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Legumes of the World

draft checklist

extracted from the ILDIS World Database of Legumes (version 6.00) for the ILC 4, Canberra

Tribes

1. Abreae
2. Acacieae
3. Adesmieae
4. Aeschynomeneae
5. Amorpheae
6. Bossiaeeae
7. Brongniartieae
8. Caesalpinieae
9. Carmichaelieae
10. Cassieae
11. Cercideae
12. Cicereae
13. Crotalarieae
14. Cytiseae
15. Dalbergieae
16. Desmodieae
17. Detarieae
18. Detarieae-formerly Amherstieae
19. Dipterygeae
20. Euchresteae
21. Galegeae
22. Hedysareae
23. Indigofereae
24. Ingeae
25. Liparieae
26. Loteae
27. Millettieae
28. Mimoseae
29. Mimozygantheae
30. Mirbelieae
31. Parkieae
32. Phaseoleae
33. Podalyrieae
34. Psoraleeae
35. Robinieae
36. Sophoreae
37. Swartzieae
38. Thermopsideae
39. Trifolieae
40. Vicieae

Abrus baladensis Thulin


Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
References: [2447]
Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
• Source(s):
o 1991-1994 Allkin R & Verdcourt B
• Conservation Status:
o Indeterminate

Geographical Distribution:

• Africa [2447] [2457]


o Somalia [2447] [2457]

Notes:

• Known only from Balcad north of Mogadishu. [2447]

Status: Provisional
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
References: [270]
Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Herb
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
• Source(s):
o 1991(W Asia)Lock JM & Simpson K

Geographical Distribution:

• Asia [270] [1859]

• Middle East [270] [1859]


o Saudi Arabia [1859]
o Yemen [270]
Notes:

• Verdcourt (1970) questions whether this is a good species. [270]

Abrus canescens Baker


Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
References: [210]
Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Herb
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
o Not climbing
• Source(s):
o 1988(Africa)Lock JM
• Conservation Status:
o Not Threatened

Geographical Distribution:

• Africa [561]
o Angola-ISO [210]
o Burkina [8]
o Burundi [210]
o Cameroon [8]
o Central African Rep. [210]
o Gabon [16]
o Gambia The [210]
o Ghana [212]
o Guinea [212]
o Guinea Bissau [212]
o Ivory Coast [212]
o Kenya [210]
o Liberia [212]
o Mali [561]
o Nigeria [212]
o Senegal [212]
o Sierra Leone [212]
o Sudan [212]
o Tanzania [210]
o Togo [212]
o Uganda [210]
o Zaire [210]
o Zambia [8] [210]
Abrus gawenensis Thulin
Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
References: [2447]
Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
• Source(s):
o 1991-1994 Allkin R & Verdcourt B
• Conservation Status:
o Indeterminate

Geographical Distribution:

• Africa [2447] [2457]


o Somalia [2447] [2457]

Notes:

• Known only from a small area near Hobyo in central Somalia. [2447]

Abrus laevigatus E.Meyer


Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
References: [270]
Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Herb
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
• Source(s):
o 1988(Africa)Lock JM
• Conservation Status:
o Not Threatened

Geographical Distribution:

• Africa
o Mozambique [270]
o South Africa [270]
o Swaziland [270]

Abrus precatorius L.
Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
References: [2264][1941][1430][1790][1056][453][210]
Other names:

• Abrus abrus (L.)Wright [Synonym] [1430][269]


• Abrus cyaneus R.Viguier [Synonym] [269]
• Abrus maculatus Noronha [Synonym] [269]
• Abrus minor Desv. [Synonym] [269]
• Abrus pauciflorus Desv. [Synonym] [269]
• Abrus precatorius L. Var. novo-guineensis Miq. [Synonym] [2087][269][261]
• Abrus squamulosus E.Meyer [Synonym] [269]
• Abrus tunguensis Lima [Synonym] [269]
• Glycine abrus L. [Synonym] [1587][1430][1414][1409][1408][1290][269]

Common Names:

• Black-eyed Susan [2153]


