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RAN

HSDPA
Parameter Description
Issue Date

02 2009-06-30

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2009. All rights reserved.


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Contents

Contents
1 Introduction to This Document...............................................................................................1-1
1.1 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................1-1 1.2 Intended Audience.........................................................................................................................................1-1 1.3 Change History..............................................................................................................................................1-1

2 Overview of HSDPA .................................................................................................................2-1


2.1 General Principles of HSDPA .......................................................................................................................2-1 2.2 HSDPA Channels ..........................................................................................................................................2-2 2.2.1 HS-DSCH and HS-PDSCH .................................................................................................................2-3 2.2.2 HS-SCCH.............................................................................................................................................2-3 2.2.3 HS-DPCCH..........................................................................................................................................2-3 2.2.4 DPCCH and DPCH/F-DPCH...............................................................................................................2-4 2.3 Impact of HSDPA on NEs .............................................................................................................................2-4 2.4 HSDPA Functions .........................................................................................................................................2-4 2.4.1 HSDPA Control Plane Functions .........................................................................................................2-4 2.4.2 HSDPA User Plane Functions ..............................................................................................................2-6

3 Control Plane ..............................................................................................................................3-1


3.1 Bearer Mapping.............................................................................................................................................3-1 3.2 Access Control ..............................................................................................................................................3-2 3.3 Mobility Management ...................................................................................................................................3-2 3.4 Channel Switching ........................................................................................................................................3-3 3.5 Load Control .................................................................................................................................................3-5 3.6 Power Resource Management .......................................................................................................................3-5 3.7 Code Resource Management.........................................................................................................................3-6 3.7.1 HS-SCCH Code Resource Management..............................................................................................3-6 3.7.2 HS-PDSCH Code Resource Management ...........................................................................................3-7 3.7.3 RNC-Controlled Static Code Allocation ..............................................................................................3-7 3.7.4 RNC-Controlled Dynamic Code Allocation ........................................................................................3-7 3.7.5 NodeB-Controlled Dynamic Code Allocation .....................................................................................3-9 3.7.6 Dynamic Code Tree Reshuffling........................................................................................................3-10

4 User Plane ....................................................................................................................................4-1


4.1 Flow Control and Congestion Control ..........................................................................................................4-1

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Contents

RAN HSDPA 4.1.1 Flow Control ........................................................................................................................................4-2 4.1.2 Congestion Control ..............................................................................................................................4-3

4.2 RLC and MAC-d...........................................................................................................................................4-3 4.2.1 RLC......................................................................................................................................................4-3 4.2.2 MAC-d .................................................................................................................................................4-4 4.3 MAC-hs Scheduling......................................................................................................................................4-4 4.3.1 Determining the Candidate Set ............................................................................................................4-4 4.3.2 Calculating Priorities ...........................................................................................................................4-5 4.3.3 Comparison of Four Algorithms ..........................................................................................................4-8 4.4 HARQ ...........................................................................................................................................................4-9 4.4.1 HARQ Retransmission Principles........................................................................................................4-9 4.4.2 Soft Combining During HARQ .........................................................................................................4-10 4.4.3 Preamble and Postamble ....................................................................................................................4-10 4.5 TFRC Selection ...........................................................................................................................................4-11 4.5.1 Basic Procedure of TFRC Selection...................................................................................................4-11 4.5.2 Determining the TBSmax .....................................................................................................................4-11 4.5.3 Determining the TBSused, Modulation Scheme, Power, and Codes....................................................4-13 4.5.4 Determining the Number of MAC-d PDUs .......................................................................................4-14

5 QoS and Diff-Serv Management ............................................................................................5-1


5.1 QoS Management..........................................................................................................................................5-1 5.2 Diff-Serv Management..................................................................................................................................5-3 5.2.1 SPI Weight Description........................................................................................................................5-3 5.2.2 Differentiated Services Based on Service Types..................................................................................5-4 5.2.3 Differentiated Services Based on User Priorities .................................................................................5-4 5.3 QoS Parameter Mapping and Configuration .................................................................................................5-5

6 Parameters ...................................................................................................................................6-1 7 Counters .......................................................................................................................................7-1 8 Glossary .......................................................................................................................................8-1 9 Reference Documents ...............................................................................................................9-1

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1 Introduction to This Document

1
1.1 Scope

Introduction to This Document

This document describes the HSDPA functional area. It provides an overview of the main functions and goes into details regarding HSDPA control and user plane functions.

1.2 Intended Audience


It is assumed that users of this document are familiar with WCDMA basics and have a working knowledge of 3G telecommunication. This document is intended for: System operators who need a general understanding of HSDPA Personnel working on Huawei products or systems

1.3 Change History


This section provides information on the changes in different document versions. There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows: Feature change: refers to the change in the HSDPA feature. Editorial change: refers to the change in wording or the addition of the information that was not described in the earlier version.

Document Issues
The document issues are as follows: 02 (2009-06-30) 01 (2009-03-30) Draft (2009-03-10) Draft (2009-01-15)

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02 (2009-06-30)
This is the document for the second commercial release of RAN11.0. Compared with 01 (2009-03-30) of RAN11.0, this issue incorporates the changes described in the following table. Change Type Feature change Editorial change Change Description None. The description of MAC-hs Scheduling is optimized. For details, see section 4.3 MAC-hs Scheduling. Parameter Change None. The deleted parameters are as follows: MaxDchVoipHarqRt MaxDchAmrHarqRt The added parameters are as follows: 8KRSCLMT 16KRSCLMT 32KRSCLMT 64KRSCLMT 128KRSCLMT 256KRSCLMT 384KRSCLMT The description of QoS and Diff-Serv Management is optimized. For details, see section 5.2 Diff-Serv Management and 5.3 QoS Parameter Mapping and Configuration. The added parameters are as follows: SingalUlMBR SingalDlMBR StreamUlMBR StreamDlMBR ConverUlMBR ConverDlMBR ARP1Priority ARP2Priority ARP3Priority ARP4Priority ARP5Priority ARP6Priority ARP7Priority ARP8Priority ARP9Priority ARP10Priority ARP11Priority ARP12Priority ARP13Priority

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Change Type

Change Description

Parameter Change ARP14Priority TrafficClass THP USERPRIORITY UlGBR DlGBR SPI FACTOR HappyBR THPClass

The structure of the document is adjusted.

None.

01 (2009-03-30)
This is the document for the first commercial release of RAN11.0. Compared with draft (2009-03-10), this issue incorporates the following changes: Change Type Feature change Editorial change Change Description None The structure of the docuement is adjusted. Parameter Change None None

Draft (2009-03-10)
This is the second draft of the document for RAN11.0. Compared with draft (2009-01-15), draft (2009-03-10) optimizes the description.

Draft (2009-01-15)
This is the initial draft of the document for RAN11.0. Compared with issue 03 (2008-11-30) of RAN10.0, draft (2009-01-15) incorporates the following changes: Change Type Feature change Change Description The description of dynamic code tree reshuffling is added in section 3.7.6 "Dynamic Code Tree Reshuffling." The description of setting the maximum number of retransmissions Parameter Change The added parameters are as follows: CodeAdjForHsdpaUserNumThd CodeAdjForHsdpaSwitch The added parameters are as follows:

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Change Type

Change Description on a service basis is added to section 4.3.1 "Determining the Candidate Set." The description of HBR-based resource allocation is added to section 4.3.2 "Calculating Priorities." The description of a new resource allocation method is added to section 4.5.3 "Determining the TBSused, Modulation Scheme, Power, and Codes."

Parameter Change MaxDchVoipHarqRt MaxDchAmrHarqRt MaxNonConverHarqRt The added parameter is HappyBR.

The parameter RscAllocM is added with a new value PowerCode_Bal.

Editorial change

The description of HSDPA is rewritten for readability. All the parameter names are replaced with the corresponding parameter IDs.

None None

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Overview of HSDPA

2.1 General Principles of HSDPA


To meet the rapidly growing demands for data services on the mobile network, 3GPP Release 5 introduced HSDPA in 2005. HSDPA improves the downlink capacity, increases the user data rate greatly, and reduces the transmission delay on the WCDMA network. The characteristics of HSDPA are as follows:

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Fast scheduling

Fast scheduling introduced into the NodeB determines the UEs for data transmission in each TTI (2 ms) and dynamically allocates resources to these UEs. It improves the usage of system resources and increases the system capacity. For details about how Huawei RAN implements fast scheduling, see section 4.3 "MAC-hs Scheduling."

Fast HARQ

Fast hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) is used to rapidly request the retransmission of erroneously received data. Specifically, when the UE detects an erroneous data transmission, it saves the received data and requests the NodeB to retransmit the original data at the physical layer. Before decoding, the UE performs soft combining of the saved data and the retransmitted data. The combining makes full use of the data transmitted each time and thus increases the decoding success rate. In addition, the retransmission delay at the physical layer is reduced greatly, compared with that at the RLC layer. For details about how Huawei RAN implements fast HARQ, see section 4.4 "HARQ."

Fast AMC

To compensate for channel variations, the DCH performs power control. To achieve this goal, HSDPA also performs fast adaptive modulation and coding (AMC), that is, adjusts the modulation scheme and coding rate in each TTI. AMC is based on the channel quality indicator (CQI) reported by the UE, and its purpose is to select an appropriate transmission rate so as to meet channel conditions. When the channel conditions are good, 16QAM can be used to provide higher transmission rates. When the channel conditions are poor, QPSK can be used to ensure the transmission quality. For details about how Huawei RAN implements fast AMC, see section 4.5 "TFRC Selection."

The MAC-hs, a new MAC sublayer, is introduced into the UE and NodeB to support HSDPA.

2.2 HSDPA Channels


To support the HSDPA technologies, 3GPP defines one transport channel (HS-DSCH) and three physical channels (HS-PDSCH, HS-SCCH, and HS-DPCCH). Figure 2-1 shows the physical channels of HSDPA in the shaded area.

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Figure 2-1 Physical channels of HSDPA

2.2.1 HS-DSCH and HS-PDSCH


HS-DSCH is a high speed downlink shared channel. Its TTI is fixed to 2 ms. It may be mapped onto one or more HS-PDSCHs. HS-PDSCH is a high speed physical downlink shared channel. Its spreading factor is fixed to 16. According to 3GPP TS 25.433, a maximum of 15 HS-PDSCHs can be used for transmission at the same time. The number of HS-PDSCHs per cell is configurable. Generally, the NodeB can use the HS-PDSCH codes only allocated by the RNC. The NodeB-controlled dynamic code allocation, however, allows the NodeB to temporarily allocate idle codes to the HS-PDSCH. "Dynamic Code Allocation Based on NodeB" is an optional feature. The use of 2 ms TTI reduces the round trip time (RTT) on the Uu interface and, together with AMC, improves the tracking of channel variations. In addition, the use of 2 ms TTI enables fast scheduling and resource allocation and thus improves the usage of transmission resources. In each TTI, HSDPA assigns the HS-PDSCHs onto which the HS-DSCH maps. More HS-PDSCHs can provide higher transmission rates. Unlike the DCH, the HS-DSCH cannot support soft handover. The reason is that this type of handover requires different cells to use the same radio resource for sending the same data to the UE, but the scheduling function can be performed only within the cell.

