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Page2DIN7168
3 Generaltolerancesforlinearandangulardimensions
3. 1 Lineardimensions
Table1 . Permissibledeviations forlinear dimensions,exceptforexternalradiiandchamferheights
Table2. Permissibledeviationsforexternalradii,r
( cf. figure 1forexample),andchamferheights,h
( cf. figure2forexample)
3. 2 Angulardimensions
Generaltolerancesforangulardimensionsapplyirrespec-
tiveoftheactualdimensionsofthelengths,i . e . theangular
deviationsmayoccurbothonworkpieceswithmaximum-
materialsizesandonworkpieceswithminimum-material
sizes. Theupperandlowerdeviationsdonotlimittheform
deviationsofthelegsorsurfacesformingtheangle .
Note. Inthecaseofworkpiecesexhibitingdeviationsof
form,theangleisdefinedbythedirectionofthe
straightlinesorplanesappliedtothetwoanglelegs
undertheminimummaterialconditions( cf.
ISO1101forthedefinitionoftheminimumcondi-
tion) .
Table3. Permissibledeviationsforangulardimensions
4 Generalgeometricaltolerances
4 . 1Tolerancing principleasspecifiedinISO8015
Generaltolerancesbasedonthetolerancingprinciple
specifiedinISO8015areonlytobeappliedwhenthe
drawingconcernedcontainsthereference'Tolerancingto
ISO8015' . Wherethatisthecase. thegeneralgeometrical
tolerances( i . e . thetolerancesofformandposition)apply
independentlyoftheactuallocalsizesoftheworkpiece
feature . Eachindividualtolerancerequirementmustbe
met. Thegeneralgeometricaltolerancesmaythusalsobe
appliedevenifthefeaturesareeverywhereattheir
maximummaterialsize. Forfits,theenveloperequirement
mustalsobespecified,andthisshallbeindividually
indicatedonthedrawings( cf . Explanatorynotes) .
4 . 1 . 1 Generaltolerancesofform
4 . 1 . 1 . 1 Straightnessandflatness
Thegeneraltolerancesonstraightnessandflatnessshall
beasspecifiedintable4
. Tolerancesonstraightnessshall
beselectedfromthetableonthebasisofthelengthofthe
correspondingtine,while,forflatnesstolerances,selec-
tionshallbebasedonthelongerlaterallengthofthe
surface,oronthediameterofthecircularsurface .
4 . 1 . 1 . 2Circularity
Thegeneraltoleranceoncircularityshallbeequaltothe
numericalvalueofthediametertolerance,butinnocase
shallitbegreaterthantherespectivetoleranceonradial
run-outgivenintable6( cf. Explanatorynotes) .
Tolerance
class
for
from
0,5 1 )
to
3
Permissible
nominal
over
3
upto
6
deviations,
sizes,
over
6
upto
30
in
inmm .
over
30
upto
120
mm,
over
120
upto
400
f( fine)
±0,2 ±0,5 ±1 _2 ±4
m( medium)
g( coarse)
. 0,2 ±1 ±2 t4 ±8
sg( verycoarse)
Fornominalsizesbelow0 . 5mm,thedeviationsshall
beindicatedadjacenttotherelevantnominalsize .
Permissibledeviations,in
unitsofangle,fornominal
sizesoftheshorterleg,inmm,
Tolerance
class
over
10
over
10
upto
50
over over
50

120
uptoupto
120 400
over
400
f( fine)
T1° ±30'1±20'
i
±10' ±
5 '
m( medium)
g( coarse) ±1° 30'
I

