Está en la página 1de 8

Ejemplo 1.

- Calcular reacciones, esfuerzos y graficar deformación


Tn ≔ 1000 kg

DATOS:
T
P1 ≔ [[ 3 0 2 ]]
T
P2 ≔ [[ 11 0 5 ]]
T
P3 ≔ [[ 8 0 10 ]]
T
P4 ≔ [[ 7 15 8 ]]

E ≔ 2 ⋅ 10 6

b ≔ 10 cm h ≔ 30 cm

Paso 1.- Calculo de Longitudes de barras

Formula Gral. para calculo de longitud de


‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
2 2 2
Lij = ⎛⎝xj - xi⎞⎠ + ⎛⎝yj - yi⎞⎠ + ⎛⎝zj - zi⎞⎠ barra en el espacio

‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
2 2 2
L24 ≔ ⎛P4 - P2 ⎞ + ⎛P4 - P2 ⎞ + ⎛P4 - P2 ⎞ = 15.811
⎜⎝ 1 1⎟
⎠ ⎜⎝ 2 2⎟
⎠ ⎜⎝ 3 3⎟

‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
2 2 2
L14 ≔ ⎛P4 - P1 ⎞ + ⎛P4 - P1 ⎞ + ⎛P4 - P1 ⎞ = 16.643
⎜⎝ 1 1⎟
⎠ ⎜⎝ 2 2⎟
⎠ ⎜⎝ 3 3⎟

‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
2 2 2
L34 ≔ ⎛P4 - P3 ⎞ + ⎛P4 - P3 ⎞ + ⎛P4 - P3 ⎞ = 15.166
⎜⎝ 1 1⎟
⎠ ⎜⎝ 2 2⎟
⎠ ⎜⎝ 3 3⎟

Paso 2.- Matriz de Rigidez Local

a) Barra 1-4 (A-A)


L ≔ L14 = 16.643 A ≔ 0.1 ⋅ 0.3 = 0.03

⎡ E⋅A E⋅A ⎤
⎢ ―― 0 0 -――0 0⎥

⎢ L L ⎥ ⎢ 3605.051 0 0 -3605.051 0 0 ⎤
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥
k14 ≔ ⎢ ⎥ = ⎢ -3605.051
E⋅A E⋅A 0 0 3605.051 0 0 ⎥
⎢ -――0 0 ―― 0 0⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥
⎢ L L ⎥ ⎢
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥ ⎣ 0 0 0 0 0 0 ⎥⎦
⎢⎣ 0 0 0 0 0 0 ⎥⎦

b) Barra 2-4
b) Barra 2-4
L ≔ L24 = 15.811 A ≔ 0.1 ⋅ 0.3 = 0.03

⎡ E⋅A E⋅A ⎤
⎢ ―― 0 0 -――0 0⎥

⎢ L L ⎥ ⎢ 3794.733 0 0 -3794.733 0 0 ⎤
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥
k24 ≔ ⎢ ⎥ = ⎢ -3794.733
E⋅A E⋅A 0 0 3794.733 0 0 ⎥
⎢ -――0 0 ―― 0 0⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥
⎢ L L ⎥ ⎢
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥ ⎣ 0 0 0 0 0 0 ⎥⎦
⎢⎣ 0 0 0 0 0 0 ⎥⎦

c) Barra 3-4
L ≔ L34 = 15.166 A ≔ 0.1 ⋅ 0.3 = 0.03

⎡ E⋅A E⋅A ⎤
⎢ ―― 0 0 -――0 0⎥

⎢ L L ⎥ ⎢ 3956.283 0 0 -3956.283 0 0 ⎤
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥
k34 ≔ ⎢ ⎥ = ⎢ -3956.283
E⋅A E⋅A 0 0 3956.283 0 0 ⎥
⎢ -――0 0 ―― 0 0⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥
⎢ L L ⎥ ⎢
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0⎥ ⎣ 0 0 0 0 0 0 ⎥⎦
⎢⎣ 0 0 0 0 0 ⎥
0⎦

Paso 3.- Matriz de Rotación ⎛P1 - P4 ⎞


⎜⎝ 2 2⎟

xj - xi yj - yi zj - zi ―――― = -0.901
cos ((α)) = ――― cos ((β)) = ―― cos ((γ)) = ―― L14
Lij Lij Lij

BARRA cos ((α)) cos ((β)) cos ((γ))

