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UNIDAD XXI

HOJADETRABAJO1.
PRONUNCIACION

Escriba a la derec~a, por pares, las palabras que tengan la misma pro-
nunciación.~Sihay más de dos palabras que se pronuncien igual, agrúpelas
todas.

wren
rap
wring
ran
wrote
right
wrist
wrap
ring
write
race
wright
rye
raft
rote
wreck
rite
writ
wry
reck

175
HOJAoETRABAJO2.

21.1.A. Complete las siguientes oraciones, cun el verbo entre paréntesis y el


. hecho verbal representadoen cada dibujo.

. (expect)
1. Louise at
7. a.m. tomorrow.
2. The boys at
8 tomorrow morning.
3. I
on time fbr the programo

(decide)
4. Ted. with
Rose at the balllast night.
5. You . with
her at the party yesterday.
6. They
together Iast Satu rday.

(hope)
7. 'We hot-
cakes for breakfast tomorrow.
8. They
hot-cakes for breakfast yesterday.
. 9. Debbie
hot-cakes for breafkast every d?y.

(refuse)
10. My sister.
the piano in front of strangers.
11. Mike the
piano last night.
12. He the piano
at the last school concert.

176
(Iearn)
13. I English
in the United States last year.
14. . He English
with his cousin now.
15. They English
in their childhood.

(want) .
16. She her
shoes. Her feethurt.
17. They their
shoes after the parade yesterday.
18. Mrs. Brown often
her shoes while
at the movies.

(agree)
19. I the
contract five minutes ago.
20. They the
contract before I did.
21. We the
contract after he does.

(plan)
22. We
baseball tomorrow morning.
23. John and Ted
baseball yesterday.
Our friends
baseball al! next week.
177
21.1.B. De la lista de palabras dela derecha, escoja la que complete correcta-
. mente cada oración, y escríbalaen su lugar. '

1. Ted wants to to Mary. He


to her an important ques-
tion. hopes
2. Mr. Brown expected to the radio for agreed
twenty dollars, but he to pay twenty- expect
five for it, after ~ brief explanation by the clerk. learned .

3. They to speak French during their plans


stay.in France last year. refuses
4. We finallv.. to come. Our decision was tal k
difficult. dance
5. Mrs.' Kent to find her wedding ring. decided
She lost it at the office yesterday. búy
/
6. Margaret. to speak to Robert, she is ask'
angry at him.
7. I am learningto the tango.
8. We to receivea letter today. It is Mon-
day, and we get a letter everyMonday.

21.1.C. Complete las siguientes oraciones, utilizando los verbos entre parérl-
tesis. Use la construcción de infinitivo.

1. John early for work every day.


(leave,- like)
2. Pat to see us today. (come -
intend)
3. Our babies orange juice. (lave - drink)
4. G'irlsusuallv. boxing matches. (watch
- dislike)
5. We here in 1970. (begin -
work)
6. Ted and Ann USof their deci-
sion to leave last week. (neglect - inform)
7. Thev. presents to the children
in the future. (bring- continue)

178
8. '--- the radio last night. (turn off
- forget)
9. The girls. with Henry and Bob.
(prefer - go).
'10. The two boys the contesto
Unfortunately, they couldn't. (win - try)
11. We vou the news. (tell -
regret)
. 12. The. doctor. the baby two
hours ago. (operate on - start)
13. Our childre8 ice-cream. (1i ke -
I eat)
14. They for two hours after the
party ended yesterday. (sing - continue)
15. 1- things unfinished. (leave -
hate)

Repita el ejercicio anterior, utilizando el ger.undio en lugar del infiniti-


vo.

179
HOJADETRABAJO3.

21.2.1. Complete las siguientes oraciones utilizando, en el orden 'Y forma


adecuados, los verbos que aparecen entre paréntesis.

1. Helen- the words. (coPY -


recall)
2. We often ~round the world.'
(imagine- travel)
3'. Theboy- Mrs. Smith yesterday.
(deny - see)
4. We- early. (leave - advise)
5. Margaret her own clothos.
(enjoy - sew)
6. The secretaries- the letters two
hours ago. (finish-, type)
7. 1- his visits. (miss - receive)
8. She that opportunity. (lose -
mind)
9. Charles all the food yesterday.
(spoil- risk)
10. We the packages soon.
(appreciate- receive)
11. The boys
the windowyesterday. (admit - break)
12. The Johnsons their new house.
(build - complete)
13. The director in class. (smoke-
- forbid)
14. Margaret- Chicago last'summér.
(delay - visit)
15. He- .at 6 p.m. every day. (quit
- work)
16. They-
- new enterprises in that region. (establish - permit)

180
21.2. Complete las siguientes oraciones con el verbo entre paréntesis y el
hecho verbal representado en cada dibujo.

(keep) -

1. Margaret.
popÜlar songs.,
2. We- after
they left.
3. You-
until 9 last night.

(consider)
4. Ted- the
windows first.
5. We the
doors white. We finally painted
them red.
6. 'l- my
. nails now.

(enjoy)
7. The children
cartoons on T.V.
8. Margaret-
movies on T.V.
9. Ted and Sil!.
football games on
T.V.

(avoid)
10. Mary
letters.
11. We-
exercises.
12. They-
formu las yesterday.

181
(finish)
13. She the
cakes for the party yesterday.
14. We
dinner at 5:30 p.m. every day.
15. You ' the
sa n dwiches before the guests
carne.

(mind)
16. Boys -
coats and tieso
17. I
high heels.
18. They- .
sweaters in fairweather.

(deny)
19. She,
his hand.
20. We- lhen
yesterday.
21. He-
bad Iy.

182 .
HOJADETRABAJO 4.

21.3.1. Complete la segunda oración de manera que exprese básicamente la


misma idea que la primer~. Utilice los verbos y demás elementos
entre paréntesis. '.