2.2.2 HS-SCCH
HS-SCCH is a high speed shared control channel. It carries the control information related to the HS-DSCH. The control information includes the UE identity, HARQ-related information, and information about transport format and resource combination (TFRC). For each transmission of the HS-DSCH, one HS-SCCH is required to carry the related control information. One cell can be configured with a maximum of four HS-SCCHs. The number of HS-SCCHs determines the maximum number of UEs that can be scheduled simultaneously in each TTI.

2.2.3 HS-DPCCH
HS-DPCCH is a high speed dedicated physical control channel. In the uplink, each HSDPA UE must be configured with an HS-DPCCH. This channel is mainly used by the UE to report
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the CQI and whether a transport block is correctly received. The information about the transport block is used for fast retransmission at the physical layer. The CQI is used for AMC and scheduling to allocate Uu resources.

2.2.4 DPCCH and DPCH/F-DPCH


DPCCH is a dedicated physical control channel in the uplink. DPCH is a dedicated physical channel in the downlink. F-DPCH is a fractional dedicated physical channel in the downlink. The HSDPA UE must be configured with dedicated physical control channels in both the uplink and the downlink. The uplink DPCCH is used for providing reference information about the transmit power of HSDPA channels. In addition, it is used for closed-loop power control by working with the DPCH or F-DPCH. In SRB over HSDPA mode, the downlink channel can be established on the F-DPCH without the dedicated assisted DPCH. In this case, a maximum of 10 UEs use an SF256 to transmit the TPC, thus saving a large amount of downlink codes.

2.3 Impact of HSDPA on NEs


HSDPA has an impact on the RNC, NodeB, and UE. On the control plane of the network side, the RNC processes the signaling about HSDPA cell configuration, HS-DSCH related channel configuration, and mobility management. On the user plane of the network side, the RLC layer and MAC-d of the RNC are unchanged. At the NodeB, the MAC-hs is added to implement HSDPA scheduling, Uu resource allocation, AMC, and Iub flow control. The MAC-hs implements these management functions in a short time. Thus, it reduces both unnecessary delays and processing complexity caused by Iub message exchange. On the UE side, the MAC-hs is added between the MAC-d and the physical layer for data reception. To support HSDPA, 3GPP defines 12 UE categories. These UEs support different peak rates at the physical layer, ranging from 912 kbit/s to 14 Mbit/s. The UE of category 10 supports the highest rate. The UE of category 11 or 12 supports only the QPSK mode. For details, see 3GPP TS 25.306. Huawei RAN supports all the UE categories.

2.4 HSDPA Functions


HSDPA functions are implemented on the HSDPA control plane and user plane.

2.4.1 HSDPA Control Plane Functions


The control plane is responsible for setting up and maintaining HS-DSCH connections and managing cell resources. Figure 2-2 shows the HSDPA control plane functions based on the service connection setup and maintenance procedure.

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Figure 2-2 HSDPA control plane functions

The HSDPA control plane functions are described as follows: Bearer mapping The bearer mapping is used by the network side to configure the RAB during the setup of a service connection in the cell. The network side then configures bearer channels for the UE based on the requested service type, service rate, UE capability, and cell capability. For details, see section 3.1 "Bearer Mapping." Access control Access control, a sub-function of load control, checks whether the current resources of the cell are sufficient for the service connection setup. If the resources are insufficient, intelligent access control is triggered. If the resources are sufficient, the service connection can be set up. For details, see section 3.2 "Access Control." Mobility management For the established HS-DSCH connection, mobility management decides whether to switch it to another cell for providing better services, based on the channel quality of the UE. For details, see section 3.3 "Mobility Management." Channel switching Channel switching is responsible for switching the transport channel among the HS-DSCH, DCH, and FACH based on the requirements of mobility management or load control. For details, see section 3.4 "Channel Switching." Load control When the cell load increases, the load control function adjusts the resources configured for the established radio connections to avoid cell overload. For details, see section 3.5 "Load Control." Resource management

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Resource management coordinates the power resource between the HS-DSCH and the DCH and the code resource between the HS-SCCH and the HS-PDSCH. The downlink power and codes are the bottleneck resources of the cell. Resource management can increase the HSDPA capacity. Power resource management reserves power for channels of different types and allocates power for them. For details, see section 3.6 "Power Resource Management." Code resource management allocates and reserves code resources for channels of different types. In addition, it collects and reshuffles idle code resources. For details, see section 3.7 "Code Resource Management."

2.4.2 HSDPA User Plane Functions


After the service is set up, the user plane is responsible for implementing data transmission. Figure 2-3 shows the HSDPA user plane functions based on the data processing procedure. Figure 2-3 HSDPA user plane functions

The service data carried on the HS-DSCH is passed to the RLC layer and MAC-d of the RNC for processing and encapsulation. Then, the MAC-d PDU is formed and passed through the Iub/Iur interface to the NodeB/RNC. To avoid congestion, the flow control and congestion control functions control the traffic on the Iub/Iur interface through the HS-DSCH frame protocol (3GPP TS 25.435). After the MAC-d PDU is received by the NodeB, it is passed through the MAC-hs to the physical layer and then sent out through the Uu interface. The MAC-hs provides MAC-hs scheduling, TFRC selection, and HARQ. MAC-hs scheduling determines the HSDPA users in the cell for data transmission. TFRC selection determines the transmission rates and Uu resources to be allocated to the HSDPA UEs. HARQ is used to implement the hybrid automatic repeat request function.

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3 Control Plane

3
This chapter consists of the following sections: Bearer Mapping Access Control Mobility Management Channel Switching Load Control Power Resource Management Code Resource Management

Control Plane

3.1 Bearer Mapping


The HS-DSCH can carry services of multiple types and service combinations, as listed in Table 3-1. Table 3-1 Bearer mapping CN Domain CS Service Type Signaling (SRB) Voice Can Be Carried on HS-DSCH? Yes Yes Optional Feature? Yes Feature name: SRB over HSDPA Yes Feature name: CS Voice over HSPA/HSPA+ Videophone Streaming PS Conversational No No Yes No No Yes Feature name: VoIP over HSPA/HSPA+

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CN Domain

Service Type Streaming

Can Be Carried on HS-DSCH? Yes

Optional Feature? Yes Feature name: Streaming Traffic Class on HSDPA

Interactive Background IMS signaling

Yes Yes Yes

No No Yes Feature name: IMS Signaling over HSPA

MBMS PTP

Yes

Yes Feature name: MBMS P2P over HSDPA

During the service setup, the RNC selects appropriate channels based on the UE capability, cell capability, and service parameters to optimize the use of cell resources and ensure the QoS. Huawei RAN supports the setting of the types of RABs carried on the HS-DSCH according to service requirements. For details, see the Radio Bearers Parameter Description. Huawei supports bearer management of HSDPA over Iur. "HSDPA over Iur" is an optional feature.

3.2 Access Control


Access control determines whether an HS-DSCH connection can be set up under the precondition that the QoS is ensured. The determination is based on the status of cell resources and the situation of Iub/Iur congestion. When the resources are insufficient, the HS-DSCH is switched to the DCH and only the DCH connection is set up. When the resources are sufficient, the DCH is switched to the HS-DSCH. The implementation of this function requires the support of channel switching. Access control allows the HSDPA UE to access an inter-frequency neighboring cell that has the same coverage area as the source cell. The purpose is to achieve load balance between the cells and improve HSDPA user experience. This is HSDPA directed retry decision (DRD), an optional feature. For details, see the Load Control Parameter Description.

3.3 Mobility Management


The DCH supports soft handover, and therefore downlink data can be concurrently sent out from all the cells in the active set in DCH transmission. In comparison, the HS-DSCH does not support soft handover, and therefore downlink data can be sent out only from the HS-DSCH serving cell and inter-cell handover has to be performed through the change of the serving cell. Thus, HSDPA mobility management focuses on the change of the HS-DSCH serving cell.

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For the UE with the HS-DSCH service, the best cell in the active set acts as the HS-DSCH serving cell. When the best cell changes, the UE disconnects the HS-DSCH from the source cell and attempts to set up a new HS-DSCH connection with the new best cell. For details, see the Handover Parameter Description. By changing the HS-DSCH switching threshold, you can modify the conditions for triggering the change of the best cell. Lowering this threshold can increase both the handover frequency and the sensitivity of HS-DSCH switching to signal variations in the serving cell. Raising this threshold can reduce the handover frequency but may increase the probability of the HS-DSCH service being discontinuous or even dropping on the cell edge. For the HS-DSCH service, Huawei supports inter-cell intra-frequency handover, inter-cell inter-frequency handover, and inter-RAT handover. Mobility management may trigger the switching from the HS-DSCH to the DCH. If the UE with the HS-DSCH service cannot set up the HS-DSCH connection with the target cell, the channel switching function, together with mobility management, switches the HS-DSCH to the DCH. When the HS-DSCH connection is available, the channel switching function switches the DCH back to the HS-DSCH. When the HSDPA user returns from the DCH cell to the HSDPA cell, the DCH is set up to ensure successful handover. A certain period later after the handover, the channel switching function switches the DCH to the HS-DSCH. For details, see section 3.4 "Channel Switching." "HSDPA over Iur" is an optional feature.

