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Vocabulary for .............. the 23 present the unit

Identifying machines in ........... 04 Reading diagrams ....... 05 How .... well can .......


............... you relate 07 instructions? .....

Identifying problems with machines ..... 08 Grammar: the Present .......... 11 ..... 11

. . . . .

Short affirmative / negative answers

Practical ........................
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grammar 12

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How to format a secondary Hard Drive . . . . . ..... 15 Information ...................... 17 sources


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Plug Cover Bag Top Push Press enchufe funda, cubierta, tapa bolsa parte de arriba, empujar pulsar, empujar, imprimir

Shapes forma, figura, silueta Toast brindis, tostada, pan tostado Tostar, brindar, beber a la salud de. Darkness oscuridad, tinieblas, sombra Intake consumo, toma, entrada agotar, extenuar Troubleshooting solucin de problemas Support apoyo, soporte, apoyar, respaldar, ayudar. Around Lower Either alrededor de, cerca de, en torno a reducir, bajar, disminuir Inferior, bajo, mas bajo cualquiera de los dos, uno u otro Storage almacenamiento, depsito Should debera, deber, tener que.. Partition divicin, particin Wizard Size mago, hechicero, genio tamao, talla, magnitud Exhaust escape, gases de escape

Switch interruptor

Plug in enchufar, conectar Plug out desenchufar, desconectar Ready Pour Tabs Filter Tank After listo, preparado echar tabuladores filtro depsito, tanque despus, despus de

Filter basket Portafiltros Scanner escner, dispositivo de exploracin Browser navegador (de la Web) Hard drive unidad de disco duro Hardware equipo fsico, hardware Sketch Device Display Arrows Links dibujo, bosquejo, croquis dispositivo, aparato, mecanismo, artefacto pantalla, exhibicin, despliegue Mostrar, exhibir, desplegar flechas enlace, vinculo, conexin Technique tcnica

Choose elegir, escoger, seleccionar However sin embargo, de todos modos Default por defecto, Lever Jam Dirt palanca mermelada, obstruccin, etc suciedad, mugre, basura

Cartridge cartucho Replace reemplazar, sustituir, reponer Carriage carruaje, transporte, vagn Lock llave, cerradura, cerrar con llave juntos. Together

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Match. Write the name of each machine. Use the words in the box. Match
Coffee maker Scanner PBX Ipod Copier Toaster

1 a


2 c


3 b


4 d

5 ______4 _____________ d

6 5 ____ 4 _____________ d



Write the name of the machines you use at work, school or home. 1. __________________________ 3. __________________________ 5. __________________________ 2. ________________________ 4. ________________________ 6. ________________________

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7. __________________________ 9. __________________________

8. ________________________ 10.________________________

What is a diagram?
A diagram is a plan, sketch or drawing designed to demonstrate or explain how something works or to clarify the relationship between the parts of a whole. technique. Its also a 2D geometric symbolic representation of information according to some visualization Sometimes, the technique uses a 3D visualization which is then projected onto the 2D surface (isometric). The word graph is sometimes used as a synonym for diagram. Diagram has two meanings in common sense: 1. A collective term for any visual information device, like the term "illustration" often used as a representative term, to stand for the whole class of technical genres, including graphs and tables.


The specific class of visual display that shows qualitative data with shapes which are sometimes connected by lines, arrows, or other visual links.


Visual formatting devices. Do not display quantitative data, but rather relationships and abstract information. Represented by shapes which are connected by lines, arrows, or other visual links.

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Dust bag Exhaust port
Label the parts of a vacuum cleaner use words from the box

Electric motor Intake port


rotating brush


1. 2. 3.

Write the instructions to use the vacuum cleaner

Open Close Put in Press

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4. 5.


Skill 1. Find out the order for the following instructions.

______ Open the top paper drawer. ______ Push the paper under the tabs. ______ Close the drawer. ______ Press the red button. ______ Put the paper in the drawer.

Skill 2. Read the instructions to use

the coffee maker. Then answer false or true.

Is this what you do?

_____ 1. Plug in the coffee maker first. _____ 2. Put water into the filter basket. _____ 3. Pour water into the water tank. _____ 4. Press the RED button to Start the machine.
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1. Put coffee into the filter basket. 2. Pour water into the water tank. 3. Plug in the coffee maker. 4. Press the ON button. 5. Coffee is ready when the RED light turns on. 8

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_____ 5. After you put in the water and the coffee, press the ON button.