1. Mary promised to be brave. She


(afraidh
2. We expect to see the cometo We,
(miss)
3. They enjoy winning games. They.
them. (lose)
4. She dislikes forgetting names. She-
names. (remember)
5. I hate to be pessimistic.t-
(optimistic)
6. Wen~edto saveenergy. We
it. (waste).
7. He denied being indiscreet. He
(discreet)
8. He feared they were goingto be late. He
!early)
9. I decided to stay. I
(leave)
10. The newspaper.boY'stopped coming. He
(start)

183
HOJADETRABAJO 5.

21.4. Lo que afirma de John, niéguelode Peter.

1. Johns plans to go. Peter

2. John regrets visiting the museum. Peter

3. John avoided driving fasto Peter

4. John continued studying German. Peter:

5. John agreesto bring his records. Peter

6. John hates to work in a noisy place. Peter

7. John denies seeing.Margaret. Peter

8. John stopped running. Peter

9. John is learning 10 swim. Peter

10. John loves dancing. peter

11. John finished painting his ~oom. Peter

12. John is trying to control his temper. Peter

13. John decided to sel! his caroPeter

- 14. John will start to type the letters. Peter

15. John ihtends to visit them. Peter

21.4.1. Complete las siguientes oraciones utilizando los verbos qUe aparecen
entre paréntesis. Exprese qt:Jeno se está tomando la actitud o forma

1"84
de enfrentamiento a la acción o hecho verbal señalada por el primero
de los dos verbos que se dan en cada caso.

1,. L until 9:00 p.m. today.


(mind - work)
2. Helen seldom- cake instead of
ice-cream. (prefer - eat)
3. The gids- to the movies today.
(want - go)
4. Oebbie- the doors last night.
(neglect - lock)
5. We Paris"before we made the
reservations. (consider - visit)
6. Children generallv. quieto
(like - be)
7.. Mark with us last
summer. (refuse - .cooperate)
8. They. . a new factory here now.
They will wait until riext month. (begin - build)
9. The gardener the chrysanthe-
mums today. (expect - plant)
10.1- the dishes. (dislike - do)
11. Louise with George. He
stepped on her feet all the time. (enjoy - dance)
12. Mother never us to be
careful when we leave the house. (forget - tell) .
13. We' our package~ again
when we forgot them at the bus station. (expect - see)
14. The comp~ny new machin-
ery this yeat. (need - buy)
15. They. until the end of
the exam. (keep - write)

185
HOJADETR1ABAJO
6.

21.5.1. Ordene cada grupo de palabras para estructurar una oración declara-
tiva.

1. agree- before - should - they - the papers - the end of the month
- to signo .

2. can;! - to stay' - she - ~nd not go - prefer - home - to the dance!

3. avoid - they - using - must - the old staircase.


4. to build
. - here - the government -- a new atomic plant - might - be
planning

5. good grades - expect - they - to get - shouldn't - without effort.

6. to feed- mustn't - the cat - neglect- and the dog- at noon - you.

7. the key- wouldrather- keep- I - to find- trying.

8. immediately- haveto - the letters- typing- I ~ start.

9. be able to - for the house - my frieríds- will .;...paying - stop - soon.

10. at the time of the election- might ~ to create - try - confusion - he.

11. like - Joanna - only - to sing - used.to - cfassicalmusic.

12. addressing- the secretaries -- could - in two hours - finish - all the
envelopes.

13. with us - retuse - often - .would- to come - he.

14. to them - try ..,..we - the merchandise- on time - to deliver - must.

15. the boy - limping- can't - with his ri,ghtfoot - help.


186
HOJADETRABAJO7.

21.6.1.Complete la pregunta y la respuesta breve. UtiLicelos verbos entre


. paréntesis. En los casos en que se puede,' dé la segunda respuesta
breve.

, 1. the votes before noon yester-


day? (demand - have)
Yes,thev.
2. a telegram fron) your
son today? (receive - expect)
Ves, I
3. the paintings on time
for the last exhibit? (fail - bring)
No, they:
4. the house before ten
every day? (clean - finish)
Ves, then
5. not
early? (advise- come)
Yes,he
6. , ,"-those bbnds? (sell
- plfopose)
No, they,
7. .the position?
(refusé - take)
No, I
8.--, golf? (play -
~njoy)
Yes, she
9. at ni"nelast night.
(s~op ~ move)
No, it .

10. QII the boxes?


(count - need)
No, you (sing)

187
11. my pen yesterday?
(happEm- see)
. ~

No, I
12. the disease during
the last epidemic? (avoid - catch.)
Ves, they
13. lhe museum this
afternoon? (visit - intend) (It is 10:~O a.m.)
Yes, we.
14. .finally
the right consistency to the soup? (learn - give)
No, she.
15. Mrs. Brown
yesterday even ing? (bother - keep)
Ves,it

188
HOJADETRABAJO8.

21.7.1. Complete las respuestas breves, use todas las formas posibles.

1. Should they decide to start the operation?


Ves, ,

2. May Bob continue selling candy?


Ves,
3. Can Alice refuse to take the~course?
No,
4. 'Was John able to help to open the lock?
No,
5. Might his grandfather dislike to eat fish?
Ves,
6. Could they ~inish sandpapering the cabinet?
Ves,
7. Do you héiveto agree to stop working early?
No, L

. .
8. Has Tess got to offer to take the message to her parents?
No,
9. Would you, rather consent to play for them?
Ves,
10. Could they farl.to come?
Ves,
11. Can you and Pat delay leaving?
No,
12. Might she fear failing?
'Ves,
13. Did he use to forget to take his umbrella? .
No,
14. Must you keep standirig there alone?
. Ves, .

15. Should they consider giving her a prize?


Ves,

189
21.7.2. A partir de la pregunta base, vaya sustituyendo los elementos que se
le dan entre paréntesis a la izquierda. Haga los cambios necesarios.

1. Might John forget to come?


1.1. (go)-
1.2. (delay).
1.3. (arrive)

2. Should they permit smoking?


2.1. (enjoy)
2.2. (dance)
2.3. (learn)

3. WO!Jldyou rather start leaving now or later?


3.1. (work)
3.2. (planL
3.3.. (proceed)

4. Will you agree to stay?


4.1. (refuse)- .

4.2. (consider)
4.3. (.your son)

5. How can they continue to row?


5.1. (fail)-
,5..2. (swim)
5~3. (keep)

6. Can't you help crying?


. 6.1. (stop)
6.2. (Mrs. Brown)
6.3. (nag)

190
HOJADETRABAJO9.
21.8.- Utilizando las palabras entre paréntesis, y guiándose por las respues-
tas, complete las preguntas. .

