Está en la página 1de 49

ANLISIS CLIMTICO

TCNICAS DE ADECUACIN PARA LA EDIFICACIN Y ESPACIOS ABIERTOS


Dr. Anbal Luna
Facultad de Arquitectura y Diseo, Universidad Autnoma de Baja California
Departamanto de Investigacin y Posgrado
Calle de la Normal e Ignacio Lpez Rayn S/N, Mexicali B.C. C.P. 21900
Tel. Y Fax: 01 (696) 5664250
Email: anibalmxl@hotmail.com, anibalmxl@gmail.com, anibal@uabc.mx
sta hoja de clculo puede ser utilizada para determinar las tcnicas pasivas de la edificacin de acuerdo al clima.
Los clculos realizados por la hoja estn realizados de acuerdo a la metodologa
aplicada por Michael Docherty y Steven V. Szokolay, 1999. y los calculos de Temperatura y Humedad
de acuerdo a los modelos de Tejeda
La hoja de calculo fue diseada para ser utilizada como material didctico de la materia:
Adecuacin Termico-Energtica , de la Facultad de Arquitectura y Diseo, de la Universidad Autnoma de
Baja California; y no puede ser utilizada para clculos con fines comerciales.
Por lo que el autor no se hacen responsables por su mal uso

ESPACIOS ABIERTOS

Baja California

. C.P. 21900

al@uabc.mx

a edificacin de acuerdo al clima.


a la metodologa
e Temperatura y Humedad

ctico de la materia:
la Universidad Autnoma de
s comerciales.
mal uso

ESTIMACION DE HUMEDADES RELATIVAS HORARIAS MEDIAS MENSUALES, A PARTIR DE MEDIAS EXTREMAS.


Mexicali
32.65
115.45
4
Localidad
Latitud
Longitud
Altitud (m)
Esta hoja de clculo estima la H R media horaria mensual a partir de los valores promedio de mxima y de mnima.
Los valores de H R max y H R min pueden ser calculados a partir de la media en el caso de no contar con los valores observados.
Desea utilizar valores observados?
(S / No ):
No
Si no cuenta con los valores de la H R media, stos pueden ser estimados a partir de la temp. mnima.
Cuenta con los valores observados?
(S / No ):
No
ene
feb
mar
abr
may
jun
jul
ago
sep
Temp max
23.2
26.5
30.8
34.1
39.8
43.8
44.6
44.2
41.7
Temp med
Temp min
H R med observ
H R max observ
H R min observ
H R med calc
H R max calc
H R min calc
Hora max
Hora min
Hora (TSV)
0:00
1:00
2:00
3:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00

13.1
6.0

15.5
8.0

18.1
10.3

21.4
13.1

25.8
16.8

30.7
21.2

33.9
25.6

33.5
25.6

30.3
22.4

62
91
32
6.964
14.594

59
88
30
6.582
16.082

58
89
27
6.122
14.372

58
89
28
5.595
14.975

60
92
27
5.162
14.042

61
91
30
4.932
14.182

61
88
35
5.023
15.273

63
90
36
5.395
15.395

66
97
36
5.902
16.032

73.2
76.7
79.6
82.0
84.0
85.5
86.7
90.7
89.7
84.1
73.7
61.1

72.0
75.3
78.0
80.2
82.0
83.4
84.6
88.1
85.7
78.0
66.4
53.6

69.6
73.2
76.2
78.8
80.9
82.6
84.0
88.5
83.3
73.2
60.7
48.5

71.5
74.7
77.5
79.8
81.6
83.1
88.8
86.1
78.3
66.8
54.3
43.2

75.1
78.3
80.9
83.2
85.0
86.4
91.2
86.0
75.7
62.8
50.0
39.5

76.2
79.1
81.5
83.5
85.1
91.4
90.0
83.9
73.3
60.9
49.1
39.8

74.5
77.0
79.1
80.9
82.3
83.5
86.9
82.1
73.2
62.5
52.3
44.0

75.1
77.9
80.2
82.1
83.7
85.0
89.6
86.4
78.6
68.1
57.2
47.8

78.6
82.0
84.9
87.3
89.3
90.9
97.1
95.7
89.4
78.7
66.2
54.5

12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00

49.1
39.8
34.1
32.0
33.1
36.5
41.4
47.1
53.0
58.8
64.2

42.5
34.5
30.3
29.5
31.5
35.6
40.9
46.7
52.7
58.3
63.5

38.4
31.6
28.2
27.8
29.9
33.7
38.7
44.3
50.0
55.6
60.8

35.0
30.0
28.3
29.3
32.3
36.8
42.1
47.7
53.3
58.6
63.4

32.2
28.5
28.0
30.1
34.0
39.2
45.0
50.9
56.7
62.1
67.0

33.7
31.0
31.1
33.5
37.6
42.7
48.2
53.9
59.3
64.3
68.8

38.5
35.8
35.8
37.7
41.1
45.4
50.2
55.0
59.7
64.1
68.0

41.0
37.3
36.2
37.5
40.5
44.7
49.4
54.4
59.3
63.9
68.1

45.3
39.3
36.6
36.8
39.3
43.4
48.5
54.1
59.7
65.1
70.1

69.0

68.1

65.5

67.7

71.4

72.8

71.5

71.9

74.6

oct

nov

dic

36.1
24.1
16.3

28.2
17.2
9.6

24.5
13.0
5.8

63
95
32
6.412
16.092

59
87
30
6.855
16.225

61
93
30
7.069
15.819

74.0
77.8
81.0
83.8
86.0
87.9
89.4
94.8
91.1
82.1
69.9
57.1

70.5
73.9
76.7
79.1
80.9
82.4
83.6
87.4
86.1
80.0
69.3
56.8

73.5
77.4
80.7
83.4
85.5
87.2
88.6
89.7
92.2
86.8
75.9
62.3

46.1
38.2
33.7
32.5
34.0
37.4
42.2
47.8
53.6
59.3
64.7

45.2
36.4
31.2
29.5
30.8
34.4
39.3
45.0
50.9
56.5
61.8

49.0
38.5
31.9
29.3
30.1
33.6
38.8
44.9
51.4
57.7
63.6

69.6

66.5

68.9

ESTIMACION DE TEMPERATURAS HORARIAS MEDIAS MENSUALES, A PARTIR DE MEDIAS EXTREMAS.