3.4 Channel Switching


After the HS-DSCH is introduced, the UE can stay in a new state, CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH). Thus, there are additional transitions between CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH) and CELL_FACH and transitions between CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH) and CELL_DCH even when both the cell and the UE support the HS-DSCH, as shown in Figure 3-1. Figure 3-1 UE state transition

Table 3-2 lists new state transition and new channel switching. Table 3-2 New state transition and new channel switching New State Transition CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH) <-> CELL_FACH CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH) <-> CELL_DCH New Channel Switching HS-DSCH <-> FACH HS-DSCH <-> DCH

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Here, the switching between HS-DSCH and FACH can be triggered by traffic volume, which is similar to the switching between DCH and FACH. When the cell load is too high, load control may also trigger the switching from the HS-DSCH to the FACH to relieve congestion. For details, see the Load Control Parameter Description. When the cell load becomes low, channel switching aids load control in attempting to switch the transport channel back to the HS-DSCH. For details, see the Rate Control Parameter Description. As the HS-DSCH is introduced later, it is inevitable that some cells support the HS-DSCH but others do not. This is also the case with UEs. When a service is set up, the channel switching function selects an appropriate bearer channel based on the cell capability and UE capability to ensure the QoS while efficiently using the cell resources. When the user is moving, the channel switching function adjusts the channel type based on the UE capability to ensure service continuity while improving user experience. Figure 3-2 Relations between channel switching and other functions

Triggers for switching from the HS-DSCH to the DCH are as follows: The HS-DSCH is selected during the service setup but neither the resources of the serving cell nor the resources of the inter-frequency same-coverage neighboring cell are sufficient. In such a case, the HS-DSCH is switched to the DCH. The HS-DSCH serving cell changes. The UE attempts to set up a new HS-DSCH connection with the new best cell. In such a case, the possible scenarios are as follows:

If the new best cell does not support the HS-DSCH, the UE cannot set up the HS-DSCH connection. In this case, the HS-DSCH is switched to the DCH. If the new best cell supports the HS-DSCH but a new HS-DSCH connection cannot be set up because the resources are insufficient, the DCH connection is set up and the HS-DSCH is switched to this DCH.

The user moves from a cell supporting the DCH but not supporting the HS-DSCH to a cell supporting the HS-DSCH. In this case, the DCH connection is also set up because the DCH supports soft handover, which can increase the inter-cell handover success rate. In one of the cases described previously, the DCH connection is set up in a cell supporting the HS-DSCH or in an inter-frequency same-coverage neighboring cell supporting the HS-DSCH. Then, the DCH is switched to the HS-DSCH by either of the following mechanisms:

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Channel switching based on timer After the DCH connection is set up, this mechanism periodically attempts to switch the DCH to the HS-DSCH. Channel switching based on traffic volume When the traffic volume of the UE increases and the RNC receives an event 4A report, this mechanism attempts to switch the DCH to the HS-DSCH. For details on the event 4A report, see the Rate Control Parameter Description.

3.5 Load Control


When the cell is congested, load control selects some users (including HSDPA users) for congestion relief. The selection is based on the integrated priority, which considers the allocation retention priority (ARP), traffic class (TC), traffic handling priority (THP), and bearer type. When the cell load is high, the basic congestion control selects some HSDPA users for handover to an inter-frequency same-coverage neighboring cell or an inter-RAT neighboring cell with lower load. When the cell load is too high, the overload congestion control selects some HSDPA BE services for the switching to a common channel or releases some HSDPA services. For details, see the Load Control Parameter Description.

3.6 Power Resource Management


Power resource management determines the transmit power of the HS-PDSCH, HS-SCCH, and HS-DPCCH. Generally, an HSDPA cell has the same coverage as the corresponding R99 cell. To improve the resource usage in this case, the downlink power resources of HSDPA can be dynamically allocated as follows: 1. The downlink power resources are first reserved for common physical channels and allocated to the DPCH. The remaining power resources are available for HSPA, including HSUPA and HSDPA. The HSPA power resources are first allocated to the HSUPA downlink control channels, including the E-AGCH, E-RGCH, and E-HICH. The remaining power resources are available for HSDPA. The HSDPA power resources are first allocated to the downlink control channel HS-SCCH. For details, see the Power Control Parameter Description. The remaining power resources are allocated to the traffic channel HS-PDSCH. For details on power resource allocation, see section 4.5 "TFRC Selection." Figure 3-3 shows the dynamic HSDPA power resource allocation.

2.

3.

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Figure 3-3 Dynamic HSDPA power resource allocation

Every TTI, the NodeB detects the power usage of R99 channels to determine the power available for HSPA. To reserve the power for R99 power control itself, the power margin PwrMgn needs to be set on the NodeB side. In addition, the power allocated to HSPA must not exceed the maximum permissible power HspaPower, which can be set on the RNC side. For details on uplink HS-DPCCH power control, see the Power Control Parameter Description. "HSDPA over Iur" is an optional feature.

3.7 Code Resource Management


Code resource management allocates code resources to the HS-SCCH and HS-PDSCH. The NodeB supports HS-DSCH transmissions to multiple users in parallel in a TTI. If more than one HS-PDSCH code can be allocated by the NodeB, then code multiplexing can be used to allocate the codes to multiple users so as to improve resource usage and system throughput. "Time and HS-PDSCH Code Multiplexing" is an optional feature.

3.7.1 HS-SCCH Code Resource Management


Each HS-SCCH uses an SF128 code. The number of HS-SCCHs determines the maximum number of HSDPA users that can be scheduled simultaneously in a TTI. Generally, the number of HS-SCCHs depends on the traffic characteristics of the cell. The default number is 4, which is specified by the parameter HsScchCodeNum on the RNC side. If the default setting is used, the HS-PDSCH can use only 14 SF16 codes. To enable the HS-PDSCH to use 15 SF16 codes, you are advised to configure 2 HS-SCCHs.

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3.7.2 HS-PDSCH Code Resource Management


The DPCH and the HS-PDSCH coexist in a cell. Therefore, sharing the cell code resources between them to improve the resource usage is of critical importance in HSDPA code resource management. Huawei supports both RNC-level and NodeB-level code resource management. RNC-controlled static or dynamic code allocation is enabled through the parameter AllocCodeMode. NodeB-controlled dynamic code allocation is enabled through the parameter DynCodeSw. For details, see the following sections. The dynamic code allocation controlled by the NodeB is more flexible than that controlled by the RNC. It shortens the response time and saves the Iub signaling used for code reallocation. Huawei recommends the following code allocation modes, where the first mode is preferred: Configure the RNC to use static code allocation and the NodeB to use dynamic code allocation. If the NodeB does not support dynamic code allocation, configure the RNC to use dynamic code allocation. If not all the NodeBs controlled by an RNC support dynamic code allocation, the RNC-controlled dynamic code allocation is recommended. In this case, the NodeB-controlled dynamic code allocation can also be enabled for those supporting NodeBs.

3.7.3 RNC-Controlled Static Code Allocation


If the RNC-controlled static code allocation is used, the number of reserved HS-PDSCH codes is specified by the parameter HsPdschCodeNum on the RNC side. Based on the number, the RNC reserves codes for the HS-PDSCH. The DPCH, HS-SCCH, and common channels use the other codes. The parameter HsPdschCodeNum can be set on the basis of the traffic characteristics of the cell. If there are more HSDPA users and the traffic is high, the parameter value can be increased. If there are more DCH users and the HSDPA traffic is low, the parameter value can be decreased. A maximum of 15 codes can be allocated to the HS-PDSCH. Figure 3-4 shows the RNC-controlled static code allocation. Figure 3-4 RNC-controlled static code allocation

3.7.4 RNC-Controlled Dynamic Code Allocation


If the RNC-controlled dynamic code allocation is used, the minimum number of available HS-PDSCH codes is specified by the parameter HsPdschMinCodeNum on the RNC side. The purpose of this setting is to prevent too many DCH users from being admitted and to ensure the basic data transmission of the HS-PDSCH. In addition, the maximum number of available HS-PDSCH codes is specified by the parameter HsPdschMaxCodeNum. The

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purpose of this setting is to prevent too many codes from being allocated for the HS-PDSCH and to prevent DCH users from preempting codes during admission. The number of codes that can be shared between HS-PDSCH and DPCH is equal to the value of HsPdschMaxCodeNum minus the value of HsPdschMinCodeNum, as shown in Figure 3-5. When a code that can be shared is idle, it can be allocated to the HS-PDSCH if the idle code is adjacent to the allocated HS-PDSCH codes. Figure 3-5 RNC-controlled dynamic code allocation

Adding an HS-PDSCH Code


Figure 3-6 shows how to add an HS-PDSCH code. The solid dots represent the allocated codes, and the circles represent the idle codes. Figure 3-6 Adding an HS-PDSCH code

After a DCH RL is released or reconfigured (for example, because the spreading factor becomes larger), the RNC adds an HS-PDSCH code if the following conditions are met: The code adjacent to the allocated HS-PDSCH codes is idle. After the code is added, the minimum spreading factor of the remaining codes is smaller than or equal to the value of CellLdrSfResThd. The parameter CellLdrSfResThd set on the RNC side is used to reserve codes for new users, to avoid congestion due to code insufficiency, and to avoid unnecessary reshuffling of the code tree.

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Releasing an HS-PDSCH Codes


Figure 3-7 shows how to release an HS-PDSCH code. The solid dots represent the allocated codes, and the circles represent the idle codes. Figure 3-7 Releasing an HS-PDSCH code

If idle DPCH codes are insufficient when a DCH RL is set up, added, or reconfigured (for example, because the spreading factor becomes smaller), the RNC preempts HS-PDSCH codes in the shared codes for the DPCH. In addition, if the minimum spreading factor of idle DPCH codes is greater than the value of CellLdrSfResThd, the RNC can also reallocate some HS-PDSCH codes to the DPCH. The reallocated code number must be the smallest one of the available shared codes.

3.7.5 NodeB-Controlled Dynamic Code Allocation


Generally, the NodeB can use the HS-PDSCH codes only allocated by the RNC. The NodeB-controlled dynamic code allocation, however, allows the NodeB to temporarily allocate idle codes to the HS-PDSCH. Figure 3-8 NodeB-controlled dynamic code allocation

Every TTI, the NodeB detects the SF16 codes that are not allocated to the HS-PDSCH. If such an SF16 code or any of its subcodes is allocated by the RNC to the DCH or a common channel, this SF16 code is regarded as occupied. Otherwise, it is regarded as unoccupied. Therefore, the available HS-PDSCH codes include the codes reserved by the RNC and the idle codes adjacent to the allocated HS-PDSCH codes. Every time the RNC allocates or release HS-PDSCH codes, it notifies the NodeB through Iub signaling and the NodeB performs the corresponding processes. For example, the RNC reserves the SF16 codes numbered 11 to 15 for the HS-PDSCH and those numbered 0 to 5 for the DCH and common channels in a TTI. Thus, the HS-PDSCH can use the codes numbered 6 to 15 in this TTI.

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If the setup of an RL requires a DPCH code that is already allocated by the NodeB to the HS-PDSCH, the NodeB releases this code and sends an NBAP message to the RNC, indicating that the RL is set up successfully. Then, the DCH uses this code. After the DCH releases it, the HS-PDSCH can use this code again. "Dynamic Code Allocation Based on NodeB" is an optional feature.

