THE PASSIVE VOICE

1. SUJETO + VERBO + OD

(Active):

Sujeto
John

Verbo
opened

Sujeto paciente
(precedido por “by”)
(Passive):
The door
John

O.D.
the door

Verbo (pasiva)

C.A.

was opened

by

El verbo en pasiva se forma poniendo:
Verbo TO BE
en el
tiempo del
verbo activo

+

ACTIVA
Presente simple
keeps
Presente
continuo
is keeping
Presente
perfecto
has kept
Pasado simple
kept
Pasado continuo
was keeping
Pasado Perfecto
had kept
Futuro
will keep
Condicional
would keep
INFINITIVO (PRESENTE)
TO KEEP
INFINITIVO (PASADO)
TO HAVE KEPT
GERUNDIO
BE GOING TO DO
I am going to write a letter

Verbo en
PARTICIPIO

PASIVA
is kept
is being kept
has been kept
was kept
was being kept
had been kept
will be kept
would be kept
TO BE KEPT
TO HAVE BEEN KEPT
BE GOING TO BE DONE

A letter is going to be
written

2. SUJETO + VERBO + OD + OI
Sujeto
OD
(Active):
She
a present

(Active):
good job

Verbo

OI

gave

her boyfriend

Sujeto
Sujeto (paciente)
They

Verbo(pasiva)
Verbo
offered

Sujeto (paciente)

Verbo (pasiva)

CA
(Passive):
She
(by them)

was offered

OI

OD OD
her
a

OD
a good job

. ellos piensan. no te olvides ponerla) (Active): Someone will look after the child. (Passive): The child will be looked after.3. ESTILO INDIRECTO: PEOPLE SAID THAT…. fíjate en el siguiente ejemplo) TIPO 1 (Active): People believed (that) she worked in a school (Passive-1): It was believed that she worked in a TIPO 2 school 2º (Active): People in a school 1º believed 3º 4º (that) she worked Subject Vb (pasiva) Vb (inf=to) Object (Passive-2): She was believed to have worked in a school (SE TRADUCIRÍA POR: SE CREE que ella ha trabajado en un colegio) 4. PREPOSICIÓN + OBJETO VERBO+ (si el verbo va acompañado de una preposición. / “LA PASIVA CON SE” En los verbos que introducen el estilo indirecto y que normalmente hace referencia a lo que se dice o piensa. (La gente dice. alguien dijo…) Suelen ir encabezados por estos verbos: THINK – – BELIEVE – UNDERSTAND – FIND – REPORT – SUPPOSE – CONSIDER – KNOW SAY… Hay 2 formas de hacer la pasiva: TIPO 1 (Active): People say that she studies French (Passive-1): It is said that she studies French (Se pone “it” con el verbo en pasiva “is said” y el resto es igual TIPO 2 (Active): French People 2º say Subject Vb (pasiva) that 1º 3º she studies 4º Vb (inf=to) Object (Passive-2): She is said to study (3º Si el verbo está en forma pasada debes poner el infinitivo perfecto.

. (Passive): My friend was written to.(Active): Someone wrote to my friend.

. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….....3.....…………………………………………………………………………….....………………………… 1....………………………… 1.. We keep the milk here ................. That boy usually has sweets for lunch ..…………………………………………………………………………….....6....... They built the house here .……………………………………………………………………………........……………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………...2. He will draw the map ......…………………………………………………………………………….....8........ Someone stole my car ......14.. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….....……………………………………………………………………………....…………………………………………………………………………….....……………………………………………………………………………..12.... We are writing a letter . We saw wolves in the forest . …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………………………… 1..... He writes poetry .....5.....………………………… 1.......………………………… 1........15................……………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………........ We won’t buy food tomorrow .... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………............. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………… 1.. People were always asking me that question .......………………………… 1..............…………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………......... They grow oranges in Spain ... Maths interested him ..………………………… 1... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….................. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………....... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………......... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….....………………………… ...………………………… 1........………………………… 1..........13....………………………… 1.. She broke the window ..1.... I have signed all the letters ... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….PUT INTO THE PASSIVE FORM 1....4......... They will ask us several questions ........7....………………………… 1........ …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………......11.9..……………………………………………………………………………...………………………… 1..10..………………………… 1..... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………………….....

...………………………… 1.16...1.……………………………………………………………………………. She would have phoned you ....…………………………………………………………………………….................. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………...18........... They had translated El Quijote .17....... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….....………………………… 1... He will not dig the garden afterwards ..........………………………… ... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

....…………………………..12... John They asked John a lot of difficult questions.... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……… 2...………………………… 2. They haven’t chosen the team yet.………………………… ... Ann Her parents have promised Ann a bicycle for her birthday.………………………… 2..………………………… 2.....2.. I Somebody sent me a strange letter …………………………………………………………………………….2.... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………....... ...……………………..6.......... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………..................... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….....9.……………………………………………………………………………...... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………………………………………………………………………. . . They didn’t tell us the truth. I My mother gave me a card for my birthday..……………………………………………………………………………. It People believe that someone murdered Jenkins ...………………………… 2................ yet.1...………………………… 2.........4... ………………………………………………………............ They gave Madame Curie the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1911 Madame Curie ……………………………………………………………………….. Mary They gave Mary some flowers ..... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………....15.........……………………………………………………………………………........... Nothing EACH SENTENCE SO THAT IT CONTAINS A PASSIVE FORM No decision has yet been made (decided) .......13...... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………… 2..8. Jane They offered Jane a wonderful job …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………………………………………………. REWRITE 2..……………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...3..………………………… 2..………………………… 2.………………………… 2...…………………..………………………… 2.5. The team.....……………………………………………………………………………......……………………………………………………………………………..………………………… 2. Mrs Jenkins They will pay Mrs Jenkins over five hundred pounds. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. The doctor The patient hadn’t been examined carefully ... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...14.7........11........... He will give all the children a present All the children …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …......………………………………………………........………………………………………………….………………………… 2.... This form You must fill in this form .10.......

16..20.………………………… ... The company …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …...………………………………………………………………………...18.19.. The thieves It is believed that the thieves got in through the kitchen window. …………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….17.. People thought that the prisoner escaped by climbing over a wall The prisoner……………………………………………………………………………………………….………………………… 2. Many people ……………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..... ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2.………………………… 2.………………………… 2. The strike It is expected that the strike will end soon …………...2... It is believed that the company lost a lot of money last year..………………………………………………... …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. It is reported that many people are homeless after the floods..

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