Está en la página 1de 13

# Obj.

16 Trigonometric Functions
Unit 5 Trigonometric and Circular Functions

## Concepts and Objectives

Definitions of Trigonometric and Circular Functions (Obj. #16) Find the values of the six trigonometric functions of angle . Find the function values of quadrantal angles. Identify the quadrant of a given angle. Find the other function values given one value and the quadrant

## Trigonometric Ratio Review

In Geometry, we learned that for any given right triangle, there are special ratios between the sides.
opposite hypotenuse

sin A =

opposite

Trigonometric Functions
Consider a circle centered at the origin with radius r: The equation for this circle is x2 + y2 = r2 A point (x, y) on the circle creates a right triangle whose sides are x, y, and r. The trig ratios are now (x, y) y r y sin = r x x cos = r y tan = x

Trigonometric Functions
There are three other ratios in addition to the three we already know : cosecant, secant, and cotangent. These ratios are the inverses of the original three: 1 r csc = = sin y 1 r sec = = cos x 1 x cot = = tan y

(x, y) r

## Finding Function Values

Example: The terminal side of an angle in standard position passes through the point (15, 8). Find the values of the six trigonometric functions of angle . We know that x = 15 and y = 8, but we still have to calculate r:

r = x 2 + y2

(15, 8) 17

= 152 + 82 = 17
Now, we can calculate the values.

15

## Finding Function Values

Example: The terminal side of an angle in standard position passes through the point (15, 8). Find the values of the six trigonometric functions of angle .
y 8 sin = = r 17 x 15 cos = = r 17 tan = y 8 = x 15

(15, 8) 17

15

## The Unit Circle

Angles in standard position whose terminal sides lie on the x-axis or y-axis (90, 180, 270, etc.) are called quadrantal angles. To find function values of quandrantal angles easily, we use a circle with a radius of 1, which is called a unit circle. Notice what the different x, y, and r values are at the quadrantal angle points (x and y are either 0, 1, or 1; r is always 1).

Example: Find the values of the six trigonometric functions for an angle of 270. At 270, x = 0, y = 1, r = 1.
1 sin270 = = 1 1 0 cos270 = = 0 1

tan270 =

1 = undefined 0

Example: Find the values of the six trigonometric functions for an angle of 270. At 270, x = 0, y = 1, r = 1.
1 csc270 = = 1 1 1 sec270 = = undefined 0 0 cot 270 = =0 1