3.7.6 Dynamic Code Tree Reshuffling


Regardless of whether dynamic code allocation is controlled by the RNC or the NodeB, the number of continuous codes available for the HS-PDSCH shall be maximized. The dynamic code tree reshuffling function can achieve this goal by reallocating DPCH codes. When the minimum spreading factor of the remaining idle codes in a cell is greater than the value of CellLdrSfResThd, the RNC reshuffles the codes used by the DPCH to provide more continuous SF16 codes for HSDPA. This function can be enabled or disabled by the parameter CodeAdjForHsdpaSwitch on the RNC side. In addition, the threshold number of users that can be reshuffled needs to be specified by the parameter CodeAdjForHsdpaUserNumThd. If the number of users on a subtree is smaller than or equal to this parameter value, this subtree can be reshuffled. Otherwise, it cannot be reshuffled. This parameter limits the number of users that can be reshuffled each time, to prevent too many users from being reshuffled in a short time and thus to avoid affecting user experience. Figure 3-9 Dynamic code tree reshuffling

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This chapter consists of the following sections: Flow Control and Congestion Control RLC and MAC-d MAC-hs Scheduling HARQ TFRC Selection

User Plane

4.1 Flow Control and Congestion Control


HSDPA flow control and congestion control are used to control the HSDPA data flow on the Iub and Iur interfaces. HSDPA data packets are sent through the Iub interface to the NodeB and then through the Uu interface to the UE. Thus, congestion may occur on the Uu, Iub, or Iur interface. Flow control is used to relieve Uu congestion, and congestion control is used to relieve Iub/Iur congestion. The two types of control are implemented by the NodeB. HSDPA flow control and congestion control are part of the HSDPA Iub frame protocol (3GPP TS 25.435). They are implemented for each MAC-hs queue through the Capacity Request message sent by the RNC and the Capacity Allocation message sent by the NodeB. Figure 4-1 shows the basic principles of flow control and congestion control.

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Figure 4-1 Basic principles of Iub flow control and congestion control

4.1.1 Flow Control


For each MAC-hs queue, flow control calculates the pre-allocated Iub bandwidth based on the Uu transmission rate and the amount of data buffered in the NodeB. The Uu transmission rate of the MAC-hs queue is determined by the scheduling algorithm. For each MAC-hs queue, if the Iub transmission rate is higher than the Uu transmission rate, the data packets are buffered. Too much data buffered in the NodeB leads to transmission delay and even packet loss. Therefore, each MAC-hs queue should not have too much data buffered in the NodeB. On the other hand, it should keep a certain amount of data to avoid wasting the Uu resources due to no data to transmit. The flow control procedure is as follows: 1. 2. 3. The NodeB measures the buffered data amount of each MAC-hs queue and the average Uu transmission rate. The NodeB estimates the buffering time based on the measurements. The NodeB adjusts the Iub bandwidth pre-allocated to the MAC-hs queue.

The pre-allocated Iub bandwidth is adjusted as follows: If the buffering time is too short, you can infer that the RNC slows down the data transmission, that is, the Iub transmission rate is lower than the Uu transmission rate. In such a case, the pre-allocated Iub bandwidth is adjusted to a value greater than the average Uu transmission rate. If the buffering time is appropriate, the pre-allocated Iub bandwidth is adjusted to the average Uu transmission rate. If the buffering time is too long, the pre-allocated Iub bandwidth is adjusted to a value smaller than the average Uu transmission rate.

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4.1.2 Congestion Control


The Iub bandwidth may be lower than the Uu bandwidth. If the RNC uses the Iub bandwidth pre-allocated to each MAC-hs queue, the Iub bandwidth for HSDPA is insufficient. This may lead to congestion and even packet loss. The amount of data to be transmitted is sent by the RNC to each MAC-hs queue through the Capacity Request message. Based on this amount and the total Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA, the congestion control function adjusts the bandwidth pre-allocated to each MAC-hs queue. Thus, congestion control ensures that the total bandwidth actually allocated to all the MAC-hs queues is not higher than the total available Iub bandwidth. The total Iub bandwidth available for HSDPA depends on the variations in HSDPA packet delay and the situation of packet loss. HSDPA shares the bandwidth with the DCH and control signaling, and the DCH and control signaling has higher priorities than HSDPA. Thus, when the HSDPA packet delay or packet loss increases, you can infer that the number of DCHs or the amount of control signaling increases. In such a case, the bandwidth available for HSDPA decreases and the bandwidth actually allocated for HSDPA decreases. For details on congestion control, see the Transmission Resource Management Parameter Description.
For the Iur interface, flow control and congestion control are also applied. The control principles and processing procedures are the same as those for the Iub interface.

4.2 RLC and MAC-d


4.2.1 RLC
One of the main purposes of HSDPA is to reduce latency by handling retransmissions at NodeB level. Retransmissions, however, may still be triggered at the RLC layer of the RNC under the following circumstances: The NodeB misinterprets an NACK sent by the UE. The number of HARQ retransmissions exceeds the maximum permissible number. The data buffered in the NodeB is lost when the HS-DSCH serving cell changes. Therefore, HARQ retransmission cannot totally replace RLC retransmission, which is described in 3GPP TS 25.322. For services with high requirements for data transmission reliability, Huawei recommends that the RLC acknowledged mode (AM) also be used to ensure correct transmission on the Uu interface even when the services such as the BE service are carried on HSDPA channels. Before the introduction of HSDPA, the size of an RLC PDU is usually 336 bits, where 320 bits are for the payload and 16 bits for the RLC header. Without additional overhead, the MAC PDU is of the same size as the RLC PDU. According to the 3GPP specifications, a maximum of 2,047 RLC PDUs can be transmitted within an RLC window, and the RTT at the RLC layer is about 100 ms (50 TTIs). In this condition, the maximum peak rate can only be 336 bits x (2047/50)/2 ms = 6.88 Mbit/s. To reach higher rates, an RLC PDU of 656 bits is introduced, where 640 bits are for the payload and 16 bits for the RLC header. The RLC PDU size can be set for each typical service. For high-speed services, the size is set to 656 bits by default.

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4.2.2 MAC-d
The MAC-d functionality is unchanged after the introduction of HSDPA. The HS-DSCH bearers are mapped onto MAC-d flows on the Iub/Iur interface. Each MAC-d flow has its own priority queue. The theoretical peak rate of HSDPA on the Uu interface is 14.4 Mbit/s. It is calculated on the assumption that the chip rate of WCDMA is 3.84 Mcps, the spreading factor for HSDPA is SF16, the maximum number of available codes is 15, and the gain of 16QAM is 4. Thus, the rate is 3.84 Mcps/16 x 15 x 4 = 14.4 Mbit/s. Limited by many factors, the theoretical peak rate of 14.4 Mbit/s is unreachable in actual situations. The UE capability is one factor. For example, 3GPP specifies that the UE of category 10 can use a maximum of 15 codes and receive a transport block with a maximum of 27,952 bits. For details, see 3GPP TS 25.306. Thus, the theoretical peak rate is 27952 bits/2 ms = 13.976 Mbit/s. In addition, the RLC PDU size is fixed to 656 bits, and a transport block of 27,952 bits can contain a maximum of 42 PDUs. Thus, the maximum RLC payload rate is (656 bits 16 bits) x 42/2 ms = 13.44 Mbit/s. In practice, the radio channel quality, retransmission probability, and available power also need to be considered. Therefore, the UE of category 10 cannot reach 13.44 Mbit/s at the RLC layer in most tests.

4.3 MAC-hs Scheduling


With the limited Uu resources for HSDPA in a cell, the user expects to maximize the service rate while the telecom operator expects to maximize the system capacity. MAC-hs scheduling is used to coordinate the Uu resources, user experience, and system capacity. It is implemented at the NodeB MAC-hs. The scheduling algorithm consists of two steps. At first, the algorithm determines which initial transmission queues or retransmission processes can be put into the candidate set for scheduling. Then, the algorithm calculates their priorities based on factors such as the CQI, user fairness, and differentiated services. If the algorithm is weighted more towards the channel quality of the UE, the HSDPA cell can have a higher capacity but user fairness and differentiated services may be affected. If the algorithm is weighted more towards user fairness and differentiated services, the system capacity may be affected. Huawei provides four scheduling algorithms: maximum C/I (MAXCI), round-robin (RR), proportional fair (PF), and Enhanced Proportional Fair (EPF). The EPF algorithm is optional.

4.3.1 Determining the Candidate Set


The candidate for scheduling contains new data packets (hereinafter referred to as initial transmission queues) or data packets to be retransmitted (hereinafter referred to as retransmission processes), with the following exceptions: If the UE starts the compressed mode, its data cannot be put into the candidate set during the GAP. If the UE category requires the UE to wait for several TTIs before it can be scheduled again, its data cannot be put into the candidate set in this period. The UE of category 1 or 2 needs to wait for 3 TTIs, and the UE of category 3, 4, and 11 must wait for 2 TTIs.

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If the number of retransmissions of a data packet reaches or exceeds the maximum number, the data of this UE cannot be put into the candidate set. The data should be discarded. Huawei supports that the maximum number of retransmissions is set on a service basis:

MaxNonConverHarqRt: the maximum number of non-conversational service retransmissions in the CELL_DCH state

Other user data can be put into the candidate set.

4.3.2 Calculating Priorities


Four algorithms are available for calculating the priorities of data packets in the candidate set. The scheduling policies vary according to the algorithms for calculating the priorities of data packets. The algorithm to be used is specified by the parameter SM on the NodeB LMT.

MAXCI Algorithm
The retransmission processes unconditionally have higher priorities than the initial transmission queues. The retransmission processes are sorted in first-in first-out (FIFO) mode. The initial transmission queues are sorted in the CQI order. A higher CQI means a higher data priority. The MAXCI algorithm aims to maximize the system capacity but cannot ensure user fairness and differentiated services.

RR Algorithm
The retransmission processes unconditionally have higher priorities than the initial transmission queues. The retransmission processes are sorted in FIFO mode. The initial transmission queues are sorted in the order of the waiting time in the MAC-hs queue. A longer waiting time means a higher data priority. The RR algorithm aims to ensure user fairness but cannot provide differentiated services. Not considering the CQI reported by the UE leads to lower system capacity.

PF Algorithm
The retransmission processes unconditionally have higher priorities than the initial transmission queues. The retransmission processes are sorted in FIFO mode. The initial transmission queues are sorted in the order of R/r. Here, R represents the throughput corresponding to the CQI reported by the UE, and r represents the throughput achieved by the UE. A greater R/r value means a higher data priority. The PF algorithm aims to make a tradeoff between system capacity and user fairness. It provides the user with an average throughput that is proportional to the actual channel quality. The system capacity provided by PF is between the system capacity provided by RR and that provided by MAXCI.