1. the vase?
(break - 'deny)
The child.
2. ydu?
(can - expect - we - see)
Tomorrow.
3. the city?
(they ~ leave - plan)
Next Sunday.
4. on time?
(come - fail - might)
Mrs. Clark.
5. from their
boss last week? (receive- they - demand)
A raise in saJary.
6. us?
(Mrs.King- give- would - rather)
A p!1inting. ,
7. at seven
yesterday? (work.,.- stop)
Our refrigerator.
8. his extraordinarv
art collection? (permit- exhibit - he - might)
At the NationalMuseum of Art.
9. YOUf
coffee? (prefer - you - have)
Black and hot.
10. home?
(~seto - Mark- take - offer)
Margaret.
11. the blank~
yesterday? (continue - be able to - fill)
Charles and James.

191
12. the boxes
every time. (they - begin - tie - have to)
Slowly and carefully.
13. their toys?
(learn- must - they - put)
In their place. ,

14. the letter?


(we - receive - can ..:-expect)
Tomorrow morning.
15. 'next month?
(fail - they - might - see)
The new program at school.
HOJADETRABAJO 10.

21. Voc. A.1. Complete guiándose por los dibujos. Utilice about, around,
against,down, into, off; through, toward, up o upon.
1. 80b is coming_the slope.

. 2. Tie the rope firmly.


your wai~t. I

3. The. rain is cóming in


that broken window.

4. I saw him Christmas


time. (approximately)

5. She left the broom leaning ~

the door.

193
6. There was a special radiance
all . her.

00,\ ¡¡"Ooo'

. 1')~~
1[,,\..,
. 7. The elevator isgoingup
and I have to go

8. Pleasestep
circle.

9. Watch out! That bull is com-


ing
uS.

1'0. To win you have to hit the


target exactly.
the center.

194
11. We have to walk
this path until we
reach that tower.

12. Please take those dirty dishes


the table
and puf them in the sink.

13. John can't gQ


that doorway.

14. We should not go


the house with 'these muddy
shoes, let's take them off.

.' ."..

15. The little squirrel is coming ,

the tree
now.
ll{~:

16. Let me tak~ this bug-


, your blouse.

195
HOJADETRABAJO11.
21. Voc. B.1. Complete con about, to, in order to, u upon y la forma
correcta del verbo en paréntesis, guiándose por el contexto. En algunos
casos no se necesita forma verbal.

1. This is the last chapter. We are :the book.


(finish)
2. He yvasproclaimed king immediately.
h is father' s death.
3. Mary started to make all the arrangements
permissionto leavethe country. (receive)
. .

4. She did her housework rapidly- free


.to accompany uso(be)
5. The play is . Don't leave your seat
now. (begin)
6. She didn't say anything him.
(please)
7. We .are :the Gontract. Only a few
adjustments are necessary. (sign)
8. Mr. Simpson left . .the news. (announce)
9. The sun is up. It's 5:55. (come)
10. Please get in touch with me
your arrival. .
11. We telephoned them the work. (finish)
12. I'm sorry, I can't talk to you now. I'm
for Miami. (leave)
13. You need practice .this well. (do)
14. Our team was, when the game ended.
(score) I
15. Dn the price, they signed the order.
(agree)
16. He'I! give you permission. We're him.
(convince)
17. She received a mi11ion dollars her
twenty-first birthday.
18. Ted has to go downtown a present for
Debbie. (get)

196
19. The woman fainted the mouse. (see)
20. We're going to the bank a check .
(castí)

197
HOJADETRABAJO12.

21. Voc. C.l. Complete con about, at, for, from, in, into, of, on/upon, over,
to o with, según corresponda. Si falta el verbo, 'escríbalo en la forma en
que' debe 'ir. El infinitivo de dicho verbo se le da entre paréntesis al
final.

1. Paul is tired their insistence.


2. Let's depend him. He is reliable.
3. 1'11have to borrow some money the bank for my trip.
4. Whom is Angela married ? .
5. She feels homesick her old office.
6. Are you angry. me? I didn't want to bother you.
7. Is Helen interested the house.?r (purchase)
8. Little Agnes was in tears her broken doll.
. 9. Sally blames her sister the accident.
10. You cannot stop me ~ou. (love)
11. We'lI have to look the problem carefully.
12. We're going to complain . his negligence.
13. Theyarrived Rome at 7:00 p.m.
14. We need to translate this poem French.
15. It'skind you me the money. (lend)
16. Margaret agreed ~ us. the need to go.
17. I think him with love and admiration.
18. Aren't you tired all that work?
19. The people are angry. the new rise in prices.
20. Ann and Louise have to arrive the airport in ten minutes.
21. Susan was enthusiastic Bob's gift to her.
22. You should be accustomed her violent reactions.
23.\ He used to supply us fresh vegetables from his garden.
24. Wearen't used
up late. (stay).

. 198
HOJADETRABAJO13.

21. Trad. 1. Traduzca.

1. Mine are the other ones.

2. She'sangry at him for not answeringher letters.

3. Wecannot stop them from demanding their rights.

4. She'g.otthe ticket upon arriving~

5. Ann lavesmakingcakes.

6. Wait, I can't seeanything.

7. You should try to fix that dress.

8. They couldn't refuseto lend us the money.

9. I wasn't looking through the keyhole.

10. Pleasedon't delay doing the work.

LECTURA DE COMPRENSION

Lea.cuidadosamentela siguiente biografía y luego conteste las pregun-


tasquesele hacen.
HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN, THE MASTER OF FAIRY-TALES.

Many children throughout the world are acquaintec;Jwith the adven-


tures of Hans Christian Andersen's Iiterary characters, they have suffered with
them, and laughed with them and they have lived with them in a world of
beauty and magic. The world created .by Hans Christian Andersen. Most of

199
them don't know, however that in a way, the life of Hans Christian Andersen
himself was like a fairy-tale.
I

He was born in Odense, on the green island of Fünen, in Denmark, on


April 2,1805, the only child of a poor shoemaker and his wife, a simple
washerwoman, ignorant and superstitious. The father's work bench took up
much of the space of the small house where they.lived; there was also an old
cupboard with some well-worn books and a few other treasured possessions,
the beds, and a few chairs. The house was in the slums of Odense, andwhat
the father made from the sho~s he sold to the poor people in the
neighborhood, or from his repair work, was very little, hardly enough to
support his wife and child. However, they were a happy family: The father
loved to read stories from lhe old books to his child, and to bring them to life
in the puppet theater he had constructed out of a wooden box. Hans learned
to know the chara.cters of all the stories, and also learned to make the
puppets and dress them in discarded pieces of leather, silk and other
materials. This really marks the beginning of Hans Christian Andersen fairy
world; this, and the many ghost stories his mother used to tell him, or his'
grandmother, or the other women who worked with her in ttíe asylum for
the insane in Odense, where his g.randfather was confined.

