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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

Ol pessoal, Neste nosso quinto encontro, estudaremos 02 textos

retirados do stio eletrnico do Senado Federal que tratam de temas relacionados ao Senado e que podem cair em prova: meio ambiente, Mercosul, eleies e Lei da Ficha Limpa. Na segunda parte desta aula, resolveremos algumas questes da prova do ltimo concurso. Bons estudos e forte abrao.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

INCREMENTANDO O VOCABULRIO PARA O CONCURSO DO SENADO FEDERAL

O texto a seguir foi retirado do site do Senado Federal. Neste primeiro momento, no leia o texto. Vamos estudar um pargrafo de cada vez, identificando as palavras-chave e os pontos gramaticais que foram apreendemos nas aulas anteriores. Ao final do texto voc vai encontrar o quadro de vocabulrio-chave para facilitar a reviso antes da prova.

TEXTO 01

Brazil participates in COP 16 as a leader, government says

Brazil should participate in the Convention on Climate Change (COP 16), between November 29th and December 10th, in Cancun, Mexico, in a comfortable position of leadership, that is, the commitment of demanding a greater engagement from the other participating countries, especially the developed ones, regarding the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 2

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE That was the opinion of three specialists from the government who participated, on Thursday (25), in a public hearing promoted by the Committee on the Environment, Consumer Protection and Inspection and Control. The debate was about the new commitments that will be taken on by the Brazilian government during the COP 16 and the range of the targets set last year during the conference in Copenhagen. Brazils Climate Change ambassador, from the Ministry of External Relations, Srgio Barbosa Serra reminded that Brazil is being internationally respected for having committed itself to a reduction target of greenhouse gas emissions above the 30% recommended to developing countries. He also explained that, although the target for developed countries was set between 25% and 40%, based on 1990, an agreement on that matter will hardly be reached during the meeting in Cancun. That is because the United States did not manage to approve the bill on emissions reduction in the American Congress. In the ambassadors opinion, it would already be a very positive result if, at COP 16, all countries agreed that there will be a new commitment to reduce the emission of gases that aggravate global warming, following the Kyoto Protocol, which expires in 2012. According to Srgio Serra, the perspectives are better in the financial area, especially regarding the approval of a funding of US$ 30 billion in three years to countries that are more vulnerable to the greenhouse effect. Our position will be to try to guarantee the following: that the funding is done in the short term and that there is a concrete sign of the Kyoto Protocols continuity regarding the second period of commitments.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE The hearings second goal, requested by senator Marina Silva (PV-AC), was to debate the regulation of Law 12,187/09, which created the National Policy on Climate Change. By this rule, Brazil ratified the voluntary commitment it had taken on at COP 15 of reducing greenhouse gas emissions between 36.1% and 38.9% until 2020.

Analisando o texto: Ttulo e 1 Pargrafo Comentrios: Brazil participates in COP 16 as a leader, government says. O ttulo do texto afima: O governo diz que o Brasil participa do COP (Reunio do Clima) como um lder. A frase est no presente simples. Brazil (it) participates government (it) says. Brazil should participate in the Convention on Climate Change (COP 16), between November 29th and December 10th, in Cancun, Mexico, in a comfortable position of leadership, that is, the commitment of demanding a greater engagement from the other participating countries, especially the developed ones, regarding the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Da anlise do pargrafo, podemos concluir que o Brasil dever (should) participar da 16 Conferncia do Clima (COP-16), no perodo de 29/11 a 10/12, em Cancm (Mxico), numa confortvel (confort +able = adjetivo confortable) posio de liderana (leadership), com o compromisso (commitment) de cobrar (demand) maior (great+er = adjetivo comparativo) engajamento (engagement) dos www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 4

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE pases participantes (participating), especialmente

(especial+ly=advrbio) os pases desenvolvidos (develop+ed = adjetivo ou verbo), com a reduo (reduct+on=substantivo) das emisses de gases de efeito estufa (greenhouse).

