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Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals

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Pharmaceutical industry
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Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals
The pharmaceutical industry develops, produces, and markets drugs licensed for use as medications.[1] Pharmaceutical companies are allowed to deal in generic and/or brand medications and medical devices. They are subject to a variety of laws and regulations regarding the patenting, testing and ensuring safety and efficacy and marketing of drugs.

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1 History 2 Research and development o 2.1 The cost of innovation o 2.2 "Me-too" drugs o 2.3 Controversy about drug development and testing 3 Product approval in the US o 3.1 Orphan drugs o 3.2 Legal issues 4 Product approval elsewhere 5 Industry revenues o 5.1 Market leaders in terms of revenue o 5.2 Market leaders in terms of sales o 5.3 Patents and generics o 5.4 Medicare Part D o 5.5 Mergers, acquisitions, and co-marketing of drugs o 5.6 Prescriptions

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5.7 Publications 6 Marketing o 6.1 To healthcare professionals o 6.2 To insurance and public health bodies o 6.3 To retail pharmacies and stores o 6.4 Direct to consumer advertising o 6.5 Controversy about drug marketing and lobbying 7 Developing world o 7.1 Patents o 7.2 Nigerian clinical trial o 7.3 Charitable programmes 8 Pharmaceutical industry in popular culture 9 Industry associations 10 Regulatory authorities 11 See also 12 Notes 13 Further reading o 13.1 Economics of the industry o 13.2 Relationship between pharma and the medical profession o 13.3 Relationship between pharma and consumers (general public) o 13.4 Industry trends

o

[edit] History

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Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals

Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals
The earliest drugstores date back to the Middle Ages. The first known drugstore was opened by Arabian pharmacists in Baghdad in 754,[2] and many more soon began operating throughout the medieval Islamic world and eventually medieval Europe. By the 19th century, many of the drugstores in Europe and North America had eventually developed into larger pharmaceutical companies. Most of today's major pharmaceutical companies were founded in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Key discoveries of the 1920s and 1930s, such as insulin and penicillin, became massmanufactured and distributed. Switzerland, Germany and Italy had particularly strong industries, with the UK, US, Belgium and the Netherlands following suit. Legislation was enacted to test and approve drugs and to require appropriate labeling. Prescription and non-prescription drugs became legally distinguished from one another as the pharmaceutical industry matured. The industry got underway in earnest from the 1950s, due to the development of systematic scientific approaches, understanding of human biology (including DNA) and sophisticated manufacturing techniques. Numerous new drugs were developed during the 1950s and mass-produced and marketed through the 1960s. These included the first oral contraceptive, "The Pill", Cortisone, bloodpressure drugs and other heart medications. MAO Inhibitors, chlorpromazine (Thorazine), Haldol (Haloperidol) and the tranquilizers ushered in the age of psychiatric medication. Valium (diazepam), discovered in 1960, was marketed from 1963 and rapidly became the most prescribed drug in history, prior to controversy over dependency and habituation. Attempts were made to increase regulation and to limit financial links between companies and prescribing physicians, including by the relatively new U.S. Food and Drug Administration

both safety and environmental.[citation needed] Drugs for heart disease and for AIDS were a feature of the 1980s. the World Medical Association issued its Declaration of Helsinki. Pharmaceutical companies became required to prove efficacy in clinical trials before marketing drugs. with a few large companies holding a dominant position throughout the world and with a few companies producing medicines within each country. From 1978. India took over as the primary center of pharmaceutical production without patent protection.[citation needed] Legislation allowing for strong patents. By the mid-1980s. In 1964.[citation needed][3] The industry remained relatively small scale until the 1970s when it began to expand at a greater rate. Such calls increased in the 1960s after the thalidomide tragedy came to light. Cancer drugs were a feature of the 1970s. to cover both the process of manufacture and the specific products. in which the use of a new tranquilizer in pregnant women caused severe birth defects. which led to the formation of mutually beneficial partnerships with large pharmaceutical companies and a host of corporate buyouts of the smaller firms. small biotechnology firms were struggling for survival. involving challenges to regulatory bodies and a faster approval process. The pharmaceutical industry entered the 1980s pressured by economics and a host of new regulations.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals (FDA). came in to force in most countries. Pharmaceutical manufacturing became concentrated. but also transformed by new DNA chemistries and new technologies for analysis and computation. . which set standards for clinical research and demanded that subjects give their informed consent before enrolling in an experiment.

born in part from dealing with world market forces and protests by activists in developing countries. Demand for nutritional supplements and so-called alternative medicines created new opportunities and increased competition in the industry.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Managed care and Health maintenance organizations (HMOs) spread during the 1980s as part of an effort to contain rising medical costs. and the development of preventative and maintenance medications became more important. and marketing tactics. In the US. partly because of a new consumerism. Drug development progressed from a hit-and-miss approach to rational drug discovery in both laboratory design and natural-product surveys. Pharmaceutical companies became increasingly accused of disease mongering or over-medicalizing personal or social problems. Direct-to-consumer advertising proliferated on radio and TV because of new FDA regulations in 1997 that liberalized requirements for the presentation of risks. notably regarding Vioxx in the US. the SSRIs. transforming the nature of business. Controversies emerged around adverse effects. notably Fluoxetine (Prozac). characterized by mergers and takeovers.[citation needed] The Internet made possible the direct purchase of medicines by drug consumers and of raw materials by drug producers. and by a dramatic increase in the use of contract research organizations for clinical development and even for basic R&D. The new antidepressants. Marketing changed dramatically in the 1990s. The pharmaceutical industry confronted a new business climate and new regulations. A new business atmosphere became institutionalized in the 1990s. Animal Rights activism was also a challenge.[4] [edit] Research and development . rapidly became bestsellers and marketed for additional disorders.

collaborative agreements between research organizations and large pharmaceutical companies are formed to explore the potential of new drug substances. manufacturing and quality control. in vivo studies. [edit] The cost of innovation . and clinical trials. Drug development refers to activities undertaken after a compound is identified as a potential drug in order to establish its suitability as a medication. Suggested citation: Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development. Modern biotechnology often focuses on understanding the metabolic pathways related to a disease state or pathogen. Annual Impact Report. participating in a broad range of drug discovery and development. http://csdd.tufts. large multinational corporations exhibit vertical integration. often focus on a specific aspect such as discovering drug candidates or developing formulations. Smaller organizations. A great deal of early-stage drug discovery has traditionally been carried out by universities and research institutions.edu/[citation needed] Often. In the past most drugs have been discovered either by isolating the active ingredient from traditional remedies or by serendipitous discovery. marketing.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Main articles: Drug discovery and Drug development Drug discovery is the process by which potential drugs are discovered or designed. Research in these areas generally includes a combination of in vitro studies. Often. on the other hand. Objectives of drug development are to determine appropriate Formulation and Dosing. as well as to establish safety. and distribution. sales. The amount of capital required for late stage development has made it a historical strength of the larger pharmaceutical companies. and manipulating these pathways using molecular biology or biochemistry.

has been estimated at about 1.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Drug companies are like other companies in that they manufacture products that must be sold for a profit in order for the company to survive and grow. while generating no revenue in return. For instance. which is down from 26 in 2009 and 24 in 2008. In 2010 18 NMEs (New Molecular Entities)were approved and three biologics by the FDA.[8] .[6] This approval comes only after heavy investment in pre-clinical development and clinical trials. Since 2001. On the other hand. only one out of every ten thousand discovered compounds actually becomes an approved drug for sale. and only 1 out of every 3 approved drugs generates enough money to cover the development costs of previous failures. the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research has averaged 22. who have to approve new drugs before they can be marketed in those countries. the cost of developing a successful new drug (New chemical entity or NCE). as well as a commitment to ongoing safety monitoring. This means that for a drug company to survive. it needs to discover a blockbuster (billion-dollar drug) every few years.[5] Drug discovery and development is very expensive. Drugs which fail part-way through this process often incur large costs.3 billion in 2009. Much expense is incurred in the early phases of development of compounds that will not become approved drugs. They are different from some companies because the drug business is very risky.[5] In addition.9 approvals a year. If the cost of these failed drugs is taken into account. it takes about 7 to 10 years and only 3 out of every 20 approved drugs bring in sufficient revenue to cover their developmental costs. or 21 in total. Industry-wide research and investment reached a record $65. there were only 18 approvals in total in 2007 and 22 back in 2006. of all compounds investigated for use in humans only a small fraction are eventually approved in most nations by government appointed medical institutions or boards.3 billion USD[7](not including marketing expenses).

7 billion in 2003. Calculations and claims in this area are controversial because of the implications for regulation and subsidization of the industry through tax credits and federally funded research grants.[11] . such as those based on re-formulation of an existing active ingredient (also referred to as Line-extensions) are much less expensive to develop. there were 941 new drug and biologics license application approvals between 1995 and 2004. of which only 311 were "new" biologics or New Molecular Entities.[9] [edit] "Me-too" drugs Competition between pharmaceutical companies has resulted in "me-too" drugs. and approval of pharmaceuticals. these costs can accumulate to nearly half the total expense. development. developing and launching (which factored in marketing and other business expenses) a new drug (along with the prospective drugs that fail) rose over a five year period to nearly $1. which are defined as chemically-similar compounds or compounds with the same mechanism of action as an existing. defined by the FDA as “containing an active substance that has never before been approved for marketing in any form in the United States”. Some approved drugs. approved chemical entity.[8] These estimates also take into account the opportunity cost of investing capital many years before revenues are realized (see Time-value of money).Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals A study by the consulting firm Bain & Company reported that the cost for discovering.[10] According to an FDA report in 2004. Because of the very long time needed for discovery.

