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Bibliography Primary Sources: B-52 Stratofortress Bombing. Photograph. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 29 Dec. 2011. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-BE045723.jpg?size=67&uid=270a9cec-26e7-4859a1f3-c05bf0bec563>.

An image of an American B-52 plane carpet bombing Cambodia to demolish North Vietnamese sanctuaries on the South Vietnamese-Cambodian border. This image was used to demonstrate the B52s in Cambodia during Operation Menu. Bombing of Cambodia. Photograph. Nixon's Secret Bombing of Cambodia | Crime Magazine. Crime Magazine. Web. 28 Jan. 2012. <http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQSORpTcA1QhJwb7Xj6qBCR2efBmBhNoqmRKqqGE3GI3QrJvKAy8lo7KftRA>. A photograph illustrating an American B-52 dropping bombs midair. This was used as a banner for Nixons War: The U.S. Bombing Campaign on the Cambodian Border to display the importance of the bombings in Cambodia. Brannon, Johnny. "Oahu Became Home for Ex-Cambodian Leader's Exile." Honolulu Advertiser. The Honolulu Advertiser. 22 Oct. 2007. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2007/Oct/22/ln/hawaii710220342.html>. Article about exiled Cambodian President Lon Nol. Includes quotes from his interview with the Honolulu Advertiser and background information. Bryson, John. Purging the Western Curse. Photograph. The Rise and Fall of the Khmer Rouge. Time. Time Inc. 19 Feb. 2009. Web. 19 Dec. 2011. <http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1880529_1848696,00.html>. Cars, abandoned and forbidden, were stacked up alongside the road to rid Cambodia of all Western influences that distracted its people from the Khmer Rouge's agrarian calling. Cambodian President Waving Greeting. 1972. Photograph. South Vietnam. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 28 Jan. 2012. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-BE059333.jpg?size=67&uid=f1713af7fad8-480d-9532-a4cc00995c7a>.

Photograph of Cambodian President Lon Nol greeting soldiers. This was used as a banner for the The Coup to focus on Lon Nols takeover of Cambodia after the coup of Sihanouk. Chauvel, Patrick. Civil War in Cambodia. 1974. Photograph. Cambodia. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 28 Jan. 2012. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-25031656.jpg?size=67&uid=d91a455a0ac8-4cc6-8485-bef9bf44eb22>. An image of two Cambodian government soldiers standing ground on the battlefield during the Cambodian Civil War. This represents the conflict of the civil war in Cambodia. Chauvel, Patrick. Civil War in Cambodia. 1974. Photograph. Bettmann, Cambodia. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-15788487.jpg? size=67&uid=060d3d76-72dc-4d93-b271-615c8a935962>. Image of government soldiers on the front line during the Cambodian Civil War. Chauvel, Patrick. Civil War in Cambodia. 1974. Photograph. Bettmann, Cambodia. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-25031640.jpg? size=67&uid=4cfb6514-fbb5-4afe-9972-81633b010773>. Image of government soldiers on the front line fighting the Khmer Rouge and North Vietnamese forces during the Cambodian Civil War. Chauvel, Patrick. Civil War in Cambodia. 1974. Photograph. Bettmann, Cambodia. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-15788485.jpg? size=67&uid=f7953c28-be72-47aa-aa3c-476c6f2dc247>. Image of government soldiers moving a dead body of a Khmer Rouge soldier. This illustrates the Cambodian Civil War. Chauvel, Patrick. Civil War in Cambodia. 1974. Photograph. Bettmann, Cambodia. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-25031658.jpg? size=67&uid=883930c5-dcb6-4816-9442-6564354a8b7a>. Image of wounded government soldiers on the front line during the Cambodian Civil War. Illustrates the downturns of the civil war to the Lon Nol army.

