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PETRLEOS MEXICANOS

SUBDIRECCIN DE TRANSFORMACIN INDUSTRIAL. GERENCIA DE PROTECCIN ECOLGICA E IND.

PROCEDIMIENTO PARA EFECTUAR TRABAJOS DE BARRENADO. (TAPPING-MACHINE) EN TUBERAS EN OPERACIN

No. de documento: DG-IT-904 Rev. Hoja 1 de 9

DOCUMENTO NORMATIVO FECHA: FEBRERO 1988.

ndice
Tema
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

pgina

Alcance .............................................................................................. 2 Generalidades.................................................................................... 2 Precauciones ..................................................................................... 2 Procedimiento .................................................................................... 3 Consideraciones especiales .............................................................. 5

PETRLEOS MEXICANOS
SUBDIRECCIN DE TRANSFORMACIN INDUSTRIAL. GERENCIA DE PROTECCIN ECOLGICA E IND.

PROCEDIMIENTO PARA EFECTUAR TRABAJOS DE BARRENADO. (TAPPING-MACHINE) EN TUBERAS EN OPERACIN

No. de documento: GPEI-IT-904 Rev. Hoja 2 de 9

DOCUMENTO NORMATIVO FECHA: FEBRERO 1988.

1.

Alcance. Consideraciones de seguridad para efectuar trabajos de soldadura y barrenar tuberas en operacin que manejen hidrocarburos, fludos inflamables, txicos y/o corrosivos en las instalaciones de la Subdireccin de Transformacin Industrial. Los trabajos de barrenado en operacin se harn solamente en casos especiales y de ninguna manera como una rutina de conexin, siempre se deber tomar en cuenta la temperatura del fludo y flexibilidad que deber tener la lnea que se utilice para interconectar. Nunca se deben realizar trabajos de barrenado en lneas que estn operando, y que en su construccin por diseo requieren relevado de esfuerzos.

2.

Generalidades. Las conexiones o accesorios pueden instalarse en las tuberas por varios mtodos, el aqu considerado involucra la soldadura de una pieza a la lnea que est operando. Como no hay aire en el contenido interno la posibilidad de fuego o explosin no existe. La posibilidad de perforar la pared del equipo o tubera sobre el proceso de soldadura se elimina empleando soldadores calificados y una adecuada inspeccin de equipo o tubera previa a la soldadura.

3.

Precauciones. Con objeto de mantener control de las condiciones bajo los cuales se realizarn los trabajos de soldadura y barrenado, el Ingeniero de Inspeccin y Seguridad ser el encargado de la supervisin de acuerdo a lo siguiente: 3.1. Verificar que se elabore el Permiso de Trabajo correspondiente, as como el ACTA O MINUTA DE TRABAJO PELIGROSO

PETRLEOS MEXICANOS
SUBDIRECCIN DE TRANSFORMACIN INDUSTRIAL. GERENCIA DE PROTECCIN ECOLGICA E IND.

PROCEDIMIENTO PARA EFECTUAR TRABAJOS DE BARRENADO. (TAPPING-MACHINE) EN TUBERAS EN OPERACIN

No. de documento: GPEI-IT-904 Rev. Hoja 3 de 9

DOCUMENTO NORMATIVO FECHA: FEBRERO 1988.

3.2.

A los trabajos en lneas que manejen materiales txicos o corrosivos se les dar una consideracin especial, debiendo usar el personal de equipo proteccin personal, de acuerdo al riesgo.

3.3.

Verificar que la lnea sobre la que se va a efectuar el trabajo est operando en sus rangos permisibles de presin y temperatura. No se debe soldar sobre equipo que opere a una presin menor que la atmosfrica.

3.4.

Dictar la condiciones bajo los cales se debe desarrollar el trabajo y las precauciones que debern observarse, antes de conceder la autorizacin.

3.5.

Supervisar que la operacin se realice siguiendo las recomendaciones de seguridad estipuladas.

3.6.

Verificar que la mquina para barrenar sea la adecuada segn su diseo de relacin mxima presin-temperatura.

4.

