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San Francisco, California,USA (March 2007)


San Francisco, California, USA

Key people

Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder)


Social reading and publishing platform


Alexa rank


Type of site

Social Software

Available in

English, Spanish, Portuguese

Current status


Scribd (pronounced /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler, Tikhon Bernstam, and Jared Friedman in 2006.[2] Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, edocr, WePapers, and Issuu.[3]

Wiley. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.[6] Over 150 professional publishers including Random House. Harvard University Press andStanford University Press are now associated with Scribd. Los Angeles Times. Pearson. In 2008. TechCrunch and MediaBistro. [7] Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. John R.[5] and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd.Contents [hide] • • • • • • • • • • • • [edit] 1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism 8 Controversy 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External links History The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father. where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. In October 2009. Chicago Tribune. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times. it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore. Workman. Scribd launched Scribd Store.[4] In June 2009.[8] . In August 2010. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.The Huffington Post. news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturnedProp 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle.

Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference.[18] Also in April 2010. and hired as president George Consagra. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411.[9] In December 2009. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. 2010.[edit] Awards/recognition In September 2009. [19] Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. David O.”[20] [edit] Financials The company was initially funded with US$12. [16] In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"[17] which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter.[15] [edit] Timeline In February 2010. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding.[24] Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch.[3] [edit] Technology . BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”.[11] In May 2010. Scribd was valued at $10 million.[13][14] After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”.[25] It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. led by Charles River Ventures with reinvestment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Venturesand The Kinsey Hills Group. Sacks.[26] In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services. and received over US$3.[23] Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. in July 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. Their current valuation is likely much higher.[21][22] In December 2008. Prior to the $9 million round. [10] Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010.000 from Y Combinator. “the social network for reading. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011.[12] On September 1.

OpenDocument documents. New York TimesDealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin.0 Conference in San Francisco. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents. and PostScript files.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. there is no message. Now any document can become a Web page.Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog.[36] . PowerPoint presentations. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. On May 5.S. HewlettPackard. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format. World Economic Forum. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. [31] TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. UNICEF. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher.[27] iPaper was built with Adobe Flash.”"[32] In July 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5.”[33] [edit] Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. The World Bank. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. Red Cross.[35] Former California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman. PDFs. and Linux) without conversion.[34] Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents".[28] All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. the U. and Samsung. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. 2010. which is the default setting in Flash. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). the white or gray display area is simply blank. [30] Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch.OpenOffice. however. Ford Motor XML documents.[29] If the requirements are not met. Mac OS. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2. only a few applications use this API.

.odp. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies[clarification needed]. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive.[42] Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices.sxc) Plain text (.ps) Rich text format (.[37] In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors.xls. .[citation needed] [edit] Controversy In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request.[citation needed] In August 2010.pps. Le Guin.pptx) Microsoft Word (.odt. . accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. writing in the New York Times.[44][45][46] In July 2010.000.[edit] Criticism Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement.sxi."[38] Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. .[41] The suit was dropped in July 2010. 2009.[43] In June 2010.txt) Portable document format (."[39][40] On May 11. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR.sxw. . The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.rtf) . [edit] Supported file formats Supported formats include:[47]          Microsoft Excel (.org XML (. Motoko Rich.pdf) PostScript (. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times.docx) OpenDocument (.ods) OpenOffice.ppt. .doc. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66.xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. . .

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