Citizens Observing Bombed Ruins of Neak Luong. 1973. Photograph. Bettmann, Cambodia. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-U1781735.jpg? size=67&uid=3ac11b1b-653e-45f4-b5e5-0b1cfe460867>. Image of Neak Luong in ruins because of the U.S. B-52's bombing error that caused the deaths of 137 soldiers and their dependants and 268 injuries. "Dap Prampi Mesa Chokchey (Glorious Seventeenth of April)." Cambodia 1976-1979 Nationalanthems.info. Web. 21 Dec. 2011. <http://www.nationalanthems.info/kh-79.htm>. When the radical communist Khmer Rouge guerilla declared Cambodia as Democratic Kampuchea in 1976, the Khmer Rouge adopted its own anthem. The anthem is a typical communist style where it commemorates the communist takeover of the capital (in this case, Phnom Penh on April 17, 1975). Mentioning "blood" several times in the lyrics, the anthem seems to predict the massacres that took place under the Khmer Rouge. In addition, the lyrics mentioned the unification of workers and farmers to make the motherland a better place and to rid themselves from Western influence. Death Sentence. Photograph. Phnom Penh. The Rise and Fall of the Khmer Rouge - Photo Essays -TIME. Time Inc. Web. 28 Jan. 2012. <http://img.timeinc.net/time/photoessays/2009/khmer_rouge/khmer_rouge_06.jpg>. A photograph of a prisoner getting her mug shot taken in the infamous torture prison of Tuol Sleng before she was sent for execution. This was used as a banner to represent a reform that Khmer Rouge implemented, such as social engineering. Democratic Kampuchea's Flag. Digital image. Flags of the World. Web. 27 Dec. 2011. <http://flagspot.net/flags/kh_hstry.html>. A digital image of the Democratic Kampucheas flag that was under the Khmer Rouge. This was used to illustrate the focus of the Khmer Rouge and Cambodia. Dudman, Richard. Khmer Rouge Agrarian Society. 1978. Photograph. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 29 Dec. 2011. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-18827858.jpg?size=67&uid=e70b96a6446a-4ab0-9927-f5e53cafbcb7>. Image of women under the Khmer Rouge harvesting rice. This illustrates how the Khmer Rouge engaged their country in a complete agrarian society.

Fisher, Bobby. 2007. Photograph. Terra, Cambodia. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 28 Jan. 2012. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-24342149.jpg?size=67&uid=d2374922-73b34eab-9ed9-f4021806d665>. Photograph of skulls resulting from the Cambodian genocide caused by the Khmer Rouge. This was represented to illustrate the effects from the torturous regime. Getty Images. Pol Pot's Utopia. Photograph. The Rise and Fall of the Khmer Rouge, Kampong Cham. Time. Time Inc., 19 Feb. 2009. Web. 19 Dec. 2011. <http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1880529_1848699,00.html>. An undated photograph shows forced laborers digging canals in Kampong Cham province, part of the massive agrarian infrastructure the Khmer Rouge planned for the country. Harvey, David A. A Bloody Landscape. 1981. Photograph. The Rise and Fall of the Khmer Rouge. Time. Time Inc., 19 Feb. 2009. Web. 19 Dec. 2011. <http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1880529_1848695,00.html>. Taken in 1981, an exhumed mass grave in the Cambodian countryside reveals the skeletons of those executed and buried together under Pol Pot's regime. Him, Chanrithy. When Broken Glass Floats: Growing up under the Khmer Rouge. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000. Print. In Chanrithy Hims memoir, When Broken Glass Floats, Him narrates her experience growing up in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge. Hims memoir helped me understand what it was like living under the Khmer Rouge. Her story provided her experiences in quotes. Hims memoir also provided a map display the B-52 bombing targets. Juvenal, Claude. Day One, Year Zero. 1975. Photograph. The Rise and Fall of the Khmer Rouge, Phnom Penh. Time. Time Inc., 19 Feb. 2009. Web. 19 Dec. 2011. <http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1880529_1848702,00.html>. Image of Khmer Rouge fighters celebrating as they enter Phnom Penh on April 17, 1975. This showed the fall of Cambodia and change of power to the Khmer Rouge. Losing Control. 1973. Photograph. The Rise and Fall of the Khmer Rouge. Time. Time Inc. 19 Feb. 2009. Web. 19 Dec. 2011. <http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1880529_1848704,00.html>.

