Está en la página 1de 4

代號:3301 96 年公務人員特種考試法務部調查局調查人員考試試題

頁次:4-1
等 別:三等考試
組 別:各組別
科 目:法學知識與英文(包括中華民國憲法、法學緒論、英文)
考試時間:1 小時 座號:
※注意: 本試題為單一選擇題,請選出一個正確或最適當的答案,複選作答者,該題不予計分。
本科目共 50 題,每題 2 分,須用2B鉛筆在試卡上依題號清楚劃記,於本試題上作答者,不予計分。
禁止使用電子計算器。
1 在立憲主義憲法之發展過程中,下列何種原則最晚出現?
社會國原則 民主國原則 共和國原則 法治國原則
2 政府為了闢建公共設施徵收人民土地,但不給予任何補償,係違反憲法何項權利之保障?
生存權 財產權 自由權 程序基本權
3 依司法院大法官釋字第 567 號之解釋,限制人身自由之處罰,應以下列何種方式規定?
法律 法律或行政命令 法律或法規命令 法律或自治規則
4 依公職人員選舉罷免法第 31 條之規定,下列何者係鄉(鎮、市)長候選人年齡之下限?
二十三歲 二十六歲 三十歲 三十五歲
5 依憲法第 136 條規定,複決權之行使,以下列何者定之?
憲法 法律 命令 緊急命令
6 依司法院大法官之解釋,下列何者與婚姻自由之憲法上保障依據相同?
人格權 平等權 宗教自由 藝術自由
7 下級政府或機關間就其得全權處理之業務,依法完成法定效力後,陳報上級政府或主管機關知悉,是何種
概念?
委辦 核定 備查 陳情
8 立法院經總統宣告解散後,應於何時舉行立法委員選舉?
解散後三十日內 解散後六十日內 解散後三個月內 解散後六個月內
9 依據憲法第 50 條規定,總統於任滿之日解職;如屆期時次任總統尚未選出,或選出後總統、副總統均未就
職時,應由下列何人代行總統職權?
任滿解職之總統 立法院院長 任滿解職之副總統 行政院院長
10 依公職人員選舉罷免法第 35 條之規定,下列何人得登記為候選人?
現役軍人 國民兵應教育召集者 替代役男 辦理選舉事務人員
11 有關行政院與立法院之關係,下列敘述何者錯誤?
行政院有向立法院提出施政方針及施政報告之責
立法委員在開會時,有向行政院院長及行政院各部會首長質詢之權
行政院對於立法院決議之法律案、預算案、條約案,如認為有窒礙難行時,得經總統之核可,移請立法
院覆議
立法院可經全體立法委員四分之一連署,對行政院院長提出不信任案
12 行政院至遲應於何時提出決算於監察院?
會計年度結束後四個月內 會計年度結束後三個月內
會計年度結束後二個月內 會計年度結束後一個月內
13 有關國會議事公開原則,下列敘述何項有誤?
我國憲法並無議事公開規定,故立法院開會可以不必公開
國會議事公開是民主制度的憲法慣習,必須遵守
議事公開與國民知的權利有關
議事公開必須保障國民旁聽的自由
14 依司法院大法官之解釋,以下何者不得為違憲審查之事項?
統治行為 地方自治法規
司法機關據以審判之法令 立法機關制定之法律
15 以下何者不是考試院的隸屬機關?
公務人員保障暨培訓委員會 公務員懲戒委員會
考選部 銓敘部
16 以下那一個法律雖已立法,但仍未實施:
勞動契約法 團體協約法 工會法 勞資爭議處理法
代號:3301
頁次:4-2
17 甲夫乙妻生子 A、B、C,若甲死亡,下列何者得以繼承甲之遺產?
故意致甲於死之 A 偽造甲遺囑之 B 於甲生前被他人收養之 C 於甲死後改嫁之乙
18 六歲小孩得其父母之允許自行至車行購買腳踏車後興高采烈騎回家。其法律關係之效力為何?
買賣契約、物權契約均有效 買賣契約、物權契約均無效
買賣契約有效、物權契約無效 買賣契約無效、物權契約有效
19 有關刑法上之賄賂罪,下列何者非受賄之行為態樣?
