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This article's lead section may not adequately summarize its contents. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the article's key points. (October 2010)
San Francisco, California,USA (March 2007)
San Francisco, California, USA
Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder)
Social reading and publishing platform
Type of site
English, Spanish, Portuguese
Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.
Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. In June 2009. Wiley. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”. Chicago Tribune. . Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times.The Huffington Post. Over 150 professional publishers including Random House. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. TechCrunch and MediaBistro. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. John R. Harvard University Press andStanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturnedProp 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Workman. Los Angeles Times. and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. In 2008. Pearson. In October 2009.Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • •  1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August 2010. where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd launched Scribd Store.
7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Venturesand The Kinsey Hills Group. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. In December 2008. In May 2010. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni.  Technology . 2010.  Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. Their current valuation is likely much higher. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services. “the social network for reading. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. David O. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. Awards/recognition In September 2009. Scribd was valued at $10 million. and hired as president George Consagra. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010. Also in April 2010. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch. led by Charles River Ventures with reinvestment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. In December 2009. Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones.000 from Y Combinator. and received over US$3. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding. After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. Prior to the $9 million round. Sacks.”  Financials The company was initially funded with US$12.  Timeline In February 2010. On September 1.
 All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community.S.org XML documents. the U. which allows users to embed documents into a web page.Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web.  Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch.OpenOffice. which is the default setting in Flash. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. OpenDocument documents. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2.  TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. however. If the requirements are not met. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). the white or gray display area is simply blank. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. and Linux) without conversion. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. UNICEF. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. there is no message. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog.”" In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5.0 Conference in San Francisco. Now any document can become a Web page. New York TimesDealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). Ford Motor Company. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. Red Cross. PDFs. On May 5. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. HewlettPackard. only a few applications use this API. The World Bank. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1.”  Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. World Economic Forum. and PostScript files. 2010. Mac OS. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. and Samsung. PowerPoint presentations.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. .
.  Supported file formats Supported formats include: Microsoft Excel (. In June 2010. .odp.sxc) Plain text (. . SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66.ppt. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times.  Controversy In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. . . Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices.pptx) Microsoft Word (.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.pdf) PostScript (. In July 2010.pps.sxw. .odt. Criticism Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. The suit was dropped in July 2010. In August 2010.000.ps) Rich text format (.ods) OpenOffice. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.txt) Portable document format (.rtf) . Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed]. ." On May 11." Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement.xls. Le Guin.sxi. 2009.org XML (. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR.docx) OpenDocument (.doc. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. . writing in the New York Times. Motoko Rich.
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