1-4 0.24 0.901 0.361

2-4 -0.253 0.949 0.19

3-4 -0.066 0.989 -0.132

a) Barra 1-4
⎡ cos ((α)) 0 0 0 0 0⎤ P4 - P3
⎢ cos ((β)) 0 0 0 0 0⎥ 3 3
⎢ ⎥ cos ((γ)) ≔ ―――= -0.132
cos ((γ)) 0 0 0 0 0⎥ L34
R=⎢
⎢ 0 0 0 cos ((α)) 0 0⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 cos ((β)) 0 0⎥
⎢⎣ 0 0 0 cos ((γ)) 0 0 ⎥⎦

cos ((α)) ≔ 0.24 cos ((β)) ≔ 0.901 cos ((γ)) ≔ 0.361


cos ((α)) ≔ 0.24 cos ((β)) ≔ 0.901 cos ((γ)) ≔ 0.361

⎡ 0.24 0 0 0 0 0⎤
⎢ 0.901 0 0 0 0 0⎥
⎢ ⎥
0.361 0 0 0 0 0⎥
R14 ≔ ⎢
⎢ 0 0 0 0.24 0 0 ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0.901 0 0 ⎥
⎢⎣ 0 0 0 0.361 0 0 ⎥⎦

b) Barra 2-4

-0.253 0.949 0.19


⎡ -0.253 0 0 0 0 0⎤
⎢ 0.949 0 0 0 0 0⎥
⎢ ⎥
0.19 0 0 0 0 0⎥
R24 ≔ ⎢
⎢ 0 0 0 -0.253 0 0 ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0.949 0 0 ⎥
⎢⎣ 0 0 0 0.19 0 0 ⎥⎦

c) Barra 3-4
-0.066 0.989 -0.132
⎡ -0.066 0 0 0 0 0⎤
⎢ 0.989 0 0 0 0 0⎥
⎢ ⎥
-0.132 0 0 0 0 0⎥
R34 ≔ ⎢
⎢ 0 0 0 -0.066 0 0 ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0.989 0 0 ⎥
⎢⎣ 0 0 0 -0.132 0 0 ⎥⎦
Paso 3.- Matriz de Rigidez Global

K=R ⋅ k ⋅ RT

a) Barra 1-4

K14 ≔ R14 ⋅ k14 ⋅ R14 T


⎡ 207.651 779.556 312.342 -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 ⎤
⎢ 779.556 2926.584 1172.582 -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
312.342 1172.582 469.814 -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 ⎥
K14 = ⎢
⎢ -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 207.651 779.556 312.342 ⎥
⎢ -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 779.556 2926.584 1172.582 ⎥
⎢⎣ -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 312.342 1172.582 469.814 ⎥⎦

b) Barra 2-4
b) Barra 2-4

K24 ≔ R24 ⋅ k24 ⋅ R24 T


⎡ 242.897 -911.104 -182.413 -242.897 911.104 182.413 ⎤
⎢ -911.104 3417.541 684.228 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
-182.413 684.228 136.99 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 ⎥
K24 = ⎢
⎢ -242.897 911.104 182.413 242.897 -911.104 -182.413 ⎥
⎢ 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 -911.104 3417.541 684.228 ⎥
⎢⎣ 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 -182.413 684.228 136.99 ⎥⎦

c) Barra 3-4

K34 ≔ R34 ⋅ k34 ⋅ R34 T


⎡ 17.234 -258.242 34.467 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 ⎤
⎢ -258.242 3869.723 -516.485 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
34.467 -516.485 68.934 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 ⎥
K34 = ⎢
⎢ -17.234 258.242 -34.467 17.234 -258.242 34.467 ⎥
⎢ 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 -258.242 3869.723 -516.485 ⎥
⎢⎣ -34.467 516.485 -68.934 34.467 -516.485 68.934 ⎥⎦

Paso 4.- Ensamblado

⎡ 207.651 779.556 312.342 0 0 0 0 0 0 -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 ⎤


⎢ 779.556 2926.584 1172.582 0 0 0 0 0 0 -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎢ 312.342 1172.582 469.814 0 0 0 0 0 0 -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 242.897 -911.104 -182.413 0 0 0 -242.897 911.104 182.413 ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 -911.104 3417.541 684.228 0 0 0 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
0 0 0 -182.413 684.228 136.99 0 0 0 182.413 -684.228 -136.99
K= ⎢ ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.234 -258.242 34.467 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 -258.242 3869.723 -516.485 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 34.467 -516.485 68.934 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎢ -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 -242.897 911.104 182.413 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 467.782 -389.79 164.396 ⎥
⎢ -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 -389.79 10213.848 1340.326 ⎥
⎢⎣ -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 164.396 1340.326 675.738 ⎥⎦

