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   contains a list of some Signs of Stress and Disease that you should
learn to recognize on your tropical fish and goldfish.

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The fish clamps its fins close against the its body. Experienced aquarists use this to
quickly spot problems with their fish.

If you see that some of your fish have clamped fins and treat your fish immediately,
you can usually cure them and avoid more serious stress and disease. Click here for
more information about a Recommended Treatment.

 
Looks like the fish is swimming fast but staying in the same place. Shimmy is easy to
spot, and if the fish is treated immediately, you can usually cure it and avoid more
serious stress and disease. Click here for more about a Recommended Treatment.



 
Ich looks like tiny white spots on the body and fins of the fis h. This is a common
disease of fish, and if the fish are treated immediately, you can usually cure ich and
avoid more serious stress and disease. Click here for more about a Recommended
Treatment.

   


Many things can cause sores on fish such as fights with other fish, scraping on sharp
rocks, and small wounds that get infected and grow bigger.

A new small sore can usually be cured. Older or larger sores are more difficult to
treat, but sometimes you can succeed, and treating your fish will make it less likely
that other fish will be infected by the fish with the sore.
G   a picture of a Monodactylus argenteus with a typical
sore on its side. This fish should immediately be given all six
steps of the Recommended Treatment. Click here for more
information about Monos.

^icture from Brian N., Orland ^ark, Illinois

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these sores are flat or cause a depression in the surface of the fish.
Less often a sore may be a bump that is raised above the surface of the fish.

In all cases the Recommended Treatment is the same. Click here for more about a
Recommended Treatment.




    
A fish that is gasping at the surface of the water is usually suffering from a lack of
oxygen, that could be due to a lack of oxygen in the water or the fish's inability to
absorb the oxygen from the water.

If there is just one or only a few fish gasping at the surface, but the other fish are
normal, then the water probably has plenty of oxygen and you should immediately
treat the gasping fish. Click here for more about a Recommended Treatment.

On the other hand, if almost all the fish are gasping, the n there is probably a lack of
oxygen in the water, and you should immediately do all of the following:

`   c   to be sure it's working properly.


If it's not working properly, immediately fix it. Click here for more information
about Aquarium Filters.

`     of the water on the thermometer, if this aquarium


has a heater. If the temperature is out of the correct range, then adjust the
aquarium heater. Click here for more about heaters, thermometers, and
adjusting the temperature.

`   !    , if there is oil or scum then caref ully scoop water off
the surface until you've removed two inches of water. Replace the water with
fresh safe water. Click here for more about safe water.

` hh   until the water has a total of 1 Tablespoon of aquarium


salt for each 5 gallons of water. Click here for more about Aquarium Salt.
` h 

, which is available in stores that sell pet fish. The
correct dose is on the bottle. Click here for more information about water
Conditioner.

"
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When fish crash on the bottom and do not swim, it is usually a sign that they are
exhausted. There are many reasons a fish can become exhausted, but quite often
they have been sick, and probably showed symptoms such as gasping , shimmy, or
clamped fins, before they became tired and crashed on the bottom.

So the Recommended Treatment was not started promptly, and chances of curing a
fish that is crashed on the bottom are less, but the Recommended Treatment may
work and will probably protect the other fish that came in contact with the crashed
fish. Click here for more about a Recommended Treatment.

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is a fish behavior where a fish rubs itself on the bottom of the aquarium, or on the
gravel, or on a rock or ornament. The fish rubs or glances because it is itchy.

An itchy fish often develops more serious Signs of Stress and Disease. If you see
your fish glancing, you should immediately treat your aquarium. Click here for more
about a Recommended Treatment.

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If your fish is not eating or takes food in its mouth and then immediately spits it o ut,
your fish is showing one of the Signs of Stress and Disease.

You should be sure other fish are not making this fish miserable. Give fish that are
not eating the Recommended Treatment. Click here for more about a
Recommended Treatment.

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There are many other Signs of Stress and Disease in fish. For example, there is so -
called "fin rot" where the edges of the fish's fins disi ntegrate, or "pop eye" where the
fish's eye bulges out, or "cotton mouth" where the fish has patches that look like
cotton around it's mouth, but most of these more pronounced Signs of Stress and
Disease occur after the more subtle Signs of Stress and Dise ase that are listed
above.

