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STSC  001  Syllabus  •  2011  Schedule  

The Emergence of Modern Science STSC/ HSOC 001

Fall 2011 Professor: John Tresch M-W lecture, 12-12:50, Claudia Cohen Hall 402 Recitation sections, Fridays Over the past 500 years, science has emerged as a central and transformative feature of world society, a human enterprise that continues to reshape everyday life in countless ways. How and why did the methods of natural science take root in the West, and why did they gradually change the way we see the world? What was the “Scientific Revolution,” and why did it take place when and where it did? How has the thinking of scientists been shaped by the culture, religion, and politics of their own times? How has science transformed the way we understand the universe and our place in it? This lecture course will survey the development of European science from its early Mediterranean origins through the start of the 21st Century. By focusing on the life and work of those who created modern science, we will explore their core ideas, where those ideas came from, what problems they solved, what made them controversial and exciting, and how they related to contemporary politics, religious beliefs, and arts. The course is organized both chronologically and thematically. In short, this is a “Western Civ” course with a difference. The course has no prerequisites and is intended for a wide variety of students. Freshmen may find it a useful holistic introduction to their university studies; more advanced students may find it helpful in filling in gaps and putting what they know in broader perspective. Monday and Wednesday lectures will present the central ideas: attentive lecture and recitation attendance is mandatory. Friday sections will afford the opportunity for hands-on observation, discussion, and debate. Grading will be based on two quizzes, three short papers, a midterm and a final exam, along with participation. Office Hours: Mondays 2:00-3:30 (3rd floor Cohen) and by appointment:>

Teaching Assistants: Lisa Ruth Rand: <> Nadia Berenstein: <> Readings There are two textbooks and a collection of primary sources available as PDFs. The books are available at Penn Book Center, and copies are also on reserve at Rosengarten Reserves. David Lindberg, The Beginnings of Western Science, second edition. (Chicago, 2007). Peter Bowler and Iwan Morus, Making Modern Science: A Historical Survey. (Chicago, 2005). The syllabus will list readings for each week of class. You should do the readings for that week by Monday: they will provide important background and context for lectures. Recitation sections on Fridays will involve discussion based on the readings as well as the lectures. These are mandatory.


Plato. the Romans. 257-267 (Medieval Legacy) PDF: Medieval Universities and Aristotle 37-44 Lecture 6: Catching up with the Caliphs: The Philosopher and the University Lecture 7: Mediterranean Renaissance ***SECTIONS WILL MEET at Rare Books Room in Van Pelt Library***   . Short Papers: Two short quizzes Midterm/ Final Participation/ Attendance: 3x 10%= 2 x10 %= 2 x 30%= 10%= (30) (20 (40) (10) CLASS SCHEDULE UNIT 1: ROOTS Week 1 Sept 7 Sept 9 Reading: SECTION PDF: Latour and Woolgar. a midterm and a final exam. 132-146 (Rome) 162-192 (Islam) PDF: E & C: Pliny 57-62. Form and Substance SECTION Week 3 Sept 19 Sept 21 Sept 23 Readings: Lindberg: 67-110 (Hellenism).STSC  001  Syllabus  •  2011  Schedule   Assignments/ Grading There will be three short papers. 78-81 Lecture 4: The Greeks. the Goths. participation and attendance are part of your grade. Geber. two short quizzes. Ibn Rushd 64-71. Hippocrates 7-12 Lecture 2: Natural Knowledge in Ancient Worlds Lecture 3: Being and Nothingness. Al-Khwarizmi. the Monks Lecture 5: The Islamic Renaissance SECTION ***SECOND PAPER DUE*** Week 4 Sept 26 Sept 28 Sept 30 Readings: Lindberg: 193-253 (Scholasticism). Laboratory Life: 43-86 Lecture 1: The Places of Science Week 2 Sept 12 Sept 14 Sept 16 Readings: Lindberg: 1-66 (Presocratics. Aristotle) PDF: Aristotle. Plato. Regular attendance in class and recitations are required.