EPF Algorithm
The EPF algorithm can meet the requirements of telecom operators related to user fairness and differentiated services and also provide a high system capacity.

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Firstly, priorities are determined on the basis of service types. The EPF algorithm distinguishes between delay-sensitive data and throughput-sensitive data based on the QoS requirements. The amount of delay-sensitive data is generally small. The transmission delay of delay-sensitive data should be as short as possible. When the transmission delay reaches a specified threshold, data packets are discarded. The delay-sensitive data includes the following data: SRB signaling VoIP and AMR service data whose waiting time approaches the value of the discard timer The amount of a throughput-sensitive data is generally small. A higher transmission rate brings greater user satisfaction. The throughput-sensitive data includes the following data: BE service data Streaming service data IMS data VoIP and AMR service data whose waiting time is far from the value of the discard timer The EPF algorithm meets the basic QoS requirements of users. For delay-sensitive data, the transmission delay must not exceed the maximum permissible delay. For throughput-sensitive data, the transmission rate must not be lower than the GBR. Users require higher QoS for delay-sensitive data. Therefore, the delay-sensitive data has a higher priority than the throughput-sensitive data. Secondly, for delay-sensitive data or throughput-sensitive data, the EPF algorithm distinguishes between retransmission processes and initial transmission queues. The retransmission processes unconditionally have higher priorities than the initial transmission queues. Thirdly, the priorities of the initial transmission queues are calculated for delay-sensitive data or throughput-sensitive data. The following factors are considered: the waiting time, CQI reported by the UE, throughput achieved by the UE, guaranteed bit rate (GBR), scheduling priority indicator (SPI) weight, happy bit rate (HBR), and power consumed in the queue for a certain period. The impacts of these factors on the priority calculation are as follows: For the delay-sensitive data, a longer waiting time means a higher data priority. For the throughput-sensitive data, a greater R/r value means a higher data priority. Here, R represents the throughput corresponding to the CQI reported by the UE, and r represents the throughput achieved by the UE. The UEs with the rates lower than the GBR have higher priorities than those with the rates already reaching the GBR. A higher SPI weight means a higher data priority. A larger difference between the actual rate and the HBR means a higher data priority. When the resource limitation switch (RscLmSw) is on, the algorithm allocates the lowest priority to a queue whose power consumption exceeds the threshold. RscLmSw is used to prevent the users in areas with poor coverage from consuming too many cell resources so that there is no decrease in system capacity. The ratio of the maximum available power of a queue to the total power of the cell depends on the GBR, as listed in Table 4-1. By calculating the priority of each queue, the scheduling algorithm achieves the following:

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When the system resources are sufficient to meet the basic QoS requirements of all users, the transmission delay of delay-sensitive data is within the permissible range and the transmission rate of throughput-sensitive data is not lower than the GBR. High-priority users can obtain more resources for higher QoS. When the system resources are insufficient to meet the basic QoS requirements of all users, delay-sensitive data has higher priorities than throughput-sensitive data. High-priority users can obtain more resources to ensure the basic QoS. Fourthly, special processing is performed. Differentiated services based on SPI weights are provided. Different services have different service types, and different users have different user priorities. Therefore, the scheduling function needs to consider these two factors to provide differentiated services. SPI is a parameter specified on the basis of service types and users priorities. The parameter SPIweight can be specified according to the SPI to provide differentiated services. This parameter is specified on the RNC, and its value ranges from 0% to 100%. The SPI weight affects the calculation of queue priorities. It is used to quantify the differentiated services. If all the rates of throughput-sensitive services with different SPI weights exceed or none of the rates exceeds their GBRs, the proportion of SPI weights determines the proportion of rates among users. For example, for three throughput-sensitive service users with the same channel quality, if their GBRs are not configured and the proportion of SPI weights is 100:50:30, the proportion of actual rates is close to 100:50:30. Differentiated services based on SPI weights are optional. Users with poor channel quality are prevented from consuming too many radio resources. If a user in a poor-coverage area, for example, at the edge of a cell, has a high priority, too many radio resources may be consumed to meet the QoS requirement. In this case, the QoS of other users may be affected. To solve this problem, resource restriction parameters such as 8KRSCLMT, 16KRSCLMT, 32KRSCLMT, 64KRSCLMT, 128KRSCLMT, 256KRSCLMT, and 384KRSCLMT are defined to restrict the maximum power consumption of each user. They are configured on the NodeB according to the GBRs. Table 4-1 Default maximum ratios based on the GBR GBR (kbit/s) 8 16 32 64 128 256 384 Maximum Ratio 10% 10% 15% 15% 20% 25% 30%

The HBR is configured. The HBR determines the throughput expected by the user based on a study on user experience. When the rate for a user reaches the HBR, the scheduling probability for the user is decreased. Therefore, the scheduling probability of the users with rates lower than the HBR is increased. In this way, more users can obtain satisfying
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services. The HBR is specified by the parameter HappyBR on the RNC side. The setting can be based on user levels, including gold, silver, and copper. For details on the parameters related to QoS management, such as the GBR, SPI, SPI weight, and HBR, see section 5.3 "QoS Parameter Mapping and Configuration." The EPF algorithm is optional.

4.3.3 Comparison of Four Algorithms


Table 4-2 lists the factors considered in the four scheduling algorithms. Table 4-2 Factors considered in the four scheduling algorithms Factor Service type Initial transmission or retransmission Maximum power Waiting time CQI Actual throughput SPI GPR HBR MAXCI No Yes No No Yes No No No No RR No Yes No Yes No No No No No PF No Yes No No Yes Yes No No No EPF Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Table 4-3 lists the effects of the four scheduling algorithms. Table 4-3 Effects of the four scheduling algorithms Item System capacity User fairness Differentiated services Real-time services MAXCI Highest Not guaranteed Not guaranteed Not guaranteed RR High Best Not guaranteed Not guaranteed PF Higher Guaranteed Not guaranteed Not guaranteed EPF Higher Guaranteed Guaranteed Guaranteed

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4.4 HARQ
The main purpose of introducing HARQ is to reduce the retransmission delay and improve the retransmission efficiency. HARQ enables fast retransmission at the physical layer. Before decoding, the UE combines the retransmitted data and the previously received data, thus making full use of the data transmitted each time. In addition, HARQ can fine-tune the effective rate to compensate for the errors made by TFRC section.

4.4.1 HARQ Retransmission Principles


The HARQ process of HSDPA involves only the NodeB and the UE, without involving the RNC. After receiving a MAC-hs PDU sent by the NodeB, the UE performs a CRC check and reports an ACK or NACK on the HS-DPCCH to the NodeB: If the UE reports an ACK, the NodeB transmits the next new data. If the UE reports an NACK, the NodeB retransmits the original data. After receiving the data, the UE performs soft combining of this data and the data received before, decodes the combined data, and then reports an ACK or NACK to the NodeB. RLC retransmission on the DCH involves the RNC, and therefore the RTT is relatively long. In comparison, HARQ involves only the physical layer and MAC-hs of the NodeB and those of the UE, and therefore the RTT is reduced to only 6 TTIs. After a transmission, the HARQ process must wait at least 10 ms before it can transmit the next new data or retransmit the original data. Therefore, to improve transmission efficiency, other HARQ processes can transmit data during the waiting time. A maximum of six HARQ processes can be configured in each of the NodeB HARQ entity and the UE HARQ entity. Note that not all UE categories support six HARQ processes. For example, the UEs of some categories can receive data every one or two TTIs. Thus, only two or three HARQ processes can be configured. The RAN can automatically choose the most appropriate configuration based on UE capability. Figure 4-2 HARQ retransmission principle

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4.4.2 Soft Combining During HARQ


Before decoding a MAC-hs PDU, the UE performs soft combining of all the data received before to improve the utilization of Uu resources and thus increase the cell capacity. The size of the UE buffer determines the number of coded bits or the size of transport blocks. For HARQ retransmission between the NodeB and the UE, two combining strategies are available. They are Chase Combining (CC) and Incremental Redundancy (IR). In the case of CC, all retransmitted data is the same as previously transmitted data. In the case of IR, the retransmitted data may be different from the previously transmitted data. In comparison, IR has a higher gain than CC but requires more buffer space. CC can be regarded as a special case of IR. The IR strategy is hard-coded in Huawei RAN.

4.4.3 Preamble and Postamble


If the HS-SCCH is received, the UE checks whether the HS-PDSCH is also correctly received and then reports an ACK or NACK in the first slot of the HS-DPCCH subframe. If the HS-SCCH is erroneously received, the UE does not report any information in the first slot of the HS-DPCCH subframe. This type of transmission is called DTX. In the case of high interference, the NodeB may demodulate DTX as ACK by mistake when demodulating the HS-DPCCH. Thus, the lost data blocks cannot be retransmitted through HARQ retransmission, and the reception can be ensured only through RLC retransmission. To meet the requirement of the 3GPP specifications for a low DTX misjudgment probability, more power has to be allocated for HS-DPCCH ACK/NACK. To solve this problem, 3GPP TS 25.214 introduces preamble and postamble. When the NodeB demodulates an HS-DPCCH ACK/NACK, it considers the subframe prior to and the subframe next to the HS-DPCCH subframe in addition to the HS-DPCCH subframe itself. Thus, for a certain DTX misjudgment probability, the introduction of preamble and postamble reduces the power required by ACK/NACK, lower the downlink load level, and increase the uplink capacity. "HS-DPCCH Preamble Support" is an optional feature. Figure 4-3 HS-DPCCH preamble and postamble

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4.5 TFRC Selection


The TFRC selection algorithm handles the MAC-hs queues in descending order of their priorities determined by the scheduler. The main tasks of the algorithm for each queue in each TTI are as follows: Determining the amount of data that can be transmitted by the queue Determining the modulation scheme of the queue Allocating appropriate power and channelization codes to the queue During the handling, the TFRC selection algorithm considers the following factors: Channel conditions of the UE Available resources Amount of data buffered in the MAC-hs queue Based on these factors, the algorithm allocates appropriate resources and selects appropriate transport block sizes to ensure the transmission quality and avoid wasting the resources. When the channel conditions are bad, the algorithm selects small transport block sizes to ensure that the data is received correctly and transmitted continuously. When the channel conditions are good, the algorithm selects large transport block sizes for higher transmission rates and QoS.