There was another beautiful ex.perience in Hans Christian's life,


connected with his father: their Sunday walks through the WQods,picking
wild strawberries, collecting leaves and flowers, observing life all around. The
streets of Odense were stonepaved, and the humble houses of the slums had
no gardens. However, people managed to grow some plants in them, like
Hans Christian's mother, who had a roof gardeh made of wooden boxes
filled with soil. 80t across the stream in the outskirts of town, there ex-
. tended a world of coolness and green beauty and comfort, and Iittle Hans
loved to go there, and his soul absorbed avidly all the wonderful sensations
of communion with nature, and all the simple wisdom of his father. Al! this
ended soon, because his father offered his services as a volunteer in .the
Napoleonic Wars, and when he returned his health and his spirit were
broken, little was left of his optimism and gaiety, and he had lost the ability
to daydream~ Not long afterwards, when Hans was eleven years old, he died.
The mother married again soon, and Hans had to find a job. He tried to learn
a trade, but his several efforts at apprenticeship in different trades failed
because of the unkind jokes of his companions an.9his own inability to cope
.with them. This was not new, the same thing had happened in school, where
his classmates ridiculed him for his big nose, his large feet and h-ands-,and his
uncommon height; but more than anything, because he was excessively
sensitive, and that made him the easy target of all kinds of jokes, so me o.f
them very cruel. For that reason, young Hans had preferred to stay home and

200
read or play with his puppets and had abandoned school, and for that r~ason
also, he decided one day to leave Odense and his pursuit for atradé and to
try his luck at -the Royal Theatrein Copenhagen. He warrté"dto become
famous, and he was sur.e he could attain fame if he was willing to suffer for
it. Since his mother had married again, there was no problem in leaving
home. When he told her of his plans to go to Copenhagen, she asked, "What
are you going to do there?" His answer had the simple logic of an innocent
and ignorant child, /11 shall be famous./I and he added, "first you suffer
terrible things, then you get to be famous." And famous he got, but it was
not easy, and it really meant great suffering. He broke his clay pig, and
gathered all his savings, some thirty shilli.ng, and left for the city of his
dreams of success. It was 1819, and he was fourteen years old. .

His mother had taught him how to make a little money go a long way,
but even so, he had to go hungry on many occasions. He found a job at the
Royal Theatre, strangely enough as a dancer, which was hardly the righ~.
activity for him, and after that, in the choir school. This was better, as he
had a sweet and melodious voice. He had the gift for making people want to
help him, and found protection in two musicians and in the poet Frederik
Hoegh Gulberg, who became his friends, and also in Jonas Collin, one of the
directors of the theater. He wanted to become a playwright, and when his
voice broke and he could no longer continue i~ the choir, he wrote some
tragedies, which were rejected as not adequate for performance. Then Jonas
Collin managed to obtain a scholarship for him, and sent him to the grammar
school of Slagelse in 1822. It was a good thing Hans accepted this oppor-
tunity'to complete his formal education, but he suffered very much during
the five years h,e had to attend school again, first in Slagelse and then in
Elsinore, all under the same headmaster, a man by the name of Simon
Meisling, who seemed to find special pleasure in taunting him with his
cutting remarks and cruel mockery. He and his wife made I¡fe so miserable
for Hans, that finally Mr. Collin decided to find private tutoring for the boy,
so that he could finish hi~ preparation to enter Copenhagen University' and
pass his universityeX'amination. "

In 1822 he had published his first book, Ungdoms-Forsct>'9 (/lYouthful


Attempts/l) under a pen name that included those of Will.iamShakéspeare and
Walter Scott, whom he admired very much, plus his. own: Villiam Christian
Walter; and h'is first poem, "Det df/>endeBarn" (/lThe Dying Child"), 1827.
NQw in 1829, after getting through with his stud¡"es,he published his first
really important book Fodreise fra Holmens Canal til f/)stpynten of Almager
(/lA Journey on Foot frÓm Holman's Canal to the East Point of Almager"), a
poetic description of the streets of Copenhagen. He also had the satisf.action
the same year, of seeing his first play performed in the Royal Theatre. The

201
'~
Wfjy-w~ovy open for him as a writer, and other publications followed,
however, they were not well received by the critics of his country. Success
was awaiting him after he traveled abroad on a small allowance granted for
this purpose by King Frederick of Denmark. It came with his novel The
Improvisatore (1835), which was translated into German and English, thus
marking the beginning of his international fame. This novel gave him enough
money to solve his economic difficulties. The setting of The Improvisatore is
Italian, but it is an autobiographical novel the same as his other important
'novels that were published afterwards. He also published some delightful
books in which he recorded his impressions 6f the countries he visited,with
. sketches he himself made, among them: En Oigters Bazar '("A Poet's
Bazaar"), I Sverrig ("P,ictures of Sweden"), and I Spanien ("In Spain").'
However, what really gave him fame, and placed him among the truly great
writers of all times, were his fairy-tales, the first series of which he began
publishing in 1835. He called his fairy.;tqles Eventyr to distinguish them from
Historier; the first had supernatural elements, the second didn't. He never
gave much importance to his Eventyr, whlch he wrote almost as a pastime
and mainly for the money he could obtain f~om them. To him his really .

important work were his novels, 'poems, plays and travel books, yet people
everywhere know him for his wonderful fairy-tales, some 168 in alf, which
have the beauty and simplicity and universality of all masterworks. Who
hasn't suffered with "The Ugly Duckling", with his terrible feeling of
inadequacy and loneliness, and also rejoiced with him and marveled at his
discovery of love and beauty? Who hasn't perceived the tenderness and
faithfulness and sadness of "The Little Mermaid"? or the sweet simplicity of
the love story of the brave "Tin Soldier" and his muchadmired ballerina?
Who hasn't also marveled and laughed at the stupidity of men as depicted in
"T.he Emperor's New Clothes", or "The Nightingale"? , or hasn't seen him-
self reflected in "The Fir Tree", which was never satisfied with what he had,
only to discover, after losing it, how valuable it really was. In our days
Andersen's fairy tales are for children, and it isa good thing they are, except
perhaps for a few of them which are really traumatic, beéause that way
children ,can enjoy the wisdom and humor and tenderness of the world
created by this great author. But he didn't write them for 'children, they
were his way of expressing his loneliness and his need for love and self-
. realization. He had a very difficult personal ity, especially because he was
easily wounded, perhaps because of what he had to suffer as a child, and his
friends had a hard time in their relationship with him. He never married,
although he was in love on three occasions, one of them with the famous
Swedish singer Jenny Lind, who inspired some of his beautiful tales. .
He created a new style of writing by using everyday expressions 'in his
stories, and thus innovated the literature of Denmark. His fresh and 'simple
style also inspired writers in other countries to imitation. There are more