• Cascavelle [1915]
• Crab's Eyes [1056] [1430] [1790] [1902] [1941] [2136] [261]
• Crab's-eye Vine [2266]
• Diridamu [2264]
• Graine Diable [1915]
• Graine Rouge [3056]
• Graines D'Eglise [2136]
• Gwen L‚glise [1790]
• Herbe de Diable [1915]
• Indian Liquorice [1941]
• Jequirity [2968]
• Jequirity Bean [1902]
• Jiquirit¡ [1231]
• John Crow Bead [453]
• Jumbee Bead [1430]
• Jumbie Bead [2136]
• Jumbie Bean [1790]
• Lele [2264]
• Leredamu [2264]
• Liane Reglisse [1941]
• Licorice [1790]
• Ojo de Cangrejo [1430]
• Peon¡a [1409] [1645]
• Peron¡a [1430]
• Peronila [2157]
• Pipi Tio [2968]
• Pitipitio [2968]
• Pois Rouge [2157]
• Pomea Mataila [2266]
• Precatory Bean [1902]
• Quinquet [2157]
• R‚glisse [1915] [2157]
• R‚glisse d'Am‚rique [2157]
• R‚glisse Marronne [1915]
• Red Bean Vine [1056]
• Reglis [3058]
• Rosary Pea [2968] [1941] [1902]
• Soldat [1915]
• Tento [1231]
• Wild Licorice [1430]
• Wild Liquorice [1056]
• Wire Wiss [1790]

Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Herb
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
• Source(s):
o 1988(Africa)Lock JM
o 1988(Americas)Zarucchi JL
o 1990(New Zealand & Pacific)Horn P
o 1991-1994 Allkin R & Verdcourt B
o 1993 Polhill RM
o 1993 Zarucchi JL
o 1993(Indian Ocean)Lock JM & Ireland H
o 1999-05 Heald J
• Conservation Status:
o Not Threatened

Uses:

• Domestic [1587]
• Fibre [14]
• Medicine [14] [52]
• Miscellaneous [2264]
• Toxins [14] [24] [52] [1941]
• Weed [2968]

Geographical Distribution:

• Africa [561] [2457] [3057]


o Angola-ISO [216]
o Benin [212]
o Botswana [8]
o Cameroon [8]
o Cape Verde [268]
o Chad [64]
o Equatorial Guinea-ISO [212]
o Ethiopia [24]
o Gabon [16]
o Ghana [212]
o Guinea [212]
o Kenya [210]
o Liberia [212]
o Malawi [8]
o Mali [212] [561]
o Mozambique [8]
o Namibia-ISO [232]
o Niger [78]
o Nigeria [212]
o Rwanda [220]
o Sao Tome & Principe [217]
o Senegal [212]
o Sierra Leone [212]
o Somalia [8] [2457]
o South Africa [8] [3057]
 Natal [3057]
o Sudan [29]
o Tanzania [210]
o Togo [212]
o Uganda [210]
o Zaire [230]
o Zambia [28]
o Zimbabwe [8]

• Asia [261] [1587] [1914] [1929] [1937] [1938] [1947] [3056]


o Bhutan [1947]
o Cambodia [1937]
o India [1914]
o Irian Jaya [261]
o Laos [1937]
o Pakistan [1938]
o Sri Lanka [1587]
o Taiwan [1929]
o Thailand [1937]
o Vietnam [1937]

• Australasia [261] [3055]


o Australia [210] [3055]
o Papua New Guinea [261]

• Caribbean [453] [1056] [1102] [1290] [1409] [1430] [1790] [2136] [2153] [2157]
o Antigua-Barbuda [1790]
o Bahamas [2153]
o Barbados [1790]
o Cayman Is [453] [1056]
o Cuba [1102] [1409]
o Dominica [1790] [2136]
o Dominican Republic [2157]
o Grenada [1790]
o Guadeloupe [1290] [1790]
o Haiti [2157]
o Jamaica [1056]
o Martinique [1290] [1790]
o Montserrat [1790]
o Netherlands Leeward Is [1790]
o Puerto Rico [1430]
o St Kitts-Nevis [1790]
o St Martin-St Barthelemy [1790]
o St Vincent [1790]