Lecture scripts and even journal articles presented by . for example with support for their conference/symposium costs.[12] However proponents point to the cost benefits of market competition between similar drugs.[17] US congress signed into law a bill which requires phase II and phase III clinical trials to be registered by the sponsor on the clinical trials. It may take 10 or more years for a drug to go from discovery to FDA Approval. and companies often look to researchers for studies that will make their products look favorable. the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America have published new guidelines urging companies to report all findings and limit the financial involvement in drug companies of researchers.[14][15] [edit] Controversy about drug development and testing Due to accusations and findings that some clinical trials conducted or funded by pharmaceutical companies may report only positive results for the preferred medication.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Critics of the pharma industry point out that "me-too" drugs are only brought to market because their development is cheaper and less risky.[18] Drug researchers not directly employed by pharmaceutical companies often look to companies for grants. Sponsored researchers are rewarded by drug companies. the industry has been looked at much more closely by independent groups and government agencies.gov website run by the NIH.[16] In response to specific cases in which unfavorable data from pharmaceutical company-sponsored research was not published.[13] This is why some suggest that much of the “me-too” drug phenomenon is a result of parallel research at rival companies. and if a new clinical pathway is discovered. multiple companies often will research a compound to treat within this pathway leading to several similar or "metoo" drugs to arrive in what seems to be nearly at the same time.

[20][21] [edit] Product approval in the US Main article: Food and Drug Administration #Regulation of drugs In the United States. and Phase III is a very large study of efficacy in the intended patient population. new pharmaceutical products must be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as being both safe and effective. and in others the .[19] Some researchers who have tried to reveal ethical issues with clinical trials or who tried to publish papers that show harmful effects of new drugs or cheaper alternatives have been threatened by drug companies with lawsuits. In certain instances. its indication may need to be limited to particular patient groups. approval to market the product in the US is granted. three phases of progressively larger human clinical trials may be conducted. Phase I generally studies toxicity using healthy volunteers. Post-marketing surveillance ensures that after marketing the safety of a drug is monitored closely. This process generally involves submission of an Investigational new drug filing with sufficient pre-clinical data to support proceeding with human trials. Following the successful completion of phase III testing. Phase II can include Pharmacokinetics and Dosing in patients. a New Drug Application is submitted to the FDA. Following IND approval.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals academic researchers may actually be 'ghost-written' by pharmaceutical companies.[22] A fourth phase of post-approval surveillance is also often required due to the fact that even the largest clinical trials cannot effectively predict the prevalence of rare side-effects. The FDA review the data and if the product is seen as having a positive benefit-risk assessment.

and market exclusivity on that drug for a limited time (seven years). Questions continue to be raised regarding the standard of both the initial approval process. fee waivers. regardless of whether the drug is protected by patents.[24] [edit] Orphan drugs Main article: Orphan drug There are special rules for certain rare diseases ("orphan diseases") involving fewer than 200.[23] The FDA provides information about approved drugs at the Orange Book site. civil action has occurred. [edit] Product approval elsewhere . Recent controversies have involved Vioxx and SSRI antidepressants.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals substance is withdrawn from the market completely. [25] Because medical research and development of drugs to treat such diseases is financially disadvantageous. [edit] Legal issues Where pharmaceutics have been shown to cause side-effects. and subsequent changes to product labeling (it may take many months for a change identified in post-approval surveillance to be reflected in product labeling) and this is an area where congress is active.000 patients in the United States. companies that do so are rewarded with tax reductions. most pharmaceutical companies endorse tort reform. or larger populations in certain circumstances. Due to high-profile cases leading to large compensations. especially in countries where tort payouts are likely to be large.

"[29] . Treatments must represent 'value for money' and a net benefit to society.the pharmaceutical industry is — and has been for years — the most profitable of all businesses in the U. In England NICE approval requires technologies be made available by the NHS.. even as growth slowed somewhat in Europe and North America.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals In many non-US western countries a 'fourth hurdle' of cost effectiveness analysis has developed before new technologies can be provided. The United States accounts for almost half of the global pharmaceutical market. Russia. the pharmaceutical industry topped the list of the most profitable industries. in 2006.[28] Despite this. This focuses on the efficiency (in terms of the cost per QALY) of the technologies in question rather than their efficacy. [edit] Industry revenues For the first time ever. growing a huge 81 percent. There is much speculation[26] that a NICE style framework may be implemented in the USA in an attempt to decrease Medicare and Medicaid spending by balancing benefits to patients versus profits for the medical industry. with $289 billion in annual sales followed by the EU and Japan. In the annual Fortune 500 survey. global spending on prescription drugs topped $643 billion.S. South Korea and Mexico outpaced that market. ". with a return of 17% on revenue.(pdf) Emerging markets such as China. A product must pass the threshold for cost-effectiveness if it is to be approved. the British National Formulary is the core guide for pharmacists and clinicians.[27] US profit growth was maintained even whilst other top industries saw little or no growth. whilst similar arrangements exist with the Scottish Medicines Consortium in Scotland and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee in Australia. In the UK.

[30] Teradata Magazine predicted that by 2007. including increasing profits in most sectors despite loss of some patents.g.S. sales could be lost at the top 10 pharmaceutical companies as a result of slowdown in R&D innovation and the expiry of patents on major products. with 19 blockbuster drugs losing patent. Some companies (e. and/or R&D expenditure in excess of $500 million. the asthma inhaler from GlaxoSmithKline. Nexium.[27] IMS Health publishes an analysis of trends expected in the pharmaceutical industry in 2007. $40 billion in U.9 billion. and Advair.[31] [edit] Market leaders in terms of revenue Main article: List of pharmaceutical companies The following is a list of the 20 largest pharmaceutical and biotech companies ranked by healthcare revenue. the blood thinner from Bristol-Myers Squibb and Sanofi-Aventis.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Pfizer's cholesterol pill Lipitor remains a best-selling drug world wide. . Its annual sales were $12. The phrase Big Pharma is often used to refer to companies with revenue in excess of $3 billion. the heartburn pill from AstraZeneca. Johnson and Johnson and Procter & Gamble) have additional revenue not included here. more than twice as much as its closest competitors: Plavix.. Bayer. and new 'blockbuster' drugs on the horizon.

695 100.033 7.000 74.258 7.599 7.791 6.337 11.373 19.125 4.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Revenue Rank 2008[32] 1 2 3 4 5 Company Country Total Revenues (USD millions) Healthcare R&D 2006 (USD millions) Net income/ (loss) 2006 (USD millions) Employees 2006 122.053 4.565 5.434 6.645 33.000 Pfizer Novartis Merck & Co.450 10. Bayer GlaxoSmithKline Johnson and Johnson Sanofi Hoffmann–La Roche USA Switzerland USA Germany United Kingdom USA France Switzerland 67.547 5.783 1.200 138.289 .735 100.135 6 7 8 37.200 42.324 45.987 44.809 53.202 5.372 106.318 102.200 106.020 35.813 7.349 5.

063 50.977 2.476 2.000 12 13 14 15 USA USA Germany 15.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Revenue Rank 2008[32] 9 Company Country Total Revenues (USD millions) Healthcare R&D 2006 (USD millions) Net income/ (loss) 2006 (USD millions) Employees 2006 AstraZeneca Abbott Laboratories Bristol-Myers Squibb Eli Lilly and Company Amgen Boehringer Ingelheim United Kingdom USA 26.268 13.663 2.914 3.800 11 USA 17.188 2.594 3.163 1.129 3.255 1.284 10.000 43.691 14.366 1.950 2.000 41.585 60.475 3.500 Schering-Plough USA .717 66.060 48.067 1.902 6.057 50.000+ 10 22.

700 67135 [edit] Market leaders in terms of sales The top 15 pharmaceutical companies by 2008 sales are:[8][33] .000 18 19 9.340 110.843 3542 2.519 24876 1.397 38.428 17 Takeda Pharmaceutical Japan Co.620 2.773 n/a 70.500 29.258 1.342.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Revenue Rank 2008[32] 16 Company Country Total Revenues (USD millions) Healthcare R&D 2006 (USD millions) Net income/ (loss) 2006 (USD millions) Employees 2006 Baxter International USA 10.870 15.378 614 1.113 10.077 5504 33.964 497. Genentech Procter & Gamble SUM AVERAGE USA USA 10.284 8.284 1.

425 26.191 19.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Pfizer GlaxoSmithKline Novartis Sanofi-Aventis AstraZeneca Company Sales ($M) Based/Headquartered in 43.336 Johnson & Johnson Merck & Co.794 .140 Amgen 15.506 35.363 36.506 36.516 US United Kingdom Switzerland France United Kingdom Switzerland US US US US US Hoffmann–La Roche 30. Abbott 29.466 Eli Lilly and Company 19.642 32.

or the process of producing the drug.660 13. only after rigorous study and testing. granting exclusivity rights typically for about 20 years. The development and approval of generics is less expensive. Often the owner of the branded drug will introduce a generic version before the patent expires in order to get a head start in the generic market. will governmental authorities grant permission for the company to market and sell the drug. which takes 10 to 15 years on average.274 15.682 15. a company may apply for and be granted a patent for the drug. a generic drug is usually developed and sold by a competing company.[36] Restructuring has therefore become routine. driven by the patent expiration of products launched during the industry's 'golden era' in . When the patent protection for the drug expires.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Rank 12 13 14 15 Company Wyeth Teva Bayer Takeda Sales ($M) Based/Headquartered in 15.819 US Israel Germany Japan [edit] Patents and generics Depending on a number of considerations.[35] Patent protection enables the owner of the patent to recover the costs of research and development through high profit margins for the branded drug. allowing them to be sold at a lower price.[34] However.

A small biotechnology company might have a new drug but no sales or marketing capability.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals the 1990s and companies' failure to develop sufficient new blockbuster products to replace lost revenues. a large pharmaceutical company might have unused capacity in a large sales force due to a gap in the company pipeline of new products. This program is a component of Medicare (United States) and is known as Medicare Part D. acquisitions. Conversely. will significantly alter the revenue models for pharmaceutical companies. set to begin in January 2006. This program. . acquisition. Improvement. Medicare payments for these drugs are usually made through Medicare Part B (physician office) rather than Part D (prescription drug plan). or co-marketing deal between pharmaceutical companies may occur as a result of complementary capabilities between them.[37] [edit] Medicare Part D In 2003 the United States enacted the Medicare Prescription Drug. Revenues from the program are expected to be $724 billion between 2006 and 2015. and co-marketing of drugs A merger. [edit] Mergers. and Modernization Act (MMA). It may be in both companies' interest to enter into a deal to capitalize on the synergy between the companies.[38] Pharmaceuticals developed by biotechnological processes often must be injected in a physician's office rather than be delivered in the form of a capsule taken orally. a program to provide prescription drug benefits to the elderly and disabled.

