
__ de columna, shaft of a column.
-- de mbolo, piston barrel.
_ de fundicin guarnecido de bronce (v), iron
body bronze-mounted.
-- de ingeuieros, engineer corps.
- de polea, shell o a tackle block.
- de popa (an), aterbody.
- de proa (an), orebody.
-- de remache, shank o a rivtlt.
- de la vlvula, valve body.
- dividido (bm), split casing.
_ espiral, (turb) spiral casing, scroll case; (pu)
volute casing.
- maestro (an), middle body.
--mineral, ore body.
__ muerto, deadman; (pw) permanent moor-
ing.
- simple (qum), elemento
cuesco m, coreo
cuesta 1, slope, hill, grade.
- abajo OO1J, downgrade.
-- arriba OO1J, upgrade.
cueval, cave; cellar.
cuezo m, hod, mortar box; trough, basin.
cuentarrevoluciones
106 107
chalupa
chalupa /, launch, boat, small vessel; (M) ore
bucket, skip.
chamarasca /, brushwood.
chamba/, (Ec) sod, tur; (Col)ditch: (M) occu-
pation.
chambear, (Col) to dig trenches; (Ec) to sod.
chambranas/ (carp), trim.
chamburgo m (Col), pool, backwater.
champa J (A), sod (especially that used to rein-
orce border o irrigation ditch).
champn m, large flatboat.
chanca J, crushing.
chancado m, crushed stone.
_ sin cribar, crusher-run aggregate.
chancadora J, crusher.
- de cilindros, roll crusher.
- de cono, cone crusher.
- de discos, disk crusher.
_ de mandbulas o de quijadas, jaw crusher.
- de martillos, hammer millo
_ giratoria, gyratory crusher.
_ reductora, reduction crusher.
chancar, to crush.
chanchorona J, an Argentine wood (semihard).
chanfle m, bevel, chamfer: (A) quarter round
(concave).
chanfiear, to beveL
chango m (pet) (M), derrickman.
changote m, steel billet, bloom.
chanto m (Es), fiagstone.
chapaJ, sheet, plate; veneering; (C) brass check
door lock; (auto) (C) license plateo
_ abovedada o combada, buckle plateo
_ acanalada o corrugada, corrugated sheet.
- aplomada o emplomada, terneplate.
- calada, perorated plateo
- canaleta (A), corrugated sheet.
- de caldera, boiler plateo
- de cinc, sheet zinc.
_ de circulacin (auto)(C), license plateo
- de guarda (puerta), finger plateo
- de nudo (est), gusset plateo
- del ojo, keyhole escutcheon.
- de palastro, plate steel; sheet iron.
- de pared (elc), wall or switch plateo
-.- de patente (auto), license plateo
- de relleno (est), filler plateo
- de unin, splice plateo
- desplegada, expanded metal.
- escamada (U), checkered plateo
- estampada, stamped or pressed metal.
- estriada,checkered plateo
- etiqueta o de identidad, name plateo
-lisa, flat sheet metal.
- matrcula (auto), licenseplate.
- metlica, sheet metal: (C) sheet brass.
- nodal (est), gusset plateo
- ondulada, corrugated sheet metal.
_ para llave (elc), switch or wall plateo
- plomo-estao, ternep)ate.
- rayada, ribbed plateo
- tubular (cal), tube sheet.
chapaleta J, flap valve: clapperof a check valve.
chapapote m (M), tar asphalt.
chapapotear, to coat with taro
chaparrn m, cloudburst, d9wuYOjlr,
cheque
chapeado m, veneering: plywood.
- de latn, brass-plated.
chapear, to veneer: to line with metal: (C)(PR)
to clear land, grub.
chapeo m (C), clearing, grubbing.
chapera / (Es), ramp of boards with cleats.
chaperaJ, plate work; sheet-metal work.
chapemo m, a Central American lumber.
chapista m, sheet-metal worker, tinsmith.
chapistera J, sheet-metal work.
chapistero m, sheet-metal worker, tinsmith
tinker.
chapita J, brass check.
chapitel m, capital (column).
chapoteo m, splash.
chapuro m (AC), asphalt; taro
chaquear (A) (B), to clear land.
chaquetaJ, casing; jacket.
- de agua, water jacket.
- de caldera, boiler lagging or insulation.
- de cilindro, cylinder lagging.
- de polvo, dust jacket (screen).
chaquiro m, a Colombian pine.
charca J, charco m, pool, pond, puddle.
charcal m (AC), pondo
charnela J, hinge, knuckle, articu1ated joint.
- de direccin (auto), steering knuckle.
- de piso, floor hinge.
charol m, a coating; varnish: patent leather.
-japons,japan.
charolar, to varnish, japan: to coat.
charpado m (carp), scar.
- en caliente,
charpar, to scar.
charquear (min), to bale out, unwater.
charquero m (min), drainage ditch.
charral m (AC), thicket, underbrush.
chasis m (auto)(ra), chassis; (pmy) plateholder
chasquear (maq), to clatter.
chata J, flat truck; flat barge.
- alijadora, a lighter.
- barrera, mud scow.
chatarra J, junk, scrap iron.
chatarrera J, junk shop or yard.
chatarrero m, junk dealer.
chato, flato
chauti m (M), clay.
chautoso (M), clayey.
chaveta J, cotter, key, gib, wedging piece.
- cncava, saddle key.
- de cabeza, gib-head key.
- embutida, sunk key.
- hendida o de dos patas, cotter pin, cotter.
- y contrachaveta, gib and cotter.
chavetero m (U), key seat.
chazaJ, (Pe) inner basin of a port (Ch) cooper's
driver.
chazo m (Col), nailing block, wood brick.
checar (M), to check; to crack.
chedita J, cheddite (explosive).
cheje m (AC), link.
cheque m, check; (C) check valve.
- aprobado o certificado o intervenido, certi
fied check.
- de viajero, traveler's check.
- propio o de administracin, cashier's check.
chequeador
chequeador m (AC), checker.
chequear, (Col)(CA)(C) to check, verify; (CA)
to draw a check or draft.
chequeo m (C), checking.
cherardizar (Es), to sherarclize.
chicana J, baffle.
chicotes m, packing, junk.
chicuite m (min), small bucket.
chicharra J, ratchet; electric buzzer: (E) jack-
hammer.
chicharrn m (C), a hardwood.
chicharrones (az), tailings.
chichn m (C), (mech) boss.
chifin m, flume; strong draft of air; chamber in
a mine; (min) slide of loose stone; (min)
inclined gallery; (Ch) rapids; (CA) water-
fall; (Col) spring (water): (M) nozzle.
- de agua (M), water jet.
- de arena (M), sandblast.
chigre m (Es), crab, winch.
chiguaJ (Ch), bulge, belly.
chileno m (min), edge or Chile millo
chilucaJ (M), kind of porphyry used as building
stolle.
chillaJ: clapboarding; lathing; thin board.
- de metal, metallath.
chillado m, weatherboarding, clapboarding: lath-
ing.
chillar, to creak, squeak.
chillido m, squeaking; (ra) howl.
chilln m, small nail, lathing nail.
- real, spike.
chimbuzo m (Ec), funnel.
chimenea J, chimney, stack: fireplace: (min)
aseending gallery, drawhole, shaft.
- de aire, air shaft.
- de equilibrio (hid), surge tank.
- de extraccin (min), drawhole.
- de visita, inspection shaft.
china J, small stone, cobble.
chinarro m, pebble; cobble.
chinata J (C), pebble; eobble.
chinateado m, paving of small eobbles.
chinche m, chincheta J, thumbtack.
- de ranura, slotted thumbtack.
- estampado, stamped-stel thumbtaek.
chino m, cobble; (PR) boulder; (min) iron or
eoppN pyrites.
chipodeado (mam)(M), rock-faeed.
chiquero m (C), crib, eribwork.
chircaJ, an Argentine lumber (semihard).
chirle m (Col), grout; whitewash.
chirriar, to squeak, creak.
chirrido m (maq) , squeaking: (ra) birdie.
chispa J, spark.
- apagada (elc), quenched spark.
- atrasada (auto), spark retarded.
- avanzada (auto), spark advanced.
- de entrehierro (elc), jump spark.
- piloto (elc), pilot spark.
chispas de hielo (hid), frazil ice.
chispear, to spark; (PR) to spray, sprinkle.
chispeo m, sparking.
chispero m, spark arrester; blacksmith.
chispmetro m (ele), measuring spark gap.
- disparador, triggering gap.
chuzo
chisporroteador m (vol), spitter.
chisporrotear, to spark; (bl) to spit (fuse).
chisporroteo m, (elec) sparking; (w) spatter,
sputter.
chiva m (min)(M), claw bar.
chivato m (B), helper, apprentice.
chocar, to eollide; (naut) to foul.
choco m (Ch), stump.
chfer, chauffeur.
chompa J (V), churn or hand drill.
chompn m (V), hand drill.
chopo m, poplar.
choque m, impact, shock, eollision.
- de agua o de ariete, water hammer.
- elctrico, eleetric shock.
chorizo m, mud wall; mixture of mud and straw
for plastering a wall.
chorreadero m (min) (M), ore chute.
chorrear, to spout, gush; to drip.
chorreo m, spouting, gushing.
chorro m, jet; stream.
- contrado (hid), vena contracta.
- de arena, sandblast.
- de marcha en vaco (mg), idling jet.
- de municiones o de perdigones, shot blast.
- de vapor, steam jet.
choy m (M), kind of soft shale.
chozo m, shed, shanty.
chubasco m, squall, shower.
chuchero m (fe)(C), switehman.
chucho m, (rr) switch; (elee) switch; (rr)(C) sid-
ing; (rr) (C). turnout.
- biselado (fe), lap s\viteh.
- de aguja (fe), point or split switch.
- de arrastre (fe), trailing switch.
- de cuchilla (elc) (C), knife switch.
_. de descarrilar (fc), derail switch.
- de tope (fe), stub switch.
- de tres tiros, three-throw switch.
-. enfrentado o en contrapunta (fe), facing
switch.
- muerto (fc) (e), dead-end siding.
chulano m (min), upward drill holeo
chumaeera J, bearing, pillow block, journal box;
rowlock (boat).
- a rodillos, roller bearing.
- anular, annular or radial bearing.
- de balines, ball bearing.
- de bolas encerrada, double-shielded ball
bearing.
- de camisa, sleeve bearing.
- del contravstago (mv), tail bearing.
- de empuje, thrust bearing.
- del timn (cn), rudder bearing.
- exterior, outboard bearing.
- partida, split bearing.
- recalentada, hotbox, hot bearing.
chumba J, chumbe m (miner)(B), zinc blende
sphalerite.
chumero, chunero m (AC) , helper, apprentice.
chupadero m, suetion pipe.
chupador m, (pu) strainer for foot vah'e; (lab
nipple: (pet) swab.
chupar (bm), to suek, draw.
chupn m, plunger: (A) (C) foot valve.
chuzo m, pike pole: (Ch) erowbar.
108
delantero m, (st) nosing; a front.
delator de fallas (elc), fault localizer.
delegado m, delegate (union).
deletreo, deleterious.
deleznable, unstable (ground), crumbly, brittl
(soil) .
deleznamiento m, slaking (soil).
delfn m, mooring post, dolphin, pile cluster.
delga j, thin sheet; commutator bar.
delgadez j, slenderness.
delgado a, thin, light.
delicuescencia j, deliqueseenee.
delicuescente, deliquescent.
delineacin J, delineation.
delineador, delineante m, draftsman, desiguer.
delinear, to design, draw.
dlta m (1'), delta; j (elc), delta.
deltaico, deltaic.
demanda j, demand, load.
-- bioqumica de oXgeno (is), biochemical oxy.
gen demando
- de cloro (is), chlorine demando
-- de recalefaccin (aa), reheating load.
-- de transmisin (aa), transmission load.
- mxima (elc), peak load.
- por aparatos (aa), appliance load.
-- por infiltracin (aa), leakage load.
- por ocupacin (aa), oceupancy load.
demarcacin j, laying out; (A) fencing.
demrito m (cont), depreciation.
demodulacin J (ra), demodulation.
demodulador m (ra)(A), demodulator.
demoledor m, building wrecker.
demoledora j, demolition too!.
demoler, to demolish, raze, (bldg) wreck.
demolicin j, wrecking, demolition.
demoraf, delay; (rr) demurrage; (naut) bearing
- del envolvente (ra), envelope delay.
demulsibilidad j, demulsibility.
demulsionar, demulsificar, desemulsionar, to
demulsify.
dendriticismo m (sol), dendriticism.
dendrmetro m (ef), dendrometer.
denominador m, denominator.
densidad j, density.
-- de corriente (elc), current density.
-- de flujo dielctrico, electric induction, dielec
tric flux density.
-- de flujo magntico, magnetic flux density
magnetic force 01' intensity.
- en masa (ms), bulk density.
densificacin j (ms), densification.
densimetra J, densimetry. -
densimtrico, densimetric.
densmetro m, densimeter; hydrometer.
densitmetro m, densitometer.
denso, dense, thick; (conc)(A) stiff.
dentado m, toothing, indentation, (hyd) dental
(conc) bonding key; a dentated, toothed
indented.
dentador m (si), gummer.
dentar, to tooth, notch, indent.
dentellado, toothed, notched, dentated.
dentelln m, cutoff wall (dam); toothing of a
brick wall.
denudacin /, denudation.
dacita
dacita f (geol), dacite.
dactico, dacitic.
dactilgrafa f, typist.
dactilografista m f, typist.
dactilgrafo m, typewriter;
dado m, die; (mas) small pler; capstone; (M)
jackbit.
- de barrena (M), jackbit.
- de operacin (v) (V), operating nut.
-- de resorte (rs), spring or prong die.
-- de roscar, die.
dados
- de amortiguamiento (hid), baffle blocks.
- deflectores (hid), baffle piers or blocks, den-
tals.
- para tornill0ll (rs), J;lOlt
- para tubera (rs), pIpe dles.
dagaf (PR), machete.
dagame m, a hardwood of Central America and
the West Indies.
dala f, dale,spout, trough; (M) slab.
dama f dam of a blast furnace; (A) mound of
left under an engineer's stake.
damar m, dammar.
damero-estampa (A), swage block.
daar, to damage.
dao m, damage.
daos y perjuicios (leg), damages.
dar, to give.
- alcance, to overtake.
- bocazo (vol), to blow out.
-- contra, to coilide with, strike against.
- contramarcha o contravapor (maq) , to re-
verse.
- cuele (tn) (M), to drive.
- cuerda (inst), to wind.
- de baja, to discharge (men); (Ch) to scrap.
- en un bajo (nut), to run aground.
--fondo (nut), to anchor, drop anchor.
--fuego, to put off a blast; to blow in a furnace.
-- inters (A), to bear interest.
- manija (auto) (A), to crank.
-- manivela (auto), to crank.
-- mechazo (vol), to misfire.
- presin (cal), to get up steam.
--vapor (cal), to steam.
- viaje, to taper.
--vueltas, to revolve, slue.
daraf (elc), daraf.
dardo m (pet), dart.
drsena J, basin, dock, inner harbor.
- de flote, wet dock, basin.
-- de maniobra,.turning basin.
- de marea, tidal basin.
-- para embarcaciones menores, marina, boat
haven, boat harbor.
dato m, datum.
datos, data.
datolita J (miner), datolite, humboldtite.
davina J, miner's safety lamp;
dbil, weak.
debilitar, to v.:eaken.
decaamperio m, deca-ampere.
dcada J, decade.
decaedro m, decahedron.
decaestreo m, decastere.
defasaje
decagonal, decagonal.
decgono m, decagon.
decagramo m, decagramo
decalado, decalaje m (elc) (herr), angular dis-
placement.
decalador (m) de fase (elc), phase shifter.
decalaje de escobillas (elc), brush shifting.
decalescencia j, decalescence.
decalescente, decalescent.
decalina j, decalin, decahydronaphthalene.
decalitro m, decaliter.
decmetro m, decameter.
decano m (qum), decane.
decantable (hid), settleable.
decantacin j (hid), sedimentation, settling, de-
cantation; pouring.
-- contracorriente (is) , countercurrent decan-
tation.
decantador m, settling tank, catch basin, (sw)
silt basin; (su) settler.
-- de arena, sand trap or separator, catch basin.
decantar, to deposit silt, settle; to pour; to drain
off.
decapitacin J (geol) (A), stream capture.
decarbonatador m (mg), decarbonator.
decarbonatar (M), to decarbonate.
decarbonizar, to decarbonize.
decarburacin j (M), decarburation, decarboni-
zation.
decrea j, decare.
decauville, narrow-gage (especial1y portable
track and side-dump cars).
deceleracin J, deceleration, negative accelera-
tion, retardation.
deciamperio m, deciampere.
decirea j, deciare.
decibemetro m, decibel meter.
decbelo m, decibel.
deciestreo m, decistere.
decigramo m, decigramo
decilitro m, deciliter.
decimal 8 a, decimal.
--peridico o repetidor, recurring or periodic
decimal.
decimtrico (ra), decinletric.
decmetro m, decimeter.
dcimo m a, tenth.
decinormal, decinormal.
declinacin J (brjula), declination, variation.
declinatorio m, declination compass.
declingrafo, declinograph.
declinmetro m, declinometer.
declive m, slope, grade, incline, pitch.
- de subida, upgrade.
declividad j, slope.
declorinacin j (Pe), dechlorination.
decolaje m (ap), take-off.
decolar (ap), to take off.
decrecer, to ebb (tide); to fall (level of river); to
decrease.
decremento m, decremento
decrmetro m, decremeter.
decrepitacin j, decrepitation.
dedal m, cap, ferrule.
dedo (m) de contacto (elc), contact finger.
defasaje m (elc) (A), phase difference.
defecacin
defecacin J, defecation.
defecador m, defecator.
defecante m, defecant.
defecar, to defecate.
defecto m, defect, flaw.
defectuoso, defective.
defensa J, guard, fender, protecton.
-- de la escotilla (cn), coaming.
-- de orillas, shore protection.
-- fluvial ode riberas (r), bank protection.
- martima (A), sea wall.
dficit m, deficit; shortage.
definicin j (fma) (tv), definition.
- amplia (tv), high definition.
-- escasa (tv), low definition.
definitivo, final, definitive.
deflacin j (geol), deflation.
deflagrador m (Es), blasting machine.
defla/(rar, to deflagrate.
defleccin J (est) (ra) (Es) (A), deflection.
defleccionar (est) (A), to deflect.
deflectmetro m, deflectometer.
deflector m, baffle, deRector; bucket (dam).
- de aceite (lu), oil thrower.
- de descarga, bclt plow.
-- fumvoro (cf), smokeless arch.
-- separador, separating baffle.
defleJmador m, deflegmator.
deflegmar, to deflegmate.
deflexin J, (str) (surv) deflection.
-- de la aguja, magnetic deviation.
deflocuhnte m (is) (M), defloccubnt.
deflocuhr (C)(M), to defloccubte.
deforestar, to deforesto
deformacin j, dcformation, strain; distortiO:l.
- anelstica (A), plastic f1ow.
-- armnica (m), har!110nic distortion.
-- de amplitud-frecuencia (ra), attenuation dis-
tortion, amplitude-frequency distortion.
-- de corte, shearing strain.
-- del envolvente (ra), envelope distortion.
-- de fase (ra), phase ..
- en fro, cold dcformation.
--lindera o de lmite (ms), boundary deforma-
tion.
-- plana, plane deformation.
-- plstica, plastic deformation, (A) plasticf1ow.
deformar, defonnarse, to dform, distort.
deformmetro m, deformeter.
degausaje m (cn), degaussing.
degeneracin j (ra) , degeneration, negative or
inverse feedback.
degolladura j (lad) (Es), vertical joint.
degradable, erosible (soil).
degradacin J, erosion; disintegration; (chem)
(geol) degradation.
degradador m (mam), mortar chise!'
degradar, (chem) (geol) to degrade; (mas) to rake
joints.
degello (m) inferior (her), bottom fullero
degello superior (her), top fullero
delantal m (mee) (auto) (hid) , apron.
-- de embarcar (ap), loading apron.
- de soldador, welder's apron.
- impermeabilizante (M), face slabof a dam.
delantera f. front end, front parto
109
denudacin
110 111 denuncia
denuncia m (min), denouncement.
- de accidente, accident reporto
denunciar (min), to denounce.
departamento m, compartmcnt: department;
apartment; (1'1') stateroom.
-- de calderas, boiler room.
-- de caminos, highway department.
dependencia 1, braneh oflice; department, bu-
reau.
deplecin I (A), depletion. . .
deposicin I (met) (sol) (geol), .d.eposltron.
, -- electroltica, electrodeposltlOn.
-- electrnica (met), sputtering.
depositacin I (hid) (A), sedimentation.
depositar, to deposit; depositarse, to settle
(dregs). .
depsito m, storehouse, warehouse; store; bm;
tank; reservoir; sediment, precipitate; de-
posit: (geol) deposition.
-- alimentador, distributing reservoir.
-- aluvial, alluvial deposito
-- compensador, regulating reservoir.
-- compresor, pressure tank.
- de acarreos (hid), silt deposition.
-- de acumulacin, storage reservoir.
- de aduana, customs warehouse.
-- de aire comprimido, air receiver (compres-
sor).
- de baldeo (al), flush tank.
-- de captacin, impounding reservoir.
-- de carbn, coalbin.
- de carga (hid) (Es), forebay.
-- de compensacin, (ag) surge bin; (hyd) rcg-
ulating reservoir.
-- de detencin, detention basin.
- de distribucin, distributing reservoir.
-- de explosivos, magazine.
-- de incrustaciones, dcposit of scalc.
- de limpia (al) (Es), flush tank.
-- de locomotoras (fc) , enginehouse, round-
house.
-- de maderas, lumberyard.
-- de minerales, mineral deposito
-- de rebose (ag), ovcrflow bino
- de retencin (dac)(Pe), detention basin.
-- decantador o de sedimentacin, settling
basin.
--fiscal, government warehouse.
--franco, warehouse in a free port.
-.- regulador, regulating reservoir; standpipc.
--unitario (sol), rate of deposition.
depreciacin 1, depreciation.
- acumulada, accrued depreciation.
- de desuso (elc), shelf depreciation.
depreciar, depreciarse,. to depreciate.
depresin 1, (top) depression, hollow; gap, pass;
(hyd) (V) (Pe) drawdown; (s1ll'Y) depres-
sion.
depresor m, depressor (all senses).
deprimido m (hid), drawdown.
depurador m, cleaner, purifier;filter.
-- centrfugo (aa), centrifugal cleaner.
- de cok, coke scrubber (gas).
-- de vapor, steam scrubber 01' purifier.
depurar, to purify.
'1erecha 1, right hand.
derrame
derecho m, grant, concession; law; a straight;
right (hand).
-- de bosque o de monte, timber rights.
-- de paso o de va, right of way.
derechos, taxes, duties, fees; rights.
-- aduaneros o arancelarios, customs duties.
-- consulares, consular fees.
-- de agua, water rights.
-- de almacenaje, storage 01' warehouse charges.
-- de anclaje, anchorage dues.
-- de atraque, wharfage.
-- de baliza, beaconage.
- de barrera (ef), boomage.
-- de depsito, storage dues.
-- de entrada o de importacin, import 01' cus-
toms duties.
-- de esclusa, lockage, locking charges.
-- de exportacin, export duties.
-- de faro, lighthouse dues.
-- de gra, cranage, crane charges.
- de lanchaje, lighterage.
-- de mineraje, mining royalty.
-- de muelle, wharfage.
- de patente, patent royalty.
-- de puerto o de quilla, harbor ducs, keelage.
-- de remolque, towage, towing chargcs.
-- de riego, irrigation rights; irrigation dues.
-- de salida, export duty.
-- de salvamento, salvage.
-- de tonelaje, tonnage dues.
-- petroleros, oil rights.
- portuarios, port charges, harbor dues.
deriva/, (naut) (geop)(pmy) drift; (naut) l e e w ~ y .
derivacin 1, diversion; by-pass; branch, scrVlce
connection; overflow: (elec) shunt; (math)
derivation.
-- central (ra), center tapo
- corta (elc), short shunt.
- del abonado (elc), service connection.
- de cable partido (elc), split cable tapo
- de enrollado mltiple (elc) , muItiple-wrap
cable tapo
- de nudo (elc), knotted tap joint.
-- de servicio (tub), housa connection 01' serv-
ice.
- enrollada (elc), wrappcd tap joint.
-larga (elc), long shunt.
--maestra (elc), master service.
-- particular (tub), house service.
derivada I (mat), derivative.
derivado m, (chem) derivative; branch.
derivados de coque, coke by-products.
derivador (m) de seguridad (vol), safety shunt.
derivar, to divert; (elec) to shunt; to branch off;
(naut) to drift; (elec) (ehem) to derive.
-las juntas (Ch), to break joints.
derivativo a (qu!m) (mat), derivative.
derivmetro m (fma), drift meter.
derramadero m, (hyd) apron; spillway; (M) val-
ley of a stream.
derramamiento m (hid), runoff.
derramarse, to overflow; to run off.
derrame m, (hyd) runoff, flow, effiuent, overflow;
(bldg) water table; splay of a window 01'
doorjamb; (C) drip, overhang.
- s6lido (I)(A), silt load.
derrapada
derrapada I (auto) (M), skid, skidding.
derrapar (auto) (M), to sltid.
derretido m, (su) a melt; (cons) grout; a melted,
molten.
-- de cemento, (C) eement grouting.
derretidor m, melter.
derretir, to meIt, fuse; derretirse, to melt, thaw:
to fuse.
derribarboles m (tc), treedozer.
derribador m, felling ax; building wrecker.
derribar, to wreck, demolish; to fell.
derribo m, wrecking, demolition, fe1ling.
derribos, building rubbish, debris.
derrisco m (top) (C), gorge.
derrocadoral (A), rock breaker.
derrocamiento m, demolition; (A) rock excava-
tion.
derrocar, to tear down, demolish
derrochar, to waste.
derroche m, waste.
derrota 1, ship's course.
derrotero m (nut), course, route.
derrubiar, to erode, wash away.
derrubio ~ , erosion, undercutting, seour, under-
mining; material eroded.
- glacial (A), glacial drift.
derrumbarse, to fail, collapse; to slide (earth).
derrumbe m, fall, failure; slip, landslide; cave-in;
(sm) slump, flow; (min) cave, runo
-- por deslizamiento (muro), sliding failure.
-- por volcamiento (muro), tilting failure.
desabollador m, tool for straightening sheet
metal.
desabollar, to straighten out dents 01' bulges.
desabsorcin 1, desorption.
desaceitado, lacking lubrication.
desacelerar (M), to decelerate.
desacentuador m (ra), deaccentuator.
desacidificar, to neutralize acids.
desacoplar, to uncouple, disconnect; (ra) to
decouple.
desacople m, uncoupling, throwout.
desacoplo, desacoplamiento m (ra), decoupling.
desactivar, to deactivate.
desacuar, to remove wedges: to unseat.
desadoquinar, to tear up pavement.
desaereador m, deaerator.
desafilado, (t) pull.
desafilarse, to become dul1.
desaforrar, to remove sheathing; (eab) to un-
serve.
desagarrar, to release a clamp 01' c1utch.
desagotar, to unwater, drain.
desagote m (C) (M), unwatering, draining.
desagregacin 1, disintegration.
desagregado, disintegrated.
desagrupacin I (ra), debunching.
desaguable, drainable.
desaguadero m, drainpipe, drain; (M) sewer.
desaguador m, a drain; drainer; dewaterer.
- de basuras (hid) , trash sluice.
desaguadora (j) de stanos, cellar drainer.
desaguar, to drain, unwater; to discharge; des-
aguarse, to drain, drain off.
desaguazar, to drain.
desa:e m, drainage; a drain, drainpipe; gutter.
desatascar
-- cloacal, sewer; sewerage.
- de azotea (pb), roof drain.
- de desperdicios (hid) (M), wasteway.
-- de fondo, sluiceway, undersluiee.
- de piso (Pb), floor drain.
- domiciliario (pb), house drain.
- filtrante (pa), filter drain.
--inferior, subdrainage, underdrainage.
--pluvial, storm-water sewer.
-- superficial, surface drainage.
desahogado (hid), unsubmerged.
desahogador m, relief valve 01' trap.
desahogar, to vent, relieve pressure; (Sp) to
drain.
desahogo m, vent, discharge, relief of pres-
I sure.
aesahuciar, (Ch) (Ec) to diseharge (men).
desahucio m, (Ch) (Ec) discharge (men); (Pan)
exhausto
desaire m (A), venting.
desairear, to deaerate.
desaislacin 1, removal of insulation.
desajustarse, to get out of order.
desajuste m, bad order, breakdown.
desalabear, to straighten.
desalineado m, drift (rivet) ; a out-of-line, untrue,
unfair (holes).
desalinearse, to get out of lineo
desalmacenar, to take out of a warehouse.
desalojamiento m (M), displacement.
desalojar, to dislodge, clear away.
desamoldar (conc), to strip forms.
desanchar (min) (M), to resue.
desanche m (min) (M), resuing.
desangramiento m (conc)(M), bleeding.
desaparejar, to dismantle, strip, unrig.
desapemar, to loosen bolts; to remove bolts.
desaplomado, out-of-plumb.
desapretar, to loosen.
desapuntalar, to remove shores.
desarbolar, to dismast.
desarborizacin 1, dcforestation.
desarenador m, sand trap, grit chamber, eatch
basin, (sw) silt basin; sluiceway, sand
sluice.
desarenar, to remove sand, desando
desarmable, collapsible, detachable, demount-
able.
desarmado, knocked down, dismantled.
desarmador m, (Ec) elaw bar, stripping bar; (M)
screwdriver.
-- de cruz (M), screwdriver for recessed-head
screws.
desarmar, to dismantle, disassemble; (fo) to
strip.
desarme m, dismantling.
desarraigador m (ec), rooter.
desarreglado,out-of-order.
desarreglo m, bad order.
desarrollar, to umoll; to develop.
desarrollo m, development.
-- de potencia, power development.
desarticular, to disjoint.
desasfaltar (pet), to remove asphalt, deasphaIt
desasiento m, unseating (pressure).
desatascar, to rsmove an obstruetion.
desaterrar 112 descomposici6n
descomposici6n
113 desenlodt
desaterrar, to remove silt; to clean up rubbish;
(min) to remove deads.
desatierrem (Inin), removal of rubbish; a dump.
desatorar to remove obstructionB; to clear away
spoi orrubbish.
desatornillador m (AC), screwdriver.
destornillar, to unscrew.
desazolvar (M), to remove silt.
desazolve m (M), desilting.
desazufrar, to desulphurize, (pet) sweeten.
desbacterizacin I (A), sterilization.
debalanceo m (V), unstable equilibrium.
desbanque m, (M) stripping top soil; (Ec) side-
hill excavation.
desbaratar, to wreck, demolish.
desbarate m (Ch) , rubbish from a demolished
building.
desbarbador m, chipping chisel.
desbarbadora 1, snagging wheel; chipping ham-
mer.
desbarbar, to chip, trim, smooth off, snag.
desbarnizar, to remove varnish.
desbarrar, to remove sludge or silt.
desbastador m, hewer; any trimming or shaping
tool; (sa) trimmer; dresser.
debastar, to dress roughly, trim, scabble, snag;
to hew.
desbaste m, hewidg; roughdressing.
desbisagrar, to unhinge.
dasbocarse, (machy) to race; (bl) (Pe to blow
out.
desbordarse, to overflow.
desboscar, to cut down trees, deforest, clear.
desbosque m, clearing (land), cutting trees.
desbroce m, clearing (land) , grubbing, (lg)
swamping; brushwood, branches.
desbrozador m (ef), swamper, busher.
desbrozar, to clear (land), to grub, (lg) to swamp.
desbrozo m, clearing (land); brushwood.
desbutanizador m (pet), debutanizer.
descabezamiento m, tension on a rivet; cutting
off rivethead.
descafilar, to clean mortar from brick.
descalcador m, reeming iron, ravehook, ripping
iron.
descalcar, to remove calking.
descalce m, removing wedges; underrnining.
descalibracin I (M), faulty calibration.
descalzar, to remove underpinning; to remove
wedges or chocks; to undermine.
descamador m (herr), scaler.
descamarse, to scale off.
descaminarse, to run off a road.
descamino m, running off a road.
descansadillo, descansapi m (auto), footrest.
descansillo m, stair landing.
descanso m, bearing, pillow block; stair landing;
level stretch in a steep stream; (Ch) water
closet; (str) (A) bearing.
- de bolas, ball bearing.
-- de rodamiento o de rodillos, roller bearing.
descansos, (rr)(Pe) car brasses.
descantear, to chamfer, splay; to round off.
descantilladora 1, (t) chipper.
descantilladuras 1, chips, spalls.
descantillar, to chip off, spall; to bavelthe edges
descantilln m (Col), template; straightedge.
descapotar (Col), to strip topsoil.
descarbonatar, to decarbonate.
descarbonizador m (az), decarbonizer.
descarbonizar, to remove carbon; to decarbonize.
descarburar, to decarbonize. ,
descarga/, unloading, dumping; (hyd) discharge,
outlet; (machy) exhaust; (elec) discharge.
- espontnea (elc), self-discharge, local ac-
tion.
- inferior, bottom dump (car).
-lateral, side dump (car).
-luminiscente (elc), glow discharge.
- oscura (elc), dark discharge.
- radiante (elc), brush discharge.
- superficial (elc), surface leakage.
--trasera (co), rear dump.
descargadero m, unloading platform.
descargador m, (hyd) wasteway, outlet, escape;
(elec) lightning arrester; (elec) (steam) die-
charger; unloader (compressor).
- a disco (elc), disk discharger.
-- de acumulador, battery discharger.
-- de carros, car unloader.
- de chispa apagada (ra), quenched gap.
-- de fondo (presa), sluiceway, silt sluice.
-- electrosttico, electrostatic arrester.
descargadora (j) de vagones, car unloader.
descargar, to unload; to discharge; (eng) to ex-
haust; descargarse, to discharge; to run
down (battery).
descargo m, unloading; (com) discharge.
descargue m, unloading.
descarrilador m (fc), derail switch.
descarrilarse, to run off the track.
descarrilo m (A), derailment.
descascararse, to spall, scale, flake.
descebarse (bm), to lose prime.
descentrado, out-of-line, off-center, eccentric.
descimbrar, to strike centers (arch).
descimentar, to undermine.
descincado m, dezincmcation.
desclavador m, claw bar, nail puller.
desclavar, to pull naUs.
desclavijar, to remove a pin or cotter.
desclorar, to dechlorinate.
desclorinacin 1, dechlorination.
desclorlnador m, dechlorinator.
descoagulante, clot-dissolving.
descobrar, to decopperize.
descohesin 1, decoherence.
descohesor m (ra), decoherer.
descolchar (cab), to unlay.
descolmatar, to desilt.
descoloracin I (pa), color removal.
descolorante m, decolorizer.
descolorar, to remove color, bleach, decolorize.
descombrar, to muck, remove spoil, clean up.
descombro m, muck, excavated material, rul>-
bish.
descomponer, to decompose; to break down; to
take apart; (math) to resolve; descom-
ponerse, to decompose, decay, rot; to get
out of order.
descomponible, decomposable.
descomposicin 1, decompositioJl.
-- de fuerzas, resolution o' forces.
-- trmica (pet), cracking.
descompostura li bad order, breakdown.
descompresinI, decompression. ,
descompresorm, decompressor.
descompuesto, out-of-order; disintegrated.
desconcentrador m, deconcentrator.
desconchamiento (m) a soplete (met), fiame-
scaling.
desconchar, tostrip off;" (met) to chip, scar;
desconcharse, to spall, scale off; to, exfo-
liate, flake.
desconectador ,m, disconnect, disconnecting
switch, disconnector.
