La Pepa. History and Monuments. 1.

Read again the following extracts and paragraphs and do the activities that follow:

 Cadiz took in the members of parliament that drafted and enacted the first liberal constitution of our history.  This is the monument which won a contest to commemorate the first centenary of La Pepa. It is located in Plaza de España Square, which is an emblematic green area in Cadiz.  The monument to the Cadiz Parliament is full of symbols that represent the Spanish Parliament. It consists of two bronze statues which stand for peace and war and a central pillar where the text of the 1812 constitution is written.  This is the building that used to defend the city from foreign enemies, who came from Holland, France and England.  This is the building that you can see in San Juan de Dios Square, which is near the port.  This is the place where the Magna Carta was signed. It held 1478 sessions, which people could attend.  This was the place where the Constitution was written.  This is the building which people call ‘the new cathedral’.

1.a. The sentences in bold type are called ‘relative clauses’ and they include the basic elements any sentence in English has: subject, verb (and complements). Identify the verbs with a blue underline and the subjects with a red one. 1.b. Relative clauses form part of other sentences and they provide additional information about an element in that sentence, which precedes the relative clause. This element (called ‘antecedent’) is underlined in the examples above. Classify the antecedents above in the table below:

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La Pepa. History and Monuments. Personal Reference (People) Non-Personal Reference (Things)

1.c. Relative pronouns (in italics in the examples above) are the first words in relative clauses. They refer directly to the antecedent. Complete the tables below:

Relative Pronouns (All)

Relative Pronouns for Personal Reference

Relative Pronouns for Non-Personal Reference

1.d. Read the information below and write between brackets the relative pronouns that can be omitted in the examples in 1:

Relative sentences are separated from the main sentence by a coma if the antecedent is already defined and needs no further information for the sentence to be complete. In these cases, that is never used and the relative pronoun can never be omitted. Relative clauses that define the antecedent have no comas and then, we can omit the relative pronoun as long as it is not the subject of the relative clause.

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La Pepa. History and Monuments. 2. Join to make meaningful sentences: A. The first Spanish Constitution was La Pepa, B. San Felipe Neri Oratory is a building 1. that hasn’t got any columns. 2. that won the contest to build the commemorative monument for La Pepa in 1912.

C. Modesto López and Aniceto Mariñas were the 3. that people can see from the port. architect and sculptor D. España Square is surrounded by buildings 4. which was in force for two years.

E. The Monument to the Cadiz Parliament has 5. that used to belong to traders in the 18th got a high pillar century.

3. Read the following pairs of sentences and combine them with relative pronouns:

a. The Constitution established popular sovereignty, the separation of powers, freedom of speech and freedom of the press. The Constitution was enacted in 1812.

b. The building is San Felipe Neri Oratory. It has got a painting by Murillo.

c. The walls were built in the 18th century. You can see them from the sea.

d. The Town Hall is in San Juan de Dios Square. The mayor works there.

e. España Square is an emblematic place. It is near the port.

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La Pepa. History and Monuments. 4. Let’s be tourist guides for a day! During your school trip to Cadiz you will play the role of tourist guides, and thus, you will show and explain to your classmates some of the most significant monuments and historical events in the city. For that, you will follow these steps: 4.a. Your teacher will divide the class into groups of students. Each group will work on one of the aspects below: A. History of Cadiz (from Prehistory to Modern History) B. History of Cadiz (Contemporary History) C. Town Hall (the outside) D. Monument to the Cadiz Parliament (left side) E. Monument to the Cadiz Parliament (right side) F. San Carlos Ramparts (walls and strategic place) G. French invasion H. The siege of Cadiz I. San Felipe Neri Oratory (the outside) J. 1812 Constitution (historical events) K. 1812 Constitution (politics) L. Cathedral (the outside) 4.b. Visit the library and surf the Internet for the necessary information. Make sure you understand the content and take note of the relevant aspects. You can use this guideline for help and the websites included below, but you should feel free to use others as well: Historical event or monument: Relevant dates: Relevant historical figures: Style (if applicable): Use (if applicable): Importance: Other aspects:

Bibliographic References at the School Library Alonso de la Sierra, Juan y Lorenzo: Guía artística de Cádiz, editorial Silex. VVAA.: Guía artística de Cádiz y provincia, tomo I, Fundación José Manuel Lara, 2005. VVAA.: Enciclopedia de Historia del Arte en Andalucía, Gerver. Artículos de la Revista La Aventura de la Historia: - “El pueblo estalla contra los franceses. 200 años de la guerra de Independencia” - 1810: Aquellas Cortes de Cádiz - 2 de mayo de 1808. El día de la ira - 1808-1814: Los franceses se rinden en Cádiz 4 Cd Rom, La Pepa

La Pepa. History and Monuments. WebSites http://bicentenariocadiz1812.es: “Material didáctico: Monumento a las cortes y sitio de Cádiz” Pdf. “Cádiz y los lugares del doce” “1812, un paseo por los lugares de La Pepa” Zona de recursos: Vídeos

http://wikipedia.org (in English): Cadiz Cadiz Cathedral Spanish Constitution of 1812 Peninsular War

4.c. Prepare a written text with the information above: 4.d. Prepare the oral text and offer your classmates the explanation during the visit to Cadiz: 4.e. Listen to your classmates and take note of the main information they convey: 4.f. Write a letter to your American pen pal according to the instructions given by your teacher. Make sure you include the information below:

 Purpose of letter  What is Cadiz?  Reasons to visit Cadiz  What is La Pepa?  Main historical events  Main monuments

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