Procedimiento. 4.1. Asegurarse en campo, que se ha sealado la lnea correcta para ser soldada y barrenada. 4.2. Comprobar que el diseo y seleccin de la boquilla o accesorio por instalar es el apropiado, para usarlo en la conexin de acuerdo al cdigo aplicable ASME, ANSI o AMPI, asegurndose que el arreglo que se implemente tenga la longitud apropiada para acomodar la mquina de barrenar. 4.3. Determinar el espesor de la pared de la lnea sobre la que va a soldarse, para esto: se marcar en ella con punzn, la circunferencia total de la boquilla o accesorio que se soldar, obteniendo el espesor de toda esa circunferencia ya sea por ultrasonido o por radiografiado con objeto de comprobar que es lo suficientemente resistente.

PETRLEOS MEXICANOS
SUBDIRECCIN DE TRANSFORMACIN INDUSTRIAL. GERENCIA DE PROTECCIN ECOLGICA E IND.

PROCEDIMIENTO PARA EFECTUAR TRABAJOS DE BARRENADO. (TAPPING-MACHINE) EN TUBERAS EN OPERACIN

No. de documento: GPEI-IT-904 Rev. Hoja 4 de 9

DOCUMENTO NORMATIVO FECHA: FEBRERO 1988.

4.4.

Probar la vlvula de bloqueo de acuerdo a lo indicado en la especificacin MSS-Standar Practice 61, Ed. 1977 Hidrostatic Testing of Steel Valves. (Anexo).

4.5.

Efectuar la soldadura de la boquilla o accesorio a la tubera en operacin y que va a ser barrenada posteriormente, vigilando que no quede ste desalineado con respecto a la mquina.

4.6.

Pruebe la soldadura a la presin de operacin de las lneas antes de barrenar, esto puede efectuarse hidrostticamente siempre y cuando la temperatura de la lnea en operacin est abajo de la temperatura de ebullicin del fludo usado en la prueba: en caso contrario debe hacerse una prueba neumtica. En esta prueba deber estar incluida la vlvula de bloqueo.

4.7.

En todos los casos se deber usar solapa de refuerzo y sta deber tambin probarse hidrosttica o neumticamente, a la presin de operacin de la lnea.

4.8.

Verificar que el empaque que se use al colocar la vlvula de abertura total sea el adecuado a la especificacin general de la lnea donde se realiza el trabajo.

4.9.

Supervisar que al instalar la mquina de barrenar el venteo de ella est abierto y que ste sea cerrado cuando el barreno penetre la pared del tubo.

4.10. El Ingeniero encargado por mantenimiento ser el responsable de supervisar la instalacin y correcta operacin de la mquina de barrenar, debiendo previamente calcular con exactitud la carrera del cortador con objeto de que la pared opuesta del tubo no vaya a ser cortada.

PETRLEOS MEXICANOS
SUBDIRECCIN DE TRANSFORMACIN INDUSTRIAL. GERENCIA DE PROTECCIN ECOLGICA E IND.

PROCEDIMIENTO PARA EFECTUAR TRABAJOS DE BARRENADO. (TAPPING-MACHINE) EN TUBERAS EN OPERACIN

No. de documento: GPEI-IT-904 Rev. Hoja 5 de 9

DOCUMENTO NORMATIVO FECHA: FEBRERO 1988.

5.

Consideraciones Especiales. El flujo de la lnea deber ser mantenido hasta despus de que las operaciones de soldadura hayan sido terminadas. Si la lnea es grande el calor puede ser disipado y esta condicin podra soslayarse, las tuberas de transporte pueden considerarse como lneas grandes y las tuberas de plantas petroqumicas o de refineras se deben considerar como chicas. En casos, tales como lneas al quemador con flujo, es necesario barrer la lnea con vapor, gas inerte o gas combustible, el cual deber mantenerse fluyendo durante toda la operacin de soldadura.

Hoja 6 de 9 STANDARD PRACTICE

SP-61
1977 Edition

PRESSURE TESTING OF STEEL VALVES

Developed and Approved by the Manufacturers Standarization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc.

