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INDEX

1. Dimensional changes of fabric after home laundering


Apparatus and materials Test specimen Summary of test method Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Dimensional change % Apparatus and materials Test specimens Summary of test method Dimensional change % Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Purpose & scope Consolidation dimensional change Dimensional change Felting dimensional change Relaxation dimensional change

2. Dimensional changes of garments after home laundering

3. Dimensional changes of woven or knitted wool


4. Shrinkage Apparatus and materials Test specimen Marking Test procedure : relaxation dimensional change Calculations Test procedure : consolidation dimensional change Calculations Test procedure : felting dimensional change Table 1 Measurement

DIMENSIONAL CHANGES OF FABRIC AFTER HOME LAUNDERING


Test method intended for determination of dimensional changes when subjected to home laundering. 4 washing temp, 3 agitation cycles, 2 rinse temperatures and 4 drying procedures cover the common home care options using current laundering machines. APPARATUS AND MATERIALS Automatic washing machine and automatic tumble dryer Facility to drying AATCC standard reference detergent Indelible ink marking pen Conditioning chamber Balance of 5 kg capacity Ballast of 920x920 m (36x36 in) hemmed pieces of bleached cotton sheeting (wash load ballast type 1), or 50/50 polyester/cotton bleached plain weave (wash load ballast type 3) Measuring tape or rule marked in mm TEST SPECIMEN Condition test specimens as directed in ASTM D1776, standard practice for conditioning and testing textiles. Condition each specimen for at least 4h at 21 + 1 degree C and 65 + 2 % RH by laying each test specimen separately on a screen or perforated shelf of a condition rack.

SUMMARY OF TEST METHOD Weigh test specimens and enough ballast to mark 1.8 + 0.1 kg load. An alternative load size of 3.6 + 0.1 kg may be used. Add 66 + 1 gm of AATCC Standard Reference Detergent to an 18 + .5 gal wash load. Agitate water briefly to dissolve detergent. Add test specimen and ballast to machine. Set washer for related washing cycling and time. After completion of washing, specimen is dried as per required drying procedures. Hand ironing is done for evaluation of fabrics used in garments, which require ironing to remove wrinkles prior to weaving. After ironing, condition specimen for at least 4 hrs by laying each specimen separately on screen perforated shelves at 21 + 1 C and 65 + 2 % RH

TABLE 1: ALTERNATE WASHING AND DRYING CYCLES MACHINE CYCLE WASHING TEMPERATURE ii. 27 + 3 C iii. 41 + 3 C iv. 49 + 3 C v. 60 + 3 C DRYING PROCEDURE (A) i. ii. iii. Tumble

(1) Normal/Cotton (2) Delicate (3) Permanent

Cotton sturdy Delicate Permanent

Press : (B) (C) (D) Line Drip Screen

TABLE 2: WASHING MACHINE CONDITIONS WITHOUT LOAD NORMAL DELICATE PERMANENT PRESS 18 + 1 gal 179 + 2 spm 10 min 430 + 15 rpm 4 min

Water Level Agitator Speed Washing Time Spin Speed Final Time Spin

18 + 1 gal 179 + 1 spm 12 min 645 + 15 rpm 6 min

18 + 1 gal 119 + 1 spm 8 min 430 + 15 rpm 4 min

TABLE 3: DRYER SETTING CONDITIONS COTTON STURDY Exhaust Temperature Cool Down Time High 66 + 5 C 10 min DELICATE PERMANENT PRESS High 66 + 5 C 10 min

Low < 60 C 10 min

DIMENSIONAL CHANGE PERCENTAGE After conditioning, measure the dimensions. Difference is calculated in warp and weft directions. The % change is dimensional change in fabric. DC % = B-A / A X 100 A= original dimension B= dimension after laundering (-) indicates shrinkage (+) indicates elongation

DIMENSIONAL CHANGES OF GARMENTS AFTER LAUNDERING


Test method intended for determination of dimensional changes when subjected to home laundering. 4 washing temp, 3 agitation cycles, 2 rinse temperatures and 4 drying procedures cover the common home care options using current laundering machines. APPARATUS AND MATERIALS Automatic washing machine Automatic tumble dryer Facility to drying AATCC standard reference detergent Indelible ink marking pen Measuring scale Conditioning chamber Balance of 5 kg Ballast of 920X920 mm hemmed pieces of bleached cotton sheeting ( wash load ballast type 1) or 50/50 polyester/cotton bleached plain weave ( wash load ballast type 3 )

TEST SPECIMENS Each garment is considered as a specimen Condition garment at 21 + 1 C and 65 + 2 % RH Condition each specimen for at least 4h at 21 + 1 degree C and 65 + 2 % RH by laying each test specimen separately on a screen or perforated shelf of a condition rack Use table 4 as a guide for selection of garment specimen areas to use as measurement sites, place bench marks on the garment at the selected locations. Use at least 3 length and 3 width locations for making benchmarking on each garment specimen. Location of bench mark should be as agreed upon by the buyer and seller SUMMARY OF TEST METHOD Weigh garment test specimen and enough ballast to mark a 1.8 + .1 kg load. Select the specified water level; the desired water temp for the washing cycle and the rinse temp of less than 29 C. fill the washing machine to the 1.8 + .5 water level. Add 66 + 1 g of AATCC standard Reference Detergent to an 18 +.5 gal wash load. Add garment test specimen and ballast to the machine. Set the washer and time. Dry garment as per instructions. Hand iron the garment Condition the garments at least 4 h at 21 + 1 C and 65 + 2 % RH.

DIMENSIONAL CHANGE % After conditioning, measure the dimensions. Difference is calculated in warp and weft directions. The % change is dimensional change in garment. DC % = B-A / A X 100 A= original dimension B= dimension after laundering (-) indicates shrinkage (+) indicates elongation

The table showing the garment and the benchmark locations :-