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Cng ngh MIMO - Tc mng khng dy ti 300 Mbps Ch : Tt c/Cng ngh vin thng | la~o_ha.

.c Gi lc: 25/03/2009 11:31 | Ln c: Bnh chn bi hay

CNG NGH MIMO


NTT DoCoMo th nghim mng Super 3G 300 Mbps Nh cung cp dch v di ng Nht Bn NTT DoCoMo khng nh vai tr tin phong trong cng ngh mng di ng trn th gii bng vic cng b ang hon thnh v i vo giai on th nghim mng di ng Super 3G. Super 3G l phin bn sau v nhiu u im hn ( v tr, hiu qu bng thng...) mng di ng tc cao nht hin ti l HSDPA v HSUPA vi kh nng "y" tc d liu ln n 300 Mbps (downlink). t n tc d liu 300 Mbps, Super 3G s dng cng ngh MIMO vi 4 ng-ten trm pht sng (base station) v 4 ng-ten nh tch hp trong thit b di ng (mobile station). Trong giai on th nghim, NTT DoCoMo s kim tra hot ng ca Super 3G vi cc loi hnh dch v truyn d liu khc nhau nh: thoi, hnh nh, games, video, TV... NTT DoCoMo hy vng s hon thnh v a vo hot ng mng Super 3G vo nm 2009

MIMO l g?
MIMO (multi input multi output) trong truyn thng (communications) l k thut s dng nhiu ng-ten pht v nhiu ng-ten thu truyn v nhn d liu. u im ca MIMO: - Tng phn tp (diversity) ca knh truyn fading, do c th gim xc sut li (BER hay FER...) - Tng dung lng (capacity) ca knh truyn do c th tng c tc d liu. Khuyt im ca MIMO: - Chi ph cho thit b cao hn (do nhiu ng-ten thu pht...) - Gii thut x l tn hiu phc tp hn Cc k thut MIMO thng dng - Beamforming (antena array) - Space-time diversity technique: Space-time block codes Space-time trellis codes spatial multiplexing nh ngha : MIMO (Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output) l cng ngh truyn thng khng dy, trong c u nhn ln u pht tn hiu u s dng nhiu ng ten ti u ha tc truyn v nhn d liu, ng thi gim thiu nhng li nh nhiu sng, mt tn hiu... MIMO tn dng s di li ca sng khi ng phi nhng chng ngi trn ng truyn khin chng c th n c u nhn tn hiu bng nhiu con ng khc nhau. MIMO c xy dng da trn chun 802.11g v 802.11n ca Vin K

thut in v in t (Institute of Electrical and B nh tuyn khng dy WL- Electronic Engineers IEEE), thng c 566gM v card mng WL- dng chung vi k thut ghp knh phn chia 106gM ca hng Asus dng cho theo tn s trc giao (Orthogonal Frequency my tnh xch tay. Division Multiplexing OFDM). Cc nh cung cp dch v truyn thng hin ang tiu chun ha MIMO a vo s dng trong cc chun ca mng 3G nh HSDPA (High Speed Downlink Packet Access). u im ca MIMO l gia tng tc truyn d liu v m rng tm ph sng trn cng mt bng thng, ng thi gim chi ph truyn ti. Cng ngh MIMO cho php u nhn phn loi tn hiu v ch nhn tn hiu mnh nht t mt ng ten ti mt v tr no . Nhng sn phm "Pre-N" Trong vic truyn thng bng sng v Belkin Corp., Netgear Inc. v Ciscotuyn, nhng chng ngi trn ng Lynksys LLC tung ra nhiu sn phm s dng chip True MIMO truyn t u pht n u nhn nh a ca Cng ty Airgo Networks. H gi hnh, cc ta cao c, dy in v nhng cu nhng sn phm ny l Pre-N. trc khc trong khu vc u c th lm cho sng b phn x hoc khc x. Nhng yu Tuy nhin, cc cng ty ny cng t ny t nhiu cng lm cho sng b nhiu, tha nhn rng sn phm ca h cha hn s tng thch hon ton yu i hay mt hn. Trong truyn thng k thut s, nhng t ni trn c th lm gim tc truyn cng nh cht lng ca d liu. Cc nh phn tch cnh bo rng Trong cng ngh MIMO, dng nhiu ng ten nhiu ng khc nhau nhm tng lu lng thng tin. D liu truyn sau s c tp hp li u nhn theo nhng nh dng c n nh. iu ny cng tng t nh i tai ca chng ta tip nhn th m thanh t th gii bn ngoi, nhng sau no b s lc la v phn loi nhng m thanh .
ngi s dng cn bit rng ch u pht sng s l nhng sn phm ng dng mt cng ngh cha c chnh thc truyn sng theo chn cho mt chun quc t. vi nhng sn phm c sn xut trong tng lai da trn chun yu 802.11n.

