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This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points. (October 2010)
San Francisco, California,USA (March 2007)
San Francisco, California, USA
Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder)
Social reading and publishing platform
Type of site
English, Spanish, Portuguese
Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.
BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturnedProp 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. In August 2010. it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In 2008.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times. Chicago Tribune.Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • •  1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father. and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Harvard University Press andStanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. In October 2009. John R. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. In June 2009. Los Angeles Times. TechCrunch and MediaBistro. Wiley. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006.The Huffington Post. where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. Workman. Scribd launched Scribd Store. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. . Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. Pearson.
in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. and received over US$3. Awards/recognition In September 2009. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding.  Technology . On September 1. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. Also in April 2010. Prior to the $9 million round. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010. led by Charles River Ventures with reinvestment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. In May 2010. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales.”  Financials The company was initially funded with US$12.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Venturesand The Kinsey Hills Group. and hired as president George Consagra. 2010.  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. In December 2008. Their current valuation is likely much higher. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. Scribd was valued at $10 million. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. “the social network for reading. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald.000 from Y Combinator. In December 2009. Sacks. David O. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010.  Timeline In February 2010.
2010. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. Ford Motor Company. HewlettPackard.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash.”" In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5. and Linux) without conversion.0 Conference in San Francisco. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. and PostScript files. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). If the requirements are not met. the U. The World Bank. OpenDocument documents. Now any document can become a Web page. PowerPoint presentations.”  Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators.OpenOffice.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. New York TimesDealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. which allows users to embed documents into a web page.org XML documents. Red Cross.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. the white or gray display area is simply blank. Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. only a few applications use this API. PDFs.Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone).S. which is the default setting in Flash. there is no message. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. however. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. . Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. On May 5. UNICEF. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. Mac OS. and Samsung. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. World Economic Forum.
" Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement.pptx) Microsoft Word (.doc. ." On May 11. Criticism Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. The suit was dropped in July 2010. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. Le Guin.ods) OpenOffice.txt) Portable document format (.000. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. .rtf) .  Supported file formats Supported formats include: Microsoft Excel (. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. Motoko Rich.org XML (. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. In August 2010.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.docx) OpenDocument (.sxw.xls. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed]. writing in the New York Times.sxi. . . .ps) Rich text format (.pdf) PostScript (. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. . In June 2010.ppt. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd.odp.odt. .sxc) Plain text (. 2009.pps. . In July 2010.  Controversy In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd.
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