The word, 'pollution' means to make dirty. Pollution causes imbalance in the environment.

Environmental pollution is a serious problem. Nearly 35 percent of India's total land area is subject to serious environmental pollution.

Industrialization has led to urbanization, which has added to the pollution problem. Air pollution is the most dangerous form of pollution. land and water pollution have worsened the situation. Pollution causes several types of harmful disease. We must control pollution for our survival.

The word pollution 'pollution', has been derived form a Latin word, 'pollutionem,' which means to make dirty. Pollution is the process of making the environment. i.e. the land, water and air dirty by adding harmful substances to it. Pollution causes imbalance in the environment. This imbalance has threatened the very survival of life. It is a threat to the whole world.

Environmental pollution is a serious problem of the industrialized societies. The industrial development and the Green Revolution have adversely affected the environment. People have converted the life supporting systems of the entire living world into their own resources and have vastly disturbed the natural ecological balance. Serious degradation and depletion have been caused thought overuse, misuse and mismanagement of resources to meet the human greed.

Environmental pollution is defined as the unfavorable alteration of our surroundings. It is by product of man's activities through direct or indirect efforts of changes. These changes could be in the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of land, air or water that harmfully affect human life or any desirable living thing. Human population explosion, rapid industrialization, deforestation, unplanned urbanization, scientific and technological advancement etc. are the major causes of environmental pollution. Nearly 35 percent of India's total land area is subjected to serious environmental pollution. Three fourths of the earth consists of water, yet there is is a scarcity of potable water. In India, all the sources of water like rivers, lakes, ponds and wells have been polluted and are unfit for drinking. As a result of the increased use of fertilizers, the rivers, seas and oceans have become contaminated with harmful pollutants. It is estimated that more than 500 tons of mercury enters the ocean every year. Oil slicks, pollution

dirt. domestic combustion etc. Burning of coal produces carbon dioxide. Towns and cities are full of smoke. It disturbs the balance of the ecosystem and causes health hazards.caused by the flow of industrial waste. The emission of greenhouse gases has led to climatic changes. fumes. Air pollution is the most dangerous form of pollution. It ha led to overcrowding. rubbish. Chlorofluorocarbons are widely used as propellants and as refrigerants which cause ozone depletion. foul smell and noise. Soil pollution usually results from the disposal of solid and semi-solid wastes from agricultural practices and from unsanitary habits. The general noise level in the cities is rising alarmingly. Water pollution adversely changes the quality of water. Air. Nuclear explosions and nuclear tests also pollute the air. Due to air pollution. water and land pollution have further worsened the very survival of human beings. The ice-caps in the polar . which are responsible for acid rain. the composition of air is changing all over the world. It results form gaseous emission from industry. sewage and fertilizer have also threatened the aquatic life. organic or biological substances. establishment of slum areas. The Taj Mahal in Agra is affected by the fumes emitted by the Mathura refinery. The term climate is often used interchangeably with the term global warming. Reports estimate that the monument would get defaced with a span of twenty years because of the harmful effluents of the mission from the refinery. The increase in pollution has resulted in global warming. dust. Most of the gases and air pollutants are produced by burning fuels. sulphur dioxide etc. Water becomes polluted by the presence or addition of inorganic. The migration of rural population to the cities in search of work has created an unhealthy environment. Noise is also one of the major pollutants. Industrialization has led to urbanization. which enter the food chain or water and create numerous health problems. gases. The soil is heavily polluted day-by-day by hazardous materials and microorganisms. Global warming is an average increase in the Earth's temperature due to greenhouse effect as a result of both natural and human activity. thermal power stations.

vigorous efforts should be made. The Anti-pollution law should be strictly practiced. Destruction of forests has to led to climatic changes. In order to check water pollution. According to the fourth assessment report of UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). increase in the rate of heart beat and other health problems. lung cancer and bronchitis. asthma. This has resulted in the rise of the water level of the seas and oceans. stress. paralysis.regions have begun to melt fast. Public education and awareness of the relationship between climate change . It is becoming more apparent that humanity may be facing more drastic problems in the near future as a result of global warming which will be unavoidable unless great measures are taken very soon. The depletion of the ozone layer can also result in skin diseases. Air pollution causes allergies. Excessive noise pollution can lead to deafness. Pollution causes different types diseases. anxiety. It has also led to the extinction of many rare species of wildlife. It is now considered by the overwhelming majority of scientists that global warming is the most important threat to humanity. and other diseases. it is important to study the impact of global warming at the grass root level and chalk out ways to tackle it. Trees should be planted everywhere and vehicles should be made eco-friendly. These are caused by the Greenhouse Effect. India is a tropical country. the sewage and the factory waste should be properly treated and cleaned before being discharged. Grass sprouting in Antarctica and snowfall in the desert of the United Arab Emirates are all the warning signals of global warming. cancer. The Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine (IAPSM) and The Indian Public health Association had urged the Indian government and the civil society to take prompt action to prevent the effects of global warming on health. In order to fight this menace of pollution. Radioactive pollutants cause respiratory problems.

and human health is key to deal with problems more effectively. All the nations of the world should work unitedly to control environmental pollution. General awareness is must to save our planted from destruction. .

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