Está en la página 1de 16

Sino-German Biomass Utilization Project

Innovative Approaches and Business Models to Promote Large Scale Biogas Plant Operations in China
In the context of the ADB supported

Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Project


Prof. Dr. Bernhard Raninger,
GIZ, Project Director

Chinese Biogas Technology Drivers & overarching targets of the ADB Project

1) Environmental Protection (ground-, surface waters, soil, air), Agro industry the largest polluter in China, in 2007: 20.000 Large and medium-sized livestock farms: 3.1 bill t/a waste (2009) 2) Greenhousegas mitigation (Climate change, Kyoto Protokol, low carbon economy), 40-45% CO2 emission reduction per GDP unit in 2020

3) Renewable Energy (substitution of fossil energies, energy safety, sustainable development,), 2020: 40 m to sceq. including 3 GW from MLSBPs 4) Rural socioeconomic Development

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

28.06.2011

Seite 2

67. 95
62. 99

coal
56. 29

oi l

gas

ot hers

Renewable Energy in China: 15% in032020 26% in 2030 49.


43. 66

Hydropower

Windpower

Nuclear Power
26. 49

20. 72

20. 30
11. 33

22. 58

19. 91
15. 89

19. 34

19. 06 10. 78

7. 87
3. 46

5. 38

7. 92

9. 05

2010

2015

2020

2025

2030

Sloarpower in desserts

Large Scale Biogas

Geothermic

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

28.06.2011

Seite 3

China: Development Biomass Energy & GHG EReduction


Type
Energy produced from renewable sources Biomass power (agriculture/forestry) Biomass Pellets Biogas total
Biogas MLBGP

2010
10% 5.5 GW 1mt
19 bn m3

2015
12-FYP von 2011

2020
Target set in 2007

2050
Target set in 2007

primary energy consumption 11.4% 13 GW

15% 30 GW 50 m t

In 2030: 26%

4 bn

m3

2 GWel , 12 bn kWhel
plus 3 m households will be connected to a gas grids with biomass biogas or syngas 50 m units

44 bn m3 3 GWel, 14 bn m3 10,000 biogas plants at largescale animal farms and 6,000 at industrial organic WWTP

Household scale digester

35 m units 2mt 0.2 m t

Bioethanol Biodiesel

10 m t 2mt

TOTAL BIOMASS
GHG Emission Reduct.
(t/yrCO2 eq. per unit GDP)

40 m t of Standard coal eq./yr


16-17% compared to 2005

Potential CHN: 1 billion t sceq./yr Germany : 23%


40-45% compared to 2005

450 500 GW wind power In total 500 Green Energy Demo 300 - 550 GW Nuclear Counties* villages (app. 300 households) Total RE investment 5 tr CNY *(i) per county 150.000 t sceq., or 1 sceqi per house hold, (ii) RE must be 50% connected to > 80% of the households, (iii) 70% of HH uses manure for biogas, large scale farms (>5000 pigs production) and 80% of middle and small scale farms should use biogas! (iv) licensed service system must cover 80% of this counties. Source: NDRC, Medium and Long Term Development Plan for Renewable Energy in China (Beijing, September 2007); The China Greentech Report; Modern Power Systems, Bric Edition, Jan. 2009; State Grid *Energy Research Institute; NEA No. 343 announcement (2009); NDRC, DLG Forum (Qingdao, May2011); FNR 2011.

Other targets/expectations

50 Green Energy Demo + 108 Green Energy Demo Counties* and 10,000 New Energy Demo Counties*

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

28.06.2011

Seite 4

Why Biomass Energy in the RE Energy mix ?

Benefits of solid liquid - gaseous Biomass fuels compared to wind solar - hydro: 1) Locally available distributed Energy source 2) As long as biomass from wastes is concerned environmental pollution is a required win win effect, gate fees apply 3) Provided a stabile base loud energy production and even peak load demand coverage 4) Biogas can be used for transport (vehicle) fuels with alt least 30% higher efficiency than liquid biofuels 5) Biogas (- methane) easy to store (f.e in gas grids) 6) Enhances rural development better than other renewable
Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China 28.06.2011 Seite 5

Agricultural Biogas plant development in China 2001 2010

35000

No indication of technology and performance efficiency!


Middle and Large Scale Biogas Plants
Large Scale Biogas Plant ( 300 m3)

6,000,000

30000

5,000,000

Number of MLBGPs (n)

Total AD Volume

4,000,000

20000

3,000,000
15000 2,000,000 10000

5000

1,000,000

2001

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Year

2009: 56,856 BG plants > 50m3 fermenter volume, 42 MWel


(Source: China Biogas Association, BIOMA and NDRC Medium and Long Term Program of Renewable Energy Development Plan (2006 2020)
28.06.2011

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

28.06.2011

Total AD Volume (m3)


Seite 6

25000

Middle Scale Biogas Plants (50 m3 V<300 m3)

So far Middle and Large scale Biogas Plant based on passive Domdigester and Waste Water technology

(i)

Dayi, Chengdu, Sichuan 800 m3 passive conventional AD fermenter ,50 kWel-instal , 2005, Invest: 1 m CNY, no Biogas production in winter Jiangxi Suichuan, UASB pig farm effluent treatment, 100 kW kWel-instal , Invest: 5 m CNY, 2005, not operational !
28.06.2011 Seite 7

(ii)

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Project supported by ADB


Overview

Time Frame: 2010 2015 Implemented by: Foreign Economic Cooperation Center of Ministry of Agriculture PIOs of Heilongjiang, Henan, Jiangxi and Shandong Province