Paso 5.- Calculo de los desplazamientos

⎡ Rx1 ⎤ ⎡ Δ1 ⎤
⎢ ⎥ ⎡ 207.651 779.556 312.342 0 0 0 0 0 0 -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 ⎤ ⎢ Δ ⎥
⎢ Ry1 ⎥ ⎢ 779.556 2926.584 1172.582 0 0 0 0 0 0 -779.556 -2926.584
⎢ 2 ⎥
-1172.582 ⎥ ⎢ Δ ⎥
⎢ Rz1 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ 3
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 312.342 1172.582 469.814 0 0 0 0 0 0 -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 ⎥ ⎢
Δ

⎢ Rx2 ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 242.897 -911.104 -182.413 0 0 0 -242.897 911.104 182.413 ⎥ ⎢ 4 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎢ Ry2 ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 -911.104 3417.541 684.228 0 0 0 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 ⎥ ⎢ Δ5 ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎢ Rz2 ⎥=⎢ 0 0 0 -182.413 684.228 136.99 0 0 0 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 ⎥ ⎢ Δ6 ⎥
⋅⎢
⎢R ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.234 -258.242 34.467 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 ⎥ Δ7 ⎥
x3 ⎢ ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 -258.242 3869.723 -516.485 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 ⎥ ⎢ Δ8 ⎥
⎢ Ry3 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎢R ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 34.467 -516.485 68.934 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 ⎥ ⎢ Δ ⎥
9
⎢ z3 ⎥ ⎢ -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 -242.897 911.104 182.413 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 467.782 -389.79 164.396 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
Δ
⎢ 10 ⎥ ⎢ -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 -389.79 10213.848 1340.326 ⎥ ⎢ 10 ⎥
⎢ -7 ⎥ ⎢ -312.342 ⎥ ⎢ Δ11 ⎥
-1172.582 -469.814 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 164.396 1340.326 675.738 ⎦ ⎢
⎢ 9 ⎥ ⎣ ⎥
⎣ ⎦ ⎢⎣ Δ12 ⎥⎦
⎡ Rx1 ⎤
⎢ ⎥
⎢ Ry1 ⎥
⎢ Rz1 ⎥ ⎡ 207.651 779.556 312.342 0 0 0 0 0 0 -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 ⎤
⎢R ⎥ ⎢ 779.556

2926.584 1172.582 0 0 0 0 0 0 -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 ⎥

⎢ x2 ⎥ ⎢ 312.342 1172.582 469.814 0 0 0 0 0 0 -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 ⎥
⎢ Ry2 ⎥ ⎢

0
0
0
0
0
0
242.897
-911.104
-911.104
3417.541
-182.413
684.228
0
0
0
0
0
0
-242.897
911.104
911.104
-3417.541
182.413 ⎥
-684.228 ⎥
⎢R ⎥ ⎢
0 0 0 -182.413 684.228 136.99 0 0 0 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 ⎥

F ≔ ⎢ z2 ⎥ K≔ ⎢
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.234 -258.242 34.467 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 ⎥
⎢ Rx3 ⎥ ⎢

0 0 0 0 0 0 -258.242 3869.723 -516.485 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 ⎥

⎢ Ry3 ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 34.467 -516.485 68.934 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 ⎥
⎢ -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 -242.897 911.104 182.413 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 467.782 -389.79 164.396 ⎥
⎢R ⎥ ⎢ -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 -389.79 10213.848 1340.326 ⎥
⎢ z3 ⎥ ⎢
⎣ -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 164.396 1340.326 675.738 ⎦

⎢ 10 ⎥
⎢ -7 ⎥
⎢⎣ 9 ⎥⎦

⎡1 ⎤
⎢2 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎢3 ⎥
⎢4 ⎥
R≔⎢5 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎢6 ⎥
⎢7 ⎥
⎢8 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎣9 ⎦

⎡ -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 -242.897 911.104 182.413 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 467.782 -389.79 164.396 ⎤
K ≔ StripF ((K , R)) = ⎢ -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 -389.79 10213.848 1340.326 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎣ -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 164.396 1340.326 675.738 ⎦

⎡ 467.782 -389.79 164.396 ⎤


K ≔ StripC (K , R) = -389.79 10213.848 1340.326 ⎥
( ) ⎢
⎢ ⎥
⎣ 164.396 1340.326 675.738 ⎦

⎡ 10 ⎤ ⎡ 467.782 -389.79 164.396 ⎤ ⎡ Δ10 ⎤


⎢ -7 ⎥ = ⎢ -389.79 10213.848 1340.326 ⎥ ⋅ ⎢ Δ ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 11 ⎥
⎣ 9 ⎦ ⎣ 164.396 1340.326 675.738 ⎦ ⎢⎣ Δ12 ⎥⎦