"Fin rot", "pop eye", "dropsy", and "cotton mouth" are difficult to cure. But before they
occur, the fish often show milder Signs of Stress and Disease like clamped fins. If
you treat a fish at the first Sign of Stress and Disea se, you'll have a much better
chance of curing it.
   h

If you see any of the symptoms listed above or if several fish have recently died in
your aquarium, you should immediately take action and treat your fish.

When fish can be cured, the Recommended Treatment is usually the same for all of
the symptoms listed above. Click here for details on the Recommended Treat ment
for fish with Signs of Stress and Disease.

)    that are not cured by the Recommended Treatment may
require more powerful medications. Click here for information about such
medications.

) 
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   tropical fish or goldfish show Signs of Stress or Disease, give them the
Recommended Treatment. It's difficult to determine exactly what makes tropical fish
and goldfish sick, but we always use the same 6 -step treatment, and that treatment
is given on this page.

Click here for a description of some of the most common Signs of Stress and
Disease in tropical fish and goldfish.

   *  listed below in order starting at Step 1 and ending at Step 6.

+ c ,- 
Click on the underlined items in the list below for more details.

` How to Clean Your Fish Bowl


` How to Clean Your Cool Water Aquarium
` How to Clean Your Warm Water Aquarium
` How to Clean Your Fish ^ond

The first step is to clean your fish's home. Don't overreact and completely tear it
apart and scrub everything. Just follow the advice given at the appropriate link
above.


 .
Fish Bowls should have a layer of gravel about 1/4 inch thick, but aquariums with an
external power filter with a BIO -Wheel do not need gravel. In an aquarium with a
BIO-Wheel the gravel is just ornamental. The fish don't need the gravel. If you do
have gravel, make sure it's at most 1/4 inch thick. Click on one of t he underlined
items listed below to read more about how to clean gravel.

` Cleaning the Gravel in Cool Water Aquariums


` Cleaning the Gravel in Warm Water Aquariums

+ 
.  many problems with your fish's health by not having any gravel in
your aquarium or by keeping a very thin layer of gravel.


  
Remove and replace some of the water in your fish's home. Click on the underlined
items in the list below for the details.

` How to Change Water in Fish Bowls


` How to Change Water in Cool Water Aquariums
` How to Change Water in Warm Water Aquariums
` How to Change Water in Fish ^onds

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 every day until the fish are no longer showing Sign of Stress
or Disease. Remember don't change more than 20% of the water in one day. Click
here for more information on measuring and calculating the volume of your aquarium
or pond.
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The dosage on the package is 1 drop of Quick Cure for each gallon of
aquarium water or 1 drop per two gallons for Tetra Fish. Elsewhere
we've read advice to use only a half dose on delicate fish such as
Clown Loaches and Elephant Noses, but we've found it's safe to use a
full dose on these fish. Your results may vary.

So, for example, a 10-gallon aquarium gets 10 drops of Quick Cure, or 5 drops if
there are Tetra Fish.

 
£    once every day until the Signs of Stress and Disease
are gone. Quick Cure is available in many retail stores that sell pet fish and in many
online stores including some that advertise on this web site.

On the back of the Quick Cure package it says, "Use one drop per gallon daily on all
fish except those of the Tetra Group. For Tetra - Use 1 drop for every 2 gallons
daily."

The back of the package of Quick Cure says, "Remove charcoal or carbon from
filtration system during treatment." But our tests show t hat leaving charcoal or carbon
in the filtration system does not affect the treatment, so we recommend you leave
the charcoal or carbon in your filtration system, and leave the filter turned on and
pumping during the treatment.

º    .


The dose recommended on the package label is one Tablespoon of
Aquarium Salt per five gallons of aquarium water. So, for example, a
10-gallon aquarium gets 2 Tablespoons of Aquarium Salt. Do not
repeat the salt and do not use iodized table salt. Aquarium Salt is
available in many stores that sell pet fish.Click here for more
information on measuring and calculating the volume of your aquarium
or pond.

Click here to go to another page in this web site and read more about Aquarium
Salt. 
/
 You can also use Aquarium Salt and Quick Cure to treat the
fish in your pond. The dosage is the same, but it may be more difficult to determine
the volume of your pond. Click here for more information about measuring and
calculating the volume of your aquarium or pond.

"
   
If the fish you're treating are in a warm water aquarium with an aquarium heater,
carefully increase the temperature of the water by 4 degrees to a maximum of 82
degrees F. Click here for information on how to adjust your heater.
Even if your fish are coldwater fish such as Goldfish, it will probably help them to
increase the water temperature by 4 degrees to a maximum of about 78 degrees.
This is somewhat controversial, but I have tested it for many years. It often helps and
rarely hurts.

