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Vectors

Protozoa Disease Infected stage Specimen host


involved
(stools)
1- entamoeba Amoebic 4-nucleated No IM host
Intestine+liver
histolytica cysts dysentery cyst (human only)
biopsy
Skin lesions +
Cutaneous and Promastigotes (I am not sure
liver biobsy
2- leshmani visceral (flagellated Sandfly vector if it is like p.
culture on
lishmaniasis stage) falciparam)
(NNN MEDIA)
1-Man (IM
host.
Malignant tertian Female shizogony)
3-p.falciparum malaria(every 24 Sporzoites Anopheles RBC 2-Vector
h fever) mosquito mosquitos(D
host.
Sporogony )
Benign tertian
4- p.vivax same same same same
malaria
1-Cats
(D.host)
5- Toxoplasma Asexual cyst
toxoplasmosis No CSF +lymph 2-Human
gondii mature oocyst
(Accidental
host)
Trematodes
Diarrhea+diffuse,
Ingested ova in
Persisted
1-H.nana contaminated no stools No IM host
abdominal pain
food

1- snail (1st IM
Metacercaria host)
Endemic (eating raw 2- shrimps or
Sputum or
2-P.westermani hemoptysis uncooked No crabs(2nd IM
feces
(paragonmiasis) infected crabs host )
or shrimps) 3- human
lung (DH)

1-snails (IM
Intestinal
3-Shistosoma Stools +liver host)
shistosomiasis Cercaria No
mansoni biopsy 2- human
(bilharzias)
(DH)
1-snails (IM
Urinary Urine +prostate
4- Shistosoma host)
shistosomiasis Cercaria No and blader
haematobium 2- human
(belharzias) biopsy)
(DH)
cestodes
Teniasis Cysticercus
1- catteles
Intestinal, biliary, (metacestodes)
1-tenia No Stools (eggs) +hogs (IMH)
or pancreatic in uncooked
2-human DH
obstruction) beef
1-carnivores
Eggs (dogs) (DH)
Hydatid disease Cysts in many
2- E,granulosus contaminating No 2-cattles and
echinococcosis organs (liver)
food sheep and
human(IH)
Nematodes
1-Ascaris Ascariasis Embreonated No Stools +sputum -
lambricoides Intestinal and eggs(takes 2
pulmonary wks to
embreonat)
Entrobiasis
2- Enterobius Perianal skin Human are
Perianal pruritis Adult No
vermicularis (scotch tap)test only the host
(itching)
Strongloidiasis Stools
4-Strangloides Cutaneous Filariform Watery mucous Man is the
No
stercolaris pulmonary and larvae or bloody DH
intestinal diarrhoea
Oncocercosis Biopsy of 1-Simulium
5-oncocerca Filariform Simulium flies
(Oncocercoma nodules and in flies(IMH)
vovolus larvae
and eye lesion…) skin 2-man (DH)
Embreonated
6-Trichuris Trichuriasis Stools
eggs in soil No Man
tricura Rectal prolaps proctoscopy
(L-1 larva )
7-Loa loa - - - - -

I am:
1- Not responsible for any mistake.
2- Sorry for having no info (notes) for loa loa.
3- Hope you find it useful .
4- Asking for your litany.

>>>>>> All the best

TURAB