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10.51, 2 Pressure effect tables for diffusion in alkali and alkaline earth metals

[Ref. p. 624

10.5 Pressure effect tables for diffusion in solid elements


Diffusor 1 Temperature K Activation volume AV/V, Pressure range/Method/Remarks Ref.

10.5.1 Pressure effects in alkali metals


Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr There are reported data for Li, Na and K. Lithium (Li) Li 309.8 self-diffusion 323.2 329.8 344.0 351.2 Na 363.2 self-diffusion 0.286 0.282 0.281 0.267 0.288 0.53...0.31 0...0.7 GPa; NMR; spin-spin relaxation time T2; dispersed particles (about 20 pm) in silicon fluid; 99.995%; pressure dependenceof Na self-diffusion also studied Sodium (Na) 0.. . I .2 GPa; Z2Na; diffusion couples of radioactive and nonactive sodium; purity not specified; microtome sectioning; pressure isotherm curved; seeFig. 24 b 0 .+*0.4 GPa; NMR: spin-spin relaxation time T2; dispersion of particles in silicon fluid; 99.99%; see Fig. 24 b; pressure dependenceof Li self-diffusion also studied 0 ..* 0.1 GPa; tensile creep measurementsunder hydrostatic pressure 0...0.95 GPa; 22Na, 24Na; polycrystal; 99.9995%; mechanical sectioning; pressure isotherms curved; interpretation in terms of two processes (seealso [78M]); seeFigs. 24 a and 24 b Potassium (K) 288...303 K self-diffusion K self-diffusion 0.55 (I) 0.55* 0.97** O...O.I GPa; tensile creep measurementsunder hy- 65K drostatic pressure; similar data in [65R] O...O.I GPa; tensile creep measurementsunder hy- 67K drostatic pressure for various creep rates E: * at E<7.10-7s-1; ** at E> 10-6s- 52N 62H

223.2 Na self-diffusion 228.2 231.0 not specified Na self-diffusion Na 263 self-diffusion 288.0 364.5

0.395 0.421 0.409 0.418 0.41 0.48 0.52

62H

65R 71M

10.5.2 Pressure effects in alkaline earth metals


Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra There are reported data for Be and Mg. Beryllium (Be) Be 966 self-diffusion 966 1 c: I.2 (1) 11c: 1.2 (1) 0...0.8 GPa; 1 and 11 hexagonal c axis investigated: 7Be; single crystals; purity not specified; mechanical sectioning; pressure effects on AI selfdiffusion also studied 70B

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Ref. p. 6241 10.5.3, 4 Pressure effect tables for diff. in SCgroup, rare earth, Ti group metals Diffusor Temperature K Activation volume AVIV, Pressure range/Method/Remarks Ref.

605

Magnesium (Mg) Cd 771 I c: 1.04 (10) 11 1.10 (9) c: 0.. .0.8 GPa; I and ]I hexagonal c axis investigated: electron microprobe analysis of Cd profiles; sample purity not specified 72C3

10.5.3 Pressure effects in scandium group and rare earth metals


SC,Y, La, Ce, etc. There are reported data for La, Ce and Yb. Lanthanum (La) 1167 La self-diffusion in y-La Ce self-diffusion in 6-Ce Ce self-diffusion in y-Ce 1003 1028 948 (or 930) 0.10 76B2 0. .. 0.56 GPa; bee y-La investigated: 140La; polycrystals; purity not specified; mechanical sectioning Cerium (Ce) - 0.08 - 0.09 -0.15 0 ... 1 GPa; bee 8-Ce investigated: 141Ce;polycrys- 74L tals, 99.9% ; mechanical sectioning with measurement of residual activity O... 1 GPa; fee y-Ce investigated: 141C!e; polycrys- 76M tals; 99.9% ; mechanical sectioning; two contradieting statements of temperature in [76M] Ytterbium (Yb) 1003 Yb self-diffusion 1033 1073 in y-Yb 0.590 0.575 0.605 O... 1 GPa; bee y-Yb investigated: 16Yb; polycrystals; 99.9%; mechanical sectioning 75F