Retail prescription drug sales 1995 to 2006 PDF from www.. the world's best-selling medical textbook.4 billion annually. and the Merck Index.S.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals [edit] Prescriptions In the U.gov [edit] Publications The drug company Merck & Co. [edit] Marketing . publishes the Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy.census. a collection of information about chemical compounds. a 61 percent increase. prescriptions have increased over the past decade to 3. while the average price of prescriptions has more than doubled from $30 to $68. Retail sales of prescription drugs jumped 250 percent from $72 billion to $250 billion.

[edit] To healthcare professionals Currently.000 pharmaceutical prescribers.000 pharmaceutical sales representatives in the United States[39] pursuing some 830. Marketing of prescription drugs in the US is regulated by the federal Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987. Pharmaceutical companies generally employ sales people (often called 'drug reps' or. The number of pharmaceutical sales reps has been shrinking between 2008 and 2010. In some countries. Representatives often have a call list of about 200-300 physicians with 120-180 targets that should be visited in 1-2 or 3 week cycle. an older term. A pharmaceutical representative will often try to see a given physician every few weeks. pharmaceutical companies also employ lobbyists to influence politicians. marketing and lobbying. In some countries. they are allowed to advertise directly to the general public. 'detail men') to market directly and personally to physicians and other healthcare providers. drug companies spend $19 billion a year on promotions. In the US. notably the US.[39] [edit] To insurance and public health bodies .000 pharmaceutical sales reps in the United States.[17] Advertising is common in healthcare journals as well as through more mainstream media routes. an estimated 30% industry wide reduction has occurred and current estimates are there may only be 60. there are approximately 81. notably the US.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals A promotional item given to a psychiatrist Main article: Pharmaceutical marketing Pharmaceutical companies commonly spend a large amount on advertising.

Public and private insurers restrict the brands. the NHS in the UK) decide which drugs to pay for. This program engages private insurers to negotiate with pharmaceutical companies for the placement of drugs on tiered formularies. . the U. instituted a new public prescription drug plan through its Medicare program known as Medicare Part D.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Private insurance or public health bodies (e. they can affect sales by tiering or placing bureaucratic hurdles to prescribing certain drugs as well. [edit] To retail pharmacies and stores Commercial stores and pharmacies are a major target of non-prescription sales and marketing for pharmaceutical companies. Direct-to-consumer media advertising was legalised in the FDA Guidance for Industry on Consumer-Directed Broadcast Advertisements. types and number of drugs that they will cover. For example. [edit] Direct to consumer advertising Main article: Direct-to-consumer advertising Since the 1980s new methods of marketing for prescription drugs to consumers have become important.S. In January 2006. many pharmaceutical companies market directly to the consumer rather than going through a conventional retail sales channel. Not only can the insurer affect drug sales by including or excluding a particular drug from a formulary. and restrict the drugs that can be prescribed through the use of formularies.g. Internationally. Japan-based Kenrico markets largely though its company website.

aimed at educating GPs on methods for independent drug analysis. the pharmaceutical industry has thousands of lobbyists in Washington.[44] Some advocacy groups. on lobbying activities from 1998 to 2006. sponsorship of continuing educational events. such as No Free Lunch. the Government-funded National Prescribing Service launched the "Finding Evidence . The pharmaceutical industry spent $855 million. including the constant provision of marketing 'gifts' and biased information to health professionals.Recognising Hype" program. There have been accusations and findings of influence on doctors and other health professionals through drug reps. DC that lobby Congress and protect their interests.[45] There have been related accusations of disease mongering[4] (over-medicalising) to expand the market for medications.S. An inaugural conference on that subject took place in Australia in 2006. .[43] and hiring physicians as paid consultants on medical advisory boards. sponsorship of medical schools or nurse training. according to the non-partisan Center for Public Integrity. more than any other industry.[40][41] highly prevalent advertising in journals and conferences. To help ensure the status quo on U. drug regulation and pricing. lobbying physicians and politicians (more than any other industry in the US[42]). funding independent healthcare organizations and health promotion campaigns.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals [edit] Controversy about drug marketing and lobbying There has been increasing controversy surrounding pharmaceutical marketing and influence.[46] In 2009. with influence on the curriculum. have criticized the effect of drug marketing to physicians because they say it biases physicians to prescribe the marketed drugs even when others might be cheaper or better for the patient.

[54] [edit] Developing world The role of pharmaceutical companies in the developing world is a matter of some debate. ranging from those highlighting the aid provided to the developing world. often multiple employees as co-authors and helped by contracted marketing companies) the effect is even larger.[48][49][50] Influence has also extended to the training of doctors and nurses in medical schools. partly because roughly half the authors who selected and defined the DSM-IV psychiatric disorders had or previously had financial relationships with the pharmaceutical industry. the American Psychiatric Association.[51] It has been argued that the design of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the expansion of the criteria represents an increasing medicalization of human nature. recently acknowledged that in general American psychiatry has "allowed the biopsychosocial model to become the bio-bio-bio model" and routinely accepted "kickbacks and bribes" from pharmaceutical companies. or "disease mongering". driven by drug company influence on psychiatry. which is being fought.[52] The potential for direct conflict of interest has been raised. to those critical of the . and if a drug company employee is involved (as is often the case. Meta-analyses have shown that studies sponsored by pharmaceutical companies are several times more likely to report positive results.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals A 2005 review by a special committee of the UK government came to all the above conclusions in a European Union context[47] whilst also highlighting the contributions and needs of the industry.[53] The president of the organization that designs and publishes the DSM. There is also huge concern about the influence of the pharmaceutical industry on the scientific process.

often without adequate protections. In September 2008 the Open Source Drug Discovery Network was launched in India to combat infectious diseases common to developing countries.[56] In March 2001. under the TRIPS agreement of the World Trade Organization. such as malaria. This was unaffordable for most South African citizens. Criticism for the price of patented AIDS medication. which could limit therapeutic options for patients in the Third World. particularly in states lacking a strong rule of law. and so the South African . and allows some methods for circumventing pharmaceutical monopolies: via compulsory licensing or parallel imports.[57] HIV was and is an epidemic in South Africa. and ARVs at the time cost between 10. the WTO adopted the Doha Declaration. Other criticisms include an alleged reluctance of the industry to invest in treatments of diseases in less economically advanced countries.[55] However. In 2001. as they are thought to reduce access to medicines. despite the fact that these drugs were on-patent. which allowed the generic production of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) for treating HIV. where most of the AIDS infected people are living.000 and 15.000 USD per patient per year. [edit] Patents See also: Criticism of patents Patents have been criticized in the developing world. countries must allow pharmaceutical products to be patented. which indicates that the TRIPS agreement should be read with the goals of public health in mind. 40 multi-national pharmaceutical companies brought litigation against South Africa for its Medicines Act. even before patent expiration.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals use of the poorest in human clinical trials.

After massive international protest in favour of public health rights (including the collection of 250. The Indian pharmaceutical company Cipla audaciously offered to make the drugs at 350 USD per patient per year. roughly 1/40th of the lowest price available from a patent holder. and the case was dropped in April of that year. a pediatric clinical trial conducted on behalf of Pfizer tested the antibiotic Trovan allegedly without first obtaining the informed consent of participants or their parents.[59][60][61][62] [edit] Charitable programmes Charitable programs and drug discovery & development efforts are routinely undertaken by pharmaceutical companies. Germany." wherein billions of River Blindness drugs were donated in Africa [63] Pfizer's gift of free/discounted fluconazole and other drugs for AIDS in South Africa [64] . France.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals government committed to providing ARVs at prices closer to what people could afford. To do so.000 signatures by MSF). Some examples include:   "Merck's Gift. or import them from abroad. the governments of several developed countries (including The Netherlands. which stunned the world community. they would need to ignore the patents on drugs and produce generics within the country (using a compulsory license).[58] [edit] Nigerian clinical trial See also: Kano trovafloxacin trial litigation In 1996. and later the US) backed the South African government.

some NGOs such as Médecins Sans Frontières do not routinely accept corporate donations of medicines. Novartis committed USD 755 million in corporate citizenship initiatives around the world. In 2006. tuberculosis. [edit] Industry associations  European Confederation of Pharmaceutical Entrepreneurs (EUCOPE) . the pharmaceutical industry has been portrayed as a global shadowy force in numerous western fiction works. More precisely. Notorious films such as The Fugitive (1993) and Resident evil and novels/films such as The Constant Gardener characterize this trend. particularly focusing on improved access to medicines in the developing world through its Access to Medicine projects. and thus may dry up during a critical or otherwise important time. including donations of medicines to patients affected by leprosy. and until.[65] However. The book An Imperfect Offering: Humanitarian Action for the 21st Century by ex-MSF president James Orbinski describes this in detail. profit-driven charities of said pharmaceutical companies. the elimination of lymphatic filariasis worldwide. [edit] Pharmaceutical industry in popular culture As for many other major industries since the middle of the twentieth century. and relief to support major humanitarian organisations with emergency medical needs. Glivec patient assistance programmes. they do not become reliant on such supplies of medicines because the supply is dependent upon the fluid.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals   GSK's commitment to give free albendazole tablets to the WHO for. and malaria.