Localidad
Temp max
Temp min
Temp med
Hora min
Hora max
Hora (TSV)
0:00
1:00
2:00
3:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00

Mexicali
Ene
23.2
6.0
14.6
6.964
14.594

Lat.
Feb
26.5
8.0
17.3
6.582
16.082

32.65
Mar
30.8
10.3
20.6
6.122
14.372

Long.
Abr
34.1
13.1
23.6
5.595
14.975

115.45
May
39.8
16.8
28.3
5.162
14.042

Altitud (m)
Jun
43.8
21.2
32.5
4.932
14.182

4
Jul
44.6
25.6
35.1
5.023
15.273

Ago
44.2
25.6
34.9
5.395
15.395

Sep
41.7
22.4
32.1
5.902
16.032

Oct
36.1
16.3
26.2
6.412
16.092

Nov
28.2
9.6
18.9
6.855
16.225

Dic
24.5
5.8
15.2
7.069
15.819

11.2
10.1
9.3
8.6
8.0
7.5
7.2
6.0
6.3
7.9
11.0
14.7
18.3
21.0
22.7
23.3
23.0
22.0
20.5
18.9
17.1
15.4
13.8
12.4

13.1
12.1
11.2
10.5
9.9
9.5
9.1
8.0
8.8
11.2
14.9
18.9
22.4
25.0
26.3
26.6
25.9
24.6
23.0
21.1
19.2
17.4
15.8
14.4

16.8
15.6
14.6
13.7
13.0
12.5
12.0
10.6
12.3
15.6
19.7
23.7
27.0
29.3
30.4
30.5
29.8
28.6
26.9
25.1
23.2
21.4
19.7
18.1

19.1
17.9
17.0
16.2
15.6
15.1
13.1
14.1
16.7
20.7
25.0
28.7
31.6
33.3
33.9
33.5
32.5
31.0
29.2
27.2
25.3
23.5
21.8
20.4

22.8
21.6
20.7
19.9
19.3
18.7
17.0
18.9
22.5
27.2
31.7
35.4
38.0
39.3
39.5
38.8
37.4
35.5
33.5
31.4
29.3
27.4
25.6
24.1

26.8
25.7
24.8
24.1
23.5
21.2
21.7
23.9
27.8
32.4
36.8
40.2
42.4
43.5
43.4
42.5
41.0
39.2
37.1
35.0
33.0
31.2
29.5
28.1

30.4
29.5
28.7
28.1
27.6
27.2
25.9
27.7
30.8
34.7
38.4
41.3
43.3
44.3
44.3
43.6
42.4
40.8
39.1
37.4
35.7
34.1
32.7
31.5

30.7
29.7
28.9
28.2
27.7
27.3
25.7
26.8
29.5
33.1
36.8
40.0
42.4
43.7
44.0
43.6
42.5
41.1
39.5
37.8
36.1
34.5
33.1
31.8

28.2
27.1
26.2
25.5
24.9
24.3
22.4
22.8
24.8
28.2
32.1
35.8
38.7
40.6
41.4
41.4
40.6
39.3
37.7
35.9
34.2
32.5
30.9
29.5

22.9
21.7
20.7
19.8
19.1
18.5
18.1
16.4
17.5
20.4
24.2
28.2
31.6
34.1
35.5
35.9
35.4
34.3
32.8
31.1
29.3
27.5
25.8
24.3

15.1
14.0
13.0
12.3
11.7
11.2
10.8
9.6
10.0
12.0
15.4
19.5
23.2
26.1
27.8
28.3
27.9
26.7
25.1
23.3
21.4
19.6
17.9
16.4

11.6
10.4
9.4
8.6
8.0
7.5
7.1
6.8
6.0
7.6
10.8
14.9
18.8
21.9
23.8
24.6
24.3
23.3
21.8
20.0
18.1
16.2
14.5
12.9

TEMPERATURA Y HUMEDAD HORARIA


105
100
95
90

85
80
75

70

T (C)

Y HR (%)

65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0

10

11

12

HORA

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

100
95
90

85
80
75
70

HUMEDAD RELATIVA (%)

65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
MES
H R med calc

H R max calc

H R min calc

TEMPERATURAS
MES

Mexicali
May
Jun

Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

Jul

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Temperatura mxima

23.2

26.5

30.8

34.1

39.8

43.8

44.6

44.2

41.7

36.1

28.2

Temperatura mnima

6.0

8.0

10.3

13.1

16.8

21.2

25.6

25.6

22.4

16.3

9.6

Temperatura promedio

13.1

15.5

18.1

21.4

25.8

30.7

33.9

33.5

30.3

24.1

17.2

Humedad Relativa mxima

90.7

88.1

89.2

88.9

91.9

91.4

87.8

89.9

97.1

95.1

87.4

Humedad Relativa mnima

32.3

29.7

27.0

27.6

27.2

30.1

35.0

35.7

35.8

31.8

29.8

Humedad Relativa promedio

61.5

58.9

58.1

58.3

59.5

60.7

61.4

62.8

66.4

63.5

58.6

24.9

ZONA DE CONFORT EN EXTERIORES


25.7
26.7
28.1
29.6
30.6

30.5

29.5

27.6

25.1

22.4
19.9

23.2
20.7

28.0
25.5

27.0
24.5

25.1
22.6

22.6
20.1

Confort

Fro

Fro

Fro

Zona de confort mxima 24.2


Temperatura neutra
21.7
Zona de confort mnima19.2

T,min
T, prom
T,max

Fro

Fro

Fro

24.2
21.7

25.6
23.1

27.1
24.6

28.1
25.6

RESUMEN CONFORT EXTERIOR


Fro
Fro
Fro
Fro

Fro
Fro
Fro
Fro
Confort Caliente Caliente Caliente Caliente Confort
Fro
Confort Caliente Caliente Caliente Caliente Caliente Caliente Caliente Caliente Caliente Caliente
LIMITES PARA ZONA DE CONFORT EN PSICROMETRICA
VERANO

T.Pro.

T.P.Max

T.P.Min

P.Max-P.Min

Tn

29.7

41.7

21.3

20.4

26.8

Tn+2= 28.8
Tn-2= 24.8
Tn+2= 24.7

INVIERNO

16.4

27.9

8.8

19.1

22.7
Tn-2= 20.7
Zsokolay, 2000
T.Pro Temperatura Promedio
T.P.Max. Temperatura Promedio de Maxima

T.P.Min Temperatura Promedio de Minima


dT Diferencial de Temperatura entre Max y Min

TN anual

24.4

Dic
24.5
5.8
13.0
93.0
29.6
61.3

23.8
21.3
18.8

Fro
Fro
Caliente

Promedio de Maxima

Promedio de Minima
Temperatura entre Max y Min

TEMPERATURA C

TERMOPREFERENDUM

48
46
44
42
40
38
36
34
32
30
28
26
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

Zona de confort mxima


Temperatura neutra
Zona de confort mnima
Temperatura mxima
Temperatura promedio
Temperatura mnima
Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