10.54 Pressure effects in titanium group metals


Ti, Zr, Hf There are reported data for Ti. Titanium (Ti) Ti 1273 self-diffusion in P-Ti 1175 Fe 0.33 (9) 0.03 ... 0.65 GPa; bee P-Ti investigated: 44Ti; poly- 715 crystals; 99.97% . . .99.99 % ; lathe sectioning; similar data in [7lL] 0 ... 0.4 GPa; 5gFe; single crystals; purity not speci- 67P Red; mechanical sectioning; D increases nonlinear with pressure; attributed to diffusion along sub-grainboundaries and segregation; pressure effects of Fe diffusion in Ti 10 at.% Fe also studied

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606

10.55, 6, 7, 8, 9 Pressure effect tables for diff. in V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co group metals Temperature K Activation Pressure range/Method/Remarks volume 111//I&

[Ref. p. 624 Ref.

Diffusor

10.55 Pressure effects in vanadium group metals


V, Nb, Ta There are reported data for V. Vanadium (V) N 0 429.8 436.2 356.2 364.9 371.2 0.146 (15) 0.123 (15) 0.206 (8) 0.226 (9) 0.176 (7) 0.. .0.8 GPa; N induced stress relaxation in V investigated 0. .. 0.9 GPa; 0 induced stress relaxation in V investigated 61T 61T

10.56 Pressure effects in chromium group metals


Cr, MO, W There are no reported pressure effect measurementsfor chromium group metals.

10.5.7 Pressure effects in manganese group metals


Mn, Tc, Re There are no reported pressure effect measurementsfor manganesegroup metals.

10.5.8 Pressure effects in iron group metals


Fe, Rh, OS There are reported data for Fe. Iron (Fe) 234.1 :-Fe) E-Fe) 238.8 246.0 250.0 253.2 -0.062 -0.062 -0.082 -0.024 (49) (48) (49) (49) 0.052 (47) 0...0.3 GPa; N induced magnetic aftereffect in bee 57B cc-Feinvestigated 0.. .0.3 GPa; C induced magnetic aftereffect in bee 60B u-Fe investigated

10.59 Pressure effects in cobalt group metals


Co, Rh, Ir There are reported data for hcp Co. Cobalt (Co) ;-co, 348 348 -0.254 (300) -0.072 (30) 0 ... 0.6 GPa; C induced magnetic aftereffect in hcp 71W2 Co investigated; pressure dependence of magnetic aftereffect for C in Ni and Fe 1.4 wt.% Si also studied

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Land&-BBmsfein New Series Ill/26

Ref. p. 6241 10.5.10, 11 Pressure effect tables for diffusion in nickel group and noble metals Diffusor Temperature K Activation volume AVIV, Pressure range/Method/Remarks Ref.

607

10.5.10 Pressure effects in nickel group metals


Ni, Pd, Pt There are reported data for Ni. Nickel (Ni) C 383 -0.182 (25) 0.. .0.4 GPa; C induced magnetic aftereffect in Ni 71W2 investigated; pressure dependence of magnetic aftereffect for C in Co and Fe 1.4 wt.% Si also studied

10.5.11 Pressure effects in noble metals


Cu, Ag, Au Copper (Cu)
cu 973

self-diffusion 1023 1073 1173 not specified cu self-diffusion Au 693 765 833 Zn 1256 1286 1313

1.09 (31) 1.03 (29) 0.96 (8) 0.93 (2) 0.6 0.963 (50) 0.920 (37) 0.928 (40) 0.77 0.77 0.88 0.865

