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Curso de Ingls semipresencial

1.
2. 3. 4. 5.

Introduccin Cuaderno de ejercicios para el desarrollo de habilidades orales Libro de texto curso semipresencial Resumen Bibliografa

INTRODUCCION Los avances constantes de la Revolucin Cientfico-Tcnica, la aparicin de nuevas tecnologas, y la competitividad en el campo del conocimiento demandan el perfeccionamiento sistemtico de los planes de estudios y la aplicacin de los mtodos de enseanza y aprendizaje en los ms diversos campos del saber humano. El estudio de una lengua extranjera, para desarrollar fundamentalmente la habilidad de comunicarse, se hace necesario y evidente y gana efectividad en el uso de esta en situaciones comunicativas prcticas que propicien el intercambio y la interaccin entre los que se van apropiando del nuevo cdigo, no obstante, en la poca en que vivimos caracterizada por el uso masivo de los medios audiovisuales y de comunicacin con novedosas tecnologas, nos permite enfrentar la adquisicin de nuevos conocimientos de un modo ms independiente, prescindiendo un poco, no por completo de un docente u otra persona calificada, que conduzca el aprendiza sistemticamente. En la enseanza de la Lengua Inglesa existen muchos y variados programas o libros de textos, que durante el curso del desarrollo del aprendizaje del idioma , han creados autores, lingistas, grupos de autores, etc todos con el fin de ayudar a las personas a comunicarse mediante el intercambio de ideas, sentimientos, puntos de vistas, etc. Por tal motivo el hombre vierte sus ideas creativas en el perfeccionamiento de tales medios de enseanza y en la propuesta de nuevos conceptos para llenar las expectativas de grupos sociales que buscan diferentes vas de aprendizaje. Este trabajo se propone llegar a aquellos estudiantes deseosos de un material que los ayude y gue en el aprendizaje del Idioma Ingls con ms independencia, tal es el objetivo bsico del perfeccionamiento actual de la enseanza de esta lengua en nuestro pas y deseo con gratitud que sirva a muchos. CUADERNO DE EJERCICIOS PARA EL DESARROLLO DE HABILIDADES ORALES Prof. William Sosa Tamayo UNIDAD TITULO PAGINAS I HELLO, MY NAME IS JENNIFER WAN De la 2 a la 3

II

WHATS THIS CALLED IN ENGLISH?

De la 3 a la 4

III

WHERE ARE YOU FROM?

De la 4 a la 6

IV

CLOTHES AND WEATHER

De la 6 a la 7

WHAT ARE YOU DOING?

De la 7 a la 8

VI

HOW DO YOU GO TO WORK?

De la 8a la 10

VII VIII IX X XI XII

DOES THE APARTMENT HAVE A VIEW? WHAT DO YOU DO? I LOVE STRAWBERRIES CAN YOU SWIM VERY WELL? WHENS YOUR BIRTHDAY? WHATS THE MATTER?

De la 10 a la 12 De la 12a la 14 De la 14 a la 16 De la 16 a la 18 De la 18 a la 20 De la 2 a la 21

UNIDAD I. HELLO, MY NAME IS JENNIFER WAN

I.- PROVIDE THE MISSING LETTERS. A, B, ___, D, ___, F, G, ___, ___, ___, K, ___,M. N, ___, ___, Q, ___, S, T, ___, V, ___, X, ___. II.- WRITE THE CORRESPONDING NUMBER. Three ___, ten ___, one ___, five ___, zero ___, two ___, nine ___, six ___, four ___, eight ___. III.- USE MY, HIS, HER TO FILL IN THE BLANKS. 1. Whats your name? _____ name is Robert. 2. Whats your sisters name? _____ name is Susan. 3. Whats your fathers name? _____ name is Paul. IV.- FILL IN THE CONVERSATION IN A LOGICAL WAY.PRACTICE IT WITH A CLASSMATE. Tom: Excuse me, _____ you Martha Brent? Martha: Yes, Iam. Tom: ______ Tom. Martha: ____________________________ Tom. Tom: ________________________, too Martha. Martha: By the way, _________________ name? Tom: Spencer. Martha: ___________________________ Spencer? Tom: Its S-P-E-N-C-E-R V- GIVE LOGICAL AFFIRMATIVE OR NEGATIVE ANSWERS. EXAMPLE: Are you Robert? No, Im not. Are you Frank? Yes. I am. 1. Are you a doctor? __________ 2. Are you a student? __________ 3. Are you from Mexico? ________ 4. Are you at the university? _______ Are you Cuban? ___________ Are you a policeman? ___________ Are you from Cuba? __________ Are you in High School? _________

UNIDAD II. WHAT THIS CALLED IN ENGLISH?

WRITE THE NAME BESIDE EACH OBJECT.

___________

___________

__________

__________

OBSERVE: LOS ADJETIVOS POSESIVOS PRONOMBRE PERSONAL I HAVE A DOG YOU HAVE A CAR HE HAS A HOUSE SHE HAS A DRESS IT HAS A NEW DOOR THEY HAVE BOOKS WE HAVE FRIENDS ADJETIVO POSESIVO MY DOG IS FRIENDLY YOUR CAR IS NEW HIS HOUSE IS NICE HER DRESS IS RED ITS DOOR IS WIDE THEIR BOOKS ARE NEW OUR FRIENDS ARE POLITE

II.- USE HIS, HER. MY YOUR, THEIR, OUR TO FILL IN THE BLANKS. 1. This is Daniels book. ______ book is red. 2. I have a wallet. _____ wallet is black. 3. These are Jane and Kettys notebooks. ______ notebooks are in the schoolbag. 4. Richard and I are students. This is _____ classroom. 5. You have a dog. _____ dog is friendly. 6. This is Miriams handbag. ______ handbag is pretty. III.- ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS. ONE NEGATIVE AND ONE AFFIRMATIVE. 1. Is this your pencil? _________ 2. Is this Helens umbrella? _________ 3. Are these your glasses? _________ 4. Are these your books? _________ 5. Is this a briefcase? _________ 6. Is this a wallet? _________ 7. Are these Marias shoes? __________ 8. Are these my sunglasses? _________ IV.- WRITE THE DIALOGUE IN ENGLISH.PRACTICE IT WITH A CLASSMATE A: Encuentra una persona, se dirige a ella formalmente y le pregunta si es Katherine Young. B: Responda afirmativamente A: Se presenta y le agradece el conocerle. B: Ud. tambin le agradece. A: Le muestra una billetera y le dice que usted piensa que es de ella. B Ud. Lo niega y le dice que tal vez sea de Sara. A: Diga que la de Sara es diferente y que est all. B: Pregunta el lugar donde se encuentra la cartera de Sara. A: Responda que est sobre el sof. B: Despdase desendole que tenga un buen da.

V: WRITE STATEMENTS WITH THE FOLLOWING WORDS. -- ACTUALLY THINK-NEW- DAUGHTERS - CALLED - SUNGLASSES. UNIT III WHERE ARE YOU FROM.

I- FILL IN THE BLANK CHOOSING WORDS FROM THE LIST. Linda: Where are you __________ Jennifer? Jennifer: Im from Australia ___________ but my _________ family live in New York now. Linda : So English is your ________ language. Jennifer: Youre right. Linda: Thats_________. - ACTUALLY- INTERESTING- FROM- NATIVE- ORIGINALLY- WHOLE. REMEMBER: AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE. AFFIRMATIVE HE IS A DOCTOR SHE IS A DOCTOR IT IS FROM CANADA THEY ARE DOCTORS YOU ARE DOCTORS WE ARE DOCTORS I AM A DOCTOR NEGATIVE HE IS NOT (ISNT ) A DOCTOR SHE IS NOT (ISNT ) A DOCTOR IT ISNT FROM USA THEY ARENT DOCTORS WE ARENT DOCTORS WE ARENT DOCTORS I AM NOT A DOCTOR INTERROGATIVE IS HE A DOCTOR? IS SHE A DOCTOR? ISIT FROM CANADA? ANSWER NO,HE ISNT NO,HE ISNT NO,IT ISNT

ANSWER YES, HE IS

YES,SHE I YES,IT IS

ARETHEYDOCTORS? NO, THEY AREN T ARE YOU DOCTORS? NO, WE ARENT ARE WE DOCTORS? NO, WE ARENT AM I A DOCTOR? NO, YOU ARENT

YES, THEY

YES, WE A YES, WE A YES, YOU

II- WRITE AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES WITH THE ELEMENTS SUGGESTED. EXAMPLE 1) Helen/ Puerto Rico. Helen is from Puerto Rico. 1) Robert and Bob/ Brazil. 2) The Japan 4) Brenda/England 5) We/ Cuban boys/ Venezuelan 3) The tree/

III- WRITE A NEGATIVE SENTENCE USING THE WORD GIVEN IN PARENTHESES. EXAMPLE 1) Chou Lee is from China(Korea). Chou Lee is from China. She isnt from Korea. 2- They are Italian. (Argentina) 3- We are Peruvian (Bolivian) 4- It is from Sweden.(Hungary) 5- I am from France. (Russia) 6-She is New Zealander. (Australia) 7- Fred and Arthur are American.(Spanish). IV- WRITE THE CORRECT FORM OF BE. PROVIDE THE ANSWER.

QUESTION Ej: Is Ruth from Ireland? 1)_______ they Portuguese? 2)_______ Portuguese her native language? 3)_______ we Peruvian? 4)_______ Argentina in Central America? 5)_______ Omar Ali from Egypt? 6)_______ you from Mexico?

ANSWER. Yes, she is (a) _______ (N) _______ (A) _______ (N) _______ (N) _______ (A) _______ (N)

UNIT 4: CLOTHES AND WEATHER.

REMEMBER. Red

COLORS: Yellow Blue Purple Orange Green

Black

White

Gray

Brown

Beige Pink

Violet

black

-What color is it? Its black. CLOTHES: SUIT- DRESS-BLOUSE- SKIRT- SHIRT- TIE- COAT- SHORTS- RUNNING SHOES- HATSCARF- BOOTS- T-SHIRT- SHOES-SLACKS. What color is the dress? Its red. Whats your favorite color? Its white. I- FILL IN THE BLANKS USING THE CORRECT FROM OF BE. 1) She ______ wearing a gray skirt. 2) They______ not running now. 3) I _______ reading a book. 4) Mr. Miller _______ teaching math. 5) We ______ dancing now. 6) Paul and Lucy ______ playing tennis. II- REWRITE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES IN TO THE NEGATIVE FROM. USE WORDS IN PARENTHESES. 1) Mother is cooking lunch. (dinner) 2) Father is wearing a coat. (hat) 3) They are playing football. (tennis) 4) The boys are studying French. (English) 5) My parents are sleeping. (Susan) 6) Im speaking English now. (Spanish) III- WRITE THE DIALOGUE IN ENGLISH FOLLOWING THE INSTRUCTIONS.

A: Marca un nmero de telfono y saluda formalmente a la persona que sale. B: Responde el saluda . A: Se interesa por saber su pas de procedencia . B: Responde que es Canad. A: Desea saber como es el tiempo en Canad en invierno. B: Responde que hace mucho fro. A: Pregunta sobre la ropa que lleva en estos momentos. B: Dice que usa abrigo, bufanda y botas. A: Cambia el tema de conversacin y le dice que en Sydney esta nevando ahora y que por eso est en casa. B: Se interesa por saber lo que hace. A: Responde que est leyendo un libro. B: Dice que es interesante y le desea que tenga un buen da. A: Usted le da las gracias.

UNIT 5 WHAT ARE YOU DOING?

I-WRITE THE TIME. 8:00AM Its eight oclock. 10:15pm ___________ 9:50AM ____________

7:30AM____________ 12:05pm ____________

II- WRITE QUESTIONS ACCORDING TO THE ANSWERS. FOLLOW THE EXAMPLE. 1) Is Helen getting up? Yes, she is. Shes getting up. 2) ________________________? No, they arent. They are not dancing. 3) ________________________? Yes, I am. Im listening to music. 4) ________________________? No, we arent. Were not reading now. 5) ________________________? Yes, it is. Its playing in the garden. III- GIVE LOGICAL ANSWERS TO THESE QUESTIONS. 1) Are the students studying? ____________________________ 2) Am I singing now? ____________________________ 3) Is mother cooking lunch? _____________________________ 4) Are we running? _____________________________ 5) Is Paul teaching Math? _____________________________ IV- COMPLETE THE DIALOGUE IN A LOGICAL WAY. A: - ____________________ in Sidney now? B: - Its 4 oclock at night. A: - ____________________________? B: - Im getting up. A: - ________________________in Sidney? B: - Its very cold and its snowing. A: - _________________________a coat? B: - No, Im wearing a sweater. A--_______________________________? B:- My sweater is red and yellow. By the way, ____________________in New York? A:- Its 5 degrees. B:- Oh its really_________________. A:- Sure it is. B:- Well hove a good day. A:- Thank you.

V- WRITE SENTENCES AS QUESTIONS WITH THESES ELEMENTS. 1) matter 2) wearing 3) warm 4) weather 5) awake 6) call

UNIT 6 HOW DO YOU GO TO WORK?

I -CROSS OUT THE NON RELATED WORD. City --Suburbs --Foods --Downtown Parents --Car --Father --Sister --Apartment --House --Building --Walk --Book --Car --Bicycle --Tow truck

II- COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING WORDS FROM THE LIST. 1) I _________early in the morning. 2) My house has a _____________in the basement. 3) Richie is my neighbor He lives____________ my house. 4) I dont need a car. I ____________to school. 5) What is she ___________? She is intelligent. List: -NEAR- LIVE- GET UP- WALK- GARAGE- DOG- LIKE III- COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE VERBS GIVEN IN PARENTHESES. 1) Paul _______in a garage.(work) 2) Mother______ dinner in the evening.(cook) 3) My parents______ downtown. (live) 4) They ________in the bedroom. (sleep) 5) It _______ with a dog. (play) 6) My sister _______her friends every week. (visit) 7) Paul ______a friendly dog. (have) IV- USE DONT OR DOESNSTO FILL IN THE SENTENCES. 1) They boys _______ walk to school. 2) Richie _________like coffee. 3) We ________ have a car. 4) I ______ live in the country. 5) She ______ write the exercise. V- USE 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) DO OR DOESTO MAKE QUESTIONS ANSWER THEN. ________ Richard drink milk ? Yes, ________. ________ they dance at parties? Yes, ________. ________ father drive to work? No, _________. ________ the cot play in the garden Yes, _________. ________ you get up early? No, __________. ________ Frank and Fred study French? No, __________.

VI-ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS PROVEDING ARE AFFIRMATIVE AND ONE NEGATIVE LONG RESPONSE. USE THE WORD IN PARENTHESES FOR NEGATION. EXAMPLE 1) Does Jane go to school every day . (on Sunday) Jane goes to school every day. She doesnt go on Sunday 2) Does Edward work in a garage.(in the city) 3) Do Jennifer and Sandra dance rock? (salsa)

4) Do your parents have a bicycle? (a car) 5) Does your teacher speak English? (French) 6) Do you get up early? (late) VII- WRITE THE DEALOGUE IN ENGLISH CORRESPONDING TO THE INFORMATION. A: Usted encuentra un amigo y le comenta que tiene problema . B: El amigo se interesa por saber el problema. A: Usted le dice que es tarde y tiene que ir para el trabajo . B: Le pregunta si trabaja cerca . A: Responde negativamente y aclara que trabaja en los suburbios. B: Le pregunta si tiene auto. A: Responde negativamente y agrega que tiene una bicicleta pero que en realidad es de su hija. B: Invtela a tomar un taxi. A: Diga que es una gran idea.

UNIT 7 DOES THE APARTMENT HAVE A VIEW?

