Está en la página 1de 25

Compilation on Agastya

A
COMPILATION ON

Agastya
[Sesbenia grandiflora.]

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF

Dr.G. S .HIREMATH
M.D.(AYU)
Prof. & H.O.D.
Dept. of Dravya Guna
&
Dr. KUBER SANKH
M D.(AYU)
Lecturer
Dept. of Dravya Guna

SUBMITTED BY:

✍Milind L. Godse.
II Phase B.A.M.S

1
Compilation on Agastya

Department of
Dravyguna Vignanam
D.G.M Ayurvedic Medical
College,Gadag.

2002-2003

INDEX
1. Introduction
2. References in Samhita
3. References in Nighantu
4. Synonyms
5. Controversy
6. Names in different languages
7. Kula
8. Varieties
9. Swaroopa
10. Utpatti Sthanam
11. Toxic effects
12. Properties :- 1) Rasa 2) Guna 3) Veerya 4) Vipaka
13. Chemical composition
14. Parts Used
15. Actions and administration (System wise)
16. Therapeutic uses

2
Compilation on Agastya
a. Ayurvedic
b. Modern
17. Vishista Yogas
18. Matra
19. Anupana
20. Bibliography.
21. Acknowledgement.

INTRODUCTION

The basic principle of Ayurveda is to maintain the health of person


and to treat diseased person. So in order to maintain ones health he should go
for Dinacharya , Rutucharya, Sadavrutta and swasthavrutta.

So in order to cure the diseased persons yoga orf Bhoumika, Jangam,


Aoudbhida dravyas plays an important role. Then we can bring the normally
in ones health.

In Ayurveda, that is in dravya Guan Shastra all such drugs have been
explained very beautifully. My compilation work on AGASTYA. A dravya
which comes under Leguminosae family (shimbi kula ).

3
Compilation on Agastya

REFERENCES IN SAMHITAS

Sushruta Samhita :

Asthanga Hrudaya

Vagbhat Samhita

Hareet Samhita

4
Compilation on Agastya

REFERENCES IN NIGHANTU

Bhavaprakasha Nighantu

Kaiyadeva Nighantu

5
Compilation on Agastya

Madanapala Nighantu

SYNONYMS

1. Madanapala Nighantu
a. Agastya
b. Vangasena
c. Madhu Shigru
d. Munidhruma
e. Vakra Pushpa

2. Kaiyadeva Nighantu
a. Kumbha Yoni
b. Agastya
c. Madhushigru
d. Munivriksha
e. Kopavera Madhyyanti
f. Hathiya

6
Compilation on Agastya

A) Agastya :-

B) Munidruma :-

C) Vangasena

D) Vrinar :- Enemy of sores

CONTROVERSY

Not A Controversial Drug.

7
Compilation on Agastya

KULA (FAMILY)

Family -Leguminosae
Shimbi Kula

Natural Order -Pappillionuteae

8
Compilation on Agastya

NAMES IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

Latin - 1) Sesbenia grandiflora


2) Agathi grandiflora
Hindi - 1) Hathiya 2)Agastoya 3)Bansa 4)Agastiya
5) Agasthiya 6)Agasti 7)Agusta 8)Bak
9) Agathiya 10) Agastya
Bengali 1) Bak 2) Agusta 3) Bagful
4) Baka 5) Buko 6) Heta
Marathi 1) Hatgha
2) Haguda
3) Agasta
4) Agusta
5) Bansa
Gujarathi 1) Agathiyo
2) Agasthio
Kannada 1) Chogache, Mava

9
Compilation on Agastya
2) Agase Mara
3) Angasedhan Mava
English 1) Agati 2) Large flowered Agathi
4) Seshan
Telagu : 1) Aneese
2) Avis
3) Aneesay
Konkani- Agasthi

VARIETIES

There are four types of Agastya based on colour of flowers,


they are,

1. Shweta Pushpa(White Flowered)


2. Peeta Pushpa( Yellow Flowered)
3. Neela Pushpa( Blue flowered)
4. Rakta Pushpa ( Red flowered)

10
Compilation on Agastya

SWAROOPA

This is a medium sized tree, which grows all over India. It is an


Alpayu tree and grows very fastly. It grows up to 20-30 ft in height.

Stem :- Straight with rare branches.


Leaf :- The leaves appear like Shirish leaves they are ½ -1 ft long.
Patrak:- 41-61 long, rectangular shining and slightly greenish in color.
Pushpa :- White coloured, boat shaped 2-4 in number
Shimb :- Approximately 1 ft long, slightly curved mostly quadrangular
and contain 12-20 seeds within it.
Flowering season - Sharad rutu
Fruits - Winter Season.

11
Compilation on Agastya

UTPATTI STHANA

This tree is common in India. Especially it is seen in South Western


India and Bengal. This is yulanishashi of Malaysia. So it is indigenous
Malaya to N Australia.

12
Compilation on Agastya

TOXIC EFFECTS

No toxic effects

13
Compilation on Agastya

PROPERTIES

Rasa :-Tikta and Katu


Leaf : 1) Katu 2) Tikta
Flower: 1) Tikta 2) Kashaya
Fruit: 1) Madhura.

