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CCNA Exploration 4.

0 Semester 1 - Chapter 5 Study Guide

1. El Protocolo de Internet (IPv4 e IPv6) is the most widely-used Layer 3 data

carrying protocol. 2. IPv4 basic characteristics: a. Sin Conexion b. Maximo esfuerzo c. Independiente de los medios
3. La entrega del paquete sin conexin puede hacer que los paquetes

lleguen al destino fuera de secuencia. Luego los servicios de las capas superiores tendrn que resolver estas cuestiones.
4. La funcin de la Capa 3 es transportar los paquetes entre los hosts 5. IP is often referred to as un protocolo no confiable. 6. Es responsabilidad de la capa de enlace de datos de OSI tomar un paquete IP y

prepararlo para transmitirlo por el medio de comunicacin..

7. la PDU de la capa de transporte encapsulada, se mantiene inalterable

durante los procesos de la capa de red. 8. Key IPv4 Header Fields: a. Direccin IP de origen b. Direccin IP de destino c. Tiempo de vida (TTL) d. Tipo de servicio (ToS) e. Protocolo f. Desplazamiento de fragmentos
9. Networks can be grouped based on factors that include:

a. Ubicacin geogrfica b. Propsito c. Propiedad

10. Dividing networks based on usage facilitates the effective allocation of network

resources as well as authorized access to those resources.

11. Dividing hosts into separate networks provides a boundary for Aplicacion de la

seguridad and management of each network. 12. Common issues with large networks are:

Problemas comunes con las grandes redes son los siguientes: degradacin del rendimiento Seguridad de las cuestiones Direccin de Gestin Mejora del rendimiento

13. A Broadcast is a message sent from one host to all other hosts on the network. 14. Dividing networks based on ownership means that access to and from resources

outside each network can be Prohibidos,Permitidos o de Vigilancia Permanente

15. Dividing large networks so that hosts who need to communicate are grouped

together reducen la sobrecarga innecesaria of all hosts needing to know all addresses.
16. To be able to divide networks and uniquely identify each host, we need La red de

direcciones Ip v4
17. The logical 32-bit IPv4 address is hierarchical and is made up of 2 parts. 18. IPv4 addresses are divided in four groups of eight bits called Octetos. 19. In an IPv4 network, a separate 32-bit number called a Mascara de Subred

indicates the prefix.

20. The Gateway, also known as the default gateway, is needed to send a packet out

of the local network.

21. The Tablas de Enrutamiento stores information about connected and remote

22. Routes in a routing table have three main features: a. Red de destino b. Siguiente hop



23. The routing table in a Cisco router can be examined with the show ip route

24. The Ruta por Defecto is used to forward packets for which there is no entry in

the routing table for the destination network.

25. At each hop, the router examines the Destino IP address for each packet and then

checks the tablas de enrutamiento for forwarding information.

26. Routes to remote networks with the associated next hops can be manualmente

configured on the router. This is known as static routing. A default route can also be estaticamente configured.
27. Protocolos de Enrutamiento are the set of rules by which routers dynamically

share their routing information. 28. Common routing protocols are: a. Routing Information Protocol (RIP) b. Enhanced Interior Gateway Protocol (EIGRP) c. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

29. The routing table contains the information that a router uses in Las decisions de

reenvio de paquetes

30. If, at any router, no route for the destination network is found in the routing table

and there is no default route, that packet is caido (dropped)

Nombre: Paul Miguel Carrera Garca