5203 LEESBURG PIKE FALLS CHURCH, VIRGINIA 22041

Originally Approved February, 1961

PRESSURE TESTING OF STEEL VALVES


1. SCOPE 1.1 This Standard Practice covers shell and seat closure pressure testing of steel valves designed and made of materials to merit the ratings established by methods in ANSI B16.5 and ANSI B16.34. 1.2 Each valve shall meet the requirements of this Standar Practice. 2. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 2.1 The manufacturer shall be responsible for conducting all test at this plant or other facility capable of performing the testing requirements of this Standard Practice. 2.2 Fluid for shell and seat closure tests shall be air, inert gas, or liquid, such as water, which may contain a corrosion inhibitor, kerosene, or other fluid with viscosity not greater than that of water. Temperature of fluid is not to exceed 125F (52C). 2.3 Valves shall be substantially relivied of air or gas when tested with liquid. 2.4 Seat closure tests for NPS 3 and larger valves shall be conducted after an acceptable shell test. Seat closure tests for NPS 2-1/2 and smaller valves may be conducted before or after the shell tests at the manufacturers option. (1).
(1) When valves must conform to ANSI B16.5 and B16.34, seat test shall be conducted after a shell test.

Hoja 7 de 9

2.5 Valves shall not be painted before shell pressure tests are completed. Corrosion protection treatments such as phosphatizing are permitted. If pressure tests in the presence of purchasers representative are specified, painted valves from stock may be retested without removal of paint. 3. SHELL TESTS 3.1 Each valve shall given a shell tests a gage pressure no less than 1.5 times the 100F(38C) rating, rounded off to the next higher 25 psi (1 bar) increment. 3.2 Shell tests shall be conducted with the valve in the partially open position and the with the valve ends closed. Pressure reaining parts of valves having internal componets, such as diaphragms in diaphragm valves which are not designed to withstand required shell test pressures may be tested separately. The manufacturers shall contain reference to this limitation. 3.3 Visually detectable leakage through the pressure boundary walls is not acceptable. Stem seal leakage during shell test shall not be cause for rejection. Stem seals shall be capable of retaining pressure at least equal to the 100F (38C) ratings without visible leakage.


All MSS Standards approved and practices recommended are advisori only. There is no agreement to adhere to any MSS standard or recommended practice and their use by anyone is entirely voluntary. No part of this document may be reproduced in ani form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior witten permission of the society. Copyright , 1977 by Manufactures Standarization Society of the Valved and Fittings Industry, Inc. Printed in U.S.A.

Hoja 8 de 9 3.4 The duration of the shell test shall not be less than shown below: VALVE SIZE NPS 2 and Smaller 2-1/2 8 10 and Larger 4. TEST TIME (SECONDS) 15 60 180 shall be tested with pressure under the disc. A check valve, globe valve or other valve type designed, sold, and marked as a one-way valve, requires a closure test only in the appropiate direction. 4.4 Valves conforming to this stardard in all respects, except that they are specified and designed for operating conditions that have pressure differential across the closure member limited to values less than the 100F (38C) pressure rating and having closure members and/or actuating devices (direct, mechanical, fluid, or electrical) that would be subject to damage at high differential pressures, shall be tested as described above except that the closure test requirement may be reduced to 1.1 times the maximum specified closed position differential pressures. This exception may be exersiced upon agreement between the user and manufactured. The manufacturers name plate data shall include reference to any such limitations. 4.5 Allowable leakege rates shall be as follows: 4.5.1 The maximum allowable leakage of each seat closure shall be 10 ml/hr of liquid or 0.1 cu ft/hr (3 liter/hr) of gas per ich of nominal valve size. 4.5.2 In the case of valves having pressure or flow reversal actuated closure, e.g., check valves, the permissible leakage rate may be increased by a factor of 4. 4.6 The duration of each seat closure test shall not be less than shown below: VALVE SIZE NPS 2 and Smaller 2-1/28 10 18 20 and Larger TEST TIME (SECONDS) 15 30 60 120