Jul
MES

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

TERMOPREFERENDUM HORARIO
ESPACIOS ABIERTOS
NATURAL
Mexicali

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Salida del Sol
Puesta de Sol

Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

Jul

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lmin_CT
CT
CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR
Muy_FR

Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR

Lig_FR
FR
FR
Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lmax_CT
Lig_CA
CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR

Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR
FR
FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lmax_CT
CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR

Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lig_CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lig_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT
CT

CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmax_CT
Lig_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT

Lmax_CT
CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
CT
Lig_CA
CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT

CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lmin_CT
CT
Lig_CA
CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT

Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR
FR
Lig_FR
Lmin_CT
Lmax_CT
Lig_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT

FR
FR
Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lmax_CT
Lig_CA
Lig_CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR

Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
CT
CT
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR

7:46
18:00

7:24
18:28

6:50
18:48

6:12
19:10

5:46
19:31

5:41
19:46

5:54
19:42

6:14
19:16

6:33
18:37

6:53
18:00

7:19
17:36

7:43
17:37

Ext_FR
Muy_FR
FR
Lig_FR
Lmin_CT

Extremadamente Fro
Muy Fro
Fro
Ligeramente Fro
Lmite mnimo de Confort Trmico

CT

Confort termico

Extremadamente Caliente
Muy Caliente
Caliente
Lig_CA Ligeramente Caliente
Lmax_CT Lmite Mximo de Confort Trmico
Ext_CA
Muy CA
CA

TERMOPREFERENDUM HORARIO
ESPACIOS ABIERTO
NATURAL

Mexicali

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

Jul

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lmin_CT
CT
CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR
Muy_FR

Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR

Lig_FR
FR
FR
Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lmax_CT
Lig_CA
CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR

Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR
FR
FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lmax_CT
CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR

Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lig_CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
Muy CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lig_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT
CT

CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmax_CT
Lig_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT

Lmax_CT
CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
CT
Lig_CA
CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT

CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lmin_CT
CT
Lig_CA
CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT

Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR
FR
Lig_FR
Lmin_CT
Lmax_CT
Lig_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
Ext_CA
CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT

FR
FR
Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
FR
Lig_FR
CT
Lmax_CT
Lig_CA
Lig_CA
Lig_CA
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR

Muy_FR
Muy_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Ext_FR
Muy_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
CT
CT
Lmax_CT
Lmax_CT
CT
CT
Lmin_CT
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
Lig_FR
FR

ESTRATEGIAS DE DISEO BIOCLIMATICO EN LA EDIFICACION


Mexicali
HORA
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

Jul

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

T-0
HR-0
T-1
HR-1
T-2
HR-2
T-3
HR-3
T-4
HR-4
T-5
HR-5
T-6
HR-6
T-7
HR-7

11.2 C
73%
10.1 C
77%
9.3 C
80%
8.6 C
82%
8.0 C
84%
7.5 C
86%
7.2 C
87%
6.0 C
91%

13.1 C
72%
12.1 C
75%
11.2 C
78%
10.5 C
80%
9.9 C
82%
9.5 C
83%
9.1 C
85%
8.0 C
88%

16.8 C
70%
15.6 C
73%
14.6 C
76%
13.7 C
79%
13.0 C
81%
12.5 C
83%
12.0 C
84%
10.6 C
88%

19.1 C
72%
17.9 C
75%
17.0 C
77%
16.2 C
80%
15.6 C
82%
15.1 C
83%
13.1 C
89%
14.1 C
86%

22.8 C
75%
21.6 C
78%
20.7 C
81%
19.9 C
83%
19.3 C
85%
18.7 C
86%
17.0 C
91%
18.9 C
86%

26.8 C
76%
25.7 C
79%
24.8 C
82%
24.1 C
84%
23.5 C
85%
21.2 C
91%
21.7 C
90%
23.9 C
84%

30.4 C
74%
29.5 C
77%
28.7 C
79%
28.1 C
81%
27.6 C
82%
27.2 C
83%
25.9 C
87%
27.7 C
82%

30.7 C
75%
29.7 C
78%
28.9 C
80%
28.2 C
82%
27.7 C
84%
27.3 C
85%
25.7 C
90%
26.8 C
86%

28.2 C
79%
27.1 C
82%
26.2 C
85%
25.5 C
87%
24.9 C
89%
24.3 C
91%
22.4 C
97%
22.8 C
96%

22.9 C
74%
21.7 C
78%
20.7 C
81%
19.8 C
84%
19.1 C
86%
18.5 C
88%
18.1 C
89%
16.4 C
95%

15.1 C
70%
14.0 C
74%
13.0 C
77%
12.3 C
79%
11.7 C
81%
11.2 C
82%
10.8 C
84%
9.6 C
87%

11.6 C
74%
10.4 C
77%
9.4 C
81%
8.6 C
83%
8.0 C
86%
7.5 C
87%
7.1 C
89%
6.8 C
90%

T-8
HR-8
T-9
HR-9
T-10
HR-10
T-11
HR-11
T-12
HR-12
T-13
HR-13
T-14
HR-14
T-15
HR-15
T-16
HR-16
T-17
HR-17
T-18
HR-18
T-19
HR-19

6.3 C
90%
7.9 C
84%
11.0 C
74%
14.7 C
61%
18.3 C
49%
21.0 C
40%
22.7 C
34%
23.3 C
32%
23.0 C
33%
22.0 C
36%
20.5 C
41%
18.9 C
47%

8.8 C
86%
11.2 C
78%
14.9 C
66%
18.9 C
54%
22.4 C
42%
25.0 C
35%
26.3 C
30%
26.6 C
29%
25.9 C
32%
24.6 C
36%
23.0 C
41%
21.1 C
47%

12.3 C
83%
15.6 C
73%
19.7 C
61%
23.7 C
48%
27.0 C
38%
29.3 C
32%
30.4 C
28%
30.5 C
28%
29.8 C
30%
28.6 C
34%
26.9 C
39%
25.1 C
44%

16.7 C
78%
20.7 C
67%
25.0 C
54%
28.7 C
43%
31.6 C
35%
33.3 C
30%
33.9 C
28%
33.5 C
29%
32.5 C
32%
31.0 C
37%
29.2 C
42%
27.2 C
48%

22.5 C
76%
27.2 C
63%
31.7 C
50%
35.4 C
39%
38.0 C
32%
39.3 C
29%
39.5 C
28%
38.8 C
30%
37.4 C
34%
35.5 C
39%
33.5 C
45%
31.4 C
51%

27.8 C
73%
32.4 C
61%
36.8 C
49%
40.2 C
40%
42.4 C
34%
43.5 C
31%
43.4 C
31%
42.5 C
34%
41.0 C
38%
39.2 C
43%
37.1 C
48%
35.0 C
54%