--fusible, disconnecting fuse.
desconectar, to disconnect;(elec) to cut out.
iesconexin1" disconnecting.
__' a tensin mnima (elc) , ,undervoltage re-
lease.
descongelacin I (aa), defrosting.
descongelador m, defroster.
descongelar, to thaw.
descontaolo m (M),. breaking contacto
descontaminacin 1, decontamination.
descontinuidad 1, discontinuity.
descontinuo, discontinuous.
descorregido (inst), out-of-adjustment.
descortezador m (ef), barker, rosser, peeler, spud-
der.
descortezadora 1, bark millo
descortezar, to strip bark; to strip topsoil.
descostrador m, boiler compound.
descostrar, to remove scale; descostrarse, to
spall; to scale.
descrecer, (ti) to ebb; to fall (level of river).
descripcin I (lev), description.
descuajar, to grub. '
descuaje m, grubbing.
descubierto, exposed, open.,
-- , al, aboye ground, in sight, in the openair,
in open cut.
descubridor (m) ,de tubos, pipe locator.
deschavetar, to remove a key or cotter.'
desdoblar, to straighten out, open up, take aparto
desecacin 1, drying, desiccation;. (lbr) season-
;ng; (M) drainage.
desecador m, drier, dehydrator, desiecator.
-- a roco (aa), spray drier.
-- de cienos (dac), sludge drier.
-- de contacto (aa), contact drier.
-- de tambor rotativo (aa), rotary-drum drier.
-- instantneo, flash drier.
desecante m a, desiccant.
desecar, to dry,season,desiccatc; (M) .todrain,
dewater.
desecativo m, drier.
dese;har, to scrap.
desecho m, scrap, junk; (surv) offset; (rd) de-
tour.
desechos, spoil, waste, rubbish; scrap; rejects
(screen) ; (min) dllads;, (min)tailings, chats.
-,' de curtido (is), tannery. wastcs.
_,__o .de chancado, cmsher wast,e.
-- de fundicin, foundry scrap.
-- de hierro, scrap iron.
-- de lavanc:lera (is), laundry wa;;jles.
-- de tintorera (is), dYll wastes.
dllsembaldosar, to takll up tilo pavement.
dllsembalsar (A), to discharge from a reservoir.
desembancar, to remove silt.
dllsembanqull m, silt removal.
desembarcadero m, landing place, wharf.
-'-' flotante, landing stage or float.
desembarcar, to unload; to disllmbark.
desembarco, desembal:quem, unloading; de-
barkation.
desembarrar, to elllar o mud or silt.
dllsembocadura l. outlllt, mouth, outfalI.
desembocar (r), to disoharge, llmpty.
dllsemboque m, mouth, outlllt.
desembragar, to rlllease a elutch.
desembrague m, elutch release;throwout.
-- por sobrecarga, overload release.
desempaador m, windshield cleaner.
desempapar, to desaturate.
desempaquetar, to remove packing.
desempatar, to disjoint, take aparto
desempedrar, to tear up paving,
desempernar, to remove bolts.
desempleo m, unemployment.
desemplomar, to remove lead.
desempotrar, to loosen somethingfixed or em-
bedded.
desenastar, desencabar, to remove a handle.
desencadenar, to remove chains.
desencajar,' tothrow out of gear, ,unmesh,dis-
joint.
desencapadoraI (ec),stripping shovel,skimmer
scoop.
desencapar, to strip (topsoil).
desencapillar, to strip, unrig, dismantle:
desencastrar, to free something embedded; to
disconnect a mortise joint.
(bm) (Es), to lose prime.
desenceilp ,Oar, to strip sod.
desenr.laver. t., pull nails; to rclease a clutch.
deser.davijaI, to remove a dowel or ,pino
dese",x irar .(conc),to strip'.forms.
desencolar, toremove gluing orsizing.
desencorvar" to straightcn.
desenchufar, to unmesh; to unsocket; to unnest.
desenergizar, to de-energize.
desenfangar, to dcsiIt, rcmovemud.
desenfocado, out-of-focus.
desenfrenar, to release brakes.
desengalgar"to.remove achock or wcdge.
desenganchar, to unhook, disconnect,disengage,
release, uncouple. '
desenganche m, unhooking, uncouplirig; (elec)
;:elease;
-- de retraso (eIc), time release.
desengoznar, to unhinge.
desengranar, to throw out ogear, diseng;age;
unmesh.
desengrasador m, grease remover.
desen;;rasar, to degrease.
desengrase m, degreasing.
desengrilletar, te unohackle.
deselljarciar, to unrig.
desenladrillar, to take upbrick pavement.
desenlamem. (M), removal o mud,
desenlodar, to desiIt, rcmove mud,
U.4
115
desplantar
desnivelarse, to get outof level.
desnudo, bare (wire).
desocupaci6n 1, unemployment.
desocupados,the unemployed.
desodorante m,'deodorant.
desodorar, .desodorizar, to deodorize.
desoxicolato de sodio (lab), sodium desoxy-
cholate.
desoxidar, to deoxidize.
desoxigenar, to deoXygeIlte, deoxidize.
desozonizar, to deozonize.
despllchador'm,sender; dispatcher.
- del petrleo, oUdispatcher.
- d.e
despachantede aduana, custoIIlhouse broker.
despachar, tosliip; to fulfill (norder).
despacho m, office; shipping,shiplllent;dispatch.
- de billetes, ticke-toffice.
-- de equipajes,<baggageroom.
-- de telgrafos, telegraphoffice.
--telegrfico, telegrarn.
despachurramiento m (est),crippling.
despalmador m, dockyard.
desplmar,to clean a vessel'sbttorn; to'rdtigh-
dress.
desparaflnajem(pet),dewaxing.
desparafinar (pet), relllove paraffin.
desparedar, to throwd0WJ;l awall.
desparramador m,distributer; spreader.
desparramar, to spread;
desparrame m, spreading (fill).
despasar (cab),. t(ju?,reeve; tof1eet.
despasioso (r); sluggish; .
despedazado, shattered, broken.
despedida 1,
despedir, (men),layoff.
despegar, to separate, detach, disunite; despe-
garse, to take off (airplltne).
desJlegue m,. separation, detachment; take-off
(airplarie) .
despejar, td strip (topsoil), c1ear; (m.ath) to
solve foro
despeiem (mh)(A), clearance.
despejo 711:' clearing, stripping; clearance.
despensa 1, storeroom.
despensero m, storekeeper.
despeadero m, cliff, precipice.
desperdicio m, spoil, excavated material; waste.
desperdicios,' wastes.
-- auranciceos (is), citrus wastes.
-- de algodn, cotton waste.
. _,_o de cantera, quarry spalls; quarry waste.
-- de hierro, junk, scrap iron,
-- de lana, wool waste.
--industriles (is), industrial
desperfecto m, damage, injury.
despezar, to taper.
despezo m, tapar, (fdy) draft.
despido m(Ec), discharge (employee).
despiezo m,taper; (Col) laying out or bon4ing of
stones inmasonry construction.' .....
despilar, to remove pillars in a mine; to remove
shores.
despilarar (min), to throw down pilh..rs.
desplantar (M), te excavate; toset, place,lay
Qut. '
deslinde m, marking boundaries.
deslingar, to unsling.
desliz m, slipping, slip.
deslizaderas 1, slides;(hyd) gate guides; (sb)
slippers; (lg) slip skids.
deslizadero m, chute; (sb) slipway, launching
way.
deslizaIllento plstico (A), pllUlticflow;
deslizar, to slide, slip; (ir) tocreep (ralls).
deslubricado (A), lacking lubrication.
deslumbramiento m, glare;
deslustrado, dull (finish);ground (glass).
desmagnetizador m, demagnetizer.
desmagnetizar, to demagnetize, de-energize.
desmangar, to remove a handle.
desmaniguar (C) (PR), to clear land.
desmantelar, to dismantle.
desmejorar, to damage, impalr; desmejorarse,
to deteriorate.
desmenuzable, friable; unstable.
desmenuzadora J,. pulverizer, crusher,. shredder.
desmenuzar, to crush, pulverize; desmenuzarse,
to crumble,disintegrate.
desmezclado (conc), separated, unmxed.
desIllneralizador m (pa) , demineralizer.
desIllneralizar, to demineralize.
desmochar, to cut off, crop; (Col)'to unroof.
desmochos m (met), crop.
desmodulacinl (ra), demodulation, detection.
---.por rejilla, grid detection.
desmoduladorm (ra), demodulator.
desmoldador m, stripper (forms).
desmoldar, to stri>forms.
desmontable, detachable, removable,collaps:'
ible, demountable.
desmontado, knocked-'down, dismantled.
desmontador m, delllounter.
-- de neumticos (heF)' tirerelllover.
desmontaje m,. dismantling, delllounting, dis-
assembly,teardown.
desmontar, to dismantle, disassemble,tak
apart; to deIIl0,t,Int; to clear (land); to ex-
cavate, dig, cut.
desniontavlv-ulas m, valv"l{lifter.
desmonte m, clearing; excavation, cut; dirt ffi.()V-
ing.
- y terrapln, cut andfill.
desmontes (min), deads. . ...
_ de cantera (Ch), q!1arry refuse.
desmoronadizo, crumbly,easily disintegrated,
unstable (soil). ..'
desmoronarse, to
desmultiplicacin
desmultiplicador m, reduction geal.'.
desmurar, to wreck walls.
desnatador m, skimmer, (su) foam scrap'er.
desnatar, to skim,removescum.
desnevado m, a thaw: .
desnitrificar, to
desnivel m, difference"of elevation, fall, drop,
(hyd) haad.
-- bruto, gross head.
__ de funcionaIllento,operating head,
_._ efectivo, net or effective llcad. .
--til, useful head.
desnivelacin (, difference of elcvatioIl.
deslinde
deslindar
desgracia J, accidento
desgrasar, to degrease.
desguace m (mad), :ough'-dressing.
desguarnecer, to stripo1Y fittings" dismantle;
desguarnir, to unreeve; tostrip rigging.
desguazar (mad), torough-dress.
deshacerse, to disintegrate:
deshelador m, deicer.
-- de din8.11lta, dynamite thawer.
deshelar, to thaw; to deice; to unfreeze; deshe-
larse, to thaw.
desherrar, to strip ironwork.
desherrumbrar, toclean off rusto
deshidratador m, dehydrator, dewaterer.
- de gas (pet), knockout.
deshidratar, to dehydrate,. dewater.
deshidrogenacin J, dehydrogenation.
deshidrogenar, to dehydrogenize, dehydrogenate.
deshielo m, thawing, thaw.
deshierbar,to grub.
deshierbe m, grubbing.
deshilachador (az), cane shredder.
deshincar, to pull (piles).
deshojador m (hid) , leaf screen.
deshollinador m, soot catcher.
deshollinar, to removesoot.
deshumectador m (aa)', dehumidifier.
deshumectar, deshumedecer{aa); todehumidify.
deshumedecedor m (0.0.), dehumidifier.
-- de roco, spray-type dehumidifier.
deshumidificar (A), to dehumidify.
desitonar (A), tosiphon.
desigul, unequal.
desiguldad 1, inequality.
desimanador m, demagnetizer.
desim3nar, desimantar, todemagnetize.
desincrustador m, boiler-tube cleaner; scaling
hammer.
desincrustante m, boiler compound.
desincrustar, to remove scale.
desinfectante ma, disinfectant.
desinfectar, te disinfect, sterilize.
desinflado, f1at (tITe). '
desinfiar, to deflate.
desintegracinj, disintegration; (pet) cracking.
-- catltica, catalytic cracking.
-- trIllca,thermal cracking.
m, disintegrator; (pet) cracking
umt.
- de caa (az)(C), cane shredder.
desintegrar, to disintegrate.
desintonizar (ra), to detuhe.
desionizar, to deionize.
desisobutanizar (pet), to deisobutanize.
desjuntar, to disjoin-t, take aparto
desladrillar, to tear up brick paving.
deslamar, to desilt, remove mud; (min) to de-'
slime.
deslastrar, to remove ballast.
deslatar, to strip off laths or battens.
deslavable, erosible, erodible.
deslavar, to erode, wash.away; to wash,rinse.
m, erosion; eroded material; (min). tall'
mgs.
desler, to dilute.
deslindar, telllarkbolldaries;to survey.
desenlosar
desenlosar, to take up f1agstones.
desenmangar, to remove ahandle or.haft.
desenmohecer,. to clean off rusto
desenrace m, grubbing.
desenraizadora I (ec), rooter.
desenraizar, to grub. .
desenrollar, to unreel, unwind; uncoil, unspool.
desenroscar, to unscrew.
desenrosque m, unscrewing.
desensamblar, to knock down, disassemble.
desensibilizador m '(fma), desensitizer;
desensibilizar (fma), to desensitize.
desensortijar, to remove kinks.
desentablar, to strip off boards.
desentarimar, toremove planking.
desentarquinar, to. desilt.
desentechar (AC), to umoof.
desentejar, to strip off roof tiles.
desentornillar, to unscrew.
desentubar, to remove boiler tubes.
desenyerbar, to strip, remove grass.
desenyesar, to tear off plaster.
desequilibrado, unbalanced.
desequilibrio m, unstable' equilibrium, unbal-
ance.
-- de impedancia (ra), mismatch.
desescamador m, scaling chise1 '
desescamar, to remove scale.
desescarchador m, defroster.
desescombrador (m) de alcantarilla, culvert
cleaner.
desescombrar, to clear away rubbish; to muck.
desescombro m, cleaning up; mucking.
desespumar, to remove scum.
desestaar, to detin.
desexcitar, tode-energze.
desfasado, desesfaje m (elc), phase displace-
ment; (ra) outphasing.
desfasador m, phase shifter.
desf.asaIllentom (elc), phase difference.
desfatigar, to relieve stress.
desferrificar, desferrizar, to deferrize.
desfibradOl."a 1,' shredder,disintegrator.
desfiladero m (top), gap,pass, defile.
desfiemadora 1" dry kiln.
desfioculador m (is),def1occulator.
desfiocular, to,def1occulate.
desfiorarse (V), to disintegrate,breakup.
desfogar, to vent; .(hyd)to drain off, sluice.
desfoguem"relief (pressure) ; vent; outlet; (hyd)
(M)' wasteway, sluice.
desforestacin 1, deforestation.
desforrador de, cable (elc)., cable stripper.
desforrar, to remove sheathing or lining.
desfrenar, to release, brakes.
desgll.char, to unhook.
desgarrador, m,. :ipper' (road);
desgarraIllento m, (est) crippling; (V).shatter-
ing, breaking"up;
desgarrn m, rent, tear, cut.
desgasificador m, degasifier;
desgasificar, to degasuy.
desgastar, to erode, wear, abrade; desgastarse,
to ",ear, wear out.
desgaste m, erosion,abrasion, wearidetrition;
desgoznar. to unhinge;
desplante 116 desviacin desviacin
117 da
desplante m (M),excavation; subgrade.
desplayado m, flats left by receding water.
desplazador m (mec), displacer.
- de engranajes (auto), gea,rshift.
desplazamiento m, (geol) (elec) (pmy) (na) (se) dis-
placement; (1'1') (U) change of line, reloca-
tion;(surv) o:ffsej;; (mt) setover;(ra) drift.
- cargado (an), loaded displacement.
-- de construccin (an) , molded displacement.
- de fase (elc), phasedisplacement 01' differ-
ence.
- de paralaje (fma) , parallactic displacement.
-- de relieve (fma), reliefdisplacemeI:lt.
-- en plena carga (an), loaded
-- enrosca b sin carga (an),lightdisplacement.
-- sin plancheado. (an) , molded displacement.
desplazar, todisplace.
desplegador m (herr), spreader.
despliegue m, unfolding; spreading.
- en abanico (geof) , fan spread.
-- en cruz (geof), cross spread.
desplomar, j;o batter, inc!ine;,desplomarse, to
get out of plumb; to.collapse.
desplome m, batter; (M) overhang; collapse;
(conc) slump. '
desplomo m, deviation from the vertical.
despojado (maq), backed off.
despojar, (mech) to back off; (pet) to strip,
despojo m (mec), backing off.
despojos, debris, rubbish, spoil.
-- de albaal, sewage.
- de hierro, scrap junk.
despolarizador, despolarizante m (ele), depo-
larizer.
despolarizar, todepolarize.
desprender, to detach, unfasten; to give off,
emit; desprenderse (ot) to slip, slide, sag,
slough.

desprendimiento m, loosening; (ra) emission;
1a,11-dslide,slip; (sm) slump,flow.
- de rEl)illa (ra), grid emission.
-- terminico (ra) , thermionieemission, Edi-
s011-effect.,
despropanizadora I (pet), depropanizer,
despulido,ground (glass).
despUlnacin/, skimming; despumation.
m (is), foam
despntes m; cuttings; short ends of bars 01'
sI1apes.
tiesquebrajada (rock).
to<:iislo<:ige, break loose.
desquijerar, to te11-
o
I:l.
desraizar, to grub.

desrielar, to derail. . ,:,
desripiador m (dad),' gritambel'.
desripiar, to remo"e grfvel., .', ..,.'
desroblar, to cut out rivets.
'fI'!' (A), r()cj;: eX,cavation.
destajador m" str:ij;:llig h!tl?Irler.. ".
destajero, . piecewprker; (min)
tributer.
destajo m, tfSkwork, piecework;(min)tribute.
destapaderom (elc), knockout.
- a palanquita, prY-out.
destapar, to unCQVer, strip.
destechar, to unroof.
destejar, to remove roof tiles.
destelladorm (elc), flasher.
destemplar, to annea,).;destemplarse, tQlose tem-
per,.",
destemple m, annealing; (Pt)distemper.
destilacin 1, ,distflation,
-- al vaco, vacuum distilltiolJ..
- intermitente (pet), batch.distillation.
- pirognica (pet), cracking distillaj;ion.
destiladera 1, destilador m,a still.
destilado m, distillate.
destilar,to distill.
destilera 1, distillirlg plant; (pet) tenery.
destinatario m, consignee.
destitucin 1, discharge (men).
destituir, to discharge (men).
destorcer, to untwist, (cab) unlay.
destornillador m, screwdriver; wrench.
-- a. crique, ratchet screwdriver.
--.. - acodado o descentrado, offset screwdriver.
-- automtico, spiral screwdriver.
-- de berbiqu, screwdriver bit.
--. de golpeo de percusin, impactscrewdriver.
destornillar, to unscrew.
destrabadorm (pet),bumper jaro
destral m, hatchet.
m (az),caneshI'edder.
destrgiro, clockwise.
destroncar, destroncoIlar (M) (V), to cIea!" land;
to pull stumps.
destroncadora I (ec), treedozer; stllmppUlIer.
destronque 'fI'!' e1earing, grubbing; stump pullilJ.g.
destrozar, to destroy; to shatter.
destruccin /, destructiol1.
destructor m, destructor, destroyer.
-- de basuras, refllse destructor.
--. de malezas, weedkiller.
- del vrtice (hid), whirlpool breaker.
destruir, to destroy, demolish; destruirse (mat),
to m,neel. .. , ... .
destufacin / (pet), sweeteniLlg.
destufador, deSulfurador m (pet) , lSweetener,
sweetening still.
dsulfurar, to desulphurize, desulphurate, (pet)
sweeten.
desusarse, to become obsolete.
desuso m, obsoleteness.
desvaI:lecedor m (ra) , fader.
desvanecimiento (ra), fading.
desvaporar, to let offsteam.
desvaporizar,to de,,::>;poriie. "'.'
desvatado, desvatiado waj;tless.
desvegetacin / (M), stripping of vegetation.
desventador m, vento '
desventar, to vcllt. . . , ,.
desviacin/, diversion; deviation(compass) ; de-
flection (angle); (surv) departure; (rd) de-
tour; (str) (C) deflectin; (pet) drift
(machy) runout; (elec)displacement
(brush), shift; displacement (crank);
(ra) drift, defiectioIl.
- del arco (sol),arcblow.
_. de las escobillas (mot), brush, diSplaeement
or shift. ., ",
_ electromagntica (ra) , electromagnetic de-
flection.
desviadero m (fe), siding;turnout.
desviador mi' deflector, baffle; diversion dam;
diverter; by-pass.
-- de correa, beltshifter.
- del rayo (auto), headlight deflector.
desviaje m, diversion.
desviar, to divert; to deflect; (rr) to switch;
desviarse, todeviate; tobranch off.
desvo m, diversion; by-pass; (rr) siding, turn-
out; (rd) detour; (ra) drift.
-.-, de atajo (fc),catch siding.
- de las escobillas (elc) (A), brush shifting.
-- de frecuencia (ra), frequency drift.
-- muerto,dead-end siding, spur track, stub
track.
-- transversal (fc), crossover.
- volante (fc), flying switch.
desvimetro m (pet), drift meter.
desvitrificacin /, devitrification.
desvolcanarse (Col), to collapse; tobe de-
stroyed.
desvolvedor >m, 'tap ,'I\Tench; (Sp) monkey
'wrench.
desvulcanizado,r m. devulcanizer.
desvulcanizar, to devulcanize.
desyerbador m, grubber.
desyerbar, to grub.
desyerbe m, grubbing.
desyuye m.(A), grubbing.
detallar, to detail.
detalle m, detail.
deteccin / (ra) (M), letection, demodulation.
- por diodo, diode detection.
--por placa, plate detection.
-- por rejilla,grid detection.
-- por vlvula terminica,tube detection.
detectador m (elc) (Col), detector.
detector m, (elec) dctector; (rr) (A) dctector bar.
- a diodo (ra),diode detector.
-- a ley de cuadrados (ra), squarc-bwdetector.
-- a vlvula, vacuum-tube, detector.
-- de cristales (ra), crystal detector 01' rectifier.
-- de escapes o de fugas,leak 01' water-waste
detector.
-,- de gas (pet), gas detector.
-- de polarizacin negativa de rejilla (ra), grid-
bias detector.
-lineal (ra), linear or plate detector.
-- terminico (ra), valve ,dctector.
detector-zapata:(fc)(A), detect.o.r bar.
detencin/, stop, delay, standstill, (mech) dwell.
detenedor m' (mec), arrester, catch.
-- de ariete, water-hammer suppressor.
-- de llamas, flame arrester.
-- de polvo (aa), dust arrester.
deterioro m,' wear and tear; detedoration.
determinacin (j) en blanco (lab), blank deter-
mination.
determinacin hidrogeninica, ,. hydrogen-ion de-
termination.
determinado (mat), determinate.
determinante m / (mat), determinant.
-.- continuante,coritinuant.
-- cumulante, cumulant.
detonacin /, detonation; (auto) knocking,pink-
ing.
detonador m, blasting' machine; bla.stingcap,
dctonator, exploder.
-- comn, blasting cap.
-- de explosin demorada, delay blasting cap.
--,elctrico,. exploder.
-- elctrico de tiempo, delayelcctrieblasting
cap.
-- instantneo, instantalleous blasting cap.
- retardado, delayblasting cap.
detonadora 1, blasting machine.
detonancia I (mg), knoeking, detonation.
detonante, highly explosivc, detonating.
detonar, todetonate, explode.
detrtico (geol), detrital.
detrito (m) de falda (A),talus.
detritor m (dac), Detritor (trademark).
detritos m, detdtus, (tun) muck.
deuaa 1, dcbt.
- a largo plazo, long-term debt.
-- consolidada, funded debt.
- flotante, fiQating dcbt.
devanadera /, reel,spool..
devanado m (clc),willding.
-- amortiguador, damper 01' amortisseJlrwind-
ing.
-- anular o de anillo; ring.winding.
-- de arranque (mQt),
-- de cadena, chain winding.
- de canto, edge. winding,
- de compensacin, <compensating winding.
-- de cuerdas, chord, 01'. short-pitch' 01' frac"
tional-pitch windillg.
-- de espiras mltiples, banked winding.
-- de fase partida,split,-pha,se winding.
-- de marcha o de trabajo (mot) , runningwind-
ing.
-- de tambor, drUl\l winding.
-- diametral ode paso entero, full-pitchwind-
ing.
-- en derivacin, shunt 'l\inding.
-- enjaula, squirrcl-eage winding.
-- en paralclo,parallel ormultiple winding.
-- en serie, series 01' wavewinding.
-- en zigzag, zigzag win,ling.
-- estabilizador, stabilizing or tcrtiary wiLlding.
--imbricado, lap 01' multiple winding.
-- inducido, armature winding.
-- ondulado, wave 01' undulatory winding.
--regulador, regulating winding.
--reticulado, basket. winding.
-- simple, single winding.
devanador m, reel, spool.
devanadora /, Willding machine; reel.
devanar, to reel;,to wind.
devatado (elc) (A), .wattless. '.',
dextrgiro, dextrogira.torio, turning clock:wise.
dextrorrotatorio (az), dextrorotatqry.
dextrorso, clockwise;.toward theright.
deyeccin / (geol), debris.
deyecciones humanas,human cxP;elllen.tniePa,i
matter.
da m,day.
-- de la marea., tide day,
- de pago,payday.
da
118 diferencial diferencial 119 dique
holiday.
- hbil (A), working day.
-.-laborable o til, working day.
das de gracia (tr), days o grace.
diabasa f (geol), diabase.
diabsico, diabasic.
diablo m, (M)(A) rail bender; (Col)jack;(Ch)
(M),pair of wheels for moving logs; (Sp)
warehouse truck; (pet)(M) go-devil.
diaclasa f (geol), diaclase.
diaclasado, fractured, diaclastic.
diaesquistoso (geol), diaschistic.
diafonfaI(tel),cross taIk.
difono m,diaphone (siren).
diafragma m, diaphragm; (bdg) (M)backwaIL
- iris, iris diaphragm.
diagmetro m (elc), diagometer.
diagonal f a, diagonal.
diagonales cruzadas, X or diagonal bracing;
diagrfico, diagraphic.
digrafo m, diagraph.
diagrama m, diagram.
- de acumulacin (hid), massdiagram.
-- de corte (ms), shear pattern.
__e de fuerzas, force diagram.
- del indicador, (eng)indicator diagram.
-- de volmenes (ot), mass diagram.
- estereogrfico (geol), block diagram.
--vectorial, vector diagram.
diagrmiltro m, diagrammeter.
dilaga f (miner), diallage(pyroxene).
dillagita / (geol), diallagite.
diamagntico, diamagnetic.
diamagnetismo m, diamagnetism.
diamante m, diamond.
-- borde 'o negro, bort, black or carbon dia-
mondo
-- cortavidrio o de vidriero, glazier's diamond.
diamantinaf, diamantine (abrasive).
diaIll.etral' dianietrical, diametral.
dimetro m, diameter.
-- conjugado,conjugate diameter.
- de huella '(M), tread diameter (sheave).
-- del paso (rs) , pitch diameter.
-- de rodamiento, tread diameter (sheave).
-- exterior,outside diameter;(th) major di-
'allleter;
-- mxitllo(rs),major or outside diameter
(screw); fulldiameter (nut).
-- mayor (rs);majordiameter.
--menor (rs); niill()r?ianieter.
-- mnimo (rs), minOJ:'orcore diameter (screw);
inside diameter (nut).
- primitiv() (rs)(en),pitch or effectivedi-
ameter;
dianegativa f (fma), dia,negative.
dianegativo a (fma)diallegative.
diapositiva/,diapositiva;
diapositivo a;diar>0sitive.
diario m, logbook; (act)journal;
diastasa f (is), diastase. .
diatomceo,diatomaceous;
diatomea f, diatom.
diatomita f, diatomite, diatomaceousor infuso-
rial earth; diatomite (ex;llosive/.
dibromoquinona f <is), dibromoquinoneo'
dibujador, dibujante m, draftsman.
dibujar, to draw, draft.
-- en escala, to draw to scale.
dibujo m; drawing, plan; design, pattern;
- a mano alzada (C), freehalld drawing.
-- a mano libre o a pulso, freehand drawing.
-- acotado,dilllen.sioneddrawing.
-- de construccin en fbrica,shop drawing.
-'- de detalle, de'aildrawing.
-- de ejecucin o de trabajo, working n.rawing.
-- de lneas, line drawing.
-- de montaje,erection plan.
-de rodamiento. (auto), design ofthe tire
tread.
- de taller, shop drawing.
-- en perspectiva, perspective drawing.
--lavado, wash drawing.
--patrn, standard plan or drawing.
dibujos del contrato,contractplans;
diclcico a, dicalcium.
dicll.lita, Dicalite (trademark), diatomaceous
silica.
dicloramina f (qum), dichloramine.
diclorodifluorometano 'm (rfg) , dich1orodifiuoro-
methane.
dicromato potsico;potassium bichromate.
dieciseisavo m, onEl"sixteenth.
dielctrico m a, dielectrico
diente m,tooth, cog; (conc) bonding key; (hyd)
cutoff wall, toe wall;(hyd) dental;
-- americano (si), great Americantooth.
- biselado (si), gullet tooth.
- cepillado (en), machine-cut tooth.
-- comn (si), peg or commolortenon or plain
tooth.
- cortante (si), cutting tooth.
- de diamante (si),diamond tooth.
- de empotramiento (hid) ,'cutoff wall.
-- de envolvente normal (en), involutestand-
. ardtooth;
-- de envolvente truncado (en), stub involute
tooth.
- de lanza (si), lancetooth.
-'delobo (si), gullet tooth.
- en M (si), lightningtooth.
--fresado, machine-cut tooth.
--limpiador o raspador (si), rakeror .drag
tooth.
-- postizo (si), bit, inserted tooth.
-- tipo campen (si),champion tooth.
- triangular (si) mill tooth.
dientes de choque (hid) ,baffiepiers or blocks.
diezmilsimo m; one ten-thousandth.
diezmilmetro m,one"tenth of amillimeter.
diezmillonsimo. m, oneten-millionth.
difsico (elc) (A), two-phase.
diferencia f (mat), difference.
- de tensin (elc),electric potentialdiffer-
ence.
-- en ms, plus difference.
-'- en menos, minus'difference;
diferenciable (mat), differentiable.
diferenciacin "differentiat.ion.
diferenciadorm (ra), differen'tiator.
diferencial f, differential (all senses),;(M)chain
block; a differential.
- de. ,cuatro satlites (auto), four.pinion dif-
ferential.
diferir, to defer, ppstpone; extend, prolong; to
differ.
difraccin f,diffraction.
difractar, to diffract.
difundir, to diffuse.
difusibilidad f. diffusibility, (conc)(chern) dif-
fusivity.
difusin f, diffusion; (ra) broadcasting.
difusivo, diffusive.
difuso, diffused.
difusor m (dac), diffuser, disperser.
-- oscilante (dac), swing diffuser.
difusora f (ra), broadcasting station.
oigestin f, digestion.
- del fango o de los lodos (dac), sludgediges-
tion.
-- por etapas (dac), stage digestion.
digestor m, digester.
-- de basuras, garbage digester.
-- de cienos (dac) sludgedigester.
dilatacin f, expansion, enlargement.
dilatador, dilatante, dilatant.
dilatancia f, cElatancy.
dilatar, dilatarse, to dilatc, expando
dilatmetro m, dilatomctcr.
dilucin f, dilution.
diluente m, diluent; (pt)thinner.
diludo, dilute, thin, weak.
diluir, to dilute; to cut back (asphalt).
dilutor m,diluter. .
diluvial (geol), diluvial.
diluvio m, flood; heavy rain;
diluvin m. (geol), dilvium.
dimensin f, dimension (all senses).
-- a escala, scaleddimension.
-- acotada, figured dimensiono
-- extrema, over-all.dimension.
dimensional, dimensional.
dimensionar, to proportion, dimension; to size.
dimetlico, dirnetallic.
dimetilketol (az), dimethyl keto1.
dina f, dyne.
dingrafo m, dynagraph.
dinmetro m, dYIlameter.
dinama f, dyne.
dinmica f, dynamics.
dinmico, dynamic.
dinamita f, dynamite.
-- amoniacal, arnmonia.dynamite.
-- corriente, straight.dynamite.
-- de alto amonaco,high'-arnmonia dynamite.
-- de baja densidad, low.dellsitydynamite.
- de base explosiva,extra.dynamite;"
-- de nitroglicerina, nitroglycerin-dynarnite.
-- gelatina, gelatin dynamite.,
-- para explotacin forestal, loggin.g' dynamite.
-- para sismgrafo,seisrnographdynarnite.
dinamitar, to blast.
dinamitero m, blaster, powderm.an;
- ssmico (geof), seismic shooter.
dnamo m f, dynamo.
-- dinamomtrico, electric-cradle dynamom-
eter.
dnamo-freno,eddYccurreont brake..
dnamo-motor, motor generator.
dinamoelctrico, dynamoelectric.
dinamomtrico, dynamometrie.
dinammetro m,' dynamometer.
-- a friccin de agua, water brake.
-- de aletas, fan-brake dynamometer.
-- de corriente parsita,eddy-current brake.
--,de friccin flida, fluid-friction dynamom-
eter.
-- de retraso magntico, magnetic.drag brake.
-- de torsin, torsion dynamometer;
-- de transmisin,.transmission dynamometer.
-- elctrico de cuna, electric-cradle dynamom-
eter.
--friccional, absorption dynamometer.
-- hidrulico,.hydrodynamometer.
dinamotor m (elc), dynamotor.
dinatrn m (ra), dynatron.
dinodo m (ra), dynode.
dintel m, lintel, cap, doorhead.
dintelar, to place a lintel. '
diodo m (elc), diode.
dipsido m (miner), diopside (pyroxene).
dioptra f, sight of an instrument; alidade.
dioptria f, diopter (unit of lens power).
diptrico, dioptric.
dioritaI (geol), diorite.
-- miccea, mica diorite.
-- nefelnica, nephelite.diorite.
-- orbiCular, corsite, napoleonite.
diortico, dioritic;'
dixido m (qufm), dioxide,. bioxide.
-- carbonico, dioxide, carbonic"acid gas.
-- de azufre,sulphur.dioxide, sulphurousanhy-
dride.
--e.desilieio, silicon dioxide, silica.
diplex (ra), diplex.
diplococos (is), diplococci.
dipolar, dipolar.
dipolo ma(elc), dipole.
--magntico, magnetic doublet or dipole.
dipo1oS'entongados,stacked dipoles.
dipotlsico a, dipotassium.
dique m, dike,levee; dani;(geol) dike, rib; (A)
dock; (C) (Sp) dry dock.
- a cabeza redonda (A), round-head-buttress
dam.
-- a contrafuertes, buttress dam.
........a gravedad, gravity dam.
-- a vertedero, spillway or overflow dam, weir.
--'. aligerado (A), hollow dam.
-.- afloramiento, subsurface dam.
-- de arco mltiple, multiple'-arch dam;
- de ataje (A), cofferdam.
-- de aterramiento. (A), desilting dam.
-- de captciri, impounding dam.
--' de. carena o de buque, dry or gravingdock.
-- de cierre, bulkhead or nonoverflow dam.
-- de contencin de arrastres,desilting dam.
-- de defensa, levee, dike..
- de desvo, diversion dam.
-.- de embalsa o de represa, impoundin.g or
storage dam.
-- de encauzamiento, levee.
-- de escollera o de enrocamiento, rock"fill dam
-- de gua, trainingdike.
120
121
dobladora
distorsionar (M), to, distort.
distribucin j, distribution.
-- del encendido (mg), ignition timing.
-- de sector (mv), link motion.
-- por circuito cerrado (elc),loopdistribution.
--por derivaciones miiltiples (clc), tr,,\l sYS"
tem of distribution.
- por parrilla (elc), network system, ofdis-
tribution.
