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Reported Speech: Lenguaje Indirecto

Hablaremos en esta oportunidad de una estructura gramatical muy utilizada en el idioma ingls que se emplea cuando queremos contar o hacer referencia sobre algo que otra persona a dicho con anticipacin. Este recurso recibe el nombre de Reported Speech (Lenguaje Indirecto) y veremos a continuacin un ejemplo: "I go to school everyday", Alice said. (Lenguaje Directo) "Yo voy a la escuela todos los das", dijo Alicia. Alice said that she went to school everyday.(Lenguaje Indirecto) Alicia dijo que ella fue a la escuela todos los das. Para poder convertir una oracin de Lenguaje Directo a Indirecto podemos introducir la frase utilizando diferentes verbos como por ejemplo: answer (responder), suggest (sugerir), explain (explicar), say (decir), tell (contar), promise (prometer). Tambin debemos tener en cuenta que si la oracin en Lenguaje Directo se encuentra en Presente Simple, al pasarla a Lenguaje Indirecto no es necesario cambiar el tiempo verbal. En otros casos, al convertir una oracin a Reported Speech el verbo principal retrocede un tiempo verbal como muestra el siguiente cuadro:
Lenguaje Directo Lenguaje Indirecto

Presente Simple / Presente Simple Pasado Simple I go to the school He said that he goes to the school He said that he went to the school Pasado Continuo Presente Continuo He said that he was going to the I am going to the school school Pasado Perfecto Pasado Simple He said that he had gone to the I went to the school school Presente Perfecto Pasado Perfecto I have gone to the school He said that he has gone to the school

Presente Perfecto Continuo I have been going to the school Futuro Simple I will go to the school Futuro Perfecto I will have gone to the school

Pasado Perfecto Continuo He said that he had been going to the school Condicional Simple He said that he would go to the school Condicional Perfecto He said that he would have gone to the school

En el caso de utilizar verbos modales los cambios a realizar son los siguientes:
Lenguaje Directo CAN I can study the lesson MAY I may study the lesson WILL I will study the lesson MUST I must study the lesson Lenguaje Indirecto COULD He said that he could study the lesson MIGHT He said that he might study the lesson WOULD He said that he would study the lesson HAD TO He said that he had to study the lesson

Algo que debemos tener en cuenta es que cuando utilizamos algunas palabras indicadoras de lugar y de tiempo es necesario que se cambien adecundolas al sentido y al tiempo de la oracin como por ejemplo:
Lenguaje Directo now today last night tonight this afternoon this month Lenguaje Indirecto at that moment / then that day the night before that night that afternoon that month

next week here next year

the following week there the year after

VER REPORTED SPEECH (Oraciones Interrogativas)

Ejercicios: Reported Speech (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Comienza a practicar lo aprendido sobre Reported Speech pasando las siguientes oraciones afirmativas a Lenguaje Indirecto:

1. "The gardener cut the grass yesterday", my mother said. 2. "I did not understand the lesson", my sister said. 3. "We will travel to New York the next year", my father said. 4. "I will not go to work tomorrow", I told my wife. 5. "Peter is going to write a letter", the secretary said. 6. "It is very expensive", the lady said. 7. "He is such an irritable person", the teacher told me. 8. "I am working now!", my father said. 9. "We are finishing our homework", the pupils answered. 10. "They are studying maths", the teacher explained.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

"I am reading a book", I told my sister. "My father loved the farm", my neighbour said. "I have felt very nervous", I said. "We knew him in Australia", my husband and my son said. "I never work on Sundays", I told my boss. "He was very ill", the doctor explained. "I am going to sign a contract", the secretary said. "Mr. Thompson will see you tomorrow morning", the receptionist said. 9. "I enjoyed the trip but I didnt take photos", my friend told me. 10. "I have lost all my money!", the old lady exclaimed.


Solucin del ejercicio de Reported Speech I

Verifica que hayas realizado bien este ejercicio sobre Reported Speech controlando tus oraciones con las ofrecemos a continuacin:

1. My mother said that the gardener had cut the grass the day before. 2. My sister said that she had not understood the lesson. 3. My father said that we would travel to New York the following year. 4. I told my wife that I would not go to work the following day. 5. The secretary said that Peter was going to write a letter. 6. The lady said that it was very expensive. 7. The teacher told me that he was such an irritable person. 8. My father said that he was working at that moment. 9. The pupils said that they were finishing their homework. 10. The teacher explained that they were studying maths.

1. 2. 3. 4.