要求 期約 交付 收受
20 依據現行刑法規定,下列何種犯罪不處罰過失行為?
刑法第 132 條公務員洩漏國防以外秘密罪 刑法第 163 條公務員縱放或便利脫逃罪
刑法第 183 條傾覆或破壞現有人所在之交通工具罪 刑法第 130 條公務員廢弛職務釀成災害罪
21 關於著作之合理使用,下列敘述何者正確?
著作之合理使用限於非營利之教育目的
著作之合理使用範圍由著作權人決定
將網路上之他人著作下載製成光碟販售,成立著作之合理使用
被利用著作之原創性愈低,利用人之利用愈容易成立合理使用
22 下列那一事項應適用行政程序法有關行政程序之規定?
學校或其他教育機構為達成教育目的之內部程序
犯罪矯正機關或其他收容處所為達成收容目的所為之行為
大學教師升等之行為
考試院有關考選命題及評分之行為
23 「不告不理」原則是司法機關適用法律的原則。它:
僅適用於民事案件 僅適用於刑事案件
僅適用於部分之刑事案件 適用於所有的訴訟案件
24 大法官解釋憲法,原則上須符合下列何種表決程序?
應有大法官現有總額四分之三之出席,及出席人三分之二同意
應有大法官現有總額三分之二之出席,及出席人三分之二同意
應有大法官現有總額三分之二之出席,及出席人二分之一同意
應有大法官現有總額二分之一之出席,及出席人二分之一同意
25 依立法院職權行使法之規定,每屆立法委員任期屆滿時,對於尚未議決之議案之處理方式,下列敘述何者正確?
若為法律案者,下屆從第二讀會審查開始繼續審議
若為法律案者,下屆從第一讀會審查開始繼續審議
若為預算案者,下屆不予繼續審議
若為人民請願案者,下屆繼續審議
26 下列關於「法規之廢止」的敘述,那一個正確?
行政命令之廢止須經立法院審查通過
法律定有施行期限者,期滿自然廢止,不需加以公告
行政命令之廢止,仍須經公布或發布之程序
法律未定有施行期限者,其廢止須經立法院通過,由主管機關公告後失效
27 以下何者並非我國大法官解釋促成法律變遷的實例?
大法官解釋認為違警罰法違反憲法第 8 條保障人民身體自由之規定,促成了違警罰法的廢止
大法官解釋認為民法「父母對於未成年子女親權之行使,父母意見不一致時,由父優先行使」之規定違
憲,促成了民法親屬編的修正
大法官解釋認為最高法院關於夫妻間「不堪同居之虐待」之判例違憲,促成了家庭暴力防治法的制定
大法官解釋認為警察之「臨檢」在法律上欠缺關於其要件、程序及人民尋求救濟之規定,促成了「警察
職權行使法」的制定
28 下列關於習慣的敘述,何者是錯誤的?
習慣是各地區內人民的傳統精神 習慣為立法者有意訂定之規範
習慣和某一社會的歷史有密切關係 習慣以規律社會生活關係為目的
29 關於強行法與任意法,下列敘述何者為正確?
只有在公法領域有強行法 私法領域內沒有強行法
民法規定有配偶者不得重婚,是任意法 民法裡也有強行規定
30 下列何者並非「行政命令」之應有名稱?
規程 條例 辦法 綱要
代號:3301
頁次:4-3
31 Thanks to mankind’s instinctive for power and perks, there is always someone who wants to be the boss.
 antipathy  appetite  solidarity  stalemate
32 We could never learn to be brave and patient, if there were only joy in the world.
 Joy in the world will teach us to be brave and patient.
 We learn to be brave and patient in spite of joy in the world.
 We learn to be brave and patient from something other than joy.
 Joy is the best way to train our courage and patience.