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Ministry of Health.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals         Drug Information Association (DIA) European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA) European Pharmaceutical Market Research Association (EphMRA) International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA) Japan Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association (JPMA) New York Health Products Council (NYHPC) Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) Irish Pharmaceutical Healthcare Association (IPHA) [edit] Regulatory authorities Main article: Regulation of therapeutic goods          International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) European Medicines Agency (EMEA) Therapeutic Goods Administration (Australia) (TGA) U.S. Labour and Welfare (Japan) Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) Central Drugs Standards Control Organisation (India) (CDSCO) Ukrainian Drug Registration Agency[2] Medicines Authority (Malta)[3] [edit] See also .

asp?articlekey=18892.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals           Clinical trial Contract Research Organization Drug development Drug design Drug discovery Inverse benefit law List of pharmaceutical companies Pharmaceutical industry in India Pharmaceutical marketing Pharmacy [edit] Notes 1. New York. . Selling Sickness: How Drug Companies are Turning Us All Into Patients. ^ "How Many New Drugs Did FDA Approve Last Year?".com/script/main/art. "Pharmacy and the great contribution of Arab-Islamic science to its development" (in Croatian). doi:10.a19_273. OCLC 32564530.ch. ^ http://www. ISBN 1-74114-579-1 5.pdf 4. 3. 6. PMID 9324574. Medicine. Ingrid Klingmann. pharmalot.net.pub2 2. Medicinski arhiv 51 (1–2): 47–50.com/papers/ip.pharmalot. Weinheim. ^ a b "Why Drugs Cost So Much".m1004. Gerd Bode. S (1997).com. General Survey" Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology" Wiley-VCH. Horst Hasskarl. Manuel Zahn "Pharmaceuticals. ISSN 0350-199X. Allen & Unwin. http://www.dklevine. ^ a b Ray Moynihan and Alan Cassels (2005).medicinenet.1002/14356007.com/2011/02/how-many-new-drugs-did-fda-approve-last-year/. ^ John L. http://www. McGuire.9. ^ Information taken from the abstract of Hadzović. 2007.

doi:10. 10. Schemitsch EH. Mears D. et al (June 2007). 12.pdf. 17 April 2007.1056/NEJM200405133502019#t=article.html 16. Busse JW. ^ a b c The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA 9. LD (January 2011).cmaj.nih.economist. Retrieved 2007-05-24.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals 7. Sprague S. Jackowski D. The New England Journal of Medicine. PMID 21151030. 13 May 2004. http://www.gov/entrez/query. 10 (1): 23–27. 14.com/blogs/freeexchange/2007/04/me_too_me_too. Congressional Budget Office. http://www. ^ Garattini. 2005.1038/nrd3296. ^ Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development 8. http://www. PMID 9442441 11. Devereaux PJ (2004-02-17). ^ "Me too! Me too!".fcgi?cmd=retrieve&db=pubmed&list_uids=1497009 4&dopt=Abstract. http://www. ^ "CDER 2004 Report to the Nation: Improving Public Health Through Human Drugs". Journal of Nephrology 10 (6): 283–294. ^ DiMasi.nature. ^ Angel. PMID 15583183. Montori VM. ^ "Correspondence: "Me-Too" Products – Friend or Foe?". JA.nlm.fda. ^ Bhandari M. S. Faden. "Federal Support for Research and Development". "Association between industry funding and statistically significant pro-industry findings in medical and surgical randomized trials". Food and Drug Administration. doi:10. http://www. Canadian Medical Association Journal 171 (12): 1451–3. "Are me-too drugs justificed?". 15.nejm. http://www. Schunemann H.1041594. PMC 534578. "Excess in the pharmaceutical industry". Nat Rev Drug Discov. "Competitiveness in follow-on drug R&D: a race or imitation?".ca/cgi/content/full/171/12/1451#R5-12 13. ^ Sheila Campbell. (1997). Marcia (7 December 2004).org/doi/full/10.cbo.1503/cmaj.gov/doc.ncbi. Heels-Ansdell D. The Economist.cfm?index=8221&type=0.com/nrd/journal/v10/n1/full/nrd3296. .gov/downloads/AboutFDA/CentersOffices/CDER/WhatWeDo/UCM078941. http://www.

^ "Electronic Orange Book".gov/articlerender. 23.fda. http://www. BMJ (Clinical research ed.pmed. T (2002-05-25).pubmedcentral.htm.0020209. Who pays for the pizza? Redefining the relationships between doctors and drug companies. . McAuslane JN.co.) 324 (7348): 1240. doi:10.pdf.nih. 18. "What Can We Learn from Medical Whistleblowers?".Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals 17. Pharm Med 25 (3): 139–46. U. Walker S (2011).S. http://www. ^ "Hogan & Hartson Update on Pharmaceutical Trial Registration" (PDF). Volume 326. 19.gov/cder/ob/default. http://observer. Jeanne (2005-05-27).nih. ^ Sheldon. 20. PMC 1123215.com/WorldNews/article.guardian. Retrieved 2007-05-31. "Revealed: how drug firms 'hoodwink' medical journals". ^ "US Congress Warned of Gathering Storm at FDA". PMID 12028975.00.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1123215. ^ Lenzer. PharmaTimes. Food and Drug Administration.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1140678. Retrieved 2008-02-08. 2: Disentanglement. http://www. BMJ: British Medical Journal.gov/articlerender. http://adisonline. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.6903. London: The Observer.html.pubmedcentral. Pages 1193–1196.324. http://www.aspx?id=12822. Antony (2003-12-07).7348.1101680.com/pharmaceuticalmedicine/Abstract/2011/25030/Standardizing_the_Benef it_Risk_Assessment_of_New.1240. 2008-03-03.cvc31). "How whistleblowing cost one doctor £550000". Retrieved 2007-05-24. PLoS medicine 2 (7): e209. Retrieved 2008-06-02. Issue 7400. ^ Barnett. ^ Liberti L. 21.hhlaw.1136/bmj.uk/uk_news/story/0.1. doi:10. ^ a b Moynihan R (2003-05. 22. PMC 1140678.com/files/Publication/edbf3429-125c-41c9-9442b552e69b756c/Presentation/PublicationAttachment/972a9053-8c8d-46e4-ac96ecf4892a8643/Pharma.1371/journal.pharmatimes. "Standardizing the Benefit-Risk Assessment of New Medicines: Practical Applications of Frameworks for the Pharmaceutical Healthcare Professional". PMID 15913416.aspx. http://www. 24.

html.nytimes. September 2007 33.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals 25. ^ "IMS Health Forecasts 5 to 6 Percent Growth for Global Pharmaceutical Market in 2007". IMS Health. "British Balance Benefit vs. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 26. IMS Health. Retrieved 2010-05-22. http://www. ^ Harris. 31. Retrieved 2007-05-31. 28. U.html?pagewanted=3&_r=1&incamp=articl e_popular_3. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. 2. ^ "IMS Reports 11. http://www.6025_3665_44771558.teradata. Retrieved 2007-06-01.com/ims/portal/front/articleC/0.2777. Food and Drug Administration. "The World's Ten Best-Selling Drugs".imshealth.5 Percent Dollar Growth in '03 U. Gardiner (2008-12-03). ^ a b Herper. Matthew and Kang.00. Prescription Sales".com/home/sciencesandmedicine/2006/03/21/pfizer-merck-amgencx_mh_pk_0321topdrugs. ^ Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) . Retrieved 2007-06-19. ^ [1] "Why We Pay So Much. The New York Times.S. http://www.imshealth. 2004 30. 2004-0217.com/ims/portal/front/articleC/0.gov/orphan/oda. 27. Teradata Magazine online. Top 15 Global corporations 34. ^ Top 50 Pharmaceutical Companies Charts & Lists. March 2005.com/2008/12/03/health/03nice.00.html. Cost of Latest Drugs"." TIME magazine.htm.6025_3665_79210022. http://www. 29.forbes. http://www.S. ^ "Prescription for change".2777. Med Ad News.archive. Retrieved 2007-06-19. ^ IMS Health 2008.html. Forbes. Peter (2006-03-22).com/t/page/131951/. 32. Feb. 2006-10-24. ^ "The Orphan Drug Act (as amended)".org/web/20070928024747/http://www.fda. http://web.

^ a b "ZS Associates.washingtonpost. 41.com/news-Sanofi-Laying-Off-1700-in-US-101110. BMJ: British Medical Journal. ^ "Senators Who Weakened Drug Bill Got Millions From Industry.html. Issue 7400. IMS Consulting. http://www. Retrieved 2008-02-23.archive. Retrieved 2007-05-23. Marc (2005-05-06). http://www. ^ "The medicare Prescriptions Drug Benefit" (PDF).pdf. http://web. May 10. Page 1163. "Merck CEO Resigns as Drug Probe Continues".Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals 35.archive.org. ^ Ray Moynihan (2003-05-31).S" (PDF). 2005-07-07.phrma.kff.dddmag. Kaiser Family Foundation. ^ http://www. 36. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28. 2007 . ^ Kaufman.org/files/NDA2006.org/web/20060217051127/http://www. 44. http://www. http://web. Retrieved 2007-06-12.pdf.pdf. Drug company sponsorship of education could be replaced at a fraction of its cost.org/files/IMS+Authorized+G enerics+Report_6-22-06. Retrieved on 2007-10-07. Retrieved 2007-05-23. Pharmaceutical"." USA Today. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28. Washington Post.aspx?aid=723.aspx 38. March 2007. 42.zsassociates.phrma.org/rx/report.archive. 37. http://web. Retrieved 2007-05-23.com/news_events/news_media/the_doctor_wont_see_you_mr_phar ma_rep_now/. ^ "New Drug Approvals in 2006" (PDF).com/wpdyn/content/article/2005/05/05/AR2005050501115_pf. Retrieved 2008-02-23.publicintegrity. June 2006. ^ "Drug Lobby Second to None: How the pharmaceutical industry gets its way in Washington". ^ "No Free Lunch".org/web/20080228023631/http://www.org/web/20080228023633/http://www. 39. 40. Archived from the original on 2006-02-17.org/medicare/upload/704402. 43. Volume 326. September 2005. publicintegrity.nofreelunch. ^ "Assessment of Authorized Generics in the U.org/. http://www.