I told my sister that I was reading a book. My neighbour said that his father had loved the farm. I said that I had felt very nervous. My husband and my son said that they had known him in Australia. 5. I told my boss that I never worked on Sundays. 6. The doctor explained that he had been very ill. 7. The secretary said that she was going to sign a contract.

8. The receptionist said that Mr. Thompson would see you the following morning. 9. My friend told me that he had enjoyed the trip but he had not taken photos. 10. The old lady exclaimed that she had lost all her money.

Ejercicios: Reported Speech II (Lenguaje Indirecto)

En esta oportunidad te ofrecemos ms oraciones afirmativas para que ejercites lo aprendido sobre Reported Speech. Recuerda que al pasarlas a Lenguaje Indirecto debes respetar los tiempos verbales aprendidos:

1. "I am going to buy a new pair of boots", my sister said. 2. "My wife is wearing a red dress and a big hat", the man told the receptionist. 3. "The driver tried to stop the car", the witness told the policeman. 4. "I enjoyed the opera very much", I answered. 5. "It is a beautiful model", the assistant said. 6. "Peter never comes to my birthday party", my son said. 7. "We have been here for half an hour", my wife told the salesman. 8. "You will be a good wife to some lucky man", my mother told me. 9. "I can't believe you!", I said.

10. "He is going to open the front door", I said.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

"The parcel contains a birthday gift", I answered. "I spent two hours a day talking to you", my friend told me. "There isn't enough money in my wallet", my father said. "We have lost our way", I said. "I have made a terrible mistake", the secretary said. "I suppose she is at the supermarket", my mother told my friend Anne. 7. "The ship will sail at midnight", the capitan said. 8. "The policeman is writing in a notebook", I answered. 9. "That is a good idea!", Brian said. 10. "We prefer to stay at home", my wife and my daughter said.


Solucin del ejercicio de Reported Speech II

Ya has realizado este ejercicio?... Pues bien, controla que hayas pasado las siguientes frases a Reported Speech de la manera correcta:

1. My sister said that she was going to buy a new pair of boots. 2. The man told the receptionist that his wife was wearing a red dress and a big hat. 3. The witness told the policeman that the driver had tried to stop the car. 4. I answered that I had enjoyed the opera very much. 5. The assistant said that it was a beautiful model. 6. My son said that Peter never came to his birthday party. 7. My wife told the salesman that we had been there for half an hour. 8. My mother told me that I would be a good wife to some lucky man. 9. I said that I coul not believe him. 10. I said that he was going to open the front door.

1. I answered that the parcel contained a birthday gift. 2. My friend told me that he had spent two hours a day talking to me. 3. My father said that there was not enough money in his wallet. 4. I said that we had lost our way. 5. The secretary said that she had made a terrible mistake. 6. My mother told my friend Anne that she supposed she was at

the supermarket. 7. The capitan said that the ship would sailed at midnight. 8. I answered that the policeman was writing in a notebook. 9. Brian said that it was a good idea. 10. My wife and my daughter said that they prefered to stay at home.

Ejercicios: Reported Speech III (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Te proponemos que contines ejercitando lo aprendido sobre Reported Speech pasando las siguientes oraciones afirmativas a Lenguaje Indirecto:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

"I can't drink this coffee!", I exclaimed. "You will miss the train!", my mother told me. "I forgot her name", my boss told me. "He needs a new coat", the lady said. "Tommy isn't at home now!", his mother told me. "They will spend their holidays abroad this year", the man explained. 7. "The operation has been successful", the doctor told us. 8. "We bought the tickets a long time ago", my neighbours said. 9. "I like to stay at home during the weekend", my friend suggested. 10. "The bus will arrive in a few minutes", the voice said.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

"I have ordered some soup for you", my husband told me. "I don't want to disturb him", I explained. "I didn't like your work", the manager told me. "It is raining heavily!", I said. "He isn't realizing that he is making a big mistake", I thought. "I have just finished my homework", my son said. "The workers are on strike again", the newspaper said. "Someone is knocking the door!", my father shouted. "I am going to take a rest now", my friend's mother answered. 10. "John did me a big favour", Larice said.