202
than two thousan'd editions of his fairy tales, and they have been translated '

into more than eighty languages.When he reached his seventieth birthday, .


his tale "The Story of a Mother'.', which appeared in 1848 for the first time,
was published simu Itaneously in fifteen languages as a special honor to him.
Little could the poor child of thé shoemaker and the washerwoman,' who
was the object of ridicule of his classmates and coworkers in Odense dr;eam
that he would be received by kings and famous people everywhere, and more
importantly, that children and grownups all over the world would get to
know and I~ve him through his wonderful stories.
He died on August 4,1875, at the age of seventy, in the summer villa
of a friend in Copenhagen and was buri~d there. Two monuments stand in
this city in his memory, his statue at the King's Garden, with the inscription
H.C. Andersen, Digter (poet and writer) and a small bronze statue of theLittle
Mermaid at the shores of the Langeline, looking sadly into the sea. He gave.
'true life to everything he created with his words, and authenti~ proof is this
Little Mermaid cast in bronze, to whom people bring flowers as if it were
- somebody who had really lived.

Ouestions:

1. What was the life 'of Hans Christian Andersen like?

2. Where and when was Hans Christian Andersen born?

3. What did his father love to do?

4. Where was his grandfather confined?


.

5. What did Hans and his father do on their Sunday wal ks through the
woods?

6. How old was Hans when his father died?

7. Why was he the easy target,for all kinds of jokes?

B. What type of job did he find at the Royal Theatre?

203
9. Whomanagedto obtain a scholarshipfor him?

10. Why did Mr. Collin decide to find private tutoring for Hans?

11. What is "A Journey on Foot from Holman's Canal to the East Point of
Almager" ?

12. Into what languageswas "The Improvisatore"translated?

13. What did Andersen call his fairy-tales?

14. With what was "The Fir Tree" never satisfied?

15. Which one of his tales was translated into fiftOOn:languages simul-
. taneously as an honor to him on his seventieth brithday?

l.

204
HOJA DE RESPUESTAS

HOJA pE TRABAJO 1
PRONUNCIACION.

wren wrap rap


rap wring ring
wring wrote rote
ran write/wright rite/right
wrote wry rye
\
right
wrist
wrap
ring
write
race
wright
rye
raft
rote
wreck
rite
write
wry
reck

HOJA DE TRABAJO 2.
21.1.A.

(expect)
1. Lou ¡seexpects ta get ue at 7 a.m. tomorrow
.2. The boys eX/l.ect to get UR..at 8 tomorrow morning.
3. lex/J..ect ta get UR..on time for the programo

205 I
(decide)
4. Ted decided to dance with Rose at the balllast night.
5. y OlJdecided to dance with her at the party yesterday.
6. They decided to déJf}cetogether last Saturday.

(hope)
7. We hORe to have (or to eat) hot-cakes for breakfast tomorrow.
8. They hORed to have (or to eat) hot-cakes for breakfast yesterday.
9. Debbie hOl2.esto have ('Orto eat) hot-cakes for breakfast everyday

(refuse)
10. My sister refuses to R'av..the piano in front of strangers.
11. Mike refused to play' the piano last night.
12. He refused to plaY..the piano at the last school concert.

(learn)
13. Ilearned to speak English in the United States last year.
14. He is learning to speak English with his cousin now.
15. They /earn~d to sl!.eak English in their childhood.

(want)
16. She wants to take off her sh0es. Her feet hurto
17. They wanted to t~ke offtheir shoes after the parade yesterday.
18. Mrs. Brown ~ften wants to take off her shoes while at the movies.

(agree)
19. I~greed to si9!Jthe contract five minutes ago.
20. They ggreed to sign the contract before I did.
21. We§Jgreeto si9IJ..the contract after he does.

(plan)
22. WeRlan to l2./a)(baseball tomorrow,morning.
23. John and Ted R/anned to RlaY..baseball yesterday.
24. Our friends R/an to Rlay. baseball next week.

21.1.B.
1. Ted wants to ta/k 'to Mary. He l2./ansto ask her an importánt question.
"

206
2. Mr. Brown expected to buY.. the radio for twenty dollars, but he..§greed
to pay twenty"five for it, after a brief explanation by the clerk.
3. They learned to speak French during their stay in France last year.
4., We finally decided to come. Our decision was difficult.
5. Mrs. Kent -hOl!.es to find her wedding ring. She lost it at tpe office
.

yesterday. '

6. Margaret refuses to speak to Robert, she is angry at him.


7. I am learning to dance the tango.
8. We ~xl!.ect to receive a letter today. It is Monday.

21.1.C.
1. John IikefJto leaveearly for work every day. (leave- like).
2. Pat intends to come to see us today. (come - intend).
3. Our babieslove to drínk orange juice. (.Iove- drink).
4. GirlsusiJallydíslike to watch boxing matches. (watch -- dislike).
. to work here in 1970. (begin- work).
5. WelJ..egan
6. Ted and Ann !!..eglectedto ínform us of their decision to leave last week. .
(neglect - inform).
7. , They wíll (are g..oingJg) continue to bring-presents to the children in
. the future. (bring - continue).

8. I 'argot to turn off the radio last night.


9.' The girlsI!.referto ge.with Henry. and Bob. (prefer - go).
10. The two boys tried to wín the contesto Unfortunately, thev. couldn't.
(win - try), .

11. We regretto tell yóu the news. (tell - regret). ,


1.2. The doctor started to oJ2.eratethe baby two hours ago.' (operate on -
sta rt).
13. Our children like to eat íce-cream(like - eat).
14. They continued to sing for two hours after' the party endedyesterday.
(sing - continued).
15. I hate to leavethings unfinished. (leave- hate).

HOJA DE TRABAJO 3.
21.2.1.
1. Helen recalls cOf!,y}ng.the words. (copy - recall).