I
±50'i±25' I± 15'
1± 1 0'
sg( verycoarse) =3°
i
2° - 1° ±30'± 20'
Tolerance
class
from
0,5')
to
over
3
upto
over
6
upto
Permissible
over
30
upto
deviations,
over
120
upto
inmm,
over
400
upto
over
1000
upto
fornominal
over
2000
upto
sizes, inmm,
over
4000
upto
over
8000
upto
over
12000
upto
over
16000
upto
3 6 30 120 400 1000 2000 4000 8000 12000 16000 20000
f( fine) ±0,05 I ±0,05 ±0,1 ±0,15 ±0 . 2 ±0,3 ±0,5 ±0,8 - -
m( medium) ±0,1 10,1 ±0,2 ±0,3 ±0,5 ±0,8 ±12 ±2 ±3 ±4 I . ±5 I t6
g( coarse) ±0,15- ±0,2 ±0,5 ±0,8 ±1,2 ±2 ±3~ ±4 ±5 ±6 ±7 I ±8
sg( verycoarse) - ±0,5 ±1 ±1,5 ±2 ±3
±4 ±6 ±8
±10 ±12 ±12
') Fornominalsizesbelow0,5mm,thedeviationsshallbeindicatedadjacenttotherelevantnominalsize .
11;1~b.-
C -
4 L M
Table4 . Generaltoleranceson straightnessandflatness
4 .1.1.3C ylindricity
Generaltolerancesoncylindricityhavenotbeenspecified .
Note .Iftheenveloperequirementistoapplytofitswith
cylindricalsurfaces,thedimensionconcernedshall
beidentifiedbythesymbol®, ( e .g . 025 ®or 0
Thelimitationofthedeviationinparallelismisgiveneither
bythegeneraltolerancesonstraightnessorflatness( cf .
subclause 4 .1.1.1) , orbythetoleranceonthedistance
betweentheparallellinesorsurfaces,whicheveristhe
greater .
Thelongerofthetwofeaturesshallbetakenasthedatum .If
bothfeaturesareofthesamenominalsize,theneithermay
serveasthedatum .If,forfunctionalreasons,thesedatum
specificationsarenotpermissible,thenthotoleranceon
parallelismshallbeindividuallyindicatedasspecifiedin
ISO1101.
Note .Iftheenveloperequirementistoapplytofitswithflat
matingsurfaces,thenthedimensionconcerned
shallbeidentifiedbythesymbol©,asspecifiedin
ISO8015 ( e .g . 30p,or30h7®) .
4 .1.2 .2Perpendicularityandinclination
Generaltolerancesonperpendicularityandinclination
havenotbeenspecified .Instead,thegeneraltoleranceson
angulardimensionsmaybeapplied( cf .subclause 3 .2) .
4 .1.2 .3Symmetry
Thegeneraltolerancesforsymmetrical,butnotaxially
symmetrical,featuresaretobetakenfromtable5 .These
generaltolerancesalsoapplyincaseswhereoneofthe
symmetricalfeaturesisaxiallysymmetricalandtheother
isnot.
Forgeneraltolerancesonsymmetry,thelongerfeature
shallbetakenasthedatum
.Thatappliestoallfeatures
whichmaybereferredtoeachother
.Ifbothfeaturesareof
thesamenominallength,theneithermayserveasthe
datum
.If,forfunctionalreasons,thesedatumspecifica-
tionsarenotpermissible,thetoleranceonsymmetryshall
,beIndividuallyindicatedasspecifiedinISO1101
.
y v
r . ;14 .1.Z .4 .'.' C oax]alit~; .
` -, General tolerancesoncoaxialityhavenotbeenspeced
.
1The,deviatiortncoaxiality myi
ianextremecasesbeas
"!great{as,the ooleranca
valueforradialrun-outgivenin
table6,sincethedeviationinradialrun-outcomprisesthe
deviationincoaxialityandthedeviationincircularity( cf .
Explanatorynotes) .
Table5 .Generaltolerances onsymmetry
4 .1.2.5 Radialrun-out
Thegeneraltolerancesonradialrun-outshallbea :
specifiedintable6 .Forgeneraltolerancesonradialrun-
out,thebearingsurfacesshallbetakenasthedatum,if
theyaredesignatedassuch .Otherwise,thelongerofthe
twofeaturesshallbetakenasthedatum .Ifbothfeatures
areofthesamenominalsize,eithermayserveasthe
datum .If,forfunctionalreasons,thesedatumspecifica-
tionsarenotpermissible,thetoleranceonradialrun-out
shallbeindividuallyindicatedasspecifiedinISO1101 .
4 .1.2 .6Axialrun-out
Thegeneraltolerancesonaxialrun-outshallbeas
specifiedintable6 .
Forgeneraltolerancesonaxialrun-out,thebearing
surfacesshallbetakenasthedatum,iftheyaredesignated
assuch .Otherwise,eachoftheaxiallysymmetricfeatures
mayserveasthedatum .
Table6 .Generaltolerancesonradialandaxialrun-out
DIN7168Page3
Tolerance
class
Radialandaxial
run-outtolerances,
inmm
R 0,1
S 0,2
T 0,5
U 1
Tolerance
class
Symmetrytolerance,
inmm
R 0,3
S 0,5
T 1
U 2
Generaltolerancesonstraightnessandflatness,
inmm,foranominalsize,inmm,of
Tolerance
class upto
6
over6
upto30
over30
upto120
over 120
upto4 00
over 4 00
upto1000
over1000
upto2000
over2000
upto 4 000
over4 000
upto 8000
over
8000
R 0,004 0,01 0,02 0,04 0,07 0,1 - - -
S 0,008 0,02 0,04 0,08 0,15 0,2 0,3 0,4