Solucin del ejercicio de Reported Speech III

Luego de haber realizado este ejercicio chale un vistazo a las siguientes frases afirmativas ya pasadas a Reported Speech:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

I exclaimed that I could not drink that coffee. My mother told me that I would miss the train. My boss told me that he had forgotten her name. The lady said that he needed a new coat. Tommy's mother told me that he was not at home at that moment. 6. The man explained that they would spend their holidays abroad that year. 7. The doctor told us that the operation had been successful. 8. My neighbours said that they had bought the tickets a long time ago. 9. My friend suggested that he liked to stay at home during the weekend. 10. The voice said that the bus would arrive in a few minutes.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

My husband told me that he had ordered some soup for me. I explained that I did not want to disturb him. The manager told me that he had not liked my work. I said that it was raining heavily. I thought that he was not realizing that he was making a big mistake. My son said that he had just finished his homework. The newspaper said that the workers were on strike again. My father shouted that someone was knocking the door. My friend's mother answered that she was going to take a rest in that moment.

10. Larice said that John had done her a big favour.

Ejercicios: Reported Speech IV (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Seguramente ya has ejercitado lo aprendido sobre Reported Speech en oraciones afirmativas. Ahora te proponemos que pases las siguientes oraciones interrogativas a Lenguaje Indirecto:

1. "Is there any petrol in the tank?", my father asked my brother. 2. "What time did you get to the office?", my boss asked me. 3. "Can you see that notice?", the receptionist asked me. 4. "What are you doing here?", the teacher asked us. 5. "What's for dinner?", my husband asked. 6. "Was the boss angry?", the secretary asked. 7. "Who has a gun?", the policeman asked. 8. "Who is speaking?", Miss Thompson asked. 9. "Did the dog eat the coockies?", my sister asked my mother. 10. "Did you enjoy the film last night?, my friend asked.

1. 2. 3. 4.

"Where did you get those socks?", Alice asked Margaret. "Does Frank want to go to the cinema?, John asked. "Will you buy a new car?", the neighbour asked. "Have you been on an aeroplane before?", the stewardess asked. 5. "What did you do yesterday?", my grandmother asked me. 6. "Did the police find the lost van?", the journalist asked. 7. "Did your mother believe you?", my friend asked me. 8. "Why didn't you go to school last week?", Tom's mother asked him. 9. "Have you been on holiday?, I asked John. 10. "What is the name of the village?", Mr. Hopkins asked.


Solucin del ejercicio de Reported Speech IV

Tras haber ejercitado sobre Reported Speech en oraciones afirmativas seguramente ya has comenzado con el siguiente ejercicio de frases interrogativas. Aqu te ofrecemos la manera correcta de pasarlas Lenguaje Indirecto:

1. My father asked my brother if there was any petrol in the tank. 2. My boss asked me what time I had got to the office. 3. The receptionist asked me if I could see that notice. 4. The teacher asked us what we were doing there. 5. My husband asked what was for dinner. 6. The secretary asked if the boss was angry. 7. The policeman asked who had a gun. 8. Miss Thompson asked who was speaking. 9. My sister asked my mother if the dog had eaten the coockies. 10. My friend asked if I had enjoyed the film the night before.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Alice asked Margaret where she had got those socks. John asked if Frank wanted to go to the cinema. The neighbour asked if I would buy a new car. The stewardess asked if I had been on an aeroplane before. My grandmother asked me what I had done the day before. The journalist asked if the police had found the lost van. My friend asked me if my mother had believed me. Tom's mother asked him why he had not gone to school the week before. 9. I asked John if he had been on holiday.

10. Mr. Hopkins asked what the name of the village was.

Ejercicios: Reported Speech V (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Aqu tienes ms oraciones interrogativas para pasar a Reported Speech. Te recomendamos que verifiques el buen empleo de los tiempos verbales.

1. "What did the dentist tell you to do?", my husband asked me. 2. "Did you take photographs during your trip?", my friend asked me. 3. "What do the bags contain?", Alice's brother asked. 4. "Will you visit your mother?", my wife asked me. 5. "Where have you been hiding?", Brian's father asked him impatiently. 6. "When will the results be announced?", the pupils asked. 7. "Did he give you the money at once?", my friend asked me. 8. "Where has Mrs. Hawkins opened her third bakery?", Susan's mother asked me. 9. "Where is your father now?", I asked Peter. 10. "What will you do next year?", the teacher asked Tom.

1. "Who damaged the piano?", my grandfather asked my brother. 2. "When will the workers go on strike?", the journalist asked the leader. 3. "Where did you go on Christmas' Eve?", the neighbour asked my mother. 4. "What is the lady's name?", Mr. James asked the secretary. 5. "How far away is your house?", the taxidriver asked me. 6. "Have you finished the exercises?", the teacher asked the pupils. 7. "How many miles did you walk yesterday?", the coach asked me. 8. "What did the secretary asked you?", Peter asked John. 9. "Why did you say that you was busy?", Jenifer asked Susan. 10. "Where did the plane from Paris arrive?", the lady asked the stewardess.