I-WRITE SENTENCES WITH THE PAIR OF WORDS. 1) diningroom / have lunch. 2) bedroom / sleep 3) kitchen / cook 4) Livingroom / watch TV 5) bathroom / take a shower OBSERVE: There is a car in the garage. (sing) There are some tables in the classroom. (plural) II- USE THERE ISAS THERE AREACCORDINGLY. 1) _________ many buildings in the city. 2) ________ children in the school yard 3) ________ fine dogs at home. 4) _________ a pencil in my schoolbag. 5) _________ a new student in class. 6) __________ a TV set in the livingroom. III.- FILL IN THE BLANKS USING SOMEOR ANY. 1) There arent _______ chains in the kitchen. 2) There isnt________ lamp in the bedroom. 3) There are _______ flowers in the garden. 4) There are _______ girls in the park today. IV- COMPLETE THE CONVERSATION IN A LOGICAL WAY. A: _______________________________? B: I live in the city. A: ___________________________ your apartment have? B: It has four rooms. A: _________________? B: Its on Henderson Avenue. A: _________________ a view? B: It has a nice view to my neighbors garden. A: Does it have furniture?

B: It has some. A: __________________? B: Well I need a sofa and two armchairs. V- WRITE THE DEALOGUE IN ENGLISH CORRESPONDING TO THE INFORMATION. A:Ud. Encuentra una persona y le pregunta si vive cerca de aqu B :Responda afirmativamente A: Se interesa por saber cmo es su casa B: Responda que verdaderamente es bastante cmoda A: Cambia de conversacin y le pregunta que si vive en el centro de la ciudad. B: Responda que vive en el centro, pero que trabaja en las afueras de la ciudad, A: Se interesa por saber la forma en que viaja a su trabajo. B: Responda que va en mnibus. A: Pregunte la hora en que se levanta. B: Responda que lo hace a las 5 a.m. A: Observa que es demasiado temprano. B: Dice que acostumbra a levantarse bien temprano. A: Le dice que es bueno y se despide.

UNIT 8 WHAT DO YOU DO?

I- WRITE THE OCOUPATION BESIDE THE ACTIVITY.

1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

Pavel cooks in a restaurant. Janet works in a hospital. Paul compose music for the opera. She serves food in a restaurant . He receives the payment in a cash.

He is a ____________. She is a ___________. He is a____________. She is a ___________. He is a____________.

II- ANSWER THE QUESTIONS USING THE WORDS SUGGESTED. 1. Where does Alice work? (doctors office) She works at the doctors office 2. What does she do ? (nurse) 3. Where do they work? (market) 4. What do they do? (sales clerks) 5. What does Helen do? (singer) 6. Where does she work?(opera) 7. Where do they work? (American Airlines) 8. What do they do? (pilots) III- ASK QUESTIONS ACCORDING TO THE ANSWERS GIVEN. 1) ___________________________? Im a judge. 2) ___________________________? She work is hard but the people are nice. 3) ___________________________? I study at the usually. 4) ___________________________? Maria is a receptionist. 5) ___________________________? The room is comfortable IV- WRITE THE DIALOGUE CORRESPONDING TO THE INFORMATION . A: Llama a un familiar y le dice que se muda esta semana. B: Usted le dice que es afortunado. A: Se interesa por saber como es el departamento .

B: Usted responde que es muy bueno, pero que necesita algunos muebles. A: Cambia de conversacin y le comenta que escuch que tiene un nuevo empleo. B: Dice que est trabajando en un aeropuerto y que es controlador del trfico areo A: Comenta que es un trabajo emocionante. B: Dice que realmente lo es pero es realmente estresante. A: Se interesa por saber el lugar donde trabaja la esposa de B. B: Responde que trabaja en un hotel, que es camarera. A: Quiere saber la hora en que se levanta. B: Le contesta que lo hace a las 7.00AM. A: Observa que es demasiado temprano. B: Asiente , agrega y lo contrasta con que duerme hasta tarde el fin de semana. V- PROVIDE THE QUESTIONS FOR THE FOLLOWING ANSWERS 1) ______________________________________________? Im a security guard. 2) ______________________________________________? He works at a bank. 3) ______________________________________________? My job is nice, but its stressful. 4) ______________________________________________? It has four rooms. 5) ______________________________________________? I get up at six oclock. 6) ______________________________________________? He gets there by car. VI - WRITE THE DIALOGUE CORRESPONDING TO THE INFORMATION . A: Encuentra a un amigo y se interesa por saber si trabaja cerca del lugar B:Responda negativamente. A: Ud. quiere saber el lugar donde trabaja. B:Responda que lo hace en un hotel. A: Ud. se interesa por conocer su profesin en el hotel. B: Responda que Ud. es cajero. A: Pregunte a su amigo si tiene hermanos. B;Responda afirmativamente y pregunte a su amigo por la familia. A: Responda que est bien, pero que su hermana tiene gripe. B: Diga que lo siente y pregunte a su amigo la cantidad de hermanos que tiene. A: Responda que tiene dos, pero que uno vive en Londres. B : Pregunte la frecuencia con que lo visita. A: Responda que va a londres todos los aos. B:Pregunte cmo va a Londres. A: Responda que lo hace en avin, B: Despdase. . UNIT 9 I LOVE STRAWBERRIES.

I WRITE COR UIF THE NOUM IS COUNTABLE OR UNCOUNTABLE . 1)___ butter. 5)___ peppers. 2)___ cheese. 3)___ apple. 4)___ rice. 6)___ potatoes. 7)___ bread. 8)___ oranges.

II-_FILL IN THE CONVERSATION USING SOME OR ANY. A: What do you need for dinner ?

B: Well, I have_______ potatoes but I dont have ________rice. A: What about beans? B: Yes, I need________ A: Do gone want _________chicken? B: I dont want _________but I really need _______ meat. A: Anything else? B: Yes ,I forgot it .I like ______ butter and _________bread too. A: Here you are. OBSERVE: La posicin de los adverbios de frecuencia entre el sujeto y el verbo. I YOU SHE HE IT THEY WE ALWAYS NEVER SOMETIMES OFTEN SELDOM USUALLY RARELY PLAY TENNIS IN THE PARK GO TO THE BEACH EATS DINNER AT HOME HAS CLASSES ON SATURDAYS WORKS PROPERLY COME TO VISIT MOTHER STUDY ON SUNDAYS NIGHT

Negative. Sujeto- part. neg.____ adverbio frecuencia ____verbo She doesnt usually have tea at home . She never has tea at home . INT. ANSWER Do you ever have classes on Sunday? I never have classes on Sunday? Does she often eat out? She sometimes eats out. III- WRITE THE PROPER FRECUENCY ADVERB TO FILL THESE SENTENCES. 1. Does she ________________ visit her parents? 2. Mr. Thomas ______________ goes to college on Sundays. 3. Alfred ___________________ has classes on Tuesday. 4. Have you ________________ gone to London in winter? IV- WRITE THE DIALOGUE CORRESPONDING TO THE INFORMATION . A: Ud trabaja en un mercado. Entra un comprador y le ofrece ayuda. B: Ud. acepta y le pregunta si tiene papas. A: Ud. responde afirmativamente y le pregunta la cantidad que desea. B: Responda que necesita una libra. A: Ud. dice que tambin tiene tomates frescos y cebollas. B: Diga que no necesita ninguno porque tiene en casa. A Pregunte si quiere algo ms. B: Responda negativamente. Cambia de conversacin, dice que est organizando una fiesta y lo invita. A: Pregunta cuando va a ser la fiesta. B: Responda que ser el prximo domingo por la noche. A: Se disculpa y le dice que no puede ir porque tiene que trabajar. B: Dice que no se preocupe y se despide

UNIDAD 10 CAN YOU SWIM VERY WELL?

I._USE HOW TO WITH A SUITABLE VERB. EXAMPLE: Im very good at baseball. I know how to play baseball. 1) Jack is a very good driver. He can teach me ___________________________________. 2) Mother cooks nice. She can teach Jane _______________________________________. 3) Jennifer is good at dancing. She knows _______________________ ballet very well. 4) Paul and Robert are good at swimming, They know ____________________ in the pool. 5) Mr. Harrison is good at languages. He can teach you _________________ fluently. II._ USE THE SUGGESTION IN PARENTHESES TO FORM A NEGATIVE STATEMENT. EXAMPLE: Paul knows how to dance ballet (rock) Paul knows how to dance ballet, but he doesnt know how to dance rock. 1) Miriam knows how to speak Italian. (French) 2) The boy knows how to drive a car. ( a bus ) 3) Robert knows how to write a letter. ( a report ) 4) They know to plant tomatoes. (potatoes ) 5) I know how to sing blues. (folks). III.- PROVIDE LOGICAL ANSWERS TO THESE QUESTIONS. EXAMPLE: 1) Can you swing in the pool in winter? No, I cant 2) Can Jane go to London by bicycle? No, ______________. 3) Can the boys study at night? Yes, _____________. 4) Do you know how to read the novel? Yes, ____________. 5) Is your friend good at tennis? Yes, ____________. 6) Does Thomas know how to ride on bicycle? No, ______________. IV- WRITE THE DIALOGUE CORRESPONDING TO THE INFORMATION . A: Entra a un hotel. Saluda al carpeta y le solicita ayuda. B: El carpeta se interesa por saber cual es el problema. A: Le informa que Ud. es nuevo en el hotel y que solo habla Ingls. B: Infrmele que tambin necesita hablar Italiano y agrega que ud. Habla Italiano, pero no Ingls. A: Ud. Dice que no hay problema, que le puede ensear Ingls y el le puede ensear Italiano. B: Le pregunta lo que necesita para estudiar el idioma. A: Responda que posee algunos libros, pero que no tiene diccionario. B:Cambia de conversacin y le dice que su hermana es buena en los idiomas. A: Le pregunta si ella habla Italiano. B:Responda afirmativamente. A: Ud. Se interesa por conocer algunas caractersticas personales de la hermana. B:Responda que es inteligente y callada. A: Agregue que ella les puede ayudar. De las gracias y despida. B:Responda la despedida. EJERCICIOS PARA LA LECTURA AMAZING ANIMALS Los siguientes ejercicios le ayudaran a una mejor comprensin del texto. I.- UNDERLINE THE SENTENCES WHICH ARE TRUE. 1._ The kangaroo is rapid animal.

2.- The camel can live without drinking water for a month. 3.- The camel holds water in the hump. 4.- The chimpanzee can learn languages.. II.-ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS ABOUT THE READING. 1.- Which of the three animals is the most intelligent? 2,- Can the chimpanzee speak languages? 3.- How many stomachs does the camel have? 4.- Which of the animals is the most useful for man? UNIDAD II WHEN IS YOUR BIRTHDAY I1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) I.- COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING THE CORRECT FORM OF BE + GOING TO Robert ______________________ write a new book next year. They ________________________ play tennis very soon. Ronald and Jerry ___________________ to take part in a competition next week. I ________________________ to receive a gift tomorrow. We ____________________ to visit some friends next month. Mother ____________________ the meal for us . She _________________________ to dance in the party.

IIII.- COMPLETE THE CONVERSATION USING BE +GOING TO IN A LOGICAL WAY A Hi, Jane.When ____ your birthday __________ be? A: It ______________ be next July. B: _____ you ______________ organize a party? A: Of course I am. I __________ prepare a good party and some of my friends __________________ come. B: Are we going to have cake? A:Sure. It ______________ be an exiting party. B:_____ Susan ____________ come? B:Yes, she does, She __________________ dance Romeo and Juliet III.-- WRITE THE DIALOGUE CORRESPONDING TO THE INFORMATION . Dos personas desconocidas conversan A: Se dirige a su interlocutor y le pregunta el lugar de procedencia B: Responde que es de illinois, pero que recientemente se mud para esta ciudad. A: Se interesa por su opinin sobre la ciudad B: Responde que es maravillosa y que las personas son muy alegres. A: Cambia de conversacin y le pregunta si desea ir a su fiesta de cumpleaos. B:Ud. Acepta y le pregunta cuando ser esta. A: Responde que va a ser el fin de semana que viene. B: Se interesa por conocer el lugar de la fiesta. A: Responda que ser en el Central Palace detrs de la iglesia. B:Pregunta la forma en que puede llegar a ese lugar. A: Diga que puede tomar el mnibus. B: Se interesa por saber si van a invitar periodistas. A: Responde afirmativamente agregando que un amigo suyo trabaja en el New York Times B: Observa que eso es interesante. Se despide y le agradece el haberlo invitado. REALICE LOS SIGUIENTES EJERCICIOS SOBRE LA LECTURA I_MARQUE LA SELECCIN CORRECTA CON X 1.-Elenas friends are: 2.- Sixteen years old in Japan is considered

___ old fashion. ___ traditional. ___ modern. 3.- Sun Hee Shi is going to have: ____ a special party. ____ a barbecue. ____ a family celebration.

___ the starting age of a new life. ___ the end of a stage. ___ a bad age. 4.- Phillippe is going to invite: ___ many friends. ___ two friends. ___ his fellow workers.

II- ANSWER ACCORDING TO THE TEXTS: 1. Is Elena going to go out? 2. How do people call the sixtieth in Japan? 3. Who is going to receive money? 4. What do people do in France for money? III.- WRITE T IF TRUE AND F IF FALSE. 1. ____ Elena is going to be twenty one next year. 2. ____ The color red is something representative in Japan. 3. ____ People from Taipei cook pork with noodles. UNIDAD I2 WHATS THE MATTER?

I.- GIVE THE ANSWERS USING THE ELEMENTS SUGGESTED 1. Whats the matter? I have a cold ( cold). 2. Whats wrong? ________________________ ( fever ) 3. Whats the problem? _____________________ ( headache) 4. How do you feel? ________________________ ( awful ) II.- COMPLETE THE FOLLoWING DIALOGUE IN ALOGICAL WAY Mother; Whats the matter? Brian: Im bad I ___________ headache. Mother; I think you should _______ some aspirins and ______ in bed Brian: I dont ________ so. Mother; Why? It may be a cold. Brian: Yes, but I ____________ to see the doctor. I have a high _____ too. Mother; Ok. I am ___________ to _________ you to the doctor tomorrow Brian : Is the doctors office near here? Mother; Actually it is in the suburbs. Brian: And how ____________________________ go there? Mother; Of course. By bus Brian: By the way, mother. _________ any nurse at the doctors office. Mother; I hope so. Why? Brian: Because i dont like nurses at all

GUIA DE ESTUDIO Esta gua es un ayudante para facilitarle al estudiante el manejo de los materiales que aparecen en el texto y en el Cuaderno de Actividades, pues presenta explicaciones claras que contribuyen a

comprender mejor el contenido lexical, la gramtica y los textos para el desarrollo de la comunicacin. En esta aparece la pronunciacin aproximada utilizando los caracteres de nuestra lengua espaola para facilitar el estudio, no es una transcripcin fontica como tal y el estudiante podr perfeccionar su pronunciacin adquiriendo los cassetes de la serie Interchange, ( INTRO) con las grabaciones originales de los dilogos y otros materiales, puesto que la parte del Libro de Texto se ha tomado de esa fuente para tener el idioma hablado por nativos.Algunos sonidos no existen en nuestro idioma, por tal motivo aparecen transcriptos en Ingls, es el caso de: [th] al inicio,medio y final de algunas palabra, generalmente, se produce colocando la lengua en posicin interdental para obtener algo cercano a nuestra F o Dcomo en: thin, that, bath, thanks, then, mother. [g] Se produce como la Y espaola y la vocal acompaante es sorda en palabras tales como: age, passage. UNIDAD I. HELLO, MY NAME IS JENNIFER WAN

Funciones Comunicativas Preguntar el nombre de alguien y responderlo. Presentarse a alguien. Dirigirse a alguien. Preguntar por el numero de telfono. Contenido. El alfabeto en Ingles. Los nmeros del 1 al 10 El verbo BE. Frmulas de saludo y despedida. RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO 1.- Despus que el profesor haya introducido el alfabeto y los nmeros practquelos en casa.: A (ei ), B (bi ), C ( si ), D (di ), E ( i ), F (ef ), G ( yi ), H ( eich ), I ( ai ), J (yei), K (kei) L (el ), M (em ), N ( en ), O ( ou ), P (pi ), Q ( quiu ), R ( ar ), S ( es ), T ( ti ), U ( iu ), V ( vi ), W ( dabliu ), X ( exs ) Y ( uai ), Z ( zii ) DIALOGO # I. 2.- Practique el dialogo varias veces con la pronunciacin aparente. Jennifer: [Jelo, mai neimis ynifer uan.] Michael: [Jai, am mikol linch] Jennifer: [Nais tu mtiu maikol] Michael: [Nais tu mitiu tu, yenifer][ am sori jutsiur last neim?][Isit uon?] Jennifer: [No,uan. dbliu-ei-en-][and jau duiu spel linch?] Michael: [el uai en si eich] Practique como preguntar y decir el nombre. Whats your name? [juatsiur neim.] My name is Robert. [mai neimis Robert] Whats his neim? [juats jis neim] His name is Paul. [ jis neimis pol ] What`s her neim? [juatser neim?] Her name is Susan. [jer neimis Susan] SALUDOS Y DESPEDIDAS. Cuando saludas en Ingles puedes comenzar utilizando:

Hi (jai)- saludo informal. Hello (jel)- saludo ms formal. Usa la otra parte del saludo en dependencia de la hora. Good morning (gud morning)- por la maana. Good afternoon (gudafternm)- por la tarde. Good evening ((gudivinin)por la noche DESPEDIDAS. Bye (bae) Bye-bye (bae-bae) See you tomorrow/at night.[si i tumoro/at nait]Te ver maana/ por la noche,etc. Good night [gud nait] Buenas noches. Recuerda que usas: Excuse me Para disculparte por algo con el sentido de lo siento. Cuando quieres saber el nmero de telfono de alguien preguntas: A: Whats your/his/her phone number? [juatsiur /jis/jer fon nomber] B: Its 425010 [its for- tu- jaif-ou-uan-ou]. Observe y practique: A: Are you Robert Garca? [ari Robert Garca] B: No Im not [no, am not] A: Sorry. [sory] &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& A: Are you Robert Garca? [ari Robert Garca]-- Es Ud. ...? B: Yes I am . [yesaiam)] A: Its nice to meet you Robert. Im Frank Bolton.Encantado de conocerte [its nais tu mitiu rabert] [am frank Bolton) B: Its nice to meet you to,Frank.. [its nais tu mitiu tu, frank]

UNIT II WHATS THESE CALLED IN ENGLISH.