In Assistance with: Asian Development Bank (ADB) German International Development Cooperation (GIZ) Global Environment Facility (GEF) Multi-Donor Clean Energy Fund under Clean Energy Financing Partnership Facility (CEF)

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

28.06.2011

Seite 8

Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Project


Improved efficiency of rural biomass renewable energy system and rural social benefits

Outcome by 2015: About 90% of the waste of sub-project farms is collected and treated via biogas plants About 70 million cubic meters of biogas are produced per year for rural energy use About 41,000 households, including 8,200 poor households benefit from improved access to clean energy About 27,000 farmers increase their incomes through expanded contract farming About 9,000 poor households benefit from the use of organic fertilizers and the sales of organic products Greenhouse gas emissions reduced by about 1 million tons of carbon dioxide equivalent

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

28.06.2011

Seite 9

Overall Project Objective* of the GIZ Biomass Utilization Project / GIZ


Biogas plants must technically be operational and must be perform to achieve the targets!

to improve the technical standard and the (operational) performance of medium- and large-scale biogas plants (MLBGPs) that produce energy from biomass.
In the context of the ADB supported

Integrated Renewable Biomass Energy Development Sector Project IRBEDP

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

28.06.2011

Seite 10

GIZ Biomass Project Results/Indicators linked to ADB Project

>4 Demo projects (>2 Provinces) (ADB Output 1.1), at current 6 >2 TCL (>2 Provinces) (ADB Output 3.3), at current 5 Designers trained (ADB Output 3.1), 3 trainings each 80-180 participants Biogas Technicians trained (ADB Output 3.4), start October 2011

Biogas operators (300) trained (ADB Output 3.4)

9 Direct Results related to the ADB Project

5 Networking events, so far ORBIT 2009, BIOMASS Forum 2010 & 11 Policy Recommendations (incl. Standards) (ADB Output 3.1), EU Chamber Rec. Biogas Handbook published (ADB Output 3.1), outline developed ADB Project implementation supported (PMO, PIU) (ADB Outp.3.5, 4.4, 4.6)
Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China 28.06.2011 Seite 11

Scopes of Innovation of Demonstration Projects


international best practice Technology for Large scale biogas plants (CSTR, dryfermentation, fixed bed fermentation and combinations), large scale up to 6 MWel Design fitting to extreme cold climatic conditions in North & West China Business concepts based on Centralized Biogas plants and Co-digestion of alternative feedstock (BMW, straw, energy crops from marginal & reclaimed land) energy sales, gate fees), Biogas purification to Bio-methane (micro gas grid, NG grid injection, Compressed Bio-methane CBM for vehicle operation) Improved process performance based on technology selection, process control and operation Cooperation with International partners, designers, CDM developers, equipment suppliers, research institutions and strategic investors Support of CDM (or other carbon trading regimes), new methodologies (PoA CDM, co-feedstock, cold climate,) and compliant design and operation Changing the subsidy support policy from investment to performance
Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China Renewable Energy Programme 28.06.2011 Seite 12

Lunan Centralized Co-digestion Large-scale Chicken Manure Biogas Plant


Partner: Shandong Lunan Mugongshang Co., Ltd. (Shandong Wintop Food (Group) Co., Ltd.) Biogas Plant Design: 86,000 t/yr Total Investment: CNY 24 Mio.
DEMOPROJECT

Scope of Innovation: Large-scale manure fermentation from 2 m chicken Centralized Co-Fermentation (chicken manure from 40 farms, sewage sludge from slaughterhouse, straw, water plants, potato leaves, BMW ev.) CSTR fermenter with 0.7 MWel CHP (Phase 1) Potential CDM-Project (Biogas POA CDM Shandong with World Bank?) Shandong Province Training Center Laboratory for Medium- and Large-Scale Biogas Plants Jointly supported by ADB, GEF, CEF and GIZ

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

28.06.2011

Seite 13

Suichuan Project Medium-Scale Pig Manure Biogas Plant


Partner: Jiangxi Suichuan Jiayu Husbandry Dev. Co., Ltd. Biogas Plant Design: 26,000 t/yr Total Investment: CNY 8 Mio.
DEMOPROJECT

Scope of Innovation: 10,000 pig farm biogas plant in poverty county Integrating existing parts of an UASB biogas plant into a new CSTR technology concept Jiangxi Province Training Center Laboratory for Medium- and Large-Scale Biogas Plants Jointly supported by ADB, CEF and GIZ

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

28.06.2011

Seite 14

Beixu Project Large-scale Pig Manure Biogas Plant


Partner: Henan Beixu (Group) Co., Ltd. Biogas Plant Design: 4000,000 t/yr Total Investment: CNY 34 Mio.
DEMOPROJECT

Scope of Innovation: Power production oriented, large-scale CSTR biogas technology Integration of exisiting UASB fermenters for liquid farm effluents Co-Fermentation with straw 1 MWel CHP, Electricity grid-connection and Heat utilization by the industry Henan Province Training Center Laboratory for Medium- and Large-Scale Biogas Plants Jointly supported by ADB, GEF, CEF and GIZ CDM-Project: UNFCCC Registration in April 2011 (60,000 t CO2eq./yr, each 9 EUR/t, 17 yrs)

Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China

Renewable Energy Programme

28.06.2011

Seite 15

Optimization of Biomass Utilization Project

Prof. Dr. Bernhard Raninger bernhard.raninger@giz.de www.biogas-china.org


Biomass Utilization Project MOA/GIZ China Renewable Energy Programme

Thank You! Vielen Dank! Xie Xie Nimen!

28.06.2011

Seite 16