Solucin del ejercicio de Reported Speech V

He aqu la forma correcta de pasar a Reported Speech las oraciones interrogativas del ejercicio que te ofrecimos anteriormente:

1. My husband asked me what the dentist had told me to do. 2. My friend asked me if I had taken photographs during my trip. 3. Alice's brother asked what the bags contained. 4. My wife asked me if I would visit my mother. 5. Brian's father asked him impatiently where he had been hiding. 6. The pupils asked when the results would be announced. 7. My friend asked me if he had given me the money at once. 8. Susan's mother asked me where Mrs. Hawkins had opened her third bakery. 9. I asked Peter where his father was at that moment. 10. The teacher asked Tom what he would do the following year.

1. My grandfather asked my brother who had damaged the piano. 2. The journalist asked the leader when the workers would go on strike. 3. The neighbour asked my mother where she had gone on Christmas' Eve. 4. Mr. James asked the secretary what the lady's name was. 5. The taxidriver asked me how far away my house was. 6. The teacher asked the pupils if they had finished the exercises.

7. The coach asked me how many miles I had walked the day before. 8. Peter asked John what the secretary had asked him. 9. Jenifer asked Susan why she had said that she was busy. 10. The lady asked the stewardess where the plane from Paris had arrived.

Ejercicios: Reported Speech VI (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Contina ejercitando con las siguientes oraciones interrogativas que debers pasar a Reported Speech:

1. "Did I leave my glasses here?", my grandmother asked my brother. 2. "How long have you been in London?", the lady asked. 3. "Did you enjoy the concert?, my friend asked me. 4. "What did the doctor say about Peter?", my father asked. 5. "Can you give me your telephone number?", the receptionist asked me. 6. "Have you read your horoscope for this week?, my wife asked me. 7. "Did the thieves run away?", the policeman asked the salesman. 8. "What are you reading?", I asked Frank. 9. "Do you really like jazz?", Susan asked John. 10. "Where do you prefer to go?", my boyfriend asked me.

1. "Can I practice the violin here?", John's grandfather asked him. 2. "Do you have any problem?", Brian's sister asked him. 3. "What are your plans for the future?", my mother asked me. 4. "Did you finish high school?", the boss asked my sister. 5. "Why don't you talk to him about the problem?", my friend asked me. 6. "What are you going to do this summer?", Caroline asked me. 7. "When can I take off my seat belt?", the passenger asked the stewardess. 8. "What do you want for dinner tonight", my mother asked my father. 9. "Is there a cafeteria in this building?", I asked the secretary. 10. "Do you have change for a dollar?", the taxidriver asked me.


Solucin del ejercicio de Reported Speech VI

Aqu te ofrecemos la solucin al ejercicio sobre pasaje de oraciones interrogativas a Reported Speech:

1. My grandmother asked my brother if she had left her glasses there. 2. The lady asked how long you had been in London. 3. My friend asked me if I had enjoyed the concert. 4. My father asked what the doctor had said about Peter. 5. The receptionist asked me if I could give her my telephone number. 6. My wife asked me if I had read my horoscope for that week. 7. The policeman asked the salesman if the thieves had run away. 8. I asked Frank what he was reading. 9. Susan asked John if he really liked jazz. 10. My boyfriend asked me where I prefered to go.

1. John's grandfather asked him if he could practice the violin there. 2. Brian's sister asked him if he had any problem. 3. My mother asked me what my plans for the future were. 4. The boss asked my sister if she had finished high school. 5. My friend asked me why you did not talk to him about the problem. 6. Caroline asked me what I was going to do that summer. 7. The passenger asked the stewardess when he could take off his seat belt.

8. My mother asked my father what I wanted for dinner that night. 9. I asked the secretary if there was a cafeteria in that building. 10. The taxidriver asked me if I had change for a dollar.