Funciones comunicativas: Preguntar y decir el nombre de algo. Preguntar utilizando la forma Is this...?,Are these..? y sus dos respectivas respuestas. Interrogar sobre la posicin de un objeto y responder usando las preposiciones Actuar de acuerdo a instrucciones dadas. Contenido. Verbo Be (is/are) El posesivo. Vocabulario: WALLET MAP GLASSES SUNGLASSES UMBRELLA CALCULATOR SCHOOLBAG BRIEFCASE NEWSPAPER - CREDIT CARD TISSUES HANDBAG ADDRESS BOOK PHOTOS HAIRBRUSH - KEYS Gramtica. Whats this called in English? [juats this colininglish] Is this your handbag?[ Is thisiur jandbag] No, its not .Its Miriams. These are Roberts books. Where are the keys ? [ juerar the kis] They are on the sofa. Preposiciones.

in ,on , next to , behind , in front of. RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO Observe las ilustraciones en la seccin 8 y practique la posicin de los objetos. 1-The keys are in the handbag [the kisarin the handbag) 2-The keys are on the handbag. [the kisaron the jandbag). 3- The keys are under the handbag. [the kisar ander the jandbag ). 4- The keys are next to the handbag. [the kisar nest the jandbag) 5- The keys are behind the handbag. [the kisar bijain the jandbag ). 6- The keys are in front of the handbag. [the kisarin frontof the jandbag). Despues de realizar el ejercicio de la seccin 4 pgina 4 revise su pronunciacin. -This is a newspaper. (thisise newspeiper) -These are glasses. (thiisar glasis) -This is a handbag. (thisise jandbag) -This is a calculator. (thisise calculeitor) -This is a briefcase . ( thisise brifkeis) -This is an umbrella (thisisan ambrela) -These are photos (thiisar fotos) -This is an address book. (thisisanaddrs buk) -These are tissues. (thiisaretisius) Recuerde estas estructuras para preguntar si algo pertenece a alguien. Is this Janes book? (Is this yeins buk) Yes it is. (iesitis) No , its not. (no,its nat) Are these Peters glasses? (ar thiis piters glsis) Yes,they are (ies,thei ar) No, they arent (no, thei arent) Observe el uso de los apstrofes () para indicar que algo pertenece a alguien y el adjetivo posesivo. These are Peters keys. These are his keys. These are Jane and Roberts books. These are their books. This is Jennifers handbag. This is her handbag. This is the students book. This is your book. This is the teacher and Helens house. This is our house. Practique el dilogo de la seccin 3 pgina 4. DIALOGO I Transcripcin cercana. Kumiko: (juats this coldininglish ,Sara?) Sarah: (itsanaiglas keis) Kumiko: (and juatar this cold? Aiglazis?) Sarah: (aiglazis or yost glazis) (and thiisar sunglazis) Kumiko: (wel iur songlazisar veri nais) Sarah: (thenkiu,their niu)

DIALOGO II Practique luego el de la seccin 5 pgina 5. Mrs Lee: (exkiusmi katherin .Is thisiur ambrela?) Katherine: (let mi si. No ,its nat) Mrs Lee: (meibi its Alicizambrela) Katherine: (no jerambrela is diferent) (o ai nou ai thinkits Daniels) Mrs Lee: (Daniel .Is thisiurambrela?) Daniel: (iesitis. thenkiu. Akchualy its mai dorers ambrela)

UNIT III WHERE ARE YOU FROM?(JUERARIU FROM)

Funciones comunicativas. Preguntar el pas de procedencia o nacionalidad. Contenido. El verbo be en oraciones afirmativas y negativas para indicar nacionalidad. Vocabulario: nombres de pases y nacionalidades. Gramtica: Where are you from? ---------------- Im from Brazil. Where is she from? ---------------- Shes from Spain. She isnt from England. Where are they from? ---------------- Theyre Cuban. They arent French. Are you from Canada? ---------------- No ,Im not Is she Mexican? --------------- Yes, she is. RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO Escuche la grabacin y practique la pronunciacin y acentuacin de los nombres de pases y gentilicios. PAIS Amrica Mxico Korea Canada Hungary Spain Sweden Ireland China Portugal Egypt Italy PRONUNCIACION /amrica/ /mksico/ /kora/ /knada/ /jngari/ /spin/ /suden/ /irelan/ /china/ /prtugal/ /gipt/ /tli/ GENTILICIO PRONUNCIACION American /amrican/ Mexican /mksican/ Korean /koran/ Canadian /kanidian/ Hungarian /jangurian/ Spanish /spnish/ Swedish /sudish/ Irish /irish/ Chines /chains/ Portuguese /portugus/ Egyptian /Igpshian/ Italian /itlian/

Practique la oracin interrogativa para indagar si alguien es de un lugar y sus respuestas cortas. INTERROGACION RESPUESTAS -Are you from Peru? (ari fron Per ) No , Im not . (no , am nat ) -Is he Canadian ? (Is ji kanidian ) Yes he is . (ies , ji is ) -Is he Bolivian ? (Is ji Bolivian ) No , he isnt . (no , ji isent ) -Is she French ? (Is shi French ) Yes she is (ies , shi is ) -Are they Mexican? (ar thei mksican ) Yes , they are . (ies thei ar ) -Are the boys from America ? No they arent (ar the bois fromamrica ).

Practique las respuestas largas afirmativas e interrogativas . 1. Are you Japanese? (ari yapans) No, Im not Japanese. .(no, am nat japans) Im Chinese. (am chains ) 2. Is Janet from Brazil? No ,she is from Canada . She isnt from Brazil. (No, shi is from knada ).(Shi isent from Brazil .) 3. Is he from Cuba? Hes from Puerto Rico. Hes not from Cuba.(jis from Puerto Rico).(Jis nat from Kiuba) 4. Am I from USA? [ amai fromiuesei?] No, you arent from USA. You are from Colombia Practique la pronunciacin y estructura de las secciones 4 de la pgina 7 y 9 pgina 9. *Pronunciacin aparente para que practique la conversacin dialogada. DILOGO I SECCIN 3. Mark: (juerari from Lora). Laura: (uel ,mai jol famili isin the iuniristeits naw, bot uir from costa rica oriyinali). Mark: (ou ,sou iur from sauthamerica). Laura: (akshuali costa rica isentin sauthamerica itsin centralamerica). Mark: (ou rait.mai yeografi isent veri gud). DILOGO II SECCIN 5. Jack: (Is ths ir nispeiper?). Martha: (iesir,jiar,tekit). Jack: (ou ,bat irisent in inglish) Martha: (irisinspanish) (Spanishis mai neitif languish). Jack: (rli, arilspanish?). Martha: (kshuali am nat) (am from mksico). Jack: (ou, sou iur mksico) (thatsntresting).

UNIT IV CLOTHES AND WEATHER

Funciones comunicativas. -Expresarse sobre el estado del tiempo. -Interrogar sobre: a) el color. b) el vestuario que se lleva. c) la temperatura / el tiempo / las estaciones del ao. d) el color favorito. Contenido. -El presente continuo. -Preposiciones: and, but ,so. Vocabulario. -Los colores. -El vestuario. Verbos: WEAR, RUN , DRIVE, TAKE A WALK , SWIM, PLAY, SNOW. Gramtica. -Whats she /he wearing? -Shes wearing a coat but she is not wearing boots. -Whats your favorite color? My favorite color is . -What color is your dress? Its blue. -Whats the weather like in .? Its cold. -Whats the temperature in July? Its hot.

RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO -Busque los colores en el libro de texto o cuaderno de trabajo y practquelos. red[red] yellow[ilou] blue[blu] purple[perpel orange[oranyi green[grin] light green- [litgrin] dark green-[dark grin] black[blek] white[juait] gray[grei] brown[braun] beige[beiy] pink[pink] -Busque en el libro de texto el nombre de cada prenda de vestir y practquelo. suit{sut} t-shirt {tishert} blouse{blaus} scarf {skarf} skirt{skert} hot{jat} slacks{slaks} running shoes-{ranin shus} boots{buts} shorts{shorts} shirt{shert} coat{cout} tie{tai} -Practique los nmeros. 11- eleven {ileven] 12- twelve [telf] 13- therteen [thertn] 14- forteen [fortn] 15- fifteen [fiftn] 16- sixteen [sikstn] 17- seventeen [seventn] 18- eighteen [eitn] 19- nineteen [naitn] 20- twenty [tuenti] 30- thirty [thrti] 40- forty [forti] Ssons [Estaciones] -summer (smer) -winter (unter) -spring (sprn) -fall (fol) verano invierno primavera otoo

Weather (uether) tiempo -hot (jot) calor -cold (cold) fro -rainy (reini) lluvioso -snow (snow) nieve -cloudy (claudi) nublado -wind (uind) viento Para preguntar las condiciones del tiempo Whats the weather like? [juats the uether laik] Cmo est el tiempo?

ITS

SUNNY COLD/HOT SNOWNING/RAINING CLOUDY/WINDY

hace sol/est soleado hacefro/calor est nevando/lloviendo est nublado/hace viento

Para preguntar la ropa que se viste. RESPUESTA What are you wearing? (juatari urin) Im wearing a shirt (am verine shert) *Recuerde que el verbo be (am ,is, are) se usa segn la persona gramatical. RESPUESTAS She What is He It wearing? She is wearing a coat. He is wearing pants. It is wearing a ring.

What are

You wearing? They We

I am wearing shorts. They are wearing black shoes. We are wearing a dress.

*Para preguntar sobre la temperatura. -Whats the temperature in New York ? (juats the tempershurin New York) Its 20 degrees (its tventi digrs) *Analice las siguientes construcciones para observar el uso de and, but,so. -Its sunny and its very hot. -Im wearing a hot, but Im not wearing shorts.

-Its cold here, so lets get into. Realice el ejercicio 1 de la pgina 11 del texto basico LOOK AT THESE EXAMPLES ROBERT MATHEWS RICHARD Robert is playing tennis. He is wearing shorts and a T-shirt Mathew is looking for something. He is wearing a blue coat.

What is Robert doing? What is he wearing? What is Matthew doing?

What is Matthew wearing? What is Richard doing? What is he wearing? He is playing football He is wearing red shorts.

UNIT V WHAT ARE YOU DOING?.

Funciones comunicativas. Interrogar y responder sobre la actividad que desarrolla una persona en el momento en que se habla Expresar la hora en las diferentes partes del da. Referirse a hechos que ocurren en el presente progresivo o continuo, Contenido. El presente progresivo o continuo en oraciones interrogativas y sus respuestas cortas. Vocabulario. Verbos: have [ lunch, breakfast], get up [guerap] - levantarse get dressed [vestirse] stay [stei] - in bed, at home (permanecer) RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO Estudie las diferentes formas de decir la hora en Ingls. Existen diferentes formas de preguntar la hora: WHAT TIME IS IT? ( JUAT TAIMISIT? ) WHAT`S THE TIME? ( JUATS THE TAIM? ) TELL ME THE TIME, PLEASE. ( TELMI THE TAIM, PLIS ) Para decir las en punto.

8:00 AM Its eight oclock in the morning. Its eight A.M.

9:00 PM Its nine oclock in the afternoon. Its nine P.M.

12:00 A,M. Its twelve oclock A.M. Its noon. Its twelve noon.

12:00 PM. Its twelve oclock at night. Its midnight. Its twelve midnight.

Para expresar las pasadas usamos: AFTER, PAST 8:20 Its twenty minutes after eight. Its twenty after eight. Its twenty minutes past eight Its eight. and twenty.

9:15 Its a quarter past nine Para expresar las menos usamos: TO 8:40 Its twenty minutes to nine.

9:45
Its a quarter to ten

12:30 Its thirty minutes to one. GRAMATICA: Para interrogar en el tiempo Presente Progresivo ( es decir cuando la accin est transcurriendo en el momento en que se habla) se usan los elementos que aparecen en esta tabla. FORMA INTERROGATIVA VERBO - BE PERS.GRAM. IS HE SHE IT VERB.-ING WORKING? RESPUESTAS AFIRMATIVAS YES, HE IS YES, SHE IS YES, IT IS RESPS NEGAT NO, HE ISNT NO, SHE ISNT

AM ARE

I YOU WE THEY

WORKING?

YES, YOU ARE YES, I AM YES, THEY ARE YES, WE ARE

NO, YOU ARENT NO, YOU ARENT NO, YOU ARENT NO, WE ARENT

EJEMPLOS: Is she dancing now? Yes, she is / No, she isnt. Is he playing tennis now? Yes, he is / No, he isnt. Are they studying Math now? Yes, they are / No, they arent. * - ESTUDIE LOS DILOGOS CRRESPONDIENTES A ESTA UNIDAD EN LAS PGINAS 16 Y 18 DE SU LIBRO DE TEXTO.PARA AYUDARLO LE PROPORCIONAMOS LA TRANSCRIPCION APARENTE DIALOGO 1. Seccin 1 Deborah: [ jel ] John: [ jai, dbora. Thisis yan] [ am colin fromostrelia] Deborah: [ juatari duininostrelia?] John: [ amatendin e conferensin Sidney, this uik. Rimember?] Deborah: [ Oh rait. Juat taimisit ther?] John: [ Itsuan piem, anits foroclok in losanyeles, rait?] Deborah: [ Yes, foroclokin the mornin] John: [ foreiem, Am rili sori] Deborah: [ Thatsokei. Amaueik nau]

DIALOGO II. Seccin 7 Mr. Ford: [Jei, ari guerin drest? ] Mrs. Ford: [iesaiam ] Mr. Ford: [ Juai. Jut taimist?] Mrs. Ford: [Itse quarer tu eit. Am goin tu werk] Mr. Ford: [ Borits saturdei] Mrs. Ford: [ amuerkinn sturdeis mrnins this month. Ari gerinp?] Mr. Ford: [ No, am not. Amsteinin bed] Mrs. Ford: [ Okei. Si i atnm] Mr. Ford: [ Ifamaueik]

UNIT VI HOW DO YOU GO TO WORK?. Funciones comunicativas. Afirmar, negar e interrogar integrando el Presente Simple del modo indicativo a los aspectos estudiados anteriormente. Expresarse sobre la temtica de la familia y las actividades diarias del estudiante y de otras personas. Contenido. El presente simple en oraciones afirmativas, negativas e interrogativas y sus respuestas largas. Vocabulario. Tow truckremolque wife esposa suburbs afueras de la ciudad Downtown centro de la ciudad. Parents padres lucky afortunado Walk caminar Expresiones: Whats the matter?[ juts the mrer?] --Cul es el problema? Do you have a ride home? [ dui jafe raid jom?] -- Tienes quin te lleve a casa? I sleep in on weekends. [ aislipinon uikends] Duermo hasta tarde los fines de semana. Verbos: Eat --- serve RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO Analiza detenidamente las siguientes reflexiones y explicaciones sobre el tiempo verbal Presente Simple: ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS En este tipo de oraciones existen dos aspectos a destacar: Con los pronombres personales HE SHE IT (tercera persona del singular) el verbo de accin siempre lleva S Ejemplos -- Mother COOKS dinner every evening. -- He PLAYS tennis every afternoon. Existen algunas peculiaridades en la adicin de S a los verbos con estas personas: 1) Los terminados en sonidos SH CH X S O se le adiciona ES y se pronuncia como [IS]. Ejemplos --Wash She washes [uashiz] -lava --WatchHe watches TV [uatchiz] mira la televisin. --Tax The accounting taxes the products.[ taksiz] pone impuestos --Dance She dances ballet very well. [ dansiz ] --Go It goes very fast. [ gouz]va 2) Las terminadas en -Y y estn precedidas de una consonante se le adiciona -IES --- study. John studies English at night.