Guna :- Rooksha and Laghu

Leaf: 1) Guru 2) Snigdha 3) Sooksma 4) Vishad


Fruit: 1) Rooksha

Veerya :- Sheeta

Leaf : Ushna

14
Compilation on Agastya
Flower : Sama Sheetoshna
Fruit: Sheeta

Vipak: Katu

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Bark contains tannin and red colored gum, which resemble. Bengal
kino. Leaves contain protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin A and
C. Seeds contains protein, fats and carbohydrates. It contains 80% of
proteins. Seeds expel special type of oil.

15
Compilation on Agastya

PARTS USED

1) Root
2) Bark
3) Leaf
4) Flower
5) Fruit

16
Compilation on Agastya

ACTIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

On doshas :-It suppresses Kapha by its characters of laghu, ruksha and tikta.
Similarly it is Pittashamak due to sheeta veerya so it can be given in kapha –
Pittaj Disorders.

Samsthanik Karma
External : Leaf and bark are Shothahara, Vranashodhana and Vranaropan
while patraswaras is shirovirechana. Therefore root and bark can be applied
in vatarakta, sandhivata etc, paste on wound, juice of leaves expels dustha
jala. So it can be given in Shira Shula, Pratishyaya, Kapajwara etc.

Internal :-
Nervous system :- This is chakshushya medhya, the juice of leaves is given
in Apasmara. And it avoids murcha and epileptic attack. The fruit
increases the memory power so it can be given in Mastishka Dourbalya. The

17
Compilation on Agastya
leaves and flowers increase the sight so it can be used in Timir Naktandya
etc

Digestive System :- The flower and leaf deepan Anolomana krimigna


while bark is grahi and shool prashaman in action so it is administrered in
Agnimandha Kumi Vibandha etc disorders, Here juice of bark along with
madhu is used in case of Sangrahni Atisar Udrshul.

Cardiovascular System :- Leaves are Raktapittashamak so they can be


given in Raktapitta.

Respiratory System :- The flower, leaf and bark on expectorant and anti
tissue in action so it is given in puppus sthith kasa and Pratishyaya.

Reproductive System:- It avoids Garbhashya shita and given in


puyameha

Twacha :- It is swedajanan so it avoids visphetas in twacha.

Temperature :- It is Jwaradna so beneficial in Vishamajwar Kapajwara,


Sannipataj Jwar.

Satmeekaran :- This is vishanashak.

18
Compilation on Agastya

USES

1. In night blindness agastya leaves can be given after roasting them in


ghritam (ghee) Vaghbat samhita

2. The nasya of agasya leaves, maricha and Gomutra is given in


Apasmara.

3. The same Apasmar in Children can be cured by treating them with


combination of Kalimircha (Hareet Samhita)

4. Agasti has action on the system in reducing pittam and kapham,


cooling dry and bitter in taste induced vayu.

5. In vatarakta the butter prepared by Mahisha dugdha and agasti patra


curna curd is applied (Bhavaprakasha)

19
Compilation on Agastya
6. The leaf is tonic and antipyretic and cures the night blindness.

7. Nasya prepared by agasta Patra swarasa is given in chaturthik Jwara


(Chaktradatta)

8. Agastya patra swaras is given in udar shoola along with Saindhav


lavana and Hingu (vaidya Manoram)

9. The juice of fruits is poured into eyes in case of Netra Durbalata


(Vanoushadhi chandrodaya).

VISHISTA YOGAS
1. Agastya heerataki avaleha (kasa)
2. Agasya Avaleha (Rajayaxma)
3. Agasti Moda (Arsh)
3. Agastisoota Raja Rasa (Sangrahani, atisar)
(Ref : Vanaspati Parichata Antubhai Vaidya)

20
Compilation on Agastya

MATRA

Swarasa - 10-20 ml
Kwatha - 50-100 ml
(D.G.II - P.V. Sharma)

1-2 Tola
( Brahat Dravya Gunadarsha)
3-6 Masha
(Vanaspati Parichaya -Antubai Vaidya)

Juice of root :- 1-2 tola.

21
Compilation on Agastya

ANUPANA

Jala

22
Compilation on Agastya

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Sushrut Samhita
2. Astanga Hridaya
3. Dhanvantari Nighantu
4. Madanapala Nighantu
5. Kaiyadeva Nighantu
6. Bhavaprakash Nighantu
7. Brahat Dravya Gunadarsha
8. Vanoushadhi Darsheeka
9. Madya Dravyaguna
10. Vanoushadi Ratnamala
11. Abhidhana Ratnamalu
12. D.G.II-P.V. Sharma
13. D.G. II – Trikamaji Acharya
14. Vanoushadhi Shataka

23
Compilation on Agastya
15. Vanaspati Parichaya (Dr. K.J. Hiremath)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I hereby wish to acknowledge and convey my sincere thanks and
gratitude to the following persons :-
I am greatly thankful to,
1. Dr. G.S. Hiremath M.D. (Ayu.)
H.O.D. of Dravya guna Vignana
D.G.M. Ayurvedic Medical College-Gadag.

2. Dr. Kuber Sankh. M.D. (Ayu.)


D.G.M. Ayurvedic Medical college –Gadag.
For his teaching and valuable guidance. I am thankful to Sri
Mundinamani V.M. (Librarian) for his guidance in searching books.

Lastly I thankful to my Friends who assisted and supported me all way


in completing this script.

Your’s sincerely

24
Compilation on Agastya

Milind L. Godse

25

Intereses relacionados