O... 1 GPa; (j4Cu; single crystals; pure copper; 68B2 lathe sectioning; AV recalculated in [89F] using data of [68B2]; seeFig. 25; similar data in [68Bl]; pressure dependence of self-diffusion in Ag and Al also studied 0.. .0.9 GPa; 64Cu; single crystals; purity not spec- 69M ified; serial sectioning 89F 0 ... 0.55 GPa; lg8Au; single crystals; 99.999%; sputter sectioning; see Fig. 25 0 ... 3.2 GPa; diffusion couples of pure Cu and CuZn (4.9 at.%) alloys; electron microprobe analysis of diffusion profiles; seeFig. 25 Silver (Ag) 88Y

self-diffusion

Ag Ag

1179

1173

0.88

self-diffusion

594 Ag self-diffusion 683 766 885 994 In 1179

0.66 (2) 0.68 (2) 0.72 (2) 0.77 (2) 0.86 (2) 0.81

0...0.9 GPa; lomAg, lllAg; single crystals; 65B2 99.99%; lathe sectioning; see Fig. 26; pressure effects on In and Sb diffusion in Ag also studied 0.. .0.8 GPa; 1OrnAg;single crystals; pure silver; 68Bl lathe sectioning; seealso [65Bl, 67B]; seeFig. 26; pressure effects on self-diffusion of Cu, Au and Al and of Cu, Ag and Au in Al also studied 0 ... 0.6 GPa; OrnAg; single crystals; 99.999%; 82R sputter sectioning; seeFig. 26; pressure dependence of self-diffusion in Au at 692 K also studied 0...0.8 GPa; 141n; single crystals; 99.99%; lathe sectioning; seeFig. 26; pressure effects of Sb and Ag in Ag also studied 0 . . .0.8 GPa; lz4Sb; single crystals; 99.99%; lathe sectioning; seeFig. 26; pressure effects of In and Ag in Ag also studied 65B2

Sb

1179

0.765

65B2

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608 Diffuser

10.512 Pressure effect tables for diffusion in zinc group metals Temperature K Activation volume AVIV, Pressure range/Method/Remarks

[Ref. p. 624 Ref.

Gold (Au) Au 1133 self-diffusion 1183 1233 Au 973 self-diffusion 1023 1073 0.60 (8) 0.75 (5) 0.61 (14) 0.81 0.68 0.67 0 ... 0.9 GPa; lg8Au; single crystals; 99.99%; lathe sectioning; seeFig. 27 65D

Au 692 self-diffusion Au 603 self-diffusion 660 701 760 800 823

0.73 (2)

0.73 0.74 0.75 0.76 0.76 0.77

68B2 O... 1 GPa; rg8Au; single crystals; 99.99%; lathe sectioning; AV/V, calculated from data of [68B2]; similar data in [68Bl]; see Fig. 27; pressure effects of Cu and Al self-diffusion also studied 0...0.6 GPa; *Au; single crystals; 99.999%; sput- 82R ter sectioning; seeFig. 27; pressure dependence of Ag self-diffusion also studied 0...0.6 GPa; lg8Au; single crystals; 99.999%; sput- 83W ter-sectioning; see Fig. 27

10.512 Pressure effects in zinc group metals


Zn, Cd, Hg There are reported data for Zn and Cd.
Zinc (Zn)

Zn self-diffusion Zn self-diffusion

683 683 574.1 623.9 674.0 574.1 623.9 674.0

1 c: 0.630 (57) 11c: 0.404 (44) I c: 0.392 (10) 0.428 (10) 0.469 (15) 11c: 0.406 (9) 0.433 (5) 0.467 (3) 1 c: 0.530 (10) 0.540 (7) 0.575 (11) 0.590 (15) 11c: 0.530 (10) 0.550 (11) 0.590 (7) 0.580 (11)

0...0.9 GPa; 1 and ]I hexagonal c axis investigat- 67s ed. 65Zn; single crystals; serial sectioning . 0...0.9 GPa; 1 and I] hexagonal c axis investigat- 72C2 ed. 65Zn; single crystals; 99.999%; lathe sectioning; see Fig. 28; similar data in [71G2]

