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TRIZ Body of Knowledge

TRIZ Top Level Certification

TRIZ Companies

TRIZ Body of Knowledge

S.Litvin, V.Petrov, M.Rubin

TRIZ Body of Knowledge∗
April 2, 2007

Introduction
As TRIZ continues it’s expansion throughout the globe, the further development of TRIZ as a science and a social movement is hindered by a number of factors. Ambiguous and indefinite borders of TRIZ represent one of these factors. Unfortunately, there are currently no TRIZ textbooks or universal TRIZ training programs that are generally accepted by the global TRIZ community. This leads to significant differences in the interpretation of TRIZ, and in some cases, original TRIZ ideas and approaches are corrupted. The International TRIZ Association (MA TRIZ), Altshuller Institute (AI), and the European TRIZ Association (ETRIA) have mutually agreed to define the TRIZ Body of Knowledge. Taking into account the importance of the task, the founders of the “TRIZ Developers Summit” prepared their vision for subsequent discussion. We are thankful to L. Kozhevnikova, O. Gerasimov, A. Kislov, A. Gasanov (Russia), B. Zlotin and A. Zusman (USA) for their assistance in preparing this material. We realize that no social organizations and scientific associations, even the most respected and most numerous, are able to determine the borders of one or another science, including TRIZ. This will take time and generations of people for whom this science is a profession. However, attempts to determine these borders and moreover, open discussion of them by specialists are useful for the development of the theory. Thus, the main goals of this document are to: 1. Identify what basic approaches, sections, and tools refer to TRIZ, and what do not.
This would not impede developers of “non-TRIZ” approaches and materials to continue their studies and practical work, but would enable (where possible) to reject those materials and specialists, which, acting on behalf of TRIZ, propose things that have nothing to do with TRIZ — starting from elements of Six Sigma and ending with yoga — thus, distorting the notion of TRIZ in the eyes of potential users and neophytes.

2. Upgrade the efficiency of TRIZ development by understanding how TRIZ was developed. 3. Provide an objective basis to certify TRIZ specialists and to minimize disputes regarding the amount of knowledge necessary to be a specialist of one level or another.

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Therefore. Important note: a number of tools developed and used in TRIZ have similar names as methods known prior to TRIZ. inventive). Altshuller∗. we propose to break down this work into two stages: first to define the borders of classic TRIZ. TRIZplus and G3:ID (S.Litvin and others). TRIZ structure and components. Works supervised by G. Define TRIZ as a Theory — this should indicate TRIZ functions as well as current and potential scope of applicability. Ideation TRIZ (B.S. Works of G. Name the starting points (in other words. TRIZ methods lean upon the objective trends of evolution of systems (predominantly. And time is pressing — a need for a certain common platform is very urgent (see goals of this document).0 Initial positions Currently.S. The area of TRIZ studies also includes creative work on the whole and the subject of creative activity . 2. The integration and unification of these developments and approaches is quite a complex task. and so forth. Works authored or co-authored by G. Works of TRIZ developers performed after the death of G. A typical example is VEA (Value Engineering Analysis). Each of the above-indicated features cannot be used separately from the entire set of criteria. This approach may seem to be not objective and even voluntary. 3. However. Altshuller and works of his disciples approved by him. engineering systems). but it provides a unified basis for the theory: classic TRIZ is TRIZ that was created or approved by G. Altshuller (i.S. 2. and c refers to TRIZ. We propose to identify the TRIZ Body of Knowledge in two stages: 1. Altshuller. there are many developments describing general approaches and postulates of TRIZ.e. by associating postulates with functions. All materials included in the TRIZ Body of Knowledge satisfy certain requirements/criteria generally accepted in the TRIZ community: 1. we would like to emphasize once more that it will take a long time to perform the abovedescribed work and to agree upon the results with all leading developers. Leading TRIZ experts should all agree upon this method and verify that everything concurrently satisfying items a. Selection Criteria We realize that an approach to select basic TRIZ knowledge at the 2nd stage should be objective and. Altshuller. Sobolev. Miles and Yu. 0 . Assess the consistency of this method. Criteria for Selecting the TRIZ Body of Knowledge at the 1st Stage We propose to introduce the following criteria for materials and development of the TRIZ Body of Knowledge at the 1st stage: 1.S. b. b. works that have passed “quality inspection” by G. theoretically. Also. It is necessary to use all of them jointly. Altshuller)∗. TRIZ methods are reproducible and could be taught. The area of TRIZ studies lies at the intersection between artificial material systems and creative thinking — how these systems are created and developed. d. Each of these stages could be discussed and approved separately. secondly. Approaches and tools of these TRIZ component are fundamentally different from the developments of L.S. we put together an action plan to assist in the development: a. Provide a structure of TRIZ as a system. 2. to try to expand these borders due to later developments. and then.creative personality. 3. postulates) on which TRIZ as a Theory is based.Altshuller . etc.S. c. Works that were personally approved by G. TRIZ is an applied science aimed at developing instrumental methods to effectively solve inventive problems in different engineering fields. These trends are identified based on studying the objective information from different areas of intellectual activities (mainly. including by means of education software.Zlotin and others). some other methods that are based on TRIZ have appeared recently — for example.