After 3 or 4 days lower the temperature by 4 degrees, and continue every 3 or 4


days to adjust the temperature up and down by 4 degrees.

 
  
Do not use other medications or treatments. Do not add more fish until all the Signs
of Stress and Disease are gone, and your fish have recovered. Do not completely
tear your fish's home apart and clean it. Click here to read a Dozen Don'ts, which is
a more complete list of what not to do to your fish.
)   in this web site with important information about sick fish and how to
care for them.
Click here for more information about Sick Fish.
Click here for more about Signs of Stress and Disease.
Click here for more information about Aquarium Salt.

)    that are not cured by the Recommended Treatment may
require more powerful medications. Click here for information about such
medications.
Diseases in Goldfish can be common, contageous to other goldfish, and sometimes fatal. If
the goldfish disease symptoms are seen early, and the correct goldfish disease treatment can
be given quickly, most goldfish make a complete recover. Goldfish diseases diagnosis is an
important part of the overall goldfish care. If you can't make a disease diagnosis see your
local vert, or pet store.

While goldfish don't give disease to humans, like every other organism, goldfish can aquire
them. Goldfish diseases cut short many goldfish lives because the owners did not know
enough about goldfish diseases, how to diagnos these goldfish diseases, and finally how to
deal with the goldfish disease treatment.

Please choose from the following Goldfish Diseases.

` Anchor Worm
` Costia
` Cotton mouth
` Cotton Wool
` Dropsy
` Finrot
` Flukes
` Gole in the head
` Ich
` Lice
` Swim Bladder Disorder
` Trichodina
` Delvet

 



This parasite, sometimes referred to as Lernea Elegans, is very common. Unlike most other
parasites, Anchor Worm is not related to stress. Anchor Worm is highly contaigious, so the
entire tank needs to be treated, not just the fish.

Anchor worm can be intoduced from a newly arriving fish, or as an egg on a plant.

  

Anchor worm is very visable, so there is no need for a microscope to diagnos the parasite.
Anchor Worm, unlike fish lice, does not move around the body of the fish. Fish will flash and
scratch when the anchor worm is still in the larvae stage as the parasite has already attached
to the fish's body, this will continue in the adult phase.
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Steps for Treatment:

` Remove anchor worm with tweezers


` Single application of iodine, or hydrogen peroxide, to the spot of worm with a cotton
swab.
` Daily applications of neosporin cream.

If the Anchor worm is found on a newly aquired fish that has not been introduced to the
community this is probably all that needs to be done. Gowever, if the entire tank is infected
additional measures need to be taken. Medications like Dimillin, or Program, might be
necessary. Some products, including Anchors Away can be used as Dimillin, or
Diflubenzoron, is the main ingredient. Like most things, salt can be a great help also.

Remember that although the visible anchor worm may have been removed, it is most likely
that there are larvae still present in the tank. Even before the anchor worm can be seen,
damage to the gills and skin of the fish can occur.

 



Costia Necatrix is one of the most serious parasites in goldfish. If not treated immediately,
Costia can be a fast killer as the parasite attacks the fishes gills. Costia can live in cooler
waters, which can pose a large threat in the spring time when the fishes immune system is
weakened, while the parasite is at full strength.

  

Symptoms include;

` Gasping at the surface of the water


` Slimy patches around the head and gills
` Sudden death (especially in spring)
` Small hemorrhages under chin
` Spider web kind of lesions

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To treat Costia, the bes, and most gentle solution is... salt. A 0.3% salt solution is
recommended. Typically a 0.1% solution is added to the tank every 12 hours for 36 hours (or
3 times). A 0.1% solution is made up of 1tbsp salt to 5gl of water.

If the salt solution does not do the trick other medications are necessary. The best medication
is QuickCure, which contains Formalin. Potassium permanganate has also been found
effective.




Also known as Columnaris Bacterial, Cotton Mouth is not very common, but does affect all
types of freshwater fish. Typically looked at like a fungus, Columnaris is  . It is a
bacterial infection and needs to be treated accordingly. Like a lot of other bacterial diseases,
Calumnaris can be prevented by;

` Quarantining new fish


` Improving Water Quality
` Reducing Organic Debris in the tank

  

Symptoms can include;

` cottony growth or white threads blowing out of mouth


` lethargic behavior
` clamped fins
` thick heavy slime coat
` dry skin

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Medicated food that includes Pottasium Permanganate is a good start for treatment.
Otherwise an injection of antibacterial medication (if available), or Melafix will also work in
the treatment of the infection. More importantly, very clean water is the best deterant to
Columnaris, and many other bacterias as well.