⎡ 10 ⎤ ⎡ 467.782 -389.79 164.396 ⎤


F ≔ ⎢ -7 ⎥ K ≔ ⎢ -389.79 10213.848 1340.325 ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎣ 9 ⎦ ⎣ 164.396 1340.325 675.738 ⎦

⎡ 0.015 ⎤
Δ≔K -1
⋅ F = ⎢ -0.002 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎣ 0.013 ⎦

Δ10 ≔ Δ = 0.015 Δ11 ≔ Δ = -0.002 Δ12 ≔ Δ = 0.013


1 2 3

Δx ≔ Δ10 = 0.015156644965 Δy ≔ Δ11 = -0.001853173043


Δx ≔ Δ10 = 0.015156644965 Δy ≔ Δ11 = -0.001853173043

Δz ≔ Δ12 = 0.01330717283 Δ8 ≔ 0 Δ9 ≔ 0

Δ1 ≔ 0 Δ2 ≔ 0 Δ3 ≔ 0 Δ4 ≔ 0 Δ5 ≔ 0 Δ6 ≔ 0 Δ7 ≔ 0

⎡ 0.015 ⎤
Δ = ⎢ -0.002 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
Paso 6.- Deformacion ⎣ 0.013 ⎦

Paso 7.- Calculo de Reacciones

⎡ Rx1 ⎤ ⎡ Δ1 ⎤
⎢ ⎥ ⎡ 207.651 779.556 312.342 0 0 0 0 0 0 -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 ⎤ ⎢ Δ ⎥
⎢ Ry1 ⎥ ⎢ 779.556 2926.584 1172.582 0 0 0 0 0 0 -779.556 -2926.584
⎢ 2 ⎥
-1172.582 ⎥ ⎢ Δ ⎥
⎢ Rz1 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ 3
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 312.342 1172.582 469.814 0 0 0 0 0 0 -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 ⎥ ⎢
Δ

⎢ Rx2 ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 242.897 -911.104 -182.413 0 0 0 -242.897 911.104 182.413 ⎥ ⎢ 4 ⎥
⎢ ⎥
⎢ Ry2 ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 -911.104 3417.541 684.228 0 0 0 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 ⎥ ⎢ Δ5 ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎢ Rz2 ⎥=⎢ 0 0 0 -182.413 684.228 136.99 0 0 0 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 ⎥ ⎢ Δ6 ⎥

⎢R ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.234 -258.242 34.467 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 ⎥ ⎢ Δ7 ⎥
x3 ⎢ ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 -258.242 3869.723 -516.485 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 ⎥ ⎢ Δ8 ⎥
⎢ Ry3 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎢R ⎥ ⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 34.467 -516.485 68.934 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 ⎥ ⎢ Δ ⎥
9
⎢ z3 ⎥ ⎢ -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 -242.897 911.104 182.413 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 467.782 -389.79 164.396 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
Δ
⎢ 10 ⎥ ⎢ -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 -389.79 10213.848 1340.326 ⎥ ⎢ 10 ⎥
⎢ -7 ⎥ ⎢ -312.342 ⎥ ⎢ Δ11 ⎥
-1172.582 -469.814 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 164.396 1340.326 675.738 ⎦ ⎢
⎢ 9 ⎥ ⎣ ⎥
⎣ ⎦ ⎢⎣ Δ12 ⎥⎦