Branca Americano (E), do MMA, ao lado do senador Gilberto Goellner: importante que Brasil ratifique os compromissos assumidos em Copenhague"

2 Pargrafo Comentrios: That was the opinion of three specialists from the

government who participated, on Thursday (25), in a public hearing promoted by the Committee on the Environment, Consumer Protection and Inspection and Control. The debate was about the new commitments that will be taken on by the Brazilian government during the COP 16 and the range of the targets set last year during the conference in Copenhagen. www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 5

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

Esta foi (was = passado do verbo be) a opinio de 3 especialistas do governo que participaram (participated = passado simples do verbo participate), na quinta-feira (25), de audincia pblica (public hearing) promovida pela Comisso de Meio Ambiente (Environment), Defesa do Consumidor (Consumer Protection) Fiscalizao (Inspection) e Controle (Control). PRONOME RELATIVO e

... three specialists from the government who participated,....

O debate foi (was = passado simples verbo be) acerca de novos (new) compromissos (commitments) que sero (will be = futuro) assumidos (taken = particpio do verbo take) pelo governo durante a COP-16) e o alcance (range) de metas (targets) assumidas (set = passado simples do verbo set) no ano passado (last year) durante a conferncia de Copenhague.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

3 Pargrafo Comentrios:

Brazils Climate Change ambassador, from the Ministry of External Relations, Srgio Barbosa Serra reminded that Brazil is being internationally respected for having committed itself to a reduction target of greenhouse gas emissions above the 30% recommended to developing countries. He also explained that, although the target for developed countries was set between 25% and 40%, based on 1990, an agreement on that matter will hardly be reached during the meeting in Cancun. That is because the United States did not manage to approve the bill on emissions reduction in the American Congress. O embaixador (ambassador) do Brasil para a mudana do clima, Srgio Barbosa Serra, lembrou (reminded = passado simples do verbo remind) que o Brasil est sendo (is being = presente contnuo) respeitado (respect+ed= adjetivo ou verbo) internacionalmente por seu compromisso de metas (target) reduo (reduct+ion= substantivo) de emisses de gases de efeito estufa (greenhouse) acima (above) dos 30% recomendados (recomended = passado simple de recomend) para os pases em desenvolvimento (developing countries). Explicou (explained = passado simples de explain) que, apesar (although) de a meta para os pases desenvolvidos (developed countries) ter sido estipulada (was set) entre 25% a 40%, com relao a 1990, dificilmente (hard+ly = advrbio) ser (will be = futuro) fechado (reached = particpio de reach) um acordo (agree+ment=substantivo) nesse sentido no www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 7

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE encontro (meeting) em Cancn. Isso porque os Estados Unidos no conseguiram (did not manage, forma negativa do passado simples) aprovar (approve) no Congresso americano projeto (bill) sobre a reduo das emisses dos gases.

4 Pargrafo

Comentrios: In the ambassadors opinion, it would already be a very positive result if, at COP 16, all countries agreed that there will be a new commitment to reduce the emission of gases that aggravate global warming, following the Kyoto Protocol, which expires in 2012. Na opinio do embaixador, j (already) seria (would be = would faz a forma pretrita mais-que-perfeito do subjuntivo no portugus) um resultado muito positivo se (if), na COP-16, ficasse acertado (agreed) que haver (there will be = verbo haver, there be, no futuro, there will be) novo compromisso para reduo dos gases que agravavam (aggravate) o aquecimento global (global warming), seguindo o Protocolo de Kyoto, que se encerra (expires = presente simples do verbo expire) em 2012.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

5 Pargrafo

Comentrios: According to Srgio Serra, the perspectives are better in the financial area, especially regarding the approval of a funding of US$ 30 billion in three years to countries that are more vulnerable to the greenhouse effect. De acordo com Srgio, as perspectivas so melhores (better = comparativo de good), especialmente (especial+ly=advrbio) devido (regarding) aprovao de um financiamento (funding) de US$ 30 bilhes, em trs anos, para os pases mais vulnerveis (more vulnerable) ao efeito estufa. Na rea financeira, segundo Srgio Serra, as perspectivas so melhores, sobretudo em relao aprovao de um financiamento de US$ 30 bilhes, em trs anos, para os pases mais vulnerveis ao efeito estufa.