Altshuller and works approved by him. Altshuller[4]. Penza. Program of the “Innovation technology of design based on TRIZ and VEA” training course developed at the scientific-and-engineering center Invention Machine (St. Methodological tools of TRIZ 2.5. Trend of deployment — trimming[23] 2.3.7. Sverdlovsk. it is possible to compile an exhaustive list of reference sources corresponding to the criterion that are selected for this category of knowledge: works by G. 2. Altshuller[2]. Trend of completeness of system parts[15]. When developing the classification. Altshuller are known: 1. Petersburg. “Life lines” of engineering systems[14].6. Altshuller together with other teachers. ideal substance[19]. Programs of the TRIZ and VEA training courses developed at the Kishinev Center “Progress” and approved by G. Inventive situation. Altshuller. the following training programs approved by G. Dialectics — philosophical foundation for TRIZ[9].1.1.1.1.S.1. 2. Simferopol and other cities held by G. Basic TRIZ Sections and Components 1. 1.S.S. We have also taken into account that the proposed structure of the TRIZ sections is intended for developing TRIZ as a theory. and other materials). a structure for the main sections of TRIZ knowledge could be formed based on the selected TRIZ literature.4. Trend of uneven evolution of system parts[24]. Basic ideas of TRIZ[8]. General issues of the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving 1.org/e/248006. For the first stage. Trimming of systems[21].htm). Altshuller[3]. Trend of increasing degree of ideality[18]. program “Icarus and Dedalus”. methodological guides. 1. Programs of seminars in Moscow. 1. 5. not for training and classifying the materials. Different TRIZ-related information funds. the training program “Methods of scientific and engineering creative activity (MSEC)” approved by G. 2. Kozhevnickova “Classification for systematization of TRIZ materials” (www. reviews. 2. Mechanisms for trimming engineering systems[22]. Petersburg) of the Invention Machine Corporation and approved by G. Dnepropetrovsk. training programs. 3.1. Kishinev. A set of training programs developed by G.S. Based on this literature.1. Thus. Angarsk. books.4. and other materials could also be used to compile the list. Ideal method.1.S. approved by G. Methodology of TRIZ studies[11]. Trends of Engineering Systems Evolution[13] 2. Multi-screen scheme of talented thinking[10]. Trend of “energy conductivity” of a system[16]. Inventive problem[6]. information materials for trainees). Altshuller’s materials (review “TRIZ-88”[5].S.A. and the publication by L.5. It is important to start with agreeing upon general principles and criteria for forming this bibliographical list.trizminsk. Novosibirsk. For example. it is possible to form sections of TRIZ knowledge. A list for the second stage should be permanently updated and supplemented. 2.3. Philosophical aspects of TRIZ. Methods to transfer solutions and methods by using analogies[12]. System operator. Program of the “Methods of scientific and engineering creativity” course taught at the International University of Scientific and Engineering Creativity and Development (IUSECD) of St. Chelyabinsk. 4. Altshuller “Icarus and Dedalus”[1]. Levels of problem solving (levels of inventions)[7].S.2.0 TRIZ Materials Each of the presented categories of the TRIZ Body of Knowledge is reflected in certain publications (articles. 2. 1.S. Ufa.2. Trend of coordination of system parts rhythmics[17]. Mechanisms to enhance ideality[20]. Sections of TRIZ Body of Knowledge We have prepared a list of sections for the Basics of TRIZ Knowledge to discuss according to the abovementioned criteria and publications.1. 1. 0 .S.1. 2.6. we began with all of G.

