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PhysicsSolutions250410

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PARTAPHYSICS
Directions:

Questionsnumber13arebasedonthefollowingparagraph.

3.

Aninitiallyparallelcylindricalbeamtravelsinamediumofrefractiveindex(I)=0+2I,where
0and2arepositiveconstantsand I istheintensityofthelightbeam.Theintensityofthebeam
isdecreasingwithincreasingradius.
Theinitialshapeofthewavefrontofthebeamis
(1) Planar
(2) Convex
(3) Concave
(4) Convexneartheaxisandconcaveneartheperiphery
(1) Wavefrontisplanarforparallelbeam.
Thespeedoflightinthemediumis
(1) Maximumontheaxisofthebeam
(2) Minimumontheaxisofthebeam
(3) Thesameeverywhereinthebeam (4) Directlyproportionaltotheintensity I
(2) axisisthemaximum, \ vaxisisminimum.
Asthebeamentersthemedium,itwill
(1) Travelasacylindricalbeam
(2) Diverge
(3) Converge
(4) Divergeneartheaxisandconvergeneartheperiphery
(1) Allraysareenteringnormally(tointerface),thereforeinmediumalsotheywillmovenormally.

4.

Directions:
Questionsnumber45arebasedonthefollowingparagraph.
AnucleusofmassM + Dm isatrestanddecaysintotwodaughternucleiofequalmass M/2
each.Speedoflightis c.
Thespeedofdaughternucleiis:

1.

1.
2.

2.
3.

(1) c

Dm
M+ Dm

(2) c

Dm
M + Dm

Dm . c2=2{(1/2).(M/2) . v2}

(3) c

v= c

2Dm
M

(4) c

Dm
M

2Dm
M

4.

(3)

5.

Thebindingenergypernucleonfortheparentnucleusis E1andthatforthedaughternucleiis
E2.Then
(1) E1 =2E2
(2) E2 =2E1
(3) E1 >E2
(4) E2 >E1
2
(4) M + Dm {(M /2)+(M/2)+E},where,E= Dm . c
\ ApplyingconservationofEnergyonbothsides, E1= E2+ E E2 >E1

5.

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6.

6.

7.

7.
8.

8.

Directions:
Questionsnumber67containStatement1andStatement2.Ofthefour
choicesgivenafterthestatements,choosetheonethatbestdescribesthttwostatements.
Statement1: Whenultravioletlightisincidentonaphotocell,itsstoppingpotentialis V0and
themaximumkineticenergyofthephotoelectronsis Kmax.Whentheultraviolet
lightisreplacedby Xrays,both V0and Kmaxincrease.
Statement2: Photoelectronsareemittedwithspeedsrangingfromzerotoamaximumvalue
becauseoftherangeoffrequenciespresentintheincidentlight.
(1) Statement1istrue,Statement2isfalse.
(2) Statement1istrue,Statement2istrue,Statement2isthecorrectexplanationof
Statement1.
(3) Statement1istrue,Statement2istrueStatement2is not thecorrectexplanationof
Statement1.
(4) Statement1isfalse,Statement2istrue.
(1) hc / lincident= W + KEmax,where KEmax= eVs,
\ Ondecreasinglincident, KEmax&therefore Vsincreases.
Speedsofdifferentphotoelectronsaredifferentduetoelectronsemittedfromdifferent
orbits.
Statement1: Twoparticlesmovinginthesamedirectiondontolosealltheirenergyina
completelyinelasticcollision.
Statement2: Principleofconservationofmomentumholdstrueforallkindsofcollisions.
(1) Statement1istrue,Statement2isfalse.
(2) Statement1istrue,Statement2istrue,Statement2isthecorrectexplanationof
Statement1.
(3) Statement1istrue,Statement2istrueStatement2is not thecorrectexplanationof
Statement1.
(4) Statement1isfalse,Statement2istrue.
(2) Vf ={(m1v1 +m2v2)/(m1+m2)}
sincecollisionisinclastic
Thereissomefinal KE.
Thefigureshowsthepositiontime(x t)graphofonedimensionalmotionofabodyofmass
0.4kg.Themagnitudeofeachimpulseis:

(1) 0.2Ns
(2) 0.4Ns
(3) 0.8Ns
(3) Impulse = mDv = m(1 1) = 0.8Ns

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(4) 1.6Ns

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9.