207
2. We often imagine traveling_around the world. (imagine - travel).
3. The boy denied seeing-Mrs. Smith yesterday. (deny - see).
4. Weadvise leaving-early. (leave - advise).
5. Margaret enj'ly.s sewinu..her own clothes. (enjoy - sew).
6. The secretaries ~inished ty'~in9.the letters two hours ago. (finis~ - type).
7. I miss receivinu..his visits. (miss - receive).
8. She minds losinu..tha"topportunity. (lose - ;mind).
9. Charles risked spoiling-all the food yesterday. (spoil - risk).
10. We!ll!preciate receivinu..the packages soon. (appreciate - receive).
11.. The boys admit (or admitted) breaking- the window yesterday. (admit -
break).
12. The Johnsons completed building-their new house. (build - complete).
13. The director forbids smo.kingin class. (smoke- forbid).
14. Margaret delay.edvisitingChicagolast summer. (delay - visit).
15. Heguits working-at 6 p.m. everyday. (quit - work).
16. They-Rermit establishing-new enterprises in that region. (establish -
permit).

21.2.
(keep).
1. Margaret keeps sing~u..popular songs.
2. We kef!.t singin!l after they left.
3. y ou kellt sing!IJg.until 9 last night.

(consider) .
4. Ted is considering.lJ.ainting. the windows first. '
5. We considered f!.ainting- the doors white. We finally painted them red.
6. I am considerin9.~ainting- my nails now.

(enjoy).
7. The children l!!}jQy'(or ~jgyjng) watching cartoons on T.V.
8. Margaret enjQy'swatching_movies on T.V.
9. Ted and Bill enjQy"watching- football games on T.Y.

(avoid) .
10. Mary avoids writing_letters.
11. Weavoid writing-exercises.

208
12. They avoided writing-formulas yesterday.

(finish)
13. She finished making- the cakes for the party yesterday.
14. We finish.making- dinner at 6:30 p.m. every day.
15. You had finished making the sandwiches before the guests came.

(mind)
16. Boys mind wearing-coats and tieso
17. I mind wearing high heels.
18. They mind wearing.sweaters in fair weather.

. (deny).
19. She denies seeinu.. h is hand. -
20. We denied seeing. them yesterday.
21. He denies seeif19..badly. .

HOJA DE TRABAJO 4.
21.3.1.
1. Mary promised to be brave. She I!-,omised not to be afraid. (afraid).
2. We expect to see the cometo We eXRect not to miss it:(miss).
3. They enjoy winning games. They enjQY not losing-them. (Iose).
4. She dislikes forgetting names. She dislikes not remembering. nam~s~
(remember).
5. I hate to be pessimistic. I hate not to be optimistic. (optimistic).
6. We need to save energy.. Weneed not to waste of. (waste).
7. We denied being indiscreet. Wedenied not being discreet. (discreet).
8. -He feared they were going to be late. He feared they were not g.oing to
be ear/y..!..(early).
9. I decided 10 stay. I decided not to leave. (leave).
10. The newspape'r boy stopped coming. He started not coming~ (~tart).

HOJA DE TRABAJO 5.
21.4.-
1. John plans to go. Peter doesn't I2lan to go.,
2. John regrets visiting the museum. Peter doesn't regret visiting the
museum. '

209
3. John avoided driving.fast. Peter didn't avoid driving fast. .
4. John continued studying German. Peter didn't. continue studying.
German.
5. John agrees to bring his records. Peter doesn't agree to bring his
records. .

6. John hates to wor~ in a noisy place. Peter doesn't hate to work in a


nois'(. place.
7. John denies seeing Margaret. Peter doesn't deny seeing Margaret.
8. John stopped running. Peter didn't stop running:..
9. John is learning to swim. Peter isn't learning to swim.
10. John loves dancing. Peter doesn't love dancing:.
11. John finished painting his room. Peter didn't finish ~ainting his room.
12. John is trying to 'control his temper. Peter isn't tryjng to control his
temf.!.er. .
13. John decided to sel! his caro Peter didn't decide to se" his caro
14. John will start to type the letters. Peter won't ~tart to t'{Re the letters.
15. John intends to visit them. Peter doesn't intend to visit them.

21.4.1.
1. I don't mind working-until 9:0b p.m. today (mind - work).
2. Helen seldom prefers to eat (or. prefers eatingJ cake instead of ice-
cream. (prefer - eat). I

3. The girls don't want to go to the movíestoday. (want - go). .


¡ 4. Debbiedidn't neglectto lock (or neglectlocking)the doors last night.
(neglect - lock).
5. We didn't consider visiting- Paris before we made the reservations.
(consider - visit). 1)-

6. Children generallydon't like to be (or like beingj quiet. (like - be).


7. Mark didn't refuse to c00l2.erate with us last summer. (refuse - coop-
erate).
8. They are not beginning to build a .factory here now. They will wait
until next month. (begin- build).
9. The gardener doesn't expect to plant the chrysanthemums today.
(expect - plant). .

10. I don't dislike to do (or dislike doingj the dishes. (dislike - do).
11. Louise didn't enjgy dancing-with George. He stepped on her feet all the
time. (enjoy - dance).

210
12. Mother neverforgets to tell (or forgets tel/ing) us to be careful when we
leavethe house.(forget - tell). I

13. Wedidn't eX/lect to see our packages agaif),when we fo.rgot them at the
busstation. (expect - see). '
14. The company doesn't need to buy new machinery this year. (need -
buy). I

. 15. They didn't keel!. writinu.. until the end of the exam. (keep - write).

HOJA DE TRABAJO 6
,21.5.1.
1. agree- before - should - they - the papers - the end of the'month -
to signo .

They should agree to sign the RE/lersbefore the end of the month.
2. can't - to stay - she - and - not go - prefer - home - to the dance.
She can't prefer to stay home and not go to the dance.
3. avoid~ they- using- must - the old staircase..
They must avoid using the old staircase.
4. to build - here - the government- a new atomic plaqt - might - be
planning. "
The government might be I?lan~ing to build a new atomic plant here.
5., good grades - expect - they -:- to get - shouldn't - without effort.
They shouidn't expect to {Jet{¡oodgrades without effort.
6. to feed - mustn't - the cat - neglect- and the dog - at noon - you.
You mustn't neglect to feed the cat and the dog at noon. .
7. the key - would rather - keep-1 - to find - trying.
I would rather keep trying to find the ke'(:.
8.. immediately~ have to - the letters - typing - 1~ start.
I have to start typing
-- the letters inmediately.,- .
9. beableto - for the house- my friends - will,- paying - stop - soon.
Mr.'friendswillbe able to stol?1l!!yjngfor the house soon.
10. at the time of the election - might - to create- try - confusion - he.
He might try 'to create confusion st the time of the election.
- - -
11. like Joanna only to sing- used to - classicalmusic.
Joanna used to like to sing only: classicalmusic. (or classicalmusic
onlyJ. .
211
12. addressing - the secretaries - could - in two hours - finish - all the
envelopes.
The secretaries could finish addressing all the enveloRes in two hours.
13. with us - refuse - often - would - to come - he.
He would often refus~to come with uso
14. to them - try - we - the merchandise - on time - to deliver - must.
We must t~y to deliver the merchandise to them on time.
15. the boy - limping - can't - with his right foot - help.
The boy can't help limping with his right foot.