• Central America [1645]


o Belize [1242] [1645]
o Costa Rica [1645] [1658]
o Guatemala [1645]
o Mexico(South East) [1645]
o Panama [1224] [1243]

• Indian Ocean [1915] [1941] [3052] [3053] [3054]


o Aldabra [1941]
o Comoro Is [3054]
o Madagascar [210]
o Mauritius [210] [1915]
o Mayotte [3054]
o Reunion [1915]
o Rodrigues [1915]
o Seychelles [210] [1941]

• North America [1360] [3055]


o United States [1360] [1431]

• Pacific Ocean [261] [1940] [2264] [2266] [2968]


o Bismarck Archipelago [261]
o Fiji [1940] [2264]
o Niue [2266]
o Society Is [2968]

• South America [2285]


o Brazil [1103] [1231] [1233] [1414]
o Colombia [1292]
o French Guiana [1408]
o Guyana [2285]
o Peru [1442]
o Surinam [2285]

Notes:

• Two subspecies:see subsp.precatorius & subsp.africanus;only latter in Africa. [210]


• The seeds are used as goldsmiths weights. [1587]
• Seeds contain abrin, one of the most potent toxic principles known. [2968]

Last Update: 14/06/2001 12:56:05


Abrus precatorius L. Subsp. africanus Verdc.
Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
Rank: Subsp.
Subspecies: africanus
Subspecies authority: Verdc.
References: [210][3055]
Other names:

• Abrus precatorius sensu Baker [Misapplied] [3055][3057]


• Abrus pulchellus sensu Baker [Misapplied] [3057][3059]

Common Names:

• Liane R‚glisse [3055]


• R‚glisse [3055]
• Reglis [3058]

Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Herb
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
• Source(s):
o 1988(Africa)Lock JM
o 1991-1994 Allkin R & Verdcourt B
o 1993(Indian Ocean)Lock JM & Ireland H
• Conservation Status:
o Not Threatened

Uses:

• Domestic [2457] [3057]


• Toxins [2457]

Geographical Distribution:
• Africa [2457] [3057]
o Kenya [210]
o Namibia-ISO [260]
o Niger [78]
o Rwanda [220]
o Somalia [8] [2457]
o South Africa [3057]
 Natal [3057]
o Sudan [29]
o Tanzania [210]
o Togo [23]
o Uganda [210]

• Australasia [3055]
o Australia [210] [3055]

• Indian Ocean [1915] [3055] [3057] [3058] [3075]


o Aldabra [3055] [3075]
o Madagascar [210] [3055]
o Mauritius [210] [1915] [3055]
o Reunion [1915]
o Rodrigues [3057]
o Seychelles [210] [3055] [3058]

Notes:

• Not all refs. specify the subsp.; refer to sp.for full list of Afr.locs.
• Originally from tropical Africa, Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands.
• Perhaps indigenous to the Mascarenes (Mauritius, Reunion & Rodrigues). [1915]
• Possibly a recent introduction to Assumption (Aldabra). [3055]

Last Update: 14/06/2001 12:56:05


Abrus precatorius L. Subsp. precatorius
Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
Rank: Subsp.
Subspecies: precatorius
Subspecies authority: L.
References: [1915]
Common Names:

• Graine Diable [3060]


• R‚glisse [3060]
• Reglisse … Graines Blanches [3052]

Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
• Source(s):
o 1993(Indian Ocean)Lock JM & Ireland H

Uses:

• Weed [3060]

Geographical Distribution:

• Australasia [1915]
o Australia [1915]

• Indian Ocean [1915]


o Mauritius [1915]
o Reunion [1915]
o Rodrigues [1915]

Notes:

• Originally from tropical Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands. [1915]

Last Update: 14/06/2001 14:46:38


Abrus pulchellus Thwaites
Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
References: [210][1788]
Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Herb
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
o Not climbing
• Source(s):
o 1988(Africa)Lock JM
o 1990(Americas Update)Zarucchi JL
• Conservation Status:
o Not Threatened