⎡ Δ1 ⎤
⎡ 207.651 779.556 312.342 0 0 0 0 0 0 -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 ⎤ ⎢ Δ ⎥ ⎡ -5.859 ⎤
⎢ 779.556 ⎥ ⎢ 2 ⎥ ⎢ -21.996 ⎥
2926.584 1172.582 0 0 0 0 0 0 -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ Δ3 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎢ 312.342 1172.582 469.814 0 0 0 0 0 0 -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 ⎥ ⎢
Δ
⎥ ⎢ -8.813 ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 242.897 -911.104 -182.413 0 0 0 -242.897 911.104 182.413 ⎥ ⎢ 4 ⎥ ⎢ -2.943 ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ Δ5 ⎥ ⎢ 11.037 ⎥
0 0 0 -911.104 3417.541 684.228 0 0 0 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 -182.413 684.228 136.99 0 0 0 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 ⎥ ⎢ Δ6 ⎥ ⎢ 2.21 ⎥
⋅ =
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 17.234 -258.242 34.467 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 ⎥ ⎢ Δ7 ⎥ ⎢ -1.198 ⎥
⎢ ⎢ ⎥
0 0 0 0 0 0 -258.242 3869.723 -516.485 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 ⎥ ⎢ Δ8 ⎥ ⎢ 17.958 ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎢ 0 0 0 0 0 0 34.467 -516.485 68.934 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 ⎥ ⎢ Δ ⎥ ⎢ -2.397 ⎥
9
⎢ -207.651 -779.556 -312.342 -242.897 911.104 182.413 -17.234 258.242 -34.467 467.782 -389.79 164.396 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 10 ⎥
Δ
⎢ -779.556 -2926.584 -1172.582 911.104 -3417.541 -684.228 258.242 -3869.723 516.485 -389.79 10213.848 1340.325 ⎥ ⎢ 10 ⎥ ⎢ -7 ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎣ -312.342 -1172.582 -469.814 182.413 -684.228 -136.99 -34.467 516.485 -68.934 164.396 1340.325 675.738 ⎦ ⎢ Δ11 ⎥ ⎣ 9 ⎦
⎢⎣ Δ12 ⎥⎦
⎡ -5.859 ⎤
⎡ Rx1 ⎤ ⎢ -21.996 ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎡ -5.859 ⎤ ⎢ ⎥
Ry1
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ -21.996 ⎥ ⎢ -8.813 ⎥
⎢ z1 ⎥ ⎢ -8.813 ⎥
R
⎢ -2.943 ⎥
⎢ Rx2 ⎥ ⎢ -2.943 ⎥ ⎢ 11.037 ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎢ 2.21 ⎥
R
⎢ y2 ⎥ ⎢ 11.037 ⎥
A≔⎢ ⎥
⎢ Rz2 ⎥ = 2.21 ⎥


-1.198

⎢ R ⎥ ⎢ -1.198 ⎥ ⎢ 17.958 ⎥
⎢ x3 ⎥ ⎢ 17.958 ⎥ ⎢ -2.397 ⎥
⎢ Ry3 ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
⎢ 10 ⎥
⎢ Rz3 ⎥ ⎢ -2.397 ⎥
⎢ 10 ⎥ ⎢ -7 ⎥
⎢ ⎥ ⎢ ⎥
10 ⎢
⎢ ⎥ -7 ⎥ ⎣ 9 ⎦
⎢ -7 ⎥ ⎣⎢ ⎥
9 ⎦
⎢⎣ 9 ⎥⎦

Rx1 ≔ A = -5.859 Ry1 ≔ A = -21.996 Rz1 ≔ A = -8.813


1 2 3

Rx2 ≔ A = -2.943 Ry2 ≔ A = 11.037 Rz2 ≔ A = 2.21


4 5 6

Rx3 ≔ A = -1.198 Ry3 ≔ A = 17.958 Rz3 ≔ A = -2.397


7 8 9

Prueba

Rx1 + Rx2 + Rx3 + 10 = 0

Ry1 + Ry2 + Ry3 - 7 = -10 ⋅ 10 -4

Rz1 + Rz2 + Rz3 + 9 = 0

Paso 8.- Calculo de Esfuerzos Normales


BARRA cos ((α)) cos ((β)) cos ((γ))

1-4 0.24 0.901 0.361

2-4 -0.253 0.949 0.19

3-4 -0.066 0.989 -0.132

ΣFx = 0

10 + N1 + N2 + F3 = 0 10 + 0.24 ⋅ N1 - 0.253 ⋅ N2 - 0.066 ⋅ N3 = 0 1

ΣFy = 0

-7 + N1 + N2 + N3 = 0 -7 + 0.901 ⋅ N1 + 0.949 ⋅ N2 + 0.989 ⋅ N3 = 0 2

ΣFz = 0

9 + N1 + N2 + N3 = 0 9 + 0.361 ⋅ N1 + 0.19 ⋅ N2 - 0.132 ⋅ N3 = 0 3


Valores de prueba

N1 ≔ 0 N2 ≔ 0 N3 ≔ 0

10 + 0.24 ⋅ N1 - 0.253 ⋅ N2 - 0.066 ⋅ N3 = 0


Restricciones

-7 + 0.901 ⋅ N1 + 0.949 ⋅ N2 + 0.989 ⋅ N3 = 0

9 + 0.361 ⋅ N1 + 0.19 ⋅ N2 - 0.132 ⋅ N3 = 0

⎡ -24.413 ⎤
Solver

find ⎝N1 , N2 , N3⎠ = ⎢ 11.631 ⎥


⎛ ⎞
⎢ ⎥
⎣ 18.158 ⎦

F1 ≔ 24.413 Compresion

F2 ≔ 11.631 Traccion

F3 ≔ 18.158 Traccion

También podría gustarte