Sisule F.plos. Ann Pharmacother.epha. 2005 Volume 40 Number 16 55. 56. Manisha. "The Doha Declaration on TRIPS and public health". the Bad. The World Health Organization.php.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals 45. Lisa. Retrieved on 2007-10-06. ^ See for example: 't Hoen. 46. ^ "UK parliamentarians put the pharma industry under the spotlight".Vijayaraghavan. ^ Medical schools and journals fight drug industry influence 52. 48.191:82-3. Schneider.162(10):1957-60. Lisa. ^ Sharfstein.wto. ^ Perlis RH. ^ Buchkowsky SS. Ellen. PMID 14982982 49. 53. Jewesson PJ. Wu Y. Nierenberg AA. Available online at http://www.org/english/thewto_e/minist_e/min01_e/mindecl_trips_e. European Public Health Alliance. Sheldon. and Cecilia Oh.htm. "The Use of Flexibilities in TRIPS by Developing Countries: Can They Provide Access to Medicines?" Commission on Intellectual Property Rights. and the Ugly Psychiatric News August 19. ^ Tungaraza T. ^ Cosgrove. Perlis CS. Musungu. Public Library of Science. Poole R. Chicago Journal of International Law..org/plosmedicine/diseasemongering-2006. ^ "A Collection of Articles on Disease Mongering". 50. SS. Oct. 2005. Krimsky.Financial Ties between DSM-IV Panel Members and the Pharmaceutical Industry 54. Pharmaceutical Patents. "TRIPS. (2004) Industry sponsorship and authorship of clinical trials over 20 years. 2002. Hwang C. 2001. ^ WTO. and Access to Essential Medicines: A Long Way from Seattle to Doha". http://www. ^ Healy D (2006) The Latest Mania: Selling Bipolar Disorder PLoS Med 3(4): e185. http://collections. 2007 Jul.org/a/1773. 2003). (2007) Influence of drug company authorship and sponsorship on drug trial outcomes. (2005) Industry sponsorship and financial conflict of interest in the reporting of clinical trials in psychiatry Am J Psychiatry. Joseph M. No Free Lunch.38(4):579-85. (2005) Big Pharma and American Psychiatry: The Good. Innovation and Public Health. 27(43). Retrieved 2007-05-23. PMID 17602130 51. Retrieved 2007-05-23. ^ Koerner BI (March/April. 47. Br J Psychiatry. . Mother Jones. Dr. 2004 Apr.

^ "Nigerians to sue US drug company over meningitis treatment|Kovac. 61. ^ Pfizer Will Donate Fluconazole to South Africa 65. Africa). p. BMJ. ^ Wise.org/healthprograms/showdoc. ^ http://www.com/cgi/content/full/323/7313/592/b. Retrieved 2007-06-25. ^ www. Laurence R.novartis. and Graeme W.cartercenter.asp?programID=2&submenu=healthpro grams 64. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-25. Lessons in conflict of interest: "The construction of the martyrdom of David Healy and the dilemma of bioethics. http://www. 60. http://www. ^ "Dying For Drugs". The President of South Africa (PMA)". Carl".channel4. BMJ. http://bmj. 58.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals 57. "Pfizer accused of testing new drug without ethical approval". 145-148. Profits and Lives Hang in Balance". ^ Helfer. 63. Washington Post. Cambridge University Press: 2011.com/health/microsites/D/dying_for_drugs/resources4. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 2001-09-15. Jacqui (2001-01-27). 62.bmjjournals. "Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Mapping the Global Interface". Joe (2000-12-17). 59. ^ Stephens.washingtonpost.com Novartis corporate citizenship [edit] Further reading  Coyne J.html. channel4. "As Drug Testing Spreads.com/cgi/content/full/322/7280/194. ^ "Pharmaceutical Manufacturer's Association v. . http://www." American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1): W3-W14. Retrieved 2007-06-25.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A11939-2000Dec15. Austin.bmj.corporatecitizenship.com. 2002 (2) SA 674 (CC) (S.

[edit] Relationship between pharma and consumers (general public) . 2007. p1-6. 2004. ISBN 0-375-50846-5." Bulletin of the History of Medicine. Singh: "Medical practice and the pharmaceutical industry: and ever the duo shall meet". [edit] Relationship between pharma and the medical profession     Joanna Moncrieff.. 5(1). 5(1). Singh. Berkeley. 5(1). 2004. Retrieved 2011-03-27. Mens Sana Monographs. Mens Sana Monographs. Retrieved 2011-03-27. and Scott H.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals    Greene. ""An Unholy Alliance? Psychiatry and the influence of the pharmaceutical industry". ISBN 978-8189753-14-6 [edit] Economics of the industry  Merrill Goozner: The $800 million pill. ""The Pharmaceutical Industry and its Influence on Doctors and Medical Students". University of California Press. 297 S. Spinwatch. Retrieved 2011-03-27. ""Extent And Implications Of The Academia-Industry Connection". Joel Lexchin. 305 S. New York. ""Of Money And Trust In Biomedical Care". Mens Sana Monographs. Jerome P Kassirer. Jaconelli T. 2007. 331–77 Marcia Angell: The truth about the drug companies. 2008. Ajai R. 83 (Summer 2009). p7-10. Lancet Student. Podolsky. Shakuntala A. Random House. 27 June 2006. ISBN 0-520-23945-8. 2007. Jeremy A. "Keeping Modern in Medicine: Pharmaceutical Promotion and Physician Education in Postwar America.

ISSN 1937-8661. Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News (Mary Ann Liebert) 28 (14): pp.genengnews. 14. 2005.php?title=Pharmaceutical_industry&oldid=466766689" View page ratings Rate this page .org/w/index. "Pharma Outsourcing on Upward Trajectory". Nation Books.wikipedia. [edit] Industry trends  Carlson.com/articles/chitem. http://www.aspx?aid=2547. Bruce (2008-08-01). Retrieved 2008-09-26 [show]    v d e Pharmaceutical industry by country Retrieved from "http://en. Alan Cassels: Selling sickness: How the world's biggest pharmaceutical companies are turning us all into patients. New York.Home         Find MBA Programs MBA Events MBA Rankings Admissions MBA Jobs Login | Register search by schoo Find Business Schools Search form-14250d0597 search_theme_fo Home | Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals Industry profile: Pharmaceuticals  Ray Moynihan.

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Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.397 38. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Reven Net Total Healthcare ue income/ Employees Revenues R&D 2006 Rank Company Country (loss) 2006 2006 (USD million (USD million 2008[3 (USD million 2] s) s) s) Plough 16 Baxter USA 10. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.428 . Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.378 614 1.

Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Reven Net Total Healthcare ue income/ Employees Revenues R&D 2006 Rank Company Country (loss) 2006 2006 (USD million (USD million 2008[3 (USD million 2] s) s) s) International 17 Takeda Japan Pharmaceuti 10.000 .284 1.870 15. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.620 2.

MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Reven Net Total Healthcare ue income/ Employees Revenues R&D 2006 Rank Company Country (loss) 2006 2006 (USD million (USD million 2008[3 (USD million 2] s) s) s) cal Co. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. 18 Genentech USA 9.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.500 .284 1.113 33.773 2.

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.258 . MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Reven Net Total Healthcare ue income/ Employees Revenues R&D 2006 Rank Company Country (loss) 2006 2006 (USD million (USD million 2008[3 (USD million 2] s) s) s) 19 Procter & Gamble USA 8.964 n/a 10.340 29. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.

342. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.700 67135 . MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Reven Net Total Healthcare ue income/ Employees Revenues R&D 2006 Rank Company Country (loss) 2006 2006 (USD million (USD million 2008[3 (USD million 2] s) s) s) SUM AVERAGE 497. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.519 24876 70.077 5504 1.843 3542 110.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.

Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.506 Novartis 36.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.363 US United Kingdom Switzerland GlaxoSmithKline 36. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events [edit] Market leaders in terms of sales The top 15 pharmaceutical companies by 2008 sales are:[8][33] Ran k 1 2 3 Company Pfizer Sales Based/Headquarte ($M) red in 43. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.506 .

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.516 30. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.642 32.336 France United Kingdom Switzerland . MBA life in the USA • Ran k MBA Events QS MBA Events Sales Based/Headquarte Company ($M) red in 4 5 6 Sanofi-Aventis AstraZeneca Hoffmann–La 35. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.

Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Abbott 29. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • Ran k MBA Events QS MBA Events Sales Based/Headquarte Company ($M) red in Roche 7 8 9 Johnson & Johnson Merck & Co.466 US US US .191 19. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.425 26. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.140 15. MBA life in the USA • Ran k MBA Events QS MBA Events Sales Based/Headquarte Company ($M) red in 10 11 12 Eli Lilly and Company Amgen Wyeth 19. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.682 US US US .794 15.

274 15. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.819 Israel Germany Japan . as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. MBA life in the USA • Ran k MBA Events QS MBA Events Sales Based/Headquarte Company ($M) red in 13 14 15 Teva Bayer Takeda 15.660 13.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.

will governmental authorities grant permission for the company to market and sell the drug. only after rigorous study and testing. allowing them to be sold at a lower price.[35] Patent protection enables the owner of the patent to recover the costs of research and development through high profit margins for the branded drug.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. The development and approval of generics is less expensive. or the process of producing the drug. which takes 10 to 15 years on average. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events [edit] Patents and generics Depending on a number of considerations. granting exclusivity rights typically for about 20 years.[34] However. a generic drug is usually developed and sold by a competing company. a company may apply for and be granted a patent for the drug. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Often the owner of the branded drug will introduce a generic version before the patent . When the patent protection for the drug expires. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.

Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. This program. and Modernization Act (MMA).[36] Restructuring has therefore become in order to Events routine. will significantly alter the revenue models . This program is a component of Medicare (United States) and is known as Medicare Part D. set to begin in January 2006. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events expires QS MBA get a head start in the generic market. a program to provide prescription drug benefits to the elderly and disabled. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.[37] [edit] Medicare Part D In 2003 the United States enacted the Medicare Prescription Drug. driven by the patent expiration of products launched during the industry's 'golden era' in the 1990s and companies' failure to develop sufficient new blockbuster products to replace lost revenues. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Improvement.

Revenues from the program are expected to be $724 billion for pharmaceutical Events between 2006 and 2015. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. and co-marketing of drugs A merger. [edit] Mergers. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. or co-marketing deal between pharmaceutical companies may occur as a result of complementary capabilities between them.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA companies. A small biotechnology company might have . acquisitions. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. acquisition. Medicare payments for these drugs are usually made through Medicare Part B (physician office) rather than Part D (prescription drug plan).[38] Pharmaceuticals developed by biotechnological processes often must be injected in a physician's office rather than be delivered in the form of a capsule taken orally.

[edit] Prescriptions In the U.4 billion annually. while the average price of prescriptions has more than doubled from $30 to $68. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events a new drug but no sales or marketing capability. It may be in both companies' interest to enter into a deal to capitalize on the synergy between the companies. Conversely. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.S. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. a 61 percent increase.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Retail prescription drug sales 1995 to 2006 PDF from www.census.. Retail sales of prescription drugs jumped 250 percent from $72 billion to $250 billion. a large pharmaceutical company might have unused capacity in a large sales force due to a gap in the company pipeline of new products. prescriptions have increased over the past decade to 3.gov .

Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events [edit] Publications The drug company Merck & Co. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. a collection of information about chemical compounds. the world's best-selling medical textbook. and the Merck Index. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. [edit] Marketing . publishes the Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy.

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events .

notably the US. In the US. notably the US. 'detail men') to market directly and personally to physicians and other healthcare providers. drug companies spend $19 billion a year on promotions. they are allowed to advertise directly to the general public. In some countries. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. In some countries. pharmaceutical companies also employ lobbyists to influence . Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. an older term. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Pharmaceutical companies generally employ sales people (often called 'drug reps' or. marketing and lobbying. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.[17] Advertising is common in healthcare journals as well as through more mainstream media routes.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events A promotional item given to a psychiatrist Main article: Pharmaceutical marketing Pharmaceutical companies commonly spend a large amount on advertising.

A pharmaceutical representative will often try to see a given physician every few weeks. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. there are approximately 81. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. [edit] To healthcare professionals Currently.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. an estimated . Marketing of prescription drugs in the US is regulated by the federal Prescription Drug Marketing Act of 1987. The number of pharmaceutical sales reps has been shrinking between 2008 and 2010.000 pharmaceutical sales representatives in the United States[39] pursuing some 830. Representatives often have a call list of about 200-300 physicians with 120-180 targets that should be visited in 1-2 or 3 week cycle. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events politicians.000 pharmaceutical prescribers.

Not only can the insurer affect drug sales by including or excluding a particular drug from a formulary. instituted a new public prescription drug plan through its Medicare .g. the U. In January 2006. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. and restrict the drugs that can be prescribed through the use of formularies. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. they can affect sales by tiering or placing bureaucratic hurdles to prescribing certain drugs as well. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Public and private insurers restrict the brands. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. types and number of drugs that they will cover.S. the NHS in the UK) decide which drugs to pay for.[39] [edit] To insurance and public health bodies Private insurance or public health bodies (e.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.000 pharmaceutical sales reps in the United States. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA reduction 30% industry wide Events has occurred and current estimates are there may only be 60.

Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. [edit] To retail pharmacies and stores Commercial stores and pharmacies are a major target of non-prescription sales and marketing for pharmaceutical companies. [edit] Direct to consumer advertising Main article: Direct-to-consumer advertising . Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events program known as Medicare Part D. This program engages private insurers to negotiate with pharmaceutical companies for the placement of drugs on tiered formularies.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Japan-based Kenrico markets largely though its company website. many pharmaceutical companies market directly to the consumer rather than going through a conventional retail sales channel. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. [edit] Controversy about drug marketing and lobbying There has been increasing controversy surrounding pharmaceutical marketing and influence. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Since the 1980s new methods of marketing for prescription drugs to consumers have become important. Internationally. Direct-to-consumer media advertising was legalised in the FDA Guidance for Industry on Consumer-Directed Broadcast Advertisements. For example. There have been accusations and findings of influence on doctors and other health professionals .

funding independent healthcare organizations and health promotion campaigns. on lobbying activities from 1998 to 2006. sponsorship of continuing educational events. lobbying physicians and politicians (more than any other industry in the US[42]). Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. drug regulation and pricing. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events throughQS MBA including the constant provision of marketing 'gifts' and biased information to drug reps. according to the non-partisan Center for Public Integrity.[43] and hiring physicians as paid consultants on medical advisory boards.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. To help ensure the status quo on U. Events health professionals.[40][41] highly prevalent advertising in journals and conferences. more than any other industry. DC that lobby Congress and protect their interests. sponsorship of medical schools or nurse training. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.S. the pharmaceutical industry has thousands of lobbyists in Washington. with influence on the curriculum. The pharmaceutical industry spent $855 million.[44] .

. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. An inaugural conference on that subject took place in Australia in 2006. [46] In 2009. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.Recognising Hype" program.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.[45] There have been related accusations of disease mongering[4] (over-medicalising) to expand the market for medications. such as No Free Lunch. have criticized the effect of drug marketing to physicians because they say it biases physicians to prescribe the marketed drugs even when others might be cheaper or better for the patient. aimed at educating GPs on methods for independent drug analysis. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. the Government-funded National Prescribing Service launched the "Finding Evidence . Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Some advocacy groups.

There is also huge concern about the influence of the pharmaceutical industry on the scientific process. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. often multiple employees as co-authors and helped by contracted marketing companies) the effect is even larger. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events A 2005QS MBA aEvents committee of the UK government came to all the above conclusions review by special in a European Union context[47] whilst also highlighting the contributions and needs of the industry.[48][49][50] Influence has also extended to the training of doctors and nurses in medical schools. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Meta-analyses have shown that studies sponsored by pharmaceutical companies are several times more likely to report positive results.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.[51] . which is being fought. and if a drug company employee is involved (as is often the case.

Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. driven by drug company influence on psychiatry.[54] .Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.[52] The potential for direct conflict of interest has been raised. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. the American Psychiatric Association. or "disease mongering". as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.[53] The president of the organization that designs and publishes the DSM. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events It has been argued that the design of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the expansion of the criteria represents an increasing medicalization of human nature. recently acknowledged that in general American psychiatry has "allowed the biopsychosocial model to become the bio-bio-bio model" and routinely accepted "kickbacks and bribes" from pharmaceutical companies. partly because roughly half the authors who selected and defined the DSM-IV psychiatric disorders had or previously had financial relationships with the pharmaceutical industry.

Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. which could limit therapeutic options for patients in the Third World. Other criticisms include an alleged reluctance of the industry to invest in treatments of diseases in less economically advanced countries. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events [edit] Developing world The role of pharmaceutical companies in the developing world is a matter of some debate. QS MBA Events . where most of the AIDS infected people are living. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. to those critical of the use of the poorest in human clinical trials. particularly in states lacking a strong rule of law. such as malaria. ranging from those highlighting the aid provided to the developing world.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Criticism for the price of patented AIDS medication. often without adequate protections. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. which indicates that the TRIPS agreement should be read with the goals of public . In 2001.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. [edit] Patents See also: Criticism of patents Patents have been criticized in the developing world. under the TRIPS agreement of the World Trade Organization. countries must allow pharmaceutical products to be patented. as they are thought to reduce access to medicines. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA the Open In September 2008 Events Source Drug Discovery Network was launched in India to combat infectious diseases common to developing countries. the WTO adopted the Doha Declaration.[55] However. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

To do so.000 USD per patient per year. even before patent expiration. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. they would need to ignore the patents on drugs and produce generics within the country (using a compulsory license). and ARVs at the time cost between 10. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. despite the fact that these drugs were on-patent. or import them from abroad. and so the South African government committed to providing ARVs at prices closer to what people could afford.[57] HIV was and is an epidemic in South Africa. 40 multi-national pharmaceutical companies brought litigation against South Africa for its Medicines Act. The Indian pharmaceutical company .Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. andEventssome methods for circumventing pharmaceutical monopolies: via compulsory licensing or parallel imports.000 and 15. This was unaffordable for most South African citizens. which allowed the generic production of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) for treating HIV.[56] In March 2001. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA allows health in mind.

MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Cipla audaciously offered to make the drugs at 350 USD per patient per year. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. and the case was dropped in April of that year. Germany. roughly 1/40th of the lowest price available from a patent holder. After massive international protest in favour of public health rights (including the collection of 250. the governments of several developed countries (including The Netherlands.[58] [edit] Nigerian clinical trial See also: Kano trovafloxacin trial litigation . France. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. which stunned the world community. and later the US) backed the South African government. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.000 signatures by MSF).

Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. a pediatricEvents trial conducted on behalf of Pfizer tested the antibiotic Trovan allegedly without first obtaining the informed consent of participants or their parents. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Some examples include: • • "Merck's Gift." wherein billions of River Blindness drugs were donated in Africa [63] Pfizer's gift of free/discounted fluconazole and other drugs for AIDS in South Africa [64] . MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA clinical In 1996.[59][60][61][62] [edit] Charitable programmes Charitable programs and drug discovery & development efforts are routinely undertaken by pharmaceutical companies. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.

More precisely. Glivec patient assistance programmes. including donations of medicines to patients affected by leprosy. and until. Novartis committed USD 755 million in corporate citizenship initiatives around the world.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. some NGOs such as Médecins Sans Frontières do not routinely accept corporate donations of medicines. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. they do not become reliant on such supplies of .[65] However. and malaria. particularly focusing on improved access to medicines in the developing world through its Access to Medicine projects. MBA life in the USA • • • MBA Events QS MBA Events to give free albendazole tablets to the WHO for. tuberculosis. GSK's commitment the elimination of lymphatic filariasis worldwide. and relief to support major humanitarian organisations with emergency medical needs. In 2006. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. the pharmaceutical industry has been portrayed as a global shadowy force in numerous western fiction works. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA the supply medicines because Events is dependent upon the fluid. profit-driven charities of said pharmaceutical companies. Notorious films such as The Fugitive (1993) and Resident evil and novels/films such as The Constant Gardener characterize this trend. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. [edit] Pharmaceutical industry in popular culture As for many other major industries since the middle of the twentieth century. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. . Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. and thus may dry up during a critical or otherwise important time. The book An Imperfect Offering: Humanitarian Action for the 21st Century by ex-MSF president James Orbinski describes this in detail.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.

MBA life in the USA • MBA Events [edit] Industry associations • • • • • • European Confederation of Pharmaceutical Entrepreneurs (EUCOPE) Drug Information Association (DIA) European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA) European Pharmaceutical Market Research Association (EphMRA) International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations (IFPMA) Japan Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association (JPMA) QS MBA Events . Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.

Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. MBA life in the USA • • • • MBA Events QS MBA Health Products Council (NYHPC) New York Events Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) Irish Pharmaceutical Healthcare Association (IPHA) [edit] Regulatory authorities Main article: Regulation of therapeutic goods • International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) .Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.

Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.S.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. MBA life in the USA • • • • • • • • • MBA Events QS MBA Medicines Agency (EMEA) European Events Therapeutic Goods Administration (Australia) (TGA) U. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Ministry of Health. Labour and Welfare (Japan) Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) Central Drugs Standards Control Organisation (India) (CDSCO) Ukrainian Drug Registration Agency[2] Medicines Authority (Malta)[3] .