This fungal infection is very common and affects all types of feshwater fish, including
goldfish. Causes can typically include:

` Slime coat damage cause by rough handling or physical damage that allows free
floating fungal spores to reach the skin.
` Secondary infection following a different goldfish disease, like Ich, Finrot, or Ulcers.
` Water quality changes, including temperature increase. Outdoor pond goldfish are
more likely to be attacked in the spring when there is a sudden rise in temperature.
` Large amounts of decaying organic matter, like dead fish or old food, will increase the
likelyhood of an infection by increasing the number of fungal spores in the goldfish
tank water.

  

Symptoms of Cotton Wool will look like white, grey, or brown cotton wool patches on the
goldfish's body and fines. Goldfish eggs are also prone to this fungus.

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?  Remove affected fish to hospital tank if possible. Swabbing fungus patch with
iodine may be sufficient to cure problem. If not, EITGER treat with fungicidal medication
(e.g Jungle Fungus Eliminator in US, Anti-Fungus Remedy in UK) OR a .3% salt solution.

 Salt and medications affect the cycle so monitoring water quality during
treatment is essential. If left untreated, fungus can spread very quickly and kill the fish.





This bacterial or viral infection is fairly common, and affects all types of freshwater fish.
Dropsy will occur when fish are in poor water conditions, or stressed for some reasons
including;

` rough handling
` fighting
` overcrowding
` poor water quality
` incorrect water quality
` fluctuating temperatures.

Gowever, fish in a healthy environment may occasionally be affected due to unknown source
of bacterial / viral infection.

Dropsy is notoriously hard to treat; the mortality rate for fish with dropsy is high. If fish
recover, maintain their tank temperature in the high 70's consistently afterwards as dropping
temperatures may trigger dropsy again.
  

Symptoms can include;

` Markedly swollen body


` scales sticking up (giving a 'pine-cone' appearance)
` reddening at the vent or base of gills
` ulcers on body
` long pale faeces
` fish stops eating
` paler gills
` markedly protruding eyes.

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It is best to remove the affected fish to a hospital tank and maintain perfect water quality. A
broad-spectrum antibiotic medication can be used, and a low level salt solution may help as
well. The temperature of the tank should remain a consistant 78 -80 deg. F. Medicated food
will be necessary to help kill the bacteria from the inside. Other food should be highly
nutritious and good quality.





This bacterial goldfish disease is common and can affect all type of Goldfish and other
freshwater aquarium fish. Goldfish can be stressed, which can cause the bacterial disease, for
many reasons including but not limited to;

` rough handling
` fighting
` overcrowding
` poor water quality
` incorrect water quality
` very low temperatures (below 50F)

  

Symptoms can include;

` Split and/or ragged fins, often with a white edge to them


` red streaks in fins.

If left untreated, fins gradually deteriorate until they are completely gone and disease then
infects the goldfish's body.

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A hospital tank is the best place for an affected goldfish. While a 0.3% salt solution may cure
mild cases, a broad spectrum antibiotic, or antibacterial medication should be used. Antibiotic
medications can affect the cycle so monitoring water quality during treatment is
recommended. As with most bacterias, perfect water quality is essential for the fish to
recover.

Prevention of finrot is easy and includes common care tips for Goldfish.

` maintaining good water quality


` correct stocking levels
` not keeping 'nippy' fish with goldfish.






This parasite also goes by Gyrodactylus and dactylogyrus, is one of the most common
parasites found in goldfish and can be found in aquariums and pet stores around the world.
The two different types of flukes, while occuring simultaniously, are different in their way or
reproduction. While the gill flukes live in the gills and lay eggs in the tank, the body flukes
bear live young. Flukes will feed on the fishes slime coat, but will not bite, or suck bloof
from the goldfish. By eating away at the slimecoat however, the goldfish is open to other
parasites.

Research on the fluke is showing a 'closed population' of fish can develop an immunity to the
fluke, eliminating it overtime. Try to resit the urge to introduce new goldfish to a well
established goldfish tank.