To find out easier problems with the machines and devices, you can consult a troubleshooting table. This is a special type of table used to help the reader quickly to troubleshooting table identify and solve common problems. manuals, such as printer manuals. troubleshooting tables: They are often used in equipment operations Next you will find out examples of different

Star Copier 3000

The copier is out of paper. Open the drawer. Add paper. Push the paper under the tabs. A piece of paper is jammed. Open the door. Remove the paper. Follow the instructions. The copier needs toner. Open front cover. Put in a new toner cartridge. The copier needs to be repaired. Call 1-800-531-5015

Add Paper

Paper Jam

Add Toner

Call for Service

Answer the following questions

1. What is a trouble shooting? ________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 2. Which are the components of a troubleshooting? ____________________

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3. Which is the most important component of a troubleshooting, according to your opinion? _______________________________________________________

Troubleshooting Problems with your Vacuum Cleaner

Vacuum cleaner doesnt start when I press the ON button. Vacuum cleaner doesnt pick up dirty. Vacuum cleaner doesnt work well on hard floors. I cannot find vacuum cleaner bags at my store.

Possible solution
Check to see if the vacuum cleaner is plugged in. Check the bag. If the bag is full, change it.

Check to see if the switch is set to FLOORS. Call 555-9090 to order new bags.


Answer the following questions

1. How can you get new bags? ________________________________________ 2. What can you do if the vacuum cleaner isnt picking up dirt? _______________ __________________________________________________. 3. What can you do if the vacuum cleaner isnt working well on hard floors? _____

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____________________________________________________________. 4. What can you do if the vacuum cleaner isnt working when you press the ON button? _______________________________________________________

5. What can you do if you find some problem when you need to use the Vacuum Cleaner?
Potential Problem

Possible Cause Racks & pinions clogged with foreign materials Table height lock secured Pinion gears damaged Burrs on support tubes or in carriage holes Table support tubes damaged Table not level in carriage or front & back table post racks not in alignment with each other Tilt lock loose Trunion bolts loose Carriage lock loose Racks & pinions clogged with foreign materials Table height lock secured Tie bar assembly bent Table in backwards Remedy Clean racks & pinions. Wax table support tubes. Loosen lock Replace pinion gears Remove burrs with a fine file Replace support tubes Turn table height handle counter-clockwise while lifting up on table tie bar. Once table is free of carriage, adjust table until its level or until both racks engage pinions simultaneously Replace table in carriage. Secure tilt lock Tighten bolts Secure carriage lock Clean racks & pinions. Wax table support tubes. Loosen lock Push support tubes together or spread them apart slightly. If this doesn't work, replace tie bar. Turn table around Adjust setscrew Remove insert & clean out sawdust Replace insert Place a piece of masking tape under insert until it is even with table surface

Table will not or is difficult to raise & lower

Table wobbles

Table won't fit in carriage

Back setscrew not adjusted properly (Model 500 only) Table insert not flush Sawdust under table insert with table surface Table insert not bowed (Model 500 only) Wood catches (Model 510/520) Table leaves black marks on stock Dirty table surface Tilt lock secured Tilt lock auto-stop is engaged Impacted sawdust in trunions Front & back shields in the way Table trunion bolts not properly located, causing binding

Clean table surface Loosen tilt lock Disengage tilt lock auto-stop Clean trunions (Do Not Wax) Remove shields Loosen trunion bolts and re-align

Table won't tilt to drill press position

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Kinal, Technical Center Impacted sawdust on support Clean racks and/or pinions Table won't lower to tube racks & pinions Remove the side shield boring position Side shield in the way Carriage lock sticks Foreign material in mechanism Lock too tight Clean carriage lock mechanism Loosen lock Secure lock Remove lock handle and add another 3/8" flat washer on pinion shaft

Table height lock not secure Table will not lock at Table height lock not desired height supplying enough pressure (Model 500) Carriage shifts on way tubes after being locked into position Slight variations in cuts made in two table slots Carriage lock handle improperly adjusted Miter gauge face not flat Table warped Table not properly aligned

Tighten nut on back of carriage lock handle shaft Replace miter gauge face Replace table Align table


Every question generates an answer. This answer can be a long answer (like an affirmative sentence) or a short answer. Short answers are formed by the affirmative or negative word (yes / no), the personal pronoun and the auxiliary verb for the present progressive (plus the negative word in the case of negations)

Short affirmative / negative answers

In affirmative answers, you cannot use contractions. Look at the following chart. Yes, I am Yes, he is he Yes, she is she Yes, it is it Yes, we are we Yes, you are Yes, they are they In negative answers, you can use contractions. Look at the following chart. No, I am not (Im not) No, he is not (hes not) he No, she is not she No, it is not it (its not) (Short affirmative answer)

(he isnt) (it isnt) (Short negative answer)

(shes not) (she isnt)

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No, we are not we No, you are not you

(were not) (youre not)

(we arent) (you arent)

No, they are not (theyre not) (they arent) they Short answers are use to answer when you are asked about a specific question, for example: Are the mechanics fixing the car? Is Walter studying the diagram? Yes, they are Yes, he is No, theyre not No, he isnt