Con el resto de las personas gramaticales I YOU THEY WE el verbo de accin va en su forma simple, es decir sin S Ejemplos I PLAY tennis every Saturday. We DRINK coffee every morning. ORACIONES NEGATIVAS En este tipo de raciones se utilizan las partculas negativas DOESNT DONT para indicar que una accin no se realiza en el tiempo presente y el verbo de accin no lleva S con ninguna de las personas. La forma de negar DOESNT se usa con las personas gramaticales HE SHEIT Ejemplos: She DOESNT dance in the theater Robert DOESNT study English on Sundays. La forma de negar DONT se usa con las personas gramaticales I-YOU-THEY WE Ejemplos: I DONT like to play chess. The doctors DONT work today Existe una palabra negativa que cuando se usa no es necesario colocar o mencionar ninguna de las partculas negativas. Ejemplos Alice DOESNT play tennis in the afternoon. She NEVER plays tennis in the afternoon. The students DONT play football at noon. They NEVER play football at noon. ORACIONES INTERROGATIVAS En este tipo de oraciones preguntas sobre un hecho que ocurre en el presente y para ello se usa tambin los auxiliares DOES DO a inicio de la oracin y al igual que en las oraciones negativas el verbo principal siempre va en la forma simple. Ejemplos: DOES Helen work in a hospital? Yes, she works in Jacksonville Memorial. DOES Paul play football? No, he DOESNT play football. DO they swim in the pool? No, they DONT swim in the pool. DO they eat pizza for dinner? Yes, they always eat pizza Observa todo lo anteriormente planteado en el resumen graficado que se te presenta a continuacin. FORMA AFIRMATIVA FORMA NEGATIVA

HE SHE IT I YOU THEY WE

WORKS

every day at noon every night every day at noon Well every week

HE SHE IT I YOU THEY WE

DOESNT

WORK

every night every night at noon every week every night at noon every night

WORK

DONT

WORK

FORMA INTERROGATIVA HE SHE every day? at noon?

RESPUESTAS No, he works every day. No, she doesnt work at noon.

DOES

WORK?

IT

every night?

yes, it works every night

I DO YOU THEY WE WORK?

every day? at noon? well? every week?

yes, you work in the hospital No, you dont work on Mondays Yes, i work at noon no, i dont work at noon yes, they work very well. no, they dont work very well yes, we work on Saturdays and Sund no, we dont work on Sundays.

Study the days of the week in this unit

UNIT VII DOES THE APARTMENT HAVE A VIEW?

Funciones comunicativas. Interrogar utilizando el Presente Simple del modo indicativo y los aspectos estudiados anteriormente. Expresarse sobre la temtica de la vivienda y su descripcin. Utilizar las frmulas para indicar existencia Contenido. El presente simple en oraciones afirmativas, negativas e interrogativas y sus respuestas cortas. El uso de THERE IS y THERE ARE Vocabulario. Partes de la casa Furniture [frnisher] - muebles armchair [armcher] - butaca bedroom [bdrum] sofa [ soufa ] bathroom [bthrum] livingroom [lvinrum] diningroom [dininrum] kitchen [quitchen] garage [grayi] basement [besment] ____________________________________________________________ view [vi] vista. stove [tof] - cocina, fogn oven [ouven] -- horno neighbor [neibor ] vecino (to) relax [rilks] --- relajarse wall [uol] -- pared bookcase [ buukqueis] librero. games [ gueims ] yard sale [iard seil ] subasta de muebles microwave [maicroueif] -- microondas Expresiones:

Does it have a view? [ dast hafe vi] - Tiene vista? Verbos:

Guess what! What is it like?

[guessjut] [ juarist laik? - Cmo es?

Moving in [ muvinn] Need [ niid ]

RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO En este tipo de oraciones preguntas sobre un hecho que ocurre en el presente y para ello se usa tambin el auxiliar DOES DO a inicio de la oracin y al igual que en las oraciones negativas el verbo principal siempre va en la forma simple. Ejemplos: DOES Helen work in a hospital? Yes, she DOES. DO they swim in the pool? No, they DONT. Observa todo lo anteriormente planteado en el resumen graficado que se te presenta a continuacin. HE SHE IT I YOU THEY WE every day? at noon? every night? every day? at noon? well? every week? YES, HE DOES YES, SHE DOES YES, IT DOES YES, YOU DO YES, I DO YES, THEY DO YES, WE DO NO, HE DOESNT NO, SHE DOESNT NO, IT DOESNT NO, YOU DONT NO, I DONT NO, THEY DONT NO, WE DONT

DOES

WORK?

DO

WORK?

La forma THERE + BE se usa para indicar existencia. THERE + IS se utiliza con sustantivos en singular THERE + ARE se utiliza con sustantivos en plural. Ejemplos: There is a new building in 5th avenue. Hay un nuevo edificio en la 5ta avenida. (a se refiere a un, lo que denota la singularidad). There are some chairs in the diningroom.-- Hay algunas sillas en el comedor.( some se refiere a algunas o algunos lo que denota la pluralidad. ANY se utiliza solo en las oraciones negativas tanto con sustantivos en singular como en plural y equivale a NINGUNO O NINGUNA. Ejemplos: There isnt any car on the garage. No hay ningn auto en el garaje. There arent any books on the table. No hay ningn libro en la mesa o no hay libros en la mesa. - ESTUDIE LOS DILOGOS CRRESPONDIENTES A ESTA UNIDAD EN LAS PGINAS 28 Y 29 DE SU LIBRO DE TEXTO.PARA AYUDARLO LE PROPORCIONAMOS LA TRANSCRIPCION APARENTE. DIALOGO 1. SECCION 2. Linda: [gues jut] [ ai jafe ni aprment] [ am muvinin thisuikend] Chris: [rli] [ dui nd jelp] Linda: [ uel] [iesai d ] [thnkiu] Chris: [no problem ] [sou jurisiuraprment laik?] [jau mni rums dast jaf?] Linda: [uel, it jse bdrum, e ktchen, and e lvinrn.] [and e big closet ] Chris: [thats greit!] [jurisit?] Linda: [itson leikvi draif ] Chris: [oh. Dasit hafe vi?] Linda: [iesit das. It jse grit vi of mai nigbors aprment] DIALOGO 2, SECCION 6 Chris: [Thisaprmentis veri nais] Linda: [ies, barai nid som fernisher] Chris: [juat dui nid?]

Linda: [uel, therse tebolin the ktchen,bat therrentny chers ] Chris: [an thers no soufa in the lvinrum] Linda: [rait, therarnly tu armchrs] Chris: [so, lets gou tu e iard seil nkstukend ] Linda: [thatse greitaidia]

UNIT VIII WHAT DO YOU DO? Funciones comunicativas. Comunicarse interrogando y respondiendo sobre las ocupaciones y el lugar donde desempean esta usando los patrones interrogativos con WHERE WHAT. Contenido. Las oraciones interrogativas con WHERE WHAT en el presente simple. El uso del verbo BE + ADJETIVOS Vocabulario. cashier [cashir ] cajero doctor [dktor ] pilot [pailot ] flight attendant [flait atendant ] cook /chef [ kuk/chef ] -- cocinero judge [yodyi] juez lawyer [loier ] -- abogado musician [miusishn] -- msico nurse [ners ] -- enfermera police officer [pals ficer] agente stressful [ stresful] -- estresante receptionist [rispshinist ] salesclerk [seilsclerk ] - vendedor singer [singuer ] -- cantante waiter [ueiter] -- camarero waitress [ueitrss ] camarera exciting [eksaitin] -- emocionante Expresiones: How do you like it? [ jau dui lakit?] --Cmo es? Verbos: (to) look for [ luuk for] buscar (to) teach [ tich] ensear. (to) hear [ jier] escuchar. RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO En las oraciones interrogativas con WHAT para preguntar la profesin de alguien y WHERE para preguntar lugares en el Presente Simple del modo indicativo tambin se usan los auxiliares DO y DOES como observars en el siguiente cuadro: INTERROGACION AUXILIAR PERSONA GRAMATICA VERBO RESPUESTAS WHAT DOES HE SHE DO? She is a nurse. He is a pilot WHAT DO I YOU DO? I am a lawyer THEY WE They are doctors WHERE DOES HE SHE WORK? He works at school She works in an office WHERE DO I YOU WORK? I work in a hospital THEY WE They work in a bank Ejemplos: What DOES mother do? [jut das mother du?] __ Qu hace mam? She is a dentist. [ shi ise dentist] Where DOES she work? [jur das shi uerk?] __ Dnde ella trabaja? She WORKS in a hospital. [shi uerksine jospital] What DOES Robert do? [jut das Rabert du? ] __ Qu hace Roberto? He is a security guard.[ ji ise sekiuriti gard] Where DOES he work? [jur das hi uerk?] __ Dnde el trabaja?

What do you do? [ juat dui d?] -- Que haces? Cul es su profesin?

He WORKS in a bank. [ ji uerksine bank] What DO the they do? [jut du they du?] They are dentists. [ thei ar dentists] Where DO they work? [jur us they uerk?] They WORK in a hospital. What DO you do? [jut dui du? ] I am a security guard. Where DO you work? [jur dui uerk?] I WORK in a bank. __ Qu hacen ellos? __ Dnde ellos trabajan? __ Qu tu haces? __ Dnde tu trabajas?

UNIT IX I LOVE STRAWBERRIES

Funciones comunicativas. Comunicarse integrando la frecuencia con que se realizan las acciones en Presente Simple y los sustantivos contables. Comunicarse sobre la temtica de los alimentos. Contenido. Vocabulario. Fruits [ fruts ] vegetables [ veyitabols] apple [ apol ] - manzana broccoli [ brkoli] - brculi bananas [bananas ] - pltanos carrots [ crots ] - zanahorias mangoes [mangous] - mangos beans [ bins ] - frijoles oranges [ ranllis] - naranjas peppers [ ppers ] - ajes pimientos strawberries [stroberris] - fresas tomaoes [ tomeitous] - tomates DAIRY PRODUCTS[DEIRI PRODUCTS] milk [ milk ] - leche butter [ bter ] - mantequilla cheese [ chiis ] - queso yogur [ ygur ] yogur STARCHES [STARCHIS ] MEAT [ MIIT ] Bread [ bred ] - pan beef [ biif ] - res potatoes [ poteitos] - papas lamb [ lamb ] - carnero pasta [ pasta ] - pasta chicken [ chicken ] - pollo rice [ rais] - arroz pork [ pork ] - cerdo SEAFOOD [ SIFUUD ] fish [ fish ] - pescado lobsters [ lobsters ] - langosta shrimps [ shrimps ] - camarones salmon [ slmon ] - salmn OTHER WORDS. barbecue [brbicui ] - parrillada buns [ bons ] - panes redondos hot dogs [ jot dogs ] - perros calientes soda [ soda ] - soda soup [ sup ] - sopa Verbos: (To) try [ tu trai ] probar ( algo novedoso ) GRAMTICA

El uso de SOME y ANY. Los adverbios de frecuencia en oraciones afirmativas, negativas , e interrogativas. Los sustantivos contables y no contables.

RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO En este caso se te presentan los sustantivos contables y no contables, en el caso de los contables, como su nombre lo indica, son los que se pueden contar y siempre admiten la pluralizacin. Ejemplos: 1. I want an apple. ( sing.) [ ai uantanapol] Quiero una manzana. 2. I like apples. ( plural ) [ ai laikapols ] Me gustan las manzanas. 3. Susan has a new house. ( sing.) [ susan jase neu haus ]. Susan tiene una nueva casa. 4. They have big houses. ( plural ) [ they jaf big hausis ] Ellos tienen casas grandes. Los sustantivos no contables nunca se pluralizan, es decir, siempre los damos en singular y su significado es una generalizacin de lo que representa. Ejemplos: Los Lquidos:milk [milk] leche coffee [ cofi ] caf beer [ bir ] - cerveza Salt [ solt ] sal sugar [ suguer ] azcar bread [ bred ] - pan

Con estos sustantivos (no contables) lo que da la nocin de plural es cuando expresamos cantidades en su unidad de medida ( libras, litros, barras,etc). Ejemplos: 1. She needs sugar. [ shi nids suguer ] necesita azcar.

2. 4. 1.

She needs two (2) pounds of suguer. [ shi nids tu paundsaf suguer ] necesita dos libras de azcar. 3. I want milk. [ ai uant milk ] necesito leche. I want three (3) bottles of milk. [ai uant thri borelsaf milkmilk ] quiero tres litros de leche. Para una mejor utilizacin de los sustantivos es preciso que conozcas las reglas para su pluralizacin Los que terminan en S- SS SH CH X forman el plural agregando ES al final y se pronuncia como [IS]. PLURAL buses [ basis ] losses [ losis ] brushes [ broshis ] watches [ watchis ] boxes [ boksis ] - guagua/s - prdida/s. - cepillo/s - reloj/es - caja/s

SINGULAR Bus [ bas ] Loss [ los ] Brush [ brosh ] Watch [ watch ] Box [ boks ]

2.