  

Symptoms can include:

` excessive slime coat


` isolation
` clamped fins
` scratching and flashing
` sores and ulcers r  
  

With gill flukes the symptoms can include:

` gasping at the surface


` iriitated gills
` cloppy looking gills.

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Typically a standard salt treatment could take care of a pathogen, but not the fluke. Common
treatments include:
` pottassium permanganate (PP)
` Droncit
` Fluketabs
` Formalin
` Gealthguard
` Quick Cure

A repeat treatment will be needed. The eggs and larvae are still in the tank, even though the
mother was taken care of during the first treatment. The repeat treatment should occur 4 days
after the 1st treatment, and then a 3rd treatment 4 days after the 2nd.

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Gole in the head disease, is not common and is an unknown type of disease. While the
parasite Gexamita was always thought to be the cause, it is now common to get hole in the
head disease from:

` Nutritional Deficiencies
` Poor Lighting
` Poor Water Quality
` Stress
` Bacterial Infection.

  

The diagnoses of Gole in the Gead disease will occur in stages. Initially, small holes will
appear in the head region of the goldfish. These holes will develop into a tubular eruption that
will have mucus trailing from then, in cream or yellow colors. The goldfish faeces may also
become pale and stringy.

Other symptoms can include

` Lesions at the base of the fin and along the lateral line
` Eroding skin and fins
` Milky body appearance
` Gollow Bellied
` Slime coat coming off in strands.

?  
A hospital tank with perfect water quality is the first step for your goldfish with hole in the
head disease. Treat with a medication including Metronidazole, or a medicated food if the
goldfish is still eating. A 0.3% salt solution will help prevent secondary infections.

 



Also known as White Spot, this disease is very common and affects almost all freshwater
fish. Ich can come from almost anything. A new fish, plant, or ornament can carry the
organism that will affect the other tank inhabitants

  

Ich is very easy to detect. White spots, like grains of salt cover the fishes body and fins. Other
fish behavior can include:

` thickened slime coat


` clamped fins
` fish flicks/rubs itself against objects in the tank
` faster gill movements
` fish stops eating

?  

If one fish has Ich the whole tank needs to be treated, not just the affected fish. Treat the tank
with a .3% salt solution, OR with medication containing:

` Malachite Green
` Formalin
` Copper

Raise the temperature to the high 70's and continue treatment until the fish have been Ich free
for no less than 3 days, but ideally 6 days. Finally go ahead and vacuum the substrate to
remove any remaining parasites.

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Also know as Argulus, Lice is a very common parasite that can be found in pet stores
worldwide. A very dangerous parasite, the lice can cause extreme irritaion as its hooks can
go into the goldfish's skin and gills. Secondary infection can also be common due to the open
wound. The irritation can also cause secondary parasite attacks including:

` Ich
` Costia
The goldfish lice will lay eggs and those eggs will hatch after a few days and the mini lice
will go looking for a host to feed on. Follow up treatment are very important as the process
can take 1 to 3 months from start to finish.

  

GOldfish Lice are visible, unlike most other parasites, with the naked eye. Lice have a green
disc like shape, often with two visible eyes, and they will move around on the goldfish.

Other symptoms can include:

` scratching and rubbing against objects


` tiny red spots where the hooks held on to the body and gills.

?  

The visible fish lice should be removed from the goldfish body with tweezers, and the
remaining red marks should be treated with neosporin. Best treated with a medication
containing Diflubenzuron.

   



Swim Bladder Disorder, or Floating Disorder, is a physical deformity, a bacterial issue, or a


feeding problem. SBD is common, highly in Fancy Goldish, but can effect all freshwater
fish.

An air filled organ, the swim bladder is used by the goldfish to balance itself and can swim
up and down by regulating the pressure inside the swim bladder. The airbladder can become
compressed, deformed, or diseased and the goldfish can not regulate it and will then start to
lose its balance. Fancy goldfish are more likely to suffer from Swim Bladder Disorder due to
there body shape, or an internal physical deformity.

Other causes of Swim Bladder Disorder in Goldfish can be:

` Constipation - which compresses the SB


` Gulping air whilst feeding at the surface
` Eating food with too much air inside
` Fatty Liver Disease or kidney cysts
` Egg impaction in female fish

  

Swim Bladder Disorder in goldfish can be easy to spot. Goldfish can't keep a normal upright
position in the water.

` List to one side


` float upside down
` swim pointing head downward / upward
` Unable to rise from the bottom
` Unable to swim down to bottom
` Listless

?  