9.

Twolongparallelwiresareatadistance2dapart.Theycarrysteadyequalcurrentsflowingout
oftheplaneofthepaperasshown.Thevariationofthemagneticfield B alongtheline XX is
givenby

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(2)

Magneticfieldforinfinitewire=(0I /2pr)
i.
Atmidpointbetween A & B fieldiszero.
ii. Inbetween A to O netfieldisupward.
iii. Inbetween O to B netfieldisdownward.
iv. Leftofpoint A netfieldisdownward
v. Rightofpoint B netfieldisupward.
10. Aballismadeofamaterialofdensity r where roil< r < rwaterwith roiland rwaterrepresenting
thedensitiesofoilandwater,respectively.Theoilandwaterareimmiscible.Iftheaboveballis
inequilibriuminamixtureofthisoilandwater,whichofthefollowingpicturesrepresentsits
equilibriumposition?

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

10. (3) i.
roil< rwater
oilwillbeabovewater
ii.
roil< r < rwater Ballwillbeinequilibriumatoilwaterinterface.
11. Athinsemicircularringofradius r hasapositivecharge q distributeduniformlyoverit.Thenet

## field E atthecentre O is:

(1)

2p e 0r

(2)

4p e 0r

(3)

4p e 0r

(4) -

q
2

2p e 0r2

p
q
)= k(rd. q ). 1 sin(j) = 2kq (-
j)=
(-
j)
E
=
dE
sin
(
j

11. (4)
2
2
2
2
r

p
r
2
p
e
r
r
0
0
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12. AdiatomicidealgasisusedinaCarnotengineastheworkingsubstance.Ifduringtheadiabatic
expansionpartofthecyclethevolumeofthegasincreasesfrom V to32 V,theefficiencyofthe
engineis:
(1) 0.25
(2) 0.5
(3) 0.75
(4) 0.99
g1
2/5
2/5
12. (3) TV =Const.
T1V =T2 (32V)
T1 /T2 =4
\ h =1(T2/ T1)=1(1/4)=3/4=0.75
13. Therespectivenumberofsignificantfigureforthenumbers23.023,0.0003and2.1103are
(1) 4,4,2
(2) 5,1,2
(3) 5,1,5
(4) 5,5,2
13. (2) Numberofsignificantfiguresforthenumbers23.023,0.0003and2.1103are5,1,2
respectively.
14. Thecombinationofgatesshownbelowyields

(1) NANDgate
(2) ORgate
(3) NOTgate
(4) XORgate
14. (2) EachelementinthecircuitisNANDgate
A
B
X
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
ThetruthtableobtainedissimilartoORgate.
15. Ifasourceofpower5kWproduces1020photons/second,theradiationbelongstoapartofthe
spectrumcalled:
(1) gray
(2) Xrays
(3) ultravioletrays (4) microwaves
3
20
15. (2) Energyofonephoton=410 /10 =41017J
\ l = hc /(41017)={(6.6710343108)/(41017)}
5109m=50
Xrays
16. Aradioactivenucleus(initialmassnumber A andatomicnumber Z)emits3 aparticlesand2
positrons.Theratioofnumberofneutronstothatofprotonsinthefinalnucleuswillbe
(1)
16.

(3)

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A- Z- 4
Z- 2

(2)

A- Z- 8
Z- 4

(3)

A- Z- 4
Z- 8

(4)

A- Z- 12
Z- 4

## Ifonly3 a particlesemitted, No.ofprotons= Z 6

No.ofneutrons= A Z 6. Now,ifagain2positionsemitted,
No.ofprotons=Z62=Z8 &No.ofneutons=AZ6+2=AZ4.

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17. Let there bea spherically symmetriccharge distribution with chargedensity varying as
5 r
r(r)= r0 - uptor=R,and r(r)=0for r > R,where r isthedistancefromtheorigin.The
4 R
electricfieldatadistance r(r < R)fromtheoriginisgivenby

r0r 5 r
-
3e 0 4 R

(1)

4pr0r 5 r
- (3)
3e0 3 R

(2)

r0r 5 r
-
4e0 3 R

(4)

4r0r 5 r
-
3e0 4 R

17.