Las palabras terminadas en F o FE cambian la F por V y se adiciona ES. SINGULAR PLURAL Wife [uaif ] wives [ uaivs ] - esposa/s Wolf [ uolf] wolves [ uolvs ] lobo/s Calf [ caf ] calves [ cavs ] ternero/s Existen sus excepciones. SINGULAR PLURAL roof [ruf ] roofs -- techo/s chief [chif ] chiefs jefe/s gulf [gulf ] gulfs -- golfo/s

Algunos sustantivos presentan las dos formas: SINGULAR PLURALES Scarf [scarf ] scarfs -- scarves bufanda/s Duarf [ duarf ] duarfs -- duarves sordo/s Los sustantivos terminados en Y precedidos por consonantes cambian la Y por i y se adiciona ES SINGULAR PLURAL study [stadi ] studies [ stadis ] estudio/s lady [leidi ] ladies [ leidis ] -- dama/s baby [beibi ] babies [ beibis ] -- nio/s city [siti ] cities [ sitis ] -- ciudad/es 3. 4. Muchos sustantivos forman su plural de un modo muy irregular lo que constituye su peculiaridad. SINGULAR PLURAL man [ man ] men [ men ] hombre/s woman [ uoman ] women [ uimen ] -- mujer/es child [ chaild ] children [ children ] -- muchacho/s goose [ guus ] geese [ guiis ] -- ganso/s tooth [ tuuth ] teeth [ tiith ] -- diente/s foot [ fuut ] feet [ fiit ] -- pie/s 5. Varios sustantivos adoptan la misma forma en singular y plural. SINGULAR PLURAL deer [ diir ] deer -- venado/s, ciervo/s sheep [ shiip ] sheep -- ovejo/s fish [ fish ] fish -- pescado/s * EL USO DE SOME -- ANY ANY se usa en la oracin negativa e interrogativa. En la interrogativa se usa con el significado de alguno (a) o algunos (as). Ejemplos:

Do you have any car? [ dui jafeni car? ] -- Tines algn auto? __ Yes, I have two, a FIAT and a Ferrari. En la oracin negativa se usa con el significado de ninguno (a) o ninlgunos (as). Ejemplos: She doesnt need any help. [ shi dasent niideni jelp ] No necesita ninguna ayuda. We dont want any coffee [ ui dontuanteni cofi ] No necesitamos ningn caf SOME se usa en la oracin afirmativa fundamentalmente, pero no unicamente y el sustantivo siempre se pluraliza.
Ejemplos: 1.- Mother needs some peppers. [ mother niids som pepers ] Mam necesita algunos ajes. 2.- I have some friends there. [ Ai jaf som frends ther ] tengo algunos amigos all. ADVERBIOS DE FRECUENCIA. Estos se usan para indicar la frecuencia con que se realiza una accin en el presente. 1) Always [ oluis ] siempre 2) Never [ never ] -- nunca. 3) Sometimes [ somtaims ] -- algunas veces

4) Often [ ofen ] -- a menudo. 5) Usually { iuzuali ] -- usualmente, generalmente. 6) Seldom [ seldom ] raras veces. Estos adverbios de frecuencia se usan indistintamente en los diferentes tipos de oraciones. Aunque es preferible usar EVER en a interrogativa. Ejemplos: 1) Does susan EVER play tennis at noon? [ das susan ever plei tenis at nun? ] Juega Susan tenis al medioda? --Yes, she sometimes plays. [ ies shi somtaims pleis ] Si algunas veces juega. 2) Do you EVER come to class on Sundays? [dui ever com tu clason sondeis?] -- vienes siempre a clases ls Domingos? No, we never have classes on Sundays [ No ui never jaf clasison sondeis ] -- No nunca tenemos clases los domingos. En el siguiente cuadro podrs observar la posicin de cada uno de los adverbios en las diferentes oraciones. ORACIONES INTERROGATIVAS AUXILIAR PERSONA ADVERBIO VERBO COMPLEMENTOS DOES HE SHE YOU THEY WE EVER OFTEN ANSWER USUALLY IN CLASS? MAKE MISTAKES?

DO

PERSONA HE SHE

YOU THEY WE

ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS ADVERBIO VERBO EVER MAKES ALWAYS RARELY SOMETIMES USUALLY ANSWER SELDOM OFTEN

COMPLEMENTOS MISTAKES

IN CLASS

PERSONA HE SHE

NEGACION DOESNT

YOU THEY WE

DONT

ORACIONES NEGATIVAS ADVERBIO VERBO EVER MAKES ALWAYS RARELY SOMETIMES USUALLY ANSWER SELDOM OFTEN

COMPLEMENTOS MISTAKES

IN CLASS

UNIT X CAN YOU SWIM VERY WELL? Funciones comunicativas. Comunicarse expresando ideas que pueden ser o no realizadas, as como hablar de las posibilidades de las personas de acuerdo a su capacidad{ Contenido.

Vocabulario. pool:- [puul] piscina either. [ither] tampoco laps [laps] vueltas a la piscina even [iven] ni siquier quiet=very [kuaiet] muy late [ leit] -- tarde play [plei] tocar ( el piano,etc). at all [arol] del todo, completamente. (to) have a date [ tu jafe deit] _ tener una cita Expresiones: Whats Paul like? [juats pol laik] - Cmo es? (Se interroga las caract. Psquicas de una persona) Thats terrific! [ thats terrifik] __Es grandioso, magnfico She knows how to dance [ shi nous haw to dans] saber bailar. Verbos: (to) swim [suim] __ nadar (to) dive [daif] sumergirse Gramtica El uso del verbo modal CAN para expresar habilidad o capacidad. El uso de good at y Know how to RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO El verbo modal CAN se utiliza para expresar una habilidad o capacidad. El verbo de accin al que aade matices siempre va en su forma simple. Jane can drive the car [yein can draif the car] __Puede conducir el auto Lo anteriormente expuesto se niega con su forma CANNOT o la contraccin CANT Jane cant ride on bicycle.[ yein cant raidon baisicol] __ No puede montar en bici. En la forma interrogativa este modal va a inicio de oracin. En todos los casos el verbo de accin no cambia su forma y CAN es invariable con todas las personas{ En los siguientes cuadros gramaticales te resumimos la estructura.: FORMA AFIRMATIVA SWIM DANCE CAN CO0OK PLAY RUN SING FORMA NEGATIVA I YOU HE SHE IT THEY WE SWIM DANCE CO0OK PLAY RUN SING IN THE POOL BALLET DINNER FOOTBALL TEN LAPS BLUES

I YOU HE SHE IT THEY WE

IN THE POOL BALLET DINNER FOOTBALL TEN LAPS BLUES

CANT

CAN

FORMA INTERROGATIVA I SWIM YOU DANCE HE SHE CO0OK IT PLAY THEY RUN WE SING

IN THE POOL? BALLET? DINNER? FOOTBALL? TEN LAPS? BLUES?

YES, YOU CAN NO. I CANT YES, SHE CAN NO, IT CANNOT NO,THEY CANT YES. WE CAN

En los siguientes ejemplos observars en combinacin cada una de las formas anteriormente analizadas Ejemplos Can Peter swim in the river? Yes, he can. He can swim very well, but he cannot (cant) swim in the sea. Can the students speak English? Yes, they can. They can speak English very well, but they cannot (cant) write it. La forma BE GOOD AT se usa con el significado de SER BUENO EN... Y puedes, lo mismo, interrogar que responder de forma afirmativa o negativa: La forma KNOW HOW TO se utiliza con el significado de SABER COMO HACER ALGO Y puedes, tambin, al igual que en el caso anterior, interrogar y responder de forma afirmativa o negativa Ejemplos Is Maria good at tennis? Yes, she is. She is very good at tennis. She knows how to play tennis very well. Does Maria know how to dance ballet? Yes she does. She is good at ballet. She knows how to dance ballet very well. Does Robert know how to play the piano? No, he doesnt. He is not good at playing the piano. He doesnt know how to play the piano very well. Are the students good at swimming? Yes, they are, They are good at swimming. They know how to swim very well. Do you know how to speak Italian and English? No,I dont. I am not good at languages. I dont know how to speak Italian very well. En esta unidad aparece una lectura muy amena, que al igual que en los casos anteriores, te permitir analizar un texto, y al mismo tiempo aprender sobe aspectos de la cultura en general. PROCEDIMIENTO PARA LA LECTURA. Lea el texto completo y al finalizar busque en el diccionario el vocabulario que le resulte desconocido. Lalo una segunda vez para comprender los aspectos sobre los que gira el mismo. Vocabulario TEXTO I (to) walk [ uok] __ caminar (to) travel [ travel] __ viajar. Miles [mails] __ millas amazing [ ameizin] __asombroso (to) jump [ jomp] __ saltar feet [ fiit] __ pies TEXTO 2 without [ uithaut] __ sin because [ bicos] __ porque (to) hold [ jold ] __ almacenar hump [ jamp] __ jiba fat [fat] __ grasa TEXTO 3 (to) learn [lern] __ aprender sign [sain] __ signo REALICE LAS ACTIVIDADES QUE APARECEN EN EL CUADERNO DE EJERCICIOS SOBRE ESTA LECTURA. OBSERVE LA PRONUNCIACION CERCANA DE LOS DIALOGOS DIALOGO 1 Katherine: [ its rili jot. Lets gou tu the puul] Philip: [ okei, borai cant suim veri uel] Katherine: [ uel, ai cantither, ai canonli suim ten laps ] Philip: [ ten laps?. Ai canteven suimacros the puul] Katherine: [ barai cant daifarol] [ cani daif?] Philip: [ uel, iesai can. In fak. Ai cant daif kuaiet uel] Katherine: [ so, lets gou] [ ai can tichiu jau tu suim, ani can tich mi jau tu daif]

DIALOGO 2 Mathew: [juatsiur niu guerfrend laik? ] Philip: [katherin?. Uel shi is guurat languichis ] Mathew: [das shi nou jau tu spik spanich? ] Philip: [shi nous jau tu spik spanich an yapaniz] Mathew: [ uao] Philip: [an shi is guurat sports tuu ] [shi nous jau tu plei tenis an basketbol] Mathew: [thats terrifik ] Philip: [bot thers uan thin shi is nat guurat] Mathew: [juats that] Philip: [shis nat guurat rememberin thins] [ue jafe deit an shis anauer leit]

UNIT XI WHEN IS YOUR BIRTHDAY?

Funciones comunicativas. Integrar a la comunicacin expresiones para expresar futuro. Interrogar sobre la edad de alguien. Contenido. Vocabulario Birthday [ berthdei ] cumpleaos embarrasing [ embarasin ] embarazoso Verbos: To ( order ) [ tu order ] ordenar ( una comida, un servicio, etc ) (to) take me [ tu teikmi ] llevar me (to) hope [tu joup ] -- esperar Gramatica: El tiempo futuro con GOING TO RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO OBSERVE LOS NUMEROS ORDINAES EN INGLS 1st first [ ferst ] 2nd second [scond ] 3rd third { therd ] th th 4 fourth [forth ] 5 fifth [fifth ] 6th- -- sixth [ siksth ] ..... A partir de este nmero se continua con el mismo orden y forma de los que estudiaste en las unidades i y 4 con la terminacin th y su pronunciacin caracterstica linguodental, excepto los que lleven los numerales 1,2,3 a partir del 20. Ejemplos 21 twenty first [ tuenti ferst ] 32 -- thirty - second [ theri second ] 43 forty third [ fori therd ] FORMACIN DEL FUTURO Se utiliza la forma Be + GOING TO + VERBO para expresar una accin futura no muy lejana en el tiempo, y equivale al Espaol IR A Ejemplos She is going to call me tomorrow. [ shis gona colmi tumoro ] Me va a llamar maana. Con las personas gramaticales HE, SHE, IT se usa IS en las oraciones afirmativas. E interrogativas. . Con las personas gramaticales THEY, WE, YOU se usa ARE en las oraciones afirmativas e interrogativas. Y con la Primera Persona I se usa AM En el siguiente cuadro te explicamos cada una de las oraciones. ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS PERSONA VERBO BE

GOING TO

VERBO

EXPRESIONES

HE SHE IT I YOU THEY WE

IS

GOING TO

PLAY

TONIGHT TOMORROW THIS WEEK TOMORROW NEXT SATURDAY NEXT WEEKEND IN THE AFTERNOON

AM GOING TO ARE PLAY

Ejemplos Charles (HE) is going to dance ballet next Saturday. Susan (SHE) is going to cook lunch tomorrow. I am going to study in the afternoon. Susan and Paul (THEY) are going to plat football tomorrow morning. The dog (IT) is going to bark tonight. ORACIONES NEGATIVAS PERSONA VERBO BE HE IS NOT ( ISNT) SHE IT I YOU THEY WE AM NOT GOING TO ARE NOT (ARENT) PLAY

GOING TO GOING TO

VERBO PLAY

EXPRESIONES TONIGHT TOMORROW THIS WEEK TOMORROW NEXT SATURDAY NEXT WEEKEND IN THE AFTERNOON

Ejemplos: Robert is not (ISNT) going to dance rock. Susan is not (ISNT) going to cook dinner. The dog is not (ISNT) going to bark tonight. Robert and Fred are not (ARENT) going to play tennis tomorrow morning. I am not going to sing tonight. ( observe que esta forma no tiene contraccin) ORACIONES INTERROGATIVAS PERSONA VERBO BE HE IS SHE IT AM ARE I YOU THEY WE

GOING TO GOING TO

VERBO PLAY

EXPRESIONES TONIGHT? TOMORROW? THIS WEEK? TONIGHT TOMORROW? NEXT SATURDAY? NEXT WEEKEND? IN THE AFTERNOON?

GOING TO GOING TO

DANCE PLAY

Ejemplos: Am I going to be a doctor? Are you going to swim tomorrow? Is he going to swim ballet? Is she going to cook dinner?

No, you arent Yes, I am Yes, he is No, she isnt

Is it going to bark tonight? No, it isnt Are they going to study this week? Yes, they are. Are we going to play tennis tomorrow morning? Yes, we are PROCEDIMIENTO PARA LA LECTURA. Lea el texto completo y al finalizar busque en el diccionario el vocabulario que le resulte desconocido. Vocabulario TEXTO I (to) go out [gou aut] salir (to) wish me [uish mi] __ para desearme (to) pull on [pulon] __ alar once [uans]__ una vez twice [tuais] __ dos veces each [ich] __ cada custom [kostom] __ costumbre TEXTO 2 Is called [is cold] __ se llama (to) give [tu guif] __ dar (to) say [tu sei] __ decir TEXTO 3 Lucky envelops [lockienveloups] __ sobres de la suerte Relatives [relativs] __ parientes noodles [nuudels] __ spaguettis. Longlife [lonlaif] __ vida prolongada TEXTO 4 Opposite [posit] __ lo contrario (to) take you out __ sacarte a pasear REALICE LOS EJERCICIOS QUE APARECEN EN EL CUADERNO DE EJERCICIOS SOBRE ESTA LECTURA. OBSERVE LA PRONUNCIACION CERCANA DEL DIALOGO Amy: [ jau oldari, filip? ] Philip: [ am tuenti iarsold, boram goin tu bi tueni uaninagast the fifth ] Amy: [ thats nekst fraidi. ] [ juarari gona to do ] Philip: [katherinis goin tu teikmi tu e restaurant ] Amy: [ nais, is shi goin tu ordere berthdei keik? ] Philip: [ probabli, an the weitersar probabli goin tu sing japi berthdei tu mi, its so embarasin ] Amy: [ oh, ai bet its goin tu bi fun. ] Philip: [ ai dont nou, ai joup so ]

UNIT XII WHATS THE MATTER? Funciones comunicativas. Expresar estados de nimos utilizando el vocabulario de las enfermedades y padecimientos. Analizar informacin para llegar a la comprensin de textos simples. Contenido. Vocabulario. too bad [tuu bad] __ demasiado malo. better [ berer] __ mejor a lot of [ elorof] __ una gran cantidad de... pain [pein] __ dolor a little [ elirel] __ un poco. appointment [apoiment] __ cita, consulta pills [pils] __ pastillas, tabletas. heavy [jevi] __ pesado PARTS OF THE BODY head [ jed] __ cabeza ayes [ais] __ ojos mouth [mauth] __ boca tooth teeth [ tuuth tiith] __ diente-dientes nose [nous] __ nariz

ear [iir] __oido neck [nek] __cuello stomach [stomak] __ estmago back [baak]__ espalda shoulders [shoulders]__hombros arm [ arm]__brazo hand [jand] __mano fingers [finguers]__dedos. leg [leg] __ pierna throat [throut ]__ garganta foot [fuut] __ pie feet [fiit] __ pies DISEASES headchache [jedeik] __ dolor de cbeza toothache [tuutheik]__dolor de muelas earache[ireik]__ dolor de oidos fever [fiver] __ fiebre stomachache [stomakeik] __ dolor de estmago backache [bakeik] __dolor de espaldas. a cold [ecold] __ resfriado, gripe sore throat [sorthrout] __dolor de garganta Expresiones: I dont think so [ai dont thik sou] __ No pienso eso Whats the matter? [juats the marer] __ Qu sucede?Cul es el problema? I cant even [ai cantiven] __ ni siquiera puedo Im sorry to hear that [ am sori tu jier that] __ siento escuchar eso Im feeling better. [ am fiilin berer] me siento mejor Now thats a good idea [nau thatse gooraidia] __ Es una buena idea I dont know. [ai dont nou] __ no se Verbos: (to) lift: [lift] __ suspender, levantar. (to] stay in [stei in] __ permanecer en... RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ESTUDIO OBSERVE LAS PREGUNTAS SOBRE LOS ESTADOS DE NIMOS 1. How are you? [ jauariu] __ Cmo estas? 2. How do you feel? [jau dui fiil?] Co te sientes? RESPUESTAS __ im / she_he is fine / OK/ bad / awful / nice / not bad / very good __ Whats wrong? [juats rong] = Whats the matter?[juats the marer] __ Cul es el problema? RESPUESTAS I have a fever [ ai jafe fiver] __ tengo fiebre She has a cold [ shi jasecold] __ tiene gripe I have a headache [ ai jafejedeik] __ tengo dolor de cabeza Algunas expresiones de tiempo Estas expresiones suelen ir acompaadas de algunas preposiciones ( in,on,at). Cuando se refiere a las partes del dia, el nombre del mes o de una estacin del ao se usa IN Ejemplos: the morning July IN summer the evening December Cuando nos referimos a los das de la semana, das especficos del mes, etc utilisamos ON Ejemplos: On Mondaymorning July 26th ON weekdays weekdays