Cadmium (Cd) Cd 524 self-diffusion 549 574 592 524 549 574 592 0...0.8 GPa; 1 and I] hexagonal c axis investigated. Cd, single crystals; 99.999%; lathe sectioning; see Fig. 29; similar data in [71Gl] 73B

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Land&BCmstein Ncn Series 11126

Ref. p. 6241 Diffusor

10.5.13 Pressure effect tables for diffusion in aluminum group metals Temperature K Activation volume AVIV, Pressure range/Method/Remarks Ref.

609

10.5.13 Pressure effects in aluminum group metals


Al, Ga, In, Tl There are reported data for Al and In. Aluminum (Al) Al self-diffusion Al self-diffusion Al self-diffusion not specified .. 562 803 843 883 1.35 0.44 . . .0.87 1.23 (7) 1.29 (7) 1.35 (7) 0.62 0.75 0.52 0.97 0.66 0.65 0.64 0.76 0.87 0.65 1.16 1.16 0 . . . 0.1 GPa; tensile creep measurement under hydrostatic pressure 0 ... 6 GPa; TEM observation of dislocation loop annealing 0 ... 0.8 GPa; 26AI; single crystals; pure aluminum; lathe sectioning; similar data in [68Bl, 70B]; seeFig. 30; pressure dependence of self-diffusion in Cu and Au also studied 0 . . .0.2 GPa; NMR: spin-spin relaxation time T,; 325 mesh filings; 99.99% 65R 66N 68B2

Al 667 self-diffusion 681 681 684 684 708 711 719 721 722 803 cu 843

71E

Ag

843 853

1.19 1.19

Au

803

1.18

Au

785 823 873 856 896

0.93 0.91 1.04 1.61 1.56

Fe

Zn

884 863 913

1.09 (10) 1.00 1.11 0.87 (1)

Sn

787.5

0.. .0.8 GPa; 64Cu; single crystals; purity not specified; lathe sectioning; pressure effects on self-diffusion of Cu, Ag, Au and Al and of Ag and Au in Al also studied 0.. .0.8 GPa; OrnAg; single crystals; purity not specified; lathe sectioning; pressure effects on self-diffusion of Cu, Ag, Au and Al and of Cu and Au in Al also studied 0 . . 0.8 GPa; lg8Au; single crystals; purity not specified; lathe sectioning; pressure effects on self-diffusion of Cu, Ag, Au and Al and of Cu and Ag in Al also studied 0 . . .0.8 GPa; lg5Au (implanted); single crystals; 99.9995%; microtome sectioning; seeFigs. 23 and 30; pressure effects on diffusion of Fe and Zn in Al also studied 0 . . .0.8 GPa; Fe (implanted); single crystals; 99.9995%; microtome sectioning; seeFig. 30; pressure effects on diffusion of Au and Zn in Al also studied 0 .. .1.288GPa; j5Zn; single crystals; microtome sectioning 0 .. .0.8 GPa; 65Zn; single crystals; 99.9995%; microtome sectioning; seeFig. 30; pressure effects on diffusion of Au and Fe in Al also studied 0...0.735 GPa; lr3Sn (implanted); single crystals; 99.9995% microtome sectioning

68Bl

68Bl

68Bl

89B

89B

83E 89B 90E

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10.514 Pressure effect tables for diffusion in group IVB elements Temperature K Activation volume Al/V, Pressure range/Method/Remarks Indium (In)

[Ref. p. 624 Ref.

