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NOTE ON AN ABERRANT FORM OF OLIGODON TAENIOLATUS WITH NATURAL HISTORY AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE GENUS OLIGODON.

(SATARA - MAHARASHTRA STATE) BY KAISAR.R. SAYYED.(Amit Sayyed) Plot No. 58 Kamya colony, Sadar Bazar, Satara - 415 001 (M.S.) E -mail: - amitsayyedsatara @ gmail.com Date:22-11-2010 ABSTRACT
On 16 th March, 2009, during the Rescue call a brilliantly coloured snake was found. It was not seen before and was something different. After observation it was confirmed to be Oligodon. Several species of snake were recorded in the kaas area of Satara. But first time the aberrant form of Oligodon taeniolatus was recorded in this area. Later on one more species was found crossing the road and another while mending the old house, in nearby area. The curiosity had led to an investigate more about the Oligodon taeniolatus, which was confirmed in the latter stage.

OBSERVATIONS
Many species of Genus. Oligadon has been reported from the Western Ghats of Maharashtra. The Oligodon in bright colour Patterned snake. It looks beautiful with elegant and amazing colourations, interesting to watch & observe its movements too. The study includes the observations without disturbing the habitat. It includes the life cycle, food habits and living habitat as it is found living under the rocks, bark of the trees, in holes and tunnels in the ground. The occurrence was noted during seasonal changes. It is nocturnal as well as diurnal snake. The geographical region and topography was studies during the observations. The original habitat of the snake was recorded and was marked and preserved. Also the information was collected and confirmed to find out whether these snakes were released by some rescue volunteers from near by areas. The snake which was found from Genus.Oligodon was further identified as species taeniolatus. The study includes the observation of changes in the colour patterns from the young to adult. In the young stage the colour is seen yellowish with brown spots starting from neck and ending upto the tail region. There are three spotted rows, one is placed centrally and two are laterally. They are bead like and in the form of chain. By observing this pattern one could misunderstands the Oligodon as a Russells viper. On the head there is blackish brown colored strips making in to V shape pattern. At the ventral side, the scales are embedded with blackish brown colour spots at its right and left sides, on each scale starting from the neck to tail. By observing its ventral scales it is mistaken as Saw scaled viper. Thus Oligodon shows both the characters ofRussells Viper and Saw scaled viper. This makes some one to study and observe this species with a great curiosity and interest. ( 2010 Amit Sayyed) page 1

) During the observation, Oligodon snake was found feeding on lizards, Geckos, other small species of small snakes. Eggs of amphibians and reptiles. This is because of the arrangement of the teeth in the jaws, which are, sharp and curved.There fore the food chain consists of various eggs in its diet. It is observed that this snake also feeds on spiders and insects.

KEY FOR THE SOME SPECIES OF OLIGODON


Secies. Llabial 1)Oligodon taeniolatus 2)Oligodon Venustus 3)Oligodon Arnensis 4)Oligodon Affinis 5)Oligodon brevicauda 7 15 17 17 17 15 158 - 218 138 - 165 164 - 202 129 - 142 158-173 29 - 56 27 - 36 41 - 59 23 - 36 divided divided divided divided 7 7 7 7 Caudal Anal Dorsal Ventral

25-29

divided

Key as per Smith Supra labial = 7 (3 rd & 4 th touching the eye) Anterior temporal = 15 in rows. Ventrals= 158 218. & Caudals = 29- 56. Patern And colour variation Oligodon taeniolatus

REPRODUCTION
Breeding takes place in the month of June / July. After mating the female lays 3 to 9 eggs. The eggs get incubated in the natural environmental conditions. The incubation and hatching takes place in 60 to 75 days. In the month of Sept/ October. the young ones are born. The newly hatched young ones are measured upto 7.5 cm to 12 cm. in length and the

fully adult is measured around 21.4 cm in length. Since the nature provides abundant
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natural food material for the growth of young ones which is faster and they grows rapidly upto 8 cm. to 9 cm. in just 5 to 6 months time.

DISTRIBUTION
India, Pakistan, S. Turkmenistar E Iran, Afghanistan, Sri lanka

CONCLUSION
The observations recorded have surely thrown some light on the facts which were unobserved and not recorded so far. The data earlier from this area on oligadon taniolatus is not found. It is an aberrant form of Oliogodon as at these stages more of investigation and study is required. This knowledge will certainly helps for the researchers in future.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
I am grateful to Mr.R.R. Ohol sir, & Amod Zamre for the morale support, and time to time encouragement in my inquisitive attitude and helping me in all possible ways, in providing me information as and when required.

REFERENCES

Bauer, A.M. 2003 on the status of the name oligodon taeniolatus ( Baudin, 1803) Hamadrya d. 27: 205 - 213 Baulener, George A. 1890 The fauna of British India. Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Froncis.London,XVIII 541 pp. Dotseuko 1 B 1984 Morphological Characters and ecological peculiarities of Oligodon taeniolatus ( Serpentes, Colubridae) Vestnik Zooogii .1984(4)23-26. Jerdon, T. C. 1853 catalogue of the Reptiles inhabiting the Peninsula of India. Part Z. J. Asiat soc. Benged xxii : 522 - 534 [ 1853] Wall frank 1921 ophidia Tappobanica Or the snakes of ceylon. Colombo Mns, ( H. R. Cottle . govt Printer Colombo, xxii, 581 pages Snakes of India, Romulus Whitaker & Ashok Captain, 162 - 163, 164 - 165 pages
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