30.8 C
73%
34.7 C
63%
38.4 C
52%
41.3 C
44%
43.3 C
38%
44.3 C
36%
44.3 C
36%
43.6 C
38%
42.4 C
41%
40.8 C
45%
39.1 C
50%
37.4 C
55%

29.5 C
79%
33.1 C
68%
36.8 C
57%
40.0 C
48%
42.4 C
41%
43.7 C
37%
44.0 C
36%
43.6 C
38%
42.5 C
41%
41.1 C
45%
39.5 C
49%
37.8 C
54%

24.8 C
89%
28.2 C
79%
32.1 C
66%
35.8 C
55%
38.7 C
45%
40.6 C
39%
41.4 C
37%
41.4 C
37%
40.6 C
39%
39.3 C
43%
37.7 C
49%
35.9 C
54%

17.5 C
91%
20.4 C
82%
24.2 C
70%
28.2 C
57%
31.6 C
46%
34.1 C
38%
35.5 C
34%
35.9 C
33%
35.4 C
34%
34.3 C
37%
32.8 C
42%
31.1 C
48%

10.0 C
86%
12.0 C
80%
15.4 C
69%
19.5 C
57%
23.2 C
45%
26.1 C
36%
27.8 C
31%
28.3 C
30%
27.9 C
31%
26.7 C
34%
25.1 C
39%
23.3 C
45%

6.0 C
92%
7.6 C
87%
10.8 C
76%
14.9 C
62%
18.8 C
49%
21.9 C
39%
23.8 C
32%
24.6 C
29%
24.3 C
30%
23.3 C
34%
21.8 C
39%
20.0 C
45%

T-20
HR-20
T-21
HR-21
T-22
HR-22
T-23
HR-23

17.1 C
53%
15.4 C
59%
13.8 C
64%
12.4 C
69%

19.2 C
53%
17.4 C
58%
15.8 C
63%
14.4 C
68%

23.2 C
50%
21.4 C
56%
19.7 C
61%
18.1 C
65%

25.3 C
53%
23.5 C
59%
21.8 C
63%
20.4 C
68%

29.3 C
57%
27.4 C
62%
25.6 C
67%
24.1 C
71%

33.0 C
59%
31.2 C
64%
29.5 C
69%
28.1 C
73%

35.7 C
60%
34.1 C
64%
32.7 C
68%
31.5 C
71%

36.1 C
59%
34.5 C
64%
33.1 C
68%
31.8 C
72%

34.2 C
60%
32.5 C
65%
30.9 C
70%
29.5 C
75%

29.3 C
54%
27.5 C
59%
25.8 C
65%
24.3 C
70%

21.4 C
51%
19.6 C
57%
17.9 C
62%
16.4 C
66%

18.1 C
51%
16.2 C
58%
14.5 C
64%
12.9 C
69%

Salida de Sol
Puesta de Sol

7:46
18:00

7:24
18:28

6:50
18:48

6:12
19:10

5:46
19:31

5:41
19:46

5:54
19:42

6:14
19:16

6:33
18:37

6:53
18:00

7:19
17:36

7:43
17:37

NOTA.- LOS COLORES DEBEN SER MODIFICADOS DE ACUERDO A LA ZONA DE SZOCOLAY


CALENTAMIENTO CONVENCIONAL

CONFORT TRMICO VERANO

AIRE ACONDICIONADO

MASA TRMICA

CONFORT TRMICO INVIERNO

VENTILACIN 1 m/s

SALIDA Y PUESTA DE SOL

CALENTAMIENTO SOLAR

VENTILACIN 1,5 m/s

CONVENCIONAL

REQUERIMIENTOS DE ENFRIAMIENTO Y CALENTAMIENTO EN ESPACIOS CERRADOS


Mexicali
HORA
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

T-0
HR-0
T-1
HR-1
T-2
HR-2
T-3
HR-3
T-4
HR-4
T-5
HR-5
T-6
HR-6
T-7
HR-7
T-8
HR-8
T-9
HR-9
T-10
HR-10
T-11
HR-11
T-12
HR-12
T-13
HR-13
T-14
HR-14
T-15
HR-15
T-16
HR-16
T-17
HR-17
T-18
HR-18
T-19
HR-19
T-20
HR-20
T-21
HR-21
T-22
HR-22
T-23
HR-23

Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

Jul

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

11.2 C
73%
10.1 C
77%
9.3 C
80%
8.6 C
82%
8.0 C
84%
7.5 C
86%
7.2 C
87%
6.0 C
91%
6.3 C
90%
7.9 C
84%
11.0 C
74%
14.7 C
61%
18.3 C
49%
21.0 C
40%
22.7 C
34%
23.3 C
32%
23.0 C
33%
22.0 C
36%
20.5 C
41%
18.9 C
47%
17.1 C
53%
15.4 C
59%
13.8 C
64%
12.4 C
69%

13.1 C
72%
12.1 C
75%
11.2 C
78%
10.5 C
80%
9.9 C
82%
9.5 C
83%
9.1 C
85%
8.0 C
88%
8.8 C
86%
11.2 C
78%
14.9 C
66%
18.9 C
54%
22.4 C
42%
25.0 C
35%
26.3 C
30%
26.6 C
29%
25.9 C
32%
24.6 C
36%
23.0 C
41%
21.1 C
47%
19.2 C
53%
17.4 C
58%
15.8 C
63%
14.4 C
68%

16.8 C
70%
15.6 C
73%
14.6 C
76%
13.7 C
79%
13.0 C
81%
12.5 C
83%
12.0 C
84%
10.6 C
88%
12.3 C
83%
15.6 C
73%
19.7 C
61%
23.7 C
48%
27.0 C
38%
29.3 C
32%
30.4 C
28%
30.5 C
28%
29.8 C
30%
28.6 C
34%
26.9 C
39%
25.1 C
44%
23.2 C
50%
21.4 C
56%
19.7 C
61%
18.1 C
65%

19.1 C
72%
17.9 C
75%
17.0 C
77%
16.2 C
80%
15.6 C
82%
15.1 C
83%
13.1 C
89%
14.1 C
86%
16.7 C
78%
20.7 C
67%
25.0 C
54%
28.7 C
43%
31.6 C
35%
33.3 C
30%
33.9 C
28%
33.5 C
29%
32.5 C
32%
31.0 C
37%
29.2 C
42%
27.2 C
48%
25.3 C
53%
23.5 C
59%
21.8 C
63%
20.4 C
68%