-- St\lph\lnson (mv), Stephenson's link motion.
distribuidor m, distributor (aIl senses) ; spreader;
(se) slide valve; (turb) speed ring; (rein)
distributing bar; (p) manifold.
-- a presitin(ca), pressure distributor,
-- cilndrico o de mbolo (mv), piston valve.
-- de encendido (auto),distributor,timer.
distribuir, to distribute.
distributivo, 'distributive. '"
'/1'! (qum), solute; aclissolved.
disyuncin j (geol), fracture. ,
disyuntor m (elc), circuit breaker,
cutoup.
-- de contra.corrientes, reverse7current circtlit
breaker.
-- de dos vas,
-- de, mxima, Qverload, circuito ,breaker.
-- de mnima. te11sin, )lndervoltage circuit
breaker.
- de tapn, plug cutout. , "" ' ,"
-- de va nica, singlorthrowcircuitbreaker.
--o en aceite, oil circuit breaker.
-- en el aire, air breaker.
divergencia j, divergence; (auto) toe-out.
divergente, divergent, diverging.
divergir, to diverge.
dividendo m (mat)(fln), dividendo
divisas j, foreign exchange 01' currency.
divisible, divisible.
divisin j, (math) (rr) division; (mech) indexing.
-- contine11tal, continental divide.
-- diferencial (maq), differential illdexing.
- simple (maq),direct indexing.
divisor m, (math) divisor; (dwg) (A) dividers.
- de fase (elc), phase splitter.
-- de frecuencia (elc), frequency divider.
-- de fuerza (auto), power divider.
- de muestras (lab), sample splitter.
-- de voltaje, voltage or potential divider.
divisora, (j) de tensin, voltage or, potential
divider.
divisoria j (top), divide.
-- continental, continental divide.
-- de las aguas, divide, ridge. , , .
--o de las aguas freticas, ground-water divide.
divorcio (m) de las aguas (top), divide, ridge.
doblaj (Pe), night shift. '
dobladillo m (ch), hem.
doblado, bent.
-,- al fuego o en ca:liente, hot-bent.
-- en fro, bent cold.
doblador m, (t) bender; (ra) doubler.
-- de frecuencia (ra), frequency doubler.
-- de rieles, rail bender.
-- de tubos-conductos (elc), hickey, ,conduit
bender.
dobladora j, bending machine,
dispersador
dispersador m (dac), disperser.
-- de chorro, jet disperser.
dispersin j, dispersion; (elec) leakage; (elec)
dissipation.
-,-- anmala (tv), anomalous dispersion.
-- anormal (tv) (Es), anomalous dispersion.
--- electrdica (ra), electrode dissipation.
--magntica, magnetic leakage, leakage flux.
-- snica de la, niebla (ap) , sonic fogdispersa!.
-- trmica de la niebla (ap),thermal, fog dis-
persal.
dispersivo, dispersive.
dispersor m (dac), disperser, ,diffuser.
__ode energa (hid), en"lrgy disperser or dissipa-
toro
-- tipo de hongo (aa), mushroomair diffuser.
disposicinj, disposal; disposition,arrangement.
-- del agua de cloacas, S\lwage disp()saJ.
- del a:!baal (e), sewage disposal.
-- de las blisuras, garbage,disposll,l:refuse or
wtSt"l disposal.
dispositivo m, device, appliance,fixture,meclJ.-
anism; arrangement, layollt; facility.
- de evacuacin (hid)"outlet, works";bIO\voff

-- d 'gobierno (tc) , control or power control
unit.
-- de mando, control mechanism.
-- de retroceso, (eng) reversing gear.
-- de seguridad, safety device.
-- de sobrecorriente (elc), overcurrent device.
- derivadot (vol), shunt attachment.
dispositivos
-- de distribucin (elc), switchgear.
- de salida (hid), outlet works.
-- de servicio (elc), service equipment.
- de toma (hid), intake works.
-- para torno, lathe attachments.
disrupcin j" disruption.
disruptivo, disruptive.
distancia j, distance.
-- cenita:!, z'enith distance.
-- de agrupacin (ra) , driftspace. , ,
- de decolaje o de despegue (ap), take-off dis-
tance.
- de enfoque (fma), focallengj;h.
-- de interrupcin (elc), break distance.
- de visibilidad (ca), sight or visibility dis-
tance.
- disruptiva (elc), spark gap.
-- entre ejes, wheel base.
- explosiva (elc), spark gap.
-- exterior (fe), external distance.
- foca:! posterior (fma), back focal distan.ce.
-- polar, polar distance, codeclination.
--progresiva (lev), cumulative distance.
--tangencial (fc), tangent distance.
-- taquimtrica, stadia distance,
distanciamiento m, spacing, pitch.
distanciomtrico, telemetric.
distancimetro m (Es) (A), telemeter.
distorsin J, distortion.
-- de atenuacin-frecuencia,.(ra), attenuation
or amplitude-frequency distortion.
- del campo (elc), lield distortion.
- de retardo (ra), delay distortion,
dispro
-'- 'exploradoro de orificios' (tv), scfuming disk;
- motor (auto), driving disk.
-- para engranaje, gear, blank.
- para tubera (pet) , casing disk.
disconformidadj (geol), disconformity.
discontinuidad j, diseontinuity.
discontinuo, discontinuous.
discordancia! (geol), uIlconformity, discordance.'
discordante (geol), unconformable, discordant,
discreto a (mM), discrete.
discriminacin j (ra), discrimination.
discriminador m (ra), discriminator.
discriminante m a (mat),discriminant.
discurrimiento m (U), fJ.ow.
disector (m) de imgenes (tv), image dissector.
disentera j, dysentery.
-- amibiana, arrioebie dysentery.
--bacilar, bacillary dysentery.
diseador m, designer.
disear, to design; to sketch.
diseo m, design; sketch.
disgregacin j, disintegration, separation.
disgregador m,' cutterhead (dredge).
- de cienos (dac),sludge disintegrator.
disilicato m (qum), disilicate.
disilcico, disilicic.
disimetra j, dissymmetry.
disimtrico, unsymmetrical.
disimilacin j (is), dissimilation.
disipacin de placa (ra), anode dissipation.
disipador m; (hyd) disperser; a dissipative.
-- hl energa (hid), energy disperser.
- de neblina (ap), fog disperser.
disipar, to dissipate (heat), disperse.
dislocacin j, a slide; '(geol) 'dislocation, heave,
offset; fault.
- ascendente (geol), upthrow.
-,- descendente, downthrow.
-longitudinal (A) ,strikefault.
- rumbeante (A), strike fault.
--transversal, eross fault.
dislocado, (geol), faulted, displaced.
disociacin j (qm), dissociatiori.
disdico a (qum), disodium.
disoluble, dissoluble.
disolucin j, solution; disintegration; dissolution;
- de sa:!, mtodo de (hid) , chemical or titra-
tion or salt-dilution method.
-- disolutivo a, solvento
disolutor m (az), melter.
disolvente m, solvent;dissolvent; adissolvent.
disolver, disolverse, to dissolve.
disonancia f (elc), disson,ance.
disparada j(maq),raeing.
disparador m, tripper, release; blaster, powder-
'man;" (geop)shooter.
-- de electrones, electron gun.
__ode tensin nula, no-voltage release.
disparadora j (pet), machin.
disparar, te trip, release; to explode; (bl) to
shoot, Jire, put off; diSpararse (maq) , to
race.
disparejo, uneven.
disparo m, discharge, explosion; (bl) shooting
trip.
- lln abanico'(geof),fanshooting. '
dique
-- de machones de cabeza redonda, reund
head-l:mttress dam;
-- de retardo, retard, current orstream retardo
-- de retencin, bulkhead or nonoverflow dam;
check.
- de ribera (U); levee.
-- de tierra; earth or earth-fill dam.
-. de utilizacion ,mltiple,' multiple-purpose
dam.
-,- de zanja, ditch check.
-- derivadoro de toma, diversion dam;
-,- distribuidor (A), diversion dam.
--,en arco, single-archdam, arch dam.
- flotante, f10ating dry dock.
--insumergible, nonoverflow or bu1kheaddam.
--lateral, saddle dam;wingof adamo
-- marginal, levee.
--nivelador, diversion dam.
--provisorio, eofferdam, temporarydam;
- repartidor (A), diversion dam.
-- seco, dry or graving dock.
-- seco de carena, graving dock, gravingdry
dock.
-- sumergible o vertedor, spillway dam, weir,
overflow dam.
- tajamar (A), cofferdam.
- tipo muro alivianado (A), roundhead-but-
tress dam.
direccin j, management; manager's offiee; (A)
department" division, section; board of
directors; address; (auto) steering;, direc-
tion; instruction; (geol) strike.
-- de edificacin, building department.
- de vialidad, highway department.
-- general, headquarters.
--reversible (auto), reversible steering gear.
direccional, directional.
directivaj, board of directors.
directividad j (ra), directivity.
directivo m, director (member of the board).
directoi direct; straight.
director mdirector, manager, ehief; (ra)
toro
--o de obras, eonstruction manager.
-- ejecutivo, executive director.
-,,- genral, 'general manager.
directorio m, board of directors.
directrices j (turb)', ,guide vanes.
directrizj, directrix;archtemp1ate; (turb) guide
vane.
dirigir, to manage,direct;(auto) tosteer;to di-
reet (letter).
disacrido.m (lab);disaccharide; biose.
disco m, disk.
- alimentador. (rrih), dial: feed;
- analizador;(elc) scanningdisk;
--o centrador con,ranurai crotch center(lathe).
- compensador,(bm),balaric.disk.,
- del mbolo,.pistonhead;'
- de estrella (ra) (Es)',e'spider;'
-- de levas, cam ring:
- de mando del 'embrague (auto),' clutch-
driving disk.
- del nonio (inst),wermer ,plate.
--de taladrar, drillpad(lathe).
-,distribuidor (mv), wristplate.
dobladora 122 duraluminio
duramen 123 eje
-- de chapas, eorniee brake.
doblar, tobend; to double; to snub (belt); (ato)
totUJ:'n .
doble, double, duplex.
-0- asta, muro de; wa.ll 2brieks thiek.
_o campana (tub), double hubo
-o- citara, wall 2 brieks thiek.
-_o declletro(A), a rule 20 cm long.
--- efecto, de, double-aeting.
__00 escuadra (dib) , T square.
-_o extrafuert (tub), double-extra-strong.
- fondo (m); double bottom.
- T, 1 beam; (p) Cross.
- trenza, double-braid (insulation).
_o tumo, doble'shift.
doblegarse (est), to buekle.
doblete m (ele) (fma) , doublet.
doblez m, bend, kink.
documentos de embarque, shipping doeuments.
di1e m, dolly; orivetset.
doladeraj, broadax; howel.
dolador m, stoneeutter; hewer; trimmer.
dolar, t hew; to trim.
dolerita J .(geol), dolerite.
- traquftica (geol), traehydolerite.
dolobre m,stone hammer; spallinghammer.
doloma J (geol) (miner), dolomite.
dolomita J (M), dolomite.
dolomtico, dolomitie.
dolomitizu; to dolomitize;
dominante (mat)(ele), dominant.
domo m (arq) (geol) (miner), dome.
-- de vapot(loeo), steam dome.
- salino (geol),salt dome.
donqui m (AC), cargo hoist, wineh.
donsantiago m, rail bender.
dormido m,mudsill, sleeper;(sb)
dorso m, baek edge, heel.
dos aguas, a; peaked (roo).
dos bocaS, de, double-ended (wreneh).
dos ciills;de, two-ply; two-coat.
dos colas, (file).
dos' etapas, de, two-stage (pump).
dos tandas, de,double-shift.
dos (loek).
dosadora J (A}(Pe), dosing 01' proportioning ap-
PIP:a.t llS,
proportioning.
dosificacinJ, dosing; (eone) proportioning,
ture.
dosifica.dor m, proP0rtioller,dosing apparatus;
(eone) (A)bateher;
dosificar,
dotacinj,duty(water),irrigation reqirement;
supplY;erew,personnel. .o o o
-- corriente (auto) (maq); standard 01' n;gular
equipment.
- de agua. "\Vaper sllI)ply.
--unitaria de riego (irr) , wterduty, allow-
anee par unit of area.
dovela J,
- de ladrillo,rcl(brick.
dovelaje m, l3et.ofiarehstoneso'
dovelar, to eutareh stones.
dozavado, twelve-sided.
dragaJ, dredge; drglil1eOtfit;drag.
- a balde (A), elaIIlshell dredge.
-- a dipperdredge.
-- ambulante o andadora o caminante, wlking
dragline. .
--aspirante O setion orhydralie
dredge,o sand' dredger.
-- cavadora, dragliI1exeavtor; slackliI1e ea.-
bleway.
- de almeja, o<;Iamshell dredge. 00
-- de arcadllceso de cangilones 0 de escalera o
de rosario, ladder 01' bueket 01' elevator
dredge. o o
-- de arrastre, slaekliI1e eahleway, slaekliI1e-
dragline; power drag scraper.
-- de bomba centrfuga, suetion dredge.
-- decucharh,dippi' dredge.
- decuchllr6n de quijadas,elamshell dredge.
- depallinca (M), dipper dredge. o
- de tolvas, hopperdredge.
_o_o de valvas ode almeja (M),' ell'IIlshell hueket.
dragado (m) hidrulico, hydtaliedredging.
dragadora, dredge.
dragaje m, dredging.
dragalinaI(Es), dragliI1e.
dragalneaJ (M), iragliI1e exeavator.
dragar, to dredge;(naut) todrag.
dren m, drain.
--inferior, uriderdrin.
drenabilidadJ, drainability.
drenable, drainable.
drenaje m,' drainge.
-- de poblaciones, sewerage.
drenar, to drain.
dualina J, dualin (dYriaIIlite).
ductibilidad J (A) (M), duetility.
dctil, duetile.
ductilidad J, duetility.
ductilmetro m;duetilometer.
ducto (m) de cables (M), cable dueto
ducha J, shower bath.
duelaJ, stave.
- para piso (M), flooringboard.
duelas paraocielo(M), eeiling.
duelera J, set of stves; hevvillg, trimming, rough-
dressing. . ....
dulce, fresh (water); 130ft (steel); (chem) s'feet.
dulcita J (1ab), duleitol, duleite;
dulzuraJ (Pe), softness (water).
dulzurar, to remove salt (water).
duna J, dune.
dunita J, (geol) dunite; dunnite
duodecimal, duodecimal.
duodiodo m (ra),dudiode,double diode;
duolateral (ra), duolateral.
duotriodom (ra), dutriod, dOllbletriode.
duplicador (m) de voltaje (ra),voltagedoubler
duplicadoraf (IIlh), d
ll
plictor. .
dplice,duplex, double. o
duplo m, double.
duque de Alba.,(pw)elusterofpiles.
durabilidad J, durability. .
durable, durable, sound.
duracin (f) de serVicio,service life;
duradero,drable.. . ooo .00 oo
duralita J,
duraluminio m/dmalumin(alloy).
duramen m, duramen, heartwood.
dureza J, hardness; hardness of water.
-- a indentacin, indentation hardness.
--Brinell, Brinell hardness.
-- carbonatada o de carbonatos (pa), carbonate
hardness.
- carbontica (pa) (V), carbonate hardness.
-- del escieroscopio, scleroscope hardness.
-- de jabn (pa), soap hardness.
_o de sulfatos (pa), sulphate hardness.
-- escleromtrica (miner) , scratch 01' sclero-
scope hardness.
-- no carbonatada (pa), nonearbonate hard-
ness.
durmiente m, mudsill, groundsill,ground plate,
solepieee; (hyd) gate sill; (1'1') tie, erosstie;
(sb) clamp.
- de aguja (fe), switch tie.
- de caballete, sill of a trestle bent.
- de cambio o de chucho (fe), switch tie.
- de gra, derriek sill.
- de palo (fe), pole tie.
- de puente (fe), bridge tie.
durmientes de desvo (fe), switch timber.
durmientes de grada (cn), ground ways.
duro, hard.
-- al rojo, red-hard.
durmetro m, durometer.
ebanista m, joiner, eabinetmaker.
ebanistera J, joining, eabinetmaking; (V) trim,
millwork.
bano m, ebony.
ebonita J, ebonite.
ebonizar, to ebonize.
ebullicin J, ebullition, boiling.
eclmetro m, eliI1ometer.
eclisa J (fe), spliee bar, lishplate.
-- angular o cantonera, angle bar.
-- de alivio o de resalte, easer joint bar.
-- de deslizamiento, ereeping plates.
- elctrica (Ch), rail bond.
eelisar, to place spliee bars.
economato m, eOIIlmissary store.
econmetro m, econometer.
economa J, eeonomy; saving.
economista de petrleo, petroleum economist.
economizador m,e.eonomizer.
-- de combustible, fuel eeonomizer.
-- de petrleo, oil saver.
economizador (a) de trabajo,laborsaving.
ecuacin J, equation.
- de estado (aa), equation of state.
-- de primer grado, simple equation.
ecuador m (geog) (mat) , equator.
echado m (geol) (M), dip.
echar (exe), to casto
-- a andar, (maehy) to start.
-- a pique (nut), to wreck; to sink.
-- abajo, to wreek, demolish.
-- carb6n, to stoke.
-- el ancla, to drop anchor.
-- el escandallo, to takesoundings.
-- un remiendo, to patch.
edafol6gico, edaphological.
edificacin J, building; a building.
edificador m, huilder.
edificar, tobuild, construet, ereet.
edificatorio, pertaining to building.
edificio m, a; building.
-- de administracin (ap), administratior.
building.
- de combustin lenta, sIow-burnng bilding
(mill eonstruetion).
-- de madera,frame building.
--incombustible,fireproofbuilding.
educcin J, eduction; (eng)exhaust; (pu) dis-
charge.
eductor m, eduetor, exhauster; steam ejector.
edulcorar (A), to soften (water).
efectivo (mec) (elc), effective.
efecto m (mec) (ele), effect.
- ametralladora o(ra) (A), .shot effeet.
- de arco (ms), arching.effeet.
- de borde (ra) , fringeeffect.
-- de chimenea (aa), stack 01' chimney efreet.
- de parpadeo (ra), flicker effect.
- doble, de, double-aeting.
- Edison (ra), Edison effeet (thermionie emis-
sion).
- Joule (ele), jouleaneffect.
- Kelvin (elibe), skin 01' Kelvill effeet.
- pelicular (elc),skin effect.
-- simple, de, single-aeting.
-- termoelctrico, thermoeurrent, thermoelec-
trie effect.
-- nico, de, single"aeting.
-- til de transmisin,transmission efficieney.
- volante (ra), flywheel effect.
- Volta (elc), contact tension,Volta effeet.
efectos
- elctricos (C), electricl supplies.
marille hardware 01' supplies.
-!anitarios (C), plumbing fixtures.
eficaz, effeetive.
eficiencia J, efficiency.
eficiente, effieient.
eflorescenciaJ,effioreseenee; (min) (Pe) outcrop.
efloreseerse, to effloresce.
efluente m, effiuent, outflow.
efluvio m (ele), effiuvium.
efusivo (geol), effusive, extrusive.
egin m (M), scab, eleat, ehoek, bracket.
egreso m, egress, exit.
eidgrafo m (dib), eidograph.
eje m, axis; shaft, axle, sheave pin; eore;
-- acanalado, spline shaft.
-- acodado o cigeal, crankshaft, cmnk axle.
-- auxiliar, eountershaft.
--baricntrico (est), centroidalor gravityaxis.
-- cardnico, cardan shaft.
-o- compensador, eompensating axle;
- completamente flotante, full-floating arle.
- de ajuste (as), set shaft.
-- de atrs, real' axle.
- de cambio (auto), shifter shaft.
-- de camo (cab), hernpcenter.'
-- de carrettt;ax1etree,.
-- de centro bajo (auto),drop"eellter'ax].e.
-- de colimacin, line of eollimation.
124 125
eliminador
electrotermstato .m, electrothermostat;
electrotituiacin j, electrotitration.
elemento m, (chem) element; (elec) element
cell; (str) member. . .'. ."
-- de acumulador (elc), storagecell.
-- de cadmio (elc), cadmium 01' Weston cell.
-- de caldeo, heating elemento
- del objetivo (fma), lenselement.
-- de resistencia (elc) , resistor element.,
- motor (tel), motor element;
- obturador (pet), pack-off, elemento
- testigo (elc), pilot cell.
elementos de urgencia (elc), emergency cells.
elementos hidrulicos, hydraulic elements.
elevacinj, elevation, altitude; (dwg) elevation'
lift. '
- acotada (top), spot 01' figured elevation.
-- delantera, front elevation.
-.- desarrollada, developed elevation.
_. en corte, sectionarelevation.
-- en el extremo, end elevation.
--lateral, side elevation.
--posterior, real' elcvation.
elevado m (M) (PU), elevator.
elevador m, elevator, lift; hoist; booster.
-.. -' cargador, clevating charger.
_.- del aguiln (pI), boom hoist.
-- de automviles, automobile lift.
- de bagacillo (az), trashelevator.
- de baldes (V)(B), bucket elevator:
-- de caja de camin, truck-bodyhoist.
-- de cangilones o de capachos, bucket elcva-
tor, ladder.
-- del carbn animal (az),charelevator.
-- de carga, freight elevator.
-- de cenizas, ash hoist.
-- de cienos (dac), sludge elevator.
- de la compuerta (hid) (M), gatehoist.
-- de correa, belt.elevator.
--de cristal (auto), window opener.
-.,- de Cubos, bucket elevator.
-- de cuezos, hod hoist 01' elevator.
- de efecto 'directo (co), direct-lift hoist.
- de la potencial (elc), booster.
- de leva y rodillo (co),cam"and-rollerhoist.
-- de tensin (alc), booster.
- de tubera .(pet),tubing elevator.
elevador-reductor (elc), reversible booster.
elevadora (j) conformadora (M), elevating
grader.
elevar, to elevate, hoist, raise.
- al cuadrado (mat), to square.
-_o a potencia (mat), to raise toa power.
elevatorio a (Pe), elevating, raising.
eliminacin j, elimination.
-- de las basuras, garbage disposa!.
---,de olores (is), odor remova!.
-- de sabor (pa), taste remova!.
eliminador m, eliminator.
-- de aceite, oil separator01' elinrinator:
-- de antena (ra),antenna eliminator 01'
adapter.
-- de arena (ec), sand,eliminator.
-- de bateras (ra) , batteryeliminaton'>'
-- de golpe de ariete, water-harnmersuppres-
sor.
electroforjado
electroforjado, electrofraguado, Electroforged
(trademark).
electrofusin j, electrofusion.
electrogalvnico, electrogalvanic.
electrogalvanizar,to electrogalvanize.
electrogenerador m, electric generator.
electrgeno, generating electricity.
electrogrfico, electrographic.
electrohidrulico, electrohydraulic.
electroimn m, electromagnet.
electrolero m, electrolier.
electrlisis j, electrolysis.
electroltico, electrolytic.
electrlito m, electrolyte.
electrolizar, toelectrolyzc.
electroln m, Electrolon (trademark) (abrasive).
electromagntico, electromagnetic.
electromagnetismo m, electromagnetismo
electromecnica j, electromechanics.
electromecnico m, worker on electrical machin-
ery; a electromechanical.
electrometalurgia j,electrometallurgy.
electrometra j, electrometry.
electromtrico, electrometric.
electrqmetro m,' electrometer.
-- de balanza, balance 01' absolute electrometer.
-- de cuadrante, quadrant electrometer.
-- de torsin, torsion elcctrometer.
electromotor m, electric motor; a electromotive.
electromotriz, electromotive.
electromvil m, electric autoIlJ.obile; a (A) motor-
driven.
electrn m, electron.
electronegativo, electronegative.
electroneumtico, electropneumatic.
electrnica j, electronics.
electrnico, electronic.
electrosmosis j, electroosmosis.
electroosmtico, electroosmotic.
electropolar, electropolar.
electropositivo, electropositive.
electropropulsin j (an), electric drive.
electroqumica j, electrochemistry.
electroqumico, electrochemica!.
electrorreceptivo, electroreceptive.
electrorreduccin j,electroreduction.
electrorrefinacin j" electrorefining, electrolytic
refining.
electroscpico, electroscopic.
electroscopio m, electroscope.
electrosemforo m (A), electrically operated
semaphore.
electrosiderurgia j, electrometallurgy of iron and
stee!. .
electrsmosis j, e1ectrosmosis, electroosmosis.
electrosoldadura j,. electric :welding.
electrosttica j, electrostatics.
electrosttico, electrostatic.
electrotecnia. j, electrical engineering, electro-
technology.
electrotcnica j, electrotechnics, electrical eng-
neering.
electrotcnico m, electrical engineer;a electro-
technica!.
electrotrmica j, electrothermics.
electrotrmico, electrothermal, electrothermic.
electrof6resis
-- de los agregados (conc) , aggregateprocess-
ing.
-- de maderas,woodworking.
elaborar, to work (material), process; too manu-
facture;,' (Ch)to .fabricate.
elastancia j (elc), elastance.
-- especfica, elastivity.
elasticidadj, elasticity, resilience, spring.
-- elctrica, electric elasticity,elastivity
elstico m,(auto) a spring; a .elastic.
elastita j, Elastite (trademark) (expansion
joint).
ele j, angle iron; pipe elbow.
-- cerrada, short elbow.
-- con derivaCin, side-,outlet elbo:w.
-- de base, base elbow.
-- de curva abierta, long-radius elbo:w.
-- de lomo, bossedelbow.
-- de reduccin, reducingelbo:w.
electricidadj, electricity. .."
-- dinmica, dynamical 01' voltaic electricity.
-- esttica, statical electricity.
electricista m, electrician.
-- de obras,erectingorinstalling electrician,
wireman.
elctrico, electric.
electrificar, electrizar, to electrify.
electroacero m (M), electric steel.
electroacstico, electroacoustic.
electroafinidad j, electroaffinity.
electroanlisis m, electroanalysis.
electroanalizadorm, electroanalyzer.
electrobomba j, motor-driven. pump.
electrocapilar, electrocapillary.
electrocintico, electrokinetic.
electrocloracin j, electrochlorination.
electrocomunicacin j, electrocommunication.
electrocorrosin j, electrolytic, corrosion.
electrochapeado m, electroplating.
electrodeposicin j, electrodeposition, electro-
plating.
electrodinmica j, electrodynamics.
electrodinmico, electrodynamic.
electrodinammetro m, electrodynamometer.
electrodo m, electrode.
-- acelerador (1'0,), acceleratingelectrode.
- baado (sol), washed 01' bare orlightly
coated electrode.
-- cubierto (sol), covered electrode.
-- de calomelanos, calomel electrode.
- de enfoque (tv), focusing electro<.le.
-- de placa, plate electrode.
-- de tierra,.grounding .electrode.
- desnudo (sol), bare 01' ,lightly coated.elec-
trode.
- revestido con fundente. (sol)" flux-coated
electrode.
-- semirrevestido (sol), semicoated electrode.
electrodos coplanos (1'0,), coplanar electrodes.
electroesherardizacin j., (met),. electrosherardiz-
ing. .
electroesttica j, electrostatics.
electroesttico, electrostatic.
electrofiltracin j (geof)" filtration.
electrfonom, electrophone.
electrofresis j, electrophoresis.
eje
_ de contrapunta (mh), tailstock spindle.
-- de coordenadas, axis ofcoordinates.
-- de direccin (auto), steering shaft.
-- de doble reduccin (auto),double-reduction
axle.
- del mbolo, (Sp) pistonrod; (auto) pistonpin.
__odelaexcntrica,eccentric shaft.
- de excntricas (mg) (A), camshaft.
-.-'de la hlice (cn) , piopeller shaft.
-- de henequn (cab), hemp center.
-- de impulsin, driving shaft 01' axle.
- de inclinacin (fma), axis oftilt.
-- de levas, camshaft.
-- de lnea, line shaft.
--.de mando, driving axle.
-- de manivelas (C), crankshaft.
-- de momentos,.center of moments.
-- de oscilacin, axis of oscillation.
- de propulsin (auto), propeller shaft.
-- de sierra, saw arbor,saw mandre!.
-- de transmisin, driving 01' line .01' transmis-
sionshaft.
-- de vaina, quill shaft.
-- de la va (fc), center lineof track.
--de visacin (lev), line of sight.
-- delantero, front axle.
-- director, steering axle.
- dividido, split snaft.
-- exterior (trnsito), outer spindle.
-- fibroso, fiber center (wire strand).
--' fiducial (fma) , fiducial 01' plate 01' photo-
graph axis.
--flotante (auto), floating axle.
- fuera de bordo (cn) ,tail shaft.
__o impulsado, driven shaft.
--interior (trnsito), inner spindle.
--intermedio o de transmisin intermedia,
countershaft, jackshaft.
--libre (est) (A), axisof inertianormal to lat-
ticing.
--loco, idler shaft.
--maestro (maq), line shaft.
-- magntico, magnetic axis.
-... -.material' (est) (A) ,.axis of inertiaparalleLto
latticing.
--- mayor, major axis.
- menor, minar axis.
--momentneo, instantaneous axis.
--motor;driving. shaft, drivingor live axle.
- muerto, dead axle, (tk).trailing axle.
--neutro, neutrala:xis;
--oscilante,:rockshaft.
- partido, split shaft.
--,--:..,polar (fma),.polaraxis.
- portahlice (cn), propeller, Shaft,
-.- separador, isolatingshaft.
-- ssmico,seismic axis,
--tres cuartos. flotante; three-,quarter-floating
axle.'
- vivo (M), live
eje-balancn, rocking axle;
eje-mandril (A), latheIlJ.aIl,drel.
ejercicio m, fiscalyear;
ejin m, scab, cIeat, chock; bracket.
elaboracin j, manufacture, fabrication,process-
ing.
126 127
-- de remanso (hid), bae!<:water, suppressor.
elinvarm, eliJ:).var (allOY).
elipse /,. ellipse.
elipsgrafo m, ellipsograph.
elipsoidal,ellipsoidal.
elipsoide m,ellipsoid.
elptico, elliptieal.
elongacin /, elongation.
elongmetrom (Es), extensometer.
elutriacin /, elutriation.
elutriador m, elutriator.
elutriar, to elutriate.
eluvial (geol), eluvial.
eluvin m (geol) , eluvium.
emanacin/, (ehem) emanation; (bl) fumes.
embadurnar, to butter (briek).
embalaje m, packing (for shipment).
embalamiento m, (eng) racing, run"up.
embalar, to pack; tobale; (maehy) to raee, spin;
embalarse, (machy) to raee.
embalastar, to ballast.
embaldosar, to pave with tile; to flag.
embalsadero m, marsh; pool.
embalsado m (A), marsh; pool.
embalsar, to impound, dam, pondo
embalse m, impounding (water) ;reservoir; (Sp)
dam.
-- de acumulacin (A), storage reservoir,
-- de almacenamiento o de reserva, storage
reservoir.
-- de aprovechamiento mltiple, multipurpose
reservoir.
-- de compensacin, equalizing reservoir.
-- de detencin, detention basin.
-- de retencin, f1ood-eontrol teservoir.
-- de uso simple, single-purpose reservoir.
-- regulador, regulating reservoir.
--retardador, retarding basin or reservoir.
embancamiento m (Ee), embankment.
embancarse, tosilt up (reservoir).
embanque m, silting; depositof silt; (Ec) em-
bankment.
embanquetar (M), to laya sidewalk.
embarbillar (earp), to join, frame, assemble.
embarcacin /, boat, vessel.
- de alijo, lighter.
embarcadero m,loading platform,wharf; ferry;
ferry slip; (lg)yard, landing.
-,-,- flotante,landing stage.
embarcador m, shipper; shipping agent.
embarcar, to ship; toload.
embarnizar, to varnish.
embarque mi shipment, loading.
embarrado m,. mud plastering; rough plastering.
embarrancarse, to stiekin the"mud; (naut) to
ron aground,
embarrar, to plaster with mud;to rough-plaster;
to pug.
embarrilar, to paek inbarrels,
embarrotar (nllt),.to,batten.
embasamiento m,' fdoting; base eourse, pliJ:).th
course.
embayonetar, (est)(A);toerimp.
embeber,.to.imbibe;(Col) to embed.
embecadura.' ,spandrel (areh).
embestida / (PI), erowding.
embrague
embetunar,to impregnate with piteh;to bitu-
minize.
embisagrar, to hinge.
emblandecer, emblandecerse,to soften.
emblecar (A), to treatwith tarorasphalt.
embobinar (ele) (M), towind.
embocadero m,embocadura , mouth" outlet.
embolada/, pistonstroke; piston displaeement.
mbolo m, piston.
--amortiguador, damping piston.
- buzo de empaque central, (bm), center-
paeked or inside-paeked plunger.
--buzo de prensaestopa exterior (bm),outside-
end-paeked plunger.
- compensador, balance piston; (turb) dummy
piston.
-- de cierre hidrulico, water-paeked piston.
-- de cubeta,cup-type piston.
-- de disco, disk piston.
-,- distribuidor (mv), piston valve.
-- economizador (auto), eeonomizer piston.
- equilibrador (bm), balaneing piston.
--macizo, plunger, ramo
mbolos opuestos, opposed pistons.
embolsador m, bagging maehine, eement.paeker.
embolsar,to put in bags.
embonado m (V), leveliJ:).g eourse of mortar under
roof tiles.
embonar;. to repair; toreinforee.
embono m (cn), liner, filler.
emboque m, mouth,
emboquillado m, mouth, portal; (mas)pointing
or chinking joints.
emboquillar, to splay; (mas)to pointor chink
joints.
embornal m, seupper.
embotar, to blunt,dull.
embragar, to throw in a clutch; to, sliJ:).g.
embrague m, clutch.
- a flido (auto)(A), f1uiddrive.
-- amortiguador, cushion clutch.
-- de anillo, rim orring frietion elutch.
- de avance o de marcha (pi), travel clutch.
- de banda o de cinta,band clutch.
-- de cojn, eushion clutch.
-- de compresin, compressionlutch.
-- de direccin, steering elutch.
- de disco flotante, f1oating-disk clutch,
- de disco seco, dry-disk cluteh.
-- de disco nico, single-disk clutch,
--, de discos mltiples, nill1tiple-disk clutch.
-- de expansin interior, internal-,expanding
clutch.
-- de frotamiento, friction cluteh.
- de garras, claw or dogclutch.
- de giro (pI), swinging,clutch.
-- de manguito, sleeve or coupliJ:).g clutch.
-- de mordazas o dequijadas;,jawcllltch.
-- de placa seca,.dry-plate cluth.
- de placa triple, three-plate clutch,
- d platos" disk orplate.eluth;
-- de rodillos, roller clutch.
--- de rueda libre (auto), overrunningorfree-
wheeling cluteh.
-- dentado, toothedor dental eluteh.
-,., .deslizante,'slipclutch.
embrague
- espiral, coil clutch.
-- maestro, master clutch.
embreadora/ (cn),piteh payer.
embrear, tocoat or impregnate with tar.
embridar, to f1ange.
embrochalar, to frame with a header beam.
embudador m, oil hole to hold a funnel.
embudiforme (A), funnel-shaped.
embudo m, funnel; leader head; (M)(C) hopper;
(C) bin; (top) holldW.
-- acodado, offset funpel.
-- de abatimiento de presin, cone of pressure
relief (ground water);
-- de azotea, lader head.
-- de caa (az) , cane hopper.
-- de depresin del nivelfretico, eone of water
table depression.
-- ensacador (az) , bagging bin.
.- separador (lab), separatory funnel.
- sumidero (hid) (A), shaft or glory-hole spill-
way.
embujar (maq) (C) (A), to bush.
embulonar (A), to bolt.
embutidera /i rivet st; nail seto
embutidq, countersunk; embedded; flush.