243...388 In self-diffusion In 391.8 self-diffusion 406.1 422 AiT 369.3 385.5

0.76 0.516 (64) 0.529 (25) 0.490 (38) 1 and ]] c axis 0.41 (4) 0.41 (4) 1 and I] c axis

0.08 ..* 5.5 GPa; tensile creep measurements; single crystals; 99.999% O... 0.9 GPa; 1 and ]] tetragonal c axis investigated: 114mIn;single crystals; 99.999%; microtome sectioning O..* 0.9 GPa; 1 and 11 tetragonal c axis investigated: r OrnAg. single crystals; 99.999% ; microtome sectioning

67C 7101

7102

10.514 Pressure effects in group IV B elements


Si, Ge, Sn, Pb Data on the semiconducting elements (Si and Ge) have been also included. Silicon (Si) B 1323 1443 1503 1323 0.29 (30) 0.31 (30) -0.12 (20) -0.85 (25) O..+1.5 GPa; B implanted in {Ill) Si wafer; SIMS analysis; pressure effects on Ga and Ge diffusion in Si also studied O..+1 GPa; Ga film on (111) Si wafer; SIMS analysis; pressure effects on B and Ge diffusion in Si also studied O... 1.5 GPa; Ge film on {ill} Si wafer; SIMS analysis; pressure effects on B and Ga diffusion in Si also studied O..* 3 GPa; As implanted (5.10 cm-) into (111) wafers; RBS profiling; see Figs. 31a and 31b; similar data in [85N2] Germanium (Ge) Ge self-diffusion 876 916 973 1025 1086 573...823 0.24 0.28 0.35 0.36 0.41 0.05 (3) 0.28 0.33 1 c axis: 0.362 (31) 0.319 (15) 0.304 (23) 11 axis: c 0.329 (18) 0.321 (18) 0.326 (23) 0 ... 0.6 GPa; 7Ge; single crystals; intrinsic materi- 85W al; sputter sectioning; see Fig. 32; doping dependence of self-diffusion and of activation volume at 973 K also studied 0...4.5 GPa; pn junction-depth method; single crystals; Ga doped (1.8.106 cme3) Tin (Sn) Sn 273...330 self-diffusion Sn self-diffusion 465.2 482.0 498.8 465.2 482.0 498.8 0 ... 1 GPa; tensile creep measurementsunder hydrostatic pressure O...l GPa; 1 and )I c axis investigated; r*3Sn; single crystals; 99.999%; microtome sectioning; similar data in [65N] 63D2 64C 72V 89s

Ga

89s

Ge

As

1323 1443 1503 1123 1173 1223 1273

-0.52 (20) -0.47 (15) -0.27 (10) -0.475 (192) -0.617 (83) -0.425 (100) -0.391 (108)

89s

85Nl

Li

Mehrer, Stolica

Laodolt-B?rnstein New Series Ill!26

Ref. p. 6241 Diffusor

10.5.14 Pressure effect tables for diffusion in group IVB elements Temperature K Activation volume AVIV, Pressure range/Method/Remarks Lead (Pb) Ref.

611

526.2 Pb self-diffusion 574.2 Pb 383 self-diffusion 476 Pb self-diffusion 526 574 588 599 667 769 273...330 Pb self-diffusion 538.4 Pb self-diffusion 568.3 598.7 Ni 298 600 700 298 600 700 600

0.843 (98) 0.712 (44) 0.80

0.572 0.599 0.615 0.632 0.637 0.670 0.715 0.69 (13)

0 ... 0.8 GPa; Pb; single crystals; 99.999%; microtome sectioning 0 ... 0.1 GPa; tensile creep measurement under hydrostatic pressure; polycrystalline wires; 99.9999% 0.. .4 GPa; Pb; single crystals; 99.9999%; electrochemical sectioning; non-linear pressure isotherms (seeFig. 33)

59N 61B

61H

Pd

0.728 (17) 0.728 (17) 0.728 (17) at p = 0: 0.111 0.131 0.137 at p = 5 GPa: 0.072 0.092 0.099 0.124*(13)

0 ... 1 GPa; tensile creep measurement under hydrostatic pressure; polycrystalline samples; 99.999% 0 .. .I GPa; method and material not specified