HOJA DE TRABAJO 7
. 21.6.1.
1. Oid they demand to have the votes before noon yesterday? (demand-
have). Ves, they did. Yes, they demanded to.
2. Do ~ou expect to receive a telegram from your son today? (receive-
. expect). Ves, Ido. Yes, I ex/?ect to.
3. Did they fail to bring-the paintings on time for the last exhibit? (fail-
bring). No, they didn't. No, they didn't fail to.
4. Do they finish cleaning the house before ten every day? (clean--
finish)., Ves, they do.
5. Does he advise not coming- early? (advise - come). Ves, he does.
6. Do they- ¡¿ro¡¿ose selling. those bonds? (or... to sell ) (sel! -
propose). No, they don't No, thev..don't /UJJ/J..0se
to.
7. Do you refuse to take the position? (refuse take). No, 1don't. No~J
~

don't rt1fuse to.


8. Does she eni2't. playing_golf? (play - enjoy). Ves, she does.
9. Did it.stop movin!J..at nine last night? (stop - move). No, it didn't.
10. Do I need to count all the boxes? (count - need). No, you don't. No,
vpu don't need to. . "
11. Did you hapf!.en to see my pen yesterday? (happen - see). No, 1didn't.
No, I didn't haf!~en to.
12. Did they avoid catching- the disease during the last epidemic? (avoid-
catch). Ves, they did.
13. -Do you intend to visit the museum this afternoon? . (It is 10:00 a.m.)
(visit -' intend). Ves, we do. Yes, we intend to.

212
14. Did she finally learn to give the right consistency to the soup? (Iearn-
give). No, she didn't. No, she didn't learn tOa
15. Did it keell bothering~ Mrs. Brown yesterdav evening? (bother - keep).
Ves, it did.

HOJA DE TRABAJO 8
21.7.1.
1. Should they decide to start the.operation?
Ves, the}! should. Y1:§,1lmY-should decide tOa
2. May Bob continue selling candy?
Ves, he ma~
3. Can Alice refuse to take the course?
No, she can't. No, she can't refuse tOa
4. WasJohn able to help to open the lock?
No, he wasn't. No, he wasn't able tOa
5. Might his grandfather dislike to eat fish?
. Ves, he might~ Yes, he might dislike tOa
6. Could they finish sandpapering the cabinet?
Ves, they could.
7. Do you have to agreeto stop working early? .

No, 1 don't. No, 1don't have tOaNo, I don't have to agree tOa
8. Has Tess got to offer to take the message to her parents?
No, she hasn't. No, she hasn't got tOaNo, she hasn't got to offer tOa
9. Would you rather consent to play for them?
Ves, we would. Yes, we'd rather consent tOa
10., Could they fail to come?
Ves, they could. Yes, theY..could fail tOa
11. Can you and Pat delay leaving?
No, we can't.
12. Might she fear failing?
Ves, she might.
13. Oid he use to forget to take his umbrella?
No,he didn't. No, he didn't usetOa
14. Must you keep standing there alone?
Ves, I must.
15. Should they consider giving her a prize'?
y es, they shou Id.

213
21.7.2. .

1. Might John forget to come?


1.1. (go) MIght John forget to ggJ
1.2. (delay) Might John delay-going?
.1.3. (arrive) Might JotJn delay.arriving?

2. .Should they permit smoking?


2.1. (enjoy) Should they. enjg'i smoking?
2.2. (dance) Should they enjgy' dancing?
2.3. (learn) Should they learn to dance?

3. Would you rather start leaving now or later?


3.1. (work) Would y-purather start working now or later?
3.2. (plan) Wou/~ you rather plan to work now or later?
3.3. (proce"ed) Would you rather proceed to work now?

4. Will y.ou agree to stay?


4.1. (refuse.) Will you refuse to $tay?
4.2. (consider) Will you consider staYlng?
4.3. (your son) Will your son consider staY.i!1g?
. .
5. How can they continue to row?
5.1. (fail) How.can they. fail to row?
5.2. (swim) How can they fail to swim?
5.3. (keep) How can thev. keep swimming?

6. Can't you help crying?


6.1. (stop) Can't you stop crying?
6.2. (Mrs. BrQwn) Can't Mrs. Brown stopsryJng?
6.3. (n'ag) Can't Mrs. Brown stop"naggi.!1g?

HOJA DE T'RABAJO 9
21.8.
, 1.. Who denies breaking the vase? (break - deny)
The child.

214
2. When can we eXR.ectto see 'iPu? (can - expect - we - see)
Tomorrow.
3. Whendo thev.f!Janto leavethe city? (they - leave - plan)
Next Sunday.
4. Whomight fail to come on time? (come - fail - might) .
-Mrs. Clark.
5. What did the man demand to receive from their boss last week?
(receive- they demand)
A ra ise in salary.
6. What would Mrs. King rather give us? (Mrs. King - give - would
rather)
A painting.
7. Whatst0l!ped working-at sevenyesterday? (work stop)-
Our refrigerator.
8. Where.might he ~ermit exhibiting his extraordinary art collection?
(permit - exhibit - he - might)
At the NationalMuseumof Art.
9. How do ~ou p'referto have your coffee?
Blackand hot.
10. Whom did Mark use to offer to take home? (use to - Mark - take ,
offer)
Margaret.
11. Who was able to continue fil/ing (or to fil/) the blanks yesterday?
(continua - be able to -. fill)
Charles and James.
12. How do they have to b'lg/n to tíe (or .1Yi!:!!J)
the boxes every time?
(they - begin - tie - have to)
Slowlyand carefully. .
13. ,Wheremust thev. learn to M their toys? (learn - must - they - put)
In their place.
14. When can we expect to receive the letter? (we - receive - can -'
expect) .
Tomorrow morning. .
15. What míght the~ fail to see next month? . (fail - they - might - see)
The new program at school.