-
T 0,025 0,06 0,12 0,25 0,4 . . 0,6 0,9 12

I 1,8
U 0,1 0,25 0,5 1,5 2,5 3,5 5
25H7 ( [ ) ) .
W*
4 .1.2 Generaltolerancesofposition
4 .1.2 .1 Parallelism
Page4DIN7168
4. 2 Tolerancingprinciple'enveloperequirementwithoutindicationondrawing'asspecifiedinDIN7167
4. 2 . 1 Generaltolerances ofform
Generaltolerancesofformhavenotbeenspecified . A lldeviationsinformshall, ifnoindividualtolerancesofformhavebeen
indicated, belimitedbythedimensionaltolerancesasfollows .
Shaft Cylinder
10~pr
/ B / /
L
Maximumlimitofsize
Cyuncer
Shaft
Tolerance

i
Tolerance
e
Minimumlimit
ofsize
Maximumlimitofsize
Tolerance, , -

Tolerance,

_ , ;Tolerance
Minimumlimitl ---

iTolerance
ofsize
Maximumlimitofsize

Maximumlimitof size
4 . 2 . 2 Generaltolerancesofposition
4 . 2 . 2 . 1 Parallelism
Fortolerancesonparallelism, thespecificationsgivenin
subclause4 . 2 . 1shallapplyanalogously .
4. 2 . 2 . 2 Perpendicularityandinclination
Generaltolerancesonperpendicularityandinclination
havenotbeenspecified . Instead, thegeneraltolerancesfor
angulardimensionsmaybeapplied(cf . subclause 3 . 2 ) .
Note. Previously, therulewasthatthedeviationsin
perpendicularityshouldliewithinthedimensional
tolerances . measuredinarectangularsystemof
coordinates . Inpractice. however, thislimitation
wasandishardlyeverobservedinindustry
becauseitisseldomrequiredforfunctional
reasons .
4. 2 . 2 . 3Symmetry
Fortolerancesonsymmetryofnon-axiallysymmetrical
workpiecefeatures, thevaluesspecifiedintable7shall
apply . Thesetolerancesonsymmetryshallalsoapplyto
relationshipsbetweenworkpiecefeatureswhereoneofthe
featuresisaxiallysymmetricalandtheotherisnot .
-Minimumlimit
ofsize
Inthecaseofshafts, thesurfaceofthefeature
shallnotexceedthegeometricallyidealform
(cylinder) atitsmaximummaterialsize(envel-
operequirement) , norshalltheactualdimen-
sionbesmallerthantheleastmateriallimitat
anypoint.
Note. Thecylinderatitsmaximummaterial
limitisembodiedbytheGOringgauge.
Inthecaseofholes, thesurfaceofthefeature
shallnotbesmallerthanthegeometrically
idealform(cylinder) atitsminimummaterial
size(enveloperequirement) , norshallthe
actualdimensionbegreaterthanthemaximum
materialsizeatanypoint.
Note. Thecylinderatitsminimummaterial
limitofsizeisembodiedbytheGOplug
gauge.
Table7. Generaltolerancesonsymmetryfornon-axially
symmetricalworkpiecefeatures
Theabovesymmetrytolerancesmayalsoobtaininthe
caseofworkpiecesattheir'maximummaterialsize' .
4. 2 . 2
. 4Radialandaxialrun-out
Fortolerancesonradialrun-outintherelationshipoftwoor
moreaxiallysymmetricalworkpiecefeatures, andfor
tolerancesonaxialrun-out . thevaluesspecifiedintable8
shallapply .
Tolerance
class
Toleranceon
symmetry, inmm
02 ') 0 . 06
01) 0 . 15
A 0 . 3
B 0 . 5
C 1
D 2
')
Mainlyappliesforprecisionengineeringapplications
1 9
Theabovetolerancesonradialrun-outmayalsoobtaininthecaseofworkpiecesattheir'maximummaterialsize',butthis
46

doesnotapplytoaxialrun-outtolerances,becauseaxialrun-outmustalwaysliewithinthelineartolerances .
5 Designationandindicationondrawingsofgeneraltolerances as specifiedin DIN71 68
5 .1 Designationofgeneraltolerancesfordimensions,only
Example :
DIN71 68 -m
DIN number
Toleranceclassmasperclause3ofthisstandard
5 .2 DesignationofgeneraltolerancesbasedonISO801 5
Example :
DIN71 68 -m-S
DINnumber
Toleranceclassmasperclause3forsizetolerance
ToleranceclassSaspersubclause4 .1 fortolerancesofform and position
5 .3 Designationofgeneraltolerancesbasedonprincipleof`enveloperequirementwithoutindicationon
drawing'asperDIN71 67
Example :
a
Table8.Generaltolerancesonradialrun-out
Intherelationshipbetween
axiallysymmetricalfeatures,
andgeneraltolerancesonaxialrun-out
DIN71 68Page5
Tolerance
class
Toleranceon
radialandaxialrun-out,
inmm
02') 0,02
01 1 ) 0,05
A a

0,1
B 0,2
C 0,5
D 1
' Mainlyappliesforprecisionengineeringapplications .