4.5.1 Basic Procedure of TFRC Selection


The basic procedure of the TFRC selection algorithm is as follows: Step 1 Based on the CQI reported by the UE, available power, and available channelization codes, the algorithm searches a CQI mapping table for the TBSmax, that is, the maximum MAC-hs transport block size (TBS). For details, see section 4.5.2 "Determining the TBSmax." Step 2 Based on the TBSmax and the amount of data buffered in the queue, the algorithm determines the most appropriate MAC-hs TBS (TBSused). Here, TBSused <= TBSmax. Based on the TBSused, the algorithm determines the most appropriate power, codes, and modulation scheme. For details, see section 4.5.3 "Determining the TBSused, Modulation Scheme, Power, and Codes." Step 3 Based on the TBSused, the algorithm calculates the number of MAC-d PDUs that can be transmitted in the MAC-hs PDU. For details, see section 4.5.4 "Determining the Number of MAC-d PDUs." Step 4 The algorithm updates the records of the remaining power, codes, and HS-SCCH quantity. If all of these resources are available and another MAC-hs queue is waiting for resource allocation, then the algorithm repeats the previous steps. Otherwise, the algorithm ends the handling. ----End

4.5.2 Determining the TBSmax


The UE assumes that the transmit power of the HS-PDSCH on the network side is as follows:

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PHS PDSCH = PCPICH + +


where PCPICH is the transmit power of the CPICH.

is the measurement power offset (MPO). It is specified by the parameter HsPdschMPOConstEnum on the RNC side and sent to the NodeB and UE.
is the reference power adjustment. It is set to 0 in most cases. For details, see 3GPP TS 25.214.
On this assumption, the UE reports the CQI through the HS-DPCCH to the NodeB. The CQI indicates the channel conditions of the UE. A higher CQI indicates that the channel quality is better and therefore the NodeB can send a larger MAC-hs transport block to the UE. The NodeB creates a CQI mapping table for each UE category. For each CQI, this table provides a corresponding MAC-hs TBS and a modulation scheme based on the assumed power ( PHS PDSCH = PCPICH + + ) and the number of channelization codes. Such combinations ensure that the block error rate (BLER) of MAC-hs transport blocks on the Uu interface does not exceed 10%. The table is obtained on the basis of many simulations and test experiences. It plays a very important role in HSDPA resource allocation. If the available power of the HS-PDSCH is higher than the assumed power, a larger MAC-hs TBS is allowed, which is equal to the TBS corresponding to the adjusted CQI. The adjusted CQI is calculated as: reported CQI + (available power - assumed power). In this way, the algorithm provides higher transmission rates. If the available power is lower than the assumed power, the supported MAC-hs TBS needs to be reduced to the one corresponding to the adjusted CQI. The adjusted CQI is calculated as: reported CQI (assumed power - available power). In this way, the algorithm ensures transmission correctness. Thus, the algorithm can determine the TBSmax of the UE in the current cell after obtaining the CQI reported by the UE, available power, and available codes. Here is an example. Assume that the CQI reported by the UE is 5, the available power is equal to the assumed power, and the number of available codes is 4. Then, the TBSmax is 3,762 bits and the modulation scheme is QPSK. The following figure shows this example.

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4.5.3 Determining the TBSused, Modulation Scheme, Power, and Codes


If the data buffered in the MAC-hs queue is much enough to fill the space for carrying data in a transport block with the TBSmax, then the TBSmax is taken as the TBS to be used (TBSused). Accordingly, the modulation scheme corresponds to this TBS is taken as the one to be used. The algorithm then determines the power and channelization codes to be used, according to the method mentioned in section 4.5.2 "Determining the TBSmax." The TBSmax, however, may be much larger than the data buffered in the MAC-hs queue. If this TBS is used, too many padding bits reduce the spectrum efficiency. To solve this problem, the algorithm searches the CQI mapping table backward for the CQI or the number of codes so as to obtain the most appropriate TBS and the corresponding modulation scheme. This TBS should be the smallest one in the TBS set that can carry the buffered data. The power and code resources determined through backward searching are taken as the ones for allocation. Huawei supports three backward-searching methods, which are specified by the parameter RscAllocM on the NodeB side: If the parameter is set to Code_Pri, the algorithm prefers the use of codes. Under the precondition that the transport block with the TBS is large enough to carry the buffered data, the algorithm first reduces the power. If the corresponding CQI decreases to the smallest one but the precondition is still met, the algorithm attempts to reduce the number of codes. This setting is applicable the outdoor macro base station with limited power. If the parameter is set to Power_Pri, the algorithm prefers the use of power. Under the precondition that the transport block with the TBS is large enough to carry the buffered data, the algorithm first reduces the number of codes. If the number of codes decreases to 1 but the precondition is still met, the algorithm attempts to reduce the power. This setting is applicable to indoor application with limited codes. If the parameter is set to PowerCode_Bal, the algorithm balances the use of power and the use of codes. Under the precondition that the transport block with the TBS is large enough to carry the buffered data, the algorithm reduces the power and codes in a balanced mode. This setting protects the codes or power from being used up, thus improving the resource usage and increasing the cell capacity. The following figure shows the backward-searching methods used when the parameter is set to Code_Pri or Power_Pri.

The following figure shows the backward-searching methods used when the parameter is set to PowerCode_Bal.

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4.5.4 Determining the Number of MAC-d PDUs


TBSused is the used MAC-hs PDU size. It contains a MAC-hs header and the MAC-hs payload. The size of MAC-hs payload is equal to the total size of MAC-d PDUs. Assume that S represents (TBSused (MAC-hs PDU header size))/(MAC-d PDU size). Then, round down S to the nearest integer to obtain the number of MAC-d PDUs to be transmitted.

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5 QoS and Diff-Serv Management

QoS and Diff-Serv Management

This chapter consists of the following sections: QoS Management Diff-Serv Management QoS Parameter Mapping and Configuration

5.1 QoS Management


The goal of service-oriented QoS management is to improve user experience by reducing the service delay and BLER and by increasing the service rate and continuity. The requirements for QoS vary according to the type of service: The conversational service (including the CS voice and VoIP) has a relatively high requirement for service delay and a certain requirement for BLER. The streaming service has a requirement for guaranteed bit rate (GBR). The FTP service has a very high requirement for BLER and error-free transmission. In addition, this service requires higher service rates to provide better user experience. The HTTP service has a high requirement for error-free transmission and a certain requirement for response delay. In addition, this service requires shorter delay to provide better user experience. HSDPA QoS management is implemented by related HSDPA functions. The following table lists the relations between HSDPA functions and QoS indicators. Table 5-1 Relations between HSDPA functions and QoS indicators Function Mobility management HSDPA bearer mapping Load control Service Connectivity Service Delay Service Rate BLER

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Function RLC retransmission Flow control Congestion control HARQ MAC-hs scheduling TFRC selection

Service Connectivity

Service Delay

Service Rate

BLER

These relations between HSDPA functions and QoS indicators are described as follows: Mobility management Service continuity is implemented by mobility management. For details, see section 3.3 "Mobility Management" and the Handover Parameter Description. Bearer mapping HSDPA bearers increase the service rate greatly and reduce the service delay. For details, see section 3.1 "Bearer Mapping." Load control The network resources are limited. Therefore, when a large number of users attempt to access the network, the access control function is required to control the access so as to ensure the QoS of the admitted users. The network resources consumed by the admitted users vary with the changed channel qualities, which may lead to network congestion. To relieve congestion, the overload control function is required to ensure the QoS of most users. For details on load control, see the Load Control Parameter Description. RLC retransmission and HARQ To achieve error-free transmission and improve transmission efficiency, HSDPA introduces HARQ at the physical layer. HARQ, however, cannot completely ensure error-free transmission. Therefore, it should work with RLC retransmission and TCP retransmission. For details, see sections 4.2 "RLC and MAC-d" and 4.4 "HARQ." Flow control and congestion control By allocating appropriate Iub bandwidth to users, the flow control function reduces the transmission time. Thus, it prevents too much data from waiting in the buffer at the MAC-hs and avoids unnecessary RLC retransmissions. In addition, it protects service data from overflowing from the buffer at the MAC-hs. Through congestion detection and congestion control, the congestion control function reduces the packet loss probability. For details, see section 4.1 "Flow Control and Congestion Control." MAC-hs scheduling

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Based on the waiting time, achieved service rate, and GBR, the MAC-hs scheduling function sorts the users to meet the requirements for transmission delay and transmission rate on the Uu interface. For details, see section 4.3 "MAC-hs Scheduling." TFRC selection Based on the available power, available codes, actual channel quality, and actual data amount, the TFRC selection function selects appropriate transport blocks and modulation schemes to increase data rates. For details, see section 4.5 "TFRC Selection."

5.2 Diff-Serv Management


Different services have different service types, and different users have different priorities. During resource allocation, differentiated services are provided. Differentiated services for HSDPA users are as follows: Differentiated services based on service types Differentiated services based on user priorities To further quantify the effect of Diff-Serv management, differentiated services based on SPI weights are introduced. This section describes the differentiated services based on SPI weights and the differentiated service policies.

5.2.1 SPI Weight Description


HSDPA differentiated services consider two factors: user priority and service type. Based on these two factors, each type of service is mapped to an SPI, and each SPI is allocated a weight. The SPI weight is a percentage ranging from 0% to 100%. Different SPI weights are set to provide the following differentiated services for different users: Differentiated services on the Iub interface If the downlink bandwidth on the Iub interface is redundant after the requirements of all BE services for the GBR are met, the redundant bandwidth is allocated to users so that the proportion of rates among users is consistent with the proportion of SPI weights. For details, see the Transmission Resource Management Parameter Description. Differentiated services on the Uu interface When the load resources in the uplink on the Uu interface are insufficient to meet the requirements of HSDPA users for the GBR, a user with a greater SPI weight can obtain a rate closer to the GBR. When the load resources in the uplink on the Uu interface are redundant after the requirements of HSDPA users for the GBR are met, the redundant resources are allocated to users so that the proportion of rates among users is consistent with the proportion of SPI weights. For details, see section 4.3.2 "Calculating Priorities." In this way, a user with a larger SPI weight is provided with better services, and the QoS values of users are measured by proportion. For details about how to configure SPI weights, see section 5.3 "QoS Parameter Mapping and Configuration." The SPI weight is optional.

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5.2.2 Differentiated Services Based on Service Types


Differentiated Services on the Uu Interface
In the EPF scheduling function, all services are classified into delay-sensitive services and throughput-sensitive services. The QoS targets vary with service types. For example, for delay-sensitive services, the EPF scheduling function ensures that the transmission delay of data packets does not exceed the maximum permissible range. For throughput-sensitive services, the EPF scheduling function tries to provide rates not lower than the GBR. Delay-sensitive service users have higher requirements for the QoS. Therefore, delay-sensitive services have higher priorities than throughput-sensitive services. If the SPI weight is specified according to service types, the differentiation can be implemented between throughput-sensitive services. For details, see section 4.3.2 "Calculating Priorities."