-- y emparejado (re), countersunk and hipped.
embutidor m, nail set; pile follower;rivet set,
driving die; puncho
- de tapones (fe), tie-plug puneh.
embutir, to embed; to countersink; (earp) to let
in.
emergencia /, emergence; emergency.
emisario m, outlet, outfall.
emisin / (ra), emission.
-- espectral (il), spectral emission.
emisividad /, emissivity.
emisor m (ra), transmitter, emitter.
emisora /, broadcasting station.
emitir, to emit; (ra) to broadeast, beam.
empacable" nestable.
empacar,to paek (for shipmeht).
empadronar, to take a census; to registerirriga.-
tibn subscribers.
empajar, to cover with straw.
empalizada /, paling fence.
en..palizadas (A), trench sheeting.
empalmador m, eonnector,'clamp; splicer.
empalmadora (1) de correa, belt laeer.
empalmadores (m) para correa, belt clampsor
hooks.
empalmar, to splice, join, connect.
empalme m, (carp) joint;(elec) spliee; (rr) junc-
tion; (eab) spliee; (P) , couplihg, ,jdint;
(mech) connection, joint; (rd) intersee-
tion, junction.
- a cola de rata (elc),rat-tailed joint.
- a media (carp) , halvedjoint.
-- a rosca, threaded connection.
-- a tope, butt joint.
-- amilanado o de cola de milano, dovetail
joint.
--biselado, miter joint.
- borde (C), butt joint.
-'-,britania (elc), Britannia joint.
-- carretero, road intersection.
- corto (cab) , short splice.
emparrillado
- cubierto (elc), shielded joint.
- charpado (elc), scarf joint.
- de aletas (ele), lug splice.
-- de compresin (elc), ompression spliee.
-- de cruz (elc), CrOSS joint.
-- de derivacin (e16c), tapjoint Or splice.
- de enrollado mltiple (elc),multiple-wrap
cable splice.
-- de enrollado simple, single-wrap eablesplice.
-- de espiga y mortaja (carp), mortise-and-
tenon joint.
-- de reduccin (elc),reducihg joint.
-- de solapa, lap joint.
-- de vas (fe), jUIlction.
- derecho (ele), straight-linesplice.
- doblado (ele), back-turnspliee.
-- en cruz de enrolllmieIlto paralelo (elc) ,
double CrOSS joint.
--invisible (ca) ,blind interseetion.
-largo (eab), long or endless spliee.
--para artefacto (e16e), fixture splice.
--para manguera, hose cOllplihg.
--retorcido (e16c), twist splie.
-- termoelctrico, thermojunction:
empalomado m (Es) (Col), diyersiondam of dry
masonry.
empalletado (m) de choque, fenderor bol!isin
mato
empandarse, to deflect, sag.
empanelado m (V), paneling.
empantanar, toswamp, sllbmerge;eniplmta"
narse, to stick in the mlld, bog down.
empaetar, toplaster.
empaete stl.1co.
empapar, to soak, saturat.
empaque m, gasket, packing, oakum; (eleceab)
bedding; (str) filler plate.
-- acopado, seating Cllp (iVwellpump).
- de caracmpleta{tub),full-face gasket.
-- de cojn (elc), cushiongasket.
--, de hule con insercin de tela,
packing.
-,- de vstago, rod paeking.
::'::""':partcalafatear (M), calking yarn.
empaquetadura /, ,packing; gasket.
-'--coIfihsercin de alambre, wirecinsertion
packing.
-- de camo, liemp packing.
--. de cinta, gasketing tape.
-- de cuero crudo, rawhide paking.
--'de laberinto, labyrintli packing.
-'- de lino, flax paeking.
-"- del lodo (pet), mud seal.
-- de mecha, wick paeking.
---laminar, sheet packing.
-- metlica fibrosa, fibrous metallic packing.
--retorcida, twist paeking.
--tubular, tubular gasketing.
empaquetar (mec), to pack.
emparchar, to patch.
emparedar, to wall up.
emparejadora /, straightedge, screed.
emparejar, to grade, level off; (rr) to surface;
(re) to chip;' to screed; to rougli-pllUlter;
emparrillado m, grillage, grating, grate, grid; (rr)
gridiron tracks.
enchavetar
encespedar, to sod,turf, grass.
encimaf (q!lm), enzyme; advoverhead, on top;
encina f, ,encino m, oak.
encingar (Ch), to place galvanized sheet-metal
work. '
encintado' m, ()!lrb;(elee) taping.
encintar (ele), to tape.
enclavamiento m, nailing, spiking; (meeh) (rr)
(elec) interlocking.
-,-de aproximacin (fe), approaeh locking.
- de tiempo (fe), time loeking.
- de trfico (fe), traflie loeking.
- de tramo (fe), seetian loeking.
- de trazado. (fe), routl" loeking.
-. indicador. (fe) ,i,ndieation loeking.
enclavar, to nail, spike; to loek, interlock; tll
drive (well); enclavarse, to loek,
enclavijar, to dowel, pino
encobrado, eopper-plated; eopper-bearing,
encobrizado,
encofrado m, forms; ph.nkingsheeting framing'
cribwork. ,. ' , ,
-- deslizante, traveling forms.
encofrador m, form ()arpenter.
encofrar, (eone) to form; to plank.
encoger, encogerse, to eontraet, shrink.
encolado m (pint), sizing.
encoladora!. gl!ling maehine.
encolajem,sizing; gluing.
encolamiento m (A), gl!le.eementing material.
encolar, to gl!le; to size.
encorchetar, to clamp.
encordar, to lash (oeeasionally meansto reeve).
encorozax;, (Ch) to smooth np awall; (Col)to
fill In between beams.on awall
encorvado en fro, bent cold.
encorvador (m) de rieles, rail bender, jim-erow.
encorvar, to bend,eurvl"; encorvarse,to defieet,
b!lekle.
encostillado m, lathing; lagging in a mine or t!ln-
nel.
encostrarse, to form scale.
encribado m, cribwork,bloeking.
encristalado m, glazing.
encrucijada f, street interseetion, roaderossing.
-- con glorieta, rotary interseetion, road eross,
i,ng with traflie eircle.
encuadrado m (tv), framing.
encuadrar, to sq!lare; to frame.
encubado m (min), eribbing, tubbing.
encuelladero m (pet), monkey board.
encue1l:adorm (pet) , man whoco!lples pipe,der.
rlCkman.
encuentro m, joint; junetion; interseetion.
encuesta (j) .sanitaria (V) ,sanitary survey.
encuar, to wedgc, key.
enchapado con ()admio, eadmi!lm-plated.
enchapado de plomo, lead-eoated.
enchapar, to veneer; to line withsheet metal
(A) to plate; (eone) (V) to. b!lild!lp by
plastering.
enchaquetado, jaeketed.
encharcado, swampy.
encharcarse, to beeome swampy,
(sd) to pool.
enchavetar, to key,
129
encalladero m, shoal, sandbank.
encallar, to run aground, strand.
encamacin! (min) , .timberip.g; lagging.
encamisar, to place lagging, lining, sleeve or
bushing. '
encanalar (Es), to conduct. (water); to canalize.
encanalizar (Es), to eanalize.
encandilamiento m (auto) (M:) , glare, da!ilzling.
encaada! (B), canyon.
encaado m, (Sp) guttl"r; (Sp) conduit; (V)
framework of cane.
encaar, to pipe; to drain.
encape m (min)(B),' overburden.
encapillar (tn) (min) , to enlarge a heading.
encapsular (lab), to eapsule.
encarcelar, 'to clamp.
encargado m, man in ()harge.
--.del trnsito (lev) , transitman, instrument-
man.
-- de va (fc) , roadmaster, supervisor.
encarriladera ! (fc) , wrecking frog, rerailing
device. .' '
encarrilador m, wrecking frog, car replacer.
encarrilar, to remil, place on the rails.
encllqUjamiento m (cab) , kink.
encasquillar, to b!lsh; to ferrule; to shoe horses.
encastillada, castellated (n!lt).
encastrar, to embed; to let in; (wr) to socket.
encastre m, groove; soeket; insert; (U) reeess.
-' abierto (eab), open soeket.
- acuado (eab), wedge soeket.
- cerrado (eab), elosed soeket.
- cerrado para puente (eab) , closed bridge
soeket.
- con gancho (eab), hook soeket.
- con gancho giratorio (eab) , swivel-hook
soeket.
de mun (nut), gudgeon, gudgeon soeket.
-- de puente (eab), bridge soeket.
- escalonado (eab), stepped soeket.
-- giratorio (eab), swivel soeket.
encauchar, to treat with rubber.
encauzar, to guide (stream), to eanalize.
encenagamiento m (A), dl"Posit of mud.
encendedor m, (bl) (di) igniter;(ge) sparker,
igniter;(ra) igniter, exeiter.
- a hilo caliente (vol), hot-wrre fuse lighter.
-- de mecha (vol), f!lse igniter.
- de tiempo (vol), delay igniter.
encender, to ignite; encenderse, toignite,take
fue.
encendido m, ignition; (bl) (Sp) firing.
-- a cabeza ardiente, hot-b!llb ignition.
-- anticipado, preignition.
- doble, d!lal ignition.
-- espontneo, self-ignition, spontaneo!ls igni-
tion.
-- por compresin, eompression ignitioll.
-- por chispa, spark ignition.
-- por tubo incandescente,hot-tube ignition.
encepar, to place a cap or header.
encerado m, tarpa!llin, oilskin.
encerar, to make stiffer (mortar).
encerrable, (elee)sealable.
encerrado, enelosed; sealed.
encerrojamiento m (fe) '. interloeking;.
encalladero
encalar
- de almeja, bull claro sp.ovel.
-- de ngulo, angledozer.
-- de tralla, seraper pusher.
__ niveladora, bJIlidozer, .Buligrader, Road-
builder.
empujax:, to push.
empujatierra!, bulldozer.
empuje m, thrust,.push, pressure; bearing (rivet
or pin) ; (sh)erowding.
- a cable (PI), cable erowd.
- de cadena (pI), ehainerowd;
_.-..hidrosttico (pet) , water drive.
- por gas (pet), gas drivl".
empuadura (j) de pistola,pistol grip.
emulsificadora!, emulsifier.
emulsificar, to emulsify.
emulsin!, emulsiono
__ de penetracin (ca), penetration orquiek,
breaking emulsiono
emulsionadora!, emulsifier.
emulsionar, to emulsify.
emulsivo, emulsive.
emulsoide m, emulsoid.
emulsor m, emulsifier; (hyd) (Sp) air lift.
enagnazar,to fiood; tosaturate,
enajenaeiQn (j) forzosll-, .expropri8,tion, eondem-
nation..,
enehanehar, to widen.
enangostar, to .narrow.
enarcar (Es), toareh.
enarenacin !, sanding; plastering of lime and
snd. ,
enarenar, to sand; to depqsit sand,silt up.
enastar, to put a handle on.
encaballar,tolap.
encabar (C)(PR), to put a handle on.
encabezado m (PR), foreman.
encabezador m, heading tool.
__ de pernos, tO()l.
_._ de remaches, rivet header.
encabezamiento m, heading; title of a drawing.
enfro, eold-heaPing (bolt).
encabezar, to cap; to plaeepnend; to frame end
to end; to head (bolts).
encabillar, to dowel, pino
encabriar, to place rafters.
encachado m, (tun) lining; paving of a. eulvert;
(C) riprap.
encachar, to linewith concrete; toriprap;to
pave a stream bed or culvert.
encadenado m, (mas) bond; (A)bracing; (V)
buttress, retaining wall.
encaden,ar,to ehain; tobra()e; tobuttresa; (mas)
to bond.
encajable, nestable.
encajar,.to rabbet; to gear;tofit.
encaje m,rabbet, recess; soeket; ,fitting; (Col)
gear; (Sp) hell end of a pipe.
_ chaflanado (Col), bevelgear.
encajonadom,cofferdam; boxing;a narrow; con-
fined by steep hillsides.
encajonar, to box, pack; to eofferdam;.to con-
fine; encajonarse (r),to runin aCanYon.
encalado m (V); finishing eoat o plaster, whitr,
or skim eoat;
encalar, to treat with lime; to.whitewash.
128
_ de bscula,tiltinggrate.
__ de piso, floorgrating.
__ oscilante, shakinggrate.
empastax:,to, paste;, (M) to
empatar, to spliee, joll
empaten" join,t"spliee, seam.
_.,_ a inglete, miter
__ de solapa, lapjoint.
__, de tope,butt joint.
_-o-. para cadena,eonneetingor repair link.
__ para cinta (lev), tape spliee.
empatillar (A), to spliee, join.
empavonado, blue (steel).
empedrado m, stone pavement.
empedrador m,payer.
empedrar, to pave with stone.
empegar, to epatwitp. piteh.
empelotarse (C), to spall.
, empernar,to bolt,spike, dowel, pin; (str) to fit
up.
empilar (V), .to pile, pile up.
empinado, steep; p.igh.
empinarse, to slope up; tp stand at asteepslope.
empino m, erpwnor anareh.
emprico,empirieal.
empizarrar, to roof with slate.
emplantillado m.(Ch), floor paving.
emplasto m, pateh (tire).
emplazamiento m (PR), lqeation, site.
emplazar (A), to set, plaee,loeate,
empleado m, employee; oflice employee.
emplear,to employ.
empleo m, employment. .
emplomado, poured or.eoatedwi
th
lead.
.emplomador m, leadworker.
emplOIll,adura!, leadwork.
emplomar, to lead.
empolvarse, tOe beeome dusty. .....,
empotrado., embedded; fixed (beam).
__epor una extremidad, fixedone .end.
emP0trs,miento. n" abutment; embedding; (p) (V)
braneh outlet; (V) serviee eonnection to a
sewer.
empotrar, .to eITlhecr, to fix in a wall; (earp) to let
in; (B) to ITlortise.
e
m
potre..11f <y),p.ouse connection to a sewer; tap
ina mam.
empozarse, to forITlPools, become stagnant.
empresaf, undertakIlg; enterprise; cqmpany.
_._ constn.c;tQra,,!1on,struc;tioncompan
y

__ de deagnapotable, water. com-


pany.
_ de .. servic;ios .pjpl,ieos"publie-utility com-
pany. . ...
__ de eom-
pan,y.,'
--fiadora, bpnding;()ompan,Y.
--fiscal, a govern,mentl"n,terPrise.
--, por, by eontra()t;
emprl"sas municipales, municipal utilities.
empresario m, eontnwtor;.emploYl"r.
emprstito m, borr()wed .fill;.aloan,.
empujadQr m,.pusher.
__ de.. cs,rros, ear IIl,over.orpusher.
-- de tubos, pipe.pusp.er
empujadora!, pusher.
empQ.Itillado
131
enchinar"
130 engargantar engargoladora enlace
--intermedio o loco, idIe gear.
-- maestro, master gear.
- moldeado, molded gear.
-- multiplicador,increasing gear, over-gear.
- planetario o satlite,planetary gear.
-receptor (A),driven gear.
--recto, spur gear.
--reductor, reducing gear.
-- sol, sun gear.
-"-.tallado,c.ut-tooth or machine-cut gear.
- trabador(auto), locking gear.
--transmisor,drive gear.
engranajes (rnh)
-,-,de cllJIlbiorpido, quick"change gears.
-- de reversi6n (A), change gears.
--traseros, ,back gearing.
engranar, to gear,engage; engranarse, to meSh,
engage; .(A)to. seize. stick.
engrane m, gear; meshing;(machy)(A) seizing.
engranzar(A), to surface with gravel or crushed
stone.
engranzonar (V), to surface with graveI.
engrapadora 1, any.clamt>ing device.
engrapar, to clamp, cramp.
engrasadera 1, grease cup.
engrasador m, grease ,cup; grease gun; .oiler.
-- a pistola, grease gun.
-- de compresi6n, grease cup.
- de gotas visibles, sight-feed
-- de pist6n, grease gun.
engrasaje m, lubrication, greasing.
engrasar, to grease, lubricate.
engrase m, lubrication, greasing.
--por anillos, ringlubrication.
- por gravedad (auto), gravity lubrication.
--por mecha" wick lubrication.
--por presi6n, forced lubrication.
engravar, to surface with graveI.
engravillar,to surface with grits or stone screen-
ings.
engredar, to treatwithclay.
engrilletar, to attach a socketi clevis, or shackIe.
engrosar, to upset (bar); engrosarse, to swelL
engrudo m, belt dressing; paste.
enguijarrar, to surface with graveI; to pave with
cobbles.
enhuacalado m, (M) cribw:ork; crating.
enhuacalai, to crate.
enhuecar,. to hollow out.
enjarciadura 1, rigging.
enjarciar, to rig.
enjarje m (lad), toothing.
enjaular (min), to load in the cage.
enjuagar, to rinse; (e) toflush; (M) to backwash
(filter).
enjugador m (pet), stripper.
enjunque m, pig-iron ballast, kentIedge.
enjuta 1, spandrel (arch).
enjutado m (Es), spandrel filling.
enjutar, to dry.
enjuto, dry; (conc) lean.
enlacar (M), to shellc.
eulace m, interlocking; lacing; linkage;bond;
(rr) crossover; (rr) laddertrack;(p} con
nection.
-- domiciliario (tub) (A), house connection.
engargoladora1, matcher, groover.
engargolar, to groove; to make a male-and-fe-
male joint.
engarzar, to hook, couple.
engasamiento m (pet)(M) ,gassing.
engastador (m) de tomillo,screwchaser.
engastar, toembed, incase.
engaste, setting, blldding.
engatillar, to clamp, cramp.
engendrador m (mat), generator.
-- de engranajes, gear generator.
engendrar (mat), to generate.
engomado, rubberized; gummy, (oil).
engomarse, to gum (oil).
engoznar, to hinge.
engramar, to grass, sod.
engrampar, to clamp;to staple.
,engranado directamente, direct-geared.
engranaje m, gearing;a gear.
-- angular o c6nico,bevelgear.
-- cilndrico, spur gear.
-- circumferencial, girth gear.
-- c6nicohelicoidal,spiral bevel gear.
-- de aumento, inereasing gear.
-- de avance, feed gear.
- de baja (auto), low gear.
- de cambio (de velocidad), changeorchange-
speed gear.
- de contramarcha (auto), reverse gear.
- de corona, crown wheel; face gear.
- de dientes escalonados, stepped or stag-
gered-tooth gear.
- de dientes helicoidales angulares, double
helical gear.
- de dientes postizos, mortise gear.
- de distribuci6n (mg), timing, or distributer
gear.
- de espina de pescado, herringbone gear.
- de Ginebra, Geneva,motion.
-,- de giro (gr), bull gear.
- de inglete, miter gear.
- de inversi6n (mh), tumbler gear.
- de linterna, pin gear.
- de 16bulos, lobe gear.
-- de mando, driving gear.
-- demanguito,quill gear.
-- de marcha atrs o de retroceso (auto), re-
verse gear.
-- de paso corto, fine-pitch gear.
-- de reducci6n simple, single-reduction gear-
ing.
- de reversa (auto) (M), reversegear.
-- de rosca o de tornillo sin fin, worm gear.
'-- de rotaci6n (gr), swinginggear.
-- de transposici6n, transposing gear.
-- de triple reducci6n, triple-reductiongear.
- - desplazable, sliding gear.
- diferencial planetario, planet differentia1.
- doblehelicoidal, herringbonegear.
-- en bisel, bevel gear.
-- espiral, spiral or helica! gear.
--fresado, machine-cut gear.
-,- helicoidal, helica! or worm gear;,screw wheeI.
- hipoidal, hypoid gears.
--impulsado o mandado, driven gear.
--bnpulsor o motor, drive goar, driver.
- hidrulica, water power.
--inversa, reverse power.
--permanente, firm orprimary power; primary
energy.
--primaria, fum power; primary energy;
--' provisoria, dump power; secondary power.
--radiante, radiant energy..
-- secundaria, secondaryenergy; secondary or
surplus power.
--trmica, steam-generated power.
energizar, to energize.
ensimo (mat), nth (power).
enfajinado m (r), fascine work,bankprotection
of branches; (M) stonfl riprap.
enfangar, to cover with mud; enfangarse, to silt
up.
enfardadora (f) de sacos, cement-bag balero
enfermedad (f) hdrica (Ec)(V),water-borne
disease.
enfermedad profesional, occupational disease.
enferradura 1, ironwork; (eh) relnforcing steeI.
enfilar, to line up, aJign, range.
enfocar, to focus.
enfoque m, focusing.
-- a gas o i6nico (ra), gasorionic focusing.
enfoscado m (M), coat of plaster.
enfoscar, to patch or fill with mortar.
enfrenar, to brake.
enfrentado y perforado (tub),faced and Irilled.
enfrentar, to face.
enfriadero m, cooler.
enfriado, cooled.
-''-"'aIquido,liquid-cooId.
--por agua, water-cooled.
--por aire, air"cooled.
enfriador m, cooler; coolant; (pet) chiller.
--intermedio, intercooler.
-'- unitario (aa) , unit cooler.
enfriamiento mi (eng) (ac)cooling; refrigeiation.
-- atmosfrico o 'evaporativo, atmospheric or
evaporative cooling.
-- de elaboraci6n, processcooling.
- de punto (aa) , spotcooling.
-- de roco, spray cooling.
-- de superficie (a), surface cooling.
--indirecto (aa), indirect'cooling or refrigera-
tion.
enfriar, to cool;enfriarse, to cooI, cooloff.
enfurgonar (PR), to load a box caro
engalabernar (eol),tofram timbers together.
engalgar, to chock, scotch.
enganchadorm;coupler; Iaboragent; (lg) hooker,
hook tender; (min) bottomer, onsetter.
- de correa, belt stud.
enganchar, to hook, couple,engage; to employ,
to recruit labor
enganche m" coupling, coupler; hooking on;
hiteh; reeruiting(labor).
- completamente 'flotante, full-floatinghitch.
- de gancho,snatchhitch
-- de garras, jawor M.e.B. coupler.
-- de vuelta, anchOr hitch.
-- giratorio, swivel hitch;
- para remolque, towing hitch;tritilerhitch.
-- universal, universal hitch.
engargantar, to mesh, engage.
enchinar, to ,pave with
enchuchar (fc)(e), to switch.
enchufar, to telescope; to nst; to mesh; to plug
in.
enchufe m, bell end of a pipe; bell-and-spigot
joint; (elec)plug; (cab)socket.
- abierto (cab), open socket.
-- cerrado (cab),closed socket.
- de aprieto, (mh), grip socket.
_ de joint; (pet)
bell socket.
- de pesca (pet), overshot.
- de puente (cab) , bridge socket.
- desalojador (pet), releasing socket.
_ desprendedor(pet),releasing socket or over-
shot.
- fusible, fuse plug.
- hembra,bell end of pipe.
- macho, spigotend ofpipe; (elec) (A)plug.
- y cord6n o y espiga (tub); belland spigot,
hub and spigot.
endentado m, (conc) keyway; (mas) toothing;
(hyd) toe wall; a toothed, dentated.
endentar, to key, tooth; to :mesh.
enderezador m, straightener; rectifier.
- de cocas, (wr) kink iron.
-- de diamante, diamond dresser.
- de pozos (pet), hole conditioner.
- de ruedas (auto), wheel straightener.
enderezadora1, straightener; rectifier.
enderezar, to line, straighten; (elec) to rectify';
(pmy)(A) to rectify.
endicamientom, dike,levee.
endicar, tobuild dikes;
endoble m (fuin); shift ofdouble length.
endoclinal m (geol), endocline; a endoclinaI.
endodino (ra)(Es), endodyn.e.
endoenzima f(is),endoenzyme.
endolado m (ed)(eh), soffitof a door or window
opening:
endoparsito (is), endoparasite.
endudo m (A), brush coat of groutor a water-
proofing material; finishing coat of plaster.
endulzar, to soften (water); to sweeten (oil).
endurecedor m, hardener (all senses);
endurecer, to",harden';to indurate;endurecerse,
to harden, get hard.'
--1 amartillo, to hammer-harden.
endurecido, hardened.'
-- al aire, air"hardened.
-- a martillo;,hlimmer"hard;
casehardened
endurecimiento m,hardening; hardness.
- de trabajo '(m:t); workhardness.
- pordeformad6n{mt) ;strain' hardening.
. - por inducci6n (met), induction hardening.
- porprecipitaci6n;(met),;precipitationharden-
ing.
energa 1, energy;I\owr.
-- absorbida,'input;
- continua, firm power; primary,power.
- de base (U), firmpower;priml'ypower.
- de deformaci6n, strain energy.'
-,de salida,'output;
- especfica (hid), specific energy.
- firme (M), firm power.
enlaces
132 ensayar ensaye
133 entresecado
enlaces de correa, belt laei:llg:
enladrillado m, briek pa.vitlg.
layi:llg. .....
__.reforzado, rei:llforeed briekwork.
enladrillador m pavero
enladrillar, to briek. to pave with briek.
enlagunar, to flood, i:Ilundate.
enlajar, to lay flagstones.
enlamar, to eover with silt.
enlatar;to toof withti:ll: tolath;to lag; tdeleat.
enlazadora (j) de correas, belt laeer.
enlazar, to j oi:ll, eonneet. splice.
enlechar, to grout.
enlegamar, to eoverwith mlld; enlegamarse, to
silt up.
enlistonado (m) metlico,metallathing.
enlistonar, to lath; to eleat, batten; to lag.
enlodamiento m. silti:llg up; eoveri:llgwith mud;
(maehy) fouling.
enlodar,to place mud; to sealwithmud; enlo-
darse, to beeome muddy.
enlodazar, to eover withmud.
enlosado (m) hueco (V), hollow-tile eonstrue-
tion.
enlosador m, tile pavero
enlosar, to pave with 'flags or tiles.
enlozar, to enamel, glaze.
enlucido m, plaster eoat;sidewaIk finish.
enlucidor m,plasterer.
enlucir, to plaster.
enllantar, to putea tireon; torimo
enmaderacin/ (Ch), bditrdi:llg, forms.
-- de zanjas, trenehtimberi:llg;
enmaderador m, timbermano. shorer.
enmaderar, to plank, board,timber.
enmadrar (Col) oto confine a river,.,eanalize.
enmangar, toput ahandleon.
enmasillar, to putty;
enmechar (earp) (M), to rabbet;tomortise.
enmendar, to fleet, (taekle); to revise (plans).
enmienda (j) de planos, revision of ,plans:
enmohecerse, to rusto
enmontado, wooded (eountry).
enmuescar, to noteh, mrtise.
enmurado, builti:llto a wall.
enquiciar, to hi:Ilge.
enrajonar, tobuildawallwith rubble; toriprap;
(C) to ehi:llk joints.
enrallado m (Col), tie beam o a wood truss.
enramado m, mattress o branches.
enrarecer, to rarey.
enrasador de tierra (irr),landplane.
enrasar, to make level, grade; to rough-plaster;
to sereed, smoothup: to fur; to dub out.
enrase m, leveling up, grading.
enrasillado m, furring;filling ontop' ofloor
arehes.
enrejado m, (str) grillag; (str)lattiei:llg, laei:llg;
(hyd) ,trashraek"barsereen; grizzly; (V)
(Col) lap o roo tiles; a foul (rope); (M)
kinked.
-- de alambre, wite netti:llg,wite mesh.
'-=- delradiador(auto);.radiatorshiltter.'

enrejalar (Col), to lay briek with open spaees
'betweem
enrejar, to plaeegrati:llgs or grills; (str) to lace,
lattiee.
enrejillado m, grati:llg, grid.
enrieladura /, raillaying; rails i:Il place.
enrielar, to layrails; te> puton the rails.
enripiar, to surade withgravel.
enrocamiento m, roekfill,stoneriPrap; enroek-
mento
- acomOdado, roek fill hand-plaeed.
- vertido, roek fill dumped, dumpfill.
-volteado (M), roek filldumped.'
enrocar, to fill with roek;to riprap.
enrojecido al ueg, red-hoto
enrollable, rolli:llg (shutter).
enrollado m (ele), winding.
enrollador m, reel; (met) eoiler.
enrollamiento m (ele), winding.
- apilado (A), banked windi:llg.
- superpuesto (A), banked winding.
enrollar, to wind, reel, eoil.
enromar, to blunt, dull.
enroscar, to thread;to'serew up;
enrosque m, threading; serewing up.
ensabanado m,serateh eoat of plaster.
ensacar, to put in bags.
ensamblado, dovetailed, built-up, framed.
ensamblador m, joi:ller; frmer. '
ensambladora /, assembling maehi:lle;
ensambladura /, joi:llt.
- a cola de milano, dovetail joint.
-amediamadera,(earp),halved joi:llt.
- a tope, butt joint.
-'-- de caja'y espiga;mortise-and-tenon joi:llt.
-- de inglete, miter joi:llt.
-- de lengeta, tongue-and-grdove joi:llt.
-- de pasador, pi:ll-eonneetedjoi:llt.
-- enrasada, flush joi:llt.
- solapada, lap joi:llt.
- soldada, weldment.
ensamblaje m, assembling,joi:lli:llg, joi:llt, fram-
i:Ilg.
-- a medio inglete, half-miter joi:llt;
-- charpado, searf joint.
-- de lengeta postiza,splined or Ioose-tongue
joint.
- de media madera en bisel, beveledhalving.
-'- de rebajado, dentado, tabld joi:llt.
-- selectivo (maq), seleetive assembly.
ensamblar, to assemble, frame,joi:llreonneet.
ensamble m, joi:llt, assembly.
ensanchador m, widener; reamer, broaeh, drift;
(bo) tube expandr;,(str)driftpi:ll; (pet)
eularger.
- de entrecarril de ,expansin (e)"rail-joi:llt
expander;
- de fondo (pet) " underreamer.
-- de neumticos, (auto), tire spreader.
ensanchadora. (j)de cminos,road widener.
ensanchadora-acabadora;"widning finisher.
ensanchar, to widen, enlarge;toream.
ensanchatubos m, ,pipeexpander.
ensanche m, wideni:llg,'extension, enlargement;
ensa.rdinado, m (Ch), rowloek,eours of briek on
edge.
ensayador m. assayer, tester; testi:llg maehi:lle.
ensayar,toassay,'test;
ensaye m, test, assay.
-- por rbitro, umpire assay or test.
ensayo m, test, assay.
--- al choque, impaet test.
-- al freno, brake test.
- al jabn (pa), soap test.
-- a tinte, dye test.
-- a la traccin, tensile test.
- de adherencia (re), pull-out test.
-- de arrastre (is), elutriation test.
-- de asiento (eone),slump test.
- de campaa, field test.
- de candi (az), eandy test.
-- de desgaste por rozamiento, abrasion test.
- de doblado, bending test (bar).
-- de envejecimiento (met), aging test.
- de extendido (eone)(A), slump or eonsist-
eney test.
-.- de flexin, bendingtest (beam).
- de golpe, shock test; impaet test.
-- de golpeo, rattler test.
-- de maza caediza, drop test.
- de remoldaje (eone), remolding test (for
workability) .
- por gotas (az), spot test.
ensebar, to grease.
ensenada/, eove,smallbay, embayrnent.
ensenarse (r), to embay.
ensortijamiento m,. kink.
ensortijar,ensortijarse, to ki:llk.
enstatita / (miner), enstatite.
entabicar, to partition; to wall up;
entablar, to sheathwith boards, to plank.
entablerar (earp) (M), topanel.
entablillado,m (V), tiling on,flat roof.
entablillar, to batteri. eleat.
entablonado m, planking.
-- de contencin, bulkhead.
entalpfa /, enthalpy, heat contento
entalladura/, mortise, noteh,groove, dap; (mas)
(C)(M) pointing.
entallar, to noteh, dap, mortise; to earve, make
a cut;, (mas) (C)(M) to ,point.
entamborado m (V), door or window trim;
entarimar, to sheath with boards.
entarquinamiento m, deposit o mud or silt.
entarquinarse, to silt up (reservoir).
entarugar, to plug; to lay wood bloeks.
entechar, to roo.
entejar, to lay roof tiles.
entenalla para empalmar (C), spliei:llg clamp.
entenallas /, small vise.
entepar (A), to sod.
entrico (is), enterie.
enteritis / (is), enteritis.
enterizo, in one pieee, solid, i:Iltegral;
entero m, integer, wholenumber; a whole, i:Ilte-
gral, complete.
entibado m, timbering; eribwork, bloeking.
entibador m, timberman: (re) bueker, dolly.
entibadora (f) neumtica (re), holder-on.
entibar, to timber, shore,prop; (re)to bUek up.
entibo m, shore, prop.
entintar (dib), to ink in.
entizar (Ch)(Pe) to plaster.
entornillar, to thread.
entoscar (A), to fill or surfaee with tosca.
entrada/,entranee; (hyd) intake, inlet; (rd) ap-
proaeh; (min) entry; (eom) eash reeeipts;
point of a drill or reamer; (cone) embedded
end of a beam; eneased part of a loek.
- de operacin, op\lrating ineome.
entradas brutas, gross reeeipts.
entradas y. salidas, reeeiptsand expenditures.
entramado m, floor framing, framework; stud-
ding: eribwork; (Col) grillage.
- continuo (est) (A), eonti:lluous frame.
entrante m,<reeess; rabbet,step; (top) hollow; a
re-entrant.
entrecanal /" spaee between eanals; spaei:llg, of
grooves or eorrugations.
entrecarril m (fe) (V), gage.
-- compensador (fe), expansion gap.
entrecavado,partly exeavated.
entrecierre m, interloek;partialelosi:llg.
entrecinta /, (tu) collar beam.
entrecorteza/, bark showing in i:Ilterioroftimber.
entrecruzado, intererossed.
entrecubiertas m (en), betweeri deeks.
entrediente m (si), gullet.
entreds m (C), filler, spaeer, separator;. pipe
nipple.
entreeje m, distanee between axles,wheel base.
entrefino, medium-fine.
entrega/, delivery: (Col) the part of a beam em-
bedded in a wall.
entregar, to deliver; to embed.
entrehierro m (ele), clearanee, airgap;
-- para ondas, surge gap.
entrejuntar, to,put together, assemble, fit up.
entrelaminado (geol), interbedded.
entrelazar, to interlaee; to interlock; to hook up
(powetplants).
entremezclar, to intermix.
entrenzado m (est), laeing, lattieing.
entrepao m, panel; shelf.
entreperfil m (Es), distanee between eross sec-
tions.
entrepilastra /, spaei:llg of pilasters.
entrepiso m, (bldg) mezzanine: (M)(A)(V) upper
floor; (A)floor strueture (in a reinforeed-
concrete or steel-frame building the' wear-
i:Ilg surfaee is piso, the cinder-eonerete fill
contrapiso, and the floor strueture en-
trepiso) ; (mi:Il) i:Iltermediate gallery be-
tween two mai:lllevels.
- de losa plana (A), flat-slab (concrete) Hoor.
- nervurado (A), ribbed floor.
entrepuentes m (en), between deeks.
entrerranuras m (A), spaee between groovs,
land.
entrerrpido, medium-fast.
entrerreborde (maq), i:Ilterflange.
entrerrenglonar (tv), to interlaee.
entrerrieles m (fe) (Es), distanee betwen tracks;
entrerrosca / (tub),nipple.'
-- con tuerca, hexagon-eenter nipple.
-- corta, short nipple.
- de largo mnimo, close nipple.
-larga, long nipple.
- para tanques, tank nipple (speeial tbred).
entresecado, partly seasolled.
