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LOSA ALIGERADA

TABLA peso propio de losas aligeradas


H
Peso propio
Kg/m
17
280
Kg/m
20
300
Kg/m
25
350
METRADO DE CARGAS:
CARGA PERMANENTE O CARGA MUERTA (D):
PESO PROPIO =
350 Kg/m
ACABADOS=
120 Kg/m
TABIQUERIA=
100 Kg/m
CARGA MUERTA (D) =
570 Kg/m
CARGA VIVA (L) =

200 Kg/m

CARGAS DE ROTURA segn Normas Peruana NP:


W = 1.5D + 1.8L =
Carga por vigueta/metro lineal = W/2.5 =
W=

1215 Kg/m
486 Kg/m
0.486 Ton/m

DISEO ESTRUCTURAL DE UNA LOSA ALIGERADA


H(cm)= 25
d(cm)= 22

fc(kg/cm)= 210
fy(kg/cm)= 4200
Wu(T/m)= 0.486

L1
6.8
WL 24

WL 10

WL 14

M() 0.9364
M()
1.60519

2.247264

K() 0.09213
K()
0.0395

0.22110

() 0.1094
()
0.0451

0.2979

() 0.0055
()
0.00225

0.0149

As ( ) cm =

1.203

Baston

()

WL 10

WL 24

WL 14
0.9364

1.40454

2.247264
1.60519

0.22110

0.0921

0.0345

0.0395

0.2979
0.0393

0.1094
0.0451

0.0149
0.0020

0.0055
0.00225
0.567
1.203

3.276

1.983

() 1 3/8"

L3
6.8

WL 16

3.28

As ( ) cm =

L2
6.8

1.729

1.983

Balancin

Balancin

Baston

2 3/8"

11/2"

1 3/8"

1 1/2"

1 3/8"

1 12mm

Acero principal

Acero principal

Acero principal

As min(cm ) =

14bd/fy =

As temp(cm ) =

0.0018bh=0,0018x100x5= 0.900

temp =

0.733

1/4"@.25

Autor : Ing Juan Carlos Gallardo Mendoza

CIP 62698

CANTIDAD DE FIERROS
Diametro

1/4"
8mm

3/8"
12mm
1/2"

5/8"
3/4"
1"
1 3/8"
Diametro

1/4"
8mm

3/8"
12mm
1/2"

5/8"
3/4"
1"
1 3/8"

Area(cm)

VS.

0.32
0.50
0.71
1.13
1.27
1.98
2.85
5.07
10.06

0.64
1.00
1.42
2.26
2.54
3.96
5.70
10.14
20.12

0.96
1.50
2.13
3.39
3.81
5.94
8.55
15.21
30.18

1.28
2.00
2.84
4.52
5.08
7.92
11.4
20.28
40.24

1.60
2.50
3.55
5.65
6.35
9.9
14.25
25.35
50.3

1/4"
0.64
0.82
1.03
1.45
1.59
2.3
3.17
5.39
10.38

COMBINACION DE AREAS DE ACEROS EN cm


8mm
3/8"
12mm
0.82
1.03
1.45
1
1.21
1.63
1.21
1.42
1.84
1.63
1.84
2.26
1.77
1.98
2.4
2.48
2.69
3.11
3.35
3.56
3.98
5.57
5.78
6.2
10.56
10.77
11.19

1/2"

1.59
1.77
1.98
2.4
2.54
3.25
4.12
6.34
11.33

10

1.92
3.00
4.26
6.78
7.62
11.88
17.1
30.42
60.36

2.24
3.5
4.97
7.91
8.89
13.86
19.95
35.49
70.42

2.56
4.00
5.68
9.04
10.16
15.84
22.8
40.56
80.48

2.88
4.5
6.39
10.17
11.43
17.82
25.65
45.63
90.54

3.20
5.00
7.10
11.3
12.7
19.8
28.5
50.7
100.6

5/8"
2.3
2.48
2.69
3.11
3.25
3.96
4.83
7.05
12.04

3/4"
3.17
3.35
3.56
3.98
4.12
4.83
5.7
7.92
12.91

1"
5.39
5.57
5.78
6.34
6.34
7.05
7.92
10.14
15.13

1 3/8"
10.38
10.56
10.77
11.19
11.33
12.04
12.91
15.13
20.12

CANTIDAD DE FIERROS
Diametro

1/4"

Area de su seccion(cm)

VS.

5/8"
3/4"
1"

0.32
0.50
0.71
1.13
1.27
1.98
2.85
5.07

0.64
1.00
1.42
2.26
2.54
3.96
5.70
10.14

0.96
1.50
2.13
3.39
3.81
5.94
8.55
15.21

1.28
2.00
2.84
4.52
5.08
7.92
11.4
20.28

1.60
2.50
3.55
5.65
6.35
9.9
14.25
25.35

1.92
3.00
4.26
6.78
7.62
11.88
17.1
30.42

2.24
3.5
4.97
7.91
8.89
13.86
19.95
35.49

2.56
4.00
5.68
9.04
10.16
15.84
22.8
40.56

2.88
4.5
6.39
10.17
11.43
17.82
25.65
45.63

1 3/8"

10.06

20.12

30.18

40.24

50.3

60.36

70.42

80.48

90.54

COMBINACIONES DE AREAS DE ACEROS EN cm


3/8"
12mm
1/2"
5/8"
3/4"
1.03
1.45
1.59
2.3
3.17
1.21
1.63
1.77
2.48
3.35
1.42
1.84
1.98
2.69
3.56
1.84
2.26
2.4
3.11
3.98
1.98
2.4
2.54
3.25
4.12
2.69
3.11
3.25
3.96
4.83
3.56
3.98
4.12
4.83
5.7
5.78
6.2
6.34
7.05
7.92
10.77
11.19
11.33
12.04
12.91

1"
5.39
5.57
5.78
6.34
6.34
7.05
7.92
10.14
15.13

1 3/8"
10.38
10.56
10.77
11.19
11.33
12.04
12.91
15.13
20.12

8mm

3/8"
12mm
1/2"

Diametro

1/4"
8mm

3/8"
12mm
1/2"

5/8"
3/4"
1"
1 3/8"

1/4"
0.64
0.82
1.03
1.45
1.59
2.3
3.17
5.39
10.38

8mm

0.82
1
1.21
1.63
1.77
2.48
3.35
5.57
10.56