The 13 of March La preposicin AT la utilizamos con las expresiones de tiempo cuando nos referimos fundamentalmente a la hora o a una parte del tiempo. Ejemplos: 9.00 a:m. midnight AT noon night midday ESTUDIE LAS SECCIONES DEL TEXTO CORRESPONDIENTE A ESTA UNIDAD INCLUYENDO LA LECTURA Y REALICE EL EJERCICIO QUE APARECE EN STE OBSERVE LA PRONUNCIACION CERCANA DEL DIALOGO DIALOGO i Brian: [ jai viktor. Jauariu] Victor: [ Oh, am fain] Brian: [ so, ari goin tu gou tu clas tunait] Victor: [ meibi, borai dont think so] Brian: [ rili? Juats the marer?] Victor: [I dont know.] [ am yost fiilin e lirel sad] Brian: [lisen, kom uith mi tu clas, anafter claswi can gou aut for diner] Victor: [ nau thatse gooraidia. Thankse lot braian. Am fiilin berer alredi] DIALOGO 2 Receptionist: [Dactor. Raiansofis]. Susan: [jelo, thisis susan uest. Canai meikanapointment on Fraidy] The seventiinth? Receptionist: [okei Mis. uest. In the morninor afternuun?] Susan: In the afternuun.] Receptionist: [ Caniu comat for piem?] Susan: [ thats fain] Dr. Ryan [ an juats the problrm mis uest?] Susan: [ai jafe terribol bakeik. Ai canteven sitdaun] Dr. Ryan [okei, teik thiis pils ebri for auers. Stei in bed this uiik] Susan: [ thanks. Daktor raian] LIBRO DE TEXTO CURSO SEMIPRESENCIAL TITULO PAGINAS HELLO, MY NAME IS JENNIFER WAN 62 a Vocabulario, Dilogo, El alfabeto, Gramtica (Posesivos la my, your, his, her, its + name ) 65 Gramtica ( El verbo BE ), Los nmeros. Vocabulario, Saludos y Ttulos WHATS THIS CALLED IN ENGLISH? 65 Pronuncicin del plural, Dilogo, Gramtica ( This These. De la 65 a Sust. Singulares y plurales ) La 67 Dialogo, Gramtica (Los Adjetivos Posesivos ) Dialogo, Prep. de lugar, mandatos WHERE ARE YOU FROM? Dilogo, Gramtica (Orac. Afirmat. Y Negat. Con BE, Dilogo 68 De la 68 a la

UNIDAD I

II

III

IV

Pases y nacionalidades, idiomas, Gramtica ( Preguntas y respuestas cortas con BE) CLOTHES AND WEATHER Colores, Vestimenta. Dilogo, Gramtica ( Presente Progresivo) Los Nmeros, El tiempo WHAT ARE YOU DOING? Dilogo, Preguntar la hora (1),Preg. WHAT+DE+DOING Preguntar la hora (2), Dilogo, pronunciacin HOW DO YOU GO TO WORK? Dilogo, Word Power, Listening,Gramtica ( Present Tense Statements Dilogo Gramtica Present Tense Questions, Reading DOES THE APARTMENT HAVE A VIEW?

70 70 De la 70 a la 73 74 De la 74 A la 78 78 78 A LA 83

VI

VII

83 De la 83 a la Dilogo, Gramtica Present Tense Questions and Short 85 Answers, Dilogo,Gramtica ( THERE IS/THERE ARE Reading WHAT DO YOU DO? Word Power: Jobs, Conversation, Gramtica Present Tense Questions with DO, pronunciation, conversation,Adjectives, Reading I LOVE STRAWBERRIES Countable and uncountable nouns, dilogo, listening, SOME ANY, Dilogo, frequensy adverbs CAN YOU SWIM VERY WELL? Conversation, CAN abilities, Dilogo, Word Power, Be GOOD AT KNOW HOW TO, Listening, Reading WHENS YOUR BIRTHDAY? Months of the year,, ordinal numbers, Dilogo, Futuro con GOING TO, Pronunciation, Listening, Reading WHATS THE MATTER? Dilogo, Health Problems, listening, Pronunciation,Dilogo,Exp de Tiempo con ON, AT,IN, Imperatives,Reading. 85 De la 85 A la 88 88 De la 88 A la 90 90 De la 90 A la 92 93 De la 93 A la 96 96 De la 96 A la 99

VIII

IX

XI

XII

UNIT I HELLO, MY NAME IS JENNIFER WAN

SNAPSHOT
Hello, I'm

Jennifer

POPULAR FIRST NAMES IN THE U.S.A. FEMALES MALES Jennifer Sarah Michael John Nicole Deborah Robert Brian Lisa Mary David William Michelle Katherine James Steven Linda Jessica Christopher Matthew

CONVERSATION

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Jennifer:- Hello. My name is Jennifer Wan. Michael:- Hi. I'm Michael Lynch. Jennifer:- Nice to meet you , Michael. Michael:- Nice to meet you, too, Jennifer. I'm sorry, what's your last name? Is it Wong ? Jennifer:- No, Wan. W A N. And how do you spell Lynch ? Michael:- L Y N C H. THE ALPHABET
A B C

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z GRAMMAR FOCUS: my, your, his, her. 4

What's your name? My name is Jennifer What's his name? His name is Michael What's her name? Her name is

What's = What is

LISTENING 5 1. WHO ARE THEY? LISTEN TO THE CONVERSATIONS. SPELL THEIR LAST NAMES. a) Whitney __________ b) Jackie c)Steven______________ a) Whitney________ _____________ (He's a film director) ___ (He's a movie star) (She's a singer)

CONVERSATION 6

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Victor:- Excuse me, are you Jennifer Wan? Lisa:- No, I'm not. She's over there. Victor:- I'm sorry. Victor:- Excuse me, are you Jennifer Wan? Jennifer:- Yes, I am. Victor:- I think this is your book. Jennifer:- You're right. It's my English book. Thank you. Victor:- By the way, I'm Victor Garcia. Jennifer:- It's nice to meet you, Victor. GRAMMAR FOCUS: The verb be 7 I'm Victor Garca. You're right. She's over there. (Jennifer is over there) He's here. (Victor is here) It's my English book. I'm = You're = are She's = is He's = It's = I am You She He is It is

Are you Jennifer Wan? No, I'm not Yes, I am

NUMBERS

8 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. 0 1 2 3 4 zero one two three four (oh) LISTENING

1 2 3

5 five

6 six

7 8 9 10 seven eight nine ten

Victor is making a list of telephone numbers of students in his class. He's talking to Sarah Smith. Listen and write the numbers. NAME David Bloom Steven Carlson Nicole Johnson Lisa Liu Michael Lynch Brian Noguchi Sarah Smith Jennifer Wan TELEPHONE NUMBER 555-9173

555-2947

10. -WORD POWER 1. LISTEN, AND COMPLETE WITH A OR AN. a) This is _____ book. b) This is _____ English book. c) This is _____ notebook. d) This is _____ eraser. e) This is _____ dictionary. f) This is _____ umbrella. 11.- GREETINGS AND TITLES

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. (Mr., Mrs., Miss, and Ms. are formal) SAYING HELLO Hi Hello Good morning Good afternoon Good evening SAYING GOOD-BYE Bye Bye-bye Good-bye. Have a nice day See you tomorrow Good night.
1.

UNIT II WHATS THIS CALLED IN ENGLISH?

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. NOTICE THE SPELLING. s=/s/ s=/z/ s = / iz / book books credit card credit cards Glass glasses wallet wallets key keys License licenses

map

maps

pen

pens

Hair brush

hair brushes

CONVERSATION 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Kumiko:- What's this called in English, Sarah? Sarah:- It's an eyeglass case. Kumiko:- And what are these called? Eyeglasses? Sarah:- Eyeglasses, or just "glasses". And these are sunglasses. Kumiko:- Well, your sunglasses are very ... nice. Sarah:- Thank you. They're new. GRAMMAR FOCUS: this, these; 4 singular and plural nouns. 1. WHAT ARE THESE THINGS CALLED IN ENGLISH? WRITE A SENTENCE FOR EACH ITEM. THEN LISTEN TO THE SENTENCES AND PRACTICE. HANDBAG - TISSUES - PHOTOS - ADDRESS BOOK - UMBRELLA - GLASSES CALCULATOR - NEWSPAPER - BRIEFCASE b). These are _________ c). ________________ d). ________________

a). This is __________

e). ______________ f). ______________ g). ____________ h). _____________ i). ___________ CONVERSATION 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Mrs. Lee:- Excuse me, Katherine. Is this your umbrella? Katherine:- Let me see. No, it's not. Mrs. Lee:- May be its Alice's umbrella. Katherine:- No, her umbrella is different. Oh, I know. I think it's Daniel's. Mrs. Lee:- Daniel, is this your umbrella? Daniel:Yes, it is. Thank you. Actually, it's my daughter's umbrella. GRAMMAR FOCUS: Possessives; yes/no questions with be This is my umbrella. This is your book. This is our classroom. Is this Alice's umbrella? These Yes, it is.are Robert's keys. These are his keys. No, it's not. These are Sarah's glasses. These are her glasses. Are these Daniel's keys? Yes, they are. Mrs. Lee is Katherine and No, they're not. Daniel's teacher. She is their teacher. Notice the pronunciation of the possessive 's Robert's Daniel's Alice 's /s/ /z/ /iz/

LISTENING SARAH IS CLEANING UP THE CLASSROOM. WHO OWNS THESE THINGS? LISTEN AND CHECK THE RIGHT NAME.

////////////////// calculator sunglasses book bag hairbrush CONVERSATION

Jennifer

Michael

Nicole

Steven

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Mr. Brown:- Thanks for watching the baby tonight. Everything is ready. Katherine:- Thank you, Mr. Brown. By the way, where is the television? Mr. Brown:- It's in the cabinet. Katherine:- And where is the remote control? Mr. Brown:- I don't know. Oh, it's on the sofa, under the cushion. Katherine:- Great. Oh, just one more question. Where is the baby? Mr. Brown:- She's in bed! Her bedroom is right there.

III-

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE IN ON

NEXT TO BEHIND IN FRONT OF 1. COMPLETE THESE SENTENCES. THEN LISTEN TO CHECK YOUR ANSWERS. a) The briefcase is ________________________________________. b) The keys are __________________________________________. c) The wallet is ___________________________________________. d) The umbrella is ________________________________________. e) The comb is ___________________________________________. f) The notebooks are ______________________________________.

UNDER

INSTRUCTIONS 1. LISTEN, AND FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS. a) Pick up your book bag or your handbag. b) Put it on your desk. c) Take out your English book. d) Put it under your desk. e) Take out your wallet. f) Put it under your desk. g) Take out a notebook. h) Put it in front of your desk. UNIT III WHERE ARE YOU FROM?

CONVERSATIO N

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Mark: Where are you from, Laura?

Laura: Well, my whole family is in the United States now, but we're from Costa Rica originally. Mark: Oh, so you're from South America. Laura: Actually, Costa Rica isn't in South America. Its in Central America. Mark: Oh, right. My geography isn't very good!
2.

LISTEN TO THE REST OF THE CONVERSATION. a) Where is Mark from? b) Where is his country?

GRAMMAR FOCUS: Statements with be. I'm You're He's She's from Costa Rica It's We're They're I'm not OR: You're not You aren't He's not He isn't She's not from El Salvador She isn't It's not It isn't We're not We aren't They're not They aren't

CONVERSATION

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Jack: Is this your newspaper? Marta: Yes, it is. Here, take it. Jack: Oh, but it isn't in English. Marta: It's in Spanish. Spanish is my native language. Jack: Really? Are you Spanish? Marta: Actually, I'm not. I'm from Mexico. Jack: Oh, so you're Mexican. That's interesting. COUNTRIES AND NATIONALITIES 6

COUNTRY They are from Korea. Shes from Mexico.

NATIONALITY Theyre Korean. Shes Mexican.

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. NOTICE THE STRESSED SYLLABLES. America American Spain Spanish Mexico Mexican Sweden Swedish

Korea Canada Hungary Brazil

Korean Canadian Hungarian Brazilian

Ireland China Portugal Japan

Irish Chinese Portuguese Japanese

2. LISTEN AND UNDERLINE THE STRESSED SYLLABLES. THEN PRACTICE THE WORDS. Colombia Colombian India Indian Egypt Egyptian Cambodia Cambodian England English Turkey Turkish Italy Italian Venezuela Venezuelan Poland Polish Vietnam Vietnamese Lebanon Lebanese Peru Peruvian 3. CLASS ACTIVITY. GUESS THE COUNTRY FOR EACH NATIONALITY. COUNTRY NATIONALITY COUNTRY NATIONALITY Nepalese Cuban Bolivian Sudanese Panamanian New Zealander Indonesian French LANGUAGES THE TOP TEN LANGUAGES OF THE WORLD 1. Chinese 2. English 3. Hindi 4. Spanish 5. Russian 6. Arabic 7. Bengali 8. Portuguese 9. Japanese 10. German THE 6 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES OF THE UNITED NATIONS 1. Arabic 2. Chinese 3. English 4. French 5. Russian 6. Spanish

LISTENING 8 9 ANTONIO, MEI-LING, AND MONIQUE MEET FOR THE FIRST TIME. WHERE ARE THEY FROM? WHAT ARE THEIR NATIVE LANGUAGES?

Are you from Is Mary from New Zealand? Canada? Yes, she is. No, she's not. (No, she Yes, I am. isn't) No, I'm not. Is this handbag from Korea? Yes, it is. No, it's not. (No, it isn't)

Are you and Lisa Chinese? Yes, we are. No, we're not.(No, we aren't) Are they from Japan? Yes, they are. No, they're not.(No, they aren't)

UNIT IV CLOTHES AND WEATHER

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. 2 red COLORS yellow blue purple orange green light green

black

white

gray

brown

beige

pink

dark green

3 WORD POWER: Clothes 1. WHAT COLOR ARE THESE THINGS? LISTEN AND PRACTICE. The suit is gray. The blouse is white... SUIT SHIRT HAT BLOUSE SKIRT DRESS SLACKS TIE COAT SHORTS RUNNING SHOES BOOTS SCARF T-SHIRT SHOES

CONVERSATION

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Susan:- Uh-oh. Peter:- What's the matter ? Susan:- It's snowing, and it's very cold. Peter:- Well, you're wearing a coat. Susan:- But I'm not wearing boots ! And it's thirty-two degrees. Peter:- That's zero degrees Celsius ! That's really cold. Susan:- So let's take a taxi. Peter:- Great idea. Come on! IVGRAMMAR FOCUS: present V5 continuous; and, but, so VIVIIGRAMMAR FOCUS: Statements with BE

Notice the spelling of the continuous verb form:


I'm I'm not You're wear = You aren't wearing She's wearing aswim = swimming (+ m) coat, but she isn't wearing boots. drive = driving (- e) We're We aren't They're They aren't

It's snowing, and it's very cold. I'm wearing a coat, but I'm not wearing boots. It's very cold, so let's take a taxi.