Differentiated Services on the Iub Interface


For high-priority real-time services, Iub flow control is not performed, that is, a large bandwidth is always allocated on the Iub interface. For low-priority non-real-time services, flow control must be performed. When congestion occurs on the Iub interface, the bandwidth for these services is decreased. If the SPI weight is configured according to service types, the differentiation can be implemented between non-real-time services. For details, see the Transmission Resource Management Parameter Description.

5.2.3 Differentiated Services Based on User Priorities


GBR and HBR Services Based On User Priorities
When setting up a service, the CN provides an ARP parameter, which specifies the user priority. Based on user priorities, the CN provides differentiated GBR and HBR services for BE services. When the CN does not configure the GBR for BE services carried on the HSDPA channel, they cannot obtain resources if the system is congested. To provide basic services for BE services, the GBR is configured on the RAN side. The GBR based on user priorities is configured on the RNC. During HSDPA scheduling and flow control, the basic GBR services are provided for BE services as much as possible. Based on actual user experience, when the rate of the BE service reaches a specified value, the requirements of the user are met. In this case, a higher rate is not required for the user, thus saving system resources. This rate is defined as HBR. The HBR is configured on the RNC according to user priorities. On the Uu interface, HSDPA scheduling considers the GBR and HBR and thus provides differentiated services for users. For details on the GBR and HBR used in HSDPA scheduling, see section 4.3.2 "Calculating Priorities." On the Iub interface, HSDPA flow control considers the GBR and thus provides differentiated services for users. For details on the GBR used in HSDPA flow control, see the Transmission Resource Management Parameter Description.

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Differentiated Services Based on SPI Weights


When the network is congested, differentiated services are provided for users during bandwidth allocation. When the basic QoS requirements of some users cannot be met because of system congestion, high-priority users or services are allocated resources preferentially, thus improving the user satisfaction. When the system resources are redundant even after the basic QoS requirements of all the users are met, the redundant resources are allocated to users additionally. High-priority users or services are allocated additional resources, thus further improving the user satisfaction. If the SPI weights are configured according to service types, the quantified differentiated services can be implemented between different types of HSDPA services. When there are redundant system resources after the GBR requirements of all online HSDPA users are met, SPI weights affect the allocation of the redundant system resources. On the Uu interface, the scheduling probabilities among throughput-sensitive services are close to the proportion of their SPI weights. On the Iub interface, the proportion of available Iub bandwidth among BE services is also close to the proportion of their SPI weights. Flow control and MAC-hs scheduling are involved in Diff-Serv management based on SPI weights. For details on the SPI weight, see section 4.3.2 "Calculating Priorities" and the Transmission Resource Management Parameter Description.

5.3 QoS Parameter Mapping and Configuration


Differentiated services management considers MBR, GBR, HBR, TC, THP, ARP, and SPI weight. Among these factors, the MBR, GBR, TC, THP, and ARP are sent by the CN to the RNC through the RAB assignment message. The GBR, HBR, and SPI weight of the BE service can be set on the RNC side. Table 5-2 QoS parameters description Diff-Serv Factor MBR Full Name maximum bit rate Parameter ID SingalUlMBR SingalDlMBR StreamUlMBR StreamDlMBR ConverUlMBR ConverDlMBR ARP Allocation/Retention priority ARP1Priority ~ARP14Priority User_priority of Allocation/Retention priority 1~14. 0 is invalid, and 15 is known as no priority,Huaweideal the same with APR14. Description MBR specifies the UL/DL maximum bit rate of signals and BE for PS domain users.

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Diff-Serv Factor TC

Full Name traffic class

Parameter ID TrafficClass

Description This parameter specifies the traffic class that the service belongs to. BE services are of two classes: interactive and background. This parameter specifies the Traffic Handling Priority (THP) class that the THP priority is mapped to. This parameter is valid for only interactive services. This parameter indicates the scheduling priority. The value 15 indicates the highest priority and the value 0 indicates the lowest. GBR is configured on the basis of the MAC-hs queue. For the streaming service, the GBR specifies the rate that can meet the requirement for user experience. The GBR is determined by the NAS. For the BE service, the GBR specifies the required minimum rate for the service of the users. The GBR of a BE service user is set through the SET USERGBR command.

THP

traffic handling priority

THP

SPI

scheduling priority indicator

SPI

GBR

guaranteed bit rate

UlGBR DlGBR

SPI Weight

scheduling priority indicator weight

FACTOR

This parameter specifies the factor associated with the scheduling priority indicator. This factor is used to calculate the step of rate upsizing. Happy bit rate is for the best-effort (BE) service with different user priorities. The Happy bit is the private information element on the Iub interface and it is used for the flow control by the NodeB. The Happy bit rate is the data rate at the MAC layer.

HBR

happy bit rate

HappyBR

Figure 5-1 shows the mapping between these factors.


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Figure 5-1 Mapping between the factors considered in differentiated services management

The mapping can be set on the RNC side: User Priority decided by ARP, the mapping of ARP to User Priority is set by the SET USERPRIORITY command. Table 5-3 Mapping of ARP to User Priority (Gold, Silver, and Copper correspond to user priorities 1, 2, and 3 respectively.) ARP UserPri ority 0 Err or 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1 7 1 8 2 9 2 1 0 2 1 1 3 1 2 3 1 3 3 14 3 15 3

The mapping of TrafficClass, UserPriority and THP to SPI is set by the SET SCHEDULEPRIOMAP command in RNC. Table 5-4 Default mapping of user priority to SPI (Gold, Silver, and Copper correspond to user priorities 1, 2, and 3 respectively.) TrafficClass Interactive UserPriority 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 THP 1 2 3 to 15 1 2 3 to 15 1 2 3 to 15 SPI 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2

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TrafficClass Background

UserPriority 1 2 3

THP None None None

SPI 8 5 2

SPI 0 and SPI 1 are not used.

The mapping of SPI to FACTOR is set on the RNC through the SET SPIFACTOR command. Though the SPI configuration considers user priorities and service types, the SPI weight can also be configuration according to user priorities. Table 5-5 Default setting of algorithm based on SPI SPI 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Weight of SPI (Factor) 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 90% 90% 90% 80% 80% 80%

The mapping of TrafficClass, THPClass and UserPriority to GBR is set by the SET USERGBR command in RNC. The mapping of TrafficClass and UserPriority to HappyBR is set by the SET USERHAPPYBR command in RNC.

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6 Parameters

6
The following describes the parameters related to HSDPA. Table 6-1 HSDPA parameter description(1) Parameter ID AllocCodeMode Description

Parameters

For the meaning of each parameter, see Table 6-1. For the default value, value ranges, and MML commands of each parameter, seeTable 6-2.

If Manual is chosen, allocating [Code Number for HS-PDSCH] the equal of configured HS-PDSCH code number. If Automatic is chosen, allocating HS-PDSCH code number between configured HS-PDSCH Maximum code number and HS-PDSCH Minimum code number. At the earl User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 10. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 11. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 12. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 13. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 14. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 1. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 2. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 3. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 4. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 5. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 6. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 7. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 8. User_priority corresponding to Allocation/Retention priority 9.

ARP10Priority ARP11Priority ARP12Priority ARP13Priority ARP14Priority ARP1Priority ARP2Priority ARP3Priority ARP4Priority ARP5Priority ARP6Priority ARP7Priority ARP8Priority ARP9Priority

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Parameter ID CellLdrSfResThd

Description Cell SF reserved threshold. The code load reshuffling could be triggered only when the minimum available SF of a cell is higher than this threshold. The lower the code resource LDR trigger threshold is, the easier the downlink code resource enters the ini Code reshuffle switch based on H. If the switch is enabled, code occupied by the R99 service is adjusted toward codes with small numbers. When [Allocate Code Mode] is set to Automatic, code can be used by HSDPA increases and HSDPA throughput is improved. H-based code tree reshuffle user number threshold. When the switch is enabled, if the number of users on the tree to be reshuffled is no greater than this parameter, the reshuffle is allowed. Otherwise, the reshuffle is given up. This parameter limits the This parameter specifies the DL maximum bit rate of conversation for PS domain user. This parameter specifies the UL maximum bit rate of conversation for PS domain user. This parameter specifies the DL GBR of the BE service. Dynamic Code Resource Distribuiton Switch of HSDPA This parameter specifies the factor associated with the scheduling priority indicator. This factor is used to calculate the step of rate upsizing. This parameter specifies the Happy bit rate of the best-effort (BE) service with different user priorities. The Happy bit rate is the private information element on the Iub interface and it is used for the flow control by the NodeB. When resource is limit This parameter specifies the difference between the total HSPA power and the maximum transmission power of a cell. The maximum value of HSPA dynamical power can be adjusted to the total amount of HSPA power. If the parameter value is set too low, the tota The parameter specifies the number of HS-DPSCH codes. This parameter is valid only when "Allocate Code Mode" is set to "Manual". If the parameter value is set too low, the HSDPA code resources are restricted and the HSDPA performance is affect. If the par The parameter determines the maximum number of HS-PDSCH codes (SF=16). This parameter is valid only when "Allocate Code Mode" is set to "Automatic". The number of codes used by the HS-PDSCH is dynamically set between "Code Max Number for HS-PDSCH" and "Co The parameter specifies the minimum number of the HS-PDSCH codes (SF=16). This parameter is valid only when "Allocate Code Mode" is set to Automatic. The number of codes used by the HS-PDSCH is dynamically set between "Code Max Number for HS-PDSCH" and "C