33 Instead of making things clear, Jane’s explanation me.
 bandaged  baffled  balanced  bargained
34 Although there were many _____ in his career as a writer, Henry refused to give up, and eventually he gained
national recognitions.
 collaborations  manuscripts  temptations  setbacks
35 In many countries, there is a drift of population from areas to the cities.
 urban  residential  rural  crowded
36 Hundreds of so-called “flash mobs” following e-mail instructions suddenly a location, acted out a loose
script, and then quickly dispersed after a preset time.
 converging on  converged on  have converged on  were converging on
37 From the many speech contests she has won so far, Mary has gained a fresh to prepare for the national one
next week.
 impulse  elasticity  impetus  oscillation
38 It has been a _____ for Tara to get up in the morning because she knew she and her husband would fight about the
money problems at breakfast.
 mass  feat  quiz  drag
39 Anne and Susan were engrossed in catching up with each other.
 Anne and Susan tried very hard to compete with each other.
 Anne and Susan were so interested in competing with each other that they couldn’t be distracted.
 Anne and Susan were so excited that they both talked at the same time.
 Anne and Susan were busy trying to update their lives to each other.
Helen packed a small suitcase, said goodbye to her mother, and hurried out of the house to catch the bus to the station.
There was no one else waiting at the bus stop, so it looked as if a bus 40 . Helen looked at her watch anxiously: it was
already two o’clock. Her train left at two-thirty, and since it 41 at least twenty minutes to reach the station, she did
not have much time to spare, even if a bus came along at once.
Just then a taxi came slowly down the road. Helen knew that the 42 to the station was at least two pounds, which
was more than she could 43 ; but she quickly made up her mind that it would be well worth the extra expense in order
to be sure of catching her train. So she stopped the taxi and got in. She told the driver that she had to catch a train which
left at half past two. The man nodded and said that he would take a short cut to get her to the station in good time.
All went well until, just as they were coming out of a side-street into the main road that led to the station, the taxi
ran into a car. There was a loud 44 and Helen was thrown 45 so violently that she hit her head on the front
seat. Both drivers got out and began shouting at each other. Helen got out as well, to ask them to stop quarrelling, but
neither of them took any notice of her at all.
40  just leaving  had just left  was just left  has just been left
41  would take  would be taken  would have taken  takes
代號:3301
頁次:4-4
42  ticket  money  trip  fare
43  bare  buy  afford  support
44  crash  voice  boom  gong
45  upward  forward  backward  leeward
In recent years, there have been many changes in the way museums present their exhibits to the public. The days of
large, dusty rooms full of glass cases with “DO NOT TOUCH” signs on them are long gone, together with free admission.
Until recently, most museums in Britain did not charge admission fees. They received a grant from the government which
covered the cost of running the museum. These grants have been abolished or reduced. Consequently, many museums now
charge for admission and need to attract large numbers of visitors in order to generate the income to maintain the building,
pay the staff, finance research and restoration services, and buy new exhibits. In order to persuade people that it is worth
paying for a quite expensive admission ticket, museums have tried to make their exhibitions brighter and more appealing.
Many museums, especially those devoted to science and technology, now have “interactive exhibits,” which means that
you can, in fact, touch the exhibits. Such exhibits appeal strongly to children. One of the biggest changes to take place in
recent years is that large numbers of teachers are now employed by museums. Their task is to prepare material that makes
the museum interesting to children and young people and to advise the curator on how to create strong links with schools
and colleges.
46 Recently museums in Britain have made changes to attract more visitors because .
 they need to establish a new image with the outside world
 they need to cover the cost of running the museum by themselves
 they want to create strong links with schools and colleges
 they have removed the “DO NOT TOUCH” sign
47 Children enjoy visiting the science and technology museums mainly because .
 the admissions are free
 curators have created worksheets for the children
 they like the interactive exhibits
 they like the restoration services
48 Many school teachers are employed by the museums to .
 do financial research and to restore pictures
 dust off glass cases
 sell admission tickets
 help create links with schools and colleges
49 In the past, most museums in Britain received to cover the cost of running.
 financial support from the government
 donations from the public
 admission fees from students
 money generated by restoration services
50 According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
 In the past, most museums did not charge admissions.
 People are complaining about the expensive admission tickets.
 A large number of teachers are employed by museums.
 In interactive exhibits, visitors are allowed to touch the exhibits.