215
HOJA DE TRABAJO 10
21. V oCA A. 1 .

1. Bob is ~oming down the slope~


2. Tie the rope firmly around your waist.
3. The rain is coming in throug.!J.that broken window.
4. I saw him around (about) Christmas time.
5. She left the broom leaning.!!uainst the door.
6. There was a special radiance all about (around) her.
7.. The elevator is going up now, and 1have to go down.
8. Pleasestep into the circle.
9. Watch out! That bull is coming toward Lis.
10. To win you have to hit the target exactly YRon the center.
11. We have to walk YI2 this' path until we reach that tower.
12. Pleasetake those dirty dishes o~fthe table and put them in the sink.
13. John can't go throug!l that door way.
14. We should not go into the house with these muddy shoes, let's take
them off.
15. The little squirrel is coming down the tree now.
16. Let me take this bug off your blouse.

HOJA DE TRABAJO 11
21. V oCA B. 1 .

1. This is the last chapter. We are about to finish the book.


2. He was proclaimed king immediately YRon his father's death.
3. Mary started to make .al! the arrangements to (in order to) receive
permission' to leave the country.
4. She did her housework rapidly tg (in order to) be free to accompany
uso
5. The play is about to begin. Don't leave you'r seat now.
6. She didn't say anything to (in order to) l2./easehim.
7. We are about to si91J.the contract. Only a few adjustments are neces-
sary. , .

8. Mr. Simpson leftYl2.on announcing the news.


9. The sun is about to come up. It's 5:55.
10. Pleaseget in touch with me Yl2.onyour arrival.
11. We telephoned them yp..onfinishinu..the work.

216
12. I'm sorry, 1can't talk to you nqw. I'm about to leave tor Miami.
13. You need practice to (in order to) do this well.
14. Our team was about to score when the game ended.
15. U/lon agreeing_onthe price, they signed the order.
16. He'lI give you permission. We're about to convince him.
"7. She received a million dollarsY/lon her twenty"-firstbirthda'h.
18. Ted has to go downtown to (in order to).get a present tor Debbie.
19. The woman taintedY/lon seeing-the mouse.
20. We'_re;goin,gto the. bank to (in order to) cash a check.

HOJA DE TRABAJO 12
21. Voc. C.1.
1. Paul is tired of their insistence..'

2. Let's depend on (URon) him. He is reliable.


3. 1'11have to borrow some money from the bank tor my trip.
4. Whom is Angela married to?
5. She' teels homesick for her old oflice.
6. Are you angry at me? I didn/t want to bother you.
'7." Is Helen interested in J2urchasingthe house?
8. Little Agnes was in tears over her broken dol!.
9. Sally blames her sister for th~ accident.
10. You cannot stop me from lovinfl you.
11. We/ll have to lookinto the problem caretully.
12. We/re.going to complain about his negli~ence.
13. They arrived in Rome at 7:00 p.m.
14. We need to translate this poem into French.
15. 11's ki'nd of you to lend me the money.
'16. Margaret agr~ed with us on the need to go.
17. I th'ink of him with love and admi ration.
18. Aren't you tired from all that work? .

19. The people are angry about the new rise in prices.
20. Ann and Louise have to arrive at the airport in ten minutes. '
21. SUSdnwas enthusiastic over (abmJ.J)Bob's gift to her.
22. You should be acoustomed to her violent reactions.
23. He used to suppfy us with tresh vegetables trom his garden.
24. We aren't used to staying up late.

217
I-\OJA DE .T RABAJO 13
21. Trad. 1.
1. Mineare the other ones. Los míos son los,otros. (Lasmíasson lasotras) .'

2. She's angry at him for not answering her letters. Ella está enojada con él
.110rno contestarlesuscartas. '

3. Wecannot stop them from demanding their rights. No Rodemos imRe-


dirlesque demanden sus derechos.
4.' .She got. the ticket upon arriving. Ella obtuvo el boleto (la boleiaJ-E1
""ar.
5. Ann I,ovesmakingcakes.A Ana le encantahacerRasteles.
6. Wait, I can't see anything. E§Ilera,no veo nada.
7. Youshould try to fix that dress. Debería(§Jtratar de arreglarese ves-
tido" '. ,

8. They couldn't refuse to lend us the money. (EllosJNo p'udieron (No


,,-odian). rehuSarse a Rrestarnos el dinero.
9. I wasn't looking through the keyhole. iYo) No estaba mirando Ilor el ojg
de la cerradura.
10. Please don't deJay doingthe work. Por favor no retardes hacer el tra-
Ilajo. '

Questions to Han~Christian Andersen,.the master of fairy tales.

1. Whatwas the life of HansChristian Andersenlike?


, It was like a fairy-ta/e.
2. Where and when was Hans Christian Andersen born?
He was born in Odense, on the island of Fünen, in Denmark, on April
~, 1805.
3. What did his father love to do? ..
He loved to read stories from the old books to his child and to bring
them fo ¡¡fe in the RYPR.et theater he had constructed out of a wooden
box.
4. Where was his grandfather confined?
In the aSy'/um for the insane in Odense
5. What did Hans and 'his father do on their Sunday ,walks through the
woodsl '

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They l2icked wild strawberries,-col/ected leaves and fIowers and ob-
served.Iife al/ around. . .
6. How old was Hans when his father died?
He was eleven ~ears old.
7. Why was he the easy target fór all kinds of jokes?
Because he was excessively sensitive.
8. What type of job did he find at the Royal Theatre?
He found a job as a dancer there.
9. Who managed to obtain a scholarship for him?
Mr. Jonas Col/in did.
10. Why did Mr. Collin decide to find prívate tutoring for Hans?
So that he could finish his preRaration to enter CORenhagen Universit'f.
and pass his university e~amination.
11. 'What is "A- Journey on Foot from Holman's Canal to the East Point of
Almager"? .

It is a poetic description of the streets of CORenhagen.


12. Into what languages was "The Iml2rovisatore" translated?
IntoGerman and English.
1.3. What did Andersen call his fairy-tales?
He cal/ed them Event'Lr. .
14. With wha~ was IIThe Fir Tree" never satisfied?
He was never satisfied with what he hado
15.. Which orte of his tales was translated. into fifteen languages simul-
taneously as an honor to ,him on his seventieth birthday?
"The Stor}/..of a Mother".

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