135 entresuelo 134 equipo equipo
escantillar
entresuelo m, mezzanine; (min) (M) intermediate
gallery between two,m.ain leve1S;shallow
basement;
entresurco, m, spaeing of furrows.
entretenimiento m (Es), (maehy) maintenanee.
entrevlvula (ra), intervalve.
entreventana 1, mllion, pier between windows.
entreva::1 (fe), gage; (Sp) (C) spaee' between
traeks.
-- angosta, narrow gage.
-- normal, standard gage.
entrevigado m, spaeebetween beams.
entrevigar (Es), to fill in betweenbeams;
entroncar (fe), to join,make ajunetion.
entronque m, (rr) junetion; (C) sewer or water
eonneetion to a main.
entropa I,entropy.
p.ntubacin 1, piping,tubing, well casing; (M)
piping (earth dam).
entubado (m) de pozos, well casing.
entuhar, topipe; entubarse (M), to pipe (earth
dam).
entuercadora I (herr), nutrunner or.setter or
tightener.
entumecerse; to swell;
enturbiarse, to beeome turbid.
envagonar (Pe)(PR),toload aear.
envarillado m, (A) grill; (A) (M) concrete rein-
foreement.
envasar, to paek (for shipment).
envase m, paeking, boxing'; a container.
envejecimiento m, aging (all senses).
- por sumersin (met), queneh aging.
__e por deformacin (met), strain aging.
envergadura I (ap) , span or spread of an air-
planeo
enverjado m (est) (Es), lattieing; web mem.ber.
enviajado m, skew;
enviar, to send, ship, forwa'rd.
envigado m, floor framing, system o beams.
envigar tosetbeams.
envo m, shipment.
envoltorio m (A),housing, container.
envoltura. ,!,easing, jacket, housing; Jagging.
-.-" de guitarra. (auto),banjo housing.
(M) ,.tire shoe.
envolvente.m''easing, jacket; (math) envelope.
-,- aslador,.insulation;Jagging.
- dealdera,boilershell; ,boiler Jagging.
- deFembrague (ato)(U), cluteh housing.
delvolante,(auto), flywheelhousing;
enyerbar, to sod,grasiv
enyesado m,plastering.,
enyesador'm;.plasterer;.'
enyesar, to plaster.
enzarzado m; frame of.stakesand,header usedin
river-bankproteetion.
enzima I (qum};.ehzy;me;'
enzimico,.,enzyIllie.", ..,. .'.... '.
enzolvar (hid)(M), tosiltup.
enzunchar,to 1).oop,.band.,
elico (geol), aeolian.
eosina I (is), eosIl;;
eosinato m (Iab) , ,eosinate,eosate.
epicentral(geol), epieentral.
epicentro m, epieente;r.
epidiorita I (geol), epidiorite.
epidoto m" epidota I(miner),epidote.
-- clizo, lime epidote, zoisite.
--mangansico, piedmontite, manganese epi-
dote.
epipolar (fma), epipolar.
epipolo m (fma), epipole.
poca I (geol), epoeh;
-- de crecidas,flodd season.
-- de lluvias; rainy season.
- de magras (A), seaSonolow water.
-- de sequa, dry season.
epsomita 1, epsomite, nativeEpsom salto
eptodom (ra) (Es), heptode.
equingulo, equiangular.
equiaxil, equiaxial.
equicohesivo (met), equieohesive.
equidepresin I (fma), equidepression.
equidimensional, df equaldimensions, equiaxed.
equidistanciaf, spaeing, piteh; equidistance.
equidistante, equidistant.
equidistribucin 1, (M), .equal distribution.
equigranular, equigranular.
equiltero, equilateral.
eqllibrador m, balaneer; equilibrator.
equilibrante m, equilibrant.
equilibrar, to balanee,counterbalanee; toequil-
ibrate.
equilibrio m, equilibrium, balance.
- al deslizamiento (Col); stabilityagamst slid-
ing (dam).
- de calor, heatbalanee.
-- de oxgeno (is), oxygen balance.
-- de suerosa (az);.suerosebalanee.
-- dinmico, dynamie or. running balance.
-- estable, stable equilibrium.
-- esttico, statie or standing balance.
--indiferente, neutral equilibrium.
--inestable, unstable equilibrium.
- plstico (ms) , .plastie equilibrium.
equilibristato m (fe), equilibristat.
equimolecular, equimoleeular.
equinoccio (m) otoal, autumnal equinox.
equinoccio vernal, vernalequinox.
equipar, to equip, fitout.
equipo m, equipment, plant, outfit, rig; kit;
gang, shift.
-- clasificador (ag),sereening equipment;
- de da, day shift.
- de dosificacin (eone},batehingplant.
-- de emergencia, wreekinggang;
-- de ingenieros, engineeringparty oreorps.
-- de machaqueo, crusher planto
- de noche, night shift.
-- de ocasin (ee), used equipment.
-- de perforacin, drillingrig;
-.- de reparaciones.repairgang.
-- de trabajo, eonstruetionplant;
- de tumbadores (ef) fallingerew.
-- de urgElncia,.wrecking,erew.
-- dragador,.dredgingequipment.
-.--. mudadorde tierra, earth-moving equipment
- normal ode norma (auto), standard equip
mento
-- proporcionador (eone}", bateherplant.
- rodante (fe), rolling stock, equipmeht;
-- suavizador, softening plant (water).
equipotencial, equipotential.
equivalencia 1, equivalence.
equivalente m a, equivalent.
- centrfugo de humedad (m.s); eentrifuge
moisture equivalent.
- de humedad en el campo (ms) (C), field
moisture equivalent.
-- mecnico del calor, meehanieal equivalent
of heat.
era 1, paved or graded area, working area; mix-
ing board.
ereccin 1, erection.
erector m, erector, steehvorker; erector (opties).
ergio m, ergo
erigir, to erect, set up, build.
eritrina I (miner), erythrite, eobalt bloom.
eritrosina I ([ab) ,erythrosin.
erogacin/, expenditure;(pu)(A) delivery.
- de combustible (A), fuel eonsumption.
erosin 1, erosiono
erosional, erosionll.!.
erosionar, to erode.
erosivo, erosive.
errtico (geol), erratie.
error m (mat), error.
-- de cierre (lev), error of c1osure.
-- restante (mat), residual error.
-- sistemtico (m.at) , eonstant or systematie
error.
erstedio m (ele)(A), oersted.
erupcin 1, eruption.
eruptivo, voleanie, eruptive.
esbeltez (f), relacin de (est), s10nderness ratio.
esbozar, to sketch.
esbozo m, sketch.
escabroso, rough, rugged (ground).
escafandrista m, diver.
escafandro m, diving suit. '
escafilar, to trim briek.
escala 1, ladder; scale (of a drawing); seale
(draftsman's) ; gage; port of callo
-- absoluta (temperatura), absoluteor Kelvin
seale.
- de aguja (hid), point gage.
-- de arquitecto (dib), an architeet's seale (feet
and inehes);
-- de cable, ropelaclcler.
- de calado (nut), draft gage.
- de cinta (hicl), tapegage.
-- de dureza, seale of harclness.
-- de emergencia, fire escape.
-- de esclusas, flight of loeks.
- de flotador (hid), float gage.
- de gancho (hid) , hook gage.
- de garfios, hook ladder.
- de gato (nut), rope or Jacob's ladder.
de graduacin total (clib), ehainseale.
-- de ingeniero (dib), an engiheer's seale (deci-
mal).
- de listones, cleat lndder.
-- de mareas, tide gage.
-- de millas, seale of miles.
-- de octa.nos, oetane seale.
-- de peces o de pocillos (hid) , fish ladder, fish-
way.
-'- de plomada (hid), plumb-bob gage.
-- de sueldos, wage seale.
-- fiuviomtrica o hidromtrica, stream or
staffgage.
--fraccionaria (dib) , fraetional seale, repre-
sentative fraetion.
- grfica (dib), graphie seale.
- platino cobalto (pa), platinumeobalt seale.
--real (en), aeeommodation ladder.
- registradora diferencial (hid) , reeording dif-
ferential gage.
- salmonera (hid), fishway, salmon ladder.
escala-transportadora, protraetor seale.
escalador m (A); esealator.
escaladores, elimbers.
escalafn m, seale of wages; register ofemployees.
escalar, v (dwg) to scale; asealar.
escaleno (mat), sealene.
escalera 1, stair, stairway, ladder.
-- de caracol o de husillo,spiral.stairway.
-- de cuerda, rope ladder.
-- de escape o .desalva.mento, lire escape,
- de escapulario, lauder "fixed in a' shaft or
manhole.
- de ganchos, hookladdel\
- de ida y vuelta o de media vuelta, half-turn
stairs.
-- de largueros corredizos, extensioriladder.
-- de mano, ladder,stepladder..
-- de papagayo; pole with peg steps.
- de peces (hid), fishway;
- de portaln (en), aeeommodatiori ladder.
-- de tijera, stepladder; trestle ladder.
-- mecnica o mvil, esealator.
- rampante (A), ramp with eleats, ehieken lad-
der, erawling board,
- rodante (A), esealator.
- sin fin (C), esealator.
-'- voladiza, hanging stairs.
escalerilla 1, rack (for pinion); ear step.
- para cables (eI6e), cable rack.
escalerista m (A),stairbuilder.
escalero m (Es), man who reads the stream gage.
escalmetro m, escalgrafo m (dib)(A), triangu-
lar seale;
esclinata 1, small stairway;outside stairway.
escalnes (Ch), manhole steps.
escaln m, step, rung, stair tread; gradin; (exe)
beneh; (dd) altar; (min) stope.
- de banco (min), underhand stope.
-- de barra, manhole step.
-- de cielo (min), overhand stope.
-' de denudacin (geol) (A), esearpment pro-
dueed by erosion;
- de fractura (geol) (A), fault searp.
escalonado,stepped; graded (grave!).
escalonamiento m, steps; (elee) notehing; (ag)
roek ladder.
escalonar, to form in steps; (surv) to offset.
escama 1, boiler seale, seale of rust, flake.
escamaciones 1, incrustations, seale.
escamarse (Pe), to form seale, seale off.
escamoso, sealy, flaky; (geol) platy.
escandallar, totake soundings.
escandallo m, sounding lead.
escantillar, to gage, to measure; to layout.
136
137
escantill6n
escantilln m,strl!ight!ldge, scre.!ldistrickle,
screed board; rule; gage; template; level
board; (rr)gagebar .
__ de Birmingham, Birmingham wiregage.
- de bililel, miter rod,
_ para puntas (mh), center gage.
_ para roscas, screw-pitch gage.
_. vibratorio (pav), screed.
escape m, leak; exhaust; outlet;escapement
(rr) (M) siding;(pu) slip.
- de fondo (Col), sluiceway (dam).
_ de incendio (M), fue escape.
__ de rejilla (ra)(A) , grid leak.
escapolitaJ (miner), scapolite, wernerite.
escarabajo m, beetle; (fdy) air holeo
-. de corteza (mad), barkbeetle.
_ de podricin seca (mad), powder-post beetle
escaramujo m, barnacle.
escarbador m, plugging chisel.
-- de, juntas,bricklayer'sjointer .
escarbar juntas (lad), to rake joints.
escariado m, reaming" broaching.
-- de desbaste, rough reaming
- de superficie, surface broaching.
- rustico (A), rough re.ming.
escariador m, reamer.
- acabador, finishing reamer.
-- acanalado o arrugado, fiuted reamer.
- ahusado o cnico,taper r.eamer.
- ajustable, expansion reamer,
-- centrador, center reamer.
-- cilfndripo, straight reamer.
- corona (A), sheU reamer.
-- chato, fiat reamer.
-- de cabeza cortante, rose reamer.
de canal espiral o d.e estras llspirales. spiral-
fiuted reamer.
-- de empuje, push broach.
_ de espiga cilndrica, straight-shank reamer.
-_. de espiga cnica, taper-shank reamer.
.- de estras rectas, straight-fiuted reamer.
-- de fondo (pet), underreamer.
ridge reamer.
-.- ..de mandril,chucking reamer.
_. de pared de pozo (pet), waU scraper.
-- !le ratQhet reamer.
_._ desbarbador .().quitarrebabas o de rebaba,
burring rearrer.
-- escalona,do,.stepped or roughing reamer.
-- esfrico,.J:allrearrer.
-- estructural, bridgerearrer.
- hueco,shelfrearrer
- .... fJ.J.-bott()ming reamer.
escariadora J, broaching rrachine, reamer.
escariar,
escarifipador llh.llarro1Y, scaJjfier,ripper, rooter
--. de tO()tlll1liJl"ow.
-.de discos, disk harrow. .
escarilicar,t()sclirify, lllirro1Y. , .., .'...
escarpa!, eClirpment; (M) sidewaJ.k:,
- de fractura, (geol)(A.),Jaults)IlrP.
escarpado, steeP;
escarpar, to e.s<ltrp;slope, .. ;
escarpe m, scarp,escarpment;.(lII). blitter;(hyd)
apron; (A) scarL
escarpelo m, rllsp,
escollera
escarpia J,spike; (sUf'V)spad; (Sp)stat.>le.
-- con filo de cincel, Qhisel-pointed spiJ:e.
-- cortada, cut spike.
-- de filo paralelo,reverse,.point spike.
--. de madera, tieplug,1Yooden spike.
-- de va, track spike.
escarpiador m (fc),spiker.
escarpiar, to spike.
escarzano, segmenta!. (arch).
escasear (Es), to bevel.
escatol m (is), ska,tole.., . .
escayola J, scagliola; (Col) white .coatof plaster.
esclergrafo m (pet), sclerograph.
esc1eromtrico, sclerometric.
esclermetro m, sclerometer.
esc1eroscopio m, scleroscope.
esc1usa J, sluice; air 10ck;navigatioIllock.
-- contra la marea, tide lock.
-- de cuenco, navigation lock.
-- dedes:viacin, diversion sluice,
-- de emergencia, emergency lock.
- de escape (tn), escape lock.
- de salida, taillock.
_. en T (tn), T lock.
-- neumtica, air lock.
- para armadas (r), log sluice.
- para escombro (tn), materialloQk.
esclusa-hospital, hospitalor medicallock.
esclusada J, lockful, volume of water in a.lock.
esclusaje m, lockage; sluicing.
esclusar, to lock (vessel); to sluice.
esclusero m, lock tender.
escoba J, broom.
-- camineJ;a, road broom.
-- de arrastre, drag broom.
-- de caucho, squeegee.
-- de piazava, bass broom.
--mecnica, sweeper, power broom.
escobn m (cn), hawsehole.
escobilla J, brush; (elec) brush.
-- de alambre, wire. brush
- de alambres (elc), wire commutator brush.
- de carb9n (elc), parbon brush.
- de prueba (elc), pilot brush.
- de tela metlica (elc)" wire-gauze brush.
_ desincrustadora(cal), fiue brushorcleaner.
- graftica (elc), graphite brush.
--limpialimas, file card.orcleaner.
-limpiatubos (cal),fiue brushorcleaner.
escobilln m, boiler-fiu.e cleaner;, pushbroom;
(pet) swab.
escobina J, chips, sawdust, filings.
escoda J, stonecutter's haIlliller
escodar, to cut stones.
escofinaJ, rasp, raspccutfi1e;(C) bastard file.
- bastarda, bastard file.
- cortapared (pet), siderasp.
-- de herrador, flirrier's.rasp.
-.de picaduralilimple, fioat-cut file.
-- dulce, smooth raspo
-- encorvada, riffier.
-- para madera, wood.rasp.
escofinar,to rasp, file.
escollera J, rock fill; riprap; breakwater.
_. acompdada oa.ma,no,rock fill placed by
hand.
escollera
-- arrojada o vertida o a granel o a piedra per-
dida, rock fill dumped.
escolleradom, rock fill, riprap.
escollo m, reef; (M) breakwater.
escombramiento m (V), dirt moving.
escombrar, to muck, remove spoil; to clean up
rubbish.
escombrera J,dump, spoil bank;spoil, muck.
escombro (m) glacial (A), glacial drift.
escombros, spoil, muck, rubbish, debris,dirt;
quarry waste; (min) deads; riverdrift.
esconce m (Es), rabbet,
escopladura J, chisel cut.
escopleadora J, mortising orgaining machine.
-- de broca hueca, hollow-chisel mortizer.
escopleadura J, notch, mortise; chiseling.
-- con llama de gas, fiame-gouging.
escoplear,to mortise, notch, dap;.to chisel.
escoplo m, chisel, socket or framing or mortising
chisel.
-- ancho de torno, slick chisel.
-- angular, corner chisel.
--biselado, bevel chisel.
-- calafateador de estopa, yarning chisel.
-- con rabo, tang chisel.
-- de acabar, finishing chisel.
-- de descortezar, bark spud.
-- de ebanista, cabinet chisel.
- de espiga hueca, socket chisel.
-- de mano, pocket or paring chisel.
-- de torno, turning chisel.
-- de vidriero, glazier's chisel.
-- degradador, mortarchisel.
-- para bisagras, butt chisel.
-- perforador, chisel bit.
--ranurador, cope chisel.
-- separador, parting chisel.
escoplo-punzn, firmer chisel.
escoraje m (ds), shoring.
escorar, (dd) to shore; (ti) to reach thelow point.
escoras J (ds), shores.
escoria J, slag, clinker; (A) (C) cinders.
-- de cemento, cement clinker.
-- de fragua, anvil dross, hammer slag.
-- de fundicin, slag.
_.- de hulla, clinker.
-- filamentosa, mineral wool.
escorias de alto horno, blast-furnace slag.
escorial m, slag dump; deposit of volcanicash;
lava bed.
escoriar, escoriarse, to slag, clinker.
escorificador m, scorifier.
escorificar, to reduce to slag, clinker, scory.
escorredero m (Es), drainage ditch. .
escorredor m (Es), drainage ditch; sluice gateo
escorrenta J, (hyd) (PR) (Pe) runoff.
escota J, stone hammer; miner's pick.
escotadura J, notch, recess; opening, trap door.
-- de aforo (hid), gage notcl!.
escotar, to notch, cut out.
escote m, notch.
-- de descarga, (M) measuring weir.
escotera J (nut) ,. chock.
-- con rodillo, roller chock.
-- de espiar, warping chock.
-- de remolcar, towing chock.
escudete
escotilla J, shaft (elevator); hatchway, trap door.
- de bodega (cn), cargo hatch.
- de calderas, boilerhatch, fiddley.
-- de camarote, companion hatchway, booby
hatch.
-- de mquinas, engine hatch.
- de muestrear (dac), sampling hatch.
escotillllm, trap door, hatchway.
-- de cargar, loading trap.
escotillones de acera, sidewalk doors.
escrepaJ (t) (M), scraper.
-- de arrastre, drag scraper.
-.-_. de empuje, bulldozer.
-- de empuje en ngulo, angledozer.
-.-..- de ruedas,wheeledscraper.
--fresno, fresno scraper.
- hidrulica, hydraulicallyoperated scraper.
escritorio m, desk; (A) (Ec) .
escritura J, contract; deed; policy; legal instru-
mento
-- de constitucin,.corporation charter.
-- de fundacin, incorporation papers, certifi-
cate oforganization.
- de propiedad, title deed.
-- de seguro, insurance policy.
- de venta, bill of sale; (C) deed.
-- matriz, notary's original documento
- pblica, contract registered with the official
notary.
- social, incorporation papers; partnership,
agreement.
escrpulo m, pennyweight.
escuadra J, square; angle iron; (dwg) triangle;
knee, corller brace, gusset plate; (sb)
bracket, beam knee; (Ch) gang(men).
-- , a, square, at Tight angles.
- abordonada o con nervio (est), bulbangle.
- de agrimensor (Es) (A), goniometer.
-- de ajustar (carp), framing square.
-- de dimetros (carp) , center square.
- de ensambladura o de unin (est) , gusset
plateo
-- de espaldn (carp),'try square.
-- de espejos (lev), angle mirror.
-- de inglete (carp), miter square.
-- de reflexin (Es),refiecting goniometer;
- en T (dib), T square.
- falsa (carp), bevel square.
-- , fuera de, out of square.
-- para cabrios (carp), rafter square.
--prisma (lev), angle prism;
- rebordeada (est) (A), bulb angle.
- universal de dibujo (Es) ,drafting machine.
escuadra-transportador (dib) (A), bevel protrac-
toro
escuadras del cordn, (gi) fiange angles.
escuadras de ensamblaje (est) , connection
anglcs.
escuadrar, to square.
escuadreo m, squaring; sectional area.
escuadra J,. a section; scctional area.
escuchador (m) de prueba (ra) ,
escudete m, (tun) shield;(str)(Sp) gusset plate;
(hw) escutcheon plate; (elec) canpy;
(elec) wall plate, faceplate.
- de borrar (dib), erasing'shield.
escudete 138 esmerilador esmeriladora
139
espiga
--romboidal, rhomb spar, dolomite.
esptula J, mason's float; trowel; putty knife,
spatula; molder's Spoon; (ll.uto)(M) tire
lron.
especialidades (f) para vapor, steam specialties.
especificacin J, specification.
-- modelo o normal, standard specification,
especificar, to specify.
especfico, specific.
espcimen m, specimen.
espectral,. spectral.
espectro m,spectrum.
-- de faja, band spectrum.
-- de frecuencias portadoras (elc), carrier
spectrum.
--lineal, linespectrum.
espectrofotoelctrico, spectrophotoelectric.
espectrofotomtrico, spectrophotometric.
espectrofotmetro m, spectrophotometer.
espectrgrafo m, spectrograph.
espectrometra J, spectrometry.
espectrmetro m,spectr()meter.
espectromicroscopio m, spectromicroscope.
espectrorradiomtrico, spectroradiometric.
espectrorradimetro m (il) ,spectroradiometer.
espectroscopia J, spectroscopy.
espectroscpico, spectroscopic,
espectroscopio m, spectroscope.
--monocromtico, monochromator.
especular, specular (iron).
espejo m, mirror; (Pan) stair riser; (C) seat of a
slide valve.
-- de agua, water surface.
- de falla o de friccin (geol), slickenside.
-- de horizonte (inst), horizon glass.
-- de popa (cn), esc.utcheon.
--retroscpico o retrovisor (auto). rear-vision
lI1rror.
espejuelo m, (Ch) finegravel, grits; (PR) a hard-
wood; (miner) selenite, (Ch) calcite.
espeque m, lever, handspike.
espera J (carp),dap, notch, rabbet,mortioo,
gain.
espesador m (is),thickener.
-- de batea, tray thickener.
- de cieno (dac), sludge thickener.
espesar, to thicken.
espesartita J (geol), spessartite.
espeso, thick, heavy, dense.
espesor m, thickness,gage (sheet), depth (slab).
-- de arco (en), circular thickness.
- de cuerda (en), chordal thickness.
espesura J, density; thickness.
espetn m,poker; jron pino
espa J, warping cable;. (mech)telltale.
espiar (nut), to warp.
espiche .m,peg,dowel.
espidmetro m (M),
espiga J, pin, peg, needle, dowel, (sb) oot1olt;
tenon; (t) shank, fang; (P) spigot; (re)
shank.
- ahusada (herr), taper shank.
- cilndrica (herr), straight.shank.
-- con oreja, lugged shank.
-- cuadradacnica,square tapershank.
- de aislador (elc), insulatorpin. .
esmeriladora J, grinder; honing machine.
-- de banco, bench grinder.
-- de pie, pedestalgrinder.
-- de roscas, thread grinder.
- de velocidad graduable, adjustable,-speed
grinder.
-- para brocas, bitgrinder.
-- para mandril de. tomo, chucking grinder.
-- sin centros, centerless grinder.
esmerilaje m, grinding.
esmerilar, to grind; to polish with.emery.
esmitsonita J, smithsonite, zinc spar.
espaciado m, spacing, (re) pitch.
espaciador m, separator, spacer, packing block.
- del balancn (pet), beam spacer.
-- de barras (ref), bar spacer.
-- del empaque, packingspacer.
espacial, spatia1.
espaciamiento m, spacing; extent, space.
espaciar, to space; (mech)to indexo
espacio m, space.
--libre, clearance.
-libre labial (A), lip relief (twist drill).
-- muerto, clearance.
-- nocivo, clearance (cylinder).
-- oscuro catdico (elc), cathode or Crookes
dark space.
espadilla J, (conc) (A) blade tamper.
espadn m (fc) (Es), switch blade.
espalda J,back.
- con espalda, back to back.
espaldn m, shoulder, heel.
espaoleta J, door bolt.
esparavel m, plasterer's hawk, mortarboard;
plasterer's float.
esparcidor m, spreader; finisher.
-- corredizo (dac), traveling distributer.
-- de asfalto, asphalt spreader.
-- de cascajo (ca), chip spreader.
-- de horll1gn, concrete spreader.
-- giratorio, rotary distributer.
esparcidora J, spreader, finisher.
-- acabadora, spreader-finisher.
-- de cola; glue-spreading machine.
esparcimiento (m) de banda (ra) (A), band
spread.
esparcir, to spread, distribute.
esprrago m, pin, peg; (w) stud; (C) stay bolt;
(A) stud b6lt.
esparramar (A), to spread.
esptico, spathic, sparry.
espato m (miner), spar.
-- adamantino, adamantine .spar,corundum.
-- azul, blue spar, lazulite.
-- bruno, brown spar (dolomite or magnisite).
__e calcreo o calizo, calcite,calc-spar, calcare,-
ous spar.
-- de hierro, siderite, sparry iron.
- de Islandia, Iceland spar (calcite).
_. de manganeso, manganeoo spar (rhodonite
or rhodochrosite).
--ferrfero, siderite; sparry iron,chalybite.
-.- fluor, fluor spar, ifluorite.
--lustroso, satin spar- (calcite or gypsum).
--pardo, brown spar;. dolomite, magnesite.
--pesado, heavy spar, barite.
-.-.de tensi6n, tensile stress.
-- de trabajo, workingstress.
-- de traccin, tractiye effbrt; tensional stress.
-- de traccin diagonal, diagonal tension.
-- de tronchadura (Es), shearing stress.
-- de. zuncho, hoopor tangential stress.
-- dielctrico, electric or dielectric stress.
-- electrosttico, electrostaticpressure orstress.
-- en la fibra, fiber stress.
-.-._. especfico, unit stress.
-- flexor (est), bendingstress.
--lmite de trabajo, allowable working stress.
--lindero, boundary stress.
-- principal, principal stress; (A) diagonal ten-
sion.
-'.- rasante, (Sp) longitudinal shear; (M) shear.
--restante, residual stress.
--tangencial, tangentialor. shearing stress;
hoopstress.
-- tractor, tensile stress; tractive effort.
--unitario, unitstress.
esguazable (r), fordable.
esherardizar (met), to sherardize.
eslabn m,link.
-- con mallete o de travesao, stud link.
- de acoplall1ento (ra) , link coupling.
- de ajuste, hunting link.
- de arrastre (auto)(M);drag link.
-- de compostura,missing .or repair link.
-- de retencin, grabJink, slip grabo
- de seguridad (turb), breaking link.
- de solapa, lap link.
- fusible (elc), fuse link.
-- giratorio, swivel.
- interruptor (elc), disconnecting link.
-- pivotante, swing link.
-- reparador, connecting or chain-repalr link.
eslabonamiento m, linkage.
eslinga J, sling.
-- de brida de dos partes, two-Ieg bridle sling.
- de brida doble, doublebridlesling.
- de cables mltiples, multiple-part sling.
-- de cadena, chain sling.
-- de doble suspensin, basket hitch.
-- de igualacin, equalizing sling.
-- estrllnguladora, choker sling or hitch, anchor
hitch.
-- sling.
eslingaje m, slinging charge (ship'scargo).
eslingar, to sling.
eslora J (nut), length.
-- de clasificacin, classification length,
-- de' flotacin, water"line length.
-- entre perpendiculares, length.between per-
pendiculars.
- total, over-alllength.
esmaltar, tocnarriel.
esmalte m.enameL
- de asfalto, filled asphalt,asphalt ename1.
esmaltina, esmaltita J (miner), smaltite.
esmeril m, emery.
esmerilado.m, grinding.
-- al aire o sin puntas,centerless grinding.
-- en hmedo, wet grinding,
esmerilador m, emery.wheel, grinder"
-- de vlvulas, valvegrinder.
-. de cerradura, rose (lock).
- de expansin,expansion shield(bolt) .
_ de pulsador (elc) , push-button plate.
-' de receptculo (elc), receptacle plateo
escudilla J, rose (lock).
escudo m, shield; escut.cheon plate; (elec)canopy.
- de perforacin, tunnel shield.
- ensanchador,expansion shield (bolt).
escudriamiento m (tv), scartning.
escurrente m, effluent.
escurrideras J (M), water running off from irri-
gated land.
escurridero m, drain hole, outlet;. weathering;
drip; leak.
escurrimiento m, (hyd) runoff;(M) piping (earth
dam); (elec) creepage.
-- crtico (hid), criticalfiow
- especfico (irr), specificyield.
--plstico, plastic fiow, (conc) creep, time
yield.
- pluviomtrico' (Col), runoff.
-- slido, siltrunoff.
escurrirse, to run off, drain;to Jeak.
esencia J, essence; (Sp) gasoline.
-- de petrleo (Es), gasoline;kerosene.
-- de trementina, oilof turpentine;
- mineral, (Sp) mineral oil; mineral spirits.
esencial,' essential.
esfalerita J (miner), sphalerite, zinc blende.
esfeno m,. esfenaf (miner), sphene, titanite.
esfera J, sphere; dial of a gage.
esfericidad J, sphericity.
esfrico, sphericaL
esferoidal,esferodrico, spheroidal.
esferoide m,spheroid.
esferoidizar (met), to spheroidize.
esfermetro m, spherometer.
esforzar (U), to stress.
esfuerzo m, stress; effort,
- admisible"safe orallowablesttess.
--,c7"' compuel'lto,compound stress.
- cortante de penetracin, punching shear.
- cortllntedoble,doubleshear.
- corfantesiIllple,single shear.
- de adb:esin.(ref); bond stress.
-- de aplllstall1ento, crushing stress.
-- de apoyo; bearing stress (beam).
-- de cizallllmiento, shearing stress.
-- d,} compresin, compressivestress.
-- de contraccin'(conc), shrinkage stress.
- de corte perimtrico,pe.rimeter shear.
- de dobladura'(cab),bending stress.
- ..de empuje,<bearing'stressonrivets or pins.
-- deexteJil'liI1;tensibnaLstress,
-- de fle:ri6n(est), bending stress.
- del hinclldo(pi),.driying stress.
- de impacto'Ae rodaje (ap), rolling impact
stress.
- de lmite (ms),
- de manipulacin, handling. stress;
-- de montaje. (pte);.erection stress..
- de prueba,proof stress, '.
-- de rotacin,
__e de .ruptura, .breaking stress,. ultimate br rup-
ture strength.
- de seguridad, safe. stress.
140
141 espiga
- debalsar,'r3oft'dog.
__e de, la bisagra' (ft) , 'hingepin;
-- decla excntrica (mv) , 'eccentrie pino
- de reborde (barrena), lug sh3onk.
__e de la vlvUla (Es)(C)i'valve stem.
- (dril1).
- gua,guide stem. . '
- para trinquete, r30tehet shank.
- pareja, straight shank (drill).
--roscada, dowel serew.
_ y campana o y enchufe (tub), bel! 30nd spigot.
espigadora J, tenoner; (pav) dowel-settingm3o-
chine.
__e doble,double-end tenoner.
-- simple, single-end tenoner.
espigar, to dowel, pin; to tenon; to shank.
espig6n m, j'etty, wing dam, pier dam, spur dike;
pier, dock.
espigueta J, blasting needle.
espiguilla J, herringbone (bond).
espilita J (geol), spilite.
espina r, barb; thorn; splinter.
-- de arenque o de pescado, herringbone (gear).
espinazo m, (Co!) eroWIi of a. barre13oreh.
-- de pescado,herringbone.
espinela J (miner), spinel.
espinillo m, 30n Argentine h3ordwood.
espinter6metro m (ele), measuring sparkgap.
espiocha J, mattoek,piek.
espira J, turn, loop; spir30L
__e cerrada (eab), loeked eoil.
espiractor m (pa), Spiraetor (tr3odemark).
espiral J a, spiral; (miner) gyroidal.
-- de diez cuerdas, (ca), ten-ehordtransition
curve.
-- de transicin (ca) (fe), transition curve:
espirilos m (is), spirilla.
espritu (17l.) de petr6leo, mineral or white spirits.
espitaJ, eoek, faucet; spout,
- de prueba (cal), try eoek.
-- de purga, drain eek.
espoletaJ, (elee)(bl) fuse; (auto)(U) hood.
-- de tiempo, time fuse.
- elctrica (vo!) (M), exploder.
- fUlminante (M), blasting cap.
espol6n m, cutwater; wing dam,jetty,pier dam,
groin; mole; st3orling, fender;(top) spur.
espolvorizar, tospray withpowder.
esponja J, sponge.
esponjamiento m, swelling.
esponjarse, toswell.
esponjoso;'spongy.
esporas J (is), spores.
esporfero,eontaining spores, spore-forming.
esporUlaci6nJ (is),sporulation.
esporUlario, sporular.
espuela J, spur; (rr) siding: (C) elinlbingiron;
(t) ;>oint, to,?th. "
espuma f.' seum; foam; froth. '.
'--,-:- apagadora, firiHoam.
espumadera J, skimmer; spray nozzle; (1oCl;
seum el>ek.
espumadora J, foamgerier3otot.
espumante m (min).frothet.
to froth;'(bo)tfprime;:,'
espurio (r3o),spurious .
estacin
esqueleto 'm, erate: blankform; (eone)coarse
aggregate; (str) frame skeleton.
esquema m, sketch, plan, diagram;seheme, plan.
-- almbrico (ele);wiringdiagram.
-'-- de las cargas, load diagram.
esquemtico,diagrammatie, sehematic.
esquifada J, vault, groined, areh.
esquem, skiff;, barrel areh; (M) sealepan, skip.
esquilar (mh) (A), toshear.
esquileo m (A), shearing.
esquina J, eorner.
esquinal m, kneebraee;' eorner post.
esquinera J, eornerpost or pieee; knee braee,
gusset.
esquirol m, strikebreaker.
esquisto m, shale, slate, sehist.
-- aluminoso"alum shale or sehist;
-- arcilloso, clay slate, killas.
-- clortico, ehlorite sehist. '
-- de barro, mudstone.
-- micceo, mica sehist.
-- petrolfero, oil shale.
--talcoso, tale sehist.
esquistoideo, sehistoid.
esquistosidad J, sehistosity.
esquistoso, slaty, shaly, sehistie, sehistose.
esquistosomas (is), sehistosomes.
esquistosomiasis J, (is), sehistosomia,sis.
esquizomieetos (is) ,',sehizomyqetes.
estabilidad J, stability.
- al deslizamiento o al resbalamiento" stabil-
ity a,ga,inst sliding (dam).
-- al giro o al vuelco, stability against overturn-
ing(dam).
-- de volumen (et), eonstaney of volume.
estabilizaci6n(f) de suelos, soil stabilization.
estabilizador m, estabilizadora Ji stabilizer.
-- de arco (sol), arestabilizer.
estabilizar, to stabilize.
estable a, stable.
establecimiento, m, (A) (U) (Ch) plant, instal1a-
tion.
--e de aguas corrientes (A), waterworks.
-- de depuraci6n, (A), purifieation planto
'-del puerto, establishment of the port.
- siderrgico (A), steel millo
establo m, a stable,
estaca J; stake, paling; pile, sheet pile.
-- de cerca, fenee post.
- de declive (M), slopestake.
-- de rasante, grade stake.
-- directriz, guide pile.
--e' indicadora, (lev), witness stake:
-limitadora de talud, slope st,ake.
--volada (tn), spile>
estacas de avance (tn),polingboards,spilling.
estacada J, sheeting, sheet piling; fenee.