22.8 C
75%
21.6 C
78%
20.7 C
81%
19.9 C
83%
19.3 C
85%
18.7 C
86%
17.0 C
91%
18.9 C
86%
22.5 C
76%
27.2 C
63%
31.7 C
50%
35.4 C
39%
38.0 C
32%
39.3 C
29%
39.5 C
28%
38.8 C
30%
37.4 C
34%
35.5 C
39%
33.5 C
45%
31.4 C
51%
29.3 C
57%
27.4 C
62%
25.6 C
67%
24.1 C
71%

26.8 C
76%
25.7 C
79%
24.8 C
82%
24.1 C
84%
23.5 C
85%
21.2 C
91%
21.7 C
90%
23.9 C
84%
27.8 C
73%
32.4 C
61%
36.8 C
49%
40.2 C
40%
42.4 C
34%
43.5 C
31%
43.4 C
31%
42.5 C
34%
41.0 C
38%
39.2 C
43%
37.1 C
48%
35.0 C
54%
33.0 C
59%
31.2 C
64%
29.5 C
69%
28.1 C
73%

30.4 C
74%
29.5 C
77%
28.7 C
79%
28.1 C
81%
27.6 C
82%
27.2 C
83%
25.9 C
87%
27.7 C
82%
30.8 C
73%
34.7 C
63%
38.4 C
52%
41.3 C
44%
43.3 C
38%
44.3 C
36%
44.3 C
36%
43.6 C
38%
42.4 C
41%
40.8 C
45%
39.1 C
50%
37.4 C
55%
35.7 C
60%
34.1 C
64%
32.7 C
68%
31.5 C
71%

30.7 C
75%
29.7 C
78%
28.9 C
80%
28.2 C
82%
27.7 C
84%
27.3 C
85%
25.7 C
90%
26.8 C
86%
29.5 C
79%
33.1 C
68%
36.8 C
57%
40.0 C
48%
42.4 C
41%
43.7 C
37%
44.0 C
36%
43.6 C
38%
42.5 C
41%
41.1 C
45%
39.5 C
49%
37.8 C
54%
36.1 C
59%
34.5 C
64%
33.1 C
68%
31.8 C
72%

28.2 C
79%
27.1 C
82%
26.2 C
85%
25.5 C
87%
24.9 C
89%
24.3 C
91%
22.4 C
97%
22.8 C
96%
24.8 C
89%
28.2 C
79%
32.1 C
66%
35.8 C
55%
38.7 C
45%
40.6 C
39%
41.4 C
37%
41.4 C
37%
40.6 C
39%
39.3 C
43%
37.7 C
49%
35.9 C
54%
34.2 C
60%
32.5 C
65%
30.9 C
70%
29.5 C
75%

22.9 C
74%
21.7 C
78%
20.7 C
81%
19.8 C
84%
19.1 C
86%
18.5 C
88%
18.1 C
89%
16.4 C
95%
17.5 C
91%
20.4 C
82%
24.2 C
70%
28.2 C
57%
31.6 C
46%
34.1 C
38%
35.5 C
34%
35.9 C
33%
35.4 C
34%
34.3 C
37%
32.8 C
42%
31.1 C
48%
29.3 C
54%
27.5 C
59%
25.8 C
65%
24.3 C
70%

15.1 C
70%
14.0 C
74%
13.0 C
77%
12.3 C
79%
11.7 C
81%
11.2 C
82%
10.8 C
84%
9.6 C
87%
10.0 C
86%
12.0 C
80%
15.4 C
69%
19.5 C
57%
23.2 C
45%
26.1 C
36%
27.8 C
31%
28.3 C
30%
27.9 C
31%
26.7 C
34%
25.1 C
39%
23.3 C
45%
21.4 C
51%
19.6 C
57%
17.9 C
62%
16.4 C
66%

11.6 C
74%
10.4 C
77%
9.4 C
81%
8.6 C
83%
8.0 C
86%
7.5 C
87%
7.1 C
89%
6.8 C
90%
6.0 C
92%
7.6 C
87%
10.8 C
76%
14.9 C
62%
18.8 C
49%
21.9 C
39%
23.8 C
32%
24.6 C
29%
24.3 C
30%
23.3 C
34%
21.8 C
39%
20.0 C
45%
18.1 C
51%
16.2 C
58%
14.5 C
64%
12.9 C
69%

NOTA.- LOS COLORES DEBEN SER MODIFICADOS DE ACUERDO A LA ZONA DE SZOCOLAY

CALENTAMIENTO CONVENCIONAL

CONFORT TERMICO

AIRE ACONDICIONADO

SISTEMAS ACTIVOS DE ENFRIAMIENTO Y CALENTAMIENTO EN ESPACIOS CERRADOS


Mexicali
HORA
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

T-0
HR-0
T-1
HR-1
T-2
HR-2
T-3
HR-3
T-4
HR-4
T-5
HR-5
T-6
HR-6
T-7
HR-7
T-8
HR-8
T-9
HR-9
T-10
HR-10
T-11
HR-11
T-12
HR-12
T-13
HR-13
T-14
HR-14
T-15
HR-15
T-16
HR-16
T-17
HR-17
T-18
HR-18
T-19
HR-19
T-20
HR-20
T-21
HR-21
T-22
HR-22
T-23
HR-23

Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

Jul

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

11.2 C
73%
10.1 C
77%
9.3 C
82%
8.6 C
82%
8.0 C
84%
7.5 C
86%
7.2 C
87%
6.0 C
91%
6.3 C
90%
7.9 C
84%
11.0 C
74%
14.7 C
61%
18.3 C
49%
21.0 C
40%
22.7 C
34%
23.3 C
32%
23.0 C
33%
22.0 C
36%
20.5 C
41%
18.9 C
47%
17.1 C
53%
15.4 C
59%
13.8 C
64%
12.4 C
69%

13.1 C
72%
12.1 C
75%
11.2 C
80%
10.5 C
80%
9.9 C
82%
9.5 C
83%
9.1 C
85%
8.0 C
88%
8.8 C
86%
11.2 C
78%
14.9 C
66%
18.9 C
54%
22.4 C
42%
25.0 C
35%
26.3 C
30%
26.6 C
29%
25.9 C
32%
24.6 C
36%
23.0 C
41%
21.1 C
47%
19.2 C
53%
17.4 C
58%
15.8 C
63%
14.4 C
68%

16.8 C
70%
15.6 C
73%
14.6 C
79%
13.7 C
79%
13.0 C
81%
12.5 C
83%
12.0 C
84%
10.6 C
88%
12.3 C
83%
15.6 C
73%
19.7 C
61%
23.7 C
48%
27.0 C
38%
29.3 C
32%
30.4 C
28%
30.5 C
28%
29.8 C
30%
28.6 C
34%
26.9 C
39%
25.1 C
44%
23.2 C
50%
21.4 C
56%
19.7 C
61%
18.1 C
65%

