The word, 'pollution' means to make dirty. Pollution causes imbalance in the environment.

Environmental pollution is a serious problem. Nearly 35 percent of India's total land area is subject to serious environmental pollution.

Industrialization has led to urbanization, which has added to the pollution problem. Air pollution is the most dangerous form of pollution. land and water pollution have worsened the situation. Pollution causes several types of harmful disease. We must control pollution for our survival.

The word pollution 'pollution', has been derived form a Latin word, 'pollutionem,' which means to make dirty. Pollution is the process of making the environment. i.e. the land, water and air dirty by adding harmful substances to it. Pollution causes imbalance in the environment. This imbalance has threatened the very survival of life. It is a threat to the whole world.

Environmental pollution is a serious problem of the industrialized societies. The industrial development and the Green Revolution have adversely affected the environment. People have converted the life supporting systems of the entire living world into their own resources and have vastly disturbed the natural ecological balance. Serious degradation and depletion have been caused thought overuse, misuse and mismanagement of resources to meet the human greed.

Environmental pollution is defined as the unfavorable alteration of our surroundings. It is by product of man's activities through direct or indirect efforts of changes. These changes could be in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of land, air or water that harmfully affect human life or any desirable living thing. Human population explosion, rapid industrialization, deforestation, unplanned urbanization, scientific and technological advancement etc. are the major causes of environmental pollution. Nearly 35 percent of India's total land area is subjected to serious environmental pollution. Three fourths of the earth consists of water, yet there is is a scarcity of potable water. In India, all the sources of water like rivers, lakes, ponds and wells have been polluted and are unfit for drinking. As a result of the increased use of fertilizers, the rivers, seas and oceans have become contaminated with harmful pollutants. It is estimated that more than 500 tons of mercury enters the ocean every year. Oil slicks, pollution

which enter the food chain or water and create numerous health problems. sulphur dioxide etc. domestic combustion etc. The migration of rural population to the cities in search of work has created an unhealthy environment. Water becomes polluted by the presence or addition of inorganic. Air. Due to air pollution. dust. Nuclear explosions and nuclear tests also pollute the air. Towns and cities are full of smoke. Water pollution adversely changes the quality of water. Noise is also one of the major pollutants. The term climate is often used interchangeably with the term global warming. Soil pollution usually results from the disposal of solid and semi-solid wastes from agricultural practices and from unsanitary habits. which are responsible for acid rain. It ha led to overcrowding.caused by the flow of industrial waste. water and land pollution have further worsened the very survival of human beings. the composition of air is changing all over the world. foul smell and noise. sewage and fertilizer have also threatened the aquatic life. thermal power stations. The soil is heavily polluted day-by-day by hazardous materials and microorganisms. Industrialization has led to urbanization. fumes. The Taj Mahal in Agra is affected by the fumes emitted by the Mathura refinery. The ice-caps in the polar . establishment of slum areas. It results form gaseous emission from industry. The general noise level in the cities is rising alarmingly. It disturbs the balance of the ecosystem and causes health hazards. dirt. Chlorofluorocarbons are widely used as propellants and as refrigerants which cause ozone depletion. rubbish. Global warming is an average increase in the Earth's temperature due to greenhouse effect as a result of both natural and human activity. Burning of coal produces carbon dioxide. Air pollution is the most dangerous form of pollution. The emission of greenhouse gases has led to climatic changes. Most of the gases and air pollutants are produced by burning fuels. The increase in pollution has resulted in global warming. organic or biological substances. gases. Reports estimate that the monument would get defaced with a span of twenty years because of the harmful effluents of the mission from the refinery.

According to the fourth assessment report of UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). it is important to study the impact of global warming at the grass root level and chalk out ways to tackle it. The Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine (IAPSM) and The Indian Public health Association had urged the Indian government and the civil society to take prompt action to prevent the effects of global warming on health. cancer. Destruction of forests has to led to climatic changes. In order to fight this menace of pollution. Grass sprouting in Antarctica and snowfall in the desert of the United Arab Emirates are all the warning signals of global warming. the sewage and the factory waste should be properly treated and cleaned before being discharged. Pollution causes different types diseases. The depletion of the ozone layer can also result in skin diseases. India is a tropical country.regions have begun to melt fast. This has resulted in the rise of the water level of the seas and oceans. Radioactive pollutants cause respiratory problems. Excessive noise pollution can lead to deafness. lung cancer and bronchitis. paralysis. Trees should be planted everywhere and vehicles should be made eco-friendly. vigorous efforts should be made. It is now considered by the overwhelming majority of scientists that global warming is the most important threat to humanity. These are caused by the Greenhouse Effect. In order to check water pollution. and other diseases. stress. anxiety. The Anti-pollution law should be strictly practiced. Public education and awareness of the relationship between climate change . asthma. It has also led to the extinction of many rare species of wildlife. increase in the rate of heart beat and other health problems. It is becoming more apparent that humanity may be facing more drastic problems in the near future as a result of global warming which will be unavoidable unless great measures are taken very soon. Air pollution causes allergies.

All the nations of the world should work unitedly to control environmental pollution. General awareness is must to save our planted from destruction. .and human health is key to deal with problems more effectively.

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