63Dl

75B

0 ... 5 GPa; 63Ni; single crystals; 99.9999%; micro- 73C tome sectioning; see Figs. 34 and 35

cu Ag

600 556 588 625 667 714 769 427... 584

0.04 (3) 0.381 (28) 0.377 (29) 0.376 (30) 0.381 (31) 0.380 (33) 0.387 (34) 0.37 at p = 0: 0.324 (22) 0.290 (30) 0.280 (30) atp=3GPa: 0.31 (5) 0.42 (7) 0.28 (3)

0...4 GPa; logPd; single crystals; 99.9999%; microtome sectioning; seeFigs. 34 and 36; * average value calculated by present authors 0.. .5.6 GPa; 64Cu; single crystals; 99.9999%; microtome sectioning; seeFigs. 34 and 37 0.. .3.9 GPa; lomAg; single crystals; 99.999%; microtome sectioning; activation volume for ~>I.19 GPa; see Figs. 34 and 38

75D

73c 65C

Ag Au

298 523 600 623 623 473

0...0.86 GPa; lomAg; single crystals; 99.998%; microtome sectioning 0 . . .4.6 GPa; *Au (n activation); single crystals; 99.9999% ; microtome sectioning; see Figs. 34 and 39

74A 71Wl

Au

76Bl 0 . . .0.7 GPa; Au; single crystals; 99.999%; microtome sectioning (continued)

Land&-Bihstein New Series III/26

Mehrer, Stoka

612 10.5.15,16 Press. effect tables for diff. in group V B semimetals and actinide group metals [Ref. p. 624 Diffusor Temperature K Activation volume AV/V, Pressure range/Method/Remarks Ref.

Lead (Pb), continued Zn 600 0.212 (6) 0.. .4.7 GPa; 65Zn; single crystals; 99.9999%; microtome sectioning; seeFigs. 34 and 40; saturation solubility as a function of pressure also studied 0...4 GPa; lo9Cd; single crystals; 99.9999%; microtome sectioning; seeFigs. 34 and 41; pressure effects on diffusion of Hg in Pb also studied 0...4 GPa; 203Hg; single crystals; 99.9999%; microtome sectioning; seeFigs. 34 and 42; pressure effects on diffusion of Cd in Pb also studied 0 ... 2.9 GPa; 1*3Sn; single crystals; 99.9999%; lathe sectioning; seeFig. 43 77Dl

Cd

600

0.317 (10)

77V

& Sn

600

0.516 (6)

77v

600

0.517 (25)

77D2

10.5.15 Pressure effects in group V B semimetals


P, As, Sb, Bi There are reported data for white P. Phosphorus (P) P 303.2 self-diffusion 314.5 0.44 0 .. *0.4 GPa; white P investigated; 32P; polycrystals (average grain size 0.01 cm); diffusion couples of inactive P and P doped with 32P; microtome sectioning; pressure isotherm at 314.5 K curved (seeFig. 44) 0.. .0.6 GPa; white P investigated in creep measurements 55N

P 300..*314 self-diffusion

0.44

64D

10.5.16 Pressure effects in actinide group metals


Th, Pa, U, Np, Pu, etc. There are reported data for y-U and E-Pu. Uranium (U) 1173 U self-diffusion in y-U O... 1 GPa; bee y-U investigated; diffusion couples 65Bl of natural U and U enriched 20 wt.% with 235U; purity not specified; lathe sectioning; anomalous variation of the diffusion coefficient with pressure observed (seeFig. 45) Plutonium (Pu) Pu 788 self-diffusion 811 in E-PU 823 849 -0.329 -0.35 -0.347 -0.33 O... 1.4 GPa; bee E-PUinvestigated: 240Pu; polycrystals; 99.9% (detailed specification of purity and isotopic composition is given in [71C]); mechanical sectioning and measurement of residual activity; similar data in [72Cl] 71c

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Landolt-Barnstein New Series Ill!26

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