5 x
2
qenclosed(r) = r0 4-R.4px .dx

(3)

= pr0r3{(5/3)(r / R)}
E(r)=(1/ 4pe0).(qenclosed/ r2)=(r0r /4e0){(5/3)(r / R)}.
18. Inaseries LCR circuit R =200 W andthevoltageandthefrequencyofthemainsupplyis220V
and50Hzrespectively.Ontakingoutthecapacitancefromthecircuitthecurrentlagsbehindthe
veltageby30.Ontakingouttheinductorfromthecircuitthecurrentleadsthevoltageby30.
ThepowerdissipatedintheLCRcircuitis
(1) 242W
(2) 305W
(3) 210W
(4) ZeroW
18.
(1)
tan30= XL/ R = XC/ R

XL= XC
2
\
I =220/200A\
P = I R =242W
19. Inthecircuitshownbelow,thekeyKisclosedatt=0.Thecurrentthroughthebatteryis

(1)

V (R1 + R2)
V
at
t
=0and
R1R2
R2 at t =

(2)

V
V (R1 + R2)
at
t
=0and
at t =
R2
R1R2

(4)

(3)
19.

At
At

(3)

t =0+ iL=0
t = VL =0

\
\

VR1R2
2
1

2
2

R +R

V
at t =0and R at t =
2

VR1R2
V
at
t
=0and
at t =
R2
R12+R22

ibattery= V / R2
ibattery={V(R1+R2)/ R1R2}

r
20. Aparticleismovingwithvelocity v = K yi + x
j ,whereKisaconstant.Thegeneralequationfor
itspathis
(1) y2= x2+constant
(2) y = x2+constant
2
(3) y = x +constant
(4) xy =constant
20. (1) Vx= Ky, Vy =xK (dx / dt)= Ky, (dy / dt)= xK x =Kyt + C1
y =xKt +c2

x = Ky.(y / xK)+c3

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x2 y2 =c3

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## 21. Let C bethecapacitanceofacapacitordischargingthrougharesistor R.Suppose t1isthetime

takenfortheenergystoredinthecapacitortoreducetohalfitsinitialvalueand t2isthetime
takenforthechargetoreducetoonefourthitsinitialvalue.Thentheratio t1/ t2willbe
(1) 2
(2) 1
(3) 1/2
(4) 1/4
t/CR
2
2t/CR
21. (4) q =q0 e
U=1/2(q /C)=U0e
t
/CR
2
q0 /4=q0 e
U0 /2=U0e2t1/CR 2t1/ t2=ln2/ln4 t1/ t2=1/4
22. Arectangularloophasslidingconnector PQ oflength l andresistance R W anditismovingwith
aspeed v asshown.Thesetupisplacedinauniformmagneticfieldgoingintotheplaneofthe
paper.Thethreecurrents I1, I2and I are

(1) I1 = I2 =

Blv
Blv
,I =
6R
3R

(2) I1 = -I2 =

Blv
2Blv
,I =
R
R

(3) I1 = I2 =

Blv
2Blv
,I =
3R
3R

(4) I1 = I2 = I =

Blv
R

## 22. (3) Motionalemf= Blv I +I2=Blv /R

1
I +I1 = Blv / R
2
I = I1+ I2
3
from1,2and3 I1=I2=Blv /3R I =2Blv /3R
23. The equation of a wave on a string of linear mass density 0.04 kg m1 is given by

t
x
y = 0.02(m)sin2p
.Thetensioninthestringis
0.04(s) 0.50(m)
(1) 6.25N
(2) 4.0N
(3) 12.5N
(4) 0.5N
23.

(1)

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x
t
-

y =0.02(m)sin 2p
0.04 0.50
\
vwave =Cofficientof t /Coefficientof x =50/4ms1
\
T = v2=(50/4)2 0.04=6.25N

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24. Twofixedfrictionlessinclinedplanesmakinganangle30and60withtheverticalareshownin
thefigure.TwoblocksAandBareplacedonthetwoplanes.Whatistherelativevertical
accelerationof A withrespectto B?

(1) 4.9ms2inverticaldirection
(3) 9.8ms2inverticaldirection
24.

