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This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points. (October 2010)
San Francisco, California,USA (March 2007)
San Francisco, California, USA
Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder)
Social reading and publishing platform
Type of site
English, Spanish, Portuguese
Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.
Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers.Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • •  1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father. In August 2010. Workman. Wiley. where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. Scribd launched Scribd Store. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”. and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. In June 2009. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House. . Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times.The Huffington Post. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. TechCrunch and MediaBistro. Chicago Tribune. In 2008. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. John R. Pearson. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturnedProp 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Harvard University Press andStanford University Press are now associated with Scribd.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. Los Angeles Times. it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In October 2009.
 Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. 2010. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. Sacks.  Timeline In February 2010. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. Also in April 2010.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Venturesand The Kinsey Hills Group. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010. Their current valuation is likely much higher.000 from Y Combinator.”  Financials The company was initially funded with US$12. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc.  Technology . the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services. In May 2010. In December 2008. “the social network for reading. led by Charles River Ventures with reinvestment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. and hired as president George Consagra. Scribd was valued at $10 million. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. In December 2009. David O. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. On September 1. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. and received over US$3. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. Prior to the $9 million round. Awards/recognition In September 2009.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter.
”  Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. there is no message. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. If the requirements are not met. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. which is the default setting in Flash. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday.org XML documents. PDFs. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. The World Bank. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format.S.Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs.OpenOffice. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. the white or gray display area is simply blank. World Economic Forum. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. 2010. and Samsung. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. and Linux) without conversion. and PostScript files. Red Cross. PowerPoint presentations. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). only a few applications use this API. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. Ford Motor Company. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). On May 5.0 Conference in San Francisco. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. however. Now any document can become a Web page. UNICEF. HewlettPackard.”" In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5. Mac OS. OpenDocument documents. .  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. the U. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. New York TimesDealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5.
  Controversy In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd.pps.xls. . GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66." Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd.000.odt.ps) Rich text format (.  Supported file formats Supported formats include: Microsoft Excel (. Criticism Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement.ods) OpenOffice. Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K." On May 11. .ppt.pdf) PostScript (. . Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. .odp. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works.txt) Portable document format (. . writing in the New York Times.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. In July 2010. Motoko Rich. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed].sxw.docx) OpenDocument (. 2009. Le Guin.sxc) Plain text (. .rtf) .sxi. .org XML (. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.doc. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR. In June 2010.pptx) Microsoft Word (. In August 2010. . The suit was dropped in July 2010.