Geographical Distribution:

• Africa
o Angola-ISO [210]
o Benin [270]
o Botswana [210]
o Cameroon [270]
o Central African Rep. [270]
o Chad [64]
o Equatorial Guinea-ISO [270]
o Ghana [270]
o Guinea [270]
o Guinea Bissau [270]
o Liberia [270]
o Malawi [210]
o Mozambique [210]
o Nigeria [210]
o Senegal [270]
o Sierra Leone [210]
o Sudan [210]
o Tanzania [210]
o Togo [23]
o Uganda [210]
o Zaire [210]
o Zambia [210]

• South America [1788]


o Brazil [1788]

Notes:

• 5 subspp.(Verdc, ref.270) of which 2, tenuiflorus & suffruticosus,in Africa.

Last Update: 14/06/2001 12:56:06


Abrus pulchellus Thwaites Subsp. cantoniensis (Hance)Verdc.
Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
Rank: Subsp.
Subspecies: cantoniensis
Subspecies authority: (Hance)Verdc.
References: [270][1937]
Other names:

• Abrus cantoniensis Hance [Synonym] [270]

Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Not climbing
• Source(s):
o 1992(Phytochem.)Southon I & Bowes I
o 1993 Polhill RM
• Scrutinised globally by taxonomic co-ordinator:
o 1993 Polhill RM

Geographical Distribution:

• Asia [270] [1937]


o China [270] [1937]
o Thailand [270] [1937]

Last Update: 14/06/2001 14:24:05


http://www.ildis.org/LegumeWeb/6.00/bib.shtml#270
Abrus pulchellus Thwaites Subsp. tenuiflorus (Benth.)Verdc.
Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
Rank: Subsp.
Subspecies: tenuiflorus
Subspecies authority: (Benth.)Verdc.
References: [210][1788]
Other names:

• Abrus stictosperma Berhaut [Synonym]


• Abrus tenuiflorus Benth. [Synonym] [1788]

Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Herb
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Climbing
• Source(s):
o 1988(Africa)Lock JM
o 1990(Americas Update)Zarucchi JL
o 1991-1994 Allkin R & Verdcourt B
• Conservation Status:
o Not Threatened

Geographical Distribution:

• Africa
o Angola-ISO [270]
o Cameroon [270]
o Equatorial Guinea-ISO [270]
o Ethiopia [24]
o Ghana [270]
o Guinea [270]
o Liberia [270]
o Mozambique [270]
o Nigeria [270]
o Senegal [270]
o Sierra Leone [270]
o Sudan [270]
o Tanzania [270]
o Togo [23]
o Uganda [270]
o Zaire [270]

• South America [1788] [2676]


o Brazil [1788]
o Colombia [2676]

Last Update: 14/06/2001 12:56:06


Abrus schimperi Baker
Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
References: [210]
Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Not climbing
• Source(s):
o 1988(Africa)Lock JM
• Conservation Status:
o Not Threatened

Geographical Distribution:

• Africa
o Central African Rep. [270]
o Chad [64]
o Ethiopia [210]
o Kenya [270]
o Malawi [270]
o Sudan [210]
o Tanzania [270]
o Uganda [210]
o Zambia [270]
o Zimbabwe [270]
Notes:

• Three subspp;schimperi, africanus & oblongus (Verdc.1963,ref.270).

Last Update: 14/06/2001 12:56:07


Abrus schimperi Baker Subsp. africanus (Vatke)Verdc.
Status: Accepted
Genus: Abrus Adans.
Tribe: Abreae
Rank: Subsp.
Subspecies: africanus
Subspecies authority: (Vatke)Verdc.
References: [210]
Descriptors:

• Habit:
o Shrub
• Lifespan:
o Perennial
• Stems:
o Not climbing
• Source(s):
o 1988(Africa)Lock JM
• Conservation Status:
o Not Threatened

Geographical Distribution:

• Africa
o Kenya [210]
o Tanzania [210]
o Zambia [210]
o Zimbabwe [210]

Last Update: 14/06/2001 12:56:08