19.1 C
72%
17.9 C
75%
17.0 C
80%
16.2 C
80%
15.6 C
82%
15.1 C
83%
13.1 C
89%
14.1 C
86%
16.7 C
78%
20.7 C
67%
25.0 C
54%
28.7 C
43%
31.6 C
35%
33.3 C
30%
33.9 C
28%
33.5 C
29%
32.5 C
32%
31.0 C
37%
29.2 C
42%
27.2 C
48%
25.3 C
53%
23.5 C
59%
21.8 C
63%
20.4 C
68%

22.8 C
75%
21.6 C
78%
20.7 C
83%
19.9 C
83%
19.3 C
85%
18.7 C
86%
17.0 C
91%
18.9 C
86%
22.5 C
76%
27.2 C
63%
31.7 C
50%
35.4 C
39%
38.0 C
32%
39.3 C
29%
39.5 C
28%
38.8 C
30%
37.4 C
34%
35.5 C
39%
33.5 C
45%
31.4 C
51%
29.3 C
57%
27.4 C
62%
25.6 C
67%
24.1 C
71%

26.8 C
76%
25.7 C
79%
24.8 C
84%
24.1 C
84%
23.5 C
85%
21.2 C
91%
21.7 C
90%
23.9 C
84%
27.8 C
73%
32.4 C
61%
36.8 C
49%
40.2 C
40%
42.4 C
34%
43.5 C
31%
43.4 C
31%
42.5 C
34%
41.0 C
38%
39.2 C
43%
37.1 C
48%
35.0 C
54%
33.0 C
59%
31.2 C
64%
29.5 C
69%
28.1 C
73%

30.4 C
74%
29.5 C
77%
28.7 C
81%
28.1 C
81%
27.6 C
82%
27.2 C
83%
25.9 C
87%
27.7 C
82%
30.8 C
73%
34.7 C
63%
38.4 C
52%
41.3 C
44%
43.3 C
38%
44.3 C
36%
44.3 C
36%
43.6 C
38%
42.4 C
41%
40.8 C
45%
39.1 C
50%
37.4 C
55%
35.7 C
60%
34.1 C
64%
32.7 C
68%
31.5 C
71%

30.7 C
75%
29.7 C
78%
28.9 C
82%
28.2 C
82%
27.7 C
84%
27.3 C
85%
25.7 C
90%
26.8 C
86%
29.5 C
79%
33.1 C
68%
36.8 C
57%
40.0 C
48%
42.4 C
41%
43.7 C
37%
44.0 C
36%
43.6 C
38%
42.5 C
41%
41.1 C
45%
39.5 C
49%
37.8 C
54%
36.1 C
59%
34.5 C
64%
33.1 C
68%
31.8 C
72%

28.2 C
79%
27.1 C
82%
26.2 C
87%
25.5 C
87%
24.9 C
89%
24.3 C
91%
22.4 C
97%
22.8 C
96%
24.8 C
89%
28.2 C
79%
32.1 C
66%
35.8 C
55%
38.7 C
45%
40.6 C
39%
41.4 C
37%
41.4 C
37%
40.6 C
39%
39.3 C
43%
37.7 C
49%
35.9 C
54%
34.2 C
60%
32.5 C
65%
30.9 C
70%
29.5 C
75%

22.9 C
74%
21.7 C
78%
20.7 C
84%
19.8 C
84%
19.1 C
86%
18.5 C
88%
18.1 C
89%
16.4 C
95%
17.5 C
91%
20.4 C
82%
24.2 C
70%
28.2 C
57%
31.6 C
46%
34.1 C
38%
35.5 C
34%
35.9 C
33%
35.4 C
34%
34.3 C
37%
32.8 C
42%
31.1 C
48%
29.3 C
54%
27.5 C
59%
25.8 C
65%
24.3 C
70%

15.1 C
70%
14.0 C
74%
13.0 C
79%
12.3 C
79%
11.7 C
81%
11.2 C
82%
10.8 C
84%
9.6 C
87%
10.0 C
86%
12.0 C
80%
15.4 C
69%
19.5 C
57%
23.2 C
45%
26.1 C
36%
27.8 C
31%
28.3 C
30%
27.9 C
31%
26.7 C
34%
25.1 C
39%
23.3 C
45%
21.4 C
51%
19.6 C
57%
17.9 C
62%
16.4 C
66%

11.6 C
74%
10.4 C
77%
9.4 C
83%
8.6 C
83%
8.0 C
86%
7.5 C
87%
7.1 C
89%
6.8 C
90%
6.0 C
92%
7.6 C
87%
10.8 C
76%
14.9 C
62%
18.8 C
49%
21.9 C
39%
23.8 C
32%
24.6 C
29%
24.3 C
30%
23.3 C
34%
21.8 C
39%
20.0 C
45%
18.1 C
51%
16.2 C
58%
14.5 C
64%
12.9 C
69%