Image of a Cambodian soldier holding a .45 to the head of a Khmer Rouge suspect in 1973 during the Lon Nol regime. This shows the scenes during the Cambodian Civil War. Photograph. Kyodo News. The Rise and Fall of the Khmer Rouge - Photo Essays -TIME. Time.com. Web. 28 Jan. 2012. <http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1880529_1848696,00.html>. A photograph of Pol Pot leading in front of a line of Khmer Rouge soldiers. This illustrated Pol Pots rising to power. President Nixon's Cambodia Incursion Address. YouTube. 21 July 2010. Web. 22 Dec. 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3cAAnoqmksg>. Witnessing the increased aggression and hostility of North Vietnamese troops against the neutral country of Cambodia, President Richard Nixon announced his plan for dealing with the escalating situation in Southeast Asia. Nixon announced on April 30, 1970, that he, with ground troops and full support from Saigon, planned to eradicate enemy sanctuaries along the Cambodia-South Vietnam border while having no intention to start a war with Cambodia. This video provided his speech and objectives in Cambodia, which became one of the reasons that caused the civil war in Cambodia. Prince Norodom Sihanouk. 1972. Photograph. Beijing. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 29 Dec. 2011. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-U1747102.jpg?size=67&uid=fb4fb68c-bae1-4808bac8-291e9d6aba73>. Image of Norodom Sihanouk. This illustrates who he is. Nath, Vann. Mural of Khmer Rouge Atrocities. Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Phnom Penh. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 28 Jan. 2012. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-MF005850.jpg?size=67&uid=b81daf77-5323-4926b0f7-5df005fd79b5>. Vann Nath, a Cambodian painter and one of seven prison survivors of the Tuol Sleng torture camp during the Khmer Rouge regime, painted a mural of the atrocities of the Khmer Rouge by illustrating the slaughter of Cambodians from various backgrounds. This shows the process of social engineering during the regime. Rainer, Chris. Interior of Tuol Sleng Museum. 1991. Photograph. Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Phnom Penh. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 28 Jan. 2012.

<http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-CR001409.jpg?size=67&uid=b9abfabb-c589-4108ab14-69ac4ffbefad>. Victim's bones are piled up at the Toul Sleng Torture Camp, a camp where the Khmer Rouge would detain, torture and kill victims. Now preserved as a memorial to the one million people killed by the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, this shows the effect of the Khmer Rouges reform in Cambodia. Sihanouk, Norodom. War and Hope: the Case for Cambodia. New York: Pantheon, 1980. Print. Prince Norodom Sihanouks account of the events in Cambodia. This helped me understand Sihanouks side of the events that took place in Cambodia. Sjberg, Sven-Erik. 1975. Photograph. Dagens Nyheter, Phnom Penh. Word Press Photo. Pictura. Web. 27 Jan. 2012. <http://www.archive.worldpressphoto.org/search/layout/result/indeling/detailwpp/form/wpp/q/ishoof dafbeelding/true/trefwoord/year/1975/trefwoord/organization_facet/Dagens%20Nyheter?id=wpp %3Acol1%3Adat457>. Columns of guerrilla Khmer Rouge soldiers marching into Phnom Penh. Implemented as a banner for The Beginning of the Revolution, this photograph symbolizes the beginning of the Khmer Rouge takeover of Cambodia. Sjberg, Sven-Erik. 1975. Photograph. Dagens Nyheter, Phnom Penh. Word Press Photo. Pictura. Web. 27 Jan. 2012. <http://www.archive.worldpressphoto.org/search/layout/result/indeling/detailwpp/form/wpp/q/ishoof dafbeelding/true/trefwoord/year/1975/trefwoord/organization_facet/Dagens%20Nyheter?id=wpp %3Acol1%3Adat4580>. Civilians evacuating the capital after the new rulers ordered all civilians to leave. This illustrates the one of the first steps that the Khmer Rouge used to begin building their idealistic utopia. Spengler, Christine. Civil War in Cambodia. 1974. Photograph. Bettmann, Cambodia. Corbis Images. Corbis. Web. 20 Dec. 2011. <http://www.corbisimages.com/images/Corbis-42-19238699.jpg? size=67&uid=44e0ab68-2fd8-4d82-8b5e-7d4f43610321>.