Treatment can be very simple. Don't feed the goldfish for a 2-3 days and then feed peas
(lightly steamed, de-skinned, mushed). If the peas are not effective, increasing the tank water
temperature to 78-80°F and add Epsom Salts (1/8th teaspoon per 5 gallons). If the water
temperature increase is not effective a medicated food, or borad spectrum antibiotic can be
given.

If none of the above works it might be time for some internal medicine, or a trip to the vet.
The vet can take an x-ray of the goldfish to check both the swim bladder and surrounding
organs.

If the fish is stuck at the bottom of the tank, it is advised to remove about 50% of the water
from the tank, releaving some of the water pressure on the goldfish. For a fish floating on the
surface it is advised to add plants so there is some soft protection, and if any part of the
goldfish is out of the water a light coating of vasaline should be applied to keep the area from
drying out and becoming soar.

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Trichodina is very common in small populations, which do not pose a threat to the goldfish
health. While most parasites will feed on the host, Trichodina does not feed on goldfish but
goes use the host goldifsh as a home, and for transportation. In larger number however,
trichodina can be very irritating to the goldfish's skin, often resulting in some tissue damage.
Severe infestations of trichodina are often associated with;

` Overcrowding
` Poor water quality

  

This parasite is easy to recognize, noticably skimming over the surface of the skin and gills.
Goldfish symptoms will often include:

` Irritated skin
` Flashing and Scratching
` Ulcers
` Lethargic
` Isolated
` Stop Feeding
` Lay on the bottom of the fish tank
` Clamped fins.
?  

Trichodina can be tricky to treat in some cases, but the best treatment against Trichodina is
potassium permanganate. This is most effect, and works almost every time. If dealing with a
small number (1-2) of goldfish, a salt bath is recommended.

! 



Delvet, or Oodinium, much like Ich, will take over an entire goldfish tank within a few days.
Typically introduced to the tank by unquarantined new goldfish, options to prevent Delvet
are:

` No new goldfish
` Quarantine a new goldfish properly before adding them to the tank.

  

Delvet symptoms can include:

` Flashing and scratching


` Thick slime coat
` White-yellowish patches on the skin

?  

While salt is usually a common cure, in the case of Delvet salt will do almost no good.
Gowever, any medication containing Formalin for a period of three days should do the trick.
Similarly copper can help, but can be bad for the goldfish.


G?"? # ! $?? ? %

Sometimes there will come a time where you will need to  to treat
them. For this you can   ! which will put your fish to sleep so you will be able to
treat any goldfish diseases or bacterial infections they may have. Myself, on larger fish such
as koi I like to put them to sleep so I can treat the infected area directly. For most people,
especially if your worried in doing this procedure I would stick with the normal fish
medications that you can buy for treatment.

The reason that you put the goldfish to sleep is so they won't feel anything during the
treatment and so they will be easier to handle. For people who have large goldfish or koi that
have ulcers I strongly suggest putting your fish to sleep to treat it. By doing so you can get a
greater handle on the issue by applying treatment directly to the area.

G?"?  ! $:

1. Get a bucket and fill it with some water from your aquarium or pond.

2. Catch your fish and place them in the container.

3. Introduce your fish to the container and add in your clove oil. For this procedure you
should add 10 drops per 1 gallon of water. Within 5 minutes or less you should see your
goldfish starting to lye on its side. Wait till he is fully asleep before your pick them up.

After your fish is   ! , now you can begin treatment on your fish.
After your done treating your goldfish you will need to revive the fish and wake him up. To
do so you will need to pick up your fish and place them by a heavily aerated section in your
aquarium or pond. In your aquarium you can place his head right over the bubbles of an air
stone and gently rock the fish's head back and forth so it's gills open. This will allow oxygen
to enter and slowly start to revive your fish. This can take up to 10 minutes for your goldfish
to be completely revived. During this stage don't worry, you will see its gills open and shut so
it's still alive.

Putting a fish to sleep is highly recommended in cases where fish has ulcers and is needed
during surgical removal of tumours. I know it's always scary the first time trying new things
but I've done this many times and I have yet to lose a fish from putting them to sleep (knock
on wood)with clove oil. So whenever your fish get sick you might just have the right stuff in
your home to put them to sleep. Give it a try! Just make sure you don't accidentally overdose
on clove oil, as this can kill your fish with larger amounts.

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