Practical grammar

Form the gerund for the following verbs list.
INFINITIVE admit (admt) ban (ban) beg (beg) bury (bri) clap (klp) copy (kpi) cry (kri) drop (drop) dry (dri) empty (mpti) fancy (fnsi) GERUND INFINITIVE identify (aidntifai) knit (nit) knot (not) label (libl) level (lvel) marry (mri) multiply (mltplai) pedal (pdal) plan (plan) plug (plag) prefer (prfr) GERUND

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fit (fit) fry (fri) hug (jg) hurry (jri) rob (rb) rub (rab) satisfy (satisfi) shop (shop) signal (sgnal) sin (sn) skip (skp) slip (slp) stop (stop) supply (sapli) terrify (trrifai) tip (tp) travel (trvel) try (tri) worry (uri) be (bi) become (bikm)

program (prgram) regret (rigrt) rely (reli) reply (repli) catch (kach) choose (chus) come (km) Cut (kat) do (d) draw (dr) drink (drink) drive (driv) Eat (:t) Fall (fol) feel (f:l) Find (find) fly (fli) forget (forgut) Get (gut) give (guv) go (gu)

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begin (bigun) break (brik) bring (bring) build (bilt) buy (bi) know (nu) learn (lrn) Lose (l:s) make (mik) meet (m:t) Pay (pi) Put (put) read (rid) Ride (rid) Ring (ring) Run (ran) Say (si) See (s:) Sell (sel) send (send) show (shu)

grow (gru) hang (jng) have (jev) hear (jar) keep (k:p) stand (stand) steal (stl) swim (sum) take (tik) teach (tch) tell (tel) think (zink) wake (uik) wear (uar) Win (un) write (rit) Sing (sing) sleep (slp) smell (smel) speak (spik) spend (spend)

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shut (shat)


When you format a computer hard drive you will lose everything that is on the drive. Therefore, it is very important to back up anything you might want later. Additionally, if you are going to be formatting and installing XP you need to make sure you have the discs for any applications or third party hardware you use since you will need to re-install your programs and drivers after re-installing Windows. Take a moment to think of anything that you have on the computer that you wouldn't want to lose. Generally, you probably want everything in your My Documents folder, and you also want to save things like your favorites or bookmarks from your Web browser. Remember that each user on the computer has his or her own My Documents folder, Desktop items and Favorites. Save everything to a CD, DVD or a hard drive that you won't be formatting.

Step 1: Right-Click on the My Computer

icon either on your desktop or in the Start Menu and select Manage.

Step 2: A new window titled Computer

Management comes up. Select Storage

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from the left hand side by clicking it once, then, select Disk Management (local) from the right side by double-clicking it.

Step 3: Now in the lower part of the main frame (right side) of the window you should
see a nice visual of all your hard drives. Each line is a different drive. Each box on a line (with a colored bar at the top and a size displayed in MB or GB) is a partition on the drive. Partitions are separations of space on a drive. Unless you are doing something specific that requires multiple partitions, you only want one partition per drive.

Step 4: First you must delete any existing partitions on the drive you are going to
format. Do this by right-clicking on the partition's box and selecting Delete Partition... Since you already know that you will be deleting everything on the drive, and have already backed everything up, you can safely say yes to any warning the computer presents you with.

Step 5: If there are multiple partitions make sure you have saved everything off them
since they might each have different drive letters. Then repeat the above step for each of them. If you only want to format one partition that is OK and you can continue to the next step without deleting the other partitions.

Step 6: The box for the drive to be formatted should now have a black bar at the top of
it and should say Unallocated under its size. Partition... The New Partition Wizard comes up. Right click on it and select New

Step 7: In the New Partition Wizard click next. On the next page make sure Primary
Partition is selected and click next. Now make the size equal to the maximum, and click next again. On the next page the computer will automatically choose the first available drive letter for the new drive. However, if you like you can choose another drive letter from the drop-down menu, and then click next.

Step 8: Finally the New Partition Wizard asks if you would like to format the new
partition and if so what format. Choose NTFS as it is faster and more secure. Leave

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the Allocation unit size as Default. In the Volume label field enter whatever name you want the drive to have. Simple is better. Avoid using spaces. Finally, if the drive is brand new and has never been used before, check the Perform a quick format box. If the drive has been used before leave this box unchecked. Leave the Enable file and folder compression box unchecked and click next. next page click finish. Then, on the

Step 9: The wizard will now spend a little while formatting the drive. On old or large
drives this may take a while. Do not close the Computer Management window until it finishes. You will know it is done when the word under the size of the drive changes from Formatting to Healthy and the name and drive letter you chose for the new drive shows.

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