--flotante, log, boom. '
estacar, tostakeout.'
estaci6n!, station;plant; season; survey station.
- cabecera (fe) (A), terminal station.
-- carbonera,"'coaling'station.
-- central (ele) .'eentral,station; generating
plant",'powerhouse.
- de aforos (hid),gagingstation;
- de bombeo, pumping"plant.
[
estacin
- de carga, freight sta,tion.
- de fuerza, power plant, powerhouse.
-- de machaqueo (Es), erushing planto
-,--e de radiofacsnile, facsimile broa,dcast sta_
tion.
-- de secas, dry season.
-- de servicio, serviee station.
-- de toma (fma), eamera.or exposure station.
-- de transbordo (fe), transfer station.
-- de transformaci6n al aire libre (elc), out-
door suosta,tion. '
-- del trnsito (lev), transit point.
-- de viajeros, passenger station.
--edepuradora, purifiea,tion pla,nt.
-- difusora, bl'oadcasting sti1tion.
-- ferroviaria, railroad station.
- filtradora, ,filter, planto
-- fluviomtrica o hidromtrica (bid), gaging
station. .
-- generatriz, central station, powerhouse.
-- gravimtriea (geof), gravity station.
--lluviosa o pluvial, rainy season.
-- naval, naval station.
--pluvi()mtrica, rain-gaging station.
--radiofaro, radio range station.
- recolectora (pet), gathel'ing station.
- transmisora (ra), sending station.
'In, (auto) (ap) parking; (cone)
(A) euring; (lbl')(M)(A) seasoning. '
estacionar, (auto)to park; (A) to berth (ship);
(A)(M) to season (lumber); (surv) (Sp) to
set up.
estacionario, stationary.
estacn m, large stake; pile; (M) poleo
estacha J, hawser, towline.
estadal m,a measure of length about 3.3 m; a
squal'e measure about 11.2 sq m; (M) level
rod.
-- de corredera, level rod.
-- enrollable, flexible level rod.
--e estadimtrico, stadia rod.
estadalero m (M), rodman (leve!).
estadia J, stadia.
estada J, demurrage; stay; (naut) lay days.
estadigrafo m (inst), stadiagraph.
estadimtrico, a stadia, stadiametrie.
estadio m, stadium; furlong.
estadimetro m, stadiometer.
estadstica J, statisties.
estado m, state, eondition; (r) stage; statement,
report; staff; state (US, M, etc.); (meas)
2 varas.
- de cuenta, statement of aeeount.
- de pago, estimate for payment (eontract).
estafilococos (lab), staphylococei.
estai m (C), stay.
estajar (est), to erimp.
estaje m, (str) erimping; (CA) piecework, task-
work.
estajear (AC) , to do work by the task orpieee
system.
estajero m CAe), taskworker, pieeeworker.
estalagmmetro m (Iab), stalagmometer.
estallabilidad J, explosibilit:V.
estallable, explosible.
estalladora J, blasting machine.
estao
-,- deeIllPuje, push-down maehine.
-- de vuelta, twist-type machine.
estalladura J, (auto) blowout;. (bl) blast,shot.
-- de roca (min), roek burst.
estallar, to explode, burst.
estambor m (9Il! ,
estampaJ, (re) dolly;(os) swage; rivet set; stamp,
-- de swage.
-- inferior, bi:>Uom swage.
-- superior, top swage.
estampas de empatar, seamingdies.
estampado profundo, deep drawing.
estampadora J, stampiIl.g Illaehine..
estampar, to stamp ;to swage.
-- en caliente, to hotcswage.
e,stancado, stagnant; dammed.
estancamiento m, damming;baeking up (wa-
ter) ; waterproofing. '
estancar, todam; tomakewatertight; estan"
carse, to baekup (water), to stagnate.
estanco, watertight, airtight, ",eathertight.
-- al aceite, oiltight.
-- al agna, watertight, waterproof;'
-- al aire, airtight.
- al gas, gastight.
- al goteo, driptight.
- a la humedad, moisturetight.
-- a llamas, flametight.
- al polvo, dust-tight.
-- al vapor, steamtight, vaportight.
estndar (V) (M), standard.
estandardizacin J (M) (A) (V), standl'dization.
estannato m (qu!m), stannate.
estnnico (qu!m), stannie.
estannita J (miner), stannite, tin pyrites.
estannito m (qu!m), stannite.
estannoso (qum); stannous.
estannuro m (qu!m), stannide.
estanque m, reservoir,basin.
-- almacenador, storage reservoir.
-- amortiguador, stilling or eushion pool.
-- de acumulacin (A). storage reservoir.
-- de clarificaci6n o de deposici6n, >ettling
tank
-- de distribuci6n, distributing reservoir.
-- de enfriamiento, cooling pondo
-- de lixiviacin, leaehing tank.
-- de rodada, spray pond,
-- decantador, settling basin.
-- mezclador; mixing tank.
- para colas (min), tailings pondo
--regulador, regulating reservoir.
-- sptico, septie tank.
estanquedad 1, wa.tertightIless.
estanquero m, reservoir a;ttendant.
estantal 'In (Es), buttress, pilaster>
estante m,post, upright; buek:
- de probetas (liLb),test-tuberaek.
- para cerca (V), fenee post.
estantera J, shelving, ra.ck.
estaado, tin-plated.
estaador, estaero m, tinworker.
estaadura!, tinwork.
estaar, to tin; to tin-plate; to sold; toblaIleh
estafero, containing tino '
estao m. tino .
142
eucalipto
estrobo m, grommet; becket; (C) sling.
estroboscpico, stroboscopic.
estroboscopio m (ra), stroboscope.
estrobotrn m (ra), strobotron.
estroncio m (qum), strontium.
estropajear (M), to mop.
estropajo m, mop.
estropeado,.broken down.
estropeo m, damage; rough handling.
estructura J; !structure; (conc) forms; (geol)
formation.
- abajo (pet), downstructure.
-- armada o reticulada,framedstructure
._-'" arriba (pet),upstructure. .
-.- costrosa (suelo), crusted structure.
-- de migas (suelo), crumb'.structure.
---', de terroncillos. (suelo), cloddy structure
__o esqueltica,skeleton construction; .' . .
-- (suelo), floury orfiuffy structure.
--mfenor, substructure. ,; ... '
-- superior, superstructure.
estructuras. de descarga. (hid);'outlet'works:
estructuracIn f (U) ,construction:
estructural, structura1.
-- comerciable (mad), merchantable structural
- de corazn (mad), heart structura1. .
- primera calidad (mad), prinle structural.
estruJar, to extrude.
estuacin J(mr),flood, rising.
estuarino (geol), estuarine.
estuario m,estuary, inlet.
estucar, to stucco.
estuco m; stucco.
estuche m, case, box.
estud!ar, to study; to plan, design;
estudio. m, stud.y: consideration; designing, plan-
mng, devlsmg; survey;design.
-.-.-. de desperdicios. de agua, water-waste survey.
-- de trazado, location survey;
- definitivo (fc) (M), .finallocation;
-- geoelctrico, geo-electric. survey.
-- gravimtrico (getli), gravity survey.
--pitomtrico,pitometersurvey.
-- sanitario, sanitary survey.
-- survey.
estufar (mad) (M), to season, kiln-dry.
estuque m, stucco.
estuquista m, plasterer cementmason
esviaje m, skew. '. .
esviar, to skew.
etapaJ, station, stop; stage'of the work; (machy)
stage.
- amplificadora (ra),amplifier stage.
- de entrada.. (ra.), input stage.
- desmoduladora (ra), demodulator stage.
--- (ra), detector
- Impulsora (ra) (A), driver stage.
-- mezcladora (ra) , mixer stage, firstdtector
--preamplificadora (ra), driver stage.
etapas mltiples, de, l'Ilultiple-step.
ter m (qum) (fsica), ether.
-- de petrleo, petroleum ether.
eternita J, Eternit (trademark).
etilo m, ethy1.
etiqueta J, label, tag.
eucalipto m, eucalyptus.
143
estopa
-'- de lana, wool waste.
- de plomo, lead woo1.
estopar, to pack.
estopera J (C) (M), stuffing box.
eJtopero m, calking iron or chise1.
m, wick; (M) spike;(Sp) clout nail.
estopm m (vol), exploder.
estorbar, to obstruct, be in the way.
estrada J, paved roadway, causeway.
estrangulador m, throttle; (auto) choke' (lg)
choker. '
- de aire (auto), choke.
- de botn (autO), push-buttolil. throttle.
- manual, hand throttle.
estrangulamiento m (top) (A), gap, pass.
estrangular, to throttle; towiredraw (steam)'
(auto) to choke. '
estratificacin J, stratification, straturn, bedding.
-.cruzada (geol), cross-bedding.
-- (A), cross-bedding.
estratificado, stratified.
estratigrafa J, stratigraphy.
estratigrfico, stratigraphic.
estrato m; stratum.
estratmetro m (sx), stratameter.
estratosfera J, stratosphere.
estrave m (cn), forefoot.
estrechar, to narrow; estrecharse, to contract,
narrow.
estrecho m, strait, guti neck; gap, pass; a nar-
row, close; sharp (curve).
- de la marea, tiderace.
estrechura J (top), gap, narrows.
estrella J, (mech) star, spider, yoke; (elec) star.
- polar, north star.
(lbr) checked; (miner) stellate.
estrematografo m (fc), stremmatograph.
estrenar (maq),to run in:
estreno m (maq), running in.
estreptococos m (lab), streptococci.
estraJ, groove, fiuting; (geol) stria.
-- de lubricacin, oil grotlve;
estriacin J (geol), striation.
estriado, fiuted, ribbed; checkered (plate); ser";
rated (gasket) ;knurled.
estriadora J, machine to cut grtloves knurling
too1.
estr!adura J, fiuting; (geol) striation.
estnar, to gi"Oove, fiute, knurl, score.
estr!bacin J, counterfort; (top)
en, to rest on, abut against, be based on:
estnbo m, (reinf) stirrup,
hoop; JOlSt hanger
r
bridle iron;
(auto) runnmg board; (rr) car step' stirnip
(saddle). '
- de aguiln (gr), boom bailo
- de la biela (pet); pitman stirrup.
- de. fleje (ref)(A), hoop.
- de mstil (gr), mast baH;
- de pared (ed), wallhanger.
-- de tiro (elc), pulling-in iron.
-- en U, U abutment.
estribor m (nut), starboard.
estringa J (M), stringer.
estrobar, to place grommets; to furnish with a
becket.
estopa
estereografa J (dib),Stereography.
estereogifico (fma)(dib), stereographic.
esteregrafo m,stereograph.
estereogramam, (pmy) stereogram (geol) block
diagram.
estereolevantamientom,stereosurveying.
estereometra J (rnat), stereometry.
estereomtrico, stereometric.
esteremetrom, stereometer.
estereomicrmetro m, stereomicrometer.
estereoplangrafo m (fma), stereoplanigraph.
estereoscopa J (fma), stereoscopy.
estereoscpico, stereoscopic.
estereoscopio, esterescopo m (fma), stereo-
scope.
estereosimplex (fma); stereosimplex.
estereotelmetrom (fma),
estereotoma J, stereotomy (stonecutting)
estereotopogrfico (fma), stereotopographic.
estereotopgrafo m (fma), stereotopograph.
estereotopmetro m (fma), stereotopometer.
estereotrazado m (fma), stereoplotting.
estereotrazll.dor m .(fma), stereoplotter.
- radial, stereo-radialplotter.
estril, sterile, (pet) dry (we11).
esterilizador m, sterilizer, sterilizing agent.
esterilizar,to sterilize... .
esterilla J, mesh; matting:
-- de alambre, wiremesh.
-.-. dll aterrizaje, landing mat (airfield).
estero m, estuary,inlet (A)(M) swamp; (V)
pond; (Ch) small stream.
estiaje m, (r) low water; (A) low tide.
estiba J, stowage; (A) loading.
estibador m, stevedore, longshoreman, dock
laborer.
estibar, to stow; to load cargo.
estibnita J (miner), stibnite, grayantimony.
estilete m, style, pencil of a. recordlng instru-
ment (dwg) stylus, tracer.
estilo m, style, gnomon.
estilladura J (PR), split, crack; spall.
estillarse (PR), to crack; to spall; to splinter.
estimacin J, anestimate, estimating.
- grosera (A), rough estiIIlate.
estimador m, estiIIlator.
estimar, to estimate, appraise.
estimativo, estimated.
estirado, drawn (tubing); expaIlded (metal);
stretched.
-- en caliente,
-- en duro,
-- en fro,
estirador m,' stretchllr.:
estiraje m, stretching.
estiramiento m (A)(V), elongation.
estirar,todra';V, stretch.
--por presin, to extrude.
'TIl-' styrllnll'
estivador m (A), stevedOre.
estivajem
estoa J, staIld o the tide.
estopaJ, oakum, calk:itgy.arn; (C) cotton waste.
- alquitranada (M), tarred marline.
-- de acero, steel woo1.
-- de algodn, cotton waste.
estaiio
- de acarteo ode placer (miner),stream tin
(cassiterite) .
- emplomado;tewe (plate).
- en lingotes, pig tino
- fosforado, phosphor tino
-leoso (miner), cassiterite,wood tin..
-- piritoso (miner), stannite, tin pyrites.
- vidrioso (miner), tinstone,. cassiterite.
estaoso (qum), stannous.
estquear, to stake out.
estaqueo m, staking out.
estaquero m (lev), axman.
estaquilla J, peg, pin,dowel stake.
- de aislador (elc), insu1ator pino
-- de nivel, grade stake.
estaquillar, to stake out.
estarcido m, stencil. '.
esta.rcir, to sten.cil.
esttica J, statics; (ra) (M) (e) static.
-- graphical. statics.
estticamente indeterminado, statica11y. indeter-
minate.
esttico, static.
estticos m (ra) (A), static.
estatizar (Ch), to convert t() government owner-
ship or operation.
estator m (elc)(turb), stator.
estatscopo, estatoscopio ni (V), statoscope.
--' registrador, recordingstatoscope.
estaurolita J (miner), staurolite, cross-stone.
estay m,stay; stay bolt.
este ni, east.
esteatita J (miner), steatite, soapstone.
estefanit J, stephanite, .brittle. silver ore.
estei m (C), stay.
estelita I (met), stellite..
estemenara J (cn), futt.ock.
estemple m, timber bent in a mine ortunnel;
strut, stuli, stemple.
- stull.
- en,yin"llJ1i,do, saddlebackstu11.
estep,0 40 ,(Fa.)
estengrafo, estengrafa, stenographer.
esteo ;.l'hore.
estepaJ, steppe, teract of, arid land.
estera f, Inat (IIlllcb:)a.pron. (C)
- de aterrizaje (ap)"landing mato
-- de refuer.zo (COI).c), IIlesll reinforcemeIlt.
- de tablillas (C),
-- para vola4W:ll.s,J)lasting mll.t.
esteras, t.r:ead.
esterbn m, (abr8.l'ive)Jtr.ademarlt).
estreo m stereo.
estereoautgra!'Qm.(fma)i,.sterlloautogrll.Pll.
stllreocartogrlJ-ph.
,(fIIla.),stllre{)c?mparator.
m..(fIIla.),
graph: . ,.... < ,.'" "" .
estereofni.co (ra); stere()ph()Ilic.< ".....,., "<'" '.'
estereofotografla J (fma) ,stllreophot()graP1:lY;
stereophot{)grll.p1:l., T', <. f! .
estereofotograDa m, stereoPllQtograIIl'
estereofotogrll.IIletrlaJ,
estereofotogramtrico, ..
estereogonimetro m (fma) , sterll()gOlMOIIl,ej;'llF'
stereoscopic goniometer. . .
144
extracorta
explotable, workable.
explotacin J, operation, working; (min) a work-
ing.
- fiscal (Ch), Government operation.
-- forestal, logging.
- hidrulica (min), hydraulicking.
-- maderera, logging, lumbering.
-- particular, private operation.
explotador m, operator of an enterprise.
explotar, to operate, work; to exploit; (A)(C) to
explode;(M) to blast.
exponencial (mat), exponentia1.
exponente m, exponent.
exposicin J (fma), exposure.
exposmetro m (fma) (V), exposure meter.
expreso m (tr), express.
- areo, air express.
exprimir, to express, press out.
expropiacin J, expropriation.
expropiar, to expropriate, condemn.
expuesto (fma), exposed.
expulsancleos m (pet), core pusher.
expulsin J, expulsion, ejection; (eng) exhaust;
(pu) discharge.
expulsor m, expeller.
exsicacin J, exsiccation.
extendedor m, extendedora J, spreader.
- de balasto (fc) , ballast spreader.
- de cuchilla (ca), blade spreader.
-- de tornillo (ca), 8crew spreader.
extender, to stretch; too spread; to layout; to
swage (saw); to draw (check); to draw up
(contract) .
extensibilidad J, extensibility.
extensible, extensible.
extensin J, extension; tension; (A) elongation.
- de avenamiento (hid) (Col), drainage or
catchment area.
-- de plazo, extension of time (contract).
extensmetro m, extensometer.
extensor m, extension pieee.
- de cubiertas (A), tire spreader.
exterior, externo, outside, external, exterior.
extincin J, extinguishing, extinction.
extinguidor m, extinguisher; (elec) quencher.
-- a espuma, foam fire extinguisher.
- aprobado, labeled fire extinguisher (ap-
proved by Underwriters).
extinguir, tp extinguish.
extintor m, extinguisher.
-- a granada, grenade fue extinguisher.
-- de incendio, fire extinguisher.
extirpador m (ec)(Es), rooter.
extra, extra.
- mejor del mejor (alambre), extra best best
(EBB).
- selecto (mad), extra selecto
extra-alta (ra), ultrahigh (frequency).
extraccin J, removal of ore from a mine, win'
ning, exploitation; yield, output of a mine'
(tun) mucking; (su) extraction.
-- de agregados (conc), aggregate procuring.
-- de raz (mat), extraetion of a root.
extracelular (is), extracellular.
extracorriente J (elc), extra current.
e::dracorta (ra), ultrashort (wave).
145
-- de aros, piston-ring expander.
-- de volumen (ra), volume expander.
expedidor m, shipper; shipping agent, forwarder.
expediente m, file of papers, docket.
_ de construccin (A), documents of an appli-
cation for building permito
expedir, to ship, forward.
expeler, to e.iect, expel.
expensar (M), to pay the cost of, finance.
experiencia J, experience; experiment, test.
experimentado, experienced, experto
experimentador m, experimenter.
experimental, experimental.
experimentar, to test; to experiment; to experi-
ence.
experimento m, experimento
experticia J (V), expert testimony or advice.
experto m a, experto
explanacin J, grading; subgrade, roadbed.
explanada J, level space.
explanadora J, grader; scraper.
-- caminera, road grader.
-- cargadora o elevadora, elevating grader.
-- de armazn inclinable, leaning-frame grader.
-- de arrastre, pull grader.
-- de cuchilla, road scraper, blade grader.
-- de empuje, bulldozer.
-- de motor, motor grader.
-- de rueda recta, straight-wheel grader.
-- de ruedas inclinables, leaning-wheel grader.
explanar, to level, grade.
explayar, to extend in area.
exploracin J, exploration, prospecting; (tv)
seanning.
- a salto de lnea (tv) (Es), line-jump scan-
ning.
- alterna de lneas (tv) (Es), alternate-line
seanning.
- cercana o fina (tv), close scanning.
-- elctrica (geof), electrical prospecting.
- entrelazada (tv), interlaced or alternate-line
scanning.
- geofsica, geophysical survey.
- progresiva (tv) , progressive or sequential
scanning.
- ssmica, seismic prospecting.
- sismogrfica, seismograph survey.
explorador m, prospector; (ra) exploring coil,
explorer; (tv) scanner.
explorar, to explore.
exploratorio, exploratory.
explosmetro m (min) (al), Explosimeter (trade-
mark).
explosin J, explosiono
- de retroceso (auto) (A), backfue.
explosivo m a, explosive.
-- aprobado o permisible, permissible explosive.
-- deflagrante, deflagrating explosive.
-- destructor o instantneo o violento, high 01'
disruptive explosive.
-- detonante, detonating explosive.
--lento o no detonante, low or nondetonating
explosive.
-'-lento detonante, low pow:der.
explosor m, exploder; (A)(M)(Sp) blasting ma-
chine; (elec) spark gap.
expansor
expansor
- de cable afl.ojable o de cable areo,' slack-
line eableway, slackline-dragline.
-- de cable de arrastre, slackline cableway or
exeavator.
-- de cable detraccin, dragline exeavator;
power seraper.
-- de capachos o de rosarlo,bueket.exeavator.
-- de cuchara, power shovel.
- de mordazas (Es), c1amshell bueket.
-.- de tiro (A), baekdigger,pullshovel.
-- de torre, tower excavator.
-- de trl!-ctor, tractor shovel or eXCavator;
-- de. zanjas; treneh digger, ditcher.
- elevadora (M), elevating grader.
- explanadorl!-(Es), elevating grader.
--funicull!-r, slackline eableway.
--neumtica, clay digger, pneumatic clay
spade.
- para profundidad (A). diteher, backdigger.
--telefricl!- .decaballetes, trestle exeavator.
excavar, to excavate, digo
excedente m (cont), surplus.
excntrica J (maq), eecentrie.
excentricidad J, eceentrieity; (mt) set9ver.
excntrico a, eccentrie.
exceso (m) esfrico (mat), sPherjcal excess.
excitacin J (ele), excitation.
-'.-' compuesta,.e()mpoundexeitation.
-- en derivacin, shunt excitation.
-- en serie, series. excitation.
-- por choque (ra), impact orshock.excitation.
--propia, self-excitation.
-- pulsativa (ra), impulse excitation.
excitadorm. (elc), excite.r.
--, piloto, pilot exciter.
excitar, to excite, energize.
excitatriz J,exciter.
excitrn m (elc), Excitron (trademark).
exclusa J (hid), lock; sluice.
excrecin J, ex.cretion..
excrementicio,. excremental,excrementitious;
excremento m, excremento
excretorio (is), excretal.
excretos m, excreta.
excusado m, water closet, toiletroom, privy; (V)
toilet, water-closet (future).
exfiltracin J, exfiltration.
exfoliacin J, scaling, exfoliation.
exfoliar, to exfoliate.
exhalar, to emit vapor. .'
exhaustl!-r (C) (PR), .to.13xhaust.
existencia, en, in stoqk.
existencias!, stock, stol'a,ge.
exodom (ra), hexode.
exoenzimas J (is), exoenzymes, ectoenzymes.
exgeno, exogenic, exogenous.
exoln m, exolon. (abrasiye).
expandidor m, expandel"
-- de aros de mbol(),piston-ring expander.
- para tubos expander.
expandir, to expaIld..
expansible, expansible.
expansin J, expansiono
expansionarse (C) (Es), to expando
expansivo" expansive.
expansorm (A) (M), expander.
eudi6metro
eudimetr() 'm (l,ab) , .eudioi:neter.
eupateoscopio m (aa);eupatheoscope;
eutctica J, eutectic; .
eutctico a, eutectic.
eutectoide (met), eutectoid.
evacuador m,(hyd) wasteway. escape, (A)spill-
way; (mech) evacuator.
evacuar, to empty, exhaust, evacuate; (sw)to
carrY9ff,discharge.
evaluacin!; valuation, appraisal; evaluation;
computation.
evaporacin J, evaporation.
m,' evaporator;'
- a temperatura alta, high-heat-level evapora-
tor (245 F).
-- a temperatura baja, low-heat-levelevapora-
tor (210 F). . ' ....'
- de cudruple efecto. (az),. quadruple,-effect
_ evaporator.
- de efecto (az), multiple-effect evap-
orator.
-- de rejilla, gridccoil evaporator.
- de tubos aC9dados, bent-tube evaporator.
-- instantneo, flash evaporator.
evaporadora J, evaporator,., (l,ab) .,evap9rating
dish.
evaporar,' evaporarSe, too evaporate.
evaporativo, evaporatorio, evaporative.
evapormetro m, evap9ration tank, evap9rimeter,
atmometer.
evaporizar, evaporizarse, to evap()rate.
evapormetro m, evaporometer" atnlOmeter.
evapo-transpiracin J (in), evapqtranspiration.
eventualidades J,
exactitud J, accuracy.
exae.dro m,hexahedron.
exagonal, hexagonal.
exgon9 m,hexagon; a hexagonal.
exanitrodifenilamiI1a j" hexanitrodippenylamine
(explosiye).
exapolar (elq)
exarac,in f (gl)ol) (A),. glacial erosi9n.
excavacin J, I)xqa,va,tion, cut,digging.
- a cielo abierto,open cut.
-.- a granel (M), massl)xcavation;
--a mediaJall1a<o,ame.l1ia ladera, aidehilI ex_
cavation. '
- dI) corte .througpeut.
-- de ensayo, test pit or exeavati9n.
- en balcn (N:), sidehill exqavation.
-.-.-.en m,asa,mass exea,va#o,n.
-- en zanja, treneh exeavation..
excavador m,. exqayat;pr. (mau) ,<iigger
- de agujero,
excayadoraf{ee) i.l)xqa,yatqr; (A);(lM)(Qq1) .power
shovel. .,.;>'.);;'}u;>. ;;
- a cangilonlll!, tre,ne'b,wa,eh,i:p.e
eavato,.<,:,;, .
- acarrea.dol'a, (Jarryall.sera,Pe:r.
-- eX(Jayator.
- ambulante de cable a.:r:rastre, waUcing
dragline.. ""' .. '}"",','')'
- cargadora'
-- de arcilla, pneumatie clay spa<ie
- de arrastre, pOWlr scraper.
-- de cl!-ble, eablewayexqa,y,ator.
146
fanal
fajinada j, revetment of brushwood.
fajinante m (Pan)(F), common laborer.
falca j (cn), washboard, wasteboard.
falda j, slope, hillside.
_ del mbolo, piston skrt.
faldear, to make a sidehill excavation.
faldeo m, sidehill cut; slope of a hill.
_ a media ladera (A), sidehill cut and fill.
_ simple (A),. cut for ful! width of roadbed.
faldn m, slope of a roof; (mech) skirt.
_ del vertedero (hid)(PR), spillway apron.
falencia j (A) (Ch), bankruptcy.
falsa
_ acacia (mad) , locust.
__ escuadra (carp), bevel square.
__ escuadra en T, T bevel.
_ explosin (auto) (A) (U), backfire.
-lengUeta (carp), spline.
_ quilla (cn) , falsekeel.
falsarregla j (carp), bevel square.
falseado (maq), out-of-line, untrue.
falsear, to bevel; falsearse, (V) to buckle, sag,
give way.
falseo m, beveling, bcvel.
falsete m, chamfered cornero
falso, false.
_ chasis (auto) (U), subframe.
_ flete (nut), dead freight.
_ pilote, pile fol!ower.
falla j. falure, breakdown; (geol) fault; (elec)
fault, failure.
_ acostada (geol), thrust or overthrust fault.
__ corriente (geol), stril(e fault.
_ de estratificaci6n (geol), bedding fault.
_ de tiro (vol), misfire.
_ diagonal (geol) (A), inclined fault.
_._ distributiva o escalonada (geol), step or dis-
tributive fault.
_ escarpada (geol) (M), fault scarp.
__ e.structural, structural failure.
_ girada (geol), rotary or pivotal fault.
_ giratoria (geol), rotational fault.
__ invertida (geol), reverse fault.
--por deslizamiento (muro), sliding failure.
_ por empuje (geol) (M), thrust fault.
__ por empuje inferior, underthrust fault.
__ por volcamiento (muro), tilting failure, over-
turning.
_ ramificada (geol), branching fault.
_ secundaria (eIc), secondary fault.
_ simple (geol), normal fault.
_ transversal (geol), dip or cross fault.
fallado, faulted.
fallamiento m, faultage, faulting.
fallar, to fail; (ge) to miss.
fallebaj, door bolt, cremone or espagnolette bolt.
__ de emergencia o de salida, exit or panic rolt.
fallido (vol) (M), missed (hole).
fallir (V), (com) to fal.
fallo m (C), flaw, defect; (met) blowhole.
fanal m, lamp, lantern, (Sp) headlight.
_ de arrumbamiento (ap), bearingprojector.
_ de aterrizaje (ap), landing light.
_ de flashlight (lighthouse).
_ de trfico, traflic light.
_ giratorio, revolving light (lighthouse).
147
_ de seguridad, factor of safety.
_ de seguridad final, ultimate factor of safety.
_ de simultaneidad (elc), demand factor.
__ de transmisin difusa (il), diffuse transmis-
sion factor.
__ de transmisin directa (il) , regular transmis-
sion factor.
_ de transmisin espectral (il), spectral trans-
mission factor.
_ de utilizacin, (elec) utilization factor; (tr)
load factor.
_ gravado de percolacin (hid) , weighted filtra-
tion factor.
factoraj, factory; agency; (Ec) foundry.
-'naval (Es), shipyard.
factorial (mat), factorial.
factorizar (mat), to factorize.
factura j, bill, invoice.
__ comercial,. commercial invoice.
__ consular, consular invoice.
__ de embarque, shipping memorandu
m
.
__ simulada o pro forma, pro forma invoice.
facturar, to biIl, invoice; to enter on a bill of
lading; to check baggage.
facultativo (is), facultative.
fachada j, fa9ade, front of a building.
__ de caldera, boiler front.
fadmetro m, Fadeometer (trademark).
faenaj, work; (Ch) gang, shft.
faenero m, common laborer.
faetn m, (ce) carrying scraper; (conc) buggy;
(auto) phaeton.
faja j, strip, belt, band; (rd) lane; (ra) channel.
__ central (ca), separation strip, parkway.
__ de aceleracin (ca), accelerating lane.
__ de apoyo, columnstrip (flat-slab construc-
tion).
_ de aterrizaje, flight strip, flightstop, landing
strip, airstrip.
__ de comunicacin (ra), communication band,
band of emission.
_ de control (fma), control strip.
__ de deceleracin (ca), decelerating lane.
_ de doblar (ca), turning lane.
__ de estacionamiento, (rd) parking lane; (ap)
parking apron.
__ de frecuencias, radio channel, frequency
bando
_ de frecuencias de limite (ra) , frequency
range.
_ de guardia (ra), guard bando
__ de ondas (ra) , wave bando
__ de pasar (ca), passing lane.
__ de servicio (ra), service bando
__ de transicin (ca), transition strip.
__ divisora (ca), parting strip, parkway, separa-
tion strip.
_ expropiada (fc), right of way.
_ lateral (ra), side bando
-libre (ra), cIear channel.
_ volada (fma), flight strip.
fajado m, mine timber.
fajadora j (ca), striping machine.
fajar, to band; to strpe.
fajina j, fascinc, bundlo of brushwood, fagot;
work, task.
factor
factor
m (Es), manufacturer.
facsmile, facsmil m, facsimile.
factor m, factor (all senses); (rr) (Sp) freight or
baggage agent.
-' compen.sado de :filtracin (hid), weighted
filtratlOn factor.
= el sliding factor (dam).
e a sorClOn, absorption coefficient
- de abultamiento (ms), bulking
- (ms) (elc). damph,g fac-
-- magnification factor (vibra-
- de am
k
Pflittid (elc), amplitude or crest or
pea actor.
-- de rfea (ag), surface-area factor
sur ace coefliClent. '
-- (elc), capacity or use factor
-- e
f
capaCIdad de la estacin, plant. capacity
actor.
- de carga (elc), load factor.
- carga de la planta, plant load factor
-- e carga de la red, system load factor
- de( defo)rmacin (elc) , distortion factor
wave.
- de (elc), demand factor.
-- (elc), deviation factor.
-- e cross-talk factor.
- def dlsperslon (elc), leakage or dissipation
actor.
- de (elc), availability factor
- de (elc), diversity factor .
= eritmica (il), erythemai factOr.
de empuJe (ms), earth-pressure factor
-- de encaramiento (aa), exposure factor'
-- e escala (fma), scale factor
- de. escurrimiento (bid) (Col) runoff coefli
Clent. ,-
- de (elc), space factor.
- de estab.i1idad (ms)(elc) stabil't f' t
__ de e '", ,1Y ac oro
d valPoraclOn (cal), factor of evaporation
-- e exp osivos (exc), pbwder factor '.
-- def :filtracin (bid), creep ratio, ation
actor.
- del :filtro (fma), filter factor
-- :exi.n, be.nding factor. kern distance.
-- e unClOnanuento, operation factor
- de ?asto, load factor (water meter)
- de infiltracin (aa), leakage factor.
-- de marea, tidal constant
-- de mieles (az), molasses factor.
-- de P?rcolacin (hid), filtration factor creep'
ratIo. '
-- de potencia (elc), power factor
-- de produccin, output factor. .
--def propagacin (ra),propagation or transfe.r
actor.
- (il), reflectance, refiectionfactor.
e
t
reflexlOn espectral, spectral reflection fac-
oro
-- de reflexin especular, regular reflection fac-
tor.
-- def' rendimiento, performance factor load
actor (compressor). '
_ :e (ms), bearing capacity factor.
e ng ez, stiffness factor.
fbrica
b
lil' mill, shop; plant; masonry' a
u mg. . '
- central(lc), .cent:al station.
-- de acero, steeIworks.
-- de azcar, sugarmill.
-- de cantera, ashla,rmasonry.
-- de cemento, cement millo
- de electricidad; electric powerplant
- de g:,-s, gasworks, gasplant. .
-- de hierro,ironworks.
-- factory
-- e rubble masonry.
-- de masonry.
-- ce.ntral station, powerhouse
-- slderunca, steel mill. . . ..'..... .
fabr!cacin j, fabrication, manufacture.
fabncante m, manufacturer, fabricator
fabricar, to fabricate. manufacture; todoD.struf;
to process. ... . c
extractivo
extractivo (M), extractive.
extractor m,extractor, puller.
- de buje, bushing puller.
-- de cojinetes, bearingpuller.
-- de engranaje, gear puller.
-- de grasa, greaseeXtractor.
-- de muestras,' sampler.
-- de neblina (pet), mist eXtractor.
-. de ncleos,coreextractor (drill)
-- de pin; pinion puller.
- del (pet), liner puller.
- de nplO (pet), junk catcher.
- de I'I}eda (auto), wheel puller.
-- de vlvulas, valve remover
extrads m, extrados.
extraelevada (ra), ultrahigh (frequency).
extraer, to extract; tq pul! (piles).
extrafino, extra-fine.
extraflexible, extra-flexible, extra-pliable.
extrafuerte, extra-strong, heavy-duty.
extragrueso,. extra-thick, extra-heavy.
extrable (mm), minable.
extraliviano, extra-light.
extrapesado, extra-heavy.
extrapolacin j, extrapolation.
high-power.
extran;esistente, extra-strong.
extraviarse, to get out of line
extremidad j, extremo m, end.
extremo a extremo, out-to-out, over-all
(m) muerto, dead end. .
extruslvo (geol)(M) extrusive
exudacin j (ca),
exudar, to exude.
eyector m, ejector, eductor.
-- a chorro de agua, water-jet eductor
-- a chorro de vapor, steam-jet ejector:
--cebador (bm), priming ejector.
-- condensador, ejector condenser.
-- de agua a vapor, steam-operated waterejec-
toro
-- de negras, sewageejector.
-- de cen;zas(cn), ash ejector.
- de fUSIble (elc), fuse ejector.
fanal
148
frreo ferrera
149
fieltro
- trasero o de cola,taillight.
fanega 1, a drymeasure having many different
values between 50 and 150 liters; (M) land
measure of about 8.8 acres.
fanegada, fanega de tierra, land measure of
various' values: (Pe) 1.6 acres, (V) 1.7
acres.
fangal m, marsh, bogo
fanglomerado m (geol), fanglomerate.
fango m, mud, muck, silt; sludge.