Photograph representing President Lon Nol. This illustrates who he is. Spengler, Christine. Coming Apocalypse. 1975. Photograph. The Rise and Fall of the Khmer Rouge, Phnom Penh. Time. Time Inc., 19 Feb. 2009. Web. 19 Dec. 2011. <http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1880529_1848703,00.html>. Image of survivors sifting through rubble after the Khmer Rouge bombed Phnom Penh, the capital city, on January 1, 1975. This illustrates the final assault on Phnom Penh, one of the turning points of the Cambodian Civil War. Ung, Loung. First They Killed My Father: a Daughter of Cambodia Remembers. Pymble, N.S.W.: HarperCollins, 2001. Print. In Loung Ung's book, First They Killed My Father, Ung shares her intimate, personal account of life under Cambodia's genocidal Khmer Rouge. Her memoir gave me the sense of what it was like to be there in a time of fear and horror. Ungs book supplemented quotes from her experiences to support my website. Secondary Sources: "BBC News - Cambodia's Brutal Khmer Rouge Regime." BBC - Homepage. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-15776705>. Summary of the Khmer Rouge regime and their effects on Cambodia. "Cambodia." U.S. Department of State. Web. 21 Dec. 2011. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2732.htm>. Background notes on Cambodia. Includes the modern history events that led up to the formation of the Democratic Republic of Kampuchea and beyond. "Cambodian Genocide | World Without Genocide." Genocide Education and Genocide Prevention | World Without Genocide. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://worldwithoutgenocide.org/past-genocides/cambodiangenocide>. Background information on the Khmer Rouge before and after they come to power. "CIA - The World Factbook." Welcome to the CIA Web Site Central Intelligence Agency. Web. 30 Dec. 2011. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cb.html>.

Facts and statistics about modern day Cambodia. This helps me to analyze the effects of the Khmer Rouge in modern Cambodia. "From Sideshow to Genocide." EdWeb Home Page. Web. 21 Dec. 2011. <http://www.edwebproject.org/sideshow/index.html>. Informational website about the Khmer Rouge. Includes historical context leading to and after the Khmer Rouge takeover of Cambodia, and quotes from various historical figures that was part of the time period, and survivor stories. "Khmer Rouge (political Group, Cambodia) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Web. 23 Dec. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/316738/Khmer-Rouge>. Background information of the Khmer Rouge. Gave me a summary of their revolution and their impact in Cambodia. "Lon Nol (president of Cambodia) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Web. 23 Dec. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/346805/Lon-Nol? anchor=ref181999>. Encyclopedia article about Lon Nol. This helped me understand the the Cambodian Coup of 1970 and what he did during his regime. Nguyen, Thi Dieu. "Khmer Rouge." World Book Encyclopedia. 2008 ed. 2008. Print. Encyclopedia article of the Khmer Rouge. Told the effects of the coming of the Khmer Rouge. Nguyen, Thi Dieu. "Norodom Sihanouk." World Book Encyclopedia. 2008 ed. 2008. Print. Encyclopedia article of Norodom Sihanouk. Provided some information of the overthrow of Sihanouk and his relation with the North Vietnamese.