Our position will be to try to guarantee the following: that the funding is done in the short term and that there is a concrete sign of the Kyoto Protocols continuity regarding the second period of commitments. O representante brasileiro observou ainda: Nossa posio ser (will be) de tentar (try) garantir (guarantee) o seguinte (the following): que o financiamento saia no curto prazo (short term) e que haja (there is=verbo haver) indicao (sign) www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 9

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE concreto da continuidade do protocolo de Kyoto (kyoto Protocols continuity) considerando um segundo perodo de compromissos.

6 Pargrafo

Comentrios: The hearings second goal, requested by senator Marina Silva (PV-AC), was to debate the regulation of Law 12,187/09, which created the National Policy on Climate Change. By this rule, Brazil ratified the voluntary commitment it had taken on at COP 15 of reducing greenhouse gas emissions between 36.1% and 38.9% until 2020. O segundo objetivo da audincia (hearings second goal), solicitado pela Senadora Marina Silva (PV-AC) foi debater (was to debate) a regulamentao (regulation) da Lei (law) 12.187/09, que (which = pronome relativo para law) instituiu (created) a Poltica Nacional sobre Mudana do Clima. Por essa norma (rule), o Brasil ratificou (ratified) o compromisso voluntrio assumido (had taken) no COP-15, de reduzir as emisses de gases de efeito estufa entre 36,1% e 38,9%.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

VOCABULRIO-CHAVE DO TEXTO liderana (leadership) compromisso (commitment) cobrar (demand) maior (greater) engajamento (engagement) participantes (participating) pases desenvolvidos (developed countries) reduo (reduction) gases de efeito estufa (greenhouse) audincia pblica (public hearing) meio embiente (environment) Defesa do Consumidor (Consumer Protection) fiscalizao (inspection) controle (control) compromissos (commitments) alcance (range) metas (targets) embaixador (ambassador) acima (above) recomendado (recomended = passado simple de recomend) pases em desenvolvimento (developing countries) www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 11

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE apesar (although) estipulada (set) fechado, alcanado (reached) acordo (agreement) encontro (meeting) conseguir (manage) aprovar (approve) projeto (bill) j (already) acertado (agreed) haver (there will be = verbo haver) agravavam (aggravate) aquecimento global (global warming) encerra (expires = presente simples do verbo expire) financiamento (funding) vulnerveis (vulnerable) curto prazo (short term) indicao (sign) objetivo (goal) regulamentao (regulation) lei (law) norma (rule) ratificou (ratified)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

TEXTO 02

Clean Record Law to be suggested to Parlasul

Eligibility Rules similar to the ones of the Clean Record Law could also be applied to the direct elections to choose the future members of the Mercosul Parliament (Parlasul). That was one of the requests of the Brazilian Committee on Human Rights and Foreign Policy to the Committee on Citizenship and Human Rights of the Mercosul Parliament, in a meeting at the Senate, on Monday (22). To the representative of the Committee on Human Rights and Foreign Policy, Daniella Hiche, the recent Brazilian law defines essential ethical and moral requirements to qualify the future regional bloc's parliament composition. The citizens have the right to a truly democratic representation. The Clean Record Law is an advance and can be taken as reference, she said. The hearing's aim was to subsidize the annual report by the Committee on Citizenship and Human Rights about the human rights' situation in Mercosul countries. Nine Parlasul members, also members of the committee, took part in the meeting, including its president, Mirtha Palcios, the work coordinator from Paraguay. Senator Augusto Botelho (without party RR) and the federal deputy Geraldo Thadeu (PSB-MG) represented Brazil.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE The Brazilian Committee on Human Rights represented Brazilian civil society in the event. The committee is composed of about 20 civil entities and public organisms dedicated to the promotion and defense of human rights. Daniella Hiche also proposed that the committee study new ways for the society to participate in the document's elaboration, including through the internet. She also suggested that the report adopt the shape of the Brazilian Human Rights National Plan. The document gathers diagnosis, actions and measures for the human right's field and was based on conferences with society and government representatives in Brazil.