-activo (dac), active sludge.
--mineral (min), slimes.
fangos activados (dac), activated sludge.
fangoso, silty, muddy.
fanotrn m (ra), phanotron.
faqua (carp)(V), batten.
faraday (elc), faraday.
fardico (elc), faradic.
faradmetro m (elc), faradmeter.
faradio m (elc), farad.
faradizacin 1, faradization, faradism.
faralln m, cliff, bluff, headland; (min) outcrop.
farda I (carp), (Col) dap, notch, gain, rabbet;
(Sp) mortise.
fardo m, bale, bundle.
farero m (pet), derrickman.
faro m, lighthouse, beacon; headlight.
-- alternante, alternating light.
- buscador (auto), spotlight.
-- de aeropuerto, airport or airport-Iocation
beacon.
- de banquina (auto) (A), spotlight.
- de destellos, flashing light.
-- de direccin (ap), bearing projector.
-- de luz continua, fixed light.
- de peligro (ap), hazard beacon.
- de 'perforacin (M), oil derrick.
-- de ruta, course light.
-- de ruta area, airway beacon.
- flotante, lightship.
-- giratorio (ap) , rotating baacon.
-- localizador o de identificacin o de ref-
erencia (ap),landmark beacon.
--localizador de pista (ap) , runway localizing
beacon.
--marcador (ap),marker beacon.
-'- omnidireccional (ap) , omnidirectional b\la-
con.
- para niebla (auto), fog light.
-- titilante,flashing beacon.
farol m, lantern, lampo
- de acercamiento (ap), approach light.
- de aterrizaje (ap), landing light.
- de cambio (fc),switch lampo
-- de enlacin, range light.
- de"frente;,headlight.
-- de marcha atrs; backinglight.
- de pista (ap), contact or runway light.
-- de reflector contenido' (auto), sealed-beam
headlight.
- de seal (fc),signallamp.
- de trfico, traffic light:
- delimitador' (ap),boundary light.
- trasero o de zaga (auto), taillight, tail
lampo '
farola 1, large lanterIlorlight, headl'ight.
farolero m, lamp tender.
farolito sealero (auto), stop light.
farolito trasero (auto), taillight.
fase I (elc) (qum) (met), phase.
-- avanzada (elc), leading phase.
-- continua (qum), continuous phase.
- dispersa (qum), dispersed phase.
-- opuesta (ele), opposite phase, antiphase.
- partida (elc), split phase.
- retrasada (elc), lagging phase.
fases desequilibradas (elc), unbalanced phases.
fases equilibradas, balanced phases.
fasmetro m (elc), phase meter.
fastial, see hastial.
fatiga 1, stress; fatigue.
-- admisible, allowable stress.
-- con corrosin, corrosion fatigue.
-- cortante o al corte, shearing stress.
-- de apoyo, bearing stress (beam).
-- de compresin, compressive stress.
-- de contraccin, contractile stress.
-- de empuje, bearing stress (rivet).
-- de flexin, bending stress; bending
-- de metales, fatigue of metals.
-- de ruptura, breaking stress, ultimate
strength.
-- de seguridad o de trabajo, safe or working
stress.
--de tensin o de traccin, tensile or tensiona:1
stress.
--, especfica o unitaria, unit stress.
--principal, principal stress, (A) diagonal ten-
sion.
--superficial, surface fatigue.
fatigmetro m (M), strain meter.
fatigar, to stress.
faz 1, front, face.
- de laboreo (min), working,face.
fecal, fecal.
fecaloide (is), fecaloid.
feldesptico (geol), feldspathic.
feldespatizacin 1, feldspathization.
feldespato m (miner), feldspar.
-- calizo, lime feldspar.
-- de barita, baryta feldspar, hyalophane.
-- de cal, lime feldspar, anorthite.
-'- potsico, potash feldspar, orthoclase.
--sdico, soda feldspar, albite.
--vtreo, sanidine, glassy feldspar.
felsita I (geol), felsite, petrosilex.
felstico, felsitic.
fenestral (Col), window.
fenestraje m, fenestration.
fnico, carbolic, phenic.
fenol m (qum), phenol.
fenolftalena I (is), phenolphthalein.
fenlico, phenolic.
fenolizar, to phenolize, phenolate.
fenmeno m, phenomenon.
fenosafranina I (fma), phenosafranine.
ferberita 1, ferberite' (tungsten ore).
fermentador m (lab), fermenter.
fermentar, to fermento
ferodo, Ferodo (trademark) (brake lining).
ferrato m (qum), ferrate.
frreo, contaillng iron, made o iron, .ferrous.
ferrera 1, ironwork; i.ron shop.
ferrete m, steel markmg stamp. .
ferretear, to bind with iron; to mark wlth a steel
stamp. . k
ferreteraf, hardware; hardware store; lronwor .
-- de edificacin, builder's hardware.
-- de postera, pole-line hardware.
-- gruesa, heavy hardware.
--marina, marine hardware.
-- para ebanistera, cabinet hardware.
ferretero m, hardware lealer.
ferricinico, ferric;l'anic.
frrico, ferric.
ferrfero, eontaining iron.
ferriprusiato m (C), blueJ?rint.
ferrita f (geol) (met), fernte.
ferrtico, ferritic.
ferritizacin f, ferritization.
ferrito m (qulm), ferrite. .
-- diclcico (ct), diealeium fernte.
ferroacero m, semisteeI.
ferro-barco (fe) (A), car float.
ferroaleacin 1, iron alloy.
ferroaluminato tetraclcico m (et), tetracaleium
:'tluminoferrite.
ferroaluminio m, ferroaluminum. .. ..
ferroaluminosilicato m, ferroalummosilicate.
ferroboro m, ferroboron.
ferrocarril m, railroad, railway.
-- areo, elevated railway..
-- de circunvalacin, belt lme.
-- de cremallera, rack railway. .
-- de va angosta, narrow-gage
-- de va normal, standard-gage rallway..
__ fiscal o del estado, govcrnment railroad,
state railway.
--funicular, cable railway.
-- subterrneo, subway.
-- troncal, trunk-line railway.
-- urbano, street railway.
fp.rrocarrilero m, railroad man; a pertammg to
railroads.
ferrocerio m, f'3rrocerium (alloy). .
ferroconcreto, ferrohormign m, remforced' con-
crete.
ferrocromo m, ferroehromium.
ferrofsforo m,
ferroinductancia I (ele), ferromductance.
ferroinductivo, ferroinductive.
ferroinductor m, ferroinductor:
ferromagnesiano, ferromagneslan:
ferromagnsico (A),
ferromagntico, ferromagnetIC.
ferro:manganeso m, ferromanganese.
ferromolibdeno m, ferromolybdenum.
ferroniquel m, ferronickeI. .
ferroprusiato m (C), blueprmt.
ferrorreactancia I (elc), ferroreaetance.
ferrorreactor m (elc), ferroreactor.
ferrorresonante (elc), ferroresonant,'
ferrosilicio m, ferrosilicon (alloy).
ferroso, ferrous.
ferrotitanio m, ferrotitanium (alloy).
ferrotungsteno m,
ferrovanadio m, fcrrovanadlUm.
ferrova 1, railroad.
ferrovial, pertaining to railroads.
ferroviario m, railroad man; a railroad.
ferrugneo, containing iron.
ferruginoso, ferruginous.
ferrumbre I (C), rusto
ferrumbroso (Ch), rusty. .
frula 1, ferrule; tap (water mam).
- embridada (tub), floor plateo
fiador m, fastener, retainer, toggle, eatch; bonds-
man, surety, guarantor.
-- acodado, elbow catch.
- atravesado (cadena), toggle.
-- de boterola, rivet-sctretainer.
-- de cadena (cn) , chain stopper.
-- de freno, brake dogo
--de tuerca, nut lock. .
-- de ventana, window fastener, sash fast, wm-
dow lock.
fianza 1, bond (surety).
-- de almacn, warehouse bond.
-- de averas, avcrage bond.
-- de cumplimiento, performance bond.
- de fidelidad, fidelity bond.
- de licitador, bid bond,
-- de pago, paymen't bond.
fibra 1, fiber; vein (wood).
-- atravesada, cross gramo
- corta, shortleaf (pine).
- de plomo (M), lead wool.
-- extrema, extreme fiber.
-- fina, fille grain.
--gruesa, coarse grain.
-larga,longleaf (pine).
-- ms alejada, extreme fiber.
-- recta, straight grain.
--vulcanizada, vulcanized or hard fiber.
fibras de vidrio, fibcr glass.
fibrina I (is), fibrin.
fibrocemento m, fiber cemento
fibroso, fibrous.
ficticio (elc), fictitious.
ficha 1, brass check; card; plug; (A)
(M) surveyor's pin, markmg pm; (A) door
d
_ de cuchillas paralelas (elc), parallel-bla e
plug.
- de trabaio (V), time sheet.
- hembra (elc) (A), jack.
-tndem (ele), tandem-blade plug.
fichero m, eard indexo
fidelidad I (elc), fidelity.
fiducial (mat), fiducial.
fiebre (f) tifoidea, typhoid fever.
fieltro m, felt.
--antisonoro, acoustical felt.
- asfaltado, asphalt felt, roofillg felt.
- calorfugo, Fire-felt (trade,mark).
-- de aislacin, insulating felt.
- de asbesto, fclted asbestos.
- de calafatear, calking felt.
- de crin o de pelo, hair felt. .
-- de empizarrar, slating felt..
- de hilacha o de trapo, rag felt.
-- embreado, tarred feJt.
- filtrador, filter felt. '. ,.
__ impermeable, or waterproofillg felt.
- intermitente (dac), intermittent filtration.
-- por etapas, stage filtration.
filtrado m, filtrate.
filtrador m, filter.
filtraje m (A) (C), filtration.
filtrar, to filter; filtrarse, to seep, leak.
filtro m (hid) (elc), filter.
-- a gravitacin, gravity filter.
-- a presin, pressure filter.
-- al vaco, vacuum filter.
-- acstico (ra), acoustic filter.
--con sobrecarga (ms), loadedfilter.
- de banda (ra), band 01' band-pass filter.
- de bolsa (met)(aa), bag filter.
- de borde, (eng) edge filter.
-- de canecillo (az), cantilever filter.
- de carbn animal (az), chal' filter.
-- de cortina automtica (aa) , multipanel 01'
automatic-curtain air filter.
- de cuerdas (dac), cord filter.
-- de direccin (ra), directional filter.
- del efluente (dac), effiuent filter.
- de entrada (geof), input filter.
-- de escurrimiento, trickling filter.
- de faja (ra) , band Or band-pass filter.
-- de fuerza bruta (ra), brute-force filter.
-- de gravedad, gravity filter.
-- de guarapo (az), juice strainer.
- de luz (fma), filter.
-- de malla (auto), filter screen.
- de paso alto (ra), high-pass filtel'.
- de paso bajo (ra), low-pass filter.
- de paso de banda (ni) (A), band-pass or band
filter.
-.- de pulsaciones (ra) (A), ripple filter.
-- de rascadura (ra) (Es), scratch filter.
-- de regadera, sprinkling filter.
-- de resistencia-capacidad (ra) , resistance-
capacity filter.
- de ruido de pa (ra), scratch filter.
- de salida (geof), output filter.
-- de tambor, drum filter.
- de todo paso (ra), all-pass filter.
-- de un cuarto de onda (ra) , quarter-wave
filter.
-- desaceitador, oil-removal filter.
- desbastador (pa) (A), roughing filter.
-- desferrizador (pa), iron-removal filter.
-- desodorizador (pa), odor-removal filter.
-- eliminador (ra), band-eliminationfilter.
- goteante (M), trickling filter.
-- intermitente de arena (dac) , intermittent
sand filter.
--invertido (hid), inverted 01' reverse filter,
- pasa-altos (ra) (A), high-pass filter.
- pasa-bajos (ra) (A), low-pass filter.
- percolador (dac), .trickling or percolating
filter.
- rpido de arena (pa), rapid sand filter.
- rociador (dac), sprinkling filter.
--rotativo (az), rotary-leaf or rotary filter.
--seco (aa), dry-type filter, air mato
- suavizador (pa),softening filter.
filtro-prensa de alimentacin central, center-
feed filter press.
financiar, to finance.
financista m, financier, financial backer. (geol)(A) folding.
fineza 1, fineness. floculacin 1, flocculatlOn.
finito, finite. floculador m (is), flocculator.
fino, fine. floculante m, flocculant.
finos m, fines. flocular, to flocculate; a(C) flocculent.
finura 1, fineness, grain. . . 1 t
- del molido (ct), fineness of grmdmg. floculento a, floccu en .
firme m, roadbed, foundation course; a firm, flculo m, floc.
flocus m (pa) (Pe) , floc. .
solid, stable, compacto
th flogopl'ta 1, phlogopite, brown mlCa. fiscal, pertaining to the treasury or e govern-
flojedad 1, slack; looseness.
ment; fiscal. .... flojo, slack, loose; unstable (,?,ound).
fiscalizacin 1, control, mspectlOn. flor de, a, flush with, level wlth.
fiscalizador m, inspector, supervIsor. flor de agua, a, awash.
fiGcalizar, t::> control; to inspect. flor de lluvia (A), shower head.
fisco m, national treasury. flores. .
i3ica 1, physics. __ de antimonio . (miner), antlmony bloom,
- de suelos, soil physics. white antimony, valentinite.
fi3ico m, physicist; a physical. __ de cinc, zinc oxide, flowersof
fi3i1, fissile. _ de cobalto, cobalt bloom,
fisilidad I (geol), fissility. _ de nquel, nickel bloom, annabergIte.
fisura 1, seam, fissure. flota (j) de madera (Pan), mason's float.
fisurarse (A) (M), to crack. flotabilidad 1, buoyancy.
fito, see hito. __ de reserva (an), reserve buoyancy.
fitoplancton m (is), phytoplankton. _ de servicio (an), working buoyancy.
flagelos m (is), flagella. flotable (1'), navigable for
flama 1, flameo . k d flotacin 1, (naut) (min) flotatlOn; buoy.ancy. .
flamante, brand new, unused; SplC an span. __ selectiva (min) , selective 01' dIf'ferentla!
flambear, to buckle; to defle?t. flotation.
flambeo m, buckling, deflectlOn.
flanco m, side', slope of a wal1; (.geol) limb; (t) flotador m, float.
al1 ( ) - de bastn (hid); rod float.
(th)(gear) flank; sidew tIre. _ tubular (hid),tube float.
flanche ?n (pet) (V), flange. flotajem, flotation,floating.
flanquear, to flank. flotante m, float; a floating.
flatachar (A), to trowel; to float. flotar, to float.
flatacho m (A), mason's float; trowel.. . fluctuacin I (ra), fluctuation.
flecha 1, deflection, sag; middleordmate; nse fluencial (Es) (Pe), flow.
(arch); crown (road); pole (wagon);. (M) fluidal (geol) (A), fluidal.
Shaft, axle', (M) spade of a concrete VIbra- di
fluidez 1, fluidity, liqui ty.
tor; (A) derrick boom. .. fluidificante m, 'flux.
- de propulsin (auto) (M), propel1er or dnve fluidificar, to liquefy, flux, fluidize.
shaft. 11 h ft fluidmetro m, fluidimeter. .
-- motriz (auto) (M), prope el' s a . flido m, fluid; a fluid; (geol) flUIdal.
flechital (dib), arrowhcad. . _ de cortar, cutting fluid.
fleje m, band, iron strap, hoop; (met) stnp. __ de perforacin (pet), fluid.
fletador m, freighter, charterer. . __ enfriador (met), quench flUId.
fletamento, fletamiento m, charter, affrelght- fluidmetro m, Fluidometer (trademark); (C)
mento flowmeter.
fletante m, one who owns any means oftransport flu'lmetro m (Ch), flowmeter.
for hire (boats, trucks,' beasts of burden,
fluir, to flow, (pt) to sag.
etc.). . ht _ en fro, to cold-flow.
fletar, to charter, hire; to affrelg . flujo m, flow; flux; (met) creep.
flete ?n, freight; freight rate! frelght charges. __ de arco (sol), arc stream.
- debido o por cobrar, frClght collect. _ de dispersin (elc), leakage flux.
-- pagado, freight prepaid. . () 11 wash
. of means of -- de la hlice ap, prope el' .
fletero m, freight owner __ de la marea, flood tide. .
transport for hlre. __ electrosttico o elctrico, electrlc 01' electro-
flexarse to bend, deflect. static flux.
flexibilidad 1, flexibility, pliability. _ eritmico (il), erythemal flux..
flexible, flexible. __ inductor o mawtico, magnetlC flux.
flexmetro m (Es), deflectometer. --laminar (hid), laminar 01' viscous flow..
flexin 1, bending, flexure. --luminoso, luminous flux 01' power;
-- compuesta, compound fle;xure. __ turbulento (hid) , turbulent or smuous or
-- pura o simple, pure bendmg. tortuous flow.
flexional, flexural. _ viscoso (hid), laminar or viscous 01' stream-
flexionarse, to deflect, bend, buckIe. line fl()w,
tlex9m.etro m, flexometer,
fieltro
- para subrasantes (ca), subgrade felt.
fierro m, iron.
- angular, angle iron.
-- canal, channel iron.
- dulce (Pe), wrought iron.
--forjado, wrought iron.
--fundido, cast iron.
- soldado (Ch), wrought iron.
--viejo o de desecho, junk, scrap iron.
fierros, (CA) tools.
figueroa 1, an Ecuadorian lumber.
figura I (dib), figure.
fija 1, trowel; (Pe) blade tamper.
fijacin 1, fastening; (chem) fixation.
fijado m (fma), fixing.
fijador m, fastening, binder, keeper; (pmy) fixer.
-- de tuercas, nut runner or setter.
fijar, to fasten; to fix.
fijo, stationary, fixed.
fila 1, row, line, range.
- divisoria (top)(V), divide.
filamento m, filamento
filamentoso, filamentous.
filstica 1, marline, calking or rope yarn.
-- alquitranada o embreada, marline.
- de plomo, lead wool.
filetaje m (A), threading.
filete m, thread; fillet.
- a la derecha, right-hand thread.
- a la izquierda, left-hand thread.
- bastardo, bastard 01' buttress thread.
-- de toruillo, screw thread; bolt thread.
-- de tornillo sin fin, worm thread.
- de tubo, pipe thread.
--insertado, screw-thread inserto
-- macho, male thread.
-- matriz, female thread.
-- Sellers, Sellers' thread.
- tallado, cut thread.
-- trapezoidal, buttl'ess thread.
-- triangular, V thread.
-- troquelado, pressed thread.
--. Whitworth, Whitworth thread.
fileteadora 1, threading machine; chasing tool.
filetear,to thread, chase.
fileteo m, threading.
filita I (geol) (minE)r), phyIlite.
filo m, cutting edge; (top) ridge.
-- de cincel, chisel poiQt.
-- de corte, cutting edge.
filn m, vein, seam, lode, (min) reef.
-- atravesado, cross vein or lode.
-- ciego, blind vein orJ()de.
-- compuesto, compound vein.
-- de contacto, cOI;ltact vein.
-- en cua (min) , gash 01' rakevein.
-- escalonado, stepvl:'in.
- inclinado, rake verl.
- paralelo (a la l:'str,tificacin), bec:i Ol' bedded
vein.
- principal, masteror champioI;lor mothE)rlode.
-- sin afloramiento, blind vein..
-- transversal, cross vell 01' l0cl
e
.
filtrabilidad 1, filtrability.
filtrable, filtrable. ,
filtracin 1, filtration; seepage, creeR;
150
financiar
financista 151 flujo
flujmetro 152 frmula
frmula
153
fotolmpara
fiujmetro m, fiuxmeter.
fior m (qu!m), fiuorine.
-- espato (miner), fiuor spar, fiuorite.
fiuoracin J, fiuorination.
fiuorapatita J (miner), fiuorapatite.
fiuorescencia J, fiuorescence, (pet) bloom, (pet)
casto
fiuorescente, fiuorescent.
fiurico (qu!m), fiuoric.
fiuorita, fiuorina J (miner), fiuorite, fiuor spar.
fiuoruro m,. fiuoride, fiuorate.
fius m, fiue, tube.
-- de acero enterizo, seamless tubing.
-.- de caldera, boiler tube.
fiusera J, set of boiler tubes.
fiuvial, pertaining to rivers, fiuvial.
fiuvio-elico (geol), fiuvio-aeolian.
fiuvioglacial (geol), fiuvioglacia!.
fiuvigrafo m (hid), recording stream gage; fiu-
viograph.
fiuviolacustre (geol), fiuviolacustrine.
fiuviomarino (geol), fiuviomarine.
fiuvimetro m (hid), current meter; fiuviograph;
fiowmeter.
-- registrador, recording current meter.
fiuviovolcnico (geo!) , fiuviovolcanic.
fiuxmetro m, (A) fiuxmeter; (M) fiushometer.
fiuyendo, fiowing.
focal, foca!.
foco m, focus; focal point.
- catdico (ra), cathode spot.
- elctrico (A) (M), incandescent lampo
- incandescente (M) (Col) (Pan), incandescent
lampo
- piloto (M), pilot lampo
-- principal (inst), principal focus.
--real, real focus.
-- virtual, virtual focus..
fogn m, firebox, furnace.
fogonadura J (cn), mast hole.
fogonazo (m) de retorno (sol), backtire.
fogonera (f) automtica, mechanical stoker.
fogonero, foguista, m (cal), tireman stoker.
foguear (M), to stoke a furnace.
fogueo m (M),stoking.
foliacin J (geol), foliation.
foliado, foliated. .
fomentar, to promote (a project).
fomento m, development; promotion.
fomita J, foamite (tire extinguisher).
fon, phon (unit of loudness).
fondaje m (hid)(C), sedimento
fondeadero m, anchorage, berth.
fondear, to anchor, drop anchor.
fondeo m, anchoring, mooring.
fondo m, bottom, far end, base, bed; fund; depth;
(tv) background.
-- de amortizacin, sinking fundo
_. de barril, barrelhead.
- de la caldera, boiler head.
- del cilindro, cylinder head, backcylinder
head.
- del mbolo, pistonhead.
- de laboreo (tn)(min), working face.
-- de renovacin, replacement fundo
-- del ro, river bed.
- de la rosca, root of thread.
- de la soldadura, root of weld.
- doble (cn), double bottom.
-- rotativo, revolving fundo
fondos, funds.
fnico, phonic.
fonoadaptador m (ra), phono adapter.
fonocaptor m (elc) phongraph pickup.
fonoelctrico, Phonoelectric (trademark).
fonforo (te!), phonophore.
fonolita J (geol), phonolite, clinkstone.
fonmetro m, phonometer.
fontanera J, pipework, piping, plumbing.
fontanero m, pipeman, plumber.
foquito m (A), small incandescent lampo
forcejear, to force.
forcita J (vol), forcite.
forestacin J (M), forestation.
forestal, pertaining to forests.
forja J, forge; forging.
-- con martinete, drop-forging.
-- con martinete a vapor, steam-hammer forg-
ing.
-- con matriz abierta, smith or open-die forg-
ing.
-- con presin o de prensa, press-forging.
-- de banco, bench forge.
-- de herrero, blacksmith forge.
-- de recalcar, upsetting forge.
-- de soldar, welding or brazing forge.
-- de tiro hacia abajo, downdraft forge.
forjabilidad J, malleability, forgeability.
forjable, malleable, forgeable.
forjado, forged, wrought.
-- a martinete o a troquel, drop-forged.
-- en caliente, hot-forged.
-- en fro, cold-forged.
forjador m, blacksmith, forge smith.
forjar, to forge; to rough-plaster; (Col) to fill be-
tween beame on awall.
-- a presin, to press-forge.
forma J, form, shape; (conc) form; (Col) roof
truss.
formabilidad J,. formability.
formacin J (geol), formation, country; (elec)
forming.
formador m, shaper; former.
formadora (f) de engranajes, gear shaper.
formaldehido m, formaldehyde.
formaleta J, small form, centering, form for con-
crete pipe; (C) straightedge.
formar, to form.
frmicaJ (elc), Formica (trademark).
formn m, chisel, mortising or firmer.or framing
chise!.
-- con chanfie, cant chisel.
-- de ngulo, corner chise!.
-- de cubillo, socket chise!.
-- de cuchara, bent; entering chise!.
-- de espiga, tang chise!.
-- de filo oblicuo, side or skewchise!.
-- de punta de lanza, spear-point chise!.
-- de punta redonda, roundnose chisel.
-- de tornero, turning chiser'.
frmula J, formula; (A) blank formo
- de Chzy (hid), Chzy formula.
__ de Manning (hid), Manning's formula.
__ del prismoide, prismoida! formula.
__ de la seccin media (ot) , average-end-area
formula.
__ dinmica (pi), dynamic formula.
-- esttica (pi), static formula.
formulario m, blank formo
__ de contrato, contract form.
__ de fianza, form of surety bond.
__ de propuesta, bidding form or blank, pro-
posa! formo
fornallaJ, tirebox, furnace; (C) ashpit (furnace).
fornaza J, small furnace.
forrar, to line, sheath, cover, c ~ i l , coat, f ~ c e , lag.
forro m, lining, lagging, sheathmg; bushing.
-- aislante, insulation.
- centrifugado (tub), spun lining.
-- de cilindro, cylinder linero
-- de cojinete, bearing sleeve, bushing.
-- de chimenea, fiue lining.
-- de chumacera, bushing, linero
-- de freno, brake lining.
_ hmedo (di), wet-type cylinder linero
forros de zanja, sheeting, sheet piling..
forsterH J (miner), forsterite (magnesium sili-
cate).
fortalecer, to strengthen.
fortaleza J, strength.
fortificacin J (min), system of supports, timber-
ing.
fortificar, to strengthen, brace, buttress, shore.
forzar, to force.
fosaJ, pit; drain; (met) sow.
-- de excreta, cesspoo!.
-- sptica, septic tank. .
fosfatar, fosfatizar, to phosphate, phosphatlze.
fosftico, phosphatic.
fosfato m, phosphate.
fosfito m, phosphite.
fsfor m (ra), phosphor.
fosforado, phosphated. .
fosforar, fosforizar, to phosphorate, phosphorIze.
fosforescencia J, phosphorcscence.
fosforescente, phosphorescent.
fosforescer, to phosphoresce.
fosfrico, phosphoric.
fosforita J (geo!) (miner), phosphorite.
fsforo m, phosphorus; (ra)(Sp) phosphor.
fosforoso, phosphorous.
fosfuro m, phosphide.
foso m, trench, ditch, pito
_ colector (pet), gathering pito
_ de abastecimiento de combustible (ap), fuel-
ing pito
-- de aserrar, saw pito
_ de caldeo (met), soaking pito
-- de cenizas, ashpit.
__ de cintura, marginal or interceptingditch.
_ de colada (fund), casting pito
_ del lodo (pet), mud ditch.
_ de prstamo (ot), borrow pito
_ de recalentar (met), soaking pito
__ de servicio (ap) , service pito
__ de succin (bm), suction pito
- de volante, fiywheel pito
.-- sptico CEs), septic tank.
fosterita J(ais), Fosterite (trademark).
fot m (i!), phot.
fotoactivo, photoactive.
fotoareo (M), pertaining to aerial photography.
fotoalidada l (fma), photoalidade.
fotobulbo m (A), phototube.
fotocalcar, to blueprint.
fotocalco m, sun print; photographic copy; photo-
print.
- azul, blueprint.
--blanco, white print.
fotocarta J, photomap.
fotocartografa J,photographic mapping, photo-
mapping.
fotocartgrafo m, photocartograph.
fotoctodo m (ra), photocathode.
fotocelda J (M) (A), photoelectric cell.
fotoclula J, photocell, photoelectric cell.
fotoclinmetro m, photoclinometer.
fotoconductividad J (elc), photoconductivity.
fotoconductivo (ra) ,photoconductive.
fotocopia J, photocopy,blueprint.
- azul, blueprint.
-- blanca, white print.
- negra, blackprint.
-- parda, brownprint.
fotocopiar, to blueprint, make aphotocopy.
fotocroquis (fma), mosaic, photosk,tch.
fotodesintegracin J, photodisintegration.
fotoelasticidad J, photoelasticity.
fotoelstico, photoelastic.
fotoelectricidad J, photoelectricity.
fotoelctrico, photoelectric.
fotoelectrn m,photoelectron.
fotoemisivo,foto.emisor (ra), photoemissive.
fotoesttico (M), photostatic.
fotoesteregrafo m (fma), photostereograph.
fotfono m, photophone.
fotognico, photogenic.
fotgeno m, photogen (oil).
fotogoniometra f(fma), photogoniometry.
fotogonimetro m (fma), photogoniometer.
fotograbado m, photoengraving.
fotografa J, photography; a photograph.
_ compuesta (fma), composite photograph.
fotografiar, to photograph.
fotgrafo (fma), photographer, cameraman.
fotograma m (fma), photogram.
fotogrametra J, photogrammetry, photographic
surveying.
-- area, aerosurveying, aeria! photogram-
metry.
-- cercana, close photogrammetry.
__. por imagen nica, single-image photogram-
metry.
_ por imgenes dobles, two-image photogram-
metry.
__ terrestre, terrestrial photographic surveying.
fotogramtrico, photogrammetric.
fotogrametrista m, photographic surveyor, pho-
togrammetrist.
fotogrmetro m, photogrammeter, phototheodo-
lite.
fotoionizacin J, photo-ionization.
fotolaboratorio m, photographic laboratory.
fotolmpara J (A), photoelectric cell.
fotoluminiscencia
154
frecuencia
frecuencia 155 fresar
fotoluminiscencia J, photoluminescence.
fotomapa m, photoplan, photomap.
fotomecnico, photomechanical.
fotometra J, photometry,
fotomtrico, photometrical, photometric.
fotmetro m, photometer, (V) exposure meter.
-- de dispersin, dispersion photometer.
-- de globo, sphere photometer.
--integrador, integrating photometer.
-- por destellos, flicker photometer.
fotomicrografa J, photomicrography.
fotomicrgrafo m, photomicrograph.
fotomicroscopio m, photomicroscope.
fotn m (ptica), photon.
fotoperspectgrafo m (fma) , photoperspecto-
graph.
fotoplano m (fma), photoplan.
fotorreproduccin J, photoreproduction.
fotorresistencia J, photoelectric resistance, pho-
toresistance.
fotorrestitucin J (fma),
fotorrestituidor m (fma) , photographic restitu-
tion machine.
fotosensible, photosensitive.
fotosntesis J (qulm), photosynthesis.
fotosinttico, photosynthetic.
fotostatar, to photostat.
fotosttico,photostatic.
fotstato m, photostat.
fototaquimetra (Es), photogrammetry.
fototaqumetro m, phototheodolite with stadia
hairs.
fototelegrafa J, phototelegraphy.
fototeodolito m (fma), phototheodolite.
fototopografa J, photographic topography, pho-
togrammetry.
fototopogrfico, phototopographic.
fototopgrafo m, phototopographer.
fototriangular, to phototriangulate.
fototubo m, phototube, photoelectric tube.
-- a gas, gas or soft phototube.
- multiplicador, multiplier or electron-multi-
plier phototube.
fotovlvu1a J (A), phototube.
fotovoltaico, photovoltaic, photoelectric.
fotrnico (il), Photronic (trademark).
fracasar, to be unsuccessful; to fail; to be
wrecked.
fracaso m, failure; breakdown.
fraccin J, fraction.
-_. continua, continued fraction.
--impropia', improper fraction.
--propia, proper fmction.
-.-reptesentativa (dib) , representative frac-
.tion, fractional scale.
fraccionado, fractional,divided; broken.
fraccionador m (pet), fractionator.
fraccionamiento de viscosidad (pet) , viscosity
breaking.
fraccionar,. to break down, divide into parts; to
fractlOnate.
fraccionario, fractional.
fractura J, fracture, breaking.
-- astillosa (miner), splintery fracture.
-- concoidea (miner), conchoidal fracture.
- de copa (met), cup fractUl:e.
- escalonada (geol)(A), step fault.
-mellada (miner) , hackIY fracture.
fracturar, to fracture.
fragataJ (C), boxcar, cal' body.
frgil, brittle; frail.
fragilidad J, brittleness; frailty.
-- custica, caustic embrittlement.
-- en caliente, hot-shortness.
fragmentacin J, fragmentation.
fragmentar, to break up, shatter.
fragmentario, fragmentoso (geol), fragmental.
fragua J, forge; blacksmith shop; (ct) setting.
-- baja, bloomery.
-- de recalcar, upsetting forge.
-- de soldar, welding or brazing forge.
- final (ct), final seto
- inicial (ct), initial seto
fraguado m, forging;. (ct) setting.
--trmico, thermosetting.
fraguador m, blacksmith, forge smith.
fraguar, to forge; (ct) to set; to cure (agphalt);
(Col) to grout.
frage m, setting, seto
franco, open, free, clear; exempt.
a bordo o sobre vagn (FAB)(tr), free on
board (FOB).
- bordo (an) (A), freeboard.
- de avera simple (seg) , free of particular
average.
-- de derechos, duty-free.
-- de porte, prepaid (carriage).
--fuera del buque, free overside.
- sobre muelle (tr), free alongside (FAS).
franja J, strip, bando
- capilar (A), capillary fringe.
franklinita J, franklinite (ore of manganese).
franquear, to span, clear; to clear away.
franqueo m, postage; prepayment; clearance,
(machy) relief, backing-off; (tun) (min)
unkeying.
--lateral, side clearance.
-- superior, headroom, vertical clearance.
franquicia J, franchise; tax exemption.
frasco m, flask, bottle, vial.
- de filtrar, filter flask.
- gotero (lab), dropping bottle.
- separador (lab), parting flask.
frasquito m (lab), vial.
fratacho m (A), mason's float.
frats m, plasterer's trowel, mason's float.
fratasar, to trowel, to float.
fretico, phreatic, subsurface.
freatmetro m (A), device for gaging ground
water.
freatofitas J (hid), phreatophytes.
frecuencia J, frequency (aH senses).
-- amortiguadora (ra), quenching frequency.
-- angular o de radin (ra) , angular or radian
frequency.
-- audible (ra), audio frequency.
- crtica (fsica), threshold or critica! fre-
quency.
- de corte (ra)(A), cutoff frequency.
-- de cuadro (tv), frame frequency.
- de imagen (ra), image lrequency; (tv) pie-
ture frequency.
- de lnea (tv), line frequency.
-- de visin (ra), video or visual frequency.
- heterodina o de pulsacin (ra) , beat or
heterodyne frequency.
-- nominal, rated frequency.
-- patrn, standard frequency.
-- portadora (elc), carrier frequency.
- portadora fijada o' portadora asignada (m),
center or resting frequency.
-- propia (ra) , natural frequency or wave length.
- superelevada (ra), superhigh frequency.
-- ultraelevada, ultrahigh frequency.
- vocal (ra) (A), voice froquency.
frecuencmetro m, frequency meter.
-- de lengetas, vibrating-reed frequency
meter.
-- heterodino, heterodyne wavemeter.
--registrador, frequency recorder.
fregadero m (Pb), sink.
fregador m (Pan), sink.
frenada J (A), braking.
frenaje m, braking.
-- de recuperacin. o de regeneracin, regenera-
tiye braking.
--reosttico, resistance or rheostatic braking.
frenar, to brake.
frenero m, brakeman.
freno m, brake.
-- a corrientes parsitas, eddy-current brake.
- al cardn (auto) (A), transmission brake.
-- al vaco, vacuum brake.
-- aerodinmico, air brake (airplane).