NOTA.- LOS COLORES DEBEN SER MODIFICADOS DE ACUERDO A LA ZONA DE SZOCOLAY

ENFRIAMIENTO EVAPORATIVO DIRECTO

CALENTAMIENTO CONVENCIONAL

ENFRIAMIENTO EVAPORATIVO INDIRECTO

AIRE ACONDICIONADO

CONFORT TERMICO

DESHUMIDIFICACIN

MES / HORA
ENE

FEB

INT

11.2
73%

10.1
77%

9.3
80%

8.6
82%

8.0
84%

EXT

Muy_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

INT
EXT

MAR

INT
EXT

ABR

INT
EXT

MAY

JUN

JUL

AGO

SEP

OCT

NOV

NOV

13.1

12.1

11.2

10.5

9.9

72%

75%

78%

80%

82%

Muy_FR

Muy_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

16.8

15.6

14.6

13.7

13.0

70%

73%

76%

79%

81%

Lig_FR

FR

FR

Muy_FR

Muy_FR

19.1

17.9

17.0

16.2

15.6

72%

75%

77%

80%

82%

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

FR

FR

FR

22.8

21.6

20.7

19.9

19.3

75%

78%

81%

83%

85%

EXT

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

INT

26.8
76%

25.7
79%

24.8
82%

24.1
84%

23.5
85%

EXT

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

INT

30.4

29.5

28.7

28.1

27.6

74%

77%

79%

81%

82%

EXT

CT

CT

CT

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

INT

30.7
75%

29.7
78%

28.9
80%

28.2
82%

27.7
84%

EXT

Lmax_CT

CT

CT

CT

Lmin_CT

INT

28.2
79%

27.1
82%

26.2
85%

25.5
87%

24.9
89%

EXT

CT

CT

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

INT

22.9
74%

21.7
78%

20.7
81%

19.8
84%

19.1
86%

EXT

Lmin_CT

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

INT

15.1
70%

14.0
74%

13.0
77%

12.3
79%

11.7
81%

EXT

FR

FR

Muy_FR

Muy_FR

Muy_FR

INT

11.6
74%

10.4
77%

9.4
81%

8.6
83%

8.0
86%

EXT

Muy_FR

Muy_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

INT

CALENTAMIENTO CONVENCIONAL
MASA TRMICA
DESHUMIDIFICACIN

10

11

7.5
86%

7.2
87%

6.0
91%

6.3
90%

7.9
84%

11.0
74%

14.7
61%

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Muy_FR

Lig_FR

9.5

9.1

8.0

8.8

11.2

14.9

18.9

83%

85%

88%

86%

78%

66%

54%

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

FR

Lig_FR

12.5

12.0

10.6

12.3

15.6

19.7

23.7

83%

84%

88%

83%

73%

61%

48%

Muy_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Muy_FR

FR

Lig_FR

CT

15.1

13.1

14.1

16.7

20.7

25.0

28.7

83%

89%

86%

78%

67%

54%

43%

Muy_FR

Ext_FR

Muy_FR

FR

Lig_FR

CT

Lmax_CT

18.7

17.0

18.9

22.5

27.2

31.7

35.4

86%

91%

86%

76%

63%

50%

39%

Lig_FR

FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

CT

Lig_CA

Muy CA

21.2
91%

21.7
90%

23.9
84%

27.8
73%

32.4
61%

36.8
49%

40.2
40%

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

CT

Lig_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

27.2

25.9

27.7

30.8

34.7

38.4

41.3

83%

87%

82%

73%

63%

52%

44%

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

Lmax_CT

Lig_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

27.3
85%

25.7
90%

26.8
86%

29.5
79%

33.1
68%

36.8
57%

40.0
48%

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

CT

Lig_CA

CA

Ext_CA

24.3
91%

22.4
97%

22.8
96%

24.8
89%

28.2
79%

32.1
66%

35.8
55%

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lmin_CT

CT

Lig_CA

CA

18.5
88%

18.1
89%

16.4
95%

17.5
91%

20.4
82%

24.2
70%

28.2
57%

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

FR

FR

Lig_FR

Lmin_CT

Lmax_CT

11.2
82%

10.8
84%

9.6
87%

10.0
86%

12.0
80%

15.4
69%

19.5
57%

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Muy_FR

FR

Lig_FR

7.5
87%

7.1
89%

6.8
90%

6.0
92%

7.6
87%

10.8
76%

14.9
62%

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Ext_FR

Muy_FR

Lig_FR

NTO CONVENCIONAL

SIMBOLOGA TCNICAS PASIVAS


CONFORT TRMICO VERANO
CONFORT TRMICO INVIERNO
CALENTAMIENTO SOLAR

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

18.3
49%

21.0
40%

22.7
34%

23.3
32%

23.0
33%

22.0
36%

20.5
41%

Lig_FR

Lmin_CT

CT

CT

CT

CT

Lmin_CT

22.4

25.0

26.3

26.6

25.9

24.6

23.0

42%

35%

30%

29%

32%

36%

41%

CT

Lmax_CT

Lmax_CT

Lmax_CT

Lmax_CT

CT

CT

27.0

29.3

30.4

30.5

29.8

28.6

26.9

38%

32%

28%

28%

30%

34%

39%

Lmax_CT

Lig_CA

CA

CA

Lig_CA

Lig_CA

Lmax_CT

31.6

33.3

33.9

33.5

32.5

31.0

29.2

35%

30%

28%

29%

32%

37%

42%

CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

CA

Lig_CA

Lmax_CT

38.0

39.3

39.5

38.8

37.4

35.5

33.5

32%

29%

28%

30%

34%

39%

45%

Muy CA

Muy CA

Muy CA

Muy CA

Muy CA

Muy CA

CA

42.4
34%

43.5
31%

43.4
31%

42.5
34%

41.0
38%

39.2
43%

37.1
48%

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

43.3

44.3

44.3

43.6

42.4

40.8

39.1

38%

36%

36%

38%

41%

45%

50%

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

42.4
41%

43.7
37%

44.0
36%

43.6
38%

42.5
41%

41.1
45%

39.5
49%

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

38.7
45%

40.6
39%

41.4
37%

41.4
37%

40.6
39%

39.3
43%

37.7
49%

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

31.6
46%

34.1
38%

35.5
34%

35.9
33%

35.4
34%

34.3
37%

32.8
42%

Lig_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

Ext_CA

CA

23.2
45%

26.1
36%

27.8
31%

28.3
30%

27.9
31%

26.7
34%

25.1
39%

CT

Lmax_CT

Lig_CA

Lig_CA

Lig_CA

Lmax_CT

Lmax_CT

18.8
49%

21.9
39%

23.8
32%

24.6
29%

24.3
30%

23.3
34%

21.8
39%

Lig_FR

CT

CT

Lmax_CT

Lmax_CT

CT

CT

CNICAS PASIVAS

RMICO VERANO

AIRE ACONDICIONADO

RMICO INVIERNO

VENTILACIN 1 m/s

NTO SOLAR

VENTILACIN 1,5 m/s

19

20

21

22

23

18.9
47%

17.1
53%

15.4
59%

13.8
64%

12.4
69%

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

FR

Muy_FR

21.1

19.2

17.4

15.8

14.4

47%

53%

58%

63%

68%

Lmin_CT

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

FR

25.1

23.2

21.4

19.7

18.1

44%

50%

56%

61%

65%

CT

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

27.2

25.3

23.5

21.8

20.4

48%

53%

59%

63%

68%

Lmax_CT

CT

Lmin_CT

Lmin_CT

Lig_FR

31.4

29.3

27.4

25.6

24.1

51%

57%

62%

67%

71%

Lig_CA

Lmax_CT