Analisando o texto:

Ttulo e 1 Pargrafo Comentrios: O ttulo do texto fala em Clean Record Law, que significa Lei da Ficha Limpa: Lei da Ficha Limpa ser sugerida ao Parlamento do Mercosul (Parlasul). Observe que o ttulo est na forma de voz passiva: be+ verbo no particpio (be suggested)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE Eligibility Rules similar to the ones of the Clean Record Law could also be applied to the direct elections to choose the future members of the Mercosul Parliament (Parlasul). That was one of the requests of the Brazilian Committee on Human Rights and Foreign Policy to the Committee on Citizenship and Human Rights of the Mercosul Parliament, in a meeting at the Senate, on Monday (22). O texto comea dizendo que as regras de elegibilidade

(eligibility rules) iguais s da Lei da Ficha Limpa poderiam (could, passado do verbo can) ser tambm (also) aplicadas (applied, passado simples do verbo apply) s eleies diretas (direct elections) dos futuros membros do Parlamento do Mercosul. Essa foi (that was) uma das reivindicaes (requests) do Comit Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos (Human Rights) e Poltica Externa (Foreign Policy) ao Comit de Cidadania (Citizenship) e Direitos Humanos do Parlamento do Mercosul, em reunio (meeting) no Senado, na segunda-feira (22).

2 Pargrafo Comentrios: To the representative of the Committee on Human Rights and Foreign Policy, Daniella Hiche, the recent Brazilian law defines essential ethical and moral requirements to qualify the future regional bloc's parliament composition. Para a representante do comit de Direitos Humanos e Poltica Externa, Daniella Hiche, a recente lei (law) brasileira define (defines, verbo define no presente simples) requisitos 15

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE (require+ments=substantivo) ticos e morais essenciais para

qualificar a futura composio do parlamento do bloco regional. The citizens have the right to a truly democratic

representation. The Clean Record Law is an advance and can be taken as reference, she said. Daniella disse (said, passado simples do verbo say)ainda que os cidado (citizens) tem o direito (right) a uma representao verdadeiramente (true+ly=advrbio) democrtica. A Lei da Ficha Limpa (is, verbo be no presente simples) um avano e pode ser (can be) tomada (taken, particpio do verbo take) como referncia.

3 Pargrafo Comentrios: The hearing's aim was to subsidize the annual report by the Committee on Citizenship and Human Rights about the human rights' situation in Mercosul countries. Nine Parlasul members, also members of the committee, took part in the meeting, including its president, Mirtha Palcios, the work coordinator from Paraguay. Senator Augusto Botelho (without party RR) and the federal deputy Geraldo Thadeu (PSB-MG) represented Brazil. Deste pargrafo conclumos que o objetivo da audincia

(hearings aim) foi (was, passado simples do verbo be) subsidiar (subsidize) o informe anual (annual report) da Comisso de Cidadania e Direitos Humanos sobre a situao (situation) dos www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 16

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE direitos humanos nos pases do Mercosul. Nove integrantes do Parlasul tambm membros da comisso, participaram (took part, passado simples de take part) do encontro, inclusive sua presidente (its president), Mirtha Palcios, do Paraguai, que coordenou os trabalhos. O senador Augusto Botelho (sem partido-RR) e o deputado federal Geraldo Thadeu (PSB-MG), representaram o Brasil. Party=partido Pronome Adjetivos Possessivos my meu, minha, meus, minhas your teu, tua, teus, tuas, seu, sua, seus, suas his dele, seu, sua, seus, suas her dela, seu, sua, seus, suas its dele, dela, seu, sua, seus, suas (coisas ou animais) our nosso, nossa, nossos, nossas their deles, delas, seu, sua, seus, suas (pessoas, animais, coisas)

4 Pargrafo

Comentrios: The Brazilian Committee on Human Rights represented Brazilian civil society in the event. The committee is composed of about 20 civil entities and public organisms dedicated to the promotion and defense of human rights.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE O Comit Brasileiro de Direitos Humanos representou

(represented, passado simples de represent) a sociedade civil (civil society) brasileira no evento. O Comit integrado (is composed, to be + passado particpio de compose = voz passiva) por cerca de vinte entidades civis (civil entities) e de rgos pblicos (public organisms) dedicados promoo (promotion) e defesa (defense) dos direitos humanos.