-- de aceite, oil brake.
-- de aire, air brake.
- de almohadillas, block brake.
-- de automultiplicacin de fuerza, sel-ener-
gizing brake.
- de banda o de cinta, band brake.
-- de crculo completo, fuH-wrap brake.
-- de direccin, steering brake.
- de discos mltiples, multidisk brake.
- de doble zapata, two-shoe brake.
-- de electroimn, eleetromagnetic brake.
- del embrague (auto), clutch brake.
- de estacionamiento. (auto), parking brake.
-- de expansin interior, internal-expanding
brake.
-- de friccin, friction brake; Prony brake.
- de patn (fc), slipper brake.
- de pedal o de servicio (auto), foot or service
brake.
-- de seguridad o de urgencia, emergency
brake.
- de timn (cn), rudder brake.
-- dinamomtrico, dynamometer or Prony
brake.
-- manual, hand brake.
-- medidor de potencia, absorption dynamom-
eter.
-- neumtico, air brake.
-- para puerta, door check.
frente m, face, front, (min) heading.
- corrido (min), longwall.
-- de ataque, working face, forcbreast.
-- de manzana, city block (distance between
strcets). .
- muerto, dead front (switchboard).
- vivo, live front (switchboard).
frentear, to face, mill, machine.
frenteo m, facing, milling.
frentero m (min), miner employed at the work-
ing face.
frentista m (A) (U), cement mason for stucco
work.
fren (rfg), Freon (trademark).
fresa J, bit, milling tool, miller; (C) reamer; (A)
countersinking bit.
- cilndrica helicoidal, sIn.bbing cutter.
- cola de pescado, fishtail cutter.
-- cortadora, cutter bit.
-- de corte lateral, side milling cutter.
-- de cuchillas postizas, inserted-blade cutter.
- de dientes escalonados, staggered-tooth cut-
ter.
-- de dientes grandes, coarse-tooth cutter.
-- de disco, side cutter.
- de espiga, end millo
-- de ranurar, gaining head.
-- de refrentar, face cutter.
-- de roscar, thread milling cutter, thread-cut-
ting tool.
-- desbllstadora,roughing orstocking cutter.
-- en cruz (pet), cross cutter.
-- escariadora, end millo
-- escariadora hueca, shell end millo
-- estriadra, fluting cutter.
-- madre, hobo
-- mltiple, gang cutter.
- partidora, parting too!.
-- perfilada, profile or formed cutter.
- perfilada sim,ple, fly cutter.
-- ranuradora, cotter millo
- recortadora, cutting-off tool (lathe).
--rotativa de ranurar, dado or grooving or
gaining head.
-- semiesfrica, rose mill or cutter.
fresas de disco acopladas, straddle millo
fresa-taladradora, boring and turning millo
fresabilidad J, machinability.
fresable, machinable.
fresado m,:miiling.
_.- a gas, gas or flame machining.
-- a mquina, machine-cut.
-- angular, angular milling.
-- de frente, face milling.
-- en espiral, spiral milling.
- y taladrado (tub), faced and drilled.
fresadora J, milling machine; hobbing machine;
shaper; (C) reamer; (A) countersinking bit.
--acepilladora, planer-type milling machine,
rotary planer, planomiller, milling planer.
-- de banco, bench miller.
-- de desbastar, rougher, roughing reamer.
-- de engranajes, gear miller 01.' hobber.
-- de punt'.ls, spot-facer.
-- de roscar, thread miller.
-- de superficie, slab miller.
--para levas, cam cutter.
--ranuradora, spline milling machine.
fresar, to face, mill, machine; to hob; (C) to
rearo; (A) to countersink.
--la cara de atrs, to back-face.
fresar 156 funcionar funcionario 157 galera
--para las tuercas, to spot-face.
fresno m (mad), ash.
friabilidad J, friability; brittleness.
friable, brittle; friable.
friccin J, friction.
- cintica, kinetic 01' sliding friction.
-- de arranque, starting 01' breakaway friction.
-- de deslizamiento, sliding friction.
-- de rodamiento, rolling friction.
-- de zafar, breakaway friction.
-- esttica, static 01' starting friction.
- pelicular (A), skin friction.
frigocentral J (A), refrigeration planto
frigorfico m, cold-storage plant; meat-packing
plant; a frjgorific.
frigorgeno,producing cold.
frisadom,(V) Same as friso.
friso m, wainscot, dado; (V) scratch coat 01'
brown coat of plaster.
froga J (Col), rubble filling between ashlar faces.
frogar (Col), to fill joints; to grout the stones in
a wall.
frontal a, front, head. ,
frontera J (Es), front wall.
frontis m, fascia; fa9ade.
frontispicio m, fa9ade, front wall.
frontn m, pediment; (min) working face, fore-
breast.
frota J, cement mason's float.
frotador m, rubber; (elec) (U) contact brush.
frotamiento m, friction, chafing, rubbing.
-- de deslizamiento, sliding frictioll.
-- de rodadura, rolling friction.
frotar, to rl1b; to chafe.
ftalato de potasio (lab), potassium phthalate.
ftlico (qum), phthalic.
fucsina J (is), fuchsin.
fuego m, fire.
fuellar, to blow with a bellows.
fuelle m, bellows, blower; connection between
car vestibules; (C) automobile top; bel-
lows of a camera.
fuente/, fountain; spring; source.
-'- aceleradora (mg), accelerating well.
-- artesiana, artesian spring.
-- de abastecimiento o de provisin, source of
water supply.
- de afloramiento, gravity spring.
-- de beber, drinking fountain.
- de carga, feed well.
-- de contllcto" conj;act spring.
- de energa A (B, C)(ra), A (B, C) power
supplY.
--de fisura,. fracWre ar fissure spring.
--de holld()nada,depression spring;
- desarenadora'(A), sand,trap.
--luminosa, (il), l11minous source.
-- surtidora, sourceof suppl:v.
fuentes fluviales, (PR) water resollrces.
fuera adv, out, outside.
-- de ajuste, out-of-adjustment.
- de aplomo, out-of-plumb.
- de bordo, outboard.
- del camino, off-the-road (hauling).
-- de centro, off-center, out-of-center.
- de escuadra, out-of-squarec
-- de fase, out-of-phase.
- de juego (C), out-of-gear.
-- de lnea, out-of-line.
-- de redondo, out-of-round.
-- de servicio, out-of-service.
-- de toma, out-of-gear, unmeshed.
fuerte, strong, powerful; sharp (curve); heavy
(grade).
fuerzaJ, force, power.
-- al freno, brake horsepower.
-- a vapor, steam power.
-- caballar, horsepower.
-- capilar, capillary force.
-- centrfuga, centrifugal force.
-- coercitiva (elc), coercive force.
-- continua, firm 01' primary power.
-- contraelectromotriz, back electromotive
force.
-- de agua, water power.
-- de arrastre, tractive force.
-- de brazos, hand power; man power.
-- de elevacin, lifting power.
-- de filtracin (ms), seepage force.
- de levantamiento, uplift (dam).
-- de sangre, animal power.
-- discontinua, dump 01' secondary power.
-- electromotriz, electromotive force.
-- electromotriz aplicada, impressed 01' applied
electromotive force.
-- hidrulica, water power.
-- hidromotriz (A), water power.
--indicada de caballos, indicated horsepower.
-- magntica, maghetic strength 01' force 01'
intensity.
-- magnetomotriz, magnetizing 01' magnetomo-
tive force.
-- mayor, force majeure, aet of God.
-- motriz, power, motive power.
-- permanente,firm 01' primary power.
-- portativa (ra)(A), carrier power.
-- primaria, primary power.
-- provisoria, dump power.
-- termoelectromotriz, thermoelectromotive
force.
-- tractora, tractive force.
fuetazo m, whipping of a cable.
fugas J, (hyd) leakage; (elec) fault.
fulcro m, fulcrum.
fulgor azul (ra) (A), blue glow.
fulguracin J, fulguration.
fulgurita f (geol) (vol), fulgurite.
fulmicotn m, guncotton.
fulminante m, blasting cap, exploder; detonator.
fulminar, to cause to explode; to discharge.
fulminato m, fulminate.
fulmnico, fulminc.
fumfugo, smokeless.
fumvoro, smoke-ponsumng, srhokeless.
funcinJ (mat), function.
-- de simple valuacin, single-valued function.
- de valuacin mltiple, multiple-valued fune-
tion.
-- escalar, scalar function.
--vectorial, vector, function.
funcionamiento m, operation.
funcionar; to run, work, operate.
funcionario m, official, officer.
funda J, case, sheath.
- de cemento (PR), cement bago
-- de neumtico (auto), tire cover.
--para herramientas, tool rollo
fundacin J, foundation.
-- corrida, continuous footing.
-- de cajn, pneumatic-caisson foundation.
-- ensanchada, spread footing.
-- escalonada, stepped footing.
fundamental J, (ra) fundamental; a fundamental
(all senses).
fundamentar, to laya foundation.
fundamento m, foundation, footing; (geol) base-
mento
fundar, to found.
fundente m, welding compound, flux.
- para soldadura, soldering 01' welding flux.
-- para soldadura de latn, brazing flux.
fundera J, foundry; casting.
fundible, fusible.
fundicinJ, foundry; casting; a casting; smelting
works.
-- al coque, coke hon.
-- a presin o a troquel, die-casting.
-- argntea, silvery iron.
-- atruchada, mottled iron.
-- blanca, white cast iron, white iron.
- bruta (A), pig iron.
- centrifugada, centrifugal casting.
-- de acero, steel casting; steel foundry.
-- de aleacin, alloy cast iron.
- de hierro, iron founding; iron foundry; cast
iron.
-- de hierro gris, gray-iron casting.
-- de hierro maleable, wrought-iron casting.
-- de latn, brass casting; brass foundry.
-- de liga, alloy cast iron.
-- de segunda fusin, gray cast iron.
-- escoriosa, cinder pig iron.
-- gris, gray-iron casting; foundry pig.
-- maleable, malleable casting, malleable cast
iron.
--truchada, mottled iron.
fundido, cast; fused, melted.
-- centrfugamente, centrifugally casto
-- en arena, sand-cast.
- en bloque (auto), cast-in-block.
-- en foso de colada, pit-cast.
fundidor m, foundryman, founder; melter.
fundir, to cast; to melt, smelt; to blow out (fuse);
fundirse, to melt, fuse.
fungicida m, fungicide.
fungiforme a, mushroom (column head).
fungisttico, fungistatic.
funicular m, cable railway; a funicular.
-- areo, aerial tramway.
furgn m, baggage car; truck with closed body,
van; (M) boxcar; (A) baggage, express, 01'
mail caro
- de carga (A), freight caro
-- de cola, caboose.
-,- de equipajes, baggage caro
furgonada J, carload, truckload.
furnia! (C), sump.
furo m, orifice; (top) channcl.
fuselado m, fairing, streamlining; a streamlined.
fuselaje m, fuselage.
fusetrn (elc), Fusetron (trademark) (time-lag
fuse).
fusibilidad J, fusibility.
fusible m, fuse; (C) rail bond; a fusible.
-- de accin retardada, tirne-delay or time-lag
fuse.
- de bayoneta (C), knife fuse.
- de cartucho a casquillo, ferrule-type car-
tridge fuse.
-'- de cartucho a cuchillo, knife-blade-type car-
tridge fuse.
-- de cinta, link or strip fuse.
-- de cuchilla, knife fuse.
-- de desprendimiento, drop-out fuse.
-- de recierre, reclosing fuse.
- de tapn, plug fuse.
-- de tiempo, time-lag fuse.
-- renovable, renewable fuse.
fusiforme" fusiform, spindle-shaped; stream-
lined.
fusi n J, fusiono
fusionar (A), to fuse.
fuslina J (Es) (A), smelter.
fuste m, shaft of a column; shank of a rivet or
bolt.
gabari, gabarit, gabarito m (fe), clearance gage;
track gage.
gabarra J, scow, barge.
-- de gra, derrick barge.
gabarraje m, lighterage.
gabarrero m, bargerilan.
gabera J (Col), brick moldo
gabinete m, laboratory, office, study; (1'1') state-
room, (rr) (M) drawing room;' (ra)(M)
cabinet.
gabin, m (1'), gabion.
gablete m, gable.
gbrico, gabbroic.
gabro m (geol), gabbro.
gafaJ, cant hook; (C) gall'.
-- de palanca, cant hook.
gafas de soldador, welding goggles.
gaitaJ, a Puerto Rican lumber.
gajo m, leaf of an orange-peel bucket; branch
mountain chain.
gal (geof), gal.
galactita J, fuller's earth.
galpago m, centering (arch) ;saddle; ;lig, ingot,
sow; (sb) hatch batten.
galena J, ,galena (lead ore).
galnico, galenic.
galeotaJ (cn), carling, beam carline, girder.
galera !, wagon, van; jack plane; (CA) shed,
shanty.
galerada J, wagonload.
galera J, gallery, heading, (min) drift,
- captante (hid), collectinggallery.
-- cntrica de avance (tn), center drift.
- de agotamiento (min) draining adit.
- de arrastre (min) , haulageway; slushinr;
drift.
158
159
galera
- de ataque (tfi)(min), heading.
- de avance, heading; pilot bore.
- dellvance superior (tti), top heading.
- de captacin (hid), infiltration or eolleeting
gallery.
- de carga (min) , loading drift.
- de coleccin, (hyd) eolleeting gallery; (min)
gathering drift.
- de desarrollQ (min), development drift.
- de descarga, sluieeway (dam).
- de direccin, (tun) advanee heading; (min)
driftway.
- de empino (tn), erown drift.
- de escombrar (min), mueking drift.
- de evacuacin (hid), sluieeway, undersluiee,
silt sluiee.
- de extraccin (min), adit.
- de pala de arrastre (min), slushing drift.
- de revisin, inspeetion gallery.
- de servicio (min), serviee drift.
- de servicios (Es), street tunnel for pipes and
eonduits.
- de sondeo, exploration gallery.
- de toma (hid), intake tunnel.
- desarenadora (presa), silt sluiee, under-
sluiee.
- filtrante, filtration or infiltration gallery.
- inferior de avance (tn) , bottom drift or
heading.
-lateral de avance (tn) , side drift or heading.
galerna J, galerno m, gale.
galern m (M)(AC), barraeks; shed.
galgas J (M), ealipers.
galibador m (en), loftsman.
galibar, to work to a template.
glibo m, template, jig; straightedge; clearanee
diagram.
-_..... de ajuste (en), lofting template.
- de caja, box jig.
- de fijacin, holding jig.
- de inclinacin, slopegage; (sb) deelivity
board.
- de muones (mh), trunnion jig.
- de perfil normal (fe), elearanee gage.
- de silletas (fe), tie-plate gage.
- para guardacarril (fe), guardrail gage.
galn m, gallon.
-.- imperial, imperhL1 gtllon.
galpn m,storehouse, inclosed shed, shanty.
- de cargas, freight shed.
- de removido (A), transfer shed.
galponista m (A), erector of iron sheds.
galvnico, galvanie.
galvanismo m, galvanismo
galvanizacin (f) por inmersin en caliente, hot
or hot-dip galvanizing.
galvanizado al. fuego o en. caliente, hot-galva-
nized.
galvanizar, to galvanize.
galvano-recocido,
galvanometra J, galvaIlometry.
galvanomtrico,
galvanmetro m,. galvanometer.
- amortiguado, deadbeat galvaIlometer.
-- de aguja, needlegalvanometer.
- de bobina mvil, moving-eoil galvanometer.
gancho
- de cuerda, string galvanometer.
- de dinamitero, blasting galvanometer.
- de espejo o de reflexin, refieeting galva--
nometer.
- de senos, sine galvanometer.
- de tangentes, tangent galvanometer
galvanoplastia J, galvanoplasties, eleetrotypy,
eleetrometallurgy.
galvanoplstico, galvanoplastie.
galvanoscopio m, galvanoseope.
gallegom (az)(C), eane leveler or kieker.
galleta J, eement pat; soil cake; target (rod).
galletera J, kind of briekmaking maehine.
gallito m (M), faucet, bibb.
galln m, sod.
gama J, range, limits.
- de onda (m) (A), wave bando
gambota J (en), eounter timber.
gambusino m, skilled miner; prospeetor.
gamella J, yoke for oxen; plasterer's hawk;
trough; washtub; (Ch) chute; (min)
pan.
- de lavar (min), washtrough.
- fija (min), sleeping table.
gamma J, gamma.
ganancia J, profit, earnings; (ra) (A)
- bruta, gross profit.
-lquida, net profit.
ganancias
- de explotacin, operating profit.
- no distribudas, undivided profits.
- y prdidas, profit and loss.
gancho m, hook.
- agarrador (ef), rafting dog, tail hook; grab
hook.
- centrador (pet), wall hook.
- de abrazadera, elevis hook.
- de amarrar, mooring hook.
- de arrastre (eo) (te), pull hook.
- de cable de izar, hoist hook.
- de carga, cargo hook.
- de cerrojo, safety hook(hoist).
- de clavija, pintle hook.
- de deslizamiento, slip hook.
- de disparo, trip hook.
- de estibador, box hook.
- de estibar, cargo hook.
- de estrangulacin (eab), ehoker hook.
- de gaza, (lg) ehoker hook.
- de grillete, elevis hook.
- de maderero, dog hook.
- de mosquetn o de resorte, snap hook.
- de motn, hook of the Jall block, hoist hook.
- de ojo, eye hook.
- de pared (pet), wall hook.
- de retencin de cadena, gr'ab hook.
- de seguridad, safety hook.
- de traccin, pullhook, (lg) draw hook.
- de volteo (M), eant hook.
- giratorio, swivel hook.
- para trozas, swamp hook.
- sacatapa, manhole hook.
- soltador, release or pellean hook, (lg) dump
hook.
- y hembra o y picolete, hook and keeper, hook
and eye.
ganchos
ganchos
- de correa, belt .hooks or elamps.
- de fardo, bale hooks.
- escaladores, ellmbing irons.
- gemelos, match or sister hooks.
- para bidn, can hooks.
gandingas J (min), eoneentrates.
ganga J, gangueo
- cuarzosa, vein quartz.
gnguil m, dump seow.
ganzaJ, false key, piekloek; skeleton key; (Sp)
hook wreneh.
garabatillo m, small vise, clamp.
garabato m, grapnel, grappling iron.
garaje m, garage.
garandumbaJ (A), barge,lighter.
garante m, guarantor, bondsman.
garanta J, guaranty.
garantizar, to guarantee.
garbancillo m, (M) buekshot eoal; (Sp) fine
gravel, grits.
garbanzo m (M), pea eoal.
garfio m, hook, (C) gaf(;eanthook.
garfios de trepar, elimbing irons, elimbers.
garganta J, (meeh) groove, ehannel;. (top) gap,
narrows, gorge; gullet (saw); (w) (meeh)
throat; (tun) (A) beneh.
- del Venturi, Venturi throat.
grgol m, groove, noteh, gain.
garita J, eab of a shovel or truek; watehman's
box; (A) elevator ear.
- de mstil (en), erow's-nest.
- de seales (fe), sigual tower.
- de soldar, welding booth.
- de vista completa (pI), full-vision eab.
gariteaJ (Ee), :flatboat.
garlanchaJ, opade; (Col) blade tamper.
garlopa J, jaek or jointing or fore plane.
garlopn m, jaek or fore or trying plane.
garnierita J, garnierite (niekelore).
garra J, c1uteh, eateh, elaw, grlp.
- de cable (ele), cable grip.
- de compresin, eompression eluteh.
- de friccin, frietion e!uteh.
- de seguridad, safety eluteh.
- de zapata (or), grouser.
garras para correa, belt hooks or elamps or laeing.
garranchaJ (Col), hook.
garrapato m (A), a hardwood.
garrochaJ (M), pike pole.
garrote m, (Ch) (M) brake.
barrotero m (M), brakeman.
garruchaJ, sheave, pulley; (M) taeklll block.
- agarradora, grip sheave.
- cabecera (pet), erown sheave.
- cerradora (eueh), c10sing sheave.
- de bisagra (M), snateh block.
- de cadena, ehain block or hoist.
- de la cuchera (pet), sand sheave.
- del entubado (pet), casing sheave.
- de garganta farpada, poeket or ehain wheel.
- de gua, guide or defieeting sheave, fair-lead
block.
- de rayos, spoke sheave.
- deslizante, sliding or fieeting sheave.
- desviadora, defieeting or knuekle shea.ve.
gastar
- diferencial .(M), differential hoist.
- igualadora, equalizing sheave.
- posterior (pet), heel sheave.
garrucho m, eringle.
gas m, gas.
- acetileno, aeetylene gas.
-. cloacal, sewer gas.
- comburente, eombustion gas.
- combustible, fuel gas.
-- de aceite (C), oil gas.
- de. agua, water gas.
- de aire, air gas.
- de alto horno, blast-furnaee gas.
- de alumbrado, illuminating gas.
- de boca de pozo, easing-head gas.
- de carbn, coa! gas.
- de cieno (dae),sludgegas.
- de desperdicio, waste gas.
- de digestin (dae), digester g;as.
- de la formacin (pet), formational gas.
- de horno de coquizacin, eoke-oven gas.
- de hulla, eoal gas.
- de los lodos (dae), shldge gas.
- de los pantanos, marsh gas.
- de madera, wood gas.
- de petrleo, oil gas.
-licuado de petrleo, liquefied petroleum gas.
- natural, natural or easing-head or oilcwell
gas, green gas.
- pobre, producer or generator gas.
- residual o seco (pet), dry or residue gas.
- rico, illuminating gas.
- verde (pet), green or natural gas.
gases de desecho, waste gases.
gases de escape, exhaust gases.
gasa (1) de alambre, wire gauze.
gaseiforme, gaseous, gasiform.
gaseoso, gaseous.
g;asero, gasfiter, g;asista m, gas fitter, pipeman.
gasfitera J, pipework, gas fitting.
gasfero, eontaining gas.
gasificar, to gasify.
gasoducto m (A)"pipe line for gas.
gasgeno m, gazogene; gas produeer.
- de acetileno, aeetylene generator.
- de tiro descendente, downdraft produeer.
- escorificador, slagging produeer.
gasoleno m, gasoline.
gasleo m, gas oil.
gasolina J, gasoline.
- de alto octanaje, high-oetane gasoline.
- de alta volatilidad, high-test gasoline.
- de destilacin directa, straight-run gasoline.
- de destilacin final, end-point gasoline.
- estabilizada, stripped gasoline.
- mezclada, blended gasoline.
- natural, natural or easing-head g;asoline.
- reformada, eraeked gasoline.
gasolinera J, (M) filling station; (C) gasoline
launeh.
gasometra J, gasometry.
gasomtrico, gasometrie.
gasmetro m,gasometer, gas tank; gas meter.
gastable, erosible (soil).
gastar, to wear, wear out, wear away; to use up
to spend; to wear, wear out.
160
gasto
geodsico geodesta 161 g6ndola
gasto m, volume of expenditure;
consumption; wear.
-- crtico, critica.l flow.
-- de crecida, flood flow.
- de derrame (hid), runoff rateo
_ instantneo, momentary flow.
__ s6lido (hid),bed load, material in suspension.
__ supercrtico,supercritical flow.
gastos, charges, costs, expenses.
__ de administraci6n, administration expenses.
__ de conservaci6n, maintenance charges.
__ de embarque, shipping charges.
_ de establecimiento (Es), capital or fixed
charges.
_ de explotaci6n, operating expenses.
__ generales, general expense, overhead,
__ imprevistos, contingencies.
gata J, (naut) cat; (Ch) (Pe) jack; (Ch) crank.
gatillo m, cramp; pawl, dog, trip,trigger, latch.
- con anillo, ring dogo
- de banco (cn), slab dogo
- de descarga, trip latch.
gatillos con cadena, chain dogs.
gato m, jack; (M) ral bender; (Col) bridging be-
tween joists.
-- a crique, ratchet jack.
__ acodador, shoring j ack.
__ ademador, shoring jack; mine jack.
_ alzatubos (pet), pipe jack.
_ autobajador, self-lowering jack.
_ corredizo, traversing or wheeled jack.
-- de auxilio, wrecking jack.
-- de cadena, chain jack.
__ de cremallera, ratchet or rack"and-pinion
jack.
_ de garaje (auto), service jack.
-- de gusano, screw jack.
- de husillo (C), screw jack.
- de lodo, mud jack.
-- de manivela, Windlass jack.
-- de oreja, olaw jack, ground-lifting jack.
-- de palanca,lever jack.
_ de perforador (pet), oil-well jack.
- de pie alzador, foot-lift jack.
- :le puente, bridge jack.
__ deI'emolque, toWing j ack.
-- de rosca () de tornillo, screw jack;jackscrew.
- de tirar, pulling jack.
__ de tornillo corredizo, traversing screw jack,
sWing jack.
__ detorI!illoengrallado, geared screw jack.
__ de tornillo invertido, inverted screw jack.
_ de velocidad regulable, variable-speed jack.
-- de va:, trackjack.
_ empujador de tubos,pipe pusher.
_ encarrilador (fc);wrecking jack.
- hidrl11ico, hydral11icjack.
_levantatubos(pet),casing jack.
__ minero, mine' j ack.
-- para carrete, cable-reel jack.
-- para muones, journa.l jaek.
- para postes, pole jack.
_ para zarija,trench jack, djustable trench
braceo
_. puntal, trench jack.
gausiano (mat), Gaussian.
gausio, gaussio m (elc), gauss.
gaveraJ, (Pe)form for mud wall; (V) (Co1) brick
mold; (V) box for meaauring concrete ag-
gregates.
gaveta J, drawer, locker, (auto) glove compart-
mento
gaviete m (nut), cathead.
gaviln m, center screw of a carpenter's bit;
tholepin.
gavi6n m (r), gabion.
gazaJ, loop; (cab) bend; (reinf) hook; (lg) choker.
gel-cemento m (A), cement gel.
gelatina J, gelatin.
-- amoniacal (vol), ammonia gelatin.
- aprobada (vo!), permissible gelatin.
-- explosiva, explosive or blasting gelatin, gel-
atin dynamite.
-- explosiva corriente, straight gelatin.
-- nutritiva (is), nutrient gelatin.
gelatinizar, to gelatinize.
gelatinoso, gelatinous.
gel m, an Ecuadorian lumber.
gelignita J, gelignite, gelatin dynamite.
gemaJ (carp), wane.
gemelo, tWin, duplex, double.
gemelo (m) de ballesta (auto), spring shackle.
gemelos de campaa, fleld glasses.
genemotor m (ra), genemotor.
generador m, generator.
-- al arco (ra) , arc generator.
-- a viento (elc), Wind charger, Wind"driven
generator.
-- asincr6nico, induction generator.
-- compound plano, flat-compound generator.
-- de acetileno, acetylene generator.
-- de arm6nicos, harmonic generator.
-- de colectores mltiples, multicommutator
generator.
-- de corta derivaci6n, short-shunt generator.
-- de espuma, foamgenerator.
-- de gas, gas producer.
-- de imanes permanentes, permanent-magnet
generator.
-- de ondas (elc), surge or impulse generator.
-- de seales (ra) , signal or all-wave generator,
all-wave oscillator.
-- de sobrecorrientes (elc), surge generator.
-- de tensi6n constante, constant-potential gen-
erator.
-- de tercera escobilla, third-brush generator.
-- de toda onda (ra), signal generator, all-wave
generator.
- de vlvula (ra), tube generator.
- de velocidad gobernada (fc) , controlled
speed generator.
-- entrerrpido, medium-speed generator.
-- magnetoelctrico, magneto, magnetoelectric
generator.
-- tipo paraguas, umbrella-type generator.
generador-volante,flyWheel generator.
generar, to generate.
generatriz J, generatrix; (elec) generator.
gnero m, fabric, cloth; carcass (tire).
genol m (en), futtock.
geodesia J, geodesy.
geodesico, geodtico, geodetic, geodeslC.
geodesta m, geodesist.
geoelctrico, geo-electrical.
geofsica J, geophysics.
-- elctrica, electrogeophYsics.
geofsico m, geophysicist; a geophysical.
ge6fono m, geophone;
geofotogrametra J, terrestrial photogrammetry.
geogrfico, geographical.
geohidrologa J, geohydrology.
geologa J, geology.
geol6gico, geological.
ge610go m, geologist.
-- consultor, consulting geologist.
-- petrolero, petroleum geologist.
geometra J, g'eometry.
-- ana:ltica, analytical or coordinate geome-
try.
-- descriptiva, descriptive geometry.
--tridimensional, solid geometry.
geomtrico, geometric, geometrical.
geosttico, geostatic.
gerencia J, m;.nager's .office; administration,
management.
gerente m, manager.
- de compras (M), purchasing agent.
-- suplente, acting man!>ger.
germen m, gerill.
germicida, germicidal.
gestor m, promoter; agent, representative.
gibsita J (miner), gibbsite.
gigante m, giant, monitor.
gilbertio m (elc), gilbert.
girable, rotatable.
giraescariador m, reamer wrench.
giramachos m, tap wrench.
girar, to revolve, turn, slue, swivel, sWing, rotate;
to draw (draft).
-loco, to spin (wheels).
giratorio, revolving, gyratory, rotary.
giro m, revolving, sluing; turn; (machy) revolu-
tion; overturning (dam); (sh) swinging;
(com) a draft; trade, line of business.
- a la derecha (auto), right turno
- a la izquierda (auto), left turno
- a la vista, sight draft.
-- de maderas, lumber business.
girogravilladora J (Es), rotary gravel screen.
gir6metro m, gyrometer.
gir6n m, strip of wood, scantling; (Pe) length of
a city block.
girosc6pico, gyroscopic.
giroscopio m, gyroscope.
girosttica J, gyrostatics.
girosttico, gyrostatic.
gir6stato m, gyrostat.
gis m, crayon.
glacial, glacial.
glaciar m, glacier.
glaciofluvial (geol), glaciofluvial.
glacis m, glacis.
glndula J, occasionally used meaning packing
gland.
glaseado m, glazing; a glazed.
glicerina J, glycerin.
glicerol m (qum), glycerol.
glicina J (fma), glycine.
glicol m (qum), glycol.
- de etileno, ethylene glycol.
- etilnico dinitrato (vol), ethylene glycol di.
nitrate.
glic6lico, glycolic.
globo m (il),globe.
globular, globular.
gl6bulo m,globule.
gl6bulos reflectores (ca), reflector beads.
glorieta J, traffic cirole.
glosador m (M),auditor.
gneis m (geol), gneiss.
gnisico, gneissic.
gneisoide, gneissoid.
gnomon m, gnomon; carpenter's square.
gnom6nico, gnomonic.
goaJ, pig (iron) , bloom; sow.
gobernalle m (en), rudder.
gobernar, to control.
gobierno m, government; lllanagement, diree-
tion; control.
-- a distancia, remote control.
goetita J, goethite (iron ore).
gola J, ogee; (A) spillwaybucket.
golfo m, gulf.
golilla J, washer; (Ch) pipe f1ange; (Sp) sleeve,
collar.
-- de cojinete, bearing race.
golpe m, blow, shock; (eng) stroke; (C) throw.
-- de ariete o de agua, water hammer.
- de aspiraci6n, suction stroke.
-- de compresi6n, compression stroke.
- de compuerta (M), water hammer.
-- de expulsi6n" exhaust stroke.
- de retardo, backlash.
-- de retroceso, return stroke; backlash.
-- elctrico, electric shock.
golpeador m, striker (with a hammer).
golpear, to strike, pound; (eng) to knock.
golpeo m, striking, pounding; (eng) knock.
--por encendido, spark knock.
golpetear, (eng) to knock, hammer.
golpeteo m, knockillg, pounding, (tel) thump.
- del mbolo, piston slap.
gollete m, (mech) throat, neck; journal.
gomaJ, gum; rubber tire; eraser.
- aisladora (elc), splicing gum.
- de bal6n, balloon tire.
- de borrar, eraser.
- de la caa (az), cane gum.
-- de cuerdas, cord tire.
- de empalme (elc), splicing gum.
-- de tela, fabric tire.
- elstica, rubber.
- esponjosa de borrar (dib), sponge rubber.
--,floja, flat tire.
--'laca, shellac.
- mineral, mineral rubber.
- recuperada, reolaimed rubber.
gomaguta J (dib), gamboge.
gomar, to treat with rubber.
gomera J (A), tire-repair shop.
gomero (m) vulcanizador (A), tire vulcanizer.
gomoso, gummy.
g6ndolaJ, (rr) gOlldola car; (ce) (M) narrow-gage
dump car; omllibus.
162
- de cuerda (elc), cord grip.
- del freno (pet), brake staple.
- de madera, hand screw. carpenter's clamp.
- de prueba (elc). test clip.
- de tensi6n (elc), strain clamp.
- golpeadora drive clamp.
- para cable, cable clip; cable clamp.
- para pendientes (elc). grade clamp.
grapas para banda, belt hooks.
grap6n m, cramp iron, clamp, dogbolt.
- de hincar (ts), sheeting cap, plank cap.
grasa l. grease; slag.
- animal (lu), animal fato
- de cerdo, lardo
- de copa, cup grease. '
- de jab6n de aluminio, aluminum-soap grease.
- de jab6n de cal, lime-soap grease.
- graftic!l, graphite grease.
-lubricante, cup or lubricating grease.
- miccea, mica grease.
- para ca!,le, cable compound, rope grease.
- para caJa de engranajes, transmission grease.
- para copilla de presi6n, cup grease.
- para axle grease.
- para engranajes, gear compound.
- para inyector, gun grease.
- vegetal, vegetable fato
grasera (1) de compresi6n, grease cup.
grasero m (M), slag dump.
grasiento, greasy, oily.
graso, oily; (conc) rich; fat (mixture).
grata l. rasp; wire brush.
gratificaci6n l. bonus to an employee.
grauvaca I (geol), graywacke.
grava f. grave!.
- de boleos, boulder grave!.
- de cantera o de mina, pit grave!.
- de guijas (V). granule grave!.
- de playa, beach grave!.
- en bruto (M), pit-run grave!.
- fluvial, river grave!.
- graduada, graded grave!.
- provechosa (min). pay grave!.
- sin cribar o tal como sale, run-of-bank or
unscreened grave!.
gravadora I (Es), gravel screen.
gravedad 1, gravity.
- Ilspecfica, specifie gravity.
gravera 1, gravel pit or bank.
gravfico (M), gravitationa!.
gravilla 1, fine or pea gravel; grits.
gravilladora I (Es), gravel screen.
gravimetda/. gravimetry.
gravimtrico, gravimetric.
gravmetro m. gravimcter, gravity meter.
gravitaci6n l. gravitation, gravity.
gravitacional (M). gravitational.
gravitar, to gravitate.
gravit6metro m, gravitometer.
- registrador, recording gravitometer.
gravoso (M), gravelly.
greda l. loam. clay, marl, fuller's earth.
- arenosa, sandy loam.
gredal m, clay pito
gredoso, clayey, loamy.
gremio m, labor union; craft union; trade, craft,
gonigrafo
goni6grafo m (Es), plane table.
goniometrll 1, goniometry.
goniomtrico,. goniometric.
goni6I1letro m, goniometer, angle meter.
- de aplicaci6n, contact goniometer.
- de refiecci6n, refieetion goniometer.
gordo, (cone) rich; hard (water); oily; buIky.
gorr6n m, gudgeon; male pivot; journal, trunnion;
kingpin.
- del eje, journal.
- de manivela motriz, erankpin.
gorupo m, hawser bend.
gota 1, drop; (pt) tear.
goteadero m, drip.
gotear, to leak; to drip.
goteo m. leakage, leaking; dropping.
gotera 1, leak; (Ee) gutter; (top)(Sp) channe!.
gotero