Why are human rights important?

Human rights are important in the relationships that exist between individuals and the government that has power over them. The government exercises power over its people. However, human rights mean that this power is limited. States have to look after the basic needs of the people and protect some of their freedoms. Some of the most important features of human rights are the following: • They are for everyone. • They are internationally guaranteed. • They are protected by law. • They focus on the dignity of the human being. • They protect individuals and groups. • They cannot be taken away.

Human rights declarations
Some basic human rights have been written down and agreed to by many states. The most famous text is the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) which the UN General Assembly approved on 10 December 1948. International Human Rights Day is now celebrated on 10 December every year. The statement of principles in the Declaration has had a great influence all over the world, although governments are not forced by law to obey them. However, many lawyers would argue that because of the way the international world works, human rights have become legally binding and that governments now do have to obey some of the principles. Some of the human rights and freedoms listed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in other treaties (often called covenants, conventions or guidelines) include: • The right to life. • Freedom from discrimination. • The right for everyone to be treated equally by the law. • Freedom to have privacy in the family, home or with personal correspondence. • Freedom of association, expression, assembly (gathering in groups) and movement. • The right to seek and enjoy asylum (a safe home). • The right to a nationality. • Freedom of thought, conscience and religion. • The right to vote and take part in government. • The right to fair working conditions. • The right to adequate food, shelter, clothing and social security. • The right to health. • The right to education. • The right to property. • The right to participate in cultural life. • The right to development. • Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. • Freedom from arbitrary arrest or detention.When the Declaration was created, most states agreed to it. However, some countries did not sign the Declaration. At the time, South Africa was dominated by white people who did not want equal rights for

and Right to Freedom of Movement.w) issued a vast package of human rights. or degraded. Lawlessness came to an end. Almost equal rights are granted to the Non Muslims as well. it was the first religion in the human history. in rural areas of India most of the children are involved in agriculture. which is injurious to his interests IV. most children. Islam provided the right to life to all humans irrespective of their religion. rights: In the light of Holy Quran. What is Child Labour? It is difficult to define child labour since the terms “child” and “labour” both resist universal definition because of cultural and social differences from one country to another. This obligation of the community extends in particular to all individuals who cannot take care of themselves due to some temporary or permanent disability. So in India a child labourer is one who is below 18 years of age. out of school and has no avocation other than work. VI. clothing. Few imp points are: I. Right to Education: Every person is entitled to receive education in accordance with his natural capabilities irrespective of sex. These rights aim at conferring honor and dignity on mankind and eliminating exploitation. ILO (International Labour Office) has specified the concept through its – Minimum Age convention 1973 – Where it encourages member states to set a minimum age that is not less then the completion age for compulsory schooling.a. Right to Life: Human life is sacred and inviolable and every effort shall be made to protect it. cultural. physical. or threatened. V. shelter. Work of this kind is not considered child labour. in whatever society they live. One of the Articles (18) allows humans the freedom to change and practise the religion of their choice. the last sermon of Holy Prophet (s. work in one way or another. Right to Social Security: Every person has the right to food. cast or sex. which terminated all blood feuds and enmities. . Charter of H. oppression and injustice. III. liberty & property of everybody was honored and protected. economic and political. Our Holy Prophet (s.a. Laws in Saudi Arabia mean that the practise of Christianity is forbidden and the right to change your religion from Islam to another Islamic Perspective As an eternal religion of humanity. In Islam.black people and so did not sign. which gave a charter of human rights & freedom. Islam gave to mankind an ideal code of human rights fourteen centuries ago. Right to Freedom of Thought and expression. No body can be forced to confess to the commission of a crime or to consent to an act.a. Although child work is not synonymous to child to labour. No property may be expropriated except in the public interest and on payment of fair and adequate compensation. No restrictions shall be made on his right to liberty except in due process of the Law. Islam is a champion of human rights and liberties. It also includes: Right to Freedom of Religion. In actual practice. Saudi Arabia also opposed the Declaration for religious reasons. and life. Right to Own Property: Islam also provides the right of own property by all the citizens of state without any discrimination. Right to Freedom: Man is born free.a. or in any case not less than 15 years. education and medical care consistent with the resources of the community. Right to Protection Against Torture: No person shall be subjected to torture in mind or body. cultivation forestry etc. Every individual and every person has the inalienable right to freedom in all its forms. For example. Human rights in Islam are an integral part of the overall Islamic order and it is obligatory on all Muslim governments and organs of society to implement within the framework.w) is considered as the “charter of human rightsâ€. II. Every person is entitled to a free choice of profession and career and to the opportunity for the full development of his personality.

allocation of appropriate financial resources to fulfil that commitment remained absent. 2. Around 10 million children were affected by the massive floods.5 million of them younger than 5. work in one way or another.Situation of Child Labour World wide at least 120 million children between the ages of 5 to 14 years work full time and there are 250 million or more children do child labour as secondary activity.Provincial Coordination Committee must expedite its decisions on the future of the National Child Protection Policy pursuant to the 18th Amendment. So in India a child labourer is one who is below 18 years of age. all child protection bills introduced at the federal level have been halted in different phases of legislative process.[ILO Bureau of statistics 2000] Asia alone covers almost 60% of total child labour force of world. cultivation forestry etc. The legal imbroglio surrounding these laws. Although child work is not synonymous to child to labour. Estimates & projections 1995) Bhutan 55% Nepal 45% Bangladesh 30% Pakistan 18% Thailand 16% India 14% China 12% Indonesia 10% Vietnam 9% Philippines 8% What is Child Labour? It is difficult to define child labour since the terms “child” and “labour” both resist universal definition because of cultural and social differences from one country to another. The disaster response and recovery mechanisms in Pakistan need to be given serious attention as the two major natural disasters in Pakistan in recent years have had severe impact on children. The 18th Amendment recognised free and compulsory education as a right for all children between 5 to 16 years of age. Work of this kind is not considered child labour. and 7% in Latin America. 1. out of school and has no avocation other than work. However. to ensure welfare and protection of children. The government should expedite restoration of schools destroyed in the recent floods and in the conflict in the country’s northwestern parts. 170 juveniles committed suicide across Pakistan and another 76 attempted suicide but their lives were saved. in whatever society they live. ILO (International Labour Office) has specified the concept through its – Minimum Age convention 1973 – Where it encourages member states to set a minimum age that is not less then the completion age for compulsory schooling. Child labour and abuse of domestic child workers remained widespread. Recommendations: 1. most children. 2. in rural areas of India most of the children are involved in agriculture.154 juveniles were detained in the prisons across the country. Child domestic labour should be added to the schedule of . specifically regarding whether they fall under the provincial or federal domain. The Inter. Percentages of Economically active children in Asia between 1014 years of age (Source ILO. As child welfare falls in the provincial domain following the 18th constitutional Amendment. Specific law and policies must be formulated to address the issues of domestic child labour and abuse of domestic child workers. or in any case not less than 15 years. For example. whereas 32% in Africa. 3. must be resolved on a priority basis. Over one million child labourers between the ages of 10 to 14 were working in the country.

banned occupations under the Employment of Children Act. 5. 4. 1991. prison staff and police on the Juvenile Justice Ordinance. The government should hold special training for judges. 2000 so that this law can be implemented in its true spirit. A new child labour survey must be conducted to assess the current situation and to develop the law and policies accordingly. . probation officers.