5 Pargrafo

Comentrios: Daniella Hiche also proposed that the committee study new ways for the society to participate in the document's elaboration, including through the internet. She also suggested that the report adopt the shape of the Brazilian Human Rights National Plan. The document gathers diagnosis, actions and measures for the human right's field and was based on conferences with society and government representatives in Brazil. Daniella Hiche props ainda (also proposed) que a comisso estude novos meios (new ways) de participao da sociedade na elaborao do documento, inclusive por meio (through) da internet. Ela tambm sugeriu (also suggested) que o relatrio (report) adote (adopt) o formato (shape) do Plano Nacional de Direitos Humanos. O documento, no Brasil, rene (gathers, presente simples de gather) diagnstico (diagnosis), aes (actions) e metas (measures) para o

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE campo (field) dos direitos humanos e foi baseado (was based) em conferncias com representantes da sociedade e do governo.

VOCABULRIO-CHAVE DO TEXTO elegibilidade (eligibility rules) poderiam (could, passado do verbo can) tambm (also) aplicadas (applied, passado simples do verbo apply) eleies diretas (direct elections) reivindicaes (requests) Direitos Humanos (Human Rights) Poltica Externa (Foreign Policy Cidadania (Citizenship) reunio (meeting) lei (law) define (defines, verbo define no presente simples) requisitos (require+ments=substantivo) disse (said, passado simples do verbo say) cidados (citizens) direito (right) verdadeiramente (true+ly=advrbio) tomada (taken, particpio do verbo take)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE objetivo da audincia (hearings aim) subsidiar (subsidize) informe anual (annual report) situao (situation) participaram (took part, passado simples de take part) partido (party) representou (represented, passado simples de represent) sociedade civil (civil society) integrado (is composed, to be + passado particpio de compose = voz passiva) entidades civis (civil entities) rgos pblicos (public organisms) promoo (promotion) defesa (defense) props ainda (also proposed) novos meios (new ways) por meio (through) tambm sugeriu (also suggested) relatrio (report) adote (adopt) formato (shape) renir (gather) diagnstico (diagnosis) aes (actions) www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 20

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE metas (measures) campo (field) foi baseado (was based)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

ALGUMAS QUESTES DE PROVA DO LTIMO CONCURSO

Half the nation, a hundred million citizens strong EVER since it was first spotted amid the factory smoke of western Europes industrialising nations, the middle class has borne the hopes for progress of politicians, economists and shopkeepers alike. It remains hard to define, and attempts to do so often seem arbitrary. But in Brazil, the middle class describes those with a job in the formal economy, access to credit and ownership of a car or motorbike. According to the Fundao Getulio Vargas (FGV), a research institute, this means households with a monthly income ranging from 1,064 reais ($600) to 4,561 reais. Since 2002, according to FGV, the proportion of the population that fits this description has increased from 44% to 52%. Brazil, previously notorious for its extremes, is now a middle-class country. This social climbing is a feature mainly of the countrys cities, reversing two decades of stagnation that began at the start of the 1980s. Marcelo Neri of FGV suggests two factors behind the change. The first is education. The quality of teaching in Brazils schools may still be poor, but those aged 15-21 now spend on average just over three more years studying than their counterparts did in the early 1990s. The second is a migration of jobs from the informal black economy to the formal economy. The rate of formal job creation www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 22