(2) 4.9ms2inhorizontaldirection
(4) Zero

r
r
r
2
aAB( v) = aA(v) - aB(v)
= g(sin260 - sin230) =g /2=4.9ms

(1)

r
25. Foraparticleinuniformcircularmotion,theacceleration a atapoint P (R, q)onthecircleof
radius R is(Here q ismeasuredfromthe xaxis)

25.

(1)

v2 v2
i +
j
R
R

(3)

(4)

v2
v2
sinq i+
cosq
j
R
R

v2
v2
cosq i+
sinq
j
R
R

(2)

(4)

v2
v2
- cosq i- sinq
j
R
R

## Resolvingthe V2/ R along x & yaxesatpoint(R cos q, R cos q)

V 2
V2
cos(-i)+
(- j)
R
R
26. Asmallparticleofmass m isprojectedatanangle q withthe xaxiswithaninitialvelocity v0in

thexyplaneasshowninthefigure.Atatime t <
particle

(1)

1
mgv0 t2 cosq i
2

## (3) mgv0 tcosq k

v0 sinq
,theangularmomentumofthe
g
is

(2)

- mgv0 t2cosq
j

(4)

mgv0 t2 cosq k
2

## areunitvectorsalong x, y and z axisrespectively.

Where i,
.
j andk

26.

(4)

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Onlypossibleanswerislastoptionsincedirectionforangularmomentumwillbeonlyin
vezdirection.

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27. Twoidenticalchargedspheresaresuspendedbystringsofequallengths.Thestringsmake
anangleof30witheachother.Whensuspendedinaliquidofdensity0.8gcm3,theangle
remainsthesame.Ifdensityofthematerialofthesphereis1.6gcm3,thedielectricconstantof
theliquidis
(1) 1
(2) 4
(3) 3
(4) 2
27.
(4)
tan30= Vrg / Fe
Whensystemimmersedinliquid tan 30 =

rV(- liq )g
Fe

\
er(r rliq.)= r
er={r /(r rliq.)=2
28. Apoint P movesincounterclockwisedirectiononacircularpathasshowninthefigure.The
movementofPissuchthatitsweepsoutalengths=t3 +5,wheresisinmetresandtisin
seconds.Theradiusofthepathis20m.Theaccelerationof P when t =2sisnearly

(1) 14ms2
(2) 13ms2
(3) 12ms2
(4) 7.2ms2
28.
(1)
aT =d2s /dt2 =6t
&
aN =v2 /R =(3t2)2 /20
\ At2sec, aT =12, aN =7.2ms2, \
a = (122+7.22) 14ms2
29. Thepotentialenergyfunctionfortheforcebetweentwoatomsinadiatomicmoleculeisapproxi
matelygivenbyU (x)=

a b
,where a and b areconstantsand x isthedistancebetween
x12 x6

theatoms.Ifthedissociationenergyofthemoleculeis D = [U(
b2
6a

(1)

(2)

b2
2a

(3)

x=

b2
12a

- Uat equilibriu m ,D

(4)

b2
4a

## 29. (4) U(x= )=0

AtEquilibrium,F=dU/dx=[(a.(12)/x13)(b(6)/x7)]=0
6
x =2a / b,
\ D =[0{(a /(2a / b)2)(b /(2a / b))]= b2/4a
30. Twoconductorshavethesameresistanceat0Cbuttheirtemperaturecoefficientsofresis
tanceare a1and a2.Therespectivetemperaturecoefficientsoftheirseriesandparallelcom
binationsarenearly
a1 + a 2 a1 + a 2
,
2
2

(1)

a1 + a 2
(3) a1 + a 2,
2

30. (1)

aeq =

Rfinal - Rinitial
Rinitial.Dq .

\ aeq =

(2)

a1 + a 2
,a1 + a 2
2

(4)

a 1 + a 2,

## Inseries: Rinitial=2R, Rfinal=2R + R (a1+ a2) Dq.

R(a1 + a2)Dq a1 + a2
=
.
2RDq
2

Inparallel Rinitial= R /2

R
R(1+ a1Dq).R(1+ a2.Dq)
(1+ aeq.Dq)=
2
R(1+ a1Dq)+ (1+ a2Dq)

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a 1a 2
a 1 + a 2

\aeq =

a1 + a2
2

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