9.4.1.1.3.4. 2.4. Mathematical effects[55]. 2.4.1. 2.3.3. 2. 2. 2. 2.4. 2. Engineering effects[57]. System of 76 standards[43].3.1.3. Techniques for resolving contradictions. 2. 2.4.11.4.1. Algorithm for Inventive Problems Solving (ARIZ) 2.7.3. History of techniques evolution.1.2.4.1. 3. Effects.3.4.4.4. Techniques broken down into groups[48].5. 40 main techniques[45]. Logics and regularities of Su-field systems evolution. 2.4. Trend of increasing dynamicity and controllability[34]. 2. 2.3.4.4.4.2. 2. Standards for inventive problem solving[41].4. 2. Physical effects[52].2. Trend of elimination of human involvement from systems[33].1.1.3.2.4. From mono-system to bi-system and poly-system [26].2. Basic notions and rules.8. Technology for collecting card catalogues and updating them[61].4.3. Problems-analogs[44].4.4.16. 2. Trend of coordination — disagreement[32].2.2. Theoretical foundations of VEA from TRIZ standpoint. Geometrical effects[56]. ARIZ — algorithm for inventive problem solving. History of ARIZ development[38].1.3. Structure and basic notions of ARIZ-85Â[39].4. administrative. Structure of the system of standards. General pattern of engineering systems evolution[31]. 2.4.2.5. The notion of effects.1.4.4. engineering. 2.4. Standards — system of typical solutions for inventive problems. History of effects system evolution[51].3. 2.4. Functional approach developed in TRIZ.3.1. 2. 2. 2.4.2.13.6.3.1. TRIZ and Value Engineering Analysis (VEA)[62] 3.3. Types of contradictions. Information Fund 2.1.5. Personal card catalogues[59].5. 2.3.1.3. 2. Main line for solving ARIZ problems and ARIZ logics[37].1. 10 additional techniques[46].14. 2. 2. Trend of increasing Su-field degree[25].1.4. Chemical effects[53].4.4.4. 2.2. 2. 2.4. 2.1. Principle of responsiveness[29].4. History of standards evolution[42] and first 10 standards. Trends of transition from the macro-level to the micro-level[27].1. Techniques for resolving engineering contradictions.1.1.3. 2. Techniques .1.2.1. 2.3. Trend of increasing hollowness[28]. Standards for modification of systems.4. 2. Methods for resolving physical contradictions[49].12. 2.3.1. Methods and methodology for SFR application.2.4.4. 2.1.4.5. Essence of VEA from a TRIZ standpoint[63].1.4. 2. Macro.4. Psychological effects. Trend of transition to the supersystem. Standards for measuring and identification of systems.6.2.10. Substance-and-field resources[58].2.1.4. 2. Techniques for resolving physical contradictions. Structure and types of SFR.1.15.and micro-level techniques for resolving contradictions[50].anti-techniques[47]. The notion of Substance-and-field resources (SFR). 2. Biological effects[54].0 2. corporate card catalogues[60]. 0 . and physical[35].3.2. Ideal final result (IFR)[36].1. 3. 2.5.4. ARIZ — a program for inventive problem solving by identifying and resolving contradictions.2.4. 2.4. 2. 2. 2.17.2. Energy-based analysis of engineering systems[30].1.4.3. 2. Standards for application of standards. 2.2. 2. Su-field Analysis[40] 2.

2.2. Situational tasks[87]. Main features of creative personality. Dimension/Time /Cost (DTC) operator (parametrical operator)[77]. Scale of evaluating SF-ideas "Fantasy-2"[89].3.1. Component-and-structural Analysis63.1.10. Function Analysis63. Functionally Ideal Modeling (Trimming) 63.1.6.3. Specific features of conducting VEA at different stages of life cycle of a product from TRIZ standpoint.2. 3. 3.0 3.16. Method of associations[82].3. Role of science fiction (SF) in the development of creative thinking. Development of a creative imagination[75]. Methodology of work with SF. 3.16.4.2. 5. 5.15. The goldfish method (method of decomposition and synthesis of fantastic ideas)[80]. Formulation of key problems63. 5. 63.1. Theory of creative personality development (TCPD) and life strategy of creative personality (LSCP)[90]. Forecasting methodology [70]. Start.1. 4. 5.4.2. 5.11. 3. Rational program of Creative Personality (CP) life.15.2.14. Method of tendencies[83].1. Use of TRIZ while performing VEA. Control over psychological factors during problem solving. List of WG. 3.13. 3. Role of imagination. 4. TRIZ and Personal Creativity Evolution 5.17. 3.9.9. "Smart little people" modeling method (SLPMM)[78]. Long-term Forecasting.8. Worthy Goal (WG). 3.3. 3. 3.3. 5. 5. 5. Outside point of view[85]. 5. 3.3.4.5.1.2.1. Forecasting of Systems Evolution[68] 4. 5.2.1.17.7. 5.1. 5.2.1. Methods of forecasting from a TRIZ standpoint [69]. Evolutionary Analysis63. 5.12. 4. 3. Changing the system of values[86]. Use of TRIZ tools for forecasting the engineering systems evolution.11. Flow Analysis63. 5. 5. Criteria of WG. Functional structure of information support for forecasting[74].1.1.1. Fantasy techniques (techniques for generating fantastic ideas)[88]. TRIZ Analysis[64]. 5.8.14. Evolution of human and society[72]. Integration of Alternative Systems63. Methods to Search and Formulate Inventive Problems[65]. Psychological inertia. 5. Fantograms[79]. Technology of conducting VEA from TRIZ standpoint.3.1.5.3. Prognostic functions of science fiction.6.1. 5. 5. Long-term forecasting for engineering systems[71]: 4. 5. 4. Methods for eliminating psychological inertia[76]. Failure-anticipation Analysis of engineering systems[66].1. 3. 5.2. Method of latent features of an object[84]. Diagnostic Analysis. Cause/Effect Analysis. 4.13. 5. System of exercises for development of creative imagination (DCI).12. 0 . Step-by-step designing[81]. 3.1. Identification of new scientific-and-engineering problems and social problems[73].1.1.7. 4. 5.1.1.1.10. Improvement of ES without solving problems (through analysis)[67].

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