CT

CT

Lmin_CT

35.0
54%

33.0
59%

31.2
64%

29.5
69%

28.1
73%

CA

Lig_CA

Lmax_CT

CT

CT

37.4

35.7

34.1

32.7

31.5

55%

60%

64%

68%

71%

Ext_CA

CA

Lig_CA

Lmax_CT

Lmax_CT

37.8
54%

36.1
59%

34.5
64%

33.1
68%

31.8
72%

Ext_CA

CA

Lig_CA

Lig_CA

Lmax_CT

35.9
54%

34.2
60%

32.5
65%

30.9
70%

29.5
75%

CA

CA

Lig_CA

Lmax_CT

CT

31.1
48%

29.3
54%

27.5
59%

25.8
65%

24.3
70%

Lig_CA

Lmax_CT

CT

CT

Lmin_CT

23.3
45%

21.4
51%

19.6
57%

17.9
62%

16.4
66%

CT

Lmin_CT

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

20.0
45%

18.1
51%

16.2
58%

14.5
64%

12.9
69%

Lmin_CT

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

Lig_FR

FR

ESTRATEGIAS BIOCLIMATICAS
EDIFICACION

SZOKOLAY,1999

ZONA DE CONFORT
LIMITES CONFORT VERANO

Tn
28.8
24.8

TEMPERATURA EFECTIVA

HA 50%
12.3
9.8

2.4

LIMITES CONFORT INVIERNO

Tn
24.7
20.7

33.0
27.2

4.2

TEMPERATURA EFECTIVA

HA 50%
9.8
7.6

27.1
21.8

2.4
1.2

Nota*.-Trazar una lnea paralela a la humedad Absoluta (HA), colocando como limite superior de zona de confort los 12 g/kg de aire seco y el limite
inferior los 4 g/kg de aire seco. La unin de estas lneas con las temperaturas efectivas del limite superior e inferior nos definirn la zona de confort ya
sea para verano o invierno

MASA TERMICA

LIMITE MASA EN VERANO

33.9

HA 50%
16.5

41.5

7.6

Nota*.-Para determinar el limite superior del efecto de masa trmica se consideran los 14 g/kg. Hasta chocar con la interseccin de la lnea superior
de confort de verano y posteriormente se une con la interseccin de la lnea de los 12 gr/kg y el limite inferior de verano. El limite inferior es en la linea
de los 4 gr/Kg.

LIMITE DE MASA EN INVIERNO

13.0

HA 50%
4.6

TE*
12.9

-0.1

Nota*.-Se traza una linea por HA50% (normalmente vertical), debido al pequeo dezplazamiento

LIM.MASA CON VENTILACIN NOCTURNA

38.0

HA 50%
21.0

49.6

11.6

VENTILACION
1 m/s
2 m/s
31.0
34.4

HA 50%
14.2
17.2

5.5
8.1

36.5
42.4

El valor resultante en este caso, es asignado como el valor limite superior hasta la linea de 50% de humedad relativat. Dicho limite, sirve para definir la
lnea de tendencia a partir del 50% de humedad relativa hasta los 4g/kg as. El limite inferior esta establecido por el lmite inferior para el verano, a
apartir del cual se traza una lnea vertical hasta la curva de 80% de HR, a partir de sta interseccin se traza una lnea siguiendo la lnea de 80% de
HR. Por ltimo se traza una lnea paralela a la TE* al 50% de HR a apartir de la interseccin.

ENFRIAMIENTO EVAPORATIVO
ENFR. EVAPORATIVO DIRECTO (C)

38.8

Nota*.- El lmite por temperatura de bulbo humedo se determina a apartir de el limite superior para el verano (en los 12g/kg) y en la parte inferior se
determina a apartir del lmite inferior del verano (4gr/kg).

ENFR. EVAPORATIVO INDIRECTO (C)

41.8

Nota*.- El lmite superior por HA son los 14g/kg. A apartir de la cual se deberan trazar dos linea diagonales. La primera se traza en la interseccin de
la prolongacin del limite superior de verano con los 14 gr/kg, mientras que la segunda se traza a partir de la prolongacion del limite por enfriamiento
evaporativo hasta los 14 gr/kg

CALENTAMIENTO PASIVO
8.7

LIMITE (C)
2

Nota*.- Considerando 100m con 20% de aperturas, con una captacion de radiacin global recibida de 3315Wh/m y una eiciencia de captacin de
0.6. Ademas de asumir un buen sistema de aislamiento

Precipitacin mxima mensual

Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

Jul

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

77.2

40.3

53.6

24.3

9.3

10.0

32.6

98.0

76.0

87.2

19.6

90.7

254.1
1.50
0.00
0.10
0.00

194.9
1.10
0.00
0.00
0.00

143.1
0.90
0.20
0.00
0.00

84.8
1.00
0.20
0.00
0.00

59.2
2.10
0.30
0.00
0.00

Frecuencia de elementos y fenmenos


Evaporacin total
Numero de das con lluvia
Niebla
Granizo
Tormenta elctrica

63.0
2.30
0.30
0.00
0.00

85
2.10
0.20
0.00
0.00

143.3
2.10
0.00
0.00
0.00

198.2
0.50
0.00
0.00
0.00

262
0.40
0.00
0.00
0.10

302.9
0.10
0.00
0.00
0.00

294.2
0.90
0.10
0.00
0.10

PRECIPITACIN TOTAL
120.0

98.0

100.0

90.7
87.2

mm

80.0

77.2

76.0

60.0

53.6

40.3
40.0
32.6
24.3
19.6

20.0
9.3

10.0

May

Jun

0.0
Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

Jul
MES

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

Tormenta elctrica

0.12

0.10

0.10

0.10

0.08

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Ago

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

0.00
May

Jun

Jul

Tormenta elctrica

2.50
2.30
2.10

2.10

2.10

2.00

1.50
1.50

1.10
1.00
1.00

0.90

0.90

0.50
0.50

0.40

0.10
0.00
Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

Jul

Ago

Numero de das con lluvia

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

0.35

0.30

0.30

0.30

0.25

0.20

0.20

0.20

Oct

Nov

0.20

DSADDS
0.15

0.10
0.10

0.05

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

0.00

0.00

Ago

Sep

0.00
Ene

Feb

Jul
MES
Niebla

Dic

Granizo

0.12

0.10
0.10

0.08

0.06

0.04

0.02

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Ene

Feb

Mar

Abr

May

Jun

Jul

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dic

0.00

Granizo

Ago

Se observa que el viento dominante con una frecuencia de 27% proviene del noroeste, siguindole en orden de
importancia los vientos del sureste (24%), suroeste (22%) y oeste (19%). Con menor frecuencia ocurren los
El flujo de viento a lo largo del ao se diferencia en dos patrones. Los vientos occidentales con una frecuencia de
69% se presentan desde las direcciones noroeste, oeste y suroeste y ocurren principalmente en los meses de
octubre a junio. El patrn de vientos orientales con una frecuencia de 31% se presenta desde las direcciones

1100
1050
1000
950
900
850
800
750
700
650
600
550
500
450
400
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
Ene

Feb
RH-Pro-Max

mar

Abr

May
RH-Pro

Jun

Jul
RH-Pro-Min

Ago

Ago

Sep
RH-Max-Ext

Oct

Nov
RH-Min-Ext

Dic

También podría gustarte