B nh tuyn khng dy RangeMax 240 WPNT511 v card mng dng cho my tnh xch tay ca hng Netgear.

MIMO cng c th ghp knh theo khng gian phn bit nhng tn hiu khc nhau trn cng mt tn s. Thm vo , ngi ta cng s dng k thut mt m ha khi d liu theo thi gian v khng gian (space-time block coding) tng cng tin cy. Vi cng ngh pht trin ngy cng tinh vi, nhng vi mch nh b, c tc x l cao v ng tin cy c sn xut i tr vi gi r nn vic ng dng MIMO trong thc tin cng thu ht nhiu s ch ca gii truyn thng khng dy. Hng Netgear Santa Clara, bang California (M) gn y tung ra nhng sn phm s dng by ng ten c kh nng phi hp

vi nhau cho ra 127 kiu ng ten pht v thu tn hiu k thut s. Cc sn phm Wi-Fi s dng cng ngh MIMO cng c nhiu nh sn xut quan tm v chng c kh nng ci thin tc truyn d liu, tm ph sng v tin cy. So vi mng LAN c h thng cp hin i cho tc truyn ti d liu ln n hng gigabit trong mt giy th Wi-Fi vn cn thua km xa. Tuy vy, cc nh iu hnh mng cp, cc cng ty in thoi v nhiu nh cung cp dch v v thit b vi tnh vn ang y mnh vic ng dng mng Wi-Fi trong mi trng gia nh v doanh nghip v n c hiu qu cao v gi thnh h. (Thanh Vy tng hp)

Cuc chin 802.11n


Thng 1-2004, Vin K thut in v in t (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE) cng b s pht trin chun 802.11n c tc truyn d liu trn l thuyt ln n 540 Mbps. C hai nhm ang cnh tranh ro rit a ra nhng cng ngh ng dng cho chun ny : WWiSE (World-Wide Spectrum Efficiency) v TGn Sync (Task Group N of the IEEE 802.11 Working Group). WWiSE ng u bi Airgo Networks Inc., cng ty i tin phong trong vic p dng cng ngh MIMO, v mt s nh sn xut chip khng dy khc, gm Broadcom, Conexant Systems, STMicroelectronics v Texas Instruments. Nhm ny ngh s dng mt knh rng 20 MHz, hai ng ten pht sng vi tc truyn t nht l 135 Mbps. Tc ny c th ln n 540 Mbps nu s dng nhiu ng ten trong mt knh rng 40 MHz. Cn TGn Sync l mt nhm gm hn 25 cng ty hot ng trong cc lnh vc in ton, in t tiu dng, mng, cht bn dn v truyn thng di ng. Dn u nhm ny l cc cng ty Agere Systems, Atheros Communi- cations, Intel, Nokia, Philips Electronics v Sony. Nhm ny ngh s dng hai ng ten vi tc truyn khong 313 Mbps trn cc knh rng 40 MHz. Hin nay xut ca TGn Sync chim nhiu u th hn nhng vn cha t c hu thun cng ngh ca h c p dng cho chun 802.11n. Gii chuyn gia cho rng phi n gia nm ti th cuc chin ny mi ng ng.