SEAT CLOSURE TESTS 4.1 Each valve designed for shutoff or isolation service, such as stop valves and check valves, shall be given either a fluid seat closure tightnees test at a pressure no less than 1.1 times the 100F (38C) rating or gas seat closure tightness test at a minimum pressure of 80 psi (5.5 bar) at the option of the manufacturer. 4.2 For valves of the double seating type such as many gate, plug, and ball valves, the test pressure shall be applied successively to each side of the closed valve and leakage to the opposite side cheked. 4.2.1 As alternate mothods for valves with independet double seating (such as double disc or split wedge gate valves), at the option of the manufacturer, the pressure may be applied inside the bonnet (or body) of the closed valve and each seat cheked for leakage at the valve ports, or the pressure may be applied to the valve ports and the sum of seat leakage cheked at the bonnet (or body). These alternate methods may also be used, at the option of manufacture, for valves with single discs (such as solid or flexible wedge gate valves) provided a supplementary closure member test across the disc is performed. 4.3 For other valve types, the test pressure shall be applied across the closure member in the direction producing the most adverse seating condition. For example, a globe valve

Hoja 9 de 9 LIST OF MSS STANDAR PRACTICES NUMBER SP- 6-1974 SP- 9-1977 SP-25-1978 SP-42-1978 SP-43-1976 SP-44-1975 SP-45-1976 SP-51-1957 (R 1965) SP-53-1971 SP-54-1978 SP-55-1971 (R 1975) SP-58-1975 SP-60-1976 SP-61 1977 SP-65-1977 SP-67-1976 SP-69-1976 SP-70-1976 SP-71-1976 SP-72-1970 SP-73-1978 SP-77-1971 (R 1978) SP-78-1977 SP-79-1974 SP-80-1974 SP-81-1975 SP-82-1976 SP-83-1976 SP-84-1978 SP-85-1976 SP-86-1977 SP-87-1977 SP-88-1978 SP-89-1978
M

Standard Finishes for Contact Faces of Pipe Flanges and Connecting-End Flanges of Valves and Fittings M Spot Facing for Bronze, Iron and Steel Flanges M Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings, Flanges and Unios M Corrosion Resistant Gate, Globe, Angle and Check Valves with Flanged and Butt Weld Ends M Wrought Stainless Steel Butt-Welding Fittings M Steel Pipe Line Flanges M Bypass and Drain Conecction Standard (formerly SP-5 and SP-28) M 150 lb. Corrosion Resistant Cast Flanges and Flanged Fittings Quality Standard for Steel Castings Dry Particle Magnetic Inspection Method Quality Standard for Steel Castings Radiographic Inspection Method Quality Standard for Steel Castings Visual Method Pipe Hangers and Suppors Materials, Design and Manufacture M Connecting Flange Joint Between Tapping Sleeves and Tapping Valves Pressure Testing of Steel Valves M High Pressure Chemical Industry Flanges and Threaded Stubs for Use with Lens Gaskets M Buterfly Valves M Pipe Hangers and Support Selection and Aplication M Cast Iron Gate Valves, Flagend and Threaded Ends M Cast Iron Swing Check Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends M Ball Valves with Flangend or Butt-Welding Ends for General Service Specification for High Test Wrought Welding Fittings M Guidelines for Pipe Support Contractual Relationships Cast Iron Gate Plug Valves, Flanged and Threaded Ends M Socket-Welding Reducer Inserts M Bronze Gate, Globe, Angle and Check Valves M Stainless Steel, Bonnetless, Flanged, Wafer, Knife GateValves M Valve Pressure Testing Methods M Carbon Steel Pipe Unions, Socke-Welding and Threaded M Steel Valves-Socket Welding and Threaded Ends M Cast Iron Globe & Angle Valves Flanged and Threaded Ends M MSS Guidelines for Metric Data in Standards for Valves, Flanges, and Fittings M Factory-Made Butt-Welding Fittings for Class I Nuclear Piping Aplications M Diaphragm Type Valves M Pipe Hangers and Supports Fabrication and Installation Practices M
R-Year Indicates year standard reaffirmed without substantive change

Metric Units included

Prices available upon request. A large number of former MSS Standard Practices have been approved by the ANSI as ANSI Standards. In order to maintain a single source of athoritative information, the MSS withdraws its Standar Practices when they are approved as ANSI Standars.
MANUFACTURES STANDARDIZATION SOCIETY OF THE VALVE AND FITTINGS INDUSTRY, INC. 1815 NORTH FORT MYER DRIVE ARLINGTON, VA. 22209