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CNG NGH MIMO nh ngha : MIMO (Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output) l cng ngh truyn thng khng dy, trong c u nhn

n ln u pht tn hiu u s dng nhiu ng ten ti u ha tc truyn v nhn d liu, ng thi gim thiu nhng li nh nhiu sng, mt tn hiu... MIMO tn dng s di li ca sng khi ng phi nhng chng ngi trn ng truyn khin chng c th n c u nhn tn hiu bng nhiu con ng khc nhau. MIMO c xy dng da trn chun 802.11g v 802.11n ca Vin K thut in v in t (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE), thng c dng chung vi k thut ghp knh phn chia theo tn s trc giao (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing OFDM). Cc nh cung cp dch v truyn thng hin ang tiu chun ha MIMO a vo s dng trong cc chun ca mng 3G nh HSDPA (High Speed Downlink Packet Access). u im ca MIMO l gia tng tc truyn d liu v m rng tm ph sng trn cng mt bng thng, ng thi gim chi ph truyn ti. Cng ngh MIMO cho php u nhn phn loi tn hiu v ch nhn tn hiu mnh nht t mt ng ten ti mt v tr no . Trong vic truyn thng bng sng v tuyn, nhng chng ngi trn ng truyn t u pht n u nhn nh a hnh, cc ta cao c, dy in v nhng cu trc khc trong khu vc u c th lm cho sng b phn x hoc khc x. Nhng yu t ny t nhiu cng lm cho sng b nhiu, yu i hay mt hn. Trong truyn thng k thut s, nhng yu t ni trn c th lm gim tc truyn cng nh cht lng ca d liu. Nhng sn phm "Pre-N"
Belkin Corp., Netgear Inc. v CiscoLynksys LLC tung ra nhiu sn phm s dng chip True MIMO ca Cng ty Airgo Networks. H gi nhng sn phm ny l Pre-N. Tuy nhin, cc cng ty ny cng tha nhn rng sn phm ca h cha hn s tng thch hon ton vi nhng sn phm c sn xut trong tng lai da trn chun 802.11n. Cc nh phn tch cnh bo rng ngi s dng cn bit rng ch l nhng sn phm ng dng mt cng B nh tuyn khng dy WL566gM v card mng WL-106gM ca hng Asus dng cho my tnh xch tay.

Trong cng ngh MIMO, u pht sng s dng nhiu ng ngh cha c chnh thc chn cho ten truyn sng theo nhiu ng khc nhau nhm tng mt chun quc t. lu lng thng tin. D liu truyn sau s c tp hp li u nhn theo nhng nh dng c n nh. iu ny cng tng t nh i tai ca chng ta tip nhn th m thanh t th gii bn ngoi, nhng sau no b s lc la v phn loi nhng m thanh . MIMO cng c th ghp knh theo khng gian phn bit nhng tn hiu khc nhau trn cng mt tn s. Thm vo , ngi ta cng s dng k thut mt m ha khi d liu theo thi gian v khng gian (space-time block coding) tng cng tin cy.
B nh tuyn khng dy Vi cng ngh pht trin ngy cng tinh vi, nhng vi mch RangeMax 240 WPNT511 v nh b, c tc x l cao v ng tin cy c sn xut card mng dng cho my tnh i tr vi gi r nn vic ng dng MIMO trong thc tin xch tay ca hng Netgear. cng thu ht nhiu s ch ca gii truyn thng khng dy. Hng Netgear Santa Clara, bang California (M) gn y tung ra nhng sn phm s dng by ng ten c kh nng phi hp vi nhau cho ra 127 kiu ng ten pht v thu tn hiu k thut s.

Cc sn phm Wi-Fi s dng cng ngh MIMO cng c nhiu nh sn xut quan tm v chng c kh nng ci thin tc truyn d liu, tm ph sng v tin cy. So vi mng LAN c h thng cp hin i cho tc truyn ti d liu ln n hng gigabit trong mt giy th Wi-Fi vn cn thua km xa. Tuy vy, cc nh iu hnh mng cp, cc cng ty in thoi v nhiu nh cung cp dch v v thit b vi tnh vn ang y mnh vic ng dng mng Wi-Fi trong mi trng gia nh v doanh nghip v n c hiu qu cao v gi thnh h. (Thanh Vy tng hp)

Cuc chin 802.11n


Thng 1-2004, Vin K thut in v in t (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE) cng b s pht trin chun 802.11n c tc truyn d liu trn l thuyt ln n 540 Mbps. C hai nhm ang cnh tranh ro rit a ra nhng cng ngh ng dng cho chun ny : WWiSE (WorldWide Spectrum Efficiency) v TGn Sync (Task Group N of the IEEE 802.11 Working Group). WWiSE ng u bi Airgo Networks Inc., cng ty i tin phong trong vic p dng cng ngh MIMO, v

mt s nh sn xut chip khng dy khc, gm Broadcom, Conexant Systems, STMicroelectronics v Texas Instruments. Nhm ny ngh s dng mt knh rng 20 MHz, hai ng ten pht sng vi tc truyn t nht l 135 Mbps. Tc ny c th ln n 540 Mbps nu s dng nhiu ng ten trong mt knh rng 40 MHz. Cn TGn Sync l mt nhm gm hn 25 cng ty hot ng trong cc lnh vc in ton, in t tiu dng, mng, cht bn dn v truyn thng di ng. Dn u nhm ny l cc cng ty Agere Systems, Atheros Communi- cations, Intel, Nokia, Philips Electronics v Sony. Nhm ny ngh s dng hai ng ten vi tc truyn khong 313 Mbps trn cc knh rng 40 MHz. Hin nay xut ca TGn Sync chim nhiu u th hn nhng vn cha t c hu thun cng ngh ca h c p dng cho chun 802.11n. Gii chuyn gia cho rng phi n gia nm ti th cuc chin ny mi ng ng.