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE is accelerating, with 40% more created in the year to this July than in the previous 12 months, which itself set a record. Together with cash transfers to poor families, this helps to explain why in contrast with economic and social development in India or China as Brazils middle class has grown, so the countrys income inequality has lessened. Entering the middle class brings a predictable taste for yogurt and other luxuries. But when shopping, middle-class Brazilians are more conscious of status than middle-class North Americans or Europeans. These are people who may ordinarily serve others, says Nicola Calicchio from McKinsey, a consultancy, so being attended to by someone is very important to them. Middle-class Brazilians may avoid the glitzy stores that cater to the rich, but they do not want their surroundings to look cut-price either. That may be true elsewhere, too, but a sensitivity to surroundings not wanting to be made to feel cheap is particularly marked in Brazil. (http://www.economist.com/world/americas/displaystory.cfm?story_id =12208726)

1. (FGV/SENADO/2008) The smoke referred to in the opening sentence is a reference to (A) pollution today. (B) the present world. (C) problems ahead. (D) past times. (E) a pending future. www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 23

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

Comentrios Vejamos o que diz a primeira frase do texto: Half the nation, a hundred million citizens strong ever since it was first spotted amid the factory smoke of western Europes industrialising nations, the middle class has borne the hopes for progress of politicians, economists and shopkeepers alike. Analisando o texto, observamos que a frase est no passado (was, passado simples do verbo be) Metade da nao, uma centena de milhes de cidado fortes desde (ever since) quando pela primeira vez se avistou (spotted) fumaa das fbricas dos pases industrializados da Europa Ocidental, a classe mdia tem mantido (has borne, presente perfeito has+passado particpio de bear) esperanas (hopes) de um progresso igualitrio (alike) de polticos, economistas e logistas. A questo quer saber a que se refere a palavra smoke na primeira frase do texto. Vejamos as alternativas: (A) pollution today. = poluio hoje (B) the present world. = mundo atual (C) problems ahead. = problemas futuros (D) past times. = tempos passados (E) a pending future. = pendncias futuras

Observem que a primeira frase do texto fala quando se avistou pela primeira vez a fumaa das fbricas dos pases industrializados na Europa Ocidental (...ever since it was first spotted amid the factory smoke of western Europes industrialising nations...). Logo, trata-se de tempos passados. www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 24

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

VOCABULRIO-CHAVE half: metade ever since: desde spotted: avistou smoke: fumaa factories: fbricas bear: manter, sustentar (passado borne) hopes: esperanas alike: de maneira igual pollution: poluio ahead: futuro pending: pendente

Resposta: Letra D.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

2. (FGV/SENADO/2008) According to the text, Brazilian middle class has (A) decreased. (B) dwindled. (C) suffered. (D) spread. (E) merged. Comentrios De acordo com o Texto, a classe mdia (middle class) no Brasil.... Vejamos o que o texto diz: But in Brazil, the middle class describes those with a job in the formal economy, access to credit and ownership of a car or motorbike. According to the Fundao Getulio Vargas (FGV), a research institute, this means households with a monthly income ranging from 1,064 reais ($600) to 4,561 reais. Since 2002, according to FGV, the proportion of the population that fits this description has increased from 44% to 52%. Brazil, previously notorious for its extremes, is now a middle-class country. Segundo a Fundao Getulio Vargas (FGV), a proporo da populao que se encaixa (fits) a descrio de classe mdia, aumentou de 44% para 52%. O Brasil agora um pas de classe mdia (middle-class country).

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

As alternativas de resposta so: (A) decreased. = diminui (B) dwindled. = diminuiu (C) suffered. = sofreu (D) spread. = aumentou (E) merged. = espalhou O texto fala que a classe media has increased from 44% to 52%. Logo, aumentou, sendo correta apenas alternativa. VOCABULRIO-CHAVE middle class: classe mdia job: emprego formal economy: economia formal access to credit: acesso a crdito ownership: propriedade research: pesquisa institute: instituto mean: significar income: renda proportion: proporo fit: encaixar, enquadrar increased: aumentou decreased: diminui dwindled: diminuiu suffered: sofreu spread: aumentou merged: espalhou Resposta: Letra D. www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 27