Review Exercise: Reported Speech VII (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Hace ya un tiempo les explicbamos la forma de pasar una frase a lenguaje indirecto, es decir el empleo de una estructura gramatical para contar o hacer referencia sobre algo que otra persona a dicho con anticipacin. Hoy te proponemos un nuevo ejercicio de repaso -con un grado mayor de dificultad- para que puedas comprender mejor su buen uso:

1. It is not allowed to smoke inside the building, the guard said. 2. Tom asked: Did you enjoy the meeting? 3. Who is the new student?, the teacher asked. 4. I will punish you if you talk to me like that, my mother said. 5. Carl said: This is the most difficult exercise I have ever done. 6. Have you bought the new book?, my mother asked me. 7. What is the main problem?, the worker inquired. 8. Get out of the car, the policeman ordered.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

When is the appointment?, the boss wanted to know. The front door is broken, Susan noticed. Are you going to go to the wedding?, Mark wanted to know. Can you give me your phone number?, my brother asked. I will give you more holidays, my boss promised me. Rose inquired: Do you bring enough luggage? Where did you leave your keys?, my father asked. My father told me: you need to buy a new car.


Solucin del ejercicio de revisin: Reported Speech VII (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Mira las siguientes frases. Son la forma correcta de realizar el ejercicio sobre lenguaje indirecto que te ofrecamos algunos das. Verifica que tus respuestas sean las adecuadas:

1. The guard said that it wasnt allowed to smoke inside the building. 2. Tom asked if I had enjoyed the meeting. 3. The teacher asked who the new student was. 4. My mother said that she would punish me if I talked her like that. 5. Carl said that it was the most difficult exercise he had ever done. 6. My mother asked me if I had bought the new book. 7. The worker inquired what the main problem was. 8. The policeman ordered to get out of the car.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

The boss wanted to know when the appointment was. Susan noticed that the front door was broken. Mark wanted to know if I was going to go to the wedding. My brother asked if she could give him her phone number. My boss promised that he would give me more holidays. Rose inquired if I brought enough luggage. My father asked where I had left my keys. My father told me that I needed to buy a new car.

Review Exercise: Reported Speech VIII (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Si has comprendido bien el uso de reported speech o lenguaje indirecto, entonces seguramente estars en condiciones de realizar el ejercicio que aqu te proponemos:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Did you want to be an engineer, Billy?, my friend asked me. Tony said: I found a new job near the school. The coach asked: Did the other team win the match? The dentist asked us: Can you give me the new tools? I have sent you a lot of letters, Peter told me. Timmy has fixed the breakfast?, Jane asked. Where have you been after class?, my brother inquired. Have you given him his money back?, Susan wanted to know.

1. What kind of flowers do you want to give her?", Mike asked.

2. The new economic measures are very risky, the President affirmed. 3. Do we have to study the new topic for the test?, the students inquired. 4. My roommate asked: When is the job interview? 5. Dont be late again, my boss ordered. 6. The party is going to be in the club, my friend announced. 7. Who is that old man?, the president asked. 8. The trainer asked me: Did you try to do the exercise without help?


Solucin del ejercicio de revisin: Reported Speech VIII (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Has podido realizar el pasaje de estas frases a reported speech o lenguaje indirecto?... Entonces verifica que lo hayas hecho correctamente con la siguiente solucin:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

My friend asked me if I had wanted to be an engineer. Tony said he had found a new job near the school. The coach asked if the other team had won the match. The dentist asked us if we could give him the new tools. Peter told me he had sent me a lot of letters. Jane asked if Timmy had fixed the breakfast.

7. My brother inquired where I have been after class. 8. Susan wanted to know if we had given him his money back.

1. Mike asked what kind of flowers I wanted to give her. 2. The president affirmed that the new economic measures were very risky. 3. The students inquired if they had to study the new topic for the test. 4. My roommate asked when the job interview was. 5. My boss ordered to not be late again. 6. My friend announced that the party was going to be in the club. 7. The president asked who that old man was. 8. The trainer asked me if I had tried to do the exercise without help.

Review Exercise: Reported Speech IX (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Para que continues ejercitando sobre el uso correcto de reported speech o lenguaje indirecto, te ofrecemos las siguientes oraciones. Ten en cuenta colocar los verbos en el tiempo correspondiente:

1. John told me: The bus drivers are on strike. 2. I have to visit the dentist, Sarah assured. 3. Have you cleaned the high windows?", the principal inquired. 4. Susan wanted to know: Why are you painting the house? 5. You have to stay at home until your father arrives, the girl said. 6. The policeman wanted to know: Did you take the latest equipment? 7. My grandmother asked me: What time have you left home? 8. You have to respect older people, Paul, my mother ordered.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Are you going to tidy up your bedroom?, my mom inquired. Mike said: I have hurt my leg. Are you busy after work?, my boss asked. Why you didnt go to church?, my mom inquired. Michael told us: Dont play inside the house. I didnt feed the fish, my brother admitted. The neighbour asked: Who is going to help you? Can you wait in the office for the letters?, the secretary

asked me.