MBA life in the USA • MBA Events [edit] See also • • • • • • Clinical trial QS MBA Events Contract Research Organization Drug development Drug design Drug discovery Inverse benefit law .Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

Gerd Bode.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. McGuire. Manuel Zahn "Pharmaceuticals. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Ingrid Klingmann. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Horst Hasskarl. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. General Survey" Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Chemical . MBA life in the USA • • • • • MBA Events QS MBA Events List of pharmaceutical companies Pharmaceutical industry in India Pharmaceutical marketing Pharmacy [edit] Notes 1. ^ John L.

Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.com/papers/ip.pub2 2. S (1997). 2007. Selling Sickness: How Drug Companies are Turning Us All Into Patients. Weinheim. 3.dklevine. doi:10. ^ a b Ray Moynihan and Alan Cassels (2005).ch.9. ^ Information taken from the abstract of Hadzović. ^ http://www. New York.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. "Pharmacy and the great contribution of Arab-Islamic science to its development" (in Croatian). Allen & Unwin. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Technology" Wiley-VCH. ISSN 0350-199X.1002/14356007. ISBN 174114-579-1 . OCLC 32564530. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.m1004. Medicinski arhiv 51 (1–2): 47–50. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.pdf 4.a19_273. PMID 9324574.

^ a b c The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA . Medicine. 6. QS b "WhyEvents Cost So Much". as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. http://www.pharmalot.net. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. ^ Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development 8. ^ "How Many New Drugs Did FDA Approve Last Year?".Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. ^ a MBA Drugs http://www.medicinenet.asp?articlekey=18892. 7.com. pharmalot.com/2011/02/how-many-new-drugs-did-fda-approvelast-year/. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events 5.com/script/main/art.

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.cbo. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events 9.gov/downloads/AboutFDA/CentersOffices/CDER/WhatWeDo/UC M078941.^ Garattini. (1997). Development". S. 2005. Congressional Budget Office.cfm? index=8221&type=0. http://www. "Federal Support for Research and ^ Sheila Campbell.^ "CDER 2004 Report to the Nation: Improving Public Health Through Human Drugs". PMID 9442441 11. QS MBA Events et al (June 2007). "Are me-too drugs justificed?".pdf. Journal of Nephrology 10 (6): 283–294. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. http://www.fda.gov/doc. . 10. Food and Drug Administration.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.

http://www. http://www. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.1503/cmaj. 13 May 2004.^ "Correspondence: "Me-Too" Products – Friend or Foe?". "Excess in the pharmaceutical industry". as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.economist. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 12.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.1056/NEJM200405133502019#t=article. 14. http://www.org/doi/full/10. PMID 15583183. PMC 534578. 17 April 2007.^ "Me too! Me too!".nejm. . Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.ca/cgi/content/full/171/12/1451#R5-12 13.^ Angel. Canadian Medical Association Journal 171 (12): 1451–3. doi:10. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.1041594. Marcia (7 December 2004). The Economist. The New England Journal of Medicine.com/blogs/freeexchange/2007/04/me_too_me_too.cmaj.

10 (1): 23–27. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Devereaux PJ (2004-02-17). "Competitiveness in follow-on drug R&D: a race or imitation?".1038/nrd3296. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 15.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. PMID 21151030. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Jackowski D.html 16. Schemitsch EH. Schunemann H. Nat Rev Drug Discov. doi:10.ncbi. http://www.nlm. Faden. LD (January 2011).gov/entrez/query. Mears D.nih. http://www. "Association between industry funding and statistically significant proindustry findings in medical and surgical randomized trials".fcgi? . Montori VM. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Sprague S.com/nrd/journal/v10/n1/full/nrd3296. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.nature.^ DiMasi.^ Bhandari M. JA. Heels-Ansdell D. Busse JW.

Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Issue 7400. Retrieved on 2007-10-06.pdf.hhlaw. http://www.com/files/Publication/edbf3429-125c-41c99442-b552e69b756c/Presentation/PublicationAttachment/972a9053-8c8d46e4-ac96-ecf4892a8643/Pharma. Volume 326.^ a b Moynihan R (2003-05.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Who pays for the pizza? Redefining the relationships between doctors and drug companies.^ "Hogan & Hartson Update on Pharmaceutical Trial Registration" (PDF). 17. 18. . Retrieved 2007-05-24. Retrieved 2008-06-02. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. BMJ: British Medical Journal. Pages 1193–1196. 2: Disentanglement.cvc31). MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events cmd=retrieve&db=pubmed&list_uids=14970094&dopt=Abstract. 2008-03-03. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

PMC 1123215. BMJ (Clinical research ed.fcgi? tool=pmcentrez&artid=1123215. http://observer. Retrieved 2007-05-24.324.6903.html. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. http://www. London: The Observer.gov/articlerender.^ Barnett.1136/bmj. "How whistleblowing cost one doctor £550000".Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.00. . Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.guardian. "Revealed: how drug firms 'hoodwink' medical journals".) 324 (7348): 1240.1101680. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Antony 19. 20. doi:10.^ Sheldon. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.pubmedcentral.7348.co. PMID 12028975. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.1240. T (2002-05-25).nih.uk/uk_news/story/0.Events (2003-12-07).

nih.aspx. Walker S (2011). Events (2005-05-27). Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. PLoS medicine 2 (7): e209. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. 22.com/pharmaceuticalmedicine/Abstract/2011/25030/Standard izing_the_Benefit_Risk_Assessment_of_New. "Standardizing the Benefit-Risk Assessment of New Medicines: Practical Applications of Frameworks for the Pharmaceutical Healthcare Professional". .Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. http://adisonline. doi:10.fcgi? tool=pmcentrez&artid=1140678. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Jeanne 21.^ Liberti L. McAuslane JN.1.0020209.1371/journal.pmed. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. http://www.^ Lenzer. Pharm Med 25 (3): 139–46. PMC 1140678. PMID 15913416.pubmedcentral. "What Can We Learn from Medical Whistleblowers?". Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.gov/articlerender.

S. 25. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. U. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.^ "The Orphan Drug Act (as amended)". Retrieved 2008-02-08.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.^ Harris.^ "Electronic Orange Book". http://www. "British Balance Benefit vs. Gardiner (2008-12-03).htm. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.fda. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 24. PharmaTimes.pharmatimes.S.com/WorldNews/article. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. The New York Times.fda. http://www.gov/cder/ob/default. Food and Drug Administration. Food and Drug Administration. http://www. 26. Retrieved 2007-05-31.aspx?id=12822. .^ "US Congress Warned of Gathering Storm at FDA". Cost of Latest Drugs". MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 23. U.htm.gov/orphan/oda.

http://www.com/2008/12/03/health/03nice.html. IMS Health. "The World's Ten BestSelling Drugs". Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Peter (2006-03-22).html? pagewanted=3&_r=1&incamp=article_popular_3.html.^ "IMS Reports 11. 2004-02-17. 28. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Forbes. Prescription Sales". . MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events http://www. Retrieved 2007-06-01. 27.imshealth.6025_3665_44771 558. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. http://www.00.S. Retrieved 2007-05-31.com/ims/portal/front/articleC/0.forbes.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.5 Percent Dollar Growth in '03 U.nytimes.com/home/sciencesandmedicine/2006/03/21/pfizer-merckamgen-cx_mh_pk_0321topdrugs. Matthew and Kang.^ a b Herper. Retrieved 2010-05-22.2777.

Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. . Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. IMS Health.^ "Prescription for change". March 2005.teradata. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.00. 31.imshealth.org/web/20070928024747/http://www. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 29. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Feb.^ "IMS Health Forecasts 5 to 6 Percent Growth for Global Pharmaceutical Market in 2007".html.archive. 2006-10-24. Retrieved 2007-06-19. http://web.com/ims/portal/front/articleC/0.com/t/page /131951/. 2.6025_3665_79210 022. Teradata Magazine online. http://www.^ [1] "Why We Pay So Much. Retrieved 2007-06-19." TIME magazine.2777. 2004 30. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.

^ IMS Health 2008. .^ "New Drug Approvals in 2006" (PDF). Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.^ Top 50 Pharmaceutical Companies Charts & Lists. March 2007.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.^ Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 35. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28.org/files/NDA 2006.archive. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Top 15 Global corporations 34. Med Ad News. http://web. September 2007 33.org/web/20080228023631/http://www. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Retrieved 2008-02-23.pdf. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 32.phrma. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.

org/web/20060217051127/http://www.dddmag. 37. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28.^ "Assessment of Authorized Generics in the U.kff.org/files/IMS +Authorized+Generics+Report_6-22-06. Kaiser Family Foundation.^ "The medicare Prescriptions Drug Benefit" (PDF). http://web. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 36. Retrieved 2007-06-12.org/medicare/upl oad/7044-02.pdf.archive. June 2006.^ http://www. September 2005. Retrieved 2008-02-23.pdf. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. http://web. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.S" (PDF).phrma. IMS Consulting.com/news-Sanofi-Laying-Off-1700-in-US-101110.org/web/20080228023633/http://www.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. . as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.archive. Archived from the original on 2006-02-17.aspx 38.

42. http://www. http://www. publicintegrity. 41. http://www. Pharmaceutical". Marc (2005-05-06).washingtonpost.com/news_events/news_media/the_doctor_wont_see _you_mr_pharma_rep_now/. 2005-07-07. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Retrieved 200705-23.zsassociates.html.^ "No Free Lunch". as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.nofreelunch.^ Kaufman. 40.org.^ a b "ZS Associates.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Retrieved 2007-05-23. "Merck CEO Resigns as Drug Probe Continues".^ "Drug Lobby Second to None: How the pharmaceutical industry gets its way in Washington". Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Washington Post. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.com/wpdyn/content/article/2005/05/05/AR2005050501115_pf. . MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 39.org/.

org/rx/report. Retrieved on 2007-10-06. Retrieved on 2007-10-07.^ "Senators Who Weakened Drug Bill Got Millions From Industry. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Retrieved 2007-0523." USA Today. 43.aspx?aid=723. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events http://www. Page 1163. May 10. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Dr. Drug company sponsorship of education could be replaced at a fraction of its cost.^ Koerner BI (March/April. 2007 45. Mother Jones. 2003). BMJ: British Medical Journal.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. 44.^ Ray Moynihan (2003-05-31).publicintegrity. Volume 326. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. . Issue 7400. No Free Lunch.

epha. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.^ "UK parliamentarians put the pharma industry under the spotlight". http://collections. 48. Retrieved 2007-05-23.^ Buchkowsky SS. Ann Pharmacother. European Public Health Alliance. (2004) Industry sponsorship and authorship of clinical trials over 20 years. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Jewesson PJ.php.org/a/1773. 47.^ "A Collection of Articles on Disease Mongering". 2004 Apr. Public Library of Science. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 46. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. PMID 14982982 .38(4):579-85.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Retrieved 2007-05-23. http://www. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.plos.org/plosmedicine/diseasemongering-2006.