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

3. (FGV/SENADO/2008) In the second paragraph the change is attributed to the (A) quality of primary education. (B) hiring of specialized staff. (C) number of hours in school. (D) building of adequate schools. (E) increase of student admission. Comentrios No segundo pargrafo a mudana (the change) atribuida a.... Vejamos os segundo pargrafo: This social climbing is a feature mainly of the countrys cities, reversing two decades of stagnation that began at the start of the 1980s. Marcelo Neri of FGV suggests two factors behind the change. The first is education. The quality of teaching in Brazils schools may still be poor, but those aged 15-21 now spend on average just over three more years studying than their counterparts did in the early 1990s. O texto diz que Marcelo da FGV sugere (suggests) dois fatores atrs (behind) da mudana. A primeira educao. A qualidade de ensino (teaching) nas escolas do Brasil pode ainda ser baixa (poor), mas aqueles (those) com idade de 15-21 atualmente (now) passam em mdia (average) 3 anos a mais (three years more) estudando do que no incio (early) dos anos 90. Aps analisar o texto, podemos concluir que a mudana atribuda ao tempo maior que os estudantes passam na escola (3 anos www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 28

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE a mais). Nas alternativas temos que a melhor alternativa a letra C, veja: (A) quality of primary education. =qualidade da escola primria (B) hiring of specialized staff. = contratao de profissionais especializados (C) number of hours in school. = tempo na escola (D) building of adequate schools. = construo de escolas adequadas (E) increase of student admission. = aumento de matrculas

VOCABULRIO-CHAVE suggest: sugerir behind: atrs change: mudana teaching: ensino poor: baixa those: aqueles now: agora, atualmente average: mdia early: incio, cedo quality: qualidade primary education: escola primria hiring: contratao specialized staff: profissionais especializados building: construo increase: aumento student admission: aumento de matrculas Resposta: Letra C.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE

4. (FGV/SENADO/2008) In the middle class has borne the hopes (lines 2 and 3) borne is the past participle of the verb (A) bare. (B) born. (C) bore. (D) bear. (E) board. Comentrios Como vimos na questo 1, borne o particpio do verbo bear, que significa manter, sustentar. Resposta: Letra D.

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE VOCABULRIO-CHAVE DA AULA liderana (leadership) compromisso (commitment) cobrar (demand) maior (greater) engajamento (engagement) participantes (participating) pases desenvolvidos (developed countries) reduo (reduction) gases de efeito estufa (greenhouse) audincia pblica (public hearing) meio embiente (environment) Defesa do Consumidor (Consumer Protection) fiscalizao (inspection) controle (control) compromissos (commitments) alcance (range) metas (targets) embaixador (ambassador) acima (above) recomendado (recomended = passado simple de recomend) pases em desenvolvimento (developing countries) apesar (although)

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE estipulada (set) fechado, alcanado (reached) acordo (agreement) encontro (meeting) conseguir (manage) aprovar (approve) projeto (bill) j (already) acertado (agreed) haver (there will be = verbo haver) agravavam (aggravate) aquecimento global (global warming) encerra (expires = presente simples do verbo expire) financiamento (funding) vulnerveis (vulnerable) curto prazo (short term) indicao (sign) objetivo (goal) regulamentao (regulation) lei (law) norma (rule) ratificou (ratified) half: metade ever since: desde www.pontodosconcursos.com.br 32

CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE spotted: avistou smoke: fumaa factories: fbricas bear: manter, sustentar (passado borne) hopes: esperanas alike: de maneira igual pollution: poluio ahead: futuro pending: pendente middle class: classe mdia job: emprego formal economy: economia formal access to credit: acesso a crdito ownership: propriedade research: pesquisa institute: instituto mean: significar income: renda proportion: proporo fit: encaixar, enquadrar increased: aumentou decreased: diminui dwindled: diminuiu suffered: sofreu spread: aumentou merged: espalhou suggest: sugerir behind: atrs change: mudana teaching: ensino

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CURSO ON LINE INGLS TEORIA E EXERCCIOS - SENADO AULA 05 PROFESSORA: ALINE ANDRADE poor: baixa those: aqueles now: agora, atualmente average: mdia early: incio, cedo quality: qualidade primary education: escola primria hiring: contratao specialized staff: profissionais especializados building: construo increase: aumento student admission: aumento de matrculas

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