CodeAdjForHsdpaSwitch

CodeAdjForHsdpaUserNumThd

ConverDlMBR ConverUlMBR DlGBR DynCodeSw FACTOR HappyBR

HspaPower

HsPdschCodeNum

HsPdschMaxCodeNum

HsPdschMinCodeNum

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6 Parameters

Parameter ID HsPdschMPOConstEnum

Description Measure Power Offset (MPO) Constant is used to compute Measure Power Offset, as shown in Measure Power Offset = Max(-6, Min(13,CellMaxPower - PcpichPower - Measure Power OffsetConstant)). If the parameter value is unreasonable, the CQI in some scenarios w This parameter decides the maximum number of subscribers that the NodeB can schedule in a TTI period. In the scenarios like outdoor macro cells with power restricted, it is less likely to schedule multiple subscribers simultaneously, so two HS-SCCHs are c Max HARQ Retransmission Times of Non-Conversational serive in Cell DCH state Power Margin Ratio, to prevent the total power from exceeding the 100% power margin in 2 ms. Resource Allocate Method of HSDPA Resource Limiting Switch of HSDPA This parameter specifies the DL maximum bit rate of signal for PS domain user. This parameter specifies the UL maximum bit rate of signal for PS domain user. Scheduling Method of HSDPA This parameter indicates the scheduling priority. The value 15 indicates the highest priority and the value 0 indicates the lowest. This parameter specifies the DL maximum bit rate of streaming for PS domain user. This parameter specifies the UL maximum bit rate of streaming for PS domain user. This parameter specifies the Traffic Handling Priority (THP) of each traffic class carried on the logical channel. The value 1 means the highest priority, the value 14 means the lowest priority, and the value 15 means no priority. This parameter specifies the Traffic Handling Priority (THP) class that the THP priority is mapped to. This parameter is valid for only interactive services. This parameter specifies the traffic class that the service belongs to. Based on Quality of Service (QoS), there are two traffic classes: interactive, background. This parameter specifies the UL GBR of the BE service. This parameter specifies the user priority. The user classes in descending order of priority are Gold, Silver, and then Copper. Upper limit ratio of the power for the user with 8 kbps GBR to the total power of the cell

HsScchCodeNum

MaxNonConverHarqRt PwrMgn RscAllocM RscLmSw SingalDlMBR SingalUlMBR SM SPI StreamDlMBR StreamUlMBR THP

THPClass

TrafficClass

UlGBR USERPRIORITY 8KRSCLMT

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Parameter ID 16KRSCLMT 32KRSCLMT 64KRSCLMT 128KRSCLMT 256KRSCLMT 384KRSCLMT

Description Upper limit ratio of the power for the user with 16 kbps GBR to the total power of the cell Upper limit ratio of the power for the user with 32 kbps GBR to the total power of the cell Upper limit ratio of the power for the user with 64 kbps GBR to the total power of the cell Upper limit ratio of the power for the user with 128 kbps GBR to the total power of the cell Upper limit ratio of the power for the user with 256 kbps GBR to the total power of the cell Upper limit ratio of the power for the user with 384 kbps GBR to the total power of the cell

Table 6-2 HSDPA parameter description (2) Parameter ID AllocCode Mode ARP10Prior ity ARP11Prior ity ARP12Prior ity ARP13Prior ity ARP14Prior ity ARP1Priori ty ARP2Priori ty Default Value Automatic GUI Value Range Manual(Manual), Automatic(Automatic) Gold, Silver, Copper Actual Value Range Manual, Automatic Unit None MML Command ADD CELLHSDPA(Opti onal) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) NE RNC

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

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6 Parameters

Parameter ID ARP3Priori ty ARP4Priori ty ARP5Priori ty ARP6Priori ty ARP7Priori ty ARP8Priori ty ARP9Priori ty CellLdrSfR esThd

Default Value -

GUI Value Range Gold, Silver, Copper

Actual Value Range Gold,Silver,Copper

Unit None

MML Command SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) SET USERPRIORITY( Optional) ADD CELLLDR(Option al)

NE RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

Gold, Silver, Copper

Gold,Silver,Copper

None

RNC

SF8

SF4(SF4), SF8(SF8), SF16(SF16), SF32(SF32), SF64(SF64), SF128(SF128), SF256(SF256) OFF(OFF), ON(ON)

SF4, SF8, SF16, SF32, SF64, SF128, SF256

None

RNC

CodeAdjFo rHsdpaSwit ch

ON

To enlarge the throughout of HSDPA when the NodeB automatic code algorithem is enabled, it's recommended that the sharing codes adjacent to HSDPA code to be free as possible as it can, when the [Code Adjust switch for Hsdpa] is set to ON,the RNC will sel 1~16

None

ADD CELLHSDPA(Opti onal)

RNC

CodeAdjFo rHsdpaUser

1~16

None

ADD CELLHSDPA(Opti

RNC

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Parameter ID NumThd ConverDlM BR ConverUlM BR DlGBR

Default Value -

GUI Value Range

Actual Value Range D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384 D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384 0, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 144, 256, 384 OPEN, CLOSE

Unit

MML Command onal)

NE

D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384 D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384 D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384 OPEN, CLOSE

kbit/s

SET USERMBR(Option al) SET USERMBR(Option al) SET USERGBR(Option al) SET MACHSPARA(Op tional) SET SPIFACTOR(Man datory) SET USERHAPPYBR( Optional) ADD CELLHSDPA(Opti onal) ADD CELLHSDPA(Opti onal) ADD CELLHSDPA(Opti onal) ADD CELLHSDPA(Opti onal) ADD CELLHSDPA(Opti onal)

RNC

kbit/s

RNC

kbit/s

RNC

DynCodeS w FACTOR

None

None

Node B RNC

0~100

0~100

per cent kbit/s

HappyBR

0~5000

0~5000

RNC

HspaPower

-500~0

-50~0, step:0.1

dB

RNC

HsPdschCo deNum HsPdschMa xCodeNum HsPdschMi nCodeNum HsPdschMP OConstEnu m

1~15

1~15

None

RNC

1~15

1~15

None

RNC

1~15

1~15

None

RNC

2.5dB

Minus3.0DB(-3.0dB), Minus2.5DB(-2.5dB), Minus2.0DB(-2.0dB), Minus1.5DB(-1.5dB), Minus1.0DB(-1.0dB), Minus0.5DB(-0.5dB), 0.0DB(0.0dB), 0.5DB(0.5dB), 1.0DB(1.0dB), 1.5DB(1.5dB), 2.0DB(2.0dB), 2.5DB(2.5dB), 3.0DB(3.0dB),

-3~19, step:0.5

dB

RNC

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6 Parameters

Parameter ID

Default Value

GUI Value Range 3.5DB(3.5dB), 4.0DB(4.0dB), 4.5DB(4.5

Actual Value Range

Unit

MML Command

NE

HsScchCod eNum MaxNonCo nverHarqRt PwrMgn

1~15

1~15

None

ADD CELLHSDPA(Opti onal) SET MACHSPARA(Op tional) SET MACHSPARA(Op tional) SET MACHSPARA(Op tional)

RNC

None

0~10

0~10

Time s %

Node B Node B Node B

None

0~100

0~100

RscAllocM

None

CODE_PRI(Code Priority:refers to power limited cell), POWER_PRI(Power Priority:refers to code limited cell), POWERCODE_BAL( Balance between Code and Power) OPEN (OPEN), CLOSE (CLOSE) D3.4, D13.6, D27.2

CODE_PRI, POWER_PRI, POWERCODE_B AL

None

RscLmSw

None

OPEN,

CLOSE

None

SET MACHSPARA(Op tional) SET USERMBR(Option al) SET USERMBR(Option al) SET MACHSPARA(Op tional)

Node B RNC

SingalDlM BR SingalUlM BR SM

D3.4, D13.6, D27.2

kbit/s

D3.4, D13.6, D27.2

D3.4, D13.6, D27.2

kbit/s

RNC

None

EPF (Enhanced Proportional Fairness), PF (Proportional Fairness), RR (Round Robin), MAXCI (Max C/I) 0~15

EPF, PF, RR, MAXCI

None

Node B

SPI

0~15

None

SET SPIFACTOR(Man datory) SET SCHEDULEPRIO MAP(Mandatory) SET USERMBR(Option al)

RNC

StreamDlM BR

D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384

D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384

kbit/s

RNC

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6 Parameters

RAN HSDPA

Parameter ID StreamUlM BR THP

Default Value -

GUI Value Range D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384 1~15

Actual Value Range D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384 1~15

Unit kbit/s

MML Command SET USERMBR(Option al) SET SCHEDULEPRIO MAP(Mandatory) SET USERGBR(Manda tory) SET SCHEDULEPRIO MAP(Mandatory) SET USERGBR(Manda tory) SET FACHBANDWID TH(Mandatory) SET USERHAPPYBR( Mandatory) SET DTXDRXPARA( Mandatory) SET HSSCCHLESSOP PARA(Mandatory) SET USERGBR(Option al) SET SCHEDULEPRIO MAP(Mandatory) SET USERGBR(Manda tory) SET FACHBANDWID TH(Mandatory) SET USERHAPPYBR( Mandatory) SET RSCLMTPARA(O ptional) SET RSCLMTPARA(O

NE RNC

None

RNC

THPClass

High, Medium, Low

High, Medium, Low INTERACTIVE, BACKGROUND

None

RNC

TrafficClass

INTERACTIVE, BACKGROUND

None

RNC

UlGBR

D0, D8, D16, D32, D64, D128, D144, D256, D384 GOLD, SILVER, COPPER

0, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 144, 256, 384 GOLD, SILVER, COPPER

kbit/s

RNC

USERPRIO RITY

None

RNC

8KRSCLM T 16KRSCL

None

1~100

1~100

Node B Node

None

1~100

1~100

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6 Parameters

Parameter ID MT 32KRSCL MT 64KRSCL MT 128KRSCL MT 256KRSCL MT 384KRSCL MT

Default Value None

GUI Value Range

Actual Value Range 1~100

Unit

MML Command ptional)

NE B Node B Node B Node B Node B Node B

1~100

SET RSCLMTPARA(O ptional) SET RSCLMTPARA(O ptional) SET RSCLMTPARA(O ptional) SET RSCLMTPARA(O ptional) SET RSCLMTPARA(O ptional)

None

1~100

1~100

None

1~100

1~100

None

1~100

1~100

None

1~100

1~100

The Default Value column is valid for only the optional parameters. The "-" symbol indicates no default value.

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RAN HSDPA

7 Counters

7
The following describes the counters related to HSDPA.

Counters

For details, see the RNC Performance Counter Reference and NodeB Performance Counter Reference.

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RAN HSDPA

8 Glossary

Glossary

For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see the Glossary.

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RAN HSDPA

9 Reference Documents

9
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Load Control Parameter Description

Reference Documents

The following lists the reference documents related to the feature: 3GPP TS 25.214, "Physical layer procedures (FDD)" 3GPP TS 25.306, " UE Radio Access capabilities " 3GPP TS 25.308, "UTRA High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA); Overall description" 3GPP TS 25.433, "UTRAN Iub interface NBAP signaling" 3GPP TS 25.435, "UTRAN Iub interface user plane protocols for CCH data flows" Transmission Resource Management Parameter Description Radio Bearers Parameter Description Rate Control Parameter Description

10. Power Control Parameter Description 11. Handover Parameter Description 12. Basic Feature Description of Huawei UMTS RAN11.0 13. Optional Feature Description of Huawei UMTS RAN11.0 14. RNC Performance Counter Reference 15. NodeB Performance Counter Reference.

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