Joseph M.^ Tungaraza T.^ Medical schools and journals fight drug industry influence 52. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.162(10):1957-60. Br J Psychiatry.191:82-3. Hwang C. Perlis CS. (2005) Industry sponsorship and financial conflict of interest in the reporting of clinical trials in psychiatry Am J Psychiatry.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.^ Healy D (2006) The Latest Mania: Selling Bipolar Disorder PLoS Med 3(4): e185. Poole R. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. 2007 Jul. . Wu Y. (2007) Influence of drug company authorship and sponsorship on drug trial outcomes. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.^ Perlis RH. Oct. PMID 17602130 51. Nierenberg AA. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 49. 50.

Chicago Journal of International Law. and the Ugly Psychiatric News August 19. Pharmaceutical Patents. Musungu.^ Sharfstein. 27(43). 2005 Volume 40 Number 16 55. (2005) Big Pharma and American Psychiatry: The Good. the Bad. "The Use of Flexibilities in TRIPS by Developing Countries: Can They Provide .Financial Ties between DSM-IV Panel Members and the Pharmaceutical Industry 54. Sheldon. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Schneider. and Access to Essential Medicines: A Long Way from Seattle to Doha".^ See for example: 't Hoen. Manisha. Lisa.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. 2002. Sisule F. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Krimsky. Lisa. and Cecilia Oh. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 53. Ellen.. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.^ Cosgrove.Vijayaraghavan. SS. "TRIPS.

p. Austin.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.^ "Pharmaceutical Manufacturer's Association v.org/english/thewto_e/minist_e/min01_e/mindecl_trips_e. Laurence R. 2001. 56. 2002 (2) SA 674 (CC) (S.wto. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Innovation Access to Events and Public Health. "The Doha Declaration on TRIPS and public health".^ Helfer. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. .^ WTO. 2005. 145-148.htm. and Graeme W. Available online at http://www. 58. The World Health Organization. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Medicines?" Commission on Intellectual Property Rights. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. "Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Mapping the Global Interface". Cambridge University Press: 2011. Africa). 57. The President of South Africa (PMA)".

"Pfizer accused of testing new drug without ethical approval". Washington Post. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. "As Drug Testing Spreads. Retrieved 2007-06-25.^ Stephens. 60. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. http://www. . MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 59. 61.^ Wise. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Profits and Lives Hang in Balance".com/cgi/content/full/323/7313/592/b.bmj. 2001-09-15. Joe (2000-12-17).^ "Nigerians to sue US drug company over meningitis treatment|Kovac. BMJ.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Retrieved 2007-06-25.com/cgi/content/full/322/7280/194. http://bmj. http://www.bmjjournals. BMJ. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Carl". Jacqui (2001-01-27).washingtonpost. Retrieved 2007-06-25.com/ac2/wpdyn/A11939-2000Dec15.

^ Pfizer Will Donate Fluconazole to South Africa 65.com/health/microsites/D/dying_for_drugs/resources4.novartis. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.asp? programID=2&submenu=healthprograms 64.^ www. channel4.^ "Dying For Drugs". MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events 62. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. 63.com.com Novartis corporate citizenship [edit] Further reading .cartercenter. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.^ http://www. http://www. Retrieved 2007-06-25.corporatecitizenship.channel4.ht ml.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.org/healthprograms/showdoc.

2004.. 331–77 Marcia Angell: The truth about the drug companies." Bulletin of the History of Medicine. 83 (Summer 2009). Jeremy A. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. ISBN 0-375-50846-5. MBA life in the USA • • MBA Events QS MBA Events in conflict of interest: "The construction of the martyrdom of Coyne J. and Scott H. "Keeping Modern in Medicine: Pharmaceutical Promotion and Physician Education in Postwar America.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. • • . Random House. Lessons David Healy and the dilemma of bioethics. 2005. Greene. 305 S. Podolsky." American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1): W3-W14. New York.

Spinwatch. [edit] Economics of the industry • [edit] Relationship between pharma and the medical profession • . Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Shakuntala A.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. 27 June 2006. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Retrieved 2011-03-27. 297 S. Mens Sana Monographs. 2004. ""An Unholy Alliance? Psychiatry and the influence of the pharmaceutical industry". University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23945-8. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Joanna Moncrieff. Berkeley. ISBN 978-81-89753-14-6 Merrill Goozner: The $800 million pill. 2007. Singh: "Medical practice and the pharmaceutical industry: and ever the duo shall meet". 5(1). Singh. MBA life in the USA • • MBA Events QS MBA Events Ajai R. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.

Mens Sana Monographs. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. p7-10. ""Of Money And Trust In Biomedical Care". as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Retrieved 2011-0327. Joel Lexchin. Jerome P Kassirer. 2007. Retrieved 2011-03-27.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. 5(1). 2008. MBA life in the USA • • • MBA Events QS MBA Events Pharmaceutical Industry and its Influence on Doctors and Jaconelli T. p1-6. ""The Medical Students". Mens Sana Monographs. ""Extent And Implications Of The Academia-Industry Connection". Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. • [edit] Relationship between pharma and consumers (general public) . 2007. Lancet Student. 5(1).

Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. ISSN 1937-8661. Alan pharmaceutical companies are turning us all into patients.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.genengnews.aspx? aid=2547. Bruce (2008-08-01). Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News (Mary Ann Liebert) 28 (14): pp.com/articles/chitem. MBA life in the USA • • MBA Events QS MBA Events Cassels: Selling sickness: How the world's biggest Ray Moynihan. http://www. Retrieved 2008-09-26 [show] [edit] Industry trends • . Nation Books. Carlson. "Pharma Outsourcing on Upward Trajectory". New York. 2005. 14. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events • • • v d e Pharmaceutical industry by country .

php? title=Pharmaceutical_industry&oldid=466766689" View page ratings .org/w/index. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Bangladesh · People's Republic of China · India · Pakistan · United Kingdom Retrieved from "http://en. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.wikipedia.

Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Rate this page Rate this page Page ratings What's this? Events Current average ratings. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Trustworthy .

Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Objective Complete .Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Well-written I am highly knowledgeable about this topic (optional) . Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events I have a relevant college/university degree It is part of my profession It is a deep personal passion .Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events The source of my knowledge is not listed here I would like to help improve Wikipedia. We will not share your e-mail address with outside parties as per our feedback privacy statement.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. send me an e-mail (optional) We will send you a confirmation e-mail. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Submit ratings .

Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Thanks! Your ratings have been saved. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events Saved QS MBA Events successfully Your ratings have not been submitted yet Your ratings have expired Please reevaluate this page and submit new ratings. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. . An error has occured. Please try again later. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.

. Do you want to create an account? An account will help you track your edits. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events Please QS MBA Events complete a short survey.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. get involved in discussions. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. and be a part of the community. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. take a moment to Start survey Maybe later Thanks! Your ratings have been saved. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

Did you know that you can edit this page? Edit this page Maybe later Categories: • Pharmaceutical industry . MBA life in the USA • MBA Events CreateQS MBA Events in Maybe later an accountorLog Thanks! Your ratings have been saved. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

MBA life in the USA • • • • • • • MBA Events QS MBA Events Pharmacology Pharmacy Articles with inconsistent citation formats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September 2007 Articles with unsourced statements from August 2007 Hidden categories: Personal tools . Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • • • • Views MBA Events QS MBA Events Log in / create account Article Discussion Namespaces Variants • • Read Edit . Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.

Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. MBA life in the USA • • Actions Search Top of Form MBA Events QS MBA Events View history Special:Search . Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school.

Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Navigation Bottom of Form • • • • • • Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia .

Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. MBA life in the USA • • • • • • Toolbox MBA Events QS Interaction MBA Events Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia What links here • .Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • • • • • • • • MBA Events QS MBA Events Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Cite this page Rate this page Create a book Print/export . Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.

Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. MBA life in the USA • • • • • • • • MBA Events QS MBA Events Download as PDF Printable version ‫العربية‬ Català Deutsch Eesti Español Languages . as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you.

Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. MBA life in the USA • • • • • • • • • MBA Events QS MBA Events Esperanto Français 한국어 Bahasa Indonesia Italiano मराठी Nederlands 日本語 . Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world.

Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. MBA life in the USA • • • • • • • • MBA Events QS MBA Events Português Română Русский Српски / Srpski Suomi Svenska తలుగు .

MBA life in the USA • • • • • • • MBA Events QS MBA Events ไทย ‫اردو‬ Tiếng Việt This page was last modified on 19 December 2011 at 22:41.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. additional terms may apply. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. See Terms of use for details. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. Українська . Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.

MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. Inc. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. a non-profit organization.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA. Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. • • • • • Contact us Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Mobile view ..

Our detailed section on executive MBAs will give you all the information you need to find the right EMBA program for you. as there are huge differences between programs too: Discover the differences between MBA program formats MBA program featured areas Studying an executive MBA Executive MBAs are for professionals with six or more years work experience. Find out more about the executive MBA Studying an MBA in the USA The United States has some of the best business schools in the world. Read our advice on living the MBA life in the USA.Home • Find MBA Programs Find Business Schools Our find business schools section provides you with the tools and resources to be able to find and choose the best business school to study your MBA: Find your perfect business school MBA guides to help you choose where to study ○ MBA in US ○ MBA in India ○ MBA in Europe ○ MBA in UK ○ MBA in London ○ MBA in Asia MBA program types It's not just a case of choosing the right business school. MBA life in the USA • MBA Events QS MBA Events • • .