STSC  001  Syllabus  •  2011  Schedule   UNIT 2: REVOLUTION Week 5 Readings: PDF: Renaissance magic. Mechanical Philosophy 120-127. UNIT 3: THE AGE OF “PROGRESS” Week 9 Oct 31 Nov 2 Nov 4 Readings: Bowler and Morus: 103. 251-257. 319-326 (societies) PDF: Salomon’s House. E & C 201-204 Newton for the Ladies Oct 17 Oct 19 Oct 21 Lecture 11: Science and Enlightened Society ***SECOND PAPER DUE*** Lecture 12: Surveying and Collecting the Planet SECTION/ REVIEW Week 8 Oct 24 Oct 26 Oct 28 Readings: Bowler and Morus. 55-77 (chem) PDF: Science and Revolution.126 (Geology). Voltaire (Locke. Koyré on Newton. 59-62. 219-23 Lecture 14: Romanticism and Science Lecture 15: The Age of the Earth and the Origin of Species SECTION   . Science and Printing 85-9. Darwin. Descartes’ Astronomy 111-3. 49-57. Courts and Patronage 63-66. Man a Machine 129-30 Oct 3 Oct 5 Oct 7 Lecture 8: Northern Renaissance Lecture 9: Plato’s Return: The Move to Mechanics SECTION (VAN PELT) Week 6 Oct 10 Oct 12 Oct 14 Readings: Bowler and Morus:. 136-138 Fall break: NO CLASS Lecture 10: Newton’s Networks SECTION Week 7 Readings: Bowler and Morus: : 46-52 (Newton) PDF: E & C Diderot 198-201. Newton)143-5 Condorcet 266-267. 150-154 Lecture 13: Natural Law and Revolutions *** IN CLASS MIDTERM: 50-MINUTE EXAM 10/29*** No Section. 346-354 (Nat. Copernicus (Ossiander) 93-99. Theo) PDF: E & C Lyell.

HGP. 463-479 (Sci & War) PDF: Russell. 223-8 Lecture 18: Building Blocks Lecture 19: Progress and Degeneracy *** FIELD TRIP: WAGNER SCIENCE MUSEUM. Heisenberg. 11/12 *** (to be confirmed) UNIT 4: THE TWENTIETH CENTURY Week 12 Nov 21 Nov 23 Readings: Bowler and Morus: (Genetics) PDF: E & C: Morgan 356-362.). Dec. sci. 415-30 (ideology) PDF: Spencer. Schrodinger.m.m.4 p. Heisenberg. 435-447 Lecture 23: The Cold War and Big Science Lecture 24: Placeless Spaces. 244-7. Relativity. Energy. Weds. Phys. Carson. Watson and Crick. 252-6..STSC  001  Syllabus  •  2011  Schedule   Week 10 Nov 7 Nov 9 Nov 11 Readings: Bowler and Morus: 79-101 (19th c. 257-61 Lecture 21: Science and War Lecture 22: The New Physics GUEST LECTURE: Babak Ashrafi. Where Will It All End? SECTION/ REVIEW FINALS WEEK: 12-2 p. Power SECTION Week 11 Nov 14 Nov 16 Nov 18 Readings: Bowler and Morus 299-315 (Hum.). Penn/PACHS SECTION ***THIRD PAPER DUE*** Week 14 Dec 5 Dec 7 Dec 9 Readings: Bowler and Morus: 479-484 (Cold War) PDF: E & C: Turing. 15th ***FINAL EXAM ***   . 380-6 Lecture 20: The New Biology. from Mendel to DNA Thanksgiving. phys) PDF: Aether and Reality 240-1 Lecture 16 : The Mechanical Age Lecture 17: Force. 1 . NO SECTION Week 13 Nov 28 Nov 30 Dec 2 Readings: Bowler and Morus: 253-275 (20th c.