The word, 'pollution' means to make dirty. Pollution causes imbalance in the environment.

Environmental pollution is a serious problem. Nearly 35 percent of India's total land area is subject to serious environmental pollution.

Industrialization has led to urbanization, which has added to the pollution problem. Air pollution is the most dangerous form of pollution. land and water pollution have worsened the situation. Pollution causes several types of harmful disease. We must control pollution for our survival.

The word pollution 'pollution', has been derived form a Latin word, 'pollutionem,' which means to make dirty. Pollution is the process of making the environment. i.e. the land, water and air dirty by adding harmful substances to it. Pollution causes imbalance in the environment. This imbalance has threatened the very survival of life. It is a threat to the whole world.

Environmental pollution is a serious problem of the industrialized societies. The industrial development and the Green Revolution have adversely affected the environment. People have converted the life supporting systems of the entire living world into their own resources and have vastly disturbed the natural ecological balance. Serious degradation and depletion have been caused thought overuse, misuse and mismanagement of resources to meet the human greed.

Environmental pollution is defined as the unfavorable alteration of our surroundings. It is by product of man's activities through direct or indirect efforts of changes. These changes could be in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of land, air or water that harmfully affect human life or any desirable living thing. Human population explosion, rapid industrialization, deforestation, unplanned urbanization, scientific and technological advancement etc. are the major causes of environmental pollution. Nearly 35 percent of India's total land area is subjected to serious environmental pollution. Three fourths of the earth consists of water, yet there is is a scarcity of potable water. In India, all the sources of water like rivers, lakes, ponds and wells have been polluted and are unfit for drinking. As a result of the increased use of fertilizers, the rivers, seas and oceans have become contaminated with harmful pollutants. It is estimated that more than 500 tons of mercury enters the ocean every year. Oil slicks, pollution

sewage and fertilizer have also threatened the aquatic life. organic or biological substances. The migration of rural population to the cities in search of work has created an unhealthy environment. Most of the gases and air pollutants are produced by burning fuels. foul smell and noise. fumes. Soil pollution usually results from the disposal of solid and semi-solid wastes from agricultural practices and from unsanitary habits. It ha led to overcrowding. The Taj Mahal in Agra is affected by the fumes emitted by the Mathura refinery. gases. Due to air pollution. Reports estimate that the monument would get defaced with a span of twenty years because of the harmful effluents of the mission from the refinery. Chlorofluorocarbons are widely used as propellants and as refrigerants which cause ozone depletion. The emission of greenhouse gases has led to climatic changes. Air. The general noise level in the cities is rising alarmingly. The term climate is often used interchangeably with the term global warming. Industrialization has led to urbanization. rubbish. Water pollution adversely changes the quality of water. thermal power stations. It disturbs the balance of the ecosystem and causes health hazards. It results form gaseous emission from industry. Nuclear explosions and nuclear tests also pollute the air. the composition of air is changing all over the world.caused by the flow of industrial waste. sulphur dioxide etc. dust. The soil is heavily polluted day-by-day by hazardous materials and microorganisms. Noise is also one of the major pollutants. Towns and cities are full of smoke. water and land pollution have further worsened the very survival of human beings. The increase in pollution has resulted in global warming. Burning of coal produces carbon dioxide. which are responsible for acid rain. Global warming is an average increase in the Earth's temperature due to greenhouse effect as a result of both natural and human activity. which enter the food chain or water and create numerous health problems. Water becomes polluted by the presence or addition of inorganic. Air pollution is the most dangerous form of pollution. dirt. domestic combustion etc. The ice-caps in the polar . establishment of slum areas.

paralysis. In order to check water pollution. Destruction of forests has to led to climatic changes. Radioactive pollutants cause respiratory problems. Trees should be planted everywhere and vehicles should be made eco-friendly. The depletion of the ozone layer can also result in skin diseases. Air pollution causes allergies. vigorous efforts should be made. asthma. cancer. India is a tropical country. It has also led to the extinction of many rare species of wildlife. Public education and awareness of the relationship between climate change . the sewage and the factory waste should be properly treated and cleaned before being discharged. Grass sprouting in Antarctica and snowfall in the desert of the United Arab Emirates are all the warning signals of global warming. The Anti-pollution law should be strictly practiced. stress. These are caused by the Greenhouse Effect.regions have begun to melt fast. It is becoming more apparent that humanity may be facing more drastic problems in the near future as a result of global warming which will be unavoidable unless great measures are taken very soon. It is now considered by the overwhelming majority of scientists that global warming is the most important threat to humanity. In order to fight this menace of pollution. it is important to study the impact of global warming at the grass root level and chalk out ways to tackle it. Pollution causes different types diseases. The Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine (IAPSM) and The Indian Public health Association had urged the Indian government and the civil society to take prompt action to prevent the effects of global warming on health. anxiety. This has resulted in the rise of the water level of the seas and oceans. According to the fourth assessment report of UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). lung cancer and bronchitis. Excessive noise pollution can lead to deafness. and other diseases. increase in the rate of heart beat and other health problems.

and human health is key to deal with problems more effectively. All the nations of the world should work unitedly to control environmental pollution. General awareness is must to save our planted from destruction. .

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