Solucin del ejercicio de revisin: Reported Speech IX (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Si ya has realizado este ejercicio sobre reported speech o lenguaje indirecto, verifica que hayas escrito tus frases correctamente controlndolas con la siguiente solucin:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

John told me that the bus drivers were on strike. Sarah assured that she had to visit the dentist. The principal inquired if I had cleaned the high windows. Susan wanted to know why I was painting the house. The girl said that I had to stay at home until my father arrived. 6. The policeman wanted to know if we had taken the latest equipment. 7. My grandmother asked me what time had I left home. 8. My mother ordered Paul that he had to respect older people.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

My mom inquired if I was going to tidy up my bedroom. Mike said that he had hurt his leg. My boss asked if I was busy after work. My mom inquired why I hadnt gone to church. Michael told us to not play inside the house. My brother admitted that he hadnt fed the fish. The neighbour asked who was going to help me. The secretary asked me if I could wait in the office for the letters.


Review Exercise: Reported Speech X (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Hoy te traemos el ltimo de una serie de ejercicios de repaso sobre reported speech o lenguaje indirecto. Esperamos que te hayan servido para comprender mejor el uso de este recurso gramatical de uso tan frecuente en el idioma ingls. Debes pasar las siguientes oraciones teniendo en cuenta de colocar los verbos en su tiempo correspondiente:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Sam told us: Its raining outside. Do you need more money?, I wanted to know. Where is the classroom?, the children asked. Can you explain the lesson again?, the boy asked the teacher. Doing exercise is the best way to keep fit, the doctor announced. Have you watered the plants?, the gardener asked. Sam asked me: When are you going to meet Tom? It is forbidden to touch the animals, the guard warned us.

1. The bartender wanted to know: How many drinks do you want? 2. I dont want to do the homework, Ann said. 3. Will you walk the dog?, Clare wanted to know. 4. Which is your favourite flower?, my friend wanted to know. 5. Be quiet at work, the supervisor ordered. 6. Sheila deserves an important rise, the boss affirmed. 7. Are they interested in taking another job?, the principal inquired. 8. My sister asked me: Why are you crying?


Solucin del ejercicio de revisin: Reported Speech X (Lenguaje Indirecto)

Para verificar si has realizado este ejercicio de repaso sobre reported speech o lenguaje indirecto correctamente, aqu te traemos la solucin:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Sam told us that it was raining outside. I wanted to know if she needed more money. The children asked where the classroom was. The boy asked the teacher if she could explain the lesson again. The doctor announced that doing exercise was the best way to keep fit. The gardener asked if I had watered the plants. Sam asked me when I was going to meet Tom. The guard warned us that it was forbidden to touch the animals.

1. 2. 3. 4.

The bartender wanted to know how many drinks we wanted. Ann said that she didnt want to do the homework. Clare wanted to know if I would walk the dog. My friend wanted to know which my favourite flower was.

5. The supervisor ordered to be quiet at work. 6. The boss affirmed that Sheila deserved an important rise. 7. The principal inquired if they were interested in taking another job. 8. My sister asked me why I was crying.

Reported Speech: Oraciones Interrogativas

Ya hemos visto como se convierte una oracin afirmativa de Lenguaje Directo a Lenguaje Indirecto y ahora te proponemos que observes como se pasa una oracin interrogativa a Reported Speech. Para ello debemos utilizar el mismo orden gramatical, es decir que se coloca el sujeto despus del verbo, pero sin la necesidad de utilizar los auxiliares DO o DID. Tambin vale la pena aclarar que para introducir el lenguaje indirecto emplearemos el verbo ask (preguntar). Vemos ahora algunos ejemplos:
Where does Peter study?, my sister asked me. (Lenguaje Directo) Dnde estudia Peter?, mi hermana me pregunt. My sister asked me where Peter studied. (Lenguaje Indirecto) Mi hermana me pregunt donde estudiaba Peter. When did you travel to Europe?, my neighbour asked me. (Lenguaje Directo) Cundo viajaste a Europa?, mi vecina me pregunt. My neighbour asked me when I had travelled to Europe. (Lenguaje Indirecto) Mi vecina me pregunt cuando yo haba viajado a Europa.

VER REPORTED SPEECH (Oraciones Afirmativas)