1. COMPLETE THESE SENTENCES WITH THE INFORMATION BELOW. THEN LISTEN AND PRACTICE. a). She's running, so ... b). He's driving, but ... c). We're walking in the snow, but... d). She's swimming, and... e). They're playing tennis, but... f). It's snowing, and... 1). ... I'm taking a walk. 2). ... we aren't wearing boots. 3). ... she's wearing running shoes. 4). ... they aren't wearing tennis shoes. 5). ... she's wearing a green bathing suit. 6). ... he isn't wearing his glasses. 6 NUMBERS
1 2 3

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 22 twenty-two 23 twenty three 24 twenty-four 25 twenty-five 26 twenty-six 27 twenty-seven 28 twenty-eight 29 twenty-nine 30 thirty 40 forty 50 fifty 60 sixty 70 seventy 80 eighty 90 ninety 100 one hundred 101 one hundred and one 102 one hundred and two

WHAT'S THE WEATHER LlKE? 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE.

It's spring It's fifty degrees

It's summer It's very hot and humid

It's cool. . It's cloudy

. It's fall. It's windy. .

It's winter. It's very cold.

It's winter. It's snowing. 9

. LISTENING LISTEN TO THE WEATHER REPORTS FOR THE CITIES BELOW. WRITE THE TEMPERATURE AND CHECK OFF THE WEATHER CONDITIONS. CONDITIONS sunny cloudy

TEMPERATURE a) Sapporo (Japan) b) Bangkok (Thaila nd) c) Miami (U.S.A.) d) Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

hot

warm

cool

cold

raining

snowing

UNIT V WHAT ARE YOU DOING? 1 CONVERSATION 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Deborah: - Hello? John: Hi, Deborah ! This is John. I'm calling from Australia. Deborah: - What are you doing in Australia? John: I'm attending a conference in Sidney this week. Remember? Deborah: - Oh, right. What time is it there? John: It's 10:00 P.M. And it's four o clock in Los Angeles, right? Deborah: - Yes four oclock in the morning. John: 4:00 A.M ? I'm really sorry. Deborah: - That's OK. I'm awake now.

WHAT TIME IS IT? 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. 5:00 7:00 12:00

What time is it? Its seven oclock in the morning. Its twelve oclock. Its five oclock in the morning. Its 7:00 A.M. Its noon. Its 5:00 A.M. (Its 12:00 noon) 4:00 Its four oclock in the afternoon. Its 4:00 P.M. 2. a) b) c) d) e) f) 7:00 Its seven oclock in the evening. Its 7:00 P.M. 12:00 Its twelve oclock at night. Its midnight. (Its 12:00 midnight)

SAY IT ANOTHER WAY. Its eight oclock in the evening. Its 8:00 P.M. Its twelve oclock at night. Its three oclock in the afternoon. Its 3:00 A.M. Its 9:00 A.M. Its 4:00 P.M.

GRAMMAR FOCUS: Present Continuous: What + doing 3 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE.

LOS ANGELES
4:00 A.M.

MEXICO CITY
6:00 A.M.

NEW YORK
7:00 A.M.

What is Victoria doing? Shes sleeping.

What is Juan doing? Hes getting up.

What are Sue and Tom doing? Theyre having breakfast

BRASILIA
9:00 A.M.

LONDON
12:00 NOON

MOSCOW
3:00 P.M.

What is Celia doing? She is going to work.

What are Paul and Ann doing? Theyre having lunch.

What is Boris doing? Hes working

BANGKOK
7:00 P.M. What is Permsak doing? Hes having dinner.

SIDNEY
10:00 P.M. What is Jim doing? Hes watching television.

YOUR CITY
00.00. What are you doing Im...

LISTENING

Its 7:00 P.M. in New York. Sue and Tom are calling their friends in different cities. What time is it in Bangkok? Tokyo? Brasilia?

WHAT TIME IS IT ? (2)

LISTEN AND PRACTICE.

3:05 Its five minutes after three. thirty). Its 3:05 (three-oh-five).

5:10 Its ten minutes after five. Its 5:10 (five-ten).

9:30
Its 9:30 (nine

10:45

7:15

10:35

Its a quarter to eleven. eleven. Its 10:45.

Its a quarter after seven. Its 7:15.

Its twenty-five to Its 10:35

CONVERSATION 7

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Mr. Ford:- Hey! Are you getting dressed? Mrs. Ford:- Yes, I am. Mr. Ford:- Why? What time is it? Mrs. Ford:- Its a quarter to eight. Im going to work. Mr. Ford:- But its Saturday. Mrs. Ford:- Im working on Saturday mornings this month. Are you getting up? Mr. Ford:- No, Im not. Im staying in bed. Mrs. Ford:- OK. See you at noon. Mr. Ford:- If Im awake. 8
1.

PRONUNCIATIO N
LISTEN TO THE INTONATION OF STATEMENTS AND YES / NO QUESTIONS. Im getting up now. Are you getting up?

2.

Hes having breakfast. Is she having breakfast? NOW LISTEN TO THESE SENTENCES. ARE THEY YES / NO QUESTIONS OR STATEMENTS? CIRCLE Q OR S. d) Q S e) Q S f) Q S

a) Q S b) Q S c) Q S 10

GRAMMAR FOCUS: Present continuous: yes/no questions CHRIS JOHNSON he having Are you getting Is up? breakfast? Yes, I am. Yes, he is. No, Im not. No, he isnt. READING

Is she going to work? Yes, she is. No, she isnt.

TERRY RIVERA

Are they working? Yes, they are. No, they arent.

Were working in the What am I doing? garden today. Were 11 Im shopping for planting flowers and summer clothes. pulling weeds. This is This bathing suit is our favorite thing to great. Im also 1. ITS SATURDAY! WHAT ARE YOU DOING TODAY? do on a Saturday. looking for sandals. Im getting ready for a vacation at the beach.

PAT EDWARDS

STACY CHEN

Im just sitting 2. ADD and I SENTENCES TO THE PARAGRAPHS. My friend THESEare outdoors, in a caf. a) driving feeling just But werearound tired now. And Im having b) and And Im not carrying an umbrella. coffee, of course. Im looking at c) Im Were not people. looking for sunglasses, too. reading a great book. doingWere listening to music on the car radio. anything d) Its a love story. Uhspecial. But were oh. Its starting rain. having fun. VI HOW DO YOU GO TO WORK? UNIT

CONVERSATION

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Julia:Hi, Charles. What's the matter ? Charles:- My car isn't working. I'm waiting for a tow truck. Julia:Do you have a ride home ? Charles:- Yes, my wife is coming to get me. Julia:That's good. Do you live near here ? Charles:- No, we live in the suburbs. What about you ? Julia:I live downtown, with my parents. Charles:- Do you have a car ? Julia:I don't need a car. I walk to work.

Charles:- You're lucky ! 10 WORD POWER: Family relationships

1. COMPLETE THE SENTENCES ABOUT THE PICTURE. THEN LISTEN TO CHECK YOUR ANSWERS. a ) b ) c ) d ) e ) f) g ) h ) Anne is Charless wife Jason and Sophia are his Charles is Annes Jason is Annes Sophia is Annes Jason is Sofias Sophia is Jasons Charles and Anne are Jasons

1. LISTEN TO CHARLES TALK ABOUT HIS FAMILY. PRACTICE THE SENTENCES.

My wife and I live in the suburbs. We drive to work, but we dont drive together. We have two cars. Our children go to school by bus. My parents live in the country. My father drives to work. My mother doesnt work LISTEN TO PEOPLE IN CHARLESS FAMILY TALKING. WHO ARE THEY? because shes retired now. _________________ 1) his wife, Anne _________________ 2) his mother My sister has an apartment in the city. _________________ 3) his daughter, Sophia walks to work. She She lives alone. She _________________ 4) his sister doesnt have a car.

2. a) b) c) d)

GRAMMAR FOCUS: Present tense statements

REGULAR VERBS IRREGULAR VERBS I You He / She We They live I dont live live You dont live lives in the suburbs. He / She doesnt live in the city. live We dont live live They dont live I have a car. My wife has a car, too. We both go to work by car. My son goes to school by bus. I do my work in an office. My son does his work at school.

SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION: Thrid person singular -s

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. NOTICE THE SPELLING. s=/s/ Take takes Walk walks Speak speaks 2. s=/z/ s = / iz / lives watch goes watches carries use uses close closes Irregular do does say says have has

live go carry

READ ANY VERB FROM LIST A . YOUR PARTNER SAYS THE VERB FROM LIST B. B wears plays walks runs goes A swim work snow rain open B swims works snows rains opens A close write say erase do B closes writes says erases does

A Wear Play Walk Run Go

CONVERSATION

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Mathew:- Lets go to the park on Sunday. Amy:OK, but not too early. I get up early on weekends, so I sleep in on the weekend. Mathew:- What time do you get up on Sundays? Amy:At ten oclock. Mathew:- Oh, thats early. I get up at noon. Amy:Do you have breakfast?

Mathew:- Sure. I eat breakfast every day. Amy:Then lets meet at Harrys Restaurant at one oclock. On Sundays, they serve breakfast all day ... for people like us. 2. LISTEN TO THE REST OF THE CONVERSATION. a) What time does Amy get up on weekends? b) What time does Mathew get up on weekends? 8 GRAMMAR FOCUS: Present tense questions No, I get up late. At noon.

Do you get up early on Sundays? What time do you get up?

Does she eat breakfast in the morning? Yes, she eats What time does she eat breakfast? breakfast at work. At nine oclock. Do they go to work together? What time do they go to work? Yes, they go together every day. At a quarter to eight.
MONDAY

TUESDAY FRIDAY

DAYS OF THE WEEK

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. weekend

weekdays Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesda Thursday Friday y Saturday

10

READING

3. ONE PIECE OF INFORMATION (ONE WORD) IN EACH PARAGRAPH IS INCORRECT. CAN YOU FIND IT? LISTEN TO CHECK YOUR ANSWER. Whats your work schedule?

RANDALL KELLY
RESTAURANT COOK

I get up at 5:00 A.M., get dressed, and drive to work. The restaurant opens at 6:00 A.M. sharp. We serve breakfast until eleven and lunch until three. Then I go home. I go to bed at around nine, and hope that the telephone doesnt ring. Luckily, I dont work on Saturdays or Sundays, I only work on weekdays.

ROB JEFFERSON
ROCK MUSICIAN

ANDREA MORRIS
FLIGHT ATTENDANT

I go to work at ten oclock in the evening, and I play until 3:00 A.M. I take a break at midnight, though. After work I have dinner at an allnight restaurant. Then I take a taxi home. I go to bed at five in the morning and sleep until two in the afternoon. I only work three nights a week-Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. 4. a) b) c) d)

Sometimes I go to work at 5:00 A.M., and sometimes I go at 5:00 P.M. Sometimes I leave the house on Monday and dont come home until Wednesday. I often work on weekends. My job is interesting, but my schedule is regular. And I dont see my husband enough.

ANSWER THE QUESTIONS. Who gets up early? Who gets up late? Who works at night? Who works during the day? Who works on weekends? Who works on weekdays? Find one thing you like about each persons schedule. UNIT VII DOES THE APARTMENT HAVE A VIEW?

CONVERSATION

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Linda:- Guess what ! I have a new apartment. I'm moving in this weekend. Chris:- Really ? Do you need help ? Linda:- Well, yes, I do. Thank you ! Chris:- No problem. Chris:- So what is the apartment like ? How many rooms does it have ? Linda:- Well, it has a bedroom, a kitchen, and a living room. And a big closet. Chris:- That's great. Where is it ? Linda:- It's on Lakeview Drive. Chris:- Oh. Does it have a view ? Linda:- Yes, it does. It has great view of my neighbors apartment!

GRAMMAR FOCUS: Present tense questions and short answers

Do you live in an apartment? Yes, I do. No, I dont.

Do the bedrooms have closets? Yes, They do. No, They dont.

Does the apartment have a view? How many rooms does the apartment have? Yes, It does. It has four rooms. No, It doesnt.

CONVERSATION

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Chris:- This apartment is very nice. Linda:- Yes, but I need some furniture. Chris:- What do you need? Linda:- Well, theres a table in the kitchen, but there arent any chairs. Chris:- And theres no sofa in the living room. Linda:- Right. There are only two armchairs. Chris:- So, lets go to a yard sale next weekend. Linda:- Thats a great idea! GRAMMAR FOCUS: there is / there are Theres a table in the kitchen. Theres no table in the kitchen. There are some armchairs in the living room. There arent any chairs in the kitchen. Theres = There is

WHATS YOUR FAVORITE ROOM?

10

READING

JOSEPH

My favorite room is the kitchen. We have a big kitchen, with a modern stove and refrigerator. Theres a big dinning table, so we always eat dinner here together. I cook every evening and weekend. My children cook, too, but they only use the microwave oven.

SUSAN STERN

LIZ JOHNSON

The living room is my favorite room. Its the room where I My favorite room is relax at night. There are some my bedroom. Its my beautiful pictures on the wall. private study. I have Theres a comfortable sofa. I a desk, a bookcase, sit on the sofa and watch TV and a computer in every evening. Sometimes I here. I also have a listen to music on the stereo bed, of course. Its the 1. system. COMPLETE THE CHART. WHAT DO THESE PEOPLE DOroom where I read, IN THEIR FAVORITE ROOM? WHAT ARE THE GOOD FEATURES OF THE ROOM? study, play computer games, and sleep.
/////////////////////////// FAVORITE ROOM ACTIVITIES GOOD FEATURES

JOSEPH LANDI

LIZ JOHNSON

SUSAN STERN

UNIT VIII WHAT DO YOU DO?

WORD POWER: Jobs

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Cashier Cook / chef Doctor Flight attendant CONVERSATION 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Rachel:- Where does your brother work ? Angela:- He works in a hotel. Rachel:- Oh. What does he do, exactly ? Angela:- He's a chef in a French restaurant. Rachel:- That's interesting. My boyfriend works in a hotel, too. Angela:- Is he a chef ? Rachel:- No, he's a security guard, but he doesn't like the work. So he's looking for a new job. 3 GRAMMAR FOCUS: Present tense: Wh- questions with do Judge Lawyer Musician Nurse Pilot Police officer Receptionist salesclerk Security guard Singer Waiter Waitress

Where do you work? I work in a hotel. What do you do there? Im a receptionist.

Where does she work? She works in a store. What does she do there? Shes a cashier.

Where do they work? They work in a hospital. What do they do there? Theyre nurses.

PRONUNCIATION: Falling intonation

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. A:- Where do you work?

B I work in a store. A:- What do you do? B:- Im a salesclerk.

CONVERSATION

1. LISTEN AND

PRACTICE.

Richard:- Hi, Stephanie. I hear you have a new job. Stephanie:- Yes, Im teaching math at Lincoln High School. Richard:- So how do you like it? Stephanie:- Well, the salary is a little low, but the students are nice. How are things with you? Richard:- Not bad. You know Im an air traffic controller now. Stephanie:- Now thats an exciting job! Richard:- Yes, but its very stressful 7 GRAMMAR FOCUS: Adjectives

2. LISTEN AND PRACTICE.

Be + adjective A lawyers salary is high. A police officers job is dangerous. Adjective + noun A lawyer has a high salary. A police officer has a dangerous job.

Opposites High Safe Dangerous Interesting Pleasant Unpleasant Easy Relaxing Stressful

Low Boring Difficult

READING

READ THE ARTICLE, AND THEN COMPLETE THE CHART. What do you do, exactly?

ANTHONY DURAN

TELEPHO NE OPERATO R
As a directory assistance operator, I give out hundreds of telephone numbers every day. I sort of like talking to people all day. I earn around $ 20,000 a year. But I dont feel very secure a lot of operators are losing their jobs because of automation. Computers do everything these days. So Im studying to be a computer programmer at

ROBERT FINE

TRAVEL AGENCY
My clients are all business travelers. I make plane, hotel, and car reservations for them. My annual salary isnt very high only $24,000 but I like my job. Its pretty secure, because travel is a growing field. Also, I often travel in order to learn about cities, hotels, airlines, and tours. And when I do, everything is free the plane tickets, the hotel rooms, etc.

KIMBERLY EVENS
PHYSICAL THERAPIST

night school.

In my job, I mainly work with athletes who have sports injuries. Sometimes the athletes are famous, and thats always exciting. My salary is good - $38,000 a year and I always have a lot of patients. Doctors are too busy to do physical therapy these days, and theyre happy to give the work to specialists like us.

JOB

SALARY

WHAT THEY DO

ONE GOOD THING ABOUT THE JOB

UNIT IX I LOVE STRAWBERRIES? 2

WORD POWER

GRAMMAR FOCUS: COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS COUNTABLE UNCOUNTABLE plural Singular only Apples Im eating an apple Yogurt __ Im eating yogurt Carrots Apples are my favorite Beef __ beef is a good food potatoes fruits I like apples

singular An apple A carrot A potato

CONVERSATION LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Charles: What do we need for the barbecue? Anne: Well, we need hamburger meat and hot dogs. Charles: We have some hamburger in the freezer, but we dont have any hot dogs Anne: Right, And there arent any buns. Charles: Do we need any soda? Anne: Yes, we do. Lets buy some soda and some lemonade, too Charles: All right, and what about some potato salad. Anne: Great idea. Everyone likes potato salad.
1.

LISTENING. 1.- Listen to the rest of the conversation : Which dessert do Charles and Anne choose? Complete their shopping list. SHOPPING LIST HOT DOGS BUNS DRINKS SODA LEMONADE POTATO SALAD DESSERT

GRAMMAR FOCUS: SOME __ ANY AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENTS We need some vegetables We need some meat. We need some QUESTIONS AND NEGATIVE STATEMENTS Do you want any carrots? Do you want any chicken? Do you want any ? We dont need any carrots We dont need any chicken We dont need any

VIII-

CO NVE RSA TIO

N LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Sarah: Lets have breakfast together on Sunday. Kumiko: OK, but why dont you come to my house? On Sundays my family has a Japanese style breakfast. Sarah: Really, what do you have?

Kumiko: We usually have fish, rice and soup. Sarah: Fish? Now thats interesting. Kumiko: We sometimes have salad, too. And we always have green tea. Sarah: Well, I dont often eat fish for breakfast, but I love to try new things GRAMMAR FOCUS: FREQUENCY ADBVERBS AFFIRMATIVE INTERROGATIVE I always have breakfast Do you usually have tea? I usually have breakfast Do you ever have tea? I often have breakfast I sometimes have breakfast I seldomhave breakfast NEGATIVE I dont usually have tea. I never have tea. I dont often have tea I dont ever have tea

UNIT X CAN YOU SWIM VERY WELL?

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Katherine:- Its really hot. Lets go to the pool. Philip:OK, but I cant swim very well. Katherine:- Well, I cant either. I can only swim ten laps. Philip:Ten laps? I cant even swim across the pool. Katherine:- But I cant dive at all. Can you dive? Philip:Well, yes, I can. In fact, I can dive quite well. Katherine:- So, lets go, I can teach you how to swim, and you can teach me how to dive. 3 GRAMMAR FOCUS: can with abilities

I You She can swim. He cant We They

You I Can she swim very well? He We They

I You Yes, she can. No, he cant. We They

CONVERSATION

LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Mathew:- Whats your new girlfriend like? Philip:- Katherine? Well, shes good at languages.
1.

Mathew:- Does she know how to speak Spanish? Philip:- She knows how to speak Spanish and Japanese. Mathew:- Wow! Philip:- And shes good at sports, too. She knows how to play tennis and basketball. Mathew:- Thats terrific. Philip:- But theres one thing shes not good at. Mathew:- Whats that? Philip:- Shes not good at remembering things. We have a date, and shes an hour late!

6 WORD POWER: Sports 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Theyre playing basketball. BASKETBALL BASEBALL VOLLEYBALL GOLF

SOCCER TENNIS

FOOTBALL PING-PONG

GRAMMAR FOCUS: be good at; know how to

Is your friend good at sports? Shes good at team sports. She knows how to play basketball, but she doesnt know how to play baseball.

LISTENING

1. LISTEN TO QUESTIONS AND CHOOSE THE BEST RESPONSE. a) _____ No, I can. _____ No, I dont. b) _____ Yes, I can. _____ Yes, I do. c) _____ Yes, I can. _____ Yes, I do. d) _____ Yes, I can. _____ Yes, I do. e) _____ No, I dont. _____ No, I cant. f) _____ No, I dont. _____ No, I cant. Amazing animals

READING

Do you know that the KANGAROO cant walk at all but it can travel at 40 miles and hour! This amazing animal is very good at jumping. It can jump 20 feet at a time. An adult kangaroo is only five feet tall, but it can jump over a car.

The CAMEL can live without water for one week. It can walk over 200 miles in the desert without drinking water. It can do this because it has three stomachs that hold water. And the hump on its back holds fat, so the camel can live without food for a long time, too.

The CHIMPANZEE is a very intelligent animal that is good at learning language. A chimpanzee can learn to use sign language, but it cant always use correct grammar. For example, a chimpanzee can use sign language to say, Me want banana now, but not, I want a banana now, please.

5. READ ABOUT THESE ANIMALS AND THEN FILL IN THE CHART.

///////////////////////////////////////// CAN /////

CANT

KANGAROO

CAMEL

CHIMPANZEE

6. DO YOU KNOW SOMETHING INTERESTING ABOUT AN ANIMAL? WRITE ABOUT IT. A giraffe can clean its eyes and ears with its tongue...

UNIT XIWHEN IS YOUR BIRTHDAY? 2 WORD POWER 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE THE MONTHS. JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER

2. LISTEN AND PRACTICE THE NUMBERS.

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th

First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Sevent h Eighth Ninth Tenth

11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th

Eleventh Twelfth Thirteenth Fourteenth Fifteenth Sixteenth Seventeent h Eighteenth Nineteenth Twentieth

21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th

Twenty-first 31st Twenty... second Twenty-third 40th Twenty50th fourth 60th Twenty-fifth 70th Twenty80th sixth 90th Twenty100th seventh Twentyeighth Twentyninth Thirtieth

Thirty-first Fortieth Fiftieth Sixtieth Seventieth Eightieth Ninetieth Hundredth

3. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i)

NOW PRACTICE THESE DATES. January 1st (January first) May 23rd (May twenty-third) 6 / 31 (June thirty-first) July 4th August 29th September 30th 2/1 4 / 21 10 / 4

CONVERSATION 1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE.

Amy:- How old are you, Philip ? Philip:- I'm twenty years old. But I'm going to be twenty-one on August 5th. Amy:- That's next Friday ! What are you going to do ? Philip:- Katherine is going to take me to a restaurant. Amy:- Nice ! Is she gong to order a birthday cake ? Philip:- Probably. And the waiters are probably going to sing "Happy Birthday" to me. It's so embarrassing. Amy:- Oh, I bet it's going to be fun. Philip:- I don't know. I hope so.

GRAMMAR FOCUS: Future with going to

Im Youre Hes (not) going to work tonight. Shes Were Theyre

Are you going to work late? Yes, Im. (No, Im not.) What are you going to do after work? Im going to have dinner.

TIME EXPRESSI ONS


Tonight Tomorrow Tomorrow night Next week Next Saturday Next month

1. WRITE TEN SENTENCES. COMPARE WITH YOUR PARTNER. Things I'm going to do tonight Im going to see a movie. Things I'm not going to do tonight Im not going to clean the house.

PRONUNCIATION: going to

1. LISTEN TO HOW GOING TO IS PRONOUNCED. A:- What are you going to do tonight? B:- Im going to stay home. 2. NOW LISTEN AND PRACTICE. A:- What are you going to do for your birthday? B:- Im going to go out with some friends. A:- Where are you going to go? B:- Were going to go to a restaurant. 7 LISTENING

2. Its five thirty in the evening and these people are waiting for the bus. Complete the chart. ///////////////// Michelle Kevin Robert Jane What they are going to do

READING What are you going to do on your birthday?

My twenty-first birthday is on Saturday, and Im going to go out with some friends. To wish me a happy birthday, theyre going to pull on my ear 21 times, once for each year. Its an old custom. Some people do it only once, but my friends are very traditional! ELENA BUENAVENTURA MADRID, SPAIN ELENA BUENAVENTURA MADRID, SPAIN

My husband is going to be 60 tomorrow. In Japan, the sixtieth birthday is called kanreki its the beginning of a new life. The color red represents a new life, so we always give something red for a sixtieth birthday. What am I going to give my husband? I cant say. Its a surprise. MR. AND MRS. ISAI TOKIO, JAPAN MR. AND MRS. ISAI TOKIO, JAPAN

Tomorrow is my sixteenth Im going to be 30 next week. So birthday. Its a special birthday, so Im going to invite three very good were going HEE SHI family SUN to have a PHILIPPE JOLY friends out to dinner. In France, ceremony. Im probably going to when PARIS, FRANCE you often you have a birthday, TAIPEI, TAIWAN receive some money in lucky invite people out. I know that in envelopes from my relatives. My some countries its the opposite 1. READ THE FOUR PARAGRAPHS. THEN CORRECT THESE STATEMENTS. mother is going to cook noodles people take to out. a) To celebrate her birthday, Elena is goingyoupull on her friends ears. noodles are for a long life. b) Sun Hee is going to cook some noodles on her birthday. c) On his birthday, Mr. Isai is going to buy something red. d) Philippes friends are going to take him out to dinner on his birthday. 2. DO YOU HAVE PLANS FOR YOUR NEXT BIRTHDAY, OR FOR THE BIRTHDAY OF A FRIEND OR FAMILY REMEMBER? WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO? WRITE SEVERAL SENTENCES. Im going to be twenty-five on March 15th. Im going to...

UNIT XII WHATS THE MATTER? 2 2 2 CONVERSATION

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE. Brian:- Hi, Victor. How are you ? Victor:- Oh, I'm fine. Brian:- So, are you going to go to class tonight ?

Victor:- Maybe, but I dont think so. Brian:- Really ? Whats the matter ? Victor:- I dont know. Im just feeling a little sad. Brian:- Listen. Come with me to class, and after class we can go out for dinner. Victor:- Now thats a good idea. Thanks a lot, Brian. Im feeling better already.

HEALTH PROBLEMS

1. LISTEN. POINT TO EACH BODY PART. Point to your head. 2. LISTEN AND PRACTICE THESE CONVERSATIONS. A:- Whats the matter? B:- I have a headache? A:- Oh, thats too bad. A:- Whats wrong? B:- I have a sore throat? A:- Oh, Im sorry to hear that. A:- How do you feel? B:- I feel terrible. I have a cold? A:- Well, I hope you feel better soon. LISTENING 4 PRONOUNCIATION: Sentence stress 1. LISTEN TO PEOPLE TALK ABOUT HEALTH PROBLEMS. WHAT'S WRONG WITH THEM ? WRITE THE NAME OF THE BODY PART WHERE THEY HAVE A PROBLEM. 5 A B C D E F

3. LISTEN TO THE STRESS SYLLABLES IN EACH SENTENCE. THEN PRACTICE THE SENTENCES. Whats the matter? I have a terrible headache. I have a very sore throat. 4. CLASS ACTIVITY. LISTEN AND UNDERLINE THE SYLLABLE WITH THE STRONGEST STRESS IN EACH SENTENCE. THEN PRACTICE THE CONVERSATION. A:- Whats the problem? B:- I have a very high fever. A:- Are you taking some aspirin? B:- Yes, I am. And Im drinking a lot of water. . CONVERSATION

6 2

1. LISTEN AND PRACTICE Receptionist:- Dr. Ryans office. Susan:Hello, this is Susan West. Can I make an appointment on Friday the 17th ? Receptionist:- OK, Ms. West. In the morning or afternoon? Susan:In the afternoon. Receptionist:- Can you come at 4:00 P.M? Susan:Thats fine. Dr. Ryan:Susan:Dr. Ryan:Susan:And whats the problem, Ms. West? I have a terrible backache. I cant even sit down. OK. Take these pills every four hours. Stay in bed this week. And dont lift heavy things. Thanks, Dr. Ryan.

7 In the morning In the afternoon In the evening In June In December In the summer

TIME EXPRESSIONS: on, at and in

on Monday on Monday morning on Mondays on July 15th on the 15th (of July) on weekdays on weekends

at 10:00 A.M. at two oclock at noon. at midnight at night

8 8 GRAMMAR FOCUS: Imperatives

IAFFIRMATIVE NEGATIVE Take these pills. Dont drink coffee. Stay in bed. Dont lift heavy yhings. Sadie and Bessie Delay are sistersDont forget your Vernon. New York. Sadie is who live in Mount doctors appointment. 104 years old, and Bessie is 102. They tell their life story in a book called Having Our Say: The Delay Sisters First Hundred Years. Here is some of their advice for living a long, healthy life. Get up early. The Delay sisters get up at 6:30 or 7:00 A.M. Have a good breakfast. The sisters eat oatmeal, half a banana, bran, and egg with a little cheese. Exercise every day. The Delay sisters like to do yoga. They also walk every day. Eat lots vegetables, especially garlic. Garlic is good for health, even if its not good for your breath! BUT... Dont eat a lot of salt and fat. These things are bad for you. Dont get married! The sisters say We are still alive because we dont have husbands who worry us. Dont listen to the doctors. Most doctors dont know what to do with us, Sadie says. When somethings wrong they say, Youre still living, what do you expect? SECRETS OF A LONG LIFE

READING

1. < < < < < < < <

DO YOU AGREE WITH BESSIE AND SADIES ADVICE? IF YOU AGREE WRITE YES. IF YOU DONT AGREE, WRITE SOME ADVICE OF YOUR OWN. Eat lots of vegetables. __________. Dont get married. _____________. Exercise every day. ____________. Get up early. _________________. Dont eat a lot of salt or fat. _____. Dont listen to the doctor. _______. Eat a lot of garlic. _____________. Have a good breakfast. _________.

2. CAN YOU THINK OF ANY MORE ADVICE FOR LIVING A LONG LIFE? WRITE AT LEAST FIVE SENTENCES LIKE THESE: Drink a lot of juice. Dont eat desserts. Dont...

RESUMEN El trabajo que se presenta tiene como fin fundamental facilitar el desarrollo de la independencia en el aprendizaje del Ingls, a un nivel elemental, como parte del perfeccionamiento de los planes de estudios en nuestras universidades. Cuenta de un libro de texto (adaptado de la serie Interchange), un cuaderno de ejercicios y una gua de estudio. Esta ltima ayuda al estudiante en el manejo de los dos primeros materiales. Los contenidos estn divididos en unidades. El encuentro inicial puede guiarlo un facilitador que trabaje las interacciones y dilogos que aparecen grabados de la serie antes mencionada , el resto de forma independiente. PALABRAS CLAVES Independencia, perfeccionamiento, gua, facilitador, interactivo, elemental BIBLIOGRAFIA -Alan C, McLean; ONeill, Robert. Kernel (workbook).Canbridge University Press, 1996 -C,E, Eckersley. Brighter Grammar. Editorial Pueblo y Educacin, La Habana, 1975

-Costinett, Sandra. Spectrum 2 A communicative Course in English (Instituto Cubano del Libro, La Habana, 1990. -C, Richards, Jack. Interchange 1 (Intro). Cambridge University Press, (1998). -Letuse,La O, Rogelio. Communicating and Reading in English. Editorial Flix Varela, La Habana,2003 (ISBN: 959-258-456-7 ) -Warshawsky, Diane. Spectrum 1 A communicative Course in English (Instituto Cubano del Libro, La Habana, 1990. DATOS DEL AUTOR WILLIAM SOSA TAMAYO. LICENCIADO EN LENGUA INGLESA CATEGORA DOCENTE: PROFESOR ASISTENTE wsosat@udg.co.cu ESTUDIOS REALIZADOS Profesoral de Ingls para el nivel medio ( 1977 1981 ) Licenciatura en Lengua Inglesa. ( 1981 1986 ) Curso Elemental de Francs. ( 1992 1994 ) Curso de Didctica de la Enseanza Superior